(19)
(11)EP 2 664 953 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
11.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/50

(21)Application number: 13165173.9

(22)Date of filing:  24.04.2013
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G02B 7/10(2006.01)
G02B 7/14(2006.01)
G03B 3/10(2006.01)
G02B 7/28(2006.01)
H04N 5/232(2006.01)
G03B 17/14(2006.01)

(54)

Interchangeable lens, camera, and camera system

Auswechselbare Objektive, Kamera und Kamerasystem

Lentille interchangeable, caméra et système de caméra


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 15.05.2012 JP 2012111886

(43)Date of publication of application:
20.11.2013 Bulletin 2013/47

(73)Proprietor: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
Tokyo 146-8501 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • Ohara, Toru
    Ohta-ku, Tokyo (JP)
  • Uchiyama, Minoru
    Ohta-ku, Tokyo (JP)

(74)Representative: Williamson, Brian 
Canon Europe Limited European Patent Department 3 The Square Stockley Park
Uxbridge, Middlesex UB11 1ET
Uxbridge, Middlesex UB11 1ET (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 2 615 823
US-A1- 2005 254 143
US-A1- 2011 292 272
US-A1- 2002 191 973
US-A1- 2010 232 775
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to an interchangeable lens, a camera, and a camera system.

    Description of the Related Art



    [0002] Until now, contrast automatic focusing (AF) methods have been used as the automatic focusing method when capturing a moving image, in which a focus lens is wobbled as it is moved to an in-focus position while a captured image signal is used to determine the focusing state . If a lens with high optical sensitivity, such as the focus lens, is moved it is also known that the movement causes a change in image magnification depending on parameters, such as, focal length and F-number. For this reason the focus lens can be wobbled to make the change in image magnification conspicuous.

    [0003] As a countermeasure of this, Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2010-271696 discusses a technique, in which association information is stored that information about the position of a variator lens is associated with information about a rate of change in image magnification caused by performing wobbling control of the focus lens, and the wobbling control is changed based on the information. The association information is transmitted from an interchangeable lens to a camera or camera body in an initial communication when the interchangeable lens is mounted on the camera body, which results in it taking a long time to complete the initial communication.

    [0004] US 2011/0292272 discloses an imaging apparatus, in which an imager generates an imaged picture by converting incident light from a subject that is incident via a focus lens. A setting unit sets, as a movement range for the focus lens, a range of focus lens positions corresponding to imaging magnifications where the rate of change in the imaging magnification lies within a fixed range from a basis, the basis being an imaging magnification corresponding to the position of the focus lens. A focus controller configured to conduct focus control with respect to the subject by moving the focus lens in the set movement range.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0005] The present invention is directed to an interchangeable lens, a camera, and a camera system in which information is efficiently transferred between an interchangeable lens and a camera body with respect to change in image magnification caused by the movement of a focus lens to decrease the time required for initial communication.

    [0006] According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided an interchangeable lens as specified in claims 1 to 4. According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a camera as specified in claims 5 to 7. According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method as specified in claim 8. According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method as specified in claim 9. According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a camera system as specified in claim 10.

    [0007] Further features and aspects of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description of embodiments with reference to the attached drawings. Each of the embodiments of the present invention described below can be implemented solely or as a combination of a plurality of the embodiments or features thereof where necessary or where the combination of elements or features from individual embodiments in a single embodiment is beneficial.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0008] The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of the specification, illustrate embodiments, features, and aspects of the invention and, together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the invention.

    Fig. 1 is a block diagram illustrating a camera system according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 2 illustrates a timing chart of a communication between a camera and a lens and operation thereof.

    Figs. 3A and 3B illustrate the influence of a change in image magnification on screens.

    Figs. 4A, 4B, and 4C illustrate a relationship of the amount of change in image magnification to a focus lens position, a variator lens position, and F-number.

    Fig. 5 is a flow chart illustrating a flow performed in an interchangeable lens.

    Fig. 6 is a flow chart illustrating a flow performed in a camera body.


    DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS



    [0009] Various embodiments, features, and aspects of the invention will be described in detail below with reference to the drawings.

    [0010] Fig. 1 is a block diagram illustrating a camera system including an interchangeable lens and a camera body (a camera) according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0011] A configuration of the camera system is described below with reference to Fig. 1. The camera system according to the embodiment of the present invention includes an interchangeable lens 100 and a camera body 200.

    [0012] The interchangeable lens 100 is detachable from the camera body 200. Mount portions of the interchangeable lens 100 and the camera body 200 are coupled to each other to connect their respective power supply pins and communication pins with each other, enabling bidirectional communication.

    [0013] The interchangeable lens 100 is composed of an optical member and a portion for controlling the optical member. The optical member includes a variator lens 101 which moves in an optical axis direction to change a focal length, a focus lens 102 which moves in the optical axis direction to change a focusing state of an object image, and a diaphragm 103 which adjusts the amount of light. These optical components appropriately adjust the amount of light incident on the camera body 200 to form an image on an image sensor 201 of the camera body 200.

    [0014] The portion for controlling the optical member includes a lens communication unit 104 which communicates with a camera microcomputer 202 and actuators, such as a focus motor 105 for moving the focus lens 102 and a diaphragm motor 106 for driving the diaphragm 103. A stepping motor may be used for the focus motor 105 and the diaphragm motor 106.

    [0015] If the stepping motor is used, the amount of pulses driven after a reset operation is counted to detect a position of an object. For other actuators, a position detection unit is separately provided to detect a focus lens position and a diaphragm position.

    [0016] Furthermore, there are provided a focus driver 107 for driving the focus motor 105 and a diaphragm driver 108 for driving the diaphragm motor 106. A lens microcomputer 109 controls the focus driver 107 and the diaphragm driver 108 to appropriately control the optical members.

    [0017] A zoom operation unit 110 operates the variator lens 101 to change a focal length. The zoom operation unit 110 and the variator lens 101 operate together via a mechanical member such as a zoom ring, for example, to adjust the position of the variator lens 101. There are provided a zoom position detection unit 111 including a potentiometer for detecting the position of the variator lens 101, and an analog-to-digital (AD) converter in the lens microcomputer 109 which converts the position of the variator lens 101 into an electric signal to detect the position of the variator lens 101 as a digital signal. Previously storing corresponding data between the position of the variator lens 101 and the focal length allows the lens microcomputer 109 to refer to results output from the zoom position detection unit 111 to obtain the focal length.

    [0018] Previously storing corresponding data between the position of the focus lens and an object distance allows the lens microcomputer 109 to obtain the object distance from the position of the focus lens.

    [0019] Similarly, previously storing corresponding data between a diaphragm position and an F-number (an aperture value) allows the lens microcomputer 109 to obtain the F-number from the diaphragm position.

    [0020] A memory 112 as a storage unit stores data corresponding to the amount of change in image magnification in a case where the focus lens 102 is moved by a prescribed amount in positions of the variator and the focus lens. In other words, the memory 112 stores information corresponding to the amount of change in image magnification in a case where the focus lens 102 is moved by a predetermined amount when the variator lens 101 and the focus lens 102 lie in their respective predetermined positions. The prescribed amount may be taken as an amount of movement of the focus lens 102 in changing a prescribed amount of defocus (F = 1, value Δ = prescribed amount), for example. If the value Δ is taken with a circle-of-confusion diameter of an optical system of the interchangeable lens as a reference, the value Δ may be similarly standardized even if the optical system of the interchangeable lens is changed.

    [0021] As described above, the position of the variator lens corresponds to the focal length and the position of the focus lens also corresponds to the object distance. For this reason, instead of the position of the variator lens and the position of the focus lens, data may correspond to the amount of change in image magnification, which corresponds to the focal length and the object distance.

    [0022] The camera body 200 includes an image sensor 201, which forms an image of light passing through the interchangeable lens 100 and converts the image into an electric signal. A video signal, which is converted into the electric signal by the image sensor 201, is sent to a video processing unit 203 to be subjected to video processing, such as luminance adjustment, a change in video size, white balance adjustment, and color adjustment for producing an appropriate image. The video information subjected to an appropriate video processing by the video processing unit 203 is sent to a display device 204, such as a liquid crystal panel, as an output unit and a recording unit 205 formed of a semiconductor storage device, a hard disk and a magnetic tape, and displayed on the display device 204 and stored in the recording unit 205. The video data subjected to the video processing by the video processing unit 203 is sent to an AF unit 206 and an automatic exposure (AE) unit 207.

    [0023] The AF unit 206 extracts data on contrast from the video information to generate information about a focus evaluation value to determine to what extent the data are in focus, generating information for drive control of the focus lens 102 of the interchangeable lens 100. The AE unit 207 extracts information about luminance from the video information to generate information about AE evaluation to determine whether exposure exceeds or not, generating information for controlling the diaphragm 103 of the interchangeable lens 100. The camera microcomputer 202 for controlling the units inside the camera body 200 communicates with the lens communication unit 104 of the interchangeable lens 100 via a camera communication unit 208. The camera body 200 receives information inside the interchangeable lens 100, such as information about a current focus lens position, a variator lens position, and a diaphragm, for example. The camera body 200 transmits information for controlling each lens to the interchangeable lens 100 via the camera communication unit 208 based on the above information and the information of the AF unit 206, the AE unit 207, and the video processing unit 203. The interchangeable lens 100 controls each lens based on the received information.

    [0024] Communication between the interchangeable lens 100 and the camera body 200 and timing of various operations are described below with reference to Fig. 2.

    [0025] Fig. 2 illustrates a schematic operation diagram with various operations arranged in the ordinate and time elapse in the abscissa.

    [0026] In Fig. 2, LTC (lens to camera) indicates communication from the interchangeable lens 100 to the camera body 200. A "High" period of the LTC indicates a period for which the interchangeable lens 100 transmits data to the camera body 200. Similarly, CTL (camera to lens) indicates communication from the camera body 200 to the interchangeable lens 100. A "High" period of the CTL indicates a period for which the camera body 200 transmits data to the interchangeable lens 100. The LTC and the CTL communication are performed in a first period.

    [0027] In Fig. 2, generation of AF drive command indicates a timing at which the AF drive command for the interchangeable lens 100 is generated in the camera body 200, and the generation period of the AF drive command is expressed by a square. Similarly, an AF drive command indicates processing for actually driving the focus lens in the interchangeable lens 100 based on the AF drive command received from the camera body 200, and a period for which the focus lens is driven is expressed by a square. The processing for driving the focus lens refers to preparations for driving the focus lens by transmitting a target position and a driving speed of the focus lens to the focus driver 107. The communication of the AF drive command is performed in a second period. The second period is longer than the first period and twice as long as the first period, for example.

    [0028] In Fig. 2, calculation of image magnification indicates a period, for which the amount of change in image magnification is calculated, and is expressed by a square.

    [0029] In Fig. 2, a focus lens position schematically indicates how the focus lens position is changed by the drive command of the focus lens specified by the AF drive command. The ordinate indicates the position of the focus lens.

    [0030] Communication between the interchangeable lens 100 and the camera body 200 is periodically performed according to storage time of the image sensor.

    [0031] A series of flows is described below. The interchangeable lens 100 transmits the focus lens position and the amount of change in image magnification to the camera body 200 by communication at a timing at which the LTC is "High" (<1> in Fig. 2). The camera body 200 calculates the AF evaluation value from the video data obtained by the image sensor 201.

    [0032] The camera body 200 calculates a position, direction, amount, and speed in which the focus lens is moved based on the position of the focus lens 102 transmitted from the interchangeable lens 100 and the calculated AF evaluation value in the period for which the AF drive command is generated (<2> in Fig. 2). The camera body 200 transmits the calculated information (the position, direction, amount, and speed) as the AF drive command to the interchangeable lens 100 at a timing at which the CTL is "High" (<3> in Fig. 2).

    [0033] The interchangeable lens 100 receives the information to perform processing for actually operating the focus lens 102 in a period of the AF drive command (<4> in Fig. 2). The interchangeable lens 100 calculates a position (an expected position) that the focus lens 102 is expected to arrive at the next timing of "High" in the LTC before the next timing of "High" in the LTC (<5> in Fig. 2) comes. The zoom position detection unit 111 obtains the present position of the variator lens. The interchangeable lens 100 selects data corresponding to the present positions of the zoom and focus lenses from the data corresponding to the amount of change in image magnification previously stored in the memory 112. The interchangeable lens 100 obtains the amount of change in image magnification corresponding to the present F-number of the interchangeable lens 100 using the selected data and the present F-number. The amount of change in image magnification corresponding to the F-number may be obtained by simply multiplying the data corresponding to the present positions of the zoom and focus lenses by the present F-number, or further multiplying any coefficient thereby. As described above, the F-number corresponds to the position of the diaphragm. For this reason, the position of a diaphragm may be used instead of the F-number. The interchangeable lens 100 transmits information about the calculated expected position and the amount of change in image magnification of the focus lens 102 to the camera body 200 at the next timing of "High" in the LTC (<5> in Fig. 2).

    [0034] Such a series of operations is repeated to periodically (in a V period, for example) notify the camera body 200 of information about the amount of change in image magnification according to the present status of the interchangeable lens 100 in a case where the focus lens is moved by a predetermined amount.

    [0035] If the amount of change in image magnification calculated in a period <6> in Fig. 2, for example, exceeds a predetermined magnitude, a change in angle of view caused by wobbling operation seems to be inevitably increased. For that reason, in this case, at a timing of t1 in Fig. 2, the camera body 200 changes wobbling AF for wobbling the focus lens 102 to non-wobbling AF not for wobbling the focus lens 102. This allows an appropriate focus control with a little change in angle of view. As long as an AF system is used in which the focus lens is focused on an object without being wobbled, an AF system which searches the peak value of contrast while moving the focus lens in an optical axis direction, or a phase-difference AF system may be used as the non-wobbling AF.

    [0036] A change in image magnification is described below. In general, the "change in image magnification" refers to a change in an image caused when the optical system of a lens is changed. The rate of a change in angle of view in moving a variator lens, for example, in an optical axis direction is taken as the amount of change in image magnification. If the variator lens is moved to the "Wide-angle side," for example, the angle of view is more enlarged than the angle of view before the movement of the variator lens as illustrated in Fig. 3A. If the variator lens is moved to the "Telephoto side, " the angle of view is more reduced than the angle of view before the movement of the variator lens as illustrated in Fig. 3B. Thus, the amount of change in image magnification expresses to what extent the angle of view is changed before and after the optical system is changed. The amount of change in image magnification may be the rate of a change in the whole screen or the rate of a change in a diagonal direction. The reference may be defined by the rate of a change in an image if definition is the same.

    [0037] The correspondence of the amount of change in image magnification to various optical systems is described below with reference to Figs. 4A, 4B, and 4C.

    [0038] Fig. 4A illustrates the amount of change in image magnification as a function of a focus lens position with the focus lens position as the abscissa and with the amount of change in image magnification as the ordinate. It is assumed that the variator lens position and the diaphragm position are fixed. As illustrated in Fig. 4A, the amount of change in image magnification is decreased as the focus lens is moved so that an object distance is changed from the infinite side to the closest side.

    [0039] Fig. 4B illustrates the amount of change in image magnification as a function of the variator lens position with the variator lens position as the abscissa and with the amount of change in image magnification as the ordinate. It is assumed that the focus lens position and the diaphragm position are fixed. As illustrated in Fig. 4B, the amount of change in image magnification is increased as the variator lens is moved so that a focal length is changed from the wide-angle to telephoto sides.

    [0040] Fig. 4C illustrates the amount of change in image magnification as a function of the F-number with the F-number as the abscissa and with the amount of change in image magnification as the ordinate. The variator lens position is fixed and object distances are differentiated between L1, L2, and L3 (L1 < L2 < L3). As illustrated in Fig. 4C, the amount of change in image magnification is increased as the diaphragm is reduced from the "Open" to "Close" sides (to increase the F-number). Furthermore, the amount of change in image magnification is sharply changed as the object distance is decreased.

    [0041] Thus, the amount of change in image magnification is changed as the variator lens position, the focus lens position, or the F-number is changed.

    [0042] For this reason, the interchangeable lens 100 transmits to the camera body 200 the amount of change in image magnification per the F-number Δ in which data of the amount of change in image magnification per a circle-of-confusion diameter value Δ corresponding to the present positions of the zoom and focus lenses is multiplied by the present effective F-number.

    [0043] The camera body 200 calculates the amount of wobbling amplitude at the time of the focus lens 102 performing wobbling operation. If the calculated amount of wobbling amplitude is 1/4 F-number Δ, for example, the camera body 200 calculates the amount of change in image magnification corresponding to the 1/4 F-number Δ. If the amount of change in image magnification is greater than the predetermined value, as described above, the AF drive method is changed and the amount of wobbling amplitude is decreased to decrease a change in angle of view.

    [0044] An operational flow of the interchangeable lens 100 and the camera body 200 is described below with reference to flow charts in Figs. 5 and 6. The flow chart in Fig. 5 illustrates the operation of the interchangeable lens 100. The flow chart in Fig. 6 illustrates the operation of the camera body 200.

    [0045] The operation of the interchangeable lens 100 is described below with reference to Fig. 5. In step S501, the interchangeable lens 100 starts operation. In step S502, the interchangeable lens 100 receives the AF drive command from the camera body 200 to control the focus lens. The interchangeable lens 100 drives the focus lens based on the AF drive command. In step S503, the interchangeable lens 100 detects and calculates various states of optical members in the interchangeable lens 100. The various states refer to the variator lens position, the focus lens position, and the F-number. In step S504, the interchangeable lens 100 calculates the amount of change in image magnification based on the various states. In step S505, the interchangeable lens 100 transmits the calculated amount of change in image magnification to the camera body 200. This enables the interchangeable lens 100 to transmit to the camera body 200 the amount of change in image magnification in the present state.

    [0046] The operation of the camera body 200 is described below with reference to Fig. 6. In step S601, the camera body 200 starts operation. In step S602, the camera body 200 receives the amount of change in image magnification in the present state of the interchangeable lens 100 from the interchangeable lens 100. In step S603, the camera body 200 calculates the amount of wobbling amplitude. In step S604, the camera body 200 calculates the amount of change in image magnification obtained in changing the amount of wobbling amplitude using the amount of wobbling amplitude calculated in step S603 and the amount of change in image magnification obtained in step S602. In step S605, the camera body 200 determines whether the amount of change in image magnification calculated in step S604 is greater than a predetermined value. If the amount is greater than the predetermined value (YES in step S605), the camera body 200 determines that the angle of view is significantly affected, and the processing proceeds to step S606. In step S606, the camera body 200 sets an AF mode to the non-wobbling AF. If the amount is smaller than the predetermined value (NO in step S605), the processing proceeds to step S607. In step S607, the camera body 200 sets the AF mode to the wobbling AF. In step S608, the camera body 200 transmits the AF drive command to the interchangeable lens 100 in the AF set in step S606 or step S607. Thus, the camera body 200 determines the AF operation system according to the amount of change in image magnification.

    [0047] Thus, the periodical transmission, to the camera body 200, of information about the amount of change in image magnification according to the focus and variator lens positions in the interchangeable lens 100 allows the AF drive, in which a change in angle of view is less affected. The interchangeable lens 100 transmits not all the information about the amount of change in image magnification at the time of an initial communication but only the required information about the amount of change in image magnification when needed. This allows reduction in the time required for the initial communication. Since both of the interchangeable lens 100 and the camera body 200 do not need to have the same data, the memory capacity required of the camera body 200 can be reduced.

    [0048] In the above embodiment, the interchangeable variator lens is described, however, the present embodiment may be applied to an interchangeable lens with a fixed focal length (fixed focal length lens). In this case, there is no variator lens, so that there only has to be data corresponding to the amount of change in image magnification in changing the prescribed amount of movement of the focus lens at the focus lens position.

    [0049] While the present invention has been described with reference to embodiments, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the disclosed embodiments.


    Claims

    1. An interchangeable lens detachable from a camera, the interchangeable lens comprising:

    a focus lens (102) configured to change a focusing state of an object image by moving in an optical axis direction;

    a diaphragm (103) configured to adjust an amount of light;

    acquisition means configured to acquire information indicating an amount of change in image magnification, corresponding to information about a present aperture value of the diaphragm, in a case where the focus lens (102) is moved by a predetermined amount when the focus lens (102) lies in predetermined position; and

    a lens control means configured to

    transmit the information indicating the amount of change in image magnification to the camera,

    receive a drive command indicating wobbling AF for wobbling the focus lens (102) or a drive command indicating non-wobbling AF not for wobbling the focus lens (102), and

    drive the focus lens (102) based on the received drive command,

    wherein the camera determines, based on the information indicating the amount of change in image magnification from the interchangeable lens, which one of the two drive commands is transmitted.


     
    2. The interchangeable lens according to claim 1, further comprising storage means configured to store information corresponding to the amount of change in image magnification.
     
    3. The interchangeable lens according to claim 2, wherein the information corresponding to the amount of change in image magnification stored in the storage means (112) includes the one that takes a circle-of-confusion diameter of an optical system of the interchangeable lens as a reference.
     
    4. The interchangeable lens according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the camera includes camera control means for transmitting, to the lens control means at a second period, a drive command for the focus lens which is determined based on the information indicating the amount of change in image magnification transmitted from the lens control means at a first period,
    wherein the lens control means receives the drive command at the second period, and
    wherein the second period is longer than the first period.
     
    5. The interchangeable lens according to claim 1, further comprising a variator lens (101) configured to change a focal length by moving in the optical axis direction,
    wherein the acquisition means is configured to acquire the information indicating the amount of change in image magnification, corresponding to information about the present aperture value of the diaphragm, in a case where the focus lens (102) is moved by a predetermined amount when the variator lens (101) and the focus lens (102) lie in their respective predetermined positions.
     
    6. The interchangeable lens according to claim 5, wherein the storage means is configured to store information corresponding to the amount of change in image magnification.
     
    7. The interchangeable lens according to claim 6, wherein the information corresponding to the amount of change in image magnification stored in the storage means (112) includes the one that takes a circle-of-confusion diameter of an optical system of the interchangeable lens as a reference.
     
    8. The interchangeable lens according to any one of claims 5 to 7, wherein the camera includes camera control means for transmitting, to the lens control means at a second period, a drive command for the focus lens which is determined based on the information indicating the amount of change in image magnification transmitted from the lens control means at a first period,
    wherein the lens control means receives the drive command at the second period, and
    wherein the second period is longer than the first period.
     
    9. A camera on which an interchangeable lens is detachably mountable and which is capable of communicating with the interchangeable lens when mounted,
    wherein the interchangeable lens includes:

    a focus lens configured to change a focusing state of an object image by moving in the optical axis direction;

    a diaphragm configured to adjust an amount of light;

    an acquisition means configured to acquire information indicating an amount of change in image magnification, corresponding to information about a present aperture value of the diaphragm, in a case where the focus lens (102) is moved by a predetermined amount when the focus lens (102) lies in predetermined position; and

    a lens control means for transmitting the amount of change in image magnification to the camera, and

    wherein the camera comprises:
    a camera control means for determining, based on the information indicating the amount of change in image magnification, whether to transmit a drive command indicating wobbling AF for wobbling the focus lens (102) or a drive command indicating non-wobbling AF not for wobbling the focus lens (102), and transmitting, to the lens control means, the determined drive command.
     
    10. The camera according to claim 9,
    wherein the interchangeable lens further includes a variator lens (101) configured to change a focal length by moving in the optical axis direction,
    wherein the acquisition means configured to acquire the information indicating the amount of change in image magnification, corresponding to information about the present aperture value of the diaphragm, in a case where the focus lens (102) is moved by a predetermined amount when the variator lens (101) and the focus lens (102) lie in their respective predetermined position.
     
    11. The camera according to claim 9 or 10, wherein the camera control means receives the information indicating the amount of change in image magnification at a first period, and transmits the drive command for the focus lens to the lens control means at a second period.
     
    12. The camera according to claim 11, wherein the second period is longer than the first period.
     
    13. A method for controlling an interchangeable lens including a focus lens (102) configured to change a focusing state of an object image by moving in an optical axis direction, and a diaphragm (103) configured to adjust an amount of light, the interchangeable lens being detachably mounted on a camera and capable of communicating with the camera, the method comprising:

    acquiring information indicating an amount of change in image magnification, corresponding to information about a present aperture value of the diaphragm, in a case where the focus lens (102) is moved by a predetermined amount when the focus lens (102) lies in predetermined position; and

    transmitting the information indicating the amount of change in image magnification to the camera with a predetermined period

    receiving a drive command indicating wobbling AF for wobbling the focus lens (102) or a drive command indicating non-wobbling AF not for wobbling the focus lens (102), and
    driving focus lens (102) based on the received AF drive command,
    wherein which one of the two drive commands is transmitted is determined based on the information indicating the amount of change in image magnification from the interchangeable lens.
     
    14. The method for controlling the interchangeable lens according to claim 13, wherein the interchangeable lens further comprises a variator lens (101) configured to change a focal length by moving in the optical axis direction, the method comprising:
    acquiring the information indicating the amount of change in image magnification, corresponding to information about the present aperture value of the diaphragm, in a case where the focus lens (102) is moved by a predetermined amount when the variator lens (101) and the focus lens (102) lie in their respective predetermined position.
     
    15. A method for controlling a camera, on which an interchangeable lens is detachably mounted and which is capable of communicating with the interchangeable lens, the interchangeable lens including a focus lens configured to change a focusing state of an object image by moving in the optical axis direction, and a diaphragm configured to adjust an amount of light, the method comprising:

    receiving, with a predetermined period, information indicating an amount of change in image magnification, corresponding to information about a present aperture value of the diaphragm, in a case where the focus lens (102) is moved by a predetermined amount when the focus lens (102) lies in predetermined position from the interchangeable lens,
    determining a drive command indicating wobbling AF for wobbling the focus lens (102) or a drive command indicating non-wobbling AF not for wobbling the focus lens (102) wherein which one of the two drive commands is transmitted is determined by the camera based on the information indicating the amount of change in image magnification from the interchangeable lens, and
    driving focus lens (102) based on the received drive command,

    transmitting a drive command for the focus lens (102) which is determined based on the information indicating the amount of change in image magnification to the interchangeable lens.


     
    16. The method for controlling the camera according to claim 15, wherein the interchangeable lens further comprises a variator lens (101) configured to change a focal length by moving in the optical axis direction, the method comprising:

    receiving, with a predetermined period, the information indicating the amount of change in image magnification, corresponding to information about the present aperture value of the diaphragm, in a case where the focus lens (102) is moved by a predetermined amount when the variator lens (101) and the focus lens (102) lie in their respective predetermined position, and

    transmitting a drive command for the focus lens (102) which is determined based on the information indicating the amount of change in image magnification.


     
    17. A camera system comprising:
    an interchangeable lens as claimed in any of claims 1 to 8 and a camera as claimed in any of claims 9 to 12.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Wechselobjektiv, das von einer Kamera lösbar ist, wobei das Wechselobjektiv umfasst:

    eine Fokussierlinse (102), die konfiguriert ist, einen Fokussierzustand eines Objektbilds durch Bewegen in Richtung einer optischen Achse zu ändern;

    eine Blende (103), die konfiguriert ist, eine Lichtmenge einzustellen;

    eine Erfassungseinrichtung, die konfiguriert ist, Information zu erfassen, die einen Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung angibt und die Information über einen Öffnungswert der Blende entspricht, falls die Fokussierlinse (102) um einen vorbestimmten Betrag bewegt wird, wenn die Fokussierlinse (102) an einer vorbestimmten Position liegt; sowie

    eine Linsensteuerungseinrichtung, die konfiguriert ist:

    die Information, die den Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung angibt, an die Kamera zu übertragen,

    einen Ansteuerbefehl, der einen Wobbling AF zum Wobbling der Fokussierlinse (102) angibt, oder einen Ansteuerbefehl, der einen Nicht-Wobbling AF angibt, der nicht zum Wobbling der Fokussierlinse (102) dient, zu empfangen, und

    die Fokussierlinse (102) basierend auf dem empfangenen Ansteuerbefehl anzusteuern,

    wobei die Kamera basierend auf der Information aus dem Wechselobjektiv, die den Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung angibt, bestimmt, welcher der zwei Ansteuerbefehle übertragen wird.


     
    2. Wechselobjektiv nach Anspruch 1,
    weiterhin umfassend eine Speichereinrichtung, die konfiguriert ist, Information zu speichern, die dem Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung entspricht.
     
    3. Wechselobjektiv nach Anspruch 2,
    wobei die in der Speichereinrichtung (112) gespeicherte Information, die dem Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung entspricht, diejenige beinhaltet, die einen Streuungskreisdurchmesser eines optischen Systems des Wechselobjektivs als eine Referenz nimmt.
     
    4. Wechselobjektiv nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3,

    wobei die Kamera eine Kamerasteuerungseinrichtung umfasst, um in einem zweiten Zeitraum einen Ansteuerbefehl für die Fokussierlinse an die Linsensteuerungseinrichtung zu übertragen, der basierend auf der Information bestimmt wird, die den Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung angibt und in einem ersten Zeitraum aus der Linsensteuerungseinrichtung übertragen wird,

    wobei die Linsensteuerungseinrichtung im zweiten Zeitraum den Ansteuerbefehl empfängt, und

    wobei der zweite Zeitraum länger als der erste Zeitraum ist.


     
    5. Wechselobjektiv nach Anspruch 1, weiterhin umfassend eine Variatorlinse (101), die konfiguriert ist, durch Bewegen in Richtung der optischen Achse eine Brennweite zu ändern,
    wobei die Erfassungseinrichtung konfiguriert ist, die Information zu erfassen, die den Änderungsbetrag in der Bildvergrößerung angibt und die Information über den Öffnungsbetrag der Blende entspricht, falls die Fokussierlinse (102) um einen vorbestimmten Betrag bewegt wird, wenn die Variatorlinse (101) und die Fokussierlinse (102) an ihren jeweiligen vorbestimmten Positionen liegen.
     
    6. Wechselobjektiv nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Speichereinrichtung konfiguriert ist, Information zu speichern, die dem Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung entspricht.
     
    7. Wechselobjektiv nach Anspruch 6, wobei die in der Speichereinrichtung (112) gespeicherte Information, die dem Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung entspricht, diejenige Information enthält, die einen Streuungskreisdurchmesser eines optischen Systems des Wechselobjektivs als eine Referenz nimmt.
     
    8. Wechselobjektiv nach einem der Ansprüche 5 bis 7, wobei die Kamera eine Kamerasteuerungseinrichtung umfasst, um in einem zweiten Zeitraum einen Ansteuerbefehl für die Fokussierlinse an die Linsensteuerungseinrichtung zu übertragen, der basierend auf der in einem ersten Zeitraum von der Linsensteuerungseinrichtung übertragenen Information bestimmt wird, die den Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung angibt,

    wobei die Linsensteuerungseinrichtung den Ansteuerbefehl im zweiten Zeitraum empfängt, und

    wobei der zweite Zeitraum länger ist als der erste.


     
    9. Kamera, auf der ein Wechselobjektiv nach Anspruch 1 lösbar angebracht werden kann und die mit dem Wechselobjektiv kommunizieren kann, wenn es angebracht ist,
    wobei das Wechselobjektiv umfasst:

    eine Fokussierlinse, die konfiguriert ist, einen Fokussierzustand eines Objektbilds durch Bewegen in Richtung der optischen Achse zu ändern;

    eine Blende, die konfiguriert ist, eine Lichtmenge anzupassen;

    eine Erfassungseinrichtung, die konfiguriert ist, Information zu erfassen, die einen Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung angibt und Information über einen Öffnungswert der Blende entspricht, falls die Fokussierlinse (102) um einen vorbestimmten Betrag bewegt wird, wenn die Fokussierlinse (102) an einer vorbestimmten Position liegt; und

    eine Linsensteuerungseinrichtung zum Übertragen des Änderungsbetrags bei Bildvergrößerung an die Kamera, und

    wobei die Kamera umfasst:
    eine Kamerasteuerungseinrichtung, um basierend auf der Information, die den Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung angibt, zu bestimmen, ob ein Ansteuerbefehl, der einen Wobbling AF zum Wobbling der Fokussierlinse (102) angibt, oder ein Ansteuerbefehl, der einen Nicht-Wobbling AF angibt, der nicht zum Wobbling der Fokussierlinse (102) dient, übertragen werden soll, und um den bestimmten Ansteuerbefehl an die Linsensteuerungseinrichtung zu übertragen.
     
    10. Kamera nach Anspruch 9,

    wobei das Wechselobjektiv weiterhin eine Variatorlinse (101) enthält, die konfiguriert ist, durch Bewegen in Richtung der optischen Achse eine Brennweite zu ändern,

    wobei die Erfassungseinrichtung konfiguriert ist, die Information zu erfassen, die den Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung angibt und Information über den Öffnungswert der Blende entspricht, falls die Fokussierlinse (102) um einen vorbestimmten Betrag bewegt wird, wenn die Variatotlinse (101) und die Fokussierlinse (102) an ihren jeweiligen vorbestimmten Positionen liegen.


     
    11. Kamera nach Anspruch 9 oder 10,
    wobei die Kamerasteuerungseinrichtung in einem ersten Zeitraum die Information empfängt, die den Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung angibt, und in einem zweiten Zeitraum den Ansteuerbefehl für die Fokussierlinse an die Linsensteuerungseinrichtung überträgt.
     
    12. Kamera nach Anspruch 11,
    wobei der zweite Zeitraum länger als der erste Zeitraum ist.
     
    13. Verfahren zum Steuern eines Wechselobjektivs, das eine Fokussierlinse (102), die zum Ändern eines Fokussierzustands eines Objektbilds durch Bewegen in Richtung einer optischen Achse konfiguriert ist, und eine Blende (103), die zum Anpassen einer Lichtmenge konfiguriert ist, enthält, wobei das Wechselobjektiv auf einer Kamera lösbar angebracht ist und mit der Kamera kommunizieren kann, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    Erfassen von Information, die einen Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung angibt und die Information über einen Öffnungswert der Blende entspricht, falls die Fokussierlinse (102) um einen vorbestimmten Betrag bewegt wird, wenn die Fokussierlinse (102) an einer vorbestimmten Position liegt; sowie

    Übertragen der Information, die den Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung angibt, an die Kamera in einem vorbestimmten Zeitraum,

    Empfangen eines Ansteuerbefehls, der einen Wobbling AF zum Wobbling der Fokussierlinse (102) angibt, oder eines Ansteuerbefehls, der einen Nicht-Wobbling AF angibt, der nicht zum Wobbling der Fokussierlinse (102) dient, sowie

    Ansteuern der Fokussierlinse (102) basierend auf dem empfangenen AF-Ansteuerbefehl,

    wobei basierend auf der Information aus dem Wechselobjektiv, die den Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung angibt, bestimmt wird, welcher der zwei Ansteuerbefehle übertragen wird.


     
    14. Verfahren zum Steuern des Wechselobjektivs nach Anspruch 13, wobei das Wechselobjektiv weiterhin eine Variatorlinse (101) umfasst, die konfiguriert ist, eine Brennweite durch Bewegen in Richtung der optischen Achse zu ändern, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:
    Erfassen der Information, die den Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung angibt und Information über den Öffnungswert der Blende entspricht, falls die Fokussierlinse (102) um einen vorbestimmten Betrag bewegt wird, wenn die Variatorlinse (101) und die Fokussierlinse (102) an ihren jeweiligen vorbestimmten Positionen liegen.
     
    15. Verfahren zum Steuern einer Kamera, an der ein Wechselobjektiv abnehmbar angebracht ist und die mit dem Wechselobjektiv kommunizieren kann, wobei das Wechselobjektiv eine Fokussierlinse, die zum Ändern eines Fokussierzustands eines Objektbilds durch Bewegen in Richtung einer optischen Achse konfiguriert ist, und eine Blende, die zum Anpassen einer Lichtmenge konfiguriert ist, enthält, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    Empfangen von Information vom Wechselobjektiv in einem vorbestimmten Zeitraum, wobei die Information einen Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung angibt und Information über einen Öffnungswert der Blende entspricht, falls die Fokussierlinse (102) um einen vorbestimmten Betrag bewegt wird, wenn die Fokussierlinse (102) an einer vorbestimmten Position liegt,

    Bestimmen eines Ansteuerbefehls, der einen Wobbling-AF für Wobbling der Fokussierlinse (102) angibt, oder eines Ansteuerbefehls, der einen Nicht-Wobbling AF angibt, der nicht zum Wobbling der Fokussierlinse (102) dient, wobei basierend auf der Information aus dem Wechselobjektiv, die den Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung angibt, bestimmt wird, welcher der zwei Ansteuerbefehle übertragen wird, und

    Ansteuern der Fokussierlinse (102) basierend auf dem empfangenen Ansteuerbefehl,

    Übertragen eines Ansteuerbefehls für die Fokussierlinse (102), der basierend auf der Information bestimmt wird, welche den Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung angibt, an das Wechselobjektiv.


     
    16. Verfahren zum Steuern der Kamera nach Anspruch 15, wobei das Wechselobjektiv weiterhin einer Variatorlinse (101) umfasst, die konfiguriert ist, eine Brennweite durch Bewegen in Richtung der optischen Achse zu ändern, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    Empfangen, in einem vorbestimmten Zeitraum, der Information, die den Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung angibt und Information über den Öffnungswert der Blende entspricht, falls die Fokussierlinse (102) um einen vorbestimmten Betrag bewegt wird, wenn die Variatorlinse (101) und die Fokussierlinse (102) an ihren jeweiligen vorbestimmten Positionen liegen, und

    Übertragen eines Ansteuerbefehls für die Fokussierlinse (102), der basierend auf der Information, die den Änderungsbetrag bei Bildvergrößerung angibt, bestimmt wird.


     
    17. Kamerasystem, umfassend:
    ein Wechselobjektiv wie in einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8 beansprucht sowie eine Kamera wie in einem der Ansprüche 9 bis 12 beansprucht.
     


    Revendications

    1. Objectif interchangeable pouvant être démonté d'un appareil de prise de vue, l'objectif interchangeable comprenant :

    une lentille de mise au point (102) configurée pour modifier un état de mise au point d'une image d'objet par un déplacement dans une direction d'axe optique ;

    un diaphragme (103) configuré pour régler une quantité de lumière ;

    un moyen d'acquisition configuré pour acquérir des informations indiquant une quantité de modification de grossissement d'image, correspondant à des informations concernant une valeur d'ouverture actuelle du diaphragme, dans un cas dans lequel la lentille de mise au point (102) est déplacée d'une quantité prédéterminée lorsque la lentille de mise au point (102) se trouve à une position prédéterminée ; et

    un moyen de commande d'objectif configuré pour

    transmettre les informations indiquant la quantité de modification de grossissement d'image à l'appareil de prise de vue,

    recevoir une instruction de pilotage indiquant une mise au point automatique (AF) d'oscillation destinée à faire osciller la lentille de mise au point (102) ou une instruction de pilotage indiquant une AF sans oscillation destinée à ne pas faire osciller la lentille de mise au point (102), et

    piloter la lentille de mise au point (102) sur la base de l'instruction de pilotage reçue,

    dans lequel l'appareil de prise de vue détermine, sur la base des informations indiquant la quantité de modification de grossissement d'image provenant de l'objectif interchangeable, celle des deux instructions de pilotage qui est transmise.


     
    2. Objectif interchangeable selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre un moyen de mémorisation configuré pour mémoriser des informations correspondant à la quantité de modification de grossissement d'image.
     
    3. Objectif interchangeable selon la revendication 2, dans lequel les informations correspondant à la quantité de modification de grossissement d'image mémorisées dans le moyen de mémorisation (112) comprennent les informations qui prennent un diamètre de cercle de confusion d'un système optique de l'objectif interchangeable en tant que référence.
     
    4. Objectif interchangeable selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel l'appareil de prise de vue comprend un moyen de commande d'appareil de prise de vue destiné à transmettre, au moyen de commande d'objectif, sur une seconde période, une instruction de pilotage de la lentille de mise au point qui est déterminée sur la base des informations indiquant la quantité de modification de grossissement d'image transmises par le moyen de commande d'objectif sur une première période,
    dans lequel le moyen de commande d'objectif reçoit l'instruction de pilotage sur la seconde période, et
    dans lequel la seconde période est plus longue que la première période.
     
    5. Objectif interchangeable selon la revendication 1, comprenant une lentille variateur (101) configurée pour modifier une longueur focale par un déplacement dans la direction d'axe optique,
    dans lequel le moyen d'acquisition est configuré pour acquérir les informations indiquant la quantité de modification de grossissement d'image, correspondant à des informations concernant la valeur d'ouverture actuelle du diaphragme, dans un cas dans lequel la lentille de mise au point (102) est déplacée d'une quantité prédéterminée lorsque la lentille variateur (101) et la lentille de mise au point (102) se trouvent à leurs positions prédéterminées respectives.
     
    6. Objectif interchangeable selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le moyen de mémorisation est configuré pour mémoriser des informations correspondant à la quantité de modification de grossissement d'image.
     
    7. Objectif interchangeable selon la revendication 6, dans lequel les informations correspondant à la quantité de modification de grossissement d'image mémorisées dans le moyen de mémorisation (112) comprennent les informations qui prennent un diamètre de cercle de confusion d'un système optique de l'objectif interchangeable en tant que référence.
     
    8. Objectif interchangeable selon l'une quelconque des revendications 5 à 7, dans lequel l'appareil de prise de vue comprend un moyen de commande d'appareil de prise de vue destiné à transmettre, au moyen de commande d'objectif, sur une seconde période, une instruction de pilotage de la lentille de mise au point qui est déterminée sur la base des informations indiquant la quantité de modification de grossissement d'image transmises par le moyen de commande d'objectif sur une première période,
    dans lequel le moyen de commande d'objectif reçoit l'instruction de pilotage sur la seconde période, et
    dans lequel la seconde période est plus longue que la première période.
     
    9. Appareil de prise de vue sur lequel peut être monté de manière démontable un objectif interchangeable et qui est apte à communiquer avec l'objectif interchangeable lorsqu'il est monté,
    dans lequel l'objectif interchangeable comprend :

    une lentille de mise au point configurée pour modifier un état de mise au point d'une image d'objet par un déplacement dans la direction d'axe optique ;

    un diaphragme configuré pour régler une quantité de lumière ;

    un moyen d'acquisition configuré pour acquérir des informations indiquant une quantité de modification de grossissement d'image, correspondant à des informations concernant une valeur d'ouverture actuelle du diaphragme, dans un cas dans lequel la lentille de mise au point (102) est déplacée d'une quantité prédéterminée lorsque la lentille de mise au point (102) se trouve à une position prédéterminée ; et

    un moyen de commande d'objectif pour transmettre la quantité de modification de grossissement d'image à l'appareil de prise de vue, et

    où l'appareil de prise de vue comprend :
    un moyen de commande d'appareil de prise de vue destiné à déterminer, sur la base des informations indiquant la quantité de modification de grossissement d'image, s'il convient de transmettre une instruction de pilotage indiquant une AF d'oscillation destinée à faire osciller la lentille de mise au point (102) ou une instruction de pilotage indiquant une AF sans oscillation destinée à ne pas faire osciller la lentille de mise au point (102), et à transmettre, au moyen de commande d'objectif, l'instruction de pilotage déterminée.


     
    10. Appareil de prise de vue selon la revendication 9,
    dans lequel l'objectif interchangeable comprend en outre une lentille variateur (101) configurée pour modifier une longueur focale par un déplacement dans la direction d'axe optique,
    dans lequel le moyen d'acquisition est configuré pour acquérir les informations indiquant la quantité de modification de grossissement d'image, correspondant à des informations concernant la valeur d'ouverture actuelle du diaphragme, dans un cas dans lequel la lentille de mise au point (102) est déplacée d'une quantité prédéterminée lorsque la lentille variateur (101) et la lentille de mise au point (102) se trouvent à leurs positions prédéterminées respectives.
     
    11. Appareil de prise de vue selon la revendication 9 ou 10, dans lequel le moyen de commande d'appareil de prise de vue reçoit les informations indiquant la quantité de modification de grossissement d'image sur une première période, et transmet l'instruction de pilotage de la lentille de mise au point au moyen de commande d'objectif sur une seconde période.
     
    12. Appareil de prise de vue selon la revendication 11, dans lequel la seconde période est plus longue que la première période.
     
    13. Procédé de commande d'un objectif interchangeable comprenant une lentille de mise au point (102) configurée pour modifier un état de mise au point d'une image d'objet par un déplacement dans une direction d'axe optique, et un diaphragme (103) configuré pour régler une quantité de lumière, l'objectif interchangeable étant monté de manière démontable sur un appareil de prise de vue et étant apte à communiquer avec l'appareil de prise de vue, le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    acquérir des informations indiquant une quantité de modification de grossissement d'image, correspondant à des informations concernant une valeur d'ouverture actuelle du diaphragme, dans un cas dans lequel la lentille de mise au point (102) est déplacée d'une quantité prédéterminée lorsque la lentille de mise au point (102) se trouve à une position prédéterminée ; et

    transmettre les informations indiquant la quantité de modification de grossissement d'image à l'appareil de prise de vue sur une période prédéterminée,

    recevoir une instruction de pilotage indiquant une AF d'oscillation destinée à faire osciller la lentille de mise au point (102) ou une instruction de pilotage indiquant une AF sans oscillation destinée à ne pas faire osciller la lentille de mise au point (102), et

    piloter la lentille de mise au point (102) sur la base de l'instruction de pilotage d'AF reçue,

    dans lequel celle des deux instructions de pilotage qui est transmise est déterminée sur la base des informations indiquant la quantité de modification de grossissement d'image provenant de l'objectif interchangeable.


     
    14. Procédé de commande de l'objectif interchangeable selon la revendication 13, dans lequel l'objectif interchangeable comprend en outre une lentille variateur (101) configurée pour modifier une longueur focale par un déplacement dans la direction d'axe optique, le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à :
    acquérir les informations indiquant la quantité de modification de grossissement d'image, correspondant à des informations concernant la valeur d'ouverture actuelle du diaphragme, dans un cas dans lequel la lentille de mise au point (102) est déplacée d'une quantité prédéterminée lorsque la lentille variateur (101) et la lentille de mise au point (102) se trouvent à leurs positions prédéterminées respectives.
     
    15. Procédé de commande d'un appareil de prise de vue, sur lequel est monté de manière démontable un objectif interchangeable et qui est apte à communiquer avec l'objectif interchangeable, l'objectif interchangeable comprenant une lentille de mise au point configurée pour modifier un état de mise au point d'une image d'objet par un déplacement dans la direction d'axe optique, et un diaphragme configuré pour régler une quantité de lumière, le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    recevoir, sur une période prédéterminée, des informations indiquant une quantité de modification de grossissement d'image, correspondant à des informations concernant une valeur d'ouverture actuelle du diaphragme, dans un cas dans lequel la lentille de mise au point (102) est déplacée d'une quantité prédéterminée lorsque la lentille de mise au point (102) se trouve à une position prédéterminée à partir de l'objectif interchangeable,

    déterminer une instruction de pilotage indiquant une AF d'oscillation destinée à faire osciller la lentille de mise au point (102) ou une instruction de pilotage indiquant une AF sans oscillation destinée à ne pas faire osciller la lentille de mise au point (102), où celle des deux instructions de pilotage qui est transmise est déterminée par l'appareil de prise de vue sur la base des informations indiquant la quantité de modification de grossissement d'image provenant de l'objectif interchangeable, et

    piloter la lentille de mise au point (102) sur la base de l'instruction de pilotage reçue,

    transmettre une instruction de pilotage de la lentille de mise au point (102) qui est déterminée sur la base des informations indiquant la quantité de modification de grossissement d'image à l'objectif interchangeable.


     
    16. Procédé de commande de l'appareil de prise de vue selon la revendication 15, dans lequel l'objectif interchangeable comprend en outre une lentille variateur (101) configurée pour modifier une longueur focale par un déplacement dans la direction d'axe optique, le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant :

    recevoir, sur une période prédéterminée, les informations indiquant la quantité de modification de grossissement d'image, correspondant à des informations concernant la valeur d'ouverture actuelle du diaphragme, dans un cas dans lequel la lentille de mise au point (102) est déplacée d'une quantité prédéterminée lorsque la lentille variateur (101) et la lentille de mise au point (102) se trouvent dans leurs positions prédéterminées respectives, et

    transmettre une instruction de pilotage de la lentille de mise au point (102) qui est déterminée sur la base des informations indiquant la quantité de modification de grossissement d'image


     
    17. Système d'appareil de prise de vue, comprenant :
    un objectif interchangeable selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8 et un appareil de prise de vue selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 12.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description