(19)
(11)EP 2 631 306 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
11.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/50

(21)Application number: 11834475.3

(22)Date of filing:  21.10.2011
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C21D 1/18(2006.01)
C21D 8/02(2006.01)
C21D 9/46(2006.01)
C22C 38/02(2006.01)
C22C 38/06(2006.01)
C22C 38/22(2006.01)
C22C 38/26(2006.01)
C22C 38/32(2006.01)
C22C 38/42(2006.01)
C22C 38/50(2006.01)
C22C 38/58(2006.01)
C21D 8/00(2006.01)
C21D 9/00(2006.01)
C22C 38/00(2006.01)
C22C 38/04(2006.01)
C22C 38/20(2006.01)
C22C 38/24(2006.01)
C22C 38/28(2006.01)
C22C 38/38(2006.01)
C22C 38/48(2006.01)
C22C 38/54(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2011/074297
(87)International publication number:
WO 2012/053636 (26.04.2012 Gazette  2012/17)

(54)

PROCESS FOR PRODUCING HOT STAMPED BODY AND HOT STAMPED BODY

VERFAHREN ZUR HERSTELLUNG EINES HEIßGEPRÄGTEN KÖRPERS UND HEIßGEPRÄGTER KÖRPER

PROCÉDÉ DE FABRICATION D'UN CORPS ESTAMPÉ À CHAUD ET CORPS ESTAMPÉ À CHAUD


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 27.12.2010 JP 2010289527
22.10.2010 JP 2010237249

(43)Date of publication of application:
28.08.2013 Bulletin 2013/35

(73)Proprietors:
  • Nippon Steel Corporation
    Tokyo (JP)
  • Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Toyota-shi, Aichi 471-8571 (JP)
  • Aisin Takaoka Co., Ltd.
    Toyota-shi, Aichi 473-8501 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • HAYASHI, Kunio
    Tokyo 100-8071 (JP)
  • ASO, Toshimitsu
    Tokyo 100-8071 (JP)
  • TOMOKIYO, Toshimasa
    Tokyo 100-8071 (JP)
  • TANINO, Hitoshi
    Toyota-shi Aichi 471-8571 (JP)
  • WADA, Ryozo
    Toyota-shi Aichi 473-8501 (JP)

(74)Representative: Vossius & Partner Patentanwälte Rechtsanwälte mbB 
Siebertstrasse 3
81675 München
81675 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2010/005121
JP-A- 2006 265 583
JP-A- 2007 314 817
JP-A- 2009 185 355
JP-A- 2010 209 392
JP-A- 2006 200 020
JP-A- 2007 162 078
JP-A- 2008 308 732
JP-A- 2009 270 126
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a hot stamped body having a non-heated portion with small variation in hardness, and a method for manufacturing the hot stamped body.

    [0002] Priority is claimed on Japanese Patent Application No. 2010-237249, filed October 22, 2010, and Japanese Patent Application No. 2010-289527, filed December 27, 2010.

    Background Art



    [0003] In order to obtain high-strength components of a grade of 1180 MPa or higher used for automobile components or the like with excellent dimensional precision, in recent years, a technology (hereinafter, referred to as hot stamping forming) for realizing high strength of a formed product by heating a steel sheet to an austenite range, performing pressing in a softened and high-ductile state, and then rapidly cooling (quenching) in a press die to perform martensitic transformation has been developed.

    [0004] In general, a steel sheet used for hot stamping contains a lot of C component for securing product strength after hot stamping and contains austenite stabilization elements such as Mn and B for securing hardenability when cooling a die. However, although the strength and the hardenability are properties necessary for a hot stamped product, when manufacturing a steel sheet which is a material thereof, these properties are disadvantageous, in many cases. As a representative disadvantage, with a material having such a high hardenability, a hot-rolled sheet after a hot-rolling step tends to have an uneven microstructure in locations in hot-rolled coil. Accordingly, as means for solving unevenness of the microstructure generated in a hot-rolling step, performing tempering by a batch annealing step after a hot-rolling step or a cold-rolling step may be considered, however, the batch annealing step usually takes 3 or 4 days and thus, is not preferable from a viewpoint of productivity. In recent years, in normal steel other than a material for quenching used for special purposes, from a viewpoint of productivity, it has become general to perform a thermal treatment by a continuous annealing step, other than the batch annealing step.

    [0005] However, in a case of the continuous annealing step, since the annealing time is short, it is difficult to perform spheroidizing of carbide to realize softness and evenness of a steel sheet by long-time thermal treatment such as a batch treatment. The spheroidizing of the carbide is a treatment for realizing softness and evenness of the steel sheet by holding in the vicinity of an Ac1 transformation point for about several tens of hours. On the other hand, in a case of a short-time thermal treatment such as the continuous annealing step, it is difficult to secure the annealing time necessary for the spheroidizing. That is, in a continuous annealing installation, about 10 minutes is the upper limit as the time for holding at a temperature in the vicinity of the Ac1, due to a restriction of a length of installation. In such a short time, since the carbide is cooled before being subjected to the spheroidizing, the steel sheet has an uneven microstructure in a hardened state. Such partial variation of the microstructure becomes a reason for variation in hardness of a hot stamping material.

    [0006] Currently, in a widely-used hot stamping formation, it is general to perform quenching at the same time as press working after heating a steel sheet which is a material by furnace heating, and by heating in a heating furnace evenly to an austenitic single phase temperature, it is possible to solve the variation in strength of the material described above. However, a heating method of a hot stamping material by the furnace heating has poor productivity since the heating takes a long time. Accordingly, a technology of improving productivity of the hot stamping material by a short-time heating method by an electrical-heating method is disclosed. By using the electrical-heating method, it is possible to control temperature distribution of a sheet material in a conductive state, by modifying current density flowing to the same sheet material (for example, Patent Document 1).

    [0007] If the temperature variation exists in the steel sheet for hot stamping by partially heating the steel sheet, the microstructure of the steel sheet does not significantly change from the microstructure of the base material at a non-heated portion. Accordingly, the hardness of the base material before heating becomes directly the hardness of the component. However, as mentioned above, the material which is subject to the cold-rolling after hot-rolling and the continuous annealing has a variation in the strength as shown in FIG. 1, and thus, the non-heated portion has a large variation in the hardness. Accordingly, there is a problem in that a formed component has a variation in the collision performance and the like and thus it is difficult to manage the precision of the quality of the component.

    [0008] In addition, in order to solve the variation in the hardness, when heating at a temperature equal to or higher than Ac3 so as to be an austenite single phase in an annealing step, a hardened phase such as martensite or bainite is generated in an end stage of the annealing step due to high hardenability by the effect of Mn or B described above, and the hardness of a material significantly increases. As the hot stamping material, this not only becomes a reason for die abrasion in a blank before stamping, but also significantly decreases formability or shape fixability of the non-heated portion. Accordingly, if considering not only a desired hardness after hot stamping quenching, formability or shape fixability of the non-heated portion, a preferable material before hot stamping is a material which is soft and has small variation in hardness, and a material having an amount of C and hardenability to obtain desired hardness after hot stamping quenching. However, if considering manufacturing cost as a priority and assuming the manufacture of the steel sheet in a continuous annealing installation, it is difficult to perform the control described above by an annealing technology of the related art.

    [0009] Accordingly, if a formed body is obtained by hot stamping a steel sheet which is heated so as to make a heated portion and a non-heated portion exist in the steel sheet, there is a problem in that the formed body one-by-one includes a variation in hardness at the non-heated portion.

    [0010] JP 2008-308732 A discloses a body made of a steel alloy comprising 0.01-0.5% of Nd.

    Citation List


    Patent Document



    [0011] [Patent Document 1] Japanese Unexamined Patent Application, First Publication No. 2009-274122

    Non-Patent Documents



    [0012] 

    [Non-Patent Document 1] "Iron and Steel Materials", The Japan Institute of Metals, Maruzen Publishing Co., Ltd. p. 21

    [Non-Patent Document 2] Steel Standardization Group, "A Review of the Steel Standardization Group's Method for the Determination of Critical Points of Steel," Metal Progress, Vol. 49, 1946, p. 1169

    [Non-Patent Document 3] "Yakiiresei (Hardening of steels)--Motomekata to katsuyou (How to obtain and its use)--," (author: OWAKU Shigeo, publisher: Nikkan Kogyo Shimbun


    Summary of Invention


    Technical Problem



    [0013] An object of the present invention is to solve the aforementioned problems and to provide a method for manufacturing a hot stamped body which can suppress a variation in hardness at a non-hardened portion even if a steel sheet, which is heated so as to make a heated portion and a non-heated portion exist therein, is hot stamped, and a hot stamped body which has a small variation in hardness at the non-hardened portion. Solution to Problem

    [0014] An outline of the present invention made for solving the aforementioned problems is as follows.

    (1) According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for manufacturing a hot stamped body including the steps of: hot-rolling a slab containing chemical components which consist of, by mass%, 0.18% to 0.35% of C, 1.0% to 3.0% of Mn, 0.01% to 1.0% of Si, 0.001% to 0.02% of P, 0.0005% to 0.01% of S, 0.001% to 0.01% of N, 0.01% to 1.0% of Al, 0.005% to 0.2% of Ti, 0.0002% to 0.005% of B, and 0.002% to 2.0% of Cr, and optionally one or more from 0.002% to 2.0% of Mo, 0.002% to 2.0% of Nb, 0.002% to 2.0% of V, 0.002% to 2.0% of Ni, 0.002% to 2.0% of Cu, 0.002% to 2.0% of Sn, 0.0005% to 0.0050% of Ca, 0.0005% to 0.0050% of Mg, and 0.0005% to 0.0050% of REM and the balance of Fe and inevitable impurities, to obtain a hot-rolled steel sheet; coiling the hot-rolled steel sheet; cold-rolling the coiled hot-rolled steel sheet to obtain a cold-rolled steel sheet;
    continuously annealing the cold-rolled steel sheet to obtain a steel sheet for hot stamping; and performing hot stamping by heating the steel sheet for hot stamping which has been continuously annealed so that a heated portion at which a highest heating temperature is equal to or higher than Ac3°C, and a non-heated portion at which a highest heating temperature is equal to or lower than Ac1°C are exist, wherein the continuous annealing includes: heating the cold-rolled steel sheet to a temperature range of equal to or higher than Ac1°C and lower than Ac3°C; cooling the heated cold-rolled steel sheet from the highest heating temperature to 660°C at a cooling rate of equal to or less than 10 °C/s; and holding the cooled cold-rolled steel sheet in a temperature range of 550°C to 660°C for one minute to 10 minutes.

    (2) In the method for manufacturing a hot stamped body according to (1), any one of a hot-dip galvanizing process, a galvannealing process, a molten aluminum plating process, an alloyed molten aluminum plating process and an electroplating process may be performed after the continuous annealing step.

    (3)  

    (4) According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for manufacturing a hot stamped body including the steps of: hot-rolling a slab containing chemical components which consist of, by mass%, 0.18% to 035% of C, 1.0% to 3.0% of Mn, 0.01% to 1.0% of Si, 0.001% to 0.02% of P, 0.0005% to 0.01% of S, 0.001% to 0.01% of N, 0.01% to 1.0% of Al, 0.005% to 0.2% of Ti, 0.0002% to 0.005% of B, and 0.002% to 2.0% of Cr, and optionally one or more from 0.002% to 2.0% of Mo, 0.002% to 2.0% of Nb, 0.002% to 2.0% of V, 0.002% to 2.0% of Ni, 0.002% to 2.0% of Cu, 0.002% to 2.0% of Sn, 0.0005% to 0.0050% of Ca, 0.0005% to 0.0050% of Mg, and 0.0005% to 0.0050% of REM and the balance of Fe and inevitable impurities, to obtain a hot-rolled steel sheet; coiling the hot-rolled steel sheet; cold-rolling the coiled hot-rolled steel sheet to obtain a cold-rolled steel sheet; continuously annealing the cold-rolled steel sheet to obtain a steel sheet for hot stamping; and performing hot stamping by heating the steel sheet for hot stamping which has been continuously annealed so that a heated portion at which a highest heating temperature is equal to or higher than Ac3°C, and a non-heated portion at which a highest heating temperature is equal to or lower than Ac1°C are exist, wherein, in the hot-rolling, in finish-hot-rolling configured with a machine with 5 or more consecutive rolling stands, rolling is performed by setting a finish-hot-rolling temperature FiT in a final rolling mill Fi in a temperature range of (Ac3 - 80)°C to (Ac3 + 40)°C, by setting time from start of rolling in a rolling mill Fi-3 which is a previous machine to the final rolling mill Fi to end of rolling in the final rolling mill Fi to be equal to or longer than 2.5 seconds, and by setting a hot-rolling temperature Fi-3T in the rolling mill Fi-3 to be equal to or lower than FiT + 100°C, and after holding in a temperature range of 600°C to Ar3°C for 3 seconds to 40 seconds, coiling is performed, the continuous annealing includes: heating the cold-rolled steel sheet to a temperature range of equal to or higher than (Ac1 - 40)°C and lower than Ac3°C; cooling the heated cold-rolled steel sheet from the highest heating temperature to 660°C at a cooling rate of equal to or less than 10 °C/s; and holding the cooled cold-rolled steel sheet in a temperature range of 450°C to 660°C for 20 seconds to 10 minutes.

    (5) In the method for manufacturing a hot stamped body according to (4), any one of a hot-dip galvanizing process, a galvannealing process, a molten aluminum plating process, an alloyed molten aluminum plating process and an electroplating process may be performed after the continuous annealing step.

    (7) According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a hot stamped body which is formed using the method for manufacturing a hot stamped body according to any one of (1) to (6), wherein, when the amount of C in the steel sheet is equal to or more than 0.18% and less than 0.25%, ΔHv is equal to or less than 25 and Hv_Ave is equal to or less than 200; when the amount of C in the steel sheet is equal to or more than 0.25% and less than 0.30%, ΔHv is equal to or less than 32 and Hv_Ave is equal to or less than 220; and when the amount of C in the steel sheet is equal to or more than 0.30% and less than 0.35%, ΔHv is equal to or less than 38 and Hv_Ave is equal to or less than 240, where ΔHv represents a variation in Vickers hardness of the non-heated portion, and Hv_Ave represents an average Vickers hardness of the non-heated portion.


    Advantageous Effects of Invention



    [0015] According to the methods according to (1) to (6) described above, since the steel sheet in which physical properties after the annealing are even and soft is used, even when hot stamping a steel sheet which is heated so that a heated portion and non-heated portion are exist in the steel sheet, it is possible to stabilize the hardness of the non-heated portion of the hot stamped product.

    [0016] In addition, by performing a hot-dip galvanizing process, a galvannealing process, a molten aluminum plating process, an alloyed molten aluminum plating process, or an electroplating process, after the continuous annealing step, it is advantageous since it is possible to prevent scale generation on a surface, raising a temperature in a non-oxidation atmosphere for avoiding scale generation when raising a temperature of hot stamping is unnecessary, or a descaling process after the hot stamping is unnecessary, and also, rust prevention of the hot stamped product is exhibited.

    [0017] In addition, by employing such methods, it is possible to obtain a hot stamped body in which, when the amount of C in the steel sheet is equal to or more than 0.18% and less than 0.25%, ΔHv is equal to or less than 25 and Hv_Ave is equal to or less than 200, when the amount of C in the steel sheet is equal to or more than 0.25% and less than 0.30%, ΔHv is equal to or less than 32 and Hv_Ave is equal to or less than 220, and when the amount of C in the steel sheet is equal to or more than 0.30% and less than 0.35%, ΔHv is equal to or less than 38 and Hv_Ave is equal to or less than 240, where ΔHv represents a variation in Vickers hardness of the non-heated portion, and Hv_Ave represents an average Vickers hardness of the non-heated portion.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0018] 

    FIG. 1 is a view showing variation in hardness of a steel sheet for hot stamping after continuous annealing of the related art.

    FIG. 2 is a view showing a temperature history model in a continuous annealing step of the present invention.

    FIG. 3A is a view showing variation in hardness of a steel sheet for hot stamping after continuous annealing in which a coiling temperature is set to 680°C.

    FIG. 3B is a view showing variation in hardness of a steel sheet for hot stamping after continuous annealing in which a coiling temperature is set to 750°C.

    FIG. 3C is a view showing variation in hardness of a steel sheet for hot stamping after continuous annealing in which a coiling temperature is set to 500°C.

    FIG. 4 is a view showing a shape of a hot stamped product of example of the present invention.

    FIG. 5 is a view showing hot stamping steps of example of the present invention. FIG. 6 is a view showing variation in hardenability when hot stamping by values of Crθ/CrM and Mnθ/MnM in the present invention.

    FIG. 7A is a result of segmentalized pearlite observed by a 2000x SEM.

    FIG. 7B is a result of segmentalized pearlite observed by a 5000x SEM.

    FIG. 8A is a result of non-segmentalized pearlite observed by a 2000x SEM.

    FIG. 8B is a result of non-segmentalized pearlite observed by a 5000x SEM.


    Description of Embodiments



    [0019] Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described.

    [0020] First, a method for calculating Ac3 which is important in the present invention will be described. In the present invention, since it is important to obtain an accurate value of Ac3, it is desired to experimentally measure the value, other than calculating from a calculation equation. In addition, it is also possible to measure Ac1 from the same test. As an example of a measurement method, as disclosed in Non-Patent Documents 1 and 2, a method of acquiring from length change of a steel sheet when heating and cooling is general. At the time of heating, a temperature at which austenite starts to appear is Ac1, and a temperature at which austenite single phase appears is Ac3, and it is possible to read each temperature from change in expansion. In a case of experimentally measuring, it is general to use a method of heating a steel sheet after cold-rolling at a heating rate when actually heating in a continuous annealing step, and measuring Ac3 from an expansion curve. The heating rate herein is an average heating rate in a temperature range of "500°C to 650°C" which is a temperature equal to or lower than Ac1, and heating is performed at a constant rate using the heating rate.

    [0021] In the present invention, a measured result when setting a rising temperature rate as 5 °C/s is used.

    [0022] Meanwhile, a temperature at which transformation from an austenite single phase to a low temperature transformation phase such as ferrite or bainite starts, is called Ar3, however, regarding transformation in a hot-rolling step, Ar3 changes according to hot-rolling conditions or a cooling rate after rolling. Accordingly, Ar3 was calculated with a calculation model disclosed in ISIJ International, Vol. 32 (1992), No. 3, and a holding time from Ar3 to 600°C was determined by correlation with an actual temperature.

    [0023] Hereinafter, a steel sheet for hot stamping used in a method for manufacturing a hot stamped body according to the present invention will be described.

    (Quenching Index of Steel Sheet for Hot Stamping)



    [0024] Since it is aimed for a hot stamping material to obtain high hardness after quenching, the hot stamping material is generally designed to have a high carbon component and a component having high hardenability. Herein, the "high hardenability" means that a DIinch value which is a quenching index is equal to or more than 3. It is possible to calculate the DIinch value based on ASTM A255-67. A detailed calculation method is shown in Non-Patent Document 3. Several calculation methods of the DIinch value have been proposed, regarding an equation of fB for calculating using an additive method and calculating an effect of B, it is possible to use an equation of fB = 1 + 2.7 (0.85 - wt% C) disclosed in Non-Patent Document 3. In addition, it is necessary to designate austenite grain size No. according to an added amount of C, however, in practice, since the austenite grain size No. changes depending on hot-rolling conditions, the calculation may be performed by standardizing as a grain size of No. 6.

    [0025] The DIinch value is an index showing hardenability, and is not always connected to hardness of a steel sheet. That is, hardness of martensite is determined by amounts of C and other solid-solution elements. Accordingly, the problems of this specification do not occur in all steel materials having a large added amount of C. Even in a case where a large amount of C is included, phase transformation of a steel sheet proceeds relatively fastly as long as the DIinch value is a low value, and thus, phase transformation is almost completed before coiling in ROT cooling. Further, also in an annealing step, since ferrite transformation easily proceeds in cooling from a highest heating temperature, it is easy to manufacture a soft hot stamping material. Meanwhile, the problems of this specification are clearly shown in a steel material having a high DIinch value and a large added amount of C. Accordingly, significant effects of the present invention are obtained in a case where a steel material contains 0.18% to 0.35% of C and the DIinch value is equal to or more than 3. Meanwhile, when the DIinch value is extremely high, since the ferrite transformation in the continuous annealing does not proceed, a value of about 10 is preferable as an upper limit of the DIinch value.

    (Chemical Components of Steel Sheet For Hot Stamping)



    [0026] In the method for manufacturing a hot stamped body according to the present invention, a steel sheet for hot stamping manufactured from a steel piece including chemical components which include C, Mn, Si, P, S, N, Al, Ti, B, and Cr and the balance of Fe and inevitable impurities is used. In addition, as optional elements, one or more elements from Mo, Nb, V, Ni, Cu, Sn, Ca, Mg, and REM may be contained. Hereinafter, a preferred range of content of each element will be described. % which indicates content means mass%. In the steel sheet for hot stamping, inevitable impurities other than the elements described above may be contained as long as the content thereof is a degree not significantly disturbing the effects of the present invention, however, as small an amount as possible thereof is preferable.

    (C: 0.18% to 0.35%)



    [0027] When content of C is less than 0.18%, hardened strength after hot stamping becomes low, and rise of hardness in a component becomes small. Meanwhile, when the content of C exceeds 0.35%, formability of the non-heated portion which is heated to Ac1 point or lower is significantly decreased.

    [0028] Accordingly, a lower limit value of C is 0.18, preferably 0.20% and more preferably 0.22%. An upper limit value of C is 0.35%, preferably 0.33%, and more preferably 0.30%.

    (Mn: 1.0% to 3.0%)



    [0029] When content of Mn is less than 1.0%, it is difficult to secure hardenability at the time of hot stamping. Meanwhile, when the content of Mn exceeds 3.0%, segregation of Mn easily occurs and cracking easily occurs at the time of hot-rolling.

    [0030] Accordingly, a lower limit value of Mn is 1.0%, preferably 1.2%, and more preferably 1.5%. An upper limit value of Mn is 3.0%, preferably 2.8%, and more preferably 2.5%.

    (Si: 0.01% to 1.0%)



    [0031] Si has an effect of slightly improve the hardenability, however, the effect is slight. By Si having a large solid-solution hardening amount compared to other elements being contained, it is possible to reduce the amount of C for obtaining desired hardness after quenching. Accordingly, it is possible to contribute to improvement of weldability which is a disadvantage of steel having a large amount of C. Accordingly, the effect thereof is large when the added amount is large, however, when the added amount thereof exceeds 1.0%, due to generation of oxides on the surface of the steel sheet, chemical conversion coating for imparting corrosion resistance is significantly degraded, or wettability of galvanization is disturbed. In addition, a lower limit thereof is not particularly provided, however, about 0.01% which is an amount of Si used in a level of normal deoxidation is a practical lower limit.

    [0032] Accordingly, the lower limit value of Si is 0.01%. The upper limit value of Si is 1.0%, and preferably 0.8%.

    (P: 0.001% to 0.02%)



    [0033] P is an element having a high sold-solution hardening property, however, when the content thereof exceeds 0.02%, the chemical conversion coating is degraded in the same manner as in a case of Si. In addition, a lower limit thereof is not particularly provided, however, it is difficult to have the content of less than 0.001% since the cost significantly rises.

    (S: 0.0005% to 0.01%)



    [0034] Since S generates inclusions such as MnS which degrades toughness or workability, the added amount thereof is desired to be small. Accordingly, the amount thereof is preferably equal to or less than 0.01%. In addition, a lower limit thereof is not particularly provided, however, it is difficult to have the content of less than 0.0005% since the cost significantly rises.

    (N: 0.001% to 0.01%)



    [0035] Since N degrades the effect of improving hardenability when performing B addition, it is preferable to have an extremely small added amount. From this viewpoint, the upper limit thereof is set as 0.01%. In addition, the lower limit is not particularly provided, however, it is difficult to have the content of less than 0.001% since the cost significantly rises.

    (Al: 0.01% to 1.0%)



    [0036] Since Al has the solid-solution hardening property in the same manner as Si, it may be added to reduce the added amount of C. Since A1 degrades the chemical conversion coating or the wettability of galvanization in the same manner as Si, the upper limit thereof is 1.0%, and the lower limit is not particularly provided, however, 0.01% which is the amount of A1 mixed in at the deoxidation level is a practical lower limit.

    (Ti: 0.005% to 0.2%)



    [0037] Ti is advantageous for detoxicating of N which degrades the effect of B addition. That is, when the content of N is large, B is bound with N, and BN is formed. Since the effect of improving hardenability of B is exhibited at the time of a solid-solution state of B, although B is added in a state of large amount of N, the effect of improving the hardenability is not obtained. Accordingly, by adding Ti, it is possible to fix N as TiN and for B to remain in a solid-solution state. In general, the amount of Ti necessary for obtaining this effect can be obtained by adding the amount which is approximately four times the amount of N from a ratio of atomic weights. Accordingly, when considering the content of N inevitably mixed in, a content equal to or more than 0.005% which is the lower limit is necessary. In addition, Ti is bound with C, and TiC is formed. Since an effect of improving a delayed fracture property after hot stamping can be obtained, when actively improving the delayed fracture property, it is preferable to add equal to or more than 0.05% of Ti. However, if an added amount exceeds 0.2%, coarse TiC is formed in an austenite grain boundary or the like, and cracks are generated in hot-rolling, such that 0.2% is set as the upper limit.

    (B: 0.0002% to 0.005%)



    [0038] B is one of most efficient elements as an element for improving hardenability with low cost. As described above, when adding B, since it is necessary to be in a solid-solution state, it is necessary to add Ti, if necessary. In addition, since the effect thereof is not obtained when the amount thereof is less than 0.0002%, 0.0002% is set as the lower limit. Meanwhile, since the effect thereof becomes saturated when the amount thereof exceeds 0.005%, it is preferable to set 0.005% as the upper limit.

    (Cr: 0.002% to 2.0%)



    [0039] Cr improves harden ability and toughness with a content of equal to or more than 0.002%. The improvement of toughness is obtained by an effect of improving the delayed fracture property by forming alloy carbide or an effect of grain refining of the austenite grain size. Meanwhile, when the content of Cr exceeds 2.0%, the effects thereof become saturated.

    (Mo: 0.002% to 2.0%)


    (Nb: 0.002% to 2.0%)


    (V: 0.002% to 2.0%)



    [0040] Mo, Nb, and V improve hardenability and toughness with a content of equal to or more than 0.002%, respectively. The effect of improving toughness can be obtained by the improvement of the delayed fracture property by formation of alloy carbide, or by grain refining of the austenite grain size. Meanwhile, when the content of each element exceeds 2.0%, the effects thereof become saturated. Accordingly, the contained amounts of Mo, Nb, and V may be in a range of 0.002% to 2.0%, respectively.

    (Ni: 0.002% to 2.0%)


    (Cu: 0.002% to 2.0%)


    (Sn: 0.002% to 2.0%)



    [0041] In addition, Ni, Cu, and Sn improve toughness with a content of equal to or more than 0.002%, respectively. Meanwhile, when the content of each element exceeds 2.0%, the effects thereof become saturated. Accordingly, the contained amounts of Ni, Cu, and Sn may be in a range of 0.002% to 2.0%, respectively.

    (Ca: 0.0005% to 0.0050%)


    (Mg: 0.0005% to 0.0050%)


    (REM: 0.0005% to 0.0050%)



    [0042] Ca, Mg, and REM have effects of grain refining of inclusions with each content of equal to or more than 0.0005% and suppressing thereof. Meanwhile, when the amount of each element exceeds 0.0050%, the effects thereof become saturated. Accordingly, the contained amounts of Ca, Mg, and REM may be in a range of 0.0005% to 0.0050%, respectively.

    (Microstructure of Steel Sheet for Hot Stamping)



    [0043] Next, a microstructure of the steel sheet for hot stamping will be described.

    [0044] FIG. 2 shows a temperature history model in the continuous annealing step. In FIG. 2, Ac1 means a temperature at which reverse transformation to austenite starts to occur at the time of temperature rising, and Ac3 means a temperature at which a metal composition of the steel sheet completely becomes austenite at the time of temperature rising. The steel sheet subjected to the cold-rolling step is in a state where the microstructure of the hot-rolled sheet is crushed by cold-rolling, and in this state, the steel sheet is in a hardened state with extremely high dislocation density. In general, the microstructure of the hot-rolled steel sheet of the quenching material is a mixed structure of ferrite and pearlite. However, the microstructure can be controlled to a structure mainly formed of bainite or mainly formed of martensite, by a coiling temperature of the hot-rolled sheet. As will be described later, when manufacturing the steel sheet for hot stamping, by heating the steel sheet to be equal to or higher than Ac1°C in a heating step, a volume fraction of non-recrystallized ferrite is set to be equal to or less than 30%. In addition, by setting the highest heating temperature to be less than Ac3°C in the heating step and by cooling from the highest heating temperature to 660°C at a cooling rate of equal to or less than 10 °C/s in the cooling step, ferrite transformation proceeds in cooling, and the steel sheet is softened. When, in the cooling step, the ferrite transformation is promoted and the steel sheet is softened, it is preferable for the ferrite to remain slightly in the heating step, and accordingly, it is preferable to set the highest heating temperature to be "(Ac1 + 20)°C to (Ac3 - 10)°C. By heating to this temperature range, in addition to that the hardened non-recrystallized ferrite is softened by recovery and recrystallization due to dislocation movement in annealing, it is possible to austenitize the remaining hardened non-recrystallized ferrite. In the heating step, non-recrystallized ferrite remains slightly, in a subsequent cooling step at a cooling rate of equal to or less than 10 °C/s and a holding step of holding in a temperature range of "550°C to 660°C" for 1 minute to 10 minutes, the ferrite grows by nucleating the non-recrystallized ferrite, and cementite precipitation is promoted by concentration of C in the non-transformed austenite. Accordingly, the main microstructure after the annealing step of the steel sheet for hot stamping according to the embodiment is configured of ferrite, cementite, and pearlite, and contains a part of remaining austenite, martensite, and bainite. The range of the highest heating temperature in the heating step can be expanded by adjusting rolling conditions in the hot-rolling step and cooling conditions in ROT. That is, the factor of the problems originate in variation of the microstructure of the hot-rolled sheet, and if the microstructure of the hot-rolled sheet is adjusted so that the hot-rolled sheet is homogenized and recrystallization of the ferrite after the cold-rolling proceeds evenly and rapidly, although the lower limit of the highest heating temperature in the heating step is expanded to (Ac1 - 40)°C, it is possible to suppress remaining of the non-recrystallized ferrite and to expand the conditions in the holding step (as will be described later, in a temperature range of "450°C to 660°C" for 20 seconds to 10 minutes).

    [0045] In more detail, the steel sheet for hot stamping includes a metal structure in which a volume fraction of the ferrite obtained by combining the recrystallized ferrite and transformed ferrite is equal to or more than 50%, and a volume fraction of the non-recrystallized ferrite fraction is equal to or less than 30%. When the ferrite fraction is less than 50%, the strength of the steel sheet after the continuous annealing step becomes hard. In addition, when the fraction of the non-recrystallized ferrite exceeds 30%, the hardness of the steel sheet after the continuous annealing step becomes hard.

    [0046] The ratio of the non-recrystallized ferrite can be measured by analyzing an Electron Back Scattering diffraction Pattern (EBSP). The discrimination of the non-recrystallized ferrite and other ferrite, that is, the recrystallized ferrite and the transformed ferrite can be performed by analyzing crystal orientation measurement data of the EBSP by Kernel Average Misorientation method (KAM method). The dislocation is recovered in the grains of the non-recrystallized ferrite, however, continuous change of the crystal orientation generated due to plastic deformation at the time of cold-rolling exists. Meanwhile, the change of the crystal orientation in the ferrite grains except for the non-recrystallized ferrite is extremely small. This is because, while the crystal orientation of adjacent crystal grains is largely different due to the recrystallization and the transformation, the crystal orientation in one crystal grain is not changed. In the KAM method, since it is possible to quantitatively show the crystal orientation difference of adjacent pixels (measurement points), in the present invention, when defining the grain boundary between a pixel in which an average crystal orientation difference with the adjacent measurement point is within 1° (degree) and a pixel in which the average crystal orientation difference with the adjacent measurement point is equal to or more than 2° (degrees), the grain having a crystal grain size of equal to or more than 3 µm is defined as the ferrite other than the non-recrystallized ferrite, that is, the recrystallized ferrite and the transformed ferrite.

    [0047] In addition, in the steel sheet for hot stamping, (A) a value of a ratio Crθ/CrM of concentration Crθ of Cr subjected to solid solution in iron carbide and concentration CrM of Cr subjected to solid solution in a base material is equal to or less than 2, or (B) a value of a ratio Mnθ/MnM of concentration Mnθ of Mn subjected to solid solution in iron carbide and concentration MnM of Mn subjected to solid solution in a base material is equal to or less than 10.

    [0048] The cementite which is a representative of the iron carbide is dissolved in the austenite at the time of hot stamping heating, and the concentration of C in the austenite is increased. At the time of heating in a hot stamping step, when heating at a low temperature for a short time by rapid heating or the like, dissolution of cementite is not sufficient and hardenability or hardness after quenching is not sufficient. A dissolution rate of the cementite can be improved by reducing a distribution amount of Cr or Mn which is an element easily distributed in cementite, in the cementite. When the value of Crθ/CrM exceeds 2 and the value of Mnθ/MnM exceeds 10, the dissolution of the cementite in the austenite at the time of heating for short time is insufficient. It is preferable that the value of Crθ/CrM be equal to or less than 1.5 and the value of Mnθ/MnM to be equal to or less than 7.

    [0049] The Crθ/CrM and the Mnθ/MnM can be reduced by the method for manufacturing a steel sheet. As will be described in detail, it is necessary to suppress diffusion of substitutional elements into the iron carbide, and it is necessary to control the diffusion in the hot-rolling step, and the continuous annealing step after the cold-rolling. The substitutional elements such as Cr or Mn are different from interstitial elements such as C or N, and diffuse into the iron carbide by being held at a high temperature of equal to or higher than 600°C for long time. To avoid this, there are two major methods. One of them is a method of dissolving all austenite by heating the iron carbide generated in the hot-rolling to Ac1 to Ac3 in the continuous annealing and performing slow cooling from the highest heating temperature at a temperature rate equal to or lower than 10 °C/s and holding at 550°C to 660°C to generate the ferrite transformation and the iron carbide. Since the iron carbide generated in the continuous annealing is generated in a short time, it is difficult for the substitutional elements to diffuse.

    [0050] In the other one of them, in the cooling step after the hot-rolling step, by completing ferrite and pearlite transformation, it is possible to realize a soft and even state in which a diffusion amount of the substitutional elements in the iron carbide in the pearlite is small. The reason for limiting the hot-rolling conditions will be described later. Accordingly, in the state of the hot-rolled sheet after the hot-rolling, it is possible to set the values of Crθ/CrM and Mnθ/MnM as low values. Thus, in the continuous annealing step after the cold-rolling, even with the annealing in a temperature range of (Ac1 - 40)°C at which only recrystallization of the ferrite occurs, if it is possible to complete the transformation in the ROT cooling after the hot-rolling, it is possible to set the Crθ/CrM and the Mnθ/MnM to be low.

    [0051] As shown in FIG. 6, the threshold values were determined from an expansion curve when holding C-1 in which the values of Crθ/CrM and Mnθ/MnM are low and C-4 in which the values of Crθ/CrM and Mnθ/MnM are high, for 10 seconds after heating to 850°C at 150 °C/s, and then cooling at 5 °C/s. That is, while the transformation starts from the vicinity of 650°C in the cooling, in a material in which the values of Crθ/CrM and Mnθ/MnM are high, clear phase transformation is not observed at a temperature equal to or lower than 400°C, in the material in which the values of Crθ/CrM and Mnθ/MnM are high. That is, by setting the values of Crθ/CrM and Mnθ/MnM to be low, it is possible to improve hardenability after the rapid heating.

    [0052] A measurement method of component analysis of Cr and Mn in the iron carbide is not particularly limited, however, for example, analysis can be performed with an energy diffusion spectrometer (EDS) attached to a TEM, by manufacturing replica materials extracted from arbitrary locations of the steel sheet and observing using the transmission electron microscope (TEM) with a magnification of 1000 or more. Further, for component analysis of Cr and Mn in a parent phase, the EDS analysis can be performed in ferrite grains sufficiently separated from the iron carbide, by manufacturing a thin film generally used.

    [0053] In addition, in the steel sheet for hot stamping, a fraction of the non-segmentalized pearlite may be equal to or more than 10%. The non-segmentalized pearlite shows that the pearlite which is austenitized once in the annealing step is transformed to the pearlite again in the cooling step, the non-segmentalized pearlite shows that the values of Crθ/CrM and Mnθ/MnM are lower.

    [0054] If the fraction of the non-segmentalized pearlite is equal to or more than 10%, the hardenability of the steel sheet is improved.

    [0055] When the microstructure of the hot-rolled steel sheet is formed from the ferrite and the pearlite, if the ferrite is recrystallized after cold-rolling the hot-rolled steel sheet to about 50%, generally, the location indicating the non-segmentalized pearlite is in a state where the pearlite is finely segmentalized, as shown in the result observed by the SEM of FIGS. 7A and 7B. On the other hand, when heating in the continuous annealing to be equal to or higher than Ac1, after the pearlite is austenitized once, by the subsequent cooling step and holding, the ferrite transformation and the pearlite transformation occur. Since the pearlite is formed by transformation for a short time, the pearlite is in a state not containing the substitutional elements in the iron carbide and has a shape not segmentalized as shown in FIGS. 8A and 8B.

    [0056] An area ratio of the non-segmentalized pearlite can be obtained by observing a cut and polished test piece with an optical microscope, and measuring the ratio using a point counting method.

    (First Embodiment)



    [0057] Hereinafter, a method for manufacturing a hot stamped steel sheet according to a first embodiment of the present invention will be described.

    [0058] The method for manufacturing a hot stamped steel sheet according to the embodiment includes at least a hot-rolling step, a coiling step, a cold-rolling step, a continuous annealing step, and a hot stamping step. Hereinafter, each step will be described in detail.

    (Hot-Rolling Step)



    [0059] In the hot-rolling step, a steel piece having the chemical components described above is heated (re-heated) to a temperature of equal to or higher than 1100°C, and the hot-rolling is performed. The steel piece may be a slab obtained immediately after being manufactured by a continuous casting installation, or may be manufactured using an electric furnace. By heating the steel piece to a temperature of equal to or higher than 1100°C, carbide-forming elements and carbon can be subjected to decomposition-dissolving sufficiently in the steel material. In addition, by heating the steel piece to a temperature of equal to or higher than 1200°C, precipitated carbonitrides in the steel piece can be sufficiently dissolved. However, it is not preferable to heat the steel piece to a temperature higher than 1280°C, from a view point of production cost.

    [0060] When a finishing temperature of the hot-rolling is lower than Ar3°C, the ferrite transformation occurs in rolling by contact of the surface layer of the steel sheet and a mill roll, and deformation resistance of the rolling may be significantly high. The upper limit of the finishing temperature is not particularly provided, however, the upper limit may be set to about 1050°C.

    (Coiling Step)



    [0061] It is preferable that a coiling temperature in the coiling step after the hot-rolling step be in a temperature range of "700°C to 900°C" (ferrite transformation and pearlite transformation range) or in a temperature range of "25°C to 500°C" (martensite transformation or bainite transformation range). In general, since the coil after the coiling is cooled from the edge portion, the cooling history becomes uneven, and as a result, unevenness of the microstructure easily occurs, however, by coiling the hot-rolled coil in the temperature range described above, it is possible to suppress the unevenness of the microstructure from occurring in the hot-rolling step. However, even with a coiling temperature beyond the preferred range, it is possible to reduce significant variation thereof compared to the related art by control of the microstructure in the continuous annealing.

    (Cold-Rolling Step)



    [0062] In the cold-rolling step, the coiled hot-rolled steel sheet is cold-rolled after pickling, and a cold-rolled steel sheet is manufactured.

    (Continuous Annealing Step)



    [0063] In the continuous annealing step, the cold-rolled steel sheet is subjected to continuous annealing. The continuous annealing step includes a heating step of heating the cold-rolled steel sheet in a temperature range of equal to or higher than "Ac1°C and lower than Ac3°C", and a cooling step of subsequently cooling the cold-rolled steel sheet to 660°C from the highest heating temperature by setting a cooling rate to 10 °C/s or less, and a holding step of subsequently holding the cold-rolled steel sheet in a temperature range of "550°C to 660°C" for 1 minute to 10 minutes.

    (Hot Stamping Step)



    [0064] In the hot stamping step, hot stamping is performed for the steel sheet which is heated so as to have a heated portion and a non-heated portion. The heated portion (hardening portion) is heated to the temperature of Ac3 or higher. General conditions may be employed for the heating rate thereof or the subsequent cooling rate. However, since the production efficiency is extremely low at a heating rate of less than 3 °C/s, the heating rate may be set to be equal to or more than 3 °C/s. In addition, since the heated portion may not be sufficiently quenched or the heat may transfer to the non-heated portion, in particular, at a cooling rate of less than 3 °C/s, the cooling rate may be set to be equal to or more than 3 °C/s.

    [0065] The heating method to make the steel sheet have the heated portion and the non-heated portion is not particularly regulated, and for example, a method of performing electrical-heating, a method of providing a heat-insulating member on the portion that should not be heated, a method of heating a particular portion of the steel sheet by infrared ray radiation, or the like may be employed.

    [0066] The upper limit of the highest heating temperature may be set to 1000°C so as to avoid the non-heated portion from being heated due to heat transfer. In addition, the holding at the highest heating temperature may not be performed since it is not necessary to provide a particular holding time as long as reverse transformation to the austenite single phase is obtained.

    [0067] The heated portion means a portion at which the highest heating temperature at the time of heating the steel sheet in the hot stamping process reaches Ac3 or higher. The non-heated portion means a portion where the highest heating temperature at the time of heating the steel sheet in the hot stamping process is within the temperature range of equal to or less than Ac1. The non-heated portion includes a portion that is not heated, and a portion that is heated to Ac1 or lower.

    [0068] According to the method for manufacturing a hot stamped body described above, since a steel sheet for hot press in which hardness is even and which is soft is used, even in a case of hot-stamping the steel sheet in a state of including a non-heated portion, it is possible to reduce variation of the hardness of the non-heated portion of the hot stamped body. In detail, it is possible to realize the following ΔHv which represents a variation in Vickers hardness of the non-heated portion, and Hv_Ave which represents an average Vickers hardness of the non-heated portion.

    [0069] If the amount of C in the steel sheet is equal to or more than 0.18% and less than 0.25%, ΔHv is equal to or less than 25 and Hv_Ave is equal to or less than 200.

    [0070] If the amount of C in the steel sheet is equal to or more than 0.25% and less than 0.30%, ΔHv is equal to or less than 32 and Hv_Ave is equal to or less than 220.

    [0071] If the amount of C in the steel sheet is equal to or more than 0.30% and less than 0.35%, ΔHv is equal to or less than 38 and Hv_Ave is equal to or less than 240.

    [0072] The steel sheet for hot stamping contains a lot of C component for securing quenching strength after the hot stamping and contains Mn and B, and in such a steel component having high hardenability and high concentration of C, the microstructure of the hot-rolled sheet after the hot-rolling step tends to easily become uneven. However, according to the method for manufacturing the cold-rolled steel sheet for hot stamping according to the embodiment, in the continuous annealing step subsequent to the latter stage of the cold-rolling step, the cold-rolled steel sheet is heated in a temperature range of "equal to or higher than Ac1°C and less than Ac3°C", then cooled from the highest temperature to 660°C at a cool rate of equal to or less than 10 °C/s, and then held in a temperature range of "550°C to 660°C" for 1 minute to 10 minutes, and thus the microstructure can be obtained to be even.

    [0073] In the continuous annealing line, a hot-dip galvanizing process, a galvannealing process, a molten aluminum plating process, an alloyed molten aluminum plating process, and an electroplating process can also be performed. The effects of the present invention are not lost even when the plating process is performed after the annealing step.

    [0074] As shown in the schematic view of FIG. 2, the microstructure of the steel sheet subjected to the cold-rolling step is a non-recrystallized ferrite. In the method for manufacturing of a steel sheet according to the embodiment, in the continuous annealing step, by heating to a heating range of "equal to or higher than Ac1°C and lower than Ac3°C" which is a higher temperature range than the Ac1 point, heating is performed until having a double phase coexistence with the austenite phase in which the non-recrystallized ferrite slightly remains. After that, in the cooling step at a cooling rate of equal to or less than 10 °C/s, growth of the transformed ferrite which is nucleated from the non-recrystallized ferrite slightly remaining at the highest heating temperature occurs. Then, in the holding step of holding the steel sheet at a temperature range of "550°C to 660°C" for 1 minute to 10 minutes, incrassating of C into the non-transformed austenite occurs at the same time as ferrite transformation, and cementite precipitation or pearlite transformation is promoted by holding in the same temperature range.

    [0075] The steel sheet for hot stamping contains a lot of C component for securing quenching hardness after the hot stamping and contains Mn and B, and B has an effect of suppressing generation of the ferrite nucleation at the time of cooling from the austenite single phase, generally, and when cooling is performed after heating to the austenite single phase range of equal to or higher than Ac3, it is difficult for the ferrite transformation to occur. However, by holding the heating temperature in the continuous annealing step in a temperature range of "equal to or higher than Ac1°C and less than Ac3°C" which is immediately below Ac3, the ferrite slightly remains in a state where almost hardened non-recrystallized ferrite is reverse-transformed to the austenite, and in the subsequent cooling step at a cooling rate of equal to or less than 10 °C/s and the holding step of holding at a temperature range of "550°C to 660°C" for 1 minute to 10 minutes, softening is realized by the growth of the ferrite by nucleating the remaining ferrite. In addition, if the heating temperature in the continuous annealing step is higher than Ac3°C, since the austenite single phase mainly occurs, and then the ferrite transformation in the cooling is insufficient, and the hardening is realized, the temperature described above is set as the upper limit, and if the heating temperature is lower than Ac1, since the volume fraction of the non-recrystallized ferrite becomes high and the hardening is realized, the temperature described above is set as the lower limit.

    [0076] Further, in the holding step of holding the cold-rolled steel sheet in a temperature range of "550°C to 660°C" for 1 minute to 10 minutes, the cementite precipitation or the pearlite transformation can be promoted in the non-transformed austenite in which C is incrassated after the ferrite transformation. Thus, according to the method for manufacturing a steel sheet according to the embodiment, even in a case of heating a material having high hardenability to a temperature right below the Ac3 point by the continuous annealing, most parts of the microstructure of the steel sheet can be set as ferrite and cementite. According to the proceeding state of the transformation, the bainite, the martensite, and the remaining austenite slightly exist after the cooling, in some cases.

    [0077] In addition, if the temperature in the holding step exceeds 660°C, the proceeding of the ferrite transformation is delayed and the annealing takes long time. On the other hand, when the temperature is lower than 550°C, the ferrite itself which is generated by the transformation is hardened, it is difficult for the cementite precipitation or the pearlite transformation to proceed, or the bainite or the martensite which is the lower temperature transformation product occurs. In addition, when the holding time exceeds 10 minutes, the continuous annealing installation subsequently becomes longer and high cost is necessary, and on the other hand, when the holding time is lower than 1 minute, the ferrite transformation, the cementite precipitation, or the pearlite transformation is insufficient, the structure is mainly formed of bainite or martensite in which most parts of the microstructure after the cooling are hardened phase, and the steel sheet is hardened.

    [0078] According to the manufacturing method described above, by coiling the hot-rolled coil subjected to the hot-rolling step in a temperature range of "700°C to 900°C" (range of ferrite or pearlite), or by coiling in a temperature range of "25°C to 550°C" which is a low temperature transformation temperature range, it is possible to suppress the unevenness of the microstructure of the hot-rolled coil after coiling. That is, the vicinity of 600°C at which the normal steel is generally coiled is a temperature range in which the ferrite transformation and the pearlite transformation occur, however, when coiling the steel type having high hardenability in the same temperature range after setting the conditions of the hot-rolling finishing normally performed, since almost no transformation occurs in a cooling device section which is called Run-Out-Table (hereinafter, ROT) from the finish rolling of the hot-rolling step to the coiling, the phase transformation from the austenite occurs after the coiling. Accordingly, when considering a width direction of the coil, the cooling rates in the edge portion exposed to the external air and the center portion shielded from the external air are different from each other. Further, also in the case of considering a longitudinal direction of the coil, in the same manner as described above, cooling histories in a tip end or a posterior end of the coil which can be in contact with the external air and in an intermediate portion shielded from the external air are different from each other. Accordingly, in the component having high hardenability, when coiling in a temperature range in the same manner as in a case of normal steel, the microstructure or the strength of the hot-rolled sheet significantly varies in one coil due to the difference of the cooling history. When performing annealing by the continuous annealing installation after the cold-rolling using the hot-rolled sheet, in the ferrite recrystallization temperature range of equal to or lower than Ac1, significant variation in the strength is generated as shown in FIG. 1 by the variation in the ferrite recrystallization rate caused by the variation of the microstructure of the hot-rolled sheet. Meanwhile, when heating to the temperature range of equal to or higher than Ac1 and cooling as it is, not only a lot of non-recrystallized ferrite remains, but the austenite which is partially reverse-transformed is transformed to the bainite or the martensite which is a hardened phase, and becomes a hard material having significant variation. When heating to a temperature of equal to or higher than Ac3 to completely remove the non-recrystallized ferrite, significant hardening is performed after the cooling with an effect of elements for improving hardenability such as Mn or B. Accordingly, it is advantageous to perform coiling at the temperature range described above for evenness of the microstructure of the hot-rolled sheet. That is, by performing coiling in the temperature range of "700°C to 900°C", since cooling is sufficiently performed from the high temperature state after the coiling, it is possible to form the entire coil with the ferrite/pearlite structure. Meanwhile, by coiling in the temperature range of "25°C to 550°C", it is possible to form the entire coil into the bainite or the martensite which is hard.

    [0079] FIGS. 3A to 3C show variation in strength of the steel sheet for hot stamping after the continuous annealing with different coiling temperatures for the hot-rolled coil. FIG. 3A shows a case of performing continuous annealing by setting a coiling temperature as 680°C, FIG. 3B shows a case of performing the continuous annealing by setting a coiling temperature at as 750°C, that is, in the temperature range of "700°C to 900°C" (ferrite transformation and pearlite transformation range), and FIG. 3C shows a case of performing continuous annealing by setting a coiling temperature as 500°C, that is, in the temperature range of "25°C to 500°C" (bainite transformation and martensite transformation range). In FIGS. 3A to 3C, ΔTS indicates variation of the steel sheet (maximum value of tensile strength of steel sheet - minimum value thereof). As clearly shown in FIGS. 3A to 3C, by performing the continuous annealing with suitable conditions, it is possible to obtain even strength and soft hardness of the steel sheet after the annealing.

    [0080]  By using the steel having the even strength, in the hot stamping step, even in a case of employing an electrical-heating method which inevitably generates an irregularity in the steel sheet temperature after heating, it is possible to stabilize the strength of a component of the formed product after the hot stamping. For example, for an electrode holding portion or the like in which the temperature does not rise by the electrical-heating and in which the strength of the material of the steel sheet itself affects the product strength, by evenly managing the strength of the material of the steel sheet itself, it is possible to improve management of precision of the product quality of the formed product after the hot stamping.

    (Second Embodiment)



    [0081] Hereinafter, a method for manufacturing a hot stamped steel sheet according to a second embodiment of the present invention will be described.

    [0082] The method for manufacturing a hot stamped steel sheet according to the embodiment includes at least a hot-rolling step, a coiling step, a cold-rolling step, a continuous annealing step, and a hot stamping step. Hereinafter, each step will be described in detail.

    (Hot-Rolling Step)



    [0083] In the hot-rolling step, a steel piece having the chemical components described above is heated (re-heated) to a temperature of equal to or higher than 1100°C, and the hot-rolling is performed. The steel piece may be a slab obtained immediately after being manufactured by a continuous casting installation, or may be manufactured using an electric furnace. By heating the steel piece to a temperature of equal to or higher than 1100°C, carbide-forming elements and carbon can be subjected to decomposition-dissolving sufficiently in the steel material. In addition, by heating the steel piece to a temperature of equal to or higher than 1200°C, precipitated carbonitrides in the steel piece can be sufficiently dissolved. However, it is not preferable to heat the steel piece to a temperature higher than 1280°C, from a view point of production cost.

    [0084] In the hot-rolling step of the embodiment, in finish-hot-rolling configured with a machine with 5 or more consecutive rolling stands, rolling is performed by (A) setting a finish-hot-rolling temperature FiT in a final rolling mill Fi in a temperature range of (Ac3 - 80)°C to (Ac3 + 40)°C, by (B) setting a time from start of rolling in a rolling mill Fi-3 which is a previous machine to the final rolling mill Fi to end of rolling in the final rolling mill Fi to be equal to or longer than 2.5 seconds, and by (C) setting a hot-rolling temperature Fi-3T in the rolling mill Fi-3 to be equal to or lower than (FiT + 100)°C, and then holding is performed in a temperature range of "600°C to Ar3°C" for 3 seconds to 40 seconds, and coiling is performed in the coiling step.

    [0085] By performing such hot-rolling, it is possible to perform stabilization and transformation from the austenite to the ferrite, the pearlite, or the bainite which is the low temperature transformation phase in the ROT (Run Out Table) which is a cooling bed in the hot-rolling, and it is possible to reduce the variation in the hardness of the steel sheet accompanied with a cooling temperature deviation generated after the coil coiling. In order to complete the transformation in the ROT, refining of the austenite grain size and holding at a temperature of equal to or lower than Ar3°C in the ROT for a long time are important conditions.

    [0086] When the FiT is less than (Ac3 - 80)°C, a possibility of the ferrite transformation in the hot-rolling becomes high and hot-rolling deformation resistance is not stabilized. On the other hand, when the FiT is higher than (Ac3 + 40)°C, the austenite grain size immediately before the cooling after the finishing hot-rolling becomes coarse, and the ferrite transformation is delayed. It is preferable that FiT be set as a temperature range of "(Ac3 - 70)°C to (Ac3 + 20)°C". By setting the heating conditions as described above, it is possible to refine the austenite grain size after the finish rolling, and it is possible to promote the ferrite transformation in the ROT cooling. Accordingly, since the transformation proceeds in the ROT, it is possible to largely reduce the variation of the microstructure in longitudinal and width directions of the coil caused by the variation of coil cooling after the coiling.

    [0087] For example, in a case of a hot-rolling line including seven final rolling mills, transit time from a F4 rolling mill which corresponds to a third mill from an F7 rolling mill which is a final stand, to the F7 rolling mill is set as 2.5 seconds or longer. When the transit time is less than 2.5 seconds, since the austenite is not recrystallized between stands, B segregated to the austenite grain boundary significantly delays the ferrite transformation and it is difficult for the phase transformation in the ROT to proceed. The transit time is preferably equal to or longer than 4 seconds. It is not particularly limited, however, when the transition time is equal to or longer than 20 seconds, the temperature of the steel sheet between the stands largely decreases and it is impossible to perform hot-rolling.

    [0088] For recrystallizing so that the austenite is refined and B does not exist in the austenite grain boundary, it is necessary to complete the rolling at an extremely low temperature of equal to or higher than Ar3, and to recrystallize the austenite at the same temperature range. Accordingly, a temperature on the rolling exit side of the F4 rolling mill is set to be equal to or lower than (FiT + 100)°C. This is because it is necessary to lower the temperature of the rolling temperature of the F4 rolling mill for obtaining an effect of refining the austenite grain size in the latter stage of the finish rolling. The lower limit of Fi-3T is not particularly provided, however, since the temperature on the exit side of the final F7 rolling mill is FiT, this is set as the lower limit thereof.

    [0089] By setting the holding time in the temperature range of 600°C to Ar3°C to be a long time, the ferrite transformation occurs. Since the Ar3 is the ferrite transformation start temperature, this is set as the upper limit, and 600°C at which the softened ferrite is generated is set as the lower limit. A preferable temperature range thereof is 600°C to 700°C in which generally the ferrite transformation proceeds most rapidly.

    (Coiling Step)



    [0090] By holding the coiling temperature in the coiling step after the hot-rolling step at 600°C to Ar3°C for 3 seconds or longer in the cooling step, the hot-rolled steel sheet in which the ferrite transformation proceeded, is coiled as it is. Substantially, although it is changed by the installation length of the ROT, the steel sheet is coiled in the temperature range of 500°C to 650°C. By performing the hot-rolling described above, the microstructure of the hot-rolled sheet after the coil cooling has a structure mainly including the ferrite and the pearlite, and it is possible to suppress the unevenness of the microstructure generated in the hot-rolling step.

    (Cold-Rolling Step)



    [0091] In the cold-rolling step, the coiled hot-rolled steel sheet is cold-rolled after pickling, and a cold-rolled steel sheet is manufactured.

    (Continuous Annealing Step)



    [0092] In the continuous annealing step, the cold-rolled steel sheet is subjected to continuous annealing. The continuous annealing step includes a heating step of heating the cold-rolled steel sheet in a temperature range of equal to or higher than "(Ac1 - 40)°C and lower than Ac3°C", and a cooling step of subsequently cooling the cold-rolled steel sheet to 660°C from the highest heating temperature by setting a cooling rate to 10 °C/s or less, and a holding step of subsequently holding the cold-rolled steel sheet in a temperature range of "450°C to 660°C" for 20 seconds to 10 minutes.

    (Hot Stamping Step)



    [0093] In the hot stamping step, hot stamping is performed for the steel sheet which is heated so as to have a heated portion and a non-heated portion. The heated portion (hardening portion) is heated to the temperature of Ac3 or more. General conditions may be employed for the heating rate thereof or the subsequent cooling rate. However, since the production efficiency is extremely low at a heating rate of less than 3 °C/s, the heating rate may be set to be equal to or more than 3 °C/s. In addition, since the heated portion may not be sufficiently quenched or the heat may transfer to the non-heated portion, in particular, at a cooling rate of less than 3 °C/s, the cooling rate may be set to be equal to or more than 3 °C/s.

    [0094] The heating method to make the steel sheet have the heated portion and the non-heated portion is not particularly regulated, and for example, a method of performing electrical-heating, a method of providing a heat-insulating member on the portion that should not be heated, a method of heating a particular portion of the steel sheet by infrared ray radiation, or the like may be employed.

    [0095] The upper limit of the highest heating temperature may be set to 1000°C so as to avoid the non-heated portion from being heated due to heat transfer. In addition, the holding at the highest heating temperature may not be performed since it is not necessary to provide a particular holding time as long as reverse transformation to the austenite single phase is obtained.

    [0096] The heated portion means a portion at which the highest heating temperature at the time of heating the steel sheet in the hot stamping process reaches Ac3 or higher. The non-heated portion means a portion where the highest heating temperature at the time of heating the steel sheet in the hot stamping process is within the temperature range of equal to or less than Ac1. The non-heated portion includes a portion that is not heated, and a portion that is heated to Ac1 or lower.

    [0097] According to the method for manufacturing a hot stamped body described above, since a steel sheet for hot press in which hardness is even and which is soft is used, even in a case of hot-stamping the steel sheet in a state of including a non-heated portion, it is possible to reduce variation of the hardness of the non-heated portion of the hot stamped body. In detail, it is possible to realize the following ΔHv which represents a variation in Vickers hardness of the non-heated portion, and Hv_Ave which represents an average Vickers hardness of the non-heated portion.

    [0098] If the amount of C in the steel sheet is equal to or more than 0.18% and less than 0.25%, ΔHv is equal to or less than 25 and Hv_Ave is equal to or less than 200.

    [0099] If the amount of C in the steel sheet is equal to or more than 0.25% and less than 0.30%, ΔHv is equal to or less than 32 and Hv_Ave is equal to or less than 220.

    [0100] If the amount of C in the steel sheet is equal to or more than 0.30% and less than 0.35%, ΔHv is equal to or less than 38 and Hv_Ave is equal to or less than 240.

    [0101] Since the steel sheet is coiled into a coil after transformation from the austenite to the ferrite or the pearlite in the ROT by the hot-rolling step of the second embodiment described above, the variation in the strength of the steel sheet accompanied with the cooling temperature deviation generated after the coiling is reduced. Accordingly, in the continuous annealing step subsequent to the latter stage of the cold-rolling step, by heating the cold-rolled steel sheet in the temperature range of "equal to or higher than (Ac1 - 40)°C to lower than Ac3°C", subsequently cooling from the highest temperature to 660°C at a cooling rate of equal to or less than 10 °C/s, and subsequently holding in the temperature range of "450°C to 660°C" for 20 seconds to 10 minutes, it is possible to realize the evenness of the microstructure in the same manner as or an improved manner to the method for manufacturing a steel sheet described in the first embodiment.

    [0102] In the continuous annealing line, a hot-dip galvanizing process, a galvannealing process, a molten aluminum plating process, an alloyed molten aluminum plating process, and an electroplating process can also be performed. The effects of the present invention are not lost even when the plating process is performed after the annealing step.

    [0103] As shown in the schematic view of FIG. 2, the microstructure of the steel sheet subjected to the cold-rolling step is a non-recrystallized ferrite. In the method for manufacturing of a steel sheet for hot stamping according to the second embodiment, in addition to the first embodiment in which, in the continuous annealing step, by heating to a heating range of "equal to or higher than (Ac1 - 40)°C and lower than Ac3°C", heating is performed until having a double phase coexistence with the austenite phase in which the non-recrystallized ferrite slightly remains, it is possible to lower the heating temperature for even proceeding of the recovery and recrystallization of the ferrite in the coil, even with the heating temperature of Ac1 °C to (Ac1 - 40) °C at which the reverse transformation of the austenite does not occur. In addition, by using the hot-rolled sheet showing the even structure, after heating to a temperature of equal to or higher than Ac1 °C and lower than Ac3°C, it is possible to lower the temperature and shorten the time of holding after the cooling at a cooling rate of equal to or less than 10 °C/s, compared to the first embodiment. This shows that the ferrite transformation proceeds faster in the cooling step from the austenite by obtaining the even microstructure, and it is possible to sufficiently achieve evenness and softening of the structure, even with the holding conditions of the lower temperature and the short time. That is, in the holding step of holding the steel sheet in the temperature range of "450°C to 660°C" for 20 seconds to 10 minutes, incrassating of C into the non-transformed austenite occurs at the same time as ferrite transformation, and cementite precipitation or pearlite transformation rapidly occurs by holding in the same temperature range.

    [0104] From these viewpoints, when the temperature is less than (Ac1 - 40)°C, since the recovery and the recrystallization of the ferrite is insufficient, it is set as the lower limit, and meanwhile, when the temperature is equal to or higher than Ac3 °C, since the ferrite transformation does not sufficiently occur and the strength after the annealing significantly increases by the delay of generation of ferrite nucleation by the B addition effect, it is set as the upper limit. In addition, in the subsequent cooling step at a cooling rate of equal to or less than 10 °C/s and the holding step of holding at a temperature range of "450°C to 660°C" for 20 seconds to 10 minutes, softening is realized by the growth of the ferrite by nucleating the remaining ferrite.

    [0105] Herein, in the holding step of holding the steel sheet in a temperature range of "450°C to 660°C" for 20 seconds to 10 minutes, the cementite precipitation or the pearlite transformation can be promoted in the non-transformed austenite in which C is incrassated after the ferrite transformation. Thus, according to the method for manufacturing a steel sheet according to the embodiment, even in a case of heating a material having high hardenability to a temperature right below the Ac3 point by the continuous annealing, most parts of the microstructure of the steel sheet can be set as ferrite and cementite. According to the proceeding state of the transformation, the bainite, the martensite, and the remaining austenite slightly exist after the cooling, in some cases.

    [0106] In addition, if the temperature in the holding step exceeds 660°C, the proceeding of the ferrite transformation is delayed and the annealing takes long time. On the other hand, when the temperature is lower than 450°C, the ferrite itself which is generated by the transformation is hardened, it is difficult for the cementite precipitation or the pearlite transformation to proceed, or the bainite or the martensite which is the lower temperature transformation product occurs. In addition, when the holding time exceeds 10 minutes, the continuous annealing installation subsequently becomes longer and high cost is necessary, and on the other hand, when the holding time is lower than 20 seconds, the ferrite transformation, the cementite precipitation, or the pearlite transformation is insufficient, the structure is mainly formed of bainite or martensite in which the most parts of the microstructure after the cooling are hardened phase, and the steel sheet is hardened.

    [0107] FIGS. 3A to 3C show variation in strength of the steel sheet for hot stamping after the continuous annealing with different coiling temperatures for the hot-rolled coil. FIG. 3A shows a case of performing continuous annealing by setting a coiling temperature as 680°C, FIG. 3B shows a case of performing the continuous annealing by setting a coiling temperature as 750°C, that is, in the temperature range of "700°C to 900°C" (ferrite transformation and pearlite transformation range), and FIG. 3C shows a case of performing continuous annealing by setting a coiling temperature as 500°C, that is, in the temperature range of "25°C to 500°C" (bainite transformation and martensite transformation range). In FIGS. 3A to 3C, ΔTS indicates variation of the steel sheet (maximum value of tensile strength of steel sheet - minimum value thereof). As clearly shown in FIGS. 3A to 3C, by performing the continuous annealing with suitable conditions, it is possible to obtain even strength and soft hardness of the steel sheet after the annealing.

    [0108] By using the steel having the even strength, in the hot stamping step, even in a case of employing an electrical-heating method which inevitably generates an irregularity in the steel sheet temperature after heating, it is possible to stabilize the strength of a component of the formed product after the hot stamping. For example, for an electrode holding portion or the like in which the temperature does not rise by the electrical-heating and in which the strength of the material of the steel sheet itself affects the product strength, by evenly managing the strength of the material of the steel sheet itself, it is possible to improve management of precision of the product quality of the formed product after the hot stamping.

    [0109] Hereinabove, the present invention has been described based on the first embodiment and the second embodiment, however, the present invention is not limited only to the embodiments described above, and various modifications within the scope of the claims can be performed. For example, even in the hot-rolling step or the continuous annealing step of the first embodiment, it is possible to employ the conditions of the second embodiment.

    Examples



    [0110] Next, Examples of the present invention will be described.
    [Table 1]
    Steel typeCMnSiPSNAlTiBCrAc1Ac3DIinch
    (mass%)(°C)(°C)-
    A 0.22 1.35 0.15 0.009 0.004 0.003 0.010 0.020 0.0012 0.22 735 850 4.8
    B 0.22 1.65 0.03 0.009 0.004 0.004 0.010 0.010 0.0013 0.02 725 840 3.5
    C 0.22 1.95 0.03 0.008 0.003 0.003 0.010 0.012 0.0013 0.15 725 830 4.2
    D 0.23 2.13 0.05 0.010 0.005 0.004 0.020 0.015 0.0015 0.10 720 825 5.2
    E 0.28 1.85 0.10 0.008 0.004 0.003 0.015 0.080 0.0013 0.01 725 825 3.8
    F 0.24 1.63 0.85 0.009 0.004 0.003 0.032 0.020 0.0014 0.01 740 860 5.4
    G 0.21 2.62 0.12 0.008 0.003 0.003 0.022 0.015 0.0012 0.10 725 820 8.0
    H 0.16 1.54 0.30 0.008 0.003 0.003 0.020 0.012 0.0010 0.03 735 850 3.4
    I 0.40 1.64 0.20 0.009 0.004 0.004 0.010 0.020 0.0012 0.01 730 810 4.1
    J 0.21 0.82 0.13 0.007 0.003 0.003 0.021 0.020 0.0011 0.01 735 865 1.8
    K 0.28 3.82 0.13 0.008 0.003 0.004 0.020 0.010 0.0012 0.13 710 770 7.1
    L 0.26 1.85 1.32 0.008 0.004 0.003 0.020 0.012 0.0015 0.01 755 880 9.2
    M 0.29 1.50 0.30 0.008 0.003 0.004 1.300 0.020 0.0018 0.01 735 1055 4.6
    N 0.24 1.30 0.03 0.008 0.004 0.003 0.020 0.310 0.0012 0.20 730 850 4.1
    O 0.22 1.80 0.04 0.009 0.005 0.003 0.010 0.020 0.0001 0.10 725 830 2.2
    P 0.23 1.60 0.03 0.009 0.005 0.003 0.012 0.003 0.0010 0.01 725 840 1.3
    Q 0.21 1.76 0.13 0.009 0.004 0.003 0.021 0.020 0.0013 0.20 730 835 7.5
    R 0.28 1.65 0.05 0.008 0.003 0.004 0.025 0.015 0.0025 0.21 725 825 7.9
    S 0.23 2.06 0.01 0.008 0.003 0.003 0.015 0.015 0.0022 0.42 715 815 8.4
    T 0.22 1.60 0.15 0.008 0.004 0.003 0.022 0.015 0.0021 2.35 710 810 16.1
    [Table 2]
    Steel typeMoNbVNiCuSnCaMgREM
    (mass%)
    A 0.05         0.003      
    B                  
    C                  
    D   0.04 0.01   0.008   0.003    
    E                  
    F   0.06   0.04 0.02       0.003
    G 0.2   0.005         0.003  
    H               0.002  
    I                  
    J                  
    K 0.05                
    L                 0.002
    M                  
    N 0.15                
    O 0.1           0.005    
    P                  
    Q 0.11                
    R 0.15 0.08       0.002   0.003  
    S                  
    T                  
    [Table 3]
    Steel typeCondition NoHot-rolling to coiling conditionsContinuous annealing conditions
    F4TF7T(Ac3-80)(Ac3+40)Time from 4 stage to 7 stageHolding time from 600°C to Ar3CTHighest heating temperatureCooling rateHolding temperatureHolding time
    [°C][°C][°C][°C][s][s][°C][°C][°C/s][°C][s]
    A 1 955 905 770 890 2.7 2.1 680 830 3.5 585 320
    2 945 900 770 890 2.9 1.3 500 825 4.2 580 330
    3 945 900 770 890 2.2 0.3 800 830 4.1 585 320
    4 940 900 770 890 2.8 2.5 680 700 4.3 570 330
    5 945 905 770 890 2.9 3.1 675 870 4.5 580 300
    6 955 910 770 890 2.5 3.2 685 820 13.5 560 290
    7 950 905 770 890 2.6 2.9 680 825 5.2 530 300
    8 945 905 770 890 2.2 4.6 685 810 4.6 575 45
    9 880 820 770 890 4.6 8.2 580 810 4.2 560 310
    10 875 810 770 890 4.5 7.9 610 710 4.3 470 35
    B 1 960 890 760 880 2.2 4.0 650 820 3.5 580 290
    2 950 895 760 880 2.8 1.0 500 815 5 560 300
    3 945 895 760 880 2.6 3.0 670 860 4.5 560 320
    4 945 900 760 880 2.9 3.0 670 810 5 500 310
    5 890 830 760 880 4.8 7.2 600 805 3.9 570 50
    6 900 845 760 880 5.1 7.6 590 705 4.5 460 45
    C 1 970 905 750 870 2.2 4.0 650 820 5.6 570 300
    2 960 910 750 870 2.8 4.0 680 815 5.5 570 290
    3 965 915 750 870 2.3 4.0 680 810 5.2 510 280
    4 960 910 750 870 3.0 3.0 680 700 4.3 560 300
    5 880 800 750 870 5.2 7.5 610 695 4.5 475 28
    6 895 820 750 870 4.5 6.5 590 790 3.1 560 32
    7 980 930 750 870 2.5 2.6 720 690 2.5 480 35
    8 980 820 750 870 6.2 7.0 590 780 3.6 570 25
    9 890 810 750 870 4.4 6.3 600 655 2.3 595 30
    10 900 830 750 870 4.5 6.5 580 755 3.5 470 5
    [Table 4]
    Steel typeCondition NoHot-rolling to coiling conditionsContinuous annealing conditions
    F4TF7T(Ac3-80)(Ac3+40)Time from 4 stage to 7 stageHolding time from 600°C to Ar3CTHighest heating temperatureCooling rateHolding temperatureHolding time
    [°C][°C][°C][°C][s][s][°C][°C][°C/s][°C][s]
    D 1 950 910 745 865 3.2 4.0 680 700 2.1 500 324
    2 960 910 745 865 2.1 4.0 680 810 4.3 580 320
    3 965 920 745 865 2.0 4.0 680 775 1.6 580 405
    4 960 915 745 865 3.3 3.0 680 775 2.9 540 270
    5 965 910 745 865 2.3 4.0 680 800 2.2 540 405
    6 975 930 745 865 2.9 4.0 680 800 4.3 500 270
    7 960 910 745 865 2.1 1.0 500 700 2.1 680 324
    8 950 920 745 865 2.1 2.0 500 775 1.6 580 405
    9 950 910 745 865 2.2 0.0 750 700 2.1 550 324
    10 955 915 745 865 2.3 0.0 750 775 1.6 580 405
    E 1 950 900 745 865 2.5 3.0 680 800 2.3 575 325
    2 960 890 745 865 2.5 1.0 500 805 2.5 580 320
    3 965 895 745 865 2.9 1.0 750 795 2.8 580 328
    4 955 890 745 865 3.1 3.0 680 840 2.5 580 315
    5 955 890 745 865 2.2 3.0 680 800 13.5 580 300
    6 945 895 745 865 2.2 1.0 680 800 4.2 520 350
    7 950 895 745 865 2.3 1.0 680 795 3.5 575 45
    8 900 830 745 865 5.3 7.2 595 785 4.2 610 55
    9 910 810 745 865 6.4 8.1 600 700 3.9 460 22
    F 1 960 910 780 900 2.2 2.2 675 840 4.6 560 325
    2 950 900 780 900 2.1 2.3 675 830 4.3 585 520
    3 950 920 780 900 2.1 3.0 450 835 3.5 580 320
    4 960 900 780 900 1.8 1.0 775 825 3.5 575 350
    5 950 905 780 900 1.9 1.5 685 730 3.6 580 305
    [Table 5]
    Steel typeCondition NoHot-rolling to coiling conditionsContinuous annealing conditions
    F4TF7T(Ac3-80)(Ac3+40)Time from 4 stage to 7 stageHolding time from 600°C to Ar3CTHighest heating temperatureCooling rateHolding temperatureHolding time
    [°C][°C][°C][°C][s][s][°C][°C][°C/s][°C][s]
    G 1 960 905 740 860 2.2 2.5 680 800 3.8 555 320
    2 970 910 740 860 2.5 2.6 680 805 4.2 585 545
    3 950 910 740 860 2.6 2.4 400 800 4.1 575 320
    4 950 915 740 860 2.3 2.2 800 790 3.5 580 315
    5 955 920 740 860 2.5 2.3 680 710 3.5 580 295
    H 1 960 915 770 890 2.4 2.1 685 830 4.2 580 305
    2 955 920 770 890 2.5 2.5 680 760 4.1 550 310
    I 1 950 905 730 850 2.6 2.1 675 800 3.2 580 290
    2 955 900 730 850 2.7 2.5 670 790 2.8 540 285
    J 1 945 905 785 905 2.8 2.1 680 840 3.5 580 300
    2 950 910 785 905 2.6 2.1 685 750 3.8 530 310
    K 1 - - 690 810 2.9 - - - - - -
    L 1 960 920 800 920 2.3 2.5 680 850 5.2 560 300
    M 1 960 910 975 1095 2.5 4.0 680 860 4.5 580 305
    N 1 - - 770 890 - - - - - - -
    O 1 960 910 750 870 2.9 2.1 670 810 3.5 580 305
    2 965 905 750 870 2.5 2.1 680 750 4.2 520 310
    P 1 970 930 760 880 2.9 2.3 680 820 4.5 580 300
    Q 1 960 910 755 875 2.1 2.5 680 810 5 575 310
    R 1 940 905 745 865 2.2 2.1 610 785 4.2 575 305
    S 1 945 910 735 855 2.4 2.2 605 795 3.2 585 295
    T 1 - - 730 850 - - - - - - -
    [Table 6]
    Steel typeCondition No.MaterialMicrostructureCr0/CrMMn0/MnM
    ΔTSTS_AveFerrite fractionNon-crystallized ferrite fractionNon-segmentalized pearlite fraction
    [MPa][MPa][vol.%][vol.%][vol.%]--
    A 1 60 620 65 10 25 1.3 8.2
    2 40 590 75 5 20 1.5 8.1
    3 35 580 65 5 30 1.4 7.5
    4 150 750 45 55 0 3.2 14.3
    5 55 760 20 0 0 1.5 7.5
    6 60 720 35 5 0 1.2 8.7
    7 90 710 45 5 5 1.3 7.3
    8 55 720 40 10 5 1.5 7.8
    9 30 580 75 5 20 1.3 7.9
    10 55 640 85 5 10 1.5 7.5
    B 1 60 600 70 5 15 1.4 8.9
    2 30 590 65 10 15 1.2 8.4
    3 85 700 35 0 0 1.5 8.8
    4 95 690 45 10 5 1.3 8.2
    5 35 585 70 10 15 1.5 8.2
    6 45 635 80 5 10 1.6 8.5
    C 1 60 610 65 10 15 1.2 7.8
    2 65 605 70 15 15 1.4 8.2
    3 105 705 45 10 5 1.4 8.8
    4 150 685 40 60 0 3.3 12.8
    5 40 645 80 10 10 2.2 9.4
    6 35 620 70 5 25 1.2 8.1
    7 95 730 40 60 0 3.5 11.9
    8 115 725 35 10 10 1.4 8.2
    9 85 820 5 95 0 2.2 9.6
    10 45 735 60 15 5 1.2 7.5
    [Table 7]
    Steel typeCondition No.MaterialMicrostructureCrθ/CrMMnθ/MnM
    ΔTSTS_AveFerrite fractionNon-crystallized ferrite fractionNon-segmentalized pearlite fraction
    [MPa][MPa][vol.%][vol.%][vol.%]--
    D 1 166 690 40 55 5 3.5 13.2
    2 62 610 70 10 20 1.2 7.6
    3 70 620 65 20 15 1.5 8.1
    4 73 690 45 15 5 1.2 7.9
    5 58 680 40 10 5 1.4 8.2
    6 120 720 40 10 0 1.1 7.4
    7 100 700 40 60 0 3.2 12.2
    8 28 630 65 15 15 1.5 9.4
    9 115 700 40 60 0 2.9 11.5
    10 46 620 65 10 10 1.2 8.5
    E 1 80 685 75 10 15 1.5 8.6
    2 60 680 70 20 10 1.2 7.8
    3 55 675 65 25 10 1.1 8.2
    4 80 810 40 0 0 1.5 9.1
    5 80 760 30 20 0 1.3 8.8
    6 90 840 45 20 5 1.4 8.5
    7 80 950 45 15 5 1.2 7.5
    8 40 630 65 10 15 1.3 8.8
    9 35 610 70 30 0 2.2 9.6
    F 1 70 640 65 10 15 1.5 7.6
    2 50 610 60 10 20 1.2 7.8
    3 45 600 70 5 15 1.3 8.2
    4 40 605 75 10 15 1.5 7.5
    5 135 680 45 55 0 2.5 13.5
    [Table 8]
    Steel typeCondition No.Material MicrostructureCrθ/CrMMnθ/MnM
    ΔTSTS_AveFerrite fractionNon-crystallized ferrite fractionNon-segmentalized pearlite fraction
    [MPa][MPa][vol.%][vol.%][vol.%]--
    G 1 70 635 60 30 10 1.3 9.2
    2 55 605 65 20 15 1.4 8.9
    3 40 620 65 20 15 1.4 8.5
    4 40 610 60 20 20 1.6 8.8
    5 165 695 40 60 0 2.2 13.2
    H 1 70 620 80 10 10 1.8 9.3
    2 105 680 80 20 0 2.5 13.3
    I 1 130 830 65 15 20 1.2 7.5
    2 150 850 45 10 15 1.5 8.2
    J 1 50 580 75 15 10 1.3 8.5
    2 60 585 45 40 15 1.6 11.9
    K 1 - - - - - - -
    L 1 70 650 65 25 10 1.6 9.2
    M 1 140 760 70 10 20 1.7 8.5
    N 1 - - - - - - -
    O 1 30 610 70 20 10 1.5 6.8
    2 55 600 75 10 15 1.6 7.5
    P 1 30 600 75 15 10 1.3 8.5
    Q 1 30 595 65 20 15 1.3 8.9
    R 1 65 705 60 10 30 1.8 9.2
    S 1 35 605 75 10 15 1.5 9.3
    T 1 - - - - - - -
    [Table 9]
    Steel typecondition No.Plating typeVariation of hardness of non-hardened portionHardness of non-hardened portionChemical conversion coatingNote
    ΔHvHv_AveHv
    A 1 hot-dip galvanizing 18 190 462 Good  
    2 galvannealing 12 181 468 Good  
    3 hot-dip galvanizing 11 178 465 Good  
    4 - 46 230 462 Good Non-recrystallized ferrite remaining
    5 - 17 233 456 Good Insufficient ferrite transformation and cementite precipitation
    6 - 18 220 459 Good Insufficient ferrite transformation
    7 - 28 217 471 Good Insufficient ferrite transformation and cementite precipitation
    8 - 17 220 468 Good Insufficient ferrite transformation and cementite precipitation
    9 - 21 179 465 Good  
    10 - 19 196 458 Good  
    B 1 hot-dip galvanizing 18 184 468 Good  
    2 molten aluminum plating 9 181 468 Good  
    3 - 26 214 471 Good Insufficient ferrite transformation and cementite precipitation
    4 - 29 211 468 Good Insufficient ferrite transformation and cementite precipitation
    5 hot-dip galvanizing 21 180 478 Good  
    6 - 23 195 475 Good  
    C 1 hot-dip galvanizing 18 187 474 Good  
    2 hot-dip galvanizing 20 185 478 Good  
    3 - 32 216 481 Good Insufficient ferrite transformation and cementite precipitation
    4 - 46 210 474 Good Non-recrystallized ferrite remaining
    5 galvannealing 12 197 466 Good  
    6 - 15 187 468 Good  
    7 hot-dip galvanizing 53 224 461 Good Insufficient ferrite transformation and cementite precipitation
    8 - 42 223 475 Good Insufficient ferrite transformation and cementite precipitation
    9 - 43 250 485 Good Insufficient ferrite recrystallization
    10 - 48 220 495 Good Insufficient cementite precipitation
    [Table 10]
    Steel typeCondition No.Plating typeVariation of hardness of non-hardened portionHardness of non-hardened portionChemical conversion coatingNote
    ΔHvHv_AveHv
    D 1 - 51 211 468 Good Non-recrystallized ferrite remaining
    2 - 19 187 474 Good  
    3 hot-dip galvanizing 21 190 478 Good  
    4 - 22 211 474 Good Insufficient ferrite transformation and cementite precipitation
    5 - 18 208 478 Good Insufficient fenite transformation and cementite precipitation
    6 - 37 220 481 Good Insufficient ferrite transformation and cementite precipitation
    7 - 31 214 479 Good Insufficient ferrite transformation
    8 electroplating 9 193 474 Good  
    9 - 35 214 481 Good Insufficient ferrite transformation and cementite precipitation
    10 - 14 190 478 Good  
    E 1 - 24 210 539 Good  
    2 hot-dip galvanizing 18 208 542 Good  
    3 hot-dip galvanizing 17 207 539 Good  
    4 - 24 248 545 Good Insufficient ferrite transformation and cementite precipitation
    5 - 24 233 539 Good Insufficient ferrite transformation
    6 - 28 257 536 Good Insufficient ferrite transformation and cementite precipitation
    7 - 24 291 539 Good Insufficient ferrite transformation and cementite precipitation
    8 - 13 191 521 Good  
    9 - 15 185 533 Good  
    F 1 alloyed molten aluminum plating 21 196 478 Good  
    2 - 15 187 481 Good  
    3 hot-dip galvanizing 14 184 481 Good  
    4 hot-dip galvanizing 12 185 484 Good  
    5 - 40 202 484 Good Non-recrystallized ferrite remaining
    [Table 11]
    Steel typeCondition No.Plating typeVariation of hardness of non-hardened portionHardness of non-hardened portionChemical conversion coatingNote
    ΔHvHv_AveHv
    G 1 - 21 194 465 Good  
    2 electroplating 17 185 468 Good  
    3 - 12 190 465 Good  
    4 hot-dip galvanizing 12 187 456 Good  
    5 - 47 208 456 Good Non-recrvstallized ferrite remaining
    H 1 - 21 190 349 Good Strength after hot stamping is less than 1180 MPa
    2 - 32 208 346 Good
    I 1 - 40 254 - Good Cracks on end portion are generated at the time of hot stamping forming
    2 - 46 260 - Good
    J 1 - 15 178 383 Good ΔHv is in the range even with the method of the related art for low hardenability.
    2 - 18 179 386 Good
    K 1 - - - - Good Hot-rolling is difficult
    L 1 - 21 199 484 Poor Poor chemical conversion coating
    M 1 - 43 233 545 Poor Poor chemical conversion coating
    N 1 - - - - Good Hot-rolling is difficult
    O 1 - 9 187 383 Good ΔHv is in the range even with the method of the related art for low hardenability.
    2 - 17 184 380 Good
    P 1 - 9 184 386 Good ΔHv is in the range even with the method of the related art for low hardenability.
    Q 1 hot-dip galvanizing 9 182 468 Good  
    R 1 - 19 216 513 Good  
    S 1 - 12 186 466 Good  
    T 1 - - - - - Hot-rolling is difficult


    [0111] A steel having steel material components shown in Table 1 and Table 2 was smelted and prepared, heated to 1200°C, rolled, and coiled at a coiling temperature CT shown in Tables 3 to 5, a steel strip having a thickness of 3.2 mm being manufactured. The rolling was performed using a hot-rolling line including seven finishing rolling mills. Tables 3 to 5 show a "steel type", a "condition No.", "hot-rolling to coiling conditions", and a "continuous annealing condition". Ac1 and Ac3 were experimentally measured using a steel sheet having a thickness of 1.6 mm which was obtained by rolling with a cold-rolling rate of 50%. For the measurement of Ac1 and Ac3, measurement was performed from an expansion and contraction curve by formaster, and values measured at a heating rate of 5 °C/s are disclosed in Table 1. The continuous annealing was performed for the steel strip at a heating rate of 5 °C/s with conditions shown in Tables 3 to 5. In addition, in Tables 6 to 8, "strength variation (ΔTS)", a "strength average value (TS_Ave)", a "microstructure of a steel strip", "Crθ/CrM", and "Mnθ/MnM" acquired based on tensile strength measured from 10 portions of the steel strip after the continuous annealing are shown. The fraction of the microstructure shown in Tables 6 to 8 was obtained by observing the cut and polished test piece with the optical microscope and measuring the ratio using a point counting method. After that, as shown in FIG. 5, an electrical-heating was performed using an electrode 2 with respect to the steel sheet 1 for hot press, thereby heating the steel sheet for hot press so that a heated portion 1-a and a non-heated portion 1-b are exist in the steel sheet. Then, hot stamping was performed. The heated portion 1-a is heated at the heating rate of 30 °C/s until the temperature reaches Ac3+50°C, and then, without performing temperature holding after the heating, the die was cooled at the cooling rate of not less than 20 °C/s. The hardness of the non-heated portion 1-b as shown in FIG. 5 was measured by obtaining average value of five points using Vickers hardness tester with 5 kgf load, at the cross section in the 0.4 mm depth from the surface. With respect to the hot-rolled coil, 30 parts are selected at random and the difference between the maximum hardness and the minimum hardness was obtained as ΔHv, and the average thereof was obtained as Hv_Ave. The threshold value of the ΔHv is significantly affected by the amount of C of the steel material, thus, the present invention employs the following criteria for the threshold value.

    [0112] If the amount of C in the steel sheet is equal to or more than 0.18% and less than 0.25%, ΔHv ≤ 25 and Hv_Ave ≤ 200.

    [0113] If the amount of C in the steel sheet is equal to or more than 0.25% and less than 0.3%, ΔHv ≤ 32 and Hv_Ave ≤ 220.

    [0114] If the amount of C in the steel sheet is equal to or more than 0.3% and less than 0.35%, ΔHv ≤ 38 and Hv_Ave ≤ 240.

    [0115] In the tensile test, steel sheet samples were extracted from portions within 20 m from the initial location and final location of the steel strip, and the tensile strength was acquired by performing tensile tests in the rolling direction to obtain values of the tensile strength at respective 5 portions in the width direction as measurement portions.

    [0116] As to the hardenability, if the chemical components are out of the range of the present invention, the hardenability is low and thus, the variation of the hardness or the rising of the hardness in the steel sheet manufacturing as described in the opening of this specification does not occur. Accordingly, when the hardness of the non-heated portion of the component is measured after hot stamping, low hardness and low variation of the hardness can be stably obtained even if the present invention is not employed. Therefore, this is regarded as out of the invention. More specifically, a product manufactured by employing a condition which is out of the range of the present invention but satisfies the above-mentioned threshold value of ΔHv is regarded as out of the present invention.

    [0117] Then, using a press die and a piece of steel sheet which was cut from the manufactured steel sheet and electrically-heated with electrodes schematically shown in FIG. 5, hot stamping was performed, thereby manufacturing a hot-stamped component with a shape as illustrated in FlG. 4. In the hot stamping, the heating rate of the center portion was set to be 50 °C/s and the steel sheet was heated to the highest heating temperature of 870°C. The end portion of the steel sheet was a non-heated portion since the temperature of the electrode was about a room temperature. In order to easily generate a temperature variation in the steel sheet depending on the areas of the steel sheet, as shown in FIG. 4, a steel sheet electrically-heated with an electrical-heating electrode unit through which a cooling medium passes was pressed. The die used in pressing was a hat-shaped die, and R with a type of punch and die was set as 5R. In addition, a height of the vertical wall of the hat was 50 mm and blank hold pressure was set as 10 tons.

    [0118] Further, since it is a precedent condition to use a material for hot stamping in the present invention, a case where the maximum hardness at the hardened portion after hot stamping becomes less than Hv 400 is regarded as out of the invention. The maximum hardness of the hardened portion was measured at "HARDNESS-MEASUREMENT AREA FOR HARDENED PORTION" as shown in FIG. 5 where the steel sheet is heated to Ac3 or more and is in close contact with the die. The hardness measurement was conducted for 30 components to obtain the average value as similar to the hardness measurement of the non-heated portion as mentioned above.

    [0119] For the chemical conversion coating, a phosphate crystal state was observed with five visual fields using a scanning electron microscope with 10000 magnification by using dip-type bonderised liquid which is normally used, and was determined as a pass if there was no clearance in a crystal state (Pass: Good, Failure: Poor).

    [0120] Test Examples A-1, A-2, A-3, B-1, B-2, B-5, B-6, C-1, C-2, C-5, C-6, D-2, D-3, D-8, D-10, E-1, E-2, E-3, E-8, E-9, F-1, F-2, F-3, F-4, G-1, G-2, G-3, G-4, Q-1, R-1, and S-1 were determined to be good since they were in the range of the conditions. In Test Examples A-4, C-4, D-1, D-9, F-5, and G-5, since the highest heating temperature in the continuous annealing was lower than the range of the present invention, the non-recrystallized ferrite remained and ΔHv became high. In Test Examples A-5, B-3, and E-4, since the highest heating temperature in the continuous annealing was higher than the range of the present invention, the austenite single phase structure was obtained at the highest heating temperature, and the ferrite transformation and the cementite precipitation in the subsequent cooling and the holding did not proceed, the hard phase fraction after the annealing became high, and Hv_Ave became high. In Test Examples A-6 and E-5, since the cooling rate from the highest heating temperature in the continuous annealing was higher than the range of the present invention, the ferrite transformation did not sufficiently occur and ΔHv_Ave became high. In Test Examples A-7, D-4, D-5, D-6, and E-6, since the holding temperature in the continuous annealing was lower than the range of the present invention, the ferrite transformation and the cementite precipitation were insufficient, and Hv_Ave became high. In Test Example D-7, since the holding temperature in the continuous annealing was higher than the range of the present invention, the ferrite transformation did not sufficiently proceed, and Hv_Ave became high. In Test Examples A-8 and E-7, since the holding time in the continuous annealing was shorter than the range of the present invention, the ferrite transformation and the cementite precipitation were insufficient, and ΔHv_Ave became high. When comparing Test Examples B-1, C-2, and D-2 and Test Examples B-4, C-3, and D-6 which have similar manufacturing conditions in the steel type having almost same concentration of C of the steel material and having different DIinch values of 3.5, 4.2 and 5.2, it was found that, when the DIinch value was large, improvement of ΔHv and Hv_Ave was significant. Since a steel type H had a small amount of C of 0.16%, the hardness after quenching in the hot stamping became lower, and it was not suitable as a hot stamped component. Since a steel type I had a large amount of C of 0.40%, the formability of the non-heated portion was generated at the time of hot stamping. A steel type J had a small amount of Mn of 0.82%, and the hardenability was low. Since steel types K and N respectively had a large amount of Mn of 3.82% and Ti of 0.310%, it was difficult to perform the hot-rolling which is a part of a manufacturing step of a hot stamped component. Since steel types L and M respectively had a large amount of Si of 1.32% and Al of 1.300%, the chemical conversion coating of the hot stamped component was degraded. Since a steel type O had a small added amount of B and a steel type P had insufficient detoxicating of N due to Ti addition, the hardenability was low.

    [0121]  In addition, as found from Tables 3 to 11, although the surface treatment due to plating or the like was performed, the effects of the present invention were not disturbed.

    Industrial Applicability



    [0122] According to the present invention, it is possible to provide a method for manufacturing a hot stamped body which can suppress a variation in hardness at a non-hardened portion even if a steel sheet which is heated so as to have a heated portion and a non-heated portion is hot stamped, and a hot stamped body which has a small variation in hardness at the non-hardened portion.


    Claims

    1. A method for manufacturing a hot stamped body, the method comprising:

    hot-rolling a slab containing chemical components which consist of, by mass%, 0.18% to 0.35% of C, 1.0% to 3.0% of Mn, 0.01% to 1.0% of Si, 0.001% to 0.02% of P, 0.0005% to 0.01% of S, 0.001% to 0.01% of N, 0.01% to 1.0% of Al, 0.005% to 0.2% of Ti, 0.0002% to 0.005% of B, and 0.002% to 2.0% of Cr, and optionally one or more from 0.002% to 2.0% of Mo, 0.002% to 2.0% of Nb, 0.002% to 2.0% of V, 0.002% to 2.0% of Ni, 0.002% to 2.0% of Cu, 0.002% to 2.0% of Sn, 0.0005% to 0.0050% of Ca, 0.0005% to 0.0050% of Mg, and 0.0005% to 0.0050% of REM and the balance of Fe and inevitable impurities, to obtain a hot-rolled steel sheet;

    coiling the hot-rolled steel sheet;

    cold-rolling the coiled hot-rolled steel sheet to obtain a cold-rolled steel sheet;

    continuously annealing the cold-rolled steel sheet to obtain a steel sheet for hot stamping; and

    performing hot stamping by heating the steel sheet for hot stamping which has been continuously annealed so that a heated portion at which a highest heating temperature is equal to or higher than Ac3°C, and a non-heated portion at which a highest heating temperature is equal to or lower than Ac1°C are exist,

    wherein the continuous annealing includes:

    heating the cold-rolled steel sheet to a temperature range of equal to or higher than Ac1°C and lower than Ac3°C;

    cooling the heated cold-rolled steel sheet from the highest heating temperature to 660°C at a cooling rate of equal to or less than 10 °C/s; and

    holding the cooled cold-rolled steel sheet in a temperature range of 550°C to 660°C for one minute to 10 minutes.


     
    2. The method for manufacturing a hot stamped body according to Claim 1, the method further comprising performing any one of a hot-dip galvanizing process, a galvannealing process, a molten aluminum plating process, an alloyed molten aluminum plating process, and an electroplating process, after the continuous annealing.
     
    3. A method for manufacturing a hot stamped body, the method comprising:

    hot-rolling a slab containing chemical components which consist of, by mass%, 0.18% to 0.35% of C, 1.0% to 3.0% of Mn, 0.01% to 1.0% of Si, 0.001% to 0.02% of P, 0.0005% to 0.01% of S, 0.001% to 0.01% of N, 0.01% to 1.0% of Al, 0.005% to 0.2% of Ti, 0.0002% to 0.005% of B, and 0.002% to 2.0% of Cr, and optionally one or more from 0.002% to 2.0% of Mo, 0.002% to 2.0% of Nb, 0.002% to 2.0% of V, 0.002% to 2.0% of Ni, 0.002% to 2.0% of Cu, 0.002% to 2.0% of Sn, 0.0005% to 0.0050% of Ca, 0.0005% to 0.0050% of Mg, and 0.0005% to 0.0050% of REM and the balance of Fe and inevitable impurities, to obtain a hot-rolled steel sheet;

    coiling the hot-rolled steel sheet;

    cold-rolling the coiled hot-rolled steel sheet to obtain a cold-rolled steel sheet; continuously annealing the cold-rolled steel sheet to obtain a steel sheet for hot stamping; and

    performing hot stamping by heating the steel sheet for hot stamping which has been continuously annealed so that a heated portion at which a highest heating temperature is equal to or higher than Ac3°C, and a non-heated portion at which a highest heating temperature is equal to or lower than Ac1°C are exist, wherein

    in the hot-rolling, in finish-hot-rolling configured with a machine with 5 or more consecutive rolling stands, rolling is performed by setting a finish-hot-rolling temperature FiT in a final rolling mill Fi in a temperature range of (Ac3 - 80)°C to (Ac3 + 40)°C, by setting time from start of rolling in a rolling mill Fi-3 which is a previous machine to the final rolling mill Fi to end of rolling in the final rolling mill Fi to be equal to or longer than 2.5 seconds, and by setting a hot-rolling temperature Fi-3T in the rolling mill Fi-3 to be equal to or lower than FiT + 100°C, and after holding in a temperature range of 600°C to Ar3°C for 3 seconds to 40 seconds, coiling is performed, and

    the continuous annealing includes:

    heating the cold-rolled steel sheet to a temperature range of equal to or higher than (Ac1 - 40)°C and lower than Ac3°C;

    cooling the heated cold-rolled steel sheet from the highest heating temperature to 660°C at a cooling rate of equal to or less than 10 °C/s; and

    holding the cooled cold-rolled steel sheet in a temperature range of 450°C to 660°C for 20 seconds to 10 minutes.


     
    4. The method for manufacturing a hot stamped body according to Claim 3, the method further comprising performing any one of a hot-dip galvanizing process, a galvannealing process, a molten aluminum plating process, an alloyed molten aluminum plating process, and an electroplating process, after the continuous annealing.
     
    5. A hot stamped body which is formed using the method for manufacturing a hot stamped body according to any one of Claims 1 to 4, wherein:

    when the amount of C in the steel sheet is equal to or more than 0.18% and less than 0.25%, ΔHv is equal to or less than 25 and Hv_Ave is equal to or less than 200;

    when the amount of C in the steel sheet is equal to or more than 0.25% and less than 0.30%, ΔHv is equal to or less than 32 and Hv_Ave is equal to or less than 220; and

    when the amount of C in the steel sheet is equal to or more than 0.30% and less than 0.35%, ΔHv is equal to or less than 38 and Hv_Ave is equal to or less than 240,

    where ΔHv represents a variation in Vickers hardness of the non-heated portion, and Hv_Ave represents an average Vickers hardness of the non-heated portion.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Ein Verfahren zur Herstellung eines heißgeprägten Körpers, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    Warmwalzen einer Bramme enthaltend chemische Bestandteile, welche, in Massen-%, aus 0,18% bis 0,35% C, 1,0% bis 3,0% Mn, 0,01% bis 1,0% Si, 0,001% bis 0,02% P, 0,0005% bis 0,01% S, 0,001% bis 0,01% N, 0,01% bis 1,0% Al, 0,005% bis 0,2% Ti, 0,0002% bis 0,005% B und 0,002% bis 2,0% Cr, und gegebenenfalls einem oder mehreren aus 0,002% bis 2,0% Mo, 0,002% bis 2,0% Nb, 0,002% bis 2,0% V, 0,002% bis 2,0% Ni, 0,002% bis 2,0% Cu, 0,002% bis 2,0% Sn, 0,0005% bis 0,0050% Ca, 0,0005% bis 0,0050% Mg und 0,0005% bis 0,0050% Seltenerdmetalle, und dem Rest Fe und unvermeidbaren Verunreinigungen bestehen, um ein warmgewalztes Stahlblech zu erhalten;

    Aufwickeln des warmgewalzten Stahlblechs;

    Kaltwalzen des aufgewickelten warmgewalzten Stahlblechs, um ein kaltgewalztes Stahlblech zu erhalten;

    kontinuierliches Glühen des kaltgewalzten Stahlblechs, um ein Stahlblech zum Heißprägen zu erhalten; und

    Durchführen von Heißprägen durch Erwärmen des Stahlblechs zum Heißprägen, welches kontinuierlich geglüht wurde, so dass ein erwärmter Anteil, an welchem eine höchste Erwärmungstemperatur gleich oder höher als Ac3°C ist, und ein nicht-erwärmter Anteil, an welchem eine höchste Erwärmungstemperatur gleich oder niedriger als Ac1°C ist, entstehen,

    wobei das kontinuierliche Glühen beinhaltet:

    Erwärmen des kaltgewalzten Stahlblechs auf einen Temperaturbereich von gleich oder höher als Ac1°C und niedriger als Ac3°C;

    Abkühlen des erwärmten kaltgewalzten Stahlblechs von der höchsten Erwärmungstemperatur auf 660°C mit einer Abkühlungsgeschwindigkeit von gleich oder weniger als 10°C/s; und

    Halten des abgekühlten kaltgewalzten Stahlblechs in einem Temperaturbereich von 550°C bis 660°C für eine Minute bis 10 Minuten.


     
    2. Das Verfahren zur Herstellung eines heißgeprägten Körpers gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das Verfahren ferner Durchführen eines aus einem Feuerverzinkungsverfahren, einem Verzinkungs-Verfahren mit anschließendem Glühen, einem Verfahren des Plattierens mit geschmolzenem Aluminium, einem Verfahren des Plattierens mit legiertem geschmolzenem Aluminium und einem Elektroplattierungsverfahren nach dem kontinuierlichen Glühen umfasst.
     
    3. Ein Verfahren zur Herstellung eines heißgeprägten Körpers, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    Warmwalzen einer Bramme enthaltend chemische Bestandteile, welche, in Massen-%, aus 0,18% bis 0,35% C, 1,0% bis 3,0% Mn, 0,01% bis 1,0% Si, 0,001% bis 0,02% P, 0,0005% bis 0,01% S, 0,001% bis 0,01% N, 0,01% bis 1,0% Al, 0,005% bis 0,2% Ti, 0,0002% bis 0,005% B und 0,002% bis 2,0% Cr, und gegebenenfalls einem oder mehreren aus 0,002% bis 2,0% Mo, 0,002% bis 2,0% Nb, 0,002% bis 2,0% V, 0,002% bis 2,0% Ni, 0,002% bis 2,0% Cu, 0,002% bis 2,0% Sn, 0,0005% bis 0,0050% Ca, 0,0005% bis 0,0050% Mg und 0,0005% bis 0,0050% Seltenerdmetallen, und dem Rest Fe und unvermeidbaren Verunreinigungen bestehen, um ein warmgewalztes Stahlblech zu erhalten;

    Aufwickeln des warmgewalzten Stahlblechs;

    Kaltwalzen des aufgewickelten warmgewalzten Stahlblechs, um ein kaltgewalztes Stahlblech zu erhalten;

    kontinuierliches Glühen des kaltgewalzten Stahlblechs, um ein Stahlblech zum Heißprägen zu erhalten; und
    Durchführen von Heißprägen durch Erwärmen des Stahlblechs zum Heißprägen, welches kontinuierlich geglüht wurde, so dass ein erwärmter Anteil, an welchem eine höchste Erwärmungstemperatur gleich oder höher als Ac3°C ist, und ein nicht-erwärmter Anteil, an welchem eine höchste Erwärmungstemperatur gleich oder niedriger als Ac1°C ist, entstehen, wobei

    beim Warmwalzen, beim Fertigwarmwalzen, das mit einem Gerät mit 5 oder mehr aufeinanderfolgenden Walzgerüsten erfolgt, das Walzen durchgeführt wird, indem eine Fertigwarmwalztemperatur FiT in einem letzten Walzwerk Fi in einem Temperaturbereich von (Ac3 - 80)°C bis (Ac3 + 40)°C eingestellt wird, indem die Zeit vom Beginn des Walzens in einem Walzwerk Fi-3, bei welchem es sich um ein vorgeschaltetes Gerät vor dem letzten Walzwerk Fi handelt, bis zum Ende des Walzens in dem letzten Walzwerk Fi auf gleich oder länger als 2,5 Sekunden eingestellt wird, und indem eine Warmwalztemperatur Fi-3T in dem Walzwerk Fi-3 auf gleich oder niedriger als FiT + 100°C eingestellt wird, und nach Halten in einem Temperaturbereich von 600°C bis Ar3°C für 3 Sekunden bis 40 Sekunden Aufwickeln durchgeführt wird, und

    wobei das kontinuierliche Glühen beinhaltet:

    Erwärmen des kaltgewalzten Stahlblechs auf einen Temperaturbereich von gleich oder höher als (Ac1 - 40)°C und niedriger als Ac3°C;

    Abkühlen des erwärmten kaltgewalzten Stahlblechs von der höchsten Erwärmungstemperatur auf 660°C mit einer Abkühlungsrate von gleich oder weniger als 10°C/s; und

    Halten des abgekühlten kaltgewalzten Stahlblechs in einem Temperaturbereich von 450°C bis 660°C für 20 Sekunden bis 10 Minuten.


     
    4. Das Verfahren zur Herstellung eines heißgeprägten Körpers gemäß Anspruch 3, wobei das Verfahren ferner Durchführen eines aus einem Feuerverzinkungsverfahren, einem Verzinkungs-Verfahren mit anschließendem Glühen, einem Verfahren des Plattierens mit geschmolzenem Aluminium, einem Verfahren des Plattierens mit legiertem geschmolzenem Aluminium und einem Elektroplattierungsverfahren nach dem kontinuierlichen Glühen umfasst.
     
    5. Ein heißgeprägter Körper, welcher unter Verwendung des Verfahrens zur Herstellung eines heißgeprägten Körpers gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4 gebildet wird, wobei:

    wenn die Menge an C in dem Stahlblech gleich oder mehr als 0,18% und weniger als 0,25% beträgt, ΔHv gleich oder weniger als 25 und Hv_Ave gleich oder weniger als 200 beträgt;

    wenn die Menge an C in dem Stahlblech gleich oder mehr als 0,25% und weniger als 0,30% beträgt, ΔHv gleich oder weniger als 32 und Hv_Ave gleich oder weniger als 220 beträgt; und

    wenn die Menge an C in dem Stahlblech gleich oder mehr als 0,30% und weniger als 0,35% beträgt, ΔHv gleich oder weniger als 38 und Hv_Ave gleich oder weniger als 240 beträgt,

    wobei ΔHv eine Variation der Vickers-Härte des nicht-erwärmten Anteils darstellt und Hv_Ave eine durchschnittliche Vickers-Härte des nicht-erwärmten Anteils darstellt.


     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de fabrication d'un corps estampé à chaud, le procédé comprenant :

    le laminage à chaud d'une plaque contenant des constituants chimiques qui consistent en, en % en masse, 0,18 % à 0,35 % de C, 1,0 % à 3,0 % de Mn, 0,01 % à 1,0 % de Si, 0,001 % à 0,02 % de P, 0,0005 % à 0,01 % de S, 0,001 % à 0,01 % de N, 0,01 % à 1,0 % de Al, 0,005 % à 0,2 % de Ti, 0,0002 % à 0,005 % de B, et 0,002 % à 2,0 % de Cr, et éventuellement un ou plusieurs parmi 0,002 % à 2,0 % de Mo, 0,002 % à 2,0 % de Nb, 0,002 % à 2,0 % de V, 0,002 % à 2,0 % de Ni, 0,002 % à 2,0 % de Cu, 0,002 % à 2,0 % de Sn, 0,0005 % à 0,0050 % de Ca, 0,0005 % à 0,0050 % de Mg, et 0,0005 % à 0,0050 % de REM et le reste de Fe et d'impuretés inévitables, pour obtenir une tôle d'acier laminée à chaud ;

    l'enroulement de la tôle d'acier laminée à chaud ;

    le laminage à froid de la tôle d'acier laminée à chaud enroulée pour obtenir une tôle d'acier laminée à froid ;

    le recuit continu de la tôle d'acier laminée à froid pour obtenir une tôle d'acier pour estampage à chaud ; et

    la réalisation d'estampage à chaud en chauffant la tôle d'acier pour estampage à chaud qui a été recuite en continu de sorte qu'une portion chauffée à laquelle une température de chauffage la plus élevée est supérieure ou égale à Ac3°C, et une portion non chauffée à laquelle une température de chauffage la plus élevée est inférieure ou égale à Ac1°C existent,

    dans lequel le recuit continu comprend :

    le chauffage de la tôle d'acier laminée à froid dans un intervalle de température supérieur ou égal à Ac1°C et inférieur à Ac3°C ;

    le refroidissement de la tôle d'acier laminée à froid chauffée de la température de chauffage la plus élevée à 660°C à une vitesse de refroidissement inférieure ou égale à 10°C/s ; et

    le maintien de la tôle d'acier laminée à froid refroidie dans un intervalle de température de 550°C à 660°C pendant de une minute à 10 minutes.


     
    2. Procédé de fabrication d'un corps estampé à chaud selon la revendication 1, le procédé comprenant de plus la réalisation de l'un quelconque d'un procédé de galvanisation à chaud, un procédé de recuit après galvanisation, un procédé de placage d'aluminium fondu, un procédé de placage d'aluminium fondu allié, et un procédé d'électrodéposition, après le recuit continu.
     
    3. Procédé de fabrication d'un corps estampé à chaud, le procédé comprenant :

    le laminage à chaud d'une plaque contenant des constituants chimiques qui consistent en, en % en masse, 0,18 % à 0,35 % de C, 1,0 % à 3,0 % de Mn, 0,01 % à 1,0 % de Si, 0,001 % à 0,02 % de P, 0,0005 % à 0,01 % de S, 0,001 % à 0,01 % de N, 0,01 % à 1,0 % de Al, 0,005 % à 0,2 % de Ti, 0,0002 % à 0,005 % de B, et 0,002 % à 2,0 % de Cr, et éventuellement un ou plusieurs parmi 0,002 % à 2,0 % de Mo, 0,002 % à 2,0 % de Nb, 0,002 % à 2,0 % de V, 0,002 % à 2,0 % de Ni, 0,002 % à 2,0 % de Cu, 0,002 % à 2,0 % de Sn, 0,0005 % à 0,0050 % de Ca, 0,0005 % à 0,0050 % de Mg, et 0,0005 % à 0,0050 % de REM et le reste de Fe et d'impuretés inévitables, pour obtenir une tôle d'acier laminée à chaud ;

    l'enroulement de la tôle d'acier laminée à chaud ;

    le laminage à froid de la tôle d'acier laminée à chaud enroulée pour obtenir une tôle d'acier laminée à froid ;

    le recuit continu de la tôle d'acier laminée à froid pour obtenir une tôle d'acier pour estampage à chaud ; et

    la réalisation d'estampage à chaud en chauffant la tôle d'acier pour estampage à chaud qui a été recuite en continu de sorte qu'une portion chauffée à laquelle une température de chauffage la plus élevée est supérieure ou égale à Ac3°C, et une portion non chauffée à laquelle une température de chauffage la plus élevée est inférieure ou égale à Ac1°C existent, dans lequel

    dans le laminage à chaud, dans le laminage à chaud de finition configuré avec une machine avec 5 laminoirs consécutifs ou plus, le laminage est réalisé en fixant une température de laminage à chaud de finition FiT dans un laminoir final Fi dans un intervalle de température de (Ac3 - 80)°C à (Ac3 + 40)°C, en fixant la durée à partir du début de laminage dans un laminoir Fi-3 qui est une machine précédant le laminoir final Fi jusqu'à la fin du laminage dans le laminoir final Fi comme étant supérieure ou égale à 2,5 secondes, et en fixant une température de laminage à chaud Fi-3T dans le laminoir Fi-3 comme étant inférieure ou égale à FiT + 100°C, et après maintien dans un intervalle de température de 600°C à Ar3°C pendant 3 secondes à 40 secondes, l'enroulement est réalisé, et

    le recuit continu comprend :

    le chauffage de la tôle d'acier laminée à froid dans un intervalle de température supérieur ou égal à (Ac1-40)°C et inférieur à Ac3°C ;

    le refroidissement de la tôle d'acier laminée à froid chauffée de la température de chauffage la plus élevée à 660°C à une vitesse de refroidissement inférieure ou égale à 10°C/s ; et

    le maintien de la tôle d'acier laminée à froid refroidie dans un intervalle de température de 450°C à 660°C pendant de 20 secondes à 10 minutes.


     
    4. Procédé de fabrication d'un corps estampé à chaud selon la revendication 3, le procédé comprenant de plus la réalisation de l'un quelconque d'un procédé de galvanisation à chaud, un procédé de recuit après galvanisation, un procédé de placage d'aluminium fondu, un procédé de placage d'aluminium fondu allié, et un procédé d'électrodéposition, après le recuit continu.
     
    5. Corps estampé à chaud qui est formé en utilisant le procédé de fabrication d'un corps estampé à chaud selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel :

    lorsque la quantité de C dans la tôle d'acier est supérieure ou égale à 0,18 % et inférieure à 0,25 %, ΔHv est inférieure ou égale à 25 et Hv_Ave est inférieure ou égale à 200 ;

    lorsque la quantité de C dans la tôle d'acier est supérieure ou égale à 0,25 % et inférieure à 0,30 %, ΔHv est inférieure ou égale à 32 et Hv_Ave est inférieure ou égale à 220 ; et

    lorsque la quantité de C dans la tôle d'acier est supérieure ou égale à 0,30 % et inférieure à 0,35 %, ΔHv est inférieure ou égale à 38 et Hv_Ave est inférieure ou égale à 240,

    où ΔHv représente une variation de dureté Vickers de la portion non chauffée, et Hv_Ave représente une dureté Vickers moyenne de la portion non-chauffée.


     




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    Cited references

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