(19)
(11)EP 2 765 646 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/26

(21)Application number: 14152645.9

(22)Date of filing:  27.01.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01P 5/08(2006.01)
H01Q 9/28(2006.01)
H01Q 9/16(2006.01)
H01P 5/02(2006.01)

(54)

Dual capacitively coupled coaxial cable to air microstrip transition

Doppeltkapazitiv gekoppeltes Koaxialkabel an Luftmikrostreifenübergang

Câble coaxial capacitif double couplé à une transition de microruban à air


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 12.02.2013 US 201313765029

(43)Date of publication of application:
13.08.2014 Bulletin 2014/33

(73)Proprietor: CommScope Technologies LLC
Hickory, NC 28602 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • Bonczyk, Michael Francis
    Anna, TX 75409-0398 (US)

(74)Representative: Maikowski & Ninnemann Patentanwälte Partnerschaft mbB 
Postfach 15 09 20
10671 Berlin
10671 Berlin (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
DE-A1-102005 047 975
US-A1- 2010 259 451
US-A1- 2011 241 965
DE-U1-202008 016 388
US-A1- 2011 121 924
US-A1- 2012 302 088
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates generally to RF signal transmission. More particularly, the present invention relates to a dual capacitively coupled coaxial cable to air microstrip transition.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] In many base station antennas, it is often necessary to incorporate several types of radio frequency (RF) transmission lines in the signal path, from the antenna input connector to the antenna radiating elements. For example, the electrical signal path in a base station antenna can include coaxial cable, printed circuit board microstrips, and air dielectric microstrips, in various combinations.

    [0003] When different types of transmission lines interface with one another, the signal moves from a first transmission line to a second transmission line. At these junctions, it is critical to maintain transmission line impedance and to avoid and/or minimize introducing passive intermodulation (PIM).

    [0004] Furthermore, many known electrical RF connections include solder to couple metal-to-metal compression interfaces. Solder mandates that components be made from materials that can accept solder, and typically these materials include a tin-plated brass or a tin-plated copper. Both brass and copper are relatively dense materials and have a relatively high cost as compared to aluminum, which is a relatively light and low cost material. However, aluminum does not accept a solder application.

    [0005] In view of the above, there is a continuing, ongoing need for an improved transmission line transition.

    [0006] DE 100 2005 047975 A1 concerns a supply network or an antenna with at least one radiator and with a supply network, which comprises the following features: the supply network is provided with a capacitive coupling device via which a capacitive connection to a coupled line exists; the coupled line section is connected in a fixed manner to the following device or radiator or is part of the device or radiator; in the vicinity of the capacitive coupling device, the supply network has a first coupling section, and the coupling line has a second coupling section; both coupling sections are fixed in a relative position to one another by means of a clamp and/or holding device whereby enabling a relative movement between both coupling surfaces parallel to the coupling surface to be executed.

    [0007] US 2011 241 965 A1 discloses a capacitive grounded RF coaxial cable to airstrip transition which comprises a conductive ground plane, an insulating gasket, a reflector plate and an insulating fixing component. The conductive ground plane, the insulating gasket and the reflector plate are attached uniformly and tightly in sequence and fixed together by the insulating fixing component. The outer surface of the conductive ground plane is connected conductively with the outer conductor of the RF coaxial cable.

    SUMMARY



    [0008] The subject-matter of independent claim 1 is presented. Features of embodiments are also defined in the dependent claims. For example, a transmission line transition that transitions from a coaxial cable to an air dielectric microstrip is disclosed herein.

    [0009] In some embodiments, the transition can combine a thin printed circuit board substrate and an insulating surface to form an effective capacitive coupling transition that can couple RF energy from the center conductor of a coaxial cable to an air microstrip.

    [0010] In the following, a list of examples which are at least partially not part of the invention are described:
    1. A. A coaxial cable to air microstrip transition comprises a printed circuit board; and an insulating surface, wherein a first side of the insulating surface is affixed to a first portion of the printed circuit board on a first side of the printed circuit board, wherein a second portion of the printed circuit board on the first side of the printed circuit board is free of coverage by the insulating surface, wherein a second side of the insulating surface is affixed to an airstrip conductor, and wherein the second portion of the printed circuit board is electrically connected to an inner conductor of a coaxial cable.
    2. B. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example A, wherein the insulating surface includes at least one of an insulating adhesive, a double sided tape, an insulating film, an insulating deposit, paint, a solder mask, a chemical film, and an anodized surface.
    3. C. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example A, wherein the first side of the printed circuit board includes a copper laminate, and wherein the inner conductor of the coaxial cable is soldered to the copper laminate.
    4. D. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example C, wherein the copper laminate provides a high capacitance coupling surface between the inner conductor of the coaxial cable and the airstrip conductor.
    5. E. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example C, wherein the copper laminate is offset from edges of the printed circuit board.
    6. F. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example C, wherein the insulating surface provides a capacitive barrier to prevent the printed circuit board and the copper laminate from directly contacting the airstrip conductor.
    7. G. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example A, wherein the printed circuit board extends through an aperture in a ground plane so that at least the first portion of the printed circuit board and the insulating surface are disposed on a first side of a ground plane and so that at least the second portion of the printed circuit board is disposed on a second side of the ground plane.
    8. H. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example G, further comprising a second printed circuit board affixed to the second side of the ground plane, wherein an outer conductor of the coaxial cable is electrically connected to the second printed circuit board.
    9. I. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example H, wherein the outer conductor of the coaxial cable is capacitively coupled to a ground plane conductor.
    10. J. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example H, wherein the second printed circuit board includes a second insulating surface to affix a first side of the second printed circuit board to the second side of the ground plane.
    11. K. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example A, wherein the first portion of the printed circuit board and the insulating surface each include a first aperture, wherein the first aperture of the printed circuit board is aligned with the first aperture of the insulating surface, and wherein a clip is disposed through each of the first apertures of the printed circuit board and the insulating surface for securing the printed circuit board and the insulating surface to the airstrip conductor.
    12. L. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example K, wherein the clip includes a non-conductive clip.
    13. M. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example A, wherein the second portion of the printed circuit board includes a second aperture, and wherein the inner conductor of the coaxial cable is disposed through the second aperture of the printed circuit board.
    14. N. An antenna comprising: a coaxial cable; an airstrip conductor; a printed circuit board; and an insulating surface, wherein a first side of the insulating surface is affixed to a first portion of the printed circuit board on a first side of the printed circuit board, wherein a second portion of the printed circuit board on the first side of the printed circuit board is free of coverage by the adhesive, wherein a second side of the insulating surface is affixed to the airstrip conductor, and wherein the second portion of the printed circuit board is electrically connected to an inner conductor of the coaxial cable.
    15. O. The antenna according to example N, wherein the inner conductor of the coaxial cable is capacitively coupled to the airstrip conductor.
    16. P. The antenna according to example N, wherein the insulating surface provides a capacitive barrier to prevent a copper trace on the printed circuit board from directly contacting the airstrip conductor.
    17. Q. The antenna according to example N, further comprising a feed board, wherein an outer conductor of the coaxial cable is electrically connected to the feed board.
    18. R. The antenna according to example Q, wherein the outer conductor of the coaxial cable is capacitively coupled to a ground plane conductor.
    19. S. A coaxial cable to air microstrip transition comprising: a metallic surface; and an insulating system affixed to the metallic surface, wherein the insulating system secures an airstrip conductor in close proximity to an inner conductor of a coaxial cable to capacitively couple the airstrip conductor to the inner conductor of the coaxial cable.
    20. T. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example S, wherein the metallic surface includes brass.
    21. U. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example S, wherein the insulating system prevents direct metal-to-metal contact with the metallic surface.
    22. V. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example S, wherein the insulating system includes at least one nonconductive clip or an adhesive.
    23. W. A coaxial cable to air microstrip transition comprising: a main body; and an insulating, anodized coating disposed on an outer surface of the main body, wherein the main body and the insulating, anodized coating disposed on the outer surface of the main body capacitively couple an inner conductor of a coaxial cable to an airstrip conductor.
    24. X. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example W, wherein the main body includes an aluminum material.
    25. Y. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example W, wherein the insulating, anodized coating provides an insulating capacitive junction between the inner conductor of the coaxial cable and the main body.
    26. Z. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example W, wherein the insulating, anodized coating provides an insulating capacitive junction between the main body and the airstrip conductor.
      1. a. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example W, further comprising an insulating surface that affixes the main body to the airstrip conductor and prevents direct contact between the main body and the airstrip conductor.
      2. b. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example a, wherein the insulating surface includes an adhesive or a nonconductive clip.
      3. c. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example W, further comprising: a second main body; and a second, insulating, anodized coating disposed on an outer surface of the second main body, wherein the second main body and the second, insulating, anodized coating disposed on the outer surface of the second main body capacitively couple an outer conductor of the coaxial cable to a ground plane conductor.
      4. d. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example c, wherein the second main body includes an aluminum material.
      5. e. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example c, wherein the second, insulating, anodized coating provides an insulating capacitive junction between the outer conductor of the coaxial cable and the second main body.
      6. f. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example c, wherein the second, insulating, anodized coating provides an insulating capacitive junction between the second main body and the ground plane conductor.
      7. g. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition according to example c, further comprising an insulating surface that affixes the second main body to the ground plane conductor and prevents direct contact between the second main body and the ground plane conductor.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0011] 

    FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a bottom side of a dual capacitively coupled transition in accordance with disclosed embodiments;

    FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a printed circuit board structure in accordance with disclosed embodiments;

    FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a top side of a dual capacitively coupled transition in accordance with disclosed embodiments;

    FIG. 4 is a bottom side view of a printed circuit board structure disposed through an aperture in a ground plane in accordance with disclosed embodiments.

    FIG. 5 is a side view of a dual capacitively coupled transition;

    FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a bottom side of a dual capacitively coupled transition; and

    FIG. 7 is a perspective view of a top side of a dual capacitively coupled transition.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0012] While this invention is susceptible of an embodiment in many different forms, there are shown in the drawings and will be described herein in detail specific embodiments thereof with the understanding that the present disclosure is to be considered as an exemplification of the principles of the invention. It is not intended to limit the invention to the specific illustrated embodiments.

    [0013] Embodiments disclosed herein include a transition that couples RF energy between a coaxial cable transmission line conductor and a microstrip transmission line conductor with no or minimal metal-to-metal contact. For example, the transition disclosed herein can include one or more conductive surfaces that are partially or fully coated with one or more insulating materials. The insulating surfaces can secure the coaxial cable conductors in close proximity to the microstrip conductors while also preventing direct metal-to-metal contact between the coaxial cable conductors and the microstrip conductors. Some embodiments disclosed herein can incorporate components that have both electrically conducting and electrically insulating properties so that the transition maintains electrical coupling without significantly introducing PIM.

    [0014] In accordance with disclosed embodiments, the coaxial cable to air microstrip transition disclosed herein can be cost effective from a parts, labor, and capital cost perspective. For example, the disclosed transition can avoid costly mechanical fastening techniques. Instead, the disclosed transition can economically implement and employ capacitive coupling to optimize the electrical performance of the transition.

    [0015] Some embodiments disclosed herein can combine a thin printed circuit board substrate and an insulating surface to form an effective capacitive coupling transition that can couple RF energy from the center conductor of a coaxial cable to an air microstrip. For example, in some embodiments, the printed circuit board can have a thickness of approximately 0.005 inches, and in some embodiments, the insulating surface can have a thickness of approximately 0.002 inches.

    [0016] The center conductor of the coaxial cable can be soldered to an exposed copper laminate of the printed circuit board. In some embodiments, an insulating boundary, such as insulating paint or a solder mask, can be applied to a first portion of the printed circuit board to ensure that solder is directly applied to only a specific location thereon, that is, at the point where the center conductor of the coaxial cable contacts the copper laminate of the printed circuit board.

    [0017] A thin film of adhesive can be applied to a second, larger portion of the printed circuit board and can be used to affix the printed circuit board to the air microstrip. In some embodiments, a portion of the copper laminate can be etched from one side of the printed circuit board and be replaced with the adhesive, thereby using the printed circuit board substrate to serve as an additional insulating boundary.

    [0018] In embodiments disclosed herein, both the adhesive and the solder mask can function as an insulating surface. When secured together, the copper laminate surface, the solder mask, and the adhesive can effectively couple or connect RF signals from the center conductor of the coaxial cable to the air microstrip while preventing the center conductor from directly contacting the air microstrip.

    [0019] It is to be understood that the insulating surface disclosed herein can include any or all of the following materials, alone or in combination: a thin insulating adhesive, such as a high strength adhesive and/or a double sided adhesive tape; a thin, non-conductive insulating film; nonconductive clips; insulating rivets; and/or an insulating deposit, coating, or treatment, such as paint, a solder mask, a chemical film, or an anodized coating.

    [0020] In accordance with the above, FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a bottom side of a dual capacitively coupled transition in accordance with disclosed embodiments. The dual capacitively coupled transition can include a first transition that capacitively couples an outer conductor of a coaxial cable to a microstrip ground plane, and a second transition that capacitively couples an inner conductor of the coaxial cable to conductive circuitry of a microstrip.

    [0021] For example, as seen in FIG. 1, a printed circuit board 10 can be affixed to a ground plane 100. In some embodiments, the printed circuit board 10 can include an adhesive (not shown) affixed to a first side thereof for attaching the printed circuit 10 board to the ground plane 100, and a second side of the printed circuit board 10 can include an exposed copper trace 12. As seen in FIG. 1, an outer conductor 22 of a coaxial cable 20 can be exposed, and the outer conductor 22 can be capacitively coupled to a ground plane conductor, via the printed circuit board 10.

    [0022] The center, inner conductor 24 of the coaxial cable 20 can also be exposed and can be soldered to an exposed copper trace 34 on a printed circuit board 32. For example, FIG. 2 is a perspective of a printed circuit board structure 30 in accordance with disclosed embodiments. As seen in FIG. 2, the structure 30 can include a printed circuit board 30 having first and second apertures 32-1, 32-2 near respective first and second ends thereof. A copper trace 34 can be exposed on the printed circuit board 32, and the copper trace 34 can also include first and second apertures 34-1, 34-2 near respective first and second ends thereof. In some embodiments, the copper trace 34 can provide a high capacitance coupling surface to an airstrip. Furthermore, in some embodiments, the copper trace 34 can be offset from the edges of the printed circuit board 32 as seen in FIG. 2.

    [0023] An insulating surface 36, such as an insulating adhesive, a thin insulating film, or an insulating coating, can be affixed to at least a portion of the length of the printed circuit board 32 and copper trace 34 and include an aperture 36-1 near a first end thereof. In some embodiments, the insulating surface 36 can function as an insulating capacitive barrier to prevent the printed circuit board 32 and copper trace 34 from directly contacting the air microstrip. Furthermore, in some embodiments, the insulating surface 36 can be offset from a second end of the printed circuit board 32 and the copper trace 34 as seen in FIG. 2. That is, the insulating surface 36 can be shorter than the copper 34 trace so that portions of the printed circuit board 32 and copper trace 34 are exposed and not covered by the insulating surface 36. In some embodiments, portions of the printed circuit board 32 and copper trace 34 that include the second apertures 32-2, 34-2 can be exposed and not covered by the adhesive 36.

    [0024] Referring now to FIG. 3, a perspective view of a top side of a dual capacitively coupled transition in accordance with disclosed embodiments is shown. As seen in FIG. 3, the insulating surface 36 can be affixed to an airstrip conductor 40 to attach the structure 30 of FIG. 2 to the airstrip conductor 40. In some embodiments, the insulating surface 36 can provide a capacitive barrier between the airstrip conductor 40 and the insulated portion of the copper trace 34.

    [0025] In some embodiments, the airstrip conductor 40 can be associated with a dipole 42 as would be known by those of skill in the art. In some embodiments, the airstrip conductor 40 can include a standard air dielectric microstrip transmission line as would be known by those of skill in the art.

    [0026] In some embodiments, a nonconductive molded clip 44 can be disposed through the apertures 32-1, 34-1, 36-1 of the printed circuit board 32, the copper trace 34, and the insulating surface 36 near the respective first ends thereof to further attach and secure the structure 30 to the airstrip conductor 40. In some embodiments, the apertures 32-1, 34-1, 36-1 and the clip 44 can be used to align the printed circuit board 32, the copper trace 34, and the insulating surface 36 with respect to one another and with respect to the airstrip conductor 40.

    [0027] The ground plane 100 can include an aperture 110 disposed therein, and at least a portion of the printed circuit board structure 30 of FIG. 2 can be disposed through the aperture 110. FIG. 4 is bottom side view of the printed circuit board structure 30 disposed through the aperture 110 in the ground plane 100. As seen in FIG. 4, at least the second ends of the printed circuit board 32 and the copper trace 34, including the respective second apertures 32-2, 34-2 therein, can be disposed through the aperture 110 in the ground plane 100. In some embodiments, at least a second end of the insulating surface 36 can also be disposed through the aperture 110 in the ground plane 100.

    [0028] Referring again to FIG. 1, at least a portion of the center, inner conductor 24 of the coaxial cable 20 can be disposed through the respective second apertures 32-2, 34-2 in the printed circuit board 32 and the copper trace 34. In some embodiments, solder can be applied to the connection between the center, inner conductor 24 of the coaxial cable 20 and the copper trace 34 to secure the connection therebetween.

    [0029] In accordance with some embodiments, effective capacitive coupling transitions disclosed herein can further reduce cost by making larger antenna components, such as radiating elements and airstrip transmission lines, from aluminum, which is more economical than expensive solderable alloys, such as brass. Transitions disclosed herein can also provide economic advantages by providing improved thermal dynamic characteristics. For example, the electrically insulating materials that prevent direct metal-to-metal contact can also act as thermal barriers between conductors. Thermal barriers between a small conductive surface of a transition and larger coaxial cable or airstrip conductors can prevent heat flow away from the solder joint, which results in a more stable thermal profile during soldering. Accordingly, improved solder joints can be achieved that have more repeatable electrical and mechanical properties, which can result in higher reliability from a PIM perspective.

    [0030] In accordance with the above, some embodiments disclosed herein can include transitions that employ a conductive capacitive surface, such as an economical aluminum alloy, and an insulating boundary, such as an anodized surface coating. These embodiments of the transition disclosed herein can provide capacitive coupling between the conductive surfaces of the main transition body and the conductors of the coaxial cable and the microstrip, thereby eliminating metal-to-metal contact and the need for solder. For example, a purely capacitive transition can provide a capacitive coupling path between a conductor of the coaxial cable and the transition conductive body and between the transition conductive body and a conductor of the airstrip transmission line.

    [0031] FIG. 5 is a side view of a dual capacitively coupled transition. As seen in FIG. 5, the dual capacitively coupled transition can include a first transition on a first side of a ground plane 200, and a second transition on a second side of the ground plane 200. The first transition can couple RF energy from an inner conductor 52 of a coaxial cable to an airstrip conductor 54, and the second transition can couple RF energy from an outer conductor 62 of the coaxial cable to a ground plane conductor 64, for example, a reflector. The dual capacitively coupled transition shown in FIG. 5 can include an insulating system that surrounds the conductive surfaces of each transition. For example, a formed, molded, machined, or extruded aluminum profile can be coated with a thin anodized insulating surface.

    [0032] FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a bottom side view of a dual capacitively coupled transition. As seen in FIG. 6, the outer conductor 62 of the coaxial cable can be coupled to ground plane conductor 64, or refle ctor, via the second transition. The second transition can include a main body 60 that can be, for example, an aluminum material. For example, the main body 60 of the second transition can be light, economical, and formed via extrusion manufacturing.

    [0033] The main body 60 of the second transition can include an insulating anodized surface or coating thereon. For example, the insulating anodized surface or coating can provide a durable and insulating capacitive junction between outer conductor 62 and the main transition body 60 and between the main transition body 60 and the ground plane conductor 64. The second transition can also include an insulating surface, for example, an adhesive or nonconductive clip, that can be affixed at the second transition boundary interface. For example, the insulating surface can be affixed on the second transition body 60 or on the ground plane conductor 64 so as to affix the second transition body 60 to the ground plane conductor 64 while preventing the second transition body 60 from directly contacting the ground plane conductor 64. The insulating surface can also secure the outer conductor 62 in close proximity to the ground plane conductor 64 while preventing direct conductive contact.

    [0034] FIG. 7 is a perspective view of a top side of a dual capacitively coupled transition. As seen in both FIG. 6 and FIG. 7, the inner conductor 52 of a coaxial cable can be coupled to the airstrip conductor 54 via the first transition. The first transition can include a main body 50 that can be, for example, an aluminum material. For example, the main body 50 of the first transition can be light, economical and formed via extrusion manufacturing. A center aperture can be disposed along a length of the main body 50 of the first transition, and the center conductor 52 can be disposed through the aperture for coupling the center conductor 52 to the main body 50 of the first transition. An anodized insulating coating can be applied between the conductive surfaces of the center conductor 52 and the center aperture to prevent direct metal-to-metal contact.

    [0035] The main body 50 of the first transition can include an insulating anodized surface or coating thereon. For example, the insulating anodized surface or coating can provide a durable and insulating capacitive junction between the inner conductor 52 and the main transition body 50 and between the main transition body 50 and the airstrip conductor 54. The first transition can also include an insulating surface, for example, an adhesive or nonconductive clip, that can be affixed at the first transition boundary interface. For example, the insulating surface can be affixed on the first transition body 50 or on the airstrip conductor 54 so as to affix the first transition body 50 to the airstrip conductor 54 while preventing the first transition body 50 from directly contacting the airstrip conductor 54. The insulating surface can also secure the inner conductor 52 in close proximity to the airstrip conductor 54 while preventing direct conductive contact.

    [0036] From the foregoing, it will be observed that numerous variations and modifications may be effected without departing from the scope of the invention. It is to be understood that no limitation with respect to the specific system or method illustrated herein is intended or should be inferred.


    Claims

    1. A coaxial cable to air microstrip transition, comprising:

    a copper trace (34) affixed to a first side of a printed circuit board (32); and

    an insulating surface (36),

    wherein a first side of the insulating surface is affixed to a first portion of the printed circuit board (32) on the first side of the printed circuit board (32) and to the copper trace (34);

    wherein a second portion of the copper trace (34) is free of coverage by the insulating surface (36),

    wherein a second side of the insulating surface (36) is affixed to an airstrip conductor (40),

    wherein the second portion of the copper trace (34) is electrically connected to an inner conductor (24) of a coaxial cable (20), and

    characterized in that the printed circuit board (32) extends through an aperture in a ground plane (100) so that at least the first portion of the copper trace (34) and the insulating surface (36) are disposed on a first side of a ground plane (100) and so that at least the second portion of the copper trace (34) is disposed on a second side of the ground plane (100).


     
    2. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition of claim 1, wherein the insulating surface (36) includes at least one of an insulating adhesive, a double sided tape, an insulating film, an insulating deposit, paint, a solder mask, a chemical film, and an anodized surface.
     
    3. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition of claim 1, wherein the inner conductor (24) of the coaxial cable is soldered to the copper trace (34).
     
    4. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition of claim 1, further comprising a second printed circuit board affixed to the second side of the ground plane (100), wherein an outer conductor (22) of the coaxial cable (20) is electrically connected to the second printed circuit board.
     
    5. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition of claim 1, wherein the first portion of the copper trace (34) and the insulating surface (36) each include a first aperture, wherein the first aperture of the copper trace (34) is aligned with the first aperture of the insulating surface (36), and wherein a clip is disposed through each of the first apertures of the copper trace (34) and the insulating surface (36) for securing the copper trace (34) and the insulating surface (36) to the airstrip conductor (40).
     
    6. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition of claim 1, wherein the second portion of the copper trace (34) includes a second aperture, and wherein the inner conductor (24) of the coaxial cable (20) is disposed through the second aperture of the copper trace (34).
     
    7. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition of claim 1, wherein the inner conductor (24) of the coaxial cable (20) is capacitively coupled to the airstrip conductor (40).
     
    8. The coaxial cable to air microstrip transition of claim 1, wherein the insulating surface (36) provides a capacitive barrier to prevent a copper trace on the printed circuit board from directly contacting the airstrip conductor (40).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Koaxialkabel-Luftmikrostreifen-Übergang, umfassend:

    eine Kupferleitbahn (34), die an einer ersten Seite einer Leiterplatte (32) angebracht ist; und

    eine Isolierfläche (36);

    wobei eine erste Seite der Isolierfläche an einem ersten Abschnitt der Leiterplatte (32) auf der ersten Seite der Leiterplatte (32) und an der Kupferleitbahn (34) angebracht ist;

    wobei ein zweiter Abschnitt der Kupferleitbahn (34) frei von Bedeckung durch die Isolierfläche (36) ist;

    wobei eine zweite Seite der Isolierfläche (36) an einem Luftstreifenleiter (40) angebracht ist,

    wobei der zweite Abschnitt der Kupferleitbahn (34) mit einem Innenleiter (24) eines Koaxialkabels (20) elektrisch verbunden ist, und

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sich die Leiterplatte (32) durch eine Öffnung in einer Masseplatte (100) erstreckt, so dass wenigstens der erste Abschnitt der Kupferleitbahn (34) und die Isolierfläche (36) auf einer ersten Seite der Masseplatte (100) angeordnet sind, und so dass wenigstens der zweite Abschnitt der Kupferleitbahn (34) auf einer zweiten Seite der Masseplatte (100) angeordnet ist.


     
    2. Koaxialkabel-Luftmikrostreifen-Übergang nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Isolierfläche (36) mindestens eines von einem isolierenden Haftmittel, einem doppelseitigen Klebeband, einem Isolierfilm, einer isolierenden Abscheidung, Lack, einer Lötmaske, einem chemischen Film und einer anodisierten Oberfläche umfasst.
     
    3. Koaxialkabel-Luftmikrostreifen-Übergang nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Innenleiter (24) des Koaxialkabels an die Kupferleitbahn (34) gelötet ist.
     
    4. Koaxialkabel-Luftmikrostreifen-Übergang nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend eine zweite Leiterplatte, die an der zweiten Seiten der Masseplatte (100) angebracht ist, wobei ein Außenleiter (22) des Koaxialkabels (20) mit der zweiten Leiterplatte elektrisch verbunden ist.
     
    5. Koaxialkabel-Luftmikrostreifen-Übergang nach Anspruch 1, wobei der erste Abschnitt der Kupferleitbahn (34) und die Isolierfläche (36) jeweils eine erste Öffnung umfassen, wobei die erste Öffnung der Kupferleitbahn (34) mit der ersten Öffnung der Isolierfläche (36) ausgerichtet ist, und wobei ein Clip zum Befestigen der Kupferleitbahn (34) und der Isolierfläche (36) am Luftstreifenleiter (40) durch jede der ersten Öffnungen der Kupferleitbahn (34) und der Isolierfläche (36) angeordnet ist.
     
    6. Koaxialkabel-Luftmikrostreifen-Übergang nach Anspruch 1, wobei der zweite Abschnitt der Kupferleitbahn (34) eine zweite Öffnung umfasst, und wobei der Innenleiter (24) des Koaxialkabels (20) durch die zweite Öffnung der Kupferleitbahn (34) angeordnet ist.
     
    7. Koaxialkabel-Luftmikrostreifen-Übergang nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Innenleiter (24) des Koaxialkabels (20) mit dem Luftstreifenleiter (40) kapazitiv gekoppelt ist.
     
    8. Koaxialkabel-Luftmikrostreifen-Übergang nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Isolierfläche (36) eine kapazitive Barriere bereitstellt, um zu verhindern, dass eine Kupferleitbahn auf der Leiterplatte direkt mit dem Luftstreifenleiter (40) in Kontakt tritt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Transition entre câble coaxial et microruban à air, comprenant :

    un tracé en cuivre (34) fixé à un premier côté d'une carte de circuit imprimé (32) ; et

    une surface isolante (36),

    dans laquelle un premier côté de la surface isolante est fixé à une première partie de la carte de circuit imprimé (32) sur le premier côté de la carte de circuit imprimé (32) et au tracé en cuivre (34) ;

    dans laquelle une seconde partie du tracé en cuivre (34) est dépourvue de recouvrement par la surface isolante (36),

    dans laquelle un second côté de la surface isolante (36) est fixé à un conducteur (40) de microruban à air,

    dans laquelle la seconde partie du tracé en cuivre (34) est électriquement connectée à un conducteur interne (24) d'un câble coaxial (20), et

    caractérisée en ce que la carte de circuit imprimé (32) s'étend à travers une ouverture dans une plaque de masse (100) de sorte qu'au moins la première partie du tracé en cuivre (34) et la surface isolante (36) soient disposées sur un premier côté d'une plaque de masse (100) et de sorte qu'au moins la seconde partie du tracé en cuivre (34) soit disposée sur un second côté de la plaque de masse (100).


     
    2. Transition entre câble coaxial et microruban à air selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la surface isolante (36) comprend un adhésif isolant et/ou un ruban double face et/ou un film isolant et/ou un dépôt isolant et/ou de la peinture et/ou un masque de soudure et/ou un film chimique et/ou une surface anodisée.
     
    3. Transition entre câble coaxial et microruban à air selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le conducteur interne (24) du câble coaxial est soudé au tracé en cuivre (34).
     
    4. Transition entre câble coaxial et microruban à air selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre une seconde carte de circuit imprimé fixée au second côté du plan à la terre (100), un conducteur externe (22) du câble coaxial (20) étant connecté électriquement à la seconde carte de circuit imprimé.
     
    5. Transition entre câble coaxial et microruban à air selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la première partie du tracé en cuivre (34) et la surface isolante (36) comprennent chacune une première ouverture, dans laquelle la première ouverture du tracé en cuivre (34) est alignée sur la première ouverture de la surface isolante (36), et dans laquelle une pince est disposée à travers chacune des premières ouvertures du tracé en cuivre (34) et de la surface isolante (36) pour fixer le tracé en cuivre (34) et la surface isolante (36) au conducteur (40) de microruban à air.
     
    6. Transition entre câble coaxial et microruban à air selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la seconde partie du tracé en cuivre (34) comprend une seconde ouverture, et dans laquelle le conducteur interne (24) du câble coaxial (20) est disposé à travers la seconde ouverture du tracé en cuivre (34).
     
    7. Transition entre câble coaxial et microruban à air selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le conducteur interne (24) du câble coaxial (20) est couplé de manière capacitive au conducteur (40) de microruban à air.
     
    8. Transition entre câble coaxial et microruban à air selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la surface isolante (36) forme une barrière capacitive pour empêcher qu'un tracé en cuivre sur la carte de circuit imprimé entre en contact direct avec le conducteur (40) de microruban à air.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description