(19)
(11)EP 2 745 988 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.11.2019 Bulletin 2019/48

(21)Application number: 13197877.7

(22)Date of filing:  17.12.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B25B 21/00  (2006.01)
B25F 5/00  (2006.01)
B25B 23/14  (2006.01)

(54)

Hand-Held Power Tool with Torque Limiting Unit

Handwerkzeugmaschine mit Drehmomentbegrenzereinheit

Outil électrique à main avec unité de limitation de couple


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 20.12.2012 US 201261739767 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
25.06.2014 Bulletin 2014/26

(73)Proprietor: Black & Decker Inc.
Newark, Delaware 19711 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • Parks, James R
    White Hall, MD Maryland 21161 (US)

(74)Representative: SBD IPAdmin 
270 Bath Road
Slough, Berkshire SL1 4DX
Slough, Berkshire SL1 4DX (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 824 643
EP-A2- 2 008 746
DE-A1-102004 058 808
EP-A1- 1 935 569
DE-A1-102004 058 807
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present application derives priority under 35 USC § 119(e) from US Provisional Application No. 61/739,767, filed on December 20, 2012.

    [0002] The present invention relates to a power tool and particularly to hand-held power tools with torque limiting units.

    [0003] Hand-held power tools, such as cordless screwdrivers, cordless drills or cordless impact drills have a high amount of drive torque. Limiting this torque is desirable for many applications. Adjustable torque limitation makes it possible, e.g., to screw a number of screws into a work piece with the same level of screw-down torque; a torque-limiting unit disengages as soon as the screws apply a certain level of torque resistance to the motor output shaft. The operator can adjust the torque-limiting unit according to the maximum torque required for the task at hand. A hand-held power tool with torque limitation of the type described above is made known in DE 103 09 057 A1.

    [0004] Another hand-held power tool with a torque limiting unit is described in US Patent No. 7,455,123, and is fully incorporated in its entirety by reference. As described therein, the torque limiting unit has springs 26, 28 of different spring characteristics, i.e., using different spring rates, widths, lengths and/or stiffness. Requiring such different springs is costly as it is necessary to maintain a full inventory of different springs. It also makes assembly of the power tool difficult, as the assembler has to ensure each spring has been installed correctly in each place. Therefore, the likelihood of manufacturing defects is increased.

    [0005] EP1824643, DE102004058808 and DE102004058807 disclose a hand held power tool in accordance with the pre-characterising portion of claim 1.

    [0006] Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a hand-held power tool with a torque-limiting unit, which is a further improvement of the existing hand-held power tools.

    [0007] Accordingly, there is provided a hand held power tool in accordance with claim 1.

    [0008] The present invention is directed to a hand-held power tool with a torque-limiting unit with which a maximum torque transferred from a motor output shaft to a tool driver is adjustable by an operator, the torque-limiting unit including a spring system. The spring system uses a set of similar springs having substantially similar characteristics.

    [0009] In this manner a non-linear spring characteristic curve of the spring system can be obtained using simple spring elements without requiring different types of spring elements. As a result, a maximum torque can be easily set in a range of small torques very precisely and over a broad torque range. Typically, an adjustable maximum torque is between 1 Nm and 15 Nm, e.g., to quickly drive screws into wood without damaging the screws or the wood.

    [0010] A particularly comfortable adjustment of the maximum torque can be obtained when the maximum torque can be set very precisely in a range of small torques, e.g., up to 5 Nm. To this end, the spring system can have a spring characteristic curve in this range that is flatter than it is in the range of greater torques, in which the maximum torque can be adjusted less precisely. A different action of the spring elements can be achieved when the spring elements are located such that they are staggered in terms of their direction of motion. When the spring system is actuated, for example, only a few spring elements are actuated at first, followed by all spring elements.

    [0011] A particularly simple assembly and compact design of the hand-held power tool can be achieved when the spring elements have the same elasticity. By holding the spring elements in different positions, the identical springs would effectively have different spring characteristic curves, e.g, different spring rates or levels of stiffness.

    FIG. 1 shows a front part of a cordless screwdriver with a torque-limiting unit and an overload clutch, in an exploded view, and

    FIG. 2 shows the front part of FIG. 1 in a sectional view.



    [0012] FIGS. 1 and 2 show a front part of a hand-held power tool designed as a cordless screwdriver, in an exploded view (FIG. 1) and a sectional illustration (FIG. 2).

    [0013] The hand-held power tool includes a torque-limiting unit 2, a motor output shaft 4, and a tool driver 6. To drive tool driver 6, torque from motor output shaft 4 is transferred to three-stage planetary gearing that includes planet gears 8 that therefore rotate on their axes. Planet gears 8 are supported on a planet carrier 10 that, in the normal working mode, is fixedly connected with a housing 12 of the hand-held power tool. Planet gears 8 drive an internal gear 14, the inner toothing of which encompasses a driving element 16 and drives it. Driving element 16 drives a star wheel 18, and star wheel 16 drives tool driver 6 via a square socket.

    [0014] In normal operation, planet carrier 10 is non-rotatably connected with a guide sleeve 34 via two locking discs 22, 20, a spring system 24 preferably composed of six spring elements 26 and two thrust members 30, 32, with guide sleeve 34, in turn, being non-rotatably fastened to housing 12 of the hand-held power tool. The non-rotatable connection is created by cams 36 on planet carrier 10 that engage with cams on first locking disc 20, first locking disc 20 with cams 38 being connected with second locking disc 22 via cams 40 on second locking disc 22. Second locking disc 22 is retained by arms 42 of thrust member 30, arms 42 extending between raised areas 44 of second locking disc 22. Both thrust members 30, 32 are retained via projections 46 in the inner grooves of guide sleeve 34.

    [0015] A disk spring 48 is located behind planet carrier 10 on the transmission side, disk spring 48 being inserted in a holder 50. Holder 50 encompasses disk spring 48 and planet carrier 10 via arms 52, and engages in recesses 54 of first locking disc 20. Arms 52 are held in recesses 54 via wide sections 56, holder 50 being held-via a tension with which disk spring 48 is compressed slightly-against locking disk 20 and clamps planet carrier 10 between disk spring 48 and locking disk 20. A retaining wheel 58 is located behind holder 50; it engages via recesses 60 in inner grooves of guide sleeve 34 and is therefore non-rotatably connected with guide sleeve 34 and a wire ring 64 in guide sleeve 34.

    [0016] To adjust a maximum torque to be transferred to tool driver 6, the spring pressure of spring system 24 applied to second locking disc 20 can be varied with the aid of adjusting element 66. To this end, adjusting element 66 includes an actuating element 68, a cam ring 70, a locking disk 72, a bolt 74, and a spring 76. A recess 78 and a groove 80 non-rotatably hold cam ring 70 and/or locking disk 72 in actuating element 68. When actuating element 68 is rotated, cam ring 70 also rotates, arms 84 sliding on a cam track 82 of cam ring 70, which causes second thrust member32 to move in axial direction 86.

    [0017] Arms 84 extend through recesses 88 in guide sleeve 34 and, loaded by the spring force of coiled springs 24, are pressed against cam track 82. When second thrust member 32 moves in axial direction 86, the spring pressure of spring system 24 with which second locking disc 22 is pressed against first locking disk 20 varies. Locking disk 72, via its holes in which bolt 74 engages, prevents unintentional displacement of actuating element 68 during operation of the hand-held power tool.

    [0018] Spring system 24 preferably includes six spring elements 26 situated in a spring assembly. Spring elements 26 are preferably designed as compression springs in the form of coiled springs. Spring elements 26 may be positioned in a hexagonal pattern.

    [0019] As seen in FIG. 1, spring elements 26 are disposed between locking disk 22 and thrust member 30. Spring elements 26 preferably contact locking disk 22 and thrust member 30. Locking disk 22 has different surfaces 22S, 22P that contact spring elements 26. The different surfaces 22S, 22P are at different levels for the reasons specified below. For example, surface 22P is below surface 22S as seen in FIG. 1.

    [0020] Similarly, thrust member 30 may have different surfaces 30S, 30P that contact spring elements 26. Preferably, the different surfaces 30S, 30P will be at different levels for the reasons specified below. For example, surface 30S is below surface 30P as seen in FIG. 1.

    [0021] By varying the distances between surfaces 22S, 22P and 30S, 30P, the length of each spring element 26 can be selected to differ from the length of another spring element 26, without requiring spring elements with differing characteristics. The spring disposed between surfaces 22P and 30S has an effective length that is shorter than a spring disposed between surfaces 22P and 30P. Preferably, three spring elements 26 will be disposed between surfaces 22P and 30S, while three other spring elements 26 could be disposed between surfaces 22S and 30P in an alternating arrangement around the circumference of locking ring 22. Persons skilled in the art will recognize that the distance between surfaces 22P and 30P and/or the distance between surfaces 22S and 30P can be selected so that it is substantially equal to the distance between surfaces 22S and 30S.

    [0022] Such arrangement effectively creates some springs that are shorter and stronger spring action- and others that are longer with weaker spring action, even if all the spring elements 26 the same at-rest characteristics. As a result of this stable arrangement, a single-staged progression of the maximum torque can be attained with uniform displacement of cam ring 70.

    [0023] When the smallest possible maximum torque of 1 Nm is set via cam ring 70, the shorter spring elements 26 are held between locking disk 22 and thrust member 30 with slight preload. When cam ring 70 is rotated toward a larger maximum torque, spring elements 26 are initially compressed, whereas longer spring elements 26 are still located between locking disk 22 and thrust member 30 with a slight amount of play. Starting at a maximum torque of 4 Nm, when cam ring 70 is rotated further, the longer spring elements 26 are also compressed, so that the maximum torque now increases more rapidly when cam ring 70 is rotated in a uniform manner, and in fact, up to a value of 15 Nm.

    [0024] During normal operation of the hand-held power tool, in which a torque applied to tool driver 6 is below the set maximum torque, planet carrier 10 is stationary relative to housing 12. If the torque applied to tool driver 6 reaches the maximum torque level that was set, second locking disc 22 is deflected against spring system 24 by beveled flanks of cams 38, 40, and first locking disc 20 can rotate against second locking disc 22 along with planet carrier 10. Internal gear 14 is stationary, and the transfer of torque from motor output shaft 4 to tool driver 6 is interrupted above the maximum torque.

    [0025] To bridge torque-limiting unit 2, cam ring 70 includes-in addition to a uniformly increasing first segment 90 inside radial cam 82 to realize a drilling mode-a second, more steeply rising segment 92 and a third, flat segment 94 that brings about no change in the spring pressure of spring system 24 when cam ring 70 is rotated. The maximum torque of 1 Nm to 15 Nm is adjusted by moving arms 84 over first segment 90.

    [0026] When the bridging-over setting is set, arms 84 rest on third segment 94 and are deflected away to a maximum extent in the direction of motor output shaft 4 of the hand-held power tool. Spring elements 26 are compressed together so far that pins 96, 98 holding spring elements 26 each other. As a result, locking disk 22 is retained between locking disk 20 and thrust member 32 in axial direction 86 such that it cannot be deflected. First locking disk 20 is now unable to slide over second locking disk 22. In addition, arms 42 extend between recesses 54 of locking disc 20, by way of which locking disk 20 is non-rotatably connected with guide sleeve 34.

    [0027] In this position, a level of torque that could damage the hand-held power tool and that is dangerous to the operator could be transferred to tool driver6 by torque-limiting unit 2. To prevent this much torque from being transferred, an overload clutch that interrupts the flux of force to tool driver 6when an overload torque is exceeded is located on planet carrier 10. If a torque level is transferred to tool holder 6 that reaches the level of overload torque specified by the spring force of disk spring 48 in the drilling position, plant carrier 10 is deflected via beveled flanks of cams 36 and the cams on locking disk 20 in the direction toward disk spring 48, and disk spring 48 is compressed further against its preload. Planet carrier 10 can now rotate against locking disk 20, by way of which the flux of force from motor output shaft 4 to tool driver 6 between planet carrier 10 and locking disk 20 is interrupted.

    [0028] It will be understood that each of the elements described above, or two or more together, may also find a useful application in other types of constructions differing from the types described above.

    [0029] While the invention has been illustrated and described as embodied in hand-held power tool with a torque-limiting unit, it is not intended to be limited to the details shown.


    Claims

    1. A hand-held power tool, comprising:

    a motor output shaft (4);

    a tool driver (6);

    a first and a second locking disc (20, 22);

    a thrust member (30, 32); and

    a torque-limiting unit (2) with which a maximum torque transferred from said motor output shaft (4) to said tool driver (6) is adjustable by an operator, said torque-limiting unit (2) including a spring system (24), said spring system (24) including spring elements (26);

    wherein said spring system (24) is held by said second locking disc (22) and each spring element (26) of the spring system (24) is held between a pin (98) of the second locking disc (22) and a pin (96) of said thrust member (30, 32), wherein the first locking disc (20) is connected with the second locking disc (22) via cams (38, 40), wherein said cams (38, 40) are built on each of said locking discs (20, 22), wherein if a torque applied to the tool driver (6) reaches a selected maximum torque level, the second locking disc (22) is deflected against the spring system (24) by beveled flanks of said cams (38, 40), and the first locking disc (20) can rotate against the second locking disc (22);

    wherein the spring elements (26) are disposed between the second locking disc (22) and said thrust member (30, 32);

    characterised in that said spring system (24) comprise substantially similar spring elements (26) generating different spring forces;

    wherein the second locking disc (22) has different surfaces (22S, 22P) that contact the spring elements (26) at the different surfaces (22S,22P) being different levels;

    wherein the thrust member (30, 32) has different surfaces (30S, 30P) that contact the spring elements (26) at the different surfaces (30S, 30P) being different levels;

    wherein the distance between the surfaces (22S, 22P) on the second locking disc (22) and the surfaces (30S, 30P) on the thrust member (30, 32) vary:
    wherein the spring elements (26) are disposed between the different surfaces (22S, 22P) of the second locking disc (22) and the different surfaces (30S, 30P) of the thrust member (30, 32) so that a spring element (26) disposed between certain surfaces (22P, 30S) has an effective length that is shorter than a spring element (26) disposed between other surfaces (22P, 30P).


     
    2. A hand-held power tool as defined in claim 1, wherein said spring elements (26) of said spring system (24) have substantially similar elasticities.
     
    3. A hand-held power tool as defined in claim 1, wherein said spring elements (26) of said spring system (24) are compression springs.
     
    4. A hand-held power tool as defined in claim 1, wherein said spring elements (26) of said spring system (24) have substantially similar lengths.
     
    5. A hand-held power tool as defined in claim 1, wherein said spring system (20) includes six spring elements (26).
     
    6. A hand-held power tool as defined in claim 1, wherein one of said spring elements (26) of said spring system (24) is configured as a spring element of an overload clutch that interrupts a flux of force between said motor output shaft (4) and said tool driver (6) when a transferred torque exceeds a preset overload torque.
     
    7. A hand-held power tool as defined in claim 1, and further comprising an adjusting element (70) for adjusting the maximum torque transferrable from said motor output shaft (4) to said tool driver (6), said adjusting element (70) having a radial cam (82) with a uniformly increasing curved path (90).
     
    8. A hand-held power tool as defined in claim 7, wherein said radial cam (82) includes a first segment (90) for adjusting a maximum torque and a second segment (92) with a control effect that is different from a control effect of said first segment (90), for adjusting a drilling mode without adjustable torque limitation.
     
    9. A hand-held power tool as defined in claim 1, wherein each of said spring elements (26) of said spring system is held by a pin (98) of said second locking disc (22).
     
    10. A hand-held power tool as defined in claim 9, wherein the pins (98) of said second locking disc (22) are spaced apart in a circumferential direction of said second locking disc (22).
     
    11. A hand-held power tool as defined in claim 1, wherein each of said spring elements (26) of said spring system (24) is slipped on a pin (98) of said second locking disc (22).
     
    12. The hand-held power tool as recited in claim 1, wherein pins (96) of the thrust member (30, 32) are spaced apart in a circumferential direction on the thrust member (30, 32).
     
    13. The hand-held power tool as recited in claim 1, wherein the second locking disc (22) and the thrust member (30, 32) have a ring-like shape.
     
    14. The hand-held power tool as recited in claim 1, wherein the first locking disc (20) interacts with the second locking disc (22) to form the torque-limiting unit.
     
    15. The hand-held power tool as recited in claim 1, wherein the first locking disc (20) interacts with a planet carrier (10) to form an overload clutch.
     
    16. The hand held power tool as recited in claim 1 wherein, when the spring system (24) is actuated a few of the spring elements (26) are actuated at first followed by all of the spring elements (26).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Handgeführtes Elektrowerkzeug, umfassend:

    eine Motorabtriebswelle (4);

    einen Werkzeugantrieb (6);

    eine erste und eine zweite Verriegelungsscheibe (20, 22);

    ein Schubglied (30, 32); und

    eine Drehmomentbegrenzungseinheit (2), mit der ein maximales von der Motorabtriebswelle (4) auf den Werkzeugantrieb (6) übertragenes Drehmoment durch einen Bediener anpassbar ist, wobei die Drehmomentbegrenzungseinheit (2) ein Federsystem (24) einschließt, wobei das Federsystem (24) Federelemente (26) einschließt;

    wobei das Federsystem (24) von der zweiten Verriegelungsscheibe (22) gehalten wird, und jedes Federelement (26) des Federsystems (24) zwischen einem Stift (98) der zweiten Verriegelungsscheibe (22) und einem Stift (96) des Schubglieds (30, 32) gehalten wird, wobei die erste Verriegelungsscheibe (20) mit der zweiten Verriegelungsscheibe (22) über Nocken (38, 40) verbunden ist, wobei die Nocken (38, 40) auf jeder der Verriegelungsscheiben (20, 22) geformt sind, wobei, wenn ein auf den Werkzeugantrieb (6) angewendetes Drehmoment ein ausgewähltes maximales Drehmomentniveau erreicht, die zweite Verriegelungsscheibe (22) durch abgefaste Flanken der Nocken (38, 40) gegen das Federsystem (24) abgelenkt wird und die erste Verriegelungsscheibe (20) gegen die zweite Verriegelungsscheibe (22) drehen kann;

    wobei die Federelemente (26) zwischen der zweiten Verriegelungsscheibe (22) und dem Schubglied (30, 32) angeordnet sind;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Federsystem (24) im Wesentlichen ähnliche Federelemente (26) umfasst, die unterschiedliche Federkräfte erzeugen;

    wobei die zweite Verriegelungsscheibe (22) unterschiedliche Oberflächen (22S, 22P) aufweist, die mit den Federelementen (26) an den unterschiedlichen Oberflächen (22S, 22P), die unterschiedliche Niveaus sind, in Berührung stehen;

    wobei das Schubglied (30, 32) unterschiedliche Oberflächen (30S, 30P) aufweist, die mit den Federelementen (26) an den unterschiedlichen Oberflächen (30S, 30P), die unterschiedliche Niveaus sind, in Berührung stehen;

    wobei der Abstand zwischen den Oberflächen (22S, 22P) an der zweiten Verriegelungsscheibe (22) und den Oberflächen (30S, 30P) am Schubglied (30, 32) variiert:
    wobei die Federelemente (26) zwischen den unterschiedlichen Oberflächen (22S, 22P) der zweiten Verriegelungsscheibe (22) und den unterschiedlichen Oberflächen (30S, 30P) des Schubglieds (30, 32) so angeordnet sind, dass ein Federelement (26), das zwischen bestimmten Oberflächen (22P, 30S) angeordnet ist, eine effektive Länge aufweist, die kürzer ist als ein Federelement (26), das zwischen anderen Oberflächen (22P, 30P) angeordnet ist.


     
    2. Handgeführtes Elektrowerkzeug wie in Anspruch 1 definiert, wobei die Federelemente (26) des Federsystems (24) im Wesentlichen ähnliche Elastizitäten aufweisen.
     
    3. Handgeführtes Elektrowerkzeug wie in Anspruch 1 definiert, wobei die Federelemente (26) des Federsystems (24) Druckfedern sind.
     
    4. Handgeführtes Elektrowerkzeug wie in Anspruch 1 definiert, wobei die Federelemente (26) des Federsystems (24) im Wesentlichen ähnliche Längen aufweisen.
     
    5. Handgeführtes Elektrowerkzeug wie in Anspruch 1 definiert, wobei das Federsystem (20) sechs Federelemente (26) einschließt.
     
    6. Handgeführtes Elektrowerkzeug wie in Anspruch 1 definiert, wobei eines der Federelemente (26) des Federsystems (24) als ein Federelement einer Überlastungskupplung ausgelegt ist, die einen Kraftfluss zwischen der Motorabtriebswelle (4) und dem Werkzeugantrieb (6) unterbricht, wenn ein übertragenes Drehmoment ein voreingestelltes Überlastungsdrehmoment übersteigt.
     
    7. Handgeführtes Elektrowerkzeug wie in Anspruch 1 definiert, und weiter umfassend ein Einstellelement (70) zum Einstellen des maximalen Drehmoments, das von der Motorabtriebswelle (4) auf den Werkzeugantrieb (6) übertragbar ist, wobei das Einstellelement (70) eine radiale Nocke (82) mit einer gleichmäßig ansteigenden gekrümmten Bahn (90) aufweist.
     
    8. Handgeführtes Elektrowerkzeug wie in Anspruch 7 definiert, wobei die radiale Nocke (82) ein erstes Segment (90) zum Einstellen eines maximalen Drehmoments einschließt und ein zweites Segment (92) mit einer Steuerwirkung, die unterschiedlich ist von einer Steuerwirkung des ersten Segments (90), zum Einstellen einer Bohrbetriebsart ohne anpassbare Drehmomentbegrenzung.
     
    9. Handgeführtes Elektrowerkzeug wie in Anspruch 1 definiert, wobei jedes der Federelemente (26) des Federsystems von einem Stift (98) der zweiten Verriegelungsscheibe (22) gehalten wird.
     
    10. Handgeführtes Elektrowerkzeug wie in Anspruch 9 definiert, wobei die Stifte (98) der zweiten Verriegelungsscheibe (22) in eine Umfangsrichtung der zweiten Verriegelungsscheibe (22) voneinander beabstandet sind.
     
    11. Handgeführtes Elektrowerkzeug wie in Anspruch 1 definiert, wobei jedes der Federelemente (26) des Federsystems (24) auf einen Stift (98) der zweiten Verriegelungsscheibe (22) geglitten ist.
     
    12. Handgeführtes Elektrowerkzeug wie in Anspruch 1 aufgeführt, wobei Stifte (96) des Schubglieds (30, 32) in eine Umfangsrichtung auf dem Schubglied (30, 32) voneinander beabstandet sind.
     
    13. Handgeführtes Elektrowerkzeug wie in Anspruch 1 aufgeführt, wobei die zweite Verriegelungsscheibe (22) und das Schubglied (30, 32) eine ringähnliche Form aufweisen.
     
    14. Handgeführtes Elektrowerkzeug wie in Anspruch 1 aufgeführt, wobei die erste Verriegelungsscheibe (20) mit der zweiten Verriegelungsscheibe (22) interagiert, um die Drehmomentbegrenzungseinheit zu bilden.
     
    15. Handgeführtes Elektrowerkzeug wie in Anspruch 1 aufgeführt, wobei die erste Verriegelungsscheibe (20) mit einem Planetenradträger (10) interagiert, um eine Überlastungskupplung zu bilden.
     
    16. Handgeführtes Elektrowerkzeug wie in Anspruch 1 aufgeführt, wobei, wenn das Federsystem (24) betätigt wird, einige der Federelemente (26) zuerst betätigt werden, gefolgt von allen der Federelemente (26).
     


    Revendications

    1. Outil électrique à main comprenant :

    un arbre de sortie de moteur (4) ;

    un dispositif d'entraînement d'outil (6) ;

    un premier et un second disque de verrouillage (20, 22) ;

    un élément de poussée (30, 32) ; et

    une unité de limitation de couple (2) avec laquelle un couple maximum transféré dudit arbre de sortie de moteur (4) audit dispositif d'entraînement d'outil (6) est ajustable par un opérateur, ladite unité de limitation de couple (2) incluant un système de ressort (24), ledit système de ressort (24) incluant des éléments de ressort (26) ;

    dans lequel ledit système de ressort (24) est maintenu par ledit second disque de verrouillage (22) et chaque élément de ressort (26) du système de ressort (24) est maintenu entre une broche (98) du second disque de verrouillage (22) et une broche (96) dudit élément de poussée (30, 32), dans lequel le premier disque de verrouillage (20) est raccordé au second disque de verrouillage (22) via des cames (38, 40), dans lequel lesdites cames (38, 40) sont construites sur chacun desdits disques de verrouillage (20, 22), dans lequel si un couple appliqué au dispositif d'entraînement d'outil (6) atteint un niveau de couple maximum sélectionné, le second disque de verrouillage (22) est dévié contre le système de ressort (24) par des flancs biseautés desdites cames (38, 40), et le premier disque de verrouillage (20) peut tourner contre le second disque de verrouillage (22) ;

    dans lequel les éléments de ressort (26) sont disposés entre le second disque de verrouillage (22) et ledit élément de poussée (30, 32) ;

    caractérisé en ce que ledit système de ressort (24) comprend des éléments de ressort sensiblement similaires (26) générant différentes forces de ressort ;

    dans lequel le second disque de verrouillage (22) présente différentes surfaces (22S, 22P) qui entrent en contact avec les éléments de ressort (26) au niveau des différentes surfaces (22S, 22P) qui sont différents niveaux ;

    dans lequel l'élément de poussée (30, 32) présente différentes surfaces (30S, 30P) qui entrent en contact avec les éléments de ressort (26) au niveau des différentes surfaces (30S, 30P) qui sont différents niveaux ;

    dans lequel la distance entre les surfaces (22S, 22P) sur le second disque de verrouillage (22) et les surfaces (30S, 30P) sur l'élément de poussée (30, 32) varie ;

    dans lequel les éléments de ressort (26) sont disposés entre les différentes surfaces (22S, 22P) du second disque de verrouillage (22) et les différentes surfaces (30S, 30P) de l'élément de poussée (30, 32) de sorte qu'un élément de ressort (26) disposé entre certaines surfaces (22P, 30S) présente une longueur effective qui est plus courte qu'un élément de ressort (26) disposé entre d'autres surfaces (22P, 30P).


     
    2. Outil électrique à main selon la revendication 1, dans lequel lesdits éléments de ressort (26) dudit système de ressort (24) présentent des élasticités sensiblement similaires.
     
    3. Outil électrique à main selon la revendication 1, dans lequel lesdits éléments de ressort (26) dudit système de ressort (24) sont des ressorts de compression.
     
    4. Outil électrique à main selon la revendication 1, dans lequel lesdits éléments de ressort (26) dudit système de ressort (24) présentent des longueurs sensiblement similaires.
     
    5. Outil électrique à main selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit système de ressort (20) inclut six éléments de ressort (26).
     
    6. Outil électrique à main selon la revendication 1, dans lequel un desdits éléments de ressort (26) dudit système de ressort (24) est configuré comme un élément de ressort d'un embrayage de surcharge qui interrompt un flux de force entre ledit arbre de sortie de moteur (4) et ledit dispositif d'entraînement d'outil (6) lorsqu'un couple transféré excède un couple de surcharge prédéfini.
     
    7. Outil électrique à main selon la revendication 1, et comprenant en outre un élément d'ajustement (70) pour l'ajustement du couple maximum transférable dudit arbre de sortie de moteur (4) audit dispositif d'entraînement d'outil (6), ledit élément d'ajustement (70) présentant une came radiale (82) avec un trajet courbé croissant uniformément (90).
     
    8. Outil électrique à main selon la revendication 7, dans lequel ladite came radiale (82) inclut un premier segment (90) pour l'ajustement d'un couple maximum et un second segment (92) avec un effet de commande qui est différent d'un effet de commande dudit premier segment (90), pour l'ajustement d'un mode de forage sans limitation de couple ajustable.
     
    9. Outil électrique à main selon la revendication 1, dans lequel chacun desdits éléments de ressort (26) dudit système de ressort est maintenu par une broche (98) dudit second disque de verrouillage (22).
     
    10. Outil électrique à main selon la revendication 9, dans lequel les broches (98) dudit second disque de verrouillage (22) sont espacées dans une direction circonférentielle dudit second disque de verrouillage (22).
     
    11. Outil électrique à main selon la revendication 1, dans lequel chacun desdits éléments de ressort (26) dudit système de ressort (24) est glissé sur une broche (98) dudit second disque de verrouillage (22).
     
    12. Outil électrique à main selon la revendication 1, dans lequel des broches (96) de l'élément de poussée (30, 32) sont espacées dans une direction circonférentielle sur l'élément de poussée (30, 32).
     
    13. Outil électrique à main selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le second disque de verrouillage (22) et l'élément de poussée (30, 32) présentent une forme annulaire.
     
    14. Outil électrique à main selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le premier disque de verrouillage (20) interagit avec le second disque de verrouillage (22) pour former l'unité de limitation de couple.
     
    15. Outil électrique à main selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le premier disque de verrouillage (20) interagit avec un support planétaire (10) pour former un embrayage de surcharge.
     
    16. Outil électrique à main selon la revendication 1, dans lequel lorsque le système de ressort (24) est actionné, quelques éléments de ressort (26) sont tout d'abord actionnés puis tous les éléments de ressort (26).
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description