(19)
(11)EP 2 763 523 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
18.04.2018 Bulletin 2018/16

(21)Application number: 12781410.1

(22)Date of filing:  08.10.2012
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A01K 27/00(2006.01)
A47D 13/08(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/GB2012/052496
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/050793 (11.04.2013 Gazette  2013/15)

(54)

RESTRAINING DEVICE

RÜCKHALTEVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF DE RETENUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 07.10.2011 GB 201117342
06.02.2012 GB 201202010

(43)Date of publication of application:
13.08.2014 Bulletin 2014/33

(73)Proprietor: Sally Pattie Consulting Limited
Southwick, Sussex BN42 4FN (GB)

(72)Inventors:
  • PATTIE, Sally
    Southwick Sussex BN42 4FN (GB)
  • COLLINGS, Simon
    Littlehampton West Sussex BN17 7AU (GB)

(74)Representative: Avidity IP 
Broers Building Hauser Forum 21 JJ Thomson Avenue
Cambridge CB3 0FA
Cambridge CB3 0FA (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
FR-A- 1 519 817
US-B1- 6 205 956
US-A1- 2011 174 238
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] This invention relates generally to restraining devices for animals or beings, for example dogs or humans. More specifically, although not exclusively, this invention relates to collars or harnesses for pet animals or children that also contain retractable leads.

    [0002] Collars are often placed around an animal's neck so that an identity tag may be attached to the animal. Collars and harnesses are also used for attaching leads or leashes to the animal, for example so that the animal can be kept with the owner when outside. Harnesses are further used to allow children to walk safely away from their parents or guardians, whilst remaining in contact with them.

    [0003] The use of separate leads can be inconvenient, for example an animal's owner may misplace the lead and have to spend time looking for the lead before they can take their animal for a walk. Furthermore it is not always necessary for an animal to be kept on a lead when being exercised in the countryside, but when approaching a field with livestock or a road the owner may need to re-attach the lead, which may be awkward especially if the owner's hands are cold. Likewise, a parent or guardian may wish to allow a child to walk without holding their hand, but not want them to wander off on their own. This also requires the owner or parent or guardian to carry the lead when not attached to the animal or child, which may be particularly inconvenient if the owner or parent or guardian has two or more animals or children. It is not safe to leave the lead attached to the animal(s) or child or children in such instances as they may hinder the animal or child's movement and cause entanglement or even strangulation.

    [0004] Collars and harnesses with integrated leads have therefore been designed to overcome these disadvantages. There are, however, further problems with such collar or harness and lead systems. Firstly, the mechanism by which the housing or casing for the retractable lead is attached to the collar or harness is often not sufficiently stable to hold the housing or casing in the required position on the collar or harness, which is particularly true when the housing or casing is removable. US2011/0036304, for example, discloses a collar with a removable casing that houses a retractable lead in which the collar is threaded through a loop on the lower face of the casing, FR 1519817 shows a similar device with a separately formed alignment 'conical roller'. Secondly, the retractable lead is typically a cord in such devices, but such cords may not be strong enough for use with larger animals or children. US2011/0174238 and US6205956 are examples of such a device.

    [0005] Furthermore, the design of the housing or casing within which the retractable lead is contained in prior art systems is often cumbersome and uncomfortable for the animal or child to wear.
    A yet further disadvantage of current solutions is that the retractable leads are often shorter than desirable in order to minimise the size of the housing or casing required.

    [0006] Accordingly, it would be desirable to provide an improved restraining device with a retractable lead which at least mitigates one or more of the aforementioned issues with current solutions.

    [0007] It is a more specific, non-exclusive, object of the invention to provide an improved restraining device with a retractable lead that is contained within a housing or casing that
    is releasably attached to the required position on the restraining device. It is a further non-exclusive object of the invention to provide an improved restraining device with a retractable lead that is strong enough for use with larger animals or children.

    [0008] In accordance with one aspect of the present invention there is provided a restraining device (1) comprising a restraint (3) for attachment to an animal or child, a retractable strap lead (2) and a housing (4), in which the retractable strap lead is at least partially housed, wherein the housing is releasably attached to the restraint and comprises a twister (13) for changing the orientation of the retractable strap lead wherein the twister (13) is formed integrally with at least part of the housing (4) so that, in use, the orientation of the retractable strap lead is changed as it is deployed from or retracted into the housing means.

    [0009] A more specific aspect of the invention provides that, in use, the strap lead exits or is deployed from the housing or casing in an orientation that is substantially parallel to an adjacent portion of the collar strap.

    [0010] The provision of a strap lead results in a stronger lead, while the twist prevents the strap edge injuring or causing discomfort to the animal or child.
    The restraint may comprise a harness or a collar.
    The strap twister preferably comprises a guide or channel that changes or modifies or alters the orientation of the strap lead. The strap twister guide may comprise first and second opposed surfaces that define a twisting gap or a twisting guide or channel therebetween.

    [0011] In other embodiments, the twister comprises only one twisting surface, for example against which the strap lead bears in use. It is further envisaged that the twister may comprise a series of guide wheels or bearings for changing or modifying or altering the orientation of the strap lead.
    The housing or casing may be attached to the collar or harness strap by a cover that may be pinned to the housing or casing with the collar or harness strap sandwiched between the housing or casing and the cover. The attachment may be strengthened further using teeth on the collar- or harness-facing part of the cover that press into the collar.
    Additionally or alternatively, the housing or casing may be attached to the collar or harness strap by pins of the housing or casing that are received in loops of the collar or harness strap.
    The housing or casing may further comprise an identification tag or module, which may be active or passive, for example a radio frequency identification tag or a subscriber identification module (SIM) and a battery, e.g. to enable the owner or parent or guardian to locate the animal or child such as by phoning the telephone number of the restraining device and listening for the ring tone.
    A further aspect of the invention provides a restraining device according to the said one aspect defined above, wherein the
    housing or casing is attached to the restraint by pins of the housing or casing that are received in loops or openings of the restraint, e.g. that may be woven into the material thereof.
    This arrangement facilitates keeping the housing or casing in the required position on the restraining device
    The restraint may comprise a harness or a collar.

    [0012] However, the retractable lead comprises a strap lead, which may
    include a strip of material or a tape. The strap or strip or tape may be wound around a cylinder that is within, for example at least partially or even wholly within, the housing or casing.
    The housing or casing may also comprise a biasing means or resilient biasing means or spring element, which may be configured to cause the strap lead to retract in use. The strap or strips of tape may be wound around a cylinder that may have an axis perpendicular to the collar strap or the housing or casing in order to minimise the profile of
    the housing or casing.

    [0013] The housing or casing may comprise two or more parts, for example a mounting part and a cover, which cover may be in the form of a drum and/or may be substantially hollow. The mounting part may comprise or receive the pins. The pins may be releasably received within a portion or hole or aperture of the mounting part. At least a portion of the retractable lead may be received within the cover and/or between the cover and the mounting part.

    [0014] The retractable lead may exit the housing or casing through a handle cover that is attached to the housing or casing and/or the collar. The handle cover may receive at
    least part, preferably most, of a handle attached to the end of the retractable lead, for example when the lead is fully retracted. The handle cover may have a strengthening element or loop by which it may be attached to the restraint in order to provide support to the handle when the lead is in use. The strengthening loop may be releasably attached to the restraint and/or may be connected at or adjacent to a free end of the handle cover.

    [0015] The retractable lead may have a handle that may be releasably attached to the restraint or collar by means of poppers or magnetic fastenings or any other suitable attachment means.

    [0016] The handle may be formed by a loop in the retractable lead and/or may include a grip means or tab. The handle may be formed by cutting the loop and reattaching the two ends of the retractable lead material with a grip means or tab or toggle, for example to help keep the handle flat to the collar when not in use and/or to help the owner or parent or guardian find the handle when it is required. The toggle may be made from an elastomeric polymer, for example rubber, or any other suitable material.

    [0017] The retractable lead may pass through loops within or attached to the collar or harness.

    [0018] Preferably, the housing or casing is shaped to fit comfortably to the child's back or the animal's neck or back. More preferably, the collar-facing side of the housing or casing may be concave, for example in order to fit comfortably to the child's back or the animal's neck or back.

    [0019] According to a further optional feature of the invention, the restraint may have a reinforced hole for attachment of identity tags.

    [0020] In accordance with a third aspect of the invention the housing or casing comprises a connector or attachment means for connecting an ancillary lead to the collar.

    [0021] The restraining device may therefore comprise such an ancillary lead, which may comprise a second connector or attachment means, which may be configured to releasably connect or secure or engage with the connector or attachment means of the restraint. Such ancillary lead may comprise a retractable lead and/or may comprise a cord, tape, strap or any suitable material.

    [0022] Preferably, the second connector or attachment means includes a hole in the upper surface of the housing or casing or cover and/or a lock or securing mechanism, for example that enables such an ancillary lead to be held securely in place when in use and/or released, for example when no longer required.

    [0023] In more preferred embodiments, the mechanism may comprise a pair of opposed hook elements that may be located or incorporated on the ends of plates, for example formed from sheet metal, which may be activated or released by one or more buttons located on the sides of the housing or casing.

    [0024] In some embodiments, the attachment means may have a cap or lid to ensure that dirt or debris doesn't collect in the attachment hole.

    [0025] In an alternative embodiment, the ancillary lead may be held securely to the outside of the housing or casing by a clamp or snap fitting or other suitable attachment means. The ancillary lead may also be attached or connected to the animal restraining device by a snap fitting or other suitable attachment means.

    [0026] Preferably, the ancillary lead may comprise a handle and/or a lead and/or an attachment point. The ancillary lead may comprise a housing that may incorporate the handle and/or may house at least part of the lead, which may include a retraction mechanism, e.g. with any one or more of the elements or features described above in relation to the retractable lead of the restraining device. The handle may be ergonomically designed for the owner to hold. The handle may comprise a stop button that prevents extension or retraction of the lead. The handle may comprise a lock button for locking the stop button in a depressed position. In an alternative embodiment the handle may be formed by a loop in the lead.

    [0027] Embodiments of the invention will now be described by way of example only with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

    Figure 1 is a perspective view of an animal collar with a retractable strap lead according to a first embodiment of the invention with the lead extended from the collar;

    Figure 2 is a view similar to that of Figure 1 with the lead in a fully retracted condition;

    Figure 3 is a schematic representation of the housing or casing of the animal collar of Figures 1 and 2;

    Figure 4 is a section view through the animal collar of Figures 1 to 3;

    Figure 5 is a perspective view of an animal collar with a retractable strap lead according to a second embodiment of the invention;

    Figure 6 is an exploded view of the housing or casing for use with the animal collar of Figure 5;

    Figure 7 is a side view of an ancillary lead for use with the animal collar of Figures 5 and 6;

    Figure 8 is a side view of the housing or casing of the collar of Figures 5 and 6 with the ancillary lead attached;

    Figure 9 is a side view of an animal wearing a harness to which a retractable lead is attached;

    Figure 10 is a rear view of a child wearing a harness to which a retractable lead is attached;

    Figure 11 is a view similar to that of Figure 10 with the lead extended from the harness;

    Figure 12 is a perspective view of an animal collar with a retractable strap lead according to a fifth embodiment; and

    Figure 13 is top view of the collar of Figure 12.



    [0028] Referring to Figures 1 to 4, there is shown an animal collar 1 with a strap lead 2. The collar 1 comprises a collar strap 3 to be fitted around the animal's neck and a housing 4 in which the retractable strap lead 2 is housed. The strap lead 2 has a handle 5 by which the owner may hold the lead. The strap lead 2 and collar strap 3 are formed of a woven polyester fabric material in this embodiment, but it will be appreciated that they may be formed of any suitable material.

    [0029] As shown more clearly in Figure 4, the retractable lead (not shown) exits the housing 4 through a handle cover 6 attached to the housing 4 and the collar strap 3. The handle cover 6 is formed of an elastomeric material and receives most of the handle 5 when the lead is fully retracted. The handle cover 6 also has a strengthening element or loop 9 by which it is attached to the collar strap 3. The collar strap 3 is adjustable by means of a buckle 7, which may be replaced with any other suitable releasable fastening. The collar strap 3 also has a reinforced hole 8 for attachment of an identity tag (not shown). The housing 4 is attached to the collar strap 3 by pins 10 of the housing 4 and are received in loops 14 formed between layers of the collar strap 3. This is advantageous because the pins 10 will ensure the housing 4 is securely fastened to the collar strap 3; but still allow it to be removed if, for example, the owner wishes to wash the collar strap 3.
    In use, the collar strap 3 is fitted around the animal's neck and when the lead 2 is not required by the owner, it is held within the housing 4 with the handle 5 being received in the handle cover 6. When the owner needs to hold the animal on the lead 2, they can remove the retractable strap lead 2 from the housing 4 by pulling the handle 5.
    Referring now to Figure 3, the housing 4 has an outer casing 11, a cylinder 12 around which the strap lead 2 is wound and a strap twister 13 to change or modify the orientation of the strap lead 2 as it exits the housing 4. The strap twister 13 has two parts 13a and 13b that are attached to the housing 4 by a bolt (not shown) that extends through a respective hole 13a', 13b' and fit together to define a channel 13c through which the strap lead 2 is twisted as it exits the housing 4.
    The strap lead 2 is wound around a cylinder 12 that is perpendicular to the flat surface of the housing 4 in order to minimise the profile of the housing 4. If the strap lead 2 were to be released from the housing 4 in this orientation there is a risk of the strap lead 2 cutting into the animal's skin. The strap twister 13 therefore changes the orientation of the strap lead 2 so that it, in use, the strap lead 2 exits the housing 4 in an orientation that is substantially parallel to an adjacent portion of the collar strap.
    Referring now to Figures 5 to 8, there is shown an animal collar 100 according to a second embodiment of the invention that is similar to the collar 1 according to the first embodiment of the invention, wherein like references depict like features that will not be described further.
    The collar 100 has a collar strap 3 to be fitted round the animal's neck and a housing 104 in which the retractable strap lead 2 is housed. The housing 104 has a second connector 115 for releasably connecting an ancillary lead 116 to the strap collar 3. The housing 104 has buttons 117 for activating and/or releasing the second connector 115. The housing 104 also has a cap 118 that fits over the second connector 115 in order to prevent dirt or debris collecting in the second connector 115.
    As shown in Figure 7, the ancillary retractable lead 116 has a similar internal construction to that of the respective strap lead of 2 and includes a handle 119, a lead 120 and an attachment point 121. The ancillary lead 116 has a housing 122 that forms the handle 119 and houses part of the lead 120. The ancillary lead 116 has a stop button 123 that prevents the extension or retraction of the lead 120 by braking the cylinder (not shown) to control the length of lead 120 that is released from the ancillary lead 116. The ancillary lead 116 also includes a lock button 124 for locking the stop button in a depressed position. The attachment point 121 is cylindrical with a circumferential recess adjacent to its end for cooperating with the attachment point 121.

    [0030] As shown more clearly in Figure 6, the housing 104 has an outer case 125 with a hole 126 in the upper surface in which the attachment point 121 of the ancillary lead 116 fits. The housing has a locking mechanism 127 that enables the ancillary lead 116 to be held securely in place when in use and released when no longer required. The locking mechanism 127 is made of a pair of opposed hook elements 129a and 129b that are incorporated into sheets which are activated by buttons 117 on the side of the housing 104. The hook elements 129a, 129b are biased toward a locked position by a spring element (not shown). The housing 104 also has a mechanism cover 128 that fits between the cylinder 12 around which the strap lead 2 is wound and the locking mechanism 127.

    [0031] As shown in Figure 8, the ancillary lead 116 is connected to the housing 104 by opening the cap 118 and inserting the attachment point 121 of the ancillary lead 116 into the second connector 115.

    [0032] When the ancillary lead 116 is not required, the collar 3 with retractable lead 2 will be used alone and the cap 118 fitted over the second connector 115. When the ancillary lead 116 is required, the cap 118 will be removed and the attachment point 121 of the ancillary lead 116 fitted into the second connector 115 on the housing 104. Button 123 is used to adjust the length of the ancillary lead 116. When the ancillary lead 116 is no longer required, buttons 117 may be used to release the attachment point 121 of the ancillary lead 116 from the housing 104.

    [0033] Referring now to Figure 9 there is shown an animal wearing animal harness 230 according to a third embodiment of the invention that is similar to the collars 1, 100 according to the first two embodiments of the invention, wherein like references depict like features that will not be described further. The animal harness 230 has straps 231 and 232 which pass under the animal's legs and body. A housing 204 in which the retractable lead (not shown) is housed is connected to the harness on the animal's back.

    [0034] The retractable lead (not shown) exits the housing 204 through a handle cover 6 attached to the housing 204. The handle cover 6 is formed of an elastomeric material and receives most of the handle 5 when the lead is fully retracted.

    [0035] In use, the harness 230 is fitted around the animal's body and when the lead is not required by the owner, it is held within the housing 204 with the handle 5 being received in the handle cover 6. When the owner needs to hold the animal on the lead, they can remove the retractable strap lead from the housing 204 by pulling the handle 5.

    [0036] Referring now to Figures 10 and 11 there is shown a child wearing harness 330 according to a fourth embodiment of the invention similar to the harness 230 according to the third embodiment of the invention, wherein like references depict like features that will not be described further. The harness 330 has straps 331 and 332 which pass over the child's shoulders and around the child's waist, respectively. A housing 204 in which the retractable lead 2 is housed is connected to the harness on the child's back.

    [0037] The retractable lead 2 exits the housing 204 and has a handle 5. The housing 204 receives most of the handle 5 when the lead 2 is fully retracted.

    [0038] In use, the harness 330 is fitted around the child's body and when the lead 2 is not required by the parent or guardian, it is held within the housing 204 with the handle 5 being visible. When the parent or guardian needs to hold the child on the harness, they can remove the retractable strap lead 2 from the housing 204 by pulling the handle 5.

    [0039] Referring now to Figures 12 and 13, there is shown an animal collar 400 according to a fifth embodiment, that is similar to the collars 1, 100 according to the first two embodiments of the invention, wherein like references depict like features that will not be described further. The animal collar 400 differs from the other collars 1, 100 in that it includes a grip tab or toggle 433 and loops 434 through which the retractable strap lead 2 passes in order to keep the strap lead 2 flat to the collar 3 when the strap lead is not in use.

    [0040] In use, the collar 400 is fitted around the animal's neck and when the lead is not in use, it is held within the housing 4; with the toggle 433 being held close to the collar 3 by the loops 434. When the owner needs to hold the animal on the lead, they can remove the retractable strap lead 2 from the housing 4 by pulling the toggle handle 433.

    [0041] It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that any number of combinations of the aforementioned features and/or those shown in the appended drawings provide clear advantages over the prior art and are therefore within the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A restraining device (1) comprising a restraint (3) for attachment to an animal or child, a retractable strap lead (2) and a housing (4), in which the retractable strap lead is at least partially housed, wherein the housing is releasably attached to the restraint and comprises a twister (13) for changing the orientation of the retractable strap lead wherein the twister (13) is formed integrally with at least part of the housing (4) so that, in use, the orientation of the retractable strap lead is changed as it is deployed from or retracted into the housing means.
     
    2. A restraining device according to claim 1, wherein the twister (13) comprises a guide (13c) that changes the orientation of the retractable strap lead (2).
     
    3. A restraining device according to any preceding claim, wherein the twister comprises a twisting surface(13c).
     
    4. A restraining device according to claim 3, comprising the guide of claim 2, wherein the guide comprises first (13a) and second (13c) opposed surfaces that define a twisting guide therebetween.
     
    5. A restraining device according any preceding claim, wherein the housing (4) is attached to the restraint by pins (10) of the housing received in loops (14) in the restraint (3).
     
    6. A restraining device according to any preceding claim, wherein the housing (4) comprises a biasing means (12) to cause the retractable strap lead (3) to retract in use.
     
    7. A restraining device according to any preceding claim, wherein the housing (4) further comprises a handle cover (6), which receives at least part of a handle (5) attached to one end of the retractable strap lead (2).
     
    8. A restraining device according to claim 7, wherein the handle (5) comprises a grip means
     
    9. A restraining device according to any preceding claim, wherein the housing (4) comprises a connector for connecting an ancillary lead to the housing (4).
     
    10. A restraining device according to claim 9, wherein the connector comprises a pair of opposed hook elements (129a, 129b) activated or released by a button (117) on the side of the housing.
     
    11. A restraining device according to any preceding claim, comprising a collar (3).
     
    12. A restraining device according to any preceding claim, comprising a harness (230, 330).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Rückhaltevorrichtung (1), umfassend eine Halterung (3) zur Befestigung an einem Tier oder einem Kind, eine zurückziehbare Riemenleine (2) und ein Gehäuse (4), wobei die zurückziehbare Riemenleine zumindest teilweise eingehaust ist, wobei das Gehäuse lösbar an der Halterung befestigt ist und eine Verdreheinrichtung (13) zum Ändern der Orientierung der zurückziehbaren Riemenleine umfasst, wobei die Verdreheinrichtung (13) einstückig mit zumindest einem Teil des Gehäuses (4) ausgeformt ist, sodass sich bei Verwendung die Orientierung der zurückziehbaren Riemenleine ändert, wenn sie von dem Gehäusemittel ausgebracht oder dort hinein zurückgezogen wird.
     
    2. Rückhaltevorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Verdreheinrichtung (13) eine Führung (13c) umfasst, welche die Orientierung der zurückziehbaren Riemenleine (2) ändert.
     
    3. Rückhaltevorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Verdreheinrichtung eine drehende Fläche (13c) umfasst.
     
    4. Rückhaltevorrichtung nach Anspruch 3, umfassend die Führung nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Führung erste (13a) und zweite (13c) gegenüberliegende Flächen umfasst, die dort zwischen eine drehende Führung definieren.
     
    5. Rückhaltevorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Gehäuse (4) an der Halterung durch Stifte (10) des Gehäuses befestigt ist, die in Schlaufen (14) in der Halterung (3) aufgenommen sind.
     
    6. Rückhaltevorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Gehäuse (4) ein Vorspannmittel (12) umfasst, um die zurückziehbare Riemenleine (3) zu veranlassen, sich bei Verwendung zurückzuziehen.
     
    7. Rückhaltevorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Gehäuse (4) ferner eine Griffabdeckung (6) umfasst, die zumindest einen Teil eines Griffs (5) aufnimmt, der an einem Ende der zurückziehbaren Riemenleine (2) befestigt ist.
     
    8. Rückhaltevorrichtung nach Anspruch 7, wobei der Griff (5) ein Griffmittel umfasst.
     
    9. Rückhaltevorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Gehäuse (4) einen Verbinder zum Verbinden einer ergänzenden Leine mit dem Gehäuse (4) umfasst.
     
    10. Rückhaltevorrichtung nach Anspruch 9, wobei der Verbinder ein Paar gegenüberliegender Hakenelemente (129a, 129b) umfasst, die von einer Taste (117) an der Seite des Gehäuses aktivierbar oder lösbar sind.
     
    11. Rückhaltevorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, umfassend ein Halsband (3).
     
    12. Rückhaltevorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, umfassend ein Geschirr (230, 330).
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de retenue (1) comprenant un élément de retenue (3) à attacher à un animal ou un enfant, une laisse à lanière rétractable (2) et un logement (4), dans lequel la laisse à lanière rétractable est logée au moins partiellement, dans lequel le logement est attaché de façon libérable à l'élément de retenue et comprend un élément de torsion (13) pour changer l'orientation de la laisse à lanière rétractable dans lequel l'élément de torsion (13) est formé d'un seul tenant avec au moins une partie du logement (4) de sorte que, en utilisation, l'orientation de la laisse à lanière rétractable soit changée à mesure qu'elle est déployée depuis le moyen de logement ou rétractée dans celui-ci.
     
    2. Dispositif de retenue selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'élément de torsion (13) comprend un guide (13c) qui change l'orientation de la laisse à lanière rétractable (2).
     
    3. Dispositif de retenue selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans lequel l'élément de torsion comprend une surface de torsion (13c).
     
    4. Dispositif de retenue selon la revendication 3, comprenant le guide de la revendication 2, dans lequel le guide comprend des première (13a) et seconde (13c) surfaces opposées qui définissent un guide de torsion entre elles.
     
    5. Dispositif de retenue selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le logement (4) est attaché à l'élément de retenue par des broches (10) du logement reçues dans des boucles (14) de l'élément de retenue (3).
     
    6. Dispositif de retenue selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le logement (4) comprend un moyen de sollicitation (12) pour amener la laisse à lanière rétractable (3) à se rétracter en utilisation.
     
    7. Dispositif de retenue selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le logement (4) comprend en outre un couvre-poignée (6), qui reçoit au moins une partie d'une poignée (5) attachée à une extrémité de la laisse à lanière rétractable (2).
     
    8. Dispositif de retenue selon la revendication 7, dans lequel la poignée (5) comprend un moyen de préhension.
     
    9. Dispositif de retenue selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le logement (4) comprend un raccord pour raccorder une laisse auxiliaire au logement (4).
     
    10. Dispositif de retenue selon la revendication 9, dans lequel le raccord comprend une paire d'éléments de crochet opposés (129a, 129b) activés ou libérés par un bouton (117) sur le côté du logement.
     
    11. Dispositif de retenue selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant un collier (3).
     
    12. Dispositif de retenue selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant un harnais (230, 330).
     




    Drawing






































    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description