(19)
(11)EP 2 700 622 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
14.08.2019 Bulletin 2019/33

(21)Application number: 12773761.7

(22)Date of filing:  17.04.2012
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C04B 7/02  (2006.01)
C04B 7/147  (2006.01)
C04B 7/24  (2006.01)
C04B 28/02  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2012/060367
(87)International publication number:
WO 2012/144497 (26.10.2012 Gazette  2012/43)

(54)

METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING A CEMENT CLINKER AND A CEMENT COMPOSITION

VERFAHREN ZUR HERSTELLUNG EINES ZEMENTKLINKERS UND EINER ZEMENTZUSAMMENSETZUNG

PROCÉDÉ DE FABRICATION D'UN CLINKER ET D'UNE COMPOSITION DE CIMENT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 19.04.2011 JP 2011093396

(43)Date of publication of application:
26.02.2014 Bulletin 2014/09

(73)Proprietor: Tokuyama Corporation
Shunan-shi, Yamaguchi-ken 745-8648 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • NAGATA, Hiroshi
    Shunan-shi Yamaguchi 745-8648 (JP)
  • NAKAMURA, Akinori
    Shunan-shi Yamaguchi 745-8648 (JP)
  • KATO, Hiroyoshi
    Shunan-shi Yamaguchi 745-8648 (JP)
  • CHABAYASHI, Takashi
    Shunan-shi Yamaguchi 745-8648 (JP)
  • KITAYAMA, Daihachi
    Shunan-shi Yamaguchi 745-8648 (JP)

(74)Representative: J A Kemp 
14 South Square Gray's Inn
London WC1R 5JJ
London WC1R 5JJ (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-95/07365
DE-C1- 4 204 227
JP-A- 2004 352 515
US-A- 3 785 844
DE-A1- 2 611 889
JP-A- 10 330 135
JP-A- 2012 091 992
  
  • JAPAN CONCRETE INSTITUTE, CONCRETE BINRAN 15 February 1996, page 33, XP008172125
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description


[0001] The present invention relates to a method of manufacturing a cement clinker and a cement composition. More specifically, it relates to a method of manufacturing a cement clinker which exhibits excellent physical properties even when it is sintered at a lower temperature than the conventional temperature and a cement composition comprising the clinker.

BACKGROUND ART:



[0002] The cement industry is a mass-production/mass-consumption type industry for which it is assumed that resource saving and energy saving have been and will be the most important issues. For example, to manufacture Portland cement which is now manufactured in largest quantity, raw materials which have been prepared to achieve predetermined chemical composition must be sintered at a high temperature of 1,450 to 1,550°C to produce a clinker, and energy costs for obtaining this temperature are huge.

[0003] Meanwhile, effective use of waste products and by-products is now an important issue in connection with a recent global environmental problem. Making use of the characteristic features of the cement industry and the cement production equipment in order to make effective use of or dispose of waste products as raw materials or fuel for the manufacture of cement is considered as effective because large amounts of waste products can be disposed of safely (Patent Document 1).

[0004] DE 2611889 relates to a method of producing a binder from a refined waste and lime. WO 95/07365 concerns a process for making steel and hydraulically active binders that uses slags rich in iron oxide, such as steel slag, as an oxidizing agent for carbon in pig iron. DE 4204227 relates to a Portland cement clinker containing 30 to 80 wt% C3S, 5 to 30 wt% C4A3S, <30 wt% C4AF, <40 wt% C2S, <20 wt% C3A, and an SO3 content between 2 and 8 wt%.

Prior Art Documents:


Patent Documents:



[0005] Patent Document 1: JP-A 2004-352515

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION:


Problem To Be Solved by the Invention:



[0006] Out of the waste products and the by-products, municipal waste incinerated ash, granulated blast furnace slag and annealed blast furnace slag, especially coal ash and the like have a higher content of aluminum oxide (Al2O3) than that of an ordinary cement clinker. When the amounts of waste products and by-products having a high content of Al2O3 to be used are increased, the content of C3A out of minerals constituting a cement clinker grows. This C3A is called "interstitial phase" like C4AF, and when the content of C3A increases, the sintering temperature of the clinker can be reduced. On the other hand, it exerts an influence on production of other minerals (C3S, C2S) constituting a clinker and important for the strength of cement, thereby affecting the physical properties of cement.

[0007] Then, the present invention is aimed to provide a cement clinker having novel composition, which can increase the total amount of waste products as compared with conventional cement, can reduce the sintering temperature at the time of manufacture without using a mineralizer such as calcium fluoride and has excellent strength developing properties like a conventional cement clinker.

Means for Solving the Problem



[0008] The inventors of the present invention conducted intensive studies to solve the above problem and found that when the iron modulus (I.M.) of a clinker is set to a predetermined value or less, if the clinker has high contents of C3A and C4AF, it develops high strength. The inventors conducted further studies to accomplish the present invention.

[0009] That is, according to the present invention, there is provided a method of manufacturing a cement clinker, comprising the steps of: preparing raw materials to achieve a total content of tricalcium aluminate (3CaO·Al2O3: C3A) and tetracalcium aluminoferrite (4CaO·Al2O3·Fe2O3: C4AF) calculated by Bogue's formulas of 22 to 35 mass%, a content of dicalcium silicate (2CaO·SiO2: C2S) calculated by Bogue's formulas of 3 to 18 mass% and a content of tricalcium silicate (3CaO·SiO2: C3S) calculated by Bogue's formulas of 60 mass% or more, and an iron modulus (I.M.) of 1.0 to 1.3, a hydraulic modulus (H.M.) of 1.8 to 2.2 and a silica modulus (S.M.) of 1.0 to 2.0; and sintering the raw materials at 1,300 to 1,400°C.

[0010] In the invention of the above method of manufacturing, it is preferred that:
  1. 1) the cement clinker has a C4AF content of 15 mass% or more;
  2. 2) the cement clinker has a total content of C3S and C2S calculated by Bogue's formulas of 69 mass% or more.


[0011] According to the present invention, there is also provided a method of manufacturing a cement composition comprising: manufacturing a cement clinker by the method of the present invention; and mixing the cement clinker with gypsum.

[0012] The method optionally further comprises:

adding to, and mixing with, the cement composition an admixture selected from blast furnace slag, siliceous admixture, fly ash, calcium carbonate and limestone, or a grinding aid, and then grinding the resulting mixture; or

grinding the cement composition and then mixing it with an admixture selected from blast furnace slag, siliceous admixture, fly ash, calcium carbonate and limestone, or a grinding aid; or

mixing blast furnace slag with the cement composition after grinding so as to manufacture blast furnace slag cement; or

mixing fly ash with the cement composition after grinding so as to manufacture fly ash cement.


Effect of the Invention



[0013] According to the present invention, the total amount of waste products to be used as raw materials can be increased more than that for a conventional cement clinker, and the sintering temperature can be reduced to 1,300 to 1,400°C. Further, as compared with a conventionally known cement clinker which is sintered at a high temperature, the same strength developing properties are obtained.

BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION:



[0014]  The contents of C3A, C4AF and C3S in the present invention are values which are calculated by the Bogue's formulas and show the composition (contents) of principal minerals to be used as managerial feature values in the product management and production process of a clinker like modulus which will be described hereinafter.

[0015] The Bogue's formulas are used to calculate the composition of principal minerals approximately by using the contents (unit: mass%) of main chemical components. They are well-known formulas for people having ordinary skill in the art. How to obtain the content of each mineral in the clinker by using the Bogue's formula is shown below. The unit is mass% in all the formulas.









[0016] The iron modulus (I.M.) is one of modulus such as hydraulic modulus (H.M.), silica modulus (S.M.), activity index (A.I.) and lime saturation degree (L.S.D.). These modulus are characteristic values used to produce and manage clinkers and obtained by using the contents of main chemical components like the composition of minerals obtained by the above Bogue's formulas . The iron modulus and its calculation method are well known to people having ordinary skill in the art and given below together with methods of calculating other modulus.









"CaO", "SiO2", "Al2O3" and "Fe2O3" in the above formulas are the contents (mass%) of these chemical components obtained by methods based on JI R5202 "Chemical Analysis Method of Portland Cement" and JI R5204 "Fluorescent X-ray Analysis Method of Cement".

[0017] The cement clinker manufactured in the present invention comprises CaO, SiO2, Al2O3 and Fe2O3 as main chemical components and trace amounts of oxides such as MgO, NaO and K2O as other components. The cement clinker is characterized by the composition of minerals calculated by the following Bogue's formulas and iron modulus (I.M.).

[0018] The cement clinker of the present invention must have a total content of C3A and C4AF of 22 to 35 mass%. When the total content of C3A and C4AF is lower than 22 mass%, it is difficult to obtain a cement clinker having satisfactory physical properties such as strength developing properties by sintering at 1,300 to 1,400°C which is lower than the conventional sintering temperature. The total content of C3A and C4AF is more preferably 24 mass% or more.

[0019] As will be described hereinafter, to obtain high strength developing properties, the content of C3S must be 60 mass% or more. Therefore, the upper limit of the total content of C3A and C4AF is 40 mass%. Specifically, in the method of the present invention it is 35 mass% or less, preferably 32 mass% or less and particularly preferably 28 mass% or less.

[0020] Out of these components, the content of C4AF alone is preferably 15 mass% or more as it can be completely sintered at a low temperature and can reduce the content of free calcium oxide (f-CaO) in the cement clinker.

[0021] The content of C3S is extremely important for the strength developing properties of the cement composition comprising the cement clinker (to be simply referred to as "cement" hereinafter) . When this content is lower than 60 mass%, if the total content of C3A and C4AF and the iron modulus
which will be described hereinafter are set to predetermined ranges, satisfactory strength developing properties are not obtained. The content of C3S is preferably 62 mass% or more and particularly preferably 63 mass% or more. Since the total content of C3A and C4AF is at least 22 mass%, the upper limit of the content of C3S is 78 mass%. To ensure a time from the initial set to the final set (may also be referred to as "setting time" hereinafter), the above upper limit value is preferably 70 mass% or less and more preferably 65 mass% or less.

[0022] The cement clinker further comprises C2S. The content of C2S is 3 to 18 mass%. To obtain long-term strength, the total content of C2S and C3S is particular preferably 69 mass% or more.

[0023] It is the most important that the iron modulus (I.M.) of the cement clinker should be 1.3 or less. When the iron modulus is more than 1.3, if the other requirements for the cement clinker of the present invention are satisfied, satisfactory strength developing properties (more specifically, for example, the mortar strength developing properties) cannot be obtained. When the iron modulus is more than 1.3, the setting time tends to become too long. From this point of view, the iron modulus must be 1.3 or less. It is, specifically, 1.0 to 1.3 and particularly preferably 1.14 to 1.27.

[0024] To obtain good balance among physical properties, the hydraulic modulus is 1.8 to 2.2 and particularly preferably 1.9 to 2.1, and the silica modulus is 1.0 to 2.0 and particularly preferably 1.1 to 1.7.

[0025] The cement clinker can be manufactured by preparing and mixing together known cement raw materials in a predetermined ratio to achieve the above composition of
minerals and the above modulus specified by the present invention and sintering the resulting mixture by known means such as a suspension preheater system or a new suspension preheater system.

[0026] A known method of preparing and mixing together the cement raw materials may be adopted. For example, the chemical components of waste products, by-products and other raw materials (CaO sources such as limestone, quicklime and slaked lime, SiO2 sources such as silica stone, Al2O3 sources such as clay and coal ash, and Fe2O3 sources such as copper slag and blast furnace slag) are analyzed in advance, the preparation ratio of the raw materials is calculated from the contents of the components in these raw materials so that the above requirements specified by the present invention are satisfied, and the raw materials are mixed together in the calculated ratio. The same raw materials as the raw materials used for the manufacture of a conventional cement clinker may be used in the manufacturing method of the present invention without restriction. As a matter of course, it is possible to use waste products and by-products.

[0027] In the manufacturing method of the present invention, use of at least one type of waste from waste products and by-products is preferred from the viewpoint of promoting effective use of waste products and by-products.

[0028] Specific examples of the waste products and by-products which can be used herein include blast furnace slag, steel slag, non-iron steel junk, coal ash, sewage sludge, waterworks sludge, paper sludge, soil produced by construction, casting sand, soot and dust, incinerated fly ash, molten fly ash, chlorine by-path dust, wood waste, waste white clay, copper slag, waste tires, sea shells, municipal waste and incinerated ash thereof. Some of them become cement raw materials and heat energy sources.

[0029] Particularly the cement clinker of the present invention contains a lot of minerals containing aluminum such as C3A and C4AF as constituent elements. Therefore, the cement clinker has an advantage that it can be manufactured by using larger amounts of aluminum-rich waste products and by-products than those of a conventional cement clinker.

[0030] The cement clinker manufactured by the method of the present invention is ground together with gypsum or ground independently and mixed with gypsum to produce cement like a conventionally known cement clinker. Examples of the cement include ordinary Portland cement, early-strength Portland cement and super early-strength Portland cement. The cement clinker may also be used as a constituent component of mixed cement or a constituent component of a fixation material such as a soil fixation material, besides Portland cement.

[0031] When cement is prepared by adding gypsum, known gypsum such as dihydrate gypsum, hemihydrate gypsum or anhydrous gypsum may be used as a raw material for manufacturing cement without restriction. As the amount of gypsum, gypsum is added to ensure that the content of SO3 in the gypsum is preferably 1.5 to 5.0 mass% and more preferably 1.8 to 3 mass% in the case of Portland cement. As for the method of pulverizing the above cement clinker and gypsum, any known technique may be used without restriction.

[0032] An admixture such as blast furnace slag, siliceous admixture, fly ash, calcium carbonate or limestone, or a grinding aid is added to and mixed with the above cement and then the resulting mixture is ground, or the above cement is ground and then mixed with the admixture or the grinding aid. It may also be mixed with chlorine by-path dust.

[0033] Further, it is possible to mix blast furnace slag and fly ash with the cement as required after grinding so as to manufacture blast furnace slag cement and fly ash cement, respectively.

[0034] The degree of fineness of the cement is not particularly limited but preferably 2,800 to 4,500 cm2/g in terms of blaine specific surface area.

EXAMPLES:



[0035] The following examples are provided for the purpose of further illustrating the present invention but are in no way to be taken as limiting. Not all the combinations of characteristic features described in Examples are always essential to the means of solving the problem of the present invention.

Example 1



[0036] 75.98 parts by mass of limestone as a CaO source, 4.41 parts by mass of silica stone as a SiO2 source, 14.75 parts by mass of coal ash as an Al2O3 source and 4.85 parts by mass of copper slag as a Fe2O3 source were mixed together and the resulting mixture was sintered at 1,350°C for 90 minutes to obtain a cement clinker. The chemical composition, mineral contents calculated by Bogue's formulas and modulus (hydraulic modulus (H.M.), silica modulus (S.M.) and iron modulus (I.M.)) of the obtained cement clinker are shown in Table 1. Gypsum was added to this cement clinker in an amount of 2±0.2 % in terms of SO3, and the resulting mixture was mixed and ground to a specific surface area measured by the Blaine method of 3, 200±50 cm2/g so as to produce cement.

[0037] The above cement was measured for its mortar compressive strength and setting time by the following methods . The results are shown in Table 2.

[measurement methods]



[0038] 
  1. (1) Measurement of the chemical compositions of raw materials and cement clinker: analyzed by a JIS R 5204-based fluorescent X-ray analysis method
  2. (2) Measurement of mortar compression strength: measured by a JIS R 5201-based method
  3. (3) Setting time: measured by a JIS R 5201-based method

Examples 2 to 12, Comparative Examples 1 to 8



[0039] Cement clinkers and cements were manufactured in the same manner as in Example 1 except that the amounts of raw materials and the sintering temperature were changed. The composition of minerals calculated by the Bogue's formulas and others of each of the obtained cement clinkers are shown in Table 1, and the physical properties of the cements are shown in Table 2.

[0040] In Tables 1 and 2, a cement clinker having standard composition which has been existent conventionally and sintered at a standard temperature is shown as a reference example. The results of Examples and Comparative Examples are discussed based on the reference example as a standard.
Table 1
  Chemical composition of clinker (%)Mineral contents calculated by Bogue's formulas (%)Modulus
 *CaOSiO2Al2O3Fe2O3MgOTiO2C3SC2SC3AC4AFC3A+ C4AFH.M.S.M.I.M.
Ref. Ex. 1450 67.01 21.76 5.73 3.16 0.92 0.3 64 14 9.8 9.6 19.4 2.19 2.45 1.81
Ex. 1 1350 64.82 18.90 7.11 6.25 1.09 0.43 63 7 8.3 19.0 27.3 2.01 1.41 1.14
Ex.. 2 1350 65.46 19.87 6.53 5.40 1.05 0.39 64 9 8.2 16.4 24.6 2.06 1.67 1.21
Ex. 3 1350 66.02 19.40 6.48 5/3 1.05 0.38 70 3 8.1 16.3 24.4 2.11 1.64 1.21
Ex. 4 1350 65.50 19.36 7.06 5.31 0.99 0.42 64 7 9.7 16.1 25.8 2.06 1.57 1.33
Ex. 5 1350 64.88 18.64 7.53 5.94 1.09 0.44 63 6 9.9 18.1 28 2.02 1.38 1.27
Ex. 6 1350 64.78 18.24 7.72 6.30 1.03 0.46 64 4 9.8 19.2 29 2.01 1.30 1.23
Ex. 7 1350 64.34 17.97 7.92 6.62 1.12 0.47 63 4 9.8 20.1 29.9 1. 98 1.24 1.20
Ex. 8 1350 63.89 17.39 8.28 7.19 1.14 0.5 62 3 9.8 21.9 31.7 1.94 1.12 1.15
Ex. 9 1350 66.22 20.08 5.63 5.14 0.98 1.0 72 4 6.2 15.6 21.8 2.15 1.86 1.10
Ex. 10 1350 65.95 19.81 5.83 5.43 1.00 1.0 71 3 6.3 16.5 22.8 2.12 1.76 1.08
Ex. 11 1350 65.33 18.88 7.32 5.46 1.01 1.0 65 5 10.2 16.6 26.8 2.06 1.48 1.34
Ex. 12 1350 65.53 20.70 5.60 5.11 1.00 1.0 64 11 6.2 15.5 21.7 2.09 1.93 1.10
Comp. Ex. 1 1350 66.84 21.69 5.79 3.18 0.92 0.34 64 14 10.0 9.7 19.7 2.18 2.42 1.82
Comp. Ex. 2 1350 66.09 20.64 6.43 4.16 0.96 0.36 63 12 10.0 12.6 22.6 2.12 1.95 1.55
Comp. Ex. 3 1350 65.68 19.89 6.87 4.82 0.99 0.39 63 10 10.1 14.7 24.8 2.08 1.70 1.43
Comp. Ex. 4 1350 66.34 21.71 5.28 4.13 0.98 0.3 64 14 7.0 12.6 19.6 2.13 2.31 1.28
Comp. Ex. 5 1350 66.22 21.74 5.21 4.13 0.98 0.3 63 15 6.6 13.0 19.6 2.12 2.29 1.22
Comp. Ex. 6 1350 66.11 21.75 5.03 4.57 0.97 0.29 63 15 5.6 13.9 19.5 2.11 2.27 1.10
Comp. Ex. 7 1350 64.29 20.88 6.57 5.44 1.05 0.39 51 21 8.2 16.5 24.7 1.96 1.74 1.21
Comp. Ex. 8 1400 63.56 23.1 7.07 3.52 0.99 0.3 31 43 12.8 10.7 23.5 1.89 2.18 2.01
*: Sintering temperature (°C)
Table 2
 Mortar compressive strength N/mm2Setting time from initial to final (minutes)
One dayThree daysSeven days
Ref. Ex. 9.3 23.1 37.0 65
Ex. 1 10.2 25.9 40.9 55
Ex. 2 9.4 25.6 40.7 40
Ex. 3 11.3 27.9 41.2 25
Ex. 4 9.9 24.0 38.3 65
Ex. 5 8.7 25.4 40.6 35
Ex. 6 10.0 25.5 38.9 60
Ex. 7 8.1 24.3 39.4 40
Ex. 8 8.2 24.4 39.5 45
Ex. 9 12.4 28.5 41.0 60
Ex. 10 12.1 28.5 41.8 70
Ex. 11 9.5 24.5 38.1 55
Ex. 12 10.4 24.3 37.7 65
Comp. Ex. 1 7.4 18.1 29.5 65
Comp. Ex. 2 8.3 20.9 33.7 75
Comp. Ex. 3 7.9 23.0 36.3 80
Comp. Ex. 4 8.9 22.4 35.8 45
Comp. Ex. 5 9.1 22.8 36.6 60
Comp. Ex. 6 9.5 22.7 35.7 50
Comp. Ex. 7 7.0 19.1 31.0 55
Comp. Ex. 8 3.9 7.9 14.1 125


[0041] Examples 1 to 12 relate to the present invention in which the raw materials were sintered at 1,350°C which is 100°C lower than that of the clinker of the reference example. In these examples, mortar compressive strength at 7 days is higher than that of the reference example.

[0042] Comparative Example 1 is an example in which the raw materials having the same composition as that of Reference Example 1 was sintered at 1,350°C. As shown in Table 2, it is understood that a conventional cement clinker having standard composition rarely develop sufficiently high mortar strength at 7 days when the sintering temperature is lowered.

[0043] In Comparative Examples 2 and 3, the iron modulus (I.M.) is 1.4 or more. As shown in Table 2, sufficiently high mortar strength is rarely developed up to 7 days. It is also understood that the setting time from the initial set to the final set is longer than that of Reference Example.

[0044] In Comparative Examples 4 to 6, the total content of C3A and C4AF is lower than 22 mass%. Also in this case, sufficiently high mortar strength is rarely developed up to 7 days.

[0045] In Comparative Example 7, the content of C3S is 51 mass% which is lower than 60 mass% specified by the present invention. Also in this case, sufficiently high mortar strength is rarely developed up to 7 days.

[0046] In Comparative Example 8, although the total content of C3A and C4AF is 22 mass% or more, I.M. exceeds 1.3 and the content of C3S is low at 31 mass%. Even when the sintering temperature is set to 1,400°C which is 50°C higher than those of other examples and comparative examples, sufficiently high mortar strength is rarely developed up to 7 days.


Claims

1. A method of manufacturing a cement clinker, comprising the steps of:

preparing raw materials to achieve a total content of tricalcium aluminate (3CaO·Al2O3: C3A) and tetracalcium aluminoferrite (4CaO·Al2O3·Fe2O3: C4AF) calculated by Bogue's formulas of 22 to 35 mass%, a content of dicalcium silicate (2CaO·SiO2: C2S) calculated by Bogue's formulas of 3 to 18 mass% and a content of tricalcium silicate (3CaO·SiO2: C3S) calculated by Bogue's formulas of 60 mass% or more, and an iron modulus (I.M.) of 1.0 to 1.3, a hydraulic modulus (H.M.) of 1.8 to 2.2 and a silica modulus (S.M.) of 1.0 to 2.0; and

sintering the raw materials at 1,300 to 1,400°C.


 
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the cement clinker has a C4AF content of 15 mass% or more.
 
3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the cement clinker has a total content of C3S and C2S calculated by Bogue's formulas of 69 mass% or more.
 
4. A method of manufacturing a cement composition comprising:

manufacturing a cement clinker by the method as defined in any one of claims 1 to 3; and

mixing the cement clinker with gypsum.


 
5. The method according to claim 4, wherein the method further comprises:

adding to, and mixing with, the cement composition an admixture selected from blast furnace slag, siliceous admixture, fly ash, calcium carbonate and limestone, or a grinding aid, and then grinding the resulting mixture; or

grinding the cement composition and then mixing it with an admixture selected from blast furnace slag, siliceous admixture, fly ash, calcium carbonate and limestone, or a grinding aid; or

mixing blast furnace slag with the cement composition after grinding so as to manufacture blast furnace slag cement; or

mixing fly ash with the cement composition after grinding so as to manufacture fly ash cement.


 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren eines Herstellens eines Zementklinkers, umfassend die folgenden Schritte:

Zubereiten von Rohmaterialien zum Erreichen eines Gesamtgehalts von Tricalciumaluminat (3CaO·Al2O3: C3A) und Tetracalciumaluminoferrit (4CaO·Al2O3·Fe2O3: C4AF), berechnet durch Bogue-Formeln, von 22 bis 35 Massen-%, eines Gehalts von Dicalciumsilicat (2CaO·SiO2: C2S), berechnet durch Bogue-Formeln, von 3 bis 18 Massen-% und eines Gehalts von Tricalciumsilicat (3CaO·SiO2: C3S), berechnet durch Bogue-Formeln, von 60 Massen-% oder mehr und eines Eisenmoduls (I. M.) von 1,0 bis 1,3, eines hydraulischen Moduls (H. M.) von 1,8 bis 2,2 und eines Siliciumdioxidmoduls (S. M.) von 1,0 bis 2,0; und

Sintern der Rohmaterialien bei 1.300 bis 1.400 °C.


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Zementklinker einen C4AF-Gehalt von 15 Massen-% oder mehr aufweist.
 
3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei der Zementklinker einen Gesamtgehalt von C3S und C2S, berechnet durch Boguesche Formeln, von 69 Massen-% oder mehr aufweist.
 
4. Verfahren eines Herstellens einer Zementzusammensetzung, umfassend:

Herstellen eines Zementklinkers durch das Verfahren wie definiert in einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3; und

Mischen des Zementklinkers mit Gips.


 
5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei das Verfahren ferner Folgendes umfasst:

Hinzufügen einer Beimischung ausgewählt aus Hochofenschlacke, silicatischer Beimischung, Flugasche, Calciumcarbonat und Kalkstein oder einer Mahlhilfe zur Zementzusammensetzung und Mischen dieser mit der Zementzusammensetzung; oder

Mahlen der Zementzusammensetzung und dann Mischen dieser mit einer Beimischung ausgewählt aus Hochofenschlacke, silicatischer Beimischung, Flugasche, Calciumcarbonat und Kalkstein oder einer Mahlhilfe; oder

Mischen von Hochofenschlacke mit der Zementzusammensetzung nach dem Mahlen, um Hochofenschlacke-Zement herzustellen; oder

Mischen von Flugasche mit der Zementzusammensetzung nach dem Mahlen, um Flugasche-Zement herzustellen.


 


Revendications

1. Procédé de fabrication d'un clinker de ciment, comprenant les étapes de :

préparation de matières premières pour obtenir une teneur totale en aluminate tricalcique (3CaO·Al2O3: C3A) et aluminoferrite tétracalcique (4CaO·Al2O3·Fe2O3: C4AF) calculée par les formules de Bogue de 22 à 35 % en masse, une teneur en silicate de dicalcium (2CaO·SiO2: C2S) calculée par les formules de Bogue de 3 à 18 % en masse et une teneur en silicate tricalcique (3CaO·SiO2: C3S) calculée par les formules de Bogue de 60 % en masse ou plus, et un module de fer (I.M.) de 1,0 à 1,3, un module hydraulique (H.M.) de 1,8 à 2,2 et un module de silice (S.M.) de 1,0 à 2,0 ; et

frittage des matières premières de 1300 à 1400 °C.


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le clinker de ciment présente une teneur en C4AF de 15 % en masse ou plus.
 
3. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le clinker de ciment présente une teneur totale en C3S et C2S calculée par les formules de Bogue de 69 % en masse ou plus.
 
4. Procédé de fabrication d'une composition de ciment comprenant :

la fabrication d'un clinker de ciment par le procédé tel que défini dans l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3 ; et

le mélange du clinker de ciment avec le gypse.


 
5. Procédé selon la revendication 4, le procédé comprenant en outre :

l'ajout à la composition de ciment et le mélange avec celle-ci d'un mélange choisi parmi le laitier de haut fourneau, un mélange siliceux, des cendres volantes, du carbonate de calcium et du calcaire, ou un adjuvant de broyage et puis le broyage du mélange obtenu ; ou

le broyage de la composition de ciment et puis le mélange de celle-ci avec un adjuvant choisi parmi le laitier de haut fourneau, un mélange siliceux, des cendres volantes, du carbonate de calcium et du calcaire ou un adjuvant de broyage ; ou

le mélange de laitier de haut fourneau avec la composition de ciment après le broyage de manière à fabriquer un ciment de laitier de haut fourneau ; ou

le mélange de cendres volantes avec la composition de ciment après le broyage de manière à fabriquer un ciment de cendres volantes.


 




REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description