(19)
(11)EP 2 776 756 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.09.2017 Bulletin 2017/39

(21)Application number: 12795580.5

(22)Date of filing:  06.11.2012
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F21S 4/22  (2016.01)
F21V 29/76  (2015.01)
F21V 21/005  (2006.01)
F21Y 115/10  (2016.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/GB2012/000831
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/068714 (16.05.2013 Gazette  2013/20)

(54)

LIGHTING ARRANGEMENTS

BELEUCHTUNGSANORDNUNGEN

DISPOSITIFS D'ÉCLAIRAGE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 07.11.2011 GB 201119163

(43)Date of publication of application:
17.09.2014 Bulletin 2014/38

(73)Proprietor: Morgan, David
London N6 5JW (GB)

(72)Inventor:
  • Morgan, David
    London N6 5JW (GB)

(74)Representative: Moore, Derek 
Jensen & Son 366-368 Old Street
London EC1V 9LT
London EC1V 9LT (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-03/058114
US-B1- 7 165 863
US-A- 3 188 794
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to lighting arrangements, particularly but not exclusively, for providing distinctive lighting patterns to areas such as auditoria, commercial reception areas public spaces and hotel lounges.

    [0002] In such large areas there is a requirement for lighting systems which, particularly when dealing with complex shaped spaces, require a significant amount of flexibility to enable the light to be directed in the direction and with the intensity required for the desired lighting effect. Typically, a solution to this problem is achieved by individually designing and assembling a bespoke lighting system for each installation. Such an installation is therefore almost inevitably extremely expensive to design, manufacture and install.

    [0003] The present invention seeks to provide a solution to this problem by providing lighting units which can be rapidly assembled into a lighting arrangement to provide the required amount of light and to enable the individual lights to be directed in the required direction substantially independently of the other light units in the system. Such systems typically include a large number of lighting elements which generate a great deal of heat, and the present invention also seeks to provide an arrangement to facilitate the removal of heat from the units.

    [0004] WO03/058114 describes a lighting structure comprising at least two cases, at least one of which cases has a light source connected to a power source. Each case has at least one end having an articulated connection arranged to form a detachable mechanical connection with another case or a connector by means of a male-female plug connection system.

    [0005] According to the present invention there is provided an electric lighting arrangement including at least two lighting units each lighting unit containing at least one light source, the lighting units being adapted to be joined together by means of a universal joint mechanism to enable the units to be pivotable one relative to the other in all planes, and wherein the universal joint mechanism is provided with sufficient friction to allow the at least two lighting units to remain in an orientation set by an installer but are readily adjustable manually to another required position, characterised in that each lighting unit (1) comprises a main body (3) incorporating a heat sink in the form of heat conducting fins (12), and in that the universal joint mechanism comprises a ball joint arrangement, each ball joint arrangement having two conjoined balls spaced by a joining sleeve and a retaining ball cup located in the end of an associated lighting unit, the retaining ball cup having a first part formed in or secured to the main body of the associated lighting unit and a second part in the form of a closure cap secured by screws to the first part to retain a conjoined ball in the cup.

    [0006] In a preferred embodiment, the fins are formed integrally with the main body.

    [0007] In a preferred arrangement each unit has a plurality of light sources, and the light sources may be arranged linearly along the length of the unit. The unit is preferably elongate and the light sources are preferably arranged along the longitudinal axis of the unit.

    [0008] Advantageously, the light sources are LEDs.

    [0009] In a preferred embodiment, the retaining ball cups are provided on opposed ends of the unit.

    [0010] Preferably, the or each ball joint arrangement has a through bore through which a power cable passes to provide power to the light sources.

    [0011] In a preferred arrangement, a plurality of said lighting units are adapted to be joined together to form a strip of lights.

    [0012] Preferably, a common power cable passes through all the units, power for the individual light sources being tapped from the power cable.

    [0013] In an alternative embodiment, the ball joints are a snap fit in the associated ball cup the ball joints and ball caps may be formed of a synthetic plastics material. In a further improvement, the balls and associated cups include electrical contacts through which the light sources are electrically connected to a power source.

    [0014] Preferred embodiment of the present invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:-

    Figure 1 shows a perspective view of two conjoined lighting units of a lighting arrangement,

    Figure 2 shows a plan view of Figure 1,

    Figure 3 shows a sectional view along the line CC of Figure 2,

    Figure 4 shows an exploded view of Figure 1,

    Figure 5 shows a perspective you of a further embodiment of two conjoined lighting units,

    Figure 6 shows a plan view of Figure 1,

    Figure 7 shows a cross-sectional view along the line BB of Figure 6, and

    Figure 8 shows an exploded view of Figure 5.



    [0015] Referring now to Figures 1-4, there is shown an embodiment of a lighting arrangement consisting of two lighting units 1 joined together by a ball joint arrangement 2. Each lighting unit 1 consists of a main body 3 in the form of an elongate holder having mounted on one face a series of linearly aligned light sources 4 in the form of LED mounted on a plate which is secured to the main body 1. As shown in Figure 2, the light sources 4 are linearly aligned along the central axis of the light units 1. The main body 3 also forms a heat sink to assist in dissipating the heat generated by the light sources 4 in use.

    [0016] The electrical wiring for the lights, and a power cable are contained, in use, within the main body 3 but are not shown. The opposite face of the main body to the light sources is closed by a retaining plate 5.

    [0017] As shown particularly in Figures 3 and 4, the two light units 1 are adjoined by a ball joint arrangement 2 each of which comprises a pair 6 of conjoined balls 7 the balls 7 being spaced by a short joining sleeve 8. Each ball 7 is adapted to be pivotally retained in a ball cup 9 located in the end of an associated one of the light units 1. The ball cup 9 consists of a first part 10 formed in or secured to the main body 3 and a second part in the form of a closure cap 11 secured by screws to the first part 10 to retain the ball 7 in the cup in such a way as to enable the ball 7 to pivot relative to the main body 3 in all planes.

    [0018] A second light unit 1 is secured to the other ball 7 of the ball arrangement 2 to thus secure the two light units together so that they are pivotable one relative to the other in all planes. It can thus be seen that a plurality of light units can be secured together to form a long strip of lights. Sufficient friction is provided in the pivotal engagement so that the two units remain in the orientation set by the installer but can be readily adjusted manually to the required position

    [0019] Referring now to Figures 5-8 there is shown a modified embodiment in which like parts bear like references. This embodiment is identical in construction to that shown in Figures 1-4 except that the main body 3 incorporates a heat sink in the form of fins 12 which dissipate heat generated by the light sources. In one form the fins 12 are formed on a separate body which is secured to the main body 3 but, in an alternative embodiment are, formed integrally with the main body which may be formed of a one piece alloy diecasting, for example.

    [0020] In an alternative arrangement, not shown in the drawings, the ball joint arrangement 2 and the associated cups 9 are formed of a synthetic plastics material, which is electrically nonconductive. In such an arrangement the ball cup is an integral unit which is secured to the main body and the balls 7 are a snap fit in the cups 9. Such an arrangement would facilitate assembly of a plurality of the light units. It is envisaged that the light sources of each unit may be hardwired and the light sources connected to electrical contacts on the cups which are automatically engaged by contacts on the balls, when units are joined together, to form an electrical path to an external power source.

    [0021] In a further embodiment (not shown), the retaining ball cups may consist of a fixed hemispherical base part secured in the unit into which the ball can be inserted, with a retaining ring having a part spherical inner face engaging the ball and being retained in position by means of a circlip or threaded ring to thereby secure the ball to the unit.


    Claims

    1. An electric lighting arrangement including at least two lighting units (1) each lighting unit containing at least one light source (4), the lighting units (1) being adapted to be joined together by means of a universal joint mechanism (2) to enable the units to be pivotable one relative to the other in all planes, wherein the universal joint mechanism (2) is provided with sufficient friction to allow the at least two lighting units (1) to remain in an orientation set by an installer but are readily adjustable manually to another required position, characterised in that each lighting unit (1) comprises a main body (3) incorporating a heat sink in the form of heat conducting fins (12), and in that the universal joint mechanism comprises a ball joint arrangement (6), each ball joint arrangement (6) having two conjoined balls (7) spaced by a joining sleeve and a retaining ball cup (9) located in the end of an associated lighting unit (1), the retaining ball cup (9) having a first part (10) formed in or secured to the main body (3) of the associated lighting unit (1) and a second part in the form of a closure cap (11) secured by screws to the first part (10) to retain a conjoined ball (7) in the cup.
     
    2. A lighting arrangement according to claim 1, wherein the fins (12) are formed integrally with the main body (3).
     
    3. A lighting arrangement according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein each unit (1) has a plurality of light sources (4).
     
    4. A lighting arrangement according to claim 3, wherein each unit (1) is elongate and the light sources (4) are arranged linearly along the length of the unit (1).
     
    5. A lighting arrangement according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the light sources (4) comprise LEDs.
     
    6. A lighting arrangement according to any one of the preceding claims , the retaining ball cups (9) are provided on opposed ends of the unit (1).
     
    7. A lighting arrangement according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the or each ball joint arrangement (6) has a through bore through which a power cable passes to provide power to the light sources.
     
    8. A lighting arrangement according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein a plurality of said lighting units (1) are adapted to be joined together to form a strip of lights.
     
    9. A lighting arrangement according to claim 7 or 8, when dependent on thereon, wherein a common power cable passes through all the units (1), power for the individual light sources (4) being tapped from the power cable.
     
    10. A lighting arrangement and according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the ball joints (6) are a snap fit in the associated ball cup (9).
     
    11. A lighting arrangement according to claim 10, wherein the ball joints (6) and ball cups (9) are formed of a synthetic plastics material.
     
    12. A lighting arrangement as claimed in claim 10 or 11, wherein the balls (6) and associated cups (9) include co-operating electrical contacts through which the light sources (4) are electrically connected to a power source.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Elektrische Beleuchtungsanordnung mit mindestens zwei Beleuchtungseinheiten (1), die jeweils mindestens eine Lichtquelle (4) enthalten, wobei die Beleuchtungseinheiten (1) zum Zusammenfügen mittels eines Kardangelenk-Mechanismus (2) ausgelegt sind, so dass die Einheiten in allen Ebenen gegeneinander verschwenkt werden können, wobei der Kardangelenk-Mechanismus (2) genug Reibung aufweist, um die mindestens zwei Beleuchtungseinheiten (1) in der von einem Monteur eingestellten Ausrichtung zu halten, wobei sie jedoch leicht manuell in eine andere benötigte Position verstellt werden können, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jede Beleuchtungseinheit (1) einen Hauptkörper (3) mit einer Wärmesenke in der Form von wärmeleitenden Lamellen (12) umfasst, und dass der Kardangelenk-Mechanismus eine Kugelgelenkanordnung (6) umfasst, wobei jede Kugelgelenkanordnung (6) zwei miteinander verbundene Kugeln (7) aufweist, die durch eine Verbindungshülse und eine im Ende einer zugehörigen Beleuchtungseinheit (1) angeordnete Kugelhaltepfanne (9) voneinander beabstandet gehalten werden, wobei die Kugelhaltepfanne (9) einen ersten Teil (10), der im Hauptkörper (3) der zugehörigen Beleuchtungseinheit (1) ausgebildet oder an diesem befestigt ist, und einen zweiten Teil in der Form einer Verschlusskappe (11), die zum Halten einer Kugel (7) in der Pfanne mittels Schrauben am ersten Teil (10) befestigt ist, aufweist.
     
    2. Beleuchtungsanordnung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Lamellen (12) einstückig mit dem Hauptkörper (2) ausgebildet sind.
     
    3. Beleuchtungsanordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei jese Einheit (1) eine Vielzahl von Lichtquellen (4) aufweist.
     
    4. Beleuchtungsanordnung nach Anspruch 3, wobei die Einheiten (1) jeweils länglich sind und die Lichtquellen (4) linear entlang der Länge der Einheit (1) angeordnet sind.
     
    5. Beleuchtungsanordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Lichtquellen (4) LEDs umfassen.
     
    6. Beleuchtungsanordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Kugelhaltepfannen (9) an einander gegenüberliegenden Enden der Einheiten (1) vorgesehen sind.
     
    7. Beleuchtungsanordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die oder eine jede Kugelgelenkanordnung (6) ein Durchgangsloch aufweist, durch das ein Stromkabel zur Stromversorgung der Lichtquellen geführt ist.
     
    8. Beleuchtungsanordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei eine Vielzahl der besagten Beleuchtungseinheiten (1) zur Bildung eines Streifens von Leuchten zusammengefügt werden können.
     
    9. Beleuchtungsanordnung nach Anspruch 7 oder 8, falls davon abhängig, wobei ein gemeinsames Stromkabel durch alle Einheiten (1) geführt wird und der Strom für die einzelnen Lichtquellen (4) vom Stromkabel abgegriffen wird.
     
    10. Beleuchtungsanordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Kugelgelenke (6) in der zugehörigen Kugelpfanne (9) Schnappverschluss haben.
     
    11. Beleuchtungsanordnung nach Anspruch 10, wobei die Kugelgelenke (6) und die Kugelpfannen (9) aus einem Kunststoff ausgebildet sind.
     
    12. Beleuchtungsanordnung nach Anspruch 10 oder 11, wobei die Kugelgelenke (6) und die zugehörigen Kugelpfannen (9) miteinander zusammenwirkende elektrische Kontakte aufweisen, über welche die Lichtquellen (4) elektrisch mit einer Stromquelle verbunden sind.
     


    Revendications

    1. Agencement d'éclairage électrique incluant au moins deux modules d'éclairage (1), chaque module d'éclairage contenant au moins une source lumineuse (4), les modules d'éclairage (1) étant adaptés à être reliés ensemble au moyen d'un mécanisme d'assemblage universel (2) pour permettre aux modules d'être pivotants l'un par rapport à l'autre dans tous les plans, dans lequel le mécanisme d'assemblage universel (2) est pourvu d'une friction suffisante pour permettre aux au moins deux modules d'éclairage (1) de rester dans une orientation réglée par un installateur mais sont facilement ajustables manuellement vers une autre position requise,
    caractérisé en ce que chaque module d'éclairage (1) comprend un corps principal (3) incorporant un dissipateur thermique sous la forme d'ailettes thermoconductrices (12) et en ce que le mécanisme d'assemblage universel comprend un agencement de joint à rotule (6), chaque agencement de joint à rotule (6) ayant deux rotules conjointes (7) espacées par un manchon de liaison et un coussinet sphérique de retenue (9) situé dans l'extrémité d'un module d'éclairage associé (1), le coussinet sphérique de retenue (9) ayant une première partie (10) formée dans ou fixée au corps principal (3) du module d'éclairage associé (1) et une seconde partie sous la forme d'un capuchon de fermeture (11) fixé par des vis à la première partie (10) pour retenir une rotule conjointe (7) dans le coussinet.
     
    2. Agencement d'éclairage selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les ailettes (12) sont intégralement formées avec le corps principal (3).
     
    3. Agencement d'éclairage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel chaque module (1) a une pluralité de sources lumineuses (4).
     
    4. Agencement d'éclairage selon la revendication 3, dans lequel chaque module (1) est allongé et les sources lumineuses (4) sont agencées linéairement le long de la longueur du module (1).
     
    5. Agencement d'éclairage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les sources lumineuses (4) comprennent des LED.
     
    6. Agencement d'éclairage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, les coussinets sphériques de retenue (9) sont prévus sur des extrémités opposées du module (1).
     
    7. Agencement d'éclairage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le ou chaque agencement de joint à rotule (6) a un alésage traversant à travers lequel un câble d'alimentation passe pour fournir de la puissance aux sources lumineuses.
     
    8. Agencement d'éclairage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel une pluralité desdites sources lumineuses (1) sont adaptées à être reliées ensemble pour former une réglette de lumières.
     
    9. Agencement d'éclairage selon la revendication 7 ou 8, lorsqu'il dépend de celle-ci, dans lequel un câble d'alimentation commun passe à travers tous les modules (1), la puissance pour les sources lumineuses individuelles (4) étant dérivée du câble d'alimentation.
     
    10. Agencement d'éclairage et selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les joints à rotule (6) sont un ajustement serré dans le coussinet sphérique associé (9).
     
    11. Agencement d'éclairage selon la revendication 10, dans lequel les joints à rotule (6) et coussinets sphériques (9) sont formés d'un matériau en plastique synthétique.
     
    12. Agencement d'éclairage selon la revendication 10 ou 11, dans lequel les rotules (6) et coussinets associés (9) incluent des contacts électriques coopérants à travers lesquels les sources lumineuses (4) sont électriquement connectées à une source d'alimentation.
     




    Drawing















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description