(19)
(11)EP 2 834 706 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
10.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/24

(21)Application number: 13772154.4

(22)Date of filing:  03.04.2013
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G03B 17/14(2006.01)
G03B 17/56(2006.01)
H04N 5/225(2006.01)
H04N 5/232(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2013/060768
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/151183 (10.10.2013 Gazette  2013/41)

(54)

CAMERA AND CAMERA ACCESSORY

KAMERA UND KAMERAZUBEHÖR

APPAREIL PHOTOGRAPHIQUE ET ACCESSOIRE D'APPAREIL PHOTOGRAPHIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 04.04.2012 JP 2012085190
04.04.2012 JP 2012085223
04.04.2012 JP 2012085426
05.07.2012 JP 2012150961
20.07.2012 JP 2012161644

(43)Date of publication of application:
11.02.2015 Bulletin 2015/07

(73)Proprietor: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
Tokyo 146-8501 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • TOKUNAGA, Tatsuyuki
    Tokyo 146-8501 (JP)
  • HASEGAWA, Takashi
    Tokyo 146-8501 (JP)
  • NISHIO, Tetsuya
    Tokyo 146-8501 (JP)
  • KONNO, Yoshihiko
    Tokyo 146-8501 (JP)
  • KIKUCHI, Hiroshi
    Tokyo 146-8501 (JP)
  • SUGAWARA, Azusa
    Tokyo 146-8501 (JP)

(74)Representative: TBK 
Bavariaring 4-6
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A- 0 262 679
JP-A- 2000 047 308
JP-A- 2004 069 990
US-A- 4 999 659
US-A1- 2012 063 016
JP-A- H07 114 087
JP-A- 2002 341 424
US-A- 4 737 812
US-A1- 2004 202 464
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a camera, and a camera accessory such as an interchangeable lens interchangeably mounted on the camera.

    Background Art



    [0002] A camera accessory (hereinafter referred to just as an accessory) receives power supply from a camera and exchanges a command, data, and the like with the camera in a state mounted on the camera. A plurality of contacts, which is electrically connected by making a contact with each other, is formed at mounting portions (mounts) of the camera and the accessory to allow the power supply and communication. Further, in many cases, a bayonet coupling method is employed for attachment (coupling) between the camera and the accessory. According to the bayonet coupling method, a relative rotation is performed between the mounts of the camera and the accessory to engage bayonet teeth provided on the respective mounts with each other.

    [0003] Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 62-195633 discusses a camera and an interchangeable lens respectively including mounts configured to be attached to each other by the bayonet coupling method. When the camera and the interchangeable lens are in a coupling completion state after a relative rotation between the mounts of the camera and the interchangeable lens, a plurality of camera-side contact pins provided on the camera-side mount and a plurality of lens-side contact pins (contact surfaces) provided on the lens-side mount are in contact with each other. The camera-side contact pins and the lens-side contact pins are held by contact seats provided on the mounts. A hole for holding the camera-side contact pin is formed at the camera-side contact seat. A spring, which biases the camera-side contact pin in a direction causing the camera-side contact pin to project from the hole, is disposed between the camera-side contact pin inserted in the hole and a bottom surface (a printed wiring board) of the hole. On the other hand, the lens-side contact pin is fixed to the lens-side contact seat.

    [0004] In recent years, the mount has been formed by molding for the purpose of reducing a weight of the camera. Hereinafter, the mount mold-formed in this manner will be referred to as a molded mount. Further, in some cases, a plate spring may be used as the contact spring, which biases the camera-side electric contact pin in the projecting direction, for the purpose of reducing a thickness of the camera.

    [0005] Further, the camera-side and lens-side contact pins include a power supply contact pin for supplying power from the camera to the accessory to drive an actuator in the accessory, and a control contact pin for exchanging a signal to control the accessory.

    [0006] There are following problems in the camera and the accessory having the mounts (especially, the molded mounts) provided with the contact pins as described above.

    [0007] Fig. 19 illustrates a camera 401 with an interchangeable lens 402 as an accessory mounted thereon when the camera 401 is dropped onto a ground surface 405. When the camera 401 is dropped, it is highly likely that a tip of the interchangeable lens 402 which is heavier hits against the ground surface 405 first. In this case, a maximum external force for pulling off mounts is generated at lowermost portions of the mounts that couple the camera 401 with the interchangeable lens 402. Therefore, it is desirable to dispose an engagement portion of bayonet teeth, and attachment portions using fastening screws for respectively attaching the camera-side mount and the lens-side mount to a camera main body and an interchangeable lens main body at a phase including the lowermost portions of the camera-side and lens-side mounts.

    [0008] However, in a case where the camera-side contact pin is provided at the same position as the fastening screw in a mount circumferential direction, and the plate spring is used as the contact spring for biasing the camera-side contact pin in the projecting direction, the plate spring should be disposed so as to avoid the fastening screw, which leads to the necessity of increasing a pitch between the contact pins. This results in an increase in an angular range occupied by the contact pins at the mount, hindering a reduction in the size of the camera.

    [0009] On the other hand, the camera includes a motor as an actuator for driving, for example, a shutter, and noises generated by this motor may affect control of the lens-side accessory which causes a malfunction of the accessory.

    [0010] Further, wiring is laid from a power source circuit to the power supply contact pin provided at the camera via a flexible board or the like. If the length of this wiring is long, a loss due to a wiring resistance may increase.

    [0011] Further prior art according to the preamble of the independent claims of the present invention is disclosed in documents US 2004/202464 A1, EP 0 262 679 A, US 2012/063016 A1 and US 4 737 812 A.

    Summary of Invention



    [0012] It is an object of the present invention to provide a camera and a camera accessory capable of reducing an angular range occupied by contacts at a mount, so that a size of the camera can be reduced. Further, the present invention is directed to a camera and a camera accessory capable of reducing a loss due to a wiring resistance regarding power supply, and further, impervious to noises.

    [0013] This object is achieved by a camera according to claim 1 and a camera accessory according to claim 6.

    [0014] Further features and advantageous modifications are shown in the dependent claims.

    [0015] Further features and aspects of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0016] The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of the specification, illustrate exemplary embodiments, features, and aspects of the invention and, together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the invention.

    [0017] 

    [Fig. 1A] Fig. 1A is a block diagram illustrating electric configurations of an interchangeable lens according to a first exemplary embodiment of the present invention and a camera on which the interchangeable lens is mounted.

    [Fig. 1B] Fig. 1B is a block diagram illustrating electric configurations of an interchangeable lens according to a first exemplary embodiment of the present invention and a camera on which the interchangeable lens is mounted.

    [Fig. 1C] Fig. 1C is a block diagram illustrating electric configurations of an interchangeable lens according to a first exemplary embodiment of the present invention and a camera on which the interchangeable lens is mounted.

    [Fig. 2A] Fig. 2A illustrates a configuration of mounts and connectors disposed in the interchangeable lens according to the first exemplary embodiment and the above-described camera.

    [Fig. 2B] Fig. 2B illustrates a configuration of mounts and connectors disposed in the interchangeable lens according to the first exemplary embodiment and the above-described camera.

    [Fig. 3A] Fig. 3A is an enlarged view of the above-described connectors.

    [Fig. 3B] Fig. 3B is an enlarged view of the above-described connectors.

    [Fig. 4] Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the above-described connectors.

    [Figs. 5] Figs. 5(1) to (8) illustrate how the above-described connectors contact each other during a coupling procedure of the mounts disposed in the interchangeable lens according to the first exemplary embodiment and the above-described camera.

    [Fig. 6A] Fig. 6A is an enlarged view of Fig. 5(4).

    [Fig. 6B] Fig. 6B is an enlarged view of Figs. 5(5).

    [Fig. 6C] Fig. 6C is an enlarged view of Figs. 5(6).

    [Fig. 6D] Fig. 6D is an enlarged view of Figs. 5(7).

    [Fig. 6E] Fig. 6E is an enlarged view of Figs. 5(8).

    [Fig. 7A] Fig. 7A illustrates lens-side contact patterns according to the first exemplary embodiment.

    [Fig. 7B] Fig. 7B illustrates lens-side contact patterns according to the first exemplary embodiment.

    [Figs. 8A] Fig. 8A illustrates camera-side contact pins in a coupling completion state according to the first exemplary embodiment.

    [Figs. 8B] Fig. 8B illustrates camera-side contact pins in a coupling completion state according to the first exemplary embodiment.

    [Fig. 9A] Fig. 9A illustrates the camera-side contact pins when the mounts are in the midst of a rotation according to the first exemplary embodiment.

    [Fig. 9B] Fig. 9B illustrates the camera-side contact pins when the mounts are in the midst of a rotation according to the first exemplary embodiment.

    [Fig. 9C] Fig. 9C illustrates the camera-side contact pins when the mounts are in the midst of a rotation according to the first exemplary embodiment.

    [Fig. 10] Fig. 10 illustrates camera-side contact pins according to a modification of the first exemplary embodiment.

    [Fig. 11A] Fig. 11A illustrates lens-side contact patterns and camera-side contact pins according to a second exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

    [Fig. 11B] Fig. 11B illustrates lens-side contact patterns and camera-side contact pins according to a second exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

    [Fig. 11C] Fig. 11C illustrates lens-side contact patterns and camera-side contact pins according to a second exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

    [Fig. 12A] Fig. 12A illustrates camera-side contact pins according to another modification of the first exemplary embodiment.

    [Fig. 12B] Fig. 12B illustrates camera-side contact pins according to another modification of the first exemplary embodiment.

    [Fig. 13A] Fig. 13A is block diagram illustrating how lens type determination units of first and second interchangeable lenses are connected to a camera microcomputer according to the first exemplary embodiment.

    [Fig. 13B] Fig. 13B is block diagram illustrating how lens type determination units of first and second interchangeable lenses are connected to a camera microcomputer according to the first exemplary embodiment.

    [Fig. 14] Fig. 14 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration of a voltage conversion unit according to the first exemplary embodiment.

    [Fig. 15A] Fig. 15A is a timing chart illustrating an example of input/output timing at the camera microcomputer according to the first exemplary embodiment.

    [Fig. 15B] Fig. 15B is a timing chart illustrating an example of input/output timing at the camera microcomputer according to the first exemplary embodiment.

    [Fig. 16] Fig. 16 is a front view illustrating the configuration of the camera that is the first exemplary embodiment and uses a molded mount.

    [Fig. 17] Fig. 17 is a back view illustrating the configuration of the camera illustrated in Fig. 16.

    [Fig. 18] Fig. 18 is an exploded perspective view of the mount of the camera illustrated in Fig. 16.

    [Fig. 19] Fig. 19 illustrates how an external force is applied when the camera is dropped.


    Description of Embodiments



    [0018] Various exemplary embodiments, features, and aspects of the invention will be described in detail below with reference to the drawings.

    [0019] Fig. 1A illustrates a camera system including an interchangeable lens 100 as a camera accessory according to a first exemplary embodiment of the present invention, and a camera 10 with the interchangeable lens 100 detachably mounted thereon. The camera 10 and the interchangeable lens 100 each include a mount 1 having electric contacts for supplying power from the camera 10 to the interchangeable lens 100, and allowing communication between the camera 10 and the interchangeable lens 100. In the present exemplary embodiment, the interchangeable lens 100 will be described as a camera accessory mountable onto the camera 10, but camera accessories other than the interchangeable lens 100 are also included in the present invention as other exemplary embodiments.

    [0020] The camera 10 includes an image sensor 11 configured to output an electric signal by photoelectrically converting an optical object image, which is formed by a shooting lens 101 in the interchangeable lens 100. Further, the camera 10 includes an analog/digital (AD) conversion unit 12 configured to convert the analog electric signal output from the image sensor 11 to a digital signal, and an image processing unit 13 configured to generate a video signal by performing various kinds of image processing on the digital signal. The video signal (a still image and a moving image) generated by the image processing unit 13 is displayed on a display unit 14 and/or is recorded in a recording medium 15.

    [0021] Further, the camera 10 includes a memory 16 configured to function as a buffer when the video signal is processed, and store an operation program to be used by a camera control unit 18, which will be described below. Further, the camera 10 includes an operation input unit 17 including, for example, a power source switch for turning on and off a power source, a shooting switch for starting to record the video signal, and a selection/setting switch for setting various kinds of items in a menu. The camera control unit 18 includes a microcomputer. The camera control unit 18 controls the image processing unit 13 according to a signal from the operation input unit 17, and controls communication with the interchangeable lens 100.

    [0022] On the other hand, the interchangeable lens 100 includes a lens driving unit 102 configured to drive an actuator for causing a focus lens, a zoom lens, a diaphragm, and an image stabilization lens, which are included in the shooting lens 101 and are not illustrated in Fig. 1A, to move or operate. Further, the interchangeable lens 100 includes a lens control unit 103 having a microcomputer that controls the lens driving unit 102 according to a control signal received from the camera control unit 18 via communication.

    [0023] Fig. 1B illustrates terminals provided at the mount 1 to establish an electric contact between the camera 10 (the camera control unit 18) and the interchangeable lens 100 (the lens control unit 103).

    [0024] An LCLK terminal (1-1) is a terminal for a communication clock signal output from the camera 10 to the interchangeable lens 100. A DCL terminal (1-2) is a terminal for communication data output from the camera 10 to the interchangeable lens 100. A DLC terminal (1-3) is a terminal for communication data output from the interchangeable lens 100 to the camera 10.

    [0025] An MIF terminal (1-4) is a terminal for detecting that the interchangeable lens 100 is mounted on the camera 10. The microcomputer 20 in the camera control unit 18 (hereinafter referred to as a camera microcomputer) detects that the interchangeable lens 100 is mounted on the camera 10 based on a voltage of the MIF terminal.

    [0026] A DTEF terminal (1-5) is a terminal for detecting the type of the interchangeable lens 100 mounted on the camera 10. The camera microcomputer 20 detects the type of the interchangeable lens 100 mounted on the camera 10 based on a voltage of the DTEF terminal.

    [0027] A VBAT terminal (1-6) is a terminal for supplying driving power (VM) for use in various kinds of operations except for communication control from the camera 10 to the interchangeable lens 100. A VDD terminal (1-7) is a terminal for supplying communication control power (VDD) for use in communication control from the camera 10 to the interchangeable lens 100. A DGND terminal (1-8) is a terminal for connecting a communication control system of the camera 10 and the interchangeable lens 100 to a ground. A PGND terminal (1-9) is a terminal for connecting a mechanical driving system including, for example, motors disposed in the camera 10 and the interchangeable lens 100 to the ground.

    [0028] Assume that there is a first interchangeable lens, and a second interchangeable lens that operates based on a different communication voltage from the first interchangeable lens, as the type of the interchangeable lens 100 that the camera 10 identifies based on the voltage of the DTEF terminal. Now, this case will be described. The communication voltage will be described below.

    [0029] A camera power source unit 21 provided in the camera control unit 18 converts a battery voltage supplied from a not-illustrated battery installed on the camera 10 into a voltage required for an operation of each circuit. At this time, the power source unit 21 generates voltages V1, V2, V3, and VM.

    [0030] The voltage V1 is a voltage as the communication control voltage (VDD) of the first and second interchangeable lenses, and a communication voltage of the first interchangeable lens. The voltage V2 is a communication voltage of the second interchangeable lens. The voltage V3 is a voltage as operation power of the camera microcomputer 20. The voltage VM is a voltage as driving power of the first and second interchangeable lenses as described above. The voltages V1 and V2 are voltages different from each other. However, the voltage V1, and the voltage V3 or VM may be a same voltage. Further, the voltage V2, and the voltage V3 or VM may be a same voltage.

    [0031] For example, when the camera 10 shifts into an operating state with the interchangeable lens 100 mounted on the camera 10, the camera microcomputer 20 turns on a power source switch 22 by a CNT_VDD signal. Then, the camera 10 starts supplying the communication control voltage (VDD) to the interchangeable lens 100. When the camera 10 shifts into an OFF state, the microcomputer 20 turns off the power source switch 22, and the camera 10 stops supplying the communication control power (VDD) to the interchangeable lens 100.

    [0032] When the camera 10 shifts into the operating state, and the power VDD is supplied from the camera 10 to the interchangeable lens 100, the camera 10 and the interchangeable lens 100 communicates with each other. The camera microcomputer 20 instructs a lens microcomputer 211 to drive the lens driving unit 102 of the interchangeable lens 100 according to a camera operation by communicating instructions such as a focus control instruction and a diaphragm control instruction. At this time, the camera microcomputer 20 turns on a power source switch 33 by a CNT_VBAT signal before transmitting a signal corresponding to an instruction to drive the lens driving unit 102. Then, the camera 10 supplies the driving power (VM) to the interchangeable lens 100. After the driving of the lens driving unit 102 is completed, the camera microcomputer 20 receives information corresponding to the driving completion from the interchangeable lens 102. Then, the camera microcomputer 20 turns off the power source switch 33 by the CNT_VBAT signal. As a result, the camera 10 stops supplying the driving power (VM).

    [0033] Capacitors C1 and C2 are connected to the respective lines of the communication control power (VDD) and the driving power (VM) in the lens control unit 103 to, for example, stabilize an operation of lens control and prevent electric elements from being broken due to static electricity.

    [0034] When the power source switch 22 is turned on, the camera microcomputer 20 starts supplying the power VDD and VM from the camera 10 to the interchangeable lens 100. When the power source switch 22 is turned off, the camera microcomputer 20 stops supplying the power VDD and VM from the camera 10 to the interchangeable lens 100.

    [0035] The camera microcomputer 20 communicates with the interchangeable lens 100 via a voltage conversion unit 23. The camera microcomputer 20 includes an LCLK_OUT terminal for outputting a communication clock signal, a DCL_OUT terminal for outputting communication data to the interchangeable lens 100, and a DLC_IN terminal for receiving an input of communication data from the interchangeable lens 100. Further, the camera microcomputer 20 includes an MIF_IN terminal for detecting mounting of the interchangeable lens 100, a DTEF_IN terminal for identifying the type of the interchangeable lens 100, and a CNT_V_OUT terminal for outputting a communication voltage switching signal to the voltage conversion unit 23. Further, the camera microcomputer 20 includes a CNT_VDD_OUT terminal for outputting an energization signal of the power source switch 22, a connection terminal for a connection to the image processing unit 13, and a connection terminal for a connection to the operation input unit 17. An operation of the voltage conversion unit 23 will be described below.

    [0036] A lens power source unit 214 converts the power VDD (a voltage V4) supplied from the camera 10 to the interchangeable lens 100 into a voltage V5. The microcomputer 211 within the lens control unit 103 (hereinafter referred to as a lens microcomputer) communicates with the camera microcomputer 20 via the above-described voltage conversion unit 23. The lens microcomputer 211 includes an LCLK_IN terminal for receiving an input of a communication clock signal, a DLC_OUT terminal for outputting communication data to the camera 10, a DCL_IN terminal for receiving an input of communication data from the camera 10, and a connection terminal for a connection to the lens driving unit 102.

    [0037] Detection of mounting of the interchangeable lens 100 onto the camera 10 will be described. The MIF_IN terminal of the camera microcomputer 20 is pulled up to the power source via a resistance R2 (100 KΩ), so that the MIF_IN terminal is set to H (High) when the interchangeable lens 100 is not mounted. However, when the interchangeable lens 100 (the first interchangeable lens and the second interchangeable lens) is mounted, the MIF_IN terminal is connected to the ground GND at the interchangeable lens 100, so that the MIF_IN terminal is set to L (LOW) at the time of mounting of the interchangeable lens 100 regardless of the type of the interchangeable lens 100.

    [0038] An example of a configuration of a lens type determination unit 213 will be described with reference to Fig. 13. The lens type determination unit 213 includes a resistance RL disposed between the DTEF terminal provided at the mount 1 and the ground GND. A resistance value of the resistance RL is set to a value according to the type of the interchangeable lens 100 in advance. For example, 0 Ω is set as the resistance RL disposed in the first interchangeable lens illustrated in Fig. 13A, and 300 KΩ is set as the resistance RL disposed in the second interchangeable lens illustrated in Fig. 13B.

    [0039] In the camera 10, a resistance R1 (for example, 100 KΩ) is connected between the DTEF terminal of the mount 1 and the voltage (V3) of the operation power of the camera microcomputer 20. Further, the DTEF terminal is connected to the DTEF_IN terminal of the camera microcomputer 20. The DTEF_IN terminal of the camera microcomputer 20 has an AD conversion function (in the present exemplary embodiment, this function is an AD conversion function of 10 Bit).

    [0040] An operation for determining the type of the interchangeable lens 100 by the camera microcomputer 20 will be described. The camera microcomputer 20 determines the type of the mounted interchangeable lens 100 according to a voltage value input into the DTEF_IN terminal. More specifically, the camera microcomputer 20 converts the input voltage value from analog data into digital data, and determines the type of the interchangeable lens 100 by comparing the AD converted value with a lens type determination reference stored in the camera microcomputer 20 in advance.

    [0041] For example, when the first interchangeable lens is mounted, the AD converted value of the voltage input into the DTEF_IN terminal is determined as approximately "0x0000" from RL/(R1+RL), i.e., a resistance ratio between 100 KΩ of the resistance R1 and 0 Ω of the resistance RL. Therefore, the camera microcomputer 20 detects that the AD converted value of the DTEF_IN terminal is within a range of "0x0000-0x007F", which is a reference for determining the type of the lens as the first interchangeable lens, and determines that the mounted interchangeable lens 100 is the first interchangeable lens. On the other hand, when the second interchangeable lens is mounted, the AD converted value of the voltage input into the DTEF_IN terminal is determined as approximately "0x02FF" from RL/(R1+RL), i.e., a resistance ratio between 100 KΩ of the resistance R1 and 300 KΩ of the resistance RL. Therefore, the camera microcomputer 20 detects that the AD converted value of the DTEF_IN terminal is within a range "0x0280-0x037F", which is a reference for determining the type of the lens as the second interchangeable lens, and determines that the mounted interchangeable lens 100 is the second interchangeable lens.

    [0042] In the above description, 0 Ω is set as the resistance value of the resistance RL for the first interchangeable lens. However, instead of using the resistance of 0 Ω, the DTEF terminal may be directly connected to the ground GND.

    [0043] Fig. 14 illustrates an example of a configuration of the voltage conversion unit 23. A voltage selector 51 has a function of outputting any one of two voltages input into a VIN1 terminal and a VIN2 terminal to an OUT terminal according to a logic of a SEL terminal. More specifically, when the SEL terminal is at the level L, the voltage selector 51 outputs the voltage of the VIN1 terminal. When the SEL terminal is at the level H, the voltage selector 51 outputs the voltage of the VIN2 terminal. The voltage V1, the voltage V2, and the CNT_V_OUT terminal of the camera microcomputer 20 are connected to the VIN1 terminal, the VIN2 terminal, and the SEL terminal, respectively. Hereinafter, an output of the OUT terminal will be referred to as Vs.

    [0044] Level shifters 52, 53, and 54 have a function of outputting a signal input into an SIN terminal from an SOUT terminal while converting this signal from a voltage of a VIN terminal to a voltage of a VOUT terminal.

    [0045] The LCLK_OUT terminal of the camera microcomputer 20 is connected to the SIN terminal of the level shifter 52, and the SOUT terminal is connected to the LCLK terminal of the mount 1. Further, the voltage V3 same as the voltage of the operation power of the camera microcomputer 20 is connected to the VIN terminal, and the voltage Vs output from the voltage selector 51 is connected to the VOUT terminal. The DCL_OUT terminal of the camera microcomputer 20 is connected to the SIN terminal of the level shifter 53. The SOUT terminal is connected to the DCL terminal of the mount 1. The voltage V3 same as the voltage of the operation power of the camera microcomputer 20 is connected to the VIN terminal. The voltage Vs output from the voltage selector 51 is connected to the VOUT terminal. The DLC terminal of the mount 1 is connected to the SIN terminal of the level shifter 54. The SOUT terminal is connected to the DLC_IN terminal of the camera microcomputer 20. The voltage Vs output from the voltage selector 51 is connected to the VIN terminal. Further, the voltage V3 same as the voltage of the operation power of the camera microcomputer 20 is connected to the VOUT terminal. In this way, the voltage Vs output from the voltage selector 51 (i.e. , V1 or V2) is used as a communication voltage between the camera 10 and the interchangeable lens 100.

    [0046] Next, a voltage switching operation by the voltage conversion unit 23 will be described. The camera microcomputer 20 controls the CNT_V_OUT terminal according to a logic table illustrated as Table 1.
    [TABLE 1]
    MOUNTED LENSFIRST INTERCHANGE ABLE LENSSECOND INTERCHANGE ABLE LENSRESERVEDNON-COMPL IANT LENS
    DTEF_IN TERMINAL 0x0000-0x007F 0x0280-0x037F 0x0080-0x027F 0x0380-0x03FF
    CNT_V_OUT TERMINAL H OUTPUT L OUTPUT - -
    COMMUNICA TION VOLTAGE V1 V2 NO COMMUNICA TION NO COMMUNICA TION


    [0047] As described above, the camera microcomputer 20 determines the type of the mounted interchangeable lens 100 based on the voltage value (the AD converted value) input into the DTEF_IN terminal. Then, the camera microcomputer 20 controls a logic output from the CNT_V_OUT terminal according to the determination result about the type of the interchangeable lens 100. More specifically, in a case where the camera microcomputer 20 determines that the mounted interchangeable lens 100 is the first interchangeable lens from the voltage value of the DTEF_IN terminal, the camera microcomputer 20 outputs H from the CNT_V_OUT terminal to control the communication voltage to be the voltage V1. On the other hand, in a case where the camera microcomputer 20 determines that the mounted interchangeable lens 100 is the second interchangeable lens from the voltage value of the DTEF_IN terminal, the camera microcomputer 20 outputs L from the CNT_V_OUT terminal to control the control voltage to be the voltage V2.

    [0048] In a case where the camera microcomputer 20 detects a voltage value, as the voltage value (the AD converted value) of the DTEF_IN terminal, in a range beyond the above-described references for determining the type of the lens as the first and second interchangeable lenses, the camera microcomputer 20 determines that the mounted lens is a "non-compliant lens", which is an interchangeable lens that the camera 10 does not support. Alternatively, presuming that it is a lens as to which which the camera microcomputer 20 cannot normally determine the type of the lens, the camera microcomputer 20 reserves the determination. In these cases, the camera microcomputer 20 does not communicate with the interchangeable lens 100.

    [0049] Figs. 15A and 15B each illustrate an example of input and output timing of the MIF_IN terminal, the DTEF_IN terminal, the CNT_V_OUT terminal, and the CNT_VDD_OUT terminal of the camera microcomputer 20, and the LCLK terminal of the mount 1. Fig. 15A and Fig. 15B illustrate the timing when the first interchangeable lens is mounted, and the timing when the second interchangeable lens is mounted, respectively. Time t0 indicates timing at which the voltage is input into the DTEF_IN terminal during mounting of the lens. Time t1 indicates timing at which the voltage is input into the MIF_IN terminal during mounting of the lens. Further, time t2 indicates timing at which the camera 10 is started up (the power source is turned on). Time t3 indicates timing at which the type of the lens is determined, and the communication voltage is set. Time t4 indicates timing at which energization and communication to the mounted interchangeable lens 100 starts. Time t0 and time t1 may be simultaneous. Although timing at which the voltages are input into the DTEF_IN terminal and the MIF_IN terminal is time t0 and time t1 as described above, timing at which the camera microcomputer 20 reads the voltage value is in such an order that the camera microcomputer 20 reads the voltage value of the DTEF_IN terminal after the MIF_IN terminal is set to L.

    [0050] Regardless of whether the first interchangeable lens is mounted or the second interchangeable lens is mounted, the voltage is input into the MIF_IN terminal after (or at the same time) the voltage is input into the DTEF_IN terminal (t0 and t1). Then, after the camera 10 is started up (t2), the lens type is determined, and the communication voltage is set according to the determination result (t3). After that, energization and communication to the interchangeable lens 100 starts (t4). The interchangeable lens 100 may be mounted on the camera 10 after the camera 10 is started up, but even in this case, the voltage is input into the MIF_IN after (or at the same time) the voltage is input into the DTEF_IN terminal, although the order of times t0, t1, and t2 are reversed.

    [0051] To realize this operation (or control) at the time of lens mounting, the DTEF terminal should be connected at the mount 1 before (or at the same time) the MIF terminal is connected, regardless of whether the interchangeable lens 100 is the first interchangeable lens or the second interchangeable lens, and regardless of the timing at which the camera 10 is started up. The reason therefor is as follows. As described above, the camera microcomputer 20 reads the voltage value of the DTEF_IN terminal when the MIF_IN terminal is set to L. At this time, in a case where the DTEF terminal is not connected despite the shift of the MIF_IN terminal to L, the camera microcomputer 20 determines that the mounted interchangeable lens 100 is a non-compliant lens as described above, and the camera microcomputer 20 does not communicate with the interchangeable lens 100. Therefore, it should be ensured that the DTEF terminal is connected at the time that the MIF_IN terminal is set to L, to determine the type of the interchangeable lens 100 and communicate with the interchangeable lens 100 at an appropriate communication voltage.

    <REGARDING ALIGNMENT SEQUENCE OF MOUNT TERMINALS>



    [0052] Next, an alignment sequence of the mount terminals, which is an important feature of the present invention, will be described in further detail with reference to Fig. 1C.

    [0053] First, the MIF terminal is positioned at the utmost end, i.e., above the VDD terminal and the VBAT terminal as viewed in the sheet of Fig. 1C, a reason for which will be described now.

    [0054] Assume that the MIF terminal is not located at this position. In this case, during the course of a rotation for mounting the interchangeable lens 100 (during the course of a movement (rotation) of the interchangeable lens 100 relative to the camera 10 in a mounting direction illustrated in Fig. 1C), the MIF terminal of the camera 10 contacts a terminal located in an opposite direction from the mounting direction (the lower side as viewed in the sheet of Fig. 1C) relative to the MIF terminal of the interchangeable lens 100. In a case where the terminal that the MIF terminal of the camera 10 contacts is the VDD or VM terminal, the MIF terminal of the camera 10 is pulled to the LOW side due to this contact. This is due to electric charges stored in a capacitor connected to a VDD or VM line of the interchangeable lens 100.

    [0055] More specifically, as described above, it should be ensured that the DTEF terminal is connected when the MIF_IN terminal is set to L. However, it is possible that the camera 10 may start supplying the communication control power (VDD) to the interchangeable lens 100 when the MIF terminal of the camera 10 is pulled to the LOW side. This may result in not only wasteful consumption of power but also infliction of damage to an electric circuit of the interchangeable lens 100 due to a start of communication with an incorrect communication voltage. Further, a communication error may occur, and a latch-up of the camera 10, and an erroneous display may come out.

    [0056] In this regard, even if the terminal closer to the edge than the MIF terminal does not have a capacitor capacity such as the communication control power (VDD) or the driving power (VM), this can only reduce the possibility that the MIF terminal is pulled to the LOW side for a moment, since there should be a parasitic capacity as long as there is a terminal and wiring.

    [0057] Therefore, the MIF terminal is disposed at the utmost end, i.e., above the VDD terminal and the VBAT terminal as viewed in the sheet of Fig. 1C.

    [0058] Next, a reason why the VDD terminal and the VM terminal are set as second and third camera-side contacts, and second and third camera accessory contacts, will be described now.

    [0059] The VDD terminal and the VM terminal are terminals for supplying the communication control power (VDD) and the driving power (VM), and both are terminals relating to power supply. Generally, at these power terminals, a current passing therethrough has a relatively large current value. On the other hand, high contact impedance at a connected terminal leads to a significant reduction in the voltage. Accordingly, for the interchangeable lens 100, if the the voltage significantly drops, the voltage may fall below a voltage range allowing an operation of the electric circuit, leading to a malfunction of the interchangeable lens 100.

    [0060] Further, in the interchangeable lens type camera, it is expected that, the more frequently the interchangeable lens thereof is changed, the more the camera-side contact is rubbed against the contact pin of the interchangeable lens, leading to wear of the contact and an increase in the contact impedance. As will be described below, the camera-side terminal is constituted by a contact pin, and is rubbed less frequently as the terminal is located closer to the edge (refer to Fig. 1C) . In other words, during one operation of mounting the interchangeable lens 100, the camera-side MIF terminal, which is a first camera-side contact, contacts the accessory-side MIF terminal, which is a first camera accessory contact, but does not contact the other terminals. On the other hand, during one operation/process for mounting the interchangeable lens 100, the VDD terminal, which is a second camera-side contact, is rubbed against the accessory-side MIF and VDD terminals, which are first and second camera accessory contacts. During one operation/process for mounting the interchangeable lens 100, the VM terminal, which is a third camera-side contact, is rubbed against the accessory-side MIF, VDD, and VM terminals, which are the first, second, and third camera accessory contacts. In sum, it is more advantageous to position the camera-side contact for supplying power maximally closer to the edge in term of reliability of the contact and also in term of an expected number of change times of the interchangeable lens 100. Therefore, the VDD terminal and the VM terminal are set as the second and third camera-side contacts, and the second and third camera accessory contacts.

    [0061] Further, the VDD terminal is the second and the VM terminal is the third. The order is determined in such a manner in consideration of a circumstance at the time of mounting and dismounting the interchangeable lens 100. More specifically, regarding the interchangeable lens camera system, a user may change the interchangeable lens 100 quickly. Therefore, in some cases, the user may dismount the interchangeable lens 100 when the power source is turned on, when the lens driving unit 102 is in operation. Assume that the VM terminal and the VDD terminal are set as the second contact and the third contact, respectively, the second camera accessory contact VM and the third camera-side contact VDD may contact each other during the course of the mounting or dismounting of the interchangeable lens, establishing an electric contact therebetween. The lens driving unit 102 may not stop operating immediately, and a large current may flow through the second accessory contact VM, compared to a state when the lens driving unit 102 is not in operation. For the third camera-side contact VDD, a current as large as the VM terminal does not have to flow therethrough. Therefore, if a relatively large current flows through the circuit connected to the VDD terminal, this circuit may be damaged, and an installed current fuse may be burnt to prevent an unexpected current from flowing therethrough.

    [0062] Therefore, in the present exemplary embodiment, the VDD terminal and the VM terminal are set as the second contact and the third contact, respectively. According to this positional arrangement, a current flowing through the third camera-side contact VM can be sufficiently smaller than a current expected to flow through the camera-side contact VM. This is because the terminals that contact each other during the course of mounting and dismounting of the interchangeable lens 100 are the VDD terminal, which is the second camera accessory contact, and the VM terminal, which is a third camera-side contact, and a current flowing through the VDD terminal is smaller than a current of the VM terminal that corresponds to a current required to drive the lens driving unit 102.

    [0063] Further, during the course of mounting and dismounting of the interchangeable lens 100, the third camera accessory contact VM is connected to the fourth camera-side contact PGND. This does not cause any problem since even if the lens driving unit 102 may not stop operating immediately at the time of mounting and dismounting of the interchangeable lens 100, power supply runs out, so that the lens driving unit 102 only stops its operation.

    [0064] Therefore, in the present exemplary embodiment, the VDD terminal is set as the second camera-side contact and the second camera accessory contact, and the VM terminal is set as the third camera-side contact and the third camera accessory contact.

    [0065] Further, a large current flows between the terminal VM and the terminal PGND, as described above. Therefore, to minimize generation of a magnetic field due to a current loop, it is suitable to position pins to be adjacent to each other, which reduces a loop area. Therefore, in the present exemplary embodiment, the PGND terminal is set as the fourth camera-side contact and the fourth camera accessory contact.

    [0066] The DCL terminal, the DLC terminal, and the LCLK terminal, which are signal pins that perform communication, are preferably disposed so as to be protected by a ground signal. That is because, if there are external noises, noises are added to the communication signal, causing a communication error and a malfunction. Therefore, in the present exemplary embodiment, the DCL terminal, the DLC terminal, and the LCLK terminal are set as the fifth contacts. The DGND terminal is set as the sixth contact. In this manner, the fifth contacts are sandwiched between the fourth and sixth ground signals to prevent interference of noises.

    [0067] Next, a configuration of a camera-side connector including the camera-side contact pins, which constitute the camera-side terminals at the mount 1, and a configuration of a lens-side connector including lens-side contact patterns (accessory-side contact surfaces), which constitute the lens-side terminals at the mount 1, will be described.

    [0068] Fig. 2A illustrates a camera-side mount 201 as viewed from a front side (an object side) of an optical axis direction, and Fig. 3A illustrates an enlarged view of the camera-side connector (a camera-side contact seat 202 and camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202ag) disposed in the camera-side mount 201. Fig. 2B illustrates a lens-side mount 301 as viewed from a back side (an image plane side) of the optical axis direction, and Fig. 3B illustrates an enlarged view of the lens-side connector (a lens-side contact seat 302 and lens-side contact patterns 302a1 to 302ag) disposed in the lens-side mount 301. Further, Fig. 4 illustrates cross sections of the camera-side connector and the lens-side connector in a coupling completion state.

    [0069] The camera-side mount 201 is fixed to a front end of a not-illustrated camera main body (a chassis). The camera-side mount 201 includes a ring-shaped mount reference surface 201b for securing a predetermined flange focal length at a front end on an outer circumferential side of the camera-side mount 201. Then, the camera-side mount 201 includes camera-side bayonet teeth 201a at three positions in a circumferential direction (hereinafter referred to as a mount circumferential direction) in an inner side relative to the mount reference surface 201b. Further, a lock pin 205 for positioning the camera-side mount 201 in a relative rotational direction with the lens-side mount 301 is provided at the camera-side mount 201 to project and retract to and from the mount reference surface 201b.

    [0070] The lens-side mount (the accessory-side mount) 301 is fixed to a back end of the not-illustrated interchangeable lens 100. The lens-side mount 301 includes a mount reference surface 301b, which is a reference surface in the optical axis direction, at a back end of an outer circumferential side of the lens-side mount 301. The lens-side mount 301 includes lens-side bayonet teeth (accessory-side bayonet teeth) 301a at three positions in a circumferential direction (the mount circumferential direction) in an inner side relative to the mount reference surface 301b. Further, a lock hole 301c, which the lock pin 205 of the camera-side mount 201 is inserted in, is formed at the lens-side mount 301 to open on the mount reference surface 301b. The lock hole 301c is an elongated hole having an inner diameter that allows the lock hole 301c to be engaged with the lock pin 205 with almost no backlash relative to the lock pin 205 in the mount circumferential direction (the relative rotational direction), and having an inner diameter longer to some degree than the outer diameter of the lock pin 205 in a radial direction of the lens-side mount 301 (hereinafter referred to as a mount radial direction). This size of the lock hole 301c allows the lock pin 205 to be inserted smoothly in the lock hole 301c when the interchangeable lens 100 is mounted (the interchangeable lens 100 is rotated relative to the camera 10).

    [0071] The camera-side contact seat (a camera-side contact holding portion) 202, which holds the nine camera-side contact pins 202a1, 202a2, ... 202ag disposed in the mount circumferential direction, is formed in a part of an area on the inner side relative to the bayonet teeth 201a in the camera-side mount 201. As illustrated in Fig. 4, the camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202ag are inserted in pin holding holes formed at the camera-side contact seat 202 to project forward and retract backward (movable in a projecting/retracting direction). A flexible printed wiring board 206 is disposed in a bottom surface of each of the pin holding holes. Then, contact springs (202b1, 202b2, ... 202b9), which bias the camera-side contact pins 202a1, 202a2, ... 202a9 in a direction projecting forward from the camera-side contact seat 202, are disposed between the flexible printed wiring board 206 and flanges of the respective camera-side contact pins 202a1, 202a2, ... 202a9.

    [0072] The camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202ag are connected in this order to the DTEF terminal, the DGND terminal, the LCLK terminal, the DLC terminal, the DCL terminal, the PGND terminal, the VBAT terminal, the VDD terminal, and the MIF terminal described with reference to Fig. 1B.

    [0073] The camera-side connector is constituted by the above-described camera-side contact seat 202, the camera-side contact pin 202an (n=1 to 9, and the same applies to "n" in the following description), the contact spring 202bn, and the flexible printed wiring board 206.

    [0074] The lens-side contact seat (an accessory-side contact holding portion) 302 is formed in a part of an area on the inner side of the bayonet teeth 301a at the lens-side mount 301. The lens-side contact seat 302 holds the nine rectangular lens-side contact patterns 302a1, 302a2, ... 302ag disposed in the mount circumferential direction. The shape of the lens-side contact patterns 302a1 to 302ag may be another shape than a rectangular shape, such as a circular shape.

    [0075] The lens-side contact patterns 302a1 to 302a9 are connected to an L_CPU 151 illustrated in Fig. 1 via a flexible printed wiring board 306. A recess 302z is formed at a portion adjacent to a portion of the lens-side contact seat 302 that holds the lens-side contact patterns 302a1, 302a2, ... 302ag (hereinafter referred to as a pattern holding portion). The recess 302z is recessed forward beyond the pattern holding portion. Further, a slope surface 302w is formed between the pattern holding portion and the recess 302z. In the following description, the term "lens-side contact seat 302" will be used to collectively refer to the portion of the lens-side contact seat 302 that holds the lens-side contact patterns 302a1 to 302ag, and the lens-side contact patterns 302a1 to 302a9.

    [0076] The lens-side contact patterns 302a1 to 302ag correspond to the camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202a9 connected to the DTEF terminal, the DGND terminal, the LCLK terminal, the DLC terminal, the DCL terminal, the PGND terminal, the VBAT terminal, the VDD terminal, and the MIF terminal, in this order.

    [0077] The lens-side connector is constituted by the above-described lens-side contact seat 302 (including the recess 302z and the slope surface 302w), the lens-side contact pattern 302an (n=1 to 9, and the same applies to "n" in the following description), and the flexible printed wiring board 306.

    [0078] The camera-side contact pin 202an and the lens-side contact pattern 302an are paired in contact with each other in the coupling completion state between the camera 10 and the interchangeable lens 100. In mounting the interchangeable lens 100, the lens-side contact seat 302 (including the lens-side contact pattern 302an, as described above) contacts the camera-side contact pin 202an, whereby the camera-side contact pin 202an is pushed in against the camera-side contact seat 202 while charging the contact spring 202bn. As a result, the camera-side contact pin 202an is set into pressure contact with the lens-side contact pattern 302an corresponding thereto, thereby establishing an electric contact between the camera 10 and the interchangeable lens 100.

    [0079] Figs. 5(1) to (8) illustrate processes when the lens-side connector is being connected to the camera-side connector during mounting of the interchangeable lens 100. The relationships between the above-described lock pin 205 and lock hole 301c in the states indicated by Figs. 5(1) to (8) are also illustrated at the right sides of Figs. 5(1) to (8).

    [0080] Fig. 5(1) illustrates a state in which the lens-side mount 301 is moved closer to the camera-side mount 201 in the optical axis direction until each of the lens-side bayonet teeth 301a are almost inserted between two of the camera-side bayonet teeth 201a. Hereinafter, the state illustrated in Fig. 5(1) will be referred to as a before-mount abutment state. Fig. 5 (2) illustrates a state in which each of the lens-side bayonet teeth 301a is inserted between the camera-side bayonet teeth 201a, and the lens-side mount 301 (the mount reference surface 301b) is in abutment with the camera-side mount 201 (the mount reference surface 201b) in the optical axis direction. Hereinafter, the state indicated in Fig. 5(2) will be referred to as a mount abutment state (a first state).

    [0081] Figs. 5(3) to (7) indicate ongoing states when the lens-side mount 301 is being rotated relative to the camera-side mount 201 from the mount abutment state toward the coupling completion state (a second state) (during a relative rotation; hereinafter referred to as ongoing rotational states), step by step. Fig. 5(8) indicates a state that the lens-side mount 301 is rotated relative to the camera-side mount 201 until the coupling completion state is established.

    [0082] In the mount abutment state illustrated in Fig. 5(2), the pattern holding portion of the lens-side contact seat 302 (the lens-side contact pattern 302a9 or the vicinity thereof) is in abutment with the camera-side contact pin 202a1. As a result, the camera-side contact pin 202a1 is pushed to the camera-side contact seat 202 compared to the before-mount abutment state illustrated in Fig. 5(1).

    [0083] Hereinafter, among the plurality of camera-side contact pins 202an (n camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202an), the camera-side contact pin 202a1 for the DTEF terminal, which is in abutment with the lens-side contact seat 302 in the mount abutment state, will be also referred to as a first camera-side contact pin. Further, the camera-side contact pins other than the first camera-side contact pin, i.e., the camera-side contact pins 202a2 to 202a9, which are not in abutment with the lens-side contact seat 302 in the mount abutment state, will be also referred to as second camera-side contact pins. Among them, the camera-side contact pin 202a9 for the MIF terminal is a specific second camera-side contact pin.

    [0084] In the mount abutment state, the lock pin 205 is pushed in by the mount reference surface 301b of the lens-side mount 301 at a position away from the lock hole 301c. Therefore, the lens-side mount 301 can be rotated relative to the camera-side mount 201 after that.

    [0085] The engagement between the lens-side bayonet teeth 301a and the camera-side bayonet teeth 201a is completed during processing from the mount abutment state illustrated in Fig. 5(2) until the coupling completion state illustrated in Fig. 5 (8) via the ongoing rotational states illustrated in Figs 5 (3) to (7). During these processes, the lens-side contact seat 302 also pushes in the second the camera-side contact pins 202a2 to 202a9 against the camera-side contact seat 202 while sliding relative to the camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202a9. As a result, finally, in the coupling completion state illustrated in Fig. 5(8), the camera-side contact pin 202an and the lens-side contact pattern 302an corresponding thereto are in contact (pressure contact) with each other.

    [0086] Further, in the coupling completion state, the positions of the lock pin 205 and the lock hole 301c in the mount circumferential direction correspond with each other, whereby the lock pin 205, which protrudes from the mount reference surface 201b of the camera-side mount 201, is inserted into the lock hole 301c of the lens-side mount 301. As a result, the coupling completion state is maintained until the lock pin 205 is released from the lock hole 301c by a not-illustrated unlocking mechanism.

    [0087] The camera-side contact pin 202an and the lens-side contact pattern 302an come to contact with each other during the ongoing rotation illustrated in Figs. 5(4) to (7), a flow of which will be described with reference to Fig. 6.

    [0088] In the present exemplary embodiment, the term "pin contact position" will be used to refer to a contact position of the camera-side contact pin 202an on the lens-side contact pattern 302an in the coupling completion state. A pitch of the lens-side contact pattern 302an corresponds to a distance between the pin contact positions on adjacent contact patterns.

    [0089] Further, Lan (La1 to La9) is a distance between the pin contact position on the lens-side contact pattern 302an and a left end of the lens-side contact pattern an as viewed in Figs. 6A to 6E (i.e., the leading edge in the direction in which the lens-side contact pattern 302an moves relative to the camera-side contact pattern 202an). In this case, La1 to La9 are set so as to have the following relationship:
    La1 > La2, La3, La4, La5, La6, La8 > La9 > La7.

    [0090] This relationship can be rephrased in the following manner, focusing on, for example, the lens-side contact patterns 302a1 and 302a9 and the camera-side contact patterns 202a1 and 202a9. LA is a distance between a position of a portion of the lens-side contact pattern 302a1 where the lens-side contact pattern 302a1 starts contacting the camera-side contact pin 202a1 during the ongoing rotation, and a position of a portion of the lens-side contact pattern 302a9 where the lens-side contact pattern 302a9 starts contacting the camera-side contact pin 202a9 during the ongoing rotation, in the mount circumferential direction. The phrase "portion where the lens-side contact pattern 302an starts contacting the camera-side contact pin 202an" means, for example, a side of a rectangle if the contact pattern has a rectangular shape, or a top of a circular arc if the contact pattern has a circular shape. The distance in the mount circumferential direction can be also referred to as an angle. Further, LB is a distance (angle) between the camera-side contact pins 202a1 and 202a9 (the central axes thereof) in the mount circumferential direction. In this case, the distance LA is shorter than the distance LB (in other words, the distance LB is longer than the distance LA).

    [0091] When the lens-side mount 301 is rotated from the state illustrated in Fig. 5(3), first, the camera-side contact pin (the pin for the DTEF terminal) 202a1 and the lens-side contact pattern 302a1 (the pattern for the DTEF terminal) start contacting each other, as illustrated in Fig. 6A. At this time, since the distances La1 to La9 (in other words, LaA and LaB) have the above-described relationship, the other camera-side contact pins 202a2 to 202a9 and the lens-side contact patterns 302a2 to 302a9 do not contact each other.

    [0092] When the lens-side mount 301 is further rotated from the state illustrated in Fig. 6A, the camera-side contact pins 202a2 to 202a6 and 202a8, and the lens-side contact patterns 302a2 to 302a6 and 302a8 start contacting each other at the same time, as illustrated in Fig. 6B (Fig. 5(5)). At this time, the camera-side contact pins 202a7 and 202a9 and the lens-side contact patterns 302a7 and 302a9 do not contact each other.

    [0093] When the lens-side mount 301 is further rotated from the state illustrated in Fig. 6B, the camera-side contact pin (the pin for the MIF terminal) 202a9 and the lens-side contact pattern (the pattern for the MIF terminal) 302a9 start contacting each other, as illustrated in Fig. 6C (Fig. 5(6)). At this time, since the relationship between the distance Lag and La7 is La9 > La7, the camera-side contact pin 202a7 and the lens-side contact pattern 302a7 do not contact each other.

    [0094] When the lens-side mount 301 is further rotated from the state illustrated in Fig. 6C, the camera-side contact pin (the pin for the VBAT terminal) 202a7 and the lens-side contact pattern (the pattern for the VBAT terminal) 302a7 start contacting each other, as illustrated in Fig. 6D (Fig. 5(7)).

    [0095] Then, when the lens-side mount 301 is further rotated from the state illustrated in Fig. 6D, the lens-side mount 301 and the camera-side mount 201 are set into the coupling completion state, as illustrated in Fig. 6E (Fig. 5(8)).

    [0096] As described above, in the present exemplary embodiment, the camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202a9 and the lens-side contact patterns 302a1 to 302a9 contact each other in descending order of the distance Lan, and the camera-side contact pin 202a1 constituting the DTEF terminal, and the lens-side contact pattern 302a1 corresponding thereto start contacting each other first.

    [0097] The distances LA and LB may be a same distance. In this case, the distance LA is increased to match the distance LB so as to synchronize the timing at which the pin for the DTEF terminal contacts the pattern for the DTEF terminal with the timing at which the pin for the MIF terminal contacts the pattern for the MIF terminal. At this time, the width of the lens-side contact pattern 302a1 in the circumferential direction may be increased at a portion opposite to the portion where the lens-side contact pattern 302a1 starts contacting the camera-side contact pin 202a1 (the right direction as viewed in Figs. 6A to 6F). In a case where the distances LA and LB are the same, when the lens-side mount 301 is rotated from the state illustrated in Fig. 5(3), the camera-side contact pins 202a1 and 202ag for the DTEF terminal and the MIF terminal, and the lens-side contact patterns 302a1 and 302ag corresponding thereto start contacting each other at the same time, respectively.

    [0098] Next, a problem with the first camera-side contact pin 202a1 and a method for solving the problem will be described. In a case where the lens-side mount 301 is rushed into abutment with the camera-side mount 201 when the lens-side mount 301 is moved from the before-mount abutment state into the mount abutment state, the lens-side contact seat 302 hits the first camera-side contact pin 202a1 strongly. The first camera-side contact pin 202a1 is inserted in hole of the camera-side contact seat 202 movably holding the pin (i.e., having a backlash of fitting which allows a movement). Therefore, due to an impact from this hitting, the first camera-side contact pin 202a1 may be deformed, for example, being inclined or bent from a position erected almost straight along the optical axis direction corresponding to a fitting backlash amount between the first camera-side contact pin 202a1 and the pin holding hole. In this case, even when the coupling completion state is established, the first camera-side contact pin 202a1 and the lens-side contact pattern 302a1 corresponding thereto may not contact each other normally, causing a communication error between the camera 10 and the interchangeable lens 100, and short circuit of power supply.

    [0099] Therefore, in the present exemplary embodiment, the width of the lens-side contact pattern 302an in the mount circumferential direction, the height of the lens-side contact pattern 302an in the mount radial direction, the pitch and the distance between the lens-side contact patterns 302an, the pitch between the camera-side contact pins 202an, and the diameter of the camera-side contact pin 202an are set as follows.

    <<Regarding Width and Height of Lens-side Contact Pattern (Accessory-side Contact Surface)>>



    [0100] Hereinafter, the lens-side contact patterns 302a2 to 302ag making pairs with the respective second camera-side contact pins 202a2 to 202a9 (hereinafter also referred to as "corresponding to" the pins) will be referred to as second lens-side contact patterns (second accessory-side contact surfaces). The lens-side contact pattern 302ag for the MIF terminal corresponds to a specific second accessory-side contact surface. As illustrated in Fig. 7A and 8A, the widths of these second lens-side contact patterns 302a2 to 302a9 are set to a width L1. In Figs. 7A and 8A, the second camera-side contact pin is labeled as 202ax, and the second camera-side contact pins adjacent to each other are labeled as 202ax and 202ax+1. Further, the second lens-side contact pattern corresponding to the second camera-side contact pin 202ax is labeled as 302ax, and the second lens-side contact patterns adjacent to each other are labeled as 302ax and 302ax+1.

    [0101] As illustrated in Fig. 8A, the width L1 is set so as to be longer by a predetermined allowance amount than a diameter V of a range W where the second camera-side contact pin 202ax in a state erected almost straight along the optical axis direction without being deformed contacts the second lens-side contact pattern 302ax. The tip of the second camera-side contact pin 202ax is worn due to repeated sliding against the lens-side contact pattern 302an when the interchangeable lens 100 is mounted and dismounted. Therefore, the range W, where the second camera-side contact pin 202ax contacts the second lens-side contact pattern 302ax, is also set in consideration of this wear. At the tip of the second camera-side contact pin 202ax, the portion that contacts the second lens-side contact pattern 302ax has the width (diameter) V.

    [0102] Further, as illustrated in Fig. 7A, the height of the second lens-side contact pattern 302ax is set to a height L3.

    [0103] On the other hand, hereinafter, the lens-side contact pattern 302a1, which makes a pair with (corresponds to) the first camera-side contact pin 202a1 for the DTEF terminal, will be referred to as a first lens-side contact pattern (a first accessory-side contact surface). As illustrated in Figs. 7B and 8B, the width of this first lens-side contact pattern 302a1 is set to a width L2, which is wider than the width L1. In Figs. 7B and 8B, the first camera-side contact pin is labeled as 202ay, and the first and second camera-side contact pins placed adjacent to each other are labeled as 202ay and 202ay+1. Further, the first lens-side contact pattern corresponding to the first camera-side contact pin 202ay is labeled as 302ay, and the first and second lens-side contact patterns placed adjacent to each other are labeled as 302ay and 302ay+1.

    [0104] Fig. 8B illustrates the first camera-side contact pin 202ay with the tip thereof displaced by being inclined or deformed from its original state erected almost straight along the optical axis direction. As illustrated in Fig. 8B, the width L2 is set so as to be longer by a predetermined allowance amount than a diameter VV of a range WW where the first camera-side contact pin 202ay with its tip displaced can contact the first lens-side contact pattern 302ay (hereinafter also referred to as an estimated contact range). The estimated contact range WW is a range corresponding to an amount that is estimated according to its design to be an amount by which the tip of the first camera-side contact pin 202ay can be displaced, and is a range based on which, for example, if the tip of the first camera-side contact pin 202ay is displaced beyond the estimated contact range WW, it is determined that a failure or abnormality occurs.

    [0105] The tip of the first camera-side contact pin 202ay is also worn due to repeated sliding against the lens-side contact pattern 302ay when the interchangeable lens 100 is mounted and dismounted. Therefore, the range WW where the first camera-side contact pin 202ay can contact the first lens-side contact pattern 302ay (the estimated contact range) is also designed in consideration of this wear. At the tip of the first camera-side contact pin 202ay, the portion that contacts the first lens-side contact pattern 302ay has the width (diameter) VV.

    [0106] Further, as illustrated in Fig. 7B, the height of the first lens-side contact pattern 302ay is set to the height L3, which is the same as the height of the second lens-side contact pattern 302ax. In the present exemplary embodiment, the height L3 of the respective lens-side contact patterns 302ax and 302ay is longer than the widths L1 and L2. However, the height L3 may be equal to the width L1 or L2, or may be shorter than the width L1 or L2.

    [0107] Figs. 7A and 7B each illustrate that the pin contact position is located at almost a center of the lens-side contact pattern 302ax or 302ay in the radial direction and the circumferential direction as a schematic view. However, the pin contact position does not have to be located at the center in the radial direction and the circumferential direction. In the present exemplary embodiment, as illustrated in Fig. 6E, each pin contact position is located displaced from the center of the lens-side contact pattern 302an in the radial direction.

    [0108] In this way, in the present exemplary embodiment, the width of the first lens-side contact pattern 302ay corresponding to the first camera-side contact pin 202ay where an inclination and a deformation can occur is set to be wider than the width of the second lens-side contact pattern 302ax corresponding to the second camera-side contact pin 202ax where an inclination and a deformation unlikely occurs. As a result, a normal contact (an electric contact) between the first camera-side contact pin 202ay (202a1) and the first lens-side contact pattern 302ay (302a1) can be secured even if the first camera-side contact pin 202ay (202a1) is inclined or deformed due to abutment (hitting) on the lens-side contact seat 302. Therefore, it is possible to prevent occurrence of a communication error between the camera 10 and the interchangeable lens 100, and the short circuit of power supply.

    [0109] Fig. 3B indicates the widths L1 and L2 as angular ranges θL1 and θL2 on the lens-side contact seat 302 circularly formed at the lens-side mount 301.

    <<Regarding Pitch and Distance between Lens-side Contact Patterns (Accessory-side Contact Surfaces), and Pitch between Camera-side Contact Pins>>



    [0110] As illustrated in Figs. 7A and 8A, the pitch and distance between the second lens-side contact patterns 302ax and 302ax+1 (302a2 to 302a9) are set to a pitch P1 and a distance Q1, respectively. This pitch between the lens-side contact patterns corresponds to a distance between the pin contact positions on adjacent contact patterns. Further, the distance between the lens-side contact patterns corresponds to a distance between a certain lens-side contact pattern and a lens-side contact pattern adjacent thereto in the mount circumferential direction (a distance between the sides, if the contact patterns have rectangular shapes). This distance between the lens-side contact patterns is important in a contact between the lens-side contact pattern and the camera-side contact pin. Further, the pitch between the second camera-side contact pins 202ax and 202ax+1 (the distance between the pin central axes) is also set to the pitch P1 according to the pitch P1 between the second lens-side contact patterns 302ax and 302ax+1.

    [0111] The pitch P1 and the distance Q1 are determined to further satisfy the following conditions, provided that the range W is the range of the second camera-side contact pin 202ax where the second camera-side contact pin 202ax contacts the second lens-side contact pattern 302ax (hereinafter referred to as a contact range).

    [0112] A first condition is that, as illustrated in Fig. 9A, a single second camera-side contact pin 202ax does not contact two second lens-side contact patterns 302ax and 302ax+1 adjacent to each other at the same time during a rotation of the interchangeable lens 100 when the interchangeable lens 100 is mounted/dismounted. In other words, the distance Q1 is set to be longer than the width V of the contact range W (Q1 > V).

    [0113] A second condition is that a single second lens-side contact pattern 302ax does not contact two second camera-side contact pins 202ax and 202ax+1 adjacent to each other at the same time.

    [0114] Further, a third condition is that the above-described first and second conditions are satisfied even if there is a positional error in the respective second lens-side contact patterns 302ax which reduces the distance therebetween.

    [0115] Satisfying the first to third conditions can prevent conductions between the second lens-side contact patterns 302ax and 302ax+1 adjacent to each other, and the second camera-side contact pins 202ax and 202ax+1 adjacent to each other at the same time which cause a failure such as the short circuit of the power supply.

    [0116] On the other hand, as illustrated in Figs. 7B and 8B, the pitch and the distance between the first lens-side contact pattern 302ay (302a1) and the second lens-side contact pattern 302ay+1 (302a2) are set to a pitch P2 and a distance Q2, which are longer than the pitch P1 and the distance Q1, respectively. The pitch between the first and second camera-side contact pins 202ay and 202ay+1 (the distance between the pin central axes) is also set to the pitch P2 according to the pitch P2 between the first and second lens-side contact patterns 302ay and 302ay+1.

    [0117] First, the range WW, which is wider than the range W, is the range of the first camera-side contact pin 202ay where the first camera-side contact pin 202ay can contact the first lens-side contact pattern 302ay (the estimated contact range), based on which the pitch P2 and the distance Q2 are determined. Further, according thereto, the pitch P2 and the distance Q2 are also determined based on the width of the first lens-side contact pattern 302ay, which is set to the width L2 wider than the width L1. Then, the pitch P2 and the distance Q2 are determined to satisfy the following conditions.

    [0118] A first condition is that, as illustrated in Fig. 9B, the first camera-side contact pin 202ay does not contact the first and second lens-side contact patterns 302ay and 302ay+1 adjacent to each other at the same time during a rotation of the interchangeable lens 100 when the interchangeable lens 100 is mounted/dismounted. In other words, the distance Q2 is set to be longer than the width VV of the estimated contact range WW (Q2 > VV). It should be noted that the pitch P2 is longer than the width VV (P2 > VV).

    [0119] Fig. 9C illustrates an example in which the pitch P1 and the distance Q1 are set as the pitch and the distance between the first and second lens-side contact patterns 302ay and 302ay+1 adjacent to each other. In this case, the first camera-side contact pin 202ay contacts the first and second lens-side contact patterns 302ay and 302ay+1 at the same time.

    [0120] As described above, the camera-side contact pin 202a1 can be inclined or deformed due to abutment (hitting) of the lens-side contact seat 302. If the camera-side contact pin 202a1 contacts the pattern for the DTEF terminal, which is the first lens-side contact pattern 302a1, and the second lens-side contact pattern 302a2 for the DGND terminal adjacent thereto at the same time, the following failure occurs. As described above, the camera microcomputer 20 determines the type of the mounted interchangeable 100 based on the voltage value of the DTEF_IN terminal. If the camera-side contact pin 202a1 contacts the pattern for the DTEF terminal and the pattern for the DGND terminal at the same time, conduction is established between the pattern for the DTEF terminal and the pattern for the DGND terminal, so that the camera microcomputer 20 may incorrectly determine the type of the interchangeable lens 100. The camera microcomputer 20 sets the voltage for communication with the interchangeable lens 100 based on this determination result. Therefore, if the camera microcomputer 20 determines a lens of a type different from the actually mounted interchangeable lens, this leads to a failure to set an appropriate communication voltage, resulting in inability of normal communication. Therefore, in the present exemplary embodiment, the distance between the first lens-side contact pattern 302a1 and the second lens-side contact pattern 302a2 adjacent thereto is increased in consideration of a possible inclination and deformation of the camera-side contact pin 202a1.

    [0121] A second condition is that the single first lens-side contact pattern 302ay does not contact the first and second camera-side contact pins 202ay and 202ay+1 adjacent to each other at the same time.

    [0122] Further, a third condition is that the above-described first and second conditions are satisfied even if there is a positional error of the first lens-side contact pattern 302ay which reduces the distance between the first lens-side contact patterns 302ay and the second lens-side contact pattern 302ay+1.

    [0123] Satisfying the first to third conditions can prevent conduction between the first and second lens-side contact patterns 302ay and 302ay+1 adjacent to each other and the first and second camera-side contact pins 202ay and 202ay+1 adjacent to each other at the same time, which causes a failure such as the short circuit of power supply.

    [0124] Figs. 3A and 3B each illustrate the pitches P1 and P2 as angular ranges θp1 and θp2 on the camera-side and lens-side contact seats 202 and 302 circularly formed on the camera-side and lens-side mounts 201 and 301. Further, Fig. 3B illustrates the distances Q1 and Q2 as angular ranges θQ1 and θQ2 on the lens-side contact seat 302 circularly formed on the lens-side mount 301.

    [0125] Naturally, in consideration of a rotational amount at the time of coupling between the bayonet teeth, it is effective to reduce the pitch between the camera-side contact pins 202an as much as possible within the above-described range that does not cause, for example, a short circuit of power to prevent increase of the rotational amount. However, the pitch between the first camera-side contact pin 202a1 and the second camera-side contact pin 202a2 adjacent thereto should be determined in consideration of an inclination and a deformation at the first camera-side contact pin 202a1 due to abutment (hitting) of the lens-side contact seat 302, as described above. Therefore, in the present exemplary embodiment, the pitch between the first camera-side contact pin 202a1 and the second camera-side contact pin 202a2 adjacent thereto is increased compared to the pitch between the other second camera-side contact pins 202ax and 202ax+1.

    [0126] The present exemplary embodiment is described based on an example that includes one first lens-side contact pattern 302ay. However, a plurality of first lens-side contact patterns 302ay may be provided together with a plurality of first camera-side contact pins 202ay. In this case, as illustrated in Fig. 10, a similar effect can also be acquired by setting the pitch and the distance between the first lens-side contact pattern 302ay and another first lens-side contact pattern 302ay+1 adjacent thereto to the pitch P2 and the distance Q2, respectively. Further, the pitch between the first and second camera-side contact pins 202ay and 202ax, which correspond to the first and second lens-side contact patterns 302ay and 302ax adjacent to each other, is also set to the pitch P2. However, the pitch and distance between the first and second lens-side contact patterns 302ay and 302ax adjacent to each other do not necessarily have to be the same as the pitch and the distance between the two first lens-side contact patterns 302ay and 302ay+1 adjacent to each other. In other words, assuming that P2a and Q2a are the pitch and the distance between the first and second lens-side contact patterns 302ay and 302ax adjacent to each other, and P2b and Q2b are the pitch and the distance between the two first lens-side contact patterns 302ay and 302ay+1 adjacent to each other, the pitches and distances may be in the following relationship.
    P2a ≠ P2b (provided that P1 < P2a)
    Q2a ≠ Q2b (provided that Q1 < Q2a)
    In this case, the pitches P2b and P2a are set as the pitch between the first lens-side contact patterns 302ay and 302ay+1 adjacent to each other, and the pitch between the first and second lens-side contact patterns 302ay and 302ax adjacent to each other, respectively.

    [0127] In this way, the present exemplary embodiment uses the first and second lens-side contact patterns 302ay and 302ax and the first and second camera-side contact pins 202ay and 202ax that satisfy the following conditions (1) to (3). It should be noted that, as described above, the pitch Q2 and the distance Q2 include the above-described pitches and distances P2a, P2b, Q2a, and Q2b.





    Due to this dimensional arrangement, it is possible to secure a normal contact (electric contact) between the first camera-side contact pin 202ay, and the first lens-side contact pattern 302ay that contacts the first camera-side contact pin 202ay even if the first camera-side contact pin 202ay is inclined or deformed due to strong abutment of the lens-side contact seat 302 on the first camera-side contact pin 202ay. Therefore, it is possible to prevent occurrence of a communication error, which might otherwise be caused between the camera 10 and the interchangeable lens 100 due to a failure of such a normal contact, and occurrence of a malfunction of the camera 10 and the interchangeable 100, which might otherwise be caused by a short circuit of power.

    [0128] Further, it is desirable to satisfy a fourth condition, which requires the above-described distance LA to be shorter than or equal to the distance LB, as a condition for an operation (or for control) when the interchangeable lens 100 is mounted on the camera 10. In other words, it is desirable that at least one of the width L2, the pitch P2, and the distance Q2 is set in such manner that the DTEF terminal is connected before or at the same time as the MIF terminal.

    <<Regarding Diameter of Camera-side Contact Pin>>



    [0129] As described above, the first camera-side contact pin 202ay (202a1) may be deformed by, for example, being bent due to a strong hitting of the first camera-side contact pin 202ay (202a1) against the lens-side contact seat 302 when the mount is in the abutment state. Such a deformation can be prevented by setting a diameter ϕD2 of the first camera-side contact pin 202ay to be longer than a diameter ϕD1 of the second camera-side contact pin 202ax (202a2 to 202a9) to increase the rigidity of the first camera-side contact pin 202a1, as illustrated in Figs. 12A and 12B.

    [0130] In other words, the diameter ϕD2 of the first camera-side contact pin 202ay and the diameter ϕD1 of the second camera-side contact pin 202ax may be set so as to satisfy the following condition (4).

    This dimensional arrangement can reduce the possibility of occurrence of a communication error and a short circuit of power due to a deformation of the first camera-side contact pin 202ay.

    [0131] All of the above-described conditions (1) to (4) do not have to be necessarily satisfied. The effect of the present invention can be realized by satisfaction of at least one of the conditions (1), (2) and (4). Satisfying at least one of the conditions (1), (2) and (4) makes it possible to secure a normal contact between the inclined or deformed first camera-side contact pin 202ay and the first lens-side contact pattern 302ay. Then, satisfying the condition (3) can solve the above-described problem of a short circuit of power.

    [0132] In addition, further satisfying the above-described condition that the distance LA is shorter than or equal to the distance LB (the distance LB is longer than or equal to the distance LA) makes it possible to set a communication voltage appropriate for the type of the interchangeable lens 100 mounted on the camera 10 before a start of communication between the camera 10 and the interchangeable lens 100. Therefore, it is possible to prevent occurrence of a communication error due to setting of an inappropriate communication voltage.

    <<Regarding Layout of Pins>>



    [0133] Figs. 16, 17, and 18 illustrate a configuration of the camera-side mount 201 using the molded mount. Fig. 16 illustrates an internal configuration of the camera-side mount 201 and the camera 10 as viewed from the front side of the camera 10. Fig. 17 illustrates the internal configuration of the camera 10 as viewed from the back side of the camera 10. Further, Fig. 18 illustrates an exploded view of the camera-side mount 201.

    [0134] The configuration illustrated in Figs. 16 to 18 is basically similar to the configuration illustrated in Figs. 2 to 4, and members in common with Figs. 2 to 4 are indicated by the same reference numerals as Figs. 2 to 4, without descriptions of the members. However, in Figs. 16 to 18, especially, the ring-shaped member having the mount reference surface 201b and the camera-side bayonet teeth 201a1 to 201a3 (labeled as 201a in Fig. 2A) at the camera-side mount 201 is referred to as a molded mount 201A. The molded mount 201A is formed by mold-forming of a resin such as polycarbonate containing glass fibers.

    [0135] Figs. 16 to 18 illustrate an example in which the camera-side mount 201 includes the molded mount 201A, a mount ground plate 208, a mount spring 222, the lock pin 205, and others.

    [0136] Further, Fig. 18 illustrates a contact spring 220 of a plate spring, which is used instead of the contact springs 202b1 to 202b9 of the coil springs illustrated in Fig. 4. Further, Fig. 18 illustrates an example in which base ends of the camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202a9 are fixed and electrically connected to distal ends of nine wiring portions of a flexible printed wiring board 221 used instead of the flexible printed wiring board 206 illustrated in Fig. 4.

    [0137] The flexible printed wiring board 221 and the contact spring 220 are fixed to a back surface of the mount ground plate 208 by two screws 223 so as to overlap in this order. The above-described camera-side contact seat 202 is formed at the mount ground plate 208.

    [0138] A hole 221c is formed at the flexible printed wiring plate 221. A fastening screw 204a at a lowermost position, which will be described below, penetrates through the hole 221c. Then, a first extraction portion 221a and a second extraction portion 221b are formed at the respective sides of the hole 221c in the mount circumferential direction. Six wiring portions for the camera-side contact pins 202a4 to 202a9 are formed at the first extraction portion 221a. Further, three wiring portions for the camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202a3 are formed at the second extraction portion 221b.

    [0139] The contact spring 220 is disposed between the camera-side mount 201 (the mount ground plate 208) and the camera main body 209, and biases the camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202a9 in a direction causing them to protrude from the camera-side contact seat 202 by the respective nine spring arms. The hole 220c, which the lowermost fastening screw 204a penetrates through, is also formed at this contact spring 220. Then, six spring arms for the camera-side contact pins 202a4 to 202a9, and three spring arms for the camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202a3 are formed at the respective sides of the hole 220c in the mount circumferential direction.

    [0140] As described above, the molded mount 201A is made by mold-forming of a resin, and use of this molded mount 201A for the camera-side mount 201 may lead to a shortage of a strength compared to a camera-side mount using a metallic mount. When the camera 10 is dropped as described with reference to Fig. 19, a maximum external force is applied to the camera-side bayonet tooth 201a2 formed at an angular range including the lowermost position of the molded mount 201A, among the three camera-side bayonet teeth 201a1 to 202a3 formed at the molded mount 201A.

    [0141] A horizontally extending orientation of the camera 10 illustrated in Fig. 16 is referred to as a normal orientation (or a horizontal orientation). The lowermost position of the molded mount 201A (i.e., the camera-side mount 201) is a position which a chain line B extending vertically downwardly from a center O of the camera-side mount 201 passes through when the camera 10 is in the normal orientation, among the positions of the molded mount 201A in the mount circumferential direction. In other words, the lowermost position of the molded mount 201A is a position located undermost when the camera 10 is in the normal orientation, among the positions of the molded mount 201A in the mount circumferential direction. Further, similarly, the lowermost position of the camera-side contact seat 202 is a position located lowermost when the camera 10 is in the normal orientation, among the positions of the camera-side contact seat 202 in the mount circumferential direction.

    [0142] As apparent from Fig. 16, when the camera 10 is in the normal orientation, a shutter opening 226b has a rectangular shape while the hole 220c is formed into a circular shape. Therefore, it is desirable to prevent unnecessary light that passes through the shutter opening 226b (for example, reflective light inside the lens apparatus, and a protrusion formed by the provision of the camera-side contact seat 202) from passing through the shutter opening 226b. In this regard, the camera-side contact seat 202 is located away from the shutter opening 226b as far as possible to prevent or reduce transmission of this unnecessary light through the shutter opening 226b.

    [0143] The fastening screws 204a to 204f are used to fix the molded mount 201A to the camera main body 209 illustrated in Fig. 18, and are disposed at even intervals at six positions of the molded mount 201A in the circumferential direction. The fastening screw 204a among these six fastening screws 204a to 204f is disposed in such a manner that a center of the fastening screw 204a is located at the lowermost position of the molded mount 201A. Thus, the camera-side bayonet tooth 201a2 and the fastening screw 204a are disposed at the lowermost position, on which a maximum external force is applied when the camera 10 with the interchangeable lens 100 mounted thereon is dropped, whereby it is possible to secure a sufficient strength against an impact at the time of the drop.

    [0144] A hole, which the above-described lock pin 205 can penetrate through, is formed at the molded mount 201A. The lock pin 205 projects or retracts from or into the molded mount 201A through this hole.

    [0145] Further, a shutter unit 226 is disposed inside the camera 10. The shutter unit 226 includes a shutter curtain (not illustrated) which is charged to enter into a closed state by a rotational operation of a shutter charging motor 226a, which is a camera-side actuator. The shutter curtain moves in an opening direction relative to the shutter opening 226b due to a release of charging, and after that, moves again in a closing direction while being charged, thereby controlling an exposure amount of the image sensor 11 illustrated in Fig. 1. The shutter charging motor 226a generates noises when rotating to charge the shutter curtain. The shutter charging motor 226a is disposed in the right side (one side) relative to the center O of the molded mount 201A (the camera-side mount 201) as viewed in Fig. 16.

    [0146] Further, a battery 227 is disposed in the left side (the other side) relative to the center O of the molded mount 201A (the camera-side mount 201). In the front view of Fig. 16, the left portion of the molded mount 201A overlaps with the battery 227. However, the two fastening screws 204b and 204c disposed at the left portion of the molded mount 201A are located at positions capable of avoiding interference with the battery 227. Therefore, the battery 227 can be located closer to the center O of the molded mount 201A (the camera-side mount 201), thereby reducing the size of the camera 10.

    [0147] As illustrated in Figs. 2A and 3A, the camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202ag are disposed at the camera-side contact seat 202 in the mount circumferential direction.

    [0148] Referring to Fig. 18, the mount spring 222 includes spring pieces 222a1, 222a2, and 222a3 formed at three positions of the mount spring 222 in a circumferential direction thereof. The spring pieces 222a1 to 222a3 draw in the lens-side bayonet teeth 301a (refer to Fig. 2B) engaged with the camera-side bayonet teeth 201a1 to 201a3 toward the camera main body 209, respectively.

    [0149] A static pressure receiver 201d is disposed in the back side of each of the camera-side bayonet teeth 201a1 to 201a3. The static pressure receiver 201d has a function of holding the interchangeable lens 100 without intermediation of the mount spring 22 by abutting against the lens-side bayonet tooth 301a when a load of a predetermined value or larger is applied to the mount spring 222 (the spring pieces 222a1 to 222a3) toward an opposite side from the camera body 209. The static pressure receiver 201d is formed at the lowermost position at the camera-side bayonet tooth 201a2 formed within the angular range of the molded mount 201A that includes the lowermost position.

    [0150] At the thus-configured camera-side mount 201, the fastening screw 204a is disposed at the lowermost position of the molded mount 201A as described above, so that the contact spring 220 is disposed to avoid this fastening screw 204s. More specifically, the nine spring arms of the contact spring 220 are disposed to extend toward the camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202ag from the respective sides of the fastening screw 204a in the mount circumferential direction between the camera-side mount 201 (the mount ground plate 208) and the camera main body 209.

    [0151] In this case, it is effective to arrange the nine spring arms of the contact spring 220 to exert uniform biasing forces sufficient for maintaining the camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202ag in contact with the lens-side contact patterns 302a1 to 302ag. In addition, it is necessary to configure the contact unit including the camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202a9 (the flexible printed wiring board 221) and the contact spring 220 as small as possible. For these reasons, it is necessary to uniform the widths, lengths, and deformation amounts of the respective nine spring arms of the contact spring 220.

    [0152] Assuming that the camera-side contact pin is disposed at the lowermost position of the camera-side contact seat 202, which is right above the fastening screw 204a, and the nine screw arms of the contact spring 220 have same widths and lengths, it becomes necessary to increase the inclination of the spring arm that extends from beside the fastening screw 204 to this camera-side contact pin. As a result, it becomes necessary to increase the pitches of the nine spring arms of the contact spring 220 and the pitches of the camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202a9 beyond the above-described conditions required for the pitches. This leads to an increase in an angular range occupied by the camera-side contact pin 202a1 to 202a9 in the mount circumferential direction (an occupied angular range).

    [0153] Further, even if the lowermost position of the camera-side mount 201, which receives a maximum load when the camera 10 is dropped, is securely fixed by the fastening screw 204a, a maximum impact is applied to the camera-side contact pin disposed at the lowermost position of the camera-side contact seat 202. It is better not to dispose the camera-side contact pin at the lowermost position of the camera-side contact seat 202 to prevent the camera-side contact pin from being damaged such as being bent or broken by such an impact.

    [0154] Accordingly, in the present exemplary embodiment, the camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202a9 are disposed at positions other than the lowermost position when the camera 10 is in the normal orientation, among positions of the camera-side contact seat 202 in the mount circumferential direction. This positional arrangement can reduce the occupied angular range of the camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202a9 while allowing the camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202a9 to be biased sufficiently and evenly in the projecting direction, and further, can enhance impact resistance when the camera 10 is dropped.

    [0155] Further, Fig. 17 illustrates a circuit board 224 and a power source circuit block 225 disposed on the circuit board 224. Further, a connector 226 connected to a terminal of the battery 227 is indicated by a broken line in Fig. 17. The connector 226 is connected to the battery 227 via a positive pole 226a, a negative pole 226b, and an information terminal 226c, and supplies power to the power source circuit block 225.

    [0156] A first connector 224a is disposed on the circuit board 224. The first connector 224a is connected to the first extraction portion 221a of the flexible printed wiring board 221. Further, a second connector 224b is disposed on the circuit board 224. The second connector 224b is connected to the second extraction portion 221b of the flexible printed wiring board 221.

    [0157] Among the camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202a9, the camera-side contact pin 202a7 for the VBAT terminal, which is the contact pin for power supply, is disposed in a side where the power source circuit block 225 is located (hereinafter referred to as a power source circuit side) relative to the center O of the camera-side mount 201, together with the camera-side contact pin 202a6 for the PGND terminal. In other words, the camera-side contact pin 202a7 for the VBAT terminal, which a large current flows through, is located closer to the power source circuit block 225, compared to disposing the camera-side contact pin 202a7 at a side where the shutter charging motor 226a is located (a camera actuator side: hereinafter referred to as a motor side), relative to the center O of the camera-side mount 201. As a result, it is possible to reduce a loss due to a wiring resistance of the circuit board 224 and the flexible printed wiring board 221 when a current for power supply flows from the power source circuit block 225 to the camera-side contact pin 202a7 for the VBAT terminal.

    [0158] Further, the first extraction portion 221a of the flexible printed wiring board 221, which is connected to the six camera-side contact pins 202a4 to 202a9, is disposed closer to the power source circuit side relative to the center O of the camera-side mount 201. On the other hand, the second extraction portion 221b of the flexible printed wiring board 221, which is connected to the three camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202a3, is disposed closer to the motor side relative to the center O. In other words, the number of the camera-side contact pins 202a4 to 202ag disposed closer to the power source circuit side relative to the center O is larger than the number of the camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202a3 disposed closer to the motor side relative to the center O. Due to this positional arrangement, it is possible to realize such a configuration that, for example, exchanges of signals between the camera 10 and the interchangeable lens 100 are less affected by noises from the shutter charging motor 226a.

    [0159] Figs. 16 to 18 illustrate the configuration of the camera 10, but do not especially illustrate the configuration of the interchangeable lens 100. However, the layout of the lens-side contact patterns 302a1 to 302a3 at the interchangeable lens 100 completely coupled to the camera 10 in the normal orientation is similar to the layout of the camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202a3 when the camera 10 is in the normal orientation, which has been described with reference to Figs. 16 to 18.

    [0160] In other words, the lens-side contact patterns 302a1 to 302a9 are disposed at positions other than the lowermost position, which is the lowest position in the coupling completion state when the camera 10 is in the normal orientation, among positions of the lens-side contact seat 302 in the mount circumferential direction.

    [0161] Further, in the coupling completion state, among the lens-side contact patterns 302a1 to 302a9, the lens-side contact pattern 302a7 for the VBAT terminal, which is the contact surface for power supply, is disposed in the power source circuit side of the camera 10 relative to the center of the lens-side mount 301, together with the lens-side contact pattern 302a6 for the PGND terminal. Further, the number of the lens-side contact pins 302a4 to 302a9 disposed in the power source circuit side relative to the center of the lens-side mount 301 is larger than the number of the lens-side contact pins 302a1 to 302a3 disposed in the motor side relative to this center.

    [0162] In this way, in the present exemplary embodiment, the camera-side contact pins 202a1 to 202a9 and the lens-side contact patterns 302a1 to 302a9 are disposed at positions of the contact seats 202 and 302 other than the lowermost positions when the camera 10 is in the normal orientation (and the camera 10 and the interchangeable lens 100 are in a completely coupled state). Therefore, it is possible to reduce the occupied angular ranges of the contact pins/contact patterns at the respective mounts 201 and 301. Accordingly, it is possible to reduce the sizes of the camera 10 and the interchangeable lens 100. Further, in the present exemplary embodiment, the camera-side contact pin 202a7 and the lens-side contact pattern 302a7 for power supply at the camera side and the lens side are disposed in the power source circuit side of the camera 10. Further, the number of contacts disposed in the power source circuit side relative to the centers O of the mounts 201 and 301 is larger than the number of contacts disposed in the motor side. As a result, it is possible to realize a configuration capable of reducing a loss due to a wiring resistance, and further, impervious to noises.

    [0163] Figs. 11A to 11C illustrate an example that satisfies the above-described conditions (2) and (3) but does not satisfy the conditions (1) and (4), as a second exemplary embodiment of the present invention. In the present exemplary embodiment, the pitch P2 and the distance Q2 between the first and second lens-side contact patterns 302ay and 302ay+1 adjacent to each other are longer than the pitch P1 and the distance Q1 between the second lens-side contact patterns 302ax and 302ax+1 adjacent to each other. Further, the pitch P2 between the first and second camera-side contact pins 202ay and 202ay+1 adjacent to each other is also longer than the pitch P1 between the second camera-side contact pins 202ax and 202ax+1 adjacent to each other.

    [0164] However, the width of the first lens-side contact pattern 302ay is the width L1, which is the same as the width of the second lens-side contact pattern 302ax (302ay+1). However, the width L1 in this case is set so as to be wider than the width L1 described in the description of the first exemplary embodiment, and slightly wider than the range WW where the first camera-side contact pin 202ay can contact the first lens-side contact pattern 302ay (the estimated contact range).

    [0165] Further, all of the diameters of the first and second camera-side contact pins 202ay and 202ay+1 (202ax and 202ax+1) are the same diameter ϕD1.

    [0166] Even in this case, it is possible to secure a normal contact between the inclined or deformed first camera-side contact pin 202ay and the first lens-side contact pattern 302ay to prevent occurrence of a communication error between the camera 10 and the interchangeable lens 100 and a short circuit of power.

    [0167] Further, even in another exemplary embodiment than the second exemplary embodiment, which satisfies the condition (2) but does not satisfy the conditions (1), (3), and (4), it is possible to secure a normal contact between the inclined or deformed first camera-side contact pin 202ay and the first lens-side contact pattern 302ay. As a result, it is possible to prevent occurrence of a communication error between the camera 10 and the interchangeable lens 100.

    [0168] According to the above-described exemplary embodiments, both the heights of the first and second lens-side contact patterns 302ay and 302ax are set to the height L3. However, they may be set differently.

    [0169] The respective exemplary embodiments described above are merely representative examples, and various modifications and changes can be made to the respective exemplary embodiments within the scope of the invention as defined by the claims.


    Claims

    1. A camera (10) comprising:

    a camera-side mount (201),

    wherein first, second, and third camera-side contact pins are adjacent to one another and are disposed in the alignment sequence order of the first, second, and third camera-side contact pins,

    characterized in that

    the first camera-side contact pin is a pin corresponding to detection of a signal change caused by coupling of a camera accessory (100), the second camera-side contact pin is a pin corresponding to supply of power for communication with the coupled camera accessory (100), and the third camera-side contact pin is a pin corresponding to supply of a driving power to an actuator of the camera accessory (100).


     
    2. The camera according to claim 1,
    wherein an accessory-side mount (301) disposed in a camera accessory (100) including an actuator is detachably coupled to the camera-side mount (201),
    wherein the camera (10) is communicable with the coupled camera accessory (100),
    wherein the camera-side mount (201) is configured to shift from a first state to a second state, the first state being such a state that an accessory-side bayonet tooth disposed in the accessory-side mount (301) is inserted between a plurality of camera-side bayonet teeth, the second state being such a state that a relative rotation between the camera-side mount (201) and the accessory-side mount (301) causes the camera-side bayonet teeth and the accessory-side bayonet tooth to be engaged with each other to complete coupling between the camera-side mount (201) and the accessory-side mount (301),
    wherein an accessory-side contact holding portion disposed in the accessory-side mount (301) holds first, second, and third accessory-side contact surfaces disposed in a relative rotational direction of the accessory-side mount (301) and the camera-side mount (201),
    wherein, in the second state, first, second, and third camera-side contact pins are in contact with the first, second, and third accessory-side contact surfaces, respectively, whereby an electric connection is established between the camera and the camera accessory, and
    wherein the first, second, and third camera-side contact pins are disposed in such a manner that, when the camera-side mount (201) shifts from the first state to the second state, the third camera-side contact pin contacts the first and second accessory-side contact surfaces, the second camera-side contact pin contacts the first accessory-side contact surface, and the first camera-side contact pin does not contact the second and third accessory-side contact surfaces.
     
    3. The camera according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a fourth camera-side contact pin is disposed across the third camera-side contact pin opposite to the second camera-side contact pin at the camera-side mount (201), and the fourth camera-side contact pin is a grounded pin corresponding to the third camera-side contact pin.
     
    4. The camera according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein a fifth camera-side contact pin is disposed across the third camera-side contact pin opposite to the second camera-side contact pin, and a sixth camera-side contact pin is disposed across the fifth camera-side contact pin opposite to the third camera-side contact pin, and
    wherein the fifth camera-side contact pin is a pin corresponding to communication with the coupled camera accessory (100), and the sixth camera-side contact pin is a grounded pin corresponding to the second camera-side contact pin.
     
    5. The camera according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein a seventh camera-side contact pin is disposed across the sixth camera-side contact pin opposite to the fifth camera-side contact pin, and the seventh camera-side contact pin is a pin corresponding to determination of a type of the coupled camera accessory (100).
     
    6. A camera accessory (100) comprising:

    an mount (301) to which a camera is detachably connectable; and

    an actuator (102) configured to be driven to move an optical member (101),

    wherein first, second, and third contact surfaces are adjacent to one another and are disposed in the alignment sequence order of the first, second, and third contact surfaces,

    characterized in that

    the first contact surface is a contact surface corresponding to detection by a camera (10) about a signal change caused by coupling with the camera (10), the second contact surface is a contact surface configured to receive supply of power for communication from the coupled camera (10), and the third contact surface is a contact surface configured to receive supply of a driving power for the actuator from the coupled camera (10).


     
    7. The camera accessory according to claim 6,
    wherein the mount is an accessory-side mount (301) configured to be detachably coupled to a camera-side mount (201) disposed in the camera (10),
    wherein the accessory-side mount (301) can shift from a first state to a second state, the first state being such a state that an accessory-side bayonet tooth disposed in the accessory-side mount (301) is inserted between a plurality of camera-side bayonet teeth disposed in the camera-side mount (201), the second state being such a state that a relative rotation between the camera-side mount (201) and the accessory-side mount (301) causes the accessory-side bayonet tooth and the camera-side bayonet teeth to be engaged with each other to complete coupling between the camera-side mount (201) and the accessory-side mount (301),
    wherein an accessory-side contact holding portion disposed in the accessory-side mount (301) holds first, second, and third accessory-side contact surfaces disposed in a relative rotational direction of the accessory-side mount (301) and the camera-side mount (201),
    wherein, in the second state, the first, second, and third accessory-side contact surfaces are in contact with first, second, and third camera-side contact pins, respectively, whereby an electric connection is established between the camera accessory (100) and the camera (10), and
    wherein the first, second, and third accessory-side contact surfaces are disposed in such a manner that, when the accessory-side mount (301) shifts from the first state to the second state, the first accessory-side contact surface contacts the third and second camera-side contact pins, and the second accessory-side contact surface contacts the third camera-side contact pin.
     
    8. The camera accessory according to claim 6 or 7, wherein a fourth contact surface is disposed across the third contact surface opposite to the second contact surface at the mount, and the fourth -side contact surface is a grounded contact surface corresponding to the third -side contact surface.
     
    9. The camera accessory according to any one of claims 6 to 8, wherein a fifth contact surface is disposed across the third contact surface opposite to the second contact surface, and a sixth contact surface is disposed across the fifth contact surface opposite to the third contact surface, and
    wherein the fifth contact surface is a contact surface corresponding to communication with the coupled camera, and the sixth -side contact surface is a grounded contact surface corresponding to the second contact surface.
     
    10. The camera accessory according to any one of claims 6 to 9, wherein a seventh contact surface is disposed across the sixth contact surface opposite to the fifth contact surface, and the seventh contact surface is a contact surface corresponding to determination by the camera (10) about a type of the coupled camera accessory (100).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Kamera (10), mit:

    einer kameraseitigen Befestigung (201),

    wobei erste, zweite und dritte kameraseitige Kontaktstifte nebeneinander angebracht sind und in der Ausrichtungsreihenfolge der ersten, zweiten und dritten kameraseitigen Kontaktstifte angeordnet sind,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    der erste kameraseitige Kontaktstift ein Stift entsprechend eines Erfassens einer Signaländerung ist, die durch das Koppeln eines Kamerazubehörs (100) verursacht wird, der zweite kameraseitige Kontaktstift ein Stift entsprechend einer Zuführung von Energie für eine Kommunikation mit dem angekoppelten Kamerazubehör (100) ist, und der dritte kameraseitige Kontaktstift ein Stift entsprechend einer Zuführung einer Antriebsenergie zu einem Stellglied des Kamerazubehörs (100) ist.


     
    2. Kamera gemäß Anspruch 1,
    wobei eine zubehörseitige Befestigung (301), die in einem Kamerazubehör (100) mit einem Stellglied angebracht ist, abnehmbar mit der kameraseitigen Befestigung (201) gekoppelt ist,
    wobei die Kamera (10) mit dem gekoppelten Kamerazubehör (100) kommunizieren kann,
    wobei die kameraseitige Befestigung (201) konfiguriert ist, um von einem ersten Zustand in einen zweiten Zustand überzugehen, wobei der erste Zustand ein solcher Zustand ist, dass ein in der zubehörseitigen Befestigung (301) angeordneter zubehörseitiger Bajonettzahn zwischen eine Vielzahl von kameraseitigen Bajonettzähnen eingebracht wird, und der zweite Zustand ein solcher Zustand ist, dass eine relative Drehung zwischen der kameraseitigen Befestigung (201) und der zubehörseitigen Befestigung (301) bewirkt, dass die kameraseitigen Bajonettzähne und der zubehörseitige Bajonettzahn miteinander in Eingriff gebracht werden, um die Kopplung zwischen der kameraseitigen Befestigung (201) und der zubehörseitigen Befestigung (301) zu vervollständigen,
    wobei ein zubehörseitiger Kontakthalteabschnitt, der in der zubehörseitigen Befestigung (301) angeordnet ist, erste, zweite und dritte zubehörseitige Kontaktflächen hält, die in einer relativen Drehrichtung der zubehörseitigen Befestigung (301) und der kameraseitigen Befestigung (201) angeordnet sind,
    wobei in dem zweiten Zustand erste, zweite und dritte kameraseitige Kontaktstifte jeweils mit den ersten, zweiten und dritten zubehörseitigen Kontaktflächen in Kontakt sind, wodurch eine elektrische Verbindung zwischen der Kamera und dem Kamerazubehör hergestellt wird, und
    wobei der erste, zweite und dritte kameraseitige Kontaktstift so angeordnet sind, dass, wenn die kameraseitige Befestigung (201) von dem ersten Zustand in den zweiten Zustand übergeht, der dritte kameraseitige Kontaktstift die erste und zweite zubehörseitige Kontaktfläche berührt, der zweite kameraseitige Kontaktstift die erste zubehörseitige Kontaktfläche berührt und der erste kameraseitige Kontaktstift die zweite und dritte zubehörseitige Kontaktfläche nicht berührt.
     
    3. Kamera gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei ein vierter kameraseitiger Kontaktstift jenseits des dritten kameraseitigen Kontaktstift gegenüber dem zweiten kameraseitigen Kontaktstift an der kameraseitigen Befestigung (201) angeordnet ist, und der vierte kameraseitige Kontaktstift ein geerdeter Stift entsprechend dem dritten kameraseitigen Kontaktstift ist.
     
    4. Kamera gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei ein fünfter kameraseitiger Kontaktstift jenseits des dritten kameraseitigen Kontaktstift gegenüber dem zweiten kameraseitigen Kontaktstift angeordnet ist, und ein sechster kameraseitiger Kontaktstift jenseits des fünften kameraseitigen Kontaktstifts gegenüber dem dritten kameraseitigen Kontaktstift angeordnet ist, und wobei der vierte kameraseitige Kontaktstift ein geerdeter Stift entsprechend dem dritten kameraseitigen Kontaktstift ist.
    wobei der fünfte kameraseitige Kontaktstift ein Stift entsprechend einer Kommunikation mit dem gekoppelten Kamerazubehör (100) ist, und der sechste kameraseitige Kontaktstift ein geerdeter Stift entsprechend dem zweiten kameraseitigen Kontaktstift ist.
     
    5. Kamera gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei ein siebter kameraseitiger Kontaktstift jenseits des sechsten kameraseitigen Kontaktstifts gegenüber dem fünften kameraseitigen Kontaktstift angeordnet ist, und der siebte kameraseitige Kontaktstift ein Stift entsprechend einer Bestimmung eines Typs des gekoppelten Kamerazubehörs (100) ist.
     
    6. Kamerazubehör (100), mit:

    einer Befestigung (301), mit der eine Kamera abnehmbar verbunden werden kann; und

    einem Stellglied (102), das konfiguriert ist, um zum Bewegen eines optischen Elements (101) angetrieben zu werden,

    wobei erste, zweite und dritte Kontaktflächen nebeneinander angebracht sind und in der Ausrichtungsreihenfolge der ersten, zweiten und dritten Kontaktflächen angeordnet sind,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die erste Kontaktfläche eine Kontaktfläche entsprechend einer Erfassung durch eine Kamera (10) über eine Signaländerung ist, die durch die Kopplung mit der Kamera (10) verursacht wird, die zweite Kontaktfläche eine Kontaktfläche ist, die konfiguriert ist, um eine Zuführung von Energie für eine Kommunikation von der gekoppelten Kamera (10) zu empfangen, und die dritte Kontaktfläche eine Kontaktfläche ist, die konfiguriert ist, um eine Zuführung einer Antriebsenergie für das Stellglied von der gekoppelten Kamera (10) zu empfangen.


     
    7. Kamerazubehör gemäß Anspruch 6,
    wobei die Befestigung eine zubehörseitige Befestigung (301) ist, die konfiguriert ist, um abnehmbar mit einer kameraseitigen Befestigung (201) gekoppelt zu werden, die in der Kamera (10) angeordnet ist,
    wobei die zubehörseitige Befestigung (301) von einem ersten Zustand in einen zweiten Zustand übergehen kann, wobei der erste Zustand ein solcher Zustand ist, dass ein in der zubehörseitigen Befestigung (301) angeordneter zubehörseitiger Bajonettzahn zwischen eine Vielzahl von in der kameraseitigen Befestigung (201) angeordneten kameraseitigen Bajonettzähnen eingebracht wird, und der zweite Zustand ein solcher Zustand ist, dass eine relative Drehung zwischen der kameraseitigen Befestigung (201) und der zubehörseitigen Befestigung (301) bewirkt, dass der zubehörseitige Bajonettzahn und die kameraseitigen Bajonettzähne miteinander in Eingriff gebracht werden, um die Kopplung zwischen der kameraseitigen Befestigung (201) und der zubehörseitigen Befestigung (301) zu vervollständigen,
    wobei ein zubehörseitiger Kontakthalteabschnitt, der in der zubehörseitigen Befestigung (301) angeordnet ist, erste, zweite und dritte zubehörseitige Kontaktflächen hält, die in einer relativen Drehrichtung der zubehörseitigen Befestigung (301) und der kameraseitigen Befestigung (201) angeordnet sind,
    wobei in dem zweiten Zustand die ersten, zweiten und dritten zubehörseitigen Kontaktflächen jeweils mit ersten, zweiten und dritten kameraseitigen Kontaktstiften in Kontakt sind, wodurch eine elektrische Verbindung zwischen dem Kamerazubehör (100) und der Kamera (10) hergestellt wird, und
    wobei die ersten, zweiten und dritten zubehörseitigen Kontaktflächen so angeordnet sind, dass, wenn sich die zubehörseitige Befestigung (301) von dem ersten Zustand in den zweiten Zustand übergeht, die erste zubehörseitige Kontaktfläche den dritten und zweiten kameraseitigen Kontaktstift berührt und die zweite zubehörseitige Kontaktfläche den dritten kameraseitigen Kontaktstift berührt.
     
    8. Kamerazubehör gemäß Anspruch 6 oder 7, wobei eine vierte Kontaktfläche jenseits der dritten Kontaktfläche gegenüber der zweiten Kontaktfläche an der Befestigung angeordnet ist, und die vierte -seitige Kontaktfläche eine geerdete Kontaktfläche entsprechend der dritten - seitigen Kontaktfläche ist.
     
    9. Kamerazubehör gemäß einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 8, wobei eine fünfte Kontaktfläche jenseits der dritten Kontaktfläche gegenüber der zweiten Kontaktfläche angeordnet ist, und eine sechste Kontaktfläche jenseits der fünften Kontaktfläche gegenüber der dritten Kontaktfläche angeordnet ist, und wobei die vierte -seitige Kontaktfläche eine geerdete Kontaktfläche entsprechend der dritten -seitigen Kontaktfläche ist, und
    wobei die fünfte Kontaktfläche eine Kontaktfläche entsprechend einer Kommunikation mit der gekoppelten Kamera ist, und die sechste -seitige Kontaktfläche eine geerdete Kontaktfläche entsprechend der zweiten Kontaktfläche ist.
     
    10. Kamerazubehör gemäß einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 9, wobei eine siebte Kontaktfläche jenseits der sechsten Kontaktfläche gegenüber der fünften Kontaktfläche angeordnet ist, und die siebte Kontaktfläche eine Kontaktfläche einer Bestimmung durch die Kamera (10) über einen Typ des gekoppelten Kamerazubehörs (100) ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil de prise de vue (10), comprenant :

    un dispositif de montage (201) côté appareil de prise de vue,

    dans lequel des première, deuxième et troisième broches de contact côté appareil de prise de vue sont adjacentes les unes aux autres et sont disposées dans l'ordre de séquence d'alignement des première, deuxième et troisième broches de contact côté appareil de prise de vue,

    caractérisé en ce que

    la première broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue est une broche correspondant à une détection d'une variation de signal provoquée par un accouplement d'un accessoire (100) d'appareil de prise de vue, la deuxième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue est une broche correspondant à une alimentation en puissance pour communication avec l'accessoire (100) d'appareil de prise de vue accouplé, et la troisième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue est une broche correspondant à une alimentation en puissance d'entraînement d'un actionneur de l'accessoire (100) d'appareil de prise de vue.


     
    2. Appareil de prise de vue selon la revendication 1, dans lequel un dispositif de montage (301) côté accessoire disposé dans un accessoire (100) d'appareil de prise de vue comprenant un actionneur est accouplé de manière démontable au dispositif de montage (201) côté appareil de prise de vue,
    où l'appareil de prise de vue (10) peut communiquer avec l'accessoire (100) d'appareil de prise de vue accouplé,
    dans lequel le dispositif de montage (201) côté appareil de prise de vue est configuré pour commuter d'un premier état à un second état, le premier état étant un état tel qu'une dent de baïonnette côté accessoire disposée dans le dispositif de montage (301) côté accessoire est introduite entre une pluralité de dents de baïonnette côté appareil de prise de vue, le second état étant un état tel qu'une rotation relative entre le dispositif de montage (201) côté appareil de prise de vue et le dispositif de montage (301) côté accessoire amène les dents de baïonnette côté appareil de prise de vue et la dent de baïonnette côté accessoire à venir en prise les unes avec les autres à des fins d'achèvement d'accouplement entre le dispositif de montage (201) côté appareil de prise de vue et le dispositif de montage (301) côté accessoire,
    dans lequel une partie de maintien de contacts côté accessoire disposée dans le dispositif de montage (301) côté accessoire maintient des première, deuxième et troisième surfaces de contact côté accessoire disposées dans une direction de rotation relative du dispositif de montage (301) côté accessoire et du dispositif de montage (201) côté appareil de prise de vue,
    dans lequel, dans le second état, des première, deuxième et troisième broches de contact côté appareil de prise de vue sont respectivement en contact avec les première, deuxième et troisième surfaces de contact côté accessoire, moyennant quoi une connexion électrique est établie entre l'appareil de prise de vue et l'accessoire d'appareil de prise de vue, et
    dans lequel les première, les deuxième et troisième broches de contact côté appareil de prise de vue sont disposées de façon telle que, lorsque le dispositif de montage (201) côté appareil de prise de vue commute du premier état au second état, la troisième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue contacte les première et deuxième surfaces de contact côté accessoire, la deuxième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue contacte la première surface de contact côté accessoire, et la première broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue ne contacte pas les deuxième et troisième surfaces de contact côté accessoire.
     
    3. Appareil de prise de vue selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel une quatrième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue est disposée de l'autre côté de la troisième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue à l'opposé de la deuxième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue au niveau du dispositif de montage (201) côté appareil de prise de vue, et la quatrième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue est une broche mise à la masse correspondant à la troisième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue.
     
    4. Appareil de prise de vue selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel une cinquième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue est disposée de l'autre côté de la troisième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue à l'opposé de la deuxième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue, et une sixième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue est disposée de l'autre côté de la cinquième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue à l'opposé de la troisième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue, et
    dans lequel la cinquième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue est une broche correspondant à une communication avec l'accessoire (100) d'appareil de prise de vue accouplé, et la sixième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue est une broche mise à la masse correspondant à la deuxième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue.
     
    5. Appareil de prise de vue selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel une septième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue est disposée de l'autre côté de la sixième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue à l'opposé de la cinquième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue, et la septième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue est une broche correspondant à une détermination d'un type de l'accessoire (100) d'appareil de prise de vue accouplé.
     
    6. Accessoire (100) d'appareil de prise de vue, comprenant :

    un dispositif de montage (301) auquel un appareil de prise de vue peut être connecté de manière démontable ; et

    un actionneur (102) configuré pour être entraîner de façon à déplacer un élément optique (101),

    dans lequel des première, deuxième et troisième surfaces de contact sont adjacentes les unes aux autres et sont disposées dans l'ordre de séquence d'alignement des première, deuxième et troisième surfaces de contact,

    caractérisé en ce que

    la première surface de contact est une surface de contact correspondant à une détection, par un appareil de prise de vue (10), d'une variation de signal provoquée par un accouplement avec l'appareil de prise de vue (10), la deuxième surface de contact est une surface de contact configurée pour recevoir une alimentation en puissance pour communication à partir de l'appareil de prise de vue accouplé (10), et la troisième surface de contact est une surface de contact configurée pour recevoir une alimentation en puissance d'entraînement pour l'actionneur à partir de l'appareil de prise de vue accouplé (10).


     
    7. Accessoire d'appareil de prise de vue selon la revendication 6,
    dans lequel le dispositif de montage est un dispositif de montage (301) côté accessoire configuré pour un accouplement de manière démontable avec un dispositif de montage (201) côté appareil de prise de vue disposé dans l'appareil de prise de vue (10),
    dans lequel le dispositif de montage (301) côté accessoire peut commuter d'un premier état à un second état, le premier état étant tel qu'une dent de baïonnette côté accessoire disposée dans le dispositif de montage (301) côté accessoire est introduite entre une pluralité de dents de baïonnette côté appareil de prise de vue disposées dans le dispositif de montage (201) côté appareil de prise de vue, le second état étant un état tel qu'une rotation relative entre le dispositif de montage (201) côté appareil de prise de vue et le dispositif de montage (301) côté accessoire amène la dent de baïonnette côté accessoire et les dents de baïonnettes côté appareil de prise de vue à venir en prise les unes avec les autres à des fins d'achèvement d'accouplement entre le dispositif de montage (201) côté appareil de prise de vue et le dispositif de montage (301) côté accessoire,
    dans lequel une partie de maintien de contacts côté accessoire disposée dans le dispositif de montage (301) côté accessoire maintient des première, deuxième et troisième surfaces de contact côté accessoire disposées dans une direction de rotation relative du dispositif de montage (301) côté accessoire et du dispositif de montage (201) côté appareil de prise de vue,
    dans lequel, dans le second état, les première, deuxième et troisième surfaces de contact côté accessoire sont respectivement en contact avec des première, deuxième et troisième broches de contact côté appareil de prise de vue, moyennant quoi une connexion électrique est établie entre l'accessoire (100) d'appareil de prise de vue et l'appareil de prise de vue (10), et
    dans lequel les première, deuxième et troisième surfaces de contact côté accessoire sont disposées de façon telle que, lorsque le dispositif de montage (301) côté accessoire commute du premier état au second état, la première surface de contact côté accessoire contacte les troisième et deuxième broches de contact côté appareil de prise de vue, et que la deuxième surface de contact côté accessoire contacte la troisième broche de contact côté appareil de prise de vue.
     
    8. Accessoire d'appareil de prise de vue selon la revendication 6 ou 7, dans lequel une quatrième surface de contact est disposée de l'autre côté de la troisième surface de contact à l'opposé de la deuxième surface de contact au niveau du dispositif montage, et la quatrième surface de contact côté est une surface de contact mise à la masse correspondant à la troisième surface de contact côté.
     
    9. Accessoire d'appareil de prise de vue selon l'une quelconque des revendications 6 à 8, dans lequel une cinquième surface de contact est disposée de l'autre côté de la troisième surface de contact à l'opposé de la deuxième surface de contact, et une sixième surface de contact est disposée de l'autre côté de la cinquième surface de contact à l'opposé de la troisième surface de contact, et
    dans lequel la cinquième surface de contact est une surface de contact correspondant à une communication avec l'appareil de prise de vue accouplé, et la sixième surface de contact côté est une surface de contact de mise à la masse correspondant à la deuxième surface de contact.
     
    10. Accessoire d'appareil de prise de vue selon l'une quelconque des revendications 6 à 9, dans lequel une septième surface de contact est disposée de l'autre côté de la sixième surface de contact à l'opposé de la cinquième surface de contact, et la septième surface de contact est une surface de contact correspondant à une détermination, par l'appareil de prise de vue (10), d'un type de l'accessoire (100) d'appareil de prise de vue accouplé.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description