(19)
(11)EP 2 713 156 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 12870875.7

(22)Date of filing:  31.12.2012
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G01N 23/04  (2018.01)
A61B 6/03  (2006.01)
G01T 1/29  (2006.01)
A61B 6/00  (2006.01)
G01V 5/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2012/088079
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/131402 (12.09.2013 Gazette  2013/37)

(54)

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR RAY SCANNING AND IMAGING

VORRICHTUNG UND VERFAHREN FÜR STRAHLENSCANS UND -ABBILDUNG

DISPOSITIF ET PROCÉDÉ DE BALAYAGE ET D'IMAGERIE PAR RAYONS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 09.03.2012 CN 201210059992

(43)Date of publication of application:
02.04.2014 Bulletin 2014/14

(73)Proprietors:
  • Nuctech Company Limited
    TongFang Building, Shuangqinglu, Haidian District Beijing 100084 (CN)
  • Tsinghua University
    Haidian District Beijing 100084 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • CHEN, Zhiqiang
    Beijing 100084 (CN)
  • ZHANG, Li
    Beijing 100084 (CN)
  • ZHAO, Ziran
    Beijing 100084 (CN)
  • XING, Yuxiang
    Beijing 100084 (CN)
  • HAO, Jia
    Beijing 100084 (CN)
  • LI, Liang
    Beijing 100084 (CN)

(74)Representative: Dunlop, Hugh Christopher 
Maucher Jenkins 26 Caxton Street
London SW1H 0RJ
London SW1H 0RJ (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-97/18462
WO-A1-2010/103331
CN-A- 101 951 837
CN-U- 202 562 861
US-A- 4 150 293
US-A1- 2005 175 151
US-B1- 7 233 644
WO-A1-2007/088497
WO-A1-2010/138574
CN-A- 102 551 783
CN-U- 202 562 861
US-A1- 2005 111 610
US-A1- 2007 009 081
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to a radiation imaging field, and in particular, to apparatus and method for ray scanning imaging.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF RELATED ART



    [0002] Nowadays radiation imaging apparatus has been widely utilized in public places and important departments, such as airports, stations, customs, subways, harbors, etc., for performing security inspection of goods such as luggage or cargo in a high efficient and stable manner as all the countries in the world pay more attention on security inspection.

    [0003] Radiation imaging apparatus is generally made in accordance with principles of exponential ray attenuation. That is, scanning of the object to be inspected is carried out by the ray beams emitted from the radiation source. The ray beams pass through the object to be inspected, and are received by the ray collection device. Three-dimensional images are composed or reconstructed and displayed based on ray detection values received by the ray collection device.

    [0004] Fig. 1 shows a structural diagram of a prior art radiation imaging apparatus.

    [0005] The radiation imaging apparatus comprises a gantry 13, a ray source 11 connected to the gantry 13, a detection arrangement 12 placed, opposite to the ray source 11, on the gantry 13, and a delivery device 14 for delivery of the object to be inspected. During the inspection operation, the gantry 13 brings the ray source 11 and the detection arrangement 12 to rotate so as to achieve ray projection values for different rays under different angles and to obtain tomography images for the object to be inspected by means of reconstruction.

    [0006] The applicant has made in-depth study on the prior art radiation imaging apparatus and found that, the prior art radiation imaging apparatus has low detection efficiency because rotations of the ray source 11 and the detection arrangement 12 are brought by the gantry 13 with a limited rotational speed. Accordingly, the prior art radiation imaging apparatus is hard to satisfy the existing requirements, for example, the requirement of a clearance rate of 0.5 m/s, for civil aviation goods.

    [0007] WO 97/18462 A1 describes an apparatus and method for detecting concealed objects and features thereof, such as contraband in baggage or defects in articles of manufacture, using multiple energy computed tomography. Both a source array and a detector array are L-shaped. Alternatively, both arrays may be configured as concentric rings.

    [0008] WO2010/138574 A1 discloses a baggage scanning system comprising a number of x-ray sources spaced around a scanning region in a circular arrangement and a circular detector array. Similar scanning systems are disclosed in US2005/111610 A1, US7233644 B1 and WO2010/103331 A1.

    SUMMARY



    [0009] In order to solve the issue of low detection efficiency existing in the prior art radiation imaging apparatus, the inventors of the present invention has proposed a new technical solution.

    [0010] Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an apparatus for ray scanning imaging, which effectively shortens inspection time for an object to be inspected.

    [0011] Accordingly, it is another object of the present invention to provide a method for ray scanning imaging, which achieves and processes ray collection values to obtain an image for an object to be inspected, by means of such apparatus for ray scanning imaging.

    [0012] Aspects of the present invention are defined by the independent claims and preferred embodiments are defined by the dependent claims.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0013] The accompanying drawings which constitute a part of the description will illustrate the embodiments of the present invention, and, together with the others of the description, will set forth principles of the present invention.

    [0014] These and/or other aspects and advantages of the invention will become more apparent and more readily appreciated from the following description of the embodiments, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of which:

    FIG. 1 is a structural diagram of a prior art apparatus for ray scanning imaging;

    Fig. 2 is a structural diagram of an embodiment of an apparatus for ray scanning imaging according to the present invention;

    Fig. 3 is a diagram showing a positional relationship between ray generators and linear arrays of ray detectors in the embodiment of the apparatus for ray scanning imaging according to the present invention;

    Figs. 4A and 4B are diagrams respectively showing a positional relationship among ray generators, ray detectors and virtual ray detectors, in different regions;

    Fig. 5 is a structural diagram of an example of an apparatus for ray scanning imaging which is not according to the present invention; and

    Fig. 6 is a flow diagram of an embodiment of a method for processing ray detection values according to the present invention.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENTS



    [0015] Reference will now be made in detail to exemplary embodiments of the present specification, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

    [0016] Meanwhile, it should be understood that, these figures in the accompanying drawings may not be drawn to scale, helping to description of the present invention.

    [0017] The following description is presented only by way of illustrations.

    [0018] Known technologies, methods and apparatuses for those skilled in the art may be not discussed in detail, excluding, in some suitable situations, those seen as parts of the present specification.

    [0019] In these exemplary embodiments described and illustrated below, any specific values are explained only by way of representation and no limitations. Accordingly, different values may be adopted in alternative examples of these exemplary embodiments.

    [0020] It should be noted that like reference numbers and characters may have been used throughout these figures to denote like parts. Accordingly, once definition of one reference number/character is made in one figure, no further explanations are required in its succeeding figures.

    [0021] Fig. 2 shows a structural diagram of an embodiment of an apparatus for ray scanning imaging according to the present invention.

    [0022] The apparatus for ray scanning imaging comprises a ray detection device and a plurality of ray generators 21.

    [0023] When an object to be inspected is brought to the scanning region of the apparatus, the plurality of ray generators 21 can emit the ray beams in sequence to the object to be inspected, to perform scanning for a single slice of the object to be inspected.

    [0024] After passing through the object to be inspected, all the ray beams are collected by the ray detection device.

    [0025] The ray detection device is arranged in a multi-segmental semi-closed configuration. In this embodiment, the description is made by taking a ray detection device in the multi-segmental semi-closed adjoining configuration composed of a plurality of linear arrays of ray detectors.

    [0026] The plurality of ray generators 21 is distributed along a specific shape such that the object to be inspected passes through the space formed by the specific shape. In this embodiment, the plurality of ray generators 21 are distributed uniformly along a circular arc. The central angle of the circular arc is at least π+2γ, where 2γ is a complete fan angle of a fan ray beam.

    [0027] In this embodiment, a plurality of linear arrays of ray detectors in a segmented manner are adjoined. Specifically, a linear array 22 of ray detectors, a linear array 23 of ray detectors, and a linear array 24 of ray detectors adjoin end to end in a same plane in sequence except that the linear array 22 of ray detectors and the linear array 24 of ray detectors do not adjoin each other, so as to form an inverted doorframe-shaped semi-closed frame. Each of these linear arrays of ray detectors includes a plurality of ray detection units arranged along a straight line.

    [0028] A delivery device 25 may be used to carry the object to be inspected to pass through the scanning region. Within a single scanning period, the plurality of ray generators 21 emit the ray beams in sequence to the object to be inspected, so as to complete scan for a single slice. After passing through the objected to be inspected, these ray beams are collected by these linear arrays of ray detectors. By processing these collected ray values, a reconstructed image of the object to be inspected can be obtained.

    [0029] A plane where the plurality of linear arrays of ray detectors are placed and a plane where the plurality of ray generators 21 are placed should be two different ones.

    [0030] Preferably, the two planes may be in parallel with each other and both perpendicular to a movement direction of the object to be inspected. Thus, crosstalk and radiation blind zone among these detection units may be avoided.

    [0031] Next, the conditions of data completeness required for accurate reconstruction by use of the fan ray beams will be explained. These conditions of data completeness includes, firstly, a condition of angle completeness, that is, a ray radiation angle for the object to be inspected is at least π+2γ, where 2γ is a complete fan angle of the fan ray beam; and, secondly, a condition of ensuring that ray values collected by the ray detectors are not truncated under all scanning angles, i.e., a condition of ensuring that all the ray beams emitted by these ray generators can be detected effectively by these ray detectors under all these scanning angles.

    [0032] In this embodiment, the ray beam emitted by each of the ray generators 21 can be a fan beam with a fan angle of 2γ. Of course, the ray beam can have other form, instead of a fan form. For example, in accordance with practical requirement, each ray generator 21 is provided with one or more ray emission openings each emitting a straight line-shaped ray beam. Thus, these ray emission openings of each ray generator 21 can emit a unit of parallel ray beams.

    [0033] X-ray generator, or other types of ray generators, may be used as the ray generator 21. Preferably, in this embodiment, carbon nanotube X-ray generator may be used as the ray generation source. Compared with those conventional X-ray machines, the carbon nanotube X-ray generator has the advantages, such as ray emission generation without under high temperature, quicker switch on and off, and less volume. Ray imaging speed is efficiently enhanced when multiple angle radiation of the carbon nanotube X-ray generator on the object to be inspected is performed. For details of the carbon nanotube X-ray generator, refers to these following documents, G.Z.Yue,Q.Qiu,B.Gao,et al. Generation of continuous and pulsed diagnostic imaging x-ray radiation using a carbon-nanotube-based field-emission cathode.Appi.Phys.Lett.81,355(2002);doi:10.1063/1.1492305, and the detailed description is omitted herein.

    [0034] The central angle of the circular arc on which the plurality of ray generators 21 are arranged is π+2γ in the embodiment. That is, the ray generators 21 perform the scanning on the object to be inspected within an angle range of π+2γ. In other words, configuration of these ray generators 21 fulfills the requirement for the angle completeness condition of these conditions of data completeness.

    [0035] As to the second requirement of these conditions of data completeness, the plurality of ray generators 21 are disposed in an annular semi-closed configuration and the linear array 22 of ray detectors, the linear array 23 of ray detectors, and the linear array 24 of ray detectors form a corresponding frame-shaped semi-closed configuration, so that all the ray beams generated from each of the ray generators can be detected effectively by these linear arrays of ray detectors. Thus, such configuration fulfills the second requirement of these conditions of data completeness.

    [0036] The dual-layer dual-energy energy detection unit may be used as the ray detection unit. Of course, any types of detection units may also be used as the ray detection unit, for example, monoenergy detection unit, multiple energy detection unit, or, true-dual energy detection unit.

    [0037] The adopted dual-layer dual-energy energy detection unit comprises two layers of crystals and a filter between the two layers of crystals. The filter may be a copper filter. A first layer of crystals is used to achieve low energy ray values while a second layer of crystals is used to achieve reshaped high energy ray values. This type dual-layer dual-energy energy detection unit has advantages such as high quality, lower price, and ease to be widely used.

    [0038] It should be noted that the number of the linear arrays of ray detectors is not limited to three, as shown in Fig. 2. For example, four or more linear arrays of ray detectors may be adopted to collect the ray values. In such case, the angle between every two adjacent linear arrays of ray detectors should be greater than π/2.

    [0039] The number, angles and lengths of the linear arrays of ray detectors can also be adjusted in accordance with factors, such as volume, shape, etc., of the object to be inspected, although the used linear arrays of ray detectors above all should fulfill the conditions of data completeness.

    [0040] As adopting a multi-segmental semi-closed frame configuration, the plurality of linear arrays of ray detectors not only collects completely ray projection values, but also possesses higher performance-to-price ratio compared with the conventional circular arc array of detectors. Specifically, provided that there is same number of the detection units, the plurality of linear arrays of ray detectors according to the present invention may form a greater inner space and allow passage of the object to be inspected with greater volume, and, provided that there is same size of the inner spaces, such structural configuration according to the present invention adopts less detection units and reduces the cost.

    [0041] The apparatus for ray scanning imaging may further comprise an imaging unit, which may achieve a tomography image for the object to be inspected by processing ray detection values collected by the linear arrays of ray detectors.

    [0042] Of course, ray detection values collected by the linear arrays of ray detectors may also be sent to, via a date delivery system, and numerically processed by a main control and data processing terminal.

    [0043] Before introducing detailed description of the data processing, the structural requirements of the reconstruction method on the ray detection units under fan ray beams will be explained.

    [0044] Standard fan beam weighted filtered back projection (FBP) reconstruction method is only applicable to two kinds of detection unit arrangements, one is an equiangular configuration, that is, these multiple detection units are arranged in a circular arc manner and the angles between beams corresponding to every detection units are equivalent to each other, and the other is an equidistant configuration, that is, these multiple detection units are arranged in a straight line-shaped and the distances from one detection unit to its adjacent detection unit are equivalent to each other and central axis of ray beam emitted by every ray generator is perpendicular to a straight line where multiple detection units are arranged. In case that unit of ray beams in a straight line is used, a method which is similar to the above-mentioned reconstruction method may be adopted and will not be described here.

    [0045] In this embodiment, arrangement of detection units corresponding to some of these ray generators does not fulfill the equidistant configuration requirement for the above-mentioned reconstruction method, because of adoptions of the annular configuration of these ray generators and the multi-segmental semi-closed configuration of these linear arrays of ray detectors. Specifically, these ray detection units corresponding to some of these ray generators are not arranged in a straight line that is perpendicular to the central axis of ray beam emitted by such ray generators. The followings are explanations and illustrations of such arrangement with reference to Fig. 3 and Fig. 4.

    [0046] Fig. 3 shows the diagram of a positional relationship between ray generators and linear arrays of ray detectors in the embodiment.

    [0047] As shown in Fig. 3, all these ray detection units corresponding to a ray generator A are located on the linear array 24 of ray detectors, and a straight line where these ray detection units are arranged is perpendicular to central axis of the ray beams emitted by the ray generator A, and distances from one detection unit to its adjacent detection unit are equivalent to each other. That is to say, to the ray generator A, these ray detection units are arranged in the equidistant configuration required for standard fan beam FBP reconstruction method.

    [0048] Similarly, there are some ray detection units corresponding to the ray generators B and C, respectively. Whatever, all these ray detection units corresponding to the rest of these ray generators are not arranged in the equidistant configuration required for standard fan beam FBP reconstruction method.

    [0049] In order to further explain and illustrate such configuration, provided that the circular arc where the plurality of ray generators is arranged is divided into five regions, in which, the ray beams emitted from these ray generators in a first region are collected only by the linear array 24 of ray detectors at the right side, the ray beams emitted from these ray generators in a second region are collected both by the linear array 24 of ray detectors at the right side and the linear array 23 of ray detectors at the bottom, the ray beams emitted from these ray generators in a third region are collected only by the linear array 23 of ray detectors at the bottom, the ray beams emitted from these ray generators in a fourth region are collected both by the linear array 22 of ray detectors at the left side and the linear array 23 of ray detectors at the bottom, and, the ray beams emitted from these ray generators in a fifth region are collected only by the linear array 22 of ray detectors at the left side.

    [0050] Taking the ray generator in the first region and its corresponding ray detectors as an example, the situation where the collected ray values are non-equidistant ray collected values is explained hereinafter.

    [0051] Fig. 4A is a diagram of a positional relationship among ray generator, ray detectors and virtual ray detectors in the first region.

    [0052] As shown in Fig. 4A, the array 24 of real ray detectors is perpendicular to central axis of the ray beams emitted by the ray generators A but is not perpendicular to central axis of the ray beams emitted by the ray generator D. Accordingly, for the ray generator D, the ray values of the ray beams collected by the array 24 of ray detectors are not the equidistant ray collecting values. In this embodiment, β is a sampling angle corresponding to the projection data, and 2γ is a maximum fan angle for fan ray beam.

    [0053] In order to solve this problem, the imaging unit may employ a linear array 24' of equidistant virtual ray detectors corresponding to the ray generator D, for the ray generator D.

    [0054] The linear array 24' of equidistant virtual detectors may comprise a plurality of virtual detection units arranged along a straight line and distributed equidistantly. The linear array 24' of equidistant virtual detectors is perpendicular to central axis of the ray beams emitted by the ray generator D.

    [0055] Then the imaging unit, in accordance with connection lines between the ray generator D and the ray detection unit 24, determines a ray detection unit m1 corresponding to the virtual detection units n1, and achieves ray detection value of the virtual detection unit n1 on the basis of that of the ray detection unit m1. Other virtual detection units on the linear array 24' of equidistant virtual ray detectors may be achieved in the above manner.

    [0056] Fig. 4B is a diagram of a positional relationship among ray generator E, arrays of ray detectors and virtual ray detectors in the second region.

    [0057] In Fig. 4B, the ray beams emitted by the ray generator E in the second region are collected commonly by linear array 24 of ray detectors at the right side and the linear array 23 of ray detectors at the bottom, and, the ray values of the ray beams collected are not the equidistant ray collecting values.

    [0058] Similar to those in Fig. 4A, in order to achieve the equidistant ray collecting values, the imaging unit provides a linear array 23' of virtual ray detectors and a linear array 24' of virtual ray detectors both combined and arranged along a straight line.

    [0059] Then, the imaging unit, in accordance with connection lines between the ray generator E and the ray detection unit 23 and the ray detection unit 24, determines a ray detection unit m2 corresponding to the virtual detection units n2 and a ray detection unit m3 corresponding to the virtual detection units n3, and may achieve ray detection values of the virtual detection units n2 and n3 on the basis of those of the ray detection units m2 and m3.

    [0060] Other linear arrays of ray detectors corresponding to the ray generators in the third region to the fifth region may be achieved in a similar manner, and their descriptions are omitted for clarity.

    [0061] It should be noted that, in the linear array of equidistant virtual detectors achieved by the above-mentioned method, some virtual ray detection units may be non-equidistant, or, one real ray detection unit corresponds to a plurality of virtual ray detection units. In these cases, a post process may be done after a final image is obtained, or, positions of the plurality of virtual ray detection units may be adjusted in a suitable method so as to fulfill the equidistant requirements among these virtual ray detection units.

    [0062] Distances between every ray generator and its corresponding linear array of equidistant virtual detectors are also equal to each other. For example, such distance may be set as the one between the ray generator A and the linear array 24 of ray detectors.

    [0063] In this way, an equidistant fan beam projection value is composed of the ray detection values of all these linear arrays of equidistant virtual detectors and the linear arrays of detectors corresponding to the ray generators A, B, and C.

    [0064] Provided that the ray detection units are dual-layer dual-energy energy detection units, the imaging unit can achieve dual-energy decomposition coefficients of different basis materials by dual-energy decomposing the equidistant fan beam projection values. Then, the image for the object to be inspected can be achieved by, with a filtered back projection algorithm, dual-energy reconstructing dual-energy decomposition coefficients of different basis materials.

    [0065] The apparatus may further comprise a database which may store atomic numbers and electron densities of suspicious items therein. The imaging unit determines whether the object to be inspected is suspicious item or not, by comparing distributions of atomic number and electron density of the object to be inspected that is achieved in the dual-energy reconstruction with those of suspicious items in the database.

    [0066] Accordingly, the apparatus according to the present invention can achieve the scanning imaging of the object to be inspected, without a gantry mechanism. Within a single scanning period, the plurality of ray generators emit the ray beams in sequence to the object to be inspected, and the linear arrays of ray detectors are used for collection of these ray projection values, so as to complete scan for a single slice. During the whole inspection operation, this apparatus can obtain rapidly the complete ray projection values without rotations thereof, such that the inspection time is shortened effectively.

    [0067] Further, the apparatus according to the present invention, without the gantry mechanism, has the advantages such as less volume of the whole apparatus, less cost, and higher quality of the achieved image for the object to be inspected due to avoiding non-distinct imaging issues caused during the rotation.

    [0068] Still further, the technical solution according to the present invention adopts linear arrays of dual-layer dual-energy detectors together with scanning and reconstruction of short scan CT, which reduces effectively influence of shielding of luggage and goods on the safety inspection operation.

    [0069] Fig. 5 shows a structural diagram of an example of an apparatus for ray scanning imaging which is not according to the present invention.

    [0070] The apparatus comprises a ray detection device 32 and a plurality of ray generators 31.

    [0071] The plurality of ray generators 31 are distributed uniformly along the circular arc. The central angle of the circular arc 312 is at least 180°. The plurality of ray generators 31 may emit ray beams simultaneously to an object to be inspected within a single scanning period. The ray beams are detected by the ray detection device 32 after passing through the object to be inspected.

    [0072] Every ray generator 31 can be provided with a plurality of ray emission units. In this example, each ray generator 31 is provided with five ray emission units 311. The five ray emission units 311 may emit parallel straight line-shaped ray beams simultaneously, to form a unit of ray beams. As shown in the figure, overlapping regions among the plurality of units of ray beams serve as the scanning region 313 (Field of View, FOV).

    [0073] Correspondingly, the detection device 32 comprises a plurality of ray detection units 321. The plurality of ray detection units 321 are distributed uniformly along the circular arc 322. A radius of the circular arc 322 is equal to that of the circular arc 312 while a central angle of the circular arc 322 is a straight angle. Accordingly, the ray emission units 311 on the ray generators 31 corresponds one by one to the ray receipt units 312 on the ray detection device 32. In this way, the ray beams emitted by all the ray emission units 311 are not overlapped with each other when impinging on the ray detection device. When an object to be inspected passes through the scanning region 313, a tomography scan is performed on this object to be inspected. The parallel ray beam projection value is composed of ray detection values achieved by this device.

    [0074] A plane where the ray detection device 32 is placed and a plane where the ray generators 31 are placed should be two different ones. Preferably, the two planes are in parallel with each other and are both perpendicular to a movement direction of the object to be inspected.

    [0075] The imaging unit, then, processes the ray detection values collected by the ray detection device 32, so as to obtain image for the object to be inspected.

    [0076] It is not needed, in this example, to rearrange these achieved ray detection values since distances between all the ray emission units 311 and corresponding ray detection units 321 are equal to one another. The dual-energy decomposition coefficients of different basis materials may be achieved by directly dual-energy decomposing the parallel beam projection values, and, an image for the object to be inspected may be achieved by, with a filtered back projection algorithm, dual-energy reconstructing dual-energy decomposition coefficients of different basis materials.

    [0077] Further, the imaging unit may also achieve atomic number and electron density of the object to be inspected in the dual-energy reconstruction and determine whether the object to be inspected is suspicious item or not, by comparing the atomic number and electron density of the object to be inspected with those of suspicious items in the database.

    [0078] Related reconstruction method is omitted as it is similar to that of the former example.

    [0079] It should be noted that the apparatus may adopt any structures and configurations with which it is ensured that the ray beams emitted by all these ray emission units would not be overlapped with each other when impinging on the ray detection device and is not limited to those structures and configurations shown in the drawings. That is, situations that the ray beams emitted by two or more ray emission units 311 are collected simultaneously by one ray detection unit 321 should be avoided. For example, central angle of the circular arc 322 may be larger than that of the circular arc 312 along which the plurality of ray generators are arranged, radius of the circular arc 322 may be larger than that of the circular arc 321, and, the number of the ray detection units 321 may be more than that of the ray emission units.

    [0080] Still further, the ray detection device 32 may be in any other configuration, instead of the circular arc configuration. For example, the ray detection device 32 may be arranged in a three sectional or multi-sectional manner as in the above embodiments so long as the ray beams emitted by all these ray emission units 311 would not be overlapped with each other when impinging on the ray detection device 32. Correspondingly, first of all, virtual detection units corresponding to the real detection units should be achieved, and detection values of these virtual detection units are achieved based on those of the real detection units. Then, the image for the object to be inspected is obtained by performing a reconstruction by the ray detection values of these virtual detection units.

    [0081] The plurality of emission units 311 of the apparatus can emit ray beams simultaneously towards the object to be inspected, so that the inspection time for the object to be inspected is shortened effectively, so as to greatly shorten its clearance time.

    [0082] Fig. 6 is a flow diagram of an embodiment of a method for ray scanning imaging according to the present invention.

    [0083] At step S11, a ray scanning on the object to be inspected is performed to achieve ray detection values.

    [0084] The scanning and detection is performed by using any one of the apparatuses for ray scanning imaging according to the present invention. Specifically, a plurality of ray generators may emit ray beams in sequence to an object to be inspected, to complete scan for a single slice. And, a ray detection device collects these ray beams and achieve ray detection values.

    [0085] At step S12, these ray detection values are rearranged to achieve equidistant fan beam projection values.

    [0086] Preferably, before this step S12, pretreatment and correction of these ray detection values, which includes these operations like elimination of air value and local negative logarithm calculation, uniformity correction, determination and removal of detector' bad track, etc., may be performed.

    [0087] The followings relates to the description made by taking a ray detection device formed of a plurality of linear arrays of ray detectors, and a fan ray beam as an example. Suitable adjustments may be made to the ray beams of any other form, with reference to this method.

    [0088] In this case, linear array of equidistant virtual detectors may be provided for each of these ray generators. The linear array of equidistant virtual detectors may comprise multiple virtual detection units arranged along a straight line and distributed equidistantly.

    [0089] Distances between all of these ray generators and the corresponding arrays of equidistant virtual detectors should be equal to one another.

    [0090] Then, in accordance with connection lines between the ray generators and the virtual detection units, the ray detection units corresponding to the virtual detection units are determined respectively, and, ray detection values of the virtual detection units are achieved on the basis of those of the ray detection units.

    [0091] An equidistant fan beam projection value is composed of the ray detection values of all these linear arrays of equidistant virtual detectors and the linear arrays of detectors corresponding to the ray generators A, B, and C.

    [0092] In this embodiment, the method of ray scanning imaging may further comprises the following steps.

    [0093] A step S13 of achieving dual-energy decomposition coefficients of different basis materials by dual-energy decomposing the equidistant fan beam projection values is included.

    [0094] The dual-energy decomposition coefficients A1 and A2 of different basis materials can be achieved by dual-energy decomposing the equidistant fan beam projection values, with a basis material decomposition method.

    [0095] A step S14 of achieving image for the object to be inspected, by, with a filtered back projection algorithm, dual-energy reconstructing dual-energy decomposition coefficients of different basis materials is included.

    [0096] In particular, the reconstructed dual-energy reconstruction coefficients a1 and a2 can be achieved respectively by performing a CT reconstruction of the dual-energy decomposition coefficients A1 and A2 in accordance with a short scan and weighted reconstruction method, and, the weighted coefficient can be achieved by the following formula:



    [0097] in which, β is a sampling angle corresponding to the projection data, and 2γ is a maximum fan angle for fan ray beam. Of course, the used weighted coefficient can be achieved by utilizing any other suitable methods, instead of the above formula.

    [0098] Preferably, this method may still further comprise the following steps.

    [0099] A step S15 of determining whether the object to be inspected is suspicious item or not is included.

    [0100] In this step, in order to achieve atomic number and electron density of the object to be inspected, the dual-energy reconstruction coefficients a1 and a2 may be substituted into the following two formulas (1) and (2),



    in which Z1 and Z2 are the atomic number of two basis materials, respectively, and, ρe1 and ρe2 are the electron density values of two basis materials, respectively.

    [0101] Then, distribution values of the atomic number and electron density of the object to be inspected are compared with those of suspicious items, so as to determine whether the object to be inspected is suspicious item or not. Distributions of atomic numbers and electron densities of suspicious items can be stored in the database or other devices.

    [0102] When it is determined that suspicious item(s) is included in the object to be inspected, a step S16 of displaying a category to which the suspicious item(s) belongs and marking a region where the suspicious item(s) is, for human inspection, is performed.

    [0103] When it is determined that no suspicious item(s) is included in the object to be inspected, a step S17 of allowing the object to be inspected to pass through the inspection of this slice and performing a scanning on the next slice, and displaying a three-dimensional reconstruction image after the object to be inspected passes through the inspection of all slices, is performed.

    [0104] Using this method, these dangerous suspicious items, such as combustible goods, explosive goods, narcotic drugs, etc., can be recognized quickly and accurately.

    [0105] The apparatus and method for ray scanning imaging according to the present invention have been described and illustrated in detail, although some details belonging to well-known knowledge in the art have been omitted in order for emphasizing on the inventive concept of the present invention. Those skilled in the art will understand how to implement these technical solutions disclosed herein in accordance with the above description.

    [0106] Although certain exemplary embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes may be made in these exemplary embodiments without departing from the scope of the present invention which is defined in the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. An apparatus for ray scanning imaging, the apparatus comprising:

    a plurality of ray generators (21) distributed uniformly along a circular arc, said plurality of ray generators (21) configured for emitting ray beams in sequence to an object to be inspected within a single scanning period, to complete a scan for a single slice;

    a ray detection device (22, 23, 24) adapted for collecting ray detection values of the ray beams emitted by said plurality of ray generators (21),

    characterized in that:
    said ray detection device (22, 23, 24) comprises a plurality of linear arrays (22, 23, 24) of ray detectors, each of said plurality of linear arrays (22, 23, 24) of ray detectors being composed of a plurality of ray detectors arranged along a straight line, wherein said plurality of linear arrays of ray detectors adjoin end to end in a same plane in sequence except that one end of a first of the sequence of linear arrays of ray detectors and one end of a last of the sequence of linear arrays of ray detectors do not adjoin each other, so as to form a semi-closed frame.


     
    2. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein a central angle of the circular arc on which said plurality of ray generators (21) are arranged is at least π+2γ, where 2γ is a fan angle of a fan ray beam emitted by each of said plurality of ray generators.
     
    3. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein each of said plurality of ray generators (21) comprises at least one ray emission unit; and
    wherein said ray beams are fan ray beams or are ray beam units composed of a plurality of straight line-shaped ray beams in parallel with each other.
     
    4. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein provided that the number of the plurality of linear arrays (22, 23, 24) of ray detectors is greater than 3, said plurality of linear arrays (22, 23, 24) of ray detectors are arranged in a manner such that an angle between two adjacent linear arrays of ray detectors is greater than π/2 and said plurality of linear arrays (22, 23, 24) of ray detectors are capable of detecting the ray beams emitted by all said plurality of ray generators (21); or
    wherein provided that the number of the plurality of linear arrays (22, 23, 24) of ray detectors is 3, said three linear arrays (22, 23, 24) of ray detectors are arranged in a manner such that the linear arrays (22, 24) of ray detectors on both sides are all perpendicular to the middle linear array (23) of ray detectors and said three linear arrays (22, 23, 24) of ray detectors can detect the ray beams emitted by all said plurality of ray generators (21).
     
    5. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein a plane where said plurality of linear arrays (22, 23, 24) of ray detectors are placed and a plane where said plurality of ray generators (21) are placed are in parallel with each other.
     
    6. The apparatus of claim 1, further comprising an imaging unit configured to achieve an image for the object to be inspected by processing the ray detection values collected by said ray detection device (22, 23, 24);
    wherein the ray beams are fan beams emitted by the plurality of ray generators;
    wherein for each ray generator (21) of the plurality of ray generators (21), a central axis of the ray beams emitted by the respective ray generator (21) is not perpendicular to any one of the straight lines along which the plurality of linear arrays (22, 23, 24) of ray detectors are arranged;
    wherein said imaging unit is configured to determine a linear array (23', 24') of equidistant virtual detectors for the respective one ray generator (21), the linear array (23', 24') of equidistant virtual detectors comprising a plurality of virtual detectors, the plurality of virtual detectors arranged along a straight line perpendicular to the central axis of the ray beams emitted by the respective one ray generator (21) and distributed equidistantly from each other;
    wherein distances between each of the ray generators (21) and its corresponding linear array (23', 24') of equidistant virtual detectors are equal to one another;
    wherein said imaging unit is further configured to, in accordance with connection lines between said respective one ray generator and said determined virtual detectors, determine respective ray detectors corresponding respectively to the determined virtual detectors, and calculate ray detection values of the determined virtual detectors on the basis of those of the determined ray detectors;
    and wherein the apparatus is configured to determine equidistant fan beam projection values composed of the ray detection values of all the linear arrays (23', 24') of equidistant virtual detectors for the plurality of ray generators (21).
     
    7. The apparatus of claim 6, wherein said ray detectors are dual-layer dual-energy energy detection units;
    wherein said imaging unit is configured to achieve an image for the object to be inspected, by, with a filtered back projection algorithm, dual-energy reconstructing dual-energy decomposition coefficients of different basis materials achieved by dual-energy decomposing the equidistant fan beam projection values; and
    the apparatus further comprising a database adapted for storing atomic numbers and electron densities of suspicious items therein;
    wherein said imaging unit is configured to determine whether the object to be inspected is a suspicious item or not, by comparing distributions of atomic number and electron density of the object to be inspected that is achieved in said dual-energy reconstruction with those of suspicious items in the database.
     
    8. An apparatus for ray scanning imaging, the apparatus comprising:

    a plurality of ray generators (21) distributed uniformly along a circular arc, each of said plurality of ray generators (21) configured for emitting ray beams composed of a plurality of straight line-shaped ray beams in parallel with each other, and said plurality of ray generators configured for emitting said ray beams simultaneously to an object to be inspected within a single scanning period, to complete a scan for a single slice;

    a ray detection device (22, 23, 24) adapted for collecting ray detection values of the ray beams emitted by said plurality of ray generators (21),

    characterized in that:
    said ray detection device (22, 23, 24) comprises a plurality of linear arrays (22, 23, 24) of ray detectors, each of said plurality of linear arrays (22, 23, 24) of ray detectors being composed of a plurality of ray detectors arranged along a straight line, wherein said plurality of linear arrays of ray detectors adjoin end to end in a same plane in sequence except that one end of a first of the sequence of linear arrays of ray detectors and one end of a last of the sequence of linear arrays of ray detectors do not adjoin each other, so as to form a semi-closed frame.


     
    9. The apparatus of claim 8, wherein said plurality of ray generators (21) each comprise at least one ray emission unit.
     
    10. The apparatus of claim 8, wherein provided that the number of the plurality of linear arrays (22, 23, 24) of ray detectors is greater than 3, said plurality of linear arrays (22, 23, 24) of ray detectors are arranged in a manner such that an angle between two adjacent linear arrays of ray detectors is greater than π/2 and said plurality of linear arrays (22, 23, 24) of ray detectors are capable of detecting the ray beams emitted by all said plurality of ray generators (21); or
    wherein provided that the number of the plurality of linear arrays (22, 23, 24) of ray detectors is 3, said three linear arrays (22, 23, 24) of ray detectors are arranged in a manner such that the linear arrays (22, 24) of ray detectors on both sides are all perpendicular to the middle linear array (23) of ray detectors and said three linear arrays (22, 23, 24) of ray detectors can detect the ray beams emitted by all said plurality of ray generators (21).
     
    11. The apparatus of claim 8, wherein a plane where said plurality of linear arrays (22, 23, 24) of ray detectors are placed and a plane where said plurality of ray generators (21) are placed are in parallel with each other.
     
    12. The apparatus of claim 8, further comprising an imaging unit configured to achieve an image for the object to be inspected by processing the ray detection values collected by said ray detection device (22, 23, 24).
     
    13. A method for ray scanning imaging, the method comprising:
    performing, by the apparatus according to claim 1, a ray scanning on the object to be inspected.
     
    14. The method of claim 13, further comprising the steps of:

    determining a linear array (23', 24') of equidistant virtual detectors for each ray generator (21) of the plurality of ray generators (21);

    wherein a central axis of the ray beams emitted by the respective one ray generator (21) is not perpendicular to any one of the straight lines along which the plurality of linear arrays (22, 23, 24) are arranged;

    wherein the linear array (23', 24') of equidistant virtual detectors comprises a plurality of virtual detectors arranged along a straight line perpendicular to the central axis of the ray beams emitted by the respective one ray generator (21) and distributed equidistantly from each other;

    and wherein distances between each of the ray generators (21) and its corresponding linear array (23', 24') of equidistant virtual detectors are equal to one another; in accordance with connection lines between said respective one ray generator (21) and said determined virtual detectors;

    determining respective ray detectors corresponding respectively to the virtual detectors;

    calculating ray detection values of the determined virtual detectors on the basis of the determined ray detectors; and

    determining equidistant fan beam projection values composed of the ray detection values of all the linear arrays (23', 24') of equidistant virtual detectors for the plurality of ray generators (21).


     
    15. A method for ray scanning imaging, the method comprising:
    performing, by the apparatus according to claim 8, a ray scanning on the object to be inspected.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Vorrichtung zur Bildgebung durch Strahlenabtastung, wobei die Vorrichtung Folgendes aufweist:

    mehrere Strahlengeneratoren (21), die an einem Kreisbogen entlang gleichmäßig verteilt sind, wobei die genannten mehreren Strahlengeneratoren (21) zum Ausstrahlen von Strahlenbündeln in einer Folge zu einem zu prüfenden Objekt innerhalb einer einzelnen Abtastperiode konfiguriert sind, um eine Abtastung für ein einzelnes Schnittbild durchzuführen;

    eine Strahlendetektionsvorrichtung (22, 23, 24), die zum Erfassen von Strahlendetektionswerten der durch die genannten mehreren Strahlengeneratoren (21) ausgestrahlten Strahlenbündel geeignet ist,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass:
    die genannte Strahlendetektionsvorrichtung (22, 23, 24) mehrere lineare Strahlendetektoranordnungen (22, 23, 24) aufweist, wobei jede der genannten mehreren linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen (22, 23, 24) sich aus mehreren Strahlendetektoren zusammensetzt, die entlang einer Geraden angeordnet sind, wobei die genannten mehreren linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen in einer Folge Ende an Ende in der gleichen Ebene aneinander anstoßen, ausgenommen, dass ein Ende einer ersten der Folge von linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen und ein Ende einer letzten der Folge linearer Strahlendetektoranordnungen nicht aneinander anstoßen, um einen halbgeschlossenen Rahmen zu bilden.


     
    2. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei ein Mittelpunktswinkel des Kreisbogens, auf dem die genannten mehreren Strahlengeneratoren (21) angeordnet sind, wenigstens π+2γ ist, wobei 2γ ein Fächerwinkel eines von jedem der genannten mehreren Strahlengeneratoren ausgestrahlten Fächerstrahls ist.
     
    3. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei jeder der genannten mehreren Strahlengeneratoren (21) wenigstens eine Strahlenemissionseinheit aufweist; und
    wobei die genannten Strahlenbündel Fächerstrahlen sind oder Strahlenbündeleinheiten sind, die sich aus mehreren geradenförmigen Strahlenbündeln, die miteinander parallel sind, zusammensetzen.
     
    4. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei, vorausgesetzt, dass die Anzahl der mehreren linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen (22, 23, 24) größer als 3 ist, die genannten mehreren linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen (22, 23, 24) so angeordnet sind, dass ein Winkel zwischen zwei aneinander angrenzenden linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen größer als π/2 ist, und die genannten mehreren linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen (22, 23, 24) die von allen genannten mehreren Strahlengeneratoren (21) ausgestrahlten Strahlenbündel erkennen können; oder
    wobei, vorausgesetzt, dass die Anzahl der mehreren linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen (22, 23, 24) 3 ist, die genannten drei linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen (22, 23, 24) so angeordnet sind, dass die linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen (22, 24) auf beiden Seiten alle zur mittleren linearen Strahlendetektoranordnung (23) lotrecht sind und die genannten drei linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen (22, 23, 24) die von allen genannten mehreren Strahlengeneratoren (21) ausgestrahlten Strahlenbündel erkennen können.
     
    5. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei eine Ebene, in der die genannten mehreren linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen (22, 23, 24) liegen, und eine Ebene, in der die genannten mehreren Strahlengeneratoren (21) liegen, miteinander parallel sind.
     
    6. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, die ferner eine Bildgebungseinheit aufweisen, die zum Erzielen eines Bilds für das zu prüfende Objekt durch Verarbeiten der durch die genannte Strahlendetektionsvorrichtung (22, 23, 24) erfassten Strahlendetektionswerte konfiguriert ist;
    wobei die Strahlenbündel von den mehreren Strahlengeneratoren ausgestrahlte Fächerstrahlen sind;
    wobei für jeden Strahlengenerator (21) der mehreren Strahlengeneratoren (21) eine Mittelachse der durch den jeweiligen Strahlengenerator (21) ausgestrahlten Strahlenbündel zu irgendeiner der Geraden, an denen entlang die mehreren linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen (22, 23, 24) angeordnet sind, nicht lotrecht ist;
    wobei die genannte Bildgebungseinheit zum Bestimmen einer linearen Anordnung (23', 24') abstandsgleicher virtueller Detektoren für den jeweiligen einen Strahlengenerator (21) konfiguriert ist, wobei die lineare Anordnung (23', 24') abstandsgleicher virtueller Detektoren mehrere virtuelle Detektoren aufweist, wobei die mehreren virtuellen Detektoren entlang einer Geraden, die zur Mittelachse der von dem jeweiligen einen Strahlengenerator (21) ausgestrahlten Strahlenbündel lotrecht ist, angeordnet sind und in gleichem Abstand voneinander verteilt sind;
    wobei Abstände zwischen jedem der Strahlengeneratoren (21) und seiner entsprechenden linearen Anordnung (23', 24') abstandsgleicher virtueller Detektoren zueinander gleich sind;
    wobei die genannte Bildgebungseinheit ferner gemäß Verbindungslinien zwischen dem genannten jeweiligen einen Strahlengenerator und den genannten bestimmten virtuellen Detektoren zum Bestimmen von jeweiligen Strahlendetektoren, die den bestimmten virtuellen Detektoren jeweilig entsprechen, und zum Berechnen von Strahlendetektionswerten der bestimmten virtuellen Detektoren auf Basis derjenigen der bestimmten Strahlendetektoren konfiguriert ist;
    und wobei die Vorrichtung zum Bestimmen von Projektionswerten von abstandsgleichen Fächerstrahlen, die sich aus den Strahlendetektionswerten aller linearen Anordnungen (23', 24') abstandsgleicher virtueller Detektoren für die mehreren Strahlengeneratoren (21) zusammensetzen, konfiguriert ist.
     
    7. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 6, wobei die genannten Strahlendetektoren Zweischichten-Dual-Energy-Energiedetektionseinheiten sind;
    wobei die genannte Bildgebungseinheit zum Erzielen eines Bilds für das zu prüfende Objekt durch, mit einem gefilterten Rückprojektionsalgorithmus, Dual-Energy-Rekonstruieren von Dual-Energy-Zerlegungskoeffizienten verschiedener Basismaterialien, das durch Dual-Energy-Zerlegen der Projektionswerte der abstandsgleichen Fächerstrahlen erzielt wird, konfiguriert ist; und
    die Vorrichtung ferner eine Datenbank aufweist, die zum Speichern von Ordnungszahlen und Elektronendichten verdächtiger Elemente in ihr geeignet ist;
    wobei die genannte Bildgebungseinheit zum Bestimmen, ob das zu prüfende Objekt ein verdächtiges Element ist oder nicht, durch Vergleichen von Verteilungen von Ordnungszahl und Elektronendichte des zu prüfenden Objekts, das in der genannten Dual-Energie-Rekonstruktion erzielt wird, mit denen von verdächtigen Elementen in der Datenbank konfiguriert ist.
     
    8. Vorrichtung zur Bildgebung durch Strahlenabtastung, wobei die Vorrichtung Folgendes aufweist:

    mehrere Strahlengeneratoren (21), die an einem Kreisbogen entlang gleichmäßig verteilt sind, wobei jeder der genannten mehreren Strahlengeneratoren (21) zum Ausstrahlen von Strahlenbündeln, die sich aus mehreren geradenförmigen Strahlenbündeln, die miteinander parallel sind, zusammensetzen, konfiguriert ist und die genannten mehreren Strahlengeneratoren zum gleichzeitigen Ausstrahlen der genannten Strahlenbündel zu einem zu prüfenden Objekt innerhalb einer einzelnen Abtastperiode konfiguriert sind, um eine Abtastung für ein einzelnes Schnittbild durchzuführen;

    eine Strahlendetektionsvorrichtung (22, 23, 24), die zum Erfassen von Strahlendetektionswerten der durch die genannten mehreren Strahlengeneratoren (21) ausgestrahlten Strahlenbündel geeignet ist,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass:
    die genannte Strahlendetektionsvorrichtung (22, 23, 24) mehrere lineare Strahlendetektoranordnungen (22, 23, 24) aufweist, wobei jede der genannten mehreren linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen (22, 23, 24) sich aus mehreren Strahlendetektoren zusammensetzt, die entlang einer Geraden angeordnet sind, wobei die genannten mehreren linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen in einer Folge Ende an Ende in der gleichen Ebene aneinander anstoßen, ausgenommen, dass ein Ende einer ersten der Folge von linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen und ein Ende einer letzten der Folge linearer Strahlendetektoranordnungen nicht aneinander anstoßen, um einen halbgeschlossenen Rahmen zu bilden.


     
    9. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, wobei die genannten mehreren Strahlengeneratoren (21) jeweils wenigstens eine Strahlenemissionseinheit aufweisen.
     
    10. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, wobei, vorausgesetzt, dass die Anzahl der mehreren linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen (22, 23, 24) größer als 3 ist, die genannten mehreren linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen (22, 23, 24) so angeordnet sind, dass ein Winkel zwischen zwei aneinander angrenzenden linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen größer als π/2 ist, und die genannten mehreren linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen (22, 23, 24) die von allen genannten mehreren Strahlengeneratoren (21) ausgestrahlten Strahlenbündel erkennen können; oder
    wobei, vorausgesetzt, dass die Anzahl der mehreren linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen (22, 23, 24) 3 ist, die genannten drei linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen (22, 23, 24) so angeordnet sind, dass die linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen (22, 24) auf beiden Seiten alle zur mittleren linearen Strahlendetektoranordnung (23) lotrecht sind und die genannten drei linearen Strahlendetektoranordnung (22, 23, 24) die von allen genannten mehreren Strahlengeneratoren (21) ausgestrahlten Strahlenbündel erkennen können.
     
    11. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, wobei eine Ebene, in der die genannten mehreren linearen Strahlendetektoranordnungen (22, 23, 24) liegen, und eine Ebene, in der die genannten mehreren Strahlengeneratoren (21) liegen, miteinander parallel sind.
     
    12. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, die ferner eine Bildgebungseinheit aufweist, die zum Erzielen eines Bilds für das zu prüfende Objekt durch Verarbeiten der durch die genannte Strahlendetektionsvorrichtung (22, 23, 24) erfassten Strahlendetektionswerte konfiguriert ist.
     
    13. Verfahren zur Bildgebung durch Strahlenabtastung, wobei das Verfahren Folgendes aufweist:
    Durchführen einer Strahlenabtastung am zu prüfenden Objekt durch die Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1.
     
    14. Verfahren nach Anspruch 13, das ferner die folgenden Schritte aufweist:

    Bestimmen einer linearen Anordnung (23', 24') abstandsgleicher virtueller Detektoren für jeden Strahlengenerator (21) der mehreren Strahlengeneratoren (21);

    wobei eine Mittelachse der von dem jeweiligen einen Strahlengenerator (21) ausgestrahlten Strahlenbündel zu einer der Geraden, an denen entlang die mehreren linearen Anordnungen (22, 23, 24) angeordnet sind, nicht lotrecht ist;

    wobei lineare Anordnung (23', 24') abstandsgleicher virtueller Detektoren mehrere virtuelle Detektoren aufweist, die entlang einer Geraden, die zur Mittelachse der von dem jeweiligen einen Strahlengenerator (21) ausgestrahlten Strahlenbündel lotrecht ist, angeordnet sind und im gleichen Abstand voneinander verteilt sind;

    und wobei Abstände zwischen jedem der Strahlengeneratoren (21) und seiner entsprechenden linearen Anordnung (23', 24') abstandsgleicher virtueller Detektoren zueinander gleich sind; gemäß Verbindungslinien zwischen dem genannten jeweiligen einen Strahlengenerator und den genannten bestimmten virtuellen Detektoren;

    Bestimmen von jeweiligen Strahlendetektoren, die den virtuellen Detektoren jeweilig entsprechen;

    Berechnen von Strahlendetektionswerten der bestimmten virtuellen Detektoren auf Basis der bestimmten Strahlendetektoren; und

    Bestimmen von Projektionswerten von abstandsgleichen Fächerstrahlen, die sich aus den Strahlendetektionswerten aller linearen Anordnungen (23', 24') abstandsgleicher virtueller Detektoren für die mehreren Strahlengeneratoren (21) zusammensetzen.


     
    15. Verfahren zur Bildgebung durch Strahlenabtastung, wobei das Verfahren Folgendes aufweist:
    Durchführen einer Strahlenabtastung am zu prüfenden Objekt durch die Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 8.
     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil pour imagerie par balayage de rayons, l'appareil comprenant :

    une pluralité de générateurs de rayons (21) répartis uniformément le long d'un arc de cercle, ladite pluralité de générateurs de rayons (21) étant configurée pour émettre des faisceaux de rayons en séquence vers un objet à inspecter au sein d'une seule période de balayage, pour réaliser un balayage pour une seule tranche ;

    un dispositif de détection de rayons (22, 23, 24) adapté pour recueillir des valeurs de détection de rayons des faisceaux de rayons émis par ladite pluralité de générateurs de rayons (21),

    caractérisé en ce que :
    ledit dispositif de détection de rayons (22, 23, 24) comprend une pluralité de réseaux linéaires (22, 23, 24) de détecteurs de rayons, chaque réseau de ladite pluralité de réseaux linéaires (22, 23, 24) de détecteurs de rayons étant composé d'une pluralité de détecteurs de rayons agencés le long d'une ligne droite, où ladite pluralité de réseaux linéaires de détecteurs de rayons sont adjacents bout à bout dans un même plan en séquence, à l'exception qu'une extrémité d'un premier réseau de la séquence de réseaux linéaires de détecteurs de rayons et qu'une extrémité d'un dernier réseau de la séquence de réseaux linéaires de détecteurs de rayons ne sont pas adjacentes l'une à l'autre, de manière à former un cadre semi-fermé.


     
    2. Appareil selon la revendication 1, où un angle central de l'arc circulaire sur lequel ladite pluralité de générateurs de rayons (21) sont agencés est au moins π + 2γ, où 2γ est un angle de dispersion d'un faisceau de rayons en éventail émis par chaque générateur de ladite pluralité de générateurs de rayons.
     
    3. Appareil selon la revendication 1, où chaque générateur de ladite pluralité de générateurs de rayons (21) comprend au moins une unité d'émission de rayons ; et
    où lesdits faisceaux de rayons sont des faisceaux de rayons en éventail ou sont des unités de faisceaux de rayons composées d'une pluralité de faisceaux de rayons en forme de ligne droite en parallèle les uns avec les autres.
     
    4. Appareil selon la revendication 1, où, à condition que le nombre de la pluralité de réseaux linéaires (22, 23, 24) de détecteurs de rayons soit supérieur à 3, ladite pluralité de réseaux linéaires (22, 23, 24) de détecteurs de rayons sont agencés d'une manière telle qu'un angle entre deux réseaux linéaires adjacents de détecteurs de rayons est supérieur à π/2 et ladite pluralité de réseaux linéaires (22, 23, 24) de détecteurs de rayons sont capables de détecter les faisceaux de rayons émis par toute ladite pluralité de générateurs de rayons (21) ; ou
    où, à condition que le nombre de la pluralité de réseaux linéaires (22, 23, 24) de détecteurs de rayons soit de 3, lesdits trois réseaux linéaires (22, 23, 24) de détecteurs de rayons sont agencés d'une manière telle que les réseaux linéaires (22, 24) de détecteurs de rayons des deux côtés sont tous perpendiculaires au réseau linéaire central (23) de détecteurs de rayons et lesdits trois réseaux linéaires (22, 23, 24) de détecteurs de rayons peuvent détecter les faisceaux de rayons émis par toute ladite pluralité de générateurs de rayons (21).
     
    5. Appareil selon la revendication 1, où un plan où ladite pluralité de réseaux linéaires (22, 23, 24) de détecteurs de rayons sont placés et un plan où ladite pluralité de générateurs de rayons (21) sont placés sont parallèles l'un à l'autre.
     
    6. Appareil selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre une unité d'imagerie configurée pour obtenir une image pour l'objet à inspecter par traitement des valeurs de détection de rayons recueillies par ledit dispositif de détection de rayons (22, 23, 24) ;
    où les faisceaux de rayons sont des faisceaux en éventail émis par la pluralité de générateurs de rayons ;
    où, pour chaque générateur de rayons (21) de la pluralité de générateurs de rayons (21), un axe central des faisceaux de rayons émis par le générateur de rayons respectif (21) n'est perpendiculaire à aucune des lignes droites le long desquelles la pluralité de réseaux linéaires (22, 23, 24) de détecteurs de rayons sont agencés ;
    où ladite unité d'imagerie est configurée pour déterminer un réseau linéaire (23', 24') de détecteurs virtuels équidistants pour le générateur de rayons respectif (21), le réseau linéaire (23', 24') de détecteurs virtuels équidistants comprenant une pluralité de détecteurs virtuels, la pluralité de détecteurs virtuels étant agencés le long d'une ligne droite perpendiculaire à l'axe central des faisceaux de rayons émis par le générateur de rayons respectif (21) et répartis de manière équidistante les uns par rapport aux autres ;
    où les distances entre chacun des générateurs de rayons (21) et son réseau linéaire correspondant (23', 24') de détecteurs virtuels équidistants sont égales entre elles ;
    où ladite unité d'imagerie est en outre configurée, conformément aux lignes de connexion entre ledit générateur de rayons respectif et lesdits détecteurs virtuels déterminés, pour déterminer les détecteurs de rayons respectifs correspondant respectivement aux détecteurs virtuels déterminés, et calculer les valeurs de détection de rayons des détecteurs virtuels déterminés sur la base de celles des détecteurs de rayons déterminés ;
    et où l'appareil est configuré pour déterminer des valeurs de projection de faisceaux en éventail équidistants composées des valeurs de détection de rayons de tous les réseaux linéaires (23', 24') de détecteurs virtuels équidistants pour la pluralité de générateurs de rayons (21).
     
    7. Appareil selon la revendication 6, où lesdits détecteurs de rayons sont des unités de détection d'énergie à double couche et à double énergie ;
    où ladite unité d'imagerie est configurée pour obtenir une image pour l'objet à inspecter, par, avec un algorithme de rétroprojection filtrée, construction à double énergie de coefficients de décomposition à double énergie de différents matériaux de base obtenus par décomposition à double énergie des valeurs de projection de faisceaux en éventail équidistants ; et
    l'appareil comprenant en outre une base de données adaptée pour stocker des numéros atomiques et des densités électroniques d'articles suspects dans celle-ci ;
    où ladite unité d'imagerie est configurée pour déterminer si l'objet à inspecter est un article suspect ou non, par comparaison de distributions de numéro atomique et de densité électronique de l'objet à inspecter qui sont obtenues dans ladite reconstruction à double énergie avec celles d'articles suspects dans la base de données.
     
    8. Appareil pour imagerie par balayage de rayons, l'appareil comprenant :

    une pluralité de générateurs de rayons (21) répartis uniformément le long d'un arc de cercle, chaque générateur de ladite pluralité de générateurs de rayons (21) étant configuré pour émettre des faisceaux de rayons composés d'une pluralité de faisceaux de rayons en forme de ligne droite en parallèle les uns avec les autres, et ladite pluralité de générateurs de rayons étant configurée pour émettre lesdits faisceaux de rayons simultanément vers un objet à inspecter au sein d'une seule période de balayage, pour réaliser un balayage pour une seule tranche ;

    un dispositif de détection de rayons (22, 23, 24) adapté pour recueillir des valeurs de détection de rayons des faisceaux de rayons émis par ladite pluralité de générateurs de rayons (21),

    caractérisé en ce que :
    ledit dispositif de détection de rayons (22, 23, 24) comprend une pluralité de réseaux linéaires (22, 23, 24) de détecteurs de rayons, chaque réseau de ladite pluralité de réseaux linéaires (22, 23, 24) de détecteurs de rayons étant composé d'une pluralité de détecteurs de rayons agencés le long d'une ligne droite, où ladite pluralité de réseaux linéaires de détecteurs de rayons sont adjacents bout à bout dans un même plan en séquence, à l'exception qu'une extrémité d'un premier réseau de la séquence de réseaux linéaires de détecteurs de rayons et qu'une extrémité d'un dernier réseau de la séquence de réseaux linéaires de détecteurs de rayons ne sont pas adjacentes l'une à l'autre, de manière à former un cadre semi-fermé.


     
    9. Appareil selon la revendication 8, où ladite pluralité de générateurs de rayons (21) comprennent chacun au moins une unité d'émission de rayons.
     
    10. Appareil selon la revendication 8, où, à condition que le nombre de la pluralité de réseaux linéaires (22, 23, 24) de détecteurs de rayons soit supérieur à 3, ladite pluralité de réseaux linéaires (22, 23, 24) de détecteurs de rayons sont agencés d'une manière telle qu'un angle entre deux réseaux linéaires adjacents de détecteurs de rayons est supérieur à π/2 et ladite pluralité de réseaux linéaires (22, 23, 24) de détecteurs de rayons sont capables de détecter les faisceaux de rayons émis par toute ladite pluralité de générateurs de rayons (21) ; ou
    où, à condition que le nombre de la pluralité de réseaux linéaires (22, 23, 24) de détecteurs de rayons soit de 3, lesdits trois réseaux linéaires (22, 23, 24) de détecteurs de rayons sont agencés d'une manière telle que les réseaux linéaires (22, 24) de détecteurs de rayons des deux côtés sont tous perpendiculaires au réseau linéaire central (23) de détecteurs de rayons et lesdits trois réseaux linéaires (22, 23, 24) de détecteurs de rayons peuvent détecter les faisceaux de rayons émis par toute ladite pluralité de générateurs de rayons (21).
     
    11. Appareil selon la revendication 8, où un plan où ladite pluralité de réseaux linéaires (22, 23, 24) de détecteurs de rayons sont placés et un plan où ladite pluralité de générateurs de rayons (21) sont placés sont parallèles l'un à l'autre.
     
    12. Appareil selon la revendication 8, comprenant en outre une unité d'imagerie configurée pour obtenir une image pour l'objet à inspecter par traitement des valeurs de détection de rayons recueillies par ledit dispositif de détection de rayons (22, 23, 24).
     
    13. Procédé pour imagerie par balayage de rayons, le procédé comprenant :
    la réalisation, par l'appareil selon la revendication 1, d'un balayage de rayons sur l'objet à inspecter.
     
    14. Procédé selon la revendication 13, comprenant en outre les étapes consistant à :

    déterminer un réseau linéaire (23', 24') de détecteurs virtuels équidistants pour chaque générateur de rayons (21) de la pluralité de générateurs de rayons (21) ;

    où un axe central des faisceaux de rayons émis par le générateur de rayons respectif (21) n'est perpendiculaire à aucune des lignes droites le long desquelles la pluralité de réseaux linéaires (22, 23, 24) sont agencés ;

    où le réseau linéaire (23', 24') de détecteurs virtuels équidistants comprend une pluralité de détecteurs virtuels agencés le long d'une ligne droite perpendiculaire à l'axe central des faisceaux de rayons émis par le générateur de rayons respectif (21) et répartis de manière équidistante les uns par rapport aux autres ;

    et où les distances entre chacun des générateurs de rayons (21) et son réseau linéaire correspondant (23', 24') de détecteurs virtuels équidistants sont égales les unes aux autres ; conformément aux lignes de connexion entre ledit générateur de rayons respectif (21) et lesdits détecteurs virtuels déterminés ;

    déterminer des détecteurs de rayons respectifs correspondant respectivement aux détecteurs virtuels ;

    calculer des valeurs de détection des rayons des détecteurs virtuels déterminés sur la base des détecteurs de rayons déterminés ; et

    déterminer des valeurs de projection de faisceaux en éventail équidistants composées des valeurs de détection de rayons de tous les réseaux linéaires (23', 24') de détecteurs virtuels équidistants pour la pluralité de générateurs de rayons (21).


     
    15. Procédé pour imagerie par balayage de rayons, le procédé comprenant :
    la réalisation, par l'appareil selon la revendication 8, d'un balayage de rayons sur l'objet à inspecter.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description




    Non-patent literature cited in the description