(19)
(11)EP 2 651 811 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
20.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/21

(21)Application number: 10860709.4

(22)Date of filing:  17.12.2010
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B66B 25/00  (2006.01)
B66B 23/02  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2010/060906
(87)International publication number:
WO 2012/082134 (21.06.2012 Gazette  2012/25)

(54)

REGENERATIVE POWER CONTROL FOR PASSENGER CONVEYORS

REGENERATIVE LEISTUNGSREGELUNG FÜR PERSONENFÖRDERER

COMMANDE D'ÉNERGIE RÉGÉNÉRATIVE POUR TROTTOIRS ROULANTS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
23.10.2013 Bulletin 2013/43

(73)Proprietor: Otis Elevator Company
Farmington CT 06032 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • MA, GuangHua
    Suzhou Changlang 215002 (CN)

(74)Representative: Schmitt-Nilson Schraud Waibel Wohlfrom Patentanwälte Partnerschaft mbB 
Pelkovenstraße 143
80992 München
80992 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- H11 199 148
JP-A- 2005 324 884
US-A- 4 738 346
JP-A- 2003 146 570
KR-A- 19980 074 062
US-A1- 2009 058 333
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] An escalator is one type of passenger conveyor. Escalators have proven useful for carrying passengers between different levels of a building, for example. Typical escalator systems include a plurality of steps that move based upon operation of a motor and drive system.

    [0002] In an effort to reduce energy consumption, it has been proposed to operate a passenger conveyor in a regenerative mode in which the motor operates as a generator for providing electricity to a source of power when the steps are moving downward. One drawback associated with previous proposals in this regard is that they are limited to relatively light duty escalator systems. Larger currents associated with heavier duty escalator motors require relatively expensive regenerative drive components for handling the relatively high currents that occur in a regenerative mode. The additional expense of such components tends to outweigh any cost-savings benefit that might be obtained using a regenerative drive.

    [0003] US 2009/058333 A1 discloses an elevating machine control apparatus which controls an inverter to drive an AC motor connected to the inverter with AC power, and energizes a power generation braking resistor to apply a brake during regenerative operation of the AC motor. The apparatus prohibits the elevating machine from starting operating and interrupts power supply to the power generation braking resistor if the DC stage voltage of the inverter has a ripple quantity of a set value or more when the elevating machine is being stopped.

    [0004] JP H11 199148 A discloses an elevator control device which can surely detect the failure of a semiconductor element for regeneration in a regeneration circuit, and can prevent a regeneration resistor from being over-heated.

    [0005] The present invention relates to a device and a method of controlling power associated with a passenger conveyor, and to a passenger conveyor according to the appended claims.

    SUMMARY



    [0006] An exemplary device for controlling power associated with a passenger conveyor motor includes a regenerative drive that is configured to facilitate providing electricity generated by the motor to a power source when the passenger conveyor is moving. The controller determines when an operating condition of the regenerative drive is outside of a desired range and responsively prevents the regenerative drive from facilitating providing the electricity to the power source, as stipulated in claim 1.

    [0007] Particular embodiments may include any of the following optional features, alone or in combination:
    • The operating condition may comprise current and the controller may determine when the current exceeds a threshold.
    • The operating condition may comprise temperature and the controller may determine when the temperature exceeds a threshold.
    • The device may comprise a heat sink associated with the regenerative drive and wherein the controller determines the temperature at the heat sink.
    • The device comprises a bypass switch between the regenerative drive and the power source and wherein the controller controls the bypass switch to permit or prevent the regenerative drive from facilitating providing electricity to the power source.
    • The controller may control whether the regenerative drive facilitates providing the electricity to the power source dependent on a direction of movement of the passenger conveyor.
    • The controller may permit the regenerative drive to facilitate providing the electricity to the power source when the direction of movement is down and the operating condition is within the desired range.
    • The desired range of the operating condition may correspond to a load on the passenger conveyor being between about 30% and about 70% of a full rated load for the conveyor.
    • The controller may permit the regenerative drive to be connected between the power source and the motor during a start up procedure when the direction of movement is up and the passenger conveyor is moving at a speed below a selected threshold speed and the controller otherwise disconnects the regenerative drive from the power source when the direction of movement is up.


    [0008] An exemplary method of controlling power associated with a passenger conveyor motor includes generating electricity from the motor when the passenger conveyor is moving. A regenerative drive facilitates providing the electricity to a power source. A determination is made when an operating condition of the regenerative drive is outside of a desired range. The regenerative drive is then prevented from facilitating providing the electricity to the power source, as stipulated in claim 8.

    [0009] Particular embodiments may include any of the following optional features, alone or in combination:
    • The operating condition may comprise current and the method may comprise determining when the current exceeds a threshold.
    • The operating condition may comprise temperature and the method may comprise determining when the temperature exceeds a threshold.
    • The heat sink may be associated with the regenerative drive and the method may comprise detecting the temperature at the heat sink.
    • A bypass switch is provided between the regenerative drive and the power source and the method may comprise controlling the bypass switch to permit or prevent the regenerative drive from facilitating providing the electricity to the power source.
    • The method may comprise controlling whether the regenerative drive facilitates providing the electricity to the power source dependent on a direction of movement of the passenger conveyor.
    • The method may comprise permitting the regenerative drive to facilitate providing the electricity to the power source when the direction of movement is down and the operating condition is within the desired range.
    • The desired range of the operating condition may correspond to a load on the passenger conveyor being between about 30% and about 70% of a full rated load for the conveyor.
    • The method may comprise permitting the regenerative drive to be connected between the power source and the motor during a start up procedure when the direction of movement is up and the passenger conveyor is moving at a speed below a selected threshold speed; and otherwise disconnecting the regenerative drive from the power source when the direction of movement is up.


    [0010] An exemplary passenger conveyor includes a plurality of steps. A motor is associated with the steps for selectively moving the steps. A regenerative drive is configured to facilitate providing electricity generated by the motor to a power source when the steps are moving. The controller determines when at least one of a current or a temperature of the regenerative drive is outside of a desired range. The controller then responsively prevents the regenerative drive from facilitating providing the electricity to the power source, as stipulated in claim 12.

    [0011] The various features and advantages of the disclosed example will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description. The drawings that accompany the detailed description can be briefly described as follows.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0012] 

    Figure 1 diagrammatically illustrates selected portions of an example passenger conveyor including a power control device designed according to an embodiment of this invention..

    Figure 2 schematically illustrates selected portions of an example power control device designed according to an embodiment of this invention.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0013] Figure 1 illustrates a passenger conveyor 20. A plurality of steps 22 and a handrail 24 facilitate moving passengers between landings 26 and 28. The example passenger conveyor 20 is an escalator as the landings 26 and 28 are at different vertical positions or elevations.

    [0014] The example passenger conveyor 20 includes a power control device 30 that controls whether a regenerative operating mode is used during selected operating conditions of the passenger conveyor 20.

    [0015] Figure 2 schematically illustrates an example power control device 30. A passenger conveyor motor 32 selectively causes the steps 22 to move in a desired direction (e.g., up or down) and at a desired speed. The motor 32 operates based upon power provided by a power source 34 such as a conventional power grid.

    [0016] Under certain operating conditions of the passenger conveyor 20, it is possible to use the motor 32 for generating electricity based upon movement of the steps 22, which causes corresponding movement of appropriate components in the motor 32. The example of Figure 2 includes a regenerative drive 36 that facilitates providing electricity generated by the motor 32 to the power source 34 in the regenerative mode. Although not specifically illustrated, the regenerative drive 36 includes an inverter and converter to provide an appropriate interface between the motor 32 and the power source 34 when the illustrated example is operating in a regenerative mode. One example includes a known configuration of the inverter and converter.

    [0017] A controller 40 selectively controls whether the regenerative drive 36 facilitates providing electricity generated by the motor 32 to the power source 34. The controller 40 determines whether at least one characteristic of the regenerative drive 36 is within a desired range. If that characteristic is outside of the desired range, the controller 40 prevents the regenerative drive 36 from facilitating providing electricity from the motor 32 to the power source 34.

    [0018] In one example, the characteristic that the controller 40 monitors is the current of the regenerative drive 36. Under certain operating conditions of the motor 32 in a regenerative mode, the current will become high enough to generate heat at a level that could be damaging to one or more components of the regenerative drive 36 or other components of the power control device 30. In this example, the controller 40 monitors the current of the regenerative drive 36. When that current exceeds a predetermined threshold, the controller 40 disables or prevents the regenerative drive 36 from facilitating providing electricity generated by the motor 32 to the power source 34. This protects the regenerative drive components and other portions of the power control device 30.

    [0019] In one example, the threshold current corresponds to the passenger conveyor 20 carrying a load that is approximately 70% of a full rated load for the passenger conveyor 20. Known techniques allow for determining the current corresponding to such a load.

    [0020] Another characteristic of the regenerative drive 36 that can be used by the controller 40 is a temperature of the regenerative drive. This example includes a heat sink 42 that is associated with the regenerative drive 36 to dissipate heat produced during the regenerative mode. The controller 40 in this example determines a temperature of the heat sink 48 and prevents the regenerative drive 36 from operating in the regenerative mode for providing electricity from the motor 32 to the power source 34 when the temperature exceeds a pre-selected threshold. In one example, the temperature threshold is selected to correspond to the passenger conveyor 20 being loaded at approximately 70% of a maximum rated load. Given this description, those skilled in the art will be able to determine an appropriate temperature threshold for their particular situation.

    [0021] The illustrated example includes a bypass switch 44 between the power source 34 and the regenerative drive 36. The controller 40 controls the bypass switch to allow current flow between the power source 34 and the motor 32 through the regenerative drive 36 on the conductive lines 46 when the bypass switch 44 is set to a first operating state. When it is desirable to prevent the regenerative drive 36 from facilitating providing power from the motor 32 to the power source 34, the controller 40 changes the operating state of the bypass switch 44 so that the connection between the power source 34 and the motor 32 is along conductive lines 48. Under the latter circumstances, the regenerative drive 36 is disconnected from the power source 34 and bypassed so that it is not involved with any power transmission between the power source 34 and the motor 32. In one example, when the regenerative drive 36 is bypassed the motor 32 provides power directly to the power source 34.

    [0022] In one example, the controller 40 determines which operative state to place the bypass switch 44 into based upon a direction of movement of the steps 22 of the passenger conveyor 20. In one example, when the steps 22 are moving in an upward direction, the controller 40 controls the bypass switch 44 so that power flows along the conductive lines 46 during a start-up of the passenger conveyor 20. Once the speed of the steps 22 reaches a rated speed, the controller 40 causes the bypass switch 44 to change its operative state so that power then flows along the conductive lines 48 and the regenerative drive 36 is no longer involved in power flow management between the power source 34 and the motor 32.

    [0023] If the steps 22 are moving in a downward direction, the regenerative drive 36 can be used in the regenerative mode. Once a load on the steps 22 is sufficient to overcome friction, the motor 32 is not necessarily required to move the steps 22 at a desired speed. Under those conditions, the controller 40 causes the bypass switch 44 to connect the regenerative drive 36 and the conductive lines 46 between the power source 34 and the motor 32. In one example, turning on the regenerative drive 36 in this manner occurs when the passenger conveyor 20 is carrying a load that is approximately 30% of a maximum rated load.

    [0024] While the regenerative drive 36 is operating to facilitate providing power from the motor 32 to the power source 34, the controller 40 is continuously monitoring the selected operating characteristic of the regenerative drive 36. Once the temperature or heat of the regenerative drive 36 exceeds the selected threshold (e.g., when the load on the conveyor 20 is greater than approximately 70% of a rated load), the controller 40 causes the bypass switch 44 to disconnect the conductive lines 46 and the regenerative drive 36 and instead to direct power conduction between the motor 32 and the power source 34 along the conductive lines 48. This allows for the regenerative drive to facilitate providing power from the motor 32 to the power source 34 under operating conditions that can be handled by the components of the regenerative drive 36. With the disclosed example, it is possible to incorporate a regenerative drive 36 that is configured for a relatively light duty passenger conveyor system to be used with a heavier duty passenger conveyor system without danger of overheating the regenerative drive components and without requiring more expensive regenerative drive components. By customizing the thresholds at which the regenerative drive 36 is involved in facilitating providing power between the motor 32 and the power source 34, the illustrated example expands the possible uses of a given regenerative drive configuration. Further, the illustrated example increases the possible number of passenger conveyor systems that can be used in a regenerative mode.

    [0025] In one example, even if the threshold is exceeded, the controller 40 continues to monitor the current, heat or both. Once the selected characteristic is within the desired range, the regenerative drive 36 is reconnected between the motor 32 and the power source 34.

    [0026] Another feature of the disclosed example is that if there is a problem or failure associated with the regenerative drive 36, the bypass switch 44 can be controlled to always direct power between the motor 32 and the power source 34 along the conductive lines 48.

    [0027] Another feature of the illustrated example is that typical variable frequency control devices for passenger conveyors require a break resistor while the illustrated example eliminates the need for such a resistor. This provides additional cost savings as it eliminates the requirements for what can be considered a relatively expensive component.

    [0028] The illustrated example selectively utilizes the regenerative drive 36 under selected operating conditions provided that a selected characteristic of the regenerative drive 36 (e.g., current, temperature or both) is within a desired operating range.

    [0029] The preceding description is exemplary rather than limiting in nature. Variations and modifications to the disclosed examples may become apparent to those skilled in the art that do not necessarily depart from the scope of this invention. The scope of legal protection given to this invention can only be determined by studying the following claims.


    Claims

    1. A device (30) for controlling power associated with a passenger conveyor motor (32), comprising:

    a regenerative drive (36) that is configured to facilitate providing electricity generated by the motor (32) to a power source (34) when the passenger conveyor (20) is moving; and

    a controller (40) that determines when an operating condition of the regenerative drive (36) is outside of a desired range and responsively prevents the regenerative drive (36) from facilitating providing the electricity to the power source (34)

    characterised by

    a bypass switch (44) between the regenerative drive (36) and the power source (34) and wherein the controller (40) controls the bypass switch (44) to permit or prevent the regenerative drive from facilitating providing electricity to the power source (34).


     
    2. The device (30) of claim 1, wherein the operating condition comprises current and the controller (40) determines when the current exceeds a threshold, and/or wherein the operating condition comprises temperature and the controller (40) determines when the temperature exceeds a threshold.
     
    3. The device (30) of claim 2, comprising a heat sink (48) associated with the regenerative drive (36) and wherein the controller (40) determines the temperature at the heat sink (48).
     
    4. The device (30) of any of claims 1 to 3, wherein the controller (40) controls whether the regenerative drive (36) facilitates providing the electricity to the power source (34) dependent on a direction of movement of the passenger conveyor (20).
     
    5. The device (30) of claim 4, wherein the controller (40) permits the regenerative drive (36) to facilitate providing the electricity to the power source (34) when the direction of movement is down and the operating condition is within the desired range.
     
    6. The device (30) of claim 5, wherein the desired range of the operating condition corresponds to a load on the passenger conveyor (20) being between about 30% and about 70% of a full rated load for the conveyor (20).
     
    7. The device (30) of any of claims 5 to 6, wherein the controller (40) permits the regenerative drive (36) to be connected between the power source (34) and the motor (32) during a start up procedure when the direction of movement is up and the passenger conveyor (20) is moving at a speed below a selected threshold speed and the controller (40) otherwise disconnects the regenerative drive (36) from the power source (34) when the direction of movement is up.
     
    8. A method of controlling power associated with a passenger conveyor motor (32), comprising the steps of:

    generating electricity from the motor (32) when the passenger conveyor (20) is moving;

    facilitating providing the electricity to a power source (34) through a regenerative drive (36); and

    determining when an operating condition of the regenerative drive (36) is outside of a desired range and responsively preventing the regenerative drive (36) from facilitating providing the electricity to the power source (34)

    characterised by

    controlling a bypass switch (44) to permit or prevent the regenerative drive (36) from facilitating providing the electricity to the power source (34), wherein the bypass switch (44) is provided between the regenerative drive (36) and the power source (34).


     
    9. The method of claim 8, wherein the operating condition comprises current and the method comprises determining when the current exceeds a threshold, and/or wherein the operating condition comprises temperature and the method comprises determining when the temperature exceeds threshold, in particular wherein there is a heat sink (48) associated with the regenerative drive (36) and the method comprises detecting the temperature at the heat sink (48).
     
    10. The method of claim 8, comprising controlling whether the regenerative drive (36) facilitates providing the electricity to the power source (34) dependent on a direction of movement of the passenger conveyor (20), in particular comprising permitting the regenerative drive (36) to facilitate providing the electricity to the power source (34) when the direction of movement is down and the operating condition is within the desired range, in particular wherein the desired range of the operating condition corresponds to a load on the passenger conveyor (20) being between about 30% and about 70% of a full rated load for the conveyor (20).
     
    11. The method of claim 10, comprising

    permitting the regenerative drive (36) to be connected between the power source (34) and the motor (32) during a start up procedure when the direction of movement is up and the passenger conveyor (20) is moving at a speed below a selected threshold speed; and

    otherwise disconnecting the regenerative drive (36) from the power source (34) when the direction of movement is up.


     
    12. A passenger conveyor (20), comprising:

    a plurality of steps (22);

    a motor (32) associated with the steps for selectively moving the steps (22);

    a regenerative drive (36) configured to facilitate providing electricity generated by the motor (32) to a power source (34) when the steps are moving;

    a controller (40) that determines when at least one of a current or a temperature of the regenerative drive is outside of a desired range and responsively prevents the regenerative drive from facilitating providing the electricity to the power source; and characterised by further comprising

    a bypass switch (44) between the regenerative drive (36) and the power source (34) and wherein the controller (30) controls the bypass switch (44) to permit or prevent the regenerative drive from facilitating providing electricity to the power source (34).


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Vorrichtung (30) zum Regeln der Leistung im Zusammenhang mit einem Personenförderermotor (32), umfassend:

    einen regenerativen Antrieb (36), der dazu konfiguriert ist, das Bereitstellen von Elektrizität, die durch den Motor (32) erzeugt wird, an eine Leistungsquelle (34) zu ermöglichen, wenn sich der Personenförderer (20) bewegt; und

    eine Steuerung (40), die bestimmt, wann eine Betriebsbedingung des regenerativen Antriebs (36) außerhalb eines gewünschten Bereichs liegt und darauf reagierend verhindert, dass der regenerative Antrieb (36) das Bereitstellen der Elektrizität an die Leistungsquelle (34) ermöglicht,

    gekennzeichnet durch

    einen Umgehungsschalter (44) zwischen dem regenerativen Antrieb (36) und der Leistungsquelle (34) und wobei die Steuerung (40) den Umgehungsschalter (44) steuert, um zu erlauben oder zu verhindern, dass der regenerative Antrieb das Bereitstellen von Elektrizität an die Leistungsquelle (34) ermöglicht.


     
    2. Vorrichtung (30) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Betriebsbedingung einen Strom umfasst und die Steuerung (40) bestimmt, wann der Strom einen Schwellenwert überschreitet, und/oder wobei die Betriebsbedingung eine Temperatur umfasst und die Steuerung (40) bestimmt, wann die Temperatur einen Schwellenwert überschreitet.
     
    3. Vorrichtung (30) nach Anspruch 2, umfassend einen Kühlkörper (48) im Zusammenhang mit dem regenerativen Antrieb (36) und wobei die Steuerung (40) die Temperatur am Kühlkörper (48) bestimmt.
     
    4. Vorrichtung (30) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die Steuerung (40) steuert, ob der regenerative Antrieb (36) das Bereitstellen der Elektrizität an die Leistungsquelle (34) abhängig von einer Bewegungsrichtung des Personenförderers (20) bereitstellt.
     
    5. Vorrichtung (30) nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Steuerung (40) erlaubt, dass der regenerative Antrieb (36) das Bereitstellen der Elektrizität an die Leistungsquelle (34) ermöglicht, wenn die Bewegungsrichtung abwärts verläuft und die Betriebsbedingung innerhalb des gewünschten Bereichs liegt.
     
    6. Vorrichtung (30) nach Anspruch 5, wobei der gewünschte Bereich der Betriebsbedingung einer Last am Personenförderer (20) zwischen etwa 30 % und etwa 70 % einer vollen Nennlast für den Förderer (20) entspricht.
     
    7. Vorrichtung (30) nach einem der Ansprüche 5 bis 6, wobei die Steuerung (40) erlaubt, dass der regenerative Antrieb (36) während eines Anfahrvorgangs, wenn die Bewegungsrichtung aufwärts verläuft und sich der Personenförderer (20) mit einer Geschwindigkeit unterhalb einer gewählten Schwellenwertgeschwindigkeit bewegt, zwischen die Leistungsquelle (34) und den Motor (32) geschaltet wird, und die Steuerung (40) andernfalls den regenerativen Antrieb (36) von der Leistungsquelle trennt (34), wenn die Bewegungsrichtung aufwärts verläuft.
     
    8. Verfahren zum Regeln der Leistung in Zusammenhang mit einem Personenförderermotor (32), das die folgenden Schritte umfasst:

    Erzeugen von Elektrizität vom Motor (32), wenn sich der Personenförderer (20) bewegt;

    Ermöglichen des Bereitstellens der Elektrizität an eine Leistungsquelle (34) durch einen regenerativen Antrieb (36); und

    Bestimmen, wann eine Betriebsbedingung des regenerativen Antriebs (36) außerhalb eines gewünschten Bereichs liegt und darauf reagierend Verhindern, dass der regenerative Antrieb (36) das Bereitstellen der Elektrizität an die Leistungsquelle (34) ermöglicht,

    gekennzeichnet durch

    Steuern eines Umgehungsschalters (44), um zu erlauben oder zu verhindern, dass der regenerative Antrieb (36) das Bereitstellen der Elektrizität an die Leistungsquelle (34) ermöglicht, wobei der Umgehungsschalter (44) zwischen dem regenerativen Antrieb (36) und der Leistungsquelle (34) bereitgestellt ist.


     
    9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8, wobei die Betriebsbedingung einen Strom umfasst und das Verfahren Bestimmen umfasst, wann der Strom einen Schwellenwert überschreitet, und/oder wobei die Betriebsbedingung eine Temperatur umfasst und das Verfahren Bestimmen umfasst, wann die Temperatur einen Schwellenwert überschreitet, wobei es insbesondere einen Kühlkörper (48) im Zusammenhang mit dem regenerativen Antrieb (36) gibt und das Verfahren Erfassen der Temperatur am Kühlkörper (48) umfasst.
     
    10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8, umfassend das Steuern, ob der regenerative Antrieb (36) das Bereitstellen der Elektrizität an die Leistungsquelle (34) abhängig von einer Bewegungsrichtung des Personenförderers (20) ermöglicht, insbesondere umfassend das Erlauben, dass der regenerative Antrieb (36) das Bereitstellen der Elektrizität an die Leistungsquelle (34) ermöglicht, wenn die Bewegungsrichtung abwärts verläuft und die Betriebsbedingung innerhalb des gewünschten Bereichs liegt, insbesondere wobei der gewünschte Bereich der Betriebsbedingung einer Last am Personenförderer (20) zwischen etwa 30 % und etwa 70 % einer vollen Nennlast für den Förderer (20) liegt.
     
    11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10, umfassend
    Erlauben, dass der regenerative Antrieb (36) während eines Anfahrvorgangs, wenn die Bewegungsrichtung aufwärts verläuft und sich der Personenförderer (20) mit einer Geschwindigkeit unterhalb einer gewählten Schwellenwertgeschwindigkeit bewegt, zwischen die Leistungsquelle (34) und den Motor (32) geschaltet wird, und
    andernfalls Trennen des regenerativen Antriebs (36) von der Leistungsquelle (34), wenn die Bewegungsrichtung aufwärts verläuft.
     
    12. Personenförderer (20), der Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Vielzahl von Stufen (22);

    einen Motor (32) in Zusammenhang mit den Stufen, um die Stufen (22) selektiv zu bewegen;

    einen regenerativen Antrieb (36), der dazu konfiguriert ist, das Bereitstellen von Elektrizität, die vom Motor (32) erzeugt wird, an eine Leistungsquelle (34) zu ermöglichen, wenn sich die Stufen bewegen;

    eine Steuerung (40), die bestimmt, wann mindestens eines von einem Strom oder einer Temperatur des regenerativen Antriebs außerhalb eines gewünschten Bereichs liegt und darauf reagierend verhindert, dass der regenerative Antrieb das Bereitstellen der Elektrizität an die Leistungsquelle ermöglicht; und

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass er ferner Folgendes umfasst:
    einen Umgehungsschalter (44) zwischen dem regenerativen Antrieb (36) und der Leistungsquelle (34) und wobei die Steuerung (30) den Umgehungsschalter (44) steuert, um zu erlauben oder zu verhindern, dass der regenerative Antrieb das Bereitstellen von Elektrizität an die Leistungsquelle (34) ermöglicht.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif (30) conçu pour le réglage de la puissance associée à un moteur de trottoir roulant (32), comprenant :

    un entraînement régénérateur (36) qui est conçu pour faciliter la fourniture de l'électricité générée par le moteur (32) à une source d'énergie (34) lorsque le trottoir roulant (20) est en mouvement ; et

    un contrôleur (40) qui détermine le moment où une condition de fonctionnement de l'entraînement régénérateur (36) se situe en dehors d'une plage souhaitée et empêche en conséquence l'entraînement régénérateur (36) de faciliter la fourniture de l'électricité à la source d'énergie (34)

    caractérisé en ce que

    un commutateur de dérivation (44) entre l'entraînement régénérateur (36) et la source d'énergie (34) et dans lequel le contrôleur (40) commande le commutateur de dérivation (44) pour permettre ou empêcher l'entraînement régénérateur de faciliter la fourniture d'électricité à la source d'énergie (34).


     
    2. Dispositif (30) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la condition de fonctionnement comprend un courant et le contrôleur (40) détermine le moment où le courant dépasse un seuil, et/ou dans lequel la condition de fonctionnement comprend une température et le contrôleur (40) détermine le moment où la température dépasse un seuil.
     
    3. Dispositif (30) selon la revendication 2, comprenant un dissipateur thermique (48) associé à l'entraînement régénérateur (36) et dans lequel le contrôleur (40) détermine la température au niveau du dissipateur thermique (48).
     
    4. Dispositif (30) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel le contrôleur (40) détermine si l'entraînement régénérateur (36) facilite la fourniture de l'électricité à la source d'énergie (34) en fonction d'un sens de déplacement du trottoir roulant (20).
     
    5. Dispositif (30) selon la revendication 4, dans lequel le contrôleur (40) permet à l'entraînement régénérateur (36) de faciliter la fourniture de l'électricité à la source d'énergie (34) lorsque le sens de déplacement est vers le bas et la condition de fonctionnement est dans la plage souhaitée.
     
    6. Dispositif (30) selon la revendication 5, dans lequel la plage souhaitée de la condition de fonctionnement correspond à une charge sur le trottoir roulant (20) comprise entre environ 30 % et environ 70 % d'une pleine charge nominale pour le trottoir (20).
     
    7. Dispositif (30) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 5 à 6, dans lequel le contrôleur (40) permet de connecter l'entraînement régénérateur (36) entre la source d'énergie (34) et le moteur (32) pendant une procédure de démarrage lorsque le sens du déplacement est ascendant et que le trottoir roulant (20) se déplace à une vitesse inférieure à une vitesse seuil sélectionnée et le contrôleur (40) déconnecte autrement l'entraînement régénérateur (36) de la source d'énergie (34) lorsque le sens du déplacement est ascendant.
     
    8. Procédé de réglage de la puissance associée à un moteur de trottoir roulant (32), comprenant les mesures pour :

    produire de l'électricité à partir du moteur (32) lorsque le trottoir roulant (20) est en déplacement ;

    faciliter la fourniture de l'électricité à une source d'énergie (34) grâce à un entraînement régénérateur (36) ; et

    déterminer le moment où une condition de fonctionnement de l'entraînement régénérateur (36) se situe en dehors d'une plage souhaitée et empêche en conséquence l'entraînement régénérateur (36) de faciliter la fourniture de l'électricité à la source d'énergie (34)

    caractérisé par

    la commande d'un commutateur de dérivation (44) pour permettre ou empêcher l'entraînement régénérateur (36) de faciliter la fourniture de l'électricité à la source d'énergie (34), dans lequel le commutateur de dérivation (44) est disposé entre l'entraînement régénérateur (36) et la source d'énergie (34) .


     
    9. Procédé selon la revendication 8, dans lequel la condition de fonctionnement comprend un courant et le procédé comprend la détermination du moment où le courant dépasse un seuil, et/ou dans lequel la condition de fonctionnement comprend une température et le procédé comprend la détermination du moment où la température dépasse un seuil, notamment dans lequel un dissipateur thermique (48) est associé à l'entraînement régénérateur (36) et le procédé comprend la détection de la température au niveau du dissipateur thermique (48).
     
    10. Procédé selon la revendication 8, comprenant le fait de déterminer si l'entraînement régénérateur (36) facilite la fourniture de l'électricité à la source d'alimentation (34) en fonction d'un sens de déplacement du trottoir roulant (20), comprenant notamment le fait de permettre à l'entraînement régénérateur (36) de faciliter la fourniture de l'électricité à la source d'alimentation (34) lorsque le sens de déplacement est vers le bas et la condition de fonctionnement est dans la plage souhaitée, en particulier dans lequel la plage souhaitée de la condition de fonctionnement correspond à une charge sur le trottoir roulant (20) comprise entre environ 30 % et environ 70 % d'une pleine charge nominale pour le trottoir roulant (20).
     
    11. Procédé selon la revendication 10, comprenant
    le fait de permettre à l'entraînement régénérateur (36) d'être connecté entre la source d'alimentation (34) et le moteur (32) pendant une procédure de démarrage lorsque le sens de déplacement est ascendant et le trottoir roulant (20) se déplace à une vitesse inférieure à une vitesse seuil sélectionnée ; et
    la déconnexion, autrement, de l'entraînement régénérateur (36) de la source d'énergie (34) lorsque le sens du déplacement est ascendant.
     
    12. Trottoir roulant (20) comprenant :

    une pluralité de marches (22) ;

    un moteur (32) associé aux marches pour le déplacement sélectif des marches (22) ;

    un entraînement régénérateur (36) conçu pour faciliter la fourniture de l'électricité générée par le moteur (32) à une source d'énergie (34) lorsque les marches sont en mouvement ;

    un contrôleur (40) qui détermine le moment où au moins l'un d'un courant ou d'une température de l'entraînement régénérateur se situe en dehors d'une plage souhaitée et empêche en conséquence l'entraînement régénérateur de faciliter la fourniture de l'électricité à la source d'énergie ; et

    caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend en outre

    un commutateur de dérivation (44) entre l'entraînement régénérateur (36) et la source d'énergie (34) et dans lequel le contrôleur (30) commande le commutateur de dérivation (44) pour permettre ou empêcher l'entraînement régénérateur de faciliter la fourniture d'électricité à la source d'énergie (34).


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description