(19)
(11)EP 2 740 697 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
11.06.2014 Bulletin 2014/24

(21)Application number: 12819707.6

(22)Date of filing:  02.08.2012
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B65H 31/30  (2006.01)
B65H 43/06  (2006.01)
B65H 31/18  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2012/069646
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/018849 (07.02.2013 Gazette  2013/06)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 04.08.2011 JP 2011170772
04.08.2011 JP 2011170773

(71)Applicant: Komori Corporation
Sumida-ku Tokyo 130-0001 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • USHIGOME, Tadaaki
    Ushiku-shi Ibaraki 300-1207 (JP)
  • NAKAMURA, Soichi
    Tsukuba-shi Ibaraki 300-1268 (JP)
  • KUSAKA, Akehiro
    Tsukuba-shi Ibaraki 300-1268 (JP)

(74)Representative: UEXKÜLL & STOLBERG 
Patentanwälte Beselerstrasse 4
22607 Hamburg
22607 Hamburg (DE)

  


(54)SHEET EJECTION DEVICE AND SHEET EJECTION METHOD


(57) The purpose of the present invention is to provide a sheet ejection device enabled to operate continuously by automatically disabling an intrusion detector while effectively ensuring safety and also provide a sheet ejection method. The sheet ejection device comprises: a paper ejection chain (22b) for conveying paper (W) ; a first pile (26) or a second pile (26b) having loading plates (27a or 27b) arranged in a multistage manner and used for loading the paper ejected from the paper ejection chain; a first beam sensor (62a or 62b), a second beam sensor (63a or 63b), and a third beam sensor (64a or 64b) for detecting an intrusion into the first pile or the second pile. The sheet ejection device further comprises: a plate upper-limit position detection sensor (58a or 58b) for detecting that the loading plate has been positioned at a plate upper-limit position (L2); and a control device (50) for, based on the detection signal of the plate upper-limit position detection sensor, neglecting (disabling) a command for shopping a driving device (printing machine), the command is issued by the first to third beam sensors.




Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present invention relates to a sheet discharging apparatus and a sheet discharging method provided in a sheet-fed offset printing press or the like.

BACKGROUND ART



[0002] Generally, in a printing work by a sheet-fed offset printing press, a sheet gripped and transported by a gripper supported by a travelling delivery chain is released from the gripping of the gripper after being printed and falls on a pile board to be piled. In such a discharging work, there are a method of discharging a large amount of sheets on one pile board and a method of piling a small amount of sheets on each of multiple pile boards. Moreover, the method of piling a small amount of sheets on each of multiple pile boards includes the following two methods. In one method, support pillars called corners are placed at four corners of a pile board on which sheets have been piled and another pile board is placed on the corners to stack the pile boards one on top of another. In another method, sheets are piled as follows. Endless chains are disposed at four corners outside a pile board in such a way as to travel in an up-down direction. A pile board is disposed to be supported by the four endless chains. The endless chains are made to travel to lower the pile board when a predetermined amount of sheets are piled on the pile board. Then, a new pile board is disposed to be supported above the pile board on which the sheets have been piled. Particularly, a discharging apparatus in which a small amount of sheets are piled on each of multiple pile boards by using endless chains is referred to as "circulating type" and description hereafter is given by using the circulating-type discharging apparatus as an example.

[0003] The circulating-type discharging apparatus is described in detail. The four endless chains disposed at the four corners outside the pile board travel synchronously with each other. In each of pairs of left and right endless chains as viewed in a direction in which the sheets are transported by grippers, multiple guide rails are attached to extend in a direction orthogonal to the sheet transporting direction, at equal intervals in a travelling direction of the pair of left and right endless chains, and a pile board called a delivery pile board is supported by a pair of front and rear guide rails in the direction in which the sheets are transported by grippers. In a circulating-type discharging apparatus configured as described above, when a predetermined amount of sheets are piled on a pile board supported by the pair of front and rear guide rail, the pile board is lowered by causing the four endless chains to synchronously travel. Then, the travelling of the endless chains is stopped when the guide rails above the guide rails supporting the pile board are set at predetermined positions. Another pile board is inserted into the pair of front and rear guide rails set at the predetermined positions from a lateral side of the discharging apparatus and the sheets are piled onto the new pile board. In other words, the operation of inserting the new pile board is repeated for each pitch of the guide rails and the sheets are thus piled in multiple stages (see Patent Document 1).

[0004] Moreover, such sheet discharging apparatuses include one in which, for example, three paper-sheet pile boards are arranged in a transporting direction of paper sheets. Specifically, first to third piles are provided and the first and second piles which are two piles on an upstream side in the transporting direction of the paper sheets are used for normal paper sheets. The normal paper sheets are alternately delivered onto the pile boards of these piles and piled in several stages. Meanwhile, the third pile on the most downstream side in the transporting direction of the paper sheets is used for sample paper sheets and waste paper sheets. The sample paper sheets and the waste paper sheets are delivered onto the pile board of the third pile and piled in fewer stages than those in the first pile and the second pile (see Patent Document 2).

PRIOR ART DOCUMENT


PATENT DOCUMENT



[0005] 

Patent Document 1: Japanese Patent Application Publication No. Sho 64-81762

Patent Document 2: Japanese Patent Application Publication No. 2000-127349

Patent Document 3: Pamphlet of International Patent Application Publication No. WO 2004/078626

Patent Document 4: Japanese Utility Model Registration Application Publication No. Sho 63-81071

Patent Document 5: Japanese Patent Application Publication No. Sho 63-101273


SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION


PROBLEMS TO BE SOLVED BY THE INVENTION



[0006] In such a sheet discharging apparatus, it is dangerous for an operator to enter, for example, access regions of the first to third piles while the delivery chain (printing press) is operating, an apparatus including a safety device is disclosed in Patent Document 3. The safety device stops a drive device (printing press) upon detecting the entry of the operator with a detector. Meanwhile, under a certain condition involving a predetermined switch operation by the operator, the safety device cancels the operation of the detector in a predetermined access region and allows the operator to perform a desired operation such as take-out and insertion of the pile boards in the predetermined access region, without stopping the drive device (printing press).

[0007] In this respect, an object of the present invention is to provide a sheet discharging apparatus and a sheet discharging method capable of automatically disabling an entry detector and performing a continuous operation while effectively securing safety.

MEANS FOR SOLVING THE PROBLEMS



[0008] A sheet discharging apparatus for solving the problems described above is a sheet discharging apparatus including:

a sheet transporting device configured to transport sheets;

a pile having a plurality of stages of pile boards on which sheets discharged from the sheet transporting device are piled; and

an entry detector configured to detect an entry into the pile and stop the sheet transporting device, characterized in that

the sheet discharging apparatus comprises:

a sheet piling position detector configured to detect that the pile board is set at a sheet piling position; and

a control device configured to disable the stopping of the sheet transporting device due to the detection by the entry detector, on the basis of a detection signal from the sheet piling position detector.



[0009] Moreover, the sheet discharging apparatus is characterized in that the sheet piling position of the pile board is a position at which an entry of an operator into the sheet transporting region is prevented.

[0010] Furthermore, the sheet discharging apparatus is characterized in that a cover is provided adjacent to the pile board set at the sheet piling position and the entry of the operator into the sheet transporting region is prevented by the cover and the pile board.

[0011] Moreover, the sheet discharging apparatus is characterized in that
the sheet discharging apparatus further comprises:

a safety bar supported to be movable between an entry preventing position at which the entry into the pile is prevented and an opened position at which the entry into the pile is allowed; and

a sensor configured to detect a position of the safety bar, and

the control device controls a pile lifting motor configured to lift and lower the pile boards, on the basis of a detection signal from the sensor.



[0012] A sheet discharging method for solving the problems described above is a sheet discharging method in a sheet discharging apparatus including:

a sheet transporting device configured to transport sheets;

a pile having a plurality of stages of pile boards on which sheets discharged from the sheet transporting device are piled; and

an entry detector configured to detect an entry into the pile and stop the sheet transporting device, characterized in that

the sheet discharging method comprises the step of detecting that one of the pile boards is set at a sheet piling position and then disabling the stop of the sheet transporting device due to the detection by the entry detector.



[0013] Moreover, the sheet discharging method is characterized in that
a plurality of the piles are provided in a sheet transporting direction in the apparatus and, when discharging of the sheets onto the pile board of an uppermost stage of one of the piles is completed, discharging of the sheets onto the pile board of an uppermost stage of another one of the piles is performed, and
when the pile boards on which the sheets have been piled are to be taken out from the one pile, the steps of:

lowering the pile boards on which the sheets have been piled;

inserting a pile board into a stage at least two stages above the pile board of the uppermost stage on which the sheets have been piled;

lifting and setting the inserted pile board at the sheet piling position;

detecting that the inserted pile boards is set at the sheet piling position and disabling the stop of the sheet transporting device due to the detection by the entry detector; and

taking out the pile boards on which the sheets have been piled by causing a piled paper-sheet take-out device to advance to and retreat from the apparatus are performed in this order.



[0014] Furthermore, the sheet discharging method is characterized in that, when the entry detector detects the entry into the apparatus while the drive stopping of the sheet transporting device due to the detection by the entry detector is disabled, drive of a pile lifting motor configured to lift and lower the pile boards is stopped.

[0015] Moreover, the sheet discharging method is characterized in that, when a sensor detects an opening operation of a safety bar disposed adjacent to the sheet transporting region while the drive stopping of the sheet transporting device due to the detection by the entry detector is disabled, drive of a pile lifting motor configured to lift and lower the pile boards is stopped.

[0016] Furthermore, the sheet discharging method is characterized in that an entry of an operator into a delivery chain travelling region above the pile in the sheet transporting device is prevented by the pile board set at the sheet piling position.

EFFECT OF THE INVENTION



[0017] The sheet discharging apparatus and the sheet discharging method of the present invention described above are capable of automatically disabling an entry detector and performing a continuous operation while effectively securing safety. Accordingly, the operation rate of a machine can be improved.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0018] 

[Fig. 1] Fig. 1 is a schematic configuration diagram of an intaglio printing press which shows one embodiment of the present invention.

[Fig. 2] Fig. 2 is an explanatory diagram of a piled paper-sheet take-out device and a pile board introducing device in a delivery apparatus.

[Fig. 3] Fig. 3 is an explanatory diagram of a safety bar and the piled paper-sheet take-out device.

[Fig. 4] Fig. 4 is a schematic explanatory diagram of a discharging method.

[Fig. 5] Fig. 5 is a control block diagram of the discharging apparatus.

[Fig. 6] Fig. 6 is a view of steps in an automatic control of the discharging apparatus.

[Fig. 7] Fig. 7 is a view of steps in the automatic control of the discharging apparatus.

[Fig. 8] Fig. 8 is a view of steps in the automatic control of the discharging apparatus.

[Fig. 9] Fig. 9 is a view of steps in the automatic control of the discharging apparatus.

[Fig. 10] Fig. 10 is a view of steps in the automatic control of the discharging apparatus.

[Fig. 11] Fig. 11 is an operation flow diagram of a manual control in the discharging apparatus.

[Fig. 12] Fig. 12 is an operation flow diagram of the manual control in the discharging apparatus.

[Fig. 13] Fig. 13 is an operation flow diagram of the manual control in the discharging apparatus.


MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION



[0019] A sheet discharging apparatus and a sheet discharging method of the present invention is described below in detail by using an embodiment and the drawings.

EMBODIMENT



[0020] Fig. 1 is a schematic configuration diagram of an intaglio printing press which shows one embodiment of the present invention, Fig. 2 is an explanatory diagram of a piled paper-sheet take-out device and a pile board introducing device in a discharging apparatus, Fig. 3 is an explanatory diagram of a safety bar and the piled paper-sheet take-out device, Fig. 4 is a schematic explanatory diagram of a discharging method, Fig. 5 is a control block diagram of the discharging apparatus, Fig. 6 is a view of steps in an automatic control of the discharging apparatus, Fig. 7 is a view of steps in the automatic control of the discharging apparatus, Fig. 8 is a view of steps in the automatic control of the discharging apparatus, Fig. 9 is a view of steps in the automatic control of the discharging apparatus, Fig. 10 is a view of steps in the automatic control of the discharging apparatus, Fig. 11 is an operation flow diagram of a manual control in the discharging apparatus, Fig. 12 is an operation flow diagram of the manual control in the discharging apparatus, and Fig. 13 is an operation flow diagram of the manual control in the discharging apparatus.

[0021] As shown in Fig. 1, a feeder board 11 communicates with a paper-sheet feeding apparatus 10 being a sheet supplying apparatus on which paper sheets (sheets) W are piled, the feeder board 11 transporting paper sheets W sent out one by one from the top by a sucking device of the paper-sheet feeding apparatus 10. A swing arm shaft pregripper 12 configured to grip the paper sheet W on the feeder board 11 and swing is disposed for the feeder board 11.

[0022] An impression cylinder 14, which is a so-called triple-size cylinder and which has three grippers arranged at equal intervals in a circumferential direction to be capable of holding and transporting three paper sheets, communicates with the swing arm shaft pregripper 12 via a transfer cylinder 13 and is supported by a frame 23. A gripper similar to the grippers of the impression cylinder 14 is provided in the transfer cylinder 13 and the paper sheets W having been gripped by and received from the swing arm shaft pregripper 12 can be thereby passed to and gripped by the grippers of the impression cylinder 14.

[0023] An intaglio plate cylinder 15, which is a so-called triple-size cylinder and to which three intaglio plates can be attached in a circumferential direction, faces the impression cylinder 14 to be in contact therewith and is supported by the frame 23. An ink collecting cylinder 16, which is a so-called quadruple-size cylinder and to which four rubber blankets can be attached in a circumferential direction, faces the intaglio plates of the intaglio plate cylinder 15 to be in contact therewith and is supported by a frame 24. Five chablon rollers 17, which are each a so-called single cylinder and which have a circumferential length corresponding to the length of the blankets of the impression cylinder 14 and the intaglio plates of the intaglio plate cylinder 15, face the ink collecting cylinder 16 to be in contact therewith and are supported by the frame 24. Inking devices 18 configured to supply inks face the chablon rollers 17 to be in contact therewith, respectively, and are supported by a frame 25. The inking devices 18 are filled respectively with inks different from each other.

[0024] A wiping roller 19 faces the intaglio plates of the intaglio plate cylinder 15 to be in contact therewith. The wiping roller 19 is rotatably supported by a wiping tank 20 and is partially immersed in a cleaning solvent stored in the wiping tank 20 or is sprayed with the cleaning solvent in the wiping tank 20 by using a nozzle.

[0025] Moreover, a delivery cylinder 21 faces the impression cylinder 14 to be in contact therewith. Not-illustrated sprockets of a delivery apparatus (sheet transporting device) 22 are provided coaxially with the delivery cylinder 21. A pair of delivery chains 22b are wound around the sprockets of the delivery apparatus 22 and sprockets 22a. Not-illustrated delivery grippers are provided in the delivery chains 22b. First to third piles 26a to 26c each of which being a sheet discharging apparatus are arranged in a paper-sheet transporting direction, on a downstream side in the travelling direction of the delivery chains 22b.

[0026] The first pile 26a of a front stage and the second pile 26b of a middle stage is used for normal paper sheets and the normal paper sheets are alternately delivered onto pile boards 27a, 27b of the first and second piles 26a, 26b to be piled in multiple stages (for example, ten stages). Meanwhile, the third pile 26c of a rear stage is used for sample paper sheets and wasted paper sheets and the sample paper sheets and the wasted paper sheets are delivered onto pile boards 34 of the third pile 26c to be piled in multiple stages (for example, five stages).

[0027] Meanwhile, a window 24a is formed in the frame 24 on the frame 23 side thereof to allow a worker to enter and exit the printing press from the window 24a.

[0028] In such an intaglio printing press, the paper sheets W sent out one by one from the paper-sheet feeding apparatus 10 onto the feeder board 11 are transported by being passed from the swing arm shaft pregripper 12 to the grippers of the impression cylinder 14 via the transfer cylinder 13 to be gripped by the grippers. Meanwhile, the respective inks of the inking devices 18 are transferred onto the ink collecting cylinder 16 via the chablon rollers 17 and are supplied onto surfaces of the intaglio plates of the intaglio plate cylinder 15 while excessive inks are removed by the wiping roller 19. Then, the inks are transferred and printed onto the paper sheets W by causing the paper sheets W to pass through a portion between the impression cylinder 14 and the intaglio plate cylinder 15. The thus-printed paper sheets W are transported by the delivery chains 22b of the delivery apparatus 22 via the delivery cylinder 21 and are selectively delivered to the first to third piles 26a to 26c.

[0029] Moreover, in the embodiment, as shown in Fig. 2, a first beam sensor 62a (62b), a second beam sensor 63a (63b), a third beam sensor 64a (64b), and a safety bar 66a (66b) are disposed as safety devices in access regions of the first pile 26a and the second pile 26b in the delivery apparatus 22, and are supported by a frame of the delivery apparatus 22 as needed. In the illustrated example, an opening portion on a work side of each of the first pile 26a and the second pile 26b where a piled paper-sheet take-out device 70 to be described later advances and retreats is given as an example of the access region. However, the safety devices can be disposed also in an opening portion on a drive side of the first pile 26a and the second pile 26b where the pile boards 27a (27b) are inserted from a pile board inserting device 71 to be described later and also in an opening portion for maintenance and the like on a rear side of the first pile 26a, as a matter of course. The safety devices can be disposed also in an access region of the third pile 26c, as a matter of course.

[0030] The first beam sensor 62a (62b), the second beam sensor 63a (63b), and the third beam sensor 64a (64b) are provided away from each other at predetermined intervals in an up-down direction. These sensors are, for example, light projecting-receiving type detectors configured to detect an entry of an operator (and operation machines such as the piled paper-sheet take-out device 70) into the access region, and stop drive of a main unit motor 51 (see Fig. 5), i.e. stop the travelling of the delivery chains 22b, upon detecting the entry. However, under a certain condition to be described later, the main unit motor 51 is not stopped even when the entry is detected by the first beam sensor 62a (62b), the second beam sensor 63a (63b), and the third beam sensor 64a (64b).

[0031] The safety bar 66a (66b) is disposed in a fence shape to shield a lateral side of an upper space between the pair of delivery chains 22b of the delivery apparatus 22 and the pile board 27a (27b) located at the uppermost stage of the first pile 26a and the second pile 26b, and is supported to be movable between an entry preventing position at which the entry into the first and second piles 26a, 26b are prevented and an opened position at which the entry into the first and second piles 26a, 26b are allowed. When the safety bar 66a (66b) is manually set at the opened position, safety bar open-close sensors 61a, 61b (see Fig. 5) detects this and stops drive of pile lifting motors 53a, 53b (see Fig. 5) configured to lift and lower the pile boards 27a (27b) by causing endless chains (although the endless changes are not illustrated, refer to the endless chain travelling lines L3 in Fig. 2) in the first pile 26a and the second pile 26b to travel. Note that reference numeral 67a (67b) in Fig. 2 denotes a cover having a L-shaped cross section, and a horizontal plate portion thereof being flush with the pile board 27a (27b) at a board upper limit position (paper-sheet piling position) L2 (see Fig. 3) to be described later allows the cover to shield a lower surface and a side surface of the upper space described above and thus prevent entry into a sheet transporting region in which sheets are transported by the delivery chains 22b and gripper bars (not illustrated).

[0032] In the piled paper-sheet take-out device 70, multiple stages (ten stages, in the illustrated example) of fork members 70c are supported in a pectinate manner by an ascending-descending frame 70b which is supported on a wheeled platform 70a in such a way as to be capable of ascending and descending. The fork members 70c enter into the first pile 26a and the second pile 26b in the descending state of the ascending-descending frame 70b and then the ascending-descending frame 70b slightly ascends. All of the ten stages of pile boards 27a (27b) are thereby passed from the endless chain side in the first pile 26a and the second pile 26b to the fork members 70c supported by the ascending-descending frame 70b. The wheeled platform 70a retreats in this state to the outside of the first pile 26a and the second pile 26b and the take-out (unloading) of the ten stages of pile boards 27a (27b) is thereby made possible. Note that, since the piled paper-sheet take-out device 70 is publicly known in Patent Document 4 and the like, the detailed description thereof is omitted.

[0033]  The pile board inserting device 71 lifts, one by one, the pile boards 27a (27b) stacked on a wheeled platform 71a to the height of a board inserting position L1 (see Fig. 3) of the first pile 26a and the second pile 26b, by using a lifter 71b. Thereafter, the pile board inserting device 71 pushes the pile boards 27a (27b) into the first pile 26a and the second pile 26b by using a pusher 71c and thus passes the pile boards 27a (27b) to the endless chain side in the first pile 26a and the second pile 26b. Note that, since the pile board inserting device 71 is publicly known in Patent Document 5 and the like, the detailed description thereof is omitted.

[0034] Moreover, as shown in Fig. 3, board inserting position detecting sensors 57a, 57b (see Fig. 5) such as limit switches or proximity sensors are provided at the board inserting position L1 which is the inserting position of the pile boards 27a (27b) while board upper limit position detecting sensors 58a, 58b (see Fig. 5) such as limit switches or proximity sensors are provided at the board upper limit position L2 which is the upper limit of the pile boards 27a (27b). Moreover, the set number (set amount) of the paper sheets W to be mounted on each of the pile boards 27a (27b) is counted by a counter 52 (see Fig. 5).

[0035] Accordingly, in the first pile 26a and the second pile 26b, as shown in Fig. 4, when the number of paper sheets W delivered onto the pile board 27a (27b) of the tenth stage reaches the set number with the safety bar 66a (66b) being set at the entry preventing position, the delivery of ten stages is completed and the pile is lowered (see part (a) of Fig. 4), the pile board 27a (27b) of the tenth stage having been lifted to the board upper limit position L2 after being inserted into the pile at the board inserting position L1.

[0036] Then, the pile is lowered by the travelling of the endless chains and the pile board 27a (27b) of the first stage of the next ten stages is inserted into (a board supporting member of) the twelfth stage at the board inserting position L1. In other words, (the board supporting member of) the eleventh stage is made pass without the pile board 27a (27b) being inserted therein (see part (b) of Fig. 4).

[0037] Next, the pile is lifted by the travelling of the endless chains and the pile board 27a (27b) of the twelfth stage is set at the board upper limit position L2 to allow the delivery of the paper sheets. Meanwhile, the safety bar 66a (66b) is set at the opened position to allow the entry of the piled paper-sheet take-out device 70 into the pile and the take-out (unloading) of the ten stages of pile boards 27a (27b) for which the piling is completed is thereby made possible (see part (c) of Fig. 4).

[0038] Such operations are performed alternately for the first pile 26a and the second pile 26b. In the embodiment, the operations can be performed in both of automatic control (operation) and manual control (operation).

[0039] Specifically, as shown in Fig. 5, the control device 50 described above receives a detection signal from the counter 52 and also receives operation signals from manual operation switches 54a, 54b, pile lowering switches 55a, 55b, pile lifting switches 56a, 56b, board inserting switches 59a, 59b, and pile changing switches 60a, 60b for the first pile 26a and the second pile 26b which are provided in a not-illustrated operation panel.

[0040] Similarly, the control device 50 receives detection signals from the safety bar open-close sensors 61a, 61b, the first beam sensors 62a, 62b, the second beam sensors 63a, 63b, and the third beam sensors 64a, 64b, in addition to detection signals from the aforementioned board inserting position detecting sensors 57a, 57b, the board upper limit position detecting sensors 58a, 58b, and paper-sheet height detecting sensors 65a, 65b for the first pile 26a and the second pile 26b.

[0041] Moreover, the control device 50 controls drive of the main unit motor 51 on the basis of various input signals to be described later and also controls drive of the pile lifting motors 53a, 53b of the first pile 26a and the second pile 26b.

[0042] The automatic control (operation) is performed according to the views of steps in the automatic control which are shown in Figs. 6 to 10.

[0043] First, in step (a), when the counter 52 determines that the set number (set amount) of paper sheets W are discharged (piled) on the pile board 27a of the first stage of the first pile 26a, the discharge destination is changed in such a way that the paper sheets W are discharged to the second pile 26b.

[0044]  Next, in step (b), the first pile 26a is lowered by the pile lifting motor 53a while the paper sheets W are discharged onto the pile board 27b of the first stage of the second pile 26b, the pile lifting motor 53a is stopped when the board supporting member of the second stage of the first pile 26a is detected by the board inserting position detecting sensor 57a, and the board supporting member of the second stage is thereby set at the board inserting position L1.

[0045] Subsequently, in step (c), the pile board 27a is inserted into the board supporting member of the second stage of the first pile 26a by the pile board inserting device 71.

[0046] Thereafter, in step (d), the first pile 26a is lifted by the pile lifting motor 53a and the pile board 27a of the second stage of the first pile 26a is thus set at the board upper limit position (paper-sheet piling position) by using the board upper limit position detecting sensor 58a. Then, when the counter 52 determines that the set number (set amount) of paper sheets W are discharged (piled) on the pile board 27b of the first stage of the second pile 26b, the discharge destination is changed in such a way that the paper sheets W are discharged to the first pile 26a.

[0047] Next, in step (e), the second pile 26b is lowered by the pile lifting motor 53b, the pile lifting motor 53b is stopped when the board supporting member of the second stage of the second pile 26b is detected by the board inserting position detecting sensor 57, and the board supporting member of the second stage is thereby set at the board inserting position L1.

[0048] Subsequently, in step (f), the pile board 27a is inserted into the board supporting member of the second stage of the second pile 26a by the pile board inserting device 71.

[0049] Thereafter, in step (g), the second pile 26b is lifted by the pile lifting motor 53a. Then, when the counter 52 determines that the set number (set amount) of paper sheets W are discharged (piled) on the pile board 27b of the second stage of the second pile 26b, the discharge destination is changed in such a way that the paper sheets W are discharged to the first pile 26a.

[0050] Operations described above are performed alternately for the first pile 26a and the second pile 26b and the paper sheets W are thus piled on the pile boards 27a, 27b of the third to ninth stages of the first pile 26a and the second pile 26b.

[0051] Next, in step (h), the paper sheets W are discharged on the pile board 27a of the tenth stage of the first pile 26a.

[0052] Subsequently, in step (i), when the counter 52 determines that the set number (set amount) of paper sheets W are discharged (piled) on the pile board 27a of the tenth stage of the first pile 26a, the discharge destination is changed in such a way that the paper sheets W are discharged to the second pile 26b. Then, a step of taking out (unloading) the ten stages of pile boards 27a of the first pile 26a for which the piling is completed is performed.

[0053]  Specifically, in step (j), during the discharging of the paper sheets W to the second pile 26b, the first pile 26a is lowered by the pile lifting motor 53a, the pile lifting motor 53a is stopped when the board supporting member of the twelfth stage is detected by the board inserting position detecting sensor 57a, and the board supporting member of the second stage is thereby set at the board inserting position L1, the twelfth stage being two stages above the pile board 27a of the tenth stage on which the paper sheets W have been piled.

[0054] Thereafter, in step (k), the pile board 27a is inserted into the board supporting member of the twelfth stage of the first pile 26a by the pile board inserting device 71. In other words, no pile board 27a is inserted into the board supporting member of the eleventh stage.

[0055] Next, in step (1), the first pile 26a is lifted by the pile lifting motor 53a, the pile lifting motor 53a is stopped when the board upper limit position detecting sensor 58a detects the pile board 27a of the twelfth stage of the first pile 26a, and the pile board 27 of the twelfth stage is thereby set at the board upper limit position.

[0056] Subsequently, in step (m), the piled paper-sheet take-out device 70 (wheeled platform 70a) advances to and retreats from the first pile 26a to take out (unload), from the pile, the ten stages of pile boards 27a (27b) for which the piling is completed. Then, when the counter 52 determines that the set number (set amount) of paper sheets W are discharged (piled) on the pile board 27b of the tenth stage of the second pile 26b, the discharge destination is switched in such a way that the paper sheets W are discharged to the first pile 26a.

[0057] Thereafter, in step (n), the second pile 26b is lowered by the pile lifting motor 53b during the discharging of the paper sheets W to the first pile 26a and an operation same as that in step (j) in the first pile 26a is performed also in the second pile 26b.

[0058] Next, in step (o), the pile board 27b is inserted into (the board supporting member of) the twelfth stage of the second pile 26b by the pile board inserting device 71 and an operation same as that in step (k) in the first pile 26a is performed also in the second pile 26b.

[0059] Next, in step (p), the second pile 26b is lifted by the pile lifting motor 53b, the pile lifting motor 53b is stopped when the board upper limit position detecting sensor 58b detects the pile board 27b of the twelfth stage of the second pile 26b, and the pile board 27 of the twelfth stage is thereby set at the board upper limit position. An operation same as that in step (1) in the first pile 26a is thus performed also in the second pile 26b. The take-out (unloading) of the ten stages of pile boards 27a of the first pile 26a for which the piling is completed is performed in a period between stage (m) and stage (p). Note that the machine is stopped unless the take-out (unloading) of the ten stages of pile boards 27a of the first pile 26a for which the piling is completed is performed before the set number of paper sheets W are discharged onto the pile board 27a of the twelfth stage of the first pile 26a in step (p).

[0060] Subsequently, in step (q), the piled paper-sheet take-out device 70 (wheeled platform 70a) advances to and retreats from the second pile 26b to take out (unload), from the pile, the ten stages of pile boards 27b for which piling is completed, and an operation same as that in step (m) in the first pile 26a is performed also in the second pile 26b.

[0061] Next, the flow proceeds to step (r) to step (t) and operations same as those in step (b) to step (d) are performed. Then, the take-out (unloading) of the ten stages of pile boards 27b of the second pile 26b for which the piling is completed is performed in a period between step (q) and step (t). Note that the machine is stopped unless the take-out (unloading) of the ten stages of pile boards 27b of the second pile 26b for which the piling is completed is performed before the set number of paper sheets W are discharged onto the pile board 27b of the twelfth stage of the second pile 26b in step (t).

[0062] Meanwhile, the manual control (operation) is performed according to the operation flow of the manual control which is shown in Figs. 11 to 13.

[0063] First, in step P1, it is judged whether the paper sheets W are currently discharged to one of the first pile 26a and the second pile 26b from which the ten stages of piled paper sheets Ware to be taken out. If yes, the pile changing switch 60a or 60b is operated to change the discharging to a different pile in step P2. Specifically, when the paper sheets W are discharged to the first pile 26a, the pile changing switch 60b for the second pile 26b is operated to change the discharging of the paper sheets W to the second pile 26b and, when the paper sheets W are discharged to the second pile 26b, the pile changing switch 60a for the first pile 26a is operated to change the discharging of the paper sheets W to the first pile 26a. Meanwhile, if no in step P1, the flow directly proceeds to step P3.

[0064] Next, when the manual operation switch 54a or 54b for the first pile 26a or the second pile 26b from which the paper sheets W are to be taken out is turned on in step P3, it is judged in step 4 whether the pile lowering switch 55a or 55b for the first pile 26a or the second pile 26b from which the paper sheets W are to be taken out is turned on. Note that, while each of the pile lowering switches 55a, 55b is operated, the corresponding pile is lowered and the lowering of the pile is stopped when the operation is stopped.

[0065] Subsequently, if yes in step P4, the first pile 26a or the second pile 26b which is the paper-sheet take-out pile is lowered by the pile lifting motor 53a or 53b in step P5. If no, the lowering of the first pile 26a or the second pile 26b which is the paper-sheet take-out pile is stopped in step P6 and the flow returns to step P4.

[0066] Thereafter, it is judged in step P7 whether the board inserting position detecting sensor 57a or 57b is turned on, i. e. whether the board inserting position detecting sensor 57a or 57b has detected the board supporting member one stage above the pile board 27a or 27b of the uppermost stage on which the paper sheets W have been piled. If yes, the lowering of the first pile 26a or the second pile 26b which is the paper-sheet take-out pile is stopped in step P8. If no, the flow returns to step P4.

[0067] Next, it is judged in step P9 whether the pile lowering switch 55a or 55b for the first pile 26a or the second pile 26b from which the paper sheets W are to be taken out is turned on. If yes, the first pile 26a or the second pile 26b which is the paper-sheet take-out pile is lowered by the pile lifting motor 53a or 53b in step P10. If no, the lowering of the first pile 26a or the second pile 26b which is the paper-sheet take-out pile is stopped in step P11 and the flow returns to step P9.

[0068] Subsequently, it is judged in step P12 whether the board inserting position detecting sensor 57a or 57b is turned on. If yes, the lowering of the first pile 26a or the second pile 26b which is the paper-sheet take-out pile is stopped in step P13, i.e. the board supporting member two stages above the pile board 27a or 27b of the uppermost stage on which the paper sheets W have been piled is stopped at the board inserting position L1. If no, the flow returns to step P9.

[0069] Thereafter, when the board inserting switch 59a or 59b on the first pile 26a side or the second pile 26b side which is the paper-sheet take-out pile is turned on in step P14, the pile board 27a or 27b is inserted to the first pile 26a side or the second pile 26b side which is the paper-sheet take-out pile, by the pile board inserting device 71 in step P15. In other words, the pile board 27a or 27b is inserted into (the board supporting member of) a stage that is two stages above the pile board 27a or 27b of the uppermost stage on which the paper sheets W have been piled.

[0070] Next, it is judged in step P16 whether the pile lifting switch 56a or 56b for the first pile 26a or the second pile 26b from which the paper sheets W are to be taken out is turned on. If yes, the first pile 26a or the second pile 26b which is the paper-sheet take-out pile is lifted by the pile lifting motor 53a or 53b in step P17. If no, the lifting of the first pile 26a or the second pile 26b which is the paper-sheet take-out pile is stopped in step P18 and the flow returns to step P16.

[0071] Subsequently, it is judged in step P19 whether the board upper limit position detecting sensor 58a or 58b is turned on. If yes, the lifting of the first pile 26a or the second pile 26b which is the paper-sheet take-out pile is stopped in step P20, i.e. (the board supporting member of) a stage that is two stages above the pile board 27a or 27b of the uppermost stage on which the paper sheets W have been piled is stopped at the board upper limit position L2. If no, the flow returns to step P16.

[0072] Thereafter, in step P21, an instruction to stop the drive device of the printing press given by the first beam sensor 62a or 62b, the second beam sensor 63a or 63b, and the third beam sensor 64a or 64b of the first pile 26a or the second pile 26b which is the paper-sheet take-out pile are ignored (disabled). Then, when light of at least one of the first beam sensor 62a or 62b, the second beam sensor 63a or 63b, and the third beam sensor 64a or 64b is blocked (turned off) in step P22a or the safety bar open-close sensor 61a or 61b is turned off (the safety bar is opened) in step P22b, the drive of the pile lifting motor 53a or 53b is stopped (locked) in step P23.

[0073] Next, in step P24, the piled paper-sheet take-out device 70 (wheeled platform 71a) advances to and retreats from the first pile 26a or the second pile 26b which is the paper-sheet take-out pile and the ten stages of pile boards 27a or 27b for which the piling is completed are taken out (unloaded) from the pile.

[0074] Hereafter, the operations of steps P1 to steps P23 described above are repeated.

[0075] As described above, in the embodiment, when the stacking of paper sheets W onto the ten stages of pile boards 27a or 27b is completed in the first pile 26a or the second pile 26b and the ten stages of pile boards 27a or 27b for which the piling is completed are to be taken out (unloaded) from the pile, the first pile 26a or the second pile 26b is first lowered until the board supporting member two stages above the pile board 27a or 27b of the uppermost stage on which the paper sheets W have been piled reaches the board inserting position L1.

[0076] Next, when the board supporting member two stages above reaches the board inserting position L1, the lowering of the first pile 26a or the second pile 26b is stopped and the pile board 27a or 27b of the first stage (i.e. twelfth stage) on which no paper sheets W are piled yet is inserted to start the piling (delivery) of the paper sheets W for the next ten stages of pile boards 27a or 27b.

[0077] Subsequently, the first pile 26a and the second pile 26b are lifted and the lifting of the first pile 26a or the second pile 26b is stopped when the pile board 27a or 27b of the first stage for which the piling is not performed yet reaches the board upper limit position (paper-sheet piling position) L2. In this state, the ten stages of pile boards 27a or 27b for which the piling is completed are taken out (unloaded) from the pile by using the piled paper-sheet take-out device 70.

[0078] Moreover, in the embodiment, when the pile board 27a or 27b of the first stage for which the piling is not performed yet reaches the board upper limit position (paper-sheet piling position) L2, the instruction to stop the drive device of the printing press given by the first beam sensor 62a or 62b, the second beam sensor 63a or 63b, and the third beam sensor 64a or 64b are automatically ignored (disabled) in the control device 50. In addition, in this state, since no pile board 27a or 27b is inserted in one stage between the pile board 27a or 27b of the first stage for which the piling is not performed yet and the pile board 27a or 27b of the uppermost stage on which the paper sheets W have been piled, the paper sheets W on the pile board 27a or 27b of the uppermost stage do not interfere with the pile board 27a or 27b of the first stage for which the piling is not performed yet, even when the ten stages of pile boards 27a or 27b for which the piling is completed are slightly lifted by (the fork members 70c of) the piled paper-sheet take-out device 70 during the take-out (unloading).

[0079]  This allows the ten stages of pile boards 27a or 27b for which the piling is completed to be smoothly taken out without stopping the drive device (printing press) during the take-out (unloading) thereof. Accordingly, the operation rate of the printing press can be improved.

[0080] Furthermore, when the pile board 27a or 27b of the first stage for which the piling is not performed yet is set at the board upper limit position (paper-sheet piling position) L2, the pile board 27a or 27b can partition the upper space between the delivery chains 22b of the delivery apparatus 22 and the pile board 27a or 27b on the uppermost stage on which the paper sheets W have been piled, and shield the lower surface side (travelling region) of the delivery chains 22b to prevent entry of foreign objects, thereby improving the safety. In the illustrated example, since the pile board 27a or 27b at the board upper limit position (paper-sheet piling position) L2 is flush with the horizontal plate portion of the cover 67a or 67b having the L-shaped cross section and the shielding of a larger area is made possible in the lower surface and the side surface of the upper space, the safety is further improved. Moreover, using a transparent material for the cover 67a or 67b allows viewing through the cover 67a or 67b, and monitoring of the interior is thereby made possible.

[0081] Moreover, when the light of at least one of the first beam sensor 62a or 62b, the second beam sensor 63a or 63b, and the third beam sensor 64a or 64b is blocked or the safety bar 66a or 66b is set at the opened position during the take-out (unloading), the drive of the pile lifting motor 53 or 53b configured to lift and lower the pile boards 27a or 27b is stopped (locked). Accordingly, unintentional lifting and lowering of the pile board 27a or 27b is avoided during the advancing and retreating of the piled paper-sheet take-out device 70 (wheeled platform 70a). Hence, the take-out (unloading) can be safely performed even in a continuous operation of the drive device (printing press). As a matter of course, the safety bar 66a or 66b has a function of preventing an entry into the access regions in times other than the take-out (unloading) and serves as a back-up in a failure or an erroneous operation of the first beam sensor 62a or 62b, the second beam sensor 63a or 63b, and the third beam sensor 64a or 64b.

[0082] Note that the present invention is not limited to the embodiment described above and various changes can be made within the spirit of the present invention, as a matter of course. For example, the number of piles and the number of stages of pile boards can be changed. Moreover, the stage skipped of insertion of the pile board is not limited to one stage and multiple stages may be skipped of insertion.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY



[0083] The sheet discharging apparatus and the sheet discharging method of the present invention can be applied to a so-called special intaglio printing press for printing banknotes, securities, and the like.

EXPLANATION OF THE REFERENCE NUMERALS



[0084] 
10
PAPER-SHEET FEEDING APPARATUS
11
FEEDER BOARD
12
SWING ARM SHAFT PREGRIPPER
13
TRANSFER CYLINDER
14
IMPRESSION CYLINDER
15
PLATE CYLINDER
16
INK COLLECTING CYLINDER
17
CHABLON ROLLER
18
INKING DEVICE
19
WIPING ROLLER
20
WIPING TANK
21
DELIVERY CYLINDER
22
DELIVERY APPARATUS
23, 24, 25
FRAME
24a
WINDOW
26a to 26c
FIRST TO THIRD PILES
27a, 27b
PILE BOARD
34
PILE BOARD
50
CONTROL DEVICE
51
MAIN UNIT MOTOR
52
COUNTER
53a, 53b
PILE LIFTING MOTOR
54a, 54b
MANUAL OPERATION SWITCH
55a, 55b
PILE LOWERING SWITCH
56a, 56b
PILE LIFTING SWITCH
57a, 57b
BOARD INSERTING POSITION DETECTING SENSOR
58a, 58b
BOARD UPPER LIMIT POSITION DETECTING SENSOR
59a, 59b
BOARD INSERTING SWITCH
60a, 60b
PILE CHANGING SWITCH
61a, 61b
SAFETY BAR OPEN-CLOSE SENSOR
62a, 62b
FIRST BEAM SENSOR
63a, 63b
SECOND BEAM SENSOR
64a, 64b
THIRD BEAM SENSOR
66a, 66b
SAFETY BAR
67a, 67b
COVER
70
PILED PAPER-SHEET TAKE-OUT DEVICE
70a
WHEELED PLATFORM
70b
ASCENDING-DESCENDING FRAME
70c
FORK MEMBER
71
PILE BOARD INSERTING DEVICE
71a
WHEELED PLATFORM
71b
LIFTER
71c
PUSHER
L1
BOARD INSERTING POSITION
L2
BOARD UPPER LIMIT POSITION
L3
ENDLESS CHAIN TRAVELLING LINE
W
PAPER SHEET



Claims

1. A sheet discharging apparatus including:

a sheet transporting device configured to transport sheets;

a pile having a plurality of stages of pile boards on which sheets discharged from the sheet transporting device are piled; and

an entry detector configured to detect an entry into the pile and stop the sheet transporting device, characterized in that

the sheet discharging apparatus comprises:

a sheet piling position detector configured to detect that the pile board is set at a sheet piling position; and

a control device configured to disable the stopping of the sheet transporting device due to the detection by the entry detector, on the basis of a detection signal from the sheet piling position detector.


 
2. The sheet discharging apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the sheet piling position of the pile board is a position at which an entry of an operator into the sheet transporting region is prevented.
 
3. The sheet discharging apparatus according to claim 2, characterized in that a cover is provided adjacent to the pile board set at the sheet piling position and the entry of the operator into the sheet transporting region is prevented by the cover and the pile board.
 
4.  The sheet discharging apparatus according to claim 2, characterized in that
the sheet discharging apparatus further comprises:

a safety bar supported to be movable between an entry preventing position at which the entry into the pile is prevented and an opened position at which the entry into the pile is allowed; and

a sensor configured to detect a position of the safety bar, and

the control device controls a pile lifting motor configured to lift and lower the pile boards, on the basis of a detection signal from the sensor.
 
5. A sheet discharging method in a sheet discharging apparatus including:

a sheet transporting device configured to transport sheets;

a pile having a plurality of stages of pile boards on which sheets discharged from the sheet transporting device are piled; and

an entry detector configured to detect an entry into the pile and stop the sheet transporting device, characterized in that

the sheet discharging method comprises the step of detecting that one of the pile boards is set at a sheet piling position and then disabling the stop of the sheet transporting device due to the detection by the entry detector.


 
6. The sheet discharging method according to claim 5, characterized in that
a plurality of the piles are provided in a sheet transporting direction in the apparatus and, when discharging of the sheets onto the pile board of an uppermost stage of one of the piles is completed, discharging of the sheets onto the pile board of an uppermost stage of another one of the piles is performed, and
when the pile boards on which the sheets have been piled are to be taken out from the one pile, the steps of:

lowering the pile boards on which the sheets have been piled;

inserting a pile board into a stage at least two stages above the pile board of the uppermost stage on which the sheets have been piled;

lifting and setting the inserted pile board at the sheet piling position;

detecting that the inserted pile boards is set at the sheet piling position and disabling the stop of the sheet transporting device due to the detection by the entry detector; and

taking out the pile boards on which the sheets have been piled by causing a piled paper-sheet take-out device to advance to and retreat from the apparatus

are performed in this order.
 
7. The sheet discharging method according to claim 5, characterized in that, when the entry detector detects the entry into the apparatus while the drive stopping of the sheet transporting device due to the detection by the entry detector is disabled, drive of a pile lifting motor configured to lift and lower the pile boards is stopped.
 
8. The sheet discharging method according to claim 5, characterized in that, when a sensor detects an opening operation of a safety bar disposed adjacent to the sheet transporting region while the drive stopping of the sheet transporting device due to the detection by the entry detector is disabled, drive of a pile lifting motor configured to lift and lower the pile boards is stopped.
 
9. The sheet discharging method according to claim 5, characterized in that an entry of an operator into a delivery chain travelling region above the pile in the sheet transporting device is prevented by the pile board set at the sheet piling position.
 




Drawing














































REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description