(19)
(11)EP 2 793 034 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
19.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/25

(21)Application number: 12856941.5

(22)Date of filing:  11.12.2012
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G01R 15/14  (2006.01)
G01R 19/32  (2006.01)
G01R 31/36  (2019.01)
G01R 35/00  (2006.01)
G01R 1/20  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2012/082111
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/089114 (20.06.2013 Gazette  2013/25)

(54)

SHUNT RESISTOR BASED CURRENT SENSOR

AUF EINEM SHUNT-WIDERSTAND BASIERENDER STROMSENSOR

CAPTEUR DE COURANT À RÉSISTANCE SHUNT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 13.12.2011 JP 2011271821

(43)Date of publication of application:
22.10.2014 Bulletin 2014/43

(73)Proprietor: Yazaki Corporation
Minato-ku Tokyo 108-8333 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • SATO Takashi
    Susono-shi Shizuoka 410-1194 (JP)

(74)Representative: Grünecker Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartG mbB 
Leopoldstraße 4
80802 München
80802 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- 2000 235 050
JP-A- 2009 040 314
US-A1- 2011 089 931
US-B1- 6 489 693
JP-A- 2005 188 931
US-A1- 2009 039 836
US-A1- 2011 241 649
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a shunt resistor based current sensor.

    Background Art



    [0002] Conventionally, a shunt resistor based current sensor has been proposed in which, in order to detect a pulse current, a large AC current, or the like, a current to be measured is flown through a shunt resistor portion the resistance of which is known, and a voltage drop produced in the shunt resistor portion is detected, whereby the magnitude of the current to be measured is detected. In a shunt resistor based current sensor of this kind, the resistance of the shunt resistor portion sometimes changes depending on the temperature. Therefore, the temperature of the shunt resistor portion is detected, and the resistance is corrected in accordance with the temperature. On a circuit board on which a voltage detection IC or the like for detecting a voltage drop is mounted, consequently, also a temperature sensor is mounted.

    [0003] In Patent Literature 1, a busbar which is connected to the negative terminal of a battery functions also as a shunt resistor portion that is used for detecting a current of the battery. A temperature sensor is placed in the vicinity of two poles which detect the potential difference caused by the shunt resistor portion. The placement of the temperature sensor in the vicinity of the poles enhances the coupling characteristics with the temperature of the busbar.

    Citation List


    Patent Literature



    [0004] Patent Literature 1: US 2009/039836 A1 discloses the preamble of claim 1 whilst patent literature 2, US 2011/089931 A1, discloses another conventional shunt resistance based current sensor.

    Summary of invention


    Technical Problem



    [0005] In the technique disclosed in Patent Literature 1, however, the temperature sensor is placed in the vicinity of the poles, i.e., at a position which is biased toward one end portion of the shunt resistor portion. In the case where a temperature distribution exists in the busbar, therefore, there is a possibility that a temperature biased in the distribution is detected. As a result, there is a disadvantage that the temperature of the shunt resistor portion which is the base of the resistance cannot be reliably detected, and the accuracy of current detection is lowered.

    [0006] The invention has been conducted in view of the problem. It is an object of the invention to reliably detect the temperature of a shunt resistor portion which is the base of the resistance, whereby the accuracy of current detection can be improved.

    Solution to Problem



    [0007] In order to solve the problem, the invention provides a shunt resistor based current sensor according to claim 1.

    [0008] Here, preferably, the invention further has a heat conduction member which is interposed between the busbar and the circuit board.

    [0009] In the invention, moreover, the busbar further has a connecting portion which is connected to the circuit board by deforming a part of the busbar toward the circuit board.

    [0010] In the invention, furthermore, the circuit board includes a pattern which is located between the connecting portion and the temperature detecting unit. Advantageous Effects of Invention

    [0011]  According to the invention, the temperature detecting unit is placed positionally corresponding to a central portion of the shunt resistor portion, and therefore it is possible to detect an approximately average temperature of the shunt resistor portion while avoiding a temperature biased in the temperature distribution in the shunt resistor portion. As a result, the temperature of the shunt resistor portion which is the base of the resistance is reliably detected to enable the accuracy of current detection to be improved.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0012] 

    Fig. 1 is a top view diagrammatically showing a shunt resistor based current sensor of a first embodiment.

    Fig. 2 is a side view diagrammatically showing the shunt resistor based current sensor shown in Fig. 1.

    Fig. 3 is a top view diagrammatically showing a busbar of the shunt resistor based current sensor.

    Fig. 4 is a sectional view of the busbar shown in Fig. 3, taken along line IV-IV.

    Fig. 5 is a view diagrammatically showing a use state of the shunt resistor based current sensor.

    Fig. 6 is a side view diagrammatically showing a shunt resistor based current sensor of a second embodiment.

    Fig. 7 is a side view diagrammatically showing a shunt resistor based current sensor of a third embodiment.

    Fig. 8 is a top view diagrammatically showing a busbar of the shunt resistor based current sensor.

    Fig. 9 is a sectional view of the busbar shown in Fig. 8, taken along line IX-IX.


    Description of Embodiments


    (First embodiment)



    [0013] Fig. 1 is a top view diagrammatically showing a shunt resistor based current sensor 1 of a first embodiment, and Fig. 2 is a side view diagrammatically showing the shunt resistor based current sensor 1 shown in Fig. 1. The shunt resistor based current sensor 1 of the embodiment is used as a battery terminal, and includes a busbar 10, a circuit board 20, and a voltage detection IC 30.

    [0014] Fig. 3 is a top view diagrammatically showing the busbar 10 of the shunt resistor based current sensor 1. The busbar 10 is configured by an electrically conductive member having a substantially planar plate shape, such as a copper manganese alloy or a copper nickel alloy. The busbar 10 is configured by including a shunt resistor portion SR in a part thereof, so that a current to be measured can be flown therethrough.

    [0015] The busbar 10 is formed from planar steel stock into a desired shape by press molding. For example, the busbar 10 is formed into a substantially L-like shape, and through holes 11, 12 are formed in respective tip end portions. The one through hole 11 functions as a hole for a battery post, and the other through hole 12 functions as a hole for a screw for fixing a wire harness.

    [0016]  Fig. 4 is a sectional view of the busbar 10 shown in Fig. 3, taken along line IV-IV. The shunt resistor based current sensor 1 includes a pair of connection terminal portions 40. The connection terminal portions 40 are disposed corresponding to both end portions of the shunt resistor portion SR, respectively. Each of the connection terminal portions 40 is formed by the same material as the busbar 10, and while being elongated from the busbar 10. For example, the busbar 10 and the connection terminal portions 40 are simultaneously formed from planar steel stock by press molding.

    [0017] Each of the connection terminal portions 40 is formed so as to be directed to the inner side of the mounted place of the circuit board 20 in the busbar 10, and opposed to the other connection terminal portion 40, and into a cantilever-like shape in which the portions are raised from a planar portion of the busbar 10. In each of the connection terminal portions 40, the free end side is electrically connected to the circuit board 20 by soldering. In each of the connection terminal portions 40, moreover, the size in the width direction is smaller than that in the length direction.

    [0018] The circuit board 20 is placed on the busbar 10, and electrically connected to the busbar 10. A circuit pattern 21 is formed on the circuit board 20. End portions of the circuit pattern 21 are connected to the free end sides of the above-described connection terminal portions 40.

    [0019] A spacer 50 is a member which is interposed between the busbar 10 and the circuit board 20. Since the connection terminal portions 40 are configured into a cantilever-like shape and located at a position which is higher than the planar portion of the busbar 10, also the circuit board 20 is placed at a position which is higher than the planar portion of the busbar 10. Therefore, the circuit board 20 is supported by, in the place where the circuit board 20 is mounted, interposing the spacer 50 in the region opposite to the connection terminal portions 40.

    [0020] The voltage detection IC 30 is mounted on the circuit pattern 21 formed on the circuit board 20. In order to detect the magnitude of the current to be measured flowing through the busbar 10, the voltage detection IC 30 detects the value of a voltage that is applied to the circuit board 20 (the voltage detection IC 30 corresponds to the voltage detecting unit). Namely, the voltage detection IC 30 detects a voltage drop produced in the shunt resistor portion SR of the busbar 10, and detects the magnitude of the current to be measured flowing through the busbar 10, from the voltage drop.

    [0021] Moreover, the voltage detection IC 30 performs correction in accordance with the result of detection by a temperature sensor 60 which will be described later. Namely, the voltage detection IC 30 corrects the resistance of the shunt resistor portion SR in accordance with the result of the temperature so as not to be affected by a resistance change due to a temperature change and detect an erroneous current value.

    [0022] As shown in Fig. 2, the shunt resistor based current sensor 1 further includes the temperature sensor 60. The temperature sensor 60 is disposed on a face of the circuit board 20 that is opposite to a face on which the voltage detection IC 30 is mounted, and placed so as to be close to the busbar 10. Therefore, the temperature sensor 60 detects the temperature of the vicinity of the busbar 10 (the temperature sensor 60 corresponds to the temperature detecting unit).

    [0023] One of the features of the embodiment is that the temperature sensor 60 is placed positionally corresponding to a central portion of the shunt resistor portion SR in the busbar 10, specifically, a portion that is a central of the shunt resistor portion SR with respect to the direction CD along which the current flows.

    [0024] Fig. 5 is a view diagrammatically showing a use state of the shunt resistor based current sensor 1 of the embodiment. The busbar 10 of the shunt resistor based current sensor 1 of the embodiment is used as a battery terminal. For example, the through hole 11 of the busbar 10 is connected to a negative battery post 71 of a battery 70, and the other through hole 12 is connected to a wire harness W through a wire harness fixing screw 72.

    [0025] Next, the function of the shunt resistor based current sensor 1 of the embodiment will be described. As shown in the use state of the shunt resistor based current sensor 1, the busbar 10 of the shunt resistor based current sensor 1 is connected to the battery post 71 and the wire harness W. In this case, depending on the travel status of a vehicle, a temperature difference is produced between a portion of the busbar 10 which is on the side of the battery post 71, and that which is on the side of the wire harness W. In the case where the temperature sensor 60 is placed while being shifted toward one of the battery post 71 and the wire harness W, therefore, a temperature biased in the temperature distribution of the busbar 10 is detected. In this case, a difference easily occurs between the detection value and the temperature of the shunt resistor portion SR which is the base of the resistance value.

    [0026] Even in a situation where such a temperature difference occurs, when the temperature sensor 60 is placed positionally corresponding to a central portion of the shunt resistor portion SR, it is possible to detect an approximately average temperature of the shunt resistor portion SR while avoiding a temperature biased in the temperature distribution. As a result, the temperature of the shunt resistor portion which is the base of the resistance value is reliably detected to enable the accuracy of current detection to be improved.

    [0027] In the case where the temperature sensor 60 is positionally corresponded to the central portion of the shunt resistor portion SR, coincidence which is in a strict sense is not required, and it is only necessary that the sensor is approximately positionally corresponded to the central portion in a range where an approximately average temperature of the shunt resistor portion SR can be detected.

    (Second embodiment)



    [0028] Fig. 6 is a side view diagrammatically showing a shunt resistor based current sensor 1 of a second embodiment. The shunt resistor based current sensor 1 of the embodiment is different from that of the first embodiment in that the accuracy of temperature detection in the shunt resistor portion SR is improved. Description of the points which are duplicated with the first embodiment will be omitted. Hereinafter, description will be made with placing emphasis on the different points.

    [0029] As shown in Fig. 6, similarly with the first embodiment, the temperature sensor 60 is disposed on the surface of the circuit board 20 that is opposite to that on which the voltage detection IC 30 is mounted. That is, the temperature sensor 60 and the busbar 10 (shunt resistor portion SR) are placed with being opposed to each other. In the configuration, the shunt resistor based current sensor 1 has a heat conduction member 80 which is interposed between the busbar 10 and the circuit board 20, and which thermally connects the busbar 10 and the circuit board 20 to each other.

    [0030] As the heat conduction member 80, any one of various members may be selected as far as more excellent heat conduction is obtained in the case where the heat conduction member 80 is interposed between the busbar 10 and the circuit board 20, as compared to that where it is not interposed. Namely, it is preferable that a member which is higher in thermal conductivity than air is used as the heat conduction member 80. For example, a resin may be used as the heat conduction member 80, and the heat conduction member 80 may be formed by filling the gap between the circuit board 20 and the busbar 10 with the resin.

    [0031] As described above, the embodiment includes the heat conduction member 80, and therefore the thermal connection between the circuit board 20 (temperature sensor 60) and the busbar 10 can be efficiently attained, so that the accuracy of temperature detection can be improved. As a result, the temperature of the shunt resistor portion which is the base of the resistance is reliably detected to enable the accuracy of current detection to be improved.

    (Third embodiment)



    [0032] Fig. 7 is a side view diagrammatically showing a shunt resistor based current sensor 1 of a third embodiment. The shunt resistor based current sensor 1 of the embodiment is different from that of the first embodiment in that the accuracy of temperature detection in the shunt resistor portion SR is improved. Description of the points which are duplicated with the first embodiment will be omitted. Hereinafter, description will be made with placing emphasis on the different points.

    [0033] Fig. 8 is a top view diagrammatically showing a busbar 10 of the shunt resistor based current sensor 1, and Fig. 9 is a sectional view of the busbar 10 shown in Fig. 8, taken along line IX-IX. As shown in Figs. 8 and 9, the busbar 10 includes a connecting portion 45 which is connected to the circuit board 20, in order to thermally couple the busbar 10 and the temperature sensor 60 together. Similarly with the temperature sensor 60, the connecting portion 45 is placed positionally corresponding to a central portion of the shunt resistor portion SR in the busbar 10. The connecting portion 45 is formed by deforming a part of the busbar 10 toward the circuit board 20, and has a convex shape in which the apex joins the surface of the circuit board 20 that is opposite to that on which the voltage detection IC 30 is mounted. The connecting portion 45 can be formed by, for example, press molding in production of the busbar 10.

    [0034] According to the embodiment, as described above, the busbar 10 includes the connecting portion 45, and therefore the thermal connection between the circuit board 20 (temperature sensor 60) and the busbar 10 can be efficiently attained, so that the accuracy of temperature detection can be improved. Therefore, the temperature of the shunt resistor portion which is the base of the resistance can be reliably detected, and the accuracy of current detection can be improved.

    [0035] In order to thermally couple the busbar 10 and the temperature sensor 60 together, alternatively, a pattern (not shown) may be disposed on the circuit board 20 so as to be located between the connecting portion 45 and the temperature sensor 60, and the connecting portion 45 and the temperature sensor 60 may be thermally connected to each other. Therefore, thermal coupling between the busbar 10 and the temperature sensor 60 can be improved. According to the configuration, the temperature of the shunt resistor portion which is the base of the resistance value is reliably detected, and the accuracy of current detection can be improved.

    [0036] Although the shunt resistor based current sensors of the embodiments have been described, the invention is not limited to the embodiments, and various changes can be made within the scope of the invention. For example, the busbar is not limited to the mode in which it includes the shunt resistor portion in a part of it, but also configured so that all of it is caused to function as the shunt resistor portion.

    [0037]  Although the invention has been described in detail and with reference to the specific embodiments, it is obvious to a person skilled in the art that various changes and modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the claims.

    Industrial Applicability



    [0038] The invention achieves an effect that the temperature of the shunt resistor portion (SR) which is the base of the resistance reliably detected, whereby the accuracy of current detection can be improved, and is useful in the field of a shunt resistor based current sensor.

    Reference Signs List



    [0039] 
    1
    shunt resistor based current sensor
    10
    busbar
    11
    through hole
    12
    through hole
    20
    circuit board
    21
    circuit pattern
    30
    voltage detection IC
    40
    connection terminal portion
    45
    connecting portion
    50
    spacer
    60
    temperature sensor
    70
    battery
    71
    battery post
    72
    fixing screw
    80
    heat conduction member
    SR
    shunt resistor portion
    W
    wire harness



    Claims

    1. A shunt resistor based current sensor (1) comprising:

    a busbar (10) that includes a shunt resistor portion (SR), and that has a substantially planar plate shape;

    a circuit board (20) that is disposed on the busbar (10);

    a pair of connection terminal portions (40) that are disposed corresponding to both end portions of the shunt resistor portion (SR), and that are electrically connected to the circuit board (20);

    a voltage detecting unit (30) that is disposed on the circuit board (20), and that detects a value of a voltage which is applied to the circuit board (20) through the pair of connection terminal portions (40), in order to detect a magnitude of a current to be measured flowing through the busbar (10); and

    a temperature detecting unit (60) that is disposed on the circuit board (20), and that detects a temperature of a vicinity of the busbar (10) in order to allow the voltage detecting unit (30) to perform correction,

    characterized in that

    the temperature detecting unit (60) is placed positionally corresponding to a central portion of the shunt resistor portion (SR) in the busbar (10),

    wherein the busbar (10) further has a connecting portion (45) which is connected to the circuit board (20) by deforming a part of the busbar (10) toward the circuit board (20).


     
    2. The shunt resistor based current sensor (1) according to claim 1, further comprising: a heat conduction member (80) that is interposed between the busbar (10) and the circuit board (20).
     
    3. The shunt resistor based current sensor (1) according to claim 1, wherein the circuit board (20) includes a pattern (21) which is located between the connecting portion (45) and the temperature detecting unit (60).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Ein Shunt-Widerstand basierter Stromsensor (1), aufweisend:

    eine Stromschiene (10), die einen Shunt-Widerstandsabschnitt (SR) beinhaltet, und die eine im Wesentlichen ebene Plattenform aufweist;

    eine Leiterplatte (20), die auf der Sammelschiene (10) angeordnet ist;

    ein Paar von Verbindungsanschlussabschnitten (40), die entsprechend beiden Endabschnitten des Shunt-Widerstandsabschnitts (SR) angeordnet sind, und die elektrisch mit der Leiterplatte (20) verbunden sind;

    eine Spannungsermittlungseinheit (30), die auf der Leiterplatte (20) angeordnet ist, und

    die einen Wert einer Spannung, die auf die Leiterplatte (20) durch das Paar von Verbindungsanschlussabschnitten (40) aufgebracht wird, ermittelt, um eine Größe eines zu messenden Stroms, der durch die Stromschiene (10) fließt, zu ermitteln; und

    eine Temperaturermittlungseinheit (60), die auf der Leiterplatte (20) angeordnet ist, und die eine Temperatur einer Umgebung der Stromschiene (10) ermittelt, um es der Spannungsermittlungseinheit (30) zu erlauben, Korrektur durchzuführen,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die Temperaturermittlungseinheit (60) positionell entsprechend einem Mittelabschnitt des Shunt-Widerstandsabschnitts (SR) in der Stromschiene (10) platziert ist,

    wobei die Stromschiene (10) weiterhin einen Verbindungsabschnitt (45) aufweist, der mit der Leiterplatte (20) durch Verformen eines Teils der Stromschiene (10) zu der Leiterplatte (20) hin verbunden ist.


     
    2. Der Shunt-Widerstand basierte Stromsensor (1) gemäß Anspruch 1, weiterhin aufweisend: ein Wärmeleitungselement (80), das zwischen die Stromschiene (10) und die Leiterplatte (20) zwischengeschaltet ist.
     
    3. Der Shunt-Widerstand basierte Stromsensor (1) gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die Leiterplatte (20) ein Muster (21) beinhaltet, das zwischen dem Verbindungsabschnitt (45) und der Temperaturermittlungseinheit (60) gelegen ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Capteur de courant à résistance shunt (1) comprenant:

    un jeu de barres (10) comprenant une partie de résistance shunt (SR) et plus ou moins en forme de plaque plane;

    une carte de circuit imprimé (20) qui est disposée sur le jeu de barres (10);

    une paire de parties de bornes de connexion (40) disposées en correspondance avec les deux parties d'extrémité de la partie de résistance shunt (SR) connectée électriquement à la carte de circuit imprimé (20);

    une unité de détection de tension (30) qui est disposée sur la carte de circuit imprimé (20) et qui détecte une valeur d'une tension qui est appliquée à la carte de circuit imprimé (20) à travers la paire de bornes de connexion (40), afin de détecter la magnitude d'un courant à mesurer traversant le jeu de barres (10); et

    une unité de détection de température (60) qui est disposée sur la carte de circuit imprimé (20) et qui détecte une température de proximité du jeu de barres (10) afin de permettre à l'unité de détection de tension (30) d'effectuer la correction,

    caractérisé en ce que

    l'unité de détection de température (60) est placée en position correspondant à une partie centrale de la partie de résistance shunt (SR) dans le jeu de barres(10),

    dans lequel le jeu de barres (10) présente en outre une partie connexion (45) qui est connectée à la carte de circuit imprimé (20) en déformant une partie du jeu de barres (10) en direction de la carte de circuit imprimé (20).


     
    2. Capteur de courant à résistance shunt (1) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre: un élément de conduction thermique (80) interposé entre le jeu de barres (10) et la carte de circuit imprimé (20).
     
    3. Capteur de courant à résistance shunt (1) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la carte de circuit imprimé (20) comprend un motif (21) qui est situé entre la partie connexion (45) et l'unité de détection de température (60).
     




    Drawing


















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description