(19)
(11)EP 2 655 233 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.04.2017 Bulletin 2017/17

(21)Application number: 10860960.3

(22)Date of filing:  22.12.2010
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B66B 7/04(2006.01)
B66B 17/34(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2010/061809
(87)International publication number:
WO 2012/087312 (28.06.2012 Gazette  2012/26)

(54)

FRICTIONAL DAMPER FOR REDUCING ELEVATOR CAR MOVEMENT

REIBUNGSDÄMPFER ZUR REDUZIERUNG EINER AUFZUGSKABINENBEWEGUNG

AMORTISSEUR À FRICTIONS POUR RÉDUIRE LE MOUVEMENT DE CABINE D'ASCENSEUR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
30.10.2013 Bulletin 2013/44

(73)Proprietor: Otis Elevator Company
Farmington, CT 06032 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • FARGO, Richard, N.
    Plainville Connecticut 06062 (US)
  • YOUNG, Daniel, S.
    Bloomington Indiana 47403 (US)
  • ROMAIN, Jason, K.
    Ellettsville Indiana 47429 (US)
  • TERRY, Harold
    Avon Connecticut 06001 (US)
  • ROBERTS, Randall, Keith
    Hebron Connecticut 06248 (US)
  • ADIFON, Leandre
    Farmington Connecticut 06032 (US)

(74)Representative: Klunker . Schmitt-Nilson . Hirsch 
Patentanwälte Destouchesstraße 68
80796 München
80796 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 460 021
WO-A1-03/008317
JP-A- 2004 210 423
US-B1- 6 318 505
EP-A1- 1 749 784
JP-A- H0 318 577
US-B1- 6 193 026
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] Elevator systems include a machine for moving the elevator car to provide elevator service. In traction-based systems a roping arrangement suspends the weight of the elevator car and a counterweight. Traction between the roping arrangement and a traction sheave that is moved by the elevator machine provides the ability to move the elevator car as desired.

    [0002] When the rise of an elevator system is sufficiently large, the longer roping members introduce the possibility for an elevator car to bounce or oscillate as a result of a change in load while the elevator car is at a landing. In some cases, elevator passengers may perceive a bounciness of the elevator car, which is undesirable.

    [0003] There are various known devices for holding an elevator car fixed at a landing. Mechanical stops have been introduced into elevator systems to engage a stationary structure to hold the elevator car rigidly in place. Brake devices have been proposed that engage a guide rail or other stationary structure within the hoistway to prevent movement of the elevator car. Such devices may however require additional maintenance and service when a brake or mechanical stop does not release from a locked position when necessary. Additionally, many such devices introduce noise. There is a need for an improved way of stabilizing an elevator car when it is stopped.

    [0004] JP H03 18577 A discloses a device for use in an elevator system and an elevator system according to the preamble of claims 1 and 8. This document also discloses a method of controlling a position of an elevator car.

    SUMMARY



    [0005] An exemplary device for use in an elevator system includes at least one friction member that is selectively moveable into a damping position in which the friction member is useful to damp movement of an elevator car associated with the device. A solenoid actuator has an armature that is situated for vertical movement. The armature moves upward when the solenoid is energized to move the friction member into the damping position. The armature mass urges the armature in a downward vertical direction causing the friction member to move out of the damping position when the solenoid is not energized.

    [0006] Particular embodiments may include any of the following optional features, alone or in combination:
    • The vertical movement of the armature is translated into horizontal movement of the friction member.
    • The device may comprise an arm that supports the friction member near one end of the arm; and a linkage coupling the armature to the arm, a mass of the linkage urging the armature downward when the solenoid is not energized.
    • The device may comprise two friction members that move toward each other when moving into the damping position.
    • The solenoid may comprise a noise reducing member that reduces noise associated with movement of the armature.
    • The noise reducing member may be configured to pneumatically damp the solenoid.
    • The noise reducing member may comprise a seal that is received against the armature within the solenoid.


    [0007] An exemplary elevator system includes an elevator car. A plurality of load bearing members suspends the elevator car. At least one guide rail is situated to guide vertical movement of the elevator car. A damping device is supported on the elevator car. The damping device includes at least one friction member that is selectively moveable into a damping position in which the friction member engages the guide rail to damp movement of the elevator car. A solenoid actuator has an armature that is situated for vertical movement. The armature moves upward when the solenoid is energized to move the friction member into the damping position. The armature mass urges the armature in a downward vertical direction causing the friction member to move out of the damping position when the solenoid is not energized.

    [0008] Particular embodiments may include any of the following optional features, alone or in combination:
    • The vertical movement of the armature may be translated into horizontal movement of the friction member.
    • The damping device may comprise an arm that supports the friction member near one end of the arm; and a linkage coupling the armature to the arm, a mass of the linkage urging the armature downward when the solenoid is not energized.
    • The elevator system may comprise two friction members that move toward each other when moving into the damping position.
    • The solenoid may comprise a noise reducing member that reduces noise associated with movement of the armature.
    • The noise reducing member may be configured to pneumatically damp the solenoid.
    • The noise reducing member may comprise a seal that is received against the armature within the solenoid.


    [0009] An exemplary method of controlling the position of an elevator car includes stopping the elevator car in a desired position. Energizing a solenoid causes upward movement of an armature of the solenoid which causes a friction member to move into a damping position in which the friction member engages a guide rail associated with the elevator car. Deenergizing the solenoid allows gravity to urge the armature downward and the friction member out of the damping position before moving the elevator car from the desired position.

    [0010] Particular embodiments may include any of the following optional features, alone or in combination:
    • The method may comprise causing the friction member to move horizontally responsive to vertical movement of the armature.
    • The method may comprise supporting the friction member on an arm; associating a linkage with the armature to couple the armature to the arm; and allowing the mass of the linkage to urge the armature downward when the solenoid is deenergized.
    • The method may comprise reducing noise associated with movement of the armature.
    • The step of reducing noise may comprise pneumatically damping movement of the armature within the solenoid.


    [0011] The various features and advantages of a disclosed example will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description. The drawings that accompany the detailed description can be briefly described as follows.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0012] 

    Figure 1 schematically illustrates selected portions of an example elevator system including a damping device designed according to an embodiment of this invention.

    Figure 2 diagrammatically illustrates an example damping device designed according to an embodiment of this invention.

    Figure 3 is an elevational view of the example of Figure 2 as viewed from the top.

    Figure 4 is an elevational view of the example of Figure 2 as viewed from a side.

    Figure 5 is a cross-sectional illustration showing selected features of an example solenoid used in one example embodiment.

    Figure 6 illustrates damping effects with an example embodiment.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0013] Figure 1 schematically shows selected portions of an example elevator system 20. An elevator car 22 is coupled with a counterweight 24. A plurality of load bearing members 26 are used as a roping arrangement for suspending the load of the elevator car 22 and the counterweight 24. In one example, the load bearing members 26 comprise flat belts.

    [0014] An elevator machine 30 includes a motor 32 and a brake 34 to control movement of a traction sheave 36. Traction between the load bearing members 26 and the traction sheave 36 provides control over the movement and position of the elevator car 22. For example, the motor 32 causes the traction sheave 36 to rotate which causes movement of the load bearing members 26 to achieve a desired movement of the elevator car 22 along guide rails 38.

    [0015] The brake 34 is used to prevent rotation of the traction sheave 36 for stopping the elevator car 22 at a desired vertical position along the guide rails 38. In one example, the load bearing members 26 have a construction and a length that introduces the possibility for the elevator car 22 to bounce or oscillate vertically relative to a desired parking position. The example of Figure 1 includes damping devices 40 supported on the elevator car 22. The damping devices 40 in this example frictionally engage the guide rails 38 to damp any bouncing or oscillating movement of the elevator car 22 when it is stopped at a desired parking position.

    [0016] Figure 2 shows one example damping device 40. This example includes a housing 42 that can be secured to a selected portion of the elevator car 22. The damping device 40 includes friction members 44 such as brake pad lining material supported near ends of arms 46, which are supported by the housing 42. The arms 46 are at least partially moveable relative to the housing 42 so that the friction members 44 may frictionally engage a stationary surface within the hoistway such as a surface on the guide rail 38.

    [0017] The example damping device 40 includes a unique arrangement of components that provides for smooth, quiet and reliable operation of the damping device 40. Figures 3 and 4 show a solenoid 50 that is selectively energized for causing movement of the friction members 44 into a damping position to control vertical motion of the elevator car when it is stopped at a landing. In one example, the solenoid 50 is energized responsive to opening of doors on the elevator car 22. In another example, the solenoid 50 is energized responsive to an indication that the elevator car 22 is stopped in a desired parking position. The solenoid 50 includes a housing 52 that is supported within the damping device housing 42 so that it remains stationary or fixed relative to the housing 42, which remains fixed relative to the structure of the elevator car 22.

    [0018] The solenoid housing 52 is situated so that an armature 54 (shown in Figure 4) of the solenoid 50 moves vertically when the damping device 40 is supported on the elevator car 22. Vertical movement of the armature 54 causes desired movement of the friction members 44. In this example, as best appreciated in Figure 4, a connector 56 couples the armature 54 to links 58 that are coupled with the arms 46. As best appreciated in Figure 3, as the links 58 are forced in a generally outward direction relative to the solenoid housing 52 as the armature 54 moves upward, the arms 46 pivot about pivot points 60 as shown by the arrows 62. Such movement causes the friction members 44 to move horizontally and inward toward a surface 64 on the guide rail 38.

    [0019] In one example, the damping position in which the friction members 44 engage the surface 64 introduces enough friction to damp bouncing or oscillation of the elevator car 22. The level of engagement between the friction members 44 and the surface 64, however, is not sufficient to be a braking or holding force that holds the elevator car 22 rigidly in position relative to the guide rails 38. This example includes introducing only a sufficient friction force for damping undesired movement of the elevator car 22.

    [0020] One feature of the example links 58 and connector 56 is that different lengths or masses for those components provide a different movement of the arms 46. The size of the connector 56 and links 58 may be selected to provide a desired mechanical advantage so that the force associated with frictionally engaging the guide rail 38 by the friction members 44 has a desired magnitude given the operating characteristics of the selected solenoid 50. Given this description, those skilled in the art will realize how to configure the linkage arrangement between the solenoid armature and the arms 46 to meet the needs of their particular situation.

    [0021] When it is necessary to move the elevator car again, the solenoid 50 is deenergized. The mass of the armature 54 is urged downward (see Figure 4) by gravity. Downward movement of the armature 54 causes the arms 46 to pivot about the pivot points 60 (Figure 3) in a direction opposite the arrows 62, which moves the friction members 44 away from the surface 64 of the guide rail 38, so that they are no longer in the damping position. In this example, the mass of the connector 56 contributes to the effect of gravity on the vertical position of the armature 54 by providing additional mass for urging the armature 54 downward, which urges the friction members 44 out of the damping position.

    [0022] The illustrated example includes utilizing a vertically oriented solenoid armature and gravity for resetting the damping device 40 into a non-engagement position. This provides more reliable operation compared to devices in which a solenoid is positioned so that the armature moves horizontally to introduce a braking force to prevent movement of an elevator car, for example. The vertically oriented solenoid of this example ensures that the damping device 40 will not interfere with desired movement of the elevator car 22 whenever the solenoid is deenergized. Additionally, relying upon gravity for resetting the damping device 40 overcomes any binding effect that may result from engagement between the friction members 44 and the surface 64 on the guide rail 38.

    [0023] Another feature of the illustrated example can be appreciated from Figure 3. The friction members 44 have a curved profile. This configuration ensures reliable contact between the friction members 44 and the surface 64. The curved profile of friction members 44 avoids point contact even if there is some misalignment between the damping device 40 and the guide rail 38. This further ensures more reliable operation of the damping device.

    [0024] Another feature of the illustrated example is that the solenoid 50 is configured to provide quiet operation. In one example, the solenoid 50 has a noise reducing feature to reduce or eliminate noise associated with movement of the armature 54 during energization or deenergization of the solenoid 50. Figure 5 illustrates one example arrangement of an example solenoid 50. A coil 70 is supported within the housing 52. When the coil 70 is energized, a plunger 72 and the rod of the armature 54 moves upward relative to the housing 52. A noise reducing member 74 is associated with the plunger 72. This example includes another noise reducing member 76 associated with the rod 54. The noise reducing members 74 and 76 in this example comprise O-rings.

    [0025] The noise reducing members 74 and 76 establish air cushions within the housing 52 so that movement of the armature (e.g., plunger 72 and rod 54) is pneumatically damped. This reduces or eliminates noise associated with such movement and provides quiet damping device operation.

    [0026] Figure 6 illustrates performance of an example embodiment. A first plot 80 shows elevator car oscillations resulting from a change in load while the elevator car is stopped at a landing. As can be appreciated from the drawing, oscillations of significant magnitude continue for more than five seconds.

    [0027] A second plot 90 shows the oscillations resulting from the same change in load at the same landing with a damper device 40 energized. The oscillations are significantly damped and essentially eliminated in about one second. Additionally, the damped condition prevents further changes in load from introducing further oscillations. During the oscillations at 80, an additional change in load or introduced acceleration on the car will contribute to the oscillations and cause them to increase in magnitude. Accordingly, the disclosed damper device 40 significantly improves car stability.

    [0028] Another feature of the illustrated example is that it provides a fast response time for activating or deactivating the damping device 40. Transitions between an engaged or disengaged position can be completed quickly in a manner that does not introduce any noticeable delays into the elevator system operation. The illustrated example allows for maximizing speed and minimizing noise because it provides a low-noise damping device that does not interfere with passenger satisfaction with elevator service.

    [0029] The preceding description is exemplary rather than limiting in nature. Variations and modifications to the disclosed examples may become apparent to those skilled in the art that do not necessarily depart from the essence of this invention. The scope of legal protection given to this invention can only be determined by studying the following claims.


    Claims

    1. A device (40) for use in an elevator system (20), comprising:

    at least one friction member (44) that is selectively moveable into a damping position in which the friction member (44) is useful to damp movement of an elevator car (22) associated with the device (40);

    characterised in that the device further comprises a solenoid actuator (50) having an armature (54) that is situated for vertical movement, the armature (54) moving upward when the solenoid (50) is energized to move the friction member (44) into the damping position, the armature mass urging the armature (54) in a downward vertical direction when the solenoid (50) is not energized, causing the friction member (44) to move out of the damping position.


     
    2. The device (40) of claim 1, wherein the vertical movement of the armature (54) is translated into horizontal movement of the friction member (44).
     
    3. The device (40) of claim 2, comprising
    an arm (46) that supports the friction member (44) near one end of the arm (46); and
    a linkage (56, 58) coupling the armature (54) to the arm (46), a mass of the linkage (56, 58) urging the armature downward when the solenoid (50) is not energized.
     
    4. The device (40) of any of claims 1 to 3, comprising two friction members (44) that move toward each other when moving into the damping position.
     
    5. The device (40) of any of claims 1 to 4, wherein the solenoid (50) comprises a noise reducing member (74, 76) that reduces noise associated with movement of the armature (54).
     
    6. The device (40) of claim 5, wherein the noise reducing member (74, 76) being configured to pneumatically damp the solenoid.
     
    7. The device (40) of claim 6, wherein the noise reducing member (74, 76) comprising a seal that is received against the armature (54) within the solenoid.
     
    8. An elevator system (20), comprising:

    an elevator car (22);

    a plurality of ropes (26) suspending the elevator car (22);

    at least one guide rail (38) situated to guide vertical movement of the elevator car (22); the system being characterised in that it further comprises

    a damping device according to any of the previous claims supported on the elevator car (22).


     
    9. A method of controlling a position of an elevator car (22), comprising the steps of: stopping the elevator car (22) in a desired position;
    energizing a solenoid (50) to cause upward movement of an armature (54) of the solenoid (50) to thereby cause a friction member (44) to move into a damping position in which the friction member (44) engages a guide rail (38) associated with the elevator car (22); and
    deenergizing the solenoid (50) such that the armature (54) is urged downward by force of gravity, which in turn moves the friction member (44) out of the damping position, before moving the elevator car (22).
     
    10. The method of claim 9, comprising
    causing the friction member (44) to move horizontally responsive to vertical movement of the armature (54).
     
    11. The method of claim 9 or 10, comprising
    supporting the friction member (44) on an arm (46);
    associating a linkage (56, 58) with the armature (54) to couple the armature (54) to the arm (46); and
    allowing the mass of the linkage (56, 58) to urge the armature (54) downward when the solenoid (50) is de-energized.
     
    12. The method of any of claims 9 to 11, comprising reducing noise associated with movement of the armature (54).
     
    13. The method of claim 13, wherein the step of reducing noise comprises pneumatically damping movement of the armature (54) within the solenoid (50).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Vorrichtung (40) zur Verwendung in einem Aufzugssystem (20), die Folgendes umfasst:

    mindestens ein Reibungselement (44), das selektiv in eine Dämpfungsposition bewegbar ist, in der das Reibungselement (44) die Bewegung einer der Vorrichtung (40) zugeordneten Aufzugskabine (22) dämpfen kann;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Vorrichtung ferner

    einen Solenoidaktuator (50) umfasst, der einen für eine vertikale Bewegung angebrachten Anker (54) aufweist, wobei sich der Anker (54) nach oben bewegt, wenn der Solenoid (50) mit Energie versorgt wird, um das Reibungselement (44) in die Dämpfungsposition zu bewegen, wobei die Ankermasse den Anker (54) in einer vertikalen Richtung nach unten treibt, wenn der Solenoid (50) nicht mit Energie versorgt wird, was bewirkt, dass das Reibungselement (44) sich aus der Dämpfungsposition bewegt.


     
    2. Vorrichtung (40) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die vertikale Bewegung des Ankers (54) in eine horizontale Bewegung des Reibungselements (44) umgesetzt wird.
     
    3. Vorrichtung (40) nach Anspruch 2, die
    einen Arm (46), der das Reibungselement (44) nahe bei einem Ende des Arms (46) unterstützt; und
    eine mechanische Vorrichtung (56, 58) umfasst, die den Anker (54) an den Arm (46) koppelt, wobei die Masse der mechanischen Vorrichtung (56, 58) den Anker nach unten treibt, wenn der Solenoid (50) nicht mit Energie versorgt wird.
     
    4. Vorrichtung (40) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, die zwei Reibeelemente (44) umfasst, die sich aufeinander zubewegen, wenn sie sich in die Dämpfungsposition bewegen.
     
    5. Vorrichtung (40) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei der Solenoid (50) ein lärmreduzierendes Element (74, 76) umfasst, das den Lärm in Zusammenhang mit der Bewegung des Ankers (54) reduziert.
     
    6. Vorrichtung (40) nach Anspruch 5, wobei das lärmreduzierende Element (74, 76) konfiguriert ist, den Solenoid pneumatisch zu dämpfen.
     
    7. Vorrichtung (40) nach Anspruch 6, wobei das lärmreduzierende Element (74, 76) eine Dichtung umfasst, die gegen den Anker (54) innerhalb des Solenoids aufgenommen ist.
     
    8. Aufzugssystem (20), das Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Aufzugskabine (22);

    eine Vielzahl von Seilen (26), die die Aufzugskabine (22) aufhängen;

    mindestens eine Führungsschiene (38), die angebracht ist, eine vertikale Bewegung der Aufzugskabine (22) zu führen; wobei das System dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass es ferner eine an der Aufzugskabine (22) gelagerte Dämpfungsvorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche umfasst.


     
    9. Verfahren zum Steuern einer Position einer Aufzugskabine (22), das die folgenden Schritte umfasst:

    Anhalten der Aufzugskabine (22) in einer gewünschten Position;

    Versorgen eines Solenoids (50) mit Energie, um eine Bewegung nach oben eines Ankers (54) des Solenoids (50) zu bewirken, um dadurch zu bewirken, dass sich ein Reibungselement (44) in eine Dämpfungsposition bewegt, in der das Reibungselement (44) in Eingriff mit einer der Aufzugskabine (22) zugeordneten Führungsschiene (38) gelangt; und

    Abschalten des Solenoids (50), sodass der Anker (54) durch die Schwerkraft nach unten getrieben wird, was wiederum das Reibungselement (44) aus der Dämpfungsposition bewegt, bevor die Aufzugskabine (22) bewegt wird.


     
    10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 9, umfassend
    das Bewirken, dass sich das Reibungselement (44) in Reaktion auf eine vertikale Bewegung des Ankers (54) horizontal bewegt.
     
    11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 9 oder 10, umfassend Unterstützen des Reibungselements (44) an einem Arm (46); Zuordnen einer mechanischen Verbindung (56, 58) zu dem Anker (54), um den Anker (54) an den Arm (46) zu koppeln; und
    das Erlauben, dass die Masse der mechanischen Verbindung (56, 58) den Anker (54) nach unten treibt, wenn der Solenoid (50) abgeschaltet ist..
     
    12. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 9 bis 11, umfassend Reduzieren des Lärms in Zusammenhang mit der Bewegung des Ankers (54).
     
    13. Verfahren nach Anspruch 13, wobei der Schritt des Reduzierens des Lärms pneumatisches Dämpfen der Bewegung des Ankers (54) innerhalb des Solenoids (50) umfasst.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif (40) à utiliser dans un système d'ascenseur (20), comprenant :

    au moins un élément de friction (44) qui est déplaçable de manière sélective dans une position d'amortissement dans laquelle l'élément de friction (44) est utile pour amortir le mouvement d'une cabine d'ascenseur (22) associée au dispositif (40) ;

    caractérisé en ce que le dispositif comprend en outre

    un actionneur solénoïde (50) ayant une armature (54) qui est situé pour le mouvement vertical, l'armature (54) se déplaçant vers le haut lorsque le solénoïde (50) est mis sous tension pour déplacer l'élément de friction (44) dans la position d'amortissement, la masse de l'armature poussant l'armature (54) dans une direction verticale vers le bas lorsque le solénoïde (50) n'est pas mis sous tension, entraînant l'élément de friction (44) à se déplacer par rapport à la position d'amortissement.


     
    2. Dispositif (40) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le mouvement vertical de l'armature (54) est transformé en mouvement horizontal de l'élément de friction (44).
     
    3. Dispositif (40) selon la revendication 2, comprenant

    un bras (46) qui supporte l'élément de friction (44) à proximité d'une extrémité du bras (46) ; et

    une articulation (56, 58) raccordant l'armature (54) au bras (46), une masse de l'articulation (56, 58) poussant l'armature vers le bas lorsque le solénoïde (50) n'est pas mis sous tension. 30


     
    4. Dispositif (40) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, comprenant deux éléments de friction (44) qui se déplacent l'un vers l'autre lors du déplacement dans la position d'amortissement.
     
    5. Dispositif (40) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 5à 4, dans lequel le solénoïde (50) comprend un élément de réduction du bruit (74, 76) qui réduit le bruit associé au mouvement de l'armature (54).
     
    6. Dispositif (40) selon la revendication 5, dans lequel l'élément de réduction du bruit (74, 76) est configuré pour amortir de manière pneumatique le solénoïde.
     
    7. Dispositif (40) selon la revendication 6, dans lequel l'élément de réduction du bruit (74, 76) comprend un joint qui est reçu contre l'armature (54) à l'intérieur du solénoïde.
     
    8. Système d'ascenseur (20), comprenant :

    une cabine d'ascenseur (22) ;

    une pluralité de câbles (26) suspendant la cabine 20d'ascenseur (22) ;

    au moins un rail de guidage (38) situé pour guider le mouvement vertical de la cabine d'ascenseur (22) ; le système étant caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend en outre

    un dispositif d'amortissement selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes supporté sur la cabine d'ascenseur (22) .


     
    9. Procédé de contrôle d'une position d'une cabine d'ascenseur (22), comprenant les éléments consistant à :

    arrêter la cabine d'ascenseur (22) dans une position souhaitée ;

    mettre un solénoïde (50) sous tension pour entraîner le mouvement vers le haut d'une armature (54) du solénoïde (50) pour entraîner ainsi un élément de friction (44) à se déplacer dans une position d'amortissement dans laquelle l'élément de friction (44) s'engage dans un rail de guidage (38) associé à la cabine d'ascenseur (22) ; et

    mettre le solénoïde (50) sous tension de telle sorte que l'armature (54) est poussée vers le bas par la force de gravité, qui déplace à son tour l'élément de friction (44) par rapport à la position d'amortissement, avant de déplacer la cabine d'ascenseur (22).


     
    10. Procédé selon la revendication 9, comprenant

    l'entraînement de l'élément de friction (44) à se déplacer horizontalement en réponse au mouvement vertical de l'armature (54).


     
    11. Procédé selon la revendication 9 ou 10, comprenant

    le support de l'élément de friction (44) sur un bras (46) ;

    l'association d'une articulation (56, 58) avec l'armature (54) pour raccorder l'armature (54) au bras (46) ; et

    20 la possibilité pour la masse de l'articulation (56, 58) de pousser l'armature (54) vers le bas lorsque le solénoïde (50) est mis hors tension.


     
    12. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 11, comprenant

    la réduction du bruit associé au mouvement de l'armature (54) .


     
    13. Procédé selon la revendication 13, dans lequel l'étape consistant à réduire le bruit comprend un mouvement d'amortissement de manière pneumatique de l'armature (54) à l'intérieur du solénoïde (50).
     




    Drawing

















    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description