(19)
(11)EP 2 750 247 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/22

(21)Application number: 12827121.0

(22)Date of filing:  10.08.2012
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01Q 9/04(2006.01)
H01Q 5/364(2015.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2012/070454
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/031517 (07.03.2013 Gazette  2013/10)

(54)

PLANAR INVERTED F ANTENNA

PLANARE UMGEDREHTE F-ANTENNE

ANTENNE PLANAIRE EN F INVERSÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 26.08.2011 JP 2011185316

(43)Date of publication of application:
02.07.2014 Bulletin 2014/27

(73)Proprietors:
  • Seiko Solutions Inc.
    Mihama-ku Chiba-shi (JP)
  • Chikouji Gakuen Educational Foundation
    Fukaya-shi, Saitama 369-0293 (JP)
  • Haneishi, Misao
    Saitama-shi, Saitama 330-0071 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • HANEISHI, Misao
    Saitama-shi Saitama 330-0071 (JP)
  • YONEI, Yoshiyuki
    Chiba-shi Chiba 261-8507 (JP)
  • SOBU, Masahiro
    Chiba-shi Chiba 261-8507 (JP)
  • MATSUI, Akinori
    Fukaya-shi Saitama 369-0293 (JP)

(74)Representative: Miller Sturt Kenyon 
9 John Street
London WC1N 2ES
London WC1N 2ES (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2005/020371
JP-A- 2000 068 736
US-A- 6 121 930
US-A1- 2005 162 321
US-B1- 6 448 931
JP-A- H07 240 696
US-A- 4 040 060
US-A1- 2002 003 499
US-B1- 6 218 990
  
  • JERZY GUTERMAN ET AL: "Reconfigurable E-shaped patch antennas", ANTENNA TECHNOLOGY, 2009. IWAT 2009. IEEE INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON, IEEE, PISCATAWAY, NJ, USA, 2 March 2009 (2009-03-02), pages 1-4, XP031452230, ISBN: 978-1-4244-4395-6
  • JIANG XIONG ET AL: "A Broadband Low Profile Patch Antenna of Compact Size With Three Resonances", IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, IEEE SERVICE CENTER, PISCATAWAY, NJ, US, vol. 57, no. 6, 1 June 2009 (2009-06-01), pages 1838-1843, XP011261759, ISSN: 0018-926X
  • YING HU ET AL: "A Study of the Input Impedance of the Inset-Fed Rectangular Microstrip Antenna as a Function of Notch Depth and Width", ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM, 2005. IEEE WASHINGTON, DC, JULY 3 - 8, 2005, PISCATAWAY, NJ : IEEE, US, vol. 4A, 3 July 2005 (2005-07-03), pages 330-333, XP010860331, DOI: 10.1109/APS.2005.1552657 ISBN: 978-0-7803-8883-3
  • SAMARAS T ET AL: "A NOTE ON THE IMPEDANCE VARIATION WITH FEED POSITION OF A RECTANGULAR MICROSTRIP-PATCH ANTENNA", IEEE ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION MAGAZINE, IEEE SERVICE CENTER, PISCATAWAY, NJ, US, vol. 46, no. 2, 1 April 2004 (2004-04-01), pages 90-92, XP001198083, ISSN: 1045-9243, DOI: 10.1109/MAP.2004.1305543
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present invention pertains to a planar inverted F antenna, and relates to an antenna used, for example, in electronic communication equipment such as a mobile phone and the like.

BACKGROUND ART



[0002] Recently, the planar inverted F antenna has been used as a high-performance antenna which can be built in small-sized electronic communication equipment such as a wrist watch, a portable terminal, a sensor and the like, and various proposals have been made as indicated in Patent Documents 1 and 2.

[0003] Fig. 25 shows a basic structure of the inverted F antenna.

[0004] The planar inverted F antenna is configured by a ground conductive plate 100 which has been grounded, a main conductive plate 300 which functions as an excitation conductive plate to be arranged almost in parallel with the ground conductive plate 100 with a length of (1/4)λ or in the neighborhood thereof relative to a wavelength λ, a short circuit plate 200 for short-circuiting the main conductive plate 300 and the ground conductive plate 100, and a feeding pin 410 which has been connected to the main conductive plate at a position apart from the short circuit plate 200 by a prescribed distance s.

[0005] A feeding line to the main conductive plate 300 is configured such that a through-hole 110 is formed in the ground conductive plate 100 so as to supply power from below the ground conductive plate 100 side through the through-hole 110, thereby minimizing the influence on antenna characteristics.

[0006] Then, a central conductor of a coaxial line 400 is connected to the main conductive plate 300 as the feeding pin 410, while an external conductor 420 is connected around the through-hole 110 in the ground conductive plate 100.

[0007] In such a planar inverted F antenna, it is necessary to set the feeding impedance of the main conductive plate 300 to 50 Ω from its relationship with a circuit to which the antenna is to be connected, and therefore a point which is at the prescribed distance s from the short circuit plate 200 is set as a feeding point and the feeding pin 410 is connected to this feeding point.

[0008] This prescribed distance s is determined in accordance with various conditions such as a distance between the ground conductive plate 100 and the main conductive plate 300, a dielectric constant ε between them and the like and is reduced as the planar inverted F antenna is miniaturized.

[0009] At a frequency which is generally used in the mobile phone or the like, this prescribed distance s is not more than 10 mm in many cases and is not more than 1 mm in some cases depending on the conditions.

[0010] Then, the prescribed distance s relative to the feeding point is a value which is strictly determined and even a slight shift (for example, a shift of 0.1 mm) will result in a shift in feeding impedance from 50 Ω. A power loss is induced by this mismatching and it becomes impossible to obtain desired antenna characteristics.

[0011] Thus, in the conventional planar inverted F antenna, it was necessary to accurately attach the feeding pin 410 to the feeding point.

[0012] Then, since higher positional precision was demanded in a narrow range of not more than 10 mm with respect to attachment position of the feeding pin 410, attaching work was troublesome.

[0013] In addition, in the conventional planar inverted F antenna, while the connection spot of the feeding pin 410 is situated in the vicinity of the short circuit plate 200, the position of radiation by the antenna is situated on the open end side opposite to the short circuit plate 200.

[0014] Since the feeding position and the radiation position are situated on the opposite sides as mentioned above, if the feeding position of this antenna is arranged on the end side of the electronic equipment, connection of the feeding pin 410 will become easy, but the radiation position will get into the device. Therefore, it sometimes occurred that the antenna performance is deteriorated under the influence of an electric circuit or, in case of the mobile phone, under the influence of the hand of a person who grips it.

[0015] To the contrary, if the radiation position is arranged on the end side of the electronic equipment by prioritizing the antenna performance, the feeding position will be within the device, and therefore, such a problem occurred that the connection of the feeding pin 410 becomes not easy.

PRIOR ART DOCUMENTS


PATENT DOCUMENT



[0016] 

Patent Document 1: Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2009-77072

Patent Document 2: Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2002-64322

JERZY GUTERMAN ET AL: "Reconfigurable E-shaped patch antennas", ANTENNA TECHNOLOGY, 2009. IWAT 2009. IEEE INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON, IEEE, PISCATAWAY, NJ, USA, 2 March 2009, pages 1-4 , discusses the potential of E-shaped patches to be used in reconfigurable antennas. It is shown that the application of a PIFA configuration to dual-band E-shaped patches gives the freedom of independently tuning two resonances in a very wide frequency range, without affecting the antenna general structure and external dimensions.
JIANG XIONG ET AL: "A Broadband Low Profile Patch Antenna of Compact Size With Three Resonances", IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, IEEE SERVICE CENTER, PISCATAWAY, NJ, US, vol. 57, no. 6, 1 June 2009, pages 1838-1843, discloses an E-shaped patch antenna fed by a folded L-shaped probe. The shorted wall loading is employed to make the antenna compact. US 4 040 060 describes an example of a notch fed magnetic microstrip dipole antenna for mounting on flat or curved irregular structures.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION


PROBLEMS TO BE SOLVED BY THE INVENTION



[0017] The present invention aims to provide a planar inverted F antenna to which a feeding line can be readily connected.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0018]  According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a planar inverted F antenna according to claim 1. According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a planar inverted F antenna according to claim 2. Preferable features are set out in the remaining claims.

EFFECT OF THE INVENTION



[0019] According to the present invention, since such a configuration has been made that the power is supplied to a feeding point where the input impedance of the antenna becomes Z via the microstrip line of the width w that the characteristic impedance becomes Z, connection of the feeding line to the microstrip line can be readily performed.

Brief description of the drawings



[0020] 

[Fig. 1] It shows a configuration of a planar inverted F antenna pertaining to a first embodiment.

[Fig. 2] It shows structure parameters in the planar inverted F antenna.

[Fig. 3] It shows a perspective state and sections, concerning a structure regarding a second embodiment in a planar inverted F antenna by diagrams.

[Fig. 4] It shows a perspective state, concerning a structure of a planar inverted F antenna pertaining to another embodiment.

[Fig. 5] It shows a perspective state and a section, concerning a structure of a planar inverted F antenna pertaining to a further embodiment by diagrams.

[Fig. 6] It shows a perspective state concerning a structure of a planar inverted antenna which has been made compatible with multifrequency.

[Fig. 7] It shows a perspective state concerning a structure of a planar inverted F antenna which has been made compatible with multifrequency pertaining to another embodiment.

[Fig. 8] It shows a perspective state and a section, concerning a structure of a planar inverted F antenna which has been made compatible with multifrequency pertaining to a further embodiment by diagrams.

[Fig. 9] It shows a perspective state and a section, concerning a structure of a planar inverted F antenna which has been made compatible with multifrequency pertaining to a further embodiment by diagrams.

[Fig. 10] It shows a perspective state, concerning a structure of a planar inverted F antenna which has been made compatible with multifrequency pertaining to a further embodiment.

[Fig. 11] It shows a structure of a planar inverted F antenna pertaining to another embodiment and production thereof.

[Fig. 12] It shows perspective states from its different directions, concerning a basic structure of a folding type planar inverted F antenna.

[Fig. 13] It shows sections of respective parts of a folding type planar inverted F antenna and its modified examples by diagrams.

[Fig. 14] It shows a perspective state and respective sections concerning a structure of a folding planar inverted F antenna pertaining to another embodiment by diagrams.

[Fig. 15] It shows a perspective state and respective sections concerning a structure of a folding planar inverted F antenna pertaining to another embodiment by diagrams.

[Fig. 16] It shows a perspective state and respective sections concerning a structure of a folding planar inverted F antenna pertaining to another embodiment by diagrams.

[Fig. 17] It shows a perspective state and respective sections concerning a structure of a folding planar inverted F antenna pertaining to another embodiment by diagrams.

[Fig. 18] It shows a perspective state and respective sections concerning a structure of a folding planar inverted F antenna pertaining to another embodiment by diagrams.

[Fig. 19] It shows a perspective state and a section concerning a structure of a folding planar inverted F antenna pertaining to another embodiment by diagrams.

[Fig. 20] It shows respective sections concerning a structure of a folding planar inverted F antenna which has been made compatible with multifrequency by diagrams.

[Fig. 21] It shows a perspective state and respective sections concerning a structure of a folding planar inverted F antenna which has been made compatible with multifrequency pertaining to another embodiment by diagrams.

[Fig. 22] It shows a structure of a folding planar inverted F antenna pertaining to another embodiment and a developed state thereof by diagrams.

[Fig. 23] It shows development views in a case where folding planar inverted F antennas are integrally formed by punching similarly.

[Fig. 24] It shows a structure of a folding planar inverted F antenna pertaining to another embodiment and a developed state thereof by diagrams.

[Fig. 25] It is a structure diagram of a conventional planar inverted F antenna.


EMBODIMENTS


(Summary of Embodiments)



[0021] In a planar inverted F antenna of the present embodiment, one or two slit(s) is/are disposed up to a point of the prescribed distance s where the input impedance Z (for example, Z = 50 Ω) is attained from the position of a short circuit point (a short circuit plate, a short circuit pin) of a main conductive plate 30, from a radiation end side (the side opposite to the short circuit point). That is, the slit is disposed from an open end side of the main conductive plate up to the spot where the input impedance becomes Z.

[0022] Since this slit can be formed by machining such as punching, cutting or the like, the slit can be accurately and readily formed up to a line S where the input impedance Z is attained.

[0023] Then, the conductive part between a side end of the main conductive plate and one slit or between two slits is used as a microstrip line (MSL) and the width w is determined such that the characteristic impedance of a transmission line becomes Z (for example, Z = 50 Ω).

[0024] The power can be supplied to the spot where the input impedance Z is attained via the MSL by providing the slit from the radiation end side of the main conductive plate and using part of the main conductive plate as the MSL as mentioned above. The main conductive plate other than the MSL functions as an excitation conductive plate. Therefore, since with regard to connection of a feeding line from the outside, it may be connected onto the MSL and precision in terms of connection position is not demanded, the attaching work can be facilitated.

[0025] With regard to connection of the feeding line from the outside, a connection line of the characteristic impedance Z, for example, a central conductor of a coaxial line is used and this is connected to the open end of the MSL as the feeding pin. Since the connection position of the feeding pin is not the feeding point where the position precision is demanded and there is no need to consider the position precision, it can be readily connected.

[0026] In addition, a connection end of the feeding pin and a radiation end can be provided on the same side.

[0027] With regard to the planar inverted F antenna so configured, the planar inverted F antenna which is U-shaped or L-shaped in section is formed by folding it on the both sides or one side of the MSL along a length direction of the MSL. That is, there is formed the planar inverted F antenna that the excitation conductive plate and the MSL are installed on the outer side of a ground conductive plate which has been folded to be U-shaped or L-shaped in section, separated from each other by a prescribed distance.

[0028] A positional relationship between the connection position and the radiation end of the feeding pin can be changed by folding the planar inverted F antenna along the length direction of the MSL.

[0029] In addition, in the planar inverted F antenna which has been folded on the both sides of the MSL, radiation from the excitation conductive plates which are arranged on both surface sides of the electronic equipment becomes possible by arranging a circuit board of the electronic equipment such as the mobile phone or the like so as to nip it with the folded ground conductive plate.

(Details of Embodiments)



[0030] Fig. 1 shows a configuration of a planar inverted F antenna 1 pertaining to a first embodiment.

[0031] Fig. 1(a) shows a perspective state of the planar inverted F antenna 1 and Fig. 1(b) shows a A-A' section, both being shown by diagrams for simplification.

[0032] As shown in Fig. 1, the planar inverted F antenna 1 is provided with a ground conductive plate 10, a short circuit plate 20 which functions as a short circuiting member, a main conductive plate 30 and a coaxial line 40.

[0033] Although all of the ground conductive plate 10, the short circuit plate 20 and the main conductive plate 30 are formed by conductive members using a metal such as brass or the like, it is also possible to use a conductive resin and formation on a dielectric substrate is also possible.

[0034] The ground conductive plate 10 is formed larger than the main conductive plate 30 and at least the radiation end side (the side opposite to the short circuit plate 20) of the ground conductive plate 10 is formed longer than the main conductive plate 30.

[0035] The short circuit plate 20 is connected to the ground conductive plate 10 at one end and is connected to the main conductive plate 30 at the other end. The short circuit plate 20 physically supports the main conductive plate 30 and grounds the main conductive plate 30 by making the ground conductive plate 10 to short-circuit it.

[0036] Incidentally, although in Fig. 1, the short circuit plate 20 is connected across the entire width of the main conductive plate 30 by making it to have a length which is the same as a width b (described later) of the main conductive plate 30, it is sufficient for it to have a function of grounding the main conductive plate 30 by connecting it to the ground conductive plate 10, and therefore a short circuit plate which is narrower in width may be connected and a short circuit pin may be connected (the same also applies to other embodiments and modified examples which will be described hereinafter).

[0037] The main conductive plate 30 is formed almost in parallel with the ground conductive plate 10 with the width corresponding to the height of the short circuit plate 20 by connecting the short circuit plate 20 to its end. However, the main conductive plate 30 needs only be supported by the short circuit plate 20 within a range that it is not in electrical contact with the ground conductive plate 10, it is not always necessary to be in a completely parallel state, and, for example, they may be in a slightly displaced parallel state. In the following, it will be expressed as "parallel" in the same meaning.

[0038] Here, a distance h between the ground conductive plate 10 and the main conductive plate 30 is determined by considering physical limitations permitted for the planar inverted F antenna 1, a bandwidth (for example, the more the distance h is increased, the more the bandwidth which can be used is increased) that the planar inverted F antenna 1 requires, a trade-off with a gain and the like.

[0039] The main conductive plate 30 is configured by slits 31a and 31b, a first excitation conductive plate 32a, a second excitation conductive plate 32b, and an MSL 33 and a base 35.

[0040] In addition, to one end side of the main conductive plate 30, the short circuit plate 20 is connected. Then, the two slits 31a and 31b are formed from an open side end (an end on the opposite side of the short circuit plate 20) of the main conductive plate 30 up to the line S where the input impedance becomes Z. The slits 31a and 31b are formed at positions equally apart from a width-wise center (the position of an A-A' line) of the main conductive plate 30 in left and right directions. Then, from an inner end of the main conductive plate 30 of the slits 31a and 31b up to one end side thereof to which the short circuit plate 20 is connected will be defined as the base 35.

[0041] By these two slits 31a and 31b, the first excitation conductive plate 32a is formed on the outer side of the slit 31a, the microstrip line (MSL) 33 is formed between the both slits 31a and 31b, and the second excitation conductive plate 32b is formed on the outer side of the slit 31b.

[0042] Here, the width of the MSL 33 will be described.

[0043] In a case where the width of the MSL 33 is w, its thickness is t, a dielectric constant of a dielectric substrate between it and the ground conductive plate 10 is εr and its distance (a thickness of the dielectric substrate) with the ground conductive plate 10 is h, the characteristic impedance Z (Ω) of the MSL 33 is calculated from the following formula (1).



[0044] Incidentally, in the above formula (1), ln denotes a natural logarithm.

[0045] The line S that the input impedance Z is attained is a virtual line passing through the point (the feeding point) which is at the prescribed distance s where the input impedance Z (Z = 50 Ω in this embodiment) is attained from the connection position of the short circuit plate 20 on the main conductive plate 30 and it is not always a straight line. That is, the line S is a set of points where the input impedance of the antenna becomes Z. Although the points are not always distributed on the straight line, the line S will be indicated by the straight line for the convenience of description in the present embodiment.

[0046] The width of the base 35 is determined by simulation, trail manufacture or the like every time the planar inverted F antenna 1 is designed.

[0047] The first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second excitation conductive plates 32b are configured by including not only the regions where the slits 31a and 31b are formed but also the base 35.

[0048] That is, from the end of the main conductive plate 30 to which the short circuit plate 20 is connected down to the open end on its opposite side serves as the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second excitation conductive plate 32b and is designed such that this length becomes 1/4λ or a value in the neighborhood thereof relative to the desired wavelength λ.

[0049] Open ends of the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second excitation conductive plate 32b function as radiation ends.

[0050] The MSL 33 is limited only between the slit 31a and the slit 31b and does not include the base 35. The MSL 33 is formed to have the width w that the characteristic impedance of the transmission line becomes Z (Z = 50 Ω).

[0051] It is preferable that a width g of the slits 31a and 31b should be a width sufficient not to be affected by an edge effect (a fringing effect, an influence by growth of an electric field between a conductor plate and a ground plate).

[0052] That is, since the mutual influence of the MSL 33 and the first excitation conductive plate 32a, the second excitation conductive plate 32b is eliminated when the width g of the slits 31a and 31b satisfies the conditions of the following simplified formula (2) relative to the distance h between the ground conductive plate 10 and the main conductive plate 30, it is preferable to satisfy the conditions of the numerical formula (2).



[0053] However, although the conditions by the formula (2) are more preferable conditions, in a case where there exists a restriction from design conditions depending on a product or the like that the planar inverted F antenna 1 is to be arranged, it would be sufficient if it is within a range that the influence is actually little.

[0054] Further, as the simplified width of the slits 31a and 31b, it can be, for example, at least about 10% of the width of the MSL 33.

[0055]  A through-hole 11 is formed in the ground conductive plate 10 at a position facing the open end of the MSL 33.

[0056] The central conductor of the coaxial line 40 which functions as a feeding pin 41 passes through the through-hole 11 and is connected with the open end of the MSL 33 by welding or the like.

[0057] On the other hand, an external conductor 42 of the coaxial line 40 is connected with the ground conductive plate 10 by welding or the like on a peripheral edge of the through-hole 11.

[0058] Incidentally, in Fig. 1, a connection point of the feeding pin 41 with the MSL 33 and a connection point of the external conductor 42 with the ground conductive plate 10 are indicated by black circles (the same also applies to the other figures).

[0059] Fig. 2 shows structure parameters of the planar inverted F antenna 1.

[0060] As shown in Fig. 2, the structure parameters of the respective parts of the planar inverted F antenna 1 will be defined as follows.

a is a length of the main conductive plate 30 (the first excitation conductive plate 32a, the second excitation conductive plate 32b) and a = (1/4)λ or a value in the neighborhood thereof relative to the target wavelength λ.

b is the width of the main conductive plate 30.

d is a width of the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second excitation conductive plate 32b.

g is the width of the slits 31a and 31b (a length of the slit will be (a-s)).

h is the distance between the ground conductive plate 10 and the main conductive plate 30 (= the height of the short circuit plate 20).

s is the distance from the connection position of the short circuit plate 20 on the main conductive plate 30 to the line S that the input impedance becomes Z.

w is the width of the MSL 33 and the width that the characteristic impedance becomes Z is selected as mentioned above. This width w is obtained by appropriately selecting the respective parameters in the above-mentioned formula (1) for obtaining the characteristic impedance.

x is a length of the ground conductive plate 10.

y is a width of the ground conductive plate 10.



[0061] For example, in the case of a 1.9GHz-band planar inverted F antenna 1, as examples of the respective structure parameters, they can be set to the following values.

a = 39.5 mm

b = 21.3 mm

d = 6.0 mm

g = 1.0 mm

h = 1.5 mm

s = 6.76 mm

w = 7.3 mm

x = 60 mm

y = 42 mm



[0062] The above values of the respective structure parameters are merely examples and can be appropriately selected in accordance with a frequency at which reception or transmission is performed, a region where a folding planar inverted F antenna 1 can be arranged and the like.

[0063]  The planar inverted F antenna 1 which has adopted the above-mentioned respective structure parameters can be used, for example, as an antenna of a PHS (Personal Handy-phone System).

[0064] In addition, as a planar inverted F antenna 1 to be used in a device for a wireless LAN, Bluetooth or the like using radio waves of around 2.45GHz, the same performance can be exhibited by setting to values that 0.78 is multiplied by each of the above-mentioned respective structure parameters, that is, in the neighborhood of a = 30.8 mm, b = 16.7 mm, h = 1.2 mm, d = 4.7 mm, g = 0.8 mm, w = 5.7 mm, s = 5.3 mm.

[0065] In addition, in a case where the planar inverted F antenna 1 is to be installed on the communication device such as the mobile phone or the like, it can be installed such that the open end side of the MSL 33 is situated not within a substrate of the communication device but on an end side of the communication device. Thus, it becomes easy to connect feeding pins 41, 43 to the MSL 33 from the end side of the communication device. In addition, since also the open end sides of the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second excitation conductive plate 32b are situated on the end side of the communication device similarly to the MSL 33, such a thing that the antenna performance is deteriorated by being influenced by the electronic circuit or influenced by the hand of the person who grips it in the case of the mobile phone can be avoided.

[0066] In a case where the slits 31a, 31b of the planar inverted F antenna 1 have been taken in a longitudinal direction (the connection points of the feeding pins 41, 43 are on the upper side or lower side) of the communication device, vertical polarization would result. In a case where they have been taken in a lateral direction, horizontal polarization would result. Therefore, in a case where the planar inverted F antenna 1 is to be used in the mobile phone or the PHS that main reception is performed by vertical polarization, the slits 31a and 31b are installed so as to orient in the longitudinal direction.

[0067] The above respective values are merely examples, and although in the planar inverted F antenna 1 of the present embodiment, air is supposed as the dielectric substrate between the ground conductive plate 10 and the main conductive plate 30, another dielectric substrate may be arranged.

[0068] In this case, although also the values of the structure parameters are changed depending on the dielectric constant of the arranged dielectric substrate, in any case, the width w of the MSL 33 is selected such that the input impedance of the position (the feeding point) which is at the distance s becomes Z and also the characteristic impedance of the transmission line becomes Z.

[0069] As described above, the two slits 31a and 31b are provided in the main conductive plate 30 from its open end side so as to use part of the main conductive plate 30 as the microstrip line (MSL) 33.

[0070] Then, since the width w of the MSL 33 is selected such that the characteristic impedance becomes Z, for example, the central conductor of the coaxial line can be connected to the open end of the MSL 33 as the feeding pin and the precision is not demanded with regard to the connection position thereof. Therefore, the planar inverted F antenna 1 can be readily manufactured.

[0071] Fig. 3 shows a perspective state (a), and A-A' sections (b) and (c) by diagrams, concerning a structure of a planar inverted F antenna 1 pertaining to a second embodiment.

[0072] Although description has been made with regard to a case that the feeding line is laid from below the ground conductive plate 10 by providing the through-hole 11 provided in the ground conductive plate 10 in the planar inverted F antenna 1 described in Fig. 1, in the second embodiment shown in Fig. 3, the feeding line is laid not from below the ground conductive plate 10 but from a side face side (the outer side) of the open end of the MSL 33.

[0073] By configuring to connect the feeding pin 43 to the open end of the MSL 33 from the side face side as mentioned above, the through-hole 11 in the ground conductive plate 10 becomes unnecessary.

[0074] On the other hand, while in the planar inverted F antenna 1 shown in Fig. 1, the ground conductive plate 10 is connected to the ground by connecting the external conductor 42 of the coaxial line 40 to the peripheral edge of the through-hole 11, in the second embodiment shown in Fig. 3, it can be connected to the ground by connecting a conductor 44 to an arbitrary position of the ground conductive plate 10.

[0075] Incidentally, in an example shown in Fig. 3(c), there is the A-A' sectional diagram of the planar inverted F antenna 1 that the open end side of the MSL 33 has been formed longer than the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second excitation conductive plate 32b such that it is situated at almost the same position as the end of the ground conductive plate 10.

[0076] If the dielectric constant and the distance h between it and the ground conductive plate 10 and its width w are the same, the microstrip line exhibits the same characteristic impedance without being influenced by the length. Thus, by extending the MSL 33 up to the end of the ground conductive plate 10, it can be connected from below the ground conductive plate 10 and from its side face side by using the feeding pin 41 of the coaxial line 40 with no provision of the through-hole 11 in the ground conductive plate 10. In addition, it is also possible to connect the external conductor 42 of the coaxial line 40 to an end face of the ground conductive plate 10.

[0077] As described above, as a method of connecting the feeding pin to the MSL 33 of the planar inverted F antenna 1, any of a method by a through type that the feeding pin 41 is connected through the through-hole 11 provided in the ground conductive plate 10 as described in the first embodiment and a method by an external type that the feeding pin 43 is connected from the outside of the open end of the ground conductive plate 10 as described in the second embodiment can be adopted.

[0078] Also in respective embodiments described hereinbelow, although any of the through type and the external type can be selected excepting a case that it is mentioned that it is limited to any one of the feeding types, only any one of the feeding types will be shown for the convenience of illustration.

[0079]  Fig. 4 shows a perspective state concerning a structure of a planar inverted F antenna 1 pertaining to another embodiment.

[0080] While, in the first embodiment shown in Fig. 1, the slits 31a and 31b are formed on the both sides thereof such that the MSL 33 is formed on the center of the main conductive plate 30, in this third embodiment, one slit 31c is formed at a position where the width w is attained from one side end of the main conductive plate 30.

[0081] The MSL 33 is formed on one side (the left side in the figure) of this slit 31c and an excitation conductive plate 32d is formed on the other side.

[0082] The length of the slit 31c is formed up to the line S where the input impedance becomes Z similarly to the first embodiment.

[0083] In addition, also with regard to the width w, a value that the characteristic impedance of the MSL 33 becomes Z is selected similarly to the embodiment.

[0084] Although in this embodiment, the width of the excitation conductive plate 32d is about two times that of the first excitation conductive plate 32a in the first embodiment, it is also possible to make it more or less than that.

[0085] According to this embodiment, since the number of slits can be reduced to one, the width of the planar inverted F antenna 1 can be narrowed and the planar inverted F antenna 1 can be miniaturized.

[0086] In addition, the planar inverted F antenna 1 can be more miniaturized by making the width of the excitation conductive plate 32d almost the same as the width of the first excitation conductive plate 32a in the first embodiment.

[0087] Fig. 5 shows a perspective state (a), and an A-A' section (b), concerning a structure of a planar inverted F antenna 1 pertaining to a further embodiment by diagrams.

[0088] Incidentally, the feeding type of the planar inverted F antenna 1 shown in Fig. 5 is basically limited to the through type. However, that it is possible to perform external type feeding without using the through-hole is common to all of the planar inverted F antennas 1 formed into the through type.

[0089] In this embodiment, as shown in Fig. 5, a through-hole 11b to be installed in the ground conductive plate 10 is formed not into a circular shape but into a slit-like shape which is elongated in a length direction of the MSL 33.

[0090] By forming the through-hole 11b to be elongated as mentioned above, the position of the feeding pin 41 to be connected to the MSL 33 can be freely selected within a range of the length of the through-hole 11b, and the degree of freedom in feeding line arrangement can be raised.

[0091] Incidentally, a case that the feeding pin 41 has been connected to the endmost on the open end side is shown in Figs. 5(a) and (b).

[0092] Then, in a case where the feeding pin 41 is to be connected to the side (the short circuit plate 20 side) which is more inward than that in the example in Fig. 5, through-holes through which the feeding pin 41 passes may be provided in a plurality of spots of the MSL 33 corresponding to the through-hole 11b and the feeding pin 41 may be made to pass through the through-hole concerned and may be welded from above.

[0093] In addition, it becomes possible to connect the feeding pin 41 to an arbitrary position by providing a slit of a width which makes it possible to pass the feeding pin 41 through it also in the MSL 33.

[0094] Further, not providing the through-hole in the MSL 33, a plurality of width-wise grooves may be formed in the MSL 33 so as to adjust the length by folding the MSL 33 along the grooves at the connection position of the feeding pin 41. The length of the MSL 33 can be varied as mentioned above because the length of the microstrip line is not defined as a parameter of the characteristic impedance.

[0095] Next, planar inverted F antennas 1 which have been made compatible with multifrequency will be described with reference to Fig. 6 to Fig. 10 by other embodiments.

[0096] Fig. 6 shows a perspective state concerning a structure of a planar inverted F antenna 1 which has been made compatible with multifrequency.

[0097] The planar inverted F antenna 1 of this embodiment has been made compatible with multifrequency by changing the lengths of the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second excitation conductive plate 32b formed on the both sides of the MSL 33.

[0098] Although in the example in Fig. 6, it has been made compatible with multifrequency by making the length of the first excitation conductive plate 32a shorter than that of the second excitation conductive plate 32b, which one should be made longer is optional.

[0099] Fig. 7 shows a perspective state concerning a structure of a planar inverted F antenna 1 which has been made compatible with multifrequency pertaining to another embodiment.

[0100] In this embodiment, the first excitation conductive plate 32a has been formed long and the second excitation conductive plate 32b has been formed short using the length of the MSL 33 as a reference. It is also possible to make a great difference between the lengths of the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second excitation conductive plate 32b as mentioned above also including the example in Fig. 6.

[0101] However, with regard to the first excitation conductive plate 32a which has been formed longer than the MSL 33, it is necessary to hold it within a range which is not longer than the open side end face of the ground conductive plate 10.

[0102] Fig. 8 shows a perspective state (a), and an A2-A2' section (b), concerning a structure of a planar inverted F antenna 1 which has been made compatible with multifrequency pertaining to a further embodiment by diagrams.

[0103] While, in the embodiments shown in Figs. 6 and 7, multifrequency performance has been enabled by changing the lengths of the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second excitation conductive plate 32b, in this embodiment shown in Fig. 8, multifrequency performance is enabled by making the lengths of the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second excitation conductive plate 32b the same as each other and changing the distances from the ground conductive plate 10.

[0104] In a case where the height from the ground conductive plate 10 is designated by h as shown in Fig. 8(b), the not shown first excitation conductive plate 32a maintains the same height h along the full length.

[0105] On the other hand, the second excitation conductive plate 32b is formed to be h1 (h1<h) in height of a part from a folded spot to the open end by folding downward (toward the ground conductive plate 10 side) two times at any spot corresponding to the slit 31b.

[0106] Incidentally, the second excitation conductive plate 32b may be folded not downward but upward. In addition, one of the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second excitation conductive plate 32b may be folded downward and the other may be folded upward.

[0107] Fig. 9 shows a perspective state (a), and a C-C' section (b), concerning a structure of a planar inverted F antenna 1 which has been made compatible with multifrequency pertaining to a further embodiment by diagrams.

[0108] While in the embodiment shown in Fig. 8, multifrequency performance has been enabled by folding one or both of the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second excitation conductive plate 32b downward or upward so as to change the distances between them and the ground conductive plate 10b, in this embodiment, although it is same as the first embodiment with regard to the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second excitation conductive plate 32b, multifrequency performance has been enabled by folding a ground conductive plate 10b downward two times along a longitudinal virtual line of the MSL 33.

[0109] In a case where the height between it and the first excitation conductive plate 32a has been set to h by folding the ground conductive plate 10b downward at the position corresponding to the slit 31b as shown in Fig. 9(b), it is formed to have a height h2 (h<h2) between it and the second excitation conductive plate 32b.

[0110] Although any place would be fine as a folding position of the ground conductive plate 10b if it is under the slit, an almost central position in a width direction of the slit 31 is preferable.

[0111] Though not shown, a difference between the distance between it and the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the distance between it and the second excitation conductive plate 32b may be made large by folding the ground conductive plate 10 upward at a position facing the slit 31a and further folding it downward at a position facing the slit 31b.

[0112] In the planar inverted F antennas 1 pertaining to the embodiments described in Figs. 8 and 9 mentioned above, multifrequency performance has been attained by making a difference between the distance of the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the distance of the second excitation conductive plate 32b relative to the ground conductive plate 10.

[0113] On the other hand, it is also possible to enable multifrequency performance by making the distances between it and the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second conductive plate 32b the same as each other and by changing the dielectric constant between the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the ground conductive plate 10 and the dielectric constant between the second excitation conductive plate 32b and the ground conductive plate 10.

[0114] That is, a dielectric substrate other than air, for example, a glass substrate (εr ≠ 4.7) or the like is arranged on any one of the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second excitation conductive plate 32b.

[0115] Fig. 10 shows a perspective state, concerning a structure of a planar inverted F antenna 1 which has been made compatible with multifrequency pertaining to a further embodiment.

[0116] The multifrequency compatible planar inverted F antennas 1 in Fig. 6 to Fig. 9 have been made compatible with two frequencies by setting the lengths or heights h of the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second excitation conductive plate 32b to different values.

[0117] On the other hand, a third excitation conductive plate 32c is provided on the outer side of the second excitation conductive plate 32b via a slit 31c as shown in Fig. 10 and the respective lengths of the first excitation conductive plate 32a, the second excitation conductive plate 32b and the third excitation conductive plate 32c are set to different values so as to be made compatible with three frequencies. Incidentally, in order to enable further multifrequency performance, the first excitation conductive plate 32a to n-th excitation conductive plate 32 (n≥4) may be provided.

[0118] In this embodiment and the modified example thereof, the slits 31a and 31b to be formed on the both sides of the MSL 33 are formed similarly to the first embodiment.

[0119] On the other hand, although the slit 31c to be formed between the excitation conductive plate 32b and the excitation conductive plate 32c may be formed from the open end up to the line S that the input impedance becomes Z, since the slit 31c is not the slit for forming the MSL 33, this is not necessarily the case. Incidentally, in a case where the slit 31c has been formed shorter or longer than the one up to the line S, the base 35 corresponding to the excitation conductive plate 32c ranges from an inner end of the slit 31c up to the short circuit plate 20.

[0120] The width of the slit 31c is determined from the viewpoint of mutual interference prevention among the excitation conductive plates 32.

[0121] Fig. 11 shows a structure of a planar inverted F antenna 1 pertaining to a further embodiment and production thereof.

[0122] In the planar inverted F antennas 1 described in Fig. 1 to Fig. 10, the short circuit plate 20 is connected to a prescribed distance u (u<x-a : see Fig. 2 for x, a) from the end face of the ground conductive plate 10. Connection in this case is made by welding or the like.

[0123] In contrast, in the planar inverted F antenna 1 shown in Fig. 11, the short circuit plate 20 is connected with the end of the ground conductive plate 10.

[0124] Although also in connection of the short circuit plate 20 with the ground conductive plate 10 in this case, both may be separately formed and may be connected together by welding, the ground conductive plate 10, the short circuit plate 20, and the main conductive plate 30 may be also formed integrally by punching or cutting a conductive member 50 using a metal such as brass or the like as shown in Fig. 11(c).

[0125] Then, as shown by dotted lines in Fig. 11(c), the planar inverted F antenna 1 is formed by folding (valley-folding) it by about 90 degrees each time at a connection spot of the ground conductive plate 10 with the short circuit plate 20 and a connection spot of the short circuit plate 20 with the main conductive plate 30 until the ground conductive plate 10 and the main conductive plate 30 come into parallel with each other. Then, the feeding pin 41 is welded to the open end of the MSL 33 through the through-hole 11 and the external conductor 42 is connected to the peripheral edge of the through-hole 11 in this planar inverted F antenna 1, by which the planar inverted F antenna 1 shown in Fig. 11(a) is formed.

[0126] Incidentally, although the planar inverted F antenna 1 of the through type as the feeding line has been described in Fig. 11, in a case where the external type planar inverted antenna 1 is to be formed, the through-hole 11 is unnecessary.

[0127] Also with regard to the planar inverted F antennas 1 of the respective embodiments described in Fig. 1 to Fig. 10, the ground conductive plate 10, the short circuit plate 20 and the main conductive plate 30 may be integrally formed by similarly punching and may be formed by folding as the planar inverted F antenna 1 modified to the type that the short circuit plate 20 is connected to the end of the ground conductive plate 10.

[0128] However, in the case of the planar inverted F antenna 1 which has been made compatible with multifrequency by folding the ground conductive plate 10 described in Fig. 9, punching or the like is performed such that the ground conductive plate 10 and the second excitation conductive plate 32b the distance (height) between which is long are integrated.

[0129] In this case, although the short circuit plate 20 may be provided only on the second excitation conductive plate 32b part, it is also possible to provide it also on the MSL 33 and first excitation conductive plate 32a parts. In this case, the short circuit plate 20 corresponding to the height of the part concerned is integrally formed to be contiguous to any one side of the ground conductive plate 10 side and the base 35 side, is folded and thereafter is welded with the other side.

[0130] In the planar inverted F antennas 1 described in Fig. 1 to Fig. 11, a case that the first excitation conductive plate 32a, the second excitation conductive plate 32b and the MSL 33 are arranged on the same plane or on parallel planes has been described.

[0131] On the other hand, in planar inverted F antennas 1 described in Fig. 12 and succeeding figures, it is formed to be U-shaped in section or L-shaped in section by folding one or two spots along the length direction of the MSL 33.

[0132] Fig. 12 shows perspective states from its different directions, concerning a basic structure of a folding type planar inverted F antenna 1.

[0133] Fig. 13 shows sections of respective parts of the folding type planar inverted F antenna 1 shown in Fig. 12 and modified examples thereof by diagrams.

[0134] In the planar inverted F antenna 1 of the embodiment shown in Fig. 12 and Fig. 13, it is of the type that the planar inverted F antenna 1 in the first embodiment has been folded into the U-shape in section. However, with regard to the short circuit plate 20, it is formed by being divided for every faces corresponding to the first excitation conductive plate 32a, the MSL 33, and the second excitation conductive plate 32b.

[0135]  As shown in Fig. 12 and Fig. 13, the planar inverted F antenna 1 is formed with a first ground conductive plate 10a, a third ground conductive plate 10p, and a second ground conductive plate 10b by folding the ground conductive plate 10 into the U-shape in section.

[0136] On the other hand, the section of the base 35 is also formed into the U-shape by folding two spots of an almost central part of the slit 31a and an almost central part of the slit 31b.

[0137] Then, the first ground conductive plate 10a and the first excitation conductive plate 32a are short-circuited (connected) by a first short circuit plate 20a, the third ground conductive plate 10p and the MSL 33 are short-circuited by a third short circuit plate 20p, and the second ground conductive plate 10b and the second excitation conductive plate 32b are short-circuited by a second short circuit plate 20b.

[0138] Incidentally, in Fig. 12 and succeeding figures showing perspective states, indication of the feeding line is omitted.

[0139] However, in any of the embodiments, it is also possible to adopt the feeding line of either the through type (including a slot type) or the external type as described in the first embodiment and the second embodiment. Then, with respect to the A-A' section in that case, in the case of Fig. 12, it will be as shown in Fig. 13(a) if it is the through type one and will be as shown in Fig. 13(b) if it is the external type one.

[0140] In the respective embodiments described in Fig. 13 and succeeding figures, the feeding line is omitted and indicated in perspective views and the external type is shown in the A-A' section in the both types. However, although in the case of the external type, it is connected to the ground at an arbitrary spot of the ground conductive plate 10 as shown in Figs. 3(b) and (c), also indication of the connection state to the ground is omitted in the A-A' sectional diagrams including Fig. 13(b).

[0141] Then, although with respect to the external type feeding lines shown in Fig. 13 and succeeding figures, a state in which between the feeding pin 43 and the connection point shown by a black circle is connected by a dotted line is indicated as shown in Fig. 13(b), this shows that any of the both types in Figs. 3(b) and (c) is possible.

[0142] Fig. 13(c) shows a B-B' section of the planar inverted F antenna 1 shown in Fig. 12.

[0143] In addition, Fig. 13(d) shows a C-C' section of the planar inverted F antenna 1 shown in Fig. 12. In addition, Fig. 13(e) shows a D-D' section of the same.

[0144] On the other hand, Figs. 13(f) and (g) show C-C' sections for modified examples of the planar inverted F antenna 1 shown in Fig. 12.

[0145] In the case of the planar inverted F antenna 1 shown in Fig. 12, in three planes formed by folding it into the U-shape, the width of the central plane is the narrowest. Therefore, a case that a width W of the central plane becomes narrower than the width w required for the characteristic impedance of the MSL 33 to attain Z=50 Ω may occur depending on the design condition of the antenna. The ones coping with such the case are the modified examples shown in Figs. 13(f) and (g).

[0146] In the modified example in Fig. 13(f), it has been folded at two spots on the MSL 33 part, not folded at the parts on the slits 31a and 31b.

[0147] In addition, in the modified example in Fig. 13(g), it has been folded at one spot on the MSL 33 part and at two spots on the slit 31b part.

[0148] In either case, it is necessary that the distances from the MSL 33 to the first ground conductive plate 10a, the second ground conductive plate 10b, and the third ground conductive plate 10p should be constant. However, if the characteristic impedance of the MSL 33 is Z, the distances may not necessarily be constant.

[0149] As described above, according to the folding type planar inverted F antenna 1, it becomes possible to arrange the planar inverted F antenna 1 in a narrower region by arranging a circuit board of the electronic equipment such as the mobile phone or the like in an inner part which has been formed into the U-shape or L-shape in section of the ground conductive plate 10.

[0150] In addition, according to the planar inverted F antenna 1 of the present embodiment, it is formed into the U-shape in section and the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second excitation conductive plate 32b are arranged on mutually parallel surfaces. Thus, even in a case where the circuit and the structure of the electronic equipment have been housed within the ground conductive plate 10 which is U-shaped in section, the radiation apertures (the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second excitation conductive plate 32b) of the antenna can be arranged on the both of rear and front surface sides of the electronic equipment.

[0151] As a result, radiation from the both of the rear and front surfaces of the electronic equipment becomes possible and radiation characteristics are improved.

[0152] Fig. 14 shows a perspective state and respective sections concerning a structure of a folding planar inverted F antenna 1 pertaining to another embodiment by diagrams.

[0153] In the folding planar inverted F antenna 1 described in Fig. 12, all of the first excitation conductive plate 32a, the MSL 33 and the second excitation conductive plate 32b are connected to the ground conductive plate 10 respectively by the first short circuit plate 20a, the third short circuit plate 20p and the second short circuit plate 20b.

[0154] In contrast, in the present embodiment, as shown in Fig. 14(a), the main conductive plate 30 and the ground conductive plate 10 simply connect the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the first ground conductive plate 10a by the first short circuit plate 20a.

[0155] Incidentally, not limited to the embodiment in Fig. 14, connection (short circuiting) of the ground conductive plate 10 with the main conductive plate 30 may be made by any one or arbitrary two of the first short circuit plate 20a, the second short circuit plate 20b and the third short circuit plate 20p so as to connect at one or two spot(s), and further they may be connected at all spots.

[0156] Fig. 15 shows a perspective state and respective sections concerning a structure of a folding planar inverted F antenna 1 pertaining to another embodiment by diagrams.

[0157] In this embodiment, the main conductive plate 30 has been folded into the U-shape such that one fourth ground conductive plate 10d is installed between the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second excitation conductive plate 32b in parallel.

[0158] As shown in Figs. 15(a) and (c), although in this embodiment, the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the fourth ground conductive plate 10d are connected together by the first short circuit plate 20a, the second excitation conductive plate 32b and the fourth ground conductive plate 10d may be connected together by the first short circuit plate 20a and both of them may be connected together.

[0159] According to this embodiment, the folding planar inverted F antenna 1 can be thinned.

[0160] However, in order to ensure the width w of the MSL 33, the main conductive plate 30 may be folded at one or two spots on the MSL 33 as described in Figs. 13(f) and (g) depending on the design condition of the folding planar inverted F antenna 1.

[0161] Fig. 16 shows a perspective state and respective sections concerning a structure of a folding planar inverted F antenna 1 pertaining to another embodiment by diagrams.

[0162] In this embodiment, the first excitation conductive plate 32a is singly used as the excitation conductive plate, and it has been formed so as to make the MSL 33 parallel with the first excitation plate 32a.

[0163] That is, as shown in Fig. 16, the ground conductive plate 10 which has been folded into the U-shape is defined as the first ground conductive plate 10a, a fifth ground conductive plate 10e and the third ground conductive plate 10p in order.

[0164] On the other hand, a wide slit is formed at one spot in the central part of the main conductive plate 30, one side thereof is defined as the first excitation plate 32a and the other side thereof is defined as the MSL 33 and it is folded at two spots on a part of the base 35 where the slit is formed.

[0165] Then, the first excitation plate 32a and the first ground conductive plate 10a are connected together by the first short circuit plate 20a, the base 35 corresponding to the slit part and the fifth ground conductive plate 10e are connected together by a fifth short circuit plate 20e, and the MSL 33 and the third ground conductive plate 10p are connected together by a third short circuit plate 20p.

[0166] According to the folding planar inverted F antenna 1 of the present embodiment, since the MSL 33 is arranged in parallel with the first excitation conductive plate 32a, thinning can be implemented by narrowing the width of the fifth ground conductive plate 10e.

[0167] Incidentally, the first ground conductive plate 10a and the third ground conductive plate 10p may be commonalized as one ground conductive plate 10. The single ground conductive 10 in this case is made the same as the fourth ground conductive plate 10d described in Fig. 15 and the fifth short circuit plate 20e becomes unnecessary.

[0168] In addition, in the present embodiment and modified examples, connection (short-circuiting) of the main conductive plate 30 with the ground conductive plate 10 may be also configured to short-circuit them at any one spot.

[0169] Fig. 17 shows a perspective state and respective sections concerning a structure of a folding planar inverted F antenna 1 pertaining to another embodiment by diagrams.

[0170] In this embodiment, the orientation of the ground conductive plate 10 in the folding planar inverted F antenna 1 described in Fig. 16 has been inverted.

[0171] That is, it is the one that the open side of the main conductive plate 30 which has been also formed into the U-shape in section is inserted from the open side of the ground conductive plate 10 which has been formed into the U-shape in section. This folding planar inverted F antenna 1 is of a configuration which becomes possible because the MSL 33 has been arranged not on the central part of the base 35 but on its end in parallel with the first excitation conductive plate 32a.

[0172] Also this embodiment makes it possible to omit any one of the first short circuit plate 20a and the third short circuit plate 20p.

[0173] Figs. 18 and 19 show perspective states and respective sections concerning structures of folding planar inverted F antennas 1 pertaining to other embodiments by diagrams.

[0174] The folding planar inverted F antennas 1 shown in Fig. 18 and Fig. 19 are of the kind that the main conductive plate 30 has been formed into the L-shape in section by folding it only at one spot.

[0175] The folding planar inverted F antenna 1 in Fig. 18 is of the configuration which is the same as that of a state that the second excitation conductive plate 32b has been cut off at the slit 31b part in the folding planar inverted F antenna 1 shown in Fig. 14.

[0176] According to the folding planar inverted F antenna 1 of this embodiment, thinning is possible just as much as the second excitation conductive plate 32b is eliminated.

[0177] Figs. 18(b) and (c) show a C-C' section and a D-D' section in Fig. 18(a) by diagrams.

[0178] On the other hand, Figs. 18 (d) and (e) show the C-C' section and the D-D' section (the sections of the same places as those in Fig. 18(a)) of a folding planar inverted F antenna 1 in a modified example of the present embodiment by diagrams.

[0179] In this modified example, also the ground conductive plate 10 of the folding planar inverted F antenna 1 has been configured similarly to a state that the second ground conductive plate 10b part has been cut off. That is, also the ground conductive plate 10 has been configured into the L-shape in section similarly to the main conductive plate 30.

[0180] According to this modified example, since a part facing the first ground conductive plate 10a is opened, even in a case where the thickness of the electronic equipment is thick, it becomes possible to arrange it along its outer peripheral surface. That is, there is such an effect that the degree of freedom in arrangement place is raised.

[0181] Fig. 19 shows a perspective state and a section concerning a structure of a folding planar inverted F antenna 1 pertaining to another embodiment by diagrams.

[0182] In this embodiment, similarly to that described in the first embodiment, the main conductive plate 30 that the slits 31a and 31b are formed on the both sides of the MSL 33 is used and has been folded at one spot on the slit 31b part.

[0183] In the present embodiment, the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second excitation conductive plate 32b can be arranged on orthogonal surfaces.

[0184] Incidentally, also in the present embodiment, similarly to the modified example shown in Figs. 18(d) and (e), it is also possible to raise the degree of freedom in arrangement place of the folding planar inverted F antenna 1 by forming the ground conductive plate 10 into the L-shape in section.

[0185] Also in this embodiment, it is possible to shift the connection spot of the ground conductive plate 10 with the main conductive plate 30 to another position.

[0186] Next, in the folding planar inverted F antenna 1, a folding planar inverted F antenna 1 which has been made compatible with multifrequency will be described.

[0187] Fig. 20 shows respective sections concerning a structure of a folding planar inverted F antenna 1 which has been made compatible with multifrequency by diagrams.

[0188] In this embodiment, multifrequency performance is enabled by changing the lengths of the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second excitation conductive plate 32b in the folding planar inverted F antennas 1 respectively described in Fig. 12, Fig. 14 and Fig. 15.

[0189] Figs. 20(a), (b) and (c) respectively correspond to the respective B-B' sections in Fig. 13(c), Fig. 14(c) and Fig. 15(c).

[0190] Incidentally, although in Figs. 20(b) and (c), the first short circuit plate 20a is connected only to the first excitation conductive plate 32a side which has been formed long in length, the second short circuit plate 20b may be connected to the second excitation conductive plate 32b which has been formed short.

[0191] Fig. 21 shows a perspective state and respective sections concerning a structure of a folding planar inverted F antenna 1 which has been made compatible with multifrequency pertaining to another embodiment by diagrams.

[0192] This embodiment has been made compatible with multifrequency by making a difference between the distance of the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the distance of the second excitation conductive plate 32b relative to the ground conductive plate 10 similarly to the embodiments shown in Fig. 8 and Fig. 9 by displacing the arrangement position of the ground conductive plate 10 relative to the main conductive plate 30 which has been folded into the U-shape in a thickness direction.

[0193] Incidentally, a multifrequency compatible folding planar inverted F antenna 1 may be configured by folding the first excitation conductive plate 32a or the second excitation conductive plate 32b at the line S part where the input impedance becomes Z in a direction closer to or apart from the ground conductive plate 10 as shown in Fig. 8 for the folding planar inverted F antenna 1 shown in Fig. 12.

[0194] In addition, as described in Fig. 8, one of the first excitation conductive plate 32a and the second excitation conductive plate 32b may be folded in the direction closer to the ground conductive plate 10 and the other may be folded in the direction apart therefrom for the folding planar inverted F antenna 1 shown in Fig. 12.

[0195]  Fig. 22 shows a structure of a folding planar inverted F antenna 1 pertaining to another embodiment and a developed state thereof by diagrams.

[0196] In the folding planar inverted F antennas 1 described in Fig. 12 to Fig. 21, each short circuit plate 20 is connected to the prescribed distance u (u<x-a : see Fig. 2 for x, a) from the end face of the ground conductive plate 10 by welding or the like.

[0197] In contrast, in the folding planar inverted F antenna 1 of the present embodiment, each short circuit plate 20 (the third short circuit plate 20p in Fig. 22) is made to be connected with the end of the ground conductive plate 10 (the third ground conductive plate 10p in Fig. 22).

[0198] Although also in connection of the third short circuit plate 20p with the third ground conductive plate 10p in the case in Fig. 22, both of them may be formed separately and may be connected together by welding, the ground conductive plate 10, the short circuit plate 20 and the main conductive plate 30 may be formed integrally by punching or cutting the conductive member 50 using the metal such as brass or the like as shown in Fig. 22(a).

[0199] Then, from the developed state shown in Fig. 22(a), the both sides of the third ground conductive plate 10p are mountain-folded at one-point chain line parts and the both sides of the third short circuit plate 20p are valley-folded at dotted line parts.

[0200] Further, the folding planar inverted F antenna 1 shown in Fig. 22(b) is formed by valley-folding the dotted line parts corresponding to the slits 31a and 31b in the base 35.

[0201]  Incidentally, although in Fig. 22, description has been made with respect to a state that a through-hole is not formed in the third ground conductive plate 10p on the premise of the folding planar inverted F antenna 1 of the external type as the feeding line, in a case where a through type folding planar inverted F antenna 1 is to be formed, the through-hole 11 is formed in a corresponding point of the third ground conductive plate 10p.

[0202] Also with respect to the folding planar inverted F antennas 1 of the respective embodiments described in Fig. 12 to Fig. 21, the ground conductive plate 10, the short circuit plate 20, and the main conductive plate 30 may be integrally formed similarly by punching or the like and formed by folding as a planar inverted F antenna 1 which has been modified to the type that the short circuit plate 20 is connected to the end of the ground conductive plate 10.

[0203] Figs. 23(a) and (b) show development elevations of a case that the folding planar inverted F antennas 1 respectively described in Fig. 14 and Fig. 12 are to be integrally formed similarly by punching.

[0204] In the case of the folding planar inverted F antennas 1 shown in Fig. 22 and Fig. 23(a), although connection of the ground conductive plate 10 with the main conductive plate 30 is connected at any one spot on the U-shape (the third short circuit plate 20p in Fig. 22 and the second short circuit plate 20b in Fig. 23(a)), they may be configured to be connected together at arbitrary two of three spots and at the three spots.

[0205]  Fig. 23(b) is an example that the short circuit plate 20 is connected at three spots on the U-shape.

[0206] As shown in Fig. 23(b), in the case of integrally forming the folding type planar inverted F antenna 1 by punching or the like, in a case where the ground conductive plate 10 and the main conductive plate 30, and the short circuit plate 20 are to be connected at two or more spots on the U-shape, the both sides of any one of the short circuit plates 20 are integrally processed to be contiguous to the ground conductive plate 10 and the main conductive plate 30. On the other hand, with respect to the remaining short circuit plates 20, each is integrally processed to be contiguous to any one side of the ground conductive plate 10 and the main conductive plate 30, and the other side is cut off.

[0207] In the example in Fig. 23(b), the third short circuit plate 20p is formed integrally with the third ground conductive plate 10p and the MSL 33, the first short circuit plate 20a is formed integrally with the first excitation conductive plate 32a, and the second short circuit plate 20b is formed integrally with the second excitation conductive plate 32b.

[0208] On the other hand, the first short circuit plate 20a and the first ground conductive plate 10a are separated from each other, and the second short circuit plate 20b and the second ground conductive plate 10b are separated from each other. With respect to between the first short circuit plate 20a and the first ground conductive plate 10a and between the second short circuit 20b and the second ground conductive plate 10b which are mutually separated, their other sides are valley-folded at the dotted line parts and thereafter they are connected together by welding or the like.

[0209] Fig. 24 shows a structure of a folding planar inverted F antenna 1 pertaining to another embodiment and a developed state thereof by diagrams.

[0210] Although the folding planar inverted F antenna 1 of this embodiment is also the one which has been integrally formed by punching or the like, it is of a configuration that the feeding line of the external type described in Fig. 3(c) is laid. That is, the structure is such that the coaxial line 40 is used as the feeding line, the feeding pin 41 is connected to the open end of the MSL 33 with no provision of the through-hole 11, and the external conductor 42 is connected to the ground conductive plate 10.

[0211] Specifically, as shown in Fig. 24(a), the length of the MSL 33 is formed to be the same as the length of the first ground conductive plate 10a (the second ground conductive plate 10b), and a notch part 10g is formed in the open end side (the left side in the figure) of the third ground conductive plate 10p. It is preferable that the depth (in the length direction of the MSL 33) of this notch be set to about the radius of the coaxial line 40 to be connected.

[0212] However, it is also possible to make the lengths of the MSL 33 and the first ground conductive plate 10a (the second ground conductive plate 10b) the same as each other to make the positions of the open ends of the both the same as each other with no provision of the notch part 10g. In this case, the external conductor 42 of the coaxial line 40 is connected to the ground conductive plate 10 at a position where a prescribed space of such extent that the feeding pin 41 is not in contact with the ground conductive plate 10 is left and the tip of the feeding pin 41 is slightly bent and is welded to the MSL 33.

[0213] Incidentally, although in the folding planar inverted F antenna 1 described above, a case that one or two spot(s) is/are folded along the longitudinal direction of the slit has been described, it may be folded at three or more spots.

[0214] For example, in a case where three spots are folded in the same direction along the longitudinal direction of all the slits, the section becomes rectangularity, and the section takes the ladle-like shape by folding adjacent two spots in the same direction and the remaining one spot in the opposite direction.

[0215] In addition, one or a plurality of spot(s) may be folded in the longitudinal direction of the slit and the other one or plurality of spot(s) may be folded in a direction (for example, an orthogonal direction) intersecting with the longitudinal direction of the slit.

[0216] Further, although a case that it has been folded to 90 degrees as the folding angle has been described, it is also possible to fold it to not less than 90 degrees and it is further possible to fold it to not more than 90 degrees depending on the shape of the arrangement region of the communication equipment relative to the folding planar inverted F antenna 1.

DESCRIPTION OF REFERENCE NUMERALS OR SYMBOLS



[0217] 

1 planar inverted F antenna, folding planar inverted F antenna

10 ground conductive plate

10a first ground conductive plate

10b second ground conductive plate

10p third ground conductive plate

20 short circuit plate

20a first short circuit plate

20b second short circuit plate

20p third short circuit plate

30 main conductive plate

31a, 31b slit

32a first excitation conductive plate

32b second excitation conductive plate

33 microstrip line (MSL)

40 coaxial line

41 feeding pin (central conductor)

42 external conductor

43 feeding pin




Claims

1. A planar inverted F antenna (1), comprising
a ground conductive plate (10) to be connected to the ground,
a short circuiting member (20) connected to said ground conductive plate, and
a main conductive plate (30) to the side of one end of which said short circuiting member is connected,
said main conductive plate (30), comprising:

a plurality of slits (31a, 31b) formed from the other end on the side opposite to the side to which said short circuiting member (20) has been connected up to a position where an input impedance of the antenna becomes Z, the position being at a prescribed distance (s) from the connection position of the short circuiting member (20) on the main conductive plate (30);

a microstrip line (33) which is formed between a side end of said main conductive plate (30) and between adjacent slits in said plurality of slits having a width w such that a characteristic impedance becomes Z and to which a feeding line is to be connected; and

a plurality of excitation conductive Plates (32a, 32b) formed on a side of said slit to which said microstrip line (33) is not adjacent,

wherein a length of the microstrip line (33) from the position where an input impedance of the antenna becomes Z to an open end of the microstrip line (33) is the same as, or shorter than, a length of at least one of the excitation conductive plates (32a, 32b).
 
2. A planar inverted F antenna (1), comprising
a ground conductive plate (10) to be connected to the ground,
a short circuiting member (20) connected to said ground conductive plate, and
a main conductive plate (30) to the side of one end of which said short circuiting member is connected,
said main conductive plate (30), comprising:

one slit (31c) formed from the other end on the side opposite to the side to which said short circuiting member (20) has been connected up to a position where an input impedance of the antenna becomes Z, the position being at a prescribed distance (s) from the connection position of the short circuiting member (20) on the main conductive plate (30);

a microstrip line (33b) which is formed between a side end of said main conductive plate (30) and said slit (31c) having a width w such that a characteristic impedance becomes Z and to which a feeding line is to be connected; and

an excitation conductive plate(32d) formed on a side of said slit (31c) to which said microstrip line (33b) is not adjacent,

wherein a length of the microstrip line (33b) from the position where an input impedance of the antenna becomes Z to an open end of the microstrip line (33b) is substantially the same as a length of the excitation conductive plate (32d).
 
3. The planar inverted F antenna according to Claim 1 or Claim 2, wherein
said ground conductive plate (10), said short circuiting member (20) and said main conductive plate (30) are integrally formed from one mutually contiguous conductive plate and are formed by being folded in the same direction at a connection part of said ground conducive plate (10) with said short circuiting member (20) and a connection part of said short circuiting member (20) with said main conductive plate (30).
 
4. The planar inverted F antenna according to Claim 1 or according to Claim 3, when depending on Claim 1, wherein
said slits (31a, 31b) are formed by two at positions on both sides equally spaced from a width-wise center of said main conductive plate (30), by which the microstrip line (33) is formed on the center of said main conductive plate (30), and a first excitation conductive plate (32a) and a second excitation conductive plate (32b) are formed on both sides thereof.
 
5. The planar inverted F antenna according to Claim 4, wherein
said first excitation conductive plate (32a) and said second excitation conductive plate (32b) are formed to have different lengths.
 
6. The planar inverted F antenna according to Claim 4, wherein
said first excitation conductive plate (32a) and said second excitation conductive plate (32b) are formed to have different distances from the ground conductive plate (10).
 
7. The planar inverted F antenna according to any one of Claim 1 to Claim 6, wherein
a through-hole (11) for said feeding line is formed in said ground conductive plate (10) at a position corresponding to an open end of said microstrip line (33, 33b).
 
8. The planar inverted F antenna according to Claim 7, wherein
said through-hole (11) of said ground conductive plate (10) is formed into a slit-shape in a longitudinal direction of said microstrip line (33, 33b), and
a plurality of through-holes or a slit-shape through-hole are/is formed in said microstrip line (33, 33b) at a position facing said through-hole.
 
9. The planar inverted F antenna according to Claim 7, wherein
said through-hole (11) of said ground conductive plate (10) is formed into a slit-shape in a longitudinal direction of said microstrip line (33, 33b), and
a plurality of grooves in a direction intersecting with said longitudinal direction are formed in said microstrip line (33, 33b) at a position facing said through-hole (11).
 


Ansprüche

1. Planare invertierte F-Antenne (1), umfassend
eine Erdleiterplatte (10), die mit der Erde zu verbinden ist,
ein Kurzschlusselement (20), das mit der Erdleiterplatte verbunden ist, und
eine Hauptleiterplatte (30) zu der Seite eines Endes, mit dem das Kurzschlusselement verbunden ist,
wobei die Hauptleiterplatte (30) umfasst:

mehrere Schlitze (31a, 31b), die von dem anderen Ende an der Seite gegenüber der Seite, mit der das Kurzschlusselement (20) verbunden wurde, bis zu einer Position, wo eine Eingangsimpedanz der Antenne Z wird, gebildet sind, wobei die Position mit einem vorgeschriebenen Abstand (vorgeschriebenen Abständen) zu der Verbindungsposition des Kurzschlusselements (20) an der Hauptleiterplatte (30) liegt;

eine Mikrostreifenleitung (33), die zwischen einem Seitenende der Hauptleiterplatte (30) und zwischen benachbarten Schlitzen in den mehreren Schlitzen gebildet ist, mit einer Breite w, sodass eine charakteristische Impedanz Z wird, und mit der eine Einspeiseleitung zu verbinden ist; und

mehrere Anregungsleiterplatten (32a, 32b), die an einer Seite des Schlitzes gebildet sind, an die die Mikrostreifenleitung (33) nicht angrenzt,

wobei eine Länge der Mikrostreifenleitung (33) von der Position, wo eine Eingangsimpedanz der Antenne Z wird, zu einem offenen Ende der Mikrostreifenleitung (33) dieselbe wie oder kürzer als eine Länge mindestens einer der Anregungsleiterplatten (32a, 32b) ist.


 
2. Planare invertierte F-Antenne (1), umfassend
eine Erdleiterplatte (10) die mit der Erde zu verbinden ist,
ein Kurzschlusselement (20), das mit der Erdleiterplatte verbunden ist, und
eine Hauptleiterplatte (30) zu der Seite eines Endes, mit dem das Kurzschlusselement verbunden ist,
die Hauptleiterplatte (30), umfassend:

einen Schlitz (31c), der von dem anderen Ende der Seite gegenüber der mit der das Kurzschlusselement (20) verbunden wurde, bis zu einer Position, wo eine Eingangsimpedanz der Antenne Z wird, gebildet ist, wobei die Position mit einem vorgeschriebenen Abstand (vorgeschriebenen Abständen) zu der Verbindungsposition des Kurzschlusselements (20) an der Hauptleiterplatte (30) liegt;

eine Mikrostreifenleitung (33b), die zwischen einem Seitenende der Hauptleiterplatte (30) und dem Schlitz (31c) gebildet ist, mit einer Breite w, sodass eine charakteristische Impedanz Z wird, und mit der eine Einspeiseleitung zu verbinden ist; und

eine Anregungsleiterplatte (32d), die an einer Seite des Schlitzes (31c) gebildet ist, an die die Mikrostreifenleitung (33b) nicht angrenzt,

wobei eine Länge der Mikrostreifenleitung (33b) von der Position, wo eine Eingangsimpedanz der Antenne Z wird, zu einem offenen Ende der Mikrostreifenleitung (33b) im Wesentlichen dieselbe wie die Länge der Anregungsleiterplatte (32d) ist.


 
3. Planare invertierte F-Antenne nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, wobei
die Erdleiterplatte (10), das Kurzschlusselement (20) und die Hauptleiterplatte (30) einstückig aus einer wechselseitig fortlaufenden Leiterplatte gebildet sind und durch Falten an einem Verbindungsteil der Erdleiterplatte (10) mit dem Kurzschlusselement (20) und einem Verbindungsteil des Kurzschlusselements (20) mit der Hauptleiterplatte (30) in dieselbe Richtung gebildet werden.
 
4. Planare invertierte F-Antenne nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 3, wenn von Anspruch 1 abhängig, wobei
die Schlitze (31a, 31b) zu zweit an Positionen an beiden Seiten gleichmäßig von einem Mittelpunkt der Breite nach der Hauptleiterplatte (30) beabstandet gebildet sind, wodurch die Mikrostreifenleitung (33) an dem Mittelpunkt der Hauptleiterplatte (30) gebildet ist, und eine erste Anregungsleiterplatte (32a) und eine zweite Anregungsleiterplatte (32b) an beiden Seiten davon gebildet sind.
 
5. Planare invertierte F-Antenne nach Anspruch 4, wobei
die erste Anregungsleiterplatte (32a) und die zweite Anregungsleiterplatte (32b) so gebildet sind, dass sie unterschiedliche Längen aufweisen.
 
6. Planare invertierte F-Antenne nach Anspruch 4, wobei
die erste Anregungsleiterplatte (32a) und die zweite Anregungsleiterplatte (32b) so gebildet sind, dass sie unterschiedliche Abstände von der Erdleiterplatte (10) aufweisen.
 
7. Planare invertierte F-Antenne nach einem von Anspruch 1 bis Anspruch 6, wobei
ein Durchgangsloch (11) für die Einspeiseleitung in der Erdleiterplatte (10) an einer Position entsprechend einem offenen Ende der Mikrostreifenleitung (33, 33b) gebildet ist.
 
8. Planare invertierte F-Antenne nach Anspruch 7, wobei
das Durchgangsloch (11) der Erdleiterplatte (10) zu einer Schlitzform in einer Längsrichtung der Mikrostreifenleitung (33, 33b) gebildet ist und
mehrere Durchgangslöcher oder ein schlitzförmiges Durchgangsloch in der Mikrostreifenleitung (33, 33b) an einer Position, die dem Durchgangsloch zugewandt ist, gebildet sind bzw. ist.
 
9. Planare invertierte F-Antenne nach Anspruch 7, wobei
das Durchgangsloch (11) der Erdleiterplatte (10) zu einer Schlitzform in einer Längsrichtung der Mikrostreifenleitung (33, 33b) gebildet ist und
mehrere Rillen in einer Richtung, die die Längsrichtung schneidet, in der Mikrostreifenleitung (33, 33b) an einer Position, die dem Durchgangsloch (11) zugewandt ist, gebildet sind.
 


Revendications

1. Antenne plane en F inversé (1) comprenant :

une plaque conductrice de mise à la terre (10) à connecter à la terre,

un élément de court-circuitage (20) connecté à ladite plaque conductrice de mise à la terre, et

une plaque conductrice principale (30) sur le côté d'une extrémité de laquelle ledit élément de court-circuitage est connecté,

ladite plaque conductrice principale (30) comprenant :

une pluralité de fentes (31a, 31b) formées à partir de l'autre extrémité sur le côté opposé au côté auquel ledit élément de court-circuitage (20) a été connecté jusqu'à une position où une impédance d'entrée de l'antenne devient Z, la position étant à une distance prescrite (s) de la position de connexion de l'élément de court-circuitage (20) sur la plaque conductrice principale (30) ;

une ligne microruban (33) qui est formée entre une extrémité latérale de ladite plaque conductrice principale (30) et entre des fentes adjacentes dans ladite pluralité de fentes ayant une largeur w de sorte qu'une impédance caractéristique devient Z et à laquelle une ligne d'alimentation doit être connectée ; et

une pluralité de plaques conductrices d'excitation (32a, 32b) formées sur un côté de ladite fente auquel ladite ligne microruban(33) n'est pas adjacente,

dans laquelle une longueur de la ligne microruban (33) depuis la position où une impédance d'entrée de l'antenne devient Z jusqu'à une extrémité ouverte de la ligne microruban (33) est la même que, ou plus courte que, une longueur d'au moins une des plaques conductrices d'excitation (32a, 32b).


 
2. Antenne plane en F inversé (1) comprenant :

une plaque conductrice de mise à la terre (10) à connecter à la terre,

un élément de court-circuitage (20) connecté à ladite plaque conductrice de mise à la terre, et

une plaque conductrice principale (30) sur le côté d'une extrémité de laquelle ledit élément de court-circuitage est connecté,

ladite plaque conductrice principale (30) comprenant :

une fente (31c) formée à partir de l'autre extrémité sur le côté opposé au côté auquel ledit élément de court-circuitage (20) a été connecté jusqu'à une position où une impédance d'entrée d'antenne devient Z, la position étant à une distance prescrite (s) de la position de connexion de l'élément de court-circuitage (20) sur la plaque conductrice principale (30) ;

une ligne microruban (33b) qui est formée entre une extrémité latérale de ladite plaque conductrice principale (30) et ladite fente (31c) ayant une largeur w de sorte qu'une impédance caractéristique devient Z et à laquelle une ligne d'alimentation doit être connectée ; et

une plaque conductrice d'excitation (32d) formée sur un côté de ladite fente (31c) auquel ladite ligne microruban (33b) n'est pas adjacente,

dans laquelle une longueur de la ligne microruban (33b) depuis la position où une impédance d'entrée de l'antenne devient Z jusqu'à une extrémité ouverte de la ligne microruban (33b) est sensiblement la même qu'une longueur de la plaque d'excitation conductrice (32d) .


 
3. Antenne plane en F inversé selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, dans laquelle
ladite plaque conductrice de mise à la terre (10), ledit élément de court-circuitage (20) et ladite plaque conductrice principale (30) sont intégralement formés à partir d'une plaque conductrice mutuellement contiguë et sont formés en étant pliés dans la même direction au niveau d'une partie de connexion de ladite plaque conductrice de mise à la terre (10) avec ledit élément de court-circuitage (20) et une partie de connexion dudit élément de court-circuitage (20) avec ladite plaque conductrice principale (30).
 
4. Antenne plane en F inversé selon la revendication 1 ou selon la revendication 3 lorsque dépendante de la revendication 1, dans laquelle
lesdites fentes (31a, 31b) sont formées par deux dans des positions des deux côtés espacées de façon égale par rapport à un centre dans le sens de la largeur de ladite plaque conductrice principale (30) au niveau duquel la ligne microruban (33) est formée sur le centre de ladite plaque conductrice principale (30), et une première plaque conductrice d'excitation (32a) et une deuxième plaque conductrice d'excitation (32b) sont formées des deux côtés de celui-ci.
 
5. Antenne plane en F inversé selon la revendication 4, dans laquelle
ladite première plaque conductrice d'excitation (32a) et ladite deuxième plaque conductrice d'excitation (32b) sont formées de manière à avoir des longueurs différentes.
 
6. Antenne plane en F inversé selon la revendication 4, dans laquelle
ladite première plaque conductrice d'excitation (32a) et ladite deuxième plaque conductrice d'excitation (32b) sont formées de manière à avoir différentes distances par rapport à la plaque conductrice de mise à la terre (10).
 
7. Antenne plane en F inversé selon l'une quelconque de la revendication 1 à la revendication 6, dans laquelle
un trou traversant (11) pour ladite ligne d'alimentation est formé dans ladite plaque conductrice de mise à la terre (10) dans une position correspondant à une extrémité ouverte de ladite ligne microruban (33, 33b).
 
8. Antenne plane en F inversé selon la revendication 7, dans laquelle
ledit trou traversant (11) de ladite plaque conductrice de mise à la terre (10) est formé en forme de fente dans une direction longitudinale de ladite ligne microruban (33, 33b), et
une pluralité de trous traversants ou un trou traversant en forme de fente est/sont formé(s) dans ladite ligne microruban (33, 33b) dans une position faisant face audit trou traversant.
 
9. Antenne plane en F inversé selon la revendication 7, dans laquelle
ledit trou traversant (11) de ladite plaque conductrice de mise à la terre (10) est formé en forme d'une fente dans une direction longitudinale de ladite ligne microruban (33, 33b), et
une pluralité de rainures dans une direction croisant ladite direction longitudinale sont formées dans ladite ligne microruban (33, 33b) dans une position faisant face audit trou traversant (11).
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description