(19)
(11)EP 2 722 707 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/49

(21)Application number: 13188897.6

(22)Date of filing:  16.10.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G02F 1/13357  (2006.01)

(54)

Liquid crystal display

Flüssigkristallanzeige

Affichage à cristaux liquides


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 17.10.2012 KR 20120115265

(43)Date of publication of application:
23.04.2014 Bulletin 2014/17

(73)Proprietor: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
Gyeonggi-do 16677 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • Park, Jae Hyun
    Seoul (KR)
  • An, Jun Seok
    Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • Kwon, Yong Hun
    Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • Jang, Nae Won
    Gyeonggi-do (KR)

(74)Representative: Taor, Simon Edward William et al
Venner Shipley LLP 200 Aldersgate
London EC1A 4HD
London EC1A 4HD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2011/086814
US-A1- 2008 304 259
JP-A- 2009 032 664
US-A1- 2011 128 756
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] Embodiments disclosed herein relate to a liquid crystal display in which a light emitting diode as a light source is provided at an edge portion and light is guided through a light guide plate to a liquid crystal panel. The liquid crystal display may be applied to a variety of electronic devices.

    [0002] In general, a LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) is a display device which includes a liquid crystal panel to display an image and a backlight unit to project light onto the liquid crystal panel and to convert an electric signal into visual information.

    [0003] International patent application WO 2011/086814 discloses a backlight device, wherein the optical design of the backlight device is maintained even when an expansion of a light guiding late or a thermal deformation of a light source circuit board occurs, by absorbing the expansion of the light guiding plate.

    [0004] Japanese patent application JP 2009-032664 discloses that in a planar lighting apparatus, a distance between a light source and a light incident surface of a light guide plate is constantly fixed by a fixing means, and a sliding mechanism is provided between a case and the fixing means to make the fixing means slide against the case.

    [0005] US 2011/128756 A1 discloses the preamble of claim 1.

    [0006] The backlight unit may include a light source and a variety of optical subsidiary members. For example, a CCFL (Cold Cathode Fluorescent Lamp), an EEFL (External Electrode Fluorescent Lamp), a LED (Light Emitting Diode), or the like may be used as the light source.

    [0007] The backlight unit may be classified into a direct type backlight unit and an edge type backlight unit depending on a position of the light source. The edge type backlight unit generally includes a LGP (Light Guide Plate) to guide light emitted from the light source to the liquid crystal panel.

    [0008] A light guide plate may generally be made of a plastic material such as PMMA (poly (methyl methacrylate)) due to the superior light transmittance of PMMA. However, since PMMA is sensitive to heat, the light guide plate may readily undergo thermal expansion when the LCD increases in temperature.

    [0009] If the light guide plate undergoes thermal expansion, a gap between the light guide plate and the LED is narrowed and further the light guide plate may collide with the LED. Accordingly, in most LCDs of the related art, the light guide plate and the LED are arranged to be spaced apart from each other by a predetermined safety gap in order to prevent collision therebetween due to thermal expansion of the light guide plate.

    [0010] Therefore, it is an aspect of the present invention to provide a liquid crystal display in which a gap between a light guide plate and a light emitting diode is uniformly maintained even though the light guide plate undergoes thermal expansion.

    [0011] According to the invention, there is provide a liquid crystal display as set out in claim 1. Preferred features of this aspect are set out in claims 2 to 11.

    [0012] These and/or other aspects of the invention will become apparent and more readily appreciated from the following description of the embodiments, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of which:

    FIG. 1 is an exploded view illustrating an LCD according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 2 is an exploded view illustrating a liquid crystal module of the LCD in FIG. 1;

    FIG. 3 is a view illustrating a state of coupling LED modules and elastic members to a bottom chassis of the LCD in FIG. 1;

    FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along line I-I of FIG. 3;

    FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a state in which a light guide plate of the LCD in FIG. 1 undergoes thermal expansion;

    FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a coupling structure between one printed circuit board and one contact member of the LCD in FIG. 1;

    FIG. 7 is a view illustrating the elastic member of the LCD in FIG. 1;

    FIG. 8 is a view illustrating a coupling structure between the bottom chassis and the elastic member of the LCD in FIG. 1; and

    FIGS. 9 and 10 are views illustrating an elastic member of an LCD according to an embodiment of the present invention.



    [0013] Reference will now be made in detail to the embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numerals refer to like elements throughout.

    [0014] FIG. 1 is an exploded view illustrating an LCD according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 2 is an exploded view illustrating a liquid crystal module of the LCD in FIG. 1.

    [0015] Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, a LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) 1 may include a liquid crystal module 10, a main board 2 which applies an electric signal to the liquid crystal module 10 to activate the liquid crystal module 10, and an upper cover 3 and a lower cover 4 which receive and support (e.g., hold or accommodate) the liquid crystal module 10 and the main board 2. The LCD may be applied to a variety of electronic devices, and more particularly to a variety of electronic devices having displays. For example, one of ordinary skill in the art would understand that an LCD may be used or implemented in various electronic devices such as a television, computer, laptop, smartphone, tablet, cellular phone, monitors, watches, and the like.

    [0016] The liquid crystal module 10 may include a liquid crystal panel 20 on which an image is displayed, a backlight unit to project light onto the liquid crystal panel 20, and chassis assemblies 40, 50 and 100 which support the liquid crystal panel 20 and LED modules 300.

    [0017] Although not separately shown, the liquid crystal panel 20 may include two glass substrates, a liquid crystal which is filled between the two glass substrates and transmittance of which varies according to an applied voltage, and an electrode which applies the voltage to the liquid crystal.

    [0018] The backlight unit may include LED modules 300, a light guide plate 220, a reflective sheet 230, a diffusion sheet 213, a prismatic sheet 212, and a protective sheet 211.

    [0019] Each of the LED modules 300 may include LEDs 400 which are light sources disposed toward a side surface of the light guide plate 220 so as to be spaced apart from each other by a predetermined interval, a printed circuit board 500 on which the LEDs 400 are mounted, and contact members 600 which are arranged to come into contact with the light guide plate 220. That is, as can be seen from FIG. 2, the LEDs 400 may be arranged in a row or column along an axis (e.g., a width-wise axis of the liquid crystal module 10, a length-wise axis of the liquid crystal module 10, or a combination thereof).

    [0020] Each of the LEDs 400 may be spaced apart from one another at regular intervals, or at random intervals. Further, liquid crystal module 10 may be shaped, constructed, or formed, so that a displayed image has a desired aspect ratio (e.g., 16:9, 4:3, 8:5, etc.).

    [0021] The LED module 300 and LEDs 400 may be arranged along a shorter side or the longer side, or a combination thereof.

    [0022] Each of the LEDs 400 is vertically mounted on the printed circuit board 500, and a luminous surface 410 (see FIG. 4) may be located on a side surface of the LEDs 400, thereby enabling light to be emitted toward the side surface of the light guide plate. A plurality of LEDs 400 may be provided, and may be mounted in a line with a predetermined interval in a longitudinal direction of the printed circuit board 500.

    [0023] It will be appreciated that the liquid crystal panel may be considered to have a light exit surface emitting light in a light emitting direction. In this embodiment, the printed circuit board 500 is disposed adjacent a surface of the light guide plate 220 that faces away from the light emitting direction. In this embodiment, the plurality of LEDs 400 are mounted on the printed circuit board 500 in a direction parallel to the light emitting direction.

    [0024] The printed circuit board 500 may be made of a material having high thermal conductivity such as aluminum, and be arranged to come into contact with a bottom chassis 100. Accordingly, heat generated from the printed circuit board 500 may be conducted to the bottom chassis 100, thereby being able to easily radiate heat from the printed circuit board 500. The printed circuit board 500 may be constructed, disposed, or formed along an interior side of the bottom chassis 100. Thus, the printed circuit board 500 may form a strip having a relatively longer first side (i.e., the longitudinal side) than a relatively shorter second side (i.e., the width-wise side).

    [0025] The LED modules 300 may be disposed at respective edge portions of the LCD 1. Although the LED modules 300 are disposed at the opposite edge portions of the LCD 1 in the embodiment, embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto. For example, an LED module 300 may be disposed at one edge portion, or LED modules 300 may also be respectively disposed at two or three or four edge portions.

    [0026] The LED module 300 which is disposed at each of the edge portions emits light toward a central portion of the LCD 1. The light may be incident upon the side surface of the light guide plate 220, be emitted onto an upper surface thereof, and then be projected onto the liquid crystal panel 20. Accordingly, the side surface 221 (see FIG. 4) may be an incident surface, and the upper surface 222 (see FIG. 4) may be an emitting surface.

    [0027] The light guide plate 220 may guide light emitted from each of the LEDs 400 onto the liquid crystal panel 20. The light guide plate 220 may have a substantially hexahedral shape, and be made of a plastic material (e.g., a thermoplastic material, a transparent thermoplastic material), such as PMMA having superior light transmittance. The light guide plate 220 may be formed, on a bottom surface thereof, with various patterns.

    [0028] These patterns prevent total reflection of light incident upon the side surface of the light guide plate 220 to allow the light to be uniformly emitted onto the upper surface of the light guide plate 220.

    [0029] The reflective sheet 230 may be arranged below the light guide plate 220, and may reflect light, which is total-reflected by the light guide plate 220 and is directed downwards, to the light guide plate 220 again. The diffusion sheet 213 may be arranged over the light guide plate 220, and may diffuse light emitted from the upper surface of the light guide plate 220. The diffusion sheet 213 may be formed with a bead-shaped coating layer to diffuse the light. The prismatic sheet 212 may concentrate light, which is diffused by the diffusion sheet 213, in a direction perpendicular to the liquid crystal panel 20. The protective sheet 211 may be arranged over the prismatic sheet 212, and may protect the prismatic sheet 212 which is sensitive to scratching.

    [0030] The chassis assemblies 40, 50 and 100 may be constituted of a top chassis 40, a middle mold 50, and a bottom chassis 100. The top chassis 40 may include an opening 43 to expose the liquid crystal panel 20, a bezel portion 41 to form an edge portion of the liquid crystal module 10, and an upper side wall 42.

    [0031] The middle mold 50 may include a middle side wall 52, and a support wall 51 which protrudes inwards from the middle side wall 52 so as to support (e.g., hold or accommodate) the liquid crystal panel 20. That is, the support wall 51 may form a recess or groove in the middle mold 50 to hold or accommodate the liquid crystal panel 20. The liquid crystal panel 20 may be disposed between the bezel portion 41 of the top chassis 40 and the support wall 51 of the middle mold 50.

    [0032] The bottom chassis 100 may include a bottom portion 110 and a side wall portion 120. The bottom portion 110 may include a board receiving portion 112 to receive the printed circuit board 500 of each LED module 300, and an elevated portion 111 which is lifted upward of the board receiving portion 112 to tightly support the reflective sheet 230.

    [0033] That is, the elevated portion 111 may be elevated or raised relative to the board receiving portion 112 of the bottom portion 110.

    [0034] Meanwhile, the above-mentioned light guide plate 220 is sensitive to heat because of being made of a plastic material such as PMMA. Thus, if the LCD 1 is increased in temperature, the light guide plate 220 may undergo thermal expansion. In this case, the light guide plate 220 runs a risk of colliding with each LED 400 disposed at the side surface thereof.

    [0035] Accordingly, the LCD 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention may be provided so that a gap between the light guide plate 220 and the LEDs 400 may be uniformly maintained in spite of thermal expansion of the light guide plate 220.

    [0036] To this end, the LED module 300 according to an embodiment of the present invention may be provided to be movable depending on thermal expansion of the light guide plate 220. When the light guide plate 220 undergoes thermal expansion, the LED module 300 moves to the edge side of the LCD 1 in proportion to expansion of the light guide plate 220. Consequently, the gap between the light guide plate 220 and the LEDs 400 may be uniformly maintained. That is, due to thermal expansion, the light guide plate 220 expands outward from the center of the LCD 1, toward the LED module 300 and toward the edges or sidewalls of the liquid crystal module 10. In some embodiments of the present invention, a distance between the light guide plate 220 and the LEDs 400 may be constantly maintained through support received from elastic member 700 and a moveable structure including the printed circuit board 500 and contact member 600 which are coupled to the bottom chassis 100.

    [0037] For example, the contact members 600 provided in the LED module 300 may be pressed by the light guide plate 220 so as to come into contact with the same (i.e., the light guide plate 220). Meanwhile, the LED module 300 may be elastically supported by an associated elastic member 700 so that the light guide plate 220 moves to an original position when returned to an original state (e.g., when the light guide plate 220 is cooled). Accordingly, the gap between the light guide plate 220 and the LEDs 400 may be uniformly maintained even when the light guide plate 220 is returned to the original state.

    [0038] Hence, in this embodiment, the elastic member 700 is arranged to bias the LED module 300 in a direction towards the light guide plate. The LED module 300 is arranged such that the contact members 600 are disposed closer to the light guide plate 220 than the plurality of LEDs 400. Hence, when the light guide plate 220 undergoes thermal expansion, the light guide plate 220 presses on the contact members 600 (and not the plurality of LEDs 400) thus moving the LED module 300 in a direction towards the edges or sidewalls of the liquid crystal module 10. When the light guide plate 220 is returned to an original state, the LED module 300 moves in an opposite direction away from the edges or sidewalls of the liquid crystal module 10 as a result of an elastic force of the elastic member 700.

    [0039] Therefore, the biasing action of the elastic member 700 maintains lateral separation (i.e. in a direction in the plane of the light guide plate 220 towards the edges or sidewalls of the liquid crystal module 10) between the plurality of LEDs 400 and the light guide plate 220.

    [0040] Furthermore, in the LCD 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention, each of the contact members 600 and the elastic members 700 may have a simplified configuration allowing for the LCD 1 to be more easily assembled. Hereinafter, the following description will be given of a moving structure of the LED module 300 and a structure of the contact member 600 and the elastic member 700.

    [0041] FIG. 3 is a view illustrating a state of coupling the LED modules and the elastic members to the bottom chassis of the LCD in FIG. 1. FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along line I-I of FIG. 3. FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a state in which the light guide plate of the LCD in FIG. 1 undergoes thermal expansion. FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a coupling structure between one printed circuit board and one contact member of the LCD in FIG. 1. FIG. 7 is a view illustrating the elastic member of the LCD in FIG. 1. FIG. 8 is a view illustrating a coupling structure between the bottom chassis (e.g., a sidewall of the bottom chassis) and the elastic member of the LCD in FIG. 1.

    [0042] Referring to FIGS. 3 to 8, each printed circuit board 500 may be movably coupled to the bottom chassis 100 of the chassis assemblies. The printed circuit board 500 may be movably coupled to the bottom chassis 100 by coupling members S. For example, each of the coupling members S may be a screw.

    [0043] The printed circuit board 500 may be formed with a coupling hole 510 through which the screw S passes, and the bottom chassis 100 may be formed with a coupling hole 114 through which the screw S passes. The screw S may include a threaded body portion B and a head portion H formed at a top of the body portion B. The coupling hole 510 of the printed circuit board 500 may include an upper coupling hole 512 which receives the head portion H, and a lower coupling hole 511 which receives the body portion B.

    [0044] The screw S may be received in the coupling hole 510 of the printed circuit board 500 so that a top end of the head portion H is flush with an upper surface of the printed circuit board 500. For example, the head portion H of the screw may be flat, however the disclosure is not so limited. Thus, the reflective sheet 230 may be evenly supported by the printed circuit board 500. The screw S may be fastened to the coupling hole 510 in a direction downward from an upper side of the printed circuit board 500.

    [0045] The coupling hole 114 of the bottom chassis 100 may generally have a diameter equal to the diameter of the body portion B of the screw S. Accordingly, the screw S may be fastened to the bottom chassis 100.

    [0046] The coupling hole 510 of the printed circuit board 500 may a long hole which is formed lengthily in a moving direction of the printed circuit board 500. In addition, the screw S may be loosely fastened to the coupling hole 510 of the printed circuit board 500.

    [0047] Thus, the printed circuit board 500 may be movable even after the screw S is fastened to the printed circuit board 500 and the bottom chassis 100. In this case, the screw S and the coupling hole 510 may serve to guide movement of the printed circuit board 500.

    [0048] Meanwhile, the contact member 600 may be provided to come into contact with the side surface of the light guide plate 220, and may be directly pressed from the light guide plate 220 during thermal expansion thereof. That is, the contact member 600 may be pressed from the light guide plate 220, and thus the light guide plate 220 may not collide with the LEDs 400. The printed circuit board 500 may be provided with a plurality of contact members 600, for example, a pair of contact members 600. In an example embodiment, the respective contact members 600 may be provided at opposite ends of the printed circuit board 500 in a longitudinal direction thereof. As can be seen from FIGS. 4 through 6, the contact member 600 may have a width greater than a width of the LEDs 400.

    [0049] As shown in FIG. 6, the printed circuit board 500 and the contact member 600 have a relatively simple coupling structure. The printed circuit board 500 is formed with a fixing groove 520, and the contact member 600 is fitted into the fixing groove 520.

    [0050] The contact member 600 may include an insertion portion 611 inserted into the fixing groove 520, a contact portion 610 formed at an upper side of the insertion portion 611 so as to come into contact with the light guide plate 220, and a support portion 612 supported by a back surface of the printed circuit board 500. As can be seen from FIG. 6, the insertion portion 611 and support portion 612 are connected to form an upside-down shaped T-structure.

    [0051] Since the insertion portion 611 may be tightly fitted into the fixing groove 520 and the support portion 612 may be pressed against the back (bottom) surface of the printed circuit board 500, the contact member 600 may be fixed to the printed circuit board 500 and may not be separated from the printed circuit board 500 even when the contact portion 610 is pressed by the light guide plate 220.

    [0052] For example, the bottom chassis 100 may be formed with a receiving groove 113 to movably receive the support portion 612 of the contact member 600. The printed circuit board 500 may be pressed against the bottom portion 110 of the bottom chassis 100 by receiving the support portion 612 in the receiving groove 113. Consequently, heat may be conducted from the printed circuit board 500 into the bottom chassis 100, thereby enabling the heat to be smoothly radiated from the printed circuit board 500.

    [0053] By such a structure, when the light guide plate 220 undergoes thermal expansion to press the contact member 600, the printed circuit board 500 and thus the LEDs 400 mounted on the printed circuit board 500 may be moved. That is, as the light guide plate 220 expands, the printed circuit board 500 and LEDs 400 mounted on the printed circuit board 500 also move outward (away from the center of the LCD) toward the sidewall via the coupling structure to be discussed in further detail below.

    [0054] Accordingly, as shown comparatively in FIGS. 4 and 5, the gap G between the light guide plate 220 and the LEDs 400 may be uniformly maintained even when the light guide plate 220 undergoes thermal expansion.

    [0055] Meanwhile, the LED module 300 is elastically supported by the elastic member 700. Accordingly, when the light guide plate 220 is returned to the original state, the LED module 300 is also moved to an original position. Consequently, the gap G between the light guide plate 220 and the LEDs 400 may be still uniformly maintained.

    [0056] Although one elastic member 700 is shown with respect to one LED module 300 in the embodiment, embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto. For example, two or more elastic members 700 may be provided with respect to one LED module 300.

    [0057] Furthermore, the elastic member 700 is not limited as to shape so long as the LED module 300 may be elastically supported by the elastic member 700. For example, the elastic member 700 according to an embodiment of the present invention may be a plate spring formed by bending a steel plate.

    [0058] The elastic member 700 may be coupled to the side wall portion 120 of the bottom chassis 100. As shown in FIGS. 7 and 8, the elastic member 700 may include a fixing portion 710 having a coupling groove 714 into which the side wall portion 120 is fitted, and a variable portion 720 which extends obliquely (e.g., at an angle) from the fixing portion 710 so as to come into contact with the LED module 300.

    [0059] In this case, in the side wall portion 120 of the bottom chassis 100, each of a pair of opposed side wall portions 120a (see FIG. 3) to which the respective elastic members 700 are coupled may be formed to be bent once and folded in two, unlike another pair of side wall portions 120b (see FIG. 3). That is, the side wall portion 120a may be constituted of an inner wall portion 121 and an outer wall portion 122 which is bent from and formed outside the inner wall portion 121. Accordingly, the side wall portion 120a is increased in thickness, and may be more securely coupled in the coupling groove 714 of the elastic member 700. The above-described double-wall configuration may be applied to one or more (for example, two, three, or all) side walls of the bottom chassis 100.

    [0060] The fixing portion 710 of the elastic member 700 may include first fixing legs 711 pressed against the inner wall portion 121, a second fixing leg 712 pressed against the outer wall portion 122, and a connection portion 713 connecting the first and second fixing legs 711 and 712. The first fixing legs 711, the connection portion 713, and the second fixing leg 712 may define the coupling groove 714 therein.

    [0061] In addition, a locking protrusion 730 may obliquely protrude upwards (at an angle) from the inside of the second fixing leg 712 of the fixing portion 710. The locking protrusion 730 may be provided to be elastically deformable.

    [0062] Accordingly, the locking protrusion 730 may be inserted into a locking groove 123 formed at the side wall portion 120 while being opened sideways, when the locking protrusion 730 is pressed against the second fixing leg 712 side and then the side wall portion 120 is fully inserted into the coupling groove 714, during entry of the side wall portion 120 into the coupling groove 714. The elastic member 700 may be locked to the bottom chassis 100 by insertion of the locking protrusion 730 into the locking groove 123.

    [0063] The variable portion 720 may obliquely extend downwards (at an angle) from a substantially upper end of the fixing portion 710. The variable portion 720 may include a body portion 721 and a foot portion 722 which is formed at an end of the body portion 721 to come into contact with the LED module 300. For example, the foot portion 722 may come into contact with the printed circuit board 500 of the LED module 300.

    [0064] As shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, the elastic member 700 may be elastically deformed so that an angle between the variable portion 720 and the fixing portion 710 is varied.

    [0065] Accordingly, assuming that the angle between the variable portion 720 and the fixing portion 710 is θ1, as shown in FIG. 4, when the light guide plate 220 is in the original state, the angle between the variable portion 720 and the fixing portion 710 is decreased to be θ2, as shown in FIG. 5, when the light guide plate 220 undergoes thermal expansion and the LED module 300 is moved, thereby enabling an elastic force to be accumulated. The elasticity of the elastic member 700 may be determined or selected based on a desired deformation rate. For example, the elasticity of the elastic member 700 may be determined or selected to correspond to or based on a known or predetermined rate of thermal expansion of the light guide plate 220.

    [0066] For example, when the light guide plate 220 is returned to the original state (for example, when the light guide plate 220 cools), the elastic member 700 may be recovered so that angle between the variable portion 720 and the fixing portion 710 is returned to 01 which is an original angle by the accumulated elastic force. Thus, the LED module 300 may be pushed or be moved to be returned to the original position. FIGS. 9 and 10 are views illustrating an elastic member of an LCD according to a second embodiment of the present invention.

    [0067] An LCD according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 9 and 10. The same components as those of the LCD according to the first embodiment of the present invention are denoted by the same reference numerals, and the description thereof will be omitted.

    [0068] An elastic member 800 may be a plate spring formed by bending a steel plate. The elastic member 800 may include a fixing portion 810 having coupling grooves 814a and 814b into which the side wall portion 120 of the bottom chassis 100 is fitted, and a variable portion 820 which extends obliquely (at an angle) from the fixing portion 810 so as to come into contact with the LED module 300.

    [0069] The fixing portion 810 of the elastic member 800 may include a pair of first fixing legs 811a and 811b pressed against the inner wall portion 121, a second fixing leg 812 pressed against the outer wall portion 122, and a pair of connection portions 813a and 813b which connect the pair of first fixing legs 811a and 811b and the second fixing leg 812. The first fixing legs 811a and 811b, the connection portions 813a and 813b, and the second fixing leg 812 may define the coupling grooves 814a and 814b therein.

    [0070] For example, the respective first fixing legs 811a and 811b may be formed to be spaced apart from each other by a determined (predetermined) distance. For example, the first fixing legs 811a and 811b may be disposed at opposite ends of the fixing portion 810. The variable portion 820 may substantially extend inwards from an end of any of the first fixing legs 811a and 811b of the fixing portion 820. For example, the variable portion 820 may extend to be substantially inclined forwards, and extend to be inclined rearwards again on the basis of a foot portion 822 of the most front position. That is, as shown in FIG. 10, the variable portion may have a first end connected to one of the first fixing legs 811a and 811b of the fixing portion 820. The first end may extend inward toward the LED module and to be inclined away from the fixing portion 810, until the foot portion 822 when the variable portion then extends outward away from the LED module to be inclined toward the fixing portion 810, forming a substantially V-shaped structure. The foot portion 822 is the foremost portion of the variable portion, being closest to the LED module. A second end of the variable portion, opposite of the first end, is deflected in one direction, for example, in a direction away from the fixing portion 820, and is connected to the V-shaped structure described above.

    [0071] The foot portion 822 may come into contact with the LED module, and may specifically come into contact with the printed circuit board 500 of the LED module 300.

    [0072] As shown in FIG. 10, the elastic member 800 may be elastically deformed so that an angle θ between the variable portion 820 and the fixing portion 810 is varied.

    [0073] As described above, in accordance with the LCD 1 according to the example embodiments of the present invention, the gap between the light guide plate 220 and the LEDs 400 may be uniformly maintained in spite of thermal expansion of the light guide plate 220. Thus, since the LEDs 400 do not collide with the light guide plate 220, the light guide plate 220 and the LEDs 400 may be designed to be closer to each other, compared with the related art. Therefore, the LCD 1 may have increased brightness at the same power consumption, while having reduced power consumption at the same brightness, when compared to conventional LCD structures.

    [0074] Since each of the contact members 600 and the elastic members 700 and 800 has a relatively simple shape and may be assembled by fitting, they may be easily assembled to the printed circuit board 500 and the bottom chassis 100 without a separate coupling member.

    [0075] As discussed above, embodiments of the present invention provide a liquid crystal display comprising: a chassis assembly; a liquid crystal panel arranged to display an image; a light guide plate arranged to guide light to the liquid crystal panel; an LED module movable relative to the chassis assembly, the LED module comprising a printed circuit board, a plurality of LEDs mounted on the printed circuit board arranged to emit light onto a side surface of the light guide plate, and a contact member connected to the printed circuit board, the contact member being arranged to come into contact with the side surface of the light guide plate; and an elastic member arranged to elastically support the LED module.

    [0076] In some embodiments, the elastic member is arranged to bias the LED module in a direction towards the side surface of the light guide plate.

    [0077] In some embodiments, the LED module is arranged such that the contact member is disposed closer to the side surface of the light guide plate than the plurality of LEDs. As a result of this, movement of the light guide plate in a direction towards the LED module is arranged to cause the light guide plate to press on the contact member, rather than pressing on the plurality of LEDs.

    [0078] In some embodiments, when the light guide plate undergoes thermal expansion, the light guide plate is arranged to press on the contact member so as to move the LED module in one direction. Then, when the light guide plate is returned to an original state (e.g. when the light guide plate cools again), the LED module is arranged to move in an opposite direction as a result of an elastic force of the elastic member.

    [0079] The liquid crystal panel may be considered to have a light exit surface emitting light in a light emitting direction, and in some embodiments, the printed circuit board is disposed adjacent a surface of the light guide plate that faces away from the light emitting direction. The plurality of LEDs may be mounted on the printed circuit board in a direction parallel to the light emitting direction.

    [0080] In some embodiments, wherein the printed circuit board is disposed below the light guide plate, and the plurality of LEDs are mounted vertically on the printed circuit board.

    [0081] As is apparent from the above description, a gap between a light guide plate and an LED may be uniformly maintained in spite of thermal expansion of the light guide plate.

    [0082] Accordingly, a phenomenon in which the light guide plate collides with the LED may be prevented even though the light guide plate undergoes thermal expansion.

    [0083] In addition, since the gap between the light guide plate and the LED may be designed to be close to the maximum, a liquid crystal panel has increased brightness, and thus power consumption may be reduced at the same brightness. That is, the disclosure according to the example embodiments disclosed herein allows for a gap between the light guide plate and the LED to be designed such that the gap is minimized as much as possible.

    [0084] The LCD according to the example embodiments disclosed herein may be implemented in any electronic device, for example electronic devices having a LCD display.


    Claims

    1. A liquid crystal display (1) comprising:

    a chassis assembly (40, 50, 100);

    a liquid crystal panel (20) arranged to display an image;

    a light guide plate (220) arranged to guide light to the liquid crystal panel;

    an LED module (300) movable relative to the chassis assembly, the LED module comprising a printed circuit board (500) disposed below the light guide plate, a plurality of LEDs (400) mounted vertically on the printed circuit board arranged to emit light onto a side surface of the light guide plate, and a contact member (600), characterized in that the contact member (600) is connected to the printed circuit board, the contact member being arranged to come into contact with the side surface of the light guide plate; and

    an elastic member (700) arranged to elastically support the LED module;

    wherein the contact member (600) is provided separately from and coupled to the printed circuit board (500); and

    wherein the printed circuit board (500) is formed with a fixing groove (520), and the contact member (600) is arranged to be fitted into the fixing groove.


     
    2. The liquid crystal display (1) according to claim 1, wherein the elastic member (700) is arranged to bias the LED module (300) in a direction towards the side surface of the light guide plate (220).
     
    3. The liquid crystal display (1) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the LED module (300) is arranged such that the contact member (600) is disposed closer to the side surface of the light guide plate (220) than the plurality of LEDs (400).
     
    4. The liquid crystal display (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein:

    when the light guide plate (220) undergoes thermal expansion, the light guide plate is arranged to press on the contact member (600) so as to move the LED module (300) in one direction; and

    when the light guide plate is returned to an original state, the LED module is arranged to move in an opposite direction as a result of an elastic force of the elastic member (700).


     
    5. The liquid crystal display (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein a gap between the light guide plate (220) and the plural LEDs (400) is uniformly maintained through support received from elastic member (700) and the movable LED module (300) in the event of thermal expansion of the light guide plate.
     
    6. The liquid crystal display (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the contact member (600) comprises a contact portion (610) arranged to come into contact with the light guide plate (220), an insertion portion (611) arranged to be inserted into the fixing groove (520), and a support portion (612) arranged to be supported by a back surface of the printed circuit board (500).
     
    7. The liquid crystal display (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein:

    the chassis assembly (40, 50, 100) comprises a top chassis (40) having an opening arranged to expose the liquid crystal panel, a middle mold (50) arranged to support the liquid crystal panel, and a bottom chassis (100) to support the printed circuit board (500); and

    the printed circuit board is movably coupled to the bottom chassis.


     
    8. The liquid crystal display (1) according to claim 7, further comprising:

    a coupling member (S) arranged to couple the printed circuit board to the bottom chassis (100),

    wherein the printed circuit board (500) is formed with a coupling hole (510) which is provided in a moving direction of the printed circuit board so that the coupling member is fastened into the coupling hole.


     
    9. The liquid crystal display (1) according to claim 7 or 8, wherein:

    the bottom chassis (100) comprises a bottom portion (110) and a side wall portion (120); and

    the elastic member (700) is arranged to be coupled to the side wall portion.


     
    10. The liquid crystal display (1) according to claim 9, wherein:

    the elastic member (700) comprises a fixing portion (710) having a coupling groove (714) into which the side wall portion (120) is fitted, and a variable portion (720) arranged to extend obliquely from the fixing portion to come into contact with the LED module (300); and

    the elastic member is arranged to be elastically deformed so that an angle between the fixing portion and the variable portion is varied.


     
    11. The liquid crystal display (1) according to claim 10, wherein:

    the side wall portion (120) comprises a locking hole; and

    the elastic member (700) comprises a locking protrusion (730) which extends obliquely from the fixing portion (710) and is inserted into the locking hole to prevent the elastic member from being separated from the side wall portion.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Flüssigkristallanzeige (1), die Folgendes aufweist:

    eine Rahmenanordnung (40, 50, 100);

    eine Flüssigkristalltafel (20), die zum Anzeigen eines Bilds angeordnet ist;

    eine Lichtleitplatte (220), die zum Leiten von Licht zur Flüssigkristalltafel angeordnet ist;

    ein LED-Modul (300), das relativ zur Rahmenanordnung bewegbar ist, wobei das LED-Modul eine Leiterplatte (500), die unter der Lichtleitplatte positioniert ist, eine Vielzahl von vertikal auf der Leiterplatte montierten LED (400), die zum Abstrahlen von Licht auf eine Seitenfläche der Lichtleitplatte angeordnet ist, und ein Kontaktelement (600) aufweist,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Kontaktelement (600) an die Leiterplatte verbunden ist, wobei das Kontaktelement angeordnet ist, um mit der Seitenfläche der Lichtleitplatte in Kontakt zu kommen; und

    ein elastisches Element (700) angeordnet ist, um das LED-Modul elastisch zu stützen;

    wobei das Kontaktelement (600) separat von bzw. mit der Leiterplatte (500) bereitgestellt und gekoppelt ist; und

    wobei die Leiterplatte (500) mit einer Befestigungsnut (520) gebildet ist und das Kontaktelement (600) angeordnet ist, um in die Befestigungsnut eingefügt zu werden.


     
    2. Flüssigkristallanzeige (1) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das elastische Element (700) zum Vorspannen des LED-Moduls (300) in einer Richtung zur Seitenfläche der Lichtleitplatte (220) hin angeordnet ist.
     
    3. Flüssigkristallanzeige (1) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei das LED-Modul (300) so angeordnet ist, dass das Kontaktelement (600) näher an der Seitenfläche der Lichtleitplatte (220) angeordnet ist als die Vielzahl von LED (400) .
     
    4. Flüssigkristallanzeige (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei:

    die Lichtleitplatte angeordnet ist, um, wenn die Lichtleitplatte (220) Wärmeausdehnung erfährt, auf das Kontaktelement (600) zu drücken, um das LED-Modul (300) in einer Richtung zu bewegen; und

    das LED-Modul angeordnet ist, um, wenn die Lichtleitplatte in einen Ausgangszustand zurückversetzt wird, sich infolge einer elastischen Kraft des elastischen Elements (700) in einer entgegengesetzten Richtung zu bewegen.


     
    5. Flüssigkristallanzeige (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei ein Spalt zwischen der Lichtleitplatte (220) und den mehreren LED (400) durch von dem elastischen Element (700) und dem beweglichen LED-Modul (300) erhaltene Stützung im Fall von Wärmeausdehnung der Lichtleitplatte gleichmäßig beibehalten wird.
     
    6. Flüssigkristallanzeige (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei das Kontaktelement (600) Folgendes aufweist: einen Kontaktteil (610), der angeordnet ist, um mit der Lichtleitplatte (220) in Kontakt zu kommen, einen Einsetzteil (611), der zum Einsetzen in die Befestigungsnut (520) angeordnet ist, und einen Stützteil (612), der angeordnet ist, um von einer Rückseitenfläche der Leiterplatte (500) gestützt zu werden.
     
    7. Flüssigkristallanzeige (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei:

    die Rahmenanordnung (40, 50, 100) einen oberen Rahmen (40), der eine Öffnung hat, die zum Freilegen der Flüssigkristalltafel angeordnet ist, ein mittleres Formteil (50), das zum Stützen der Flüssigkristalltafel angeordnet ist, und einen unteren Rahmen (100) zum Stützen der Leiterplatte (500) aufweist; und

    die Leiterplatte beweglich mit dem unteren Rahmen gekoppelt ist.


     
    8. Flüssigkristallanzeige (1) nach Anspruch 7, die ferner Folgendes aufweist:

    ein Kopplungselement (S), das zum Koppeln der Leiterplatte mit dem unteren Rahmen (100) angeordnet ist,

    wobei die Leiterplatte (500) mit einem Kopplungsloch (510) ausgebildet ist, das in einer Bewegungsrichtung der Leiterplatte bereitgestellt ist, so dass das Kopplungselement im Kopplungsloch befestigt wird.


     
    9. Flüssigkristallanzeige (1) nach Anspruch 7 oder 8, wobei:

    der untere Rahmen (100) einen unteren Teil (110) und einen Seitenwandteil (120) aufweist; und

    das elastische Element (700) angeordnet ist, um mit dem Seitenwandteil gekoppelt zu werden.


     
    10. Flüssigkristallanzeige (1) nach Anspruch 9, wobei:

    das elastische Element (700) Folgendes aufweist: einen Fixierteil (710) mit einer Kopplungsnut (714), in die der Seitenwandteil (120) eingefügt ist, und einen veränderlichen Teil (720), der angeordnet ist, um sich vom Fixierteil schräg zu erstrecken, um mit dem LED-Modul (300) in Kontakt zu kommen; und

    das elastische Element angeordnet ist, um elastisch verformt zu werden, so dass ein Winkel zwischen dem Fixierteil und dem veränderlichen Teil verändert wird.


     
    11. Flüssigkristallanzeige (1) nach Anspruch 10, wobei:

    der Seitenwandteil (120) ein Sicherungsloch aufweist; und

    das elastische Element (700) einen Sicherungsvorsprung (730) aufweist, der sich vom Fixierteil (710) schräg erstreckt und in das Sicherungsloch eingesetzt ist, um zu verhindern, dass das elastische Element vom Seitenwandteil getrennt wird.


     


    Revendications

    1. Affichage à cristaux liquides (1) comprenant :

    un ensemble châssis (40, 50, 100) ;

    un panneau à cristaux liquides (20) agencé pour afficher une image ;

    une plaque de guidage de lumière (220) agencée pour guider de la lumière vers le panneau à cristaux liquides ;

    un module à DEL (300) déplaçable relativement à l'ensemble châssis, le module à DEL comprenant une carte à circuit imprimé (500) disposée en dessous de la plaque de guidage de lumière, une pluralité de DEL (400) montée verticalement sur la carte à circuit imprimé agencée pour émettre de la lumière sur une surface latérale de la plaque de guidage de lumière, et un élément de contact (600), caractérisé en ce que l'élément de contact (600) est connecté à la carte à circuit imprimé, l'élément de contact étant agencé pour venir en contact avec la surface latérale de la plaque de guidage de lumière ; et

    un élément élastique (700) agencé pour supporter de manière élastique le module à DEL ;

    dans lequel l'élément de contact (600) est fourni séparément de la carte à circuit imprimé (500) et couplé à celle-ci ; et

    dans lequel la carte à circuit imprimé (500) est formée avec une rainure de fixation (520), et l'élément de contact (600) est agencé pour être ajusté dans la rainure de fixation.


     
    2. Affichage à cristaux liquides (1) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'élément élastique (700) est agencé pour solliciter le module à DEL (300) dans une direction vers la surface latérale de la plaque de guidage de lumière (220).
     
    3. Affichage à cristaux liquides (1) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le module à DEL (300) est agencé de telle sorte que l'élément de contact (600) soit disposé plus près de la surface latérale de la plaque de guidage de lumière (220) que la pluralité de DEL (400).
     
    4. Affichage à cristaux liquides (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel :

    quand la plaque de guidage de lumière (220) subit une dilatation thermique, la plaque de guidage de lumière est agencée pour presser sur l'élément de contact (600) de manière à déplacer le module à DEL (300) dans une direction ; et

    quand la plaque de guidage de lumière est ramenée à un état original, le module à DEL est agencé pour se déplacer dans une direction opposée à la suite d'une force élastique de l'élément élastique (700).


     
    5. Affichage à cristaux liquides (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel un espace entre la plaque de guidage de lumière (220) et les plusieurs DEL (400) est maintenu uniformément par le support reçu depuis l'élément élastique (700) et le module à DEL (300) mobile lors d'une dilatation thermique de la plaque de guidage de lumière.
     
    6. Affichage à cristaux liquides (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel l'élément de contact (600) comprend une partie de contact (610) agencée pour venir en contact avec la plaque de guidage de lumière (220), une partie d'insertion (611) agencée pour être insérée dans la rainure de fixation (520), et une partie de support (612) agencée pour être supportée par une surface arrière de la carte à circuit imprimé (500).
     
    7. Affichage à cristaux liquides (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel :

    l'ensemble châssis (40, 50, 100) comprend un châssis supérieur (40) présentant une ouverture agencée pour exposer le panneau à cristaux liquides, un moulage central (50) agencé pour supporter le panneau à cristaux liquides, et un châssis inférieur (100) pour supporter la carte à circuit imprimé (500) ; et

    la carte à circuit imprimé est couplée de manière mobile au châssis inférieur.


     
    8. Affichage à cristaux liquides (1) selon la revendication 7, comprenant en outre :

    un élément de couplage (S) agencé pour coupler la carte à circuit imprimé au châssis inférieur (100),

    dans lequel la carte à circuit imprimé (500) est formée avec un trou de couplage (510) qui est fourni dans une direction de déplacement de la carte à circuit imprimé de telle sorte que l'élément de couplage soit fixé dans le trou de couplage.


     
    9. Affichage à cristaux liquides (1) selon la revendication 7 ou 8, dans lequel :

    le châssis inférieur (100) comprend une partie inférieure (110) et une partie de paroi latérale (120) ; et

    l'élément élastique (700) est agencé pour être couplé à la partie de paroi latérale.


     
    10. Affichage à cristaux liquides (1) selon la revendication 9, dans lequel :

    l'élément élastique (700) comprend une partie de fixation (710) présentant une rainure de couplage (714) dans laquelle la partie de paroi latérale (120) est ajustée, et une partie variable (720) agencée pour s'étendre de manière oblique depuis la partie de fixation pour venir en contact avec le module à DEL (300) ; et

    l'élément élastique est agencé pour être déformé élastiquement de manière à faire varier un angle entre la partie de fixation et la partie variable.


     
    11. Affichage à cristaux liquides (1) selon la revendication 10, dans lequel :

    la partie de paroi latérale (120) comprend un trou de verrouillage ; et

    l'élément élastique (700) comprend une protubérance de verrouillage (730) qui s'étend de manière oblique depuis la partie de fixation (710) et est insérée dans le trou de verrouillage pour empêcher l'élément élastique de se séparer de la partie de paroi latérale.


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description