(19)
(11)EP 2 815 437 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
14.08.2019 Bulletin 2019/33

(21)Application number: 13748752.6

(22)Date of filing:  18.02.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H01L 33/58  (2010.01)
H01L 33/54  (2010.01)
H01L 33/60  (2010.01)
H01L 33/50  (2010.01)
H01L 33/46  (2010.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2013/000859
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/121800 (22.08.2013 Gazette  2013/34)

(54)

Light-emitting diode and method of manufacturing a light-emitting diode

Leuchtdiode und Herstellungsverfahren einer Leuchtdiode

Diode électroluminescente et procédé de fabrication d'une diode électroluminescente


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 16.02.2012 JP 2012031542
16.02.2012 JP 2012031544

(43)Date of publication of application:
24.12.2014 Bulletin 2014/52

(73)Proprietors:
  • Citizen Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Yamanashi-ken 403-0001 (JP)
  • CITIZEN WATCH CO., LTD.
    Tokyo 188-8511 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • TSUCHIYA, Kosuke
    Fujiyoshida-shi, Yamanashi-ken, 403-0001 (JP)
  • MIZUNO, Toshiyuki
    Fujiyoshida-shi, Yamanashi-ken, 403-0001 (JP)

(74)Representative: Dendorfer, Claus 
Dendorfer & Herrmann Patentanwälte Partnerschaft mbB Neuhauser Straße 47
80331 München
80331 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 1 403 937
JP-A- 2000 208 822
JP-A- 2007 158 009
KR-A- 20000 053 441
US-A1- 2010 140 648
EP-A2- 1 746 666
JP-A- 2007 158 009
JP-A- 2009 032 746
US-A1- 2009 212 315
US-A1- 2011 127 558
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a light-emitting diode, and also relates to a lighting device including a light-emitting diode.

    Background Art



    [0002] It is laid open to the public that a light emitting diode includes an element substrate, a light emitting element mounted on the element substrate, a sealing body which emits light from the light emitting element and which seals the light emitting element, and a light shielding means to form light emitting parts for directing light from the sealing body in two dimensional directions which are formed from a combination of either two axes of three dimensional axes X, Y and Z (For reference, see Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2004-127604).

    [0003] Also, it is laid open to the public that a light emitting device is provided with a light emitting device chip, a transparent member coating the light emitting device chip, and a reflecting member covering the surface of transparent member except surfaces from which light from the light emitting device chip is emitted. The device is formed so that the surface of the transparent member is exposed 180° or more in an angle when it is seen from the light emitting device chip in at least one plane passing the light emitting device chip (for reference, see Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2004-039778).

    [0004] US 2009/0212315 A1 discloses a semiconductor light emitting device including a main body and a light-shielding reflective member. The main body includes a semiconductor light emitting element, a substrate for mounting the semiconductor light emitting element, a housing and a sealing resin. The substrate includes a white insulating support and a pair of electrodes supported by the white insulating support. The housing is formed of the same material as that of the white insulating support and includes a groove in which the semiconductor light emitting element is located. The sealing resin, which is a transparent or translucent material, is filled in the groove so as to cover the semiconductor light emitting element. The light-shielding reflective member is coated at least on side faces of the sealing resin and side faces of the while insulating support.

    Summary of Invention



    [0005] The present invention discloses a light-emitting diode according to claim 1 and a method of manufacturing a light-emitting diode according to claim 15. Further embodiments are disclosed in the dependent claims.

    Technical Problem



    [0006] In a light-emitting diode and/or a lighting device, varied light from a light-emitting element and from a phosphor included in a light-transmitting member tends to occur, depending on a direction of emitted light. Also, in a light-emitting diode and/or a lighting device with a configuration to emit a wide angle of light emission, light leak in another direction that is unnecessary is required to be prevented.

    Solution to Problem



    [0007] The present invention is defined by the independent claims, taking due account of any element which is equivalent to an element specified in the claims. The dependent claims concern optional elements of some embodiments.

    [0008] In a first aspect of the present invention, a light-emitting diode includes a light-emitting element with a p-n junction, a first light-transmitting member including a phosphor and sealing the light-emitting element, and first and second covers disposed on opposite surfaces of the first light-transmitting member. It is disclosed that the first and second covers extend over edges of the opposite surfaces of the first light-transmitting member.

    [0009] In a second aspect of the present invention, a first cover disposed on a first parallel surface of a first light-transmitting member can be greater in thickness than a second cover.

    [0010] In some embodiments, it is disclosed that a second light-transmitting member with higher diffusion coefficient than a first light-transmitting member is disposed in contact with a first perpendicular surface of a first light-transmitting member. It is also disclosed that the second light-transmitting member with higher diffusion coefficient than the first light-transmitting member further is disposed in contact with a second perpendicular surface of the first light-transmitting member.

    [0011] It is disclosed that a distance between the p-n junction and the first perpendicular surface of the first light-transmitting member is substantially identical to a distance between the p-n junction and the third perpendicular surface of the first light-transmitting member. It is also disclosed that a distance between the p-n junction and the second perpendicular surface of the first light-transmitting member is substantially identical to the distance between the p-n junction and the third perpendicular surface of the first light-transmitting member.

    [0012] Furthermore, it is disclosed that the distance between the p-n junction and the first perpendicular surface of the first light-transmitting member is less than the distance between the p-n junction and the third perpendicular surface of the first light-transmitting member. It is also disclosed that the distance between the p-n junction and the second perpendicular surface of the first light-transmitting member is less than the distance between the p-n junction and the third perpendicular surface of the first light-transmitting member.

    Advantageous Effects of Invention



    [0013] An occurrence of varied light from a light-emitting element and from a phosphor included in the light-transmitting member depending on a direction of emitted light can be suppressed. Also, a light-emitting diode and/or a lighting device that is configured to emit light with a wide angle of light emission are suggested.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0014] 

    FIG. 1 is a top perspective view of a light-emitting diode (LED) according to a first embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 2 is a front view of the LED shown in FIG. 1 and mounted on a motherboard of a lighting device.

    FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the LED taken along the line III-III of FIG. 2.

    FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of an LED according to a second embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of an LED according to a third embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 6 is a top perspective view of an LED according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 7 is a front view of the LED shown in FIG. 6 and mounted on a motherboard of a lighting device.

    FIG. 8 is a top perspective view of an LED according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 9 is a front view of the LED shown in FIG. 8 and mounted on a motherboard of a lighting device.


    Description of Embodiments



    [0015] As used herein, the term 'and/or' includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items.

    [0016] The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the invention. As used herein, the singular forms 'a', 'an' and 'the' are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.

    [0017] It will be further understood that the terms 'comprises', 'comprising', 'includes', 'including', 'has' and/or 'having' when used herein, specify the presence of stated features, integers, elements, components, and/or portions of an element, but do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, integers, elements, components, portions, and/or groups thereof.

    [0018] Furthermore, as used herein, the term 'light-emitting element' may be used as a light-emitting diode (LED) element as a bare chip in some embodiments. The bare chip may be a wafer-level chip. The term 'light-emitting element' may be used as an LED element electrically connected to a lead-frame. Also, the term 'light-emitting element' may be used as an LED element electrically connected to a substrate.

    [0019] The light-emitting element can be selected from light-emitting elements that emit various color of light. For example, the light-emitting element may be a blue light-emitting element. The light-emitting element can be an ultraviolet light-emitting element. Also, the light-emitting element can be a red light-emitting element. Furthermore, the light-emitting element can be a green or yellow light-emitting element.

    [0020] Relative terms such as 'below' or 'above' or 'upper' or 'lower' may be used herein to describe a relationship of one element, layer, region, or portion to another element, layer, region, or portion as illustrated in the figures. It will be understood that these terms are intended to encompass different orientations of a device in addition to the orientation depicted in the figures.

    [0021] Embodiments of the invention now will be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which embodiments of the invention are shown. This invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the scope of the invention to those skilled in the art.

    [0022] Embodiments of the invention are described with reference to drawings included herewith. Same and/or similar reference numbers refer to same and/or similar structures throughout. It should be noted that the drawings are schematic in nature.

    [0023] FIG. 1 shows a top perspective view of a light-emitting diode (LED) 21 according to a first embodiment of the present invention. The LED 21 includes a light-emitting element 23 with a p-n junction 23j, a first light-transmitting member 24 including a phosphor 1, sealing the light-emitting element 23, and having first and second parallel surfaces 24a, 24b that are positioned parallel to each other. The LED 21 further includes a first cover 25 disposed on the first parallel surface 24a of the first light-transmitting member 24, and a second cover 26 disposed on the second parallel surface 24b of the first light-transmitting member 24. The first cover 25 is disposed in contact with the first parallel surface 24a and covers the first parallel surface 24a from above. The second cover 26 is disposed in contact with the second parallel surface 24b and covers the second parallel surface 24b from below, as shown in FIG. 1. The first cover 25 extends over an edge 24ac and/or 24ae of the first parallel surface 24a of the first light-transmitting member 24, and the second cover 26 extends over an edge 24bc and/or 24be of the second parallel surface 24b of the first light-transmitting member 24. The first cover 25 shown in FIG. 1 extends straight along the first parallel surface 24a of the first light-transmitting member 24. The second cover 26 shown in FIG. 1 extends straight along the second parallel surface 24b of the first light-transmitting member 24. The first cover 25 and the second cover 26 extend in opposite directions shown as an arrow '1' pointing both sides in FIG. 1. The first cover 25 and the second cover 26 may be flush with the first light-transmitting member 24 in opposite directions shown as an arrow 'w' pointing both sides. The arrow 'w' extends perpendicularly to the arrow '1'.

    [0024] For more details, the LED 21 of the first embodiment includes the light-emitting element 23 that includes the p-n junction 23j, which emits light. The LED 21 further includes the first light-transmitting member 24 that includes the phosphor 1, seals the light-emitting element 23 and has first and second parallel surfaces 24a, 24b that are positioned parallel to each other, and first, second, and third perpendicular surfaces 24c, 24e, 24d that extend perpendicularly to the first and second parallel surfaces 24a, 24b between edges 24ac, 24ae, 24ad of the first parallel surface 24a and edges 24bc, 24be, 24bd of the second parallel surface 24b. The LED 21 of the first embodiment further includes a first cover 25 disposed on the first parallel surface 24a of the first light-transmitting member 24 and a second cover 26 disposed on the second parallel surface 24b of the first light-transmitting member 24. The first cover 25 extends over the edge 24ac between the first parallel surface 24a and the first perpendicular surface 24c of the first light-transmitting member 24 and extends over the edge 24ae between the first parallel surface 24a and the second perpendicular surface 24e of the first light-transmitting member 24. The second cover 26 extends over the edge 24bc between the second parallel surface 24b and the first perpendicular surface 24c of the first light-transmitting member 24 and extends over the edge 24be between the second parallel surface 24b and the second perpendicular surface 24e. The p-n junction 23j at a light-emitting surface 23js faces to the third perpendicular surface 24d of the first light-transmitting member 24. The first and second covers 25, 26 may be made of a resin that seals light. The resin may be opaque, for example. The first cover 25 may include a mirror surface that is in contact with the first parallel surface 24a of the first light-transmitting member 24. Furthermore, the second cover 26 may include a mirror surface that is in contact with the second parallel surface 24b of the first light-transmitting member 24. With the mirror surface included in the first cover 25 and/or the second cover 26, light toward upward and/or downward can be used as light emission emitted through the first, second, and third perpendicular surfaces 24c, 24e, 24d of the first light-transmitting member 24 as lateral light. Accordingly, a wide angle of light emission suppressing loss of light can be achieved.

    [0025] In this embodiment, light is configured to emit light with a wide angle of light emitted through the third perpendicular surface 24d, the first perpendicular surface 24c, and the second perpendicular surface 24e, which are surrounded by air. As the first cover 25 extends over the edge 24ac between the first parallel surface 24a and the first perpendicular surface 24c of the first light-transmitting member 24 and extends over the edge 24ae between the first parallel surface 24a and the second perpendicular surface 24e of the first light-transmitting member 24, an upward and/or downward light that is emitted through the first perpendicular surface 24c and/or the second perpendicular surface 24e can be reflected by the first cover 25 and/or the second cover 26 to be lateral light. Accordingly, a wide angle of lateral light emission suppressing loss of light can be achieved. Also, light leak in another direction that is unnecessary can be prevented.

    [0026] The LED 21 may further include a substrate 22 that is positioned at a side opposite to the third perpendicular surface 24d of the first light-transmitting member 24 and electrically connected to the light-emitting element 23. As shown in FIG. 1, the substrate 22 is positioned in contact with a fourth perpendicular surface 24f of the first light-transmitting member 24. The substrate 22 covering the fourth perpendicular surface 24f is arranged flush with the first cover 25 and the second cover 26 at portions in contact with each other. Accordingly, the substrate 22 includes a first extending portion 22a that extends over a side edge 24cf between the first perpendicular surface 24c and the fourth perpendicular surface 24f of the first light-transmitting member 24 and includes a second extending portion 22b that extends over a side edge 24ef between the second perpendicular surface 24e and the fourth perpendicular surface 24f of the first light-transmitting member 24 in opposite directions shown as the arrow '1' pointing both sides in FIG. 1.

    [0027] In an embodiment of an LED, the light-emitting element 23 may be mounted on a substrate 22. The substrate 22 may be a glass epoxy substrate. The substrate 22 can be made of alumina, which is thermally conductive. Furthermore, the substrate 22 may include a metal that can be thermally connected to the light-emitting element 23. The substrate 22 includes electrodes that are electrically connected to p-electrode and n-electrode of the p-n junction 23j of the light-emitting element 23. The p-electrode and the n-electrode of the light-emitting element 23 may be electrically connected to the electrodes of the substrate 22 by a wire and/or a bump.

    [0028] Furthermore, the first cover 25 includes a first extending portion 25a that extends over the edge 24ac between the first parallel surface 24a and the first perpendicular surface 24c and includes a second extending portion 25b that extends over the edge 24ae between the first parallel surface 24a and the second perpendicular surface 24e. The second cover 26 includes a first extending portion 26a that extends over the edge 24bc between the second parallel surface 24b and the first perpendicular surface 24c and includes a second extending portion 26b that extends over the edge 24be between the second parallel surface 24b and the second perpendicular surface 24e. Accordingly, light emitted from the light-emitting element 23 is configured to emit light through the first light-transmitting member 24 with a wide angle of lateral light emission closer to 180 degrees.

    [0029] The distance L2 between the p-n junction 23j at a light-emitting edge 23je of the p-n junction 23j and the first perpendicular surface 24c of the first light-transmitting member 24 may be substantially identical to the distance L1 between the p-n junction 23j at a light-emitting surface 23js of the p-n junction 23j and the third perpendicular surface 24d of the first light-transmitting member 24. Also, the distance L3 between the p-n junction 23j at a light-emitting edge 23je of the p-n junction 23j and the second perpendicular surface 24e of the first light-transmitting member 24 may be substantially identical to the distance L1 between the p-n junction 23j at the light-emitting surface 23js of the p-n junction 23j and the third perpendicular surface 24d of the first light-transmitting member 24.

    [0030] Furthermore, the distance L2 between the p-n junction 23j at a light-emitting edge 23je and the first perpendicular surface 24c of the first light-transmitting member 24 can be less than the distance L1 between the p-n junction 23j at the light-emitting surface 23js and the third perpendicular surface 24d of the first light-transmitting member 24. Also, the distance L3 between the p-n junction 23j at a light-emitting edge 23je and the second perpendicular surface 24e of the first light-transmitting member 24 can be less than the distance L1 between the p-n junction 23j at the light-emitting surface 23js of the p-n junction 23j and the third perpendicular surface 24d of the first light-transmitting member 24. As the p-n junction 23j faces to the third perpendicular surface 24d of the first light-transmitting member 24 at the light-emitting surface 23js and the p-n junction 23j faces to the first and second perpendicular surfaces 24c, 24e, at light-emitting edges 23je, intensity of light emitted from the p-n junction 23j to the third perpendicular surface 24d is considered to be higher than light emitted from the p-n junction 23j to the first perpendicular surface 24c or to the second perpendicular surface 24e. Accordingly, the first light-transmitting member 24 including the phosphor 1 toward the direction to the first perpendicular surface 24c and/or toward the direction to the second perpendicular surfaces 24e, can be decreased in thickness, compared to the direction toward the third perpendicular surface 24d of the first light-transmitting member 24.

    [0031] FIG. 2 shows a front view of the LED 21 shown in FIG. 1 and mounted on a motherboard 27 of a lighting device 100. Also, FIG. 3 shows a cross-sectional view of the LED 21 taken along the line III-III of FIG. 2. The lighting device 100 may be a display device requiring a light source with a wide angle of lateral light emission. Also, the lighting device 100 may be a lighting system requiring a light source with a wide angle of lateral light emission. As shown in FIG. 2, the third perpendicular surface 24d of the first light-transmitting resin 24 may be flush with peripheral side surfaces of the first cover 25 and the second cover 26, but the first and second perpendicular surfaces 24c, 24e of the first light-transmitting resin 24 are positioned inward from the peripheral side surfaces of the first cover 25 and the second cover 26. Accordingly, there is a first space 28a demarcated by the first extending portion 25a of the first cover 25, the first perpendicular surface 24c of the first light-transmitting member 24, the first extending portion 22a of the substrate 22, and the first extending portion 26a of the second cover 26, and there is a second space 28b demarcated by the second extending portion 25b of the first cover 25, the second perpendicular surface 24e of the first light-transmitting member 24, the second extending portion 22b of the substrate 22, and the second extending portion 26b of the second cover 26. When the second cover 26 is mounted on the motherboard 27, the substrate 22 may have a portion that is in contact with or adjacently positioned to the motherboard 27. Accordingly, electricity may be supplied through the motherboard 27 to the substrate 22 and to the light-emitting element 23.

    [0032] FIG. 4 shows a cross-sectional view of an LED 31 according to a second embodiment of the present invention. The LED 31 includes a light-emitting element 23 with a p-n junction 23j, a first light-transmitting member 24 including a phosphor 1, sealing the light-emitting element 23, and having first and second parallel surfaces 24a, 24b that are positioned parallel to each other. The first light-transmitting member 24 may be made of a transparent or translucent resin and include the phosphor 1 that can be excited by light emitted from the light-emitting element 23. The LED 31 further includes a first cover 25 disposed on the first parallel surface 24a of the first light-transmitting member 24, and a second cover 26 disposed on the second parallel surface 24b of the first light-transmitting member 24. The first cover 25 extends over an edge 24ac and/or 24ae of the first parallel surface 24a of the first light-transmitting member 24, and the second cover 26 extends over an edge 24bc and/or 24be of the second parallel surface 24b of the first light-transmitting member 24.

    [0033] The first and second covers 25, 26 may be made of a resin that seals light. The resin may be opaque, for example. The first cover 25 may include a mirror surface that is in contact with the first parallel surface 24a of the first light-transmitting member 24. The mirror surface can reflect light from the first light-transmitting member 24 back to the first light-transmitting member 24. The mirror surface can be extended to cover the first extending portion 25a and the second extending portion 25b of the first cover 25. Furthermore, the second cover 26 may include a mirror surface that is in contact with the second parallel surface 24b of the first light-transmitting member 24. The mirror surface can be extended to cover the first extending portion 26a and the second extending portion 26b of the second cover 26. With the mirror surface included in the first cover 25 and/or the second cover 26, light toward upward and/or down ward can be emitted through the first, second, and third perpendicular surfaces 24c, 24e, 24d as lateral light. Accordingly, a wide angle of lateral light emission suppressing loss of light can be achieved.

    [0034] In this embodiment, different from the first embodiment, the LED 31 further includes a second light-transmitting member 29 with higher diffusion coefficient than the first light-transmitting member 24 disposed in contact with the first light-transmitting member 24 between the first cover 25 and the second cover 26. The second light-transmitting member 29 may include a reflective particle. The reflective particle may be made of silicon dioxide (Si02). The reflective particle may be made of titanium dioxide (Ti02). The second light-transmitting member 29 is disposed in contact with the first perpendicular surface 24c of the first light-transmitting member 24, the first cover 25, and the second cover 26. In other words, the second light-transmitting member 29 is filled in the first space 28a demarcated by the first cover 25, the first perpendicular surface 24c, the substrate 22, and the second cover 26. Also, the second light-transmitting member 29 with higher diffusion coefficient than the first light-transmitting member 24 further is disposed in contact with the second perpendicular surface 24e of the first light-transmitting member 24, the first cover 25, and the second cover 26. In other words, the second light-transmitting member 29 is filled in the second space 28b demarcated by the first cover 25, the second perpendicular surface 24e, the substrate 22, and the second cover 26.

    [0035] The second light-transmitting member 29 that is disposed in contact with the first perpendicular surface 24c of the first light-transmitting member 24 and the second light-transmitting member 29 that is disposed in contact with the second perpendicular surface 24e of the first light-transmitting member 24 are separately disposed by the first light-transmitting member 24. With the second light-transmitting member 29, light from the light-emitting element 23 and light from the phosphor 1 can be diffused, and therefore it is possible to suppress the occurrence of varied light from the light-emitting element 23 and the phosphor 1. Also, as the second light-transmitting member 29 is sandwiched from above by the first cover 25 and from below by the second cover 26, a wide angle of lateral light emission suppressing loss of light can be achieved.

    [0036] FIG. 5 shows a cross-sectional view of an LED 41 according to a third embodiment of the present invention. In this embodiment, the first light-transmitting member 44 is rounded at a side edge between the first perpendicular surface 44c and the third perpendicular surface 44d. Also, the first light-transmitting member 44 is rounded at a side edge between the second perpendicular surface 44e and the third perpendicular surface 44d. In this embodiment, light at the rounded portions of the first light-transmitting member 44 may suppress the occurrence of varied light from the light-emitting element 23 and the phosphor 1 at the side edges.

    [0037] In this embodiment, the distance L4 between the p-n junction 23j at a light-emitting edge 23je and a rounded portion 44r of the first light-transmitting member 44 may be substantially identical to the distance L1. The distance L5 between the p-n junction 23j at a light-emitting edge 23je and a rounded portion 44r' of the first light-transmitting member 44 may be substantially identical to the distance L1.

    [0038] In this embodiment, a second light-transmitting member 29 (shown as 29a) with higher diffusion coefficient than the first light-transmitting member 44 may be disposed in contact with the first perpendicular surface 44c of the first light-transmitting member 44. The second light-transmitting member 29 may cover to the rounded portion 44r. Also, the second light-transmitting member 29 (shown as 29b) with higher diffusion coefficient than the first light-transmitting member 44 is further disposed in contact with the second perpendicular surface 44e of the first light-transmitting member 44. The second light-transmitting member 29 may cover to the rounded portion 44r'. Accordingly, the first space 28a demarcated by the first extending portion 25a of the first cover 25, the first perpendicular surface 24c, and the first extending portion 26a of the second cover 26 is filled by the second light-transmitting member 29 (shown as 29a) and the second space 28b demarcated by the second extending portion 25b of the first cover 25, the second perpendicular surface 24e, and the second extending portion 26b of the second cover 26 is filled by the second light-transmitting member 29 (shown as 29b).

    [0039] FIG. 6 shows a top perspective view of an LED 51 according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 7 shows a front view of the LED 51 shown in FIG. 6 and mounted on a motherboard 27 of a lighting device 200. A light-emitting diode (LED) 51 includes a light-emitting element 23 with a p-n junction 23j, a first light-transmitting member 24 including a phosphor 1, sealing the light-emitting element 23, and having first and second parallel surfaces 24a, 24b that are positioned parallel to each other. The LED 51 further includes a first cover 55 disposed on the first parallel surface 24a of the first light-transmitting member 24, and a second cover 56 disposed on the second parallel surface 24b of the first light-transmitting member 24. The first cover 55 extends over an edge 24ac and/or 24ae of the first parallel surface 24a of the first light-transmitting member 24, and the second cover 56 extends over an edge 24bc and/or 24be of the second parallel surface 24b of the first light-transmitting member 24.

    [0040] In this embodiment, the first cover 55 disposed on the first parallel surface 24a of the first light-transmitting member 24 is greater in thickness than the second cover 56.

    [0041] When the second cover 56 is disposed on a motherboard 27 of a lighting device 200, light toward the motherboard 27 can be reflected and/or absorbed on the motherboard 27, however light toward the first cover 55 may be partly emitted through the first cover 55, and therefore, the first cover 55 is more thickened than the second cover 56 to prevent a light leak at the first cover 55.

    [0042] FIG. 8 shows a top perspective view of an LED 61 according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 9 shows a front view of the LED 61 shown in FIG. 8 and mounted on a motherboard 27 of a lighting device 300.

    [0043] The LED 61 includes a light-emitting element 23 that includes a p-n junction 23j, and a first light-transmitting member 64 that includes a phosphor 1, seals the light-emitting element 23 and has first and second parallel surfaces 64a, 64b that are positioned parallel to each other, and first, second, and third perpendicular surfaces 64c, 64e, 64d. The first perpendicular surface 64c, the second perpendicular surface 64e, and the third perpendicular surface 64d extend perpendicularly to the first parallel surface 64a and the second parallel surfaces 64b between edges 64ac, 64ae, 64ad of the first parallel surface 64a and edges 64bc, 64be, 64bd of the second parallel surface 64b.

    [0044] The LED 61 further includes a first cover 55 disposed on the first parallel surface 64a of the first light-transmitting member 64 and a second cover 56 disposed on the second parallel surface 64b of the first light-transmitting member 64. The p-n junction 23j at the light-emitting surface 23js of the light-emitting element 23 faces to the third perpendicular surface 64d of the first light-transmitting member 64. The first cover 55 disposed on the first parallel surface 64a of the first light-transmitting member 64 is greater in thickness than the second cover 56.

    [0045] In this embodiment, light is configured to be emitted through with a wide angle of lateral light emission through the third perpendicular surface 64d, the first perpendicular surface 64c, and the second perpendicular surface 64e, which are surrounded by air. The LED 61 may further include a substrate 22 that is positioned at a side opposite to the third perpendicular surface 64d of the first light-transmitting member 64 and electrically connected to the light-emitting element 23. With this configuration, light is configured to be emitted as a wide angle of lateral light emission through the third perpendicular surface 64d, the first perpendicular surface 64c, and the second perpendicular surface 64e, which are surrounded by air. The LED 61 may further include a substrate 22 that is positioned at a side opposite to the third perpendicular surface 64d of the first light-transmitting member 64 and electrically connected to the light-emitting element 23. As shown in FIG. 8, the substrate 22 is positioned in contact with a fourth perpendicular surface 64f of the first light-transmitting member 64. The substrate 22 covering the fourth perpendicular surface 64f is arranged flush with the first light-transmitting member 64, first cover 55 and the second cover 56 at adjacent portions in contact with each other.

    [0046] As shown in FIG. 9, when the second cover 56 is disposed on a motherboard 27 of a lighting device 100, light toward the motherboard 27 can be reflected and/or absorbed on the motherboard 27, however light toward the first cover 55 may be partly emitted through the first cover 55, and therefore, the first cover 55 is more thickened than the second cover 56 that is configured to be positioned adjacent to the motherboard 27.

    [0047] Furthermore, while certain embodiments of the present inventive subject matter have been illustrated with reference to specific combinations of elements, various other combinations may also be provided without departing from the teachings of the present inventive subject matter. Thus, the present inventive subject matter should not be construed as being limited to the particular exemplary embodiments described herein and illustrated in the Figures, but may also encompass combinations of elements of the various illustrated embodiments.

    [0048] Many alterations and modifications may be made by those having ordinary skill in the art, given the benefit of the present disclosure, without departing from the scope of the inventive subject matter. Therefore, it must be understood that the illustrated embodiments have been set forth only for the purposes of example, and that it should not be taken as limiting the inventive subject matter as defined by the following claims.

    Industrial Applicability



    [0049] A lighting device including an LED according to an embodiment of the present invention may be a display device requiring a light source with a wide angle of light emission. Also, a lighting device including an LED according to an embodiment of the present invention may be a lighting system requiring a light source with a wide angle of light emission.

    Reference Signs List



    [0050] 

    Light-emitting diode (LED) 21, 31, 41, 51, 61

    Light-emitting element 23

    p-n junction 23j

    Lighting device 100, 200, 300

    Phosphor 1

    First light-transmitting member 24, 64

    Second light-transmitting member 29, 29a, 29b

    First cover 25, 55

    Second cover 26, 56


    Citation List


    Patent Literature



    [0051] 

    Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2004-127604.

    Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2004-039778.




    Claims

    1. A light-emitting diode (21, 31, 41, 51) comprising:

    a light-emitting element (23) with a p-n junction (23j);

    a first light-transmitting member (24, 64) comprising a phosphor (1), sealing the light-emitting element (23), and having first (24a, 64a) and second (24b, 64b) parallel surfaces that are positioned parallel to each other;

    a first cover (25, 55) disposed on the first parallel surface (24a, 64a) of the first light-transmitting member (24, 64); and

    a second cover (26, 56) disposed on the second parallel surface (24b, 64b) of the first light-transmitting member (24, 64),

    the first cover (25, 55) extending over an edge (24ac, 64ac; 24ae, 64ae) of the first parallel surface (24a, 64a) of the first light-transmitting member (24, 64), and the second cover (26, 56) extending over an edge (24bc, 64bc; 24be, 64be) of the second parallel surface (24b, 64b) of the first light-transmitting member (24, 64),

    characterized in that

    the first light-transmitting member (24, 64) further comprises first (24c, 64c), second (24e, 64e), and third (24d, 64d) perpendicular surfaces that extend perpendicularly to the first (24a, 64a) and second (24b, 64b) parallel surfaces between edges (24ac, 64ac, 24ae, 64ae, 24ad, 64ad) of the first parallel surface (24a, 64a) and edges (24bc, 64bc, 24be, 64be, 24bd, 64bd) of the second parallel surface (24b), being configured to emit light with a wide angle of light emitted through the first (24c, 64c), the second (24e, 64e) and the third (24d, 64d) perpendicular surfaces, which are surrounded by air.


     
    2. The light-emitting diode (51) according to claim 1, wherein
    the first cover (55) disposed on the first parallel surface (24a) of the first light-transmitting member (24) is greater in thickness than the second cover (56).
     
    3. The light-emitting diode (31) according to claim 1 further comprising:
    a second light-transmitting member (29) with higher diffusion coefficient than the first light-transmitting member (24) being disposed in contact with the first light-transmitting member (24) between the first cover (25) and the second cover (26).
     
    4. The light-emitting diode (21, 31, 41, 51) according to claim 1, wherein:

    the first cover (25, 55) extends over the edge (24ac) between the first parallel surface (24a) and the first perpendicular surface (24c) of the first light-transmitting member (24) and extends over the edge (24ae) between the first parallel surface (24a) and the second perpendicular surface (24e) of the first light-transmitting member (24),

    the second cover (26, 56) extends over the edge (24bc) between the second parallel surface (24b) and the first perpendicular surface (24c) of the first light-transmitting member (24) and extends over the edge (24be) between the second parallel surface (24b) and the second perpendicular surface (24e) of the first light-transmitting member (24),

    the p-n junction (23j) at a light-emitting surface (23js) of the p-n junction faces to the third perpendicular surface (24d) of the first light-transmitting member (24).


     
    5. The light-emitting diode (51) according to claim 4, wherein
    the first cover (55) disposed on the first parallel surface (24a, 64a) of the first light-transmitting member (24, 64) is greater in thickness than the second cover (56).
     
    6. The light-emitting diode (41) according to claim 4 further comprising:
    a second light-transmitting member (29) with higher diffusion coefficient than the first light-transmitting member (44) being disposed (i) in contact with the first perpendicular surface (44c) of the first light-transmitting member (44) or (ii) in contact with the second perpendicular surface (44e) of the first light-transmitting member (44).
     
    7. The light-emitting diode (41) according to claim 4 further comprising:
    a second light-transmitting member (29) with higher diffusion coefficient than the first light-transmitting member (44) being disposed in contact with (i) the first perpendicular surface (44c) of the first light-transmitting member (44) and (ii) the second perpendicular surface (44e) of the first light-transmitting member (44), wherein the second light-transmitting member (29) comprises two parts that are separated by the first light-transmitting member (44).
     
    8. The light-emitting diode (21, 31, 41, 51) according to claim 4 further comprising:
    a substrate (22) positioned at a side opposite to the third perpendicular surface (24d) of the first light-transmitting member (24) and electrically connected to the light-emitting element (23).
     
    9. The light-emitting diode (21, 31, 41, 51) according to claim 4, wherein
    a distance (L2) between the p-n junction (23j) and the first perpendicular surface (24c) of the first light-transmitting member (24) is substantially identical to a distance (L1) between the p-n junction (23j) and the third perpendicular surface (24d) of the first light-transmitting member (24), and
    a distance (L3) between the p-n junction (23j) and the second perpendicular surface (24e) of the first light-transmitting member (24) is substantially identical to the distance (L1) between the p-n junction (23j) and the third perpendicular surface (24d) of the first light-transmitting member (24).
     
    10. The light-emitting diode (21, 31, 41, 51) according to claim 4, wherein
    a distance (L2) between the p-n junction (23j) and the first perpendicular surface (24c) of the first light-transmitting member (24) is less than a distance (L1) between the p-n junction (23j) and the third perpendicular surface (24d) of the first light-transmitting member (24), and
    a distance (L3) between the p-n junction (23j) and the second perpendicular surface (24e) of the first light-transmitting member (24) is less than the distance between the p-n junction (23j) and the third perpendicular surface (24d) of the first light-transmitting member (24).
     
    11. The light-emitting diode (41) according to claim 1 or claim 4, wherein
    the first light-transmitting member (44) is rounded (i) at a side edge between the first perpendicular surface (44c) and the third perpendicular surface (44d), and (ii) at a side edge between the second perpendicular surface (44e) and the third perpendicular surface (44d).
     
    12. The light-emitting diode (41) according to claim 9 or claim 10 or claim 11, further comprising:
    a second light-transmitting member (29) with higher light diffusion coefficient than the first light-transmitting member (44) being disposed in contact with the first perpendicular surface (44c) of the first light-transmitting member (44), the first cover (25), and the second cover (26).
     
    13. The light-emitting diode (41) according to claim 9 or claim 10 or claim 11, wherein,
    a second light-transmitting member (29) with higher light diffusion coefficient than the first light-transmitting member (44) is further disposed in contact with the second perpendicular surface (44e) of the first light-transmitting member (44), the first cover (25), and the second cover (26).
     
    14. A lighting device (100, 200, 300) comprising:

    a motherboard (27); and

    the light-emitting diode (21, 51, 61) according to claim 8 with the substrate (22) electrically mounted on the motherboard (27), and

    the second cover (26, 56) of the light-emitting diode (21, 51, 61) being disposed in contact with the motherboard (27).


     
    15. A method of manufacturing a light-emitting diode (21) comprising:

    providing a light-emitting element (23) comprising a p-n junction (23j);

    providing a first light-transmitting member (24) comprising a phosphor (1), sealing the light-emitting element (23) and having first (24a) and second (24b) parallel surfaces that are positioned parallel to each other, and first (24c), second (24e), and third (24d) perpendicular surfaces that extend perpendicularly to the first (24a) and second (24b) parallel surfaces, between edges of the first parallel surface (24a) and edges of the second parallel surface (24b);

    providing a first cover (25) disposed on the first parallel surface (24a) of the first light-transmitting member (24); and

    providing a second cover (26) disposed on the second parallel surface (24b) of the first light-transmitting member (24),

    wherein the p-n junction (23j) of the light-emitting element (23) is directed to the third perpendicular surface (24d) of the first light-transmitting member (24), and

    wherein the first cover (25) disposed on the first parallel surface (24a) of the first light-transmitting member (24) is greater in thickness than the second cover (26) to obtain light emission with a wide angle of light emitted through the third perpendicular surface (24d), the first perpendicular surface (24c), and the second perpendicular surface (24e), which are surrounded by air.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Leuchtdiode (21, 31, 41, 51), die aufweist:

    ein lichtemittierendes Element (23) mit einem p-n-Übergang (23j);

    ein erstes lichtdurchlässiges Element (24, 64) mit einem Leuchtstoff (1), welches das lichtemittierende Element (23) abschließt und erste (24a, 64a) und zweite (24b, 64b) parallele Flächen aufweist, die parallel zueinander angeordnet sind;

    eine erste Abdeckung (25, 55), die auf der ersten parallelen Fläche (24a, 64a) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24, 64) angeordnet ist; und

    eine zweite Abdeckung (26, 56), die auf der zweiten parallelen Fläche (24b, 64b) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24, 64) angeordnet ist,

    wobei sich die erste Abdeckung (25, 55) über eine Kante (24ac, 64ac; 24ae, 64ae) der ersten parallelen Fläche (24a, 64a) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24, 64) erstreckt und sich die zweite Abdeckung (26, 56) über eine Kante (24bc, 64bc; 24be, 64be) der zweiten parallelen Fläche (24b, 64b) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24, 64) erstreckt,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    das erste lichtdurchlässige Element (24, 64) ferner eine erste (24c, 64c), eine zweite (24e, 64e) und eine dritte (24d, 64d) lotrechte Fläche aufweist, die sich lotrecht zu der ersten parallelen Fläche (24a, 64a) und der zweiten parallelen Fläche (24b, 64b) zwischen Kanten (24ac, 64ac, 24ae, 64ae, 24ad, 64ad) der ersten parallelen Fläche (24a, 64a) und Kanten (24bc, 64bc, 24be, 64be, 24bd, 64bd) der zweiten parallelen Fläche (24b) erstrecken, und die dazu eingerichtet sind, Licht zu emittieren, und zwar mit einem weiten Winkel von Licht, das durch die erste lotrechte Fläche (24c, 64c), die zweite lotrechte Fläche (24e, 64e) und die dritte lotrechte Fläche (24d, 64d), die von Luft umgeben sind, hindurch emittiert wird.


     
    2. Leuchtdiode (51) nach Anspruch 1, bei der:
    die erste Abdeckung (55), die auf der ersten parallelen Fläche (24a) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24) angeordnet ist, dicker ist als die zweite Abdeckung (56).
     
    3. Leuchtdiode (31) nach Anspruch 1, die ferner aufweist:
    ein zweites lichtdurchlässiges Element (29) mit einem größeren Streuungskoeffizienten als das erste lichtdurchlässige Element (24), das in Kontakt mit dem ersten lichtdurchlässigen Element (24) zwischen der ersten Abdeckung (25) und der zweiten Abdeckung (26) angeordnet ist.
     
    4. Leuchtdiode (21, 31, 41, 51) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, bei der:

    sich die erste Abdeckung (25, 55) über die Kante (24ac) zwischen der ersten parallelen Fläche (24a) und der ersten lotrechten Fläche (24c) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24) erstreckt und sich über die Kante (24ae) zwischen der ersten parallelen Fläche (24a) und der zweiten lotrechten Fläche (24e) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24) erstreckt,

    sich die zweite Abdeckung (26, 56) über die Kante (24bc) zwischen der zweiten parallelen Fläche (24b) und der ersten lotrechten Fläche (24c) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24) erstreckt und sich über die Kante (24be) zwischen der zweiten parallelen Fläche (24b) und der zweiten lotrechten Fläche (24e) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24) erstreckt,

    der p-n-Übergang (23j) an einer Lichtemissionsfläche (23js) des p-n-Übergangs der dritten lotrechten Fläche (24d) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24) zugewandt ist.


     
    5. Leuchtdiode (51) nach Anspruch 4, bei der:
    die erste Abdeckung (55), die auf der ersten parallelen Fläche (24a, 64a) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24, 64) angeordnet ist, dicker ist als die zweite Abdeckung (56).
     
    6. Leuchtdiode (41) nach Anspruch 4, die ferner aufweist:
    ein zweites lichtdurchlässiges Element (29) mit einem größeren Streuungskoeffizienten als das erste lichtdurchlässige Element (44), das (i) in Kontakt mit der ersten lotrechten Fläche (44c) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (44) angeordnet ist oder (ii) in Kontakt mit der zweiten lotrechten Fläche (44e) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (44) angeordnet ist.
     
    7. Leuchtdiode (41) nach Anspruch 4, die ferner aufweist:
    ein zweites lichtdurchlässiges Element (29) mit einem größeren Streuungskoeffizienten als das erste lichtdurchlässige Element (44), das in Kontakt mit (i) der ersten lotrechten Fläche (44c) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (44) und (ii) der zweiten lotrechten Fläche (44e) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (44) angeordnet ist, wobei das zweite lichtdurchlässige Element (29) zwei Teile aufweist, die durch das erste lichtdurchlässige Element (44) getrennt sind.
     
    8. Leuchtdiode (21, 31, 41, 51) nach Anspruch 4, die ferner aufweist:
    ein Substrat (22), das an einer Seite gegenüber der dritten lotrechten Fläche (24d) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24) angeordnet und elektrisch mit dem lichtemittierenden Element (23) verbunden ist.
     
    9. Leuchtdiode (21, 31, 41, 51) nach Anspruch 4, bei der:

    ein Abstand (L2) zwischen dem p-n-Übergang (23j) und der ersten lotrechten Fläche (24c) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24) ungefähr gleich einem Abstand (L1) zwischen dem p-n-Übergang (23j) und der dritten lotrechten Fläche (24d) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24) ist, und

    ein Abstand (L3) zwischen dem p-n-Übergang (23j) und der zweiten lotrechten Fläche (24e) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24) ungefähr gleich dem Abstand (L1) zwischen dem p-n-Übergang (23j) und der dritten lotrechten Fläche (24d) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24) ist.


     
    10. Leuchtdiode (21, 31, 41, 51) nach Anspruch 4, bei der:

    ein Abstand (L2) zwischen dem p-n-Übergang (23j) und der ersten lotrechten Fläche (24c) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24) geringer ist als ein Abstand (L1) zwischen dem p-n-Übergang (23j) und der dritten lotrechten Fläche (24d) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24), und

    ein Abstand (L3) zwischen dem p-n-Übergang (23j) und der zweiten lotrechten Fläche (24e) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24) geringer ist als der Abstand zwischen dem p-n-Übergang (23j) und der dritten lotrechten Fläche (24d) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24).


     
    11. Leuchtdiode (41) nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 4, bei der:
    das erste lichtdurchlässige Element (44) (i) an einer Seitenkante zwischen der ersten lotrechten Fläche (44c) und der dritten lotrechten Fläche (44d) abgerundet ist, und (ii) an einer Seitenkante zwischen der zweiten lotrechten Fläche (44e) und der dritten lotrechten Fläche (44d) abgerundet ist.
     
    12. Leuchtdiode (41) nach Anspruch 9 oder Anspruch 10 oder Anspruch 11, ferner umfassend:
    ein zweites lichtdurchlässiges Element (29) mit einem größeren Streuungskoeffizienten als das erste lichtdurchlässige Element (44), das in Kontakt mit der ersten lotrechten Fläche (44c) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (44), der ersten Abdeckung (25) und der zweiten Abdeckung (26) angeordnet ist.
     
    13. Leuchtdiode (41) nach Anspruch 9 oder Anspruch 10 oder Anspruch 11, bei der:
    ein zweites lichtdurchlässiges Element (29) mit einem größeren Streuungskoeffizienten als das erste lichtdurchlässige Element (44) ferner in Kontakt mit der zweiten lotrechten Fläche (44e) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (44), der ersten Abdeckung (25) und der zweiten Abdeckung (26) angeordnet ist.
     
    14. Beleuchtungsvorrichtung (100, 200, 300), die aufweist:

    eine Hauptplatine (27); und

    die Leuchtdiode (21, 51, 61) nach Anspruch 8, wobei das Substrat (22) elektrisch auf der Hauptplatine (27) angebracht ist, und

    wobei die zweite Abdeckung (26, 56) der Leuchtdiode (21, 51, 61) in Kontakt mit der Hauptplatine (27) angeordnet ist.


     
    15. Verfahren zur Herstellung einer Leuchtdiode (21), das umfasst:

    Bereitstellen eines lichtemittierenden Elements (23) mit einem p-n-Übergang (23j);

    Bereitstellen eines ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24) mit einem Leuchtstoff (1), welches das lichtemittierende Element (23) abschließt und eine erste parallele Fläche (24a) und eine zweite parallele Fläche (24b) aufweist, die parallel zueinander angeordnet sind, sowie eine erste lotrechte Fläche (24c), eine zweite lotrechte Fläche (24e) und eine dritte lotrechte Fläche (24d) aufweist, die sich lotrecht zu der ersten parallelen Fläche (24a) und der zweiten parallelen Fläche (24b) zwischen Kanten der ersten parallelen Fläche (24a) und Kanten der zweiten parallelen Fläche (24b) erstrecken;

    Bereitstellen einer ersten Abdeckung (25), die auf der ersten parallelen Fläche (24a) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24) angeordnet ist; und

    Bereitstellen einer zweiten Abdeckung (26), die auf der zweiten parallelen Fläche (24b) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24) angeordnet ist,

    wobei der p-n-Übergang (23j) des lichtemittierenden Elements (23) hin zu der dritten lotrechten Fläche (24d) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24) gerichtet ist, und

    wobei die erste Abdeckung (25), die auf der ersten parallelen Fläche (24a) des ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elements (24) angeordnet ist, eine größere Dicke als die zweite Abdeckung (26) aufweist, um eine Lichtemission mit einem weiten Winkel von Licht zu erhalten, das durch die dritte lotrechte Fläche (24d), die erste lotrechte Fläche (24c) und zweite lotrechte Fläche (24e), die von Luft umgeben sind, hindurch emittiert wird.


     


    Revendications

    1. Diode électroluminescente (21, 31, 41, 51) comprenant :

    un élément électroluminescent (23) comportant une jonction p-n (23j),

    un premier élément de transmission de lumière (24, 64) comprenant un luminophore (1), rendant étanche l'élément électroluminescent (23) et présentant des première (24a, 64a) et seconde (24b, 64b) surfaces parallèles qui sont positionnées parallèlement l'une à l'autre,

    une première enveloppe (25, 55) disposée sur la première surface parallèle (24a, 64a) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24, 64), et

    une seconde enveloppe (26, 56) disposée sur la seconde surface parallèle (24b, 64b) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24, 64),

    la première enveloppe (25, 55) s'étendant par-dessus la limite (24ac, 64ac ; 24ae, 64ae) de la première surface parallèle (24a, 64a) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24, 64), et la seconde enveloppe (26, 56) s'étendant par-dessus la limite (24bc, 64bc ; 24be, 64be) de la seconde surface parallèle (24b, 64b) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24, 64),

    caractérisée en ce que

    le premier élément de transmission de lumière (24, 64) comprend en outre des première (24c, 64c), deuxième (24e, 64e) et troisième (24d, 64d) surfaces perpendiculaires qui s'étendent perpendiculairement aux première (24a, 64a) et seconde (24b, 64b) surfaces parallèles entre les limites (24ac, 64ac, 24ae, 64ae, 24ad, 64ad) de la première surface parallèle (24a, 64a) et les limites (24bc, 64bc, 24be, 64be, 24bd, 64bd) de la seconde surface parallèle (24b), configuré pour émettre de la lumière avec un large angle de lumière émise au travers de la première (24c, 64c), la deuxième (24e, 64e) et la troisième (24d, 64d) surface perpendiculaire entourées par de l'air.


     
    2. Diode électroluminescente (51) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle :
    la première enveloppe (55), disposée sur la première surface parallèle (24a) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24) est d'épaisseur plus importante que la seconde enveloppe (56).
     
    3. Diode électroluminescente (31) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :
    un second élément de transmission de lumière (29) présentant un coefficient de diffusion supérieur à celui du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24), disposé en contact avec le premier élément de transmission de lumière (24) entre la première enveloppe (25) et la seconde enveloppe (26)
     
    4. Diode électroluminescente (21, 31, 41, 51) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle :

    la première enveloppe (25, 55) s'étend par-dessus la bordure (24ac) entre la première surface parallèle (24a) et la première surface perpendiculaire (24c) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24) et s'étend par-dessus la bordure (24ae) entre la première surface parallèle (24a) et la seconde surface perpendiculaire (24e) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24),

    la seconde enveloppe (26, 56) s'étend par-dessus la bordure (24bc) entre la seconde surface parallèle (24b) et la première surface perpendiculaire (24c) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24) et s'étend par-dessus la bordure (24be) entre la seconde surface parallèle (24b) et la seconde surface perpendiculaire (24e) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24),

    la jonction p-n (23j) au niveau de la surface électroluminescent (23js) de la jonction p-n fait face à la troisième surface perpendiculaire (24d) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24).


     
    5. Diode électroluminescente (51) selon la revendication 4, dans laquelle :
    la première enveloppe (55) disposée sur la première surface parallèle (24a, 64a) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24, 64) est d'épaisseur plus importante que la seconde enveloppe (56).
     
    6. Diode électroluminescente (41) selon la revendication 4, comprenant en outre :
    un second élément de transmission de lumière (29) présentant un coefficient de diffusion supérieur à celui du premier élément de transmission de lumière (44) placé (i) au contact avec la première surface perpendiculaire (44c) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (44) ou bien (ii) au contact avec la deuxième surface perpendiculaire (44e) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (44).
     
    7. Diode électroluminescente (41) selon la revendication 4, comprenant en outre :
    un second élément de transmission de lumière (29) présentant un coefficient de diffusion supérieur à celui du premier élément de transmission de lumière (44) placé (i) au contact avec la première surface perpendiculaire (44c) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (44) et (ii) la deuxième surface perpendiculaire (44e) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (44), le second élément de transmission de lumière (29) comprenant deux parties qui sont séparées par le premier élément de transmission de lumière (44).
     
    8. Diode électroluminescente (21, 31, 41, 51) selon la revendication 4, comprenant en outre :
    un substrat (22) positionné du côté opposé à la troisième surface perpendiculaire (24d) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24) et relié électriquement à l'élément électroluminescent (23).
     
    9. Diode électroluminescente (21, 31, 41, 51) selon la revendication 4, dans laquelle :

    la distance (L2) entre la jonction p-n (23j) et la première surface perpendiculaire (24c) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24) est pratiquement identique à la distance (L1) entre la jonction p-n (23j) et la troisième surface perpendiculaire (24d) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24), et

    la distance (L3) entre la jonction p-n (23j) et la deuxième surface perpendiculaire (24e) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24) est pratiquement identique à la distance (L1) entre la jonction p-n (23j) et la troisième surface perpendiculaire (24d) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24).


     
    10. Diode électroluminescente (21, 31, 41, 51) selon la revendication 4, dans laquelle :

    la distance (L2) entre la jonction p-n (23j) et la première surface perpendiculaire (24c) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24) est inférieure à la distance (L1) entre la jonction p-n (23j) et la troisième surface perpendiculaire (24d) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24), et

    la distance (L3) entre la jonction p-n (23j) et la deuxième surface perpendiculaire (24e) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24) est inférieure à la distance (L1) entre la jonction p-n (23j) et la troisième surface perpendiculaire (24d) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24).


     
    11. Diode électroluminescente (41) selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 4, dans laquelle :
    le premier élément de transmission de lumière (44) est arrondi (i) au niveau d'un bord latéral entre la première surface perpendiculaire (44c) et la troisième surface perpendiculaire (44d), et (ii) au niveau d'un bord latéral entre la deuxième surface perpendiculaire (44e) et la troisième surface perpendiculaire (44d).
     
    12. Diode électroluminescente (41) selon la revendication 9, la revendication 10 ou la revendication 11, comprenant en outre :
    un second élément de transmission de lumière (29) présentant un coefficient de diffusion supérieur à celui du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24), placé au contact avec la première surface perpendiculaire (44c) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (44), la première enveloppe (25) et la seconde enveloppe (26).
     
    13. Diode électroluminescente (41) selon la revendication 9, la revendication 10 ou la revendication 11, dans laquelle :
    un second élément de transmission de lumière (29) présentant un coefficient de diffusion supérieur à celui du premier élément de transmission de lumière (44) est en outre placé au contact avec la deuxième surface perpendiculaire (44e) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (44), la première enveloppe (25) et la seconde enveloppe (26).
     
    14. Dispositif d'éclairage (100, 200, 300) comprenant :

    une carte mère (27), et

    la diode électroluminescente (21, 51, 61) conforme à la revendication 8, le substrat (22) étant monté électriquement sur la carte mère (27), et

    la seconde enveloppe (26, 56) de la diode électroluminescente (21, 51, 61) disposée en contact avec la carte mère (27).


     
    15. Procédé de fabrication d'une diode électroluminescente (21) comprenant :

    l'utilisation d'un élément électroluminescent (23) comportant une jonction p-n (23j),

    l'utilisation d'un premier élément de transmission de lumière (24) comprenant un luminophore (1), rendant étanche l'élément électroluminescent (23) et présentant des première (24a) et seconde (24b) surfaces parallèles qui sont positionnées parallèlement l'une à l'autre, et des première (24c), deuxième (24e) et troisième (24d) surfaces perpendiculaires qui s'étendent perpendiculairement aux première (24a) et seconde (24b) surfaces parallèles, entre les bordures de la première surface parallèle (24a) et les bordures de la seconde surface parallèle (24b),

    l'utilisation d'une première enveloppe (25) disposée sur la première surface parallèle (24a) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24), et

    l'utilisation d'une seconde enveloppe (26) disposée sur la seconde surface parallèle (24b) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24),

    dans lequel la jonction p-n (23j) de l'élément électroluminescent (23) est dirigée vers la troisième surface perpendiculaire (24d) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24), et

    dans lequel la première enveloppe (25), disposée sur la première surface parallèle (24a) du premier élément de transmission de lumière (24) est d'épaisseur plus importante que la seconde enveloppe (26) dans le but d'obtenir une émission de lumière présentant un large angle de lumière émise au travers de la troisième surface perpendiculaire (24d), de la première surface perpendiculaire (24c) et de la deuxième surface perpendiculaire (24e) qui sont entourées par de l'air.


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description