(19)
(11)EP 2 694 815 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/26

(21)Application number: 12768485.0

(22)Date of filing:  28.03.2012
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F04C 14/28(2006.01)
F04C 2/16(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2012/030901
(87)International publication number:
WO 2012/138522 (11.10.2012 Gazette  2012/41)

(54)

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MONITORING PUMP LINING WEAR

SYSTEM UND VERFAHREN ZUR ÜBERWACHUNG DES VERSCHLEISSES EINES PUMPENFUTTERS

SYSTÈME ET PROCÉDÉ POUR LA SURVEILLANCE D'USURE DE CHEMISAGE DE POMPE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 07.04.2011 US 201161472984 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
12.02.2014 Bulletin 2014/07

(73)Proprietor: CIRCOR Pumps North America, LLC
Monroe NC 28110 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • PATTON, Kenneth
    Waxhaw, North Carolina 28173 (US)

(74)Representative: Murgitroyd & Company 
Scotland House 165-169 Scotland Street
Glasgow G5 8PL
Glasgow G5 8PL (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2005/083411
DE-A1-102009 056 119
US-A- 4 535 326
US-A- 4 655 077
US-A1- 2003 113 221
WO-A1-2009/143232
US-A- 3 996 124
US-A- 4 655 077
US-A- 5 601 414
US-A1- 2008 193 309
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of the Disclosure



    [0001] The disclosure is generally related to the field of fluid handling systems, and more particularly to an improved system for monitoring wear of pump linings.

    Background of the Disclosure



    [0002] Screw pumps are rotary, positive displacement pumps that use two or more screws to transfer high or low viscosity fluids or fluid mixtures along an axis. Generally, a three-screw pump is a positive rotary pump in which a central one of three screws is motor-driven, and the two further screws are idlers meshing with diametrically opposed portions of the driven central screw, the idlers acting as sealing elements that are rotated hydraulically by the fluid being pumped. The volumes or cavities between the intermeshing screws and a liner or casing transport a specific volume of fluid in an axial direction around threads of the screws. As the screws rotate the fluid volumes are transported from an inlet to an outlet of the pump. In some applications, these pumps are used to aid in the extraction of oil from on-shore and sub-sea wells.

    [0003] Often the liquids pumped through these pumps include entrained solids, such as sand. The presence of sand and other solids can cause damage to the pump internals, most notably to the pump casing, where the solids can pass between the screws and the casing. Substantial wear of the pump casing can undesirably result in reduced discharge flow rates. Repair of pump casings can be expensive, and thus, many manufacturers line the pump casing with a self-repairing liner material. Such liners are typically made from material that is much softer than the casing and screws. Thus, damage due to entrained solids is borne by the liner and not the more expensive casing. Such liners may be "self-repairing," in that over time, scratches and gouges caused by contact with entrained solids may be smoothed over, mitigating their impact on performance of the pump.

    [0004] While such liners can improve pump lifecycle, periodic liner refurbishment is still required. A difficulty remains, however, in determining when liner replacement should occur. As noted, liner degradation may manifest itself in reduced output flow from the pump. Where multiple pumps serve a single outlet, however, it can be difficult to identify which pump may be the cause of reduced overall flow. Thus, it would be desirable to provide a system and method for continuously monitoring wear of pump casing liners so that repair can be performed in a timely manner.

    [0005] Wear monitoring systems, in general, are known. For example, U.S. Patent No. 6,945,098 to Olson discloses a wear detection system for use in determining wall thinning in hydrocyclone applications, U.S. Patent No. 6,290,027 to Matsuzaki, U.S. Patent No. 5,833,033 to Takanashi, and U.S. Patent No. 4,274,511 to Moriya disclose systems for detecting wear of brake pads, and U.S. Patent No. 3,102,759 to Stewart discloses a system for detecting wear of journal bearings. The problem with these systems is that they may not be as accurate as desired. This is because the systems employ wear sensors made of materials that have compositions and properties different from the compositions and properties of the components being monitored. Owing to such differences, the sensors may wear at a faster or slower rate than the monitored components. As will be appreciated, where sensor wear is not consistent with component wear, the accuracy of the monitoring system is adversely affected. DE 10 2009 056 119 discloses a screw pump with an additional wearable coating between a rotor and a stator steel wall. A capacitive sensor is arranged in the coating for detecting distance of a boundary layer between the coating and an internal liquid medium.

    [0006] Thus, there remains a need for an improved wear monitoring system that can continuously monitor wear of pump casing liners so that repair can be effected in a timely manner. Such a system should overcome the deficiencies inherent in current systems, and should be highly accurate. It would also be desirable to provide a system and method for storing liner wear information so that wear trending can be accomplished.

    SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE



    [0007] According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a system for monitoring pump lining wear, comprising:

    a wear detector comprising a housing and a circuit;
    the wear detector disposed in a casing of a pump, the pump having a casing liner;

    the housing having a nose that is positioned flush with an inner surface of the casing liner adjacent a screw of the pump;

    the circuit disposed in the nose and having at least one circuit loop electrically coupled to a conductor, the conductor coupled to a controller, the controller configured to determine a thickness of the casing liner; and

    characterized in that the housing includes first and second housing halves, the circuit is disposed intermediate the first and second housing halves, and the first and second housing halves are made from the same material as the casing liner.



    [0008] According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for monitoring pump lining wear, comprising:

    a controller determining a thickness of a pump casing liner based on signals received from a conductor associated with a wear detector;

    wherein the wear detector has a nose positioned flush with an inner surface of the pump casing liner, the wear detector having a circuit with at least one circuit loop disposed adjacent the nose, the at least one circuit loop electrically coupled to the conductor;

    characterized in that the wear detector is disposed adjacent the casing liner and includes a housing having first and second housing halves made from the same material as the casing liner, and wherein the circuit is disposed intermediate the first and second housing halves.


    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0009] By way of example, a specific embodiment of the disclosed device will now be described, with reference to the accompanying drawings:

    FIG. 1 is cross-section view of an exemplary three-screw pump;

    FIG. 2A is a cross-section view of a pump casing portion of the pump of FIG. 1 taken along line 2-2; FIG. 2B is a detail view of a liner portion of the pump casing of FIG. 2A;

    FIG. 3 is an exploded isometric view of an exemplary wear sensor;

    FIG. 4A is a transparent plan view of the wear sensor of FIG. 3; FIG. 4B is a cross-section view taken alone line 4B-4B of FIG. 4A;

    FIG 5 is a plan view of an exemplary circuit portion of the wear sensor of FIG. 3;

    FIG. 6A is a cutaway view of the circuit portion of FIG. 5; FIG. 6B is a detail cutaway view of a portion of the cutaway view of FIG. 6A;

    FIGS. 7-9 show the disclosed wear sensor installed in an exemplary pump casing;

    FIG. 10 is a block diagram of a system for monitoring pump casing liner wear using the disclosed wear sensor;

    FIG. 11 is a diagram of an exemplary display for use in the system of FIG. 10; and

    FIGS. 12 and 13 show a local readout for displaying pump lining condition.


    Detailed Description



    [0010] Referring now to the drawings, FIG. 1 is a schematic cross-section of a screw pump 10. The pump 10 includes an inlet-suction end 12, an outlet-discharge end 14, and a casing 16 defining a screw channel 18 there-between. As illustrated in FIG. 2A, the screw channel 18 comprises a larger center bore 20 and a pair of smaller bores 22 juxtaposed on opposed sides of the center bore 20, for respectively receiving a drive screw 24 and a pair of idler screws 26. Operating power for the drive screw 24 is transmitted by means of a drive screw spindle 28 (FIG. 1), which is rotated by a motor or other drive unit (not shown). In the schematic pump 10 shown in FIG. 1, fluid is conveyed from left to right.

    [0011] One or more inner surfaces of the pump casing 16 may be lined with a material that is different from the casing material to protect the pump casing 16 from damage during operation. FIG. 2B shows such a lining 30 disposed on the inner surfaces of the casing 16 adjacent one of the idler screws 26. In practical application, this lining 30 may be disposed on the inner surfaces of the casing 16 adjacent the idler screws 26 and the drive screw 24. In one embodiment, the lining 30 comprises Babbit metal. Babbitt metal is soft and has a structure is made up of small hard crystals dispersed in a softer metal, which makes it a metal matrix composite. As the Babbit metal wears, the softer metal erodes, which creates paths for lubricant between the hard high spots that provide the actual bearing surface. The lining 30 may be provided in any of a variety of desired thicknesses. In one embodiment, the thickness "T" of the lining 30 is about 4.76 mm (3/16 - inch).

    [0012] During operation, when entrained solids pass between the screws 24, 26 and the liner 30, the screws and liner may become worn or damaged. To maintain desired performance, the screws and liner may be periodically replaced. Traditionally, the liner is replaced at the same time the screws are replaced, since direct inspection of the liner throughout the casing is difficult. Changing the liner, however, requires that the pump be taken out of service and shipped to a maintenance facility. The problem with such a procedure is that liner replacement is not always necessary. With the disclosed system, the user is provided with a constant indication of liner thickness, and thus, if the system indicates that the liner remains above a certain critical thickness when it is time for the screws to be replaced, then only screw replacement can be carried out. The benefit is that screw replacement can be performed in the field, whereas liner replacement must be performed in the shop. As will be appreciated, this can result in lower cost and impact on operations, resulting in lower overall life cycle cost for the pump.

    [0013] Referring now to FIGS. 3-5, the wear sensor 32 may include a housing 34 and a wear circuit 36 disposed within the housing. In the illustrated embodiment, the housing 34 comprises first and second housing halves 34A, B and the wear circuit 36 comprises a flexible circuit containing a plurality of conductive traces 37. The housing halves 34A, B and the wear circuit 36 may be held together using a suitable adhesive, such as epoxy. First and second recesses 38A, B may be provided in the housing halves 34A, B to enable the wear sensor 32 to accept fasteners 40 for fastening the wear sensor to the pump casing 16 at an appropriate location, as will be described in greater detail later.

    [0014] As can be seen, the wear circuit 36 may have a first end 42 with a plurality of contact openings 44 for coupling to a plurality of conductors 46 (FIG. 4B) and a second end 48 that extends adjacent to a nose portion 50 of the first housing half 34A. A plurality of holes 52 are disposed in the wear circuit 36 between the conductive traces, to facilitate bonding of the circuit to the housing 34 (FIG. 5).

    [0015] As can be seen in FIG. 5, the wear circuit 36 may include a plurality of conductive traces 37 which, in the illustrated embodiment, make up first and second circuit loops 37A, B. The first circuit loop 37A is coupled to contact openings 44A and 44B, while the second circuit loop 37B is coupled to contact openings 44B and 44C. The loops 37A, B share a common ground 44B. Although the illustrated embodiment shows two separate circuit loops, the wear circuit 36 could include greater or fewer circuit loops, as desired.

    [0016] FIGS. 6A and 6B show additional detail of the wear circuit 36. Specifically, the wear circuit is shown as a laminate structure in which the conductive traces 37 and the contact openings 44 are sandwiched between first and second layers 54A, 54B of flexible material. In one embodiment, this flexible material is a polyimide. Other flexible laminates can also be used. The laminate structure is held together using a suitable adhesive, such as epoxy. The individual conductors 46 (FIG. 4B) can be connected to the contact openings 44 via soldering.

    [0017] FIGS. 7-9 show the wear sensor 32 installed in an exemplary pump casing 16. The wear sensor 32 is shown disposed within a recess 56 formed in the casing 16 and is fixed to the casing via the fasteners 40. As can be seen, the sensor 32 is positioned so that the nose portion 50 of the sensor is substantially flush with the inner surface of the casing liner 30.

    [0018] In one embodiment, the first and second housing halves 34A, B of the wear sensor 32 are made from the same material as the casing liner 30. Thus, in an exemplary embodiment the first and second halves 34A, B are made from Babbit metal of a similar composition as that of the casing liner 30. Because the housing is made from the same material as the casing liner 30, the nose portion 50 of the sensor will experience wear at substantially the same rate as the liner. As the nose portion 50 wears, so does the circuit 36 which is disposed in or on the nose portion 50. As a result, wear of the wear circuit is directly proportional to wear of the liner 30.

    [0019] Referring back to FIG. 5, it can be seen that the first circuit loop 37A is longer than the second circuit loop 37B (i.e., the first circuit loop 37A extends closer to the second end 48 of the wear circuit 36 than does the second circuit loop 37B). Since the second end 48 of the wear circuit 36 is disposed adjacent to the nose portion 50 of the first housing half 34A, the second end 48 of the wear circuit will wear away at or about the same rate as the nose portion 50 (liner 30). As the second end 48 of the wear circuit is worn away by a first amount (identified as "T1" in FIG. 5), the first circuit loop 37A is broken, resulting in an "open circuit," which can be sensed by a monitoring controller. As wear progresses, the wear circuit 36 eventually wears away by a second amount "T2," and the second circuit loop 37B is broken, thus resulting in an "open circuit" which can be sensed for the second circuit loop.

    [0020] The system may be configured to recognize the "opening" of each circuit 37A, B as corresponding to particular predetermined thickness reductions in the casing liner 30. In this way, the in situ thickness of the casing liner 30 can be continuously monitored, and the pump 10 can be taken off line and refurbished when the liner thickness reaches a critical value.

    [0021] FIG. 10 shows a system 100 for monitoring pump liner wear. Wear sensor 32 is installed in pump 10, and conductors 46 are routed through the casing using an appropriate gland seal, such as a high pressure gland seal offered by Conax Technologies, 2300 Walden Avenue, Buffalo, NY 14225. Signals from the conductors 46 may be communicated to a control box 58 via a hard-wired or wireless communication link 60. The control box 58 may include a processor 60 and associated memory 62. The processor may be configured to execute instructions for receiving input signals from the wear sensor 32 and for recognizing the signals as representative of one or more wear conditions of the pump liner 30. The memory 62 may be used to store data representative of the one or more wear conditions of the pump liner. Such data may also include time stamp data which can be used to develop wear trend information for the pump 10. In one embodiment, this wear trend information can be used to predict an end-of-life for the pump liner 30. The system 100 may also include a display 64 in communication with the control box 58. The display 64 may be used to display one or more pump liner conditions or warnings to a user. Visible and/or audible indications of pump liner condition may be included.

    [0022] FIG. 11 shows an exemplary display 64 for a system that includes a pair of wear sensors 32. More than one wear sensor may be used where the pump 10 has multiple idler screws 26. It will be appreciated that a multiplicity of wear sensors 32 can be disposed throughout the pump casing as desired, to provide information on the casing liner 30 at various locations throughout the pump.

    [0023] The display 64 of FIG. 11 includes a visual indication of the wear state of first and second wear sensors 32. In the illustrated embodiment, a visual indication is provided indicating that a first predetermined thickness reduction in the liner 30 has been observed (termed "Stage 1"). This would, for example, correlate with the breaking of the first circuit loop 37A in each wear sensor. "Stage 2" does not display a warning condition, and thus the second circuit loop 37B in each wear sensor has not been breached.

    [0024] As will be appreciated, in addition to this local display 64, a further remote display of data can also be provided. Further, an e-mail, fax or SMS text message can be sent to a predetermined address when one or more circuit loop breaks are sensed.

    [0025] FIG. 12 shows an implementation of the disclosed wear sensor in which a local readout of lining condition is provided in lieu of a separate control box. In this embodiment, a local display 66 is provided, with LED's (light emitting diodes) 68 (FIG. 13) illuminating in sequence as each wear interval is reached (i.e., as each circuit loop is breached). A reset button 70 can be provided to reset the display 68 when a new wear sensor 32 is installed. The display 66 of this embodiment can be locally powered by an internal battery or small solar cell. In some embodiments, additional digital outputs can be provided to connect to external data acquisition components.

    [0026] Based on the foregoing information, it will be readily understood by those persons skilled in the art that the present invention is susceptible of broad utility and application. Many embodiments and adaptations of the present invention other than those specifically described herein, as well as many variations, modifications, and equivalent arrangements, will be apparent from or reasonably suggested by the present invention and the foregoing descriptions thereof, without departing from the substance or scope of the present invention. Accordingly, while the present invention has been described herein in detail in relation to its preferred embodiment, it is to be understood that this disclosure is only illustrative and exemplary of the present invention and is made merely for the purpose of providing a full and enabling disclosure of the invention. The foregoing disclosure is not intended to be construed to limit the present invention or otherwise exclude any such other embodiments, adaptations, variations, modifications or equivalent arrangements; the present invention being limited only by the claims appended hereto. Although specific terms are employed herein, they are used in a generic and descriptive sense only and not for the purpose of limitation.


    Claims

    1. A system (100) for monitoring pump lining wear, comprising:

    a wear detector (32) comprising a housing (34) and a circuit (36);

    the wear detector (32) disposed in a casing (16) of a pump (10), the pump (10) having a casing liner (30);

    the housing (34) having a nose (50) that is positioned flush with an inner surface of the casing liner (30) adjacent a screw (26) of the pump (10);

    the circuit (36) disposed in the nose (50) and having at least one circuit loop (37A) electrically coupled to a conductor (46), the conductor (46) coupled to a controller (58), the controller (58) configured to determine a thickness of the casing liner (30); and

    characterized in that the housing (34) includes first and second housing halves (34A, B), the circuit (36) is disposed intermediate the first and second housing halves (34A, B), and the first and second housing halves (34A, B) are made from the same material as the casing liner (30).


     
    2. The system (100) of claim 1, wherein the circuit (36) comprises a flexible circuit including a plurality of conductive traces (37) that form first and second circuit loops (37A, B); and wherein the first circuit loop (37A) is coupled to first and second contact openings (44A, B), the second circuit loop (37B) is coupled to the second contact opening (44B) and a third contact opening (44C), and wherein the first and second circuit loops (37A, B) share a common ground (44B).
     
    3. The system (100) of claim 2, wherein the first circuit loop (37A) is longer than the second circuit loop (37B) such that the first circuit loop (37B) extends closer to the nose (50) of the housing (34) than the second circuit loop (37B).
     
    4. The system (100) of claim 1, wherein when the nose (50) is worn away by a first predetermined amount the first circuit loop (37A) is broken, resulting in an open circuit configured to be sensed by the controller (58); and wherein when the nose (50) is worn away by a second predetermined amount the second circuit loop (37B) is broken, resulting in an open circuit configured to be sensed by the controller (58).
     
    5. The system (100) of claim 4, wherein the controller (58) is configured to recognize the opening of the first and second circuit loops (37A,B) as corresponding to respective first and second predetermined thickness reductions in the casing liner (30).
     
    6. The system (100) of claim 1, wherein the controller (58) includes a processor (60) and a memory (62), the processor (60) configured to execute instructions for recognizing signals received from the wear detector (32) as representative of one or more wear conditions of the casing liner (30); and wherein the memory (62) stores data representative of the one or more wear conditions of the casing liner (30) associated with time stamp data.
     
    7. A method for monitoring pump lining wear, comprising:

    a controller (58) determining a thickness of a pump casing liner (30) based on signals received from a conductor (46) associated with a wear detector (32);

    wherein the wear detector (32) has a nose (50) positioned flush with an inner surface of the pump casing liner (30), the wear detector (32) having a circuit (36) with at least one circuit loop (37A) disposed adjacent the nose (50), the at least one circuit loop (37A) electrically coupled to the conductor (46);

    characterized in that the wear detector (32) is disposed adjacent the casing liner (30) and includes a housing (34) having first and second housing halves (34A, B) made from the same material as the casing liner (30), and wherein the circuit (36) is disposed intermediate the first and second housing halves (34A, B).


     
    8. The method of claim 7, wherein the at least one circuit loop (37A) comprises first and second circuit loops (37A, B), the first circuit loop (37A) being longer than the second circuit loop (37B) such that the first circuit loop (37A) extends closer to the nose (50) than the second circuit loop (37B).
     
    9. The method of claim 8, further comprising the controller (58) sensing a first open circuit condition when the nose (50) is worn away by a first predetermined amount that breaks the first circuit loop (37A) and results in a first open circuit.
     
    10. The method of claim 9, further comprising the controller (58) sensing a second open circuit condition when the nose is worn away by a second predetermined amount that breaks the second circuit loop (37B) and results in a second open circuit.
     
    11. The method of claim 10, further comprising the controller (58) correlating the opening of the first and second circuit loops (37A, B) as corresponding to respective first and second predetermined thickness reductions in the pump casing liner (30).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. System (100) zum Überwachen von Pumpenauskleidungsverschleiß, umfassend:

    einen Verschleißsensor (32), der ein Gehäuse (34) und eine Schaltung (36) umfasst;

    wobei der Verschleißsensor (32) in einem Gehäuse (16) einer Pumpe (10) angeordnet ist, wobei die Pumpe (10) eine Gehäuseauskleidung (30) aufweist;

    wobei das Gehäuse (34) einen Ansatz (50) aufweist, der bündig mit einer Innenfläche der Gehäuseauskleidung (30) neben einer Schnecke (26) der Pumpe (10) angeordnet ist;

    wobei die Schaltung (36) im Ansatz (50) angeordnet ist und mindestens eine Leiterschleife (37A) aufweist, die elektrisch mit einem Leiter (46) gekoppelt ist, wobei der Leiter (46) mit eine Steuerung (58) gekoppelt ist, wobei die Steuerung (58) dazu konfiguriert ist, eine Dicke der Gehäuseauskleidung (30) zu bestimmen; und

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Gehäuse (34) eine erste und eine zweite Gehäusehälfte (34A, B) beinhaltet, die Schaltung (36) zwischen der ersten und zweiten Gehäusehälfte (34A, B) angeordnet ist, und die erste und zweite Gehäusehälfte (34A, B) aus demselben Material wie die Gehäuseauskleidung (30) hergestellt sind.


     
    2. System (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Schaltung (36) eine flexible Schaltung umfasst, die eine Vielzahl von Leiterbahnen (37) beinhaltet, die eine erste und eine zweite Leiterschleife (37A, B) bilden; und wobei die erste Leiterschleife (37A) mit einer ersten und einer zweiten Kontaktöffnung (44A, B) gekoppelt ist, die zweite Leiterschleife (37B) mit der zweiten Kontaktöffnung (44B) und einer dritten Kontaktöffnung (44C) gekoppelt ist, und wobei die erste und zweite Leiterschleife (37A, B) eine gemeinsame Erdung (44B) aufweisen.
     
    3. System (100) nach Anspruch 2, wobei die erste Leiterschleife (37 A) länger ist als die zweite Leiterschleife (37B), so dass die erste Leiterschleife (37B) näher am Ansatz (50) des Gehäuses (34) verläuft als die zweite Leiterschleife (37B).
     
    4. System (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei, wenn der Ansatz (50) um einen ersten vorgegebenen Betrag abgenutzt ist, die erste Leiterschleife (37A) unterbrochen ist, was zu einem offenen Schaltkreis führt, der dazu konfiguriert ist, von der Steuerung (58) erfasst zu werden; und wobei, wenn der Ansatz (50) um einen zweiten vorgegebenen Betrag abgenutzt ist, die zweite Leiterschleife (37B) unterbrochen ist, was zu einem offenen Schaltkreis führt, der dazu konfiguriert ist, von der Steuerung (58) erfasst zu werden.
     
    5. System (100) nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Steuerung (58) dazu konfiguriert ist, das Öffnen der ersten und zweiten Leiterschleife (37A,B) als der ersten und zweiten vorgegebenen Dickenreduktion in der Gehäuseauskleidung (30) entsprechend zu erkennen.
     
    6. System (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Steuerung (58) einen Prozessor (60) und einen Speicher (62) beinhaltet, wobei der Prozessor (60) dazu konfiguriert ist, Befehle zum Erkennen von vom Verschleißsensor (32) empfangenen Signalen als einen oder mehrere Verschleißzustände der Gehäuseauskleidung (30) darstellend auszuführen; und wobei der Speicher (62) Daten speichert, die den einen oder die mehreren Verschleißzustände der Gehäuseauskleidung (30) in Verbindung mit Zeitstempeldaten darstellen.
     
    7. Verfahren zum Überwachen von Pumpenauskleidungsverschleiß, umfassend:

    eine Steuerung (58), die eine Dicke einer Pumpengehäuseauskleidung (30) basierend auf Signalen bestimmt, die von einem Leiter (46) empfangen werden, der einem Verschleißsensor (32) zugeordnet ist;

    wobei der Verschleißsensor (32) einen Ansatz (50) aufweist, der bündig mit einer Innenfläche der Pumpengehäuseauskleidung (30) positioniert ist, wobei der Verschleißsensor (32) eine Schaltung (36) mit mindestens einer Leiterschleife (37A) aufweist, die neben dem Ansatz (50) angeordnet ist, wobei die mindestens eine Leiterschleife (37A) mit dem Leiter (46) elektrisch gekoppelt ist;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Verschleißsensor (32) neben der Gehäuseauskleidung (30) angeordnet ist und ein Gehäuse (34) mit einer ersten und einer zweiten Gehäusehälfte (34A, B) beinhaltet, die aus demselben Material wie die Gehäuseauskleidung (30) hergestellt sind, und wobei die Schaltung (36) zwischen der ersten und zweiten Gehäusehälfte (34A, B) angeordnet ist.


     
    8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, wobei die mindestens eine Leiterschleife (37A) eine erste und eine zweite Leiterschleife (37A, B) umfasst, wobei die erste Leiterschleife (37A) länger als die zweite Leiterschleife (37B) ist, so dass die erste Leiterschleife (37A) näher am Ansatz (50) als die zweite Leiterschleife (37B) verläuft.
     
    9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8, ferner umfassend das Erfassen eines ersten offenen Schaltkreiszustandes durch die Steuerung (58), wenn der Ansatz (50) um einen ersten vorgegebenen Betrag abgenutzt ist, der die erste Leiterschleife (37A) unterbricht und zu einem ersten offenen Schaltkreis führt.
     
    10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 9, ferner umfassend das Erfassen eines zweiten offenen Schaltkreiszustandes durch die Steuerung (58), wenn der Ansatz um einen zweiten vorgegebenen Betrag abgenutzt ist, der die zweite Leiterschleife (37B) unterbricht und zu einem zweiten offenen Schaltkreis führt.
     
    11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10, ferner umfassend das Korrelieren des Öffnens der ersten und zweiten Leiterschleife (37A, B) als der jeweiligen ersten und zweiten vorgegebenen Dickenreduktion in der Pumpengehäuseauskleidung (30) entsprechend durch die Steuerung (58).
     


    Revendications

    1. Système (100) de surveillance de l'usure de chemisages d'une pompe, comprenant :

    un détecteur d'usure (32) comprenant un boîtier (34) et un circuit (36) ;

    le détecteur d'usure (32) étant disposé dans un corps (16) d'une pompe (10), la pompe (10) comportant une chemise de corps (30) ;

    le boîtier (34) comportant un nez (50) qui affleure une surface interne de la chemise de corps (30) à côté d'une vis (26) de la pompe (10) ;

    le circuit (36) disposé dans le nez (50) et comportant au moins une boucle de circuit (37A) couplée électriquement à un conducteur (46), le conducteur (46) étant couplé à un contrôleur (58), le contrôleur (58) étant configuré pour déterminer une épaisseur de la chemise de corps (30) ; et

    caractérisé en ce que le boîtier (34) inclut des première et deuxième moitiés de boîtier (34A, B), le circuit (36) est disposé entre les première et deuxième moitiés de boîtier (34A, B), et les première et deuxième moitiés de boîtier (34A, B) sont constituées du même matériau que la chemise de corps (30).


     
    2. Système (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le circuit (36) comprend un circuit flexible incluant une pluralité de pistes conductrices (37) qui forment des première et deuxième boucles de circuit (37A, B) ; et dans lequel la première boucle de circuit (37A) est couplée à des première et deuxième ouvertures de contact (44A, B), la deuxième boucle de circuit (37B) est couplée à la deuxième ouverture de contact (44B) et à une troisième ouverture de contact (44C), et dans lequel les première et deuxième boucles de circuit (37A, B) partagent une masse commune (44B).
     
    3. Système (100) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel la première boucle de circuit (37A) est plus longue que la deuxième boucle de circuit (37B) de sorte que la première boucle de circuit (37B) se rapproche davantage du nez (50) du boîtier (34) que la deuxième boucle de circuit (37B).
     
    4. Système (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel, lorsque l'usure du nez (50) atteint une première valeur prédéterminée, la première boucle de circuit (37A) se casse, ce qui crée un circuit ouvert configuré pour être détecté par le contrôleur (58) ; et dans lequel, lorsque l'usure du nez (50) atteint une deuxième valeur prédéterminée, la deuxième boucle de circuit (37B) se casse, ce qui crée un circuit ouvert configuré pour être détecté par le contrôleur (58).
     
    5. Système (100) selon la revendication 4, dans lequel le contrôleur (58) est configuré pour reconnaître l'ouverture des première et deuxième boucles de circuit (37A, B) comme correspondant respectivement à des première et deuxième réductions d'épaisseur prédéterminées de la chemise de corps (30).
     
    6. Système (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le contrôleur (58) inclut un processeur (60) et une mémoire (62), le processeur (60) étant configuré pour exécuter des instructions pour reconnaître des signaux reçus du détecteur d'usure (32) comme étant représentatifs d'un ou plusieurs états d'usure de la chemise de corps (30) ; et dans lequel la mémoire (62) stocke des données représentatives de l'état ou des états d'usure de la chemise de corps (30) associées à des données d'horodatage.
     
    7. Procédé de surveillance de l'usure de chemisages d'une pompe, comprenant :

    un contrôleur (58) déterminant une épaisseur de la chemise de corps (30) d'une pompe sur la base de signaux reçus d'un conducteur (46) associé à un détecteur d'usure (32) ;

    dans lequel le détecteur d'usure (32) comporte un nez (50) qui affleure une surface interne de la chemise (30) du corps de pompe, le détecteur d'usure (32) comportant un circuit (36) muni d'au moins une boucle de circuit (37A) disposée à côté du nez (50), la au moins une boucle de circuit (37A) étant couplée électriquement au conducteur (46) ;

    caractérisé en ce que le détecteur d'usure (32) est disposé à côté de la chemise de corps (30) et inclut un boîtier (34) comportant des première et deuxième moitiés de boîtier (34A, B) constituées du même matériau que la chemise de corps (30), et dans lequel le circuit (36) est disposé entre les première et deuxième moitiés de boîtier (34A, B).


     
    8. Procédé selon la revendication (7), dans lequel la au moins une boucle de circuit (37A) comprend des première et deuxième boucles de circuit (37A, B), la première boucle de circuit (37A) étant plus longue que la deuxième boucle de circuit (37B) de sorte que la première boucle de circuit (37A) se rapproche davantage du nez (50) que la deuxième boucle de circuit (37B).
     
    9. Procédé selon la revendication 8, comprenant en outre la détection, par le contrôleur (58), d'une première condition de circuit ouvert lorsque l'usure du nez (50) atteint une première valeur prédéterminée qui casse la première boucle de circuit (37A) et résulte en un premier circuit ouvert.
     
    10. Procédé selon la revendication 9, comprenant en outre la détection, par le contrôleur (58), d'une deuxième condition de circuit ouvert lorsque l'usure du nez atteint une deuxième valeur prédéterminée qui casse la deuxième boucle de circuit (37B) et résulte en un deuxième circuit ouvert.
     
    11. Procédé selon la revendication 10, comprenant en outre la corrélation, par le contrôleur (58), de l'ouverture des première et deuxième boucles de circuit (37A, B) comme correspondant respectivement à des première et deuxième réductions d'épaisseur prédéterminées de la chemise de corps de pompe (30).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description