(19)
(11)EP 2 757 142 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
31.05.2017 Bulletin 2017/22

(21)Application number: 13177333.5

(22)Date of filing:  19.07.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C10M 169/04  (2006.01)
F17D 1/00  (2006.01)
F17D 1/17  (2006.01)
C10L 1/16  (2006.01)
C08L 23/24  (2006.01)
C10N 70/00  (2006.01)
C09K 3/00  (2006.01)
C10L 10/08  (2006.01)
C10L 1/10  (2006.01)
C10L 1/19  (2006.01)
C10N 30/06  (2006.01)

(54)

Drag reducing composition

Strömungsbeschleunigerzusammensetzung

Compositions de réduction de traînée


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 22.01.2013 US 201361755190 P
08.03.2013 US 201313791093

(43)Date of publication of application:
23.07.2014 Bulletin 2014/30

(73)Proprietor: Flowchem, Ltd.
Waller, TX 77484 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • Bucher, Brad A.
    Houston, TX Texas 77079 (US)
  • Weatherford, Tom M.
    Magnolia, TX Texas 77355 (US)

(74)Representative: Barton, Matthew Thomas 
Forresters Skygarden Erika-Mann-Strasse 11
80636 München
80636 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-98/16586
US-A1- 2008 287 331
WO-A1-2009/151576
US-A1- 2012 123 019
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION



    [0001] This application claims priority to U.S. Application No. 61/755,190 filed on January 22, 2013.

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] The present invention relates to compositions for reducing friction in the flow of hydrocarbons such as crude oil or refined products in conduits such as pipelines, and to methods for producing and using such compositions.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0003] The prior art abounds with patents directed to generally non-crystalline, high molecular weight polyolefin, particularly polyalphaolefins, compositions which are generally hydrocarbon soluble and, when dissolved in a hydrocarbon fluid flowing through a conduit, greatly reduce turbulent flow and decrease "drag." This reduction of drag is important since it reduces the amount of horsepower needed to move a given volume of hydrocarbon, or conversely enables greater volumes of fluid to be moved with a given amount of power. These polyolefin drag reducers display flow enhancing characteristics not present in commonly known crystalline, largely non-hydrocarbon soluble polymers such as polyethylene and polypropylene.

    [0004] It is known that these polyalphaolefin drag reducers are susceptible to degradation by shear when dissolved in the flowing hydrocarbon in the conduit. Accordingly, pumps, constrictions in the conduit, or the like which result in excessive turbulent flow lead to degradation of the polymer thereby decreasing its effectiveness. Thus, it is necessary that the drag reducing compositions be introduced into the flowing hydrocarbon stream in a form which achieves certain desirable features.

    [0005] First of all, the drag reducing compositions should be in a form that is easy to transport and handle without special equipment since injection points for the drag reducing compositions into the flowing hydrocarbon stream are often at remote and inaccessible locations. Secondly, the polymer must be in a form which dissolves rapidly in the hydrocarbon stream flowing in the conduit since the polyalphaolefins have little drag reducing effect until solubilized in the hydrocarbon stream. Lastly, the drag reducing composition should impart no deleterious effects to the hydrocarbon. For example, in the case of crude oil flowing through a pipeline, certain amounts of material and contaminants can be tolerated unlike in finished pipeline products such as diesel fuel, gasoline and other hydrocarbon materials resulting from refining operations.

    [0006] WO 2009/151576 discloses a drag reducing composition comprised of a high molecular weight polyolefin drag reducing agent, a suspending medium which is water, and a bridging system selected from the group consisting of highly branched surfactants having an HLB of from about 6.5 to about 8.5, a mixture of a polymeric coupling agent and a surfactant, linear or branched, having an HLB from about 6.5 to about 8.5, and mixtures thereof.

    [0007] U.S. 2012/0123019 discloses a drag reducing composition comprising a drag reducing latex formulation formed by emulsion polymerization to create solid polymer particles dispersed in an aqueous medium and a minor amount of an additive which reduces film formation when the drag reducer is injected through a pump head.

    [0008] U.S. 2008/0287231 discloses a cleaning composition for cleaning printing blankets and ink rollers. The composition comprises a cationic surfactant containing no halides, a co-microemulsifying surfactant, and a low-VOC solvent.

    [0009] WO 98/16589 discloses a drag reducing suspension comprised of a solid hydrocarbon-soluble polyolefin friction reducing agent dispersed in a substantially non-aqueous suspending medium consisting of alcohols.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0010] In one aspect, the present invention seeks to provide drag reducing compositions which, eliminate agglomeration and heat stability problems.

    [0011] In another aspect, the present invention provides a drag reducing composition as described in the claims. In still another aspect, the present invention seeks to provide a method of reducing drag as described in the claims. Preferably, the composition comprises from about 0.1 to about 25% by weight of a coating agent.

    [0012] Preferably, the polyolefin friction reducing agent is produced by bulk polymerization.

    [0013] Preferably, the suspending medium comprises from about 3 to about 7% by weight water.

    [0014] Preferably, the composition further comprises a biocide.

    [0015] Preferably, the biocide is present in an amount of from about 0.01 to about 0.5% by weight.

    [0016] Preferably, the method comprises introducing from about 0.1 to about 25% by weight of a coating agent.

    [0017] Preferably, the method further comprises introducing a biocide.

    [0018] Preferably, the biocide is present in an amount of from about 0.01 to about 0.5% by weight.

    [0019] Preferably, the drag reducing composition is added to said hydrocarbon stream in an amount to provide from about 2 to about 500 parts by weight of drag reducing polymer per million parts by weight of hydrocarbon fluid in said hydrocarbon stream.

    [0020] These and further features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0021] Polymers which are used to prepare the finely divided polymer particles used in the drag reducing compositions of the present invention are obtained by polymerizing or copolymerizing mono-olefins containing from about 2 to about 30 carbon atoms. More usually, the mono-olefins, which are preferably alpha olefins, used in the preparation of the friction-reducing polymers used in the drag reducing compositions of the present invention contain from about 4 to about 20 carbon atoms, most preferably from about 6 to about 14 carbon atoms.

    [0022] Any of several well known methods for polymerizing the mono-olefins may be employed to produce the polymeric/co-polymeric friction-reducing agents used in the drag reducing compositions of the present invention. A particularly suitable method is the Ziegler-Natta process which employs a catalyst system comprising the combination of a compound of a metal of Groups IVb, Vb, Vlb, or VIII of the Periodic Table of Elements, with an organo metal compound of a rare earth metal or a metal from Groups la, IIa, and IIIb of the Periodic Table of Elements. Particularly suitable catalyst systems are those comprising titanium halides and organo aluminum compounds. A typical polymerization procedure is to contact the monomeric mixture with a catalyst in a suitable inert hydrocarbon solvent for the monomers and the catalyst in a closed reaction vessel at reduced temperatures autogenous pressure and in a nitrogen or inert atmosphere. Methods and catalysts used in the preparation of polyolefin drag-reducing polymers useful in the present invention are disclosed in the following U.S. patents: 4,289,679; 4,358,572; 4,415,704; 4,433,123; 4,493,903; and 4,493,904,

    [0023] Polyalphaolefins used in the drag reducing compositions of the present invention can be produced by a so-called solution polymerization technique, or by bulk polymerization methods as described, for example, in U.S. Patent 5,539,044.

    [0024] The polymers which are used in preparing the drag reducing compositions of the present invention are generally those of high molecular weight, the only limitation on the molecular weight being that it must be sufficient to provide effective friction reduction in the flowing stream of hydrocarbon in a conduit. In general, the effectiveness of the polymer composition to reduce friction increases as the molecular weight increases. On the upper end of the scale, the molecular weight of the polymers used in the process of the invention is limited only by the practicability of making the polymers. The average molecular weight of the desirable polymers is usually over 100,000 and is generally in the range of from about 100,000 to about 30 million. The average molecular weight of the polymers used in the processes and compositions of the present invention is preferably in the range of about 10 to about 25 million. In general, useful polyolefins in the present invention can be characterized as ultra-high molecular weight non-crystalline polymers. Generally speaking, the drag reducing compositions of the present invention will contain from about 10 to 45%, preferably 20 to 41% by weight of the polyolefin produced as described above, be it a solution or bulk polymerized polymer. Unless otherwise specified, all percentages herein are by weight and refer to the weight of the drag reducing compositions.

    [0025] In addition to the polyolefin friction reducing agent, the drag reducing compositions of the present invention can contain a coating or partitioning agent, e.g., a wax. The term "wax" includes any low melting, e.g., <500ºC, organic mixture or compound of high molecular weight which is solid at ambient temperature. The waxes contemplated by the present invention can be natural, i.e., derived from animal, vegetable, or mineral sources, e.g., fatty acid waxes, or synthetic as, for example, ethylenic polymers, waxes obtained from the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, etc. Non-limiting examples of suitable waxes include paraffin, micro-crystalline wax, slack or scale wax, polymethylene wax, polyethylene wax, fatty acid wax, etc. Typically, the waxes used in the compositions of the present invention are hydrocarbon in nature and are powders or particulates at room temperature. In addition to waxes, non-limiting examples of other suitable coating agents include talc, alumina, metal salts of a fatty acid, e.g., metal stearates, silica gel, polyanhydride polymers, etc. It will be understood that the term "coating agent" is intended to and does include components which while not actually coating the polymeric friction reducing agent, interact with the polymeric reducing agents in such a way, be it chemical or physical, which prevents the polyolefin, when ground to a desired particle size, from agglomerating to the extent that the agglomerated material constitutes a solid or substantially solid non-dispersable mass.

    [0026] Generally speaking and when used, the coating or partitioning agent will be present in the compositions of the present invention in an amount of from about 0.1 to about 25% by weight, preferably from about 4 to about 10% by weight.

    [0027] In addition to the polyolefin including a partitioning agent, the compositions of the present invention comprise a liquid carrier or suspending medium in which the polymeric components is insoluble. In particular, the carrier or suspending medium of the present invention comprises 2,2,4-trimethyl-1,3-pentanediol monoisobutyrate, optionally and preferably with about 0 to 10% by weight of water, preferably about 3 to about 7% by weight of water. The ester alcohol of the present invention is marketed commercially under the name Texanol by Eastman Chemical Company. While the ester alcohol of the present invention is used in a variety of applications, and in particular, in latex paints, Applicants have found that it provides an excellent carrier for use in the drag reducing compositions of the present invention and provides surprising results.

    [0028] Albeit that the ester alcohol has 12 carbon atoms, the ester alcohol of the present invention is a liquid at room temperature and remain liquid at temperatures below 45.5°C (-50ºF). A particular advantage of the ester alcohol of the present invention is that unlike straight and branched chain alcohols containing 8 or more carbon atoms which dissolve the polymeric drag reducer, it has been unexpectedly found that the ester alcohol of the present invention does not dissolve the polymer. In this regard, an unexpected benefit of the use of the ester alcohol of the present invention is that even at high temperatures, i.e., 48.9 to 71.1°C (120 to 160° F), it does not dissolve the polyolefin drag reducer. It is known, for example, that prior art drag reducers which employ alcohols having 8 or more carbon atoms will dissolve some of the polyolefin drag reducer at higher temperatures. This makes such products particularly undesirable, for example, in pipelines in the Middle East, where temperatures can rise to 48.9 - 54.4°C (120 - 130° F). This is an unexpected finding since the skilled artisan would have believed that the ester alcohols of the present invention having 12 carbon atoms would have reacted in a similar fashion vis-à-vis dissolving polyolefin drag reducing polymer in the same fashion that straight and branched chain alcohols having 8 or more carbon atoms do. Further, the ester alcohol's property of remaining liquid at temperatures below -45.6°C (-50°F) make it ideal for cold weather application.

    [0029] The composition of the present invention can also include, with advantage, rheology modifier and/or thickening agents, non-limiting examples of which include guar gum, guar gum derivatives, hydroxyl methyl cellulose, xanthan gums, polyacrylamides, hydroxyl propyl cellulose, modified starches, and polysaccharides. When employed, the thickening agents will generally be present in an amount of from about 0.01 to about 1.0 wt%, preferably from about 0.25 to about 0.5 wt%.

    [0030] The compositions of the present invention can also include with advantage, a biocide in an amount of from about 0.01 to about 0.5 wt%, preferably from about 0.05 to about 0.3 wt%. Non-limiting examples of typical biocides include: glutaraldehyde, a glutaraldehyde/quaternary ammonium compound blend, isothiazolin, tetrakishydromethyl phosphonium sulfate (THPS), 2,2-dibromo-3-nitrilopropionamide, bronopol and mixtures thereof.

    [0031] In one method of preparing the compositions of the present invention, the drag reducing polymeric agent is ground at cryogenic temperatures to produce finely divided free flowing particulate polyolefin material. The term "cryogenic temperatures" means temperatures below the glass transition temperature of the polymer or copolymers which are being subjected to grinding. For example, when the polyolefin friction-reducing agent is a high molecular weight polymer (1-decene), the cryogenic temperature is below about -60°C. The temperature employed in carrying out the grinding operation can vary depending on the glass transition point of the particular polymer or polymers used. However, such temperatures must be below the lowest glass transition point of the polymer. Any commercial grinders which are capable of producing finely subdivided particles from solids may be used in producing the free flowing, particulate polyolefin material. Examples of suitable grinders include impact mills, rod mills, ball mills, and the like. The particle size of the resulting particulate polyolefin material can be controlled by methods well known in the art such as by varying the grinding speed, controlling the time of grinding, employing a grinding aid, etc. Techniques for cryogrinding drag reducing particulate polyolefins are disclosed in U.S. Patents 4,837,249; 4,826,728; and 4,789,383. Depending upon the storage, handling and transportation temperatures to which the friction reducing compositions of the present invention are subjected, it may not be necessary,
    as noted above, to include a coating agent. However, generally speaking a coating agent will be employed and in this regard the present invention contemplates that at least a part of the coating agent may be added as part of the cryogrinding step. Alternatively, the polymer can be cryoground in the absence of any coating agent and the coating agent and the cryoground polymer added separately to the aqueous suspending medium. Thus, for example, cryoground poly alpha olefin friction reducing agent could be added directly to the suspending medium together with wax or some other coating agent. Indeed, it has been found that a stable non-agglomerating composition can be achieved in this manner. However, in the usual case, the cryogrinding of the poly alpha olefin will occur in the presence of at least a portion of the coating agent, the remainder of the coating agent, if needed, being added to the suspending medium together with the cryoground poly alpha olefin.

    [0032] Other methods of grinding or forming particulate drag reducing polymer are disclosed in U.S. Patents 6,894,088; 6,946,500; 7,271,205; and U.S. Publication 2006/0276566.

    [0033] The compositions of the present invention can also include emulsifiers although typically emulsifiers are not necessary.

    [0034] The stable, non-agglomerating compositions of the present invention flow easily and can be readily injected into a pipeline or conduit containing flowing hydrocarbons without any special equipment. Generally, the drag reducing compositions of the present invention can be added to the flowing hydrocarbon
    fluid by continuous injection by means of proportioning pumps situated at desired locations along the conduit in which the hydrocarbon is flowing.

    [0035] The hydrocarbon fluids in which friction loss may be reduced by addition of the drag reducing compositions of the present invention include such materials as crude oils, gas oils, diesel oils, fuel oils, refined liquid hydrocarbon stream, asphaltic oils, and the like, varying from materials with relatively low viscosity, pure materials to high viscosity hydrocarbon containing fractions.

    [0036] The amount of polyolefin friction-reducing agent used for reducing drag in a pipeline or conduit is usually expressed as ppm (parts by weight of polymer per million parts by weight of hydrocarbon fluid). The amount of a polyolefin friction reducing agent required to product the desired drag reduction will vary depending upon the physical properties and composition of the hydrocarbon fluid. Thus, the desired result may be obtained by the addition of as little as two ppm or less of the polymer. Conversely, some high viscosity fluids may require as much as 1,000 ppm or even up to 10,000 ppm of the polyolefin friction reducing agent to achieve desired drag reduction. Generally, it is preferred to add the polyolefin friction reducing agent in amounts of from about 2 to about 500 ppm and most preferably amounts from about 1 to about 100 ppm.

    [0037] Non-limiting examples of drag reducing formulations according to the present invention are given below in Table 1. Unless otherwise specified all percentages are by weight.
    Table 1
     PolymerCoating AgentEster alcoholWater
    Formulation 1 25.9% 4.8% 62.4% 6.9%
    Formulation 2 25.9% 4.8% 65.8% 3.5%


    [0038] All formulations were tested and exhibit excellent drag reduction properties and stability which was determined visually. Formulations tested at 160ºF showed no discernible dissolution of the polymer drag reducer. Finally, formulations tested also showed a pour point between -42,2°C (-44ºF) and -45°C (-49ºF).

    [0039] When used in this specification and claims, the terms "comprises" and "comprising" and variations thereof mean that the specified features, steps or integers are included. The terms are not to be interpreted to exclude the presence of other features, steps or components.


    Claims

    1. A drag reducing composition comprising:

    from 10 to 45% by weight, based on the drag reducing composition, a finely divided, solid polyolefin friction-reducing agent formed from monolefins containing from 2 to 30 carbon atoms; and

    from 50 to 80% by weight, based on the drag reducing composition, a suspending medium, said suspending medium comprising 2,2,4-trimethyl-1,3-pentanediol monoisobutyrate and water from 0 to 10% by weight of the drag reducing composition, said suspending medium being present in an amount to provide a flowable suspension of said polyolefin friction-reducing agent.


     
    2. The composition of claim 1, comprising from 0.1 to 25% by weight, based on the drag reducing composition, of a partitioning agent.
     
    3. The composition of claim 1, wherein said polyolefin friction reducing agent is produced by bulk polymerization.
     
    4. The composition of claim 1, wherein said suspending medium comprises from 3 to 7% by weight water, based on the drag reducing composition.
     
    5. The composition of claim 1, further comprising a biocide.
     
    6. The composition of claim 5, wherein said biocide is present in an amount of from 0.01 to 0.5% by weight based on the drag reducing composition.
     
    7. A method of reducing drag in a flowing hydrocarbon stream comprising:

    introducing into said hydrocarbon stream an amount of a drag reducing composition sufficient to produce a desired amount of drag reduction, said composition comprising:

    from 10 to 45% by weight, based on the drag reducing composition, a finely divided, solid polyolefin friction-reducing agent formed from monoolefins containing from 2 to 30 carbon atoms; and

    from 50 to 80% by weight, based on the drag reducing composition, a suspending medium, said suspending medium comprising 2,2,4-trimethyl-1,3-pentanediol monoisobutyrate and water from 0 to 10% by weight of the composition, said suspending medium being present in an amount to provide a flowable suspension of said polyolefin friction-reducing agent.


     
    8. The method of claim 7, comprising from 0.1 to 25% by weight, based on the drag reducing composition, of a partitioning agent.
     
    9. The method of claim 7, wherein said polyolefin friction reducing agent is produced by bulk polymerization.
     
    10. The method of claim 7, wherein said suspending medium comprises from 3 to 7% by weight water, based on the drag reducing composition.
     
    11. The method of claim 7, further comprising:

    a biocide.


     
    12. The method of claim 11, wherein said biocide is present in an amount of from 0.01 to 0.5% by weight based on the drag reducing composition.
     
    13. The method of claim 7, wherein said drag reducing composition is added to said hydrocarbon stream in an amount to provide from 2 to 500 parts by weight of drag reducing polymer per million parts by weight of hydrocarbon fluid in said hydrocarbon stream.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Widerstandsmindernde Zusammensetzung, die Folgendes umfasst:

    bezogen auf die widerstandsmindernde Zusammensetzung 10 bis 45 Gew.-% eines fein verteilten festen reibungsmindernden Polyolefin-Mittels, das aus Monoolefinen ausgebildet ist, die 2 bis 30 Kohlenstoffatome enthalten; und

    bezogen auf die widerstandsmindernde Zusammensetzung 50 bis 80 Gew.-% eines Suspensionsmediums, wobei das Suspensionsmedium 2,2,4-Trimethyl-1,3-pentandiolmonoisobutyrat und Wasser von 0 bis 10 Gew.-% der widerstandsmindernden Zusammensetzung umfasst, wobei das Suspensionsmedium in einer Menge vorliegt, in der es eine fließfähige Suspension des reibungsmindernden Polyolefin-Mittels bereitstellt.


     
    2. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, die bezogen auf die widerstandsmindernde Zusammensetzung 0,1 bis 25 Gew.-% eines Verteilungsmittels umfasst.
     
    3. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das reibungsmindernde Polyolefin-Mittel anhand Substanzpolymerisation hergestellt wird.
     
    4. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Suspensionsmedium bezogen auf die widerstandsmindernde Zusammensetzung 3 bis 7 Gew.-% Wasser umfasst.
     
    5. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, die ferner ein Biozid umfasst.
     
    6. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 5, wobei das Biozid bezogen auf die widerstandsmindernde Zusammensetzung in einer Menge von 0,01 bis 0,5 Gew.-% vorliegt.
     
    7. Verfahren zur Widerstandsminderung in einem fließenden Kohlenwasserstoffstrom, das Folgendes umfasst:

    Einführen einer Menge einer widerstandsmindernden Zusammensetzung in den Kohlenwasserstoffstrom, der zum Erzeugen der gewünschten Menge von Widerstandsminderung ausreicht, wobei die Zusammensetzung Folgendes umfasst:

    bezogen auf die widerstandsmindernde Zusammensetzung 10 bis 45 Gew.-% eines fein verteilten festen reibungsmindernden Polyolefin-Mittels, das aus Monoolefinen ausgebildet ist, die 2 bis 30 Kohlenstoffatome enthalten; und

    bezogen auf die widerstandsmindernde Zusammensetzung 50 bis 80 Gew.-% eines Suspensionsmediums, wobei das Suspensionsmedium 2,2,4-Trimethyl-1,3-pentandiolmonoisobutyrat und Wasser von 0 bis 10 Gew.-% der Zusammensetzung umfasst, wobei das Suspensionsmedium in einer Menge vorliegt, in der es eine fließfähige Suspension des reibungsmindernden Polyolefin-Mittels bereitstellt.


     
    8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, die bezogen auf die widerstandsmindernde Zusammensetzung 0,1 bis 25 Gew.-% eines Verteilungsmittels umfasst.
     
    9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, wobei das reibungsmindernde Polyolefin-Mittel anhand Substanzpolymerisation hergestellt wird.
     
    10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, wobei das Suspensionsmedium bezogen auf die widerstandsmindernde Zusammensetzung 3 bis 7 Gew.-% Wasser umfasst.
     
    11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, das ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    ein Biozid.


     
    12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11, wobei das Biozid bezogen auf die widerstandsmindernde Zusammensetzung in einer Menge von 0,01 bis 0,5 Gew.-% vorliegt.
     
    13. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, wobei die widerstandsmindernde Zusammensetzung zu dem Kohlenwasserstoffstrom in einer Menge hinzugefügt wird, um 2 bis 500 Gewichtsteile widerstandsmindernden Polymers pro Millionen Gewichtsteilen Kohlenwasserstoffflüssigkeit im Kohlenwasserstoffstrom bereitzustellen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Composition de réduction de traînée comprenant :

    de 10 à 45 % en poids, sur la base de la composition de réduction de traînée, d'un agent de réduction de frottement polyoléfinique solide, finement divisé, formé à partir de monooléfines contenant de 2 à 30 atomes de carbone ; et

    de 50 à 80 % en poids, sur la base de la composition de réduction de traînée, d'un milieu de mise en suspension, ledit milieu de mise en suspension comprenant du monoisobutyrate de 2,2,4-triméthyl-1,3-pentanediol et de l'eau de 0 à 10 % en poids de la composition de réduction de traînée, ledit milieu de mise en suspension étant présent dans une quantité pour fournir une suspension capable de s'écouler dudit agent de réduction de frottement polyoléfinique.


     
    2. Composition selon la revendication 1, comprenant de 0,1 à 25 % en poids, sur la base de la composition de réduction de traînée, d'un agent de partage.
     
    3. Composition selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle ledit agent de réduction de frottement polyoléfinique est obtenu par polymérisation en masse.
     
    4. Composition selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle ledit milieu de mise en suspension comprend de 3 à 7 % en poids d'eau, sur la base de la composition de réduction de traînée.
     
    5. Composition selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre un biocide.
     
    6. Composition selon la revendication 5, dans laquelle ledit biocide est présent dans une quantité de 0,01 à 0,5 % en poids, sur la base de la composition de réduction de traînée.
     
    7. Procédé de réduction de traînée dans un courant hydrocarboné s'écoulant comprenant :

    introduire dans ledit courant hydrocarboné une quantité de composition de réduction de traînée suffisante pour produire une quantité désirée de réduction de traînée, ladite composition comprenant :

    de 10 à 45 % en poids, sur la base de la composition de réduction de traînée, d'un agent de réduction de frottement polyoléfinique solide, finement divisé, formé à partir de monooléfines contenant de 2 à 30 atomes de carbone ; et

    de 50 à 80 % en poids, sur la base de la composition de réduction de traînée, d'un milieu de mise en suspension, ledit milieu de mise en suspension comprenant du monoisobutyrate de 2,2,4-triméthyl-1,3-pentanediol et de l'eau de 0 à 10 % en poids de la composition, ledit milieu de mise en suspension étant présent dans une quantité pour fournir une suspension capable de s'écouler dudit agent de réduction de frottement polyoléfinique.


     
    8. Procédé selon la revendication 7, comprenant de 0,1 à 25 % en poids, sur la base de la composition de réduction de traînée, d'un agent de partage.
     
    9. Procédé selon la revendication 7, dans lequel ledit agent de réduction de frottement polyoléfinique est obtenu par polymérisation en masse.
     
    10. Procédé selon la revendication 7, dans lequel ledit milieu de mise en suspension comprend de 3 à 7 % en poids d'eau, sur la base de la composition de réduction de traînée.
     
    11. Procédé selon la revendication 7, comprenant en outre :

    un biocide.


     
    12. Procédé selon la revendication 11, dans lequel ledit biocide est présent dans une quantité de 0,01 à 0,5 % en poids sur la base de la composition de réduction de traînée.
     
    13. Procédé selon la revendication 7, dans lequel ladite composition de réduction de traînée est ajoutée audit courant hydrocarboné dans une quantité pour fournir de 2 à 500 parties en poids de polymère de réduction de traînée par million de parties en poids de fluide hydrocarboné dans ledit courant hydrocarboné.
     




    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description