(19)
(11)EP 2 809 547 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
14.08.2019 Bulletin 2019/33

(21)Application number: 12867487.6

(22)Date of filing:  02.02.2012
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B60Q 1/44  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/SE2012/000011
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/115686 (08.08.2013 Gazette  2013/32)

(54)

A METHOD FOR ACTUATING A BRAKE LIGHT OF A HYDRAULIC DRIVEN WORKING MACHINE

VERFAHREN ZUR BETÄTIGUNG EINER BREMSLEUCHTE EINER HYDRAULISCH ANGETRIEBENEN ARBEITSMASCHINE

PROCÉDÉ DESTINÉ À ACTIVER UN FEU STOP D'UN ENGIN DE CHANTIER À COMMANDE HYDRAULIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
10.12.2014 Bulletin 2014/50

(73)Proprietor: Volvo Construction Equipment AB
631 85 Eskilstuna (SE)

(72)Inventors:
  • MÜLLER, Daniel
    54309 Newel (DE)
  • SCHAEFER, Thomas
    54292 Trier (DE)
  • FABER, Bernd
    54329 Konz (DE)

(74)Representative: Eisenführ Speiser 
Patentanwälte Rechtsanwälte PartGmbB Johannes-Brahms-Platz 1
20355 Hamburg
20355 Hamburg (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-00/14697
FR-A1- 2 690 396
GB-A- 2 229 002
GB-A- 2 380 250
US-A- 5 426 418
US-A1- 2003 043 033
DE-A1- 3 233 765
FR-A1- 2 690 396
GB-A- 2 380 250
JP-A- 2010 143 332
US-A- 5 852 399
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] A working machine typically has a service brake to decelerate the machine. A brake light illuminates whenever the machine is braked to warn others.

    [0002] The risks of that system are based on the fact that the one or more brake lights are only turned on when the brake pedal for the service brake is pushed. But very often the operator is not using the service brake, because hydraulically powered working machines can be braked hydraulically without using the service brake. This could be dangerous for someone driving behind if the brake lights are not turned on. To actuate the brake lights without actuating the service brake the following solutions are known in the prior art.

    [0003] The solution of US 3,827,522 and JP 1262231 A is based on detecting a pressure in the hydraulic system of a hydraulically propelled vehicle, wherein the detected hydraulic pressure is indicative of deceleration. Whenever the pressure exceeds a predetermined level corresponding to a braking or deceleration of the machine the brake lights are illuminated.

    [0004] JP 1111550A and JP 61212772A describe solutions of turning on brake lights based on the degree of machine deceleration. When the deceleration exceeds a predetermined value the brake lights are turned on.

    [0005] US 5,387,898 and US 2006/0125617 disclose systems for actuating brake lights based on a detection of an accelerator pedal motion and/or pedal position.

    [0006] According to its abstract, FR 2 690 396 A1 relates to a device that includes a contactor which detects the return of the accelerator pedal to its rest position to anticipate the application of the brakes. The operation of the contactor is enabled only if the selected gear ratio corresponds to the vehicle moving at significant speed. The contactor has a first switch controlled by the accelerator pedal so that it is active when the accelerator pedal has been released. A second switch is fitted inside the gearbox and is closed when top gear is engaged. A digital logic circuit accepts inputs from the two switches, and operates the braking indicator lights when both switches are in the active position.

    [0007] According to its abstract, JP 2010 143332 A relates to a control circuit that is provided to a lighting control device of the brake lamps of a vehicle traveling on a road, to input a vehicle operation condition signal from a sensor provided to the vehicle, shift lever operation signals by the driver, and operation amount signals of an accelerator pedal to the control circuit. The control lights the brake lamps by driving a brake lamp lighting circuit when a deceleration will of the driver is determined or when the deceleration will of the driver is estimated from the shift lever operation signals or the accelerator pedal operation amount signals while the vehicle operation condition is an acceleration condition.

    [0008] According to its abstract, DE 32 33 765 A1 relates to a drive device for the brake light of a vehicle, in particular of a motor vehicle. So that every kind of braking of the vehicle results in an indication by the brake light, a deceleration detection device is provided by means of which an output signal can be generated in the event of a vehicle deceleration and the brake light can be driven by said output signal.

    [0009] According to its abstract, GB 2 380 250 A relates to a warning system for a motor vehicle comprises means for monitoring deceleration of the vehicle, warning lights visible from the exterior of the vehicle and means for automatically illuminating the warning lights when deceleration of the vehicle exceeds a predetermined limit and the vehicle brakes are not applied. The warning lights may be the brake lights and/or hazard warning lights already fitted to the vehicle. The deceleration may be monitored through gear selection and vehicle and engine speeds, clutch torque, gearbox shaft speed, or an accelerometer.

    [0010] It is difficult and costly to incorporate brake light systems that detect hydrostatic deceleration and illuminate the brake lights even though the service brake is not activated.

    [0011] It is therefore an object of the invention to provide an improved method for actuating brake lights of a working machine.

    [0012] This object is achieved by the features of claim 1.

    [0013] With the invented method the brake lights are turned on if the service brake is activated or if the service brake is not activated and a few monitored parameters fulfill predetermined criteria dependent on a selected machine gear.

    [0014] Advantages of the invention can be gathered from the following description and the dependent claims.

    [0015] The invention will be explained in more detail below by using the exemplary embodiment illustrated in the appended drawings, in which:

    Fig. 1 shows, schematically, a hydraulic circuit of a working machine according to the invention;

    Fig. 2 shows, schematically, a block diagram of an automatic brake light actuation.



    [0016] The invention can be applied in a hydraulic transmission system of a working machine 100. The invention is particularly useful for an open loop hydraulic system.

    [0017] The system according to Fig. 1 comprises a prime mover that is a diesel engine 1 which is driving a hydraulic pump 2. This hydraulic pump 2 is generating a hydraulic flow to a main control valve 4. If the operator of the machine wants to travel he has to operate a travel pedal 22 to generate a hydraulic pressure. This pressure is going to a travel direction valve 21. With this travel direction valve 21 a travel direction of the machine either forward or backward is selected. The travel direction is selected by the operator with a travel direction switch 19.

    [0018] The travel direction valve 21 sends the hydraulic pressure generated by the travel pedal 22 either to a travel pilot line 4a or 4b depending on the selected travel direction. This pressure is moving the travel control spool in the main control valve 4 in the selected direction.

    [0019] The hydraulic flow generated by the hydraulic pump 2 is sent over work lines 5a or 5b to a travel device 23. At the same time the load pressure of the travel device 23 is sent over a load sensing line to a pump controller 3 and a swivel angle control spool 2a is moved from 0 to the maximum swivel angle position.

    [0020] In the travel device 23 the oil is going over check valves 12a or 12b to a travel motor 9 and the travel motor 9 is starting to turn. The travel motor 9 is connected to a travel gear box 13 and the travel gear box 13 is driving the wheels of the machine over two propel shafts and two axles. The returning oil from the travel motor 9 is going over the brake valve 11 and the work lines 5a and 5b to the travel control valve and from there to the tank. The travel device 23 preferably comprises a travel motor 9 with a variable displacement and a travel motor displacement control valve 7 connected to a travel motor displacement control spool 8. A pilot gear pump 15 is connected via a gear shift valve 17 to the travel gear box 13. A gear selector switch 16 is operationally connected with the gear shift valve 17.

    [0021] The spool of the brake valve 11 is as long in neutral position as the pressure in the work lines 5a and 5b is almost the same. If the pressure in one of the two lines is rising because the main valve 4 is sending oil to the travel device 23 the spool of the brake valve 11 is moving and opens a connection to the work lines 5a and 5b so that the returning oil from the travel motor 9 can return to the main control valve 4. In the neutral position all ports of the brake valve 11 are closed.

    [0022] Now, when the operator is decelerating the machine by reducing the stroke of the travel pedal 22 the supply pressure to the travel device 23 is collapsing and the spool of the brake valve 11 is moving to the neutral position. Due to this the travel motor 9 is pumping the oil against the closed spool of the brake valve 11 and the oil is moving in a small circuit between the travel motor 9 and the brake valve 11 over pressure lines 6a and 6b until pressure relief valves 10a or 10b are opening. This results in a hydrostatic caused deceleration of the machine. This deceleration is realized without using a service brake of the machine.

    [0023] If the operator is using the service brake by pushing a brake pedal 24 the pressure generated by a brake pump 29 and stored in the accumulators 30 is sent to a service brake front 25 and a service brake rear 26. From a brake pressure sensor 28 a control unit 40 gets the information that the service brake is activated by pushing the brake pedal 24 and turning on brake lights 27.

    [0024] Input signals of the control unit 40 are further provided via signal lines by a travel speed sensor 14, a travel/work selector switch 18, a travel direction switch 19, a travel pedal pressure sensor 20 and the gear selector switch 16.

    [0025] The output signals of the control unit 40 are signals transmitted over the signal lines to at least the engine 1 and the brake lights 27.

    [0026] According to the invention the brake lights 27 are also turned on if the service brake pedal 24 is not pushed due to an automatic brake light activation under certain circumstances as described below. At least one brake light 27 is also sufficient.

    [0027] A method for actuating a brake light of a hydraulic driven working machine comprises an equipment to detect the condition of travel including a travel speed sensor 14, a gear selector switch 16, a travel/work selector switch 18, a travel direction switch 19 and a travel pedal pressure sensor 20. In a travel mode or a working mode of the working machine the equipment automatically activates a brake light 27 via a control circuit 40 depending on the selected gear if the machine decelerates without pushing the brake pedal 24.

    [0028] The brake light 27 can further be turned on via the pushing of the brake pedal 24 being detected by a brake pressure sensor 28.

    [0029] Depending on the selection between at least three different gears the equipment can automatically activate the brake light 27 via the control circuit 40 if a gear greater 1 is selected and the travel direction switch 19 is changed. Depending on the selection between at least three different gears the equipment can automatically activate the brake light 27 via the control circuit 40 if a gear greater 1 is selected and the travel pedal pressure sensor 20 detects a release of the travel pedal 22. As a further criteria the travel speed detected by the travel speed sensor 14 should exceed 5 km/h.

    [0030] Depending on the selection between at least three different gears the equipment can automatically activate the brake light 27 via the control circuit 40 if a gear greater 1 is selected and the travel pedal pressure sensor 20 detects a release of the travel pedal 22 above a predetermined value. As a further criteria the travel speed detected by the speed sensor 14 should exceed 15 km/h.

    [0031] Depending on the selection between at least three different gears the equipment automatically activates the brake light 27 via the control circuit 40 if a third gear is selected and a malfunction of the equipment is detected. The travel speed detected by the speed sensor 14 should then exceed 15 km/h.

    [0032] A basic criteria is that the machine has at least three gears, typically named snail, turtle and rabbit. Embodiments for the automatic brake light activation are as follows:
    In the slowest gear, a first snail gear, the machine reaches only a low speed of for example approximately 2 to 5 km/h. In this gear there is no function for an automatic brake light activation independent from the pushing of a brake pedal since the machine is standing still immediately.

    [0033] In a medium fast gear, a second turtle gear, the machine reaches a medium speed of for example approximately 5 to 10 km/h. Thus, the deceleration can reach a value where it is useful to activate an automatic brake light if there is an abrupt travel change such as a reversing of the travel direction by tripping the travel direction switch 19 or a stopping of the machine by lifting the foot fully from the travel pedal 22. There is no function of the automatic brake light activation if the operator just decelerates the machine by reducing the stroke of the travel pedal.

    [0034] In a fast gear, a third rabbit gear, the machine reaches dependent on the speed version of the machine a speed exceeding at least 10 km/h, in particular 20, 25 or 35 km/h. Thus, the deceleration can reach a value where it is useful to activate an automatic brake light if there is an abrupt travel change such as a reversing of the travel direction by tripping the travel direction switch 19 or a stopping of the machine by lifting the foot fully from the travel pedal 22. In addition, the automatic brake light activation is applied if the operator decelerates the machine by reducing the stroke of the travel pedal above a defined value.

    [0035] As shown in Fig. 2 the function of the automatic brake light activation is controlled by an equipment that detects the condition of travel as follows: The brake pedal pressure is detected by the brake pressure sensor 28. The travel speed is detected by the travel speed sensor 14. The gear is detected by the gear selector switch 16.The reversing of the travel direction is detected by the travel direction switch 19. The stopping of the machine is detected by the travel pedal pressure sensor 20. If this value is decreasing from a value X to 0 bar it is recognized as a stopping. The deceleration of the machine is detected by the travel pedal pressure sensor 20. If the gradient of decrease of this pressure is above a certain value it is regarded as a deceleration high enough to turn on the brake lights.

    [0036] The brake lights 27 can also be turned on if there is a malfunction of a sensor or any other component which is leading to a deceleration that is fulfilling the above mentioned criteria. Another feature is flashing brake lights 27 in an especially dangerous situation. There are two situations that are considered to be very dangerous. An emergency braking of the service brake pedal 24 with a deceleration that is above a certain value. The deceleration can be calculated from the machine speed which is detected by the travel speed sensor 14. Secondly, if a control lockout lever (not shown) of the machine is put down. In both cases the machine should be in the third gear and the machine should run above a certain speed.


    Claims

    1. A method for actuating a brake light of a hydraulic driven working machine comprising an equipment to detect the condition of travel including a travel speed sensor (14), a gear selector switch (16), a travel direction switch (19) and a travel pedal pressure sensor (20), wherein the equipment automatically activates a brake light (27) via a control circuit (40) depending on the selected gear if the machine decelerates without the brake pedal (24) being pushed, characterized in that depending on the selection between at least three different gears the equipment automatically activates the brake light (27) via the control circuit (40) if a gear higher than the lowest one is selected and the travel direction switch (19) is changed.
     
    2. A method according claim 1, characterized in that the brake light (27) is further turned on via the pushing of the brake pedal (24) being detected by a brake pressure sensor (28).
     
    3. A method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that depending on the selection between at least three different gears the equipment automatically activates the brake light (27) via the control circuit (40) if a gear higher than the lowest one is selected and the travel pedal pressure sensor (20) detects a release of the travel pedal (22).
     
    4. A method according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that as a further criteria the travel speed detected by the travel speed sensor (14) exceeds 5 km/h.
     
    5. A method according to any one of the claims 1 to 4, characterized in that depending on the selection between at least three different gears the equipment automatically activates the brake light (27) via the control circuit (40) if a gear higher than the lowest one is selected and the travel pedal pressure sensor (20) detects a release of the travel pedal (22) above a predetermined value.
     
    6. A method according to claim 5, characterized in that as a further criteria the travel speed detected by the speed sensor (14) exceeds 15 km/h.
     
    7. A method according to any one of the claims 1 to 6, characterized in that depending on the selection between at least three different gears the equipment automatically activates the brake light (27) via the control circuit (40) if a third gear is selected, the travel speed detected by the speed sensor (14) exceeds 15 km/h and a malfunction of the equipment is detected.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zum Betätigen eines Bremslichts einer hydraulisch angetriebenen Arbeitsmaschine mit einer Ausrüstung, um den Fahrzustand zu erfassen, einschließlich eines Fahrgeschwindigkeitssensors (14), eines Gangwahlschalters (16), eines Fahrtrichtungsschalters (19) und eines Fahrpedaldrucksensors (20), wobei die Ausrüstung automatisch ein Bremslicht (27) über eine Steuerschaltung (40) abhängig von dem gewählten Gang aktiviert, wenn die Maschine langsamer wird ohne dass das Bremspedal (24) gedrückt ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass abhängig von der Auswahl zwischen mindestens drei unterschiedlichen Gängen die Ausrüstung automatisch das Bremslicht (27) über die Steuerschaltung (40) aktiviert, wenn ein Gang höher als der niedrigste ausgewählt wird und der Fahrtrichtungsschalter (19) gewechselt wird.
     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Bremslicht (27) darüber hinaus durch das Drücken des Bremspedals (24), erfasst durch einen Bremsdrucksensor (28), eingeschaltet wird.
     
    3. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass abhängig von der Auswahl zwischen mindestens drei unterschiedlichen Gängen die Ausrüstung automatisch das Bremslicht (27) über die Steuerschaltung (40) aktiviert, wenn ein Gang höher als der niedrigste ausgewählt wird und der Fahrpedaldrucksensor (20) ein Lösen des Fahrpedals (22) erfasst.
     
    4. Verfahren nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass als ein weiteres Kriterium die durch den Fahrgeschwindigkeitssensor (14) erfasste Fahrgeschwindigkeit 5 km/h übersteigt.
     
    5. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass abhängig von der Auswahl zwischen mindestens drei unterschiedlichen Gängen die Ausrüstung automatisch das Bremslicht (27) über die Steuerschaltung (40) aktiviert, wenn ein Gang höher als der niedrigste ausgewählt wird und der Fahrpedaldrucksensor (20) ein Lösen des Fahrpedals (20) oberhalb eines vorbestimmten Wertes erfasst.
     
    6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass als ein weiteres Kriterium die durch den Geschwindigkeitssensor (14) erfasste Fahrgeschwindigkeit 15 km/h übersteigt.
     
    7. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass abhängig von der Auswahl zwischen mindestens drei unterschiedlichen Gängen die Ausrüstung automatisch das Bremslicht (27) über die Steuerschaltung (40) aktiviert, wenn ein dritter Gang ausgewählt wird, die von dem Geschwindigkeitssensor (14) erfasste Fahrgeschwindigkeit 15 km/h übersteigt und eine Fehlfunktion der Ausrüstung erfasst wird.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé d'actionnement d'un feu de freinage d'un engin de chantier à commande hydraulique comprenant un équipement pour détecter l'état de déplacement comportant un capteur de vitesse de déplacement (14), un commutateur sélecteur de vitesse (16), un commutateur de sens de déplacement (19) et un capteur de pression de pédale de mouvement (20), dans lequel l'équipement active automatiquement un feu de freinage (27) par l'intermédiaire d'un circuit de commande (40) en fonction de la vitesse sélectionnée si l'engin décélère sans que la pédale de frein (24) soit enfoncée, caractérisé en ce que, en fonction de la sélection entre au moins trois vitesses différentes, l'équipement active automatiquement le feu de freinage (27) par l'intermédiaire du circuit de commande (40) si une vitesse supérieure à la plus basse vitesse est sélectionnée et le commutateur de sens de déplacement (19) change.
     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le feu de freinage (27) est en outre allumé par l'enfoncement de la pédale de frein (24) qui est détecté par un capteur de pression de frein (28).
     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2, caractérisé en ce que, en fonction de la sélection entre au moins trois vitesses différentes, l'équipement active automatiquement le feu de freinage (27) par l'intermédiaire du circuit de commande (40) si une vitesse supérieure à la plus basse vitesse est sélectionnée et le capteur de pression de pédale de déplacement (20) détecte un relâchement de la pédale de déplacement (22).
     
    4. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que, comme critère supplémentaire, la vitesse de déplacement détectée par le capteur de vitesse de déplacement (14) dépasse 5 km/h.
     
    5. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, caractérisé en ce que, en fonction de la sélection entre au moins trois vitesses différentes, l'équipement active automatiquement le feu de freinage (27) par l'intermédiaire du circuit de commande (40) si une vitesse supérieure à la plus basse vitesse est sélectionnée et le capteur de pression de pédale de déplacement (20) détecte un relâchement de la pédale de déplacement (22) au-dessus d'une valeur prédéterminée.
     
    6. Procédé selon la revendication 5, caractérisé en ce que, comme critère supplémentaire, la vitesse de déplacement détectée par le capteur de vitesse (14) dépasse 15 km/h.
     
    7. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, caractérisé en ce que, en fonction de la sélection entre au moins trois vitesses différentes, l'équipement active automatiquement le feu de freinage (27) par l'intermédiaire du circuit de commande (40) si une troisième vitesse est sélectionnée, la vitesse de déplacement détectée par le capteur de vitesse (14) dépasse 15 km/h et un dysfonctionnement de l'équipement est détecté.
     




    Drawing









    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description