(19)
(11)EP 2 730 397 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
22.01.2020 Bulletin 2020/04

(21)Application number: 12191653.0

(22)Date of filing:  07.11.2012
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B29C 70/54(2006.01)
B29C 53/02(2006.01)
B32B 3/06(2006.01)
B29C 35/02(2006.01)
B29C 53/04(2006.01)

(54)

Method of producing a composite shell element

Verfahren zum Herstellen eines Verbundstoffschalenelements

Procédé de production d'un élément de coque composite


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
14.05.2014 Bulletin 2014/20

(73)Proprietor: Airbus Operations GmbH
21129 Hamburg (DE)

(72)Inventors:
  • Goehlich, Robert Alexander
    21129 Hamburg (DE)
  • van Hove, Matthias
    1314 Luxemburg (LU)

(74)Representative: LKGLOBAL Lorenz & Kopf PartG mbB Patentanwälte 
Brienner Straße 11
80333 München
80333 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
GB-A- 2 265 854
US-A1- 2011 198 020
US-A1- 2009 022 940
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical field



    [0001] The invention relates to the field of composite shell elements. In particular, the invention relates to a method of forming a large scale structure comprising a plurality of composite shell elements.

    Background



    [0002] Large scale structures, such as the fuselage or the wing of an aircraft, the body of a carrier rocket, the module of a space station, or the mast of a wind power plant may comprise composite shell elements forming the outer shell of the large scale structure. Such composite shell elements may be formed of fibre-reinforced composite material, for example carbon fibre reinforced plastic.

    [0003] DE 10 2009 060 695 A1 and WO 2011/080286 A3 describe the fuselage of an aircraft comprising such a fibre-reinforced composite material.

    [0004] US 2009/022940 A1 describes to a method for producing a folded core structure, particularly in the aerospace field, comprising the following steps: Initially a low-cross-linked, pre-impregnated semi-finished fibre component is provided. Subsequently heat is brought into predetermined regions of the pre-impregnated semi-finished fibre component, particularly using a laser, so as to highly cross-link the resin matrix in predetermined regions and so as to consequently generate a pattern of low-cross-linked and high-cross-linked regions in the semi-finished pre-impregnated fibre component. In a further step, of the method the pre-impregnated semi-finished fibre component is folded along the low-cross-linked regions that serve as hinges. Hereupon, the folded, pre-impregnated semi-finished fibre component is cured to the folded core structure.

    [0005] US 2011/198020 A1 relates to a method for manufacturing a component comprising at least one layer having a fiber-reinforced composite material that absorbs microwaves. The method comprises at least the following steps: a) arranging the at least one layer in a shape, b) treating a first surface section of the at least one layer with microwaves, wherein a temperature limiting mechanism of the at least one layer cooperate with at least one adjacent second surface section, at least part of the time.

    [0006] GB 2 265 854 A relates to a method of manufacturing a composite profile incorporating a thermosetting resin comprising curing the composite in elongate form over selected zones as first stage curing, leaving at least one selected uncured zone; bending or otherwise manipulating the composite within the uncured zone; and subsequently effecting a second stage curing to cure the previously uncured zone(s), whereby the composite remains set in its bent etc. form.

    [0007] During production of carbon fibre reinforced plastic shell elements or other composite shell elements, such as fuselage skin panels, the shape of the shells may deviate from the perfect, theoretical shape by several millimetres. Gaps arising between neighbouring shell elements, when the shell elements are assembled to form a shell section of the large scale structure, need to be closed, for example by performing a laborious tolerance compensation process at Major Component Assembly (MCA) level.

    [0008] For example, the gaps may be filled manually with liquid or solid shimming and/or sealant material. After the time-consuming application of the sealant, the production lead time may be subject to a further increase due to the curing time of the sealant, before the manufacturing of the joints can be finalized.

    Summary



    [0009] It may be seen as an object of the invention to reduce the lead time for producing a fuselage comprising composite shell elements.

    [0010] The invention provides a method of forming a large scale structure comprising a plurality of composite shell elements, according to the features of claim 1.

    [0011] Further aspects of the invention are evident from the dependent claims and the following description.

    [0012] According to the invention, a method of forming a large scale structure comprising a plurality of composite shell elements is provided, in which a plurality of first regions of a first composite shell element comprises a resin of the composite shell element which is cured to a first degree. Furthermore, a plurality of second regions of the first composite shell element is provided in which the resin of the composite shell element is cured to a second degree which is higher than the first degree. Since the resin in the first region is cured to a lower degree than the resin in the second region, it is more flexible. As a consequence, the flexibility of the first region is greater than the flexibility of the second region. It should be noted that each first region defines a bending line along which the composite shell element can be folded or bent. Furthermore, the plurality of composite shell elements is assembled to form the large scale structure. The first composite shell element is deformed in the area of at least one of the bending lines in order to close a gap between two composite shell elements.

    [0013] Such a bending line allows the composite shell element to be locally shaped or deformed, i.e., bent or folded, in order to change the outer contour of the shell element shortly before or during assembly of the large scale structure.

    [0014] In other words, a bending of the shell element is allowed at MCA level in order to enable a flexible adjustment of the shell element when joining two shell elements during assembly of the large scale structure.

    [0015] According to an exemplary embodiment of the invention, the first region has an elongated shape which runs from one edge of the composite shell element to another edge of the composite shell element.

    [0016] For example, the first region is arranged in longitudinal direction of the composite shell element. In case of an aircraft fuselage, the longitudinal direction of the composite shell element is the longitudinal axis of the fuselage, i.e., the flight direction.

    [0017] According to another exemplary embodiment, the first region is arranged in transversal direction of the composite shell element. In case the large scale structure is an aircraft fuselage, the transversal direction is the circumferential direction of the fuselage.

    [0018] According to another exemplary embodiment, the first region comprises a curved section. The composite shell element comprises more than one region in which the resin is cured to the first degree. It may also comprise regions, in which the resin is cured to a degree different from the first and second degree, but to a degree which is lower than the second degree. By doing so, regions may be defined with different flexibilities and thus different bending properties.

    [0019] The second region may be much larger than the first region/first regions. In other words, the composite shell element may be completely cured in most areas. However, there may be one or more comparatively small (first) regions in which it is not completely cured and which regions define one or more bending lines, which may be straight lines, curved lines or a mixture thereof. The different bending lines may or may not intersect each other.

    [0020] According to another exemplary embodiment of the invention, the composite shell element has a greater thickness in the first region than in the second region. In order to obtain the desired bending capability at MCA/Final Assembly Line (FAL) level, a local thickening of the composite shell element is applied, for example, in longitudinal direction thereof.

    [0021] The curing cycle may be performed in such a way, that the core area within the thickened part is not entirely cured. Therefore, after the first curing cycle, this area is still "wet" and will thus allow for a minor deformation in the region of the bending lines.

    [0022] Finally, a second curing cycle may be performed, at least locally, in order to yield the final tolerance compensated shape of the shell element, of the shell section (which is formed by two or more shell elements) and of the complete large scale structure, i.e., the fuselage, the mast, the carrier rocket, the space station module, for example.

    [0023] According to another exemplary embodiment of the invention, the method further comprises the steps of providing a first resin in the first region and providing a second resin in the second region, wherein the first resin has a different curing property than the second resin. In other words, the first resin may cure at a different temperature than the second resin and/or may need a longer curing time than the second resin.

    [0024] By employing two distinct resins in the composite shell element it may be achieved that the first region has a higher flexibility than the second region after the first curing cycle.

    [0025] According to another exemplary embodiment of the invention, the resin in the first region is cured at a different temperature than the resin in the second region. This is for example achieved by providing local heat shields or cooling devices during curing which are arranged close to the first region but not so close to the second region.

    [0026] It should be noted that the above-described ways to achieve that the resin in the first region is cured to a different degree than the resin in the second region may be combined with each other.

    [0027] The composite shell element is bent along the bending line defined by the first region, thereby compensating for tolerances, i.e., gaps between neighbouring composite shell elements.

    [0028] According to another exemplary embodiment of the invention, a final curing of the resin in the first region is performed after bending.

    [0029] According to the invention, the method further comprises the step of assembling a multi-component structure comprising at least two composite shell elements produced by one or more of the above-described method steps.

    [0030] This multi-component structure may be a large scale structure, such as, for example, an aircraft fuselage, an aircraft wing, a carrier rocket, or the mast of a wind power plant.

    [0031] It may also be a module of a space station or the fuselage of a means of transport, such as a train, a car, a truck, a bus, helicopter, a space vehicle, an airship, a ship or a boat.

    [0032] A composite shell element may be provided which is produced by the above and below described method, wherein the composite shell element is a carbon fibre reinforced plastic shell element.

    [0033] Also, a means of transport may be provided, which comprises a composite shell element produced by the method described above and below.

    [0034] Still further, the use of a composite shell element produced by the method described above and below for building an aircraft or a carrier rocket or a wind power plant or a module of a space station is possible.

    [0035] These and other aspects of the present invention will become apparent from and elucidated with reference to the embodiments described hereinafter.

    [0036] Exemplary embodiments of the present invention will now be described in the following, with reference to the following drawings.

    Brief description of the drawings



    [0037] 

    Fig. 1 shows shell elements joined to each other during assembly of a large scale structure, such as an aircraft fuselage.

    Fig. 2 shows an assembly process according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 3 shows an assembly process according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 4 shows an assembly process according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 5 shows an assembly process of a large scale structure according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 6 shows a production process of composite shell elements according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 7 shows a production process of composite shell elements according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 8 shows a composite shell element according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 9 shows means of transport according to exemplary embodiments of the present invention.

    Fig. 10 shows a flow-chart of a method according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.


    Detailed description of embodiments



    [0038] The illustration in the drawings is schematically. If the same reference numerals are used in different drawings, they refer to similar or identical elements. However, similar or identical elements may also be referred to by different reference numerals.

    [0039] Fig. 1 shows shell elements 101, 102, 103, 104 joined to each other during assembly of a large scale structure, such as an aircraft fuselage. The shell elements may be formed of carbon fibre reinforced plastic and fabricated before fuselage assembly. Due to tolerances in the production process, wedge-like gaps 105 or rectangular gaps 106 may arise between neighbouring shell elements.

    [0040] Intolerances in pre-fabricated carbon fibre reinforced plastic shell elements may lead to many difficulties at MCA level, for example the need for performing a shimming process for tolerance compensation.

    [0041] The gaps 105, 106 may need to be filled manually with liquid or solid shimming and sealant material, which can be a time-consuming and thus costly process. Furthermore, this process may result in additional weight.

    [0042] Fig. 2 shows a cross-sectional view of a large scale structure, such as a fuselage section comprising two shell elements 201, 202.

    [0043] Both shell elements comprise a plurality of "first regions" in which the resin is cured to a lower degree than the resin in the other regions. For example, the lower shell element 201 comprises three longitudinally arranged first regions 203, 204, 205 which define bending lines along which the composite shell element 201 can be deformed. The upper, second shell element 202 comprises three longitudinally arranged first regions 206, 207, 208 which also define bending lines.

    [0044] It should be noted that the "first regions" may have the form of straight lines and may be arranged longitudinally, i.e., in direction of the fuselage main axis. They may also be arranged circumferentially around the fuselage.

    [0045] Each first region defines an individual bending node, also called bending area or bending line, along which the shell element can be deformed during fuselage assembly. Such a bending process is symbolized by the two arrows in the lower right quarter of the sectional view. As can be seen from Fig. 2, there is a deviation of the lower shell element 201 from its intended shape (depicted by dotted line 209). By bending the lower shell element 201 in the regions 203, 204 and/or 205, the ideal shape 209 may be approximated, thereby closing the gap 210 between the lower shell element 201 and the upper shell element 202.

    [0046] Bending of the composite shell elements at MCA level may provide for a compensation of manufacturing intolerances and may thus avoid costly post-treatment, i.e., shimming/gap closure processes.

    [0047] This may reduce the lead time and may result in an overall weight reduction of the fuselage section.

    [0048] Fig. 3 shows two shell elements 201, 202 during assembly. The situation depicted on the left side of Fig. 3 corresponds to the situation on the left side of Fig. 1, where the end sections of the two shell elements 201, 202 enclose an angle, i.e., the overlapping end sections of the two shell elements are not parallel to each other.

    [0049] By bending the lower end section of the upper shell element 202 around bending line 208 in counterclock direction and by bending the upper end section of the lower shell element 201 around bending line 203 in clockwise direction, the shell sections can be transformed as depicted on the right-hand side in Fig. 3, where the lower end section of the upper shell element 202 and the upper end section of the lower shell element 201 are parallel to each other such that the wedge-like gap between the two shell elements is minimized.

    [0050] Fig. 4 depicts the situation shown on the right-hand side of Fig. 1, in which the lower end section of the upper shell element 202 and the upper end section of the lower shell element 201 are parallel to each other but spaced apart.

    [0051] By bending the lower end section of the upper shell element 202 in the area of the bending area 208 in counterclockwise direction and by bending the upper end section of the lower shell element 201 in the bending area 203 also in counterclockwise direction, the gap between the two shell elements can be closed, as depicted on the right-hand side of Fig. 4.

    [0052] After the bending steps a final curing of the shell elements and in particular of the first regions in the shell elements may be performed.

    [0053] Consequently, the invention provides fast and flexible manufacturing solutions. No preparation of the surfaces of the shell elements may be necessary. In particular, no shimming is necessary to close gaps between neighbouring shell elements. Consequently, manufacturing tolerances can be compensated in a cost-efficient manner without adding weight to the components.

    [0054] Still further, due to the reduced impact of tolerances arising during manufacturing of the composite shell elements, larger fuselage structures may be assembled. Furthermore, simpler/faster assembly processes have also more potential to be applied in harsh environments such as in space.

    [0055] Figs. 5 to 7 show different methods for providing the first and second regions of the composite shell element in which the resin is cured to different degrees. It should be noted that the three methods can be used for the same shell element and that even more than one of the three methods may be used for the same region.

    [0056] Fig. 5 shows a local thickening of the composite shell elements 201, 202. The local thickening, e.g. thickening 203, may have a circular or elliptical cross-sectional shape.

    [0057] The curing cycle may be performed in such a way that the core area within the thickened part is not entirely cured. This area which is still "wet" will allow a minor deformation at the bending nodes.

    [0058] Finally, a second curing cycle is performed locally in order to yield the final and tolerance compensated shape of the shell section.

    [0059] Fig. 6 shows the application of an alternating resin pattern in which the first regions 206, 601, 602, 208 of the shell element 202 comprise a first resin and the remaining, second regions 603, 604, 605, 606, 607 of the shell element 202 comprise a second resin, which is hard and stiff after the first curing cycle, wherein the first resin is still "wet" and deformable after the first curing cycle. This may be realized by employing a resin which cures at a different temperature and/or exclusively under the influence of microwaves or ultraviolet light.

    [0060] As a consequence, the shape of the areas or regions comprising the first resin can still slightly be modified without damaging the laminate after the first curing cycle.

    [0061] By this way gaps in the longitudinal joint area between the two shell elements may be closed without difficulties in the MCA, before applying a final local curing on all surfaces comprising the first resin in order to give the shell element its final shape.

    [0062] Fig. 7 shows the application of local heat shields and/or cooling devices in the autoclave process. The local shields 701, 702 are arranged above the outer surface and below the inner surface of the first regions. The heat shields or cooling devices 701, 702 prevent a 100% curing in predefined areas, i.e., in the first regions during the autoclave process.

    [0063] By this way it is possible to provide sections that are not completely cured yet and still flexible for final tolerance compensation.

    [0064] Fig. 8 shows a composite shell element 201 which comprises two first regions 801, 802 arranged transversally, i.e., along the circumference of the later shell section, and two longitudinally arranged first regions 203, 204. It should be noted that region 204 is slightly curved and does therefore not define a straight bending line and that region 802 forks into two parts 803, 804 at its upper end. It should further be noted that Fig. 8 is a schematic representation and that each shell element may comprise another number of first regions which may be shaped very differently from the ones depicted in Fig. 8.

    [0065] Fig. 9 shows four examples of large scale structures comprising composite shell elements 201, 202. The first structure is an aircraft 901, in which the fuselage comprises such shell elements. Furthermore, also the wings comprise such composite shell elements.

    [0066] The second structure is a wind power plant in which the mast comprises shell elements 201, 202 and the third structure 903 is a carrier rocket or a module of a space station comprising shell elements 201, 202. The fourth structure is a space station 904, which comprises two or more shell elements 201, 202.

    [0067] Fig. 10 shows a flow-chart of an embodiment according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention. In step 1001 a first region in a composite shell element is provided and in step 1002 a second region in the composite shell element is provided. In step 1003 the resin in the first region is cured to a degree which is lower than the curing degree of the resin in the second region.

    [0068] Then, in step 1004, a plurality of shell elements are assembled to form a fuselage section and in step 1005 one of the shell elements (or more than one of the shell elements) is deformed in the area of a bending line defined by the first region after which, in step 1006, a final curing cycle is performed, in order to cure the resin in the first region of the shell elements completely.


    Claims

    1. Method of forming a large scale structure comprising a plurality of composite shell elements (201, 202), the method comprising the following steps:

    providing a plurality of first regions (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) of a first composite shell element (201) in which a resin of the composite shell element is cured to a first degree;

    providing a plurality of second regions of the first composite shell element (201) in which the resin of the composite shell element is cured to a second degree which is higher than the first degree, such that a flexibility of the first region (203, 204, 205) is greater than a flexibility of the second region;

    wherein each first region (203, 204, 205) defines a bending line along which the first composite shell element (201) is foldable;

    assembling the plurality of composite shell elements (201, 202) to form the large scale structure;

    deforming the first composite shell element (201) in the area of at least one of the bending lines in order to close a gap (210) between two composite shell elements (201,202).


     
    2. The method of claim 1,
    wherein the first region (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) has an elongated shape which runs from one edge of the composite shell element to another edge of the composite shell element.
     
    3. The method of claim 1 or 2,
    wherein the first region (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) is arranged in longitudinal direction of the composite shell element.
     
    4. The method of claim 1 or 2,
    wherein the first region (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) is arranged in transversal direction of the composite shell element.
     
    5. The method of one of the preceding claims,
    wherein the first region (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) comprises a curved section.
     
    6. The method of one of the preceding claims,
    wherein the composite shell element has a greater thickness in the first region (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) than in the second region.
     
    7. The method of one of the preceding claims, further comprising the steps of:

    providing a first resin in the first region (203, 204, 205, 601, 602);

    providing a second resin in the second region;

    wherein the first resin has different curing properties than the second resin.


     
    8. The method of one of the preceding claims, further comprising the step of:
    curing the resin in the first region (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) at a different temperature than the resin in the second region.
     
    9. The method of claim 8, further comprising the step of:
    final curing of the resin in the first region.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zum Ausbilden einer Großstruktur, die eine Vielzahl von Verbundstoffschalenelementen (201, 202) umfasst, wobei das Verfahren die folgenden Schritte umfasst:

    Bereitstellen einer Vielzahl von ersten Bereichen (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) eines ersten Verbundstoffschalenelements (201), in denen ein Harz des Verbundstoffschalenelements bis zu einem ersten Grad ausgehärtet wird,

    Bereitstellen einer Vielzahl von zweiten Bereichen des ersten Verbundstoffschalenelements (201), in denen das Harz des Verbundstoffschalenelements auf eine solche Weise bis zu einem zweiten Grad ausgehärtet wird, der höher als der erste Grad ist, dass eine Flexibilität des ersten Bereichs (203, 204, 205) größer als eine Flexibilität des zweiten Bereichs ist,

    wobei jeder erste Bereich (203, 204, 205) eine Biegelinie definiert, entlang der das erste Verbundstoffschalenelement (201) knickbar ist,

    Zusammenbauen der Vielzahl von Verbundstoffschalenelementen (201, 202), um die Großstruktur zu bilden,

    Verformen des ersten Verbundstoffschalenelements (201) im Bereich wenigstens einer der Biegelinien, um einen Spalt (210) zwischen zwei Verbundstoffschalenelementen (201, 202) zu schließen.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei der erste Bereich (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) eine längserstreckte Form aufweist, die von einem Rand des Verbundstoffschalenelements zu einem anderen Rand des Verbundstoffschalenelements verläuft.
     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2,
    wobei der erste Bereich (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) in Längsrichtung des Verbundstoffschalenelements angeordnet ist.
     
    4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2,
    wobei der erste Bereich (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) in Querrichtung des Verbundstoffschalenelements angeordnet ist.
     
    5. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
    wobei der erste Bereich (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) einen gekrümmten Abschnitt umfasst.
     
    6. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,
    wobei das Verbundstoffschalenelement in dem ersten Bereich (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) eine größere Dicke als in dem zweiten Bereich aufweist.
     
    7. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend die folgenden Schritte:

    Bereitstellen eines ersten Harzes in dem ersten Bereich (203, 204, 205, 601, 602),

    Bereitstellen eines zweiten Harzes in dem zweiten Bereich,

    wobei das erste Harz andere Aushärtungseigenschaften als das zweite Harz aufweist.


     
    8. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend den folgenden Schritt:
    Aushärten des Harzes in dem ersten Bereich (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) bei einer anderen Temperatur als das Harz in dem zweiten Bereich.
     
    9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8, ferner umfassend den folgenden Schritt:
    endgültiges Aushärten des Harzes in dem ersten Bereich.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de formation d'une structure à grande échelle comprenant une pluralité d'éléments de coque composites (201, 202), le procédé comprenant les étapes suivantes :

    la fourniture d'une pluralité de premières régions (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) d'un premier élément de coque composite (201) dans lesquelles une résine de l'élément de coque composite est durcie jusqu'à un premier degré ;

    la fourniture d'une pluralité de secondes régions du premier élément de coque composite (201) dans lesquelles la résine de l'élément de coque composite est durcie jusqu'à un second degré qui est plus haut que le premier degré, de telle sorte qu'une flexibilité de la première région (203, 204, 205) soit inférieure à une flexibilité de la seconde région ;

    dans lequel chaque première région (203, 204, 205) définit une ligne de flexion le long de laquelle le premier élément de coque composite (201) est pliable ;

    l'assemblage de la pluralité d'éléments de coque composites (201, 202) pour former la structure à grande échelle ;

    le déformation du premier élément de coque composite (201) dans la zone d'au moins une des lignes de flexion afin de fermer un écart (210) entre deux éléments de coque composites (201, 202).


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1,
    dans lequel la première région (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) a une forme allongée qui s'étend depuis un bord de l'élément de coque composite jusqu'à un autre bord de l'élément de coque composite.
     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2,
    dans lequel la première région (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) est agencée dans la direction longitudinale de l'élément de coque composite.
     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2,
    dans lequel la première région (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) est agencée dans la direction transversale de l'élément de coque composite.
     
    5. Procédé selon une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la première région (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) comprend une section incurvée.
     
    6. Procédé selon une des revendications précédentes,
    dans lequel l'élément de coque composite a une épaisseur plus grande dans la première région (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) que dans la seconde région.
     
    7. Procédé selon une des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre les étapes de :

    la fourniture d'une première résine dans la première région (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) ;

    la fourniture d'une seconde résine dans la seconde région ;

    dans lequel la première résine a des propriétés de durcissement différentes de celles de la seconde résine.


     
    8. Procédé selon une des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre l'étape de :
    le durcissement de la résine dans la première région (203, 204, 205, 601, 602) à une température différente de celle de la résine dans la seconde région.
     
    9. Procédé selon la revendication 8, comprenant en outre l'étape de :
    le durcissement final de la résine dans la première région.
     




    Drawing














    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description