(19)
(11)EP 2 777 816 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
11.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/50

(21)Application number: 14158873.1

(22)Date of filing:  11.03.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B03B 5/32(2006.01)
B03B 5/00(2006.01)
B01D 21/26(2006.01)
B01D 21/00(2006.01)

(54)

Method and system for stacking and sealing hydrodynamic separation layers

Verfahren und System zur Stapelung und Abdichtung von hydrodynamischen Trennschichten

Procédé et système permettant d'empiler et d'étanchéifier des couches de séparation hydrodynamique


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 15.03.2013 US 201313839146

(43)Date of publication of application:
17.09.2014 Bulletin 2014/38

(73)Proprietor: Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated
Palo Alto, California 94304 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • Johnson, David Mathew
    San Francisco, CA California 94110 (US)
  • Kole, Ashutosh
    San Francisco, CA California 94102 (US)
  • Melde, Kai
    70569 Stuttgart (DE)

(74)Representative: Gill Jennings & Every LLP 
The Broadgate Tower 20 Primrose Street
London EC2A 2ES
London EC2A 2ES (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 0 355 285
GB-A- 2 039 766
US-A- 3 398 091
US-A- 5 342 517
EP-A2- 2 127 752
US-A- 3 397 794
US-A- 4 133 764
US-A1- 2012 024 704
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] Various configurations of hydrodynamic separation devices have evolved over time. It has become desirable to produce such systems in a high volume, cost effective manner. In this regard, a commensurate technique for fabricating and sealing these devices is desired.
    EP 0355285 relates to a device for separating a suspension into a coarse fraction and a fine fraction, containing a rotating stack of separator disks, to which the suspension is fed from an axial end of the annular flow chamber surrounding the stack of separating disks, while the coarse fraction is discharged through a flow channel at the other axial end of the annular flow chamber, the fine fraction being taken off centrally.
    EP 2127752 relates a particle separation system comprising a plurality of individual curved particle separation devices stacked such that the devices are parallel to one another; an inlet coupler connected to all inlets of the devices, the inlet couple being operative to facilitate input of fluid to all inlets of the plurality of individual curved particle separation devices; and, at least two outlet couplers connected to the corresponding outlets of the plurality of individual curved particle separation devices.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION



    [0002] In one aspect of the presently described embodiments, a hydrodynamic separation device comprises a plurality of layers in a stack, each layer having defined therein a flow channel, an inlet to the flow channel, at least two outlets for the flow channel, and apertures defined in the layer, each layer having a primary seal and a secondary seal following a contour of the flow channel around the layer to provide sealing to the flow channel during operation; a first plate positioned on a first end of the stack, the first plate having apertures, a second plate positioned on a second end of the stack, the second plate having apertures and connectors received in aligned apertures of the stack, the first plate and the second plate to compress together the first plate, stack and second plate.

    [0003] In another aspect of the presently described embodiments, each layer further includes alignment protrusions extending therefrom.

    [0004] In another aspect of the presently described embodiments, the protrusions have shoulders disposed thereon.

    [0005] In another aspect of the presently described embodiments, each layer further includes a highly polished sealing surface in proximity to the flow channel.

    [0006] In another aspect of the presently described embodiments, each layer further includes a secondary sealing surface in proximity to the highly polished sealing surface.

    [0007] In another aspect of the presently described embodiments, each layer of the stack is formed of a plastic material.

    [0008] In another aspect of the presently described embodiments, the plastic material is a melt processes polymer, appropriate for the end application.

    [0009] In another aspect of the presently described embodiments, the first plate and the second plate are formed of metal or plastic material.

    [0010] In another aspect of the presently described embodiments, a hydrodynamic separation device comprises a plurality of layers in a stack, each layer having defined therein a flow channel, an inlet to the flow channel, and at least two outlets for the flow channel, a cylindrical shell housing the stack, the shell having a first threaded portion and a second threaded portion, a first plate threaded on the first threaded portion of the shell and a second plate threaded on the second threaded portion of the shell, wherein the plurality of layers in the stack are compressed between the first plate and the second plate by rotating said plates towards each other along the threaded portions.

    [0011] In another aspect of the presently described embodiments, each layer further includes alignment protrusions extending therefrom.

    [0012] In another aspect of the presently described embodiments, the protrusions have shoulders disposed thereon.

    [0013] In another aspect of the presently described embodiments, each layer further includes a highly polished sealing surface in proximity to the flow channel.

    [0014] In another aspect of the presently described embodiments, each layer further includes a secondary sealing surface in proximity to the highly polished sealing surface.

    [0015] In another aspect of the presently described embodiments, each layer of the stack is formed of a plastic material.

    [0016] In another aspect of the presently described embodiments, the plastic material is a melt processed polymer appropriate for the end application.

    [0017] In another aspect of the presently described embodiments, the first plate and the second plate are formed of metal or plastic material.

    [0018] In another aspect of the presently described embodiments, a method for forming a hydrodynamic separation device having a plurality of layers in a stack, each layer having defined therein a flow channel, an inlet to the flow channel, at least two outlets for the flow channel and protrusions extending from the layers, comprises aligning the protrusions of adjacent layers with one another, snapping together the layers into the stack such that protrusions of adjacent layers are mated and compressing the layers between two plates.

    [0019] In another aspect of the presently described embodiments, the compressing comprises using connectors received in aligned apertures of the layers of the stack and the plates.

    [0020] In another aspect of the presently described embodiments, the compressing comprises threading the plates into a cylindrical shell housing the stack.

    [0021] In another aspect of the presently described embodiments, the snapping is accomplished by shoulders disposed on the protrusions extending from each layer.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0022] 

    FIGURE 1 is an elevational view of a hydrodynamic separation unit according to the presently described embodiments;

    FIGURES 2(a) and (b) are cross-sectional views of several layers of the hydrodynamic separation unit of FIGURE 1;

    FIGURE 3 is an elevational view of a layer of the hydrodynamic separation unit of FIGURE 1; and,

    FIGURE 4 is an elevational view of another hydrodynamic separation unit according to the presently described embodiments


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0023] According to the presently described embodiments, an assembly of a high output hydrodynamic separation device or unit includes, in one form, several components or parts. In this regard, top and bottom plates serve as caps for, and distribute force through, layers of separation channels. An optional middle plate may also be provided to create smaller subsets of the layers of separation channels. A connector or connecting system such as a series of connectors, e.g. through-bolts, is used in the combination of components to compress, and effectively seal, the layers of separation channels. In a variation of the design, an optional outer shell may encase the unit to provide support and compress the stack with a unique threaded configuration.

    [0024] With reference to FIGURE 1, a unit 10 according to the presently described embodiments is illustrated. As shown, a sub-stack 12-1 of individual layers, such as those shown at 14, is compressed by top plate 16 and middle plate 20, another sub-stack 12-2 of layers of similar configurations to those numbered 14 is shown compressed by middle plate 20 and bottom plate 18. The middle plate 20 is optional. In the absence of the middle plate 20, both sub-stack 12-1 and 12-2 are compressed between top plate 16 and bottom plate 18. Also shown are at least one connector or connecting system such as connectors, e.g. through-bolts 22. The connectors or through-bolts 22 connect through the plates 16, 18 and 20 to compress the layers 14 in the stack 12. In this regard, the plates 16, 18 and 20 have an appropriate number (e.g. at least one) of apertures or through holes - that can be aligned to receive the bolts 22. In one form, these apertures or through holes may be threaded to allow threaded bolts to provide compression force on the stack 12. Or, in another form, the apertures or through holes may be configured to allow the heads of the bolts, and corresponding nuts threaded on an opposite end, to generate and maintain the requisite compression force. The through-bolts 22 may also be inserted through the layers 14 in some configurations.

    [0025] Although it should be understood that the layers 14 may take any number of configurations, one example of a layer having through holes or apertures to accommodate this configuration is shown in Figure 3 below. The layers 14 are, in at least one form, produced using injection molding techniques, and may be formed of any suitable material including materials that are, for example, processed by way of melting. Such materials may include plastic materials such as polycarbonates, polyesters, polypropylenes... etc.

    [0026] The layers 14 are, in another form, produced by thermoforming techniques, and may be formed of any suitable material including materials that are processable by thermoforming techniques. Such materials may include polyesthers, polypropylenes and polyethylenes.

    [0027] The layers 14 are, in another form, produced by either sand casting or high pressure die casting of a metal material such as aluminum, steel, stainless steel, titanium, magnesium or another appropriate metal material.

    [0028] The layers 14 are, in another form, produced by any of the above techniques or others, and then a high quality surface finish is produced by the process of machining and removal of material.

    [0029] Likewise, the plates (16, 18 and 20) may take on a variety of suitable configurations to accommodate the features contemplated herein, and may be formed of any suitable material, such as plastic or metal material. The contemplated bolts, which may be standard off-the-shelf items or custom formed, may also be fabricated from any of a variety of suitable materials such as plastic or metal. Further, any suitable connector or connecting system may be implemented. Any suitable number of connectors may be used.

    [0030] With reference now to Figure 2(a), the layers 14 of the stack 12 of the unit 10 are shown in cross section. Each individual layer 14 is sealed by a compression of two surfaces. The primary seal is parallel to a plane of primary separation diameter and the sidewalls act as a secondary seal surface. In this regard, the layer 14 has a surface lip 30 acting as the primary seal and a draft portion 32 serving as the secondary seal surface. The lip 30 and draft portion 32 provide a contact area for the contemplated sealing and suitably contact and seal with the underside of the layer above, as shown. In at least one form, the surface lip 30 and draft portion 32 are highly polished as a result of the molding process (or otherwise). This results in low surface roughness, which is conducive to improved sealing of the layers 14 to one another when compressed.

    [0031] In another method of sealing the surfaces between each layer 14, the entire part after being produced is coated through a process such as vapor deposition or electroless plating. The plating material is either naturally softer than the polymer or impregnated with a polymer that gives it a softer surface than the polymer.

    [0032] With reference now to Figure 2(b), in another method of sealing the surfaces between each layer 14, a sealing material (or structure or device) is placed between the layers to provide sealing. As shown, sealing materials (structures or devices) 34 and 36 are suitably positioned to provide or enhance the sealing function between the layers. In one form, a soft material such as a gasket material or any appropriate rubber material similar to the materials used in the construction of o-rings and other sealing devices may be used to form the elements 34 and 36. Also, a thin polymer material is used, in one form, to provide sealing. It should also be appreciated that the configuration of the sealing material 34 and 36 may vary but, in one form, will take on a shape to conform to the lip 30 and draft portion 32 suitably extending around the layer to provide meaningful sealing function.

    [0033] In another method of sealing, the surfaces are bonded together through a process of heat sealing or sonic welding as appropriate to the construction material of choice. Using such a technique may result in a change in the appearance of the lip and draft portion to resemble a structure, such as that show in Figure 2(b), or merely create bonding of the appropriate surfaces and resemble the configuration of Figure 2(a).

    [0034] Referring now to Figure 3, a single layer 14 is depicted. The layer 14 includes a flow channel 40 having a defined width and depth (depending on the implementation) terminating at inlet 42 and outlets 44 and 46. As shown, the primary sealing surfaces or lips 30 and the secondary sealing surfaces 32 follow the contour of the flow channel 40 around the layer 14 and provide suitable sealing (for example, as described) to the flow channel during operation. During such operation, in one form, fluid flows into the flow channel 40 through the inlet 42 and, through action of various hydrodynamic forces acting on the fluid flow, particles separate into flow paths that selectively exit the flow channel 40 through outlets 44 and 46.

    [0035] In this regard, as examples, techniques using a variety of forces such as centrifugal forces, pressure-driven forces, Dean Vortices forces, buoyancy forces, etc. may be used to separate particles in the separation devices described herein (such as those described in Figures 1 and 4, for example).

    [0036] In one form, the inlet and both outlets are located in close proximity to one another. The inlets and outlets could be located at any point along the diameter of the channel depending on the application. It should also be appreciated that in at least one form, the individual layers 14 that are stacked, aligned and sealed (as in Figures 1 and 4, for example) form common inlet paths and outlet paths for and/or through the system by way of the alignment of the respective inlets 42 and outlets 44 and 46 of the layers. In at least one form, these common inlets and outlets may be capped and/or connected to other devices or systems through appropriate connections, hoses, pipes, lines, valves, plumbing, hardware, pumps, fittings, caps, etc..., as may be appropriate for any given implementation. In at least some forms, the common inlets and outlets facilitate parallel processing of material that is input to the system. Such parallel processing provides advantages such as higher throughput.

    [0037] The single layer 14 is also shown to have apertures or through holes 48 and snap fit protrusions 50 in select locations along the edge or periphery of the layer. The through holes 48 receive the bolts shown in Figure 1. The snap fit protrusions 50 have a configuration allowing for the connection of adjacent layers to one another. The precise configuration and number of the protrusions 50 may vary, as those of skill in the art will appreciate. However, in at least one form, the protrusions 50 are designed to be received in the underside of a corresponding protrusion of an adjacent layer, and snap in place. In this regard, shoulders 52 are provided to the protrusions. Each protrusion is likewise designed to receive a corresponding protrusion of an adjacent layer in like manner. In this way, layers are snap fit together to provide rough alignment and pressed together with the plates to form the seal around the highly polished areas. The protrusions serve to not only locate the layer in their plane, but also to correct for any deviations in flatness of the layer. In at least one form, the layers are snapped together first and then compressed.

    [0038] Figure 4 shows a variation (in cross-section) of the presently described embodiments. A hydrodynamic separation unit 80 includes a plurality of separation layers 82 housed in an outer shell 84. The shell 84 has threaded portions 86 and 88 to threadingly receive top plate 90 and bottom plate 92. The layers 82 may take a variety of configurations, but will take the same configuration as layers 14 described in connection with Figures 1 through 3, in one form. Of course, the through holes of layer 14 are not necessary for this embodiment, so the layer 82 may be substantially similar to the layer 14, sans the through holes. The plates 90 and 92 have corresponding threaded portions on their edges to mate with the threaded portions 86 and 88. The shell 84 is, in one form, cylindrical to allow for the turning and threading of the plates 90 and 92 into the threaded portions 86 and 88 of the shell 84. Such threading of the plates into the shell provides for compression of the layers 82 between the plates 90 and 92. Of course, to accomplish the contemplated compression, the size of the threaded portions 86 and 88 is suitably tuned to the number of layers 82 or height of any stack of such layers.

    [0039] The hydrodynamic separation device or unit contemplated by the presently described embodiments may be assembled in any of a variety of manners to facilitate the features achieved by the presently described embodiments. One approach, however, is implemented in a method comprising aligning the protrusions of adjacent layers with one another, snapping together the layers into the stack such that protrusions of adjacent layers are mated and compressing the layers between two plates. The aligning and snapping not only align the layers in the appropriate orientation, but also help correct any undesired bends, curves or warps of the layer that may otherwise prevent an efficient seating and sealing of adjacent layers. Also, in one example, the aligning and snapping are performed before the compressing. In this technique, the compressing may be accomplished in a variety of manners. In one example, consistent with the embodiments shown in Figures 1-3, the compressing comprises using bolts received in aligned apertures of the layers of the stack and the plates. In another example, consistent with the embodiment shown in Figure 4, the compressing comprises threading the plates into a cylindrical shell housing the stack. Also, as those of skill in the art will appreciate, the snapping is accomplished by shoulders disposed on the protrusions extending from each layer. Still further, in other examples, the method may also include placement or positioning of a suitable sealing material (or structure or device), such as those described herein, between the layers to provide or enhance sealing functions.


    Claims

    1. A hydrodynamic fluid separation device (10) comprising:

    a plurality of layers (14) in a stack (12), each layer having defined therein a flow channel (40), an inlet (42) to the flow channel, at least two outlets (44, 46) for the flow channel, and apertures (48) defined in the layer, each layer having a primary seal (30) and a secondary seal (32) following a contour of the flow channel around the layer to provide sealing to the flow channel during operation;

    a first plate (16) positioned on a first end of the stack, the first plate having apertures;

    a second plate (18) positioned on a second end of the stack, the second plate having apertures; and,

    connectors (22) received in aligned apertures of the stack, the first plate and the second plate to compress together the first plate, stack and second plate.


     
    2. The device (10) as set forth in claim 1 wherein each layer (14) further includes protrusions (50) extending therefrom configured to locate the layer in a plane and snap-fit to other layers.
     
    3. The device (10) as set forth in claim 1 or claim 2 wherein the primary seal (30) and secondary seal (32) of each layer (14) each comprise a highly polished sealing surface in proximity to the flow channel (40).
     
    4. The device (10) as set forth in any of claims 1 to 3 wherein the primary seal (30) is a lip portion that is parallel to a plane extending through the diameter of the flow channel and the secondary seal (32) is a draft portion that is angled with respect to the lip portion, the lip portion and draft portion providing a contact area for sealing with the underside of a said layer arranged above in the stack.
     
    5. The device (10) set forth in any of the preceding claims wherein each layer (14) further includes a soft gasket or o-ring like material (34, 36) between the layers.
     
    6. The device (10) set forth in any of the preceding claims wherein each layer (14) is coated with a soft polymer layer.
     
    7. A hydrodynamic fluid separation device (80) comprising:

    a plurality of layers (82, 14) in a stack, each layer having defined therein a flow channel (40), an inlet (42) to the flow channel, and at least two outlets (44, 46) for the flow channel;

    a cylindrical shell (84) housing the stack, the shell having a first threaded portion (86) and a second threaded portion (88);

    a first plate (90) threaded on the first threaded portion of the shell; and,

    a second plate (92) threaded on the second threaded portion of the shell,

    wherein the plurality of layers in the stack are compressed between the first plate and the second plate by rotating said plates towards each other along the threaded portions.


     
    8. The device (80) as set forth in claim 7 wherein each layer (14) further includes protrusions (50) extending therefrom.
     
    9. The device (80) as set forth in claim 7 or claim 8 wherein each layer (14) further includes a highly polished sealing surface (30) in proximity to the flow channel (40).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Trennvorrichtung (10) für hydrodynamisches Fluid, umfassend:

    eine Vielzahl von Schichten (14) in einem Stapel (14), wobei in jeder Schicht ein Strömungskanal (40) definiert ist, ein Einlass (42) zu dem Strömungskanal, mindestens zwei Auslässe (44, 46) für den Strömungskanal, und Öffnungen (48), die in der Schicht definiert sind, wobei jede Schicht eine primäre Dichtung (30) und eine sekundäre Dichtung (32) aufweist, die einer Kontur des Strömungskanals rund um die Schicht folgen, um eine Dichtung für den Strömungskanal während des Betriebs zu bieten;

    eine erste Platte (16), die an einem ersten Ende des Stapels positioniert ist, wobei die erste Platte Öffnungen aufweist;

    eine zweite Platte (18), die an einem zweiten Ende des Stapels positioniert ist, wobei die zweite Platte Öffnungen aufweist; und

    Verbindungen (22), die in fluchtenden Öffnungen des Stapels, der ersten Platte und der zweiten Platte aufgenommen werden, um zusammen die erste Platte, den Stapel und die zweite Platte zusammenzudrücken.


     
    2. Vorrichtung (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei jede Schicht (14) des Weiteren Vorsprünge (50) aufweist, die sich davon erstrecken und dazu konfiguriert sind, die Schicht in einer Ebene zu positionieren und eine Schnappverbindung mit anderen Schichten zu bilden.
     
    3. Vorrichtung (10) nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, wobei die primäre Dichtung (30) und die sekundäre Dichtung (32) jeder Schicht (14) jeweils eine hochglanzpolierte Dichtungsfläche in der Nähe des Strömungskanals (40) umfassen.
     
    4. Vorrichtung (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die primäre Dichtung (30) ein Lippenabschnitt ist, der parallel zu einer Ebene verläuft, die sich durch den Durchmesser des Strömungskanals erstreckt, und die sekundäre Dichtung (32) ein konischer Abschnitt ist, der bezüglich des Lippenabschnitts abgewinkelt ist, wobei der Lippenabschnitt und der konische Abschnitt eine Kontaktfläche zur Abdichtung mit der Unterseite einer Schicht bilden, die in dem Stapel oberhalb angeordnet ist.
     
    5. Vorrichtung (10) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei jede Schicht (10) des Weiteren ein weiches Dichtungs- oder O-Ring-ähnliches Material (34, 36) zwischen den Schichten enthält.
     
    6. Vorrichtung (10) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei jede Schicht (14) mit einer weichen Polymerschicht beschichtet ist.
     
    7. Trennvorrichtung (80) für hydrodynamisches Fluid, umfassend:

    eine Vielzahl von Schichten (82, 14) in einem Stapel, wobei in jeder Schicht ein Strömungskanal (40), ein Einlass (42) zu dem Strömungskanal und mindestens zwei Auslässe (44, 46) für den Strömungskanal definiert sind;

    ein zylinderförmiges Gehäuse (84), das den Stapel umgibt, wobei das Gehäuse einen ersten Gewindeabschnitt (86) und einen zweiten Gewindeabschnitt (88) aufweist;

    eine erste Platte (90), die an den ersten Gewindeabschnitt des Gehäuses geschraubt ist; und

    eine zweite Platte (92), die an den zweiten Gewindeabschnitt des Gehäuses geschraubt ist,

    wobei die Vielzahl von Schichten in dem Stapel zwischen der ersten Platte und der zweiten Platte durch Drehen der Platten zueinander entlang der Gewindeabschnitte zusammengedrückt werden.


     
    8. Vorrichtung (80) nach Anspruch 7, wobei jede Schicht (14) des Weiteren Vorsprünge (50) enthält, die sich davon erstrecken.
     
    9. Vorrichtung (80) nach Anspruch 7 oder Anspruch 8, wobei jede Schicht (14) des Weiteren eine hochglanzpolierte Dichtungsfläche (30) in der Nähe des Strömungskanals (40) aufweist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de séparation hydrodynamique de fluide (10) comprenant :

    une pluralité de couches (14) dans une pile (12), chaque couche ayant un canal d'écoulement (40) défini en celle-ci, une entrée (42) au canal d'écoulement, au moins deux sorties (44, 46) pour le canal d'écoulement, et des ouvertures (48) définies dans la couche, chaque couche a un joint étanche primaire (30) et un joint étanche secondaire (32) suivant un contour du canal d'écoulement autour de la couche pour assurer l'étanchéité du canal d'écoulement pendant le fonctionnement ;

    une première plaque (16) positionnée sur une première extrémité de la pile, la première plaque ayant des ouvertures ;

    une seconde plaque (18) positionnée sur une seconde extrémité de la pile, la seconde plaque ayant des ouvertures ; et,

    des connecteurs (22) reçus dans des ouvertures alignées de la pile, de la première plaque et de la seconde plaque pour comprimer ensemble la première plaque, la pile et la seconde plaque.


     
    2. Dispositif (10) selon la revendication 1 dans lequel chaque couche (14) comporte en outre des saillies (50) s'étendant à partir de celle-ci, configurées pour placer la couche dans un plan et l'encliqueter à d'autres couches.
     
    3. Dispositif (10) selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2 dans lequel le joint étanche primaire (30) et le joint étanche secondaire (32) de chaque couche (14) comprennent chacun une surface d'étanchéité hautement polie à proximité du canal d'écoulement (40).
     
    4. Dispositif (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3 dans lequel le joint étanche primaire (30) est une partie lèvre qui est parallèle à un plan s'étendant à travers le diamètre du canal d'écoulement et le joint étanche secondaire (32) est une partie d'appel qui est inclinée par rapport à la partie lèvre, la partie lèvre et partie d'appel fournissant une zone de contact assurant l'étanchéité du côté inférieur de ladite couche agencée sur le dessus dans la pile.
     
    5. Dispositif (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes dans lequel chaque couche (14) comporte en outre un joint souple ou un matériau en forme d'anneau (34, 36) entre les couches.
     
    6. Dispositif (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes dans lequel chaque couche (14) est revêtue d'une couche de polymère souple.
     
    7. Dispositif de séparation hydrodynamique de fluide (80) comprenant :

    une pluralité de couches (82, 14) dans une pile, chaque couche ayant un canal d'écoulement (40) défini en celle-ci, une entrée (42) au canal d'écoulement, et au moins deux sorties (44, 46) pour le canal d'écoulement ;

    une coque cylindrique (84) logeant la pile, la coque ayant une première partie filetée (86) et une seconde partie filetée (88) ;

    une première plaque (90) filetée sur la première partie filetée de la coque ; et,

    une seconde plaque (92) filetée sur la seconde partie filetée de la coque,

    dans lequel la pluralité de couches dans la pile sont comprimées entre la première plaque et la seconde plaque en faisant tourner lesdites plaques l'une vers l'autre le long des parties filetées.


     
    8. Dispositif (80) selon la revendication 7 dans lequel chaque couche (14) comporte en outre des saillies (50) s'étendant à partir de celle-ci.
     
    9. Dispositif (80) selon la revendication 7 ou la revendication 8 dans lequel chaque couche (14) comporte en outre une surface d'étanchéité hautement polie (30) à proximité du canal d'écoulement (40).
     




    Drawing




















    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description