(19)
(11)EP 2 763 278 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
11.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/50

(21)Application number: 12837411.3

(22)Date of filing:  04.09.2012
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H02J 13/00(2006.01)
G06Q 50/06(2012.01)
H02J 3/00(2006.01)
H02J 3/14(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2012/072508
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/047115 (04.04.2013 Gazette  2013/14)

(54)

ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM, ENERGY MANAGEMENT METHOD AND HOST ENERGY MANAGEMENT DEVICE

ENERGIEVERWALTUNGSSYSTEM, ENERGIEVERWALTUNGSVERFAHREN UND HOST-ENERGIEVERWALTUNGSVORRICHTUNG

SYSTÈME ET PROCÉDÉ DE GESTION ÉNERGÉTIQUE, ET DISPOSITIF DE GESTION ÉNERGÉTIQUE HÔTE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 26.09.2011 JP 2011209957

(43)Date of publication of application:
06.08.2014 Bulletin 2014/32

(73)Proprietor: Kyocera Corporation
Kyoto-shi, Kyoto 612-8501 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • JOKO, Shingo
    Kyoto-shi, Kyoto 612-8501 (JP)

(74)Representative: SSM Sandmair 
Patentanwälte Rechtsanwalt Partnerschaft mbB Joseph-Wild-Straße 20
81829 München
81829 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 2 296 112
JP-A- S61 285 026
JP-A- 2003 244 843
JP-A- 2003 348 771
JP-A- 2008 099 343
JP-A- 2010 136 490
US-A1- 2010 145 884
WO-A2-2010/065197
JP-A- 2003 153 465
JP-A- 2003 348 771
JP-A- 2004 180 411
JP-A- 2010 075 015
US-A1- 2004 254 688
US-A1- 2011 153 108
  
  • TOMONORI MAEGAWA: 'Development of Community Energy Management System' IEICE TECHNICAL REPORT 0913-5685 vol. 111, no. 146, 14 July 2011, pages 99 - 104, XP008172894
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present invention relates to a power management system, a power management method, and an upper power management apparatus that reduce power consumed by a load provided in a plurality of consumers.

Background Art



[0002] In recent years, it is known a technology of controlling, by a power management apparatus (for example, HEMS: Home Energy Management System) provided in each consumer, a load provided in a consumer and a dispersed power source provided in a consumer, for example.

[0003] Examples of the dispersed power source may include a power generation equipment that utilizes clean energy such as sunlight, wind power, and geothermal energy. Alternatively, examples of the dispersed power source may also include a fuel cell such as SOFC (Solid Oxide Fuel Cell).

[0004] In such a system, when it is expected that an amount of power to be supplied from a power grid is smaller than a total amount of power consumed in a consumer connected to the power grid, a power company that manages the power grid transmits, to each power management apparatus, a power curtailment signal (DR: Demand Response) instructing restraint of an amount of power consumed, and each power management apparatus reduces power consumed by a load in response to the power curtailment signal (for example, Patent Literature 1). The power curtailment signal is a signal indicating an amount of power that should be reduced by each consumer (for example, a ratio of power to be reduced relative to power currently consumed, or an absolute value of power to be reduced relative to power currently consumed).

Citation List


Patent Literature



[0005] Patent Literature 1: Japanese Patent Application Publication 2010-12881C

[0006] EP 2 296 112 A2 discloses an energy management system.

Summary of the Invention



[0007] In this case, from a viewpoint of a power company, it may suffice that the total amount of power consumed is reduced irrespective of an amount of power reduced by each consumer connected to the power grid. However, there is a need of considering situations of a plurality of consumers (power management apparatus).

[0008] Therefore, the present invention has been achieved in order to solve the above-described problem, and an object thereof is to provide a power management system, a power management method, and an upper power management apparatus with which it is possible to appropriately restrain an amount of power consumed by a load provided in each consumer.

[0009] Aspects of the invention are disclosed in independent claims 1 and 5.

[0010] In the first feature, the power curtailment signal is determined by the power company in accordance with the configuration information.

[0011] In the first feature, the power curtailment signal includes an amount of power that should be reduced from an amount of power currently consumed by a load connected to the power grid.

[0012] In the first feature, the configuration information is any one of the number of the lower power management apparatuses managed by the upper power management apparatus, the number of consumers managed by the upper power management apparatus, the number of residents of a consumer managed by the upper power management apparatus, the location of a lower power management apparatus managed by the upper power management apparatus, the location of a consumer managed by the upper power management apparatus, an area of a region managed by the upper power management apparatus, an amount of power that can be supplied by a dispersed power source provided within the consumer managed by the upper power management apparatus, a predicted amount of power that can be supplied by the dispersed power source provided within the consumer managed by the upper power management apparatus, and a predicted amount of power consumed by the load provided within the consumer managed by the upper power management apparatus.

[0013] In the first feature, the upper power management apparatus transmits, to each lower power management apparatus, a notification request for requesting a notification of an amount of power that can be reduced from power currently consumed for each category to which a load connected to each lower power management apparatus belongs, in response to a power curtailment signal transmitted from a power company that manages a power grid. The lower power management apparatus transmits, to the upper power management apparatus, reducibility information for each of the categories including the amount of the power that can be reduced from the power currently consumed in response to the notification request. The upper power management apparatus transmits, to each lower power management apparatus, reduction information including the amount of power that should be reduced in each consumer, in response to the power curtailment signal and the reducibility information.

[0014] In the first feature, each lower power management apparatus transmits, to the upper power management apparatus, power information including an amount of power consumed for each category to which a load connected to each lower power management apparatus belongs. The upper power management apparatus transmits, to each lower power management apparatus, the reduction information in response to the power curtailment signal and the power information.

[0015] In the first feature, the category has a priority. The upper power management apparatus decides the amount of power that should be reduced in each consumer so as to preferentially reduce power consumed by a load belonging to a category having a lower priority.

[0016] In the first feature, the upper power management apparatus decides the amount of power that should be reduced in each consumer, in accordance with a coefficient corresponding to a contract of a maximum current value available for each consumer.

[0017] In the second feature, the power curtailment signal is determined by the power company in accordance with the configuration information.

[0018] In the first feature, the power curtailment signal includes an amount of power that should be reduced from an amount of power currently consumed by a load connected to the power grid.

[0019] An upper power management apparatus according to the third feature manages a plurality of lower power management apparatuses each of which is provided for each of a plurality of consumers. The upper power management apparatus comprises: a transmission unit that transmits, to a power company that manages a power grid, configuration information of the plurality of consumers managed by the upper power management apparatus. The transmission unit transmits, to each lower power management apparatus, reduction information including an amount of power that should be reduced in each consumer, in response to a power curtailment signal transmitted from the power company after transmitting the configuration information.

[0020] In the third feature, the power curtailment signal is determined by the power company in accordance with the configuration information.

[0021] In the third feature, the power curtailment signal includes an amount of power that should be reduced from an amount of power currently consumed by a load connected to the power grid.

Brief Description of the Drawings



[0022] 

[Fig. 1] Fig. 1 is a diagram showing a power management system 100 according to the first embodiment.

[Fig. 2] Fig. 2 is a block diagram showing the HEMS 10 according to the first embodiment.

[Fig. 3] Fig. 3 is a block diagram showing the CEMS 40 according to the first embodiment.

[Fig. 4] Fig. 4 is a flowchart showing a power management method according to the first embodiment.

[Fig. 5] Fig. 5 is a sequence diagram showing a power management method according to the first embodiment.

[Fig. 6] Fig. 6 is a sequence diagram showing a power management method according to the first embodiment.

[Fig. 7] Fig. 7 is a sequence diagram showing a power management method according to the first embodiment.

[Fig. 8] Fig. 8 is a sequence diagram showing a power management method according to the first modification.


Description of the Embodiment



[0023] Hereinafter, the power management system according to the embodiment of the present invention will be described. Note that the same or similar reference signs are applied to the same or similar portions in the following descriptions of the drawings.

[0024] It must be understood that the drawings are schematic, and the ratio of each dimension and the like may differ from the real one. Accordingly, specific dimensions and the like should be understood with reference to the following description. Furthermore, it must be understood that, the relationship or ratio of dimensions included in each of the drawings may differ.

[Summary of the Embodiment]



[0025] A power management system according to the embodiment comprises a plurality of lower power management apparatuses each of which is provided for each of a plurality of consumers and an upper power management apparatus that manages the plurality of lower power management apparatuses. The upper power management apparatus transmits, to a power company that manages a power grid, configuration information of the plurality of consumers managed by the upper power management apparatus. The upper power management apparatus transmits, to each lower power management apparatus, reduction information including an amount of power that should be reduced in each consumer in response to a power curtailment signal transmitted from the power company after transmitting the configuration information.

[0026] Therefore, an appropriate power curtailment signal is transmitted to each of a plurality of upper power management apparatuses, and it is possible to appropriately restrain the amount of power consumed by a load provided within each consumer.

[First Embodiment]


(Configuration of Power Management System)



[0027] Hereinafter, a power management system according to a first embodiment will be described. Fig. 1 is a diagram showing a power management system 100 according to the first embodiment.

[0028] As shown in Fig. 1, the power management system 100 includes an HEMS 10, a group of loads 20, a smart meter 30, a CEMS 40, a grid 50, and a power company 60. The HEMS 10 and the group of loads 20 are provided within a consumer 70.

[0029] The HEMS 10 is an apparatus (HEMS: Home Energy Management System) that manages power of the consumer 70. In the first embodiment, the HEMS 10 includes a function of controlling the group of loads 20 by using a protocol such as ECHONET Lite or ZigBee. For example, the HEMS 10 is capable of controlling the power consumed by the group of loads 20 by controlling an operation mode of the group of loads 20.

[0030] In the first embodiment, as the HEMS 10, an HEMS 10A1, an HEMS 10A2, an HEMS 10B1, and an HEMS 10B2 are provided. Further, the HEMS 10 is an example of a lower power management apparatus. The HEMS 10 will be described in detail later (see Fig. 2).

[0031] The group of loads 20 is a group of equipment by which power is consumed. Examples of the group of loads 20 include equipment such as a refrigerator, lighting, an air conditioner, and TV. Further, a dispersed power source such as a storage battery, a photovoltaic power generation equipment (PV), and a fuel cell (SOFC) may be provided within the consumer 70.

[0032] In this case, it is possible to classify a load included in the group of loads 20 (that is, a load connected to the HEMS 10) into a plurality of categories. Further, each category has a priority.

[0033] For example, the load is classified into three categories (categories A to C). The category A is a category to which a load (for example, a refrigerator), for example, indispensable in a daily life, belongs. The category B is a load (for example, lighting and an air conditioner) directly related to a daily life, other than loads belonging to the category A. The category C is a load (for example, TV) not belonging to the category A nor the category B. In this case, the category A has the highest priority, and the category C has the lowest priority.

[0034] The category is basically set previously to each load; however, the category is preferably changeable by a user. For example, even when a category of a certain load is set as the category C at the time of product shipment, it is preferable that the category be changeable to another category depending on each usage manner of a user. The HEMS 10 stores information notifying the category to which the load belongs, periodically received from each load included in the group of loads 20, for example. Alternatively, when a category of a load included in the group of loads 20 is changed (for example, when a new load is added to the group of loads 20, or when the category of the load is changed), the HEMS 10 receives the information for notifying the change in category from the load and stores the information.

[0035] In the first embodiment, as the group of loads 20, a group of loads 20A1, a group of loads 20A2, a group of loads 20B1, and a group of loads 20B2 are provided. The HEMS 10A1 and the group of loads 20A1 are provided within a consumer 70A1, and the HEMS 10A2 and the group of loads 20A2 are provided within a consumer 70A2. Likewise, the HEMS 10B1 and the group of loads 20B1 are provided within a consumer 70B1, and the HEMS 10B2 and the group of loads 20B2 are provided within a consumer 70B2.

[0036] Basically, the smart meter 30 is a meter that measures power consumed by the group of loads 20. In the first embodiment, the smart meter 30 includes a communication function, and is capable of receiving information from the HEMS 10, the CEMS 40, and the grid 50 (power company 60).

[0037] In the first embodiment, as the smart meter 30, a smart meter 30A1, a smart meter 30A2, and a smart meter 30B are provided. As shown in Fig. 1, the smart meter 30 may be provided closer to the grid 50 than the CEMS 40, or may be provided closer to the consumer 70 than the CEMS 40.

[0038] The CEMS 40 is an apparatus (CEMS: Community Energy Management System) that manages a plurality of HEMSs 10. The CEMS 40 collects information from each HEMS 10 and provides instruction for an operation to each HEMS 10.

[0039] In the first embodiment, as the CEMS 40, a CEMS 40A and a CEMS 40B are provided. Further, the CEMS 40 is an example of an upper power management apparatus. The CEMS 40 will be described in detail later (see Fig. 3).

[0040] The grid 50 is a power line for supplying each consumer 70 with power supplied from a power station, etc. The power company 60 is a business operator managing the grid 50.

[0041] The consumer 70 is a unit managed by one HEMS 10. For example, the consumer 70 may be a single house or a housing complex such as an apartment house. Alternatively, the consumer 70 may be a dwelling unit configuring a housing complex.

(Lower power management apparatus)



[0042] Hereinafter, a lower power management apparatus according to the first embodiment will be described. Fig. 2 is a block diagram showing the HEMS 10 (an example of the lower power management apparatus) according to the first embodiment. As shown in Fig. 2, the HEMS 10 includes a reception unit 11, a transmission unit 12, and a control unit13.

[0043] The reception unit 11 receives various information from the CEMS 40. Firstly, the reception unit 11 receives, from the CEMS 40, a notification request for requesting a notification of an amount of power that can be reduced from power currently consumed. In particular, the reception unit 11 receives the notification request for each category.

[0044] Secondly, the reception unit 11 receives reduction information including the amount of power that should be reduced in each consumer 70, from the CEMS 40. In this case, it should be noted that the reduction information includes an amount of power to be reduced for each category.

[0045] The transmission unit 12 transmits various information to the CEMS 40. The transmission unit 12 transmits reducible information including an amount of power that can be reduced from the power currently consumed, to the CEMS 40. In particular, the transmission unit 12 transmits, to the CEMS 40, the reducible information for each category.

[0046] The amount of power that can be reduced may be a numerical value manually input by a user, or a numerical value calculated by the HEMS 10 on the basis of a use history of a load stored in the HEMS 10. Alternatively, when a dispersed power source is provided within the consumer 70, the amount of power that can be reduced may include not only an amount of power reduced by an operation suspension of a load but also an amount of power reduced that is achieved when the power supply from the grid 50 is reduced as a result of the group of loads 20 being supplied with output power from the dispersed power source.

[0047] The control unit 13 comprehensively controls the HEMS 10. The control unit 13 controls the group of loads 20 connected to the HEMS 10 by using a signal that complies with a protocol such as ECHONET Lite or ZigBee. In particular, the control unit 13 is capable of controlling the power consumed by the group of loads 20 by controlling an operation mode of the group of loads 20. Specifically, the control unit 13 transmits, to the load included in the group of loads 20, a signal for switching to an operation mode in which it is possible to reduce the power consumed, in response to the reduction information received from the CEMS 40.

[0048] In this case, the control unit 13 grasps a category to which the load included in the group of loads 20 belongs. Further, the control unit 13 grasps power consumed by the load (power currently consumed) included in the group of loads 20.

[0049] When the dispersed power source is provided within the consumer 70, the control unit 13 grasps output power from the dispersed power source. Accordingly, when the power consumed by the group of loads 20 is reduced, the control unit 13 may not only stop the operation of the load but also replace at least a part of the power supplied to the group of loads 20 with the output power from the dispersed power source.

(Upper power management apparatus)



[0050] Hereinafter, an upper power management apparatus according to the first embodiment will be described. Fig. 3 is a block diagram showing the CEMS 40 (an example of the upper power management apparatus) according to the first embodiment. As shown in Fig. 3, the CEMS 40 includes a reception unit 41, a transmission unit 42, and a control unit 43.

[0051] The reception unit 41 receives various information from the HEMS 10 and the power company 60. Firstly, the reception unit 41 receives, from the power company 60, a power curtailment signal (DR; Demand Response) instructing restraint of an amount of power consumed. It should be noted that an amount to be reduced designated by the power curtailment signal is an amount of power that should be reduced in a whole of the plurality of consumers 70 provided under the CEMS 40.

[0052] Secondly, the reception unit 41 receives, from each HEMS 10, reducible information including an amount of power that can be reduced from the power currently consumed. In particular, the reception unit 41 receives, from the HEMS 10, the reducible information for each category.

[0053] The transmission unit 42 transmits various information to the HEMS 10. Firstly, the transmission unit 42 transmits, to each HEMS 10, a notification request for requesting a notification of an amount of power that can be reduced from power currently consumed. In particular, the transmission unit 42 transmits the notification request for each category.

[0054] Secondly, the transmission unit 42 transmits reduction information including the amount of power that should be reduced in each consumer 70, to the HEMS 10. As described above, it should be noted that the reduction information includes an amount of power to be reduced for each category.

[0055] Thirdly, the transmission unit 42 transmits, to the power company 60, configuration information of the plurality of consumers 70 managed by the CEMS 40. It is preferable that the transmission unit 42 periodically transmits, to the power company 60, the configuration information of the plurality of consumers 70.

[0056] Here, the configuration information of the plurality of consumers 70 managed by the CEMS 40 includes, for example, the following information. The configuration information suffices to include at least one piece of information of the following information (a) to information (i).
  1. (a) The number of the HEMSs 10 managed by the CEMS 40
  2. (b) The number of the consumers 70 managed by the CEMS 40
  3. (c) The number of residents of the consumer 70 managed by the CEMS 40
  4. (d) The location of the HEMS 10 managed by the CEMS 40
  5. (e) The location of the consumer 70 managed by the CEMS 40
  6. (f) The area of a region managed by the CEMS 40
  7. (g) The amount of power that can be supplied by the dispersed power source provided within the consumer 70 managed by the CEMS 40
  8. (h) The predicted amount of power that can be supplied by the dispersed power source provided within the consumer 70 managed by the CEMS 40
  9. (i) The predicted amount of power consumed by the load provided within the consumer 70 managed by the CEMS 40


[0057] In the first embodiment, the power company 60 determines a power curtailment signal (DR; Demand Response) that should be transmitted to the CEMS 40 in accordance with the configuration information received from the CEMS 40. Specifically, the power company 60 determines the power curtailment signal (DR; Demand Response) so that a sense of unfairness does not arise among the consumers 70 managed by each CEMS 40.

[0058] For example, when the information (a) is used, the power curtailment signal is determined so that the larger the number of the HEMSs 10 is, the larger the amount to be reduced designated by the power curtailment signal becomes.

[0059] When the information (b) is used, the power curtailment signal is determined so that the larger the number of the consumers 70 is, the larger the amount to be reduced designated by the power curtailment signal becomes.

[0060] When the information (c) is used, the power curtailment signal is determined so that the larger the number of the residents of the consumer 70 is, the larger the amount to be reduced designated by the power curtailment signal becomes.

[0061] When the information (d) is used, the power curtailment signal is determined for the HEMSs 10 that are in a location close to each other so that the amounts to be reduced designated by the power curtailment signal are equal.

[0062] When the information (e) is used, the power curtailment signal is determined for the consumers 70 that are in a location close to each other so that the amounts to be reduced designated by the power curtailment signal are equal.

[0063] When the information (f) is used, the power curtailment signal is determined so that the larger the area of the region is, the larger the amount to be reduced designated by the power curtailment signal becomes.

[0064] When the information (g) is used, the power curtailment signal is determined so that the larger the amount of power that can be supplied is, the larger the amount to be reduced designated by the power curtailment signal becomes.

[0065] When the information (h) is used, the power curtailment signal is determined so that the larger the predicted amount of power that can be supplied is, the larger the amount to be reduced designated by the power curtailment signal becomes.

[0066] When the information (i) is used, the power curtailment signal is determined so that the smaller the predicted amount of power consumed by the load is, the larger the amount to be reduced designated by the power curtailment signal becomes.

[0067] The control unit 43 comprehensively controls the CEMS 40. Firstly, the control unit 43 determines whether or not the power curtailment designated by the power curtailment signal is achieved in accordance with the reducible information received from each HEMS 10. In particular, the control unit 43 collects the reducible information in order of a priority of a category from lowest, and determines whether or not the power curtailment is achieved by reduction in power consumed by the load belonging to the category having a lower priority.

[0068] The reducible information is collected by transmitting the notification request. For example, the control unit 43 collects the reducible information corresponding to the category C by transmitting the notification request corresponding to the category C having the lowest priority. The control unit 43 collects the reducible information corresponding to the category B by transmitting the notification request corresponding to the category B, when the power curtailment is not achieved by reduction in the power consumed by the load belonging to the category C. The control unit 43 collects the reducible information corresponding to the category A by transmitting the notification request corresponding to the category A having the highest priority, when the power curtailment is not achieved by reduction in the power consumed by the load belonging to the category B.

[0069] Secondly, the control unit 43 allocates the amount of power that should be reduced in each consumer 70 according to the reducible information received for each category.

[0070] For example, an amount of power to be reduced R(i) that should be reduced in a consumer (i), or HEMS (i), is calculated according to the following procedure, for example. In this case, as a category to which a load belongs, a case where the categories A to C exist is provided as an example.

[0071] Firstly, in a case where the power curtailment is achieved by reduction in power consumed by the load belonging to the category C, the amount of power to be reduced R (i) is calculated by the following Equation (1).

wherein

In this case, PC(i) denotes an amount of power that can be reduced (amount of power included in the reducible information) for a load belonging to the category C at the consumer (i). PDR denotes an amount of power to be reduced designated by the power curtailment signal, and specifically, denotes an amount of power that should be reduced in a whole of the plurality of consumers 70 provided under the CEMS 40. PCSUM is a sum of the amount of power that can be reduced for the load belonging to the category C, in a whole of the plurality of consumers 70 provided under the CEMS 40.

[0072] c(i) is a coefficient corresponding to a contract of a maximum current value available for the consumer (i). Preferably, the greater the contracted maximum current value is, the greater a value of c(i) is. It is noted that c(i) may be a constant value (for example, "1").

[0073] Secondly, in a case where the power curtailment is achieved by reduction in power consumed by the load belonging to the category C and the category B, the amount of power to be reduced R(i) is calculated by the following Equation (2).

wherein

In this case, PB(i) denotes an amount of power that can be reduced (amount of power included in the reducible information) for a load belonging to the category B at the consumer (i). PBSUM is a sum of the amount of power that can be reduced for the load belonging to the category B, in a whole of the plurality of consumers 70 provided under the CEMS 40.

[0074] b(i) is a coefficient corresponding to a contract of a maximum current value available for the consumer (i). Preferably, the greater the contracted maximum current value is, the greater a value of b(i) is. It is noted that b(i) may be a constant value (for example, "1"). Further, b(i) may be the same in value as c(i), or may be different in value from c(i).

[0075] Thirdly, in a case where the power curtailment is not achieved by reduction in power consumed by the load belonging to the category C and the category B, the amount of power to be reduced R(i) is calculated by the following Equation (3).

wherein

In this case, PA(i) denotes an amount of power that can be reduced (amount of power included in the reducible information) for a load belonging to the category A at the consumer (i). PASUM is a sum of the amount of power that can be reduced for the load belonging to the category A, in a whole of the plurality of consumers 70 provided under the CEMS 40.

[0076] a(i) is a coefficient corresponding to a contract of a maximum current value available for the consumer (i). Preferably, the greater the contracted maximum current value is, the greater a value of a(i) is. It is noted that a(i) may be a constant value (for example, "1"). Further, a(i) may be the same in value as c(i) or b(i), or may be different in value from c(i) or b (i) .

(Power management method)



[0077] Hereinafter, a power management method according to the first embodiment will be described. Fig. 4 is a flowchart showing an operation of the CEMS 40 according to the first embodiment. Fig. 5 to Fig. 7 are sequence diagrams showing an operation of the power management system 100 according to the first embodiment.

[0078] In particular, Fig. 5 is a sequence diagram of a case where a determination result in step 401 shown in Fig. 4 is "YES". Fig. 6 is a sequence diagram of a case where the determination result in step 401 shown in Fig. 4 is "NO", and a case where a determination result in step 402 shown in Fig. 4 is "YES". Fig. 7 is a sequence diagram of a case where the determination result in step 401 shown in Fig. 4 is "NO", and a case where the determination result in step 402 shown in Fig. 4 is "NO".

[0079] It should be noted that, in Fig. 4 to Fig. 7, the same step number is assigned to the same step. Therefore, mainly, Fig. 4 will be described as a typical example, below.

[0080] As shown in Fig. 4, in step 05, the CEMS 40 transmits, to the power company 60, the configuration information of the plurality of consumers 70 managed by the CEMS 40. It is preferable that the CEMS 40 periodically transmits the configuration information to the power company 60.

[0081] In step 10, the CEMS 40 receives, from the power company 60, the power curtailment signal (DR; Demand Response) instructing restraint of the amount of power consumed. As described above, the power curtailment signal (DR; Demand Response) is determined in accordance with the configuration information.

[0082] In step 201, the CEMS 40 transmits, to each HEMS 10, a notification request for requesting a notification of the amount of power that can be reduced from the power currently consumed. Here, the CEMS 40 transmits, to each HEMS 10, a notification request corresponding to the category C. The CEMS 40 performs processes in steps 110 and 120 after step 201 (see also the sequence diagrams shown in Fig. 5 to Fig. 7).

[0083] In step 301, the CEMS 40 receives, from each HEMS 10, reducibility information including the amount of power that can be reduced from the power currently consumed. Here, the CEMS 40 receives, from each HEMS 10, reducibility information corresponding to the category C.

[0084] In step 401, the CEMS 40 determines whether or not power curtailment designated by the power curtailment signal is achieved. In this case, the CEMS 40 determines whether or not the power curtailment is achieved by reduction in power consumed by a load belonging to the category C.

[0085] When a determination result in step 401 is "YES", the CEMS 40 performs a process in step 50 (see also the sequence diagram shown in Fig. 5). When the determination result in step 401 is "NO", the CEMS 40 performs a process in step 202.

[0086] In step 202, the CEMS 40 transmits, to each HEMS 10, a notification request for requesting a notification of the amount of power that can be reduced from the power currently consumed. Here, the CEMS 40 transmits, to each HEMS 10, a notification request corresponding to the category B.

[0087] In step 302, the CEMS 40 receives, from each HEMS 10, reducibility information including the amount of power that can be reduced from the power currently consumed. Here, the CEMS 40 receives, from each HEMS 10, reducibility information corresponding to the category B.

[0088] In step 402, the CEMS 40 determines whether or not the power curtailment designated by the power curtailment signal is achieved. Here, the CEMS 40 determines whether or not the power curtailment is achieved by reduction in power consumed by loads belonging to the category C and the category C.

[0089] When a determination result in step 402 is "YES", the CEMS 40 performs the process in step 50 (see also the sequence diagram shown in Fig. 6). When the determination result in step 402 is "NO", the CEMS 40 performs a process in step 203 (see also the sequence diagram shown in Fig. 7).

[0090] In step 203, the CEMS 40 transmits, to each HEMS 10, a notification request for requesting a notification of the amount of power that can be reduced from the power currently consumed. Here, the CEMS 40 transmits, to each HEMS 10, a notification request corresponding to the category C.

[0091] In step 303, the CEMS 40 receives, from each HEMS 10, reducibility information including the amount of power that can be reduced from the power currently consumed. Here, the CEMS 40 receives, from each HEMS 10, reducibility information corresponding to the category C.

[0092] In step 50, the CEMS 40 allocates the amount of power that should be reduced in each consumer 70 in accordance with reducibility information that is received for each category.

[0093] For example, in a case where the power curtailment is achieved by reduction in the power consumed by the load belonging to the category C (that is, in the sequence diagram shown in Fig. 5), the amount of power to be reduced R(i) is calculated by the following Equation (1).

wherein



[0094] In a case where the power curtailment is achieved by reduction in power consumed by loads belonging to the category C and the category B (that is, in the sequence diagram shown in Fig. 6), the amount of power to be reduced R(i) is calculated by the following Equation (2).

wherein



[0095] For example, in a case where the power curtailment is not achieved by reduction in the power consumed by the loads belonging to the category C and the category B (that is, in the sequence diagram shown in Fig. 7), the amount of power to be reduced R(i) is calculated by the following Equation (3).

wherein



[0096] In step 60, the CEMS 40 transmits, to each HEMS 10, reduction information including the amount of power that should be reduced in each consumer 70. It should be noted that the reduction information includes the amount of power to be reduced for each category. The CEMS 40 performs a process in step 130 after step 60 (see also the sequence diagrams shown in Fig. 5 to Fig. 7).

[0097] Fig. 5 to Fig. 7 are the sequence diagrams showing the power management method according to the first embodiment. In step 110, each HEMS 10 transmits, to each group of loads 20, a load information request for requesting the power consumed by the load included in the group of loads 20 (the power currently consumed).

[0098] In step 120, each HEMS 10 receives, from the group of loads 20, load information including the power consumed by the load included in the group of loads 20 (the power currently consumed).

[0099] In step 130, each HEMS 10 reduces the power consumed by the load included in the group of loads 20 in accordance with the reduction information received from the CEMS 40.

[0100] In the first embodiment, the CEMS 40 transmits, to the power company 60, the configuration information of the plurality of consumers 70 managed by the CEMS 40. Further, the power curtailment signal is determined in accordance with the configuration information of the plurality of consumers 70.

[0101] The amount of power that can be reduced is different for each consumer. Further, some consumers usually try to save power, and other consumers do not usually try to save power. Thus, when reduction in power consumed is requested uniformly to consumers, the sense of unfairness arises among the consumers. Therefore, the appropriate power curtailment signal is transmitted to each of a plurality of CEMSs 40, thereby making it possible to eliminate the sense of unfairness generated among the consumers 70 managed by each of the CEMSs 40.

[0102] In the first embodiment, the CEMS 40 that manages the plurality of HEMSs 10 transmits, to each HEMS 10, the reduction information in response to the reducibility information received for each category having a priority.

[0103] Thus, the CEMS 40 that manages the plurality of HEMSs 10 allocates the amount of power to be reduced in each consumer 70 after considering the amount of power that can be reduced for each consumer 70, and it is thus possible to restrain the sense of unfairness among the respective consumers.

[0104] If it is difficult to achieve a target amount to be reduced (for example, 10%), then the power company 60 may transmit a power curtailment signal indicating a larger amount to be reduced (for example, 15%) to reduce total power currently consumed by the target amount to be reduced in a whole of the plurality of consumers 70. However, by allocating the amount of power to be reduced, that is, an amount that can be reduced for each consumer 70, the CEMS 40 is capable of highly certainly achieving the target amount to be reduced. Thus, the power company 60 does not also need to increase the amount to be reduced designated by the power curtailment signal to be larger than the target amount to be reduced.

[0105] Further, since the reduction information is transmitted in response to the reducibility information received for each category having a priority, power consumed is reduced in order from power consumed by a load belonging to a category having a lower priority, thus restraining reduction in power that should be supplied to a load belonging to a category having a higher priority, that is, a load required for a daily life.

(First Modification)



[0106] A description will be given below of a first modification of the first embodiment. Differences from the first embodiment are mainly described, below.

[0107] In the first embodiment, the CEMS 40 collects, from each HEMS 10, the reducibility information corresponding to each category by transmitting the notification request corresponding to each category. On the other hand, in the first modification, each HEMS 10 transmits, to the CEMS 40, classification result information (power information) including amount of power consumed for each category to which a load connected to the HEMS 10 (a load included in the group of loads 20) belongs. The amount of power consumed included in the classification result information may be the amount of power that can be reduced for each category.

(Power management method)



[0108] Hereinafter, the power management method according to the first embodiment will be described. Fig. 8 is a sequence diagram showing an operation of the power management system 100 according to the first modification.

[0109] As shown in Fig. 8, in step 205, the CEMS 40 transmits, to the power company 60, the configuration information of the plurality of consumers 70 managed by the CEMS 40. It is preferable that the CEMS 40 periodically transmits the configuration information to the power company 60.

[0110] In step 2101, each HEMS 10 transmits, to each group of loads 20, the load information request for requesting the power consumed by the load included in the group of loads 20 (the power currently consumed).

[0111] In step 2201, each HEMS 10 receives, from the group of loads 20, the load information including the power consumed by the load included in the group of loads 20 (the power currently consumed). In this case, it should be noted that the load information includes the amount of power consumed for each category.

[0112] In step 2301, the CEMS 40 receives, from each HEMS 10, the classification result information including the amount of power consumed for each category to which the load connected to the HEMS 10 (the load included in the group of loads 20) belongs.

[0113] Here, processes in step 2102 to step 2302 are similar to processes in step 2101 to step 2301. That is, the CEMS 40 periodically receives the classification result information from each HEMS 10.

[0114] In step 240, the CEMS 40 receives, from the power company 60, the power curtailment signal (DR; Demand Response) instructing to restrain the amount of power consumed.

[0115] In step 250, the CEMS 40 allocates the amount of power that should be reduced in each consumer 70 in accordance with the classification result information including the amount of power consumed for each category.

[0116] For example, in a case where the power curtailment is achieved by reduction in the power consumed by the load belonging to the category C (that is, in a case where PDR ≤ PCSUM is satisfied), the amount of power to be reduced R(i) is calculated by the following Equation (1).

wherein



[0117] In a case where the power curtailment is achieved by reduction in the power consumed by the load belonging to the category C and the category B (that is, in a case where PDR ≤ PCSUM + PBSUM is satisfied), the amount of power to be reduced R(i) is calculated by the following Equation (2).

wherein



[0118] In a case where the power curtailment is not achieved by reduction in the power consumed by the load belonging to the category C and the category B (that is, in a case where PCSUM + PBSUM < PDR is satisfied), the amount of power to be reduced R(i) is calculated by the following Equation (3).

wherein



[0119] In step 260, the CEMS 40 transmits, to each HEMS 10, the reduction information including the amount of power that should be reduced in each consumer 70. It should be noted that the reduction information includes the amount of power to be reduced for each category.

[0120] In step 270, each HEMS 10 reduces the power consumed by the load included in the group of loads 20 in accordance with the reduction information received from the CEMS 40.

[Other Embodiments]



[0121] The present invention has been described according to the aforementioned embodiment. It must not be understood that, however, the discussions and the drawings constituting a part of this disclosure limit the present invention. From this disclosure, various alternative embodiments, examples and operational techniques will be apparent to those skilled in the art.

[0122] In the embodiment, the HEMS 10 is employed as an example of the lower power management apparatus and the CEMS 40 is employed as an example of the upper power management apparatus; however, the embodiment is not limited thereto. The upper power management apparatus may suffice to manage a plurality of lower power management apparatuses. In other words, it suffices that the lower power management apparatus is managed by the upper power management apparatus. Further, the lower power management apparatus may be a BEMS (Building and Energy Management System) or a FEMS (Factory Energy Management System), for example.

[0123] In the embodiment, the CEMS 40 periodically receives, from each consumer 70 (HEMS 10), the classification result information including the amount of power consumed for each category. However, the embodiment is not limited thereto. For example, the CEMS 40 may request each consumer 70 (HEMS 10) to transmit the classification result information in response to the power curtailment signal (DR; Demand Response).

[0124] In the embodiment, the CEMS 40 periodically transmits, to the power company 60, the configuration information of the plurality of consumers 70. However, the embodiment is not limited thereto. For example, the CEMS 40 may transmit, to the power company 60, the configuration information of the plurality of consumers 70 in response to a configuration information request transmitted from the power company 60.

[0125] Note that the entire content of the Japanese Patent Application No. 2011-209957 (filed on September 26, 2011) is incorporated herein by reference.

Industrial Applicability



[0126] The present invention can provide a power management system, a power management method, and an upper power management apparatus with which it is possible to appropriately restrain an amount of power consumed by a load provided in each consumer.


Claims

1. A power management system (100) comprising a plurality of lower power management apparatuses (10) each of which is provided for each of a plurality of consumers (70) and an upper power management (40) apparatus that manages the plurality of lower power management apparatuses (10), wherein:

the upper power management apparatus (40) is configured to perform a process according to a power curtailment signal transmitted from a power company (60) managing a power grid (50),

the upper power management apparatus (40) is configured to transmit, to the power company (60) transmitting the power curtailment signal, configuration information of the consumer (70) managed by the upper power management apparatus (40),

characterized in that

the configuration information comprises one or more of an amount of power that can be supplied by a dispersed power source provided within the consumer (70), and a predicted amount of power that can be supplied by the dispersed power source,

the power curtailment signal is determined by the power company based on at least one of the amount of power that can be supplied by the dispersed power source and the predicted amount of power that can be supplied by the dispersed power source, and

the process according to the power curtailment signal is a process of controlling amount of power consumed by a load provided within the consumer (70).


 
2. The power management system (100) according to claim 1, wherein
the power curtailment signal is determined by the power company (60) in accordance with the configuration information.
 
3. The power management system (100) according to claim 2, wherein
the power curtailment signal includes an amount of power that should be reduced from an amount of power currently consumed by a load (20) connected to the power grid (50).
 
4. The power management (100) system according to claim 1, wherein
the upper power management apparatus (40) is configured to decide an amount of power that should be reduced in each consumer (70) to be greater as a maximum value of a contracted current value for each consumer (70) is greater, and the amount of power that should be reduced to be smaller as the maximum value is smaller.
 
5. A power management method applied to a power management system (100) comprising a plurality of lower power management apparatuses (10) each of which is provided for each of a plurality of consumers (70) and an upper power management (40) apparatus that manages the plurality of lower power management apparatuses (10), the upper power management apparatus (40) being configured to perform a process according to a power curtailment signal transmitted from a power company (60) managing a power grid (50), the power management method comprising:

a step of transmitting, from the upper power management apparatus (40) to the power company (60) transmitting the power curtailment signal, configuration information of the consumers (70) managed by the upper power management apparatus (40);

characterized in that

the configuration information comprises one or more of an amount of power that can be supplied by a dispersed power source provided within the consumer (70), and a predicted amount of power that can be supplied by the dispersed power source,

wherein the power curtailment signal is determined by the power company based on at least one of the amount of power that can be supplied by the dispersed power source and the predicted amount of power that can be supplied by the dispersed power source, and

the process according to the power curtailment signal is a process of controlling amount of power consumed by a load provided within the consumer (70).


 
6. The power management method according to claim 5, wherein
the power curtailment signal is determined by the power company (60) in accordance with the configuration information.
 
7. The power management method according to claim 6, wherein
the power curtailment signal includes an amount of power that should be reduced from an amount of power currently consumed by a load (20) connected to the power grid (50).
 


Ansprüche

1. Stromverwaltungssystem (100), umfassend eine Vielzahl von unteren Stromverwaltungsvorrichtungen (10), von denen jede für jeden einer Vielzahl von Verbrauchern (70) bereitgestellt ist, und eine obere Stromverwaltungsvorrichtung (40), die die Vielzahl von unteren Stromverwaltungsvorrichtungen (10) verwaltet, wobei:

die obere Stromverwaltungsvorrichtung (40) konfiguriert ist, einen Prozess gemäß einem Stromabregelungssignal durchzuführen, das von einem Energieversorgungsunternehmen (60), das ein Stromnetz (50) verwaltet, übertragen wird,

die obere Stromverwaltungsvorrichtung (40) konfiguriert ist, Konfigurationsinformationen des Verbrauchers (70), der durch die obere Stromverwaltungsvorrichtung (40) verwaltet wird, an das Energieversorgungsunternehmen (60), das das Stromabregelungssignal überträgt, zu übertragen,

gekennzeichnet dadurch, dass

die Konfigurationsinformationen eine oder mehrere von einer Strommenge, die durch eine verteilte Stromquelle, die innerhalb des Verbrauchers (70) bereitgestellt ist, zugeführt werden kann, und einer vorhergesagten Strommenge, die durch die verteilte Stromquelle zugeführt werden kann, umfassen,

das Stromabregelungssignal durch das Energieversorgungsunternehmen auf Grundlage von mindestens einer von der Strommenge, die durch die verteilte Stromquelle zugeführt werden kann, und der vorhergesagten Strommenge, die durch die verteilte Stromquelle zugeführt werden kann, bestimmt ist, und

der Prozess gemäß dem Stromabregelungssignal ein Prozess eines Kontrollierens von Strommenge, die durch eine innerhalb des Verbrauchers (70) bereitgestellte Last verbraucht wird.


 
2. Stromverwaltungssystem (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei
das Stromabregelungssignal durch das Energieversorgungsunternehmen (60) in Übereinstimmung mit den Konfigurationsinformationen bestimmt ist.
 
3. Stromverwaltungssystem (100) nach Anspruch 2, wobei
das Stromabregelungssignal eine Strommenge beinhaltet, die von einer Strommenge, die gegenwärtig durch eine mit dem Stromnetz (50) verbundene Last (20) verbraucht wird, reduziert werden sollte.
 
4. Stromverwaltungssystem (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei
die obere Stromverwaltungsvorrichtung (40) konfiguriert ist, zu entscheiden, dass eine Strommenge, die in jedem Verbraucher (70) reduziert werden sollte, größer ist, wenn ein maximaler Wert eines vereinbarten gegenwärtigen Werts für jeden Verbraucher (70) größer ist, und dass die Strommenge, die reduziert werden sollte, kleiner ist, wenn der maximale Wert kleiner ist.
 
5. Stromverwaltungsverfahren, das auf ein Stromverwaltungssystem (100) angewendet wird, umfassend eine Vielzahl von unteren Stromverwaltungsvorrichtungen (10), von denen jede für jeden einer Vielzahl von Verbrauchern (70) bereitgestellt ist, und eine obere Stromverwaltungsvorrichtung (40), die die Vielzahl von unteren Stromverwaltungsvorrichtungen (10) verwaltet, wobei die obere Stromverwaltungsvorrichtung (40) konfiguriert ist, einen Prozess gemäß einem Stromabregelungssignal durchzuführen, das von einem Energieversorgungsunternehmen (60), das ein Stromnetz (50) verwaltet, übertragen wird, wobei das Stromverwaltungsverfahren Folgendes umfasst:

einen Schritt eines Übertragens von Konfigurationsinformationen der Verbraucher (70), die durch die obere Stromverwaltungsvorrichtung (40) verwaltet werden, von der oberen Stromverwaltungsvorrichtung (40) an das Energieversorgungsunternehmen (60), das das Stromabregelungssignal überträgt;

gekennzeichnet dadurch, dass

die Konfigurationsinformationen eine oder mehrere von einer Strommenge, die durch eine verteilte Stromquelle, die innerhalb des Verbrauchers (70) bereitgestellt ist, zugeführt werden kann, und einer vorhergesagten Strommenge, die durch die verteilte Stromquelle zugeführt werden kann, umfassen,

wobei das Stromabregelungssignal durch das Energieversorgungsunternehmen auf Grundlage mindestens einer von der Strommenge, die durch die verteilte Stromquelle zugeführt werden kann, und der vorhergesagten Strommenge, die durch die verteilte Stromquelle zugeführt werden kann, bestimmt ist und

der Prozess gemäß dem Stromabregelungssignal ein Prozess eines Kontrollierens von Strommenge, die durch eine innerhalb des Verbrauchers (70) bereitgestellte Last verbraucht wird, ist.


 
6. Stromverwaltungsverfahren nach Anspruch 5, wobei
das Stromabregelungssignal durch das Energieversorgungsunternehmen (60) in Übereinstimmung mit den Konfigurationsinformationen bestimmt ist.
 
7. Stromverwaltungsverfahren nach Anspruch 6, wobei
das Stromabregelungssignal eine Strommenge beinhaltet, die von einer Strommenge, die gegenwärtig durch eine mit dem Stromnetz (50) verbundene Last (20) verbraucht wird, reduziert werden sollte.
 


Revendications

1. Système de gestion d'énergie (100) comprenant une pluralité d'appareils de gestion d'énergie inférieurs (10) dont chacun est prévu pour chacun d'une pluralité de consommateurs (70) et un appareil de gestion d'énergie supérieur (40) qui gère la pluralité d'appareils de gestion d'énergie inférieurs (10), dans lequel :

l'appareil de gestion d'énergie supérieur (40) est configuré pour réaliser un processus selon un signal de restriction d'énergie transmis depuis un fournisseur d'énergie (60) gérant un réseau d'énergie (50),

l'appareil de gestion d'énergie supérieur (40) étant configuré pour transmettre, au fournisseur d'énergie (60) transmettant le signal de restriction d'énergie, des informations de configuration du consommateur (70) géré par l'appareil de gestion d'énergie supérieur (40),

caractérisé en ce que

les informations de configuration comprennent au moins l'une d'une quantité d'énergie qui peut être fournie par une alimentation dispersée prévue dans le consommateur (70) et d'une quantité prédite d'énergie qui peut être fournie par l'alimentation dispersée,

le signal de restriction d'énergie est déterminé par le fournisseur d'énergie sur la base d'au moins l'une d'une quantité d'énergie qui peut être fournie par l'alimentation dispersée et de la quantité prédite d'énergie qui peut être fournie par l'alimentation dispersée, et

le processus selon le signal de restriction d'énergie est un processus consistant à réguler une quantité d'énergie consommée par une charge prévue dans le consommateur (70).


 
2. Système de gestion d'énergie (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
le signal de restriction d'énergie est déterminé par le fournisseur d'énergie (60) en conformité avec les informations de configuration.
 
3. Système de gestion d'énergie (100) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel
le signal de restriction d'énergie comprend une quantité d'énergie qui devrait être réduite à partir d'une quantité d'énergie actuellement consommée par une charge (20) connectée au réseau d'énergie (50).
 
4. Système de gestion d'énergie (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
l'appareil de gestion d'énergie supérieur (40) est configuré pour décider d'une quantité d'énergie qui doit être réduite dans chaque consommateur (70) pour être plus grande lorsqu'une valeur maximale d'une valeur de courant contractée pour chaque consommateur (70) est plus grande, et de la quantité d'énergie qui devrait être réduite pour être plus basse lorsque la valeur maximale est plus basse.
 
5. Procédé de gestion d'énergie appliqué à un système de gestion d'énergie (100) comprenant une pluralité d'appareils de gestion d'énergie inférieurs (10) dont chacun est prévu pour chacun d'une pluralité de consommateurs (70) et un appareil de gestion d'énergie supérieur (40) qui gère la pluralité d'appareils de gestion d'énergie inférieurs (10), l'appareil de gestion d'énergie supérieur (40) étant configuré pour réaliser un processus selon un signal de restriction d'énergie transmis depuis un fournisseur d'énergie (60) gérant un réseau d'énergie (50), le procédé de gestion d'énergie comprenant :

une étape consistant à transmettre, de l'appareil de gestion d'énergie supérieur (40) au fournisseur d'énergie (60) transmettant le signal de restriction d'énergie, des informations de configuration des consommateurs (70) gérés par l'appareil de gestion d'énergie supérieur (40) ;

caractérisé en ce que

les informations de configuration comprennent au moins l'une d'une quantité d'énergie qui peut être fournie par une alimentation dispersée prévue dans le consommateur (70) et d'une quantité prédite d'énergie qui peut être fournie par l'alimentation dispersée,

le signal de restriction d'énergie étant déterminé par le fournisseur d'énergie sur la base d'au moins l'une d'une quantité d'énergie qui peut être fournie par l'alimentation dispersée et de la quantité prédite d'énergie qui peut être fournie par l'alimentation dispersée, et

le processus selon le signal de restriction d'énergie étant un processus consistant à réguler une quantité d'énergie consommée par une charge prévue dans le consommateur (70).


 
6. Procédé de gestion d'énergie selon la revendication 5, dans lequel
le signal de restriction d'énergie est déterminé par le fournisseur d'énergie (60) en conformité avec les informations de configuration.
 
7. Procédé de gestion d'énergie selon la revendication 6, dans lequel
le signal de restriction d'énergie comprend une quantité d'énergie qui devrait être réduite à partir d'une quantité d'énergie actuellement consommée par une charge (20) connectée au réseau d'énergie (50).
 




Drawing


























Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description