(19)
(11)EP 2 836 039 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/49

(21)Application number: 12875943.8

(22)Date of filing:  24.09.2012
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04W 72/04  (2009.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2012/081843
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/163859 (07.11.2013 Gazette  2013/45)

(54)

MIMO WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, TRANSMISSION METHOD AND DEVICE

DRAHTLOSES MIMO-KOMMUNIKATIONSSYSTEM, ÜBERTRAGUNGSVERFAHREN UND VORRICHTUNG

SYSTÈME DE COMMUNICATION SANS FIL MIMO, PROCÉDÉ ET DISPOSITIF DE TRANSMISSION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 02.05.2012 CN 201210133535

(43)Date of publication of application:
11.02.2015 Bulletin 2015/07

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • LIU, Sheng
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • YU, Rongdao
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • WANG, Rui
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Körber, Martin Hans 
Mitscherlich PartmbB Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Sonnenstrasse 33
80331 München
80331 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
CN-A- 102 026 307
CN-A- 102 204 392
US-A1- 2011 106 952
US-A1- 2013 078 991
CN-A- 102 083 138
US-A1- 2010 322 176
US-A1- 2012 099 540
  
  • STANKOVIC V ET AL: "Generalized Design of Multi-User MIMO Precoding Matrices", IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, IEEE SERVICE CENTER, PISCATAWAY, NJ, US, vol. 7, no. 3, 1 March 2008 (2008-03-01), pages 953-961, XP011205994, ISSN: 1536-1276
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION



[0001] The present invention relates to the field of communications technologies, and in particular, to a multiple-input multiple-output MIMO (Multiple-Input Multiple-Output) wireless communication system, a MIMO transmission method, and an apparatus.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0002] With the development of communication technologies and with the rapid development of manufacturing techniques, capabilities of a user equipment UE (User Equipment) are getting greater, antennas configured in the UE become more and more, and the MIMO technology attracts increasing attention. The MIMO technology means that multiple transmit antennas and receive antennas are used at a transmitting end and a receiving end respectively, and signals are transferred and received through the multiple antennas of the transmitting end and the receiving end, so as to greatly improve frequency spectrum utilization and enable a wireless communication system to transmit a data service at a higher rate.
US 2012/099540 discloses a method that includes selecting one or more terminals involved in a device-to-device communication to which interference caused by a transmission to one or more other terminals should be suppressed, and choosing a number of degrees of freedom from a predetermined number of degrees of freedom to be used to suppress interference towards the selected one or more terminals. The method also includes using the remaining degrees of freedom from the predetermined number to increase signal quality to the one or more other terminals and performing precoding based on the chosen number of degrees of freedom and the remaining degrees of freedom. The method further includes, using at least the performed precoding, transmitting information to the one or more other terminals. Apparatus and programs/program products are also disclosed.
US 2011/106952 discloses an apparatus for providing coordination of device-to-device communication.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0003] Main objectives of embodiments of the present invention are to provide a MIMO wireless communication system according to independent claim 7, a MIMO transmission method according to independent claim 1, and an apparatus according to independent claim 4, so as to effectively improve transmission efficiency and decrease a transmission delay.

[0004] In order to achieve the foregoing objectives, the embodiments of the present invention adopt the following technical solutions:

[0005] In an aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a MIMO wireless communication system, including:

a BS, a first UE, and at least one second UE, where

the first UE performs cellular uplink communication with the BS, and performs device-to-device D2D (Device-to-Device) communication with the at least one second UE in a UE self-organized manner; and

the same time-frequency resource is used in the cellular uplink communication between the first UE and the BS and the D2D communication between the first UE and the second UE.



[0006] In an aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a MIMO transmission method, including:

performing, by a first UE, cellular uplink communication with a BS; and

performing, by the first UE, D2D communication with at least one second UE in a UE self-organized manner, where

the same time-frequency resource is used in the cellular uplink communication and the D2D communication.



[0007] In another aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a UE, including:

a first communication unit, configured to perform cellular uplink communication with a BS; and

a second communication unit, configured to perform D2D communication with at least one second UE in a UE self-organized manner, where

the same time-frequency resource is used in the cellular uplink communication and the D2D communication.



[0008] Through the MIMO wireless communication system, MIMO transmission method, and apparatus which are provided by the embodiments of the present invention, one UE not only can perform the cellular uplink communication with the BS, but also can perform the D2D communication with another UE, that is, two UEs can directly perform communication with each other without requiring the BS to perform forwarding, which not only can effectively reduce the occupancy of a BS resource, but also can effectively improve the transmission efficiency and decrease the transmission delay. In addition, because the same time-frequency resource is used in the D2D communication between the UE and another UE and the cellular uplink communication between the UE and the BS, the frequency spectrum efficiency of the wireless communication system can be effectively improved.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0009] To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention or in the prior art more clearly, the following briefly introduces accompanying drawings required for describing the embodiments. Apparently, the accompanying drawings in the following description show merely some embodiments of the present invention, and persons of ordinary skill in the art may still derive other drawings from these accompanying drawings without creative efforts.

FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of a MIMO wireless communication system according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of a MIMO wireless communication system according to the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of a MIMO wireless communication system according to the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of a MIMO wireless communication system according to the present invention;

FIG. 5 is schematic diagram of an embodiment of a UE according to the present invention;

FIG. 6 is schematic diagram of an embodiment of a UE according to the present invention;

FIG. 7 is schematic diagram of an embodiment of a UE according to the present invention; and

FIG. 8 is schematic diagram of an embodiment of a UE according to the present invention.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS



[0010] The following clearly describes the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. Apparently, the described embodiments are merely part rather than all of the embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments obtained by persons of ordinary skill in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without creative efforts shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

[0011] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of a MIMO wireless communication system according to the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1, the MIMO wireless communication system provided by the embodiment of the present invention includes:

a BS, a UE (first UE), and a D2D UE (second UE), where

the UE performs cellular uplink communication with the BS; and the UE performs D2D communication with the D2D UE, so as to form MIMO communication, and the same time-frequency resource is used in the cellular uplink communication between the UE and the BS and the D2D communication between the UE and the D2D UE.



[0012] Based on an existing cellular mobile communication system, the MIMO wireless communication system provided by this embodiment introduces a UE self-organizing communication manner, that is, a D2D communication manner. The D2D communication does not need to be controlled by the BS or an access node, so that the communication and networking are very flexible. Introducing the D2D communication to the existing cellular mobile communication system brings a series of advantages: first, a local service that is near at hand can be directly completed through relay forwarding between terminal devices without the BS, so as to reduce occupancy of a BS resource, and effectively improve transmission efficiency and decrease a transmission delay; second, a coverage defect of a preset network can also be remedied, and some coverage holes always existing in a coverage area of the existing cellular mobile communication system can be eliminated; third, power consumption can also be effectively decreased, and when the communication is implemented by several short paths instead of a long path, a sum of power of the several short paths is less than power required by the long path; and in addition, the capacity of the whole mobile communication system can be increased and space multiplexing can be increased.

[0013] In the MIMO wireless communication system provided by this embodiment, the UE not only can perform the cellular uplink communication with the BS, but also can perform the D2D communication with the D2D UE, that is, two UEs can directly perform communication with each other without requiring the BS to perform forwarding, so as to effectively reduce the occupancy of the BS resource, and effectively improve the transmission efficiency and decrease the transmission delay. In addition, because the same time-frequency resource is used in the D2D communication between the UE and another UE and the cellular uplink communication between the UE and the BS, the frequency spectrum efficiency of the wireless communication system can be effectively improved.

[0014] It should be noted that, the MIMO wireless communication system in this embodiment is described by taking an example where the UE performs D2D communication with a D2D UE, but the present invention is not limited thereto, and the UE can perform D2D communication with at least one D2D UE.

[0015] Because the same time-frequency resource is used in the cellular uplink communication between the UE and the BS and the D2D communication between the UE and the D2D UE, interference exists between the cellular uplink communication and the D2D communication. To control the interference between the cellular uplink communication and the D2D communication in the MIMO system in this embodiment, optionally, before communication data of the two kinds of communication is transmitted, the UE may select a specific precoding matrix to perform precoding processing on data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication and data transmitted in the D2D communication respectively, so as to reduce or eliminate the interference between the cellular uplink communication and the D2D communication, thereby implementing effective combination of cellular communication and the D2D communication and proper multiplexing of frequency spectrum resources, and thereby greatly improving the frequency spectrum efficiency of the system.

[0016] Specifically, the UE may use a first precoding matrix to perform precoding processing on the data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication, so as to make interference of the cellular uplink communication to the device-to-device communication lower than a first specified threshold; and the UE uses a second precoding matrix to perform precoding processing on the data transmitted in the D2D communication, so as to make interference of the D2D communication to the cellular uplink communication lower than a second specified threshold. Definitely, it is most desirable to limit the interference between the two kinds of communication to zero.

[0017] It should be noted that, the first specified threshold and the second specified threshold may be the same and may also be different, which is not limited in the present invention. It should be understood that, for a wireless communication system having multiple second UEs, the UE adopts a second precoding matrix for the D2D communication between the UE and each second UE.

[0018] For example, without loss of generality, it is assumed that a cellular uplink transmission channel from the UE to the BS is HB, transmission data is SB, a precoding matrix is WB (the first precoding matrix), a D2D link channel between the UE and the D2D UE is HD, D2D transmission data is SD, and a precoding matrix is WD (the second precoding matrix), so that for the cellular uplink transmission performed between the UE and the BS, a signal received by a BS side is:



[0019] In equation (1), the first term HBWBSB is a signal that the BS expects to receive, HBWDSD is interference caused by the D2D communication, and nB is noise. To eliminate the interference caused by D2D transmission for the cellular uplink transmission, that is, to make the interference of the D2D communication in the cellular uplink communication be zero, it requires:



[0020] That is to say, when the precoding matrix WD selected by the UE satisfies HBWD = 0 , the interference of the D2D communication in the cellular uplink communication can be zero.

[0021] To this end, the UE may obtain precoding matrices for the cellular uplink communication and the D2D communication in following manner:

[0022] Singular value decomposition is performed on HB, which is:

where ∑B is a diagonal matrix formed of a non-zero singular value of HB;

is a singular vector formed of a non-zero singular value;

is a singular vector formed of a zero singular value and is a null-space orthogonal basis of HB; and UB is a unitary matrix.

[0023] When

HBWD = 0. Therefore, the UE adopts a precoding matrix

to perform precoding processing on the data transmitted in the D2D communication, so as to make the interference of the D2D communication in the cellular uplink communication be zero, and eliminate the interference caused by the D2D transmission for the cellular uplink transmission.

[0024] In a similar way, for the D2D transmission performed between the UE and the D2D UE, a signal received by the D2D UE is:



[0025] In equation (2), the second term HDWDSD is a signal that the D2D UE expects to receive; HDWBSB is interference caused by the cellular uplink communication for the D2D communication; and nD is noise. To eliminate the interference caused by the cellular uplink transmission for the D2D transmission, that is, to make the interference of the cellular uplink communication in the D2D communication be zero, it requires:



[0026] That is to say, when the precoding matrix WB selected by the UE satisfies HDWB = 0, the interference of the cellular uplink communication in the D2D communication can be zero.

[0027] To this end, in this example, singular value decomposition is performed on HD, which is:


where ∑D is a diagonal matrix formed of a non-zero singular value of HD;

is a singular vector formed of a non-zero singular value;

is a singular vector formed of a zero singular value and is a null-space orthogonal basis of HD; and UD is a unitary matrix.

[0028] When

HDWB = 0. Therefore, the UE adopts a precoding matrix

to perform precoding processing on the data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication, so as to make the interference of the cellular uplink communication in the D2D communication be zero, and eliminate the interference caused by the cellular uplink transmission to the D2D transmission.

[0029] To sum up, in the embodiment of the present invention, the UE may select the

and

to perform the precoding processing on the data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication and the data transmitted in the D2D communication respectively, so as to make the interference of the cellular uplink communication in the D2D communication be zero, and make the interference of the D2D communication in the cellular uplink communication be zero.

[0030] It can be understood that, the foregoing precoding matrices selected by the UE are only examples, and the precoding matrix selected by the UE is not limited in the present invention, and other precoding matrices may also be used. In addition, the precoding matrix selected by the UE not only can eliminate the interference between the cellular uplink communication and the D2D communication, but also can reduce the interference between the cellular uplink communication and the D2D communication to be lower than a set threshold.

[0031] It should be noted that, the first and second specified thresholds are not limited in the embodiment of the present invention, and persons skilled in the art may determine the first and second specified thresholds according to common knowledge in the art, the anti-interference capability of the BS and the D2D UE, experience, or the like, so as to select a suitable precoding matrix, and reduce the interference between the cellular uplink communication and the D2D communication to an interference range so that the two kinds of normal communication are not affected.

[0032] It can be understood that, the foregoing precoding processing of the UE is described through a case that the UE performs the cellular uplink communication with the BS and the UE performs the D2D transmission with a D2D UE, and can be further extended to and used in a scenario that the UE performs the cellular uplink communication with the BS and the UE performs D2D transmission with multiple D2D UEs.

[0033] Although the UE may eliminate or reduce the interference between the cellular uplink communication and the D2D communication through the precoding processing, because maximum transmit power of the UE is fixed, and the UE intends to perform the cellular uplink communication with the BS and perform the D2D communication with the D2D UE, the UE definitely needs to rationally allocate transmit power. Optionally, the UE may adopt the following power allocation solution:

[0034] Because the D2D communication is short-distance transmission, path loss is relatively small, and the requirement of transmit power is relatively low, the UE first performs power control on the D2D transmission, determines transmit power of the D2D communication according to path loss of a D2D communication link, and uses the determined transmit power of the D2D communication to perform the D2D communication with the D2D UE.

[0035] Specifically, the UE sets transmit power PD2D of the D2D communication between the UE and the D2D UE to a sum of specified transmission power

of the D2D communication and path loss compensation α · PLD2D of the D2D communication link:

where PLD2D is path loss of a D2D link, and α is a D2D transmission path loss supplement factor.

[0036] The specified transmission power

is specific transmission power which is of the D2D communication and preset for the UE, and can be set by persons skilled in the art, for example, according to a communication standard. In some embodiments, persons skilled in the art can adjust

of the UE.

[0037] Then, the UE determines transmit power of the cellular uplink communication according to the determined transmit power of the D2D communication and path loss of a cellular uplink communication link, and uses the determined transmit power of the cellular uplink communication to perform the cellular uplink communication with the base station.

[0038] Specifically, because maximum transmit power Pmax of the UE is fixed, maximum transmit power for the UE to perform the cellular uplink communication with the BS is Pmax - PD2D.

[0039] In this case, if a sum of specified transmission power

of the cellular uplink communication and path loss compensation β · PLcellular of the cellular uplink communication link is less than Pmax - PD2D, the UE sets the transmit power of the cellular uplink communication between the UE and the BS to

otherwise, the UE sets the transmit power of the cellular uplink communication between the UE and the BS to Pmax - PD2D.

[0040] The specified transmission power

is specific transmission power which is of the cellular uplink communication and preset for the UE, and can be set by persons skilled in the art, for example, according to a communication standard. In some embodiments, persons skilled in the art can adjust

of the UE.

[0041] FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of another embodiment of a MIMO wireless communication system according to an embodiment of the present invention, which includes a BS, a UE (first UE) and n D2D UEs (second UE) in total: D2D UE1, D2D UE2, ..., and D2D UEn, where the n is greater than or equal to 2. The UE performs cellular uplink communication with the BS, and the UE performs D2D communication with each D2D UE, so as to form MIMO communication. The same time-frequency resource is used in the cellular uplink communication between the UE and the BS and the D2D communication between the UE and each D2D UE.

[0042] To eliminate or reduce interference between the cellular uplink communication and the D2D communication, this embodiment may use the same precoding processing manner as the foregoing embodiment. An example is taken for description.

[0043] It is assumed that a cellular uplink transmission channel from the UE to the BS is HB, transmission data is SB, and a precoding matrix is WB; and it is assumed that the UE performs D2D communication with the n D2D UEs, a D2D link channel between the UE and D2D UEi is HDi, D2D transmission data is SDi, and a precoding matrix is WDi, where i is an integer greater than 0 and less than or equal to n, so that for cellular uplink transmission performed between the UE and the BS, a signal received by the BS is:

and for D2D transmission performed between the UE and D2D UEi, a signal received by D2D UEi is:



[0044] In equation (3), the first term HBWBSB is a signal that the BS expects to receive,

is interference caused by the D2D communication between the UE and D2D UEi, and nB is noise. To eliminate the interference caused by the D2D transmission between the UE and D2D UEi for the cellular uplink transmission, that is, to make the interference of the D2D communication between the UE and D2D UEi in the cellular uplink communication be zero, it requires:



[0045] That is to say, when a precoding matrix WDi selected by the UE satisfies HBWDi = 0, the interference of the D2D communication in the cellular uplink communication can be zero.

[0046] In a similar way, in equation (4), the second term HDiWDiSDi is a signal that D2D UEi expects to receive; HDiWBSB is interference caused by the cellular uplink communication for the D2D communication;

is interference caused by the D2D communication between the UE and another D2D UE; and nDi is noise. To eliminate the interference, it requires:

where j is an integer greater than 0 and less than or equal to n.

[0047] That is to say, when the precoding matrix WB selected by the UE satisfies HDiWB = 0, the interference of the cellular uplink communication in the D2D communication between the UE and D2D UEi can be zero. When the precoding matrix WDi selected by the UE satisfies HDiWDj = 0(i ≠ j), the interference of the D2D communication between the UE and another D2D UE in the D2D communication between the UE and D2D UEi can be zero.

[0048] To this end, the UE may obtain precoding matrices for the cellular uplink communication and the D2D communication between the UE and D2D UEi in following manner:

[0049] An interference channel of cellular uplink link transmission from the UE to the BS to transmission of another D2D UEi is:



[0050] Singular value decomposition is performed on B, which is:

where ∑B is a diagonal matrix formed of a non-zero singular value of B;

is a singular vector formed of a non-zero singular value;

is a singular vector formed of a zero singular value and is a null-space orthogonal basis of B; and UB is a unitary matrix.

[0051] When

HDiWB = 0. Therefore, the UE adopts a precoding matrix

to perform precoding processing on data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication, so that the interference of the cellular uplink communication in the D2D communication between the UE and D2D UEi is zero, and the interference of the cellular uplink communication in the D2D communication between the UE and D2D UEi is eliminated.

[0052] An interference channel of the D2D transmission between the UE and D2D UEi to the cellular uplink link transmission from the UE to the BS and to the transmission of another D2D UE is:



[0053] Singular value decomposition is performed on Di, which is:

where ΣDi is a diagonal matrix formed of a non-zero singular value of Di;

is a singular vector formed of a non-zero singular value;

is a singular vector formed of a zero singular value and is a null-space orthogonal basis of Di ; and UDi is a unitary matrix.

[0054] When

HDjWDi = 0(i ≠ j), HBWDi = 0. Therefore, the UE adopts a precoding matrix

WDi to perform precoding processing on data transmitted in the D2D communication between the UE and D2D UEi, so as to eliminate the interference caused by the D2D communication between the UE and D2D UEi for the cellular uplink communication from the UE to the BS, and the interference caused by the D2D communication between the UE and D2D UEi for D2D transmission between the UE and another D2D UE.

[0055] FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of another embodiment of a MIMO wireless communication system according to an embodiment of the present invention. The MIMO wireless communication system in this embodiment includes a BS, a UE (first UE), and a D2D UE (second UE). A difference from the foregoing embodiments is that, in this embodiment, in addition to that the UE performs cellular uplink communication with the BS and the UE performs D2D communication with the D2D UE, the D2D UE also performs cellular uplink communication with the BS. The same time-frequency resource is used in the foregoing three kinds of communication. That is to say, through a D2D link and at the same time when performing data transmission with the BS through a cellular uplink link, the UE performs space division multiplexing on the same time-frequency resource used in the foregoing cellular communication with the D2D UE, so as to form a multiple-input multiple-output system, and at the same time, the BS further schedules the D2D UE to perform the cellular uplink transmission on the time-frequency resource, that is, the UE and the D2D UE further perform the cellular uplink virtual MIMO transmission at the same time.

[0056] In this embodiment, the cellular uplink communication and the D2D communication of the UE may adopt the same precoding processing and power allocation manners as the foregoing embodiments, and reference may be made to foregoing descriptions for specific details, which are not elaborated herein. For the D2D UE, because the D2D UE further performs the cellular uplink transmission with the BS on the same time-frequency resource at the same time when receiving D2D transmission data sent by the UE to the D2D UE, interference is caused for the D2D UE receiving the D2D data. Therefore, the D2D UE first needs to eliminate self-interference caused by the cellular uplink transmission, that is, to perform interference elimination on a signal of the cellular uplink communication between the D2D UE and the BS, and then receives and modulates and decodes the D2D data transmitted by the UE.

[0057] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of another embodiment of a MIMO wireless communication system according to an embodiment of the present invention. The MIMO wireless communication system in this embodiment includes a BS, a UE (first UE), and a D2D UE (second UE). A difference from the foregoing embodiments is that, in this embodiment, the MIMO wireless communication system further includes a UE1 (third UE), in addition to that the UE performs cellular uplink communication with the BS and the UE performs D2D communication with the D2D UE, the UE1 also performs cellular uplink communication with the BS, and the same time-frequency resource is used in the foregoing three kinds of communication. That is to say, through a D2D link at the same time when performing data transmission with the BS through a cellular uplink link, the UE performs space division multiplexing on the same time-frequency resource used in the foregoing cellular communication with the D2D UE, so as to form a multiple-input multiple-output system. The BS also performs transmission on the time-frequency resource by scheduling the UE1, that is, the UE1 and the UE perform cellular uplink transmission on the same time-frequency resource, so as to form virtual MIMO, and the cellular uplink transmission between the UE and the BS and D2D transmission between the UE and the D2D UE form MIMO transmission based on the UE.

[0058] In this embodiment, the cellular uplink communication of the UE1 may cause interference for the D2D transmission between the UE and the D2D UE. To effectively avoid and restrain the interference, a distance between the UE1 and the UE may be greater than a specified distance, that is, the BS selects a UE far from the UE to perform uplink virtual MIMO transmission together when scheduling a UE that performs cellular uplink virtual MIMO transmission. The specified distance is not limited in this embodiment, and persons skilled in the art may perform selection according to common knowledge in the art and commonly used technical means, so as to guarantee that the distance between the UE1 and the UE can make ignorable the interference of the cellular uplink communication of the UE1 in the D2D communication between the UE and the D2D UE.

[0059] In addition to controlling the distance between the UE and the UE1, to effectively avoid and restrain the interference of the cellular uplink communication of the UE1 in the D2D transmission between the UE and the D2D UE, the UE1 may adopt a precoding processing manner adopted by the UE in the foregoing embodiments, and measure a channel between the UE1 and the D2D UE, so as to limit cellular uplink transmission data between the UE1 and the BS to a null space of a D2D transmission channel between the UE1 and the D2D UE, that is, perform precoding processing, by using a specific precoding matrix, on data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication between the UE1 and the BS, to restrain the interference of the cellular uplink transmission between the UE1 and the BS in the D2D link, so that the interference of the cellular uplink communication between the UE1 and the BS in the D2D transmission between the UE and the D2D UE is zero or lower than a specified threshold. Reference may be made to foregoing embodiments, which is not elaborated herein.

[0060] In the foregoing embodiments, the UE performs precoding processing, by selecting a specific precoding matrix, on data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication between the UE and the BS and the D2D communication between the UE and the D2D UE, so as to control the interference between the cellular uplink communication between the UE and the BS and the D2D communication between the UE and the D2D UE, that is, a cellular uplink signal and a D2D signal are distinguished in a vector space dimension. However, the present invention is not limited thereto. In an embodiment of the present invention, the UE may perform precoding processing on data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication and data transmitted in the D2D communication in a superposition coding (superposition coding) manner. To distinguish the data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication and the data transmitted in the D2D communication, transmit power of the cellular uplink communication performed by the UE with the BS is higher than transmit power of the D2D communication performed by the UE with the D2D UE. In this way, when receiving an uplink signal of the transmitting UE, the BS directly processes a D2D signal as noise, and when the D2D UE needs to receive a signal of the D2D communication, the D2D UE first detects an uplink signal with high power, performs interference elimination and then detects a required D2D signal. Specifically, the D2D UE may learn, from the BS or the UE, a precoding matrix adopted in the cellular uplink communication between the UE and the BS, and when receiving the signal of the D2D communication, the D2D UE obtains an uplink signal of the cellular uplink communication between the UE and the BS according to the learned precoding matrix, and then performs interference elimination on the obtained uplink signal of the cellular uplink communication.

[0061] In this embodiment, optionally, the UE may adopt a zero-forcing (zero-forcing) algorithm or an MMSE (minimum mean square error) algorithm in MU-MIMO (multiple-user MIMO) to calculable precoding matrices for all D2D UEs. This step may be implemented by using the prior art. An example that the UE uses the zero-forcing algorithm is taken for description in the following:

[0062] Referring to FIG. 2, it is assumed that the UE sends N1, N2, ..., and Nn data streams to D2D UE1, UE2, ..., and UEn respectively, the transmitting UE selects N1, N2, ..., and Nn antennas as receive antennas for the first, second, ..., and nth D2D receiving UE according to channel information HD1, HD2, ..., and HDn, respectively. How to select an antenna is not limited and may be performed according to a common rule in the prior art. Channel matrices of receive antennas between the UE and all the D2D UEs are marked as TD1, TD2, ..., and TDn.

[0063] The UE calculates a precoding matrix used by the UE for the ith (i = 1, 2, ..., and n) D2D UE as follows:
Si=[TD1', TD2', ..., and TD(i-1)', TD(i+1)', ..., and TDn']', where ' represents a conjugate transpose of a matrix.

[0064] The UE finds Mi orthogonal bases Wi,1, Wi,2, ..., and Wi,Mi in a null space of a row vector of the Si, so that:

for all j=1, 2, ..., and Mi, Wi,j Wi,j'=1; and

for all j≠k, Wi,j Wi,k'=0.



[0065] The UE uses Pi=[Wi,1', Wi,2', ..., and Wi,Ni'] as a precoding matrix for transmission from the UE to D2D UEi.

[0066] Optionally, if the UE does not know an uplink channel, a unit matrix is used as a precoding matrix for uplink transmission; or the BS may inform the UE of a precoding matrix used in the uplink transmission. If the transmitting UE knows the uplink channel, a precoding matrix may be determined through an existing MIMO transmission technology.

[0067] A precoding matrix and a transmitted signal that the UE gives to the BS are marked as PB and XB respectively, and a transmitted signal that the UE gives to the ith D2D UE is marked as Xi, so that:

a receiving signal of the BS is YB = HB(PBXB + P1X1 +... + PnXn) + ZB, where ZB represents noise; and

a receiving signal of the ith D2D UE is Yi = HDi(PBXB + P1X1 +... + PnXn) + Zi, where Zi represents noise.



[0068] When performing uplink signal detection, the BS does not perform any processing on a D2D signal and only uses the D2D signal as noise. A signal processing procedure of the D2D UE is as follows:
The D2D UE may obtain, from the BS or the UE, a precoding matrix for transmission from the UE to the base station.

[0069] The D2D UE first uses the D2D signal as interference, detects an uplink signal from the UE to the base station, and obtains a preliminary estimate B of the uplink signal XB, and then demodulates and decodes B.

[0070] The D2D UE recodes and re-modulates, in a manner of the UE, information obtained by the decoding in the foregoing step, and restores the uplink signal, so as to obtain an accurate estimate B of the uplink signal.

[0071] The D2D UE deletes the uplink signal from the receiving signal, that is, i = Yi - HiPBB, and estimates a required D2D signal according to i.

[0072] Corresponding to the foregoing MIMO wireless communication system, an embodiment of the present invention further provides a MIMO transmission method, and a UE in this method embodiment is a first UE. The method includes:

performing, by the UE, cellular uplink communication with a BS; and

performing, by the UE, D2D communication with at least one second UE, where

the same time-frequency resource is used in the cellular uplink communication and the D2D communication.



[0073] In the MIMO transmission method by the embodiment of the present invention, the UE not only can perform the cellular uplink communication with the BS, but also can perform the D2D communication with the second UE, that is, two UEs can directly perform communication with each other without requiring the BS to perform forwarding, which not only can effectively reduce occupancy of a BS resource, but also can effectively improve transmission efficiency and decrease a transmission delay. In addition, because the same time-frequency resource is used in the D2D communication between the UE and the second UE and the cellular uplink communication between the UE and the BS, frequency spectrum efficiency of the wireless communication system can be effectively improved.

[0074] Optionally, to effectively reduce or eliminate interference between the cellular uplink communication and the D2D communication, in an embodiment of the present invention, before the UE performs the cellular uplink communication and the D2D communication, the MIMO transmission method further includes:

using, by the UE, a first precoding matrix to perform precoding processing on data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication, so as to make interference of the cellular uplink communication to the D2D communication lower than a first specified threshold; and

using, by the UE, a second precoding matrix to perform precoding processing on data transmitted in the D2D communication, so as to make interference of the D2D communication to the cellular uplink communication lower than a second specified threshold.



[0075] The UE performs precoding processing, by using specific precoding matrices (the first precoding matrix and the second precoding matrix), on the data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication and the data transmitted in the D2D communication respectively, so as to make the interference of the cellular uplink communication to the D2D communication lower than a specified threshold, and make the interference of the D2D communication to the cellular uplink communication lower than a specified threshold. Reference may be made to the foregoing embodiments for a precoding matrix selected by the UE, which is not elaborated herein.

[0076] To properly allocate transmit power of the UE, optionally, in an embodiment of the present invention, the method further includes:

determining, by the UE, transmit power of the D2D communication according to path loss of a D2D communication link; and

determining, by the UE, transmit power of the cellular uplink communication according to the determined transmit power of the D2D communication and path loss of a cellular uplink communication link.



[0077] In this case, the UE uses the determined transmit power of the cellular uplink communication to perform the cellular uplink communication with the base station, and uses the determined transmit power of the D2D communication to perform the D2D communication with the second UE.

[0078] Specifically, the UE first performs power control on D2D transmission, and sets the transmit power PD2D of the D2D communication between the UE and the second UE to a sum of specified transmission power

of the D2D communication and path loss compensation α · PLD2D of the D2D communication link:

where PLD2D is path loss of a D2D link, and α is a D2D transmission path loss supplement factor.

[0079] Because maximum transmit power Pmax of the UE is fixed, maximum transmit power of the cellular uplink communication performed between the UE and the BS is Pmax - PD2D.

[0080] In this case, if a sum of specified transmission power

of the cellular uplink communication and path loss compensation β · PLcellular of the cellular uplink communication link is less than Pmax - PD2D, the UE sets the transmit power of the cellular uplink communication between the UE and the BS to

otherwise, if the sum of the specified transmission power

of the cellular uplink communication and the path loss compensation β · PLcellular of the cellular uplink communication link is not less than Pmax - PD2D, the UE sets the transmit power of the cellular uplink communication between the UE and the BS to Pmax - PD2D.

[0081] To effectively reduce or eliminate the interference between the cellular uplink communication and the D2D communication, optionally, in an embodiment of the present invention, before the UE performs the cellular uplink communication and the D2D communication, the MIMO transmission method further includes:
performing, by the UE, precoding processing on data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication and data transmitted in the D2D communication in a superposition coding manner.

[0082] The UE uses the superposition coding manner, and therefore, to distinguish the data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication and the data transmitted in the D2D communication, transmit power used in the cellular uplink communication performed by the UE is higher than transmit power used in the D2D communication performed by the UE, so that when receiving an uplink signal of the cellular uplink communication, the BS processes a signal of the D2D communication as noise, and when receiving the signal of the D2D communication, the second UE first performs interference elimination on the uplink signal of the cellular uplink communication and then detects a D2D signal.

[0083] Corresponding to the foregoing MIMO wireless communication system, an embodiment of the present invention further provides a UE. As shown in FIG. 5, the UE includes:

a first communication unit 101, configured to perform cellular uplink communication with a BS; and

a second communication unit 102, configured to perform D2D communication with at least one second UE, where

the same time-frequency resource is used in the cellular uplink communication and the D2D communication.



[0084] The UE provided by the embodiment of the present invention not only can perform the cellular uplink communication with the BS, but also can perform the D2D communication with the second UE, that is, two UEs can directly perform communication with each other without requiring the BS to perform forwarding, which not only can effectively reduce occupancy of a BS resource, but also can effectively improve transmission efficiency and decrease a transmission delay. In addition, because the same time-frequency resource is used in the D2D communication between the UE and the second UE and the cellular uplink communication between the UE and the BS, frequency spectrum efficiency of the wireless communication system can be effectively improved.

[0085] Optionally, in an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 6, the UE further includes:

a first precoding unit 103, configured to use a first precoding matrix to perform precoding processing on data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication, so as to make interference of the cellular uplink communication to the D2D communication lower than a first specified threshold; and

a second precoding unit 104, configured to use a second precoding matrix to perform precoding processing on data transmitted in the D2D communication, so as to make interference of the D2D communication to the cellular uplink communication lower than a second specified threshold.



[0086] Optionally, in an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 7, the UE further includes:
a determining unit 105, configured to determine transmit power of the D2D communication according to path loss of a D2D communication link, and determine transmit power of the cellular uplink communication according to the determined transmit power of the D2D communication and path loss of a cellular uplink communication link.

[0087] In this case, the first communication unit 101 is specifically configured to use the transmit power, which is determined by the determining unit 105 and is of the cellular uplink communication, to perform the cellular uplink communication with the base station; and the second communication unit 102 is specifically configured to use the transmit power, which is determined by the determining unit 105 and is of the D2D communication, to perform the D2D communication with the second UE.

[0088] Specifically, the transmit power which is determined by the determining unit 105 for the second communication unit 102 to perform the D2D communication is a sum of specified transmission power of the D2D communication and path loss compensation of the D2D communication link. If a sum of specified transmission power of the cellular uplink communication and path loss compensation of the cellular uplink communication link is less than maximum transmit power of the cellular uplink communication, the transmit power which is determined by the determining unit 105 for the first communication unit 101 to perform the cellular uplink communication is the sum of the specified transmission power of the cellular uplink communication and the path loss compensation of the cellular uplink communication link; otherwise, the transmit power which is determined by the determining unit 105 for the first communication unit 101 to perform the cellular uplink communication is the maximum transmit power of the cellular uplink communication, where the maximum transmit power of the cellular uplink communication is a difference between maximum transmit power of the UE and the transmit power of the D2D communication.

[0089] Optionally, in an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 8, the UE further includes:
a superposition precoding unit 106, configured to perform precoding processing on data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication and data transmitted in the D2D communication in a superposition coding manner.

[0090] In this case, the transmit power of the cellular uplink communication performed by the first communication unit 101 is higher than the transmit power of the D2D communication performed by the second communication unit 102.

[0091] Persons of ordinary skill in the art may understand that all or part of the processes of the methods in the embodiments may be implemented by a computer program instructing relevant hardware. The program may be stored in a computer readable storage medium. When the program is run, the steps of the foregoing method embodiments are performed. The foregoing storage medium may be any medium that is capable of storing program codes, such as a ROM, a RAM, a magnetic disk or an optical disk.

[0092] The foregoing descriptions are merely specific embodiments of the present invention, but are not intended to limit the protection scope of the present invention. Any variation or replacement readily figured out by persons skilled in the art within the technical scope disclosed in the present invention shall all fall within the protection scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.


Claims

1. A multiple-input multiple-output transmission method, wherein the method comprises:

performing, by a first user equipment, cellular uplink communication with a base station; and

performing, by the first user equipment, device-to-device communication with at least one second user equipment in a user equipment self-organized manner, wherein

the same time-frequency resource is used in the cellular uplink communication and the device-to-device communication;

wherein the transmission method further comprises: using, by the first user equipment, a first precoding matrix to perform precoding processing on data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication, so as to make interference of the cellular uplink communication to the device-to-device communication lower than a first specified threshold; and

using, by the first user equipment, a second precoding matrix to perform precoding processing on data transmitted in the device-to-device communication, so as to make interference of the device-to-device communication to the cellular uplink communication lower than a second specified threshold; wherein

the first and second precoding matrices are selected by the first user equipment.


 
2. The transmission method according to claim 1, further comprising:

determining, by the first user equipment, transmit power of the device-to-device communication according to path loss of a device-to-device communication link; and

determining, by the first user equipment, transmit power of the cellular uplink communication according to the determined transmit power of the device-to-device communication and path loss of a cellular uplink communication link, wherein

the performing, by the first user equipment, the cellular uplink communication with the base station comprises:

using, by the first user equipment, the determined transmit power of the cellular uplink communication to perform the cellular uplink communication with the base station; and

the performing, by the first user equipment, the device-to-device communication with the at least one second user equipment comprises:
using, by the first user equipment, the determined transmit power of the device-to-device communication to perform the device-to-device communication with the second user equipment.


 
3. The transmission method according to claim 1, wherein
the method further comprises: performing, by the first user equipment, precoding processing on data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication and data transmitted in the device-to-device communication in a superposition coding manner, wherein
transmit power used in the cellular uplink communication performed by the first user equipment is higher than transmit power used in the device-to-device communication performed by the user equipment, so that when receiving an uplink signal of the cellular uplink communication, the base station processes a signal of the device-to-device communication as noise, and when receiving the signal of the device-to-device communication, the second user equipment first performs interference elimination on the uplink signal of the cellular uplink communication.
 
4. A user equipment, wherein the user equipment comprises:

a first communication unit (101), configured to perform cellular uplink communication with a base station; and

a second communication unit (102), configured to perform device-to-device communication with at least one second user equipment in a user equipment self-organized manner, wherein

the same time-frequency resource is used in the cellular uplink communication and the device-to-device communication;

a first precoding unit (103), configured to use a first precoding matrix to perform precoding processing on data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication, so as to make interference of the cellular uplink communication to the device-to-device communication lower than a first specified threshold; and

a second precoding unit (104), configured to use a second precoding matrix to perform precoding processing on data transmitted in the device-to-device communication, so as to make interference of the device-to-device communication to the cellular uplink communication lower than a second specified threshold; wherein

the first and second precoding matrices are selected by the user equipment.


 
5. The user equipment according to claim 4, further comprising: a determining unit (105), configured to determine transmit power of the device-to-device communication according to path loss of a device-to-device communication link, and determine transmit power of the cellular uplink communication according to the determined transmit power of the device-to-device communication and path loss of the cellular uplink communication link, wherein
the first communication unit (101) is specifically configured to use the transmit power, which is determined by the determining unit (105) and is of the cellular uplink communication, to perform the cellular uplink communication with the base station; and
the second communication unit (102) is specifically configured to use the transmit power, which is determined by the determining unit (105) and is of the device-to-device communication, to perform the device-to-device communication with the second user equipment.
 
6. The user equipment according to claim 4, further comprising: a superposition precoding unit (106), configured to perform precoding processing on data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication and data transmitted in the device-to-device communication in a superposition coding manner, wherein
transmit power of the cellular uplink communication performed by the first communication unit (101) is higher than transmit power of the device-to-device communication performed by the second communication unit (102).
 
7. A multiple-input multiple-output wireless communication system, wherein the system comprises:

a base station, a first user equipment, and at least one second user equipment, wherein

the first user equipment is adapted to perform cellular uplink communication with the base station, and to perform device-to-device communication with the at least one second user equipment in a user equipment self-organized manner, and

the same time-frequency resource is used in the cellular uplink communication between the first user equipment and the base station and the device-to-device communication between the first user equipment and the second user equipment; wherein

the first user equipment is adapted to use a first precoding matrix to perform precoding processing on data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication, so as to make interference of the cellular uplink communication to the device-to-device communication lower than a first specified threshold; and

the first user equipment is adapted to use a second precoding matrix to perform precoding processing on data transmitted in the device-to-device communication, so as to make interference of the device-to-device communication to the cellular uplink communication lower than a second specified threshold; wherein

the first and second precoding matrices are selected by the first user equipment.


 
8. The wireless communication system according to claim 7, wherein
the first user equipment is adapted to determine transmit power of the device-to-device communication according to path loss of a device-to-device communication link, and to use the determined transmit power of the device-to-device communication to perform the device-to-device communication with the second user equipment; and
the first user equipment is adapted to determine transmit power of the cellular uplink communication according to the determined transmit power of the device-to-device communication and path loss of a cellular uplink communication link, and to use the determined transmit power of the cellular uplink communication to perform the cellular uplink communication with the base station.
 
9. The wireless communication system according to claim 7, wherein
the second user equipment is adapted to perform cellular uplink communication with the base station; the same time-frequency resource is used in the cellular uplink communication between the first user equipment and the base station, the device-to-device communication between the first user equipment and the second user equipment, and the cellular uplink communication between the second user equipment and the base station; and
when receiving a signal of the device-to-device communication, the second user equipment is adapted to perform interference elimination on a signal of the cellular uplink communication between the second user equipment and the base station.
 
10. The wireless communication system according to claim 7, wherein
the first user equipment is adapted to perform precoding processing on data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication and data transmitted in the device-to-device communication in a superposition coding manner;
transmit power of the cellular uplink communication performed by the first user equipment is higher than transmit power of the device-to-device communication performed by the first user equipment;
when receiving an uplink signal of the cellular uplink communication, the base station processes a signal of the device-to-device communication as noise; and
when receiving the signal of the device-to-device communication, the second user equipment first is adapted to perform interference elimination on the uplink signal of the cellular uplink communication.
 
11. The wireless communication system according to claim 10, wherein
the second user equipment is adapted to learn from the base station or the first user equipment, a precoding matrix used in the cellular uplink communication; and
when receiving the signal of the device-to-device communication, the second user equipment is adapted to obtain the uplink signal of the cellular uplink communication according to the learned precoding matrix, and then to perform interference elimination on the obtained uplink signal of the cellular uplink communication.
 
12. The wireless communication system according to claim 7, wherein
the wireless communication system further comprises a third user equipment, wherein the third user equipment is adapted to perform cellular uplink communication with the base station;
the same time-frequency resource is used in the cellular uplink communication between the third user equipment and the base station, the cellular uplink communication between the first user equipment and the base station, and the cellular uplink communication between the second user equipment and the base station; and
a distance between the third user equipment and the first user equipment is greater than a specified distance.
 
13. The wireless communication system according to claim 7, wherein
the wireless communication system further comprises a third user equipment, wherein the third user equipment is adapted to perform cellular uplink communication with the base station; the same time-frequency resource is used in the cellular uplink communication between the third user equipment and the base station, the cellular uplink communication between the first user equipment and the base station, and the cellular uplink communication between the second user equipment and the base station; and
the third user equipment is adapted to perform, by using a specific precoding matrix, precoding processing on data transmitted in the cellular uplink communication between the third user equipment and the base station, so as to make interference of the cellular uplink communication between the third user equipment and the base station in the device-to-device communication be zero or lower than a specified threshold.
 


Ansprüche

1. Mehrfacheingang-Mehrfachausgang-Übertragungsverfahren, wobei das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

Durchführen, durch ein erstes Benutzergerät, einer zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation mit einer Basisstation; und

Durchführen, durch das erste Benutzergerät, einer Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation mit mindestens einem zweiten Benutzergerät auf eine benutzergeräteselbstorganisierte Weise, wobei

dieselbe Zeit-Frequenz-Ressource bei der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation und der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation verwendet wird;

wobei das Übertragungsverfahren ferner Folgendes umfasst: Verwenden, durch das erste Benutzergerät, einer ersten Vorcodierungsmatrix, um eine Vorcodierungsverarbeitung an Daten, die bei der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation übertragen werden, durchzuführen, sodass bewirkt wird, dass eine Störung der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation gegenüber der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation geringer als eine erste spezifizierte Schwelle ist; und

Verwenden, durch das erste Benutzergerät, einer zweiten Vorcodierungsmatrix, um eine Vorcodierungsverarbeitung an Daten, die bei der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation übertragen werden, durchzuführen, sodass bewirkt wird, dass eine Störung der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation gegenüber der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation geringer als eine zweite spezifizierte Schwelle ist; wobei die erste und zweite Vorcodierungsmatrix durch das erste Benutzergerät ausgewählt werden.


 
2. Übertragungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend:

Bestimmen, durch das erste Benutzergerät, einer Sendeleistung der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation gemäß einem Pfadverlust einer Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikationsstrecke; und

Bestimmen, durch das erste Benutzergerät, einer Sendeleistung der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation gemäß der bestimmten Sendeleistung der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation und einem Pfadverlust einer zellularen Uplink-Kommunikationsstrecke, wobei

das Durchführen, durch das erste Benutzergerät, der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation mit der Basisstation Folgendes umfasst:

Verwenden, durch das erste Benutzergerät, der bestimmten Sendeleistung der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation, um die zellulare Uplink-Kommunikation mit der Basisstation durchzuführen; und

das Durchführen, durch das erste Benutzergerät, der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation mit dem mindestens einen zweiten Benutzergerät Folgendes umfasst:
Verwenden, durch das erste Benutzergerät, der bestimmten Sendeleistung der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation, um die Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation mit dem zweiten Benutzergerät durchzuführen.


 
3. Übertragungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei
das Verfahren ferner Folgendes umfasst: Durchführen, durch das erste Benutzergerät, einer Vorcodierungsverarbeitung an Daten, die bei der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation übertragen werden, und an Daten, die bei der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation übertragen werden, auf eine Überlagerungscodierungsweise, wobei
die Sendeleistung, die bei der durch das erste Benutzergerät durchgeführten zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation verwendet wird, höher als die Sendeleistung ist, die bei der durch das Benutzergerät durchgeführten Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation verwendet wird, sodass, wenn ein Uplink-Signal der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation empfangen wird, die Basisstation ein Signal der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation als Rauschen verarbeitet, und, wenn das Signal der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation empfangen wird, das zweite Benutzergerät zuerst eine Störbeseitigung an dem Uplink-Signal der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation durchführt.
 
4. Benutzergerät, wobei das Benutzergerät Folgendes umfasst:

eine erste Kommunikationseinheit (101), die ausgelegt ist zum Durchführen einer zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation mit einer Basisstation; und

eine zweite Kommunikationseinheit (102), die ausgelegt ist zum Durchführen einer Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation mit mindestens einem zweiten Benutzergerät auf eine benutzergeräteselbstorganisierte Weise, wobei

dieselbe Zeit-Frequenz-Ressource bei der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation und der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation verwendet wird;

eine erste Vorcodierungseinheit (103), die ausgelegt ist zum Verwenden einer ersten Vorcodierungsmatrix, um eine Vorcodierungsverarbeitung an Daten, die bei der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation übertragen werden, durchzuführen, sodass bewirkt wird, dass eine Störung der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation gegenüber der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation geringer als eine erste spezifizierte Schwelle ist; und

eine zweite Vorcodierungseinheit (104), die ausgelegt ist zum Verwenden einer zweiten Vorcodierungsmatrix, um eine Vorcodierungsverarbeitung an Daten, die bei der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation übertragen werden, durchzuführen, sodass bewirkt wird, dass eine Störung der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation gegenüber der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation geringer als eine zweite spezifizierte Schwelle ist; wobei

die erste und zweite Vorcodierungsmatrix durch das Benutzergerät ausgewählt werden.


 
5. Benutzergerät nach Anspruch 4, ferner umfassend: eine Bestimmungseinheit (105), die ausgelegt ist zum Bestimmen einer Sendeleistung der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation gemäß einem Pfadverlust einer Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikationsstrecke und zum Bestimmen einer Sendeleistung der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation gemäß der bestimmten Sendeleistung der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation und einem Pfadverlust der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikationsstrecke, wobei
die erste Kommunikationseinheit (101) spezifisch ausgelegt ist zum Verwenden der Sendeleistung der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation, die durch die Bestimmungseinheit (105) bestimmt wird, um die zellulare Uplink-Kommunikation mit der Basisstation durchzuführen; und
die zweite Kommunikationseinheit (102) spezifisch ausgelegt ist zum Verwenden der Sendeleistung der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation, die durch die Bestimmungseinheit (105) bestimmt wird, um die Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation mit dem zweiten Benutzergerät durchzuführen.
 
6. Benutzergerät nach Anspruch 4, ferner umfassend: eine Überlagerungsvorcodierungseinheit (106), die ausgelegt ist zum Durchführen einer Vorcodierungsverarbeitung an Daten, die bei der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation übertragen werden, und an Daten, die bei der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation übertragen werden, auf eine Überlagerungscodierungsweise, wobei die Sendeleistung der durch die erste Kommunikationseinheit (101) durchgeführten zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation höher als die Sendeleistung der durch die zweite Kommunikationseinheit (102) durchgeführten Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation ist.
 
7. Mehrfacheingang-Mehrfachausgang-Drahtloskommunikationssystem, wobei das System Folgendes umfasst:

eine Basisstation, ein erstes Benutzergerät und mindestens ein zweites Benutzergerät, wobei das erste Benutzergerät dazu ausgebildet ist, eine zellulare Uplink-Kommunikation mit der Basisstation durchzuführen und eine Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation mit dem mindestens einen zweiten Benutzergerät auf eine benutzergeräteselbstorganisierte Weise durchzuführen, und

dieselbe Zeit-Frequenz-Ressource bei der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation zwischen dem ersten Benutzergerät und der Basisstation und bei der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation zwischen dem ersten Benutzergerät und dem zweiten Benutzergerät verwendet wird; wobei

das erste Benutzergerät dazu ausgebildet ist, eine erste Vorcodierungsmatrix zu verwenden, um eine Vorcodierungsverarbeitung an Daten, die bei der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation übertragen werden, durchzuführen, sodass bewirkt wird, dass eine Störung der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation gegenüber der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation geringer als eine erste spezifizierte Schwelle ist; und das erste Benutzergerät dazu ausgebildet ist, eine zweite Vorcodierungsmatrix zu verwenden, um eine Vorcodierungsverarbeitung an Daten, die bei der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation übertragen werden, durchzuführen, sodass bewirkt wird, dass eine Störung der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation gegenüber der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation geringer als eine zweite spezifizierte Schwelle ist; wobei

die erste und zweite Vorcodierungsmatrix durch das erste Benutzergerät ausgewählt werden.


 
8. Drahtloskommunikationssystem nach Anspruch 7, wobei
das erste Benutzergerät dazu ausgebildet ist, eine Sendeleistung der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation gemäß einem Pfadverlust einer Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikationsstrecke zu bestimmen und die bestimmte Sendeleistung der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation zu verwenden, um die Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation mit dem zweiten Benutzergerät durchzuführen; und das erste Benutzergerät dazu ausgebildet ist, eine Sendeleistung der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation gemäß der bestimmten Sendeleistung der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation und einem Pfadverlust einer zellularen Uplink-Kommunikationsstrecke zu bestimmen und die bestimmte Sendeleistung der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation zu verwenden, um die zellulare Uplink-Kommunikation mit der Basisstation durchzuführen.
 
9. Drahtloskommunikationssystem nach Anspruch 7, wobei
das zweite Benutzergerät dazu ausgebildet ist, eine zellulare Uplink-Kommunikation mit der Basisstation durchzuführen;
dieselbe Zeit-Frequenz-Ressource bei der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation zwischen dem ersten Benutzergerät und der Basisstation, der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation zwischen dem ersten Benutzergerät und dem zweiten Benutzergerät und der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation zwischen dem zweiten Benutzergerät und der Basisstation verwendet wird; und
wenn ein Signal der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation empfangen wird, das zweite Benutzergerät dazu ausgebildet ist, eine Störbeseitigung an einem Signal der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation zwischen dem zweiten Benutzergerät und der Basisstation durchzuführen.
 
10. Drahtloskommunikationssystem nach Anspruch 7, wobei
das erste Benutzergerät dazu ausgebildet ist, eine Vorcodierungsverarbeitung an Daten, die bei der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation übertragen werden, und Daten, die bei der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation übertragen werden, auf eine Überlagerungscodierungsweise durchzuführen;
die Sendeleistung der durch das erste Benutzergerät durchgeführten zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation höher ist als die Sendeleistung der durch das erste Benutzergerät durchgeführten Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation; wenn ein Uplink-Signal der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation empfangen wird, die Basisstation ein Signal der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation als Rauschen verarbeitet; und
wenn das Signal der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation empfangen wird, das zweite Benutzergerät zuerst dazu ausgebildet ist, eine Störbeseitigung an dem Uplink-Signal der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation durchzuführen.
 
11. Drahtloskommunikationssystem nach Anspruch 10, wobei
das zweite Benutzergerät dazu ausgebildet ist, von der Basisstation oder dem ersten Benutzergerät eine Vorcodierungsmatrix zu erfahren, die bei der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation verwendet wird; und
wenn das Signal der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation empfangen wird, das zweite Benutzergerät dazu ausgebildet ist, das Uplink-Signal der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation gemäß der in Erfahrung gebrachten Vorcodierungsmatrix zu erhalten und dann eine Störbeseitigung an dem erhaltenen Uplink-Signal der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation durchzuführen.
 
12. Drahtloskommunikationssystem nach Anspruch 7, wobei
das Drahtloskommunikationssystem ferner ein drittes Benutzergerät umfasst, wobei das dritte Benutzergerät dazu ausgebildet ist, eine zellulare Uplink-Kommunikation mit der Basisstation durchzuführen;
dieselbe Zeit-Frequenz-Ressource bei der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation zwischen dem dritten Benutzergerät und der Basisstation, der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation zwischen dem ersten Benutzergerät und der Basisstation und der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation zwischen dem zweiten Benutzergerät und der Basisstation verwendet wird; und
ein Abstand zwischen dem dritten Benutzergerät und dem ersten Benutzergerät größer als ein spezifizierter Abstand ist.
 
13. Drahtloskommunikationssystem nach Anspruch 7, wobei
das Drahtloskommunikationssystem ferner ein drittes Benutzergerät umfasst, wobei das dritte Benutzergerät dazu ausgebildet ist, eine zellulare Uplink-Kommunikation mit der Basisstation durchzuführen;
dieselbe Zeit-Frequenz-Ressource bei der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation zwischen dem dritten Benutzergerät und der Basisstation, der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation zwischen dem ersten Benutzergerät und der Basisstation und der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation zwischen dem zweiten Benutzergerät und der Basisstation verwendet wird; und
das dritte Benutzergerät dazu ausgebildet ist, eine Vorcodierungsverarbeitung an Daten, die bei der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation zwischen dem dritten Benutzergerät und der Basisstation übertragen werden, unter Verwendung einer spezifischen Vorcodierungsmatrix durchzuführen, sodass bewirkt wird, dass eine Störung der zellularen Uplink-Kommunikation zwischen dem dritten Benutzergerät und der Basisstation bei der Einrichtung-zu-Einrichtung-Kommunikation bei null liegt oder geringer als eine spezifizierte Schwelle ist.
 


Revendications

1. Procédé de transmission entrée multiple sortie multiple, dans lequel le procédé comprend :

la réalisation, par un premier équipement utilisateur, d'une communication de liaison montante cellulaire avec une station de base ; et

la réalisation, par le premier équipement utilisateur, d'une communication dispositif à dispositif avec au moins un deuxième équipement utilisateur de manière auto-organisée d'équipement utilisateur, dans lequel

la même ressource de temps-fréquence est utilisée dans la communication de liaison montante cellulaire et la communication dispositif à dispositif ;

dans lequel le procédé de transmission comprend en outre : l'utilisation, par le premier équipement utilisateur, d'une première matrice de précodage pour réaliser un traitement de précodage sur des données transmises dans la communication de liaison montante cellulaire, afin de rendre l'interférence de la communication de liaison montante cellulaire sur la communication dispositif à dispositif inférieure à un premier seuil spécifié ; et

l'utilisation, par le premier équipement utilisateur, d'une seconde matrice de précodage pour réaliser un traitement de précodage sur des données transmises dans la communication dispositif à dispositif, afin de rendre l'interférence de la communication dispositif à dispositif sur la communication de liaison montante cellulaire inférieure à un second seuil spécifié ; dans lequel

les première et seconde matrices de précodage sont sélectionnées par le premier équipement utilisateur.


 
2. Procédé de transmission selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :

la détermination, par le premier équipement utilisateur, d'une puissance de transmission de la communication dispositif à dispositif selon un affaiblissement de propagation d'une liaison de communication dispositif à dispositif ; et

la détermination, par le premier équipement utilisateur, d'une puissance de transmission de la communication de liaison montante cellulaire selon la puissance de transmission déterminée de la communication dispositif à dispositif et un affaiblissement de propagation d'une liaison de communication de liaison montante cellulaire, dans lequel

la réalisation, par le premier équipement utilisateur, de la communication de liaison montante cellulaire avec la station de base comprend :

l'utilisation, par le premier équipement utilisateur, de la puissance de transmission déterminée de la communication de liaison montante cellulaire pour réaliser la communication de liaison montante cellulaire avec la station de base ; et

la réalisation, par le premier équipement utilisateur, de la communication dispositif à dispositif avec l'au moins un deuxième équipement utilisateur comprend :
l'utilisation, par le premier équipement utilisateur, de la puissance de transmission déterminée de la communication dispositif à dispositif pour réaliser la communication dispositif à dispositif avec le deuxième équipement utilisateur.


 
3. Procédé de transmission selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
le procédé comprend en outre : la réalisation, par le premier équipement utilisateur, d'un traitement de précodage sur des données transmises dans la communication de liaison montante cellulaire et des données transmises dans la communication dispositif à dispositif à la manière d'un codage par superposition, dans lequel
une puissance de transmission utilisée dans la communication de liaison montante cellulaire réalisée par le premier équipement utilisateur est plus élevée qu'une puissance de transmission utilisée dans la communication dispositif à dispositif réalisée par l'équipement utilisateur, de sorte que, lors de la réception d'un signal de liaison montante de la communication de liaison montante cellulaire, la station de base traite un signal de la communication dispositif à dispositif en tant que bruit, et, lors de la réception du signal de la communication dispositif à dispositif, le deuxième équipement utilisateur réalise en premier une élimination d'interférence sur le signal de liaison montante de la communication de liaison montante cellulaire.
 
4. Équipement utilisateur, dans lequel l'équipement utilisateur comprend :

une première unité de communication (101), configurée pour réaliser une communication de liaison montante cellulaire avec une station de base ; et

une seconde unité de communication (102), configurée pour réaliser une communication dispositif à dispositif avec au moins un deuxième équipement utilisateur de manière auto-organisée d'équipement utilisateur, dans lequel

la même ressource de temps-fréquence est utilisée dans la communication de liaison montante cellulaire et la communication dispositif à dispositif ;

une première unité de précodage (103), configurée pour utiliser une première matrice de précodage pour réaliser un traitement de précodage sur des données transmises dans la communication de liaison montante cellulaire, afin de rendre l'interférence de la communication de liaison montante cellulaire sur la communication dispositif à dispositif inférieure à un premier seuil spécifié ; et

une seconde unité de précodage (104), configurée pour utiliser une seconde matrice de précodage pour réaliser un traitement de précodage sur des données transmises dans la communication dispositif à dispositif, afin de rendre l'interférence de la communication dispositif à dispositif sur la communication de liaison montante cellulaire inférieure à un second seuil spécifié ; dans lequel

les première et seconde matrices de précodage sont sélectionnées par l'équipement utilisateur.


 
5. Équipement utilisateur selon la revendication 4, comprenant en outre : une unité de détermination (105), configurée pour déterminer une puissance de transmission de la communication dispositif à dispositif selon un affaiblissement de propagation d'une liaison de communication dispositif à dispositif, et déterminer une puissance de transmission de la communication de liaison montante cellulaire selon la puissance de transmission déterminée de la communication dispositif à dispositif et un affaiblissement de propagation de la liaison de communication de liaison montante cellulaire, dans lequel
la première unité de communication (101) est spécifiquement configurée pour utiliser la puissance de transmission, qui est déterminée par l'unité de détermination (105) et est de la communication de liaison montante cellulaire, pour réaliser la communication de liaison montante cellulaire avec la station de base ; et
la seconde unité de communication (102) est spécifiquement configurée pour utiliser la puissance de transmission, qui est déterminée par l'unité de détermination (105) et est de la communication dispositif à dispositif, pour réaliser la communication dispositif à dispositif avec le deuxième équipement utilisateur.
 
6. Équipement utilisateur selon la revendication 4, comprenant en outre : une unité de précodage par superposition (106), configurée pour réaliser un traitement de précodage sur des données transmises dans la communication de liaison montante cellulaire et des données transmises dans la communication dispositif à dispositif à la manière d'un codage par superposition, dans lequel
une puissance de transmission de la communication de liaison montante cellulaire réalisée par la première unité de communication (101) est plus élevée qu'une puissance de transmission de la communication dispositif à dispositif réalisée par la seconde unité de communication (102).
 
7. Système de communication sans fil entrée multiple sortie multiple, dans lequel le système comprend :

une station de base, un premier équipement utilisateur, et au moins un deuxième équipement utilisateur, dans lequel

le premier équipement utilisateur est adapté pour réaliser une communication de liaison montante cellulaire avec la station de base, et pour réaliser une communication dispositif à dispositif avec l'au moins un deuxième équipement utilisateur de manière auto-organisée d'équipement utilisateur, et

la même ressource de temps-fréquence est utilisée dans la communication de liaison montante cellulaire entre le premier équipement utilisateur et la station de base et la communication dispositif à dispositif entre le premier équipement utilisateur et le deuxième équipement utilisateur ; dans lequel

le premier équipement utilisateur est adapté pour utiliser une première matrice de précodage pour réaliser un traitement de précodage sur des données transmises dans la communication de liaison montante cellulaire, afin de rendre l'interférence de la communication de liaison montante cellulaire sur la communication dispositif à dispositif inférieure à un premier seuil spécifié ; et

le premier équipement utilisateur est adapté pour utiliser une seconde matrice de précodage pour réaliser un traitement de précodage sur des données transmises dans la communication dispositif à dispositif, afin de rendre l'interférence de la communication dispositif à dispositif sur la communication de liaison montante cellulaire inférieure à un second seuil spécifié ; dans lequel

les première et seconde matrices de précodage sont sélectionnées par le premier équipement utilisateur.


 
8. Système de communication sans fil selon la revendication 7, dans lequel
le premier équipement utilisateur est adapté pour déterminer une puissance de transmission de la communication dispositif à dispositif selon un affaiblissement de propagation d'une liaison de communication dispositif à dispositif, et pour utiliser la puissance de transmission déterminée de la communication dispositif à dispositif pour réaliser la communication dispositif à dispositif avec le deuxième équipement utilisateur ; et
le premier équipement utilisateur est adapté pour déterminer une puissance de transmission de la communication de liaison montante cellulaire selon la puissance de transmission déterminée de la communication dispositif à dispositif et un affaiblissement de propagation d'une liaison de communication de liaison montante cellulaire, et pour utiliser la puissance de transmission déterminée de la communication de liaison montante cellulaire pour réaliser la communication de liaison montante cellulaire avec la station de base.
 
9. Système de communication sans fil selon la revendication 7, dans lequel
le deuxième équipement utilisateur est adapté pour réaliser une communication de liaison montante cellulaire avec la station de base ;
la même ressource de temps-fréquence est utilisée dans la communication de liaison montante cellulaire entre le premier équipement utilisateur et la station de base, la communication dispositif à dispositif entre le premier équipement utilisateur et le deuxième équipement utilisateur, et la communication de liaison montante cellulaire entre le deuxième équipement utilisateur et la station de base ; et
lors de la réception d'un signal de la communication dispositif à dispositif, le deuxième équipement utilisateur est adapté pour réaliser une élimination d'interférence sur un signal de la communication de liaison montante cellulaire entre le deuxième équipement utilisateur et la station de base.
 
10. Système de communication sans fil selon la revendication 7, dans lequel le premier équipement utilisateur est adapté pour réaliser un traitement de précodage sur des données transmises dans la communication de liaison montante cellulaire et des données transmises dans la communication dispositif à dispositif à la manière d'un codage par superposition ;
une puissance de transmission de la communication de liaison montante cellulaire réalisée par le premier équipement utilisateur est plus élevée qu'une puissance de transmission de la communication dispositif à dispositif réalisée par le premier équipement utilisateur ;
lors de la réception d'un signal de liaison montante de la communication de liaison montante cellulaire, la station de base traite un signal de la communication dispositif à dispositif en tant que bruit ; et
lors de la réception du signal de la communication dispositif à dispositif, le deuxième équipement utilisateur est en premier adapté pour réaliser une élimination d'interférence sur le signal de liaison montante de la communication de liaison montante cellulaire.
 
11. Système de communication sans fil selon la revendication 10, dans lequel
le deuxième équipement utilisateur est adapté pour apprendre à partir de la station de base ou du premier équipement utilisateur, une matrice de précodage utilisée dans la communication de liaison montante cellulaire ; et
lors de la réception du signal de la communication dispositif à dispositif, le deuxième équipement utilisateur est adapté pour obtenir le signal de liaison montante de la communication de liaison montante cellulaire selon la matrice de précodage apprise, et puis pour réaliser une élimination d'interférence sur le signal de liaison montante obtenu de la communication de liaison montante cellulaire.
 
12. Système de communication sans fil selon la revendication 7, dans lequel
le système de communication sans fil comprend en outre un troisième équipement utilisateur, dans lequel le troisième équipement utilisateur est adapté pour réaliser une communication de liaison montante cellulaire avec la station de base ;
la même ressource de temps-fréquence est utilisée dans la communication de liaison montante cellulaire entre le troisième équipement utilisateur et la station de base, la communication de liaison montante cellulaire entre le premier équipement utilisateur et la station de base, et la communication de liaison montante cellulaire entre le deuxième équipement utilisateur et la station de base ; et
une distance entre le troisième équipement utilisateur et le premier équipement utilisateur est supérieure à une distance spécifiée.
 
13. Système de communication sans fil selon la revendication 7, dans lequel
le système de communication sans fil comprend en outre un troisième équipement utilisateur, dans lequel le troisième équipement utilisateur est adapté pour réaliser une communication de liaison montante cellulaire avec la station de base ;
la même ressource de temps-fréquence est utilisée dans la communication de liaison montante cellulaire entre le troisième équipement utilisateur et la station de base, la communication de liaison montante cellulaire entre le premier équipement utilisateur et la station de base, et la communication de liaison montante cellulaire entre le deuxième équipement utilisateur et la station de base ; et
le troisième équipement utilisateur est adapté pour réaliser, en utilisant une matrice de précodage spécifique, un traitement de précodage sur des données transmises dans la communication de liaison montante cellulaire entre le troisième équipement utilisateur et la station de base, afin de rendre l'interférence de la communication de liaison montante cellulaire entre le troisième équipement utilisateur et la station de base dans la communication dispositif à dispositif égale à zéro ou inférieure à un seuil spécifié.
 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description