(19)
(11)EP 2 634 406 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.09.2019 Bulletin 2019/36

(21)Application number: 11836323.3

(22)Date of filing:  26.10.2011
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F02D 29/00  (2006.01)
F02D 23/00  (2006.01)
F02B 37/14  (2006.01)
F02M 26/23  (2016.01)
F02B 37/10  (2006.01)
F02D 41/00  (2006.01)
F02B 39/10  (2006.01)
F02M 26/05  (2016.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2011/074652
(87)International publication number:
WO 2012/057190 (03.05.2012 Gazette  2012/18)

(54)

TURBOCHARGE SYSTEM

TURBOLADERSYSTEM

SYSTÈME DE TURBOCOMPRESSION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 29.10.2010 JP 2010244385

(43)Date of publication of application:
04.09.2013 Bulletin 2013/36

(73)Proprietor: Isuzu Motors, Ltd.
Tokyo 140-8722 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • KITSUKAWA Isao
    Fujisawa-shi Kanagawa 252-8501 (JP)
  • SUGANO Tomohiro
    Fujisawa-shi Kanagawa 252-8501 (JP)
  • ABE Yoshiyuki
    Fujisawa-shi Kanagawa 252-8501 (JP)
  • KIMURA Haruyo
    Fujisawa-shi Kanagawa 252-8501 (JP)
  • IIJIMA Akira
    Fujisawa-shi Kanagawa 252-8501 (JP)
  • ISHIBASHI Naoki
    Fujisawa-shi Kanagawa 252-8501 (JP)
  • SAKASHITA Syougo
    Fujisawa-shi Kanagawa 252-8501 (JP)

(74)Representative: Schaumburg und Partner Patentanwälte mbB 
Postfach 86 07 48
81634 München
81634 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 1 463 881
JP-A- 2005 188 483
JP-A- 2008 008 188
US-B1- 7 076 954
JP-A- H11 514 064
JP-A- 2007 211 634
JP-A- 2008 008 188
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to a turbocharger system applied to vehicles in which a shock load is applied to an engine, such as construction machine vehicles.

    BACKGROUND ART



    [0002] Recently, for improving vehicle fuel efficiency and reducing CO2 emission, the development of technology has been actively made to reduce an engine displacement (engine downsizing) and ensure power performance by a supercharging such as a turbocharger.

    [0003] Since a turbocharger used in engine downsizing is driven by exhaust energy and has an inertia in a rotating body of a turbo, the turbocharger is characterized in that it is difficult to obtain a supercharging pressure (boost pressure) in a transient operation, as compared with a steady operation.

    [0004] As illustrated in FIG. 2, even though the displacement is reduced by engine downsizing, an engine torque can be improved by mounting the turbocharger, achieving the same power performance as the large displacement engine. However, in a zone (zone surrounded by a dashed line in FIG. 2) where an engine speed is low, such as an idle operating zone, torque-up cannot be expected because exhaust energy is low and a turbocharger does not work.

    [0005] Also, as illustrated in FIG. 3, in an engine system (solid line) whose displacement is reduced by engine downsizing, the generation of the engine torque is delayed by supercharging delay (called a turbo lag) of the turbocharge, as compared with a large displacement engine system (dashed line) that generates the same engine torque.

    [0006] Also, as citation list information related to the invention of this application, there are Patent Documents 1 and 2 and Non-Patent Document 1.

    PRIOR ART DOCUMENTS


    PATENT DOCUMENTS



    [0007] 

    Patent Document 1: JP 2006-177171 A

    Patent Document 2: JP 2010-209735 A



    [0008] Document JP 2008-008188 discloses an output control device of a working machine having a hydraulically driven work device. The output control device comprises an engine of the working machine, a turbocharger provided in an intake passage of the engine, an electric motor for driving the turbocharger, and an electric motor control device.

    [0009] Document US 7,076,954 B1 discloses a system for controlling an intake pressure of a combustion engine in a power generating system. The system comprises a sensor for detecting an intake pressure of an intake system of the combustion engine, a turbocharger, an electrical motor configured to support the turbocharger, and a turbocharger controller. The turbocharger controller is configured to control operation of the electric motor so that the turbocharger supplies a desired intake pressure to the combustion engine, based on the intake pressure detected by the sensor.

    [0010] Document EP 1 463 881 A0 discloses a system for controlling an electrically assisted turbocharger of an engine in a vehicle, comprising an electric motor and an electric motor controller. The electric motor controller is connected to a memory, which is configured to with a condition map that correlates electric motor instruction with engine and turbocharger condition.

    NON-PATENT DOCUMENT



    [0011] Non-Patent Document 1: ā”ŒDevelopment of Power-Assisted Turbocharger "Hybrid Turbo"ā”˜ , IBARAKI Seiichi and four others, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Technical Review, Vol. 43, No. 3, 2006, p.36-40

    DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION


    PROBLEMS TO BE SOLVED BY THE INVENTION



    [0012] Recently, even in construction machine vehicles, such as Yumbo or excavators, the improvement of fuel efficiency by engine downsizing is in progress.

    [0013] However, in an engine system whose displacement is reduced by engine downsizing, there is a problem in that the ability to absorb torque variation is degraded and the shock loading resistance is deteriorated, as compared with a conventional engine system having a large displacement.

    [0014] For example, in the engine system whose displacement is reduced by engine downsizing, when a shock load (shock torque) is applied to the engine by collision of the shovel against the ground in the excavator, or the like, oxygen supplied to the engine becomes deficient because the increase in the boost pressure is delayed due to the turbo lag. Therefore, sufficient torque cannot be generated by the engine, and the engine speed is rapidly slowed down, making it difficult to operate the shovel or the like.

    [0015] Similarly, if a shock load is applied to a zone where an engine speed is low, such as an idle operating zone, sufficient torque cannot be generated by the engine, and the engine is stopped, making it difficult to operate the shovel or the like.

    [0016] Therefore, an object of the present invention is to solve the above problems and provide a turbocharger system capable of achieving both improvement of fuel efficiency by engine downsizing and excellent shock loading resistance.

    MEANS FOR SOLVING THE PROBLEMS



    [0017] The above mentioned object is achieved by a turbocharger system according to claim 1.

    [0018] The present invention provides a turbocharger system including: a power-assisted turbocharger mounted on a vehicle having an accessory and including a turbine disposed on an exhaust passage of an engine and driven by exhaust, a compressor disposed on an intake passage and driven by a rotational torque of the turbine, and an electric motor that assists a drive force of the compressor; and an electric motor control unit that drives the electric motor when the accessory is being driven.

    [0019] The electric motor control unit may drive the electric motor when a switch configured to drive the accessory is on.

    [0020] The electric motor control unit may drive the electric motor when an operating unit configured to operate the accessory is on.

    [0021] The electric motor control unit may drive the electric motor at a rotational speed corresponding to an engine speed.

    EFFECTS OF THE INVENTION



    [0022] According to the present invention, it is possible to provide a turbocharger system capable of achieving both improvement of fuel efficiency by engine downsizing and excellent shock loading resistance.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0023] 

    FIG. 1 is a schematic configuration diagram of an engine system using a turbocharger system according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating a relationship of an engine torque with respect to an engine speed in a conventional turbocharger system.

    FIG. 3 is a diagram describing a turbo lag in a conventional turbocharger system.


    BEST MODES FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION



    [0024] Hereinafter, an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.

    [0025] FIG. 1 is a schematic configuration diagram of an engine system using a turbocharger system according to the present embodiment.

    [0026] Herein, a case where a vehicle mounted with the engine system of FIG. 1 is an excavator will be described. However, the present invention is not limited to the excavator, and can also be applied to any vehicle having an accessory driven by an engine, for example, other construction machines such as a Yumbo or bulldozer, a fire engine, a garbage truck, and the like.

    [0027] As illustrated in FIG. 1, a turbocharger system 1 is provided with a power-assisted turbocharger (hybrid turbo) 2 including a turbine 3 disposed on an exhaust passage 6 of an engine E and driven by exhaust, a compressor 4 disposed on an intake passage 7 and driven by a rotational torque of the turbine 3, and an electric motor 5 assisting a drive force of the compressor 4 (assisting the rotational torque of the turbine 3).

    [0028] The electric motor 5 of the power-assisted turbocharger 2 is integrally provided with a turbo shaft 8 that connects the turbine 3 and the compressor 4, more particularly, a turbine wheel 3a of the turbine 3 and a compressor wheel 4a of the compressor 4. The electric motor 5 is provided with, for example, a DC servomotor. Also, since the electric motor 5 is integrally provided with the turbo shaft 8, a rotational speed of the electric motor 5 is equal to a rotational speed (turbo rotational speed) of the power-assisted turbocharger 2. Hereinafter, the power-assisted turbocharger 2 will be simply referred to as the turbocharger 2.

    [0029] The most upstream of the exhaust passage 6 is connected to an exhaust manifold 9 of the engine E. In the exhaust passage 6 of the downstream side, the turbine 3 of the turbocharger 2, an exhaust throttle 11, and an exhaust gas purifier 12 are provided in turn. The most downstream of the exhaust passage 6 is opened to the atmosphere.

    [0030] In the most upstream of the intake passage 7, an air filter 13 is provided. In the intake passage 7 of the downstream side, the compressor 4 of the turbocharger 2, an intercooler (charge air cooler) 14, and an air supply throttle 15 are provided in turn. The most downstream of the intake passage 7 is connected to an intake manifold 10 of the engine E.

    [0031] Also, the engine system performs EGR control such that a part of exhaust gas discharged from the engine E is refluxed to the intake side. Specifically, an EGR pipe 18 is provided to connect the exhaust passage 6 of the upstream side of the turbine 3 and the intake passage 7 of the downstream side of the air supply throttle 15. The EGR pipe 18 is provided with an EGR valve 16 for adjusting an EGR amount (or EGR rate), which is an amount of exhaust gas refluxed to the intake side, and an EGR cooler 17 for cooling the exhaust gas refluxed to the intake side, respectively.

    [0032] Also, the engine system is provided with a mode switch 19 as a switch that drives the accessory. Herein, the mode switch 19 is configured to be switchable between a travel mode (switch off) using no shovel and a shovel mode (switch on) using the shovel. Also, the mode switch 19 may use an existing switch, or a new switch may be provided to a vehicle having no the mode switch 19.

    [0033] The turbocharger system 1 is provided with an electric motor control unit 21 that drives the electric motor 5 when the accessory is being driven. That is, when it is expected that a shock load (shock torque) will be applied to the engine E, the electric motor control unit 21 drives the electric motor 5 in advance. The electric motor control unit 21 is embedded into an electronic control unit (ECU) 20 as a program.

    [0034] When the mode switch 19 is switched to the shovel mode (when the switch is on), a wok is performed using the shovel. Thus, it is expected that a shock load will be applied to the engine E. Therefore, when the mode switch 19 is switched to the shovel mode, the electric motor control unit 21 drives the electric motor 5.

    [0035] Also, herein, although according to the invention the electric motor control unit 21 is configured to drive the electric motor 5 when the mode switch 19 is on (shovel mode), it is known that the electric motor 5 may be driven when an operating unit configured to operate the accessory (for example, an operating lever configured to operate the shovel) is operated. In this case, the electric motor 5 is driven when the operating lever is operated, and the electric motor 5 is stopped when predetermined time has elapsed after the operating lever is no longer operated.

    [0036] Also, according to an advantageous embodiment of the invention, the electric motor control unit 21 drives the electric motor 5 at a rotational speed corresponding to an engine speed. Specifically, the electric motor control unit 21 includes a rotational speed map (not illustrated) in which the rotational speed of the electric motor 5 (that is, the rotational speed of the turbocharger 2) is set for each engine speed, and is configured to control a driving amount of the electric motor 5 (for example, to control a magnitude of a voltage applied to the electric motor 5) to become a rotational speed obtained with reference to the rotational speed map at the engine speed.

    [0037] As described above, the turbocharger system 1 according to the present embodiment is provided with the power-assisted turbocharger 2 including the electric motor 5 that assists the drive force of the compressor 4, and the electric motor control unit 21 that drives the electric motor 5 when the accessory is being driven.

    [0038] Therefore, for example, when it is expected that a shock load will be applied to the engine E under construction, the turbocharger 2 is rotated in advance by the electric motor 5, so that air can be fed to the engine E with a margin. Therefore, if fuel is injected when a shock load is actually applied, a large engine torque is instantaneously obtained, making it possible to prevent a drop in the rotation of the engine and improve a shock loading resistance.

    [0039] Also, in the conventional engine system, if the displacement is reduced by engine downsizing, the rotation of the engine is rapidly decreased when a shock load is applied to the engine E, causing a problem that makes it difficult to operate the shovel or the like. However, according to the present invention, since the shock loading resistance can be improved, the occurrence of the above-described problem can be suppressed even though the displacement is reduced by engine downsizing. Therefore, additional engine downsizing is enabled, and the fuel efficiency can be further improved.

    [0040] That is, according to the present invention, both of the improvement of the fuel efficiency by engine downsizing and the excellent shock loading resistance can be achieved.

    [0041] Also, since power is consumed when the electric motor 5 is driven, the fuel efficiency is deteriorated to some degree. However, the effect of the high fuel efficiency by the engine downsizing is greater than the deterioration of the fuel efficiency by the driving of the electric motor 5. Also, in the power-assisted turbocharger 2, when there is sufficient exhaust energy, regenerative power can also be obtained by using the electric motor 5 as a generator.

    [0042] It is apparent that the present invention is not limited to the embodiment, and various modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims.

    EXPLANATION OF REFERENCE NUMERALS



    [0043] 
    1
    turbocharger system
    2
    power-assisted turbocharger
    3
    turbine
    4
    compressor
    5
    electric motor
    6
    exhaust passage
    7
    intake passage
    21
    electric motor control unit



    Claims

    1. A turbocharger system (1) comprising:

    a power-assisted turbocharger (2) mounted on a vehicle having an accessory and including a turbine (3) disposed on an exhaust passage (6) of an engine (E) and driven by exhaust, a compressor (4) disposed on an intake passage (7) and driven by a rotational torque of the turbine (3), and an electric motor (5) that assists a drive force of the compressor (4); and

    an electric motor control unit (21) that drives the electric motor (5) when the accessory is being driven,

    wherein the vehicle comprises an operating unit configured to operate the accessory,

    characterized in that the turbocharger system (1) comprises a mode switch (19) to switch between a first mode in which the accessory cannot be operated and a second mode in which the accessory can be operated, and the electric motor control unit (21) drives the electric motor (5) when the mode switch (19) is being switched on.


     
    2. The turbocharger system according to claim 1 wherein the electric motor control unit (21) drives the electric motor (5) at a rotational speed corresponding to an engine speed.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Turbolader-System (1), umfassend
    einen leistungsunterstützten Turbolader (2), der an einem Fahrzeug angebracht ist, das ein Zubehörteil hat, und eine Turbine (3) einschließt, die an einem Abgaskanal (6) eines Motors (E) angeordnet ist und durch Abgase angetrieben wird, einen Kompressor (4), der an einem Ansaugkanal (7) angeordnet ist und von einem Drehmoment der Turbine (3) angetrieben wird, sowie einen Elektromotor (5), der eine Antriebskraft des Kompressors (4) unterstützt; und
    eine Elektromotor-Steuereinheit (21), die den Elektromotor (5) antreibt, wenn das Zubehörteil angetrieben wird,
    wobei das Fahrzeug eine Betriebseinheit umfasst, die ausgebildet ist, um das Zubehörteil zu betreiben,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Turbolader-System (1) einen Betriebsartschalter (19) umfasst, um zwischen einer ersten Betriebsart, in der das Zubehörteil nicht betrieben werden kann, und einer zweiten Betriebsart umzuschalten, in der das Zubehörteil betrieben werden kann, und die Elektromotor-Steuereinheit (21) den Elektromotor (5) antreibt, wenn der Betriebsartschalter (19) eingeschaltet wird.
     
    2. Turbolader-System nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Elektromotor-Steuereinheit (21) den Elektromotor (5) mit einer Drehgeschwindigkeit antreibt, die der Motorgeschwindigkeit entspricht.
     


    Revendications

    1. Système de turbocompresseur (1) comprenant :

    un turbocompresseur assisté(2) monté sur un véhicule ayant un accessoire et comprenant une turbine (3) disposée sur un passage d'échappement (6) d'un moteur (E) et entrainé par les gaz d'échappement, un compresseur (4) disposé sur un passage d'admission (7) et entrainé par un couple de rotation de la turbine (3), et un moteur électrique (5) qui assiste une force d'entrainement du compresseur (4) ; et

    un dispositif de commande de moteur électrique (21) qui entraine le moteur électrique (5) lorsque l'accessoire est entrainé,

    dans lequel le véhicule comprend un dispositif de mise en fonctionnement configuré pour mettre en fonctionnement l'accessoire,

    caractérisé en ce que le système de turbocompresseur (1) comprend un sélecteur de mode (19) permettant de passer d'un premier mode dans lequel l'accessoire ne peut pas être mis en fonctionnement à un second mode dans lequel l'équipement accessoire peut être mis en fonctionnement, et le dispositif de commande du moteur électrique (21) entraine le moteur électrique (5) lorsque le sélecteur de mode (19) est actionné.


     
    2. Système de turbocompresseur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'unité de commande de moteur électrique (21) entraine le moteur électrique (5) à une vitesse de rotation qui correspond à un régime de moteur.
     




    Drawing









    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description




    Non-patent literature cited in the description