(19)
(11)EP 2 802 747 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
19.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/25

(21)Application number: 12865495.1

(22)Date of filing:  27.12.2012
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F01D 25/16  (2006.01)
F02C 7/36  (2006.01)
F02C 7/12  (2006.01)
F02K 3/06  (2006.01)
F02C 7/06  (2006.01)
F02C 7/28  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2012/071827
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/106201 (18.07.2013 Gazette  2013/29)

(54)

GAS TURBINE ENGINE FORWARD BEARING COMPARTMENT ARCHITECTURE

ARCHITEKTUR FÜR LAGERGEHÄUSE VOR EINEM GASTURBINENMOTOR

ARCHITECTURE DE COMPARTIMENT DE PALIER AVANT DE MOTEUR À TURBINE À GAZ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 10.01.2012 US 201213346832

(43)Date of publication of application:
19.11.2014 Bulletin 2014/47

(73)Proprietors:
  • United Technologies Corporation
    Farmington, CT 06032 (US)
  • Munsell, Peter M.
    Granby, Connecticut 06035 (US)
  • Stripinis, Philip S.
    Rocky Hill, Connecticut 06067 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • MUNSELL, Peter M.
    Granby, Connecticut 06035 (US)
  • STRIPINIS, Philip S.
    Rocky Hill, Connecticut 06067 (US)

(74)Representative: Dehns 
St. Brides House 10 Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8JD
London EC4Y 8JD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 362 081
US-A- 3 990 814
US-A1- 2007 084 188
US-A1- 2009 081 039
EP-A2- 2 213 864
US-A- 3 990 814
US-A1- 2007 193 276
US-A1- 2010 160 105
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to a gas turbine engine, and in particular, to a case structure therefor.

    [0002] Geared turbofan architectures may utilize epicyclic reduction gearboxes with planetary or star gear trains for their compact design and efficient high gear reduction capabilities. The geared turbofan architecture de-couples a fan rotor from a low spool through the reduction gearbox which results in isolation of the forwardmost bearing compartment.

    [0003] A prior art gas turbine engine, having the features of the preamble of claim 1, is disclosed in EP 2362081 A1. A prior art gas turbine engine is disclosed in US 2009/0081039 A1.

    SUMMARY



    [0004] The present invention provides a gas turbine engine as recited in claim 1, and a method as recited in claim 12.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0005] Various features will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description of the disclosed non-limiting embodiment. The drawings that accompany the detailed description can be briefly described as follows:

    Figure 1 is a schematic cross-section of a gas turbine engine;

    Figure 2 is an enlarged schematic cross-section of a sectional of the gas turbine engine;

    Figure 3 is a schematic view of a gas turbine engine with a bearing compartment passage structure which bypasses around a geared architecture; and

    Figure 4 is an enlarged schematic cross-section of a sectional of the gas turbine engine, which illustrates the bearing compartment passage structure.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0006] Figure 1 schematically illustrates a gas turbine engine 20. The gas turbine engine 20 is disclosed herein as a two-spool turbofan that generally incorporates a fan section 22, a compressor section 24, a combustor section 26 and a turbine section 28. Alternative engines might include an augmentor section (not shown) among other systems or features. The fan section 22 drives air along a bypass flowpath while the compressor section 24 drives air along a core flowpath for compression and communication into the combustor section 26 then expansion through the turbine section 28. Although depicted as a turbofan gas turbine engine in the disclosed non-limiting embodiment, it should be understood that the concepts described herein are not limited to use with turbofans as the teachings may be applied to other types of turbine engines such as a three-spool (plus fan) engine wherein an intermediate spool includes an intermediate pressure compressor (IPC) between the LPC and HPC and an intermediate pressure turbine (IPT) between the HPT and LPT.

    [0007] The engine 20 generally includes a low spool 30 and a high spool 32 mounted for rotation about an engine central longitudinal axis A relative to an engine static structure 36 via several bearing structures 38. The low spool 30 generally includes an inner shaft 40 that interconnects a fan 42, a low pressure compressor 44 ("LPC") and a low pressure turbine 46 ("LPT"). The inner shaft 40 drives the fan 42 through a geared architecture 48 to drive the fan 42 at a lower speed than the low spool 30. An exemplary reduction transmission is an epicyclic transmission, namely a planetary or star gear system.

    [0008] The high spool 32 includes an outer shaft 50 that interconnects a high pressure compressor 52 ("HPC") and high pressure turbine 54 ("HPT"). A combustor 56 is arranged between the high pressure compressor 52 and the high pressure turbine 54. The inner shaft 40 and the outer shaft 50 are concentric and rotate about the engine central longitudinal axis A which is collinear with their longitudinal axes.

    [0009] Core airflow is compressed by the low pressure compressor 44 then the high pressure compressor 52, mixed with the fuel and burned in the combustor 56, then expanded over the high pressure turbine 54 and low pressure turbine 46. The turbines 54, 46 rotationally drive the respective low spool 30 and high spool 32 in response to the expansion.

    [0010] The engine shafts 40, 50 are supported at a plurality of points by bearing structures 38 within the engine static structure 36. In one non-limiting embodiment, bearing structures 38 includes a #1 bearing structure 38-1 forward of the gearbox 72 and a #2 bearing structure 38-2 located aft of the gearbox 72.

    [0011] With reference to Figure 2, the engine static structure 36 proximate the compressor section 24 generally includes a front center body case structure 60 and an intermediate case structure 62 which mounts aft of the front center body case structure 60. It should be appreciated that various case structures may alternatively or additionally be provided, yet benefit from the architecture described herein.

    [0012] The front center body case structure 60 generally defines an annular core flow path 64A for the core airflow into the low pressure compressor 44. The intermediate case structure 62 defines the core flow path 64B aft of the core flow path 64A into the high pressure compressor 52 core flow path 64C. The core flow path 64B is generally radially inward of the core flow path 64A to transition into the radially smaller diameter core flow path 64C. That is, the core flow path 64B generally defines a "wasp waist" gas turbine engine architecture.

    [0013] The #2 bearing structure 38-2 at least partially supports the inner shaft 40 relative to the front center body case structure 60. A #3 bearing structure 38-3 generally supports the outer shaft 50 relative the intermediate case structure 62. That is, the #2 bearing structure 38-2 at least partially supports the low spool 30 and the #3 bearing structure 38-3 at least partially supports the high spool 32. It should be appreciated that various bearing systems such as thrust bearing structures and mount arrangements will benefit herefrom.

    [0014] A flex support 68 provides a flexible attachment of the geared architecture 48 within the front center body case structure 60. The flex support 68 reacts the torsional loads from the geared architecture 48 and facilitates vibration absorption as well as other support functions. A centering spring 70, which is a generally cylindrical cage-like structural component with a multiple of beams that extend between flange end structures, resiliently positions the #2 bearing structure 38-2 with respect to the low spool 30. In one embodiment, the beams are double-tapered beams arrayed circumferentially to control a radial spring rate that may be selected based on a plurality of considerations including, but not limited to, bearing loading, bearing life, rotor dynamics, and rotor deflection considerations.

    [0015] The gearbox 72 of the geared architecture 48 is driven by the low spool 30 in the disclosed non-limiting embodiment through a coupling shaft 74. The coupling shaft 74 transfers torque through the #2 bearing structure 38-2 to the gearbox 72 as well as facilitates the segregation of vibrations and other transients. The coupling shaft 74 in the disclosed non-limiting embodiment includes a forward coupling shaft section 76 and an aft coupling shaft section 78. The forward coupling shaft section 76 includes an interface spline 80 which mates with the gearbox 72. An interface spline 82 of the aft coupling shaft section 78 connects the coupling shaft 74 to the low spool 30 through, in this non limiting embodiment, a low pressure compressor hub 84 of the low pressure compressor 44.

    [0016] A fan rotor bearing support structure 86 aft of the fan 42 extends radially inward from the front center body case structure 60. The fan rotor bearing support structure 86 and the front center body case structure 60 defines a bearing compartment B-2. It should be appreciated that various bearing structures 38 and seals 88 may be supported by the fan rotor bearing support structure 86 to contain oil and support rotation of an output shaft 100 which connects with the geared architecture 48 to drive the fan 42.

    [0017] The low pressure compressor hub 84 of the low pressure compressor 44 includes a tubular hub 90 and a frustro-conical web 92. The tubular hub 90 mounts to the inner shaft 40 through, for example, a splined interface adjacent to the #2 bearing structure 38-2. The frustro-conical web 92 extends in a forwardly direction from the tubular hub 90 axially between the #2 bearing structure 38-2 and the #3 bearing structure 38-3. That is, the frustro-conical web 92 is axially located between the bearing structures 38-2, 38-3.

    [0018] The #1 bearing structure 38-1 supports the output shaft 100 which connects the geared architecture 48 to the fan 42. The #1 bearing structure 38-1 is located within a bearing compartment B-1 that is isolated by the geared architecture 48 from bearing compartment B-2. That is, the #1 bearing compartment B-1 is isolated from the engine core aft of the geared architecture 48 and receives its buffer pressurization supply of buffer supply air through a #1 bearing compartment passage structure 110 that crosses the annular core flow path 64A for the core airflow into the low pressure compressor 44 (Figure 3).

    [0019] With reference to Figure 4, the #1 bearing compartment passage structure 110 is in communication with the core engine such as with the high pressure compressor 52 to supply a higher pressure bleed air flow of buffer supply air into the #1 bearing compartment B-1 such as the seal 88-1 to, for example, pressurize the seal 88-1 and seal lubricating fluid with respect to the #1 bearing structure 38-1. The buffer supply air may be communicated from various other sources and may pass through, for example, a conditioning device 112 such as a buffer heat exchanger. The conditioning device 112 may further condition bleed flow C1, C2 from the high pressure compressor It should be appreciated the various bleed sources from the high pressure compressor 52 may be selected through a valve 116.

    [0020] The #1 bearing compartment passage structure 110 may be at least partially defined by a hollow front center body strut 60S of the front center body case structure 60 to permit the buffer supply air to cross the annular core flow path 64A without flow interference. That is, the buffer supply air is communicated through the hollow front center body strut 60S and the core airflow passes around the hollow front center body strut 60S.

    [0021] From the hollow front center body strut 60S, the buffer supply air is communicated through a passage 114 in the fan rotor bearing support structure 86 to, for example, the seal 88-1. It should be appreciated that various passages may alternatively or additionally be provided.

    [0022] The passage of buffer supply air through the fan rotor bearing support structure 86 advantageously promotes heat transfer between the buffer supply air and the #1 bearing compartment B-1 to reduce buffer supply air maximum temperate at high power condition and increases buffer supply air minimum temperatures at lower power settings. As the #1 bearing structure 38-1 operates at a generally constant temperature, the #1 bearing compartment B-1 operates as a thermal ground with respect to the buffer supply air.

    [0023] Downstream of the #1 bearing compartment B-1, the buffer supply air may be communicated in various manners for various usages such as toward the spinner 120 to facilitate spinner die-icing. The buffer supply air may alternatively or additionally be ejected outward aft of the fan 42 to recirculate into the annular core flow path 64A to minimize any effect upon engine efficiency.

    [0024] It should be understood that like reference numerals identify corresponding or similar elements throughout the several drawings. It should also be understood that although a particular component arrangement is disclosed in the illustrated embodiment, other arrangements will benefit herefrom.

    [0025] Although particular step sequences are shown, described, and claimed, it should be understood that steps may be performed in any order, separated or combined unless otherwise indicated and will still benefit from the present invention.

    [0026] Although the different examples have specific components shown in the illustrations, embodiments of this invention are not limited to those particular combinations. It is possible to use some of the components or features from one of the examples in combination with features or components from another one of the examples.

    [0027] The foregoing description is exemplary rather than defined by the limitations within. Various non-limiting embodiments are disclosed herein, however, one of ordinary skill in the art would recognize that various modifications and variations in light of the above teachings will fall within the scope of the appended claims. It is therefore to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be practiced other than as specifically described. For that reason the appended claims should be studied to determine true scope and content.


    Claims

    1. A gas turbine engine (20) comprising:

    a front center body case structure (60) that defines a core flow path (64A) for a core airflow;

    a geared architecture (48) at least partially supported by said front center body case structure (60); and

    a bearing structure (38-1) mounted to said front center body case structure (60) to rotationally support a shaft driven by said geared architecture (48), wherein the bearing structure (38-1) is located within a bearing compartment (B-1) that is isolated from the engine core aft of the geared architecture (48),
    characterised by:
    a bearing compartment passage structure (110) in fluid communication with the core engine to supply buffer supply air into said bearing compartment (B-1) and said bearing structure (38-1) through said front center body case structure (60).


     
    2. The gas turbine engine (20) as recited in claim 1, wherein said bearing structure (38-1) includes a seal (88-1).
     
    3. The gas turbine engine (20) as recited in claim 1 or 2, wherein said bearing structure (38-1) includes a bearing.
     
    4. The gas turbine engine (20) as recited in any of claims 1 to 3, wherein said bearing compartment passage structure (110) includes a hollow front center body strut (60S).
     
    5. The gas turbine engine (20) as recited in claim 4, wherein said hollow front center body strut (60S) is in fluid communication with a fan rotor bearing support structure (86) which at least partially supports said bearing structure (38-1).
     
    6. The gas turbine engine (20) as recited in any preceding claim, further comprising a conditioning device (112) in communication with said bearing compartment passage structure (110).
     
    7. The gas turbine engine (20) as recited in claim 6, wherein said conditioning device (112) is a heat exchanger.
     
    8. The gas turbine engine (20) as recited in claim 6 or 7, wherein said conditioning device (112) is in communication with a high pressure compressor (52).
     
    9. The gas turbine engine (20) as recited in any of claims 6 to 8, wherein said conditioning device (112) is radially outboard of a low pressure compressor (44).
     
    10. The gas turbine engine (20) as recited in any preceding claim, wherein said shaft (74) drives a fan (42) through said geared architecture (48).
     
    11. The gas turbine engine (20) as recited in claim 10, wherein said bearing structure (38-1) is axially between said fan (42) and said geared architecture (48).
     
    12. A method of communicating a buffer supply air for a gas turbine engine (20) comprising:

    communicating a buffer supply air across an annular core flow path (64A);

    communicating the buffer supply air to a bearing compartment (B-1) that is forward of a geared architecture (48) and isolated from the engine core aft of the geared architecture (48); and

    communicating the buffer supply air to a bearing structure (38-1) mounted to a front center body case structure (60) which defines the annular core flow path (64A), the bearing structure (38-1) rotationally supporting a shaft (74) driven by a geared architecture (48).


     
    13. The method as recited in claim 12, further comprising communicating the buffer supply air through a hollow front center body strut (60S) of a front center body case structure (60) which defines the annular core flow path (64A), the hollow front center body strut (60S) within the annular core flow path (64A), and optionally communicating the buffer supply air through a conditioning device (112) upstream of the hollow front center body strut (60S).
     
    14. The method as recited in claim 12 or 13, further comprising driving a fan (42) through the geared architecture (48), the bearing structure (38-1) axially located between the fan (42) and the geared architecture (48).
     
    15. The method as recited in claim 14, further comprising communicating the buffer supply air to a spinner supported by the fan (42).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Gasturbinenmotor (20), umfassend:

    eine Vordermittelkörpergehäusestruktur (60), die eine Kernströmungsstrecke (64A) für einen Kernluftstrom definiert;

    eine Getriebearchitektur (48), die zumindest teilweise durch die Vordermittelkörpergehäusestruktur (60) gestützt wird; und

    eine Lagerstruktur (38-1), die an der Vordermittelkörpergehäusestruktur (60) angebracht ist, um eine Welle, die durch die Getriebearchitektur (48) angetrieben wird, drehend zu stützen, wobei sich die Lagerstruktur (38-1) innerhalb eines Lagergehäuses (B-1) befindet, das von dem Motorkern hinter der Getriebearchitektur (48) isoliert ist,

    gekennzeichnet durch:
    eine Lagergehäusedurchlassstruktur (110) in Fluidkommunikation mit dem Kernmotor, um dem Lagergehäuse (B-1) und der Lagerstruktur (38-1) durch die Vordermittelkörpergehäusestruktur (60) Pufferzufuhrluft zuzuführen.


     
    2. Gasturbinenmotor (20) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Lagerstruktur (38-1) eine Dichtung (88-1) beinhaltet.
     
    3. Gasturbinenmotor (20) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Lagerstruktur (38-1) ein Lager beinhaltet.
     
    4. Gasturbinenmotor (20) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die Lagergehäusedurchlassstruktur (110) eine hohle Vordermittelkörperstrebe (60S) beinhaltet.
     
    5. Gasturbinenmotor (20) nach Anspruch 4, wobei die hohle Vordermittelkörperstrebe (60S) in Fluidkommunikation mit einer Gebläserotorlagerstützstruktur (86) steht, die die Lagerstruktur (38-1) zumindest teilweise stützt.
     
    6. Gasturbinenmotor (20) nach einem vorhergehenden Anspruch, ferner umfassend eine Konditionierungsvorrichtung (112) in Kommunikation mit der Lagergehäusedurchlassstruktur (110).
     
    7. Gasturbinenmotor (20) nach Anspruch 6, wobei die Konditionierungsvorrichtung (112) ein Wärmetauscher ist.
     
    8. Gasturbinenmotor (20) nach Anspruch 6 oder 7, wobei die Konditionierungsvorrichtung (112) in Kommunikation mit einem Hochdruckverdichter (52) steht.
     
    9. Gasturbinenmotor (20) nach einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 8, wobei sich die Konditionierungsvorrichtung (112) radial außerhalb eines Niederdruckverdichters (44) befindet.
     
    10. Gasturbinenmotor (20) nach einem vorhergehenden Anspruch, wobei die Welle (74) ein Gebläse (42) durch die Getriebearchitektur (48) antreibt.
     
    11. Gasturbinenmotor (20) nach Anspruch 10, wobei sich die Lagerstruktur (38-1) axial zwischen dem Gebläse (42) und der Getriebearchitektur (48) befindet.
     
    12. Verfahren zum Kommunizieren einer Pufferzufuhrluft für einen Gasturbinenmotor (20), umfassend:

    Kommunizieren einer Pufferzufuhrluft quer durch eine ringförmige Kernströmungsstrecke (64A);

    Kommunizieren der Pufferzufuhrluft zu einem Lagergehäuse (B-1), das sich vor einer Getriebearchitektur (48) befindet und von dem Motorkern hinter der Getriebearchitektur (48) isoliert ist; und

    Kommunizieren der Pufferzufuhrluft zu einer Lagerstruktur (38-1), die an einer Vordermittelkörpergehäusestruktur (60) angebracht ist, die die ringförmige Kernströmungsstrecke (64A) definiert, wobei die Lagerstruktur (38-1) eine Welle (74), die durch eine Getriebearchitektur (48) angetrieben wird, drehend stützt.


     
    13. Verfahren nach Anspruch 12, ferner umfassend das Kommunizieren der Pufferzufuhrluft durch eine hohle Vordermittelkörperstrebe (60S) einer Vordermittelkörpergehäusestruktur (60), die die ringförmige Kernströmungsstrecke (64A) definiert, wobei sich die hohle Vordermittelkörperstrebe (60S) innerhalb der ringförmigen Kernströmungsstrecke (64A) befindet, und optional das Kommunizieren der Pufferzufuhrluft durch eine Konditionierungsvorrichtung (112) stromaufwärts der hohlen Vordermittelkörperstrebe (60S).
     
    14. Verfahren nach Anspruch 12 oder 13, ferner umfassend das Antreiben eines Gebläses (42) durch die Getriebearchitektur (48), wobei sich die Lagerstruktur (38-1) axial zwischen dem Gebläse (42) und der Getriebearchitektur (48) befindet.
     
    15. Verfahren nach Anspruch 14, ferner umfassend das Kommunizieren der Pufferzufuhrluft zu einer Schleudervorrichtung, die durch das Gebläse (42) gestützt wird.
     


    Revendications

    1. Moteur à turbine à gaz (20) comprenant :

    une structure de carter de corps central avant (60) qui définit un chemin d'écoulement central (64A) pour un écoulement d'air central ;

    une architecture à engrenages (48) supportée au moins partiellement par ladite structure de carter de corps central avant (60) ; et

    une structure de palier (38-1) montée sur ladite structure de carter de corps central avant (60) pour supporter en rotation un arbre entraîné par ladite architecture à engrenages (48),

    dans lequel la structure de palier (38-1) est placée à l'intérieur d'un compartiment de palier (B-1) qui est isolé du noyau du moteur à l'arrière de l'architecture à engrenages (48),

    caractérisé par :
    une structure de passage de compartiment de palier (110) en communication fluidique avec le moteur central pour fournir de l'air d'alimentation tampon dans ledit compartiment de palier (B-1) et ladite structure de palier (38-1) à travers ladite structure de carter de corps central avant (60).


     
    2. Moteur à turbine à gaz (20) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite structure de palier (38-1) comporte un joint (88-1).
     
    3. Moteur à turbine à gaz (20) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel ladite structure de palier (38-1) comporte un palier.
     
    4. Moteur à turbine à gaz (20) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel ladite structure de passage de compartiment de palier (110) comporte une contrefiche de corps central avant creux (60S).
     
    5. Moteur à turbine à gaz (20) selon la revendication 4, dans lequel ladite contrefiche de corps central avant creux (60S) est en communication fluidique avec une structure de support de palier de rotor de soufflante (86) qui supporte au moins partiellement ladite structure de palier (38-1).
     
    6. Moteur à turbine à gaz (20) selon une quelconque revendication précédente, comprenant en outre un dispositif de conditionnement (112) en communication avec ladite structure de passage de compartiment de palier (110).
     
    7. Moteur à turbine à gaz (20) selon la revendication 6, dans lequel ledit dispositif de conditionnement (112) est un échangeur de chaleur.
     
    8. Moteur à turbine à gaz (20) selon la revendication 6 ou 7, dans lequel ledit dispositif de conditionnement (112) est en communication avec un compresseur haute pression (52).
     
    9. Moteur à turbine à gaz (20) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 6 à 8, dans lequel ledit dispositif de conditionnement (112) est radialement à l'extérieur d'un compresseur basse pression (44).
     
    10. Moteur à turbine à gaz (20) selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans lequel ledit arbre (74) entraîne une soufflante (42) par le biais de ladite architecture à engrenages (48).
     
    11. Moteur à turbine à gaz (20) selon la revendication 10, dans lequel ladite structure de palier (38-1) se trouve axialement entre ladite soufflante (42) et ladite architecture à engrenages (48).
     
    12. Procédé de communication d'un air d'alimentation tampon pour un moteur à turbine à gaz (20) comprenant :

    la communication d'un air d'alimentation tampon à travers un chemin d'écoulement central annulaire (64A) ;

    la communication de l'air d'alimentation tampon à un compartiment de palier (B-1) qui se trouve à l'avant d'une architecture à engrenages (48) et isolé du noyau du moteur à l'arrière de l'architecture à engrenages (48) ; et

    la communication de l'air d'alimentation tampon à une structure de palier (38-1) montée sur une structure de carter de corps central avant (60) qui définit un chemin d'écoulement central annulaire (64A), la structure de palier (38-1) supportant en rotation un arbre (74) entraîné par une architecture à engrenages (48).


     
    13. Procédé selon la revendication 12, comprenant en outre la communication de l'air d'alimentation tampon à travers une contrefiche de corps central avant creux (60S) d'une structure de carter de corps central avant (60) qui définit le chemin d'écoulement central annulaire (64A), la contrefiche de corps central avant creux (60S) à l'intérieur du chemin d'écoulement central annulaire (64A), et éventuellement la communication de l'air d'alimentation tampon par le biais d'un dispositif de conditionnement (112) en amont de la contrefiche de corps central avant creux (60S).
     
    14. Procédé selon la revendication 12 ou 13, comprenant en outre l'entraînement d'une soufflante (42) par le biais de l'architecture à engrenages (48), la structure de palier (38-1) étant située axialement entre la soufflante (42) et l'architecture à engrenages (48).
     
    15. Procédé selon la revendication 14, comprenant en outre la communication de l'air d'alimentation tampon à un cône d'hélice supporté par la soufflante (42).
     




    Drawing















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description