(19)
(11)EP 2 822 858 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
09.05.2018 Bulletin 2018/19

(21)Application number: 12775519.7

(22)Date of filing:  24.10.2012
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B65C 9/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2012/071061
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/131587 (12.09.2013 Gazette  2013/37)

(54)

CAROUSEL LABELING MACHINE

KARUSSELLETIKETTIERMASCHINE

MACHINE D'ÉTIQUETAGE À CARROUSEL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 07.03.2012 IT VR20120038

(43)Date of publication of application:
14.01.2015 Bulletin 2015/03

(73)Proprietor: P.E. Labellers S.p.A.
46047 Porto Mantovano (MN) (IT)

(72)Inventor:
  • CORDIOLI, Andrea
    I-46048 Roverbella (IT)

(74)Representative: Modiano, Micaela Nadia et al
Modiano & Partners Via Meravigli, 16
20123 Milano
20123 Milano (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2011/027372
US-A1- 2005 153 427
DE-U1- 20 310 030
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a carousel labeling machine and a supporting carriage of a labeling station, according to the preamble of claim 1 and known from WO 2011/027372 A1. It is known that there are carousel labeling machines in which the labeling stations are supported by respective carriages provided with wheels that are moved closer to the machine at adapted seats and are locked therein;. In this manner it is possible to provide a machine with a plurality of labeling stations, designed for example to apply multiple differently arranged labels on each one of the containers that are present on the carousel, but it also possible to provide a same machine with different labeling stations, such as for example stations provided with pre-adhesive labels or with adhesive bonding devices with hot- or cold-setting glue, thus providing a considerable cost saving.

    [0002] The system for locking a carriage to the corresponding seat has various embodiments, and for example one very simple solution has been protected by this same Applicant with WO2013/007317 A1 (PCT/ EP2011/069446) published on 17.01.2013. However improvements are needed and thus the aim of the present invention is to provide an improved carousel labeling machine.

    [0003] This aim is achieved by a machine as defined in the appended claims.

    [0004] Further characteristics and advantages of the invention will become better apparent from the description of a preferred but not exclusive embodiment of the invention, illustrated by way of non-limiting example in the accompanying drawings, wherein:

    Figure 1 is a side view of a supporting carriage of a labeling station moving toward the corresponding seat provided on a labeling machine;

    Figure 2 is a view of a detail of Figure 1;

    Figure 3 is a view of the situation when the carriage has made final contact with the corresponding seat, but is not locked yet;

    Figure 4 is a view of the carriage locked with respect to the seat, in the situation in which the corresponding labeling station is ready to operate.



    [0005] With reference to the figures, the supporting carriage of the labeling station 2, which is per se known, is generally designated by the reference numeral 1 and is provided with four wheels, and precisely two front wheels 3a, 3b and two rear wheels such as 4, that allow its approach, for subsequent locking in the manners that will be illustrated, to a seat generally designated by the reference numeral 5 that is located, with other identical seats, at the peripheral region of a structure 6 of the carousel or carousel labeling machine, of which Figure 1 shows a plate 7 for supporting a container 8 to be labeled.

    [0006] The seat 5 is supported completely by the structure 6 of the machine and comprises means such as to ensure, by operating together with means present on the carriage, the locking of the carriage in such a position as to allow the correct application of the labels on the containers by the station 2.

    [0007] Advantageously, the seats 5 are provided with locking means adapted to provide the condition by way of which, as will be better explained hereinafter, the carriages 1 will be locked in each seat 5 in an identical position with respect to the carousel, so as to ensure the possibility of interchanging the carriages 1 among the various seats 5.

    [0008] These means, therefore, are described starting from the ones present on the carriage 1, which comprises a frame 9 to which a front pair of cylindrical tabs 10a, 10b and a rear pair of similar tabs 11a, 11b are fixed which are mutually aligned transversely, the tabs 11a, 11b of the rear pair being then aligned longitudinally with the tabs 10a, 10b respectively of the front pair.

    [0009] Two coaxial wheels such as 12 are also fixed externally to the frame 9 coaxially along an axis which is transverse to the carriage 1, and two bumpers 13a, 13b made of elastic material, designed to make contact with the front of the seat 5 that faces them, are also conveniently provided.

    [0010] The seat 5 comprises a plate 14, which is substantially horizontal and shaped appropriately so as to penetrate between the cylindrical tabs 10a, 10b, and 11a, 11b respectively of the front pair and of the rear pair present on the carriage 1, so as to ensure that the carriage has the correct radial position with respect to the carousel when it is pushed by an operator.

    [0011] The plate 14 is provided conveniently with an articulation 14a that has an axis which is parallel to the surface of the plate, for the reduction of the volume when it is not active, and is fixed advantageously to the structure 6 of the machine by means of screws 15 which are associated with slots 15a provided in the plate, so as to be able to adjust its position in a radial direction with respect to the carousel.

    [0012] A slider 16 is provided on the plate 14 and has means for movement along guides 17a, 17b in a direction at right angles to the plate which comprise advantageously a jack 18 moved by an electric motor 18a.

    [0013] The slider 16 supports two hooks 19a, 19b, which are adapted to make contact respectively with the wheel 12 and with the corresponding wheel provided in the region not shown in the figures, so as to cause the lifting of the carriage at the front wheels 3a, 3b, as will be described better hereinafter.

    [0014] Before starting the operation of the labeling machine, one proceeds once and for all to make some adjustments on the individual seats 5 comprised in the machine, which have the purpose of ensuring that all the sliders 16 of the various stations with the hooks 19a, 19b are at the same radial distance from the center of the machine and that the upward stroke of all the sliders 16 is such as to bring to a same level the wheels 12 of the various carriages. The choice of the carriage that will be associated with a given seat thus becomes equal, with the possibility of interchanging carriages among the various seats.

    [0015] Now, in order to ensure that the sliders 16 of all the seats 5 are at the same distance from the center of the machine, one acts on the screws 15 described previously and on screws 20 associated with blocks 21 which are integral with each slider in order to fix them to tabs 6a of the structure of the machine, by utilizing the presence of the slots 15a, 20a to move the plates 14 that indeed support the sliders.

    [0016] In order to then obtain the condition in which in all the seats 5 the corresponding hooks 19a, 19b bring the wheels such as 12 to a same level, it will be sufficient to act on proximity sensors 22 of each seat, supported in an adjustable position by the blocks 21.

    [0017] Operation of the invention is as follows.

    [0018] The operator pushes the carriage 1 from the position of Figures 1 and 2 toward the position of Figure 3, guided by the penetration of the plate 14 between the cylindrical tabs 10a, 10b and 11a, 11b, and the carriage stops when the bumpers 13a, 13b make contact with the front of the slider 16.

    [0019] In the position of Figure 3, the wheels 12 are ready to be taken by the hooks 19a, 19b, which operate thanks to the action of the jack 18, which lifts the slider 16 to the level set by the proximity sensor 22.

    [0020] Consequently, the front wheels 3a, 3b of the carriage 1 are lifted from the floor, the carriage 1 is locked in the correct position by the contact of the wheels 12 with the hooks 19a, 19b, and therefore everything is ready for operation.

    [0021] The machine is also provided with a safety device. It comprises a first magnet 23, which is accommodated in a first block that comprises two first inclined planes 24a, 24b and is jointly connected to the slider 16, and a second magnet 25, which is accommodated in a second block that has two second inclined planes 26a, 26b which are complementary to the planes 24a, 24b, the second block being arranged so as to protrude from the front of the carriage and be able to slide in a vertical direction and held in the lower end position by the action of springs 27a, 27b.

    [0022] When the carriage moves forward, the second magnet 25 moves, due to the action of the described inclined planes, so that it faces the first magnet 23 in the position of Figure 3, and reaching this condition has the effect of giving clearance for the operation of all the elements of the machine.

    [0023] The invention thus conceived is susceptible of numerous modifications and variations, all of which are within the scope of the appended claims.

    [0024] Where technical features mentioned in any claim are followed by reference signs, those reference signs have been included for the sole purpose of increasing the intelligibility of the claims and accordingly such reference signs do not have any limiting effect on the interpretation of each element identified by way of example by such reference signs.


    Claims

    1. A carousel labeling machine and a supporting carriage (1) of a labeling station (2), the carousel labeling machine comprising a plurality of peripheral seats (5) which are each adapted to accommodate said supporting carriage (1) of a labeling station (2) which is provided with two front and two rear wheels (3a, 3b, 4) for resting on the floor and for allowing an approach of the carriage (1) to said seats (5), each seat (5) being supported integrally by the structure (6) of the carousel and comprising means adapted to lock a carriage (1) in such a position as to ensure the correct application of the labels to the containers (8) that are present on the carousel by the labeling station (2) mounted on said carriage (1), wherein the seats (5) are provided with locking means which are adapted to provide the condition by way of which the carriages (1) are locked in each seat (5) in an identical position with respect to the carousel, so as to ensure the possibility of interchange of carriages (1) among the various seats (5), characterized in that:

    - said carriage (1) comprises a front pair and a rear pair of cylindrical tabs (10a, 10b, 11a, 11b) which are mutually aligned transversely, the tabs of the rear pair being aligned longitudinally with the tabs of the front pair, and further comprises two coaxial wheels (12) which are fixed externally to the structure of the carriage (1) along an axis which is transverse to said carriage (1);

    - each seat (5) comprises a substantially horizontal plate (14) which is shaped appropriately so as to penetrate between the two cylindrical tabs (10a, 10b, 11a, 11b) which form respectively the front pair and the rear pair, so as to ensure that the carriage (1) has the correct radial position with respect to the carousel when it is pushed by an operator, a slider (16) being present on said plate (14), having means (18) for movement at right angles to said plate (14) and supporting two hooks (19a, 19b), which are adapted to make contact with the two wheels (12) which are fixed to the carriage (1), so as to cause the lifting thereof from the position in which all the wheels (3a, 3b, 4) are in contact with the floor to a preset height with the front wheels (3a, 3b) raised from said floor.


     
    2. The machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the means for moving the slider (16) for supporting the hooks (19a, 19b) adapted to make contact with the wheels (12) fixed to the carriage (1) comprise a jack (18) which is moved by an electric motor (18a), a proximity sensor (22) being provided which is fixed in an adjustable position to a tab (6a) of the structure (6) of the carousel in order to adjust the maximum preset height of the lifting of the slider (16).
     
    3. The machine according to one or more of the preceding claims 1-2, characterized in that the two hooks (19a, 19b) adapted to make contact with the two wheels (12) supported by the carriage (1) are adapted to produce lifting to a height that is the same for all the seats (5).
     
    4. The machine according to one or more of the preceding claims 1-3, characterized in that the plate (14) is fixed to the structure (6) of the carousel by way of screws (15) which are associated with slots (15a) provided in said plate (14), so as to be able to adjust its position in a radial direction with respect to the carousel.
     
    5. The machine according to one or more of the preceding claims 1-4, characterized in that the plate (14) is provided with an articulation (14a) whose axis is parallel to the surface of said plate (14).
     
    6. The machine according to one or more of the preceding claims 1-5, characterized by the presence of a safety device which comprises a first magnet (23), which is accommodated in a first block which comprises two first inclined planes (24a, 24b) and is jointly connected to the slider (16) for supporting the hooks (19a, 19b), and a second magnet (25), which is accommodated in a second block which has two second inclined planes (26a, 26b) which are complementary to said first inclined planes (24a, 24b), said second block being arranged so as to protrude from the front of the carriage (1) that faces the seat (5) and being able to slide in a vertical direction and held in the neutral lower end position by the action of springs (27a, 27b) and adapted to rise in order to move the second magnet (25) so that it faces the first magnet (23) following contact between the first and second inclined planes (24a, 24b, 26a, 26b) when the carriage (1) is pushed by an operator in the operating position, with the effect of giving clearance for the operation of all the elements of the machine.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Karussell-Etikettiermaschine und Tragwagen (1) einer Ettiketierstation (2), wobei die Karussell-Etikettiermaschine eine Mehrzahl von peripheren Sitzen (5) umfasst, die jeweils zur Aufnahme des genannten Tragwagens (1) einer Etikettierstation (2) eingerichtet sind, welcher mit zwei Vorderrädern und zwei Hinterrädern (3a, 3b, 4) ausgestattet ist, um auf dem Boden aufzuliegen und ein Heranführen des Wagens (1) zu den genannten Sitzen (5) zu erlauben, wobei jeder Sitz (5) integral von der Struktur (6) des Karussells getragen wird und Mittel umfasst, die geeignet sind, einen Wagen (1) in einer solchen Position zu verriegeln, um die korrekte Anbringung der Etiketten auf den Behältern (8) zu gewährleisten, welche auf dem Karussell der Etikettierstation (2) vorhanden sind, die an dem genannten Wagen (1) angebracht ist, wobei die Sitze (5) mit Verriegelungsmitteln versehen sind, die dazu geeignet sind, einen Zustand zu schaffen, in dem die Wägen (1) in jedem Sitz (5) in einer in Bezug auf das Karussell identischen Position verriegelt sind, um die Möglichkeit eines Austausches von Wägen (1) zwischen den verschiedenen Sitzen (5) zu gewährleisten, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    - der genannte Wagen (1) ein vorderes Paar und ein hinteres Paar zylindrischer Laschen (10a, 10b, 11a, 11b) aufweist, die zueinander quer ausgerichtet sind, wobei die Laschen des hinteren Paares in Längsrichtung mit den Laschen des vorderen Paares ausgerichtet sind, und ferner zwei koaxiale Räder (12) aufweist, die außen an der Struktur des Wagens (1) entlang einer Achse befestigt sind, die quer zum genannten Wagen (1) verläuft;

    - jeder Sitz (5) eine im Wesentlichen horizontale Platte (14) umfasst, die in geeigneter Weise so geformt ist, dass sie zwischen die zwei zylindrischen Laschen (10a, 10b, 11a, 11b) eindringt, die jeweils das vordere Paar und das hintere Paar bilden, um sicherzustellen, dass der Wagen (1) die richtige radiale Position in Bezug auf das Karussell hat, wenn er von einer Bedienungsperson geschoben wird, wobei ein Schieber (16) an der genannten Platte (14) vorhanden ist, mit Mitteln (18) zur Bewegung in rechten Winkeln zur genannten Platte (14) und welcher zwei Haken (19a, 19b) trägt, die angepasst sind, um mit den zwei Rädern (12) in Kontakt zu treten, die an dem Wagen (1) befestigt sind, um so dessen Anheben aus der Position, in der alle Räder (3a, 3b, 4) mit dem Boden in Kontakt stehen, auf eine voreingestellte Höhe zu bewirken, bei welcher die Vorderräder (3a, 3b) vom Boden angehoben sind.


     
    2. Maschine nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Mittel zum Bewegen des Schiebers (16) zum Tragen der Haken (19a, 19b), die geeignet sind, mit den am Wagen (1) befestigten Rädern (12) in Kontakt zu kommen, eine Hebevorrichtung (18) umfassen, die von einem Elektromotor (18a) bewegt wird, wobei ein Annäherungssensor (22) vorgesehen ist, der in einer einstellbaren Position zu einer Lasche (6a) der Struktur (6) des Karussells befestigt ist, um die maximale voreingestellte Höhe des Anhebens des Schiebers (16) einzustellen.
     
    3. Maschine nach einem oder mehreren der vorhergehenden Ansprüche 1 - 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die zwei Haken (19a, 19b), die geeignet sind, mit den zwei Rädern (12), die von dem Wagen (1) getragen werden, in Kontakt zu kommen, geeignet sind, um ein Anheben auf eine Höhe zu bewirken, welche für alle Sitze (5) gleich ist.
     
    4. Maschine nach einem oder mehreren der vorhergehenden Ansprüche 1 - 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Platte (14) an der Struktur (6) des Karussells mittels Schrauben (15) befestigt ist, die mit in der genannten Platte (14) vorgesehenen Schlitzen (15a) verbunden sind, um so deren Position in einer radialen Richtung in Bezug auf das Karussell einstellen zu können.
     
    5. Maschine nach einem oder mehreren der vorhergehenden Ansprüche 1 - 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Platte (14) mit einem Gelenk (14a) versehen ist, dessen Achse parallel zur Oberfläche der genannten Platte (14) ist.
     
    6. Maschine nach einem oder mehreren der vorhergehenden Ansprüche 1 - 5, gekennzeichnet durch das Vorhandensein einer Sicherheitsvorrichtung, die einen ersten Magneten (23), der in einem ersten Block aufgenommen ist, der zwei erste geneigte Ebenen (24a, 24b) umfasst, und gemeinsam mit dem Schieber (16) zum Tragen der Haken (19a, 19b) verbunden ist, und einen zweiten Magneten (25) umfasst, der in einem zweiten Block aufgenommen ist, der zwei zweite geneigte Ebenen (26a, 26b) aufweist, die komplementär zu den genannten ersten geneigten Ebenen (24a, 24b) sind, wobei der zweite Block so angeordnet ist, dass er von der Vorderseite des Wagens (1) vorsteht, die dem Sitz (5) zugewandt ist, und in einer vertikalen Richtung gleiten kann und durch die Wirkung von Federn (27a, 27b) in der neutralen unteren Endposition gehalten wird und zum Anheben geeignet ist, um den zweiten Magneten (25) so zu bewegen, dass er, wenn der Wagen (1) von einer Bedienungsperson in die Betriebsstellung geschoben wird, dem ersten Magneten (23) nach dem Kontakt zwischen den ersten und den zweiten geneigten Ebenen (24a, 24b, 26a, 26b) zugewandt ist, mit der Wirkung den Betrieb aller Elemente der Maschine freizugeben.
     


    Revendications

    1. Machine d'étiquetage à carrousel et chariot de support (1) d'une station d'étiquetage (2), la machine d'étiquetage à carrousel comprenant une pluralité de sièges périphériques (5) qui sont chacun adaptés pour loger ledit chariot de support (1) d'une station d'étiquetage (2) qui est prévu avec deux roues avant et deux roues arrière (3a, 3b, 4) pour reposer sur le sol et pour permettre une approche du chariot (1) vers lesdits sièges (5), chaque siège (5) étant supporté de manière solidaire par la structure (6) du carrousel et comprenant des moyens adaptés pour verrouiller un chariot (1) dans une position telle qu'ils garantissent l'application correcte des étiquettes sur les récipients (8) qui sont présents sur le carrousel par la station d'étiquetage (2) montée sur ledit chariot (1), dans laquelle les sièges (5) sont prévus avec des moyens de verrouillage qui sont adaptés pour fournir la condition au moyen de laquelle les chariots (1) sont verrouillés dans chaque siège (5) dans une position identique par rapport au carrousel, afin de garantir la possibilité d'interchanger les chariots (1) parmi les différents sièges (5), caractérisée en ce que :

    ledit chariot (1) comprend une paire avant et une paire arrière de languettes cylindriques (10a, 10b, 11a, 11b) qui sont mutuellement alignées de manière transversale, les languettes de la paire arrière étant longitudinalement alignées avec les languettes de la paire avant, et comprend en outre deux roues coaxiales (12) qui sont extérieurement fixées à la structure du chariot (1) le long d'un axe qui est transversal par rapport audit chariot (1) ;

    chaque siège (5) comprend une plaque sensiblement horizontale (14) qui est formée de manière appropriée afin de pénétrer entre les deux languettes cylindriques (10a, 10b, 11a, 11b) qui forment respectivement la paire avant et la paire arrière, afin de garantir que le chariot (1) a la bonne position radiale par rapport au carrousel lorsqu'il est poussé par un opérateur, une glissière (16) étant présente sur ladite plaque (14), ayant des moyens (18) pour le déplacement en angle droit par rapport à ladite plaque (14) et supportant deux crochets (19a, 19b) qui sont adaptés pour établir le contact avec les deux roues (12) qui sont fixées sur le chariot (1), afin de provoquer leur soulèvement de la position dans laquelle toutes les roues (3a, 3b, 4) sont en contact avec le sol à une hauteur prédéterminée avec les roues avant (3a, 3b) levées dudit sol.


     
    2. Machine selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce que les moyens pour déplacer la glissière (16) afin de supporter les crochets (19a, 19b) adaptés pour établir le contact avec les roues (12) fixées au chariot (1), comprennent un vérin (18) qui est déplacé par un moteur électrique (18a), on prévoit un capteur de proximité (22) qui est fixé dans une position ajustable par rapport à une languette (6a) de la structure (6) du carrousel afin d'ajuster la hauteur prédéterminée maximum du levage de la glissière (16).
     
    3. Machine selon une ou plusieurs des revendications 1 à 2, caractérisée en ce que les deux crochets (19a, 19b) adaptés pour établir le contact avec les deux roues (12) supportées par le chariot (1), sont adaptés pour produire le levage à une hauteur qui est la même pour tous les sièges (5) .
     
    4. Machine selon une ou plusieurs des revendications 1 à 3, caractérisée en ce que la plaque (14) est fixée sur la structure (6) du carrousel au moyen de vis (15) qui sont associées à des fentes (15a) prévues dans ladite plaque (14), afin de pouvoir ajuster sa position dans une direction radiale par rapport au carrousel.
     
    5. Machine selon une ou plusieurs des revendications 1 à 4, caractérisée en ce que la plaque (14) est prévue avec une articulation (14a) dont l'axe est parallèle à la surface de ladite plaque (14).
     
    6. Machine selon une ou plusieurs des revendications 1 à 5, caractérisée par la présence d'un dispositif de sécurité qui comprend un premier aimant (23) qui est logé dans un premier bloc qui comprend deux premiers plans inclinés (24a, 24b) et est raccordé conjointement à la glissière (16) pour supporter les crochets (19a, 19b), et un second aimant (25) qui est logé dans un second bloc qui a deux seconds plans inclinés (26a, 26b) qui sont complémentaires desdits premiers plans inclinés (24a, 24b), ledit second bloc étant agencé afin de faire saillie à partir de l'avant du chariot (1) qui fait face au siège (5) et qui peut coulisser dans une direction verticale et qui peut être maintenu dans la position d'extrémité inférieure neutre par l'action des ressorts (27a, 27b) et adapté pour se lever afin de déplacer le second aimant (25) de sorte qu'il fait face au premier aimant (23) suite au contact entre les premiers et seconds plans inclinés (24a, 24b, 26a, 26b) lorsque le chariot (1) est poussé par un opérateur dans la position opérationnelle, avec l'effet de donner un jeu pour le fonctionnement de tous les éléments de la machine.
     




    Drawing

















    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description