(19)
(11)EP 2 778 672 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.11.2019 Bulletin 2019/48

(21)Application number: 14159097.6

(22)Date of filing:  12.03.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G01N 29/22  (2006.01)
G01N 29/26  (2006.01)
G01N 29/24  (2006.01)

(54)

Ut phased array inspection fixture

Phasengesteuerte UT-Arrayinspektionsbefestigung

Appareil d'inspection de réseau à commande de phase ut


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 14.03.2013 US 201313829988

(43)Date of publication of application:
17.09.2014 Bulletin 2014/38

(73)Proprietor: Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems, Inc.
Plymouth, MN 55442 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • Thomson, Clint D.
    Smithfield, UT, 84335 (US)
  • Palmer, Jeremy D.
    Farmington, UT, 84025 (US)
  • Andersen, Robert N.
    Ogden, UT, 84044 (US)
  • Riding, Kenneth B.
    Perry, UT, 84302 (US)

(74)Representative: Lang, Johannes 
Bardehle Pagenberg Partnerschaft mbB Patentanwälte, Rechtsanwälte Prinzregentenplatz 7
81675 München
81675 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- H 049 149
US-A- 4 848 159
US-A- 3 550 438
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] Pi-bonded composite structures are used increasingly in military and commercial aircraft. Although pi-bonded composite laminates exhibit enhanced strength in comparison to conventional fastening methods, they are difficult to inspect for critical flaws. Furthermore, these structures tend to be large and geometrically complex, making conventional immersion ultrasonic and ultrasonic phased array inspections difficult or impossible. Finally, existing phased array hand-held fixtures do not allow complete inspection coverage of pi-bonds near joints, corners, and stiffeners.

    [0002] For the reasons stated above and for other reasons stated below which will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon reading and understanding the present specification, there is a need in the art for effective and efficient device and method for inspecting pi-bonded composite structures.

    [0003] US-A-3550438 discloses an ultrasonic testing system for hot objects, comprising an ultrasonic transducer and a mirror for reflecting and focussing ultrasonic waves.

    [0004] JP-H049149 discloses an apparatus for inspecting a body. In one embodiment the apparatus comprises an ultrasonic array, a lens and a mirror disposed in a cylindrical cavity.

    SUMMARY OF INVENTION



    [0005] The above-mentioned problems of current systems are addressed by embodiments of the present invention and will be understood by reading and studying the following specification. The following summary is made by way of example and not by way of limitation. It is merely provided to aid the reader in understanding some of the aspects of the invention.

    [0006] An inspection fixture according to the invention is claimed in independent claim 1.

    [0007] A method of inspecting pi-bonds in a composite structure is claimed in independent claim 10.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0008] The present invention can be more easily understood and further advantages and uses thereof will be more readily apparent, when considered in view of the detailed description and the following figures in which:

    Figure 1 is a side view illustration of an inspection fixture of one embodiment of the present invention;

    Figure 2 is a side view of the inspection fixture of Figure 1 in a different configuration;

    Figure 3 is a side view of the inspection fixture of Figure 1 in another configuration;

    Figure 4 is a front perspective view of another inspection fixture of an embodiment of the present invention;

    Figure 5 is a first side view of the inspection fixture of Figure 4;

    Figure 6 is a second side view of the inspection fixture of Figure 4;

    Figure 7 is a side perspective view of an inspection fixture of another embodiment of the present invention;

    Figure 8 is another side view of the inspection fixture of Figure 7 applied in a different position;

    Figure 9 is a front perspective view of the inspection fixture of Figure 7;

    Figure 10 is a side view of the inspection fixture of Figure 7 in use in a corner;

    Figure 11 is a front perspective view of an inspection fixture of another embodiment; and

    Figure 12 is a side view of the inspection fixture of Figure 11 in use; and

    Figure 13 is a flow diagram illustrating the steps of inspection of an embodiment using a fixture of the present invention.



    [0009] In accordance with common practice, the various described features are not drawn to scale but are drawn to emphasize specific features relevant to the present invention. Reference characters denote like elements throughout Figures and text.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0010] In the following detailed description, reference is made to the accompanying drawings, which form a part hereof, and in which is shown by way of illustration specific embodiments in which the inventions may be practiced. These embodiments are described in sufficient detail to enable those skilled in the art to practice the invention, and it is to be understood that other embodiments may be utilized and that changes may be made without departing from the scope of the present invention. The following detailed description is, therefore, not to be taken in a limiting sense, and the scope of the present invention is defined only by the claims and equivalents thereof.

    [0011] Embodiments of the present invention provide improved inspection capabilities for ultrasonic phased array inspection for pi-bonded composite structures, co-cured stiffened structures as well as other 90 degree joint bonded concepts (such as shear ties). Embodiments also provide inspection capabilities for acute and obtuse angled joints. In embodiments a portable hand-held phased array scanning fixture (inspection fixture) is used to inspect pi-bonds. The fixture provides improved scanning coverage on pi-bond as well as improved resolution. This is done by using an ultrasonic lens to focus a phased array beam across a width of a sensor, through a water column, onto a tapered mirror that reflects the beam into hard-to-reach joints, seams, corners, and tapers of the pi-bond. The fixture is compact and able to handle bonds exhibiting tight geometries, acute angles, obtuse angles, and hat stiffeners.

    [0012] Referring to Figure 1, a side view of the basic design of the inspection fixture 100 is illustrated. As illustrated, the inspection fixture 100 includes a first member 102. A roller bearing 108 is coupled proximate a first end of the first member 102. A second end of the first member 102 is slidably coupled in an adjustment slot 106 of a second member 104 via connecting rod 110. The inspection fixture 100 includes an inner chamber 105 that holds a column of water. In embodiments, (as discussed further below) a water (or fluid) supply is fed and maintained by an inlet water hose on the back of the fixture 100. A mirror 112 defines a portion of the chamber. The mirror 112, in this embodiment, is coupled to a side of the second member 104. The mirror 112, in one embodiment ,is made from aluminum and is tapered. A focusing lens 116 further defines another portion of the inner chamber 114. In one embodiment, the focusing lens is a Rexolite™ focusing lens. However, other lens types can be used that are made from a variety of materials. The lens 116 provides improved lateral flaw resolution across the width of the phased array Mounted to the lens 116 is an ultrasonic phase array sensor 118 that generates ultrasonic signals and receives reflected signals. The focusing lens 116 is positioned at 45° in relation to the mirror 112 so that ultrasonic waves generated by the ultrasonic phase array 118 is reflected off the mirror 112 to the area of the structure to be tested. As discussed above the mirror is tapered to allow inspection up to the pi-bond joint and also into corners. The water column is used for acoustic transmission and coupling the ultrasonic signals. The ultrasonic signals that interact with the area to be inspected are reflected back off the mirror 112 back to the ultrasonic phase array 118. The reflected back ultrasonic signals are delivered via connection member 119 to a phased array receiver and processor (not shown in the Figure) for processing. Also illustrated in Figure 1, a third member 120 that has a first end coupled proximate the sensor 118 and lens 116 and a second end that is coupled to a roller bearing 122. The roller bearings 108 and 122 allow the inspection fixture 100 to move across the part 150 to be inspected in a uniform manner. Referring to Figures 2 and 3, the flexibility of the inspection fixture 100 in this embodiment is illustrated. Because of the adjustable connection between the first member 102 and the second member 104, the inspection fixture can be adjusted to inspect areas structure 150 having corners that are less than 90° and more than 90°. Hence, in this embodiment, the adjustability between members 102 and 104 (that make up part of the body of the fixture 100) allow for joints of structures with many different configurations to be inspected with a single inspection fixture.

    [0013] Referring to Figure 4, a front view of an inspection fixture 200 of another embodiment is illustrated. This embodiment includes a body 202 with an inner chamber 204. This view illustrates the opening 203 to the inner chamber 204. A mirror 206 is shown positioned within the inner chamber 204. A positioning plate 208 extends around the opening 203 to the inner chamber 204. In this embodiment, adjustable spacers 210 extend out from the positioning plate 208 a select distance to help position the inspection fixture 200 in relation to the structure being inspected. This embodiment further includes a roller 212 that is in communication with a linear encoder 214. The linear encoder 214 is mounted to the body 202 of the fixture 200. The roller 212 rides on the laminates (structures to be inspected). The linear encoder 214 records positional information and is used to control timing of the phased array data acquisition signal. The linear encoder 214 is in communication with the processor (not shown in this Figure). Referring to Figures 5 and 6, respective side perspective views of inspection fixture 200 are illustrated as positioned to inspect a pi-bond of a T shaped laminate structure. Figures 5 and 6 illustrate water connector 216. A water source, or fluid source, is coupled to the water connector 216 to provide a flow of water into the inner chamber 204 while the inspection fixture is in use. Also illustrated is a supply/communication port 220 used at least in part to provide the ultrasonic energy to the fixture 200 and provide signals detected by the ultrasonic phased array to a processor system (not shown) via excitation/communication cable (such as cable 316 in Figure 7).

    [0014] Figure 7 further illustrates another embodiment of an inspection fixture 300 of an embodiment. Figure 7 further illustrates that the fixture 300 can be positioned to inspect a bottom joint portion 315. Inspection fixture 300 includes a body 302. Attached to the body 302 is a spacer assembly that includes a spacer rod 303 that extends from the body 302. A spacer bar 304 is attached to the end of the spacer rod 303. Adjustable spacers 320 and 322 are threadably engaged to the spacer bar 304. The adjustable spacers 320 and 322 are used to adjust fixture standoff and angle with respect to the laminate and pi bond. An optional "riding" cart can be attached to the fixture to facilitate scanning. Figure 7 further illustrates a roller 306 and linear encoder 308 that is in communication with a processor (not shown in this Figure) via communication channel 310. Also illustrated is an ultrasound communication channel 316 that provides a path for the ultrasonic energy and a communication path to the processor. Further, shown is a water supply 314 that is coupled to a water connector 312 to provide a water flow to an inner chamber. Figure 8 illustrates the inspection fixture 300 in a different position to inspect a different portion 317 of the pi-bond.

    [0015] Figure 9 illustrates a front perspective view of the inspection fixture 300. This view illustrates the inner chamber 330 and the mirror 332 positioned within the inner chamber 330. In this embodiment, a skirt 334 is mounted around at least a portion of an opening 331 to the inner chamber 330. The skirt 334 is used to maintain water column pressure and stability as well as to conform to uneven and rough pi-bond and laminate geometries. In one embodiment, the skirt is a porous membrane. Also illustrated in this view is spacing plate 340 that includes adjustable spacers 342 to position the fixture 300 at a desired location in relation to the structure to be inspected. Figure 10 illustrates how the inspection fixture can work to inspect a corner formed by structures 400, 402 and 404.

    [0016] Another embodiment of an inspection fixture 500 is illustrated in Figure 11. In this embodiment, a porous membrane 504 covers up the opening to the chamber in the body 502. The porous membrane 504 is used to maintain the coupling of the acoustic transmission with the water column. This embodiment includes spacers 506a and 506b that are couple to the body 502. As shown, spacer 506a is coupled to the body via bracket 510 and fastener 508. The spacers 506a and 506b provide a spacing between the body 502 and the structure 550 being inspected as illustrated in Figure 12. The spacing protects the integrity of the porous membrane 504 during inspection and maintains the porous membrane 504 in a consistent configuration during inspection across the structure. The inspection fixture 500 of this embodiment also includes an arm 512 extending from a positioning plate 510. Attached to opposite ends of the arm 512 are bearings 514a and 514b, which in this embodiment, are used as spacers as well as wheels to assist in the moving of the inspection fixture across the structure 550. Figure 12 also shows an excitation/communication cable 516 which is coupled to the fixture's ultrasonic phase array. Also illustrated is the fixture's water supply conduit 518.

    [0017] Referring to Figure 13, an inspection flow diagram 600 of one embodiment is illustrated. The process starts by positioning the fixture in relation to the structure to be inspected (602). The fixture standoff and angle, with respect to the bond being inspected, is then adjusted (604). A liquid flow is then started, which in one embodiment is a flow of water (606). Ultrasonic signals are then generated (608). The linear movement of a body of the inspection fixture is monitored (610) and recorded (612). This information is provided to processor 700 which uses the information to control the timing of phased array data acquisition signals (622). Further, the process directs the ultrasonic signals to a mirror in a chamber of the body (616). The ultrasonic signals are reflected off the mirror and through an opening in the chamber to a joint area to be inspected (618). Reflected ultrasonic signals off of the area being inspected are directed back to a sensor of the ultrasonic phase array by the mirror and the sensed information is passed on to the processor 700. The processor 700 processes the signals from the sensor to determine the integrity of the joint (614). The results of the determination are displayed to a user (624). The results can then be used to determine if the part passes inspection.

    [0018] Although specific embodiments have been illustrated and described herein, it will be appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art that any arrangement, which is calculated to achieve the same purpose, may be substituted for the specific embodiment shown. This application is intended to cover any adaptations or variations of the present invention. Therefore, it is manifestly intended that this invention be limited only by the claims and the equivalents thereof.


    Claims

    1. An inspection fixture (100) comprising:

    a fixture body including an inner chamber (114), the body further having an opening to the inner chamber;

    an ultrasonic phase array (118) configured to generate ultrasonic signals;

    an ultrasonic lens (116) defining a portion of the inner chamber;

    a mirror (112) received within the inner chamber (114), the mirror (112) positioned to reflect the ultrasonic signals out the opening to an inspection area of a body to be inspected and to reflect returned ultrasonic signals from the inspection area back to the ultrasonic phase array, the mirror (112) comprising a taper; and

    a fluid supply connector in fluid communication with the inner chamber;

    wherein the ultrasonic phase array (118) is positioned to send the ultrasonic signals through the ultrasonic lens (116) to the mirror (112); and

    wherein the ultrasonic lens (116) is configured to focus the ultrasonic signals into a phased array beam across a width of the ultrasonic phase array (118).


     
    2. The inspection fixture of claim 1, further comprising:
    wherein the ultrasonic lens (116) is positioned at a 45° angle in relation to the mirror (112).
     
    3. The inspection fixture of claim 1, further comprising:
    at least one adjustable member (102, 104) coupled to the body to adjust the position of the inspection fixture (100) in relation to an item to be inspected.
     
    4. The inspection fixture of claim 3, further comprising:
    the at least one adjustable member (102, 104) being at least one of a spacer, a roller and a bearing.
     
    5. The inspection fixture of claim 1, further comprising:

    a roller coupled to the body (212); and

    a linear encoder (214) in communication with the roller to record positional information.


     
    6. The inspection fixture of claim 5, wherein the linear encoder (214) is further configured to at least in part control timing of a phased array data acquisition signal.
     
    7. The inspection fixture of claim 1, further comprising:
    the body configured to be adjustable to inspect joints of different degrees.
     
    8. The inspection fixture of claim 1, further comprising:
    a skirt (334) coupled around at least a portion of the opening to the inner chamber.
     
    9. The inspection fixture of claim 7, further comprising:
    a porous membrane (504) covering the opening to the inner chamber.
     
    10. A method of inspecting pi-bonds in a composite structure, the method comprising:

    generating ultrasonic signals with a ultrasonic phase array (118);

    focusing the ultrasonic signals into a phased array beam across a width of the ultrasonic phase array with an ultrasonic lens (116);

    directing the phased array beam to a tapered mirror (112) in a chamber (114) of a body that is filled with a column of liquid;

    reflecting the ultrasonic signals off of the mirror (112) and through an opening in the chamber (114) to an area to be inspected; and

    directing reflected ultrasonic signals off of the area being inspected back to the ultrasonic phase array (118).


     
    11. The method of claim 10, further comprising:

    monitoring linear movement of the body; and

    recording linear movement of the body.


     
    12. The method of claim 10, further comprising:
    controlling the timing of a phased array data acquisition signal.
     
    13. The method of claim 10, further comprising:
    adjusting spacing members to position the body in a desired location during inspection.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Inspektionsvorrichtung (100), umfassend:

    einen Vorrichtungskörper mit einer Innenkammer (114), wobei der Körper ferner eine Öffnung zur Innenkammer aufweist;

    eine Ultraschallphasenanordnung (118), die konfiguriert ist, um Ultraschallsignale zu erzeugen;

    eine Ultraschalllinse (116), die einen Abschnitt der Innenkammer definiert;

    einen Spiegel (112), der innerhalb der Innenkammer (114) aufgenommen ist, wobei der Spiegel (112) positioniert ist, um die Ultraschallsignale aus der Öffnung zu einem Inspektionsbereich eines zu inspizierenden Körpers zu reflektieren und zurückgegebene Ultraschallsignale aus dem Inspektionsbereich zurück zu der Ultraschallphasenanordnung zu reflektieren, wobei der Spiegel (112) einen Kegel aufweist; und

    einen Fluidversorgungsanschluss in Fluidverbindung mit der Innenkammer;

    wobei die Ultraschallphasenanordnung (118) positioniert ist, um die Ultraschallsignale durch die Ultraschalllinse (116) zum Spiegel (112) zu senden; und

    wobei die Ultraschalllinse (116) konfiguriert ist, um die Ultraschallsignale in einen phasenweisen Anordnungsstrahl über eine Breite der Ultraschallphasenanordnung (118) zu fokussieren.


     
    2. Inspektionsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend:
    wobei die Ultraschalllinse (116) in einem 45°-Winkel in Bezug auf den Spiegel (112) positioniert ist.
     
    3. Inspektionsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend:
    mindestens ein verstellbares Element (102, 104), das mit dem Körper gekoppelt ist, um die Position der Inspektionsvorrichtung (100) in Bezug auf ein zu inspizierendes Objekt einzustellen.
     
    4. Inspektionsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 3, ferner umfassend:
    wobei das zumindest ein verstellbares Element (102, 104) zumindest eines von einem Abstandshalter, einer Rolle und einem Lager ist.
     
    5. Inspektionsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend:

    eine Rolle, die mit dem Körper (212) gekoppelt ist; und

    einen Linearkodierer (214) in Verbindung mit der Rolle, um Positionsinformationen aufzuzeichnen.


     
    6. Inspektionsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 5, wobei der Linearkodierer (214) ferner konfiguriert ist, um zumindest teilweise das Timing eines phasenweisen Anordnungsdatenerfassungssignals zu steuern.
     
    7. Inspektionsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend:
    wobei der Körper so konfiguriert ist, dass er verstellbar ist, um Gelenke verschiedener Grade zu inspizieren.
     
    8. Inspektionsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend:
    eine Schürze (334), die um zumindest einen Abschnitt der Öffnung zur Innenkammer herum gekoppelt ist.
     
    9. Inspektionsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 7, ferner umfassend:
    eine poröse Membran (504), die die Öffnung zur Innenkammer abdeckt.
     
    10. Verfahren zum Inspizieren von Pi-Bindungen in einer Verbundstruktur, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    Erzeugen von Ultraschallsignalen mit einer Ultraschallphasenanordnung (118);

    Fokussieren der Ultraschallsignale in einen phasenweisen Anordnungsstrahl über eine Breite der Ultraschallphasenanordnung mit einer Ultraschalllinse (116);

    Richten des phasenweisen Anordnungsstrahls auf einen kegelartigen Spiegel (112) in einer Kammer (114) eines Körpers, der mit einer Flüssigkeitssäule gefüllt ist;

    Reflektieren der Ultraschallsignale von dem Spiegel (112) weg und durch eine Öffnung in der Kammer (114) zu einem zu inspizierenden Bereich; und

    Richten von reflektierten Ultraschallsignalen von dem zu inspizierenden Bereich weg zurück zu der Ultraschallphasenanordnung (118).


     
    11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10, ferner umfassend:

    Überwachen der linearen Bewegung des Körpers; und

    Aufzeichnung der linearen Bewegung des Körpers.


     
    12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10, ferner umfassend:
    Steuern des Timings eines phasenweisen Anordnungsdatenerfassungssignals.
     
    13. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10, ferner umfassend:
    Einstellen von Abstandselementen, um den Körper während der Inspektion an einer gewünschten Stelle zu positionieren.
     


    Revendications

    1. Un accessoire d'inspection (100) comprenant :

    un corps d'accessoire comprenant une cavité interne (114), le corps comprenant en outre une ouverture donnant sur la cavité interne ;

    un réseau ultrasonore à commande de phase (118) configuré pour générer des signaux ultrasonores ;

    une lentille ultrasonore (116) définissant une partie de la cavité interne ;

    un miroir (112) logé à l'intérieur de la cavité interne (114), le miroir (112) étant positionné de manière à réfléchir les signaux ultrasonores sortant de l'ouverture vers une zone d'inspection d'un corps à inspecter et pour réfléchir les signaux ultrasonores renvoyés de la zone d'inspection en les renvoyant vers le réseau ultrasonore à commande de phase, le miroir (112) comprenant un rétrécissement ; et

    un connecteur d'alimentation de fluide en communication de fluide avec la cavité interne ;

    dans lequel le réseau ultrasonore à commande de phase (118) est positionné pour envoyer les signaux ultrasonores vers le miroir (112) en traversant la lentille ultrasonore (116) ; et

    dans lequel la lentille ultrasonore (116) est configurée pour focaliser les signaux ultrasonores en un faisceau de réseau à commande de phase sur une largeur du réseau ultrasonore à commande de phase (118).


     
    2. L'accessoire d'inspection de la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :
    le fait que la lentille ultrasonore (116) est positionnée sous un angle de 45° par rapport au miroir (112).
     
    3. L'accessoire d'inspection de la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :
    au moins un organe ajustable (102, 104) couplé au corps pour ajuster la position de l'accessoire d'inspection (100) par rapport à un élément à inspecter.
     
    4. L'accessoire d'inspection de la revendication 3, comprenant en outre :
    le fait que l'au moins un organe ajustable (102, 104) est au moins l'un parmi une entretoise, un cylindre et un palier.
     
    5. L'accessoire d'inspection de la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :

    un cylindre couplé au corps (212) ; et

    un codeur linéaire (214) en communication avec le cylindre pour enregistrer une information de position.


     
    6. L'accessoire d'inspection de la revendication 5, dans lequel le codeur linéaire (214) est en outre configuré pour contrôler au moins partiellement le séquencement d'un signal d'acquisition de données du réseau à commande de phase.
     
    7. L'accessoire d'inspection de la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :
    le fait que le corps est configuré pour être ajustable pour inspecter des articulations de différents degrés.
     
    8. L'accessoire d'inspection de la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :
    une jupe (334) couplée autour d'au moins une partie de l'ouverture donnant sur la cavité interne.
     
    9. L'accessoire d'inspection de la revendication 7, comprenant en outre :
    une membrane poreuse (504) recouvrant l'ouverture donnant sur la cavité interne.
     
    10. Un procédé d'inspection de liaisons pi dans une structure composite, le procédé comprenant :

    la génération de signaux ultrasonores par un réseau ultrasonore à commande de phase (118) ;

    la focalisation des signaux ultrasonores en un faisceau de réseau à commande de phase sur une largeur du réseau ultrasonore à commande de phase au moyen d'une lentille ultrasonore (116) ;

    l'orientation du faisceau du réseau à commande de phase vers un miroir rétréci (112) situé dans une cavité (114) d'un corps qui est rempli d'une colonne de liquide ;

    la réflexion des signaux ultrasonores à partir du miroir (112) et au travers d'une ouverture donnant dans la cavité (114), en direction d'une zone à inspecter ; et

    l'orientation des signaux ultrasonores réfléchis à partir de la zone inspectée en les renvoyant vers le réseau ultrasonore à commande de phase (118).


     
    11. Le procédé de la revendication 10, comprenant en outre :

    le suivi d'un déplacement linéaire du corps ; et

    l'enregistrement du mouvement linéaire du corps.


     
    12. Le procédé de la revendication 10, comprenant en outre :
    le contrôle du séquencement d'un signal d'acquisition de données du réseau à commande de phase.
     
    13. Le procédé de la revendication 10, comprenant en outre :
    l'ajustement de pièces d'entretoise pour positionner le corps en un emplacement souhaité durant l'inspection.
     




    Drawing







































    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description