(19)
(11)EP 2 832 122 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
20.09.2017 Bulletin 2017/38

(21)Application number: 13715870.5

(22)Date of filing:  28.03.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04W 8/00  (2009.01)
H04W 12/02  (2009.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2013/034448
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/149060 (03.10.2013 Gazette  2013/40)

(54)

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR BASE STATION ASSISTED PEER DISCOVERY THROUGH AGGREGATION OF EXPRESSIONS

VERFAHREN UND VORRICHTUNG FÜR BASISSTATIONSUNTERSTÜTZTE PEER-ENTDECKUNG DURCH AGGREGATION VON AUSDRÜCKEN

PROCÉDÉS ET APPAREIL POUR DÉCOUVERTE D'HOMOLOGUES ASSISTÉS PAR STATION DE BASE AU MOYEN D'UNE AGRÉGATION D'EXPRESSIONS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.03.2012 US 201213436140

(43)Date of publication of application:
04.02.2015 Bulletin 2015/06

(73)Proprietor: Qualcomm Incorporated
San Diego, CA 92121-1714 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • WANG, Hua
    San Diego, California 92121-1714 (US)
  • LI, Junyi
    San Diego, California 92121-1714 (US)
  • PATIL, Shailesh
    San Diego, California 92121-1714 (US)
  • SHAKKOTTAI, Sanjay
    San Diego, California 92121-1714 (US)

(74)Representative: Hohgardt, Martin et al
Bardehle Pagenberg Partnerschaft mbB Patentanwälte, Rechtsanwälte Prinzregentenplatz 7
81675 München
81675 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A1- 2009 327 395
US-A1- 2010 254 308
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND


    Field



    [0001] The present disclosure relates generally to communication systems, and more particularly, to base station assisted peer discovery to facilitate efficient peer-to-peer (P2P) communications.

    Background



    [0002] Wireless communication systems are widely deployed to provide various telecommunication services such as telephony, video, data, messaging, and broadcasts. Typical wireless communication systems may employ multiple-access technologies capable of supporting communication with multiple users by sharing available system resources (e.g., bandwidth, transmit power). Examples of such multiple-access technologies include code division multiple access (CDMA) systems, time division multiple access (TDMA) systems, frequency division multiple access (FDMA) systems, orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) systems, single-carrier frequency divisional multiple access (SC-FDMA) systems, and time division synchronous code division multiple access (TD-SCDMA) systems.

    [0003] For many applications (e.g., social networking applications) it is important for a device to discover other devices within the vicinity. A device may broadcast a peer discovery signal which conveys an "expression" that can identify itself. For example, US 2010/0254308 A1 describes a method for peer discovery in a communications system. The peer discovery information is usually very small. Note that although the peer discovery information may be fixed in a long time period, the bits that encode this information may change rapidly due to privacy concerns. The device may also need to detect other devices' peer discovery signal. Due to the fast decaying of radio signals, a device may not be able to directly detect another peer device's peer discovery signal. Further, different devices may operate in different frequency bands or under different operators, and it may not be feasible for a device to transmit/receive in all possible bands to detect all other device's peer discovery signal.

    [0004] Base stations can receive peer devices' peer discovery information, exchange this information among base stations, and rebroadcast the information so that peer devices in a wide area may discover each other. With base station relayed peer devices in a wide area may discover each other. With base station relayed peer discovery, periodic transmission of time varying peer discovery expressions to the base station may cause an excessive amount of short message traffic in the wide area network (WAN) and may result in excessive overhead communications. Therefore, a system and method to assist in facilitating efficient communication of a peer-to-peer communication discovery expression is desired.

    SUMMARY



    [0005] This desire is fulfilled by the subject-matter of the independent claims. The following presents a simplified summary of one or more aspects in order to provide a basic understanding of such aspects. This summary is not an extensive overview of all contemplated aspects, and is intended to neither identify key or critical elements of all aspects nor delineate the scope of any or all aspects. Its sole purpose is to present some concepts of one or more aspects in a simplified form as a prelude to the more detailed description that is presented later.

    [0006] In accordance with one or more aspects and corresponding disclosure thereof, various aspects are described in connection with base station assisted discovery to enable P2P communications. In one example, a UE is equipped to generate an expression associated with a wireless device for use in a peer discovery signal, generate an expression set from the expression, a first temporal frequency, and a first time duration, and transmit the generated expression set to a base station to allow the base station to broadcast each of the expressions included in the expression set at the first temporal frequency over the first time duration. In another example, a base station is equipped to receive an expression set from a wireless device, process the received expression set to determine each of one or more instances of an expression, and transmit each of the one or more instances of the expression.

    [0007] According to related aspects, a method for base station assisted P2P discovery is provided. The method can comprise generating an expression associated with a wireless device for use in a peer discovery signal. Further, the method can include generating an expression set from the expression, a first temporal frequency, and a first time duration. Moreover, the method may include transmitting the generated expression set to a base station to allow the base station to broadcast each of the expressions included in the expression set at the first temporal frequency over the first time duration.

    [0008] Another aspect relates to a wireless communications apparatus enabled to use base station assistance for P2P discovery. The wireless communications apparatus can include means for generating an expression associated with a wireless device for use in a peer discovery signal. Further, the wireless communications apparatus can include means for generating an expression set from the expression, a first temporal frequency, and a first time duration. Moreover, the wireless communications apparatus can include means for transmitting the generated expression set to a base station to allow the base station to broadcast each of the expressions included in the expression set at the first temporal frequency over the first time duration.

    [0009] Another aspect relates to a wireless communications apparatus. The apparatus can include a processing system configured to generate an expression associated with a wireless device for use in a peer discovery signal. Further, the processing system may be configured to generate an expression set from the expression, a first temporal frequency, and a first time duration. Moreover, the processing system may further be configured to transmit the generated expression set to a base station to allow the base station to broadcast each of the expressions included in the expression set at the first temporal frequency over the first time duration.

    [0010] Still another aspect relates to a computer program product, which can have a computer-readable medium including code for generating an expression associated with a wireless device for use in a peer discovery signal. Further, the computer-readable medium can include code for generating an expression set from the expression, a first temporal frequency, and a first time duration. Moreover, the computer-readable medium can include code for transmitting the generated expression set to a base station to allow the base station to broadcast each of the expressions included in the expression set at the first temporal frequency over the first time duration.

    [0011] According to related aspects, a method for base station assisted P2P discovery is provided. The method can comprise receiving an expression set from a wireless device, wherein the expression set includes one or more instances of an expression, a first temporal frequency, and a first duration of time. Further, the method can include processing the received expression set to determine each of one or more instances of an expression for transmission at the first temporal frequency over the first duration of time. Moreover, the method may include transmitting each of the one or more instances of the expression at the first temporal frequency during the first duration of time.

    [0012] Another aspect relates to a wireless communications apparatus enabled to use base station assistance for P2P discovery. The wireless communications apparatus can include means for receiving an expression set from a wireless device, wherein the expression set includes one or more instances of an expression, a first temporal frequency, and a first duration of time. Further, the wireless communications apparatus can include means for processing the received expression set to determine each of one or more instances of an expression for transmission at the first temporal frequency over the first duration of time. Moreover, the wireless communications apparatus can include means for transmitting each of the one or more instances of the expression at the first temporal frequency during the first duration of time.

    [0013] Another aspect relates to a wireless communications apparatus. The apparatus can include a processing system configured to receive an expression set from a wireless device, wherein the expression set includes one or more instances of an expression, a first temporal frequency, and a first duration of time. Further, the processing system may be configured to process the received expression set to determine each of one or more instances of an expression for transmission at the first temporal frequency over the first duration of time. Moreover, the processing system may further be configured to transmit each of the one or more instances of the expression at the first temporal frequency during the first duration of time.

    [0014] Still another aspect relates to a computer program product, which can have a computer-readable medium including code for receiving an expression set from a wireless device, wherein the expression set includes one or more instances of an expression, a first temporal frequency, and a first duration of time. Further, the computer-readable medium can include code for processing the received expression set to determine each of one or more instances of an expression for transmission at the first temporal frequency over the first duration of time. Moreover, the computer-readable medium can include code for transmitting each of the one or more instances of the expression at the first temporal frequency during the first duration of time.

    [0015] To the accomplishment of the foregoing and related ends, the one or more aspects comprise the features hereinafter fully described and particularly pointed out in the claims. The following description and the annexed drawings set forth in detail certain illustrative features of the one or more aspects. These features are indicative, however, of but a few of the various ways in which the principles of various aspects may be employed, and this description is intended to include all such aspects and their equivalents.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0016] 

    FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating an example of a hardware implementation for an apparatus employing a processing system.

    FIG. 2 is a diagram of a wireless peer-to-peer communications system.

    FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating an exemplary time structure for peer-to-peer communication between the wireless devices.

    FIG. 4 is a diagram illustrating the channels in each frame of superframes in one grandframe.

    FIG. 5 is a diagram illustrating an operation timeline of a miscellaneous channel and a structure of a peer discovery channel.

    FIG. 6 is a diagram of a wireless wide area network communications system operable to support peer-to-peer communications according to an aspect.

    FIG. 7 is a call flow diagram illustrating communications between a wireless device and a base station in a wireless peer-to-peer communications system.

    FIG. 8 is a flow chart of a method of wireless communication.

    FIG. 9 is a conceptual block diagram illustrating the functionality of an exemplary apparatus.

    FIG. 10 is a flow chart of another method of wireless communication.

    FIG. 11 is a conceptual block diagram illustrating the functionality of another exemplary apparatus.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0017] The detailed description set forth below in connection with the appended drawings is intended as a description of various configurations and is not intended to represent the only configurations in which the concepts described herein may be practiced. The detailed description includes specific details for the purpose of providing a thorough understanding of various concepts. However, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that these concepts may be practiced without these specific details. In some instances, well known structures and components are shown in block diagram form in order to avoid obscuring such concepts.

    [0018] Several aspects of communication systems will now be presented with reference to various apparatus and methods. These apparatus and methods will be described in the following detailed description and illustrated in the accompanying drawing by various blocks, modules, components, circuits, steps, processes, algorithms, etc. (collectively referred to as "elements"). These elements may be implemented using electronic hardware, computer software, or any combination thereof. Whether such elements are implemented as hardware or software depends upon the particular application and design constraints imposed on the overall system.

    [0019] By way of example, an element, or any portion of an element, or any combination of elements may be implemented with a "processing system" that includes one or more processors. Examples of processors include microprocessors, microcontrollers, digital signal processors (DSPs), field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), programmable logic devices (PLDs), state machines, gated logic, discrete hardware circuits, and other suitable hardware configured to perform the various functionality described throughout this disclosure. One or more processors in the processing system may execute software. Software shall be construed broadly to mean instructions, instruction sets, code, code segments, program code, programs, subprograms, software modules, applications, software applications, software packages, routines, subroutines, objects, executables, threads of execution, procedures, functions, etc., whether referred to as software, firmware, middleware, microcode, hardware description language, or otherwise. The software may reside on a computer-readable medium. The computer-readable medium may be a non-transitory computer-readable medium. A non-transitory computer-readable medium include, by way of example, a magnetic storage device (e.g., hard disk, floppy disk, magnetic strip), an optical disk (e.g., compact disk (CD), digital versatile disk (DVD)), a smart card, a flash memory device (e.g., card, stick, key drive), random access memory (RAM), read only memory (ROM), programmable ROM (PROM), erasable PROM (EPROM), electrically erasable PROM (EEPROM), a register, a removable disk, and any other suitable medium for storing software and/or instructions that may be accessed and read by a computer. The computer-readable medium may be resident in the processing system, external to the processing system, or distributed across multiple entities including the processing system. The computer-readable medium may be embodied in a computer-program product. By way of example, a computer-program product may include a computer-readable medium in packaging materials.

    [0020] Accordingly, in one or more exemplary embodiments, the functions described may be implemented in hardware, software, firmware, or any combination thereof. If implemented in software, the functions may be stored on or encoded as one or more instructions or code on a computer-readable medium. Computer-readable media includes computer storage media. Storage media may be any available media that can be accessed by a computer. By way of example, and not limitation, such computer-readable media can comprise RAM, ROM, EEPROM, CD-ROM or other optical disk storage, magnetic disk storage or other magnetic storage devices, or any other medium that can be used to carry or store desired program code in the form of instructions or data structures and that can be accessed by a computer. Disk and disc, as used herein, includes compact disc (CD), laser disc, optical disc, digital versatile disc (DVD), floppy disk and Blu-ray disc where disks usually reproduce data magnetically, while discs reproduce data optically with lasers. Combinations of the above should also be included within the scope of computer-readable media. Those skilled in the art will recognize how best to implement the described functionality presented throughout this disclosure depending on the particular application and the overall design constraints imposed on the overall system.

    [0021] FIG. 1 is a conceptual diagram illustrating an example of a hardware implementation for an apparatus 100 employing a processing system 114. The processing system 114 may be implemented with a bus architecture, represented generally by the bus 102. The bus 102 may include any number of interconnecting buses and bridges depending on the specific application of the processing system 114 and the overall design constraints. The bus 102 links together various circuits including one or more processors and/or hardware modules, represented generally by the processor 104, and computer-readable media, represented generally by the computer-readable medium 106. The bus 102 may also link various other circuits such as timing sources, peripherals, voltage regulators, and power management circuits, which are well known in the art, and therefore, will not be described any further. A bus interface 108 provides an interface between the bus 102 and a transceiver 110. The transceiver 110 provides a means for communicating with various other apparatuses over a transmission medium.

    [0022] The processor 104 is responsible for managing the bus 102 and general processing, including the execution of software stored on the computer-readable medium 106. The software, when executed by the processor 104, causes the processing system 114 to perform the various functions described infra for any particular apparatus. The computer-readable medium 106 may also be used for storing data that is manipulated by the processor 104 when executing software.

    [0023] FIG. 2 is a drawing of an exemplary peer-to-peer communications system 200. The peer-to-peer communications system 200 includes a plurality of wireless devices 206, 208, 210, 212. The peer-to-peer communications system 200 may overlap with a cellular communications system, such as for example, a wireless wide area network (WWAN). Some of the wireless devices 206, 208, 210, 212 may communicate together in peer-to-peer communication, some may communicate with the base station 204, and some may do both. For example, as shown in FIG. 2, the wireless devices 206, 208 are in peer-to-peer communication and the wireless devices 210, 212 are in peer-to-peer communication. The wireless device 212 is also communicating with the base station 204.

    [0024] The wireless device may alternatively be referred to by those skilled in the art as user equipment, a mobile station, a subscriber station, a mobile unit, a subscriber unit, a wireless unit, a wireless node, a remote unit, a mobile device, a wireless communication device, a remote device, a mobile subscriber station, an access terminal, a mobile terminal, a wireless terminal, a remote terminal, a handset, a user agent, a mobile client, a client, or some other suitable terminology. The base station may alternatively be referred to by those skilled in the art as an access point, a base transceiver station, a radio base station, a radio transceiver, a transceiver function, a basic service set (BSS), an extended service set (ESS), a Node B, an evolved Node B, or some other suitable terminology.

    [0025] The exemplary methods and apparatuses discussed infra are applicable to any of a variety of wireless peer-to-peer communications systems, such as for example, a wireless peer-to-peer communication system based on FlashLinQ, WiMedia, Bluetooth, ZigBee, or Wi-Fi based on the IEEE 802.11 standard. To simplify the discussion, the exemplary methods and apparatus are discussed within the context of FlashLinQ. However, one of ordinary skill in the art would understand that the exemplary methods and apparatuses are applicable more generally to a variety of other wireless peer-to-peer communication systems.

    [0026] FIG. 3 is a diagram 300 illustrating an exemplary time structure for peer-to-peer communication between the wireless devices 100. An ultraframe is 512 seconds and includes 64 megaframes. Each megaframe is 8 seconds and includes 8 grandframes. Each grandframe is 1 second and includes 15 superframes. Each superframe is approximately 66.67 ms and includes 32 frames. Each frame is 2.0833 ms.

    [0027] FIG. 4 is a diagram 400 illustrating the channels in each frame of superframes in one grandframe. In a first superframe (with index 0), frame 0 is a reserved channel (RCH), frames 1-10 are each a miscellaneous channel (MCCH), and frames 11-31 are each a traffic channel (TCCH). In the 2nd through 7th superframes (with index 1:6), frame 0 is a RCH and frames 1-31 are each a TCCH. In an 8th superframe (with index 7), frame 0 is a RCH, frames 1-10 are each a MCCH, and frames 11-31 are each a TCCH. In the 9th through 15th superframes (with index 8:14), frame 0 is a RCH and frames 1-31 are each a TCCH. The MCCH of superframe index 0 includes a secondary timing synchronization channel, a peer discovery channel, a peer page channel, and a reserved slot. The MCCH of superframe index 7 includes a peer page channel and reserved slots. The TCCH includes connection scheduling, a pilot, channel quality indicator (CQI) feedback, a data segment, and an acknowledgement (ACK).

    [0028] FIG. 5 is a diagram 500 illustrating an operation timeline of the MCCH and an exemplary structure of a peer discovery channel. As discussed in relation to FIG. 4, the MCCH of superframe index 0 includes a secondary timing synchronization channel, a peer discovery channel, a peer paging channel, and a reserved slot. The peer discovery channel may be divided into subchannels. For example, the peer discovery channel may be divided into a long range peer discovery channel, a medium range peer discovery channel, a short range peer discovery channel, and other channels. Each of the subchannels may include a plurality of blocks/resources for communicating peer discovery information. Each block may include a plurality of orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) symbols (e.g., 72) at the same subcarrier. FIG. 5 provides an example of a subchannel (e.g., short range peer discovery channel) including blocks in one megaframe, which includes the MCCH superframe index 0 of grandframes 0 through 7. Different sets of blocks correspond to different peer discovery resource identifiers (PDRIDs). For example, one PDRID may correspond to one of the blocks in the MCCH superframe index 0 of one grandframe in the megaframe.

    [0029] Upon power up, a wireless device listens to the peer discovery channel for a period of time (e.g., two megaframes) and selects a PDRID based on a determined energy on each of the PDRIDs. For example, a wireless device may select a PDRID corresponding to block 502 (i=2 and j=15) in a first megaframe of an ultraframe. The particular PDRID may map to other blocks in other megaframes of the ultraframe due to hopping. In blocks associated with the selected PDRID, the wireless device transmits its peer discovery signal. In blocks unassociated with the selected PDRID, the wireless device listens for peer discovery signals transmitted by other wireless devices.

    [0030] The wireless device may also reselect a PDRID if the wireless device detects a PDRID collision. That is, a wireless device may listen rather than transmit on its available peer discovery resource in order to detect an energy on the peer discovery resource corresponding to its PDRID. The wireless device may also detect energies on other peer discovery resources corresponding to other PDRIDs. The wireless device may reselect a PDRID based on the determined energy on the peer discovery resource corresponding its PDRID and the detected energies on the other peer discovery resources corresponding to other PDRIDs.

    [0031] FIG. 6 is a drawing of an exemplary wireless wide area network (WWAN) communications system 600. The peer-to-peer communications system 600 includes a plurality of wireless devices 602, 606, 610, and may include one or more base stations 604, 608. In one aspect, base stations 604 and 608 may be connected over a network connection 616.

    [0032] Wireless device 602 may generate an expression for discovery for peer-to-peer communications. As used herein an expression may be a unique naming structure defined by an application and may allow applications to discover one another. In one aspect, an expression may include a public expression and/or a private expression. A public expression may include an expression name and a corresponding expression code that may be efficiently transmitted over the air. Further, a private expression includes an expression name and a corresponding expression key that may have a time-varying hash function applied to them prior to being sent over the air. One way to keep the expression private is encryption. The device 602 may generate a private expression and a particular group of devices may share a common key, which may be used to encrypt/decrypt the private expression. This key may be changed from time to time and the key sequence as a function of time may be known by the device 602 and the group of devices with which the device 602 intends to share (e.g., 606). As such, devices with the key sequence can decrypt the expression. In one aspect, the expression may be included in a short bit string. For example, in FlashLinQ, the expression may include 70 bits of information. Further, in one aspect, a device's expression can be time variant.

    [0033] Further, wireless device 602 may process the expression to generate an expression set 612. In one aspect, the expression set 612 may be aggregated over a period of time and sent to the base station 604 using an uplink channel. As an example, the expression may be 70 bits long, and a peer discovery period may be 8ms. Device 602 may aggregate all the expressions over the next hour (e.g., approximately 4K byte) in a packet and send the packet (e.g., expression set 612) to the base station. After receiving the aggregated expression set 612, the base station can reproduce the 70 bits expression for each 8 ms peer discover period and broadcast only the corresponding 70 bits expression 614 every 8 ms. In one aspect, base station 604 may communicate the expression set 612 and/or the expression 614 over the network connection 616 to base station 608 to transmit the expression. In such an aspect, wireless device 610 may receive the expression 614 associated with wireless device 602 even though it is served by a different base station 608. In one aspect, base station 604 may receive the expression set 612 using a first frequency band and may transmit the expression 614 using one or more other frequency bands.

    [0034] FIG. 7 illustrates an example wireless communications network 700 including wireless device 702, base station 704, and one or more peer devices 706. Wireless communications network 700 allows for improved base station assisted peer discovery processes to be implemented in a peer-to-peer network.

    [0035] At act 708, a wireless device 702 may generate an expression to be communicated as part of a peer discovery process.

    [0036] At act 710, the wireless device 702 may preprocess the expression so as to make the information accessible to various peer devices 706. For example, the expression may be preprocessed as a private expression. One way to keep the expression private is encryption. The wireless device 702 with the private expression and a particular group of devices 706 may share a common key, which is used to encrypt/decrypt the expression. In one aspect, the key may be changed from time to time. In such an aspect, this key sequence, as a function of time, may be known by the device 702 and the group of devices 706. Thus only devices with the key sequence can decrypt the expression.

    [0037] At act 712, the wireless device 702 may generate an aggregated expression value. In one aspect, wireless device 703 may aggregate expressions over a certain period of time. As an example, assume that the expression is 70 bits long, and the peer discovery period is 8 seconds. Wireless device 702 may aggregate all the expressions over the next hour (e.g., about 4K byte) into an aggregated expression packet. At act 714, the aggregated expression packet may be transmitted to base station 704.

    [0038] At act 716, base station 704 may reproduce wireless device 702 expressions and at act 718, base station 704 may broadcast the expressions at a determined temporal frequency to various peer devices 706. In other words, after base station 704 receives the aggregated expression, the base station 704 can reproduce the 70 bits expression for each 8 second peer discover period and broadcast only the corresponding 70 bits expression every 8 seconds. In one aspect, if wireless device 702 does not want to be discovered by other devices 706, it may send a message (not shown) to the base station 704 to stop the broadcasting of its expression. As such, an uplink transmission may be used over a time duration (e.g., an hour), and overhead associated with sending expressions to the base station 704 may be greatly reduced.

    [0039] FIG. 8 is a flow chart 800 of an exemplary method. The method is performed by a wireless device. At block 802, the wireless device may generate an expression for use in a peer discovery signal. In one aspect, the expression may be encrypted using one or more keys. At block 804, the wireless device may generate an expression set from the expression, a temporal frequency and a time duration. In one aspect, the temporal frequency may be a temporal frequency used for broadcasting a peer discovery signal. In one aspect, the expression set may be encrypted using one or more keys. In another aspect, separately encrypted expressions may be aggregated into the expression set. At block 806, the wireless device may transmit the expression set to a base station for eventual broadcasting of the expressions at the temporal frequency during the time duration. In one aspect, one or more rules may also be transmitted with the expression set. In such an aspect, the rules may be used by the base station to process the expression set to obtain each expression. Further, the one or more rules may indicate how to change an expression over time. For example, a time dependent hash function may be used to obtain each expression from the expression set. In another example, one or more time dependent encryption keys may be applied to each expression from the expression set.

    [0040] FIG. 9 is a conceptual block diagram 900 illustrating the functionality of an exemplary apparatus 602'. The apparatus 602' includes an expression generation module 902 that is operable to generate an expression associated with the wireless device 602' for use in a peer discovery signal. The apparatus 602' may also include an expression set generation module 904 that is operable to generate an expression set from the expression 908, a temporal frequency 910 and a time duration 912. In such an aspect, the temporal frequency may coincide with a temporal frequency used for peer discovery transmissions. The apparatus 602' may further include a transmission module 906 that is operable to transmit the expression set 914 to a base station 604. In one aspect, transmission module 906 may further include one or more rules with the expression set 914 to assist base station 604 in derive the expression 908 from the expression set 914. In an optional aspect, apparatus 602' may further include an encryption module 916 that may be operable to encrypt expressions and/or expression sets using one or more keys 918. The apparatus 602' may include additional modules that perform each of the steps in the aforementioned flow charts. Each step in the aforementioned flow charts may be performed by a module and the apparatus 100/602' may include one or more of those modules.

    [0041] Referring to FIGs. 1, 6, and 9, in one configuration, the apparatus 100/602/602' for wireless communication includes means for generating an expression associated with a wireless device for use in a peer discovery signal, means for generating an expression set from the expression, a first temporal frequency, and a first time duration, and means for transmitting the generated expression set to a base station to allow the base station to broadcast each of the expressions included in the expression set at the first temporal frequency over the first time duration. In one aspect, the means for generating an expression set may further include means for encrypting the expression set using one or more keys. In another aspect, the means for generating an expression set may further include means for encrypting each expression separately in the expression set, and means for aggregating each separately encrypted expression into the expression set. In one aspect, the means for transmitting may further include means for transmitting one or more rules for generating an expression to transmit based on each expression in the expression set. In such an aspect, the one or more rules may include information indicating how to change the expression over time. The aforementioned means is the processing system 114 configured to perform the functions recited by the aforementioned means.

    [0042] FIG. 10 is a flow chart 1000 of an exemplary method. The method is performed by a wireless device. At block 1002, the base station may receive an expression set from a wireless device including one or more instances of an expression, a temporal frequency and a time duration. In one aspect, the expression set may be received in a first frequency band. In one aspect, the expression set is encrypted used one or more keys. In such an aspect, the expression set may be decrypted by the base station and/or each expression may be separately decrypted by the base station. Further, the base station may re-encrypt each expression in the expression set prior to a subsequent transmission.

    [0043] At block 1004, the received expression set may be processed to obtain each instance of an expression. In one aspect, the expression set may be received with one or more rules to assist the base station in processing the received expression set. In such an aspect, the one or more rules may include information indicating how to change the expression over time. For example, a time dependent hash function may be used on each expression from the expression set. In another example, one or more time dependent encryption keys may be applied to each expression from the expression set.

    [0044] At block 1006, the base station may transmit each instance of the expression at the determined temporal frequency for the duration of time. In one aspect, the base station may transmit each instance of the expression to one or more other base stations to allow the one or more other base station to also transmit the expression. In another aspect, the base station may transmit the expression set to the one or more other base stations to allow the one or more other base stations to extract and to transmit the expression.

    [0045] FIG. 11 is a conceptual block diagram 1100 illustrating the functionality of an exemplary apparatus 604'. The apparatus 604' includes a reception module 1102 that is operable to receive an expression set 1108 from a wireless device 602. In one aspect, the expression set may also be received one or more rules to assist in processing the expression set. Further, the expression set 1108 may include one or more instances of an expression 1110, a temporal frequency 1112, and a time duration 1114. The apparatus 604' may further include expression set processing module 1104 that may be operable determine each of the one or more instance of an expression 1116 by processing the expression set 1108. In an optional aspect, where a received expression set 1108 is encrypted, decryption/encryption module 1118 may assist expression set processing module 1104 is decrypting and/or processing the encrypted expression set. The apparatus may further include transmission module 1106 that may transmit each expression 1116 at the temporal frequency 1112 for the time duration 1114. In one optional aspect, the apparatus 604' may communication at least one of the expression set 1108 or each instance of the expression to one or more other base stations to allow the one or more other base stations to transmit the expression. Further, in an optional aspect, where the each expression 1116 is encrypted, decryption/encryption module 1118 may assist expression set processing module 1104 is re-encrypting the expression 1116. In one aspect, transmission module 1106 may transmit the expression 1116 over a one or more different frequency bands than upon which the expression set 1108 was received. The apparatus 604' may include additional modules that perform each of the steps in the aforementioned flow charts. Each step in the aforementioned flow charts may be performed by a module and apparatuses 100/604' may include one or more of those modules.

    [0046] Referring to FIGs. 1, 6, and 11, in one configuration, the apparatus 100/604/604' for wireless communication includes means for receiving an expression set from a wireless device, wherein the expression set includes one or more instances of an expression, a first temporal frequency, and a first duration of time, means for processing the received expression set to determine each of one or more instances of an expression for transmission at the first temporal frequency over the first duration of time, and means for transmitting each of the one or more instances of the expression at the first temporal frequency during the first duration of time. In one aspect, the means for receiving may further include means for receiving within a first frequency band, and the means for transmitting may further include means for transmitting within one or more other frequency bands. In one aspect, where the expression set is encrypted, the apparatus 704' may further include means for decrypting the encrypted expression set, and means for separately re-encrypt each expression in the expression set. In one aspect, where each expression is separately encrypted, the apparatus 704' may further include means for decrypting each expression in the expression set. In one aspect, the means for receiving may further include means for receiving one or more rules for generating an expression to transmit based on each expression in the expression set. In such an aspect, the one or more rules may include information indicating how to change the expression over time. In one aspect, the means for transmitting may further include means for transmitting each of the one or more instances of the expression to one or more other base stations to allow the one or more other base stations to transmit the one or more instances of the expression. In another aspect, the means for transmitting may further include means for transmitting the expression set to one or more other base stations to allow the one or more other base stations to process the expression set and transmit the one or more instances of the expression. The aforementioned means is the processing system 114 configured to perform the functions recited by the aforementioned means. It is understood that the specific order or hierarchy of steps in the processes disclosed is an illustration of exemplary approaches. Based upon design preferences, it is understood that the specific order or hierarchy of steps in the processes may be rearranged. The accompanying method claims present elements of the various steps in a sample order, and are not meant to be limited to the specific order or hierarchy presented.

    [0047] In the following further examples are described to facilitate the understanding of this invention.

    [0048] In a first further example, a method of wireless communications is described, the method comprising generating an expression associated with a wireless device for use in a peer discovery signal; generating an expression set from the expression, a first temporal frequency, and a first time duration; and transmitting the generated expression set to a base station to allow the base station to broadcast each of the expressions included in the expression set at the first temporal frequency over the first time duration. Also, the generating an expression set may further comprise encrypting the expression set using one or more keys. Also, the generating an expression set may further comprise encrypting each expression separately in the expression set; and aggregating each separately encrypted expression into the expression set. Further, the first temporal frequency may be a temporal frequency of broadcasting a peer discovery signal. Also, the transmitting may further comprise transmitting one or more rules for generating an expression to transmit based on each expression in the expression set. Further, the one or more rules may comprise information indicating how to change the expression over time.

    [0049] In yet another further example, a method of wireless communications is described, comprising: receiving an expression set from a wireless device, wherein the expression set includes one or more instances of an expression, a first temporal frequency, and a first duration of time; processing the received expression set to determine each of one or more instances of an expression for transmission at the first temporal frequency over the first duration of time; and transmitting each of the one or more instances of the expression at the first temporal frequency during the first duration of time. Also, the receiving may further comprise receiving within a first frequency band, and wherein the transmitting may further comprise transmitting within one or more other frequency bands. Further, the first temporal frequency may be a temporal frequency of broadcasting a peer discovery signal. Also, the expression set may be encrypted using one or more keys and wherein the method may further comprise decrypting the encrypted expression set; and separately re-encrypting each expression in the expression set. Also, each expression in the expression set may be separately encrypted by the wireless device, and wherein the method may further comprise decrypting each expression in the expression set. Also, the receiving may further comprise receiving one or more rules for generating an expression to transmit based on each expression in the expression set. Also, the one or more rules may comprise information indicating how to change the expression over time. Also, the transmitting may further comprise transmitting each of the one or more instances of the expression to one or more other base stations to allow the one or more other base stations to transmit the one or more instances of the expression. Also, the transmitting may further comprise transmitting the expression set to one or more other base stations to allow the one or more other base stations to process the expression set and transmit the one or more instances of the expression.

    [0050] In another example, an apparatus for wireless communications is described, comprising means for generating an expression associated with a wireless device for use in a peer discovery signal; means for generating an expression set from the expression, a first temporal frequency, and a first time duration; and means for transmitting the generated expression set to a base station to allow the base station to broadcast each of the expressions included in the expression set at the first temporal frequency over the first time duration. Also, the means for generating an expression set may further comprise means for encrypting the expression set using one or more keys. Also, the means for generating an expression set may further comprise means for encrypting each expression separately in the expression set; and means for aggregating each separately encrypted expression into the expression set. Also, the first temporal frequency may be a temporal frequency of broadcasting a peer discovery signal. Also, the means for transmitting may further comprise means for transmitting one or more rules for generating an expression to transmit based on each expression in the expression set. Also, the one or more rules may comprise information indicating how to change the expression over time.

    [0051] In yet another further example, an apparatus for wireless communications is described, comprising means for receiving an expression set from a wireless device, wherein the expression set includes one or more instances of an expression, a first temporal frequency, and a first duration of time; means for processing the received expression set to determine each of one or more instances of an expression for transmission at the first temporal frequency over the first duration of time; and means for transmitting each of the one or more instances of the expression at the first temporal frequency during the first duration of time. Also, the means for receiving may further comprise means for receiving within a first frequency band, and wherein the means for transmitting may further comprise means for transmitting within one or more other frequency bands. Also, the first temporal frequency may be a temporal frequency of broadcasting a peer discovery signal. Also, the expression set may be encrypted using one or more keys, and may further comprise means for decrypting the encrypted expression set; and means for separately re-encrypting each expression in the expression set. Further, each expression in the expression set may be separately encrypted by the wireless device, and may further comprise means for decrypting each expression in the expression set. Also, the means for receiving may further comprise means for receiving one or more rules for generating an expression to transmit based on each expression in the expression set. Further, the one or more rules may comprise information indicating how to change the expression over time. Also, the means for transmitting may further comprise means for transmitting each of the one or more instances of the expression to one or more other base stations to allow the one or more other base stations to transmit the one or more instances of the expression. Also, the means for transmitting may further comprise means for transmitting the expression set to one or more other base stations to allow the one or more other base stations to process the expression set and transmit the one or more instances of the expression.

    [0052] In another further example, a computer program product is described, comprising a computer-readable medium comprising code for generating an expression associated with a wireless device for use in a peer discovery signal; generating an expression set from the expression, a first temporal frequency, and a first time duration; and transmitting the generated expression set to a base station to allow the base station to broadcast each of the expressions included in the expression set at the first temporal frequency over the first time duration. Also, the code for generating an expression set may further comprise code for encrypting the expression set using one or more keys. Further, the code for generating an expression set may further comprise code for encrypting each expression separately in the expression set; and aggregating each separately encrypted expression into the expression set. Also, the first temporal frequency may be a temporal frequency of broadcasting a peer discovery signal. Also, the code for transmitting may further comprise code for transmitting one or more rules for generating an expression to transmit based on each expression in the expression set. Further, the one or more rules may comprise information indicating how to change the expression over time.

    [0053] In yet another further example, a computer program product is described, comprising: a computer-readable medium comprising code for: receiving an expression set from a wireless device, wherein the expression set includes one or more instances of an expression, a first temporal frequency, and a first duration of time; processing the received expression set to determine each of one or more instances of an expression for transmission at the first temporal frequency over the first duration of time; and transmitting each of the one or more instances of the expression at the first temporal frequency during the first duration of time.

    [0054] Also, the code for receiving may further comprise code for receiving within a first frequency band, and wherein the code for transmitting may further comprise code for transmitting within one or more other frequency bands. Also, the first temporal frequency may be a temporal frequency of broadcasting a peer discovery signal. Further, the expression set may be encrypted using one or more keys, and the computer-readable medium may further comprise code for decrypting the encrypted expression set; and separately re-encrypting each expression in the expression set. Also, each expression in the expression set may be separately encrypted by the wireless device, and the computer-readable medium may further comprise code for: decrypting each expression in the expression set. Also, the code for receiving may further comprise code for receiving one or more rules for generating an expression to transmit based on each expression in the expression set. Also, the one or more rules may comprise information indicating how to change the expression over time. Further, the code for transmitting may further comprise code for transmitting each of the one or more instances of the expression to one or more other base stations to allow the one or more other base stations to transmit the one or more instances of the expression. Also, the code for transmitting may further comprise code for transmitting the expression set to one or more other base stations to allow the one or more other base stations to process the expression set and transmit the one or more instances of the expression.

    [0055] In another further example, an apparatus for wireless communication is described, comprising: a processing system configured to: generate an expression associated with a wireless device for use in a peer discovery signal; generate an expression set from the expression, a first temporal frequency, and a first time duration; and transmit the generated expression set to a base station to allow the base station to broadcast each of the expressions included in the expression set at the first temporal frequency over the first time duration. Also, the processing system may be further configured to encrypt the expression set using one or more keys. Also, the processing system may be further configured to encrypt each expression separately in the expression set; and aggregate each separately encrypted expression into the expression set. Further, the first temporal frequency may be a temporal frequency of broadcasting a peer discovery signal. Also, the processing system may be further configured to transmit one or more rules for generating an expression to transmit based on each expression in the expression set. Further, the one or more rules may comprise information indicating how to change the expression over time.

    [0056] In yet another further example, an apparatus for wireless communications is described, comprising: a processing system configured to: receive an expression set from a wireless device, wherein the expression set includes one or more instances of an expression, a first temporal frequency, and a first duration of time; process the received expression set to determine each of one or more instances of an expression for transmission at the first temporal frequency over the first duration of time; and transmit each of the one or more instances of the expression at the first temporal frequency during the first duration of time. Also, the processing system may be further configured to: receive within a first frequency band; and transmit within one or more other frequency bands. Also, the first temporal frequency may be a temporal frequency of broadcasting a peer discovery signal. Further, the expression set may be encrypted using one or more keys, wherein the processing system may be further configured to: decrypt the encrypted expression set; and separately re-encrypt each expression in the expression set. Also, each expression in the expression set may be separately encrypted by the wireless device, wherein the processing system may be further configured to decrypt each expression in the expression set. Also, the processing system may be further configured to receive one or more rules for generating an expression to transmit based on each expression in the expression set. Further, the one or more rules may comprise information indicating how to change the expression over time. Also, the processing system may be further configured to transmit each of the one or more instances of the expression to one or more other base stations to allow the one or more other base stations to transmit the one or more instances of the expression. Also, the processing system may be further configured to transmit the expression set to one or more other base stations to allow the one or more other base stations to process the expression set and transmit the one or more instances of the expression.


    Claims

    1. A method of wireless communications for peer-to-peer-discovery, comprising:

    generating (802) an expression associated with a wireless device for use in a peer discovery signal, wherein the expression is a unique naming structure defined by an application and allows applications to discover one another;

    generating (804) an expression set from the expression, a first temporal frequency to be used for broadcasting the peer discovery signal, and a first time duration;

    transmitting (806) the generated expression set that includes one or more instances of the expression, the first temporal frequency, and the first time duration to a base station to allow the base station to broadcast each of the expressions included in the expression set at the first temporal frequency over the first time duration; and

    transmitting one or more rules for generating an expression to transmit based on each expression in the expression set.


     
    2. The method of claim 1, wherein the generating (804) an expression set further comprises encrypting the expression set using one or more keys.
     
    3. The method of claim 1, wherein the generating (804) an expression set further comprises:

    encrypting each expression separately in the expression set; and

    aggregating each separately encrypted expression into the expression set.


     
    4. The method of claim 1, wherein the one or more rules comprises information indicating how to change the expression over time.
     
    5. The method of claim 1, wherein the expression set is aggregated over a period of time.
     
    6. A method of wireless communications for peer-to-peer discovery, comprising:

    receiving (1002) an expression set from a wireless device, wherein an expression is a unique naming structure defined by an application to discover one another and wherein the expression set includes one or more instances of an expression, a first temporal frequency to be used for broadcasting a peer discovery signal, and a first duration of time;

    processing (1004) the received expression set to determine each of one or more instances of an expression for transmission at the first temporal frequency over the first duration of time; and

    transmitting (1006) each of the one or more instances of the expression at the first temporal frequency during the first duration of time,

    wherein the receiving further comprises receiving one or more rules for generating an expression to transmit based on each expression in the expression set.


     
    7. The method of claim 6, wherein the receiving (1002) further comprises receiving within a first frequency band, and wherein the transmitting (1006) further comprises transmitting within one or more other frequency bands.
     
    8. The method of claim 6, wherein the expression set is encrypted using one or more keys and wherein the method further comprises:

    decrypting the encrypted expression set; and

    separately re-encrypting each expression in the expression set.


     
    9. The method of claim 6, wherein each expression in the expression set is separately encrypted by the wireless device, and wherein the method further comprises:

    decrypting each expression in the expression set.


     
    10. An apparatus for wireless communications for peer-to-peer-discovery, comprising:

    means for generating (902) an expression associated with a wireless device for use in a peer discovery signal, wherein the expression is a unique naming structure defined by an application and allows applications to discover one another;

    means for generating (904) an expression set from the expression, a first temporal frequency to be used for broadcasting the peer discovery signal, and a first time duration; and

    means for transmitting (906) the generated expression set that includes one or more instances of the expression, the first temporal frequency, and the first time duration to a base station to allow the base station to broadcast each of the expressions included in the expression set at the first temporal frequency over the first time duration and for transmitting one or more rules for generating an expression to transmit based on each expression in the expression set.


     
    11. An apparatus for wireless communications for peer-to-peer-discovery, comprising:

    means for receiving (1102) an expression set from a wireless device, wherein an expression is a unique naming structure defined by an application and allows applications to discover one another and wherein the expression set includes one or more instances of an expression, a first temporal frequency to be used for broadcasting a peer discovery signal, and a first duration of time and for receiving one or more rules for generating an expression to transmit based on each expression in the expression set;

    means for processing (1104) the received expression set to determine each of one or more instances of an expression for transmission at the first temporal frequency over the first duration of time; and

    means for transmitting (1106) each of the one or more instances of the expression at the first temporal frequency during the first duration of time.


     
    12. A computer program product, comprising:

    a computer-readable medium comprising code for causing a computer to perform a method according to any of claims 1 to 9.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Ein Verfahren von Drahtloskommunikationen für Peer-to-Peer-Entdeckung, aufweisend:

    Erzeugen (802) eines Ausdrucks verbunden mit einem Drahtlosgerät für Verwendung in einem Peer-Entdeckungs-Signal, wobei der Ausdruck eine eindeutig benennende Struktur ist, definiert durch eine Anwendung, und Anwendungen erlaubt einander zu entdecken;

    Erzeugen (804) eines Ausdruck-Satzes von dem Ausdruck, einer ersten temporären Frequenz, um für Verbreiten des Peer-Entdeckungs-Signals verwendet zu werden, und einer ersten Zeitdauer;

    Übertragen (806) des erzeugten Ausdruck-Satzes, der eine oder mehrere Instanzen von dem Ausdruck, die erste temporäre Frequenz und die erste Zeitdauer enthält, zu einer Basisstation, um der Basisstation zu erlauben, jeden von den Ausdrücken enthalten in dem Ausdrucksatz zu verbreiten mit der ersten temporären Frequenz über die erste Zeitdauer und

    Übertragen einer oder mehrerer Regeln für Erzeugen eines Ausdrucks zum Übertragen basierend auf jedem Ausdruck in dem Ausdrucksatz.


     
    2. Das Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Erzeugen (804) eines Ausdruckssatzes weiter aufweist verschlüsseln des Ausdruckssatzes einen oder mehrere Schlüssel verwendend.
     
    3. Das Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Erzeugen (804) eines Ausdruckssatzes weiter aufweist:

    Verschlüsseln jedes Ausdrucks separat in dem Ausdrucksatz und

    aggregieren jedes separat verschlüsselten Ausdrucks in den Ausdruckssatz.


     
    4. Das Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die einen oder mehreren Regeln Informationen aufweisen, die anzeigen wie der Ausdruck über die Zeit verändert werden soll.
     
    5. Das Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Ausdruckssatz aggregiert ist über einen Zeitraum.
     
    6. Ein Verfahren von Drahtloskommunikationen für Peer-to-Peer-Entdeckung, aufweisend:

    Empfangen (1002) eines Ausdrucksatzes von einem Drahtlosgerät, wobei ein Ausdruck eine eindeutig benennende Struktur ist, definiert durch eine Anwendung, um einander zu entdecken, und wobei der Ausdrucksatz eine oder mehrere Instanzen von dem Ausdruck, eine erste temporäre Frequenz, um verwendet zu werden für das Verbreiten eines Peer-Entdeckungs-Signals, und eine erste Zeitdauer enthält;

    Verarbeiten (1004) des empfangenen Ausdrucksatzes, um jeden von den einen oder mehreren Instanzen von dem Ausdruck zu bestimmen für Übertragung mit der ersten temporären Frequenz über die erste Zeitdauer; und

    Übertragen (1006) jedes von den einen oder mehreren Instanzen von dem Ausdruck mit der ersten temporären Frequenz während der ersten Zeitdauer,

    wobei das Empfangen weiter aufweist Empfangen einer oder mehrerer Regeln für Erzeugen eines Ausdrucks zum Übertragen basierend auf jedem Ausdruck in dem Ausdrucksatz.


     
    7. Das Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, wobei das Empfangen (1002) weiter aufweist Empfangen innerhalb eines ersten Frequenzbandes und wobei das Übertragen (1006) weiter aufweist Übertragen innerhalb eines oder mehrerer anderer Frequenzbänder.
     
    8. Das Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, wobei der Ausdrucksatz verschlüsselt ist, einen oder mehrere Schlüssel verwendend und wobei das Verfahren weiter aufweist:

    Entschlüsseln des verschlüsselten Ausdrucksatzes und

    separates wiederverschlüsseln jedes Ausdrucks in dem Ausdruckssatz.


     
    9. Das Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, wobei jeder Ausdruck in dem Ausdrucksatz separat verschlüsselt ist durch das Drahtlosgerät und wobei das Verfahren weiter aufweist:

    Entschlüsseln jedes Ausdrucks in dem Ausdruckssatz.


     
    10. Eine Vorrichtung für Drahtloskommunikationen für Peer-to-Peer-Entdeckung, aufweisend
    Mittel zum Erzeugen (902) eines Ausdrucks verbunden mit einem Drahtlosgerät für Verwendung in einem Peer-Entdeckungs-Signal, wobei der Ausdruck eine eindeutig benennende Struktur ist, definiert durch eine Anwendung, und Anwendungen erlaubt einander zu entdecken;
    Mittel zum Erzeugen (904) eines Ausdruck-Satzes von dem Ausdruck, einer ersten temporären Frequenz, um für Verbreiten des Peer-Entdeckungs-Signals verwendet zu werden, und einer ersten Zeitdauer; und
    Mittel zum Übertragen (906) des erzeugten Ausdruck-Satzes, der eine oder mehrerer Instanzen von dem Ausdruck, die erste temporäre Frequenz und die erste Zeitdauer enthält, zu einer Basisstation, um der Basisstation zu erlauben, jeden von den Ausdrücken enthalten in dem Ausdrucksatz zu verbreiten mit der ersten temporären Frequenz über die erste Zeitdauer und zum Übertragen einer oder mehrerer Regeln für Erzeugen eines Ausdrucks zum Übertragen basierend auf jedem Ausdruck in dem Ausdrucksatz.
     
    11. Eine Vorrichtung für Drahtloskommunikationen für Peer-to-Peer-Entdeckung, aufweisend
    Mittel zum Empfangen (1102) eines Ausdrucksatzes von einem Drahtlosgerät, wobei ein Ausdruck eine eindeutig benennende Struktur ist, definiert durch eine Anwendung und Anwendungen erlaubt einander zu entdecken und wobei der Ausdrucksatz eine oder mehrere Instanzen von einem Ausdruck, eine erste temporäre Frequenz, um zur Verbreitung eines Peer-Entdeckungs-Signals verwendet zu werden, und eine erste Zeitdauer enthält, und zum Empfangen einer oder mehrerer Regeln zum Erzeugen eines Ausdrucks zum Übertragen basierend auf jedem Ausdruck in dem Ausdrucksatz;
    Mittel zum Verarbeiten (1104) des empfangenen Ausdrucksatzes, um jeden von den einen oder mehreren Instanzen von einem Ausdruck zu bestimmen für Übertragung mit der ersten temporären Frequenz über die erste Zeitdauer; und
    Mittel zum Übertragen (1106) jedes von den einen oder mehreren Instanzen von dem Ausdruck mit der ersten temporären Frequenz während der ersten Zeitdauer
     
    12. Ein Computerprogrammprodukt, aufweisend:

    Ein computer-lesbares Medium aufweisend Code zum Verursachen, dass ein Computer ein Verfahren gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9 ausführt.


     


    Revendications

    1. Un procédé de communication sans fil pour une découverte pair-à-pair, comprenant :

    la génération (802) d'une expression associée à un dispositif sans fil pour utilisation dans un signal de découverte de pair, l'expression étant une structure de nommage unique définie par une application et qui permet aux applications de se découvrir entre elles ;

    la génération (804) d'un ensemble d'expressions, d'une première fréquence temporelle à utiliser pour multidiffuser le signal de découverte de pair, et d'un premier laps de temps ;

    l'émission (806) de l'ensemble d'expressions généré incluant une ou plusieurs instances de l'expression, de la première fréquence temporelle, et du premier laps de temps vers une station de base pour permettre à la station de base de multidiffuser chacune des expressions incluses dans l'ensemble d'expressions à la première fréquence temporelle sur le premier laps de temps ; et

    l'émission d'une ou plusieurs règles pour la génération d'une expression à émettre sur la base de chaque expression de l'ensemble d'expressions.


     
    2. Le procédé de la revendication 1, dans lequel la génération (804) d'un ensemble d'expressions comprend en outre le cryptage de l'ensemble d'expressions par utilisation d'une ou plusieurs clés.
     
    3. Le procédé de la revendication 1, dans lequel la génération (804) d'un ensemble d'expressions comprend en outre :

    le cryptage séparé de chaque expression de l'ensemble d'expressions ; et

    l'agrégation dans l'ensemble d'expressions de chaque expression séparément cryptée.


     
    4. Le procédé de la revendication 1, dans lequel les une ou plusieurs règles comprennent des informations indiquant la manière de modifier l'expression dans le temps.
     
    5. Le procédé de la revendication 1, dans lequel l'ensemble d'expressions est agrégé sur une période temporelle.
     
    6. Un procédé de communication sans fil pour découverte pair-à-pair, comprenant :

    la réception (1002) d'un ensemble d'expressions en provenance d'un dispositif sans fil, une expression étant une structure de nommage unique définie par une application pour se découvrir avec d'autres et l'ensemble d'expressions comprenant une ou plusieurs instances d'une expression, d'une première fréquence temporelle à utiliser pour la multidiffusion d'un signal de découverte de pair, et d'un premier laps de temps ;

    le traitement (1004) de l'ensemble d'expressions reçue pour déterminer chacune des une ou plusieurs instances d'une expression à émettre à la première fréquence temporelle sur le premier laps de temps ; et

    l'émission (1006) de chacune des une ou plusieurs instances de l'expression à la première fréquence temporelle pendant le premier laps de temps,

    dans lequel la réception comprend en outre la réception d'une ou plusieurs règles pour la génération d'une expression à émettre sur la base de chaque expression de l'ensemble d'expressions.


     
    7. Le procédé de la revendication 6, dans lequel la réception (1002) comprend en outre la réception à l'intérieur d'une première bande de fréquences, et dans lequel l'émission (1006) comprend en outre l'émission à l'intérieur d'une ou plusieurs autres bandes de fréquences.
     
    8. Le procédé de la revendication 6, dans lequel l'ensemble d'expressions est crypté par utilisation d'une ou plusieurs clés et dans lequel le procédé comprend en outre :

    le décryptage de l'ensemble d'expressions crypté ; et

    le cryptage à nouveau séparément de chaque expression de l'ensemble d'expressions.


     
    9. Le procédé de la revendication 6, dans lequel chaque expression de l'ensemble d'expressions est cryptée séparément par le dispositif sans fil, et dans lequel le procédé comprend en outre :

    le décryptage de chaque expression de l'ensemble d'expressions.


     
    10. Un équipement de communication sans fil pour une découverte pair-à-pair, comprenant :

    des moyens de génération (902) d'une expression associée à un dispositif sans fil pour utilisation dans un signal de découverte de pair, l'expression étant une structure de nommage unique définie par une application et qui permet aux applications de se découvrir entre elles ;

    des moyens de génération (904) d'un ensemble d'expressions, d'une première fréquence temporelle à utiliser pour multidiffuser le signal de découverte de pair, et d'un premier laps de temps ;

    des moyens d'émission (906) de l'ensemble d'expressions généré incluant une ou plusieurs instances de l'expression, de la première fréquence temporelle, et du premier laps de temps vers une station de base pour permettre à la station de base de multidiffuser chacune des expressions incluses dans l'ensemble d'expressions à la première fréquence temporelle sur le premier laps de temps, et d'émission d'une ou plusieurs règles pour la génération d'une expression à émettre sur la base de chaque expression de l'ensemble d'expressions.


     
    11. Un équipement de communication sans fil pour une découverte pair-à-pair, comprenant :

    des moyens de réception (1102) d'un ensemble d'expressions en provenance d'un dispositif sans fil, une expression étant une structure de nommage unique définie par une application pour se découvrir avec d'autres et l'ensemble d'expressions comprenant une ou plusieurs instances d'une expression, d'une première fréquence temporelle à utiliser pour la multidiffusion d'un signal de découverte de pair, et d'un premier laps de temps, et de réception d'une ou plusieurs règles pour la génération d'une expression à émettre sur la base de chaque expression de l'ensemble d'expressions ;

    des moyens de traitement (1104) de l'ensemble d'expressions reçue pour déterminer chacune des une ou plusieurs instances d'une expression à émettre à la première fréquence temporelle sur le premier laps de temps ; et

    des moyens d'émission (1106) de chacune des une ou plusieurs instances de l'expression à la première fréquence temporelle pendant le premier laps de temps.


     
    12. Un programme-produit informatique, comprenant :

    un support lisible par calculateur comprenant du code pour faire en sorte qu'un calculateur mette en oeuvre un procédé selon l'une des revendications 1 à 9.


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description