(19)
(11)EP 2 743 123 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
10.05.2017 Bulletin 2017/19

(21)Application number: 11826191.6

(22)Date of filing:  10.08.2011
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B60N 2/72(2006.01)
B60N 2/70(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2011/068319
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/021495 (14.02.2013 Gazette  2013/07)

(54)

VEHICLE SEAT

FAHRZEUGSITZ

SIÈGE DE VÉHICULE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
18.06.2014 Bulletin 2014/25

(73)Proprietor: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
Toyota-shi, Aichi-ken, 471-8571 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • TAKEUCHI, Eishi
    Toyota-shi, Aichi-ken, 471-8571 (JP)
  • KATOH, Kohshi
    Toyota-shi, Aichi-ken, 471-8571 (JP)
  • TANAKA, Shunsuke
    Toyota-shi, Aichi-ken, 471-8571 (JP)

(74)Representative: Winter, Brandl, Fürniss, Hübner, Röss, Kaiser, Polte - Partnerschaft mbB 
Patent- und Rechtsanwaltskanzlei Alois-Steinecker-Strasse 22
85354 Freising
85354 Freising (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2011/041649
JP-A- 60 207 613
JP-Y1- 29 010 647
US-A- 2 657 740
DE-A1-102006 058 703
JP-U- H01 170 032
JP-Y1- 46 035 000
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a vehicle seat in which S springs are stretched in a seating portion.

    Background Art



    [0002] 

    Patent Literature 1 discloses a vehicle seat in which S springs are stretched in a leaf spring that is installed in a seat frame. This vehicle seat changes a cushion property of a seat cushion in conformity to body weight of a passenger who sits on the vehicle seat, and allows the leaf spring to rotate with respect to a seat cushion frame, and changes section modulus of the leaf spring in response to a rotational position.

    Patent Literature 2 discloses a vehicle seat in accordance with the preamble of claim 1. The vehicle seat disclosed in Patent Literature 2 comprises a plurality of springs each made of steel wire bent to a sinuous or corrugate shape and extending longitudinally between a front and rear rail of a seat frame. The vehicle seat further comprises auxiliary tension members each formed of a relatively stiff wire and comprising a straight elongated intermediate body portion of a length sufficient to span a number of convolutions of a respective on of the springs, and retaining parts extending bodily in opposite directions from opposite ends of the body portion.


    Citation List


    Patent Literature



    [0003] 

    [Patent Literature 1] Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2007-021063

    [Patent Literature 2 ] US Patent No. 2 657 740


    Summary of Invention


    Technical Problem



    [0004] The vehicle seat disclosed in Patent Literature 1 has a problem in that a structure thereof becomes complicated. The vehicle seat disclosed in Patent Literature 2 has the auxiliary tension members which are each formed of stiff wire and comprise each a straight elongated intermediate body portion spanning a number of convolutions of a respective spring. Thus, each auxiliary tension member has a rather rigid structure and a fixed, invariable length. Such rigid structure restricts the possibilities of positioning each auxiliary tension member in a longitudinal direction between the front and rear rail of the seat frame. Therefore, there is still room for improvement in a seating property of the vehicle seat.

    [0005] Therefore, an object of the invention is to provide a vehicle seat that is capable of changing a spring property of S springs with a simple configuration which is less restricted in terms of positioning as compared to the above discussed prior art.

    Solution to Problem



    [0006] This object is solved by a vehicle seat in accordance with claim 1. According to the invention, there is provided a vehicle seat in which S springs are stretched in a seating portion. Each S spring includes vertical portions that extend in a stretching direction of the S spring and horizontal portions that extend in a direction orthogonal to the stretching direction of the S spring. The vehicle seat further includes a restriction means which is detachably attached to the S springs for partially restricting an extensional deformation of the S springs. The restriction means includes a long member and two or more locking portions that are attached to the long member and are locked on a horizontal portion. The long member is wrapped around the back-side shaft. In addition, the long member may have non-elasticity, or may have an extensional rigidity higher than that of the S spring.

    [0007] The property of the S springs is expressed by bending rigidity and extensional rigidity, but according to the vehicle seat related to the invention, the extensional rigidity of the S spring may be raised by partially restricting the extensional deformation of the S spring using the restriction means. In addition, since the extensional rigidity of the S spring is changed by attaching or detaching this restriction means to change an elastic deformation restriction length in the S spring, the property of the S spring may be changed. In this manner, according to the device for a vehicle related to the invention, the property of the S spring may be changed by the restriction means with a simple configuration that partially restricts the extensional deformation of the S spring. Furthermore, when the property of the S spring is changed in response to a physique or preference of a passenger, a seating property may be improved.

    [0008] In addition, according to the above configuration, the locking of the restriction means with respect to the S spring may be easily performed. Furthermore, when a position of the S spring on which the locking portions are locked, a length of the long member, the locking portions that are locked on the S spring, or the like is changed, the extensional deformation restriction length in the S spring may be easily changed.

    [0009] In addition, when the extensional deformation of the back-end portion of the S spring in the front-back direction of the vehicle is restricted, the rigidity of the back-end portion of the S spring may be raised. Due to this, the falling down of the waist of the passenger who sits on the seat toward a back side is suppressed and therefore the posture-collapsing of the passenger is suppressed.

    Advantageous Effects of Invention



    [0010] According to this invention, since the property of the S spring may be changed with a simple configuration, the seating property may be improved by changing the property of the S spring in response to a physique of the passenger.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0011] 

    Fig. 1 is a partial perspective view illustrating an inner structure of a vehicle seat according to an embodiment.

    Fig. 2 is a partially enlarged view of the vehicle seat shown in Fig. 1.

    Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along line III-III shown in Fig. 2.

    Fig. 4 is a side view of a restriction member.

    Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a state in which a locking position of the restriction member is changed with respect to a state shown in Fig. 3.

    Fig. 6 is a view illustrating an ideal F-S curve of the vehicle seat.

    Fig. 7 is a side view illustrating a state immediately before a passenger sits on the vehicle seat.

    Fig. 8 is a side view illustrating a state in which the passenger sits on the vehicle seat.

    Fig. 9 is a side view illustrating a state in which a vertically downward external force is applied to the passenger who sits on the vehicle seat.

    Fig. 10 is a view illustrating ideal F-S curves of the vehicle seat, which are required by passengers having body weights different as each other.

    Fig. 11 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a state in which a back-end portion of an S spring and a wire portion of the restriction member are substituted with each other with respect to a state shown in Fig. 5.

    Fig. 12 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a state, not according to the present invention, in which the restriction member is locked on a central portion of the S spring.

    Fig. 13 is a side view illustrating the restriction member to which three wire hook portions are attached.


    Description of Embodiments



    [0012] Hereinafter, an embodiment of a vehicle seat according to the invention will be described with reference the attached drawings. In addition, in respective drawings, like reference numerals will be given to like parts having substantially same functions, and redundant description thereof will be omitted.

    [0013] The vehicle seat according to this embodiment is a seat which is mounted in a vehicle and on which a passenger inside the vehicle sits. Therefore, a front-back direction, a vertical direction, and a crosswise direction of the vehicle seat are the same as a front-back direction, a vertical direction, and a crosswise direction of the vehicle.

    [0014] Fig. 1 shows a partial perspective view illustrating an inner structure of the vehicle seat according to the embodiment. Fig. 2 shows a partially enlarged view of the vehicle seat shown in Fig. 1. Fig. 3 shows a cross-sectional view taken along line III-III shown in Fig. 2. As shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, the vehicle seat 1 according to this embodiment is provided with a seating portion 2 in which a cushion property (bending property) of a seat cushion may be changed.

    [0015] The seating portion 2 includes a pair of left and right seat frames 3a and 3b that make up a skeleton of the vehicle seat 1, a sheet-shaped front-side shaft 4 that is connected to a front end portion of each of the seat frames 3a and 3b, a circular tube-shaped back-side shaft 5 that is connected to a back-end portion of each of the seat frames 3a and 3b, a plurality of S springs 6 that are stretched to the front-side shaft 4 and the back-side shaft 5 and extend in a front-back direction of the vehicle seat 1, and a restriction member 13 that restricts the extensional deformation of the S springs 6. In addition, the seat frames 3a and 3b, the front-side shaft 4, and the back-side shaft 5 make up a seat cushion frame that supports a seat cushion (not shown).

    [0016] The S springs 6 are formed in a substantial S-shape by bending a linear member such as a steel wire. Specifically, in each of the S springs 6, a vertical portion 7 that extends in the front-back direction of the vehicle seat 1, which is the stretching direction of the S spring 6, and a horizontal portion 8 that extends in a crosswise direction of the vehicle seat 1, which is a direction orthogonal to the stretching direction of the S spring 6, are alternately connected to each other with a predetermined pitch. That is, the S spring 6 is formed in a substantial S-shape in a top plan view of the vehicle seat 1, and is formed in a line shape of a straight line or a curve in a side plan view of the vehicle seat 1. Therefore, a bending property of the S spring 6 is expressed by bending rigidity (bending property) and tensile rigidity (tensile property). In addition, in this embodiment, the horizontal portion 8, which is disposed at the most back side of the vehicle seat 1, is indicated as a horizontal portion 8a, and the horizontal portion 8, which is disposed at a front side of the horizontal portion 8a in regard to one vehicle seat 1, is indicated as a horizontal portion 8b. In addition, the stretching direction of the S spring 6 is a direction in which the S spring 6 is stretched and an extension direction of the entirety of the S springs 6.

    [0017] A back-end portion 9 of the S spring 6 is formed in a hook shape that is capable of being locked on the back-side shaft 5 by bending a linear member. Specifically, the back-end portion 9 of the S spring 6 includes a pair of hook portions 10 and 11 that are curved in an arc shape along an outer circumferential surface of the back-side shaft 5 and are hooked on the back-side shaft 5, and a back-end portion 9 that is connected to the front end of each of the pair of hook portions 10 and 11 and extends in the crosswise direction of the vehicle seat 1, which is a direction orthogonal to the stretching direction of the S spring 6. In addition, one hook portion 10 is connected to the vertical portion 7 and the other hook portion 11 becomes a free end. Therefore, when the pair of hook portions 10 and 11 is hooked on the back-side shaft 5, the S spring 6 may be locked on the back-side shaft 5.

    [0018] In addition, a description with respect to a specific connecting structure between the front-end portion of the S spring 6 and the front-side shaft 4 is omitted, but the front-end portion of the S spring 6 may be connected to the front-side shaft 4 with various known methods such as hooking and welding.

    [0019] Fig. 4 shows a side view of the restriction member. As shown in Fig. 4, the restriction member 13 includes a pair of wire hook portions 15 and 16, and a long wire portion 14 that connects the one wire hook portion 15 and the other wire hook portion 16.

    [0020] The wire hook portions 15 and 16 are members that are hooked on the horizontal portion 8 and the back-end horizontal portion 12 of the S spring 6. That is, the wire hook portions 15 and 16 are detachably locked with respect to the horizontal portion 8 and the back-end horizontal portion 12 of the S spring 6. In addition, the wire hook portions 15 and 16 may have arbitrary shape as long as these may be locked on the horizontal portion 8 and the back-end horizontal portion 12 of the S spring 6, and for example, may be formed in various shapes such as a U-shape and a V-shape.

    [0021] The wire portion 14 has low bending rigidity. The bending rigidity is a parameter indicating a difficult-to-bend property, and the lower the bending rigidity is, the more easily the wire portion 14 is bent. In addition, the wire portion 14 has high extensional rigidity. The extensional rigidity is a parameter indicating a difficult-to-extend property, and the higher the extensional rigidity is, the more difficult the wire portion 14 extends. As described above, since the wire portion 14 restricts the extensional deformation of the S spring 6, it is preferable that the wire portion 14 have non-elasticity. However, it is not necessary for the wire portion 14 to have the non-elasticity, and the wire portion 14 may at least have extensional rigidity higher than that of the S spring 6. In addition, as the wire portion 14, a steel wire that is in general circulation may be used from an economical aspect. However, the shape of the wire portion 14 is not limited, and for example, the wire portion 14 may be formed in various shapes such as a linear shape and a tape shape.

    [0022] In addition, when the wire hook portions 15 and 16 are hooked on the horizontal portion 8 and the back-end horizontal portion 12 of the S spring 6 in a manner that the wire portion 14 does not become loose, the extensional deformation of the S spring 6 may be partially restricted.

    [0023] At this time, the restriction member 13 is locked on the S spring 6 in a state in which the wire hook portions 15 and 16 are hooked on the horizontal portion 8 and the back-end horizontal portion 12 of the S spring 6 in a simple manner. Therefore, the extensional deformation restriction position and length in the S spring 6 may be changed by detaching the wire hook portions 15 and 16 from the horizontal portion 8 and the back-end horizontal portion 12 of the S spring 6 or by reinstalling the detached wire hook portions 15 and 16 to another horizontal portion 8 and the back-end horizontal portion 12 of the S spring 6.

    [0024] A method of changing the extensional deformation restriction position and length in the S spring 6 will be described with reference to Figs. 3 and 5. Fig. 5 shows a cross-sectional view illustrating a state in which a locking position of the restriction member is changed with respect to a state shown in Fig. 3.

    [0025] First, as shown in Fig. 3, the one wire hook portion 15 is hooked on the horizontal portion 8a, and then the wire portion 14 is wrapped around the back-side shaft 5, and then the other wire hook portion 16 is hooked on the horizontal portion 8a. In this manner, the extensional deformation of the S spring 6 is restricted by the restriction member 13 in a range L1 from the horizontal portion 8a to the back-end horizontal portion 12.

    [0026] At this time, when a load is applied to the S spring 6, the back-end horizontal portion 12 locked on the back-end shaft 5 is pressed onto the back-shaft 5 side by the wire portion 14, which is wrapped around the back-side shaft 5, of the restriction member 13. Therefore, even when a large load is applied to the S spring 6 and the S spring 6 is largely bent, the S spring 6 doesn't drop out from the back-side shaft 5.

    [0027] In this state, when changing the extension deformation restriction position and length in the S spring 6, first, the wire hook portions 15 and 16 are detached from the horizontal portion 8a. In this manner, the restriction against the extensional deformation of the S spring 6 due to the restriction member 13 is released.

    [0028] In addition, as shown in Fig. 5, the one wire hook portion 15 is hooked on the back-end horizontal portion 12, and then the wire portion 14 is wrapped around the back-side shaft 5 at a portion thereof that is opposite to the hook portions 10 and 11 of the S spring 6, and the other hook portion 16 is hooked on the horizontal portion 8b. In this manner, the extensional deformation of the S spring 6 is restricted by the restriction member 13 in a range L2 from the horizontal portion 8b to the back-end horizontal portion 12.

    [0029] At this time, when a load is applied to the S spring 6, the back-end horizontal portion 12 locked on the back-side shaft 5 is pulled to a portion of the back-side shaft 5, which is opposite to the hook portions 10 and 11 of the S spring 6, by the restriction member 13. Therefore, even when a large load is applied to the S spring 6 and the S spring 6 is largely bent, the S spring 6 doesn't drop out from the back-side shaft 5.

    [0030] In addition, in this embodiment, it is preferable that the bending position of the S spring 6 be set so that the state shown in Fig. 3 and the state shown in Fig. 5 may be realized using one restriction member 13. In addition, in a case where the state shown in Fig. 3 and the state shown in Fig. 5 may not be realized using one restriction member 13, the state shown in Fig. 3 and the state shown in Fig. 5 may be realized using restriction members 13 having lengths different from each other.

    [0031] Here, a bending property of the vehicle seat 1 will be described with reference to Fig. 6 to Fig. 9. Fig. 6 shows a view illustrating an ideal F-S curve of the vehicle seat. Fig. 7 shows a side view illustrating a state immediately before a passenger sits down on the vehicle seat. Fig. 8 shows a side view illustrating a state in which the passenger sits down on the vehicle seat. Fig. 9 shows a side view illustrating a state in which a vertically downward external force is applied to the passenger who sits on the vehicle seat. In Fig. 7 to Fig. 9, for easy understanding, a seat cushion 17 that is mounted on the S springs 6 and is formed of urethane or the like is illustrated, and the restriction member 13 is not shown.

    [0032] In general, in a case where the S spring 6 is made to be excessively soft so as to improve riding comfort during normal driving when a vertically downward external force is applied to the passenger, the passenger sinks into the seating portion 2 excessively. On the other hand, in a case where the S spring 6 is made to be excessively hard in order for the passenger not to sink into the seating portion 2 excessively when the vertically downward external force is applied to the passenger, riding comfort during normal driving is deteriorated. Therefore, as shown in Fig. 6, it is preferable that in a load range (1) of the passenger during normal driving, the S spring 6 be made to have a soft property, and in a load range (2) exceeding the load range of the passenger during normal driving, the S spring 6 be made to have a hard property.

    [0033] As described above, the bending property of the S spring 6 is expressed by bending rigidity (bending property) and tensile rigidity (tensile property). However, as shown in Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, in an initial state in which the load of the passenger is applied to the seating portion 2, since a bending amount of the S spring 6 is small, the bending rigidity of the S spring 6 is mainly utilized. On the other hand, as shown in Fig. 8, when the vertically downward external force is applied to the passenger, since the bending amount of the S spring 6 increases, the extensional rigidity of the S spring is mainly utilized. In addition, when the extensional deformation of the S spring 6 is partially restricted due to the restriction member 13, since the entire length of the S spring 6 in which the S spring may extend becomes shorter, the tensile rigidity of the S spring 6 may be raised.

    [0034] Therefore, in this embodiment, the bending rigidity of the S spring 6 is set to be low and the extensional deformation of the S spring 6 may be partially restricted by the restriction member 13. Therefore, during normal driving, the bending rigidity of the S spring 6 is mainly utilized and therefore the seating portion 2 becomes soft and riding comport is good. On the other hand, when the vertically downward external force is applied to the passenger, the extensional rigidity of the S spring 6 is mainly utilized, and therefore the seating portion 2 becomes hard and the excessive sinking of the passenger on the seating portion 2 is suppressed.

    [0035] In this manner, according to the vehicle seat 1 related to this embodiment, even when the riding comfort is improved by lowering the bending rigidity of the S spring 6, the extensional deformation of the S spring 6 is restricted by the restriction member 13 and therefore the S spring 6 may be set to have a property shown in Fig. 5.

    [0036] However, even when the S spring 6 is set to have a property shown in Fig. 5, when a passenger is changed, the riding comfort that is required is also changed, and when a body weight (body type) of the passenger who sits on the seat is changed, a load applied to the seating portion 2 is also changed. Therefore, it is preferable that the property of the S spring 6 be changed in response to the passenger who sits on the vehicle seat.

    [0037] Fig. 10 shows a view illustrating ideal F-S curves of the vehicle seat, which are required by passengers having body weights different as each other. With a passenger having a heavy body weight, the sinking amount on the seating portion 2 becomes larger than that of a passenger having a light body weight. Therefore, as shown in Fig. 10, in a case where a passenger having a heavy body weight sits on the vehicle seat, it is preferable that the S spring 6 be made to be hard compared to a case in which a passenger having a light body weight sits on the vehicle seat. Particularly, in a case where the vertically downward external force is applied to a passenger, since the sinking amount of the passenger on the seating portion 2 increases compared to normal driving, when a passenger having a heavy body weight sits on the seat, it is preferable that the S spring 6 be made to be significantly harder compared to a case where a passenger having a light body weight sits on the seat. In addition, in Fig. 10, a line α indicates an ideal F-S curve of the vehicle seat, which is required by a passenger having a heavy body weight, and a line β indicates an ideal F-S curve of the vehicle seat, which is required by a passenger having a light body weight.

    [0038] Therefore, in the vehicle seat 1 according to this embodiment, the property of the S spring 6 may be changed as shown in Fig. 10 by changing a position at which the wire hook portions 15 and 16 of the restriction member 13 are hooked on the horizontal portion 8 and the back-end horizontal portion 12 of the S spring 6.

    [0039] That is, as shown in Fig. 3, when the restriction member 13 is locked on the S spring 6, the S spring 6 extends at a portion excluding the range L1 from the horizontal portion 8a to the back-end horizontal portion 12. Therefore, the extensional rigidity of the S spring 6 is determined by a dimension obtained by excluding L1 from the entire length of the S spring 6.

    [0040] On the other hand, as shown in Fig. 5, when the restriction member 13 is locked on the S spring 6, the S spring 6 extends at a portion excluding the range L2 from the horizontal portion 8b to the back-end horizontal portion 12. Therefore, the extensional rigidity of the S spring 6 is determined by a dimension obtained by excluding L2 from the entire length of the S spring 6.

    [0041] In this manner, even when the bending rigidity of the S spring 6 itself is the same in each case, the bending rigidity of the S spring 6 may be changed by changing the extensional deformation restriction length in the S spring 6 by the restriction member 13. Therefore, as shown in Fig. 10, the bending property of the S spring 6 may be changed in response to a passenger who sits on the vehicle seat.

    [0042] As described above, according to the vehicle seat 1 related to this embodiment, the extensional rigidity of the S spring 6 may be raised by partially restricting the extensional deformation of the S spring by the restriction member 13. In addition, since the extensional rigidity of the S spring 6 is changed by changing the extensional deformation restriction length in the S spring by attaching or detaching the restriction member 13, the bending property of the S spring may be changed. In this manner, according to the vehicle seat 1 related to this embodiment, the bending property of the S spring 6 may be changed by the restriction member 13 with a simple configuration that partially restricts the extensional deformation of the S spring 6. In addition, the bending property of the S spring is changed in response to a physique or preference of the passenger, such that a seating property may be improve.

    [0043] Specifically, since the restriction member 13 may partially restrict the extensional deformation of the S spring by hooking the wire hook portions 15 and 16 on the horizontal portion 8 and the back-end horizontal portion 12, respectively, the locking of the restriction member 13 with respect to the S spring 6 may be easily performed. Furthermore, the extensional deformation restriction length in the S spring 6 may be easily changed by changing the position of the horizontal portion 8 and the back-end horizontal portion 12 that lock the wire hook portions 15 and 16 and the length of the wire portion 14.

    [0044] Furthermore, when the extensional deformation of the back-end portion of the S spring 6 in the front-back direction of the vehicle is restricted, the rigidity of the back-end portion of the S spring 6 may be raised. Due to this, the falling down of the waist of the passenger who sits on the seat toward a back side is suppressed and therefore the posture-collapsing of the passenger is suppressed. That is, the lumbar vertebrae is disposed at a back side in relation to the ischium, such that when the rigidity of the back-end portion of the seating portion 2 in the front-back direction of the vehicle is low, the lumbar vertebrae rotates and collapses about the ischium. In this case, the S-shape of the vertebra is collapsed, resulting in a so-called bent-back posture. Contrary to this, when the rigidity of the back-end portion of the seating portion 2 in the front-back direction of the vehicle is high, the collapsing of the lumbar vertebrae about the ischium is suppressed, and therefore the S-shape of the vertebra may be easily maintained.

    [0045] Hereinbefore, a preferred embodiment of the invention has been described, but the invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment.

    [0046] For example, in the above-described embodiment, as shown in Fig. 5, the back-end portion 9 of the S spring 6 is locked from an upper side of the back-side shaft 5, and the wire portion 14 of the restriction member 13 is wrapped around a lower side of the back-side shaft 5, but as shown in Fig. 11, the back-end portion 9 of the S spring 6 may be locked from the lower side of the back-side shaft 5, and the wire portion 14 of the restriction member 13 may be wrapped around the upper side of the back-side shaft 5.

    [0047] In addition, in the above-described embodiment, a description has been given with respect to an example in which the wire hook portions 15 and 16 are attached to both ends of the restriction member 13, respectively, but the number of the wire hook portions that are attached to the restriction member 13 is not limited as long as the number is two or more. For example, like a restriction member 23 shown in Fig. 13, three wire hook portions 25, 26, and 27 may be attached to both ends and an intermediate portion of a wire portion 24. In this manner, when three or more wire hook portions are attached, the wire hook portions that are attached to the horizontal portion 8 and the back-end horizontal portion 12 of the S spring 6 may be selected. According to this configuration, the extensional deformation restriction length in the S spring may be changed with various manners by one restriction member.

    Industrial Applicability



    [0048] The invention may be used as a vehicle seat mounted in a vehicle.

    Reference Signs List



    [0049] 
    1
    Vehicle seat
    2
    Seating portion
    3a, 3b
    Seat frame (Seat cushion frame)
    4
    Front-side shaft (Seat cushion frame)
    5
    Back-side shaft (Seat cushion frame)
    6
    S spring
    7
    Vertical portion
    8
    Horizontal portion
    8a
    Horizontal portion
    8b
    Horizontal portion
    9
    Back-end portion
    10, 11
    Hook portion
    12
    Back-end horizontal portion
    13
    Restriction member (Restriction means)
    14
    Wire portion (Long member)
    15, 16
    Wire hook portion (Locking portion)
    17
    Seat cushion
    23
    Restriction member
    24
    Wire portion (Long member)
    25, 26, 27
    Wire hook portion (Locking portion)



    Claims

    1. A vehicle seat (1) in which S springs (6) are stretched to a front-side shaft (4) and a back-side shaft (5) of a seating portion (2) in a front-back direction of a vehicle, wherein each of the S springs (6) includes vertical portions (7) that extend in a stretching direction of the S spring (6), and horizontal portions (8, 8a, 8b, 12) that extend in a direction orthogonal to the stretching direction of the S spring (6), the vehicle seat (1) further comprising:

    a restriction means (13) which is detachably attached to a respective one of the S springs (6) for partially restricting an extensional deformation of the S spring (6),

    wherein the restriction means (13) includes

    a long member (14) and

    two or more locking portions (15, 16; 25, 26, 27) that are each attached to the long member (14) and are each detachably locked on a horizontal portion (8, 8a, 8b, 12),

    wherein the restriction means (13) restricts the extensional deformation of a back-end portion of the S spring (6) in a front-back direction of the vehicle, characterized in that

    the long member (14) is wrapped around the back-side shaft (5).


     
    2. The vehicle seat (1) according to claim 1,

    wherein the long member (14) has non-elasticity.


     
    3. The vehicle seat (1) according to claim 1,

    wherein the long member (14) has extensional rigidity higher than that of the S spring (6).


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Fahrzeugsitz (1), bei dem S-förmige Federn (6) zwischen einer vorderen Achse (4) und einer hinteren Achse (5) eines Sitzabschnitts (2) in Vorne-/Hinten-Richtung eines Fahrzeugs gespannt sind, wobei jede der S-förmigen Federn (6) vertikale Abschnitte (7), die sich in Spannrichtung der S-förmigen Feder (6) erstrecken, und horizontale Abschnitte (8, 8a, 8b, 12) aufweist, die sich in einer zur Spannrichtung der S-förmige Feder (6) senkrechten Richtung erstrecken, wobei der Fahrzeugsitz (1) zusätzlich aufweist:

    eine Beschränkungseinrichtung (13), die an der jeweiligen der S-förmigen Federn (6) lösbar befestigt ist, um eine Ausdehnung der S-förmigen Feder (6) teilweise zu beschränken,

    wobei die Beschränkungseinrichtung (13) aufweist:

    ein längliches Element (14) und

    zwei oder mehrere Verriegelungsabschnitte (15, 16; 25, 26, 27), die jeweils am länglichen Element (14) befestigt und jeweils lösbar an einem horizontalen Abschnitt (8, 8a, 8b, 12) verriegelt sind,

    wobei die

    Beschränkungseinrichtung (13) die Ausdehnung eines Endabschnitts der S-förmigen Feder (6) in Vorne-/Hinten-Richtung des Fahrzeugs beschränkt, und dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass

    das längliche Element (14) um die hintere Achse (5) gewickelt ist.


     
    2. Fahrzeugsitz (1) nach Anspruch 1,

    wobei das längliche Element (14) unelastisch ist.


     
    3. Fahrzeugsitz (1) nach Anspruch 1,

    wobei das längliche Element (14) eine höhere Dehnsteifigkeit als die S-förmige Feder (6) hat.


     


    Revendications

    1. Siège de véhicule (1) dans lequel des ressorts en forme de S (6) sont tendus vers un arbre du côté avant (4) et un arbre du côté arrière (5) d'une partie d'assise (2) dans une direction avant-arrière d'un véhicule, dans lequel chacun des ressorts en forme de S (6) comprend des parties verticales (7) qui s'étendent dans une direction de tension du ressort en forme de S (6), et des parties horizontales (8, 8a, 8b, 12) qui s'étendent dans une direction orthogonale à la direction de tension du ressort en forme de S (6), le siège de véhicule (1) comprenant en outre :

    un moyen de restriction (13) qui est fixé de manière détachable à un ressort respectif des ressorts en forme de S (6) pour limiter partiellement une déformation d'extension du ressort en forme de S (6),

    dans lequel le moyen de restriction (13) comprend :

    un élément long (14), et

    deux parties de verrouillage (15, 16 ; 25, 26, 27) ou plus qui sont chacune fixées à l'élément long (14) et sont chacune verrouillées de manière détachable sur une partie horizontale (8, 8a, 8b, 12),

    dans lequel le moyen de restriction (13) limite la déformation d'extension d'une partie d'extrémité arrière du ressort en forme de S (6) dans une direction avant-arrière du véhicule, caractérisé en ce que :

    l'élément long (14) est enroulé autour de l'arbre du côté arrière (5).


     
    2. Siège de véhicule (1) selon la revendication 1,
    dans lequel l'élément long (14) ne présente pas d'élasticité.
     
    3. Siège de véhicule (1) selon la revendication 1,
    dans lequel l'élément long (14) présente une rigidité d'extension supérieure à celle du ressort en forme de S (6).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description