(19)
(11)EP 2 811 656 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
10.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/24

(21)Application number: 13743572.3

(22)Date of filing:  29.01.2013
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04B 1/40(2015.01)
H01Q 1/38(2006.01)
H04B 5/02(2006.01)
H01Q 7/06(2006.01)
H04B 5/00(2006.01)
G06K 19/07(2006.01)
H01Q 7/00(2006.01)
H01Q 1/40(2006.01)
H01Q 21/24(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2013/051845
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/115158 (08.08.2013 Gazette  2013/32)

(54)

ANTENNA DEVICE AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE

ANTENNENVORRICHTUNG UND DRAHTLOSE KOMMUNIKATIONSVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF D'ANTENNE ET DISPOSITIF DE COMMUNICATION SANS FIL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 01.02.2012 JP 2012019835
26.04.2012 JP 2012100863
14.11.2012 JP 2012250117

(43)Date of publication of application:
10.12.2014 Bulletin 2014/50

(73)Proprietor: Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
Nagaokakyo-shi, Kyoto 617-8555 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • IKEMOTO Nobuo
    Nagaokakyo-shi Kyoto 617-8555 (JP)
  • YOSUI Kuniaki
    Nagaokakyo-shi Kyoto 617-8555 (JP)

(74)Representative: Stöckeler, Ferdinand et al
Schoppe, Zimmermann, Stöckeler Zinkler, Schenk & Partner mbB Patentanwälte Radlkoferstrasse 2
81373 München
81373 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 901 394
JP-A- 2009 049 840
JP-A- 2010 050 849
US-A1- 2012 007 787
JP-A- 2003 215 271
JP-A- 2009 049 840
JP-A- 2010 050 849
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to an antenna device having a multilayer body, and at least first and second coil conductors provided in the multilayer body, and a radio communication apparatus.

    Background Art



    [0002] In related art, authentication technologies using radio communication (radio frequency identification (RFID)) are widely used for physical distribution, credit card payments, and so on. In RFID systems, radio communication is performed between an RFID tag or contactless IC card and a reader/writer. This radio communication allows the RFID tag or the like and the reader/writer to exchange internally stored data.

    [0003] As a short-range radio communication standard, Near Field Communication (NFC) using the 13 MHz frequency band exists. NFC is anticipated to be incorporated into communication terminal apparatuses such as cellular phones. As NFC becomes more commonplace, for example, a user only needs to bring his/her communication terminal apparatus into close proximity to a reader/writer installed in a shop to establish radio communication between the two pieces of equipment, thereby enabling easy data transfer or data exchange. For this reason, deployment of NFC to various applications such as contactless credit card payments is currently being considered.

    [0004] A reader/writer for use in RFID systems such as NFC using the 13.56 MHz band is disclosed in, for example,

    [0005] Patent Document 1.

    [0006] Fig. 36 is a circuit diagram of a transmitting/receiving circuit to which an antenna device described in Patent Document 1 is applied. This transmitting/receiving circuit includes an IC chip 1, an antenna coil 2, a resonant capacitor C13, a matching capacitor C14, capacitors C15 and C18, a resistor R17, and an inductor L15. The capacitor C15 and the inductor L15 form an EMC filter.

    [0007] In this transmitting/receiving circuit, when transmitting, a transmitting signal exiting the IC chip 1 passes though the EMC filter and the matching capacitor C14 as indicated by rightward arrows before reaching the antenna coil 2, creating a magnetic field in the antenna coil 2 to thereby perform communication. When receiving, an induction voltage is created by the magnetic field passing through the antenna coil 2, and a receiving signal is transmitted to the IC chip 1 after passing through the resistor R17 and the capacitor C18 of the receiving circuit as indicated by leftward arrows.

    [0008] As another example of equipment for performing the above-mentioned radio communication (that is, radio communication apparatus), a contactless tag described in Patent Document 2 exists. This contactless tag is capable of recording received data and transmitting recorded data. The contactless tag includes an antenna unit that transmits and receives data, an IC chip that processes data, and an impedance matching circuit for matching impedance between the antenna unit and the IC chip.

    [0009] In order to minimize radiation of unwanted harmonics from the antenna unit, in some cases, a low pass filter (hereinafter, referred to as LPF) including an inductor element is provided between the IC ship and the antenna unit. Citation List

    [0010] US 2012/0007787 A1 discloses a first planar antenna fabricated as a plurality of parallel layers of multi turn spiral loops. The first planar antenna may be integrated with additional orthogonal planar antennas substantially coplanar with the first planar antenna and having axes orthogonal to the first planar antenna.

    [0011] 

    Patent Document 1: Japanese Patent No. 4798214

    Patent Document 2: Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2001-188890


    Summary of Invention


    Technical Problem



    [0012] When attempting to build the transmitting/receiving circuit described in Patent Document 1 mentioned above as a module, magnetic-field coupling occurs depending on the arrangement of the antenna coil 2 and the inductor L15, which causes unwanted harmonics to be radiated from the antenna coil 2. When attempting to integrate the antenna unit and the inductor element of the LFP together in the contactless tag described in Patent Document 2, magnetic-field coupling occurs depending on the relative arrangement of these components, causing unwanted harmonics to be radiated from the antenna coil 2.

    [0013] It is therefore an object to the present invention to provide an antenna device that can minimize radiation of unwanted harmonics, and a radio communication apparatus including the antenna device.

    Solution to Problem



    [0014] To attain the above-mentioned object, the invention provides an antenna device according to claim 1. Further developments of the invention are defined in the dependent claims.

    [0015] According to the invention, the plurality of coil conductors (or the antenna coil and the inductor element) are provided in the multilayer body so that their winding axes are substantially orthogonal to each other. Therefore, even when these coil conductors are integrated into the same multilayer body, magnetic-field coupling between the coil conductors can be minimized. As a result, it is possible to provide a miniature antenna device with superior radio frequency characteristics.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0016] 

    [Fig. 1] Fig. 1 is a perspective view of an antenna device 101 according to a first embodiment.

    [Fig. 2A] Fig. 2A is a cross-sectional view taken along A1-A2 in Fig. 1.

    [Fig. 2B] Fig. 2B illustrates the directions of magnetic fields generated by a first coil conductor and a second coil conductor.

    [Fig. 3] Fig. 3 is a perspective view of an antenna device 102 according to a second embodiment.

    [Fig. 4A] Fig. 4A is a cross-sectional view taken along A1-A2 in Fig. 3.

    [Fig. 4B] Fig. 4B illustrates the directions of magnetic fields generated by the first coil conductor and the second coil conductor.

    [Fig. 5] Fig. 5 is a perspective view of an antenna device 103 according to a third embodiment.

    [Fig. 6] Fig. 6 is a circuit diagram of the antenna device 103.

    [Fig. 7] Fig. 7 is an exploded perspective view of the antenna device 103.

    [Fig. 8] Fig. 8 is an exploded plan view illustrating conductor patterns formed in layers illustrated in Fig. 7 and how the conductor patterns are connected, as seen from the undersurface (surface facing the mounting surface side) of each of the layers.

    [Fig. 9] Fig. 9 is an exploded perspective view of an antenna device according to a fourth embodiment.

    [Fig. 10] Fig. 10 is an exploded plan view illustrating conductor patterns formed in layers illustrated in Fig. 9 and how the conductor patterns are connected, as seen from the undersurface (surface facing the mounting surface side) of each of the layers.

    [Fig. 11] Fig. 11 is an exploded plan view of an antenna device according to a fifth embodiment, as seen from the undersurface (surface facing the mounting surface side) of each layer.

    [Fig. 12] Fig. 12 is an exploded plan view of an antenna device according to a sixth embodiment, as seen from the undersurface (surface facing the mounting surface side) of each layer.

    [Fig. 13] Fig. 13 is a perspective view of an RF module 201 according to a seventh embodiment.

    [Fig. 14] Fig. 14 is a perspective view of another RF module 202 according to the seventh embodiment.

    [Fig. 15] Fig. 15 illustrates the structure of the inside of the housing of a radio communication apparatus 301 according to an eighth embodiment, and is a plan view in a state where a lower housing 91 and an upper housing 92 are separated to expose the inside.

    [Fig. 16] Fig. 16 is an exploded perspective view of an antenna device 109 according to a ninth embodiment.

    [Fig. 17] Fig. 17 is an exploded plan view illustrating conductor patterns formed in layers illustrated in Fig. 16 and how the conductor patterns are connected, as seen from the undersurface (surface facing the mounting surface side) of each of the layers.

    [Fig. 18] Fig. 18 is an exploded plan view illustrating conductor patterns formed in each layer of another antenna device according to the ninth embodiment, and how the conductor patterns are connected.

    [Fig. 19] Fig. 19 is an exploded perspective view of an antenna device 110 according to a tenth embodiment.

    [Fig. 20] Fig. 20 is an exploded plan view illustrating conductor patterns formed in layers illustrated in Fig. 19 and how the conductor patterns are connected, as seen from the undersurface (surface facing the mounting surface side) of each of the layers.

    [Fig. 21] Fig. 21 conceptually illustrates the path of magnetic flux that links with an outer coil conductor of the antenna device 110.

    [Fig. 22] Fig. 22 is an exploded perspective view of an antenna device 111 according to an eleventh embodiment.

    [Fig. 23] Fig. 23 is an exploded plan view illustrating conductor patterns formed in layers illustrated in Fig. 22 and how the conductor patterns are connected, as seen from the undersurface (surface facing the mounting surface side) of each of the layers.

    [Fig. 24] Fig. 24 is an exploded plan view illustrating conductor patterns formed in each layer of an antenna device according to a twelfth embodiment and how the conductor patterns are connected, as seen from the undersurface (surface facing the mounting surface side) of each of the layers.

    [Fig. 25A] Fig. 25A illustrates how unwanted coupling between an outer coil conductor 21 and neighboring mounting components or a metal housing is minimized according to the twelfth embodiment.

    [Fig. 25B] Fig. 25B illustrates how unwanted coupling between the outer coil conductor 21 and the neighboring mounting components or the metal housing is minimized according to the ninth embodiment.

    [Fig. 26] Fig. 26 schematically illustrates a circuit configuration of a reader/writer module (RW module).

    [Fig. 27] Fig. 27 is a perspective view, exploded for each base material layer, of an RW module according to the first embodiment.

    [Fig. 28] Fig. 28 schematically illustrates an antenna coil and first and second inductor elements as seen from the side of the RW module illustrated in Fig. 27.

    [Fig. 29] Fig. 29 is a perspective view, exploded for each base material layer, of an RW module according to the second embodiment.

    [Fig. 30] Fig. 30 schematically illustrates an antenna coil and first and second inductor elements as seen from the side of the RW module illustrated in Fig. 29.

    [Fig. 31] Fig. 31 is a perspective view, exploded for each base material layer, of an RW module according to the third embodiment.

    [Fig. 32] Fig. 32 schematically illustrates an antenna coil and first and second inductor elements as seen from the side of the RW module illustrated in Fig. 31.

    [Fig. 33] Fig. 33 illustrates a fundamental and harmonics.

    [Fig. 34A] Fig. 34A schematically illustrates an internal configuration of a communication terminal apparatus.

    [Fig. 34B] Fig. 34B is an enlarged view of an RW module and a booster antenna.

    [Fig. 35A] Fig. 35A schematically illustrates a configuration of the booster antenna.

    [Fig. 35B] Fig. 35B is an equivalent circuit diagram of the booster antenna.

    [Fig. 36] Fig. 36 schematically illustrates a transmitting/receiving circuit including an antenna device described in Patent Document 1.


    Description of Embodiments


    <First Embodiment>



    [0017] Fig. 1 is a perspective view of an antenna device 101 according to a first embodiment. Fig. 1 is, however, a schematic illustration intended to make two conductor patterns clear.

    [0018] The antenna device 101 includes a multilayer body 10, and a first coil conductor 21. The multilayer body 10 is a stack of a plurality of magnetic layers or dielectric layers. The first coil conductor 21 has a winding axis (hereinafter, sometimes referred to as first winding axis) in a direction orthogonal to the stacking direction of the multilayer body 10, and is disposed so as to run around the periphery of the multilayer body 10. Further, a second coil conductor 22 having a winding axis (hereinafter, sometimes referred to as second winding axis) in a direction orthogonal to the winding axis of the first coil conductor coil 21 is formed within a winding area of the first coil conductor 21. A winding area refers to an area bounded by the coil opening of the first coil conductor 21 in plan view as seen from the direction of the first winding axis, and both ends along the direction of the first winding axis of the first coil conductor 21 in plan view as seen from the direction of the second winding axis.

    [0019] Fig. 2A is a cross-sectional view taken along A1-A2 in Fig. 1. Fig. 2B illustrates the directions of magnetic fields generated by the first coil conductor and the second coil conductor. As is apparent from Fig. 2A, the second coil conductor 22 is formed within the winding area of the first coil conductor 21 so that the opening face of the second coil conductor is parallel to the winding axis of the first coil conductor 21. In addition, as is apparent from Fig. 2B, a magnetic flux φ1 generated along the winding axis of the first coil conductor 21 is orthogonal to a magnetic flux φ2 generated along the winding axis of the second coil conductor 22.

    [0020] The winding axis of the second coil conductor 22 is orthogonal to the direction of the magnetic field within the winding area of the first coil conductor 21. Consequently, it is possible to reduce magnetic-field coupling between the first coil conductor 21 and the second coil conductor 22.

    [0021] The magnetic flux density of the magnetic field generated by the first coil conductor 21 is highest at the interface between the first coil conductor 21 and the multilayer body, and becomes lower toward the center of the multilayer body. Accordingly, because the second coil conductor 22 is formed in the vicinity of the center of the multilayer body 10, interference between the first coil conductor 21 and the second coil conductor 22 can be reduced.

    [0022] Further, the magnetic field generated by the first coil conductor 21 and the magnetic field generated by the second coil conductor 22 both pass through the multilayer body. Consequently, in a case where the multilayer body is formed by magnetic layers, a large predetermined inductance value can be obtained with a small number of windings. In particular, because the second coil conductor is embedded in the multilayer body formed by magnetic layers, leakage of magnetic field to the outside is small and, accordingly, a large inductance value can be obtained despite the small size.

    [0023] The first coil conductor can be used as an antenna coil, and the second coil conductor can be used as the inductor of a filter circuit connected to the antenna coil. In a case where the multilayer body is formed by a magnetic body, the combination of the first coil conductor 21 and the multilayer body functions as a magnetic coil antenna. In a case where the multilayer body is formed by a magnetic body, even when the second coil conductor is used as the inductor of an EMC filter, the magnetic field of harmonic components generated by the second coil conductor is not expelled to the outside.

    <Second Embodiment>



    [0024] Fig. 3 is a perspective view of an antenna device 102 according to a second embodiment. Fig. 3 is, however, a schematic illustration intended to make two conductor patterns clear.

    [0025]  The antenna device 102 includes a multilayer body 10, and a first coil conductor 21. The multilayer body 10 is a stack of a plurality of magnetic layers or dielectric layers. The first coil conductor 21 has a winding axis in a direction orthogonal to the stacking direction of the multilayer body 10, and is disposed so as to run around the periphery of the multilayer body 10. A second coil conductor 22 having a winding axis in a direction orthogonal to the winding axis of the first coil conductor coil 21 is formed within a winding area of the first coil conductor 21. The definition of a winding area is as described above. The antenna device 102 differs from the antenna device 101 according to the first embodiment illustrated in Fig. 1 in the direction of the winding axis of the second coil conductor 22. In the second embodiment, the opening face of the second coil conductor is parallel to the stacking direction.

    [0026] Fig. 4A is a cross-sectional view taken along A1-A2 in Fig. 3. Fig. 4B illustrates the directions of magnetic fields generated by the first coil conductor and the second coil conductor. As is apparent from Fig. 4A, the second coil conductor 22 is formed within the winding area of the first coil conductor 21 so that the opening face of the second coil conductor is parallel to the winding axis of the first coil conductor 21. In addition, as is apparent from Fig. 4B, a magnetic flux φ1 generated along the winding axis of the first coil conductor 21 is orthogonal to a magnetic flux φ2 generated along the winding axis of the second coil conductor 22.

    [0027] The antenna device 102 according to the second embodiment also provides the same effect as that of the antenna device 101 according to the first embodiment.

    <Third Embodiment>



    [0028] Fig. 5 is a perspective view of an antenna device 103 according to a third embodiment. The height of the antenna device 103 is depicted in exaggerated form to make conductor patterns clear. In the antenna device 103, a multilayer body 10 includes a multilayer portion 11 of a plurality of magnetic layers, and a multilayer portion 12 of a plurality of dielectric layers (non-magnetic layers). A first coil conductor 21 has a winding axis in a direction orthogonal to the stacking direction of the multilayer portion 11 of magnetic layers, and is disposed so as to run around the magnetic layer portion of the multilayer body 10. A second coil conductor 22 and a third coil conductor 23 are formed within a winding area of the first coil conductor 21 so that each of the second coil conductor 22 and the third coil conductor 23 has a winding axis in a direction orthogonal to the winding axis of the first coil conductor coil 21. The definition of a winding area is as described above. Capacitance-forming electrodes 31, 32, and 33 are formed in the multilayer portion 12 of dielectric layers.

    [0029] One end B of the first coil conductor 21 is connected to one end of the second coil conductor 22, and the other end F of the first coil conductor 21 is connected to one end of the third coil conductor 23. The other end A of the second coil conductor 22 is extended to one terminal port1, and the other end G of the third coil conductor 23 is extended to the other terminal port2. The one end B of the second coil conductor 22 is connected to the capacitance-forming electrode 32, and one end F of the third coil conductor 23 is connected to the capacitance-forming electrode 33.

    [0030] The capacitance-forming electrode 31 is opposed to the capacitance-forming electrodes 32 and 33. The capacitance-forming electrode 31 is connected to a ground terminal GND.

    [0031] Fig. 6 is a circuit diagram of the antenna device 103. In Fig. 6, an inductor L1 corresponds to an antenna coil formed by the first coil conductor, an inductor L2 corresponds to an inductor formed by the second coil conductor 22, and an inductor L3 corresponds to an inductor formed by the third coil conductor 23. The capacitor C2 corresponds to the capacitance created between the capacitance-forming electrode 32 and the capacitance-forming electrode 31, and the capacitor C3 corresponds to the capacitance created between the capacitance-forming electrode 33 and the capacitance-forming electrode 31. A low pass filter LPF2 is formed by the inductor L2 and the capacitor C2, and a low pass filter LPF3 is formed by the inductor L3 and the capacitor C3.

    [0032] Fig. 7 is an exploded perspective view of the antenna device 103. The antenna device 103 is constructed in a multilayer body formed by a stack of a plurality of magnetic layers 11b, 11c, and 11d, and a plurality of dielectric layers 12a, 12f, 12g, and 12h. In Fig. 7, the first coil conductor 21 is formed in the undersurface of the dielectric layer 12a, the undersurface of the magnetic layer 11e, and side surfaces of the magnetic layers 11b, 11c, and 11d. The second coil conductor 22 and the third coil conductor 23 are formed in the undersurface of the magnetic layer 11c. The capacitance-forming electrodes 32 and 33 are formed in the undersurface of the dielectric layer 12f, and the capacitance-forming electrode 31 is formed in the undersurface of the dielectric layer 12g. External terminal electrodes 41, 42, and 43 are formed in the undersurface of the dielectric layer 12h.

    [0033] Fig. 8 is an exploded plan view illustrating conductor patterns formed in the layers illustrated in Fig. 7 and how the conductor patterns are connected, as seen from the undersurface (surface facing the mounting surface side) of each of the layers. One end of the first coil conductor 21 is connected to one end (inner peripheral end) of the second coil conductor 22 via a via-hole conductor, and the other end of the first coil conductor 21 is connected to one end (inner peripheral end) of the third coil conductor 23 via a via-hole conductor. The other end (outer peripheral end) of the second coil conductor 22 is connected to the external terminal electrode 42 via a via-hole conductor. The other end (outer peripheral end) of the third coil conductor 23 is connected to the external terminal electrode 43 via a via-hole conductor. The capacitance-forming electrode 31 is connected to the external terminal electrode 41 via a via-hole conductor.

    [0034] In this way, an antenna device including a low pass filter can be constructed in a single multilayer body 10. Moreover, by connecting a low pass filter to either end of the first coil conductor 21, harmonic components can be removed more reliably.

    <Fourth Embodiment>



    [0035] Fig. 9 is an exploded perspective view of an antenna device according to a fourth embodiment. Fig. 10 is an exploded plan view illustrating conductor patterns formed in layers illustrated in Fig. 9 and how the conductor patterns are connected, as seen from the undersurface (surface facing the mounting surface side) of each of the layers. This antenna device is constructed in a multilayer body formed by a stack of a plurality of magnetic layers 11b, 11c, and 11d, and a plurality of dielectric layers 12a, 12f, and 12g. In Fig. 9, capacitance-forming electrodes 31, 32, and 33 are formed in the undersurface of the dielectric layer 12f, and external terminal electrodes 41, 42, and 43 are formed in the undersurface of the dielectric layer 12g.

    [0036] The fourth embodiment differs from the example illustrated in Fig. 7 in that the capacitance-forming electrodes are formed in a single layer. Otherwise, the fourth embodiment is the same as the example illustrated in Fig. 7.

    <Fifth Embodiment>



    [0037] Fig. 11 is an exploded plan view of an antenna device according to a fifth embodiment, as seen from the undersurface (surface facing the mounting surface side) of each layer. As is apparent from comparison with the example illustrated in Fig. 10, second coil conductors 22a and 22b are formed so as to extend over two layers. Likewise, third coil conductors 23a and 23b are formed. Otherwise, the antenna device is the same as the antenna device illustrated in Fig. 10.

    <Sixth Embodiment>



    [0038] Fig. 12 is an exploded plan view of an antenna device according to a sixth embodiment, as seen from the undersurface (surface facing the mounting surface side) of each layer. A first coil conductor 21 is formed in the undersurface (top surface in Fig. 12) of a dielectric layer 12a, the undersurface (top surface in Fig. 12) of a magnetic layer 11e, and side surfaces of the magnetic layers 11b, 11c, 11d, 11e, and 11f. A second coil conductor 22 and a third coil conductor 23 are formed in a magnetic layer 11c and a magnetic layer 11d, respectively. External terminal electrodes 41 to 47 are formed in the undersurface of a dielectric layer 12h.

    [0039] One end of the first coil conductor 21 is connected to the external terminal electrode 42 via a via-hole conductor, and the other end of the first coil conductor 21 is connected to the external terminal electrode 43 via a via-hole conductor. One end of the second coil conductor 22 is connected to the external terminal electrode 44 via a via-hole conductor and a wiring conductor 52, and the other end of the second coil conductor 22 is connected to the external terminal electrode 45 via a via-hole conductor. Likewise, one end of the third coil conductor 23 is connected to the external terminal electrode 46 via a via-hole conductor and a wiring conductor 53, and the other end of the third coil conductor 23 is connected to the external terminal electrode 47 via a via-hole conductor.

    [0040] In this way, each of the first coil conductor, the second coil conductor, and the third coil conductor may be independently connected to an external terminal electrode. Further, in this example, the respective coil opening faces of the second coil conductor and third coil conductor overlap each other (at least partially) in plan view as seen from the stacking direction of the multilayer body. Therefore, the coil formed by the second coil conductor and the coil formed by the third coil conductor are electromagnetically coupled to each other. That is, the coil formed by the second coil conductor and the coil formed by the third coil conductor form a transformer.

    <Seventh Embodiment>



    [0041] Fig. 13 is a perspective view of an RF module 201 according to a seventh embodiment. This RF module includes a module substrate 70, an RFIC 60 mounted on this module substrate, an antenna device 103, and other chip components 61. The configuration of the antenna device 103 is as illustrated in Fig. 5. A matching circuit for impedance matching between the antenna device 103 and the RFIC 60, and an EMC filter as illustrated in Fig. 26 are formed by the chip components and wiring on the module substrate 70. Because capacitors as a part of the EMC filter or the impedance matching circuit are formed in the antenna device 103, the number of components to be mounted on the module substrate 70 can be reduced, thereby achieving miniaturization of the RF module.

    [0042] Fig. 14 is a perspective view of another RF module 202 according to the seventh embodiment. The RF module 202 is constructed in a multilayer body. The multilayer body includes a magnetic multilayer portion 11, and a dielectric multilayer portion 12 on top of and underneath the magnetic multilayer portion 11. A first coil conductor 21 is formed so as to run around the magnetic multilayer portion 11. A second coil conductor is formed inside the magnetic multilayer portion 11. An RFIC 60 and other chip components 61 are installed on the top surface of the multilayer body. A capacitor is formed in the dielectric multilayer portion 12 by capacitance-forming electrodes. An RF module can be also constructed by a multilayer body in this way.

    <Eighth Embodiment>



    [0043] Fig. 15 illustrates the structure of the inside of the housing of a radio communication apparatus 301 according to an eighth embodiment, and is a plan view in a state where a lower housing 91 and an upper housing 92 are separated to expose the inside. Printed circuit boards 71 and 81, a battery pack 83, and the like are accommodated in the lower housing 91. An RFIC 60 including a communication circuit, and an antenna device 103 are mounted on the printed circuit board 71. A UHF antenna 72, a camera module 76, and the like are also installed on the printed circuit board 71. Further, a UHF antenna 82 and the like are installed on the printed circuit board 81. The printed circuit board 71 and the printed circuit board 81 are connected via a coaxial cable 84.

    [0044] A booster coil antenna 74 is formed in the inner surface of the upper housing 92. The booster coil antenna 74 is magnetically coupled to the first coil conductor 21 (see Fig. 5) of the antenna device 103 to function as a magnetic-field antenna.

    [0045] The booster coil antenna 74 is formed by an insulating sheet, and coil conductors formed on its opposite surfaces. These two coil conductors are each formed in a rectangular spiral pattern, and opposed to each other with the insulating sheet therebetween. The two coil conductors are formed in such a pattern as to capacitively couple to each other in a state in which current flows through the coil conductors in the same direction in plan view. The two coil conductors are formed in such a pattern that, in plan view as seen from the same direction, when current flows clockwise in one of the coil conductors, current flows also clockwise in the other coil conductor.

    [0046] The first coil conductor of the antenna device 103 and the booster coil antenna 74 are disposed so as to be magnetic-field coupled to each other.

    [0047] The first coil conductor formed in the multilayer body may be used as a feeder coil (antenna) in this way.

    <Effects of First to Eighth Embodiments>



    [0048] In the first to eighth embodiments mentioned above, as illustrated in Fig. 2B, at least the first coil conductor 21 and the second coil conductor 22 are provided in the multilayer body 10 in such a way that their respective winding axes are orthogonal to each other. This makes it possible to substantially prevent a magnetic flux generated from the first coil conductor 21 from linking with a loop of current flowing through the second coil conductor 22. Likewise, it is possible to substantially prevent a magnetic flux generated from the second coil conductor 22 from linking with a loop of current flowing through the first coil conductor 21. Therefore, even when the coil conductors 21 and 22 are integrated into the same multilayer body 10, magnetic-field coupling between the two conductors can be minimized. Consequently, it is possible to minimize radiation of unwanted harmonic components from the first coil conductor 21 through the second coil conductor 22, thereby making it possible to provide a miniature antenna device with superior radio frequency characteristics.

    [0049] Further, in the third to sixth embodiments, in particular, the multilayer body 10 is provided with the third coil conductor 23 having a winding axis orthogonal to the winding axis of the first coil conductor 21, in addition to the first coil conductor 21 and the second coil conductor 22. This makes it possible to substantially prevent a magnetic flux generated from the third coil conductor 23 from linking with a loop of current flowing through the first coil conductor 21. Therefore, even when the coil conductors 21 and 23 are integrated into the same multilayer body 10, magnetic-field coupling between the two conductors can be minimized.

    [0050] There are the following additional technical effects. That is, in a case where the transmitting/receiving circuit illustrated in Fig. 36 is to be built as a module, the module is provided with a circuit for providing matching between the IC chip 1 and the antenna, an EMC filter circuit for removing harmonic components, and the like. This EMC filter is a filter used to prevent harmonic components generated in a power amplifier or the like from being radiated from an antenna and adversely affecting peripheral equipment. For this reason, the EMC filter is required to have low insertion loss in the pass band and large attenuation in the stop band. For example, in a case where the filter is to be formed by LC, a multistage circuit configuration is also required. In order to mount these LC components on a module substrate, a substrate having a large area is required, which hinders miniaturization of the resulting portable terminal. However, the above embodiments can minimize magnetic-field coupling between the plurality of coil conductors 21 and 22, for example, thereby allowing these components to be integrated into the same multilayer body 10. As a result, it is possible to miniaturize the RF module 201 illustrated in Fig. 13, the RF module 202 illustrated in Fig. 14, the radio communication apparatus 301 illustrated in Fig. 15, and the like.

    <Ninth Embodiment>



    [0051] Fig. 16 is an exploded perspective view of an antenna device 109 according to a ninth embodiment. The antenna device 109 is constructed in a multilayer body formed by a stack of a plurality of magnetic layers 11b, 11c, 11d, 11e, and 11f, and a plurality of dielectric layers 12a, 12g, and 12h. In Fig. 16, an outer coil conductor 21 is formed in the undersurface of the dielectric layer 12a, the undersurface of the magnetic layer 11f, and side surfaces of the magnetic layers 11b, 11c, 11d, 11e, and 11f. A first inner coil conductor 22 and a second inner coil conductor 23 are formed in the undersurface of the magnetic layer 11c. Wiring conductors 52 and 53 are formed in the undersurface of the dielectric layer 12g, and external terminal electrodes 42 to 47 are formed in the undersurface of the dielectric layer 12h.

    [0052]  Fig. 17 is an exploded plan view illustrating conductor patterns formed in the layers illustrated in Fig. 16 and how the conductor patterns are connected, as seen from the undersurface (surface facing the mounting surface side) of each of the layers. A first end of the outer coil conductor 21 is connected to the external terminal 42, and a second end of the outer coil conductor 21 is connected to the external terminal 43. A first end (inner peripheral end) of the first inner coil conductor 22 is connected to the external terminal 44 via a via-hole conductor and the wiring conductor 52, and a second end (outer peripheral end) of the first inner coil conductor 22 is connected to the external terminal 45 via a via-hole conductor. A first end (inner peripheral end) of the second inner coil conductor 23 is connected to the external terminal 46 via a via-hole conductor and the wiring conductor 53, and a second end (outer peripheral end) of the second inner coil conductor 23 is connected to the external terminal 47 via a via-hole conductor.

    [0053] As in this embodiment, two inner coil conductors 22 and 23 may be disposed so that the respective winding axes of the two inner coil conductors are aligned in a direction orthogonal to the winding axis of the outer coil conductor.

    [0054]  Fig. 18 is an exploded plan view illustrating conductor patterns formed in each layer of another antenna device according to the ninth embodiment, and how the conductor patterns are connected. The difference from the example illustrated in Fig. 17 is that inner coil conductors are formed so as to extend over two layers. That is, inner coil conductors 22a and 22b, and 23a and 23b are formed in the magnetic layers 11c and 11d. Otherwise, the antenna device is the same as the antenna device illustrated in Fig. 17.

    <Tenth Embodiment>



    [0055] Fig. 19 is an exploded perspective view of an antenna device 110 according to a tenth embodiment. Fig. 20 is an exploded plan view illustrating conductor patterns formed in layers illustrated in Fig. 19 and how the conductor patterns are connected, as seen from the undersurface (surface facing the mounting surface side) of each of the layers. Unlike the example illustrated in Figs. 16 and 17, inner coil conductors 22 and 23 are formed in a dielectric layer 12c. A layer 12d in contact with the inner coil conductors 22 and 23 is also a dielectric layer.

    [0056] In this way, the inner coil conductors 22 and 23 are formed in a layer that contacts a non-magnetic layer or in a magnetic layer. Therefore, unwanted coupling between the outer coil conductor 21 and the inner coil conductors 22 and 23 can be further minimized.

    [0057] Fig. 21 conceptually illustrates the path of magnetic flux that links with the outer coil conductor of the antenna device 110. As illustrated in Fig. 21, the magnetic flux generated from an outer coil conductor (antenna coil) 21 mainly passes through the vicinity of the outer coil conductor itself. Consequently, magnetic flux density in the central portion of the winding axis of the outer coil conductor is low. Accordingly, layers 11b, 11e, and 11f located near the outer coil conductor 21 are formed as magnetic layers, and layers 12c and 12d located in the vicinity of the inner coil conductors 22 and 23 are formed as dielectric layers (non-magnetic layers). As a result, unwanted coupling between the outer coil conductor 21 and the inner coil conductors 22 and 23 can be further reduced.

    [0058] In the example illustrated in Fig. 21, the two layers sandwiching the inner coil conductors 22 and 23 are both dielectric layers (non-magnetic layers). However, the above-mentioned effect can be obtained to some extent even if only one of layers in contact with the inner coil conductors 22 and 23 is a dielectric layer (non-magnetic layer).

    <Eleventh Embodiment>



    [0059] Fig. 22 is an exploded perspective view of an antenna device 111 according to an eleventh embodiment. Fig. 23 is an exploded plan view illustrating conductor patterns formed in layers illustrated in Fig. 22 and how the conductor patterns are connected, as seen from the undersurface (surface facing the mounting surface side) of each of the layers. Unlike the example illustrated in Fig. 18, inner coil conductors 22a and 22b are formed in a dielectric layer 12c. Further, a layer 12e with which inner coil conductors 22b and 23b contact is a dielectric layer.

    [0060] In a case where the inner coil conductors are formed over a plurality of layers of the multilayer body in this way, the outer coil conductor 21 is formed in a magnetic layer 11f, and in a layer that contacts a magnetic layer 11b, and a magnetic layer 11d is disposed between those inner coil conductors which are formed in different layers. As a result, the inductance of each of the inner coil conductors 22a, 22b, 23a, and 23b can be increased while minimizing unwanted coupling between the outer coil conductor 21 and the inner coil conductors 22a, 22b, 23a, and 23b.

    <Twelfth Embodiment>



    [0061] Fig. 24 is an exploded plan view illustrating conductor patterns formed in each layer of an antenna device according to a twelfth embodiment and how the conductor patterns are connected, as seen from the undersurface (surface facing the mounting surface side) of each of the layers. An outer coil conductor 21 is formed by via electrodes formed in a dielectric layer 12a, and magnetic layers 11b to 11e. While a part of the outer coil conductor is formed in the side surface (end surface) of each layer in the example illustrated n Fig. 17, the outer coil conductor may not be exposed to the side surface (end surface) of each layer as illustrated in Fig. 24.

    [0062] This configuration minimizes unwanted magnetic field radiation by the outer coil conductor 21 in the direction of the outer periphery around the coil winding axis, thereby minimizing unwanted coupling with neighboring mounting components or a metal housing.

    [0063] Figs. 25A and 25B illustrate the effect mentioned above. Fig. 25A is a partial plan view of the inside of an electronic apparatus such as a cellular phone terminal which includes an antenna device 112 according to the twelfth embodiment. Fig. 25B is a partial plan view of the inside of an electronic apparatus such as a cellular phone terminal which includes the antenna device 109 according to the ninth embodiment. In each of Figs. 25A and 25B, the broken lines schematically indicate magnetic flux generated by the outer coil conductor 21.

    [0064] In the antenna device 109, the outer coil conductor is exposed to the side surface (end surface) of each layer of the antenna device 109. Consequently, the magnetic field is radiated to the lateral side of the antenna device 112, causing unwanted coupling of this magnetic field with mounting components 77 on a board 71 or a metal housing 90. To the contrary, in the antenna device 112, the outer coil conductor is not exposed to the side surface (end surface) of each layer of the antenna device 112. Consequently, the magnetic field that is otherwise radiated to the lateral side of the antenna device 112 becomes confined, with the result that the above-mentioned unwanted coupling hardly occurs. Therefore, a decrease in the gain of the antenna device, or problems due to interference with other elements can be prevented.

    <Basic Circuit Configuration of Reader/writer Module according to Thirteenth to Fifteenth Embodiments>



    [0065] First, with reference to Fig. 26, the basic circuit configuration of a reader/writer module as an example of antenna device will be described. In Fig. 26, the reader/writer module (hereinafter, referred to as "RW module") conforms to a radio communication standard such as NFC. When, for example, an RFID tag or contactless IC card is brought into close proximity to the RW module, the RW module performs radio communication with the RFID tag or the like. To this end, the RW module includes an RW-IC chip 711, a low pass filter (hereinafter, referred to as "LPF") 712, first and second capacitor elements 713 and 714, and an antenna circuit 715.

    [0066] The RW-IC chip 711 has balanced output terminals Tx1 and TX2. In the RW-IC chip 711, a baseband signal to be transmitted to the communicating party of this RW module is converted into a transmitting signal (positive-phase signal) in a predetermined radio frequency band (for example, the 13 MHz band), in accordance with a predetermined digital modulation scheme. Further, in the RW-IC chip 711, an opposite-phase signal with a phase rotated by 180° with respect to the positive-phase signal is also generated. The positive-phase signal and the opposite-phase signal form a differential signal. The differential signal is outputted from the RW-IC chip 711 to the LPF 712. Specifically, the positive-phase signal is outputted from one output terminal Tx1, and supplied to a first inductor element 716 included in the LPF 712, and the opposite-phase signal is outputted from the other output terminal Tx2, and supplied to a second inductor element 717 included in the LPF 712.

    [0067] The RW-IC chip 711 functions as a feeder circuit for transmitting a predetermined radio frequency signal to an antenna coil 720 of the antenna circuit 715, or processing a radio frequency signal received via the antenna circuit 715, and is also capable of converting a signal received by the antenna circuit 715 into a baseband signal in accordance with the digital modulation scheme mentioned above.

    [0068] The LPF 712 passes only low frequency components lower than or equal to a predetermined frequency from the differential signal outputted from the RW-IC chip 711, and outputs the low frequency components to the antenna circuit 715. As a result, unwanted harmonic components are removed, and radiation of harmonic components from the antenna circuit 715 is minimized. In order to remove harmonic components, in the example illustrated in Fig. 26, the LPF 712 includes the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717, and a capacitor element 718. The first inductor element 716 is connected in series between one output terminal Tx1 of the RW-IC chip 711, and one terminal electrode of the first capacitor element 713. Further, the second inductor element 717 is connected in series between the other output terminal Tx2, and one terminal electrode of the second capacitor element 714. The capacitor element 718 is electrically connected between the respective output terminal electrodes of the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717.

    [0069] In the LPF 712, the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717 form a common-mode choke for removing common-mode noise that can become superimposed on the positive-phase signal and the opposite-phase signal. For this reason, the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717 are wound the same number of turns in opposite directions. Further, the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717 are located so as to be symmetric to each other with respect to the midpoint in terms of electric potential, that is, an imaginary ground VGND. In the LPF 712, the midpoint in terms of electric potential is formed by the capacitor element 718.

    [0070] The first and second capacitor elements 713 and 714 cut direct-current components included in an output positive-phase signal and an output opposite-phase signal from the LPF 712, and output the resulting signals to the antenna circuit 715.

    [0071]  The antenna circuit 715 is a parallel resonant circuit including a tuning capacitor element 719 and the antenna coil 720. An output positive-phase signal from the first capacitor element 713 is inputted to one terminal electrode of this parallel resonant circuit, and an output opposite-phase signal from the second capacitor element 714 is inputted to the other terminal electrode. The tuning capacitor element 719 is formed by a ceramic multilayer capacitor element having a fixed capacitance value, or a variable-capacitance capacitor element. The antenna coil 720 is formed by, for example, a multilayer coil or thin film coil having a fixed inductance value.

    [0072] In a case where the RW module conforms to NFC, the values of individual elements of the antenna circuit 715 are designed so as to resonate at a frequency in the 13 MHz band. Consequently, from the antenna coil 720, a radio frequency signal in the 13 MHz band is radiated toward an antenna coil (not illustrated) on the communicating party side. As a result, magnetic-field coupling occurs between the antenna coil 720 and the antenna coil on the communicating party side, and the radiated radio frequency signal is received by the communicating party.

    <Thirteenth Embodiment>



    [0073] Next, with reference to Figs. 27 and 28, an RW module 72 according to a thirteenth embodiment of the present invention will be described. In Figs. 27 and 28, components corresponding to those in Fig. 26 are denoted by the same reference signs. The X-axis, the Y-axis, and the Z-axis are axes substantially orthogonal to each other. The Z-axis, in particular, is substantially parallel to the direction in which base material layers 721a to 721d described later are stacked. For the convenience of explanation, it is assumed that the Z-axis represents the top-bottom direction of the RW module 72. Further, the X-axis is substantially parallel to the top surfaces of the base material layers 721a to 721d. For the convenience of explanation, it is assumed that the X-axis represents the left-right direction of the RW module 72.

    [0074] The RW module 72 includes, first, a multilayer body 722 having a substantially rectangular parallelepiped shape, first and second inductor elements 716 and 717, and an antenna coil 720. The multilayer body 722 is a stack of four base material layers 721a to 721d as an example of a plurality of base material layers.

    [0075] The base material layers 721a to 721d are stacked in this order along the Z-axis direction. The base material layers 721a to 721d are sheet-like members that are made of a magnetic material (for example, ferrite) having a relatively high permeability (for example, µ=100), and have substantially the same rectangular shape. Now, a plane (indicated by alternate long and short dash lines) bisecting the base material layers 721a to 721d perpendicularly to the Y-axis is defined as center plane P.

    [0076] In a preferred example, an RW-IC chip 711 is mounted on the top surface of the multilayer body 722. Specifically, the RW-IC chip 711 has output terminals Tx1 and Tx2 each formed by a metal conductor. The output terminals Tx1 and Tx2 are provided with a spacing from each other on the bottom surface of the RW-IC chip 711. Further, the base material layer 721d has two vias provided at positions that are symmetric to each other with respect to the center plane P. The RW-IC chip 711 is mounted on the top surface of the multilayer body 722 (that is, the top surface of the base layer 721d) by using these vias and the output terminals Tx1 and Tx2. Because denoting the vias by reference signs renders the figures hard to see, reference signs are not given to the vias.

    [0077] The first and second inductor elements 716 and 717 have shapes that are symmetric to each other with respect to the center plane P. The first and second inductor elements 716 and 717 are each an example of second coil conductor. The first and second inductor elements 716 and 717 include a plurality of first coil patterns 723a to 723c and 724a to 724c formed by metal conductors, respectively. Since the first coil patterns 724a to 724c are symmetric in shape to the first coil patterns 723a to 723c, respectively, their description is omitted.

    [0078] The first coil patterns 723a, 723b, and 723c are formed in the top surfaces of the base material layers 721c, 721b, and 721a, respectively. The first coil patterns 723a, 723b, and 723c each include a loop conductor that is oriented counterclockwise about a winding axis A1 (see Fig. 28) that is substantially parallel to the Z-axis. One end of the first coil pattern 723a is connected to the output terminal Tx1 through a via in the base material layer 721d as illustrated in Fig. 27, and the other end of the first coil pattern 723a is connected to one end of the first coil pattern 723b through a via in the base material layer 721c. The other end of the first coil pattern 723b is connected to one end of the first coil pattern 723c through a via in the base material layer 721b. The other end of the first coil pattern 723c is connected to one electrode of each of capacitor elements 713 and 718 described later through vias in the base material layers 721a to 721d and electrode conductors.

    [0079] Preferably, the RW-IC chip 711 is mounted above the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717. As a result, the multilayer body 722 can be miniaturized.

    [0080] The antenna coil 720 is an example of first coil conductor, and includes second coil patterns 725 formed in the base material layers 721a to 721d. Specifically, the second coil patterns 725 are formed by metal conductors. The second coil patterns 725 are wound by using the surface (more specifically, the top surface, the bottom surface, and two side surfaces opposite to each other in the Y-axis direction) of the multilayer body 722, in such a way that a winding axis A2 (see Fig. 28) of the antenna coil 720 is substantially orthogonal to the winding axis A1. Instead of being metal conductors formed on two side surfaces opposite to each other in the Y-axis direction, the second coil patterns 725 may be divided via-hole conductors or through-hole conductors, or may be printed conductor patterns.

    [0081] Preferably, in addition to the RW-IC chip 711, first and second capacitor elements 713 and 714, the capacitor element 718, and a tuning capacitor element 719 are mounted on the top surface of the multilayer body 722. The first and second capacitor elements 713 and 714 are disposed so as to be symmetric to each other with respect to the center plane P. The capacitor element 718 and the tuning capacitor element 719 each have one electrode and the other electrode, and are disposed so that the one electrode and the other electrode are symmetric to each other with respect to the center plane P.

    [0082] The capacitor elements 713, 714, 718, and 719 are connected as illustrated in Fig. 26. One electrode of each of the capacitor elements 713 and 718 is connected to the other end of the first coil pattern 723c, and the other electrode of each of the capacitor elements 714 and 718 is connected to the other end of the first coil pattern 724c. As illustrated in Fig. 27, one electrode and the other electrode of the tuning capacitor element 719 are connected to one end and the other end of the antenna coil 720, through vias in the base material layers 721a to 721d and conductor patterns formed in the base material layer 721c.

    [0083] Mounting electronic components such as the RW-IC chip 711 on the top surface of the multilayer body 722 in this way is preferred also from the viewpoint of space saving because there is no need to secure a space for mounting these electronic components in other portions.

    <Fourteenth Embodiment>



    [0084] Next, with reference to Figs. 29 and 30, an RW module 74 according to a fourteenth embodiment of the present invention will be described. In Figs. 29 and 30, components corresponding to those in Figs. 26 to 28 are denoted by the same reference signs. Further, the X-axis, the Y-axis, and the Z-axis are as defined above with reference to the thirteenth embodiment.

    [0085] The RW module 74 includes a multilayer body 742 having a substantially rectangular parallelepiped shape, first and second inductor elements 716 and 717, and an antenna coil 720. The multilayer body 742 is a stack of eight base material layers 741a to 741h as an example of a plurality of base material layers.

    [0086] The base material layers 741a to 741h are stacked in this order along the Z-axis direction. The material and shape of each of the base material layers 741a to 741h are the same as those of the base material layer 721a and the like mentioned above. Further, in this embodiment, a center plane P is a plane (indicated by alternate long and short dash lines) bisecting the base material layers 741a and the like perpendicularly to the Y-axis.

    [0087] As in the thirteenth embodiment, an RW-IC chip 711, first and second capacitor elements 713 and 714, a capacitor element 718, and a tuning capacitor element 719 are mounted on the top surface of the base material layer 741h.

    [0088] The first and second inductor elements 716 and 717 include a plurality of first coil patterns 743a to 743c and a plurality of first coil patterns 744a to 744c, respectively, which are symmetric in shape with respect to the center plane P, and formed by metal conductors. As in the thirteenth embodiment, also in this embodiment, only the first coil patterns 743a to 743c forming the first inductor element 716 will be described in detail.

    [0089] The first coil patterns 743a, 743b, and 743c are formed in the top surfaces of the base material layers 741c, 741d, and 741e, respectively. The first coil patterns 743a to 743c each include a loop conductor that is counterclockwise about a winding axis A1 (see Fig. 30) that is parallel to the Z-axis.

    [0090] As illustrated in Fig. 29, one end of the first coil pattern 743a is connected at one end to an output terminal Tx1 through vias formed in the base material layers 741d to 741h. The other end of the first coil pattern 743a is connected to one end of the first coil pattern 743b through a via in the base material layer 741d. The other end of the first coil pattern 743b is connected to one end of the first coil pattern 743c through a via in the base material layer 741e. The other end of the first coil pattern 743c is connected to one electrode of the capacitor element 718 through vias formed in the base material layers 741f to 741h.

    [0091] The antenna coil 720 includes a plurality of second coil patterns 45 formed in the base material layers 741a to 741h. Specifically, the second coil patterns 45 are formed by metal conductors, and are wound by using the surface (more specifically, the top surface, the bottom surface, and two side surfaces opposite to each other in the Y-axis direction) of the multilayer body 742, in such a way that a winding axis A2 of the antenna coil 720 is substantially orthogonal to a winding axis A1. Instead of being metal conductors formed on two side surfaces opposite to each other in the Y-axis direction, the second coil patterns 45 may be divided via-hole conductors or through-hole conductors, or may be printed conductor patterns.

    [0092] One end and the other end of the antenna coil 720 are connected to one electrode and the other electrode of the tuning capacitor element 719, through vias and the like in the base material layers 741a to 741h.

    [0093] In this embodiment, unlike in the thirteenth embodiment, the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717 mentioned above are formed within the coil opening of the antenna coil 720. Specifically, the substantial coil portions of the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717 are formed so as not to extend off the antenna coil 720 in top view.

    <Fifteenth Embodiment>



    [0094] Next, with reference to Figs. 31 and 32, an RW module 76 according to a fifteenth embodiment of the present invention will be described. In Figs. 31 and 32, components corresponding to those in Figs. 26 to 28 are denoted by the same reference signs. Further, the X-axis, the Y-axis, and the Z-axis are as defined above with reference to the thirteenth embodiment.

    [0095] The RW module 76 includes a multilayer body 762 having a substantially rectangular parallelepiped shape, first and second inductor elements 716 and 717, and an antenna coil 720. The multilayer body 762 is a stack of eight base material layers 761a to 761h as an example of a plurality of base material layers.

    [0096] The base material layers 761a to 761h are stacked in this order along the Z-axis direction. The material and shape of each of the base material layers 761a to 761h are the same as those of the base material layer 721a and the like mentioned above. Further, in this embodiment, a center plane P is a plane (indicated by alternate long and short dash lines) bisecting the base material layers 761a and the like perpendicularly to the Y-axis.

    [0097] As in the thirteenth embodiment, an RW-IC chip 711, first and second capacitor elements 713 and 714, a capacitor element 718, and a tuning capacitor element 719 are mounted on the top surface of the base material layer 761h.

    [0098] The first and second inductor elements 716 and 717 include a plurality of first coil patterns 763a to 763c and a plurality of first coil patterns 764a to 764c, respectively, which are symmetric in shape with respect to the center plane P, and formed by metal conductors. As in the thirteenth embodiment, also in this embodiment, only the first coil patterns 763a to 763c forming the first inductor element 716 will be described in detail.

    [0099]  The first coil patterns 763a to 763c are formed in the top surfaces of the base material layers 761a to 761c, respectively. The first coil patterns 763a to 763c each include a loop conductor that is counterclockwise about a winding axis A1 (see Fig. 32) that is substantially parallel to the Z-axis.

    [0100] As illustrated in Fig. 31, one end of the first coil pattern 763a is connected at one end to an output terminal Tx1 through vias formed in the base material layers 761b to 761h. The other end of the first coil pattern 763a is connected to one end of the first coil pattern 763b through a via in the base material layer 761b. The other end of the first coil pattern 763b is connected to one end of the first coil pattern 763c through a via in the base material layer 761c. The other end of the first coil pattern 763c is connected to one electrode of the capacitor element 718 through vias formed in the base material layers 761d to 761h.

    [0101] The antenna coil 720 includes second coil patterns 765 formed in the base material layers 761e to 761h. Specifically, the second coil patterns 765 are formed by metal conductors. The second coil patterns 765 are wound on the surface (more specifically, the top surface, and a part of two side surfaces opposite to each other in the Y-axis direction) of the multilayer body 762, and the top surface of the base material layer 761e, in such a way that a winding axis A2 (see Fig. 32) of the second coil patterns 765 (antenna coil 720) is substantially orthogonal to a winding axis A1.

    [0102] As illustrated in Fig. 31, one end of the antenna coil 720 is connected to one electrode of the tuning capacitor element 719, through vias in the base material layers 761e to 761h and conductor patterns formed in the base material layers 761d and 761g. The other end of the antenna coil 720 is connected to the other electrode of the tuning capacitor element 719, through vias in the base material layers 761f to 761h and a conductor pattern formed in the base material layer 761g.

    [0103] In this embodiment, as in the fourteenth embodiment, the coil portions of the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717 do not extend off the antenna coil 720 in top view. However, this embodiment differs from the fourteenth embodiment in that the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717 are provided below the antenna coil 720.

    <Operation/Effect of Thirteenth to Fifteenth Embodiments>



    [0104] In the above embodiments, the first and second coil patterns are formed so that the winding axis A1 of the first coil patterns (the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717), and the winding axis A2 of the second coil patterns (antenna coil 720) are substantially orthogonal to each other. Consequently, as illustrated in Figs. 28, 30, and 32, it is possible to substantially prevent a magnetic flux B generated from the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717 from linking with a current loop I in the antenna coil 720. Likewise, it is possible to substantially prevent a magnetic flux generated from the antenna coil 720 from linking with a current loop in each of the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717. Therefore, even when the antenna coil 720 and the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717 are integrated into the same multilayer body 722, 742, or 762, magnetic-field coupling between these components can be minimized. As a result, radiation of unwanted harmonic components from the antenna coil 720 through the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717 can be minimized, thereby making it possible to provide a miniature RW module 72, 74, or 76 with superior radio frequency characteristics.

    [0105] In the above embodiments, as a preferred example, a case where the winding axes A1 and A2 are substantially orthogonal to each other has been described. However, this should not be construed restrictively. As illustrated in Fig. 33, the winding axes A1 and A2 may intersect at an angle other than 90° as long as the levels of harmonic components S1, S2, and so on for a fundamental Sm included in a transmitting signal in the 13 MHz band are below, for example, a specified value established by law or regulation. Even in a case where the winding axes A1 and A2 intersect at such an angle, the amount of harmonic components radiated from the antenna coil 720 is at a permissible level. Therefore, it is possible to provide a miniature RW module 72, 74, or 76 having superior radio frequency characteristics.

    [0106] In the above embodiments, as a preferred example, the base material layers 721a to 721d are made of a magnetic material, and the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717 are completely covered by the magnetic material. As a result, the inductor elements 716 and 717 can be each formed as a closed magnetic circuit structure. Therefore, the magnetic flux generated from each of the first coil patterns hardly goes around the second coil patterns of the antenna coil 720, and hence practically does not contribute to the electromotive force of the second coil patterns. Therefore, even when the first and second coil patterns are disposed in the same multilayer body 722 in close proximity to each other, magnetic coupling between the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717 and the antenna coil 720 can be minimized. However, such a closed magnetic circuit structure may not necessarily be adopted. As long as it is possible to almost completely prevent a magnetic flux generated from each of the first coil patterns of the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717 from going around the second coil patterns 725 of the antenna coil 720, the base material layer 721, 741, or 761 may be made of a material other than a magnetic material. For example, a non-magnetic layer may be provided on the bottom surface and/or top surface of the multilayer body 722, 742, or 762.

    [0107] Further, in the thirteenth embodiment, the pattern conductors of both the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717, and the antenna coil 720 can be formed in the top surface of the same base material layer (for example, the base material layer 721c). Consequently, it is possible to minimize the height along the Z-axis direction of the RW module 72.

    <Notes>



    [0108] In the above embodiments, as a preferred example, the RW-IC chip 711 is mounted on the top surface of the multilayer body 722, 742, or 762. However, this should not be construed restrictively. The RW-IC chip 711 may be mounted on another circuit board, or may be built in the multilayer body 722 or the like.

    [0109] In the above embodiments, in the RW module 72, 74, or 76, the RW-IC chip 711 having the balanced output terminals Tx1 and Tx2 is mounted, and a differential signal is transmitted. As a result, signal transmission that is immune to extraneous noise can be achieved. However, this should not be construed restrictively. The RW-IC chip 711 may include unbalanced output terminals (that is, a signal terminal and a ground terminal). In this case, while the LPF 712 includes an inductor element connected in series between the signal terminal and the antenna circuit, no inductor element is necessary between the ground terminal and the antenna circuit.

    [0110] The above embodiments are directed to the case where the LPF 712 is connected to the antenna circuit 715. However, this should not be construed restrictively. Instead of the LPF 712, a matching circuit may be connected to the antenna circuit 715. This matching circuit includes at least one inductance, and matches the impedance between the antenna circuit 715 and the RW-IC chip 711.

    [0111]  In the above embodiments, as illustrated in Figs. 30 and 32, the coil portions of the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717 are formed so as not to extend off the antenna coil 720 in top view. However, this should not be construed restrictively. As long as the condition that there be no substantial magnetic coupling between the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717, and the antenna coil 720 is satisfied, the first and second inductor elements 716 and 717 may be displaced in the X-axis direction with respect to the antenna coil 720.

    <Sixteenth Embodiment>



    [0112] Next, with reference to Figs. 34A, 34B, 35A, and 35B, a communication terminal apparatus 77 according to a sixteenth embodiment will be described. As illustrated in Fig. 34A, the communication terminal apparatus 77 is typically a cellular phone. The communication terminal apparatus 77 includes at least a battery pack 771, and various electronic components 773 mounted on a printed circuit board 772, inside a housing 774.

    [0113] As illustrated in Fig. 34B and the like, one of the RW modules 72, 74, and 76 is mounted on the printed circuit board 772. However, because the various electronic components 773 and the like for a cellular phone are arranged at high density inside the housing 774, considerable restrictions are placed on the size or layout of the RW module 72 or the like. For this reason, it is preferable to miniaturize the RW module 72 or the like. To miniaturize the RW module 72 or the like, first, it is conceivable to miniaturize the antenna coil 720. However, miniaturization of the antenna coil 720 disadvantageously makes the communication range of the RW module 72 or the like shorter. Accordingly, the communication terminal apparatus 77 further includes a booster antenna 775, which is a separate component from the RW module 72 or the like and has a larger opening than the antenna coil 720.

    [0114] In the booster antenna 775, as illustrated in Fig. 35A, first and second antenna coils 777 and 778 wound in opposite directions are formed in the top surface and the back surface, respectively, of a base material sheet 776 made of a dielectric material or a magnetic material. Further, as indicated by an equivalent circuit in Fig. 35B, the first and second antenna coils 777 and 778 are connected via capacitor elements 779 and 780. The resonant frequency of the booster antenna 775 is determined by respective inductances L1 and L2 of the antenna coils 777 and 778, and respective capacitance values C1 and C2 of the capacitor elements 779 and 780.

    <Operation/effect of Sixteenth Embodiment>



    [0115] The booster antenna 775 configured as mentioned above is disposed in the housing 774 so as to magnetically couple with the antenna coil 720 of the RW module 72 or the like, and operates as follows. When a differential signal is given to the antenna coil 720, an induction magnetic field is formed around the antenna coil 720. When this magnetic field penetrates each of the antenna coils 777 and 778 of the booster antenna 775, an induction current flows through each of the antenna coils 777 and 778, causing magnetic coupling between the antenna coil 720 and the booster antenna 775. Further, as an induction current flows through the booster antenna 775, a magnetic field is generated from the booster antenna 775 having a relatively large coil opening, thereby making it possible to increase the communication range.

    [0116] Since the booster antenna 775 can be made thinner than the RW module 72 or the like, and simply receives electric power supply without pin or wiring connections, the booster antenna 775 can be disposed in a narrow space inside the housing 774. Use of the booster antenna 775 as mentioned above increases the freedom of layout of the RW module 72 or the like, and further enables miniaturization of the antenna coil 720.

    [0117] As described above, according to this embodiment, not only the same operation/effect as the thirteenth to fifteenth embodiments is attained, but the use of the booster antenna 775 makes it possible to provide a communication terminal apparatus that can secure a sufficient communication range while achieving miniaturization of the antenna coil 720.

    Industrial Applicability



    [0118] The antenna device and the communication terminal apparatus according to the present invention make it possible to minimize radiation of unwanted harmonics. The antenna device finds utility in, for example, RFID tags, contactless IC cards, or reader/writers, and the communication terminal apparatus finds utility in cellular phones and the like.

    Reference Signs List



    [0119] 

    LPF2, LPF3 low pass filter

    port1 first terminal

    port2 second terminal

    10 multilayer body

    11 magnetic multilayer portion

    11b, 11c, 11d, 11e, 11f magnetic layer

    12 dielectric multilayer portion

    12a, 12f, 12g, 12h dielectric layer

    21 outer coil conductor

    22, 22a, 22b inner coil conductor, first inner coil conductor

    23, 23a, 23b second inner coil conductor

    31, 32, 33 capacitance-forming electrode

    41 to 47 external terminal electrode

    52, 53 wiring conductor

    60 RFIC

    61 chip component

    70 module substrate

    71, 81 printed circuit board

    72 UHF antenna

    74 booster coil antenna

    76 camera module

    77 mounting component

    81 printed circuit board

    82 UHF antenna

    82 antenna coil

    83 battery pack

    84 coaxial cable

    90 metal housing

    91 lower housing

    92 upper housing

    101 to 103 antenna device

    201, 202 RF module

    301 radio communication apparatus

    72, 74, 76 antenna device (reader/writer module)

    77 communication terminal apparatus

    711 RW-IC chip

    Tx1, Tx2 balanced output terminal

    712 low pass filter

    716 first inductor element

    717 second inductor element

    718 capacitor element

    713, 714 first and second capacitor elements

    715 antenna circuit

    719 tuning capacitor element

    720 antenna coil

    722 multilayer body

    A1, A2 winding axis




    Claims

    1. An antenna device (109 - 112) comprising:

    a multilayer body (10) including magnetic layers (11b - 11f) or dielectric layers (12a, 12g, 12h) that are stacked; and

    an outer coil conductor (21) that forms an antenna coil and that has a winding axis in a direction orthogonal to a stacking direction of the multilayer body, the outer coil conductor (21) being disposed so as to run around a periphery, or a part of the periphery, of the multilayer body,

    wherein an inner coil conductor (22) that forms an inductor of a filter circuit is formed within a winding area of the outer coil conductor (21), the inner coil conductor (22) having a winding axis in a direction orthogonal to the winding axis of the outer coil conductor (21),

    wherein at least a first end of the outer coil conductor (21) and an end portion of the inner coil conductor (22) are connected to each other.


     
    2. The antenna device according to claim 1, wherein the inner coil conductor (22a, 22b) is formed over a plurality of layers (11c, 11d, 12c) of the multilayer body.
     
    3. The antenna device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the inner coil conductor (22) includes a first inner coil conductor (22a) and a second inner coil conductor (22b), the first inner coil conductor (22a) and the second inner coil conductor (22b) having winding axes parallel to each other.
     
    4. The antenna device according to claim 3, wherein in plan view from the stacking direction of the multilayer body, a coil opening of the first inner coil conductor (22a) and a coil opening of the second inner coil conductor (22b) overlap each other.
     
    5. The antenna device according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the outer coil conductor (21) is formed in a layer that contacts a magnetic layer or in a magnetic layer, and the inner coil conductor (22) is formed in a layer that contacts a non-magnetic layer or in a non-magnetic layer.
     
    6. The antenna device according to claim 2, wherein the outer coil conductor (21) is formed in a magnetic layer or in a layer that contacts a magnetic layer, and a magnetic layer is formed between different layers of the inner coil conductor (22).
     
    7. The antenna device according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein a part of the outer coil conductor (21) is a via-hole conductor formed in a magnetic layer.
     
    8. The antenna device according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein a capacitance-forming electrode (31, 32, 33) is formed in the multilayer body (10), and a filter is formed by a capacitance due to the capacitance-forming electrode (31, 32, 33) and the inner coil conductor (22).
     
    9. A radio communication apparatus comprising:

    a communication circuit; and

    an antenna device according to claim 1 that is connected to the communication circuit.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Ein Antennenbauelement (109 - 112), das folgende Merkmale aufweist:

    einen Mehrschichtkörper (10) mit Magnetschichten (11b - 11f) oder dielektrischen Schichten (12a, 12g, 12h), die gestapelt sind; und

    einen äußeren Spulenleiter (21), der eine Antennenspule bildet und der eine Wickelachse in einer Richtung orthogonal zu einer Stapelrichtung des Mehrschichtkörpers aufweist, wobei der äußere Spulenleiter (21) so angeordnet ist, dass er um eine Peripherie oder einen Teil der Peripherie des Mehrschichtkörpers läuft,

    wobei ein innerer Spulenleiter (22), der einen Induktor einer Filterschaltung bildet, innerhalb eines Wickelbereichs des äußeren Spulenleiters (21) gebildet ist, wobei der innere Spulenleiter (22) eine Wickelachse in einer Richtung orthogonal zu der Wickelachse des äußeren Spulenleiters (21) aufweist,

    wobei zumindest ein erstes Ende des äußeren Spulenleiters (21) und ein Endabschnitt des inneren Spulenleiters (22) miteinander verbunden sind.


     
    2. Das Antennenbauelement gemäß Anspruch 1, bei dem der innere Spulenleiter (22a, 22b) über eine Mehrzahl von Schichten (11c, 11d, 12c) des Mehrschichtkörpers gebildet ist.
     
    3. Das Antennenbauelement gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, bei dem der innere Spulenleiter (22) einen ersten inneren Spulenleiter (22a) und einen zweiten inneren Spulenleiter (22b) aufweist, wobei der erste innere Spulenleiter (22a) und der zweite innere Spulenleiter (22b) Wickelachsen aufweisen, die parallel zueinander sind.
     
    4. Das Antennenbauelement gemäß Anspruch 3, bei dem bei Draufsicht aus der Stapelrichtung des Mehrschichtkörpers eine Spulenöffnung des ersten inneren Spulenleiters (22a) und eine Spulenöffnung des zweiten inneren Spulenleiters (22b) einander überlappen.
     
    5. Das Antennenbauelement gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, bei dem der äußere Spulenleiter (21) in einer Schicht, die eine Magnetschicht berührt, oder in einer Magnetschicht gebildet ist und der innere Spulenleiter (22) in einer Schicht, die eine Nicht-Magnetschicht berührt, oder in einer Nicht-Magnetschicht gebildet ist.
     
    6. Das Antennenbauelement gemäß Anspruch 2, bei dem der äußere Spulenleiter (21) in einer Magnetschicht oder in einer Schicht gebildet ist, die eine Magnetschicht berührt, und eine Magnetschicht zwischen unterschiedlichen Schichten des inneren Spulenleiters (22) gebildet ist.
     
    7. Das Antennenbauelement gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, bei dem ein Teil des äußeren Spulenleiters (21) ein Durchgangslochleiter ist, der in einer Magnetschicht gebildet ist.
     
    8. Das Antennenbauelement gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, bei dem eine kapazitätsbildende Elektrode (31, 32, 33) in dem Mehrschichtkörper (10) gebildet ist und ein Filter durch eine Kapazität aufgrund der kapazitätsbildenden Elektrode (31, 32, 33) und des inneren Spulenleiters (22) gebildet ist.
     
    9. Eine Funkkommunikationsvorrichtung, die folgende Merkmale aufweist:

    eine Kommunikationsschaltung; und

    ein Antennenbauelement gemäß Anspruch 1, das mit der Kommunikationsschaltung verbunden ist.


     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif d'antenne (109 - 112) comprenant :

    un corps multicouche (10) incluant des couches magnétiques (11b - 11f) ou des couches diélectriques (12a, 12g, 12h) qui sont empilées ; et

    un conducteur de bobine externe (21) qui forme une bobine d'antenne et qui présente un axe d'enroulement dans une direction orthogonale à une direction d'empilement du corps multicouche, le conducteur de bobine externe (21) étant disposé de manière à s'étendre autour d'une périphérie, ou d'une partie de la périphérie, du corps multicouche ;

    dans lequel un conducteur de bobine interne (22) qui forme une bobine d'induction d'un circuit de filtrage est formé dans une zone d'enroulement du conducteur de bobine externe (21), le conducteur de bobine interne (22) présentant un axe d'enroulement dans une direction orthogonale à l'axe d'enroulement du conducteur de bobine externe (21) ;

    dans lequel au moins une première extrémité du conducteur de bobine externe (21) et une partie d'extrémité du conducteur de bobine interne (22) sont connectées l'une à l'autre.


     
    2. Dispositif d'antenne selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le conducteur de bobine interne (22a, 22b) est formé sur une pluralité de couches (11c, 11d, 12c) du corps multicouche.
     
    3. Dispositif d'antenne selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le conducteur de bobine interne (22) inclut un premier conducteur de bobine interne (22a) et un second conducteur de bobine interne (22b), le premier conducteur de bobine interne (22a) et le second conducteur de bobine interne (22b) présentant des axes d'enroulement parallèles l'un à l'autre.
     
    4. Dispositif d'antenne selon la revendication 3, dans lequel, dans une vue en plan à partir de la direction d'empilement du corps multicouche, une ouverture de bobine du premier conducteur de bobine interne (22a) et une ouverture de bobine du second conducteur de bobine interne (22b) se chevauchent mutuellement.
     
    5. Dispositif d'antenne selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel le conducteur de bobine externe (21) est formé dans une couche qui est en contact avec une couche magnétique, ou dans une couche magnétique, et le conducteur de bobine interne (22) est formé dans une couche qui est en contact avec une couche non magnétique, ou dans une couche non magnétique.
     
    6. Dispositif d'antenne selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le conducteur de bobine externe (21) est formé dans une couche magnétique ou dans une couche qui est en contact avec une couche magnétique, et une couche magnétique est formée entre différentes couches du conducteur de bobine interne (22).
     
    7. Dispositif d'antenne selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel une partie du conducteur de bobine externe (21) est un conducteur de trou d'interconnexion formé dans une couche magnétique.
     
    8. Dispositif d'antenne selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, dans lequel une électrode de formation de capacité (31, 32, 33) est formée dans le corps multicouche (10), et un filtre est formé par une capacité due à l'électrode de formation de capacité (31, 32, 33) et au conducteur de bobine interne (22).
     
    9. Appareil de radiocommunication comprenant :

    un circuit de communication ; et

    un dispositif d'antenne selon la revendication 1, qui est connecté au circuit de communication.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description