(19)
(11)EP 2 661 061 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.09.2017 Bulletin 2017/39

(21)Application number: 13165051.7

(22)Date of filing:  24.04.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04M 1/60  (2006.01)
H04R 1/04  (2006.01)
H04R 3/00  (2006.01)
H04M 1/725  (2006.01)
H04R 19/04  (2006.01)
H04R 25/00  (2006.01)

(54)

Personal hands-free accessory for mobile device

Persönliches Freisprechzubehör für mobile Vorrichtungen

Accessoire personnel mains libres pour dispositif mobile


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 02.05.2012 US 201213462166

(43)Date of publication of application:
06.11.2013 Bulletin 2013/45

(73)Proprietor: Sony Mobile Communications Inc.
Shinagawa-ku Tokyo 140-0002 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • Klinghult, Gunnar
    223 59 Lund (SE)

(74)Representative: Zacco Sweden AB 
P.O. Box 5581
114 85 Stockholm
114 85 Stockholm (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A1- 2003 003 864
US-A1- 2004 052 391
US-A1- 2003 152 243
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] Embodiments disclosed relate generally to hands-free accessories for mobile devices and mobile devices adaptable for hands-free accessories, and more particularly, to hands-free accessories for use in both telecommunication and telecoil systems.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Telecoil systems are used in public buildings such as museums, churches, train stations, and lecture halls, commercial buildings, offices, residential houses, and apartments to provide audio services to allow users to hear the audio sound provided by the telecoil systems without letting the users hear unwanted amplified environmental noises. However, to provide audio services of the telecoil system to the public, the public buildings or commercial buildings need to provide telecoil devices to people who want to exploit the telecoil systems. US 2003/152243 A1 discloses a hearing improvement device using a multi-coil coupling system. US 2004/052391 A1 discloses systems, devices and methods for selectively coupling hearing aids to electromagnetic fields. US 2003/003864 A1 discloses a cover for a mobile telephone handset comprising an induction coil for generating a magnetic field signal for a hearing aid having pick-up coil.

    SUMMARY



    [0003] In one aspect of an embodiment, a hands-free accessory for a mobile device may include a microphone element, and a telecoil coupled with the microphone element in parallel. The microphone element and the telecoil may be coupled with an output terminal of the hands-free device. The output terminal of the hands-free accessory may be configured to electrically or wirelessly couple with an input terminal of the mobile device.

    [0004] In one aspect, the hands-free accessory may include an ear speaker coupled with an input terminal of the hands-free accessory. The input terminal of the hands-free accessory may be configured to electrically or wirelessly couple with an output terminal of the mobile device.

    [0005] In one aspect, the hands-free accessory may include a first switch coupled between the microphone element and the telecoil. The first switch may be automatically turned on or closed when the telecommunication signal is input or transmitted to the hands-free accessory from the mobile device.

    [0006] In one aspect, the microphone element may include a capacitor element, and a Field Effect Transistor (FET). A first end of the capacitor element may be coupled with a source terminal of the FET. A second end of the capacitor element may be coupled with a gate terminal of the FET. A first end of the telecoil may be coupled with the source terminal. A second end of the telecoil may be coupled with a drain terminal of the FET.

    [0007] In one aspect, the hands-free accessory may include a capacitor coupled with the telecoil in series, or a second switch coupled with the telecoil in series. A first end of the capacitor or a first end of the second switch may be coupled with a second end of the telecoil. A second end of the capacitor or a second end of the second switch may be coupled with the output terminal of the hands-free accessory.

    [0008] In one aspect, the microphone element may include a capacitor element and a FET. A first end of the capacitor element may be coupled with a source terminal of the FET. A second end of the capacitor element may be coupled with a gate terminal of the FET. A first end of the telecoil may be coupled with the source terminal. The second end of the capacitor or the second end of the second switch may be coupled with a drain terminal of the FET.

    [0009] In one aspect, inductance of the telecoil may be set according to a predetermined SNR of the telecoil.

    [0010] In one aspect, the hands-free accessory may include a housing. The microphone element and the telecoil may be in the housing.

    [0011] In one aspect, the hands-free accessory may include a shield configured to reduce electric interference between the telecoil and the microphone element.

    [0012] In one aspect, a mobile device may include an input terminal configured to couple with an output terminal of a hands-free accessory including a microphone element and a telecoil coupled with the microphone element in parallel, a bias voltage circuit configured to supply a bias voltage to the microphone element, the bias voltage circuit coupled with the input terminal of the mobile device, and a processor configured to process a signal input or transmitted to the hands-free accessory from the input terminal of the mobile device. The microphone element may include a FET, and the bias voltage is set to operate the FET in the microphone element.

    [0013] In one aspect, the mobile device may include a resistor between the bias voltage circuit and the input terminal of the mobile device.

    [0014] In one aspect, the mobile device may include a first operational amplifier having a first inverting terminal and a first non-inverting terminal, and an A/D converter. The first inverting terminal may be coupled with a ground. The first non-inverting terminal may be coupled with the input terminal of the mobile device. An input port of the A/D converter may be coupled with a first output terminal of the first operational amplifier. An output port of the A/D converter may be coupled with an input port of the processor. The processor may be further configured to control turning on/off or closing/opening of a first switch between the microphone element and the telecoil.

    [0015] In one aspect, the mobile device may include a third switch between the bias voltage circuit and a point of coupling the bias voltage circuit and the input terminal of the mobile device. The processor may be further configured to control turning on/off or closing/opening of the third switch.

    [0016] In one aspect, the mobile device may include a D/A converter and a second operational amplifier having a second inverting terminal, a second non-inverting terminal, and a second output terminal. An input port of the D/A converter may be coupled with an output port of the processor. The second inverting terminal may be coupled with a ground. The second non-inverting terminal may be coupled with an output port of the D/A converter. The second output terminal may be coupled with an output terminal of the mobile device.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0017] The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate one or more embodiments described herein and, together with the description, explain the embodiments.

    FIG. 1 is a diagram of an exemplary environment in which embodiments disclosed herein may be implemented;

    FIG. 2A is a block diagram of an exemplary hands-free accessory and an exemplary mobile device of FIG. 1;

    FIG. 2B is a block diagram of another exemplary hands-free accessory and an exemplary mobile device of FIG. 1;

    FIG. 3A is a schematic diagram of another exemplary circuit in the mobile device of FIG. 1;

    FIG. 3B is a schematic diagram of another exemplary circuit in the mobile device of FIG. 1;

    FIG. 4A is a schematic diagram of an exemplary circuit in the hands-free accessory of FIG. 1;

    FIG. 4B is a schematic diagram of another exemplary circuit in the hands-free accessory of FIG. 1;

    FIG. 5 is a block diagram of exemplary components of a platform in the mobile device of FIGs. 2A and 2B;

    FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of an exemplary circuit in the hands-free accessory of FIG. 2B; and

    FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of another exemplary circuit in the hands-free accessory of Fig. 2B.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0018] The following detailed description refers to the accompanying drawings. The same reference numbers in different drawings identify the same or similar elements.

    [0019] FIG. 1 is a diagram of an exemplary environment in which embodiments disclosed herein may be implemented. Referring to FIG.1, an environment 170 may include a user 100 who carries a mobile device 120 associated with a hands-free accessory 110, a wire loop 130, and an audio system 105 electrically coupled with the wire loop 130.

    [0020] The mobile device 120 may be cellular radiotelephone with or without a multi-line display; a Personal Communications System (PCS) terminal that may combine a cellular radiotelephone with data processing, facsimile and data communications capabilities; a personal digital assistant (PDA) that can include a radiotelephone, a pager, an Internet/Intranet access, a Web browser, an organizer, a calendar and/or a global positioning system (GPS) receiver; and a laptop and/or palmtop receiver or other appliance that includes a radiotelephone transceiver. The mobile device 120 may be a personal computer (PC), a laptop computer, a tablet computer, a netbook, a media playing device (e.g., an MPEG audio layer 3 (MP3) player, a video game playing device, etc.), a GPS device, etc.

    [0021] The hands-free accessory may 110 be a headset/earset configured to be electrically or wirelessly coupled with the mobile device 120. The hands-free accessory 110 may include a microphone element 115 and a telecoil 116. The microphone element 115 may be configured to convert acoustic waves to electrical signals. The microphone element 115 may be a condenser microphone, an electret condenser microphone, a fiber optic microphone, a MEMS microphone, or any kind of microphone. The telecoil 116 may include a core and a wire coil wrapped around the core. The core of the telecoil 116 may be made of metal.

    [0022] The audio system 105 may be configured to provide electric signals to be converted to sounds. The sounds provided by an audio system 105 may include music, voice messages, or both. The audio system 105 may be coupled with the wire loop 130 installed in/around a building, a house, or a room to provide the sounds to a user associated with a telecoil. The building may be a museum, a theater, a church, a train station, a lecture hall, or any other kind of building for public use, an office building, a shop, or any other kind of building for commercial use. Alternatively, the wire loop 130 may be installed in an open space. The audio system 105 may provide to the wire loop 130 an alternating electric current 140 corresponding to the sounds.

    [0023] Magnetic field 150 may be generated when the electric current 140 flows through the wire loop 130. When the magnetic field 150 is altered according to a change in the electric current 140, the magnetic field in the telecoil 116 may be altered, and an electric current may be induced in the telecoil 116. A voltage generated by the induced electric current in the telecoil 116 may be input to the mobile device 120, and amplified at the mobile device 120. Alternatively, the voltage generated by the induced electric current in the telecoil 116 may be amplified at the hands-free accessory 110, and the amplified voltage may be input to the mobile device 120. An electric signal may be generated by the amplified voltage, and processed at the mobile device 120.

    [0024] The hands-free accessory 110 may include an ear speaker 117. The ear speaker 117 may be configured to convert electric signals input or transmitted from the mobile device 120 to sounds. The electric signal processed at the mobile device 120 may be input or transmitted to the hands-free accessory 110, and converted to sounds at the ear speaker 117. A user 100 may hear the sounds converted at the ear speaker 117 of the hands-free accessory 110.

    [0025] FIG. 2A is a block diagram of an exemplary hands-free accessory 110 and an exemplary mobile device 120 of FIG. 1. An output terminal 211 of the hands-free accessory 110 may be configured to electrically couple with an input terminal 221 of the mobile device 120. An input terminal 212 of the hands-free accessory 110 may be configured to electrically couple with an output terminal 222 of the mobile device 120. The hand-free accessory 110 may include a microphone element 115 and the telecoil 116. The telecoil 116 may be coupled with the microphone element 115 in parallel. The microphone element 115 may also be coupled with the output terminal 211 of the hands-free device 110. One end of the telecoil 116 may be coupled with the output terminal 211 of the hands-free device 110. Inductance of the telecoil 116 may be based on the number of telecoil 116 and may be selected according to a predetermined signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). The ear speaker 117 in the hands-free accessory 110 may be coupled with the input terminal 212 of the hands-free accessory 110. The mobile device 120 may include a platform 260 including a processor 280. The mobile device 120 may also include a bias voltage circuit 230 configured to supply a bias voltage to the microphone element 115 in the hands-free accessory 110 to operate the microphone element 115. The bias voltage circuit 230 may be coupled with the input terminal 221 of the mobile device 120.

    [0026] FIG. 2B is a block diagram of another exemplary hands-free accessory 110 and an exemplary mobile device 120 of FIG. 1. The output terminal 211 of the hands-free accessory 110 may be configured to wirelessly couple with the input terminal 221 of the mobile device 120. The input terminal 212 of the hands-free accessory 110 may be configured to wirelessly couple with the output terminal 222 of the mobile device 120. The hand-free accessory 110 may include a microphone element 115 and the telecoil 116. The telecoil 116 may be coupled with the microphone element 115 in parallel. The microphone element 115 may also be coupled with the output terminal 211 of the hands-free device 110. One end of the telecoil 116 may be coupled with the output terminal 211 of the hands-free device 110. Inductance of the telecoil 116 may be set according to a predetermined SNR. The ear speaker 117 in the hands-free accessory 110 may be coupled with the input terminal 212 of the hands-free accessory 110. The hands-free accessory 110 may include the bias voltage circuit 230 configured to supply the bias voltage to the microphone element 115 in the hands-free accessory 110 to operate the microphone element 115. The mobile device 120 may include a platform 260 including the processor 280.

    [0027] FIG. 3A is a schematic diagram of another exemplary circuit in the mobile device of FIG. 1. FIG. 3B is a schematic diagram of another exemplary circuit in the mobile device 120 of FIG. 1. As illustrated in FIGs. 3A and 3B, the mobile device 120 may include a third switch 310 between the bias voltage circuit 230 and a node 320. A resistor may be located at any point between the bias voltage circuit 230 and the input terminal 221 of the mobile device 120. For example, as illustrated in FIG. 3A, a resistor 300 may be located between the bias voltage circuit 230 and a node 320. Alternatively, the resistor 300 may be located between the node 320 and the input terminal 221 of the mobile device 120. Supply of the bias voltage to the microphone element 115 may be controlled by turning on/off or closing/opening the third switch 310. The microphone element 115 may not be operated when the third switch 310 is turned off or opened. The third switch 310 may be turned off or opened to allow the user 100 to hear the sound provided by the audio system 105 without amplifying the ambient sounds and/or environmental noises. When the mobile device receives a telecommunication signal, the third switch 310 may be turned on or closed manually or automatically. For example, the processor 280 may be configured to control turning on/off or closing/opening of the third switch 310 when the mobile device 120 receives a telecommunication signal.

    [0028] Alternatively, as illustrated in FIG. 4A, the hands-free accessory 110 may include a first switch 400 located between the output terminal 211 of the hands-free accessory 110 and the microphone element 115. Alternatively, as illustrated in FIG. 4B, the hands-free accessory 110 may include a first switch 400 located between the bias voltage circuit 230 and the microphone element 115. Turning on/off or closing/opening the first switch 400 may control supply of the bias voltage to the microphone element 115. The microphone element 115 may be operated when the first switch 400 is turned on or closed, as the bias voltage is supplied to the microphone element 115. The microphone element 115 may not be operated when the first switch 400 is turned off or opened, as the bias voltage is not supplied to the microphone element 115. When the third switch 310 is turned on or closed, the microphone element 115 may convert the user's voice, ambient sounds, and/or environmental noises to electric signals, and the electric signals may be input/transmitted to the mobile device 120. The input/transmitted signals may be processed by the processor 280. When the third switch 310 is turned off or opened, the induced electric current may be generated in the telecoil 116, while the microphone element 115 may not amplify the signals converted from the ambient sounds and/ or environmental noises. Accordingly, the third switch 310 may be turned off or opened to allow the user 100 to hear the sound provided by the audio system 105 without amplifying the ambient sounds and/or environmental noises. When the mobile device 120 receives a telecommunication signal, the first switch 400 may be turned on or closed manually or automatically. For example, the processor 280 may be configured to control turning on/off or closing/opening of the first switch 400 when the mobile device 120 receives a telecommunication signal.

    [0029] Referring back to FIGs. 2A and 2B, the mobile device 120 may include a first operational amplifier 240 having a first inverting terminal and a first non-inverting terminal. The first inverting terminal of the first operational amplifier 240 may be coupled with a ground. The first non-inverting terminal of the first operational amplifier 240 may be coupled with the input terminal 221 of the mobile device 120. The mobile device 120 may also include an analog/digital (A/D) converter 245. An input port of the A/D converter 245 may be coupled with a first output terminal of the first operational amplifier 240. A signal may be input/transmitted from the output terminal 211 of the hands-free accessory 110 to the input terminal 221 of the mobile device 120. The input/transmitted signal may be amplified by the first operational amplifier 240. The A/D converter 245 may convert the amplified signal to a digital signal. The digital signal may be input to the processor 280. The processor 280 may process the input digital signal.

    [0030] The mobile device 120 may include a second operational amplifier 250 having a second inverting terminal and a second non-inverting terminal. The mobile device 120 may also include a digital/analog (D/A) converter 255. The second inverting terminal of the second operational amplifier 250 may be coupled with the ground. The second non-inverting terminal of the second operational amplifier 250 may be coupled with an output port of the D/A converter 255. A second output terminal of the second operational amplifier 250 may be coupled with the output terminal 222 of the mobile device 120. The digital signal processed by the processor 280 may be input to the D/A converter 255. The D/A converter 255 may convert the processed digital signal to an analog signal. The second operational amplifier 250 may amplify the analog signal. The amplified analog signal may be input/transmitted from the output terminal 222 of the mobile device 120 to the input terminal 212 of the hands-free accessory 110.

    [0031] The mobile device 120 may provide a platform 260 for the user 100 to send and receive communications (e.g., telephone calls, electronic mail, text messages, multi-media messages, short message service (SMS) messages, etc.), play music, search the Internet, or perform various other functions.

    [0032] Fig. 5 is a diagram of exemplary components in the platform 260. The phone platform 260 may include a bus 510, the processor 280, a memory 530, an input device 540, an output device 550, and a communication interface 560. The bus 510 may permit communication among the components of the mobile device 120. One skilled in the art would recognize that the mobile device 120 may be configured in a number of other ways and may include other or different elements. For example, the mobile device 120 may include one or more modulators, demodulators, encoders, decoders, etc., for processing data.

    [0033] The processor 280 may include a processor, a microprocessor, an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), a field programmable gate array (FPGA) or other processing logic. The processor 280 may execute software instructions/programs or data structures to control operation of the mobile device 120.

    [0034] The memory 530 may include a random access memory (RAM) or another type of dynamic storage device that stores information and instructions for execution by the processor 280; a read only memory (ROM) or another type of static storage device that stores static information and instructions for use by the processor 280; a flash memory (e.g., an electrically erasable programmable read only memory (EEPROM)) device for storing information and instructions; a hard disk drive (HDD); and/or some other type of magnetic or optical recording medium and its corresponding drive. The memory 530 may also be used to store temporary variables or other intermediate information during execution of instructions by the processor 280. Instructions used by the processor 280 may also, or alternatively, be stored in another type of computer-readable medium accessible by the processor 280. A computer-readable medium may include one or more memory devices.

    [0035] The input device 540 may include mechanisms that permit an operator to input information to the mobile device 120, such as a microphone in the mobile device 120, the microphone element 115 of the hands-free accessory 110, a keypad, control buttons, a keyboard (e.g., a QWERTY keyboard, a Dvorak keyboard, etc.), a gesture-based device, an optical character recognition (OCR) based device, a joystick, a touch-based device, a virtual keyboard, a speech-to-text engine, a mouse, a pen, a stylus, voice recognition and/or biometric mechanisms, etc. In an exemplary implementation, display may be a touch screen display that acts as an input device.

    [0036] The output device 550 may include one or more mechanisms that output information to the user 100, including a display, such as display, a printer, one or more speakers. As described above, in an exemplary implementation, the display may be a touch screen display. In such an implementation, the display may function as both an input device and an output device.

    [0037] The communication interface 560 may include a transceiver that enables the mobile device 120 to communicate with other devices and/or systems. For example, the communication interface 560 may include a modem or an Ethernet interface to a LAN. The communication interface 560 may also include mechanisms for communicating via a network, such as a wireless network. For example, the communication interface 560 may include one or more radio frequency (RF) transmitters, receivers and/or transceivers and one or more antennas for transmitting and receiving RF data via a network.

    [0038] The mobile device 120 may control turning on/off or closing/opening of the third switch 310 or the first switch 400 in response to the processor 280 executing sequences of instructions contained in a computer-readable medium, such as the memory 530. Such instructions may be read into the memory 530 from another computer-readable medium via, for example, the communication interface 560. In alternative embodiments, hardwired circuitry may be used in place of or in combination with software instructions to implement processes consistent with the invention. Thus, implementations described herein are not limited to any specific combination of hardware circuitry and software.

    [0039] FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of an exemplary circuit in the hands-free accessory 110 of FIG. 2B. The microphone element 115 may include a capacitor element 600 and a Field Effect Transistor (FET) 610. A first end of the capacitor element 600 may be coupled with a source terminal of the FET 610. A second end of the capacitor element 400 may be coupled with a gate terminal of the FET 610. -The hands-free accessory 110 may further include a second switch 620 coupled with the telecoil 116 in series. A first end of the second switch 620 may be coupled with the second end of the telecoil 116. A second end of the second switch 620 may be coupled with a drain terminal of FET 610. The second end of the second switch 620 may be coupled with the output terminal 211 of the hands-free accessory 110. The first end of the telecoil 116 may be configured to couple with the ground. The hands-free accessory 110 may include a first switch 400 located between the bias voltage circuit 230 and the microphone element 115. Turning on/off or closing/opening the first switch 400 may control supply of the bias voltage to the microphone element 115. The microphone element 115 may be operated when the first switch 400 is turned on or closed, as the bias voltage is supplied to the microphone element 115. The microphone element 115 may not be operated when the first switch 400 is turned off or opened, as the bias voltage is not supplied to the microphone element 115. When the first switch 400 is turned on or closed, the second switch 620 may be turned off or opened. When the first switch 400 is turned off or opened, the second switch 620 may be turned on or closed. In other words, the first switch 400 and the second switch 620 may be configured to automatically operate such that when one of the first switch 400 and the second switch 620 is closed, the other of the first switch 400 and the second switch 620 will be turned off or opened.

    [0040] FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of another exemplary circuit in the hands-free accessory 110 of FIG. 2B. The microphone element 115 may include the capacitor element 600 and the FET 610. The hands-free accessory 110 may further include a capacitor 700 coupled with the telecoil 116 in series. A first end of the capacitor 700 may be coupled with the second end of the telecoil 116. A second end of the capacitor 700 may be coupled with the drain terminal. The second end of the capacitor 700 may be coupled with the output terminal 211 of the hands-free accessory 110. The first end of the telecoil 116 may be configured to couple with the ground. The capacitor 700 may reduce a Direct Current (DC) element from a signal detected by the telecoil 116. The hands-free accessory 110 may include a first switch 400 located between the bias voltage circuit 230 and the microphone element 115. Turning on/off or closing/opening the first switch 400 may control supply of the bias voltage to the microphone element 115. The microphone element 115 may be operated when the first switch 400 is turned on or closed, as the bias voltage is supplied to the microphone element 115. The microphone element 115 may not be operated when the first switch 400 is turned off or opened, as the bias voltage is not supplied to the microphone element 115.

    [0041] The same or similar configurations of the microphone elements 115, the telecoil 116, and the capacitor 700 as illustrated in FIGs. 6 and 7 may be implemented for the configurations illustrated in FIG. 2A.

    [0042] The hands-free accessory 110 may further include a housing. The microphone element 115 and the telecoil 116 may be located in the housing.

    [0043] The hands-free accessory 116 may further include a shield configured to reduce electric interference between the telecoil 116 and the microphone element 115. The shield may be arranged between the microphone element 115 and the telecoil 116.

    [0044] The bias voltage provided by the bias voltage circuit 230 may be set to operate the FET 610 in the microphone element 115. When the third switch 310 or the first switch 400 is turned off or opened, the bias voltage may not be supplied to the FET 610. Accordingly, the microphone element 115 may not operate, since the FET 610 may be off.

    [0045] Referring to FIGs. 2A and 2B, when the microphone element 115 does not operate, a telecoil signal voltage between the first end and the second end of the telecoil 116 may be input/transmitted to the input terminal 221 of the mobile device 120 via the output terminal 221 of the hands-free accessory 110. The first operational amplifier 240 may amplify the telecoil signal voltage input/transmitted to the mobile device 112. The A/D converter 245 may convert the amplified telecoil signal voltage to a digital signal. The digital signal may be processed by the processor 280. The D/A converter 255 may convert the processed digital signal to an analog signal. The second operational amplifier 250 may amplify the analog signal from the D/A converter 255. The amplified analog signal may be input/transmitted to the input terminal 212 of the hands-free accessory 110 via the output terminal 222 of the mobile device 120. The amplified analog signal may be converted to sounds at the ear speaker 117.

    EXAMPLARY IMPLEMENTATION



    [0046] Referring back to FIG. 1, the user 100 may carry the hands-free accessory 110 associated with the mobile device 120. Assume that the user 100 is located in a place where the wire loop 130 coupled with the audio system 105 is installed. The audio system 105 may provide to the wire loop 130 an alternating electric current 140 corresponding to sounds. Magnetic field 150 may be generated when the electric current 140 flows through the wire loop 130. When the magnetic field 150 is altered according to a change in the electric current 140, the magnetic field in the telecoil 116 may be altered, and an electric current may be induced in the telecoil 116. Referring back to FIGs. 3A and 3B, the user 100 may turn off or open the third switch 310 in the mobile device 120. Alternatively, referring back to FIGs. 4A and 4B, the user 100 may turn off or open the first switch 400 in the hands-free accessory 110. Referring back to FIGS. 2A and 2B, a voltage generated by the induced electric current in the telecoil 116 may be input or transmitted to the mobile device 120, and amplified by the operational amplifier 240 in the mobile device 120. The amplified voltage may be converted to a digital signal by the A/D converter 245, and processed by the processor 280. The processed digital signal may be converted to an analog signal by the D/A converter 255, and amplified by the operational amplifier 250. The amplified analog signal may be input or transmitted to the hand-free accessory 110. The input or transmitted signal may be further modulated at the hands-free accessoryl 10. The ear speaker 117 may convert the signals input or transmitted from the mobile device 120 or the modulated signal to sounds. The user 100 may hear the sounds converted at the ear speaker 117 of the hands-free accessory 110, while the sound may not include amplified ambient sound and/or environmental noises. Referring back to FIGs. 3A and 3B, when the user 100 wants to use telecommunication services, the user 100 may turn on or close the third switch 310 in the mobile device 120. Alternatively, when the mobile device 120 receives telecommunication signals, the third switch 310 may turn on or close automatically. Alternatively, referring back to FIGs. 4A and 4B, when the user 100 wants to use telecommunication services, the user 100 may turn off or open the first switch 400 in the hands-free accessory 110. Alternatively, when the mobile device 120 receives telecommunication signals, the first switch 400 may be turn on or close automatically. When the third switch 310 or 400 is turned on or closed, the telecoil 116 may be electrically coupled with the wire loop 130 to effectively amplify sounds that will be provided to the user 100.

    CONCLUSION



    [0047] The foregoing description of the embodiments described herein provides illustration and description, but is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the implementations to the precise form disclosed. Modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teachings or may be acquired from the practice of the teachings.

    [0048] It will also be apparent to one of ordinary skill in the art that aspects of the invention, as described above, may be implemented in computer devices, cellular communication devices/systems, media playing devices, methods, and/or computer program products. Accordingly, aspects described herein may be embodied in hardware and/or in software (including firmware, resident software, micro-code, etc.). Furthermore, aspects described herein may take the form of a computer program product on a computer-usable or computer-readable storage medium having computer-usable or computer-readable program code embodied in the medium for use by or in connection with an instruction execution system. The actual software code or specialized control hardware is not limited to implement aspects consistent with the described. Thus, the operation and behavior of the aspects were described without reference to the specific software code--it being understood that one of ordinary skill in the art would be able to design software and control hardware to implement the aspects based on the description herein.

    [0049] The terms "comprises/comprising" "include/including" as used herein specifies the presence of stated features, integers, steps, or components, but does not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, integers, steps, components, or groups thereof.

    [0050] No element, act, or instruction used in the description of the present application should be construed as critical or essential to the embodiments described unless explicitly described as such. Also, as used herein, the article "a" or "an" is intended to include one or more items.

    [0051] As used herein, the term "coupled" should be construed as the joining of two members directly, indirectly, electrically, or wirelessly to one another. Such joining may be stationary in nature or movable in nature and/or such joining may allow for the flow of electricity, electrical signals, radio frequency signals, or other types of signals or communication between two members. Such joining may be achieved with the two members or the two members and any additional intermediate members being integrally formed as a single unitary body with one another or with the two members or the two members and any additional intermediate members being attached to one another. Such joining may be permanent in nature or alternatively may be removable or releasable in nature.

    [0052] As used herein, the terms "include," "for example," "such as," and the like are used illustratively and are not intended to limit the embodiments.


    Claims

    1. A hands-free accessory (110) for a mobile device (120), comprising:

    a microphone element (115); and

    a telecoil (116) electrically arranged in parallel with the microphone element;

    wherein the parallel arrangement of the microphone element (115) and the telecoil (116) electrically connect audio signals produced by the microphone element (115) and the telecoil (116) to an output terminal (211) of the hands-free accessory, and

    wherein an induced electric current is generated in the telecoil by a magnetic field (150) generated by an electric current (140) flowing in a wire loop (130) outside the hands-free accessory (110).


     
    2. The hands-free accessory (110) of claim 1, further comprising:

    an ear speaker (117) coupled with an input terminal (212) of the hands-free accessory (110).


     
    3. The hands-free accessory (110) of claim 1, further comprising:

    a first switch coupled between the microphone element (115) and the telecoil (116).


     
    4. The hands-free accessory of claim 3, wherein the first switch is automatically turned on or closed when the telecommunication signal is input or transmitted to the hands-free accessory (110) from the mobile device (120).
     
    5. The hands-free accessory (110) of claim 1, wherein the microphone element (115) comprises:

    a capacitor element (600), and

    a Field Effect Transistor (FET) (610), wherein

    a first end of the capacitor element is coupled with a source terminal of the FET,
    a second end of the capacitor element is coupled with a gate terminal of the FET,
    a first end of the telecoil is coupled with the source terminal of the FET, and
    a second end of the telecoil is coupled with a drain terminal of the FET.
     
    6. The hands-free accessory (110) of claim 1, further comprising:

    a capacitor (700) coupled with the telecoil (116) in series, or

    a second switch (620) coupled with the telecoil (116) in series, wherein

    a first end of the capacitor (700) or a first end of the second switch is coupled with a second end of the telecoil (116), and
    a second end of the capacitor (700) or a second end of the second switch (620) is coupled with the output terminal (211) of the hands-free accessory.
     
    7. The hands-free accessory (110) of claim 6, wherein the microphone element (115) comprises:

    a capacitor element (600), and

    a FET (610),

    wherein a first end of the capacitor element (600) is coupled with a source terminal of the FET, a second end of the capacitor element (600) is coupled with a gate terminal of the FET,
    a first end of the telecoil (116) is coupled with the source terminal of the FET, and
    the second end of the capacitor (700) or the second end of the second switch is coupled with a drain terminal of the FET.
     
    8. The hands-free accessory (110) of claim 1, further comprising:

    a shield configured to reduce electric interference between the telecoil (116) and the microphone element (115).


     
    9. A mobile device system (170), comprising:

    a hands-free accessory (110) comprising:

    a microphone element (115); and

    a telecoil (116) electrically arranged in parallel with the microphone element (115);

    wherein the parallel arrangement of the microphone element (115) and the telecoil (116) electrically connect audio signals produced by the microphone (115) and the telecoil (116) to an output terminal (211) of the hands-free accessory (110), and

    wherein an induced electric current is generated in the telecoil by a magnetic field (150) generated by an electric current (140) flowing in a wire loop (130) outside the hands-free accessory (110); and

    a mobile device (120) comprising:

    an input terminal (221) coupled with an output terminal (211) of the hands-free accessory (110);

    a bias voltage circuit (230) configured to supply a bias voltage to the microphone element (115), the bias voltage circuit coupled with the input terminal (221) of the mobile device (120); and

    a processor (280) configured to process a signal input or transmitted to the mobile device (120) from the input terminal (221) of the mobile device (120).


     
    10. The mobile device system (170) of claim 9, wherein the microphone element (115) comprises a Field Effect Transistor (FET) (610), and the bias voltage is set to operate the FET in the microphone element.
     
    11. The mobile device system (170) of claim 9, further comprising:

    a resistor (300) between the bias voltage circuit (230) and the input terminal (221) of the mobile device (120).


     
    12. The mobile device system (170) of claim 9, further comprising:

    a first operational amplifier (240) having a first inverting terminal and a first non-inverting terminal; and

    an analog/digital (A/D) converter (245),

    wherein the first inverting terminal is coupled with a ground, and the first non-inverting terminal is coupled with the input terminal (221) of the mobile device (120), and
    wherein an input port of the A/D converter (245) is coupled with a first output terminal of the first operational amplifier (240), and an output port of the A/D converter (245) is coupled with an input port of the processor (280).
     
    13. The mobile device system (170) of claim 9, further comprising:

    a third switch (310) between the bias voltage circuit (230) and a point (320) coupling the bias voltage circuit (230) and the input terminal (221) of the mobile device (120).


     
    14. The mobile device system (170) of claim 9, further comprising:

    a digital/analog (D/A) converter (255); and

    a second operational amplifier (250) having a second inverting terminal, a second non-inverting terminal, and a second output terminal,

    wherein an input port of the D/A converter (255) is coupled with an output port of the processor (280), and
    wherein the second inverting terminal is coupled with a ground, the second non-inverting terminal is coupled with an output port of the D/A converter (255), and the second output terminal is coupled with an output terminal (222) of the mobile device (120).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Freisprechzubehör (110) für ein Mobilgerät (120) umfassend:

    ein Mikrofonelement (115); und

    eine parallel zum Mikrofonelement elektrisch angeordnete Telespule (116);

    wobei die parallele Anordnung des Mikrofonelements (115) und die Telespule (116) durch das Mikrofonelement (115) und die Telespule (116) erzeugte Audiosignale mit einem Ausgangsterminal (211) des Freisprechzubehörs elektrisch verbinden, und

    wobei ein induzierter elektrischer Strom in der Telespule durch ein Magnetfeld (150) erzeugt wird, das durch einen außerhalb des Freisprechzubehörs (110) in einer Drahtschleife (130) fließenden elektrischen Strom (140) erzeugt wird.


     
    2. Freisprechzubehör (110) nach Anspruch 1, zusätzlich umfassend:

    einen mit einem Eingangsterminal (212) des Freisprechzubehörs (110) gekoppelten Ohrlautsprecher (117).


     
    3. Freisprechzubehör (110) nach Anspruch 1, zusätzlich umfassend:

    einen zwischen dem Mikrofonelement (115) und der Telespule (116) gekoppelten ersten Schalter.


     
    4. Freisprechzubehör nach Anspruch 3, wobei der erste Schalter automatisch eingeschaltet oder abgeschaltet wird, wenn das Telekommunikationssignal in das Freisprechzubehör (110) eingegeben oder an dasselbe Freisprechzubehör vom Mobilgerät (120) übertragen wird.
     
    5. Freisprechzubehör (110) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Mikrofonelement (115) umfasst:

    ein Kondensatorelement (600) und

    einen Feldeffekttransistor (FET) (610), wobei

    ein erstes Ende des Kondensatorelements mit einem Quellenterminal des FETs gekoppelt ist,

    ein zweites Ende des Kondensatorelements mit einem Gateterminal des FETs gekoppelt ist,

    ein erstes Ende der Telespule mit dem Quellenterminal des FETs gekoppelt ist, und

    ein zweites Ende der Telespule mit einem Drainterminal des FETs gekoppelt ist.


     
    6. Freisprechzubehör (110) nach Anspruch 1, zusätzlich umfassend:

    einen mit der Telespule (116) in Reihe geschalteten Kondensator (700) oder

    einen mit der Telespule (116) in Reihe geschalteten zweiten Schalter (620),

    wobei

    ein erstes Ende des Kondensators (700) oder ein erstes Ende des zweiten Schalters mit einem zweiten Ende der Telespule (116) gekoppelt ist, und

    ein zweites Ende des Kondensators (700) oder ein zweites Ende des zweiten Schalters (620) mit dem Ausgangsterminal (211) des Freisprechzubehörs gekoppelt ist.


     
    7. Freisprechzubehör (110) nach Anspruch 6, wobei das Mikrofonelement (115) umfasst:

    ein Kondensatorelement (600) und

    einen FET (610),

    wobei ein erstes Ende des Kondensatorelements (600) mit einem Quellenterminal des FETs gekoppelt ist,

    ein zweites Ende des Kondensatorelements (600) mit einem Gateterminal des FETs gekoppelt ist,

    ein erstes Ende der Telespule (116) mit dem Quellenterminal des FETs gekoppelt ist, und

    das zweite Ende des Kondensators (700) oder das zweite Ende des zweiten Schalters mit einem Drainterminal des FETs gekoppelt ist.


     
    8. Freisprechzubehör (110) nach Anspruch 1, zusätzlich umfassend:

    eine zur Verminderung elektrischer Interferenz zwischen der Telespule (116) und dem Mikrofonelement (115) ausgelegte Abschirmung.


     
    9. Mobilgerätsystem (170), welches umfasst:

    ein Freisprechzubehör (110) umfassend:

    ein Mikrofonelement (115); und

    eine parallel zum Mikrofonelement (115) elektrisch angeordnete Telespule (116);

    wobei die parallele Anordnung des Mikrofonelements (115) und die Telespule (116) durch das Mikrofon (115) und die Telespule (116) erzeugte Audiosignale mit einem Ausgangsterminal (211) des Freisprechzubehörs (110) elektrisch verbinden, und

    wobei ein induzierter elektrischer Strom in der Telespule durch ein Magnetfeld (150) erzeugt wird, das durch einen außerhalb des Freisprechzubehörs (110) in einer Drahtschleife (130) fließenden elektrischen Strom (140) erzeugt wird; und

    ein Mobilgerät (120), welches umfasst:

    ein mit einem Ausgangsterminal (211) des Freisprechzubehörs (110) gekoppeltes Eingangsterminal (221);

    eine Vorspannungsschaltung (230), die zum Liefern einer Vorspannung an das Mikrofonelement (115) ausgelegt ist, welche Vorspannungsschaltung mit dem Eingangsterminal (221) des Mobilgeräts (120) gekoppelt ist; und

    einen Prozessor (280), der so ausgelegt ist, dass er ein in das Mobilgerät (120) eingegebenes oder an dasselbe Mobilgerät übertragenes Signal vom Eingangsterminal (221) des Mobilgeräts (120) verarbeitet.


     
    10. Mobilgerätsystem (170) nach Anspruch 9, wobei das Mikrofonelement (115) einen Feldeffekttransistor (FET) (610) umfasst, und die Vorspannungsschaltung eingestellt ist, um den FET im Mikrofonelement zu betreiben.
     
    11. Mobilgerätsystem (170) nach Anspruch 9, zusätzlich umfassend:

    einen Widerstand (300) zwischen der Vorspannungsschaltung (230) und dem Eingangsterminal (221) des Mobilgeräts (120).


     
    12. Mobilgerätsystem (170) nach Anspruch 9, zusätzlich umfassend:

    einen ein erstes invertierendes Terminal und ein erstes nicht-invertierendes Terminal aufweisenden ersten Operationsverstärker (240); und

    einen (A/D) Analog-Digital-Wandler (245),

    wobei das erste invertierende Terminal erdverbunden ist, und das erste nicht-invertierende Terminal mit dem Eingangsterminal (221) des Mobilgeräts (120) gekoppelt ist, und

    wobei ein Eingangstor des A/D-Wandlers (245) mit einem ersten Ausgangsterminal des ersten Operationsverstärkers (240) gekoppelt ist, und ein Ausgangstor des A/D-Wandlers (245) mit einem Eingangstor des Prozessors (280) gekoppelt ist.


     
    13. Mobilgerätsystem (170) nach Anspruch 9, zusätzlich umfassend:

    einen dritten Schalter (310) zwischen der Vorspannungsschaltung (230) und einem Punkt (320), welcher die Vorspannungsschaltung (230) und das Eingangsterminal (221) des Mobilgeräts (120) koppelt.


     
    14. Mobilgerätsystem (170) nach Anspruch 9, zusätzlich umfassend:

    einen (D/A) Digital-Analog-Wandler (255); und

    einen ein zweites invertierendes Terminal, ein zweites nicht-invertierendes Terminal und ein zweites Ausgangsterminal aufweisenden zweiten Operationsverstärker (250),

    wobei ein Eingangstor des D/A-Wandlers (255) mit einem Ausgangstor des Prozessors (280) gekoppelt ist, und

    wobei das zweite invertierende Terminal erdverbunden ist, das zweite nicht-invertierende Terminal mit einem Ausgangstor des D/A-Wandlers (255) gekoppelt ist, und das zweite Ausgangsterminal mit einem Ausgangsterminal (222) des Mobilgeräts (120) gekoppelt ist.


     


    Revendications

    1. Accessoire mains libres (110) pour un dispositif mobile (120), comprenant:

    un élément de microphone (115); et

    une bobine téléphonique (116) arrangée électriquement en parallèle avec l'élément de microphone;

    dans lequel l'arrangement en parallèle de l'élément de microphone (115) et la bobine téléphonique (116) connecte électriquement des signaux audio produits par l'élément de microphone (115) et la bobine téléphonique (116) à une borne de sortie (211) de l'accessoire personnel, et

    dans lequel un courant électrique induit est généré dans la bobine téléphonique par un champ magnétique (150) généré par un courant électrique (140) s'écoulant dans un boucle de fil (130) en dehors de l'accessoire mains libres (110).


     
    2. Accessoire mains libres (110) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre:

    un haut-parleur d'oreille (117) couplé à une borne d'entrée (212) de l'accessoire mains libres (110).


     
    3. Accessoire mains libres (110) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre:

    un premier commutateur couplé entre l'élément microphone (115) et la bobine téléphonique (116).


     
    4. Accessoire mains libres selon la revendication 3, dans lequel le premier commutateur est automatiquement activé ou fermé lorsque le signal de télécommunication est entré ou transmis à l'accessoire mains libres (110) à partir du dispositif mobile (120).
     
    5. Accessoire mains libres (110) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'élément de microphone (115) comprend:

    un élément de condensateur (600), et

    un transistor d'effet de champ (FET) (610), où

    une première extrémité de l'élément de condensateur est couplée à une borne de source du FET,

    une deuxième extrémité de l'élément de condensateur est couplée à une borne de grille du FET,

    une première extrémité de la bobine téléphonique est couplée à une borne de source du FET, et

    une deuxième extrémité de la bobine téléphonique est couplée à une borne de drain du FET.


     
    6. Accessoire mains libres (110) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre:

    un condensateur (700) couplé à la bobine téléphonique (116) en série, ou

    un deuxième commutateur (620) couplé à la bobine téléphonique (116) en série, où

    une première extrémité du condensateur (700) ou une première extrémité du deuxième commutateur est couplée à une deuxième extrémité de la bobine téléphonique (116), et

    une deuxième extrémité du condensateur (700) ou une deuxième extrémité du deuxième commutateur (620) est couplée à la borne de sortie (211) de l'accessoire mains libres.


     
    7. Accessoire mains libres (110) selon la revendication 6, dans lequel l'élément de microphone (115) comprend:

    un élément de condensateur (600), et

    un FET (610),

    où une première extrémité de l'élément de condensateur (600) est couplée à une borne de source du FET,

    une deuxième extrémité de l'élément de condensateur (600) est couplée à une borne de grille du FET,

    une première extrémité de la bobine téléphonique (116) est couplée à une borne de source du FET, et

    la deuxième extrémité du condensateur (700) ou la deuxième extrémité du deuxième commutateur est couplée à une borne de drain du FET.


     
    8. Accessoire mains libres (110) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre:

    un blindage configuré pour réduire les interférences électriques entre la bobine téléphonique (116) et l'élément microphone (115).


     
    9. Système de dispositif mobil (170), comprenant:

    un accessoire mains libres (110) comprenant:

    un élément de microphone (115); et

    une bobine téléphonique (116) arrangée électriquement en parallèle avec l'élément de microphone (115);

    dans lequel l'arrangement en parallèle de l'élément de microphone (115) et la bobine téléphonique (116) connecte électriquement les signaux audio produits par le microphone (115) et la bobine téléphonique (116) à une borne de sortie (211) de l'accessoire mains libres (110), et

    dans lequel un courant électrique induit est généré dans la bobine téléphonique par un champ magnétique (150) généré par un courant électrique (140) s'écoulant dans un boucle de fil (130) en dehors de l'accessoire mains libres (110); et

    un dispositif mobil (120), comprenant:

    une borne d'entrée (221) couplée à une borne de sortie (211) de l'accessoire mains libres (110);

    un circuit de tension de polarisation (230) configuré pour fournir une tension de polarisation à l'élément de microphone (115), le circuit de tension de polarisation couplé à la borne d'entrée (221) du dispositif mobile (120); et

    un processeur (280) configuré pour traiter un signal entré ou transmis au dispositif mobile (120) à partir de la borne d'entrée (221) du dispositif mobile (120).


     
    10. Système de dispositif mobile (170) selon la revendication 9, dans lequel l'élément de microphone (115) comprend un transistor à effet de champ (FET) (610), et la tension de polarisation est configurée pour faire fonctionner le FET dans l'élément de microphone.
     
    11. Système de dispositif mobil (170) selon la revendication 9, comprenant en outre:

    une résistance (300) entre le circuit de tension de polarisation (230) et la borne d'entrée (221) du dispositif mobile (120).


     
    12. Système de dispositif mobil (170) selon la revendication 9, comprenant en outre:

    un premier amplificateur opérationnel (240) ayant une première borne inverseuse et une première borne non inverseuse; et

    un convertisseur analogique/numérique (A/N) (245),

    dans lequel la première borne inverseuse est couplée à une masse et la première borne non inverseuse est couplée à la borne d'entrée (221) du dispositif mobile (120), et

    et dans lequel un port d'entrée du convertisseur A/N (245) est couplé à une première borne de sortie du premier amplificateur opérationnel (240), et un port de sortie du convertisseur A/N (245) est couplé à un port d'entrée du processeur (280).


     
    13. Système de dispositif mobil (170) selon la revendication 9, comprenant en outre:

    un troisième commutateur (310) entre le circuit de tension de polarisation (230) et un point (320) couplant le circuit de tension de polarisation (230) et la borne d'entrée (221) du dispositif mobile (120).


     
    14. Système de dispositif mobil (170) selon la revendication 9, comprenant en outre:

    un convertisseur numérique/analogique (N/A) (255); et

    un deuxième amplificateur opérationnel (250) ayant une deuxième borne inverseuse, une deuxième borne non inverseuse et une deuxième borne de sortie,

    dans lequel un port d'entrée du convertisseur N/A (255) est couplé à un port de sortie du processeur (280), et

    dans lequel la deuxième borne inverseuse est couplée à une masse, la deuxième borne non inverseuse est couplée à un port de sortie du convertisseur N/A (255), et la deuxième borne de sortie est couplée à une borne de sortie (222) du dispositif mobile (120).


     




    Drawing
























    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description