(19)
(11)EP 2 730 453 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
21.10.2015 Bulletin 2015/43

(21)Application number: 13183086.1

(22)Date of filing:  05.09.2013
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B60L 11/18(2006.01)
B60L 15/00(2006.01)
B60H 1/24(2006.01)
B60K 1/00(2006.01)
B60H 1/00(2006.01)
H05K 7/20(2006.01)

(54)

Electrically driven vehicle

Elektrisch angetriebenes Fahrzeug

Véhicule à propulsion électrique


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 08.11.2012 JP 2012246003

(43)Date of publication of application:
14.05.2014 Bulletin 2014/20

(73)Proprietor: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
Tokyo 107-8556 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • Takamura, Toshiaki
    Saitama, 351-0193 (JP)
  • Aoki, Koji
    Saitama, 351-0193 (JP)

(74)Representative: Beder, Jens 
Mitscherlich PartmbB Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Sonnenstraße 33
80331 München
80331 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A- 5 253 613
US-A1- 2009 016 021
US-B1- 6 233 149
US-A1- 2007 000 231
US-A1- 2012 140 539
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to an electrically driven vehicle which has a pair of electric motors adapted to generate motive power for operating a driving wheel and a pair of power drive units provided individually corresponding to each of the electric motors.

    BACKGROUND ART



    [0002] This type of electrically driven vehicle is already known in a patent reference 1, for example. In this electrically driven vehicle, the cooling air drawn in through a cooling fan to be circulated through a battery box in which a plurality of batteries are separately housed is led to cooled sections of a plurality of power drive units so as to cool the power drive units.

    [0003] US 5,253,613 discloses a vehicle according to the preamble of claim 1.

    PRIOR ART REFERENCE



    [0004] Patent reference 1: Japanese patent laid-open publication No. 2008-260458.

    DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION


    PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED BY THE INVENTION



    [0005] In the cooling structure disclosed in the above patent reference 1, however, the sufficient cooling of the power drive units may not be performed, and it is desired to cool the power drive units more effectively.

    [0006] The present invention has been made in view of the above described circumstances, and has an objective of providing an electrically driven vehicle which is capable of effectively cooling power drive units provided individually corresponding to a pair of electric motors.

    MEANS FOR SOLVING THE PROBLEM



    [0007] In order to achieve the above object, according to a first feature of the present invention, there is provided an electrically driven vehicle which comprises a pair of electric motors for generating motive power to operate a driving wheel, a pair of power drive units provided individually corresponding to these electric motors, wherein the pair of power drive units extend in parallel, a pair of heat sinks which have a plurality of cooling fins extending in parallel with the direction orthogonal to the parallel extending direction of the power drive units and which are attached individually to lateral surfaces on mutually opposed sides of the pair of power drive units respectively, a partition wall section which is formed integral with a baffle member closing a space between the pair of power drive units at both ends in the parallel extending direction and which is arranged between the pair of heat sinks, and a pair of air guide passages which house the heat sinks individually therein so as to circulate cooling air in the extending direction of the cooling fins, wherein the pair of air guide passages are formed between the partition wall section and the pair of power drive units.

    [0008] According to a second feature of the present invention, in addition to the first feature, there is provided a cooling fan for blowing the cooling air into the air guide passages through each one end thereof, being mounted on the baffle member.

    [0009] According to a third feature of the present invention, in addition to the first or second feature, a pair of partition wall sections are formed integral with the baffle member such that an air passage provided independently of the pair of air guide passages is formed between the pair of partition wall sections.

    [0010]  According to a fourth feature of the present invention, in addition to the second feature, the cooling fan is mounted on a lower end of the baffle member to circulate the cooling air upwardly within the pair of air guide passages which house individually the pair of heat sinks having the plurality of cooling fins extending in parallel in the upward and downward direction.

    [0011] According to a fifth feature of the present invention, in addition to any of the first through fourth features, a vehicle body frame includes a cabin structure section and a pair of left and right frame members extending backwardly from the cabin structure section, a pair of suspension arms which extend outwardly so as to allow the left and right rear wheels as a driving wheel to be suspended therefrom are swingably supported each on both ends of a rear wheel support frame which is fixedly secured to the pair of frame members and extends in the vehicle width direction, and the pair of power drive units are arranged between the pair of frame members in a plan view.

    [0012] According to a sixth feature of the present invention, in addition to the fifth feature, a pair of driving units including the electric motors are supported on a knuckle on which the rear wheel is pivotally supported, and the pair of power drive units are arranged between horizontal planes passing through upper ends and lower ends of the driving units.

    [0013] By the way, a rear upper sub-frame 35 in the embodiment corresponds to the frame member of the present invention, and an upper suspension arm 38 in the embodiment corresponds to the suspension arm of the present invention.

    EFFECTS OF THE INVENTION



    [0014] According to the first feature of the present invention, since the heat sinks having the plurality of parallel extending cooling fins and attached individually to the pair of power drive units are housed individually within the pair of air guide passages which circulate the cooling air in the extending direction of the cooling fins, the cooling air can be surely circulated to each of the heat sinks so as to perform secure cooling. Moreover, the heat sinks are attached individually to the lateral surfaces on the mutually opposed sides of the pair of parallel extending power drive units respectively, and the air guide passages are formed each between the pair of power drive units and the partition wall section formed integral with the baffle member which closes the space between the pair of power drive units at both ends in the parallel extending direction thereof, whereby the pair of air guide passages can be effectively formed by a single baffle member between both of the power drive units. In addition, since the partition wall section is interposed between the pair of air guide passages, it is possible to restrain the thermal influence from one of the heat sinks from being exerted on the other thereof.

    [0015] According to the second feature of the present invention, since the cooling air is blown into the air guide passages by the cooling fan, each of the heat sinks can be cooled more effectively through the forced cooling by the cooling fan.

    [0016] According to the third feature of the present invention, since the pair of partition wall sections are integrally formed on the baffle member, and the air passage independent of the pair of air guide passages is formed between both of the partition wall sections, the partition wall sections can be cooled with air flowing through the air passage, and the mutual thermal influence between the heat sinks can be restrained more effectively.

    [0017] According to the fourth feature of the present invention, the cooling fins of the pair of heat sinks extend in parallel in the upward and downward direction, and the cooling air blown through the cooling fan mounted on the lower end of the baffle member flows upwardly within the pair of air guide passages which house the pair of heat sinks individually, so that, in cooperation with the heated air circulated upwardly by convection, the cooling air from the cooling fans can be more effectively circulated within the air guide passages whereby to carry out more effective cooling.

    [0018] According to the fifth feature of the present invention, the pair of suspension arms which allow the left and right rear wheels to be suspended therefrom are swingably supported on both ends of the rear wheel support frame which is fixedly secured to the pair of left and right frame members extending backwardly from the cabin structure section of the vehicle body frame and extends in the vehicle width direction, the pair of power drive units are arranged between the pair of frame members in a plan view, and the heat sinks are attached individually to the lateral surfaces on the mutually opposed sides of the power drive units. With the above construction, the pair of power drive units can be compactly arranged in an area corresponding to the narrow space in the vehicle width direction between the pair of frame members.

    [0019] Further, according to the sixth feature of the present invention, since the pair of power drive units are arranged between the horizontal planes extending through the upper ends and the lower ends of the driving units which include the electric motor and which are supported by the knuckle, the pair of power drive units can be arranged more compactly.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0020] 

    FIG. 1 is a side view of an electrically driven vehicle;

    FIG. 2 is a view of a vehicle body frame provided with electrical equipment, viewed from the direction of an arrow 2 of FIG. 1;

    FIG. 3 is a view taken in the direction of an arrow 3 of FIG. 2;

    FIG. 4 is a perspective view of batteries arranged under a driver's seat;

    FIG. 5 is a view of a power drive unit and a heat sink, viewed from the direction of an arrow 5 of FIG. 2;

    FIG. 6 is a view taken in the direction of arrows along line 6-6 of FIG. 5;

    FIG. 7 is a view taken in the direction of an arrow 7 of FIG. 6;

    FIG. 8 is a cross sectional view taken along line 8-8 of FIG. 6; and

    FIG. 9 is an exploded perspective view of the power drive unit to which the heat sink and an electric current sensor are attached, a baffle member and a cooling fan.


    BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION



    [0021] The embodiment of the present invention will be described hereunder with reference to accompanying drawings from FIG. 1 to FIG 9. In the following description, the orientation such as front, rear, left, right, upper and lower is set on the basis of a rider riding on an electrically driven vehicle.

    [0022] Referring first to FIGS. 1 and 2, from a front portion of an electrically driven four-wheeled vehicle as an electrically driven vehicle there are suspended a pair of left and right front wheels WF, WF, and from a rear portion of a vehicle body frame F there are suspended a pair of rear wheels WR, WR.

    [0023] The vehicle body frame F includes a cabin structure section 11, a front frame 12 connected to a front part of the cabin structure section 11 such as to allow the pair of left and right front wheels WF, WF to be suspended therefrom, and a rear frame 13 connected to a rear part of the cabin structure section 11 such as to allow the pair of left and right rear wheels WR, WR to be suspended therefrom. On the front frame 12 there is mounted a battery 14 for accessories for supplying electric power to the accessories provided on the electrically driven vehicle.

    [0024] The cabin structure section 11 includes a pair of left and right side sills 15, 15 extending in a forward and backward direction, a front cross frame 16 connecting front portions of the side sills 15, 15, a rear cross frame 17 connecting rear portions of the side sills 15, 15, a pair of left and right front upper frames 18, 18 extending upwardly from the front portions of the side sills 15, 15, a pair of left and right rear upper frames 19, 19 extending upwardly from the rear portions of the side sills 15, 15, a front upper cross frame 20 connecting upper portions of the pair of left and right front upper frames 18, 18, and a rear upper cross frame 21 connecting intermediate portions of the pair of left and right rear upper frames 19, 19.

    [0025] In a cabin the contour of which is defined by the cabin structure section 11, a driver's seat 23 is arranged at the rear of a steering wheel 22 for steering the front wheels WF, WF and located on a center line CL of the vehicle body which extends forwardly and backwardly along the center of the vehicle body in the vehicle width direction. A pair of left and right rear seats 24L, 24R provided side by side are arranged at the rear of the driver's seat 23.

    [0026] Between the front cross frame 16 and the rear cross frame 17 there are provided center sub-frames 25, 25 each of which extends in a forward and backward direction on both left and right sides of the center line CL of the vehicle body so as to establish a connection between intermediate portions of the cross frames 16, 17. Front and rear sub-cross frames 26, 27 are provided between the center sub-frames 25, 25 in such a manner as to be spaced apart in the forward and backward direction. A battery support plate 28 arranged on the center line CL of the vehicle body is provided to establish a connection between the front cross frame 16 and the rear cross frame 17. In addition, a pair of left and right battery support frames 29, 29 are arrange on each side of the battery support plate 28 so as to extend in the forward and backward direction. These battery support frames 29, 29 are located between the rear sub-cross frame 27 and the rear cross frame 17.

    [0027] A pair of left and right seat frames 30, 30 are arranged above the center sub-frames 25, 25 and formed in an upwardly rising configuration. The pair of left and right seat frames 30, 30 extend between front portions of the pair of left and right battery support frames 29, 29 and the front sub-cross frame 26. The driver's seat 23 is carried on the seat frames 30, 30.

    [0028] Further, the pair of left and right rear seats 24L, 24R are supported by the rear upper cross frame 21 which establishes a connection between the intermediate portions of the rear upper frames 19, 19. A center console 31 is arranged between these rear seats 24L, 24R and extends backwardly from the driver's seat 23 so as to cover the battery support frames 29 and 29 from above.

    [0029] Referring to FIG. 3 together, the rear frame 13 includes a cage frame 34 which defines a contour of the rear part of the vehicle body and which has an upper frame section 34a formed in a backwardly curved shape and connected to upper portions of the rear upper frames 19, 19, an intermediate frame section 34b extending in the vehicle width direction under a rear end of the upper frame section 34a, and a lower frame section 34c extending in the vehicle width direction under the intermediate frame section 34b, a pair of left and right rear upper sub-frames 35, 35 extending backwardly from the rear upper cross frame 21 so as to be connected at the rear end thereof to the lower frame section 34c of the cage frame 34, a pair of left and right rear lower sub-frames 36, 36 extending backwardly and upwardly from the rear cross frame 17 so as to be connected at the rear end thereof to the lower frame section 34c, and a rear wheel support frame 37 which is provided between the pair of left and right rear upper sub-frames 35, 35 and extends in the left and right direction.

    [0030] On each end of the rear wheel support frame 37, inner end portions of a pair of leftward and rightward extending left and right upper suspension arms 38, 38 are pivotally supported through pins 39, 39 in an upwardly and downwardly swingable fashion. On brackets 40, 40 each provided on the rear portions of the pair of left and right rear lower sub-frames 36, 36, inner end portions of a pair of leftward and rightward extending left and right lower suspension arms 41, 41 are pivotally supported through pins 42, 42 in an upwardly and downwardly swingable fashion. Moreover, upper portions of knuckles 43, 43 for having the rear wheel WR pivotally supported thereon are connected through pins 44, 44 to outer end portions of the upper suspension arms 38, 38, while lower portions of the knuckles 43, 43 are connected through pins 45, 45 to outer end portions of the lower suspension arms 41, 41. In addition, a pair of left and right cushion support frames 46, 46 are provided between the intermediate portions of the rear upper sub-frames 35, 35 and the rear upper cross frame 21. On the pair of left and right cushion support frames 46, 46, there are supported upper end portions of a pair of upwardly and downwardly extending left and right rear cushions 47, 47. Lower end portions of these rear cushions 47, 47 are connected to the pair of left and right knuckles 43, 43.

    [0031] The pair of left and right rear wheels WR, WR are driven by motive power created by electric motors 48, 48 provided separately corresponding to these rear wheels WR, WR. Driving units 50, 50 constructed by having the electric motors 48, 48 attached to reduction gear casings 49, 49 which house reduction gears for reducing the rotational power from the electric motors 48, 48 thereby to transmit the same to the rear wheels WR, WR, are mounted on the knuckles 43, 43.

    [0032] Referring again to FIG. 2, this electrically driven vehicle is equipped with a plurality of batteries in order to supply the electric power to the pair of left and right electric motors 48, 48. The electrically driven vehicle of this embodiment is a small-sized one, and it is not required that the distance capable of traveling on a single charge is equal to the distance that the normal four-wheeled electrically driven vehicle capable of being equipped with a large amount of batteries is able to travel on a single charge. Therefore, a capacity of batteries to be loaded, namely, the number of batteries is comparatively small, and small space is enough for the arrangement of these batteries. Accordingly, six batteries of from first to sixth batteries 51A, 51 B, 51C, 51 D, 51 E, 51 F are loaded into the electrically driven vehicle in such a manner as to be connected in series. Each of the batteries 51A∼51F is formed in the shape of a rectangular parallelepiped having a rectangular cross section.

    [0033] Referring to FIG. 4 together, the first to third batteries 51A∼51C among the first to sixth batteries 51A∼51F are arranged and aligned under the driver's seat 23 one behind another in a forward and backward direction such that longitudinal directions thereof extend in the vehicle width direction. Also, the first to third batteries 51A∼51C are arranged between the pair of left and right center sub-frames 25, 25 such as to place the central potion in the longitudinal direction thereof on the battery support plate 28. Support plates 53, 53... provided on both ends in the longitudinal direction of each of the batteries 51A∼51C are fastened to stays 54, 54... provided on the center sub-frames 25, 25 in the corresponding relationship to the first to third batteries 51A∼51C.

    [0034] Further, positive side terminals 55, 55, 55 and negative side terminals 56, 56, 56 are provided at one end in the longitudinal direction of each of the first to third batteries 51A-51C and on an upper portion and a lower portion of each front surface of these batteries. Connecting terminals 58, 58... to which conducting wires 57, 57... are attached respectively are electrically connected to the positive side terminals 55, 55, 55 and the negative side terminals 56, 56, 56 respectively. Each of the connecting terminals 58, 58... is configured to have a conducting wire connecting portion 58a, 58a... which projects in the lateral direction of each of the batteries 51A∼51C. The conducting wire connecting portions 58a, 58a... are formed in a circular shape to allow the ends of the conducting wires 57, 57 to be attached thereto such that ends of each of the conducting wires 57, 57... are inserted into and caulked with the conducting wire connecting portions 58a, 58a....

    [0035]  Further, the fourth to sixth batteries 51 D-51 F among the first to sixth batteries 51A∼51F, excluding the first to third batteries 51A∼51C located under the driver's seat 23, are arranged only under the center console 31 and under the pair of left and right rear seats 24L, 24R at the rear of the driver's seat 23 such that the fifth and sixth batteries 51 E, 51 F are connected in this order in series with the fourth battery 51 D which is connected in series with the third battery 51C. The fourth battery 51 D is arranged under the right side rear seat 24R in such a manner that the longitudinal direction thereof extends in the vehicle width direction. The fifth battery 51 E is arranged under the center console 31 in such a manner that the longitudinal direction thereof extends in the forward and backward direction. The sixth battery 51 F is arranged under the left side rear seat 24L in such a manner that the longitudinal direction thereof extends in the vehicle width direction. In addition, between both of the rear seats 24L, 24R, there is placed a service plug 59 which is interposed midway in a circuit connecting the third and fourth batteries 51C, 51 D.

    [0036] The fifth battery 51 E is arranged between the pair of left and right battery support frames 29, 29 such as to be placed on the battery support plate 28. Support plates 60, 60 provided on each of left and right lower sides of the fifth battery 51 E are fastened to stays (not shown) which are arranged in pairs on the battery support frames 29, 29 while leaving a space in the forward and backward direction.

    [0037] The fourth and sixth batteries 51 D, 51 F arranged each under the pair of left and right rear seats 24L, 24R are located between the rear cross frame 17 and the rear upper cross frame 21 so as to be mounted on the rear cross frame 17 with the longitudinal directions thereof extending along the rear cross frame 17.

    [0038] Moreover, support plates 61, 61 provided on both ends in the longitudinal direction of each of the fourth and sixth batteries 51 D, 51 F are fastened to stays (not shown) provided on the rear cross frame 17.

    [0039] By the way, although the driver's seat 23 is arranged on the center line CL of the vehicle body, three DC-DC converters 62, 62, 62 and a main contactor 63 as high voltage electrical equipment are arranged on one side (left side in this embodiment) of left and right sides of the center line CL of the vehicle body, while an ECU 64 for controlling the vehicle and an ECU 65 for controlling the motor, as low voltage electrical equipment, are arranged on the other (right side in this embodiment) of the left and right sides of the center line CL of the vehicle body.

    [0040] By the way, the reason why these three DC-DC converters 62 are employed is because in the case of a single DC-DC converter 62, the efficiency is decreased in a region where output power is low. Therefore, in order to improve the efficiency, the three DC-DC converters 62... are connected in parallel and the number to be used is varied in proportion to the load.

    [0041] Referring to FIGS. 5 through 8 together, a pair of power drive units 68, 68 corresponding individually to the pair of electric motors 48, 48 are arranged in parallel in a plan view between the pair of rear upper sub-frames 35, 35 of the rear frame 13 and, as shown in FIG. 3, located between a horizontal plane PA passing through upper ends of the pair of driving units 50, 50 and a horizontal plane PB passing through lower ends of the driving units 50,50.

    [0042] On lateral surfaces of mutually opposed sides of the power drive units 68, 68, there are separately mounted heat sinks 69, 69 each of which has a plurality of cooling fins 69a, 69a, 69a... extending in parallel in the direction orthogonal to the direction of parallel arrangement of the power drive units 68, 68, namely, in the upper and lower direction in this embodiment.

    [0043]  A front support frame 70 and a rear support frame 71 are positioned on each side in the forward and backward direction of the power drive units 68, 68 and between the pair of rear upper sub-frames 35, 35 in a plan view. A front support mount 72 is attached to the front support frame 70, while a rear support mount 73 is attached to the rear support frame 71.

    [0044] The front support mount 72 includes a front horizontal frame 72a which extends in the vehicle width direction to be fastened to the front support frame 70, and a pair of downwardly extending left and right front vertical frames 72b, 72c which are attached to the front horizontal frame 72a at two positions spaced apart in the vehicle width direction. The rear support mount 73 includes a rear horizontal frame 73a which extends in the vehicle width direction to be fastened to the rear support frame 71, and a pair of downwardly extending left and right rear vertical frames 73b, 73c which are attached to the rear horizontal frame 73a at two positions spaced apart in the vehicle width direction. The front horizontal frame 72a, the front vertical frames 72b, 72c, the rear horizontal frame 73a and the rear vertical frames 73b, 73c are made of shape steel of an L-shaped cross section.

    [0045] The front lateral walls of the pair of left and right power drive units 68, 68 are fastened through bolts 74, 74 to an upper portion and a lower portion of each of the pair of the left and right front vertical frames 72b, 72c provided on the front support mount 72, while the rear lateral walls of the pair of left and right power drive units 68, 68 are fastened through bolts 75, 75 to an upper portion and a lower portion of each of the pair of the left and right rear vertical frames 73b, 73c provided on the rear support mount 73.

    [0046] Further, current sensors 76, 76 are arranged above the power drive units 68, 68, respectively. A front portion of a casing 77 of the left side current sensor 76 is fastened to a pair of upper and lower support stays 78, 79 which are located on an upper part of the left side front vertical frame 72b provided on the front support mount 72. A rear portion of a casing 77 of the right side current sensor 76 is fastened to a pair of upper and lower support stays 80, 81 which are located on an upper part of the right side rear vertical frame 73c provided on the rear support mount 73.

    [0047] In addition, a rear portion of the casing 77 of the left side current sensor 76 is fastened to a support stay 82 which is located on an upper part of the left side rear vertical frame 73b provided on the rear support mount 73. A front portion of the casing 77 of the right side current sensor 76 is fastened to a support stay 83 which is located on an upper part of the right side front vertical frame 72c provided on the front support mount 72.

    [0048] To the front vertical frames 72b, 72c of the front support mount 72 and to the rear vertical frames 73b, 73c of the rear support mount 73, there is fastened a baffle member 85 which closes a space between the pair of parallel extending power drive units 68, 68 at both ends in the parallel extending direction of these power drive units 68, 68.

    [0049] Referring to FIG. 9 together, the baffle member 85 is made of synthetic resin and integrally provided with a pair of partition wall sections 85a, 85a which are arranged between the heat sinks 69, 69 attached to the power drive units 68, 68 and lower portions of which are connected to each other, a lower connecting section 85b having a substantially upwardly opened U-shaped cross section so as to connect the lower portions of the partition wall sections 85a, 85a, a pair of front and rear end wall sections 85c, 85c which are connected at right angles to the partition wall sections 85a, 85a and to the lower connecting section 85b at both ends in the parallel extending direction of the power drive units 68, 68, and a bottom wall section 85d arranged under the lower connecting section 85b to connect lower end portions of the end wall sections 85c, 85c. The end wall sections 85c, 85c are fastened through bolts 86, 86 to the front vertical frames 72b, 72c of the front support mount 72 and the rear vertical frames 73b, 73c of the rear support mount 73.

    [0050] Between the partition wall sections 85a, 85a of the baffle member 85 and the power drive units 68, 68, there are formed a pair of air guide passages 87, 87 through which cooling air flows in the extending direction of each of the cooling fins 69a, 69a provided on the pair of heat sinks 69, 69, namely, in the upward and downward direction in this embodiment and in which the heat sinks 69, 69 are housed individually.

    [0051] Further, a pair of front and rear cooling fans 88, 88 for blowing the cooling air into the air guide passages 87, 87 through each one end thereof are mounted on the baffle member 85. In this embodiment, since the cooling fins 69a, 69a of the heat sinks 69, 69 within the air guide passages 87, 87 extend in parallel in the upward and downward direction, the cooling fans 88, 88 are mounted on the bottom wall section 85d of the baffle member 85 in such a manner as to circulate the cooling air in the upward direction. Openings 89, 89 are formed individually corresponding to each of the cooling fans 88, 88.

    [0052] Further, between the partition wall sections 85a, 85a of the baffle member 85 there is formed an air passage 90 which is separated from the air guide passage 87, 87 provided between the partition wall sections 85a, 85a and the power drive units 68, 68. A front end and a rear end of the air passage 90 are opened to center portions in the vehicle width direction of the end wall sections 85c, 85c so as to allow the traveling air to flow therethrough.

    [0053] Further, on the rear frame 13 there is supported a battery charger 92 for charging the first to sixth batteries 51A-51 F from an external power source. The battery charger 92 is located above the current sensors 76, 76.

    [0054] Next, the operation of this embodiment will be described. Although the first to sixth batteries 51A∼51F are loaded onto the electrically driven vehicle provided with the driver's seat 23 and the pair of left and right rear seats 24L, 24R arranged side by side behind the driver's seat 23, the first to third batteries 51 A, 51 B, 51C among the first to sixth batteries 51A∼51F are arranged under the driver's seat 23, and the fourth to sixth batteries 51D∼51F as the remaining batteries are arranged only under the center console 31 which extends backwardly from the drier's seat 23 and is located between the pair of left and right rear seats 24L, 24R, and under the pair of left and right rear seats 24L, 24R in the rear of the driver's seat 23. Accordingly, the floor surface forwardly of each of the rear seats 24L, 24R does not rise due to the arrangement of the fourth to sixth batteries 51 D, 51 E, 51 F, so that the footrest of the passengers sitting in the rear seats 24L, 24R is prevented from being heightened due to the arrangement of the fourth to sixth batteries 51 D, 51 E, 51 F and it is possible to ensure the cabin space.

    [0055] Further, the vehicle body frame F includes the pair of left and right side sills 15, 15, the front and rear cross frames 16, 17 connecting the front portions and the rear portions of the side sills 15, 15 respectively, the pair of left and right rear upper frames 19, 19 extending upwardly from the rear portions of the side sills 15, 15, and the rear upper cross frame 21 connecting the intermediate portions of the rear upper frames 19, 19 so as to support the pair of left and right rear seats24L, 24R. Moreover, the fourth and sixth batteries 51 D, 51 F each arranged under the rear seats 24L, 24R are located between the rear cross frame 17 and the rear upper cross frame 21. Accordingly, the fourth and sixth batteries 51 D, 51 F under the rear seats 24L, 24R can be located in such a position as not to exert an influence on the cabin space. In addition, since the rear upper cross frame 21 and the rear cross frame 17 each of which is a rigid body are arranged above and below the fourth and sixth batteries 51 D, 51 F, it is possible to protect the fourth and sixth batteries 51 D, 51 F.

    [0056] Further, since the fourth and sixth batteries 51 D, 51 F arranged under the rear seats 24L, 24R are formed in the shape of a rectangular parallelepiped a longitudinal direction of which extends along the rear cross frame 17, the fourth and sixth batteries 51 D, 51 F can be prevented from projecting to the cabin space.

    [0057] The first to third batteries 51A, 51 B, 51C are arranged under the driver's seat 23 one behind another in the forward and backward direction, and the connecting terminals 58... which have the conducting wire connecting portions 58a... projecting in the lateral direction of each of these batteries 51A∼51C are electrically connected to the terminals 55, 55...; 56, 56... of the batteries 51A-51C. In addition, the ends of the conducting wires 57... are attached to the conducting wire connecting portions 58a... at the lateral sides of the first to third batteries 51A~51C. Accordingly, the conducting wire connecting portions 58a... are able to be oriented to any direction desired to extend the conducting wires 57..., whereby to establish electrical connections between the first to third batteries 51A∼51C without causing protrusion by bending the conducting wires 57... on the lateral sides of the first to third batteries 51A∼51C aligned in the forward and backward direction.

    [0058] Further, the driver's seat 23 is arranged on the center line CL of the vehicle body which passes through the vehicle center in the vehicle width direction to extend in the forward and backward direction. The DC-DC converter 62, 62, 62 and the main contactor 63 as the high voltage electrical equipment are arranged on one side (left side in this embodiment) of the left and right sides of the vehicle body center line CL while the ECU 64 for controlling the vehicle and the ECU 65 for controlling the motor, as the low voltage electrical equipment, are arranged on the other (right side in this embodiment) of the left and right sides of the vehicle body center line CL. Therefore, the effective wiring with good space efficiency can be provided.

    [0059] Further, the pair of power drive units 68, 68 provided individually corresponding to the pair of electric motors 48, 48 which generate the motive power for driving the left and right rear wheels WR, WR are arranged in parallel between the rear wheels WR, WR. On the lateral surfaces of the mutually opposed sides of the power drive units 68, 68, there are separately mounted the heat sinks 69, 69 each of which has the plurality of cooling fins 69a, 69a... extending in parallel in the direction orthogonal to the parallel extending direction of the power drive units 68, 68. In addition, between the pair of power drive units 68, 68 and the partition wall sections 85a, 85a integrally formed on the baffle member 85 which closes the space between the power drive units 68, 68 at both ends in the parallel extending direction, there are formed the pair of air guide passages 87, 87 which house the heat sinks 69, 69 separately in such a manner as to allow the cooling air to flow in the extending direction of each of the cooling fins 69a, 69a.... Accordingly, the cooling air can be surely circulated toward the each of the heat sinks 69, 69 whereby to carry out the secure cooling, and the pair of air guide passages 87, 87 can be formed between the power drive units 68, 68 by a single baffle member 85 with good space efficiency. Moreover, since the partition wall sections 85a, 85a are located between the pair of air guide passages 87, 87, it is possible to restrain the thermal influence from one of the heat sinks 69, 69 from operating on the other.

    [0060] Further, since the cooling fans 88, 88 for blowing the cooling air into the air guide passages 87, 87 through each one end thereof are mounted on the baffle member 85, each of the heat sinks 69, 69 can be more effectively cooled due to forced cooling by the cooling fans 88, 88.

    [0061] In addition, since the pair of partition wall sections 85a, 85a are integrally formed on the baffle member 85 in such a manner that the air passage 90 is formed independently of the pair of air guide passages 87, 87 between the pair of partition wall sections 85a, 85a, the partition wall sections 85a, 85a can be cooled by the air flowing through the air passage 90, and the mutual thermal influence between the heat sinks 69, 69 can be restrained more effectively.

    [0062] Further, since the cooling fans 88, 88 are mounted on the lower end of the baffle member 85 such that the cooling air flows upwardly within the pair of air guide passages 87, 87 which house individually the pair of heat sinks 69, 69 having the plurality of cooling fins 69a, 69a extending in parallel in the upward and downward direction, the cooling air blown through the cooling fans 88, 88 flows upwardly within the pair of air guide passages 87, 87 which house the pair of heat sinks 69, 69 individually, so that, in cooperation with the heated air circulating upwardly by convection, the cooling air from the cooling fans 88, 88 can be circulated more effectively within the air guide passages 87, 87 whereby to carry out more effective cooling.

    [0063] Further, the vehicle body frame F is provided with the cabin structure section 11, and the pair of left and right rear upper sub-frames 35, 35 extending backwardly from the cabin structure section 11. The upper suspension arms 38, 38 which extend laterally outwardly so as to have the rear wheels WR, WR suspended therefrom are swingably supported on each end of the rear wheel support frame 37 which is fixedly secured to the pair of rear upper sub-frames 35, 35 to extend in the vehicle width direction. Moreover, the pair of power drive units 68, 68 are arranged between the pair of rear upper sub-frames 35, 35 in plan view. Accordingly, by the construction that the heat sinks 69, 69 are attached individually to each of the lateral surfaces of the mutually opposed sides respectively, the pair of power drive units 68, 68 can be compactly arranged in the area corresponding to the narrow space in the vehicle width direction between the rear upper sub-frames 35, 35.

    [0064] Furthermore, the pair of driving units 50, 50 including the electric motors 48, 48 respectively are supported on the knuckles 43, 43 for pivotally supporting the rear wheels WR, WR, and the pair of power drive units 68, 68 are arranged between the horizontal planes PA, PB which extend through the upper ends and the lower ends of the driving units 50, 50. Accordingly, the pair of power drive units 68, 68 can be arranged more compactly.

    [0065] While the present invention has been described in its preferred embodiment, it is to be understood that the present invention is not limited to the above described embodiment, and that various changes and modifications in design may be made without departing from the scope of the present invention delineated by the following claims.

    DESCRIPTION OF REFERENCE CHARACTERS



    [0066] 
    11
    Cabin structure section
    35
    Rear upper sub-frame as frame member
    37
    Rear wheel support frame
    38
    Upper suspension arm as suspension arm
    43
    Knuckle
    48
    Electric motor
    50
    Driving unit
    68
    Power drive unit
    69
    Heat sink
    69a
    Cooling fin
    85
    Baffle member
    85a
    Partition wall section
    87
    Air guide passage
    88
    Cooling fan
    90
    Air passage
    PA, PB
    Horizontal plane
    WR
    Rear wheel as driving wheel



    Claims

    1. An electrically driven vehicle comprising:

    a pair of electric motors (48) for generating motive power to operate a driving wheel (WR);

    a pair of power drive units (68) extending in parallel;

    a pair of heat sinks (69) which have a plurality of cooling fins (69a) extending in parallel with the direction orthogonal to the parallel extending direction of the power drive units (68) and which are attached individually to lateral surfaces on mutually opposed sides of the pair of power drive units (68) respectively; and

    a pair of air guide passages (87) which house the heat sinks (69) individually therein so as to circulate cooling air in the extending direction of the cooling fins (69a), wherein the pair of air guide passages (87) are formed between the partition wall section (85a) and the pair of power drive units (68), characterized in that the pair of power drive units (68) are provided individually corresponding to the electric motors (48) and the vehicle further comprises a partition wall section (85a) which is formed integral with a baffle member (85) closing a space between the pair of power drive units (68) at both ends in the parallel extending direction and which is arranged between the pair of heat sinks (69).


     
    2. An electrically driven vehicle according to claim 1, further comprising a cooling fan (88) for blowing the cooling air into the air guide passages (87) through each one end thereof, being mounted on the baffle member (85).
     
    3. An electrically driven vehicle according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a pair of partition wall sections (85a) are formed integral with the baffle member (85) such that an air passage (90) provided independently of the pair of air guide passages (87) is formed between the pair of partition wall sections (85a).
     
    4. An electrically driven vehicle according to claim 2, wherein the cooling fan (88) is mounted on a lower end of the baffle member (85) so as to circulate the cooling air upwardly within the pair of air guide passages (87) which house individually the pair of heat sinks (69) having the plurality of cooling fins (69a) extending in parallel in the upward and downward direction.
     
    5. An electrically driven vehicle according to any one of claims 1 through 4, further comprising a vehicle body frame (F) including a cabin structure section (11) and a pair of left and right frame members (35) extending backwardly from the cabin structure section (11), and a pair of suspension arms (38) extending outwardly so as to allow left and right rear wheels (WR) as the driving wheel to be suspended therefrom and being swingably supported each on both ends of a rear wheel support frame (37) which is fixedly secured to the pair of frame members (35) to extend in the vehicle width direction, wherein the pair of power drive units (68) are arranged between the pair of frame members (35) in a plan view.
     
    6. An electrically driven vehicle according to claim 5, further comprising a pair of driving units (50) each of which includes the electric motor (48), being supported on a knuckle (43) on which the rear wheel (WR) is pivotally supported, wherein the pair of power drive units (68) are arranged between horizontal planes (PA, PB) passing through upper ends and lower ends of the driving units (50).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Elektrisch-angetriebenes Fahrzeug, aufweisend:

    ein Paar von elektrischen Motoren (48) zum Erzeugen einer Antriebsleistung um ein angetriebenes Rad (WR) zu betreiben;

    ein Paar von Antriebseinheiten (68), die sich parallel erstrecken;

    ein Paar von Wärmesenken (69), die eine Mehrzahl von Kühlrippen (69a) haben, die sich parallel mit einer Richtung orthogonal zu der parallelen Erstreckungsrichtung der Antriebseinheiten (68) erstrecken und die einzeln an seitlichen Oberflächen an beidseitig gegenüberliegenden Seiten des Paars von Antriebseinheiten (68) jeweils befestigt sind;

    und ein Paar von Luftführungskanälen (87), die die Wärmesenke (69) darin einzeln aufnehmen, so dass Kühlluft in der Erstreckungsrichtung der Kühlrippen (69a) zirkuliert, wobei das Paar von Luftführungskanälen (87) zwischen dem Begrenzungswandabschnitt (85a) und dem Paar von Antriebseinheiten (68) gebildet ist,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    das Paar von Antriebseinheiten (68) einzeln entsprechend den Elektromotoren (48) vorgesehen ist und das Fahrzeug weiterhin aufweist einen Trennwandabschnitt (85a), der einstückig mit einem Trennwandelement (85) gebildet ist, das einen Raum zwischen dem Paar von Antriebseinheiten (68) an beiden Enden in der parallelen Erstreckungsrichtung schließt und das zwischen dem Paar von Wärmesenken (69) angeordnet ist.


     
    2. Elektrisch-angetriebenes Fahrzeug gemäß Anspruch 1, weiterhin aufweisen einen Kühllüfter (88) zum Einblasen der Kühlluft in die Luftführungskanäle (87) durch jedes ihrer Enden, wobei der Kühllüfter (88) an den Trennblechelement (85) montiert ist.
     
    3. Elektrisch-angetriebenes Fahrzeug gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei ein Paar von Trennwandabschnitten (85a) einstückig mit dem Trennwandelement (85) gebildet ist, so dass ein Luftkanal (90), der unabhängig von den Paar von Luftführungskanälen (87) zwischen dem Paar von Trennwandabschnitten (85) gebildet ist, vorgesehen ist.
     
    4. Elektrisch-angetriebenes Fahrzeug gemäß Anspruch 2, wobei der Kühllüfter (88) an einem unteren Ende des Trennwandelements (85) montiert ist, so dass die Kühlluft nach oben innerhalb des Paars der Luftführungskanäle (87) zirkuliert, die einzeln das Paar von Wärmesenken (89) aufnehmen, die die Mehrzahl von Kühlrippen (69a) haben, die sich parallel nach oben und unten erstrecken.
     
    5. Elektrisch-angetriebenes Fahrzeug gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4,
    weiterhin aufweisend einen Fahrzeugrahmen (F), der einen Kabinenkonstruktionsabschnitt (11) und ein Paar von linken und rechten Rahmenelementen (85) umfasst, die sich nach hinten von dem Kabinenkonstruktionsabschnitt (11) erstrecken und ein Paar von Fahrwerkslenkern (38), die sich nach außen so erstrecken, dass sie linke und rechte Räder (WR) als das Antriebsrad erlauben, das davon beabstandet ist und schwingbar an beiden Enden eines hinteren Radtragerahmens (37) gehalten wird, der fest an dem Paar von Rahmenelementen (35) befestigt ist, um sich in der Fahrzeugbreitenrichtung zu erstrecken, wobei das Paar von Antriebseinheiten (68) zwischen dem Paar von Rahmenelementen (35) in einer Draufsicht angeordnet ist.
     
    6. Elektrisch-angetriebenes Fahrzeug gemäß Anspruch 5, weiterhin aufweisend ein Paar von Antriebseinheiten (50), von denen jede einen Elektromotor (48) umfasst, der von einem Achsschenkel (43) getragen wird, an dem das Hinterrad (WR) drehbar getragen wird, wobei das Paar von Antriebseinheiten (68) zwischen horizontalen Ebenen (PA, PB) angeordnet sind, die durch obere Enden und unteren Enden der Antriebseinheiten (50) verlaufen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Véhicule à entraînement électrique comprenant :

    une paire de moteurs électriques (48) destinés à générer de la puissance motrice pour faire fonctionner une roue motrice (WR) ;

    une paire d'unités d'entraînement électrique (68) s'étendant en parallèle ;

    une paire de dissipateurs thermiques (69) qui comprennent une pluralité d'ailettes de refroidissement (69a) s'étendant parallèlement à la direction orthogonale à la direction s'étendant en parallèle des unités d'entraînement électrique (68) et qui sont individuellement fixées à des surfaces latérales sur des côtés mutuellement opposés de la paire d'unités d'entraînement électrique (68) respectivement ; et

    une paire de passages de guidage de l'air (87) à l'intérieur desquelles les dissipateurs thermiques (69) sont individuellement logés de façon à faire circuler de l'air de refroidissement dans la direction d'extension des ailettes de refroidissement (69a), dans lequel la paire de passages de guidage de l'air (87) sont formés entre la section de cloison (85a) et la paire d'unités d'entraînement électrique (68), caractérisé en ce que la paire d'unités d'entraînement électrique (68) sont agencées individuellement correspondant aux moteurs électriques (48), et en ce que le véhicule comprend en outre une section de cloison (85a) qui est formée solidairement avec un organe de déflecteur (85) fermant un espace entre la paire d'unités d'entraînement électrique (68) au niveau des deux extrémités dans la direction s'étendant en parallèle et qui est agencé entre la paire de dissipateurs thermiques (59).


     
    2. Véhicule à entraînement électrique selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre une ailette de refroidissement (88) permettant de souffler l'air de refroidissement dans les passages de guidage de l'air (87) à travers chaque extrémité de ceux-ci, étant montée sur l'organe de déflecteur (85).
     
    3. Véhicule à entraînement électrique selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel une paire de sections de cloison (90) sont formées solidairement avec l'organe de déflecteur (85) de sorte qu'un passage d'air (86) agencé indépendamment de la paire de passages de guidage de l'air (87) soit formé entre la paire de sections de cloison (85a).
     
    4. Véhicule à entraînement électrique selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le ventilateur de refroidissement (88) est monté sur une extrémité inférieure de l'organe de déflecteur (85) de façon à faire circuler l'air de refroidissement vers le haut à l'intérieur de la paire de passages de guidage de l'air (87) qui logent individuellement la paire de dissipateurs thermiques (69) comprenant la pluralité d'ailettes de refroidissement (69a) s'étendant en parallèle dans la direction vers le haut et vers le bas.
     
    5. Véhicule à entraînement électrique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, comprenant en outre une ossature de caisse de véhicule (F) comprenant une section de structure d'habitacle (11) et une paire d'organes d'ossature gauche et droite (35) s'étendant vers l'arrière à partir de la section de structure d'habitacle (11), et une paire de bras de suspension (38) s'étendant vers l'extérieur de façon à permettre aux roues arrière gauche et droite (WR) en tant que roue d'entraînement d'être suspendues de ceux-ci et étant supportés avec faculté de basculement chacun sur les deux extrémités d'un cadre de support de roue arrière (37) qui est arrimé fixement à la paire d'organes d'ossature (35) afin de s'étendre dans la direction de la largeur du véhicule, dans lequel la paire d'unités d'entraînement électrique (68) sont agencées entre la paire d'organes d'ossature (35) dans une vue en plan.
     
    6. Véhicule à entraînement électrique selon la revendication 5, comprenant en outre une paire d'unités d'entraînement (50), chacune desquelles comprenant le moteur électrique (48), étant supportées sur une articulation (43) sur laquelle la roue arrière (WR) est supportée avec faculté de pivotement, dans lequel la paire d'unités d'entraînement électrique (68) sont agencées entre des plans horizontaux (PA, PB) passant par des extrémités supérieures et des extrémités inférieures des unités d'entraînement (50).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description