(19)
(11)EP 2 835 108 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(21)Application number: 14186614.5

(22)Date of filing:  30.09.2011
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61B 18/08  (2006.01)
A61B 17/29  (2006.01)
A61B 18/14  (2006.01)
A61B 17/00  (2006.01)

(54)

Laparoscopic medical device with de-mateable tip

Medizinische laparoskopische Vorrichtung mit trennbarer Spitze

Dispositif médical laparoscopique doté d'une pointe amovible


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 01.10.2010 US 388655 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
11.02.2015 Bulletin 2015/07

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
11183414.9 / 2436329

(73)Proprietor: Microline Surgical, Inc.
Beverly, MA 01915 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • McGaffigan, Thomas Haynes
    Saratoga, CA California 95070 (US)
  • Joshi, Sharad
    Hopkinton, MA Massachusetts 01748 (US)

(74)Representative: Schaumburg und Partner Patentanwälte mbB 
Postfach 86 07 48
81634 München
81634 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2008/005433
US-A- 5 551 448
US-A1- 2007 088 351
US-B1- 6 409 728
DE-B3-102008 051 866
US-A- 5 752 951
US-A1- 2009 240 274
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND


    1. Field of the Invention



    [0001] This invention relates to a laparoscopic instrument assembly having a removable tip, and in particular, having a removable tip provided with a double threaded design and an electrical return path.

    2. Background of the Invention



    [0002] Medical procedures such as laparoscopy and the like, which employ a tip at the end of a tube for insertion into the patient, are beneficial because the incisions necessary to perform them are minimal in size, therefore promoting more rapid recovery and lower costs. For example, a patient who undergoes laparoscopic surgery may typically return to normal activity within a period of a few days to about a week, in contrast to more invasive procedures requiring a relatively larger incision (which may require about a month for recovery). (Although the term "laparoscopic" is typically used hereinafter, such use of the term "laparoscopic" should be understood to encompass any such similar or related procedures such as, for example, arthroscopic, endoscopic, pelvoscopic and/or thoroscopic or the like, in which relatively small incisions are used.)

    [0003] Current surgical devices are designed to function with mechanically operated tips. In other words, the design of a threaded tip and shaft assembly is specifically designed to mechanically attach a tip and also be able to transfer a force to the tip. Some existing laparoscopic devices use a screw-type threaded interface that does not provide low electrical resistances across the interface unless both the inner and outer thread forms are screwed together very tightly. However, it is difficult to build two or more coaxial thread forms that can be simultaneously mated and tightly fit together. Since tolerances and machining inaccuracies occur, one of the two threaded assemblies will always be tighter than the other, resulting in energy losses across the interface.

    [0004] FIG. 1 shows a laparoscopic instrument assembly in accordance with the related art. Assembly 10 includes handle member 12 and shaft 14 operably interconnecting handle member 12 and removable tip 16. Removable tip 16 may be provided as part of assembly 10 or obtained separately. Distal end 22 of the shaft 14 is operably connected to tip 16 for actuation of surgical device 24 on tip 16.

    [0005] FIG. 2 shows a shaft a body of a laparoscopic assembly in accordance with the related art. Sheath 18 is held in conventional manner within casing 26 using collet 44. Additional securing mechanisms, such as a detent, are provided to ensure that sheath 18 is tightly secured within the body. When collet closer 28 is tightened about collet 44, detent member 52 is forced inwardly by the internal surface of collet closer conical portion 46, partially enters collet axial bore 50, and engages sheath groove 40 to hold sheath 18 firmly within the body. The number of detent members 52 and bores 54 is selected to optimize the gripping power of the detent members on sheath 18. At least one radial bore 68 is also formed in rod 32 to extend from the outer surface of rod 32 into and open to axial bore 66. Each radial bore 68 contains a detent member 70 therein for mating engagement of detent member 70 with groove 58. The number of detent members 70 is selected to optimize the gripping power of the detent members on rod 20. Each detent member 70 engages groove 58 during actuation of surgical tip device, preventing removal of rod 20 from axial bore 66. However, sheath 18 may be released from casing 26 as described above, and detent members 70 may be disengaged from groove 58.

    [0006] FIG. 3 shows an instrument tip and actuator assembly in accordance with the related art. At the rear of the casing structure 24, a yoke 26 is located having an external thread 25 formed on the rear end thereof. In addition to the continuous thread 25 formed on the yoke 26, the operable tip 14 is provided with a continuous internal thread (not shown) formed on the inner surface of the tip casing structure 24. The actuator 12 includes an outer sheath 36, having an insert which may be press fit into the sheath 36, with a continuous external thread 39 formed at its forward end, the thread 39 being of matching pitch and diameter to the internal thread provided on the operable tip 14. The thread 25 is configured to threadedly mate with internal threading of an actuation rod (not shown) slidably positioned within the sheath 36 such that sliding movement of the actuation rod operates the tip.

    [0007] FIG. 4 shows an exemplary embodiment of a cutting and sealing device of a laparoscopic instrument assembly in accordance with the related art. US Publication No. 2009/0198224, discloses a tissue cutting and sealing device provided on the distal end of an endoscopic device 10. A pair of opposing jaws 20 and 40 dimensioned to grasp tissue therebetween is also provided, and a heating assembly 22 is provided on jaw 20. Heating assembly 22 includes a ceramic body 24 with a metalized portion 26 extending along a top surface of ceramic body 24. The heater assembly 22 provides a resistive heating element 26 on top and integral with the ceramic substrate 24. The design is advantageous since the temperatures in ceramic body 24 are always lower than the temperatures in the metalized portion 26. In addition, the ceramic acts as a heat spreader that increases the effective seal area of the heater. The design promotes tissue sealing adjacent to the ceramic and tissue cutting adjacent to the metalized portion.

    [0008] Document US 5 551 448 A discloses an endoscopic surgical instrument for aspiration and irrigation of a surgical site. The instrument includes a conductive lumen cannula enclosed with an outer sleeve member.

    [0009] Document US 2009/240274 A1 discloses a medical instrument having an insulated outer shank tube and an inner tube.

    [0010] Document US 2007/088351 A1 discloses a fixed tip electrode including a hollow shaft and an electrode tip assembly removably affixed to the distal end of the shaft.

    [0011] Document US 5 752 951 A discloses a shielded monopolar electrosurgical instrument for use in laparoscopic surgical procedures. The instrument consists of a rigid outer metallic shield which operates as a conductive coaxial shield and is connected to a patient return electrode of an electrosurgical generator.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0012] The invention provides a laparoscopic device as set out in claim 1. Preferred embodiments are defined in the dependent claims.

    [0013] Other exemplary embodiments and advantages of the present invention may be ascertained by reviewing the present disclosure and the accompanying drawings, and the above description should not be considered to limit the scope of the present invention.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0014] The present invention is further described in the detailed description which follows, in reference to the figures 5-11, by way of non-limiting examples of preferred embodiments of the present invention, in which like characters represent like elements throughout the several views of the drawings, and wherein:

    FIG. 1 shows a partial cross sectional view of laparoscopic an instrument assembly in accordance with the related art.

    FIG. 2 shows a cross sectional view of a portion of a shaft a body of a laparoscopic assembly in accordance with the related art.

    FIG. 3 shows an instrument tip and actuator assembly in accordance with the related art.

    FIG. 4 shows an exemplary embodiment of a removable tip with a cutting and sealing device of a laparoscopic instrument assembly in accordance with related art.

    FIG. 5 shows an exemplary embodiment of a removable tip with a cutting and sealing device in accordance with the present invention.

    FIG. 6 shows an exemplary cross-sectional view of the removable tip illustrated in FIG. 5 in accordance with the present invention.

    FIG. 7 shows an exemplary embodiment of the outer tubing of the removable tip and handle member in accordance with the present invention.

    FIG. 8 shows another exemplary embodiment of the outer tubing of the removable tip and handle member in accordance with the present invention.

    FIG. 9 shows another exemplary embodiment of the outer tubing of the removable tip and handle member in accordance with the present invention.

    FIG. 10 shows another exemplary embodiment of the outer tubing of the removable tip and handle member in accordance with the present invention.

    FIG. 11 shows another exemplary embodiment of the outer tubing of the removable tip and handle member in accordance with the present invention.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0015] The particulars shown herein are by way of example and for purposes of illustrative discussion of the embodiments of the present invention only, and are presented for providing what is believed to be the most useful and readily understood description of the principles and conceptual aspects of the present invention. In this regard, no attempt is made to show structural details of the present invention in more detail than is necessary for the fundamental understanding of the present invention, the description taken with the drawings making apparent to those skilled in the art how the several forms of the present invention may be embodied in practice.

    [0016] Referring to the drawings wherein like characters represent like elements, FIG. 5 shows an exemplary embodiment of a removable tip with a cutting and sealing device in accordance with a non-limiting aspect of the present disclosure. Removable tip 100 includes, for example, outer casing or tubing 102 with threaded member 166, and an inner shaft 160 which has threaded member 164. The outer tubing 102 and the inner shaft are preferably made of metal or other electrically-conductive material. Insulation 162 is provided between inner shaft 160 and outer tubing 102 to prevent electrical contact therebetween, as explained below. A cutting and sealing device is attached at the distal end of the removable tip 100, and includes jaws 120 and 140 and heating member 122. Although depicted as a single heating member, heating member 122 may be provided on jaw 120, jaw 140 or both jaws 120 and 140. Moreover, more than one heating member 122 may be located on any one jaw. The removable tip 100 is designed to provide mechanical attachment to a handle member (not shown), as well as receive and transfer mechanical force and energy, such as electrical, mechanical (e.g., vibration, oscillatory, etc.), electromechanical and/or kinetic energy. For example, a power source (typically 9 volts, although those skilled in the art would understand that the voltage may be any suitable voltage as an alternative to 9 volts) provides energy to the handle member connected to the removable tip 100. The removable tip 100 receives the supplied energy and delivers the energy to heating member 122, thereby heating the heating member 122 to the desired temperature (explained below in more detail). In conjunction with the cutting and sealing device attached to the removable tip 100, the heating member enables cutting and sealing of tissue. That is, the removable tip 100 can cut and seal tissue during surgical procedures at the same time. It is noted that no electrical current passes through the tissue being grasped by the cutting and sealing device in order to perform the procedure. Hence, no electro-surgical procedure occurs.

    [0017] The supply of energy to the laparoscopic device is now described. Energy (in the form of electrical current) is transferred from a power source (not shown) to the cutting and sealing device of the removable tip 100 through the shaft 160 (and inner shaft 174 of the handle member 200) and wire 161 (connecting the shaft to the cutting and sealing device). Alternatively, energy may be transferred by an internal wire running the length of the shaft 160 within the outer tubing 102. The energy is delivered to the heating member 122 of the upper and/or lower jaws 120 and 140 of the cutting and sealing device, thereby causing the heating member 122 to heat to the desired temperature. The heating element 122 therefore provides a resistive (i.e., ohmic) heating element with the cutting and sealing device. Once the supplied current passes through the heating element, it is returned to the power source to complete the circuit using the outer tubing 102 of the removable tip 100 as a return path, and ultimately along the outer casing of the handle member (not shown). In order to prevent the inner shaft 160 and outer tubing 102 from having electrical contact, insulation 162 is provided therebetween along at least a portion of the length of the outer tubing 102.

    [0018] FIG. 6 shows an exemplary cross-sectional view of the removable tip illustrated in FIG. 5 in accordance with the present invention. Removable tip 100 includes, for example, outer tubing 102 with threaded member 166, inner shaft 164 with threaded member 160, and insulation 162 provided in between inner shaft 164 and outer tubing 102. As explained, the insulation 162 extends along at least a portion of the length of the outer tubing 102. Also included at the distal end of the removable tip 100 is a cutting and sealing device including jaws 120 and 140 and a heating member 122. As explained, heating member 122 may be provided on jaw 120, jaw 140 or any combination thereof. Moreover, more than one heating member 122 may be provided on any one jaw. The threaded members 164 and 166 may have different threaded forms. For example, the threads on threaded member 166 of outer tubing 102 may have a different pitch or thread form than the threads on threaded member 164 of inner shaft 160. More specifically, in one exemplary embodiment, an Edison type thread may be used as the threaded member 166 on the outer tubing 102 in combination with a high helix angle thread used as the threaded member 164 provided on shaft 160 of the removable tip 100. In other words, the high helix angle thread of the threaded member 164 has a thread helix angle higher than the helix angle of the threaded member 166, which allows the same pitch to be used on the inner and outer portions of the tip and equal travel with each revolution when connecting the tip 100 to the handle member 200. If the inner high helix thread is instead located on the outer tube 102, then the opposite holds true. One advantage of having a high helix thread angle is that there is a greater contact area between mated surfaces, thereby providing low electrical resistance, thus insuring little or no unwanted heat is generated at the connection.

    [0019] The Edison thread allows the thread to be formed directly on the outer tube 102 (by pressing, crimping, embossing and the like) (and connecting handle member 200), thus reducing cost, increasing reliability and making a small profile. In other words, the threads of the Edison thread extend to both the inner and outer sides of the outer tubing 102. The Edison thread form is also rugged and provides a high level of force and energy transfer. In particular, when transferring electrical energy across the inner shaft assembly (the inner shaft of the handle member mated with the inner shaft of the removable tip), a mated surface area M results in low electrical resistance, thus insuring little or no unwanted heat is generated at the connection. The high helix thread of the inner shaft assembly, on the other hand, allows the inner shaft 160 and outer tube 102 to be mated to the handle member 200 (at respective inner shaft and outer tubing sections) at the same or differing rates (pitches) depending on the desired result. Different threads, pitches, etc. can be selected based on the length of the inner shaft in relation to the outer tube.

    [0020] FIG. 7 shows an exemplary embodiment of the outer tubing of the removable tip and handle member in accordance with the present invention. A coaxial electromechanical threaded type connection system is used to connect the handle member with the removable tip. As illustrated, outer tubing 102 of the removable tip has a threaded member 166, such as an Edison thread, formed directly (i.e. integrated with or unitary to) on the outer tube 102. The integral thread design lowers part cost, increases reliability, lowers assembly time and is rugged. The integral threaded members 166 and 210 can be designed to be the outer tubing on the removable tip of handle member 200, or any combination thereof. The outer tube 102 may include a spring biased interface 168 in the form of one or more open channels 172, thereby allowing the proximal end of the outer tube to flex in the radial direction such that when the tip 100 is attached to the handle member 200, the outer tubing is slightly compressed and the spring action of the spring biased interface 168 biases the outer tubing radially outward against the handle member 200. While the figures show two open channels 172, it is understood by those skilled in the art that a single channel or three or more channels may be used, although it is preferred that when even number of channels are used, they be evenly spaced about the circumference of the outer tube.

    [0021] As illustrated for example in steps (A), (B) and (C) of FIG. 8, the threaded member 166 can be continuous or include a series or array of bumps, bosses or extrusions that are aligned in a helix but are not connected together to from a continuous thread form. Both the male (166) and female (210) mating elements can utilize a continuous or discontinuous thread. A discontinuous thread form (for example, a series of bumps aligned in a helix) can be advantageous for manufacturing reasons or for other reasons. A continuous thread form may be produced by rolling the thread into the tube or by stamping the thread form into a flat sheet and then rolling the sheet into a tube form, or by any other suitable method. The tube form can then be welded or otherwise held together. It is appreciated that these are merely exemplary embodiments, and the invention is not limited to these examples.

    [0022] In one embodiment, a detent (in the form of, e.g., a boss) 170 can also be incorporated into the outer tube of outer tubing 102 in order to indicate that the removable tip 100 has been fully secured to the handle member 200. The detent 170 also improves the integrity of the connection and prevents unwanted unscrewing or overscrewing of the tip 100. The detent 170 can be as simple as a dimple on the tube, aligning itself and snapping into a detent hole 205 formed on the outer tube of the handle member 200. Alternatively, the detent 170 may be replaced or formed in conjunction with an annular ring 173 which circumferentially surrounds all of or portions of spring biased interface 168, as illustrated in FIGS. 9-11. Also, as described above, the spring biased interface 168 further biases the detent 170 into the detent hole when the tip 100 is attached to the handle member 200. As illustrated for example in steps (A), (B) and (C) of FIG. 8, the detent 170 is axially spaced along the outer tube 102 such that the detent is threaded through the threaded members 210 during attachment of the tip 100 to the handle member 200 and before engaging the detent hole 205. Alternatively or additionally, a detent 170 may be present on the handle member 200, and a detent hole 205 may be present on the outer tube 102. Although a detent 170 in the form of a boss is shown, it is understood by those of skill in the art that the detent may include more than one boss, or may take the form of an extruded ring or fluted portion, which, in such a situation, the detent hole 205 would be correspondingly formed to accommodate the form of the detent 170. Further, the detent hole 205 may or may not penetrate through the handle member. As understood, one or more detents may be used.

    [0023] In other embodiments, the outer tube assembly (the outer tube of the handle member mated with the outer tube of the removable tip) has inner and outer formed threads with a 1 mm pitch on respective ends of the handle member and removable tip. The outer tubing 102 of removable tip 100 has externally formed threads and an integral detent (bump) 170 feature. The outer tubing of handle member 200 has internally formed threads and detent hole 205 that mates with detent 170. The shaft assembly (the inner shaft of the handle member mated with the inner shaft of the removable tip) has inner and outer formed threads with a 1 mm pitch. The inner shaft of handle member 200 has internally formed threads integrated into a single cantilever beam spring contact element and aligning feature for the external thread of inner shaft 160 of removable tip 100. Inner shaft 160 has, for example, a machined 1 mm pitch thread 164. Threaded member 164 of inner shaft 160 is threadedly inserted into the internal threaded shaft 174 (second inner shaft) of the handle member 200 in order to provide bending stiffness to the mated assembly. The shaft 174 may be electrically-conductive and in the form of an actuation rod that slidably translates within the handle member 200 (by actuation of, e.g., a trigger) to actuate the jaws 120, 140, although those skilled in the art would appreciate embodiments having no movable tip, such as a scraper and the like. In such embodiments, the shaft 174 does not translate. Those skilled in the art would appreciate that in alternative embodiments, rather than the inner shaft 160 being threadedly attachable to the shaft 174, the inner shaft may be attached to the shaft 174 by any suitable means of attachment, including but not limited to ball-and-clevis attachments, snap-fit attachments, spring-loaded ball-and-detent attachments and the like. It is appreciated that the pitch of threaded members 164, 166 and 210 (and the inner rod assembly of the handle member, not shown) are not limited to the described embodiments and may have any size pitch and formed in any suitable manner understood by the skilled artisan.

    [0024] In view of the foregoing, the present disclosure, through one or more of its various aspects, embodiments and/or specific features or sub-components, is thus intended to bring out one or more of the advantages as specifically noted below.

    [0025] The illustrations of the embodiments described herein are intended to provide a general understanding of the structure of the various embodiments. The illustrations are not intended to serve as a complete description of all of the elements and features of apparatus and systems that utilize the structures or methods described herein. Many other embodiments may be apparent to those of skill in the art upon reviewing the disclosure. Other embodiments may be utilized and derived from the disclosure, such that structural and logical substitutions and changes may be made without departing from the scope of the disclosure. Additionally, the illustrations are merely representational and may not be drawn to scale. Certain proportions within the illustrations may be exaggerated, while other proportions may be minimized. Accordingly, the disclosure and the figures are to be regarded as illustrative rather than restrictive.

    [0026] One or more embodiments of the disclosure may be referred to herein, individually and/or collectively, by the term "invention" merely for convenience and without intending to voluntarily limit the scope of this application to any particular invention or inventive concept. Moreover, although specific embodiments have been illustrated and described herein, it should be appreciated that any subsequent arrangement designed to achieve the same or similar purpose may be substituted for the specific embodiments shown. This disclosure is intended to cover any and all subsequent adaptations or variations of various embodiments. Combinations of the above embodiments, and other embodiments not specifically described herein, will be apparent to those of skill in the art upon reviewing the description. The scope of the invention is only defined by the claims.


    Claims

    1. A laparoscopic device, comprising:

    a removable tip (100) having a first outermost casing (102); and

    a handle member (12) for removably receiving and actuating the removable tip (100);

    wherein the removable tip (100) further comprises a first inner shaft (160) located at least partially within the first outermost casing (102) and having a first threaded member (164), and

    the first outermost casing (102) has a second threaded member (166);

    wherein the first outermost casing (102) is electrically-conductive and configured as an electrical path;

    wherein the removable tip (100) further comprises a cutting and sealing instrument at an end of the removable tip (100) opposite of the first threaded member (164) and including at least one resistive heating member (122); and is adapted such that electrical energy provided to and traversed along a path of the first inner shaft (160) of the removable tip (100) returns along the electrical energy path defined by the first outermost casing (102).


     
    2. The laparoscopic device according to claim 1, wherein the first and second threaded members (164, 166) have different thread forms.
     
    3. The laparoscopic device according to claim 2, wherein
    the handle member (12) has a second inner shaft (174) with a third threaded member mateable with the first threaded member (164), and
    the handle member (12) has a second outermost casing with a fourth threaded member mateable with the second threaded member (166).
     
    4. The laparoscopic device according to claim 3, wherein the first outermost casing (102) of the removable tip (100) has a detent (170), and the second outermost casing of the handle member (12) has a detent hole (205) for removably receiving the detent (170).
     
    5. The laparoscopic device according to claim 3, wherein the first outermost casing (102) of the removable tip (100) is spring biased at the second threaded member end (166).
     
    6. The laparoscopic device according to claim 3, further comprising an inner shaft assembly configured to transfer electrical energy from a power source to the removable tip (100), the inner shaft assembly comprising the first inner shaft (160) of the removable tip (100) mated with the second inner shaft (174) of the handle member (12).
     
    7. The laparoscopic device according to claim 6, wherein the at least one resistive heating member (122) is activated by the electrical energy delivered from the inner shaft assembly and returned via the electrical energy path.
     
    8. The laparoscopic device according to claim 2, wherein the first threaded member (164) has a helix angle different from a helix angle of the second threaded member (166).
     
    9. The laparoscopic device according to claim 2, further comprising insulation located between the first inner shaft (160) and the first outermost casing (102) of the removable tip (100), which insulation extends along at least a portion of the length of the first outermost casing (102).
     
    10. The laparoscopic device according to claim 2, wherein the second threaded member (166) comprises a set of threads extending to both inner and outer sides of first outermost casing (102).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Laparoskopische Vorrichtung, umfassend:

    eine entfernbare Spitze (100), die ein erstes äußerstes Gehäuse (102) hat; und

    ein Griffelement (12) zum entfernbaren Aufnehmen und Betätigen der entfernbaren Spitze (100);

    wobei die entfernbare Spitze (100) ferner einen ersten inneren Schaft (160) umfasst, der zumindest teilweise in dem ersten äußersten Gehäuse (102) angeordnet ist und ein erstes Gewindeelement (164) hat, und

    das erste äußerste Gehäuse (102) ein zweites Gewindeelement (166) hat;

    wobei das erste äußerste Gehäuse (102) elektrisch leitfähig ist und als elektrischer Weg ausgebildet ist;

    wobei die entfernbare Spitze (100) ferner ein Schneide- und Verschlussinstrument an einem dem ersten Gewindeelement (164) entgegengesetzten Ende der entfernbaren Spitze (100) hat und mindestens ein Widerstandsheizelement (122) aufweist; und so ausgebildet ist, dass elektrische Energie, die einem Weg des ersten inneren Schafts (160) der entfernbaren Spitze (100) zugeführt wird und längs diesem geführt ist, entlang des elektrischen Energiewegs zurückkehrt, der durch das erste äußerste Gehäuse (102) definiert wird.


     
    2. Laparoskopische Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das erste und das zweite Gewindeelement (164, 166) verschiedene Gewindeformen haben.
     
    3. Laparoskopische Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, wobei das Griffelement (12) einen zweiten inneren Schaft (174) mit einem dritten Gewindeelement hat, das mit dem ersten Gewindeelement (164) verbindbar ist, und
    das Griffelement (12) ein zweites äußerstes Gehäuse mit einem vierten Gewindeelement hat, das mit dem zweiten Gewindeelement (166) verbindbar ist.
     
    4. Laparoskopische Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 3, wobei das erste äußerste Gehäuse (102) der entfernbaren Spitze (100) eine Raste (170) hat, und das zweite äußerste Gehäuse des Griffelements (12) ein Rastloch (205) hat, um die Raste (170) entfernbar aufzunehmen.
     
    5. Laparoskopische Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 3, wobei das erste äußerste Gehäuse (102) der entfernbaren Spitze (100) an dem zweiten Gewindeelementende (166) durch eine Feder vorgespannt ist.
     
    6. Laparoskopische Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 3, ferner umfassend eine innere Schaftanordnung, die ausgebildet ist, um elektrische Energie von einer Stromquelle zur entfernbaren Spitze (100) zu übertragen, wobei die innere Schaftanordnung den ersten inneren Schaft (160) der entfernbaren Spitze (100) verbunden mit dem zweiten inneren Schaft (174) des Griffelements (12) umfasst.
     
    7. Laparoskopische Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 6, wobei das mindestens eine Widerstandsheizelement (122) von der elektrischen Energie aktiviert ist, die von der inneren Schaftanordnung zugeführt und über den elektrischen Energieweg zurückgeleitet wird.
     
    8. Laparoskopische Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, wobei das erste Gewindeelement (164) einen Steigungswinkel hat, der sich von einem Steigungswinkel des zweiten Gewindeelements (166) unterscheidet.
     
    9. Laparoskopische Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, ferner umfassend eine Isolierung, die zwischen dem ersten inneren Schaft (160) und dem ersten äußersten Gehäuse (102) der entfernbaren Spitze (100) angeordnet ist, wobei sich die Isolierung entlang mindestens eines Abschnitts der Länge des ersten äußersten Gehäuses (102) erstreckt.
     
    10. Laparoskopische Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, wobei das zweite Gewindeelement (166) einen Satz von Gewinden umfasst, die sich sowohl zu den inneren als auch den äußeren Seiten des ersten äußersten Gehäuses (102) erstrecken.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif laparoscopique comprenant :

    une pointe amovible (100) ayant une première enveloppe la plus extérieure (102) ; et

    un organe de poignée (12) pour recevoir de manière amovible et actionner la pointe amovible (100) ;

    dans lequel la pointe amovible (100) comprend en outre un premier arbre interne (160) positionné au moins partiellement dans la première enveloppe la plus extérieure (102) et ayant un premier organe fileté (164), et

    la première enveloppe la plus extérieure (102) a un deuxième organe fileté (166) ;

    dans lequel la première enveloppe la plus extérieure (102) est électriquement conductrice et configurée comme une trajectoire électrique ;

    dans lequel la pointe amovible (100) comprend en outre un instrument de coupe et de scellement au niveau d'une extrémité de la pointe amovible (100) opposée du premier organe fileté (164) et comprenant au moins un organe de chauffage résistif (122) ; et est conçue de sorte que l'énergie électrique fournie à et qui traverse le long d'une trajectoire du premier arbre interne (160) de la pointe amovible (100) revient le long de la trajectoire d'énergie électrique définie par la première enveloppe la plus extérieure (102).


     
    2. Dispositif laparoscopique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les premier et deuxième organes filetés (164, 166) ont différentes formes de filetage.
     
    3. Dispositif laparoscopique selon la revendication 2, dans lequel :

    l'organe de poignée (12) a un second arbre interne (174) avec un troisième organe fileté pouvant être couplé avec le premier organe fileté (164), et

    l'organe de poignée (12) a une seconde enveloppe la plus extérieure avec un quatrième organe fileté pouvant être couplé avec le deuxième organe fileté (166).


     
    4. Dispositif laparoscopique selon la revendication 3, dans lequel la première enveloppe la plus extérieure (102) de la pointe amovible (100) a un encliquetage (170), et la seconde enveloppe la plus extérieure de l'organe de poignée (12) a un trou d'encliquetage (205) pour recevoir, de manière amovible, l'encliquetage (170).
     
    5. Dispositif laparoscopique selon la revendication 3, dans lequel la première enveloppe la plus extérieure (102) de la pointe amovible (100) est sollicitée par ressort au niveau de l'extrémité (166) du deuxième organe fileté.
     
    6. Dispositif laparoscopique selon la revendication 3, comprenant en outre un ensemble d'arbre interne configuré pour transférer l'énergie électrique d'une source d'énergie à la pointe amovible (100), l'ensemble d'arbre interne comprenant le premier arbre interne (160) de la pointe amovible (100) couplé avec le second arbre interne (174) de l'organe de poignée (12).
     
    7. Dispositif laparoscopique selon la revendication 6, dans lequel l'au moins un organe de chauffage résistif (122) est activé par l'énergie électrique fournie par l'ensemble d'arbre interne et ramenée via la trajectoire d'énergie électrique.
     
    8. Dispositif laparoscopique selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le premier organe fileté (164) a un angle d'hélice différent d'un angle d'hélice du deuxième organe fileté (166).
     
    9. Dispositif laparoscopique selon la revendication 2, comprenant en outre une isolation positionnée entre le premier arbre interne (160) et la première enveloppe la plus extérieure (102) de la pointe amovible (100), laquelle isolation s'étend le long d'au moins une partie de la longueur de la première enveloppe la plus extérieure (102).
     
    10. Dispositif laparoscopique selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le deuxième organe fileté (166) comprend un ensemble de filetages s'étendant à la fois vers les côtés interne et externe de la première enveloppe la plus extérieure (102).
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description