(19)
(11)EP 2 762 729 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
12.12.2018 Bulletin 2018/50

(21)Application number: 12836322.3

(22)Date of filing:  25.09.2012
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F04D 29/42(2006.01)
F04D 17/12(2006.01)
F04D 29/62(2006.01)
F04D 29/08(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2012/074538
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/047507 (04.04.2013 Gazette  2013/14)

(54)

CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSOR

RADIALVERDICHTER

COMPRESSEUR CENTRIFUGE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 28.09.2011 JP 2011211928

(43)Date of publication of application:
06.08.2014 Bulletin 2014/32

(73)Proprietor: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Compressor Corporation
Minato-ku Tokyo 108-0014 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • MASUDA Tomohiro
    Hiroshima-shi, Hiroshima 733-8553 (JP)
  • HIGASHIO, Atsushi
    Hiroshima-shi, Hiroshima 733-8553 (JP)

(74)Representative: Hoffmann Eitle 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartmbB Arabellastraße 30
81925 München
81925 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
GB-A- 1 381 904
JP-A- S63 170 591
JP-A- 2009 513 863
JP-U- S60 180 800
JP-A- S63 170 591
JP-A- 2001 254 697
JP-U- S5 692 802
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a centrifugal compressor in which an internal unit including a rotor configured to be driven to rotate around an axis thereof is accommodated in a casing thereof.

    [0002] Priority is claimed on Japanese Patent Application No. 2011-211928, filed on September 28, 2011.

    Background Art



    [0003] As a rotation mechanism in which a rotor that is driven to rotate around its axis is accommodated in a casing thereof, there is a centrifugal compressor which compresses gas using a centrifugal force. As the centrifugal compressor, a so-called barrel-type compressor having a cylindrical casing and a so-called split-type compressor having a casing that can be split into two portions are known (for example, refer to Published Japanese Translation No. 2009-513863 of the PCT International Publication). Here, in the barrel-type compressor, components other than the casing, that is, an internal unit having a rotor, a bearing, a seal member, and the like that are integrally configured are accommodated. In a case where maintenance in the inside of the barrel-type compressor is performed, by pulling out the internal unit from one end opening of the cylindrical casing, the components in the inside thereof can be collectively replaced. The barrel-type compressor has a high internal airtightness and thus is likely to be applied to centrifugal compressors having a high internal pressure.

    [0004] On the other hand, in the split-type compressor, when the casing on the upper side among the casings which can be split into two portions is detached, the bearing and the seal member are removed along with the casing on the upper side. Accordingly, the rotor and the like inside are exposed, and the maintenance in the inside can be performed at a place where the compressor is installed. In the split-type compressor, since the casings can be split into two portions, compared to the barrel-type compressor, the internal airtightness is poor, and thus the split-type compressor is likely to be applied to centrifugal compressors having a low internal pressure.

    [0005] However, as a sea compressor used in the facilities which refine petroleum or natural gas on a ship, the barrel-type compressor is mainly used. This is because it is difficult to perform maintenance in the inside of the compressor on the sea where only a limited space and a minimum number of personnel can be ensured. Therefore, the barrel-type compressor which can be easily maintained by collectively replacing the components in the inside thereof is appropriate.

    [0006] The prior art is represented by any of the documents JP-S60-180800U, GB-A-1381904 and JP-S63-170591A represents the closest prior art.

    Summary of Invention


    Problem to be Solved by the Invention



    [0007] However, in the conventional barrel-type compressor which is mainly used as the sea compressor, since the internal unit needs to be pulled out from one end opening of the casing as described above, there are problems in that a sufficient space needs to be secured adjacent to the compressor and it is difficult to perform an operation of pulling out the internal unit from the casing in a transverse direction.

    [0008] This object is solved by a centrifugal compressor with the features if claim 1. A preferred embodiment follows from claim 2. The present invention provides a centrifugal compressor which can be easily maintained by collectively replacing an internal unit thereof and in which the internal unit can be taken out without securing a surrounding space.

    Solution to Problem



    [0009] According to a first aspect of the present invention, a centrifugal compressor according to claim 1 is provided.

    [0010] According to this configuration, the upper half portion of the casing is removed, the internal unit is taken out from the lower half portion of the casing by pulling it up, and thereafter a new internal unit is pulled down to be mounted on the half portion of the casing. Therefore, the components in the centrifugal compressor can be collectively replaced. Accordingly, even in a case where a sufficient surrounding space cannot be secured on the sea, for example, the maintenance of the internal unit can be easily performed.

    [0011] In addition, by fitting the fitting concave portion formed on one of the internal unit and the casing and the fitting convex portion formed on the other thereof together, relative movement between the internal unit and the casing in the direction of axis can be restricted.

    [0012] Furthermore, when the internal unit is mounted on the casing, there may be a case where the internal unit slightly deviates from a position where the fitting concave portion and the fitting convex portion are properly fitted together in the direction of axis. Even in this case, the internal unit is guided to the proper position by the tapered surfaces formed on the fitting concave portion and the fitting convex portion, and thus the fitting concave portion and the fitting convex portion are reliably fitted together.

    [0013] In addition, according to the invention, in each of cross-sections of the fitting concave portion and the fitting convex portion in the radial direction, the tapered surface is formed only on a side wall on a rearward side in an operational direction of an axial force applied to the internal unit.

    [0014] According to this configuration, the tapered surface is formed only on the side wall on the rearward side in the operational direction of the axial force, and is not formed on the side wall on the forward side. Therefore, there is no loss of function of the axial movement restricting portion regardless of the presence of the tapered surface, and relative movement between the casing and the internal unit in the direction of axis due to the action of the axial force can be reliably restricted by the side wall on the forward side.

    [0015] In addition, according to a second aspect of the present invention, the tapered surface may be formed only on a part of the fitting concave portion and the fitting convex portion adjacent to a joint portion of the upper half portion and the lower half portion of the casing.

    [0016] According to this configuration, in a case where the internal unit slightly deviates from the proper position in the direction of axis when the internal unit is mounted on the casing, in the vicinity of the joint portion of the upper half portion and the lower half portion which is the position where the fitting concave portion and the fitting convex portion are initially fitted together, the internal unit is guided to the proper position by the tapered surface. Therefore, when the fitting concave portion and the fitting convex portion start to be fitted together at a position distant from the vicinity of the joint portion, the internal unit is already at the proper position, and the fitting concave portion and the fitting convex portion are reliably fitted together even though the tapered surface is not formed thereon.

    [0017] In addition, according to the first aspect of the present invention, an internal unit of a centrifugal compressor, which is disposed in a casing that is configured to be horizontally split into two portions and includes an upper half portion on the upper side and a lower half portion on the lower side, and has a configuration in which a rotor which rotates around an axis thereof, a bearing portion which rotatably supports the rotor, and an annular seal portion which seals a gap surrounding a circumferential surface of the rotor so as to enable the rotor to rotate are integrated, includes an axial movement restricting portion which includes a fitting concave portion provided on one of the casing and the internal unit and a fitting convex portion provided on the other thereof to be fitted into the fitting concave portion as a pair and restricts relative movement between the casing and the internal unit in a direction of axis; and a tapered surface which is formed on each of the fitting concave portion and the fitting convex portion so that the width thereof in the direction of axis increases toward an inner circumferential side in a radial direction.

    [0018] According to this configuration, the upper half portion of the casing is removed, the internal unit is pulled up to be taken out from the lower half portion of the casing, and thereafter a new internal unit is pulled down to be mounted on the lower half portion of the casing. Therefore, the components in the centrifugal compressor can be collectively replaced. Accordingly, even in a case where a sufficient surrounding space cannot be secured on the sea, for example, the maintenance of the internal unit can be easily performed.

    [0019] In addition, by fitting the fitting concave portion formed on one of the internal unit and the casing and the fitting convex portion formed on the other thereof together, relative movement between the internal unit and the casing in the direction of axis can be restricted.

    [0020] Furthermore, when the internal unit is mounted on the casing, there may be a case where the internal unit slightly deviates from a position where the fitting concave portion and the fitting convex portion are properly fitted together in the direction of axis. Even in this case, the internal unit is guided to the proper position by the tapered surfaces formed on the fitting concave portion and the fitting convex portion, and thus the fitting concave portion and the fitting convex portion are reliably fitted together.

    Advantageous Effects of Invention



    [0021] In the centrifugal compressor according to the present invention, the maintenance can be facilitated by collectively replacing the internal unit, and the internal unit can be taken out without securing the surrounding space.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0022] 

    FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view in a radial direction illustrating the configuration of a sea centrifugal not forming part of the invention.

    FIG. 2 is a diagram taken along the arrow in an A direction in FIG. 1.

    FIG. 3 is an explanatory view illustrating a maintenance procedure of a sea centrifugal compressor.

    FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view schematically illustrating a state where a guide plate is mounted on an internal unit.

    FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating the positioning of an internal unit and a casing in a direction of axis not forming part of the invention.

    FIG. 6 is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating an axial movement restricting portion according to a first example not forming part of the invention.

    FIG. 7 is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating an axial movement restricting portion according to a second example according to the invention.

    FIG. 8 is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating an axial movement restricting portion according to a third modified example not forming part of the invention.

    FIG. 9 is a schematic plan view illustrating an arrangement example of a sea centrifugal compressor.


    Description of Embodiments



    [0023] Hereinafter, examples as well as an exemplary embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. It should be noted here that in the following development, the terms "embodiment" and "example" should be regarded as related to non-claimed supportive examples, unless explicitly specified as being part of the invention.

    [0024] First, the configuration of a rotation mechanism will be described. FIGS. 1 and 2 are diagrams illustrating a sea centrifugal compressor 10 as the rotation mechanism, FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view in a radial direction, and FIG. 2 is a diagram taken along the arrow in an A direction in FIG. 1.

    [0025] As illustrated in FIG. 1, the sea centrifugal compressor 10 includes a casing 11 as a housing and an internal unit 12 accommodated in the casing 11.

    [0026]  As illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2, the casing 11 includes a casing body 13 having a substantially cylindrical shape, a suction port 14 which supplies gas to be compressed into the casing body 13, and a discharge port 15 which discharges the compressed gas from the inside of the casing body 13.

    [0027] As illustrated in FIG.2, the casing body 13 is horizontally split into two portions by a horizontal plane, and thus includes an upper half portion 131 and a lower half portion 132. As illustrated in FIG. 1, in the inner circumferential surfaces of the upper half portion 131 and the lower half portion 132, fitting concave portions 16 (axial movement restricting portions) having a substantially trapezoidal cross-section are formed to extend along a circumferential direction. The fitting concave portions 16 and fitting convex portions 25 and 28, which will be described later, restrict relative movement between the casing 11 and the internal unit 12, and a plurality of lines of the fitting concave portions 16 are formed at predetermined intervals in the direction of axis.

    [0028] Here, as illustrated by the enlarged part in FIG. 1, the fitting concave portion 16 has a tapered surface 18 formed on each of side walls 17 in the cross-section in the radial direction. The tapered surface 18 is formed so that the width thereof in the direction of axis gradually increases from the outer circumferential side to the inner circumferential side along the radial direction. The number of fitting concave portions 16, the interval between the adjacent fitting concave portions 16, and the like are not limited to those of this embodiment, and may be appropriately changed depending on the design.

    [0029] As illustrated in FIG. 1, the internal unit 12 includes a rotor 19 which is provided to be inserted into the casing body 13 in the direction of axis, a bearing portion 20 which supports the rotor 19 to rotate around the axis thereof, a pair of seal portions 21 which seal both end portions of the rotor 19 in the direction of axis, a pair of heads 22 which respectively seal both end openings of the casing body 13, and a plurality of diaphragms 23 which cover the periphery of the rotor 19 with gaps having predetermined widths. The internal unit 12 is not limited to the configuration of this embodiment, and the internal unit 12 may be configured to include other components excluding the casing 11 among the components of the sea centrifugal compressor 10.

    (Rotor)



    [0030] The rotor 19 includes a plurality of impellers 192 fixed to circumferential surface of a rotating shaft 191, which is driven to rotate, along the direction of axis. A gas flow passage 193 having a predetermined width is formed by the rotor 19, the diaphragms 23, and the heads 22. Both ends of the gas flow passage 193 are respectively connected to the suction port 14 and the discharge port 15. In this embodiment, although five stages of impellers 192 are provided along the direction of axis of the rotating shaft 191, the number of stages of the impellers 192 is not limited thereto, and may be appropriately changed depending on the design.

    (Bearing Portion)



    [0031] The bearing portion 20 rotatably supports the rotating shaft 191 included in the rotor 19 around the axis thereof. As illustrated in FIG. 1, the bearing portion 20 includes a pair of journal bearings 201 which are provided in both end portions of the rotor 19 in the direction of axis and a thrust bearing 202 which is provided in one end portion of the rotor 19 in the direction of axis.

    [0032]  The pair of journal bearings 201 receives a load, which is exerted on the rotating shaft 191 in the radial direction. The journal bearings 201 are respectively fixed to the outer side surfaces of the pair of heads 22 using fixing means such as bolts.

    [0033] The thrust bearing 202 receives a load in the direction of axis, which is exerted on the rotating shaft 191. As illustrated in FIG. 1, the thrust bearing 202 is mounted on a bearing cover 24 having a box shape, and the bearing cover 24 is fixed to the outer surface of one head 22 using fixing means such as bolts.

    (Seal Portion)



    [0034] The pair of seal portions 21 have a role of sealing gaps between the rotating shaft 191 included in the rotor 19 and the heads 22. The seal portions 21 are so-called dry gas seals, are formed in a ring shape to surround the rotating shaft 191 as illustrated in FIG.1, and are respectively fixed to the inner surfaces of the pair of heads 22 using fixing means such as bolts.

    (Head)



    [0035] As illustrated in FIG. 1, the pair of heads 22 are substantially columnar members, and the outside diameters thereof are formed to be approximately equal to those of both end openings of the casing body 13. Both end portions of the rotating shaft 191 included in the rotor 19 are respectively inserted into the heads 22. In addition, in each head 22, the fitting convex portion 25 (the axial movement restricting portion) having a substantially trapezoidal cross-section is formed to protrude from the outer circumferential surface thereof and extend along the circumferential direction. The fitting convex portion 25 is fitted into the fitting concave portion 16 so as to restrict the relative movement between the casing 11 and the internal unit 12.

    [0036] Here, as illustrated by the enlarged part in FIG. 1, in the fitting convex portion 25, a tapered surface 27 is formed on each side wall 26 in the cross-section in the radial direction. As in the tapered surface 18 of the fitting concave portion 16, the tapered surface 27 is formed so that the width thereof in the direction of axis gradually increases from the outer circumferential side to the inner circumferential side in the radial direction. The number of fitting convex portions 25, the interval between the adjacent fitting convex portions 25, and the like are not limited to those of this embodiment, and may be appropriately changed depending on the design.

    (Diaphragm)



    [0037] As illustrated in FIG.1, the diaphragm 23 is a substantially annular member, and is formed to have the fitting convex portion 28 (the axial movement restricting portion) having a substantially trapezoidal cross-section, which protrudes from the outer circumferential surface thereof and extends along the circumferential direction. The fitting convex portion 28 of the diaphragm 23 has the same shape and function as the fitting convex portion 25 of the head 22, and thus a description thereof will be omitted here.

    [0038] As illustrated in FIG. 1, five diaphragms 23 are provided along the direction of axis of the rotating shaft 191. Although not illustrated in the figure in detail, the adjacent diaphragms 23 are fixed together by welding. In addition, in the five diaphragms 23 which are integrated, the diaphragm 23 which is positioned at one end portion thereof is fixed to the inner surface of one head 22 using fixing means such as bolts.

    [0039] The fixing of the adjacent diaphragms 23 is not limited to the welding, and another fixing means may also be used. In addition, in this embodiment, the five diaphragms 23 are provided corresponding to the number of stages of the impellers 192. However, the number of diaphragms 23 is not limited thereto, and may be appropriately changed depending on the design.

    [0040] As described above, since the rotor 19, the bearing portion 20, the seal portions 21, the pair of heads 22, and the five diaphragms 23 which constitute the internal unit 12 are fixed to each other, the internal unit 12 is integrally configured.

    (Maintenance Procedure)



    [0041] Next, a maintenance procedure of the sea centrifugal compressor 10 according to this embodiment and an operational effect thereof will be described. FIG. 3 is an explanatory view illustrating the maintenance procedure of the sea centrifugal compressor 10 according to this embodiment. First, in a state illustrated in FIG. 2, a worker who performs maintenance removes the fixing means such as bolts used to fix the upper half portion 131 and the lower half portion 132 constituting the casing body 13 so that the upper half portion 131 and the lower half portion 132 are in a splittable state.

    [0042] Subsequently, as illustrated in FIG. 3(a), the worker fixes a wire W to the upper half portion 131 and winds up the wire W using a crane (not illustrated) to split the upper half portion 131 from the lower half portion 132 so as to pull up the upper half portion 131. Accordingly, a part of the internal unit 12 is in a state of being exposed.

    [0043] Subsequently, as illustrated in FIG. 3(b), the worker fixes the wire W to the exposed part of the internal unit 12, and pulls up the internal unit 12 by winding up the wire W using the crane. Accordingly, the internal unit 12 is taken out from the lower half portion 132.

    [0044] Subsequently, as illustrated in FIG. 3(c), the worker allows a spare internal unit 12 to be accommodated in the lower half portion 132 of the casing 11 instead of the taken-out internal unit 12. That is, first, the worker respectively mounts bar-like guide bars 29 onto flanges 132a which protrude from the lower half portion 132 toward both sides thereof respectively so as to extend upward. Subsequently, the worker mounts a pair of guide plates 30 to both side portions of the spare internal unit 12 respectively.

    [0045] FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view schematically illustrating a state where the guide plate 30 is mounted on the internal unit 12. The guide plate 30 is a flat plate member having a substantially L-shaped cross-section which has an angle of substantially 90° between a mounting piece 301 and a protruding piece 302. The worker allows the mounting piece 301 of the guide plate 30 to abut the spare internal unit 12 on the side portion thereof, and fixes the mounting piece 301 to the internal unit 12 using a bolt. Accordingly, as illustrated in FIGS. 3(c) and 4, the protruding pieces 302 are in a state of respectively protruding from both side portions of the spare internal unit 12 toward both sides thereof.

    [0046] The worker fixes the wire W to the internal unit 12 on which the guide plate 30 is mounted and winds up the wire W using the crane to temporarily pull up the spare internal unit 12. Furthermore, the worker lowers the spare internal unit 12 by operating the crane, and inserts the pair of guide bars 29 into the protruding pieces 302 of the pair of guide plates 30 mounted on both side portions of the spare internal unit 12. Thereafter, the worker further lowers the spare internal unit 12 by operating the crane, and then the internal unit 12 is lowered along the pair of guide bars 29.

    [0047] When the spare internal unit 12 is lowered to the vicinity of the lower half portion 132, the worker removes the guide plates 30 from both side portions of the internal unit 12, and removes the pair of guide bars 29 from the lower half portion 132. Thereafter, the worker lowers the internal unit 12 to the inside of the lower half portion 132.

    [0048] Here, FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating the positioning of the spare internal unit 12 and the casing 11 in the direction of axis. When the internal unit 12 is lowered to the inside of the lower half portion 132, there may be a case where the internal unit 12 slightly deviates from a proper position in the direction of axis. Here, the proper position of the internal unit 12 means a state where a first center line C1 of the fitting convex portion 28 of the internal unit 12 and a second center line C2 of the fitting concave portion 16 of the lower half portion 132 are not aligned with each other but are split in the direction of axis by a predetermined distance as illustrated in FIG. 5(a).

    [0049] In this case, when the internal unit 12 is further lowered from the state of FIG. 5(a), as illustrated in FIG. 5(b), the tapered surface 27 of the fitting convex portion 28 comes into contact with the tapered surface 18 of the fitting concave portion 16. When the internal unit 12 is further lowered from this state, the fitting convex portion 28 is caused to slide obliquely downward along the tapered surface 18 of the fitting concave portion 16. Accordingly, the first center line C1 of the fitting convex portion 28 gradually approaches the second center line C2 of the fitting concave portion 16.

    [0050] When the internal unit 12 is further lowered from the state of FIG. 5(b), as illustrated in FIG.5(c), the first center line C1 of the fitting convex portion 28 is aligned with the second center line C2 of the fitting concave portion 16.

    [0051] At this time, the fitting convex portion 28 is completely fitted into the fitting concave portion 16. As described above, even in a case where the internal unit 12 deviates from the proper position in the direction of axis, the internal unit 12 is guided to the proper position by the tapered surface 18 of the fitting concave portion 16 and the tapered surface 27 of the fitting convex portion 28, and thus the fitting convex portion 28 can be reliably fitted into the fitting concave portion 16. Accordingly, even when the internal unit 12 or the lower half portion 132 is subjected to an axial force during the operation of the sea centrifugal compressor 10, relative movement between the internal unit 12 and the lower half portion 132 in the direction of axis is restricted.

    [0052] Finally, as illustrated in FIG. 3(d), the worker allows the upper half portion 131 and the lower half portion 132 to be integrated. That is, the worker fixes the wire W to the upper half portion 131 which is split as described above, and pulls up the upper half portion 131 by winding up the wire W using the crane to pull up the upper half portion 131. The upper half portion 131 is lowered by operating the crane, and joins a pair of flanges 131a which protrude from the upper half portion 131 toward both sides thereof to the flanges 132a which protrude from the lower half portion 132 toward both sides thereof.

    [0053] At this time, when the upper half portion 131 is lowered, there may be a case where the upper half portion 131 slightly deviates from the proper position in the direction of axis. However, in this case, as in the case of lowering the internal unit 12, the upper half portion 131 is guided to the proper position by the tapered surface 18 of the fitting concave portion 16 and the tapered surface 27 of the fitting convex portion 28, and thus the fitting convex portion 28 of the internal unit 12 can be reliably fitted into the fitting concave portion 16 of the upper half portion 131. Accordingly, even when the internal unit 12 or the upper half portion 131 is subjected to the axial force during the operation of the sea centrifugal compressor 10, relative movement between the internal unit 12 and the upper half portion 131 in the direction of axis is restricted.

    [0054] Although not illustrated in the figure in detail, the worker fixes the upper half portion 131 and the lower half portion 132 to each other using the fixing means such as bolts after removing the wire W from the upper half portion 131. In this way, the maintenance of replacing the internal unit 12 with the spare internal unit 12 is completed.

    (Examples of Axial movement restricting portion)



    [0055] The cross-sectional shapes of the fitting concave portion 16 and the fitting convex portion 28 are not limited to the substantially trapezoidal cross-sectional shape of this embodiment, and may be appropriately changed depending on the design. FIG. 6 is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating an axial movement restricting portion 40 according to a first example. A fitting concave portion 41 and a fitting convex portion 42 of this example are the same as the fitting concave portion 16 and the fitting convex portion 28 according to the above mentioned embodiment in that tapered surfaces 45 and 46 are respectively formed on side walls 43 and 44 in the cross-section in the radial direction, but are different from them in that the tapered surfaces 45 and 46 are formed only on parts of the side walls 43 and 44. More specifically, in the fitting concave portion 41 and the fitting convex portion 42 of this modified example, the tapered surfaces 45 and 46 are respectively formed only on the opening edge portion of the fitting concave portion 41 and on the base end portion of the fitting convex portion 42. Therefore, in the bottom portion of the fitting concave portion 41, vertical portions 412 perpendicular to a bottom surface 411 are formed. In addition, in the tip end portion of the fitting convex portion 42, vertical portions 422 perpendicular to a top surface 421 are formed. According to this configuration, loss of function of the fitting concave portion 41 and the fitting convex portion 42 is suppressed and minimized by the presence of the tapered surfaces 45 and 46, and the relative movement between the casing 11 and the internal unit 12 in the direction of axis due to the action of the axial force can be reliably restricted by the joining of the vertical portion and the vertical portion.

    [0056] FIG. 7 is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating an axial movement restricting portion 50 according to a second example, which is according to the invention. A fitting concave portion 51 and a fitting convex portion 52 of this example are different from the fitting concave portion 41 and the fitting convex portion 42 of the first example in that tapered surfaces are formed only on side walls 53 and 54 on the rearward side in the operational direction of the axial force and are not formed on side walls 57 and 58 on the forward side. According to this configuration, there is no loss of function of the fitting concave portion 51 and the fitting convex portion 52 regardless of the presence of the tapered surfaces, and the relative movement between the casing 11 and the internal unit 12 in the direction of axis due to the action of the axial force can be reliably restricted by the joining of the side walls 57 and 58 on the forward side.

    [0057] FIG. 8 is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a fitting concave portion 61 of an axial movement restricting portion 60 according to a third modified example. The fitting concave portion 61 of this modified example is different from the fitting concave portion 16 and the fitting convex portion 28 according to the first mentioned embodiment in that tapered surfaces 63 are formed only on a part of the fitting concave portion 61 adjacent to a joint portion of the upper half portion 131 and the lower half portion 132 (only the lower half portion 132 is illustrated in FIG. 8) of the casing 11 illustrated in FIG. 2. According to this configuration, in a case where the internal unit 12 slightly deviates from the proper position in the direction of axis when the internal unit 12 is mounted in the casing 11, in the vicinity of the joint portion of the upper half portion 131 and the lower half portion 132 which is the position where the fitting concave portion 61 and a fitting convex portion 62 are initially fitted together, the internal unit 12 is guided to the proper position by the tapered surface 63. Therefore, when the fitting concave portion 61 and the fitting convex portion 62 start to be fitted together at a position distant from the vicinity of the joint portion, the internal unit 12 is already at the proper position, and the fitting concave portion 61 and the fitting convex portion 62 are reliably fitted together even though the tapered surface 63 is not formed thereon.

    (Other Modified Examples)



    [0058] Although the sea centrifugal compressor 10 is described in this development, the centrifugal compressor according to the present invention is not limited thereto, and a centrifugal compressor which is used in a narrow place where a sufficient surrounding space cannot be secured may be applied.

    [0059] In addition, although the fitting convex portions 25 and 28 are formed on the heads 22 and the diaphragms 23 in this embodiment, the present invention is not limited thereto, and the fitting convex portions 25 and 28 may be formed on other members included in the internal unit 12.

    [0060] In addition, although the fitting concave portion 16 is formed on the casing 11 and the fitting convex portions 25 and 28 are formed on the internal unit 12 in this embodiment, contrary to this, the fitting convex portions 25 and 28 may be formed on the casing 11 and the fitting concave portion 16 may be formed on the internal unit 12.

    (Arrangement Example)



    [0061] Next, an arrangement example of a sea centrifugal compressor 10 will be described. FIG. 9 is a schematic plan view illustrating the arrangement example of the sea centrifugal compressor 10 according to the first mentioned embodiment. The sea centrifugal compressor 10 is used for a low pressure having a low compression ratio and is disposed in a narrow space between a steam turbine 70 which is used for driving the compressor and a high-pressure compressor 71 having a high compression ratio. According to this arrangement, since the steam turbine 70 is disposed on one side of the sea centrifugal compressor 10 and the high-pressure compressor 71 is disposed on other side thereof, the space for taking the internal unit 12 out of the side of the casing 11 cannot be secured. However, in the sea centrifugal compressor 10, the casing 11 is configured to be horizontally split into two portions, and the components other than the casing 11 are integrated with the internal unit 12. Therefore, as described above, by pulling up the internal unit 12 to be replaced with the spare internal unit 12, the maintenance of the sea centrifugal compressor 10 is facilitated. This effect can be obtained even when the tapered surfaces 18 and 27 are not formed on the fitting concave portion 16 of the casing 11 and the fitting convex portion 28 of the internal unit 12.

    [0062] While an example of the present invention has been described above, the present invention is not limited to the above-described example, but is defined by the appended claims. Additions, omissions, substitutions, and other modifications of the configuration can be made within the scope of the appended claims. The present invention is not limited to the above descriptions, and is limited only by the appended claims.

    Industrial Applicability



    [0063] The present invention relates to the centrifugal compressor in which the internal unit including the rotor that is driven to rotate around the axis thereof is accommodated in the casing. According to the centrifugal compressor of the present invention, the maintenance can be facilitated by collectively replacing the internal unit, and the internal unit can be taken out without securing the surrounding space.

    Reference Signs List



    [0064] 
    10:
    sea centrifugal compressor
    11:
    casing
    12:
    internal unit
    13:
    casing body
    131:
    upper half portion
    131a:
    flange
    132:
    lower half portion
    132a:
    flange
    14:
    suction port
    15:
    discharge port
    16:
    fitting concave portion
    17:
    side wall
    18:
    tapered surface
    19:
    rotor
    191:
    rotating shaft
    192:
    impeller
    193:
    gas flow passage
    20:
    bearing portion
    201:
    journal bearing
    202:
    thrust bearing
    21:
    seal portion
    22:
    head
    23:
    diaphragm
    24:
    bearing cover
    25:
    fitting convex portion
    26:
    side wall
    27:
    tapered surface
    28:
    fitting convex portion
    29:
    guide bar
    30:
    guide plate
    301:
    mounting piece
    302:
    protruding piece
    40:
    axial movement restricting portion
    41:
    fitting concave portion
    411:
    bottom surface
    412:
    vertical portion
    42:
    fitting convex portion
    421:
    top surface
    422:
    vertical portion
    43:
    side wall
    44:
    side wall
    45:
    tapered surface
    46:
    tapered surface
    50:
    axial movement restricting portion
    51:
    fitting concave portion
    52:
    fitting convex portion
    53:
    side wall
    54:
    side wall
    57:
    side wall
    58:
    side wall
    60:
    axial movement restricting portion
    61:
    fitting concave portion
    62:
    fitting convex portion
    63:
    tapered surface
    70:
    steam turbine
    71:
    high-pressure compressor
    C1:
    first center line
    C2:
    second center line
    W:
    wire



    Claims

    1. A centrifugal compressor, comprising:

    a casing (11) which is configured to be horizontally split into two portions and includes an upper half portion (131) on an upper side and a lower half portion (132) on a lower side;

    an internal unit (12) which is disposed in the casing (11) and in which a rotor (19) configured to rotate around an axis thereof, a bearing portion (20) which rotatably supports the rotor (19), and an annular seal portion (21) which seals a gap surrounding a circumferential surface of the rotor (19) so as to enable the rotor (19) to rotate are integrated;

    an axial movement restricting portion which includes a fitting concave portion (16) provided in one of the casing (11) and the internal unit (12) and a fitting convex portion (28) provided in the other thereof to be fitted into the fitting concave portion (16) as a pair and restricts relative movement between the casing (11) and the internal unit (12) in a direction of the axis; and

    a tapered surface which is formed on each of the fitting concave portion (16) and the fitting convex portion (28) so that a width thereof in the direction of the axis increases toward an inner circumferential side in a radial direction,

    characterized in that in cross-sections in the radial direction of both the fitting concave portion (16) and the fitting convex portion (28), the tapered surface is formed only on a side wall on a rearward side in a direction of an operational axial force applied to the internal unit (12) and are not formed on side walls (57, 58) on the forward side, and

    wherein in cross-sections in the radial direction of both the fitting concave portion (16) and the fitting convex portion (28), a side wall on a forward side in a direction of an operational axial force applied to the internal unit (12) is formed perpendicular to the direction of the axis.


     
    2. The centrifugal compressor according to claim 1,
    wherein the tapered surface (63) is formed only on a part of each fitting concave portion (61) and fitting convex portion (62) adjacent to a joint portion of the upper half portion (131) and the lower half portion (132) of the casing (11).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Zentrifugalkompressor, umfassend:

    ein Gehäuse (11), das konfiguriert ist, um horizontal in zwei Abschnitte aufgeteilt zu werden, und einen oberen Hälfteabschnitt (131) auf einer Oberseite und einen unteren Hälfteabschnitt (132) auf einer Unterseite einzuschließen;

    eine Inneneinheit (12), die in dem Gehäuse (11) angeordnet ist und in der ein Rotor (19), der konfiguriert ist, um sich um eine Achse davon zu drehen, ein Lagerabschnitt (20), der den Rotor (19) drehbar trägt, und ein ringförmiger Dichtungsabschnitt (21), der einen Spalt um eine Umfangsoberfläche des Rotors (19) abdichtet, um das Drehen des Rotors (19) zu ermöglichen, eingebaut sind;

    einen Abschnitt zur axialen Bewegungsbegrenzung, der einen passenden konkaven Abschnitt (16), der in einem aus dem Gehäuse (11) und der Inneneinheit (12) bereitgestellt ist, und einen passenden konvexen Abschnitt (28), der in dem anderen davon bereitgestellt ist, um in den passenden konkaven Abschnitt (16) als ein Paar eingepasst zu werden, einschließt und eine relative Bewegung zwischen dem Gehäuse (11) und der Inneneinheit (12) in eine Richtung der Achse begrenzt; und

    eine spitz zulaufende Oberfläche, die auf jedem des passenden konkaven Abschnitts (16) und des passenden konvexen Abschnitts (28) gebildet ist, sodass eine Breite davon in der Richtung der Achse zu einer inneren Umfangsseite in eine radiale Richtung zunimmt,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass in Querschnitten in der radialen Richtung von sowohl dem passenden konkaven Abschnitt (16) als auch dem passenden konvexen Abschnitt (28) die spitz zulaufende Oberfläche nur auf einer Seitenwand auf einer Hinterseite in einer Richtung einer Betriebsaxialkraft gebildet ist, die auf die Inneneinheit (12) angewendet wird, und nicht auf Seitenwänden (57, 58) auf der Vorderseite gebildet ist, und

    wobei in Querschnitten in der radialen Richtung von sowohl dem passenden konkaven Abschnitt (16) als auch dem passenden konvexen Abschnitt (28) eine Seitenwand auf einer Vorderseite in einer Richtung einer Betriebsaxialkraft, die auf die Inneneinheit (12) angewendet wird, senkrecht zu der Richtung der Achse gebildet ist.


     
    2. Zentrifugalkompressor nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei die spitz zulaufende Oberfläche (63) nur auf einem Teil jedes passenden konkaven Abschnitts (61) und passenden konvexen Abschnitts (62) angrenzend an einen Fugenabschnitt des oberen Hälfteabschnitts (131) und des unteren Hälfteabschnitts (132) des Gehäuses (11) gebildet ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Compresseur centrifuge, comprenant :

    un carter (11) qui est configuré pour être divisé à l'horizontale en deux portions et comporte une demi-portion supérieure (131) sur un côté supérieur et une demi-portion inférieure (132) sur un côté inférieur ;

    une unité interne (12) qui est disposée dans le carter (11) et dans laquelle sont intégrés un rotor (19) configuré pour tourner autour d'un axe de celui-ci, une portion de palier (20) qui supporte en rotation le rotor (19), et une portion de joint d'étanchéité annulaire (21) qui étanchéifie un espace entourant une surface circonférentielle du rotor (19) de façon à permettre au rotor (19) de tourner ;

    une portion de restriction de mouvement axial qui comporte une portion concave d'ajustement (16) prévue dans l'un du carter (11) et de l'unité interne (12) et une portion convexe d'ajustement (28) prévue dans l'autre pour être ajustée dans la portion concave d'ajustement (16) sous la forme d'une paire, et restreint un mouvement relatif entre le carter (11) et l'unité interne (12) dans une direction de l'axe ; et

    une surface effilée qui est formée sur chacune de la portion concave d'ajustement (16) et de la portion convexe d'ajustement (28) de sorte qu'une largeur de celle-ci dans la direction de l'axe augmente vers un côté circonférentiel intérieur dans une direction radiale,

    caractérisé en ce que dans des sections transversales dans la direction radiale à la fois de la portion concave d'ajustement (16) et de la portion convexe d'ajustement (28), la surface effilée est formée uniquement sur une paroi de côté sur un côté vers l'arrière dans une direction d'une force axiale opérationnelle appliquée à l'unité interne (12) et n'est pas formée sur des parois de côté (57, 58) sur le côté vers l'avant, et

    dans lequel dans des sections transversales dans la direction radiale à la fois de la portion concave d'ajustement (16) et de la portion convexe d'ajustement (28), une paroi de côté sur un côté vers l'avant dans une direction d'une force axiale opérationnelle appliquée à l'unité interne (12) est formée perpendiculaire à la direction de l'axe.


     
    2. Compresseur centrifuge selon la revendication 1,
    dans lequel la surface effilée (63) est formée uniquement sur une partie de chaque portion concave d'ajustement (61) et portion convexe d'ajustement (62) adjacente à une portion de jonction de la demi-portion supérieure (131) et de la demi-portion inférieure (132) du carter (11).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description