(19)
(11)EP 2 716 599 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/26

(21)Application number: 12793056.8

(22)Date of filing:  30.05.2012
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C01B 11/02(2006.01)
A01N 59/00(2006.01)
A01N 59/08(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2012/063897
(87)International publication number:
WO 2012/165466 (06.12.2012 Gazette  2012/49)

(54)

CHLORINE DIOXIDE-CONTAINING PRODUCT AND METHOD FOR GENERATING CHLORINE DIOXIDE

CHLORDIOXIDHALTIGES PRODUKT UND VERFAHREN ZUM ERZEUGEN VON CHLORDIOXID

PRODUIT À TENEUR EN DIOXYDE DE CHLORE ET PROCÉDÉ DE GÉNÉRATION DE DIOXYDE DE CHLORE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 31.05.2011 JP 2011121635

(43)Date of publication of application:
09.04.2014 Bulletin 2014/15

(73)Proprietor: Osaka Soda Co., Ltd.
Nishi-ku Osaka-shi, Osaka 550-0011 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • KATO, Ryo
    Osaka-shi Osaka 550-0011 (JP)
  • HARA, Kanefusa
    Osaka-shi Osaka 550-0011 (JP)
  • YANAGIDA, Masanori
    Osaka-shi Osaka 550-0011 (JP)

(74)Representative: Teipel, Stephan et al
Lederer & Keller Patentanwälte Partnerschaft mbB Unsöldstrasse 2
80538 München
80538 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-99/62817
JP-A- 2005 520 769
US-A- 4 547 381
US-B1- 6 174 508
JP-A- 2 055 201
JP-A- 2009 185 043
US-A1- 2006 039 840
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a chlorine dioxide-generating product used for deodorization, sterilization, virus removal, mold prevention, antisepsis, or other purposes of spatial environments or foods.

    Background Art



    [0002] Chlorine dioxide, which has high oxidizing power, looks promising for applications including deodorization, sterilization, virus removal, mold prevention, antisepsis, and bleaching. However, the chlorine dioxide is extremely unstable and is unsuitable for long-term storage or conveyance. In addition, chlorine dioxide in high concentration involves a risk of explosion. In order to solve these problems, various methods have been proposed.

    [0003] A gel composition comprising chlorine dioxide and a water-absorbing resin has been developed (for example, see Patent Literature 1), but the composition generates little chlorine dioxide gas. In order to solve the problem, a method of irradiating a gel composition comprising chlorine dioxide and a water-absorbing resin with ultraviolet light has been proposed (for example, see Patent Literature 2), but the method requires a combined ultraviolet irradiation apparatus.

    [0004] A gel composition comprising a pure chlorine dioxide-generating product containing dissolved chlorine dioxide gas, a chlorite, and a pH adjuster for maintaining the product acidic and a high water-absorbing resin has been developed (for example, see Patent Literature 3), but it is unsuitable for long-term storage due to the degradation of the dissolved chlorine dioxide.

    [0005] A method of adding an activator, a water-absorbing resin, and a water-retaining agent to an aqueous chlorite solution and converting the mixture into a gel has been developed (for example, see Patent Literature 4). However, the method requires the addition of the agents just before use. In addition, the method fails to control the reaction after the addition of the agents and generates chlorine dioxide gas at high concentration for several days. The method accordingly has problems concerning handling safety issues and concentration control.
    Patent Literature 5 discloses a dry composition for the sustained, controlled production of gaseous chlorine dioxide comprising a dry, inert diluent, a metal chlorite selected from the group consisting of alkali metal chlorites and alkaline earth metal chlorites, and a dry agent capable of reacting with a metal chlorite in the dry state to produce chlorine dioxide, said agent being selected from the group consisting of dry oxidizing agents and dry acids.
    Patent Literature 6 relates to generation of chlorine dioxide by activating a solid carrier impregnated with salts of chlorite or chlorate, and/or substance reacting directly or indirectly with said chlorite or chlorate to form chlorine dioxide, and/or a proton generating agent.
    Patent Literature 7 discloses a method for producing chlorine dioxide by activating zeolite crystals with excess protons, or activating an aqueous solution of metal chlorite and such a water-retaining substance with excess protons.
    Patent Literature 8 relates to a device for producing chlorine dioxide vapor in a time release manner when exposed to ambient moisture.

    Citation List


    Patent Literature



    [0006] 

    [Patent Literature 1] Japanese Patent Application Publication No. 61-181532

    [Patent Literature 2] Japanese Patent Application Publication No. 2000-202009

    [Patent Literature 3] Japanese Patent Application Publication No. 11-278808

    [Patent Literature 4] Japanese Patent Application Publication No. 2007-1807

    [Patent Literature 5] US 4,547,381

    [Patent Literature 6] WO 99/62817

    [Patent Literature 7] US 6,174,508 B1

    [Patent Literature 8] US 2006/0039840 A1


    Summary of Invention


    Technical Problem



    [0007] The present invention has an object to provide a chlorine dioxide-generating product that stably generates chlorine dioxide in an appropriate amount for the deodorization, sterilization, virus removal, mold prevention, antisepsis, or the like of spatial environments or foods.

    Solution to Problem



    [0008] As a result of repeated studies to solve the problems, the inventors of the present invention have obtained the following findings:
    1. (i) A chlorine dioxide-generating product comprising an inorganic porous carrier carrying a chlorite and an alkali agent which is sodium hydroxide, the alkali agent being carried in an amount of more than 0.7 molar equivalent and not more than 2 molar equivalents relative to the amount of the chlorite carried, the product having a water content of 10% by weight or less, can stably generate chlorine dioxide in an amount that sufficiently achieves deodorization, sterilization, virus removal, mold prevention, antisepsis, or the like of open spaces, foods, or others but exerts no harmful effect on humans or animals, over a long period of time.
    2. (ii) By preventing a chlorine dioxide-generating product from coming in contact with carbon dioxide and/or water vapor until use and bringing the chlorine dioxide-generating product into contact with a gas containing carbon dioxide and water vapor, an acid, or an oxidative substance at the time of use, suppression of the generation of useless chlorine dioxide and efficient generation of chlorine dioxide at the time of use can be achieved.


    [0009] The present invention has been completed based on the above findings and provides the chlorine dioxide-generating products shown below.
    1. [1] A chlorine dioxide-generating product comprising an inorganic porous carrier carrying a chlorite and an alkali agent,

      the alkali agent being carried in an amount of more than 0.7 molar equivalent and not more than 2 molar equivalents relative to the amount of the chlorite carried,

      the chlorine dioxide-generating product having a water content of 10% by weight or less, and

      the alkali agent being sodium hydroxide.
    2. [2] The chlorine dioxide-generating product according to the above [1], wherein the chlorite is carried in an amount of 1 to 25% by weight relative to the total amount of the chlorine dioxide-generating product.
    3. [3] The chlorine dioxide-generating product according to any one of the above [1] or [2], wherein the chlorite is carried in an amount of 1 to 40 parts by weight relative to 100 parts by weight of the inorganic porous carrier.
    4. [4] The chlorine dioxide-generating product according to any one of the above [1] to [3], wherein the inorganic porous carrier is palygorskite or sepiolite.
    5. [5] The chlorine dioxide-generating product according to any one of the above [1] to [4] having a water content of 5% by weight or less.
    6. [6] A method for manufacturing the chlorine dioxide-generating product according to any one of the above [1] to [5], comprising the step of infiltrating the chlorite and the alkali agent into the inorganic porous carrier and drying the carrier.
    7. [7] The method according to the above [6], wherein the chlorite and the alkali agent are infiltrated into the inorganic porous carrier by spraying.
    8. [8] The method according to any one of the above [6] or [7], wherein 10 to 100 parts by weight of a solution containing the chlorite at a concentration of 1 to 46% by weight and the alkali agent at a concentration of 1 to 60% by weight is infiltrated into 100 parts by weight of the inorganic porous carrier.

    Advantageous Effects of Invention



    [0010] A chlorine dioxide-generating product of the present invention can stably generate chlorine dioxide gas in an amount sufficient to achieve deodorization, sterilization, virus removal, mold prevention, antisepsis, or the like of open spaces, foods, or others and in an amount to exert no harmful effect on humans or animals, over a long period of time.

    Description of Embodiments



    [0011] Embodiments for carrying out the present invention will be described hereinbelow.

    (I) Chlorine dioxide-generating product



    [0012] A chlorine dioxide-generating product in the present invention is a substance generating or releasing chlorine dioxide.

    Inorganic porous carrier



    [0013] The type of an inorganic porous carrier is not particularly limited and any known inorganic porous carrier can be used without limitation. Examples of the known inorganic porous carrier include sepiolite, palygorskite, montmorillonite, silica gel, diatomaceous earth, zeolite, and pearlite. Among them, for suppression of the degradation of a chlorite, preferred are those whose suspensions at a concentration of 10% by weight in water are alkaline or have a pH of 8 or more. More preferred are palygorskite and sepiolite, and particularly preferred is sepiolite.

    [0014] Sepiolite is a natural mineral of magnesium silicate and the structural formula of sepiolite is represented by the following general formula (1).

            (OH2)4(OH)4Mg8Si12O30·8H2O     (1)



    [0015] The crystal structure of sepiolite has a fibrous form, a large number of grooves on the surface, and a large number of cylindrical tunnel-structured clearances inside, and thus has a very large specific surface area. The present invention may employ any of a pulverized and purified product of a crude sepiolite ore, a molded product of a pulverized sepiolite, and a product obtained by heating and burning such a sepiolite product at about 100 to 800°C. The sepiolite may have any of a granular form, a powder form, a fibrous form, and a molded form thereof. Sepiolite has a very large water absorbing and holding capacity, and even after absorbing the same weight of water as that of the sepiolite itself, can have a substantially dry surface.

    [0016] The form of the inorganic porous carrier is not particularly limited and may be any of a granular form, a powder form, a fibrous form, and a molded form thereof. Among them, a granular form is preferred.

    [0017] The inorganic porous carrier in a granular form or a powder form preferably has an average particle size of about 0.1 to 10 mm, more preferably about 0.3 to 6 mm, and even more preferably about 0.5 to 3 mm. The average particle size is determined by the sieving test (JIS Z 8815).

    [0018] The inorganic porous carrier preferably has a specific surface area of about 50 to 350 m2/g, more preferably about 70 to 250 m2/g, and even more preferably about 100 to 200 m2/g. The specific surface area is determined by the multipoint BET method (JIS Z 8830).

    [0019] The inorganic porous carrier preferably has a pore volume of about 0.1 to 0.7 cc/g, more preferably about 0.15 to 0.6 cc/g, and even more preferably about 0.2 to 0.5 cc/g. The pore volume is determined by the multipoint BET method (JIS Z 8830).

    Chlorite



    [0020] The chlorine dioxide-generating product of the present invention carries a chlorite and preferably, uniformly carries a chlorite.

    [0021] Examples of the chlorite include alkali metal salts of chlorous acid, such as sodium chlorite, potassium chlorite, and lithium chlorite and alkaline earth metal salts such as magnesium chlorite and calcium chlorite. Among them, alkali metal salts are preferred and sodium chlorite is more preferred because such a compound is inexpensive and commercially available for general purposes.

    [0022] The amount of the chlorite is preferably 1% by weight or more, more preferably 3% by weight or more, and even more preferably 5% by weight or more relative to the total amount of the chlorine dioxide-generating product. When the amount of the chlorite is in the range, the product can sufficiently generate chlorine dioxide. The amount of the chlorite is preferably 25% by weight or less and more preferably 20% by weight or less relative to the total amount of the chlorine dioxide-generating product. When the amount of the chlorite is in the range, the chlorine dioxide-generating product is not designated as the deleterious substances.

    [0023] The amount of the chlorite is preferably 1 to 40 parts by weight, more preferably 3 to 25 parts by weight, and even more preferably 5 to 20 parts by weight, relative to 100 parts by weight of the inorganic porous carrier.

    Alkali agent



    [0024] The chlorine dioxide-generating product of the present invention carries an alkali agent being sodium hydroxide and preferably, uniformly carries the alkali agent.

    [0025] The amount of the alkali agent is more than 0.7 molar equivalent, preferably 0.73 molar equivalent or more, and more preferably 0.75 molar equivalent or more relative to the amount (mol) of the chlorite. When the amount of the alkali agent is in the range, the carried chlorite hardly degrades at ordinary temperature. In addition, such a product does not generate an excess amount of chlorine dioxide within a short period of time but can stably generate chlorine dioxide over a long period of time in such an amount that the chlorine dioxide can achieve disinfection or other effects.

    [0026] The chlorine dioxide-generating product carries an alkali agent in an amount of 2 molar equivalents or less relative to the amount (mol) of the chlorite. The amount is preferably 1.7 molar equivalents or less and more preferably 1.2 molar equivalents or less. When the amount of the alkali agent is in the range, the chlorine dioxide-generating product consistently generates chlorine dioxide. Such a chlorine dioxide-generating product is not designated as the hazardous materials or does not involve the risk of generating an excess amount of a chlorine dioxide gas.

    Water content



    [0027] The performance of the chlorine dioxide-generating product of the present invention is largely affected by its water content. In other words, an excessively high water content of the chlorine dioxide-generating product accelerates the degradation of the chlorite into a chlorate. In addition, an excessively high water content reduces the amount of chlorine dioxide generated. For the reasons, the chlorine dioxide-generating product has a water content of 10% by weight or less, preferably 5% by weight or less, and more preferably 3% by weight or less. The chlorine dioxide-generating product most preferably contains no water.

    Production method



    [0028] The method of causing an inorganic porous carrier to carry the chlorite and the alkali agent is not particularly limited. Examples of the method include impregnation and spraying. The spraying is preferred because an increased amount of chlorine dioxide can be generated or chlorine dioxide can be stably generated.

    [0029] In the impregnation, the inorganic porous carrier in a dried state may be separately impregnated with a solution of the chlorite and a solution of the alkali agent or impregnated with a solution containing both the chlorite and the alkali agent. For the inorganic porous carrier uniformly carrying the components, the impregnation with the solution containing both the chlorite and the alkali agent is preferred. In the case of separate impregnation, the inorganic porous carrier may be first impregnated with either of the solutions, but is preferably impregnated with the alkali agent first.

    [0030] In the spraying, the inorganic porous carrier in a dried state may be separately sprayed with a solution of the chlorite and a solution of the alkali agent or sprayed with a solution containing both the chlorite and the alkali agent. For the inorganic porous carrier uniformly carrying the components, the spraying with the solution containing both the chlorite and the alkali agent is preferred. In the case of separate spraying, the inorganic porous carrier may be first sprayed with either of the solutions, but is preferably impregnated with the alkali agent first.

    [0031] The solution for impregnation or spraying is typically an aqueous solution but may contain an organic solvent as long as the solution can dissolve the chlorite and the alkali agent.

    [0032] For the impregnation or the spraying of the solution containing the chlorite and the alkali agent, 100 parts by weight of the inorganic porous carrier may be impregnated or sprayed with 10 to 100 parts by weight of a solution containing the chlorite at a concentration of 1 to 46% by weight and the alkali agent at a concentration of 1 to 60% by weight.

    [0033] In particular, 100 parts by weight of the inorganic porous carrier preferably carries the solution containing the chlorite at a concentration of 1 to 46% by weight and the alkali agent at a concentration of 1 to 60% by weight in a total amount of 70 parts by weight or less. Such a chlorine dioxide-generating product contains a chlorite but is not classified into the hazardous materials, Category I, Item (iii) under the current Fire Service Act, and this enables simpler and safer handling.

    [0034] After the infiltration of the chlorite and the alkali agent to the inorganic porous carrier, the whole is dried as necessary. The impregnation or the spraying and the drying may be repeated twice or more and this can increase the amounts of the chlorite and the alkali agent carried.

    [0035] The drying method is not particularly limited but the drying can be performed with a vacuum dryer, a fluidized bed dryer, a shelf dryer, a rotary dryer, a reduced-pressure dryer, or other apparatuses. The drying condition is also not particularly limited, but the drying is performed at 30 to 150°C, preferably at 70 to 130°C for 0.5 to 10 hours, preferably for 0.5 to 5 hours, for example.

    (II) Method for generating chlorine dioxide



    [0036] The method for generating chlorine dioxide is a method of preventing a chlorine dioxide-generating product from coming in contact with carbon dioxide and/or water vapor until use and bringing the chlorine dioxide-generating product into contact with a gas containing carbon dioxide and water vapor, an acid, or an oxidative substance to generate chlorine dioxide at the time of use.

    [0037] For generation of a stable amount of chlorine dioxide over a long period of time, the chlorine dioxide-generating product is preferably brought into contact with air.

    [0038] The contact with an acid or an oxidative substance can be performed by mixing the chlorine dioxide-generating product with the acid or the oxidative substance, for example.

    [0039] Examples of the acid include strong acids such as hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, and nitric acid and weak acids such as formic acid, acetic acid, citric acid, and adipic acid. Examples of the oxidative substance include ozone and chlorine. For easy control of the amount of chlorine dioxide generated, acids are preferred and weak acids are specifically preferred. In particular, a method of mixing the chlorine dioxide-generating product with an acid in a solid form at an ordinary temperature (23°C), such as citric acid and adipic acid, is preferred because the resulting mixture can absorb water in air to gradually release chlorine dioxide.

    [0040] A method of bringing the chlorine dioxide-generating product into contact with a gas containing carbon dioxide and water vapor, for example, with air is also preferred because the method is simple and practical.

    [0041] As described in Examples below, the inventors of the present invention have compared the amounts of chlorine dioxide generated in the following three cases: the case of passing air through the chlorine dioxide-generating product of the present invention; the case of passing air from which carbon dioxide is almost completely trapped (removed) with use of an aqueous sodium hydroxide solution; and the case of passing air from which carbon dioxide and water vapor are almost completely trapped (removed) with use of an aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and calcium chloride (see Table 4). In comparison with the case of passing air, the case of passing air from which carbon dioxide was trapped resulted in a large reduction in the amount of chlorine dioxide generated. In addition, the case of passing air from which carbon dioxide and water vapor were trapped generated almost no chlorine dioxide.

    [0042] When water vapor and carbon dioxide are absorbed into pores in the chlorine dioxide-generating product, carbonic acid is generated as shown in the general formula (2) below. Carbonic acid is a weak acid having a first dissociation constant pK1 of 6.4 and thus the carbonic acid is supposed to react as an acid with a chlorite to generate chlorine dioxide.

            CO2 + 2H2O → H2CO3     (2)



    [0043] Hence, the chlorine dioxide-generating product is not required to be brought into contact with an acid or an oxidative substance, but bringing the product into contact with carbon dioxide and water vapor or simply bringing the product into contact with air allows the chlorine dioxide-generating product to react with carbonic acid generated in the air, and the reaction can generate chlorine dioxide. In other words, preventing the chlorine dioxide-generating product from coming in contact with carbon dioxide and/or water vapor, preferably with both, or preferably blocking the contact can suppress the generation of chlorine dioxide.

    [0044] More specifically, when unused, for example, the product is stored in a container made of a material that is almost impermeable to carbon dioxide and/or water vapor or is packed with a wrapping material that is almost impermeable to carbon dioxide and/or water vapor, and this suppresses the generation of chlorine dioxide. At the time of use, the product is taken out of the container, the container is unsealed, or the wrapping material is removed, and as a result the product comes in contact with outside air for the first time, thereby gradually generating a chlorine dioxide gas. Alternatively, an absorber for water content and/or carbon dioxide may be set in a container or a wrapping material, and at the time of use, the chlorine dioxide-generating product can be taken out of the container or the wrapping material to come in contact with air.

    [0045] In order to prevent the contact with carbon dioxide when unused, the chlorine dioxide-generating product is packed with a container or a packing material preferably having a carbon dioxide permeability of 2.5 × 10-11 cc (STP) /cm2·sec·1333 Pa (cmHg) or less and more preferably 5 × 10-10 cc (STP) mm/cm2·sec·1333 Pa(cmHg) or less. In particular, the product is preferably packed with a container or a packing material having a carbon dioxide permeability of 5 × 10-10 cc (STP) mm/cm2·sec·1333 Pa(cmHg) or less in the case of a film having a thickness of 50 µm.

    [0046] In order to prevent the contact with carbon dioxide when unused, the chlorine dioxide-generating product is packed with a container or a packing material preferably having a water vapor permeability of 5 × 10-9 cc (STP) /cm2·sec·1333 Pa(cmHg) or less and more preferably 1,000 × 10-10 cc (STP) mm/cm2·sec·1333 Pa(cmHg) or less. In particular, the product is preferably packed with a container or a packing material having a water vapor permeability of 1,000 × 10-10 cc (STP) mm/cm2·sec·1333 Pa(cmHg) or less in the case of a film having a thickness of 50 µm.

    [0047] Metal or glass is also a material that is almost impermeable to carbon dioxide or water vapor, but the wrapping material or an inner lid of the container is commonly made of a plastic film. Examples of the plastic include aluminum-deposited polyethylene (specifically, an aluminum-deposited polyethylene film), vinylidene chloride, and polychlorotrifluoroethylene.

    Examples



    [0048] The present invention will now be described in more detail with reference to Examples and Comparative Examples.

    Chlorine dioxide gas generation test



    [0049] An aqueous solution of 25% by weight of sodium chlorite and an aqueous solution of 25% by weight of sodium hydroxide were mixed in a predetermined ratio to prepare a solution, and 70 parts by weight of the solution was sprayed and infiltrated into 100 parts by weight of sepiolite ("Miraclay G-13F" (particle size: 1 to 3 mm) or "Miraclay G1630F" (particle size: 0.5 to 1 mm) manufactured by Omi Mining Co., Ltd.) that had been burned at around 700°C for 25 hours and then cooled. The whole was dried under vacuum at 70°C for 2 hours to give chlorine dioxide-generating products A to I having compositions shown in Table 1.

    [0050] The water content was determined with a moisture meter (MX-50 manufactured by A&D Company, Limited, preset temperature: 130°C).
    Table 1
     NaClO2 (wt%)NaOH*1 (wt%)Water (wt%)Sepiolite (wt%)
    A (Example 1)*2 8.0 3.5 (1.06) 3.0 85.5
    B (Example 2)*2 9.0 3.0 (0.75) 3.0 85.0
    C (Example 3)*3 9.0 3.0 (0.75) 3.0 85.0
    D (Example 4)*3 6.0 6.0 (1.68) 3.0 85.0
    E (Comparative Example 1)*3 9.0 2.0 (0.50) 3.0 85.0
    F (Comparative Example 2)*3 10.0 1.5 (0.34) 3.0 85.5
    G (Comparative Example 3)*3 11.0 1.0 (0.21) 3.0 85.0
    H (Comparative Example 4)*3 3.0 9.0 (2.53) 3.0 85.0
    I (Comparative Example 5)*3 8.1 2.7 (0.75) 14.2 75.0
    *1 The number in parentheses represents the molar equivalent of NaOH relative to NaClO2.
    *2 Examples 1 and 2 employed Miraclay G-13F.
    *3 Examples 3 and 4 and Comparative Examples 1 to 5 employed Miraclay G1630F.


    [0051] In a glass sample bottle (volume: 30 mL), 8 g of each of the chlorine dioxide-generating products A to C, E to G, and I was placed. The bottle was sealed and left at a temperature of 40°C and a humidity of 75% for 2 months. Then the concentration of sodium chlorite in each chlorine dioxide-generating product was determined by an iodometric titration method. Specifically, 0.2 g of the chlorine dioxide-generating product in the sample bottle was weighed out and suspended in 20 mL of distilled water. Distilled water was further added to make 100 mL of solution. To the solution, 0.5 g of potassium iodide and 3 mL of 2.3M hydrochloric acid were added, and the mixture was titrated with 0.1M sodium thiosulfate solution to determine the chlorous acid concentration.

    [0052] Table 2 shows the results.
    Table 2
     Before storage (wt%)After storage (wt%)
    A (Example 1) 8.0 8.0
    B (Example 2) 9.0 9.0
    C (Example 3) 9.0 8.0
    E (Comparative Example 1) 9.0 5.8
    F (Comparative Example 2) 10.0 4.2
    G (Comparative Example 3) 11.0 3.9
    I (Comparative Example 4) 8.0 7.6


    [0053] The chlorine dioxide-generating products E (Comparative Example 1), F (Comparative Example 2), and G (Comparative Example 3) that carried the alkali agent in an amount of 0.7 molar equivalent or less relative to chlorous acid resulted in a large reduction in the amount of chlorine dioxide generated after two months from the start of use. In contrast, the chlorine dioxide-generating products A to C (Examples 1 to 3) of the present invention resulted in a reduction in the amount of a chlorite generated by 10% or less in two months.

    [0054] Next, 40 g of each of the chlorine dioxide-generating products A to I was packed in a 300-mL glass column (diameter: 50 mm, height: 150 mm). Then, air was passed through the column at 1 L/min for 2 hours at a temperature of 25°C and a humidity of 60%, and the outlet gas was adsorbed in a potassium iodide solution that was adjusted with a phosphate buffer solution to have a pH of 7. The iodine released by the chlorine dioxide was titrated with a sodium thiosulfate solution to determine the amount of chlorine dioxide gas generated. Table 3 shows the results obtained. The unit is the amount mg/hr of chlorine dioxide gas generated per kg of chlorine dioxide-generating product.
    Table 3
     Amount of chlorine dioxide gas generated (mg/hr·kg)
    A (Example 1) 5.0
    B (Example 2) 5.0
    C (Example 3) 5.0
    D (Example 4) 5.0
    E (Comparative Example 1) 17.0
    F (Comparative Example 2) 15.0
    G (Comparative Example 3) 29.0
    H (Comparative Example 4) 0.1
    I (Comparative Example 5) 1.0


    [0055] Under the accelerated condition of passing air, the chlorine dioxide-generating products E (Comparative Example 1), F (Comparative Example 2), and G (Comparative Example 3) that carried the alkali agent in an amount of 0.7 molar equivalent or less relative to chlorous acid generated an excess amount of chlorine dioxide.

    [0056] The chlorine dioxide-generating product H (Comparative Example 4) that carried an alkali agent in an amount of more than 2 molar equivalents relative to chlorous acid and the chlorine dioxide-generating product I (Comparative Example 5) that had a water content of more than 10% by weight generated little chlorine dioxide gas even under the accelerated condition.

    [0057] In contrast, the chlorine dioxide-generating products A to D (Examples 1 to 4) of the present invention generated an appropriate amount of chlorine dioxide gas.

    [0058] The chlorine dioxide-generating products A to D of the present invention were able to stably generate an appropriate amount of chlorine dioxide gas over a long period of time as compared with the chlorine dioxide-generating products E to I.

    Suppression test of chlorine dioxide gas generation



    [0059] In a 300-mL glass column (diameter: 50 mm, height: 150 mm), 40 g of the chlorine dioxide-generating product prepared in accordance with the composition C (Example 3) in Table 1 described above was packed. The amounts of chlorine dioxide generated at a temperature of 25°C and a humidity of 60% in the following three cases were determined in a similar manner to that in the above:

    Case 1 of passing common air at 1 L/min for 5 hours;

    Case 2 of passing air from which carbon dioxide was almost completely blocked (trapped) by passing the air through 100 mL aqueous solution of 25% by weight of sodium hydroxide; and Case 3 of passing air from which carbon dioxide and water vapor were almost completely blocked (trapped) by passing the air through 100 mL aqueous solution of 25% by weight of sodium hydroxide and through a tube containing 200 g of calcium chloride.



    [0060] Table 4 shows the results.
    Table 4
     Case 1Case 2Case 3
    Amount of gas generated (mg/hr·kg) 6.0 3.0 0


    [0061] In comparison with Case 1 of passing common air, Case 2 of passing air from which carbon dioxide was almost completely blocked resulted in a large reduction in the amount of chlorine dioxide generated. Case 3 of passing air from which carbon dioxide and water vapor were almost completely blocked generated substantially no chlorine dioxide.

    Industrial Applicability



    [0062] The chlorine dioxide-generating product of the present invention can stably generate chlorine dioxide in an appropriate amount over a long period of time and thus can be suitably used as a bactericide, a deodorant, an antiseptic, a fungicide, an antiviral agent, a bleach, or other agents.


    Claims

    1. A chlorine dioxide-generating product comprising an inorganic porous carrier carrying a chlorite and an alkali agent,
    the alkali agent being carried in an amount of more than 0.7 molar equivalent and not more than 2 molar equivalents relative to the amount of the chlorite carried,
    the chlorine dioxide-generating product having a water content of 10% by weight or less, and
    the alkali agent being sodium hydroxide.
     
    2. The chlorine dioxide-generating product according to claim 1 , wherein the chlorite is carried in an amount of 1 to 25% by weight relative to the total amount of the chlorine dioxide-generating product.
     
    3. The chlorine dioxide-generating product according to any one of claims 1 or 2, wherein the chlorite is carried in an amount of 1 to 40 parts by weight relative to 100 parts by weight of the inorganic porous carrier.
     
    4. The chlorine dioxide-generating product according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the inorganic porous carrier is palygorskite or sepiolite.
     
    5. The chlorine dioxide-generating product according to any one of claims 1 to 4 having a water content of 5% by weight or less.
     
    6. A method for manufacturing the chlorine dioxide-generating product according to any one of claims 1 to 5, comprising the step of infiltrating the chlorite and the alkali agent into the inorganic porous carrier and drying the carrier.
     
    7. The method according to claim 6, wherein the chlorite and the alkali agent are infiltrated into the inorganic porous carrier by spraying.
     
    8. The method according to any one of claims 6 or 7, wherein 10 to 100 parts by weight of a solution containing the chlorite at a concentration of 1 to 46% by weight and the alkali agent at a concentration of 1 to 60% by weight is infiltrated to 100 parts by weight of the inorganic porous carrier.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Chlordioxid erzeugendes Produkt, umfassend einen anorganischen porösen Träger, der ein Chlorit und ein alkalisches Mittel trägt,
    wobei das alkalische Mittel in einer Menge von mehr als 0,7 Moläquivalenten und nicht mehr als 2 Moläquivalenten, bezogen auf die Menge des getragenen Chlorits, getragen wird,
    wobei das Chlordioxid erzeugende Produkt einen Wassergehalt von 10 Gew.-% oder weniger hat, und
    wobei das alkalische Mittel Natriumhydroxid ist.
     
    2. Chlordioxid erzeugendes Produkt nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Chlorit in einer Menge von 1 bis 25 Gew.-%, bezogen auf die Gesamtmenge des Chlordioxid erzeugenden Produktes, getragen wird.
     
    3. Chlordioxid erzeugendes Produkt nach einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 2, wobei das Chlorit in einer Menge von 1 bis 40 Gewichtsteilen, bezogen auf 100 Gewichtsteile des anorganischen porösen Trägers, getragen wird.
     
    4. Chlordioxid erzeugendes Produkt nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei der anorganische poröse Träger Palygorskit oder Sepiolith ist.
     
    5. Chlordioxid erzeugendes Produkt nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4 mit einem Wassergehalt von 5 Gew.-% oder weniger.
     
    6. Verfahren zur Herstellung des Chlordioxid erzeugenden Produktes nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, umfassend den Schritt des Infiltrierens des Chlorits und des alkalischen Mittels in den anorganischen porösen Träger und Trocknen des Trägers.
     
    7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, wobei das Chlorit und das alkalische Mittel durch Sprühen in den anorganischen porösen Träger infiltriert werden.
     
    8. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 6 oder 7, wobei 10 bis 100 Gewichtsteile einer Lösung, enthaltend das Chlorit in einer Konzentration von 1 bis 46 Gew.-% und das alkalische Mittel in einer Konzentration von 1 bis 60 Gew.-%, in 100 Gewichtsteile des anorganischen porösen Trägers infiltriert werden.
     


    Revendications

    1. Produit générateur de dioxyde de chlore comprenant un support poreux inorganique transportant un chlorite et un agent alcalin,
    l'agent alcalin étant transporté en une quantité de plus de 0,7 équivalent molaire et non supérieure à 2 équivalents molaires par rapport à la quantité du chlorite transporté,
    le produit générateur de dioxyde de chlore ayant une teneur en eau de 10 % en poids ou moins, et
    l'agent alcalin étant l'hydroxyde de sodium.
     
    2. Produit générateur de dioxyde de chlore selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le chlorite est transporté en une quantité de 1 à 25 % en poids par rapport à la quantité totale de produit générateur de dioxyde de chlore.
     
    3. Produit générateur de dioxyde de chlore selon l'une des revendications 1 ou 2, dans lequel le chlorite est transporté en une quantité de 1 à 40 parties en poids pour 100 parties en poids du support poreux inorganique.
     
    4. Produit générateur de dioxyde de chlore selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel le support poreux inorganique est palygorskite ou sépiolite.
     
    5. Produit générateur de dioxyde de chlore selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4 ayant une teneur en eau de 5% en poids ou moins.
     
    6. Procédé de fabrication du produit générateur de dioxyde de chlore selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, comprenant l'étape d'infiltration du chlorite et de l'agent alcalin dans le support poreux inorganique et le séchage du support.
     
    7. Procédé selon la revendication 6, dans lequel le chlorite et l'agent alcalin s'infiltre dans l'agent inorganique poreux par pulvérisation.
     
    8. Procédé selon l'une des revendications 6 ou 7, dans lequel 10 à 100 parties en poids d'une solution contenant le chlorite à une concentration de 1 à 46 % en poids et l'agent alcalin à une concentration de 1 à 60 % en poids est infiltrée à 100 parties en poids du support poreux inorganique.
     






    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description