(19)
(11)EP 2 670 954 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 12713443.5

(22)Date of filing:  14.03.2012
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F01D 11/00  (2006.01)
F16J 15/32  (2016.01)
F02C 7/28  (2006.01)
F16J 15/44  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2012/028986
(87)International publication number:
WO 2012/106734 (09.08.2012 Gazette  2012/32)

(54)

AXIAL BRUSH SEAL

AXIALBÜRSTENDICHTUNG

JOINT À BROSSE AXIAL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
11.12.2013 Bulletin 2013/50

(73)Proprietor: General Electric Company
Schenectady, NY 12345 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • SARAWATE, Neelesh, Nandkumar
    NY 12309 (US)
  • TURNQUIST, Norman, Arnold
    NY 12309 (US)
  • ADIS, William, Edward
    NY 12309 (US)
  • BARAN, Robert, Gerard
    NY 12309 (US)
  • RODRIGUEZ ERDMENGER, Rodrigo
    D-85748 Garching B. Munchen (DE)
  • PANNEKEET, Robbert, Christiaan
    D-85748 Garching B. Munchen (DE)
  • PARKER, Keith, Michael
    SC 29615 (US)
  • ZHENG, Xiaoqing
    NY 12309 (US)

(74)Representative: BRP Renaud & Partner mbB Rechtsanwälte Patentanwälte Steuerberater 
Königstraße 28
70173 Stuttgart
70173 Stuttgart (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 1 508 671
GB-A- 2 407 626
US-A- 5 328 328
FR-A1- 2 785 355
US-A- 5 114 159
US-A1- 2007 132 190
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The subject matter disclosed herein relates to sealing structures in turbomachinery, and more particularly to floating axial brush seals.

    [0002] Radial brush seals are an established technology in turbomachinery. By way of example, GB 2 407 626 A describes a suspended seal arrangement for a rotating component which comprises a seal edge and a backing member suspended on a suspension mounting to control the extent by which the seal edge extends; US 5 328 328 A describes a sealing device between blade stages and a rotary drum, particularly for preventing leaks around the stages of straightener blades; US 2007/132190 A1 describes an axial and dynamic brush seal system wherein a mating ring is attached to a rotor and has a sealing surface, and the bristles of the brush seal are disposed about the rotor and extend axially so that the terminal free ends of the bristles engage the sealing surface of the mating ring; and EP 1 508 671 A2 describes another brush seal for gas turbine engines.

    [0003] Their implementation in power turbines can be limited by their tendency to influence rotordynamics in the power turbines through frictional heating of the rotor body. For example, non-uniform circumferential heating of the rotor can cause the rotor to bow introducing imbalance into the turbine affecting critical speeds. In addition, certain power turbines may not have enough space for radial brush seals.

    [0004] What is needed is a brush seal that reduces rotor heating and can be implemented in a turbine with limited radial space.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0005] According to one aspect of the invention, a brush seal assembly for turbomachinery having a rotor is described. The assembly includes a stationary seal component, a floating seal component movably coupled to the stationary seal component, and tangentially angled bristles circumferentially arranged around the rotor in a bristle pack, disposed in the floating seal component and extended axially with respect to the rotor, the assembly further comprising a secondary seal disposed between the stationary seal component and the floating seal component, wherein the secondary seal comprises a brush seal having bristles, and wherein, when installed in the turbomachinary, the secondary seal bristle pack extends radially with respect to the rotor.

    [0006] According to another aspect of the invention, a power turbine is described. The power turbine includes a first turbine wheel, a second turbine wheel, a rotor disposed between and coupled to the first and second turbine wheels, a stator adjacent the rotor and a brush seal assembly as described above.

    [0007] These and other advantages and features will become more apparent from the following description taken in conjunction with the drawings.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING



    [0008] The subject matter, which is regarded as the invention, is particularly pointed out and distinctly claimed in the claims at the conclusion of the specification. The foregoing and other features, and advantages of the invention are apparent from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:

    FIG. 1 illustrates a perspective side view of an exemplary axial brush seal assembly not forming part of the present invention.

    FIG. 2 illustrates another perspective side view of an exemplary axial brush seal assembly of FIG. 1.

    FIG. 3 illustrates a side view of the exemplary floating axial brush seal assembly of FIGS. 1 and 2 in a power turbine environment.

    FIG. 4 illustrates a partial side view of a floating brush seal assembly according to the invention.



    [0009] The detailed description explains embodiments of the invention, together with advantages and features, by way of example with reference to the drawings.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0010] Exemplary embodiments described herein include floating axial brush seals. These seals can seal against wheel faces, thus avoiding frictional heating of the rotor body and eliminating effects on rotordynamics. The floating axial brush seals can be implemented with a combination of very high pressure drops in turbine wheel spaces across the seals (greater than or equal to 500 pounds per square inch differential (psid) (3.45 Newtons per square millimeter (N/mm2))) and large relative axial movements (+/-0.5 inches (1.27 centimeters (cm))) between turbine rotating and stationary components. The floating axial brush seal has a structure that self-regulates to pressure changes in the wheel spaces at each stage of the power turbine. By adjusting to the axial position of the rotor and maintaining adequate bristle support to sustain high-pressure applications, the floating axial brush seals can enable the implementation of brush seals at every turbine stage.

    [0011] Generally, a brush seal assembly comprises the stationary seal component having a recess configured to receive a portion of the floating seal component in a movable configuration. The floating seal component is coupled to the stationary seal component such that, during use, the floating seal component can move laterally and longitudinally, e.g., based upon pressure changes around the brush seal assembly. The general shape of the floating seal component is to facilitate the desired pressure adjacent each side of the floating seal assembly (e.g., to attain a pressure of PH>P1>P2>PL (see FIG 3)). As such, the brush seal assembly can have a size and geometry such that wheel space 191 is larger than wheel space 192.

    [0012] FIG. 1 illustrates a perspective side view of an exemplary axial brush seal assembly 100. FIG. 2 illustrates another perspective side view of an exemplary axial brush seal assembly 100. FIG. 3 illustrates a side view of the exemplary floating axial brush seal assembly 100 of FIG. 1 in a power turbine environment 170. The turbine environment 170 can include a rotor 175 disposed between a first turbine wheel 185, which can be an upstream higher pressure rotating blade assembly, and a second turbine wheel 190, which can be a lower pressure rotating blade assembly. The first and second turbine wheels 185, 190 can be part of any stage of a power turbine. Furthermore, the first and second turbine wheels 185, 190 and the rotor 175 rotate in unison.

    [0013] The turbine environment 170 can further include a stator 180 disposed around and in opposition to the rotor 175. The turbine environment 170 further includes wheel spaces 191, 192. It is desirable to control pressure and fluid flow (shown by arrows 193) in the wheel spaces 191, 192 depending on desired turbine operation as discussed further herein. For example, it may be desirable to maintain a higher pressure in the wheel space 191 and a lower pressure in the wheel space 192. In exemplary embodiments, the floating axial brush seal assembly 100 responds and self-regulates to any desired pressure and fluid flow in the turbine environment 170.

    [0014] The floating axial brush seal assembly 100 can include a stationary seal component 105 that is disposed on the stator 180 (e.g., directly attached to the stator). In exemplary embodiments, the stationary seal component 105 can be integral with the stator 180 or a separate piece that is affixed to the stator 180 (e.g., via welding). The floating axial brush seal assembly 100 can further include a floating seal component 110 coupled to the stationary seal component 105 via a hook 111 (e.g., a T-arrangement, dovetail arrangement, or the like) extending into recess 106. In exemplary embodiments, the floating seal component 110 can be coupled to the stationary seal component 105 by a T-arrangement of the recess 106 and the hook 111 in which the hook 111 can move axially within the recess (i.e., an axially floating arrangement) in response to relative movement between the rotor 175 and stator 180 and/or pressure changes in the turbine environment 170. As illustrated, the recess 106 is relatively larger than the hook 111 such that the hook 111 can move within the recess 111 in response to, for example, pressure changes within the turbine environment 170. The hook 111 has a sufficient size and complementary geometry to prevent it from dislodging from the recess 106, while allowing for an expected range of movement of the hook 111 within the recess 106. As is clearly understood by an artisan, the hook 111 can be formed from an extension from back plate 113 into recess 106, with a protrusion near the end of the extension such that the protrusion has a size that is larger than the opening to the recess.

    [0015] The floating axial brush seal assembly 100 can further include a secondary seal 150 (e.g., piston ring) disposed between the stationary seal component 105 and the floating seal component 110. This secondary seal 150 can be in frictional contact with the floating seal component 110, e.g., to prevent unwanted leakage between the wheel spaces 191, 192. The secondary seal 150 can be disposed in a recess 107 on the stationary seal component 105. The secondary seal 150 sits within the recess 107 and is retained by frictional forces between the secondary seal 150 and the recess 107. The recess 107 is large enough to accommodate the secondary seal 150 that it houses. The secondary seal 150 is of sufficient size to withstand the pressure loads and stresses from the turbine environment 170. Heating due to frictional movement is low due to small axial and infrequent movement. To reduce wear of the secondary seal 150, the secondary seal 150 can be a suitable material to withstand the loads, pressures and temperatures of the turbine environment 170, including but not limited to cobalt-based alloys.

    [0016] The floating seal component 110 can further include bristles 120 disposed between side rails 125, 130. The bristles 120 are further disposed between a front plate 112 and a back plate 113. In exemplary embodiments, the front plate 112 and the back plate 113 are integral parts of the floating seal component 110 and have a cylindrical shape. The bristles 120 and the side rails 125, 130 can be affixed in a recess 114 (e.g., in a dovetail, lip and groove, or other arrangement that secures the bristles 120 while allowing their bending toward and/or away from the wheel space 192) in the floating seal component 110. The bristles 120 can be maintained at a distance 194 (e.g., brush clearance) from the second turbine wheel 190. However, during turbine operation, pressure fluctuations within the turbine environment 170 can cause the bristles 120 to contact the second turbine wheel 190, thus bending the bristles 120. A gap 115 provides a space into which the bristles 120 can move (e.g., fan out) from bending. The bristles 120 are also circumferentially arranged about the rotor 175. The bristles 120 can be angled in a tangential direction, e.g., in order to provide flexibility to the bristles 120, allowing the bristles 120 to bend rather than buckle when the second turbine wheel 190 contacts the bristles 120.

    [0017] The floating seal component 110 can also include a radial seal, such as a labyrinth seal having one or more teeth, designed such that it does not contact the rotating component(s).

    [0018] In exemplary embodiments, the floating seal component 110 can include several geometric features that can influence the pressure and fluid flow in the wheel spaces 191, 192. For example, the floating seal component 110 can include an axial tooth 116, which can affect the fluid flow in the wheel space 191, thus contributing to a pressure drop between pressures PH and P1. The pressure drop between PH and P1 can also be influenced by an angle of a sloped portion 117 of the floating seal component 110. The sloped portion can be a shallow angle (e.g., 5 degrees to 20 degrees, specifically about ten degrees), for example, to create a tooth profile. The pressure drop across the sloped portion differs from application to application, and hence the angle is chosen based upon the specific application. The floating seal component 110 can further include radially oriented labyrinth teeth 119, which can affect the fluid flow between the wheel spaces 191, 192, thus contributing to a pressure drop between pressures P1 and P2. A pressure drop between P2 and PL can be influenced by variances in the distance 194 between the bristles 120 and the second turbine wheel 190. A pressure balance can be maintained on the entire assembly 100 to maintain the bristles 120 within a tight clearance to the turbine wheel 190.

    [0019] In steady state operation of the turbine environment 170, the floating axial brush seal assembly 100 can attain an equilibrium position in which the bristles 120 operate with minimal axial clearance to, or operate with light contact with, the second turbine wheel 190. At a given instance, pressures PH, P1, P2, and PL act on the floating seal component 110, which causes movement generally in the directions represented by arrow 140.

    [0020] In general, PH represents a high-pressure, whereas PL represents a low-pressure, measured relative to one another. Although the bristles 120 can be positioned on either of the low and high pressure sides, the bristles 120 can be maintained with increased clearance predictability on the low pressure side. As described herein, magnitudes of the pressures P1 and P2 depend on the axial distance between tooth 116 and wheel 185, the distance 194 between the bristles 120 and the second turbine wheel 190, as well as the radial clearance between the teeth 119 and rotor 175. In addition, PH>P1>P2>PL. The distance 194 during turbine operation is desired to be as low as possible without causing interference (e.g., frictional heating of the second turbine wheel 190) to provide effective sealing (e.g., between wheel spaces 191, 192). Brush distances 194 can be on the order of a few mils (e.g., less than or equal to 5 mils (0.127 millimeters (mm))).

    [0021] During transient operation, turbine components undergo thermal expansion causing clearances to change and differential pressures to be established across the floating seal component 110. For example, the pressure differential causes the floating seal component 110 to follow movements of the second turbine wheel 190, thereby maintaining the distance 194 (ideally a low constant value) between the bristles 120 and the second turbine wheel 190. For example, as the rotor 175 thermally expands and moves axially relative to the stator 180, readjustments of pressures acting on the floating seal component 110 create a net force that moves the floating seal component 110 to corresponding relative locations within the turbine environment 170. In addition, when the turbine is shut down and the environment 170 depressurizes, the floating seal component 110 moves to a resting state. Similarly, when the turbine components thermally contract during the shut down operation, the pressure differential causes the floating seal component 110 to reverse its direction, thereby following the second turbine wheel 190, for example, and maintaining the desired clearance (i.e., the distance 194).

    [0022] The forces acting within the turbine environment 170, and the resulting movement of the floating seal component 110 during transient operation is dependent on the dimensions of the floating axial brush seal assembly 100. For example, the angles of the sloped portions 117, 118 can be varied, i.e., chosen depending on the specific application. The pressure balance diameter as set by the secondary seal 150, affects the overall axial force balance, and can be adjusted to limit contact pressure between bristle tip of brush seal 120 and wheel 190. The pressure balance diameter is a diameter of the surface on which the secondary seal 150 acts, and can affect what part of the secondary seal 150 is exposed to higher pressure and what part of the secondary seal 150 is exposed to lower pressure. The secondary seal surface diameter divides the total axial area of the floating axial brush seal assembly 100 into two parts. The secondary seal surface diameter is the diameter of the secondary seal 150 that adjacent floating seal component 110. One part is subjected to pressure drop while the other part is not. As such, the diameter of the secondary seal 150 sets the pressure balance (or closing force of the seal). Referring again to FIG. 3, the larger the secondary seal surface diameter, the more surface area is exposed to high pressures PH and P1, creating a larger net force in the wheel space 192. Similarly, a smaller secondary seal surface diameter reduces the net force in toward the wheel space 192, affecting the overall force balance on the floating seal component 110.

    [0023] In addition, the number of radially oriented labyrinth teeth 119 can be chosen based upon a desired pressure drop from P1 to P2. The labyrinth teeth 119 can also have a shallow angle (e.g., about 5 degrees to about 20 degrees, specifically on the order of ten degrees). The number and length of the teeth can be selected on a per application basis, with the teeth generally having a length that will avoid contact with the rotor regardless of the movement of the floating seal component. In some embodiments, the floating seal component can have up to about 10 teeth, specifically, 1 to 5 teeth, and more specifically, 1 to 3 teeth. The distance between the labyrinth teeth can be selected to create an unfavorable flow path to inhibit leakage (e.g., the tooth spacing can be the same as the tooth length). As such, by modifying the features, and radial and axial dimensions of the floating seal component 110, the amount of movement of the floating seal component 110 as well as the distance 194 can be selected and therefore, controlled.

    [0024] In exemplary embodiments, the secondary seal 150 is implemented to control fluid leakage between the wheel spaces 191, 192, thereby controlling flow along the arrows 193, thus having predictable pressures PH, P1, P2, and PL. In exemplary embodiments, the secondary seal 150 can be any suitable seal including but not limited to, a piston ring, c-seal, pressure balanced piston ring, metallic seal, v-seal, w-seal, brush seal, as well as combinations comprising at least one of the foregoing seals. In FIGS. 1-3, the secondary seal 150 is illustrated as a piston ring.

    [0025] FIG. 4 illustrates a partial side view of a floating axial brush seal assembly 400 according to the present invention. FIG. 4 illustrates a partial view of the stationary seal component 105 and the floating seal component 110. FIG. 4 illustrates secondary seal 150 as a radial brush seal, which includes bristles 153 disposed between side rails 151, 152. The bristles 153 and the side rails 151, 152 can be affixed in the recess 107 of the stationary seal component 105 and in a dovetail arrangement with the recess 107. In exemplary embodiments, the bristles 153 are in frictional contact with a surface 154 of the floating seal component 110, thereby preventing leakage between the wheel spaces 191, 192 as described with respect to FIG. 3. The movement of the floating seal component 110 can be relatively small in both magnitude and rate, thus causing little frictional heating on the surface 154 of the floating seal component 110. As such, FIG. 4 illustrates that in exemplary embodiments, the floating axial brush seal assembly 100 can include two sets of brush seals, one including the bristles 120 and the other including the bristles 153. In such an arrangement, the bristles 120 are arranged axially with respect to the rotor 175 and the first and second turbine wheels 185, 190, and the bristles 153 are arranged radially with respect to the rotor 175 and the first and second turbine wheels 185, 190.

    [0026] Materials for the assemblies 100, 400 as described herein can vary application to application. For example, depending on the temperature, the parts for the assemblies 100, 400 can be a metal or metal alloy, such as chromium, molybdenum, cobalt, vanadium, nickel, tungsten, as well as combinations comprising at least one of the foregoing. Exemplary alloys include cobalt base alloys, nickel base alloys, iron base alloys, chromium based alloys, and the like, such as steel. For example, a chromium, molybdenum, vanadium (CrMoV) steel could be employed for low temperatures (e.g., less than or equal to 1,000°F (538°C)), while a nickel alloy such as Inconel* could be employed for higher temperature applications (e.g., greater than 1,000°F (538°C)). Where there could be sliding friction such as the secondary seal 150 or brush seal bristles 120, materials such as a cobalt-based alloy can be employed, e.g., Haynes* 25 alloy (nickel-chromium-tungsten alloy) or Stellite* alloy (cobalt-chromium alloys). Sometimes the mating components might have a low-friction or wear-resistant coating such as chrome carbide. Ceramics can also optionally be used, e.g., for very high temperatures in some gas turbine applications.

    [0027] The exemplary axial brush seal assemblies described herein offer several advantages. For example, in certain reaction-based turbine designs with a drum rotor construction, the turbine can include a much larger number of blade rows as opposed to an impulse-based designs), with the blades inserted into dovetails machined out of the rotor body (a drum rotor design, as opposed to a wheel and diaphragm type construction). For example, reaction-based steam turbines can have approximately two times the number of blades as an impulse turbine. This type of turbine depends heavily on effective sealing and has a limited radial space for seals (especially brush seals, which require a certain amount of radial bristle length in order to maintain their flexibility and compliance). The exemplary axial brush seal assemblies described herein provide the effective sealing without the need for radial space.

    [0028] The exemplary axial brush seal assemblies can also improve turbine operability over other seal designs. Hi-lo teeth, a type of labyrinth seal, has been used to seal the gap between the rotor 175 surface and stator inner cover 105. In such arrangement, the radial teeth alternate long and short, and opposite alternating small and large diameter sections of the rotor (the rotor is machined with hi- and lo-land). The long labyrinth teeth engage the lo-land part of the rotor while the short teeth engage the hi-land of the rotor. The hi-land is typically about 0.125 inches (0.3175 centimeters) taller than the lo-land, meaning that the rotor diameter alternates by 0.25 inches (0.635 centimeters) in the seal section, while the labyrinth tooth length also alternates by 0.125 inches (0.3175 centimeters) (0.25 inches (0.635 centimeters) on diameter). The radial clearance between the teeth and the rotor is typically the same for both the short and long teeth; but by alternating the long and short teeth (i.e., the "hi-lo" arrangement), a more effective flow restriction is created. During startup, the rotor thermally expands faster than the casing, so the rotor lands move axially relative to the seal teeth. In order to prevent the rotor lands from interfering with (and damaging) the seal teeth, the rate of startup must be carefully controlled. The axial brush seal assemblies described herein eliminate axial-clearance-based start-up concerns because the axial brush seal assemblies "float" with the rotor, without concern for creating damaging axial rubs.

    [0029] While the invention has been described in detail in connection with only a limited number of embodiments, it should be readily understood that the invention is not limited to such disclosed embodiments. Rather, the invention can be modified to incorporate any number of variations, alterations, substitutions or equivalent arrangements not heretofore described, but which are commensurate with the scope of the invention. Additionally, while various embodiments of the invention have been described, it is to be understood that aspects of the invention may include only some of the described embodiments. Accordingly, the invention is not to be seen as limited by the foregoing description, but is only limited by the scope of the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A brush seal assembly (100) for turbomachinery (170) having a rotor (175), comprising:

    a stationary seal component (105); and

    a floating seal component (110) movably coupled to the stationary seal component (105), the floating seal component (110) having bristles (120) circumferentially arranged around the rotor (175) in a bristle pack, said bristles angled in a tangential direction,

    wherein, when installed in the turbomachinary (170), the bristle pack extends axially with respect to the rotor (175); characterized by

    a secondary seal (150) disposed between the stationary seal component (105) and the floating seal component (110); wherein

    the secondary seal comprises a brush seal (150) having bristles (153), and wherein, when installed in the turbomachinary (170), the secondary seal bristle pack (153) extends radially with respect to the rotor (175).


     
    2. The assembly as claimed in Claim 1, wherein the floating seal component (110) is coupled to the stationary seal component (105) in an axially floating arrangement.
     
    3. The assembly as claimed in Claim 1 or 2, wherein the floating seal component (110) is moveable in a radial direction.
     
    4. The assembly as claimed in one of the preceding Claims, wherein the floating seal component (110) further comprises a cylindrical front plate (112) and a cylindrical back plate (113).
     
    5. The assembly as claimed in one of the preceding Claims, wherein the bristles (120) are disposed between the front plate (112) and the back plate (113).
     
    6. The assembly as claimed in Claim 5, further comprising side rails (125,130) supporting the bristles (120) such that there is a space between the bristles (120) and the front plate (112) and between the bristles (120) and the back plate (113).
     
    7. The assembly as claimed in Claim 1, wherein the secondary seal (150) comprises a piston ring.
     
    8. The assembly as claimed in one of Claims 1, 2, or 3, wherein the floating seal component (110) is movably coupled to the stationary seal component (105) with a hook (111) that extends into a recess (106) of the stationary seal component (105).
     
    9. The assembly as claimed in Claim 8, wherein the recess (106) and the hook (111) are in a floating dovetail arrangement.
     
    10. The assembly as claimed in one of the preceding Claims, wherein the bristle pack is disposed in the floating seal component (110).
     
    11. A power turbine, comprising:

    a first turbine wheel (185);

    a second turbine wheel (190);

    a rotor (175) disposed between and coupled to the first and second turbine wheels (185,190);

    a stator (180) adjacent the rotor (175); and

    the brush seal assembly (100), of any of claims 1 to 10.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Bürstendichtungsbaugruppe (100) für eine Turbomaschine (170), die einen Rotor (175) aufweist, umfassend:

    eine stationäre Dichtungskomponente (105); und

    eine schwimmende Dichtungskomponente (110), die beweglich mit der stationären Dichtungskomponente (105) verbunden ist, wobei die schwimmende Dichtungskomponente (110) Borsten (120) aufweist, die in Umfangsrichtung um den Rotor herum (175) in einer Borstenpackung angeordnet sind, wobei die Borsten in einer tangentialen Richtung abgewinkelt sind,

    wobei sich die Borstenpackung in Bezug auf den Rotor (175) axial erstreckt, wenn sie in der Turbomaschine (170) installiert ist; gekennzeichnet durch

    eine sekundäre Dichtung (150), die zwischen der stationären Dichtungskomponente (105) und der schwimmenden Dichtungskomponente (110) angeordnet ist; wobei

    die sekundäre Dichtung eine Bürstendichtung (150) umfasst, die Borsten (153) aufweist, und wobei sich die Borstenpackung (153) der sekundären Dichtung in Bezug auf den Rotor (175) radial erstreckt, wenn sie in der Turbomaschine (170) installiert ist.


     
    2. Baugruppe nach Anspruch 1, wobei die schwimmende Dichtungskomponente (110) mit der stationären Dichtungskomponente (105) in einer axial schwimmenden Anordnung verbunden ist.
     
    3. Baugruppe nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die schwimmende Dichtungskomponente (110) in einer Radialrichtung beweglich ist.
     
    4. Baugruppe nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die schwimmende Dichtungskomponente (110) ferner eine zylindrische Frontplatte (112) und eine zylindrische Rückplatte (113) umfasst.
     
    5. Baugruppe nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Borsten (120) zwischen der Frontplatte (112) und der Rückplatte (113) angeordnet sind.
     
    6. Baugruppe nach Anspruch 5, ferner umfassend Seitenschienen (125, 130), die die Borsten (120) tragen, sodass ein Raum zwischen den Borsten (120) und der Frontplatte (112) und zwischen den Borsten (120) und der Rückplatte (113) besteht.
     
    7. Baugruppe nach Anspruch 1, wobei die sekundäre Dichtung (150) einen Kolbenring umfasst.
     
    8. Baugruppe nach einem der Ansprüche 1, 2 oder 3, wobei die schwimmende Dichtungskomponente (110) mit einem Haken (111), der sich in eine Aussparung (106) der stationären Dichtungskomponente (105) erstreckt, beweglich mit der stationären Dichtungskomponente (105) verbunden ist.
     
    9. Baugruppe nach Anspruch 8, wobei sich die Aussparung (106) und der Haken (111) in einer schwimmenden Schwalbenschwanzanordnung befinden.
     
    10. Baugruppe nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Borstenpackung in der schwimmenden Dichtungskomponente (110) angeordnet ist.
     
    11. Arbeitsturbine, umfassend:

    ein erstes Turbinenrad (185);

    ein zweites Turbinenrad (190);

    einen Rotor (175), der zwischen dem ersten und dem zweiten Turbinenrad (185, 190) angeordnet und mit diesen verbunden ist;

    einen benachbart zum Rotor (175) angeordneten Stator (180); und

    die Bürstendichtungsbaugruppe (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10.


     


    Revendications

    1. Ensemble de joint à brosse (100) pour turbomachine (170) ayant un rotor (175), comprenant :

    un composant de joint fixe (105) ; et

    un composant de joint flottant (110) couplé de manière mobile au composant de joint fixe (105), le composant de joint flottant (110) ayant des poils (120) disposés circonférentiellement autour du rotor (175) dans un lot de poils, lesdits poils inclinés dans une direction tangentielle,

    dans lequel, une fois installé dans la turbomachine (170), le lot de poils s'étend axialement par rapport au rotor (175) ; caractérisé par

    un joint secondaire (150) disposé entre le composant de joint fixe (105) et le composant de joint flottant (110) ; dans lequel

    le joint secondaire comprend un joint à brosse (150) ayant des poils (153), et dans lequel, une fois installé dans la turbomachine (170), le lot de poils du joint secondaire (153) s'étend radialement par rapport au rotor (175).


     
    2. Ensemble selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le composant de joint flottant (110) est couplé au composant de joint fixe (105) dans un agencement axialement flottant.
     
    3. Ensemble selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le composant de joint flottant (110) est mobile dans une direction radiale.
     
    4. Ensemble selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le composant de joint flottant (110) comprend en outre une plaque avant cylindrique (112) et une plaque arrière cylindrique (113).
     
    5. Ensemble selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les poils (120) sont disposés entre la plaque avant (112) et la plaque arrière (113).
     
    6. Ensemble selon la revendication 5, comprenant en outre des rails latéraux (125,130) supportant les poils (120) de telle sorte qu'il y a un espace entre les poils (120) et la plaque avant (112) et entre les poils (120) et la plaque arrière (113).
     
    7. Ensemble selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le joint secondaire (150) comprend un segment de piston.
     
    8. Ensemble selon l'une des revendications 1, 2 ou 3, dans lequel le composant de joint flottant (110) est couplé de manière mobile au composant de joint fixe (105) avec un crochet (111) qui s'étend dans un évidement (106) du composant de joint fixe (105).
     
    9. Ensemble selon la revendication 8, dans lequel l'évidement (106) et le crochet (111) sont dans un agencement à queue d'aronde flottant.
     
    10. Ensemble selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le lot de poils est disposé dans le composant de joint flottant (110).
     
    11. Turbine de puissance, comprenant :

    une première roue de turbine (185) ;

    une seconde roue de turbine (190) ;

    un rotor (175) disposé entre et couplé aux première et seconde roues de turbine (185,190) ;

    un stator (180) adjacent au rotor (175) ; et

    l'ensemble de joint à brosse (100), selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10.


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description