(19)
(11)EP 2 638 140 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
11.09.2019 Bulletin 2019/37

(21)Application number: 11840449.0

(22)Date of filing:  11.11.2011
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C11D 1/75(2006.01)
C11D 3/43(2006.01)
C11D 3/20(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2011/060419
(87)International publication number:
WO 2012/065093 (18.05.2012 Gazette  2012/20)

(54)

HARD SURFACE CLEANING COMPOSITION

REINIGUNGSZUSAMMENSETZUNG FÜR HARTE OBERFLÄCHEN

COMPOSITION DE NETTOYAGE DE SURFACES DURES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 12.11.2010 US 927377

(43)Date of publication of application:
18.09.2013 Bulletin 2013/38

(73)Proprietor: Jelmar, LLC
Skokie, IL 60077 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • GAUDREAULT, Rosemary
    Park Ridge, IL 60068-3137 (US)

(74)Representative: CMS Cameron McKenna Nabarro Olswang LLP 
Cannon Place 78 Cannon Street
London EC4N 6AF
London EC4N 6AF (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
DE-A1-102009 001 559
US-A1- 2005 239 676
US-A1- 2006 223 735
US-A1- 2009 270 304
US-B2- 6 740 626
US-A1- 2003 019 508
US-A1- 2005 282 722
US-A1- 2008 255 018
US-B1- 6 221 823
  
     
    Remarks:
    The file contains technical information submitted after the application was filed and not included in this specification
     
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    1. Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates in general to an improved cleaner for hard surface cleaning applications, including kitchens, bathrooms, tubs and tiles, amongst others, and more particularly to a hard surface cleaning composition having improved cleaning and descaling properties.

    2. Background Art



    [0002] Hard surface cleaning compositions have been known and used in a variety of applications, including bathrooms, kitchens and other areas, particularly for toilets, showers, bathtubs, sinks, tiles, countertops, walls, floors and the like. Often times, hard surfaces accumulate both soap scum stains, which are typically residues of various types of soaps used in a household, as well as hard water stains, which are typically the result of the deposition of calcium, lime or various salts on hard surfaces over the course of time and use of various household surfaces.

    [0003] Cleaning solutions for these household surfaces have been formulated to address both the removal of soap scum stains, as well as the descaling of hard water stains. In particular, many of these cleaning solutions have employed a combination of components, in a number of instances including strong inorganic acids, organic acids or a combination of both, a surfactant or wetting agent, a solvent and a diluent to address one or both of these types of stains and/or build-ups. The acid component is typically selected to address descaling of hard water stains, while the surfactant component is typically a detergent selected to attack soap scum. Further, other additives have also been used in combination with cleaning formulations to either enhance performance or make a particular formulation more desirable from a visual or odor perspective, such as stabilizing agents, colorants and fragrances, amongst others.

    [0004] It has also become important for cleaning solutions to be formulated in such a way as to have less impact on the environment (to be "green"). One way in which this is encouraged is through a program of the United States Environmental Protection Agency, known as the Design for the Environment Program ("DfE"). DfE certifies "green" cleaning products through the Safer Product Labeling Program. One aspect for obtaining certification is to have a cleaning solution which is less acidic, specifically, to have a pH greater than 2, for household cleaning products.

    [0005] It is desirable to provide a cleaning solution which minimizes and/or eliminates the more corrosive inorganic acids, as well as the more corrosive organic acids, and instead uses less corrosive, but equally effective organic acids to achieve the desired cleaning results.

    [0006] It is yet further desirable to find a cleaning solution with a specific combination of organic acids, surfactants and solvents which act in a synergistic manner to improve cleaning performance on hard surfaces.

    [0007] US 2008255018 relates to a liquid composition, having a pH between 3 and 7, comprising a nonionic surfactant or a mixture thereof, an amine oxide or a mixture thereof, a glycol ether solvent, a chelant and a cationic polymer.

    [0008] DE 102009001559 discloses a cleaning product comprising a combination of lactic acid, formic acid, phosphoric acid and citric acid, and at least one non-ionic surfactant.

    [0009] US20090270304 relates to a liquid acidic hard surface cleaning composition comprising an acid system, wherein the acid system comprises formic acid and acetic acid.

    [0010] US6221823 relates to hard surface cleaning compositions having an acidic pH comprising 0.1-10% by weight of an acid sequestrant constituent; 0.1-10% by weight of a mixture of hydrophobic and hydrophilic solvents; 1-8% by weight of a surfactant and/or hydrotrope constituent; 0-20% by weight of one or more optional constituents; wherein the aqueous hard surface cleaning composition exhibits a pH of 7.0 or less, especially a pH of 5.0 and less.

    [0011] US6740626 describes a formulation to deposit a protective coating on surfaces that requires a surface modification agent consisting of either a hydrolyzed trialkoxysilane or a hydrolysable quaternary silane. Each of these compounds either contains salt, or is a salt.

    [0012] US2008255018 relates to a formulation including peroxygen bleach - particularly hydrogen peroxide - for stain removal on hard surfaces.

    [0013] DE102009001559 discloses a cleaning agent including a combination of lactic acid, formic acid, phosphoric acid, citric acid and at least one non-ionic surfactant.

    [0014] US20090270304 describes liquid acidic hard surface cleaning composition comprising an acid system in which the acid system comprises formic acid and acetic acid in which the pH range is expressly limited to 3 to 4.

    [0015] US6221823 discloses hard surface cleaning compositions having an acidic pH for the removal of soap scum stains. One of the solutions described includes "Constituent C" compound which is an anionic surfactant selected from metal salts and organic salts of alkylphenoxy benzene disulfonates and metal salts and organic salts of alkylnapthalene sulfonates.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0016] The present invention is directed to a hard surface cleaning solution, which comprises a first organic acid comprising a carboxylic acid selected from the group consisting of lactic acid, glycolic acid, formic acid, citric acid and acetic acid; a second organic acid comprising a carboxylic acid different from the first organic acid and selected from the group consisting of gluconic acid, glycolic acid, formic acid, citric acid and acetic acid; a single surfactant selected from the group consisting of amine oxides; a solvent selected from the group consisting of ether alcohols; and a diluent, in which the solution has a pH of at least 2.0. The surfactant does not contain salt (NaCl) or sodium, either as an element of fundamental surfactant molecules or as a production by product, that can adversely affect the pH of the resulting cleaning solution. The first organic acid comprises 12 wt.% to 18 wt.% of the active cleaning composition.

    [0017] In a preferred embodiment of the invention the first organic acid comprises lactic acid. The first organic acid may comprise about 16 wt.% of the active cleaning solution.

    [0018] In another preferred embodiment of the invention, the second organic acid comprises gluconic acid. The second organic acid may comprise 2.5 wt.% to 3.75 wt.% of the active cleaning composition. In particular, the second organic acid may comprise about 3.25 wt.% of the active cleaning solution.

    [0019] In another embodiment of the invention, the surfactant comprises lauramine oxide. The surfactant may comprise 1.5 wt.% to 3.25 wt.% of the active cleaning composition. In particular, the surfactant may comprise about 2.00 wt.% of the active cleaning composition.

    [0020] The solvent may comprise a propylene glycol ether. In particular, the solvent may comprise dipropylene glycol n-butyl ether. The solvent may comprise 0.5 wt.% to 3.0 wt.% of the active cleaning composition. In particular, the solvent comprises about 1.4 wt.% of the active cleaning composition.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0021] While this invention is susceptible of embodiment in many different forms, there are described several specific embodiments with the understanding that the present disclosure is to be considered as an exemplification of the principals of the invention and is not intended to limit the invention to the embodiments so described.

    [0022] As the present invention is intended to be an improvement over existing hard surface cleaning solutions, it is appropriate to consider the formulations of such existing cleaning solutions.

    [0023] One cleaning solution that is presently available is sold under the brand name CLR by Jelmar, Inc. CLR has the following formulation:
    IngredientFormula % (wt.%)% Active
    Deionized Water 68.8893 N/A
    Surfactant 4.8500 2.0370
    Mackam LHS    
    Lauryl    
    Hydroxysultaine    
    (Rhodia)    
    Organic Acid 18.3600 16.1568
    Purac 88    
    L(+) Lactic Acid    
    Technical Grade    
    88% Soln.    
    (Purac America)    
    Organic Acid 6.5000 3.2500
    Gluconic Acid    
    Technical Grade    
    50% Soln.    
    (PMP Fermentation)    
    Solvent 1.4000 1.4000
    Dowanol PnB    
    Propylene Glycol    
    Mono-n-Butyl    
    Ether    
    (Dow)    
    Coloring Agent 0.0008 0.0008
    Pyla-Cert Green    
    MX-718 (Pylam)    


    [0024] The surfactant in a cleaning solution performs a very important function, which is acting to physically separate a contaminating substance, from the surface to which the contaminating substance is adhered. Then, in such a cleaner, the acids function to attack and dissolve calcium and lime (which refers generally to calcium oxide and calcium hydroxide) deposits as well as rust (iron oxide) deposits. The solvents (e.g., alcohols or ethers or otherwise, etc.) can dissolve other contaminants, such as oils and greases.

    [0025] The present invention is directed to a liquid cleaning solution which is particularly suited for removing soap scum, hard water stains, lime scale and the like from various hard surfaces such as tubs, tiles, showers, sinks and other areas which are exposed to water and soap. The present invention includes a cleaning solution which is a more vigorous solution more suitable for removing hard water stains, lime scale and rust.

    [0026] The cleaning solution includes a first chelating agent, a second chelating agent, a single surfactant , a solvent and a diluent. The first and second chelating agents are both organic acids, particularly first and second organic acids, and are selected from the class of carboxylic acids as defined in claim 1. Organic acids tend to be less corrosive, more environmentally friendly and break down more rapidly than counterpart inorganic acids which are often used in cleaning solutions. The first organic acid is present in an amount of 12.0 wt.% to 18.0 wt.%, where the percentage is based upon the active component in the overall cleaning solution composition, which convention will be used throughout this specification unless indicated otherwise. The first organic acid is selected from the group of carboxylic acids including lactic acid, glycolic acid, formic acid, citric acid and/or acetic acid. Most preferably, the first organic acid comprises lactic acid in an amount of 16.16 wt.% of the solution, which is sold under the Purac 88-T brand and can be purchased from Purac America, headquartered in Lincolnshire, Illinois.

    [0027] The second organic acid, preferably present in an amount of 2.5 wt.% to 3.75 wt% active in the formula, is also a carboxylic acid such as gluconic acid, glycolic acid, formic acid, citric acid and/or acetic acid. Most preferably, the second organic acid is a polyhydroxycarboxylic acid, more preferably gluconic acid purchased under the trade name "PMP Gluconic Acid 50%" from PMP Fermentation, of Peoria, Illinois. Of course, one of ordinary skill in the art with the present disclosure before them will readily appreciate that other carboxylic acids may also be used within the scope of the present invention.

    [0028] The most preferred combination of first and second organic acids, namely lactic acid and gluconic acid, tends to be less corrosive than other combinations of organic and/or inorganic acids typically present in commercial hard surface cleaning solutions, which often include citric acid. Further, the gluconic acid is milder on the skin than many alternative acid cleaning components. Additionally, lactic acid and gluconic acid tend to have a more favorable odor than other substitute acids such as formic acid and better cleaning and descaling properties than alternative acids such as glycolic acid. Of course, the most preferred lactic and gluconic acids are also chosen as they have been found to have a synergistic compatibility with each other as well as with the surfactant system and solvent of the present invention. It is important that the organic acids are not reactive with and adverse to the surfactant system, which can cause a drop-off in effectiveness and functionality of the cleaning solution.

    [0029] The surfactant is an amine oxide; more preferably, lauramine oxide ("LO"), which is also known as lauryldimethylamine oxide, dodecyldimethylamine oxide, or dimethyldodecylamine-N-oxide. Lauramine oxide can be purchased under the trade name Mackamine LO from Rhodia, located in La Defense, France. Other alternative sources of lauramine oxide are Macat AO -12 (from Mason Chemicals) and Ammonyx LO (from Stepan Chemical). Commercially available LO is notable because it does not contain any salt (NaCl) as a result of the production process nor does the chemical itself contain a sodium component. It is believed that surfactants that contain salt (NaCl), or sodium (Na), either as an element of the fundamental surfactant molecules, or as a production byproduct, can have a tendency to suppress the pH of the resulting cleaning solution, even when the pH of the surfactant constituent itself is fairly high (>9 or 10). However, it has also been noted that even using surfactants that clearly lacked a sodium component, either as an element in the fundamental surfactant molecule, or as part of a production byproduct, such as glycosides, which also had a high initial pH, likewise failed to elevate the pH of the final cleaning solution, when the other constituents were as set forth in Table 1 hereinbelow. Only amine oxides, particularly lauramine oxide, were found to elevate the pH to DfE certification levels (a pH of 2.0 or higher), while at the same time providing comparable cleaning performance as the reference prior art cleaning solution (CLR) mentioned above.

    [0030] The solvent is an ether alcohol based solvent, and preferably an alkoxylated glycol. More preferably, the solvent is selected from a group of propylene glycol ethers, such as dipropylene glycol methyl ether, tripropylene glycol methyl ether, dipropylene glycol normal butyl ether and propylene glycol normal butyl ether. Most preferred is a propylene glycol (mono) butyl ether sold under the trade name Dowanol PnB manufactured by Dow Chemical of Midland, Michigan. The solvent is preferably present in the cleaning solution in the range of 0.50 wt.% to 3.0 wt.% of the active formula, and most preferably in an amount of about 1.4 wt.% of the active formula. Other solvents may be chosen from glycols based on an ether of preferably the propylene type. Likewise, ethylene type glycol ethers are contemplated for use with the present invention.

    [0031] The diluent is preferably deionized water, which is present in a range of 72.0 wt.% to 83.5 wt.% active in the cleaning solution formula. More preferably, the diluent comprises about 77.15 wt.% of the active cleaning formulation.

    [0032] Other components may also be added to the cleaning solution of the present invention to add a variety of properties or characteristics, as desired. For instance, additives may include colorants, fragrance enhancers, corrosion inhibitors, defoamers, pH stabilizers, stabilizing agents, or other additives that would be known by one of ordinary skill in the art with the present disclosure before them. For instance, a colorant is preferred for use with the present cleaning solution, which colorant takes the form of a green colorant purchased as Pyla-Cert Green MX-718, which can be purchased from Pylam Products Company, Inc. of Tempe, Arizona. Such colorant is preferably used in a quantity sufficient to provide the desired color, preferably in the amount of approximately 0.0008 wt.% of the active formula.

    [0033] Corrosion inhibitors may also be incorporated into the cleaning solution. The preferred class of corrosion inhibitors are imidazolines such as tall oil hydroxyethyl imidazoline, capryl hydroxyethyl imidazoline, cocoyl hydroxyethyl imidazoline, lauryl hydroxyethyl imidazoline and oleyl hydroxyethyl imidazoline. Of course, other corrosion inhibitors may also be used, as would be known by one of ordinary skill in the art with the present disclosure before them. Other additives such as the above described corrosion inhibitors are added in quantities sufficient to impart the desired properties to the cleaning solution, as would be known by those of ordinary skill in the art with the present disclosure before them.

    [0034] The cleaning solution according to the first embodiment of the present invention described immediately above has a pH of 2.0 or greater, which enables the solution to achieve DfE certification.

    [0035] The cleaning solutions according to the present invention are typically bottled in plastic containers, and used by wiping (or other direct application) the cleaning composition onto the surface of a tub, tile, sink shower or other surface to be cleaned.

    [0036] The following example is given to illustrate the cleaning composition of the present invention, but are not intended to limit the invention to the examples included herewith. The following example below specifically illustrates exemplary and preferred formulations of the cleaning composition according to the present invention. It is to be understood that the examples are presented by means of illustration only and that further use of formulations that fall within the scope of the present invention and the claims herewith may be readily produced by one skilled in the art with the present disclosure before them.

    PREPARATION OF THE CLEANING SOLUTION FORMULATION



    [0037] An example formulation illustrating an embodiment of the inventive cleaning composition of the present invention is described in detail in Table I below and was formulated generally in accordance with the following protocol.

    EXAMPLE 1


    CLEANING SOLUTION FORMULATION 1



    [0038] A cleaning solution according to the first embodiment of the present invention was prepared, by introducing appropriate amounts of the indicated constituents, so as to attain the desired relative weight percentages indicated in Table 1 hereinafter, by first charging deionized water into a tank equipped with a mixer. Lactic acid, in the form of Purac 88-T, was then added to the deionized water in the tank. Next, gluconic acid, in the form of PMP Gluconic Acid, were added into the tank. After addition of the gluconic acid, lauramine oxide, in the form of Mackamine LO, were added to the tank from below the surface of the liquid in the tank to minimize foaming. In production, it is preferred to pump the surfactant in through the bottom of a stainless steel tank. After the contents of the tank were mixed thoroughly, the propylene glycol (mono) butyl ether solvent was added into the stainless steel tank in the form of Dowanol PnB. Finally, Plya-Cert Green MX-718 colorant was added to the mixture to achieve the desired color.

    [0039] Inasmuch as various ones of the raw material components of the cleaning solution are purchased in a form that is at least partially diluted with water, Table 1 provides the percentage of each component which is active in the raw material, the percentage of each particular component (active material and any water in the raw material solution) in the formula and the percentage of each component in the active portion of the formula.
    TABLE 1
    Cleaning Solution Formulation 1
    Ingredient Name% Active in Raw Material% in Formula% Active in Formula
    Deionized   67.06920 N/A
    Water      
    Purac 88-T 88 18.36000 16.16
    Lactic Acid      
    PMP 50 6.50000 3.25
    Gluconic      
    Acid, 50%      
           
    Gluconic      
    Acid      
    Mackamine 30 6.67000 2.00
    LO      
    Lauramine      
    Oxide      
    (Rhodia)      
    Dowanol 100 1.40000 1.40
    PnB      
    Propylene      
    Glycol      
    (Mono)      
    Butyl Ether      
    Pyla-Cert 100 0.00080 0.00080
    Green MX-718      

    TESTING OF EXAMPLE CLEANING SOLUTION FORMULATION



    [0040] The hard surface cleaning solution of the present invention was evaluated for rust removal efficacy. Cleaning Formulation 1 was subjected to testing by an independent laboratory to measure the formulation's ability to remove rust stain from white ceramic tiles, according to a standardized test method (Specialized Technology Resources - STR Test Method Number L/PS-TM-241 - Rust Stain Removal Procedure), and was found to provide an average rust removal rate of 83.4%. Similar testing of a known prior art cleaning solution, conventional Jelmar CLR full strength cleaning solution, yielded an average rust removal rate of only 69.5%.

    [0041] In addition, comparison testing of the cleaning solution of the present invention and the prior art CLR solution on various materials to determine the effect of the cleaning solution on various substrates demonstrated that the cleaning solution of the present invention either produced less, or at least no more adverse affect (e.g., discoloration, change in gloss, blistering, softening, swelling, loss of adhesion, etc.) than the reference cleaning solution.

    [0042] Accordingly, the present invention has been found to provide more effective rust stain removal as compared with a known prior art cleaning solution, while at the same time producing comparable or fewer adverse surface affects, and providing an elevated pH reaching 2.10 or greater (as compared to the pH of < 2 of the prior art CLR solution) -- resulting in a more environmentally friendly product.

    [0043] While this invention is susceptible of embodiment in many different forms, there is shown in the drawings and will herein be described in detail, a preferred embodiment with the understanding that the present disclosure should be considered as an exemplification of the principles of the invention and is not intended to limit the invention to the embodiment so illustrated.


    Claims

    1. A hard surface cleaning solution for descaling calcium, lime and rust, comprising:

    - a first organic acid comprising a carboxylic acid selected from the group consisting of lactic acid, glycolic acid, formic acid, citric acid and acetic acid;

    - a second organic acid comprising a carboxylic acid different from the first organic acid and selected from the group consisting of gluconic acid, glycolic acid, formic acid, citric acid and acetic acid;

    - a single surfactant, said single surfactant being selected from the group consisting of amine oxides;

    - a solvent selected from the group consisting of ether alcohols; and

    - a diluent

    in which the solution has a pH of at least 2.0;
    wherein the surfactant does not contain salt (NaCI) or sodium (Na), either as an element of fundamental surfactant molecules or as a production by product, that can adversely affect the pH of the resulting cleaning solution;
    wherein the first organic acid comprises 12 wt.% to 18 wt.% of the active cleaning composition.
     
    2. The hard surface cleaning solution of claim 1 wherein the first organic acid comprises lactic acid.
     
    3. The hard surface cleaning solution of claim 1 wherein the first organic acid comprises 16 wt.% of the active cleaning solution.
     
    4. The hard surface cleaning solution of claim 1 wherein the second organic acid comprises gluconic acid.
     
    5. The hard surface cleaning solution of claim 1 wherein the second organic acid comprises 2.5 wt.% to 3.75 wt.% of the active cleaning solution.
     
    6. The hard surface cleaning solution of claim 6 wherein the second organic acid comprises 3.25 wt.% of the active cleaning solution.
     
    7. The hard surface cleaning solution of claim 1 wherein the surfactant comprises lauramine oxide.
     
    8. The hard surface cleaning solution of claim 1 wherein the surfactant comprises 1.5 wt.% to 3.25 wt.% of the active cleaning solution.
     
    9. The hard surface cleaning solution of claim 8 wherein the surfactant comprises 2.00 wt.% of the active cleaning solution.
     
    10. The hard surface cleaning solution of claim 1 wherein the solvent comprises a propylene glycol ether.
     
    11. The hard surface cleaning solution of claim 10 wherein the solvent comprises propylene glycol (mono) butyl ether.
     
    12. The hard surface cleaning solution of claim 1 wherein the solvent comprises 0.5 wt.% to 3.0 wt.% of the active cleaning solution.
     
    13. The hard surface cleaning solution of claim 1 wherein the solvent comprises 1.4 wt.% of the active cleaning solution.
     
    14. The hard surface cleaning composition of claim 1 further including an additive selected from the group consisting of colorants, fragrance enhancers, corrosion inhibiting agents, defoamers, pH stabilizers and stabilizing agents.
     
    15. The hard surface cleaning solution of claim 1 wherein the solution comprises:

    lactic acid, in an amount of 16.16 wt.% of the active cleaning solution;

    gluconic acid, in an amount of 3.25 wt.% of the active cleaning solution;

    an amine oxide, in an amount of 2.0 wt.% of the active cleaning solution;

    dipropylene glycol n-butyl ether, in an amount of 1.4 wt.% of the active cleaning solution; and

    a diluent comprising water,

    in which the solution provides an average rust removal rate of 83.4%.
     
    16. The hard surface cleaning solution of claim 1 wherein the solution comprises:

    the first organic acid, in an amount of 12 wt.% to 18 wt.% of the active cleaning composition, said first organic acid comprising lactic acid;

    the second organic acid, in an amount of 2.5 wt.% to 3.75 wt.% of the active cleaning composition, said second organic acid comprising gluconic acid;

    the amine oxide, in an amount of 1.5 wt.% to 3.25 wt.% of the active cleaning composition;

    the solvent, in an amount of 0.5 wt.% to 3.0 wt.% of the active cleaning composition, said solvent comprising dipropylene glycol n-butyl ether; and

    deionized water, in an amount of 72.0 wt.% to 83.50 wt.% of the active cleaning composition.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Reinigungslösung für harte Oberflächen zum Entkalken von Calcium, Kalk und Rost, Folgendes umfassend:

    - eine erste organische Säure, die eine Karbonsäure umfasst, die aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Milchsäure, Glykolsäure, Ameisensäure, Zitronensäure und Essigsäure ausgewählt ist;

    - eine zweite organische Säure, die eine Carbonsäure umfasst, die sich von der ersten organischen Säure unterscheidet und aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Gluconsäure, Glykolsäure, Ameisensäure, Zitronensäure und Essigsäure ausgewählt ist;

    - ein einzelnes Tensid, wobei das einzelne Tensid aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Aminoxiden ausgewählt ist;

    - ein Lösungsmittel, das aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Etheralkoholen ausgewählt ist; und

    - ein Verdünnungsmittel

    wobei die Lösung einen pH-Wert von wenigstens 2,0 aufweist;
    wobei das Tensid kein Salz (NaCl) oder Natrium (Na), entweder als ein Element fundamentaler Tensidmoleküle oder als ein Nebenprodukt der Herstellung, enthält, die sich negativ auf den pH-Wert der entstehenden Reinigungslösung auswirken können;
    wobei die erste organische Säure 12 Gew.-% bis 18 Gew.-% der aktiven Reinigungszusammensetzung umfasst.
     
    2. Reinigungslösung für harte Oberflächen nach Anspruch 1, wobei die erste organische Säure Milchsäure umfasst.
     
    3. Reinigungslösung für harte Oberflächen nach Anspruch 1, wobei die erste organische Säure 16 Gew.-% der aktiven Reinigungslösung umfasst.
     
    4. Reinigungslösung für harte Oberflächen nach Anspruch 1, wobei die zweite organische Säure Gluconsäure umfasst.
     
    5. Reinigungslösung für harte Oberflächen nach Anspruch 1, wobei die zweite organische Säure 2,5 Gew.-% bis 3,75 Gew.-% der aktiven Reinigungslösung umfasst.
     
    6. Reinigungslösung für harte Oberflächen nach Anspruch 6, wobei die zweite organische Säure 3,25 Gew.-% der aktiven Reinigungslösung umfasst.
     
    7. Reinigungslösung für harte Oberflächen nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Tensid Lauraminoxid umfasst.
     
    8. Reinigungslösung für harte Oberflächen nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Tensid 1,5 Gew.-% bis 3,25 Gew.-% der aktiven Reinigungslösung umfasst.
     
    9. Reinigungslösung für harte Oberflächen nach Anspruch 8, wobei das Tensid 2,00 Gew.-% der aktiven Reinigungslösung umfasst.
     
    10. Reinigungslösung für harte Oberflächen nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Lösungsmittel einen Propylenglykolether umfasst.
     
    11. Reinigungslösung für harte Oberflächen nach Anspruch 10, wobei das Lösungsmittel Propylenglykol(mono)butylether umfasst.
     
    12. Reinigungslösung für harte Oberflächen nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Lösungsmittel 0,5 Gew.-% bis 3,0 Gew.-% der aktiven Reinigungslösung umfasst.
     
    13. Reinigungslösung für harte Oberflächen nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Lösungsmittel 1,4 Gew.-% der aktiven Reinigungslösung umfasst.
     
    14. Reinigungszusammensetzung für eine harte Oberfläche nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend ein Additiv, das aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Farbstoffen, Geruchsstoffverstärkern, Korrosionsschutzmitteln, Entschäumern, pH-Wert-Stabilisatoren und Stabilisierungsmitteln ausgewählt ist.
     
    15. Reinigungslösung für harte Oberflächen nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Lösung Folgendes umfasst:

    Milchsäure in einer Menge von 16,16 Gew.-% der aktiven Reinigungslösung;

    Gluconsäure in einer Menge von 3,25 Gew.-% der aktiven Reinigungslösung;

    ein Aminoxid in einer Menge von 2,0 Gew.-% der aktiven Reinigungslösung;

    Dipropylenglykol-n-butylether in einer Menge von 1,4 Gew.-% der aktiven Reinigungslösung; und

    ein Verdünnungsmittel, das Wasser umfasst, in dem die Lösung eine durchschnittliche Entrostungsrate von 83,4 % bereitstellt.


     
    16. Reinigungslösung für harte Oberflächen nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Lösung Folgendes umfasst:

    die erste organische Säure in einer Menge von 12 Gew.-% bis 18 Gew.-% der aktiven Reinigungszusammensetzung, wobei die erste organische Säure Milchsäure umfasst;

    die zweite organische Säure in einer Menge von 2,5 Gew.-% bis 3,75 Gew.-% der aktiven Reinigungszusammensetzung, wobei die zweite organische Säure Gluconsäure umfasst;

    das Aminoxid in einer Menge von 1,5 Gew.-% bis 3,25 Gew.-% der aktiven Reinigungszusammensetzung;

    das Lösungsmittel in einer Menge von 0,5 Gew.-% bis 3,0 Gew.-% der aktiven Reinigungszusammensetzung, wobei das Lösungsmittel Dipropylenglykol-n-butylether umfasst; und

    entionisiertes Wasser in einer Menge von 72,0 Gew.-% bis 83,50 Gew.-% der aktiven Reinigungszusammensetzung.


     


    Revendications

    1. Solution de nettoyage de surfaces dures pour le détartrage du calcaire, de la chaux et de la rouille, comprenant :

    - un premier acide organique comprenant un acide carboxylique choisi dans le groupe constitué par l'acide lactique, l'acide glycolique, l'acide formique, l'acide citrique et l'acide acétique ;

    - un second acide organique comprenant un acide carboxylique différent du premier acide organique et choisi dans le groupe constitué par l'acide gluconique, l'acide glycolique, l'acide formique, l'acide citrique et l'acide acétique ;

    - un seul tensioactif, ledit seul tensioactif étant choisi dans le groupe constitué par des oxydes d'amine ;

    - un solvant choisi dans le groupe constitué par des éthers-alcools ; et

    - un diluant ;

    la solution présentant un pH d'au moins 2,0 ;
    dans laquelle le tensioactif ne contient pas de sel (NaCl) ou de sodium (Na), que ce soit en tant qu'élément de molécules fondamentales de tensioactif ou en tant que sous-produit de production, pouvant affecter négativement le pH de la solution de nettoyage obtenue ;
    dans laquelle le premier acide organique comprend 12 à 18 % en poids de la composition de nettoyage active.
     
    2. Solution de nettoyage de surfaces dures selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le premier acide organique comprend de l'acide lactique.
     
    3. Solution de nettoyage de surfaces dures selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le premier acide organique comprend 16 % en poids de la solution de nettoyage active.
     
    4. Solution de nettoyage de surfaces dures selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le second acide organique comprend de l'acide gluconique.
     
    5. Solution de nettoyage de surfaces dures selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le second acide organique comprend 2,5 à 3,75 % en poids de la solution de nettoyage active.
     
    6. Solution de nettoyage de surfaces dures selon la revendication 6, dans laquelle le second acide organique comprend 3,25 % en poids de la solution de nettoyage active.
     
    7. Solution de nettoyage de surfaces dures selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le tensioactif comprend de l'oxyde de lauramine.
     
    8. Solution de nettoyage de surfaces dures selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le tensioactif comprend 1,5 à 3,25 % en poids de la solution de nettoyage active.
     
    9. Solution de nettoyage de surfaces dures selon la revendication 8, dans laquelle le tensioactif comprend 2,00 % en poids de la solution de nettoyage active.
     
    10. Solution de nettoyage de surfaces dures selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le solvant comprend un éther de propylèneglycol.
     
    11. Solution de nettoyage de surfaces dures selon la revendication 10, dans laquelle le solvant comprend de l'éther (mono)butylique de propylèneglycol.
     
    12. Solution de nettoyage de surfaces dures selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le solvant comprend 0,5 à 3,0 % en poids de la solution de nettoyage active.
     
    13. Solution de nettoyage de surfaces dures selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le solvant comprend 1,4 % en poids de la solution de nettoyage active.
     
    14. Composition de nettoyage de surfaces dures selon la revendication 1 comprenant en outre un additif choisi dans le groupe constitué par des colorants, des exhausteurs de parfum, des agents inhibiteurs de corrosion, des agents antimousse, des stabilisateurs de pH et des agents stabilisants.
     
    15. Solution de nettoyage de surfaces dures selon la revendication 1, la solution comprenant :

    de l'acide lactique en une quantité de 16,16 % en poids de la solution de nettoyage active ;

    de l'acide gluconique en une quantité de 3,25 % en poids de la solution de nettoyage active ;

    un oxyde d'amine en une quantité de 2,0 % en poids de la solution de nettoyage active ;

    de l'éther n-butylique de dipropylène-glycol en une quantité de 1,4 % en poids de la solution de nettoyage active ; et

    un diluant comprenant de l'eau, dans lequel la solution présente un taux moyen d'élimination de la rouille de 83,4 %.


     
    16. Solution de nettoyage de surfaces dures selon la revendication 1, la solution comprenant :

    le premier acide organique en une quantité de 12 à 18 % en poids de la composition de nettoyage active, ledit premier acide organique comprenant de l'acide lactique ;

    le second acide organique en une quantité de 2,5 à 3,75 % en poids de la composition de nettoyage active, ledit second acide organique comprenant de l'acide gluconique ;

    l'oxyde d'amine en une quantité de 1,5 à 3,25 % en poids de la composition de nettoyage active ;

    le solvant en une quantité de 0,5 à 3,0 % en poids de la composition de nettoyage active, ledit solvant comprenant de l'éther n-butylique de dipropylène-glycol ; et

    de l'eau désionisée en une quantité de 72,0 à 83,50 % en poids de la composition de nettoyage active.


     






    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description