(19)
(11)EP 2 836 169 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
09.05.2018 Bulletin 2018/19

(21)Application number: 13775253.1

(22)Date of filing:  06.03.2013
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61F 2/42(2006.01)
A61B 17/66(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2013/029267
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/154697 (17.10.2013 Gazette  2013/42)

(54)

SURGICAL IMPLANT FOR CORRECTION OF HALLUX VALGUS OR TAILOR'S BUNION

CHIRURGISCHES IMPLANTAT ZUR KORREKTUR VON HALLUX VALGUS ODER BALLENZEHE

IMPLANT CHIRURGICAL UTILISÉ EN VUE DE CORRIGER UN HALLUX VALGUS OU UN OIGNON DE TAILLEUR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 12.04.2012 US 201261623443 P
13.04.2012 US 201261623979 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
18.02.2015 Bulletin 2015/08

(73)Proprietor: Geldwert, Josef J.
New York, NY 10128 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • Geldwert, Josef J.
    New York, NY 10128 (US)

(74)Representative: Buzzi, Franco 
Buzzi, Notaro & Antonielli d'Oulx Corso Vittorio Emanuele ll, 6
10123 Torino
10123 Torino (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
RU-C1- 2 056 801
US-A- 5 725 582
US-A1- 2005 085 819
US-A1- 2009 210 011
US-A1- 2010 211 071
US-A1- 2010 217 328
US-A1- 2011 093 018
US-B1- 6 451 019
US-A- 5 529 075
US-A1- 2002 143 336
US-A1- 2005 085 819
US-A1- 2009 210 011
US-A1- 2010 217 328
US-A1- 2011 077 656
US-A1- 2011 178 552
US-B2- 7 875 058
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND


    1. Field



    [0001] Aspects herein relate to a surgical implant for correction of hallux valgus or tailor's bunion. Methods of correcting hallux valgus and tailor's bunion using a surgical implant are also described herein.

    2. Discussion of Related Art



    [0002] Hallux valgus, commonly known as a bunion, is a condition or deformity in which the big toe points toward the second toe, resulting in a protrusion at the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint of the first metatarsal.

    [0003] Tailor's bunion, also known as a bunionette, is a similar condition or deformity in which the fifth toe points toward the fourth toe, resulting in a protrusion at the MTP joint of the fifth metatarsal. Non-surgical treatment of hallux valgus includes externally applied devices such as orthotics, bunion pads, arch supports, and braces. Surgical procedures to correct bunions include arthroplasty, osteotomy, and arthrodesis. Conventional implantable devices include an artificial joint that replaces all or part of the MTP joint and a suture-button construct that passes through and between the first and second metatarsal bones to laterally tension the first metatarsal bone towards the second metatarsal bone.

    [0004] US-2010/217328 discloses an implant for repositioning a metatarsal bone of a patient to a more anatomically correct position, comprising first and second bone engaging features and an intermediate portion connecting the first and second bone engaging features.

    [0005] Document RU2056801 C1 discloses an implant according to the preamble of claim 1.

    SUMMARY OF INVENTION



    [0006] The inventor has found that the use of conventional suture-button implants gives rise to a high incidence of complications, including loosening of knots, stress fractures, stress risers, and recurrence of hallux valgus and/or tailor's bunion. Suture-button constructs invasively pass through the metatarsal bones, which may contribute to these complications.

    [0007] The inventor has appreciated that such complications may be reduced with the use of a less invasive implant that does not pass through the metatarsal bones. Accordingly, the implants described herein may at least partially wrap around the metatarsal bones rather than pass through them, and may be positioned on only the dorsal side of the metatarsal bones, enabling a less invasive and more comfortable arrangement.

    [0008] According to one aspect, an implant for repositioning bones of a patient to a more anatomically correct position is set forth in claim 1.

    [0009] According to another aspect, an implant for repositioning bones of the patient to a more anatomically correct position is defined in claim 13.

    [0010] Some of the methods and procedures disclosed herein do not form part of the presently claimed invention, but are useful in understanding the implementation, usefulness and advantages of the presently claimed invention.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0011] The accompanying drawings are not intended to be drawn to scale. In the drawings, each identical or nearly identical component that is illustrated in various figures is represented by a like numeral. For purposes of clarity, not every component may be labeled in every drawing. Only the implant embodiments of figures 9 to 11C fall within the scope of the claims. Various embodiments of the invention will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

    FIG. 1A depicts a healthy foot without hallux valgus;

    FIG. IB depicts a foot exhibiting hallux valgus;

    FIG. 2 depicts a corrected foot with an implant system positioned on the first and second metatarsals in accordance with an aspect of the invention;

    FIG. 3A depicts a top perspective view of first and second metatarsals with an implant system in accordance with an aspect of the invention;

    FIG. 3B depicts a top view of FIG. 3A;

    FIG. 4A depicts a top perspective view of one embodiment of an implant;

    FIG. 4B depicts an underside perspective view of the implant of FIG. 4A;

    FIG. 4C depicts an implant with an adjustable section;

    FIG. 4D depicts the implant of FIG. 4C with an expanded adjustable section;

    FIG. 5 depicts a side view of the implant of FIG. 4A;

    FIG. 6 depicts a medial view of FIG. 3A;

    FIG. 7A depicts a top view of the implant of FIG. 4A;

    FIG. 7B depicts a bottom view of the implant of FIG. 4A;

    FIG. 8 depicts a lateral view of the implant of FIG. 4A;

    FIG. 9 depicts one embodiment of an implant including a curvature on the intermediate portion.

    FIG. 10 depicts a side view of the implant of FIG. 9;

    FIG. 11A depicts a top perspective view of first and second metatarsals with an implant system in accordance with an aspect of the invention;

    FIG. 1 IB depicts another top perspective view of FIG. 11 A;

    FIG. 11C depicts a top view of FIG. 11 A;

    FIG. 12A depicts a healthy foot without tailor's bunion;

    FIG. 12B depicts a foot exhibiting tailor's bunion; and

    FIG. 13 depicts a corrected foot with an implant system positioned on the fourth and fifth metatarsals.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0012] Hallux valgus and tailor's bunions have a wide variety of causes. Some deformities may be inherited or present at birth, while others are self-inflicted. Self-inflicted causes include high-heeled or ill-fitting shoes, high-impact exercise, foot injuries, and the like. As used herein, the top side of the foot will be referred to as the dorsal side and the bottom side of the foot will be referred to as ventral side or plantar side. Thus, a top facing surface of the implant may be referred to as the dorsal side and the bottom facing surface of the implant may be referred to as the plantar side or ventral side. In either case, as will be appreciated below, the implant in some embodiments will be positioned on the top side of the metatarsals such that the plantar side (or ventral side) of the implant faces the dorsal side of the metatarsals.

    [0013] Fig. 1A depicts a healthy foot while Fig. IB depicts a foot exhibiting hallux valgus. Hallux valgus may develop when the pressures of bearing and shifting of weight fall unevenly on the joints and tendons in the feet. This imbalance and pressure makes the big toe joint unstable, leading to splaying of the first 51 and second 52 metatarsals, and resulting in a protrusion 94 at the MTP joint of the first metatarsal. As shown in Fig. 1A, in a normal foot, the intermetatarsal angle 57 between the first 51 and second 52 metatarsal bones is typically less than about 9 degrees. As shown in Fig. IB, a foot exhibiting hallux valgus has an intermetatarsal angle 58 between the first 51 and second 52 metatarsal bones greater than that of a normal foot, ranging from about 9 to 20 degrees. As shown in Fig. 2, implant system 1, including proximal implant 4 and distal implant 6, may stabilize the first metatarsal 51 to the second metatarsal 52, resulting in a more anatomically correct intermetatarsal angle 57 resembling that of the healthy foot in Fig. 1A.

    [0014] Similarly, tailor's bunion involves instability of the fifth metatarsal that leads to splaying of the fourth and fifth metatarsals. Fig. 12A depicts a healthy foot while Fig. 12B depicts a foot with tailor's bunion. With tailor's bunion, splaying of the fourth 54 and fifth 55 metatarsal results in a protrusion 96 at the MTP joint of the fifth metatarsal. As shown in Fig. 12A, in a normal foot, the intermetatarsal angle 67 between the fourth 54 and fifth 55 metatarsal bones is typically less than about 8 degrees. As shown in Fig. 12B, a foot with tailor's bunion has an intermetatarsal angle 68 between the fourth 54 and fifth 55 metatarsal bones greater than that of a normal foot, ranging from about 8 to 15 degrees.

    [0015] One challenge with the use of surgical implants is attachment to the bones. Prior implants anchor to the foot bones by fully penetrating through the metatarsals and/or wrapping completely around the metatarsals. Arrangements that penetrate completely through the metatarsals are more invasive, as they may weaken the structural integrity of the bones and lead to stress fractures and stress risers. Arrangements that wrap completely around the metatarsals may require invasive surgical procedures, and may be bulky and uncomfortable to the patient.

    [0016] According to one aspect of the invention, the surgical implant may partially wrap around the metatarsal bone rather than penetrate completely through the entire metatarsal bone, and may be positioned on only the dorsal side of the metatarsal bones, allowing the implant to engage the metatarsals while enabling a less invasive surgical procedure.

    [0017] According to one aspect, the implant includes one or more features enabling attachment or coupling of the implant to the bone. In this manner, the implant can exert an appropriate hold on the bone to urge it into its correct anatomical position. As shown in Figs. 3A-B, in one embodiment, implants 4, 6 may include a first bone engaging feature 10 at one end that is constructed in a manner to engage the first metatarsal bone 51, and a second bone engaging feature 20 at the other end that is constructed in a manner to engage the second metatarsal bone 52.

    [0018] In one embodiment, the bone engaging feature is shaped to partially wrap around the bone. In the embodiment shown in Fig. 5, the side profile of implant 2 may form a C-shape to hook on the lateral aspect of a bone. Each bone engaging feature 10, 20 may have a specific radius of curvature and arc length. The radius of curvature and arc length of each bone engaging feature may allow each end of the implant to hook on the lateral aspect of a bone, thereby partially wrapping around the bone. First bone engaging feature 10 has a radius of curvature 12 and arc length 14. Likewise, second bone engaging feature 20 has a radius of curvature 22 and arc length 24. The radius of curvature of each bone engaging feature may range from about 1 mm to 25 mm. The arc length of each bone engaging feature may range from about 1 mm to about 150 mm. As shown in Fig. 3A, first bone engaging feature 10 of the proximal implant 4 hooks on the lateral aspect of the first metatarsal 51 and partially wraps around the first metatarsal 51. Similarly, as shown in Fig. 3B, second bone engaging feature 20 of the proximal implant 4 hooks on the lateral aspect of the second metatarsal 52 and partially wraps around the second metatarsal 52. Depending on its radius of curvature and arc length, the bone engaging feature may partially wrap around bone by extending to a certain dorsal- ventral depth along the lateral aspect of the bone. In some embodiments, as shown in Fig. 6, the first bone engaging feature 10 partially wraps around the first metatarsal 51 by extending down to more than half the dorsal-ventral depth 92 of the lateral aspect 90 of the first metatarsal 51. In some embodiments, a bone engaging feature may partially wrap around bone by extending to slightly more than half the dorsal-ventral depth, half the dorsal-ventral depth, slightly less than half the dorsal- ventral depth, or less than half the dorsal- ventral depth of the lateral aspect of a bone. In some embodiments, the bone engaging features may also be shaped to fit the medial-lateral contours of bone. For example, a distal portion of bone engaging feature 10 may curve inward medially (not shown) to meet the first metatarsal 51. Of course, it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited in this respect and other suitable shapes may be employed. For example, the bone engaging feature may be formed in a semi-circular shape or otherwise have a longer arc length to wrap further, but still partially, around the bone. In some cases, the bone engaging feature may be arranged to wrap completely around the bone.

    [0019] According to one aspect, the bone engaging features may be configured to provide a close anatomical fit to the patient such that the distance between the implant and the metatarsals in the ventral-dorsal direction is decreased. Providing a close anatomical fit may help enhance patient comfort. A large distance between the implant and the metatarsals in the ventral-dorsal direction may give rise to a bulky protrusion on the dorsal surface of the foot which may interfere with daily activities and cause discomfort. In addition, a poorly fit implant may be more easily disturbed or dislodged by external forces on the foot. In some embodiments, the radius of curvature and arc length of the bone engaging features may be adjustable to provide a close anatomical fit to the patient. The bone engaging features may be adjusted preoperatively or intraoperatively. A surgeon may bend (manually or with a tool such as a plate bender) each end of the implant to adjust the radius of curvature and/or arc length of the bone engaging features to fit the subject's anatomy. In some embodiments, the bone engaging features may also be adjusted to fit the medial-lateral contours of bone by bending the bone engaging features in the medial or lateral direction. In another embodiment, bone engaging features may include heat-shrinkable components. In yet another embodiment, bone engaging features may include multiple segments that can be removed or added to in order to alter the radius of curvature and/or arc length. In other embodiments, the radius of curvature and arc length may be permanent, and a surgeon may choose from a set of implants with different discrete curvatures and arc lengths to best suit the subject's anatomy.

    [0020] In some embodiments, the implant may include other types of bone engaging features such as anchor holes. Anchoring elements may be passed through the anchor holes and fixed into the bone, thereby anchoring the implant to the bone. Anchoring elements include bone screws, surgical screws, orthopedic screws, barbs, and other suitable hardware, as this aspect is not limited in this regard. In addition, screws may be of the locking or non-locking type, as this aspect is not limited in this regard.

    [0021] In some embodiments, the implant may include other types of or additional bone engaging features that enhances attachment of the implant to the bone. Other types of bone engaging features may include bonding or cementation that adheres the implant to the bone. Such bonding or cementation may be applied at any contacting interface between the implant and the bones. Bone engaging features disclosed in the above mentioned embodiments may be combined or separated, as the invention is not limited in this regard. For example, Figs. 3A-3B illustrate an embodiment in which bone engaging features 10, 20 include a rounded shape that permits the end of the implant to wrap around the bone, combined with bone anchor holes 16, which also promote engagement between the implant to bone. Bone anchor holes may be positioned anywhere along the implant. As illustrated in Fig. 9, in some embodiments, an implant 3 may have an intermediate portion 30 that includes a dorsal bone anchor hole 26.

    [0022] As can be appreciated, the implant exerts an appropriate tension force between the metatarsals to draw the first toward the second metatarsal, urging the improperly positioned metatarsal back toward its correct anatomical position. In one embodiment, as shown in Figs. 4A-B and 7A-B, the implant includes an intermediate portion 30 connecting the first 10 and second 20 bone engaging features. In this particular embodiment, the intermediate portion has a substantially flat profile. In some embodiments, in order to improve the anatomical fit of the implant, the intermediate portion may include a curvature. As shown in Figs. 9-10, intermediate portion 30 of implant 3 includes a curvature 32. The curvature may be positioned such that, when the implant is engaged with the metatarsals, the curvature is positioned between the metatarsals. This curvature may allow the implant to be positioned closer to the metatarsals in the ventral-dorsal direction, thereby reducing the ventral-dorsal distance from the implant to the bones. Figs. 11A-B depict one embodiment in which intermediate portion 30 includes a curvature 32 positioned between the first 51 and second 52 metatarsals.

    [0023] In some embodiments, the implant may include areas of surface roughness or other suitable features or materials that encourage ingrowth of tissue into the implant to help the integration of the implant into the body. Alternatively or in addition, the implant may include certain features and/or materials in desired locations that resist tissue attachments to help prevent immobilization.

    [0024] The tissue ingrowth features and/or materials may help to encourage ingrowth of soft tissue and/or bone into the implant. In some embodiments, tissue ingrowth features and/or materials may be located on the dorsal side of the implant, the plantar side of the implant, or both. Alternatively or in addition, tissue ingrowth features and/or materials may be located at any one of or at any combination of the other edges of the implant.

    [0025] In some embodiments, the implant may include a combination of tissue ingrowth features and/or materials, as well as features and/or materials that resist tissue attachments. In some embodiments, one side of the implant (plantar side or dorsal side) may include features and/or materials that promotes tissue ingrowth, while the other side of the implant may include features and/or materials that resists tissue attachments. In some cases, features and/or materials that resist tissue attachments may be located at any one of or at any combination of the other edges of the implant.

    [0026] Examples of possible surface treatments for promotion of tissue ingrowth include, but are not limited to: plasma etching, sand blasting, machining and other treatments to roughen the surface or otherwise provide a suitable surface texture.

    [0027] In some embodiments, the implant may include a layer of mesh fabric that promotes tissue ingrowth. The mesh may be embedded into the implant or attached to the implant by any suitable means, including tying, sutures, clips, adhesives, heat bonding, or solvent bonding. The mesh may be formed of a sheet of knitted polypropylene monofilament mesh fabric such as MARLEX mesh. When implanted, the polypropylene mesh stimulates an inflammatory reaction which promotes rapid tissue ingrowth into and around the mesh structure. Alternatively, other surgical materials which are suitable for tissue ingrowth may be utilized including PROLENE, MERSELENE, DACRON, TEFLON textile based meshes, microporous polypropylene sheeting (CELGARD), and expanded PTFE (GORETEX).

    [0028] Absorbable meshes, including polyglactin (VICRYL) and polyglycolic acid (DEXON), may be utilized as well. It also is contemplated that the mesh fabric may be formed from monofilament or multifilament yarns and that woven, molded and other recognized methods of forming prosthetic mesh materials would be suitable.

    [0029] Examples of possible features and/or materials that resist tissue attachments may include, but are not limited to: a smooth surface finish with little to no surface roughness, a mesh material with small pore sizes that do not encourage tissue ingrowth, nonporous materials, hydrophobic materials, and other treatments or materials to resist tissue attachments.

    [0030] According to one aspect, the intermediate portion may be adjustable to enhance the anatomical fit of the implant. In some embodiments, the intermediate portion may have an adjustable length, width, and/or cuvature. For example, the intermediate portion may include heat shrinkable components, slidably adjustable components, and/or bendable components that permit a user to adjust the length, width, and/or curvature of the intermediate portion. For example, Figs. 4C-D shows schematics of an implant with an adjustable section 38 that expands from a shorter length in Fig. 4C to a longer length in Fig. 4D, thereby increasing the overall length of the intermediate portion 30. In one embodiment, the adjustable section may comprise one or more struts that may be length-adjustable, such as a turnbuckle-like device. In another embodiment, the adjustable section may comprise multiple telescoping segments such that the intermediate portion can be expanded or compressed to various lengths. In yet another embodiment, adjustable section may include multiple removable segments.

    [0031] Segments may be added or removed to increase or decrease the length of the adjustable section. In another embodiment, the adjustable section may comprise two segments that can be interlocked with one another at multiple positions to enable a range of intermediate portion lengths. For example, the first segment may have a series of slots arranged linearly along the length of the first segment. The second segment may have a series of tabs arranged linearly along the length of the second segment. The tabs on the second segment may be sized to be able to slide into the slots on the first segment. The tabs and slots may be arranged such that engagement between the tabs and slots locks the tabs in place, e.g., by shaping tabs into a hooked configuration that can hook onto the slots, by interference fit between the tabs and the slots, or by other suitable arrangement. The length of the intermediate portion is adjusted by sliding the two portions relative to one another and changing the amount of overlap between the two portions. A maximum amount of overlap between the two portions enables a minimum intermediate portion length, while a minimum amount of overlap between the two portions enables a maximum intermediate portion length. The adjustable section may span the entire length and width of the intermediate portion, or the adjustable section may be only one section of the intermediate portion. In addition, the intermediate portion may be bendable, either by hand or with a tool such as a plate bender, to create a curvature suitable to the patient's anatomy. The intermediate portion may be adjusted preoperatively or intraoperatively.

    [0032] According to one aspect, the intermediate portion may be located on only one side of the bone. In some embodiments, where the implant is used in a foot, the intermediate portion may be located only dorsal to the metatarsals, such that the intermediate portion is positioned above the metatarsals, as opposed to between the metatarsals or below the metatarsals. Such an arrangement may provide increased patient comfort and may require a less invasive implantation procedure.

    [0033] According to another aspect, the intermediate portion may contact bone. In some embodiments, the intermediate portion may contact the dorsal aspect of the metatarsals. In some embodiments, the intermediate portion may include at least one bone anchor hole arranged to accept an anchoring element that anchors the implant to the bone. As shown in Figs. 11A-C, dorsal bone anchor hole 26 is arranged to accept an anchoring element that anchors the implant to the dorsal aspect of the second metatarsal 52. In some embodiments, the intermediate portion may include surface roughness or other suitable feature that encourages ingrowth of tissue into the intermediate portion to help hold the implant in place.

    [0034] According to one aspect, the width of the implant in the distal-proximal direction is configured to provide a sufficient surface area of contact between the implant and the bone. A larger surface area of contact may permit the implant to better attach to the bone. In some instances, a wider distal-proximal width may permit an increased number of anchoring elements to fit on the implant. On the other hand, the width of the implant may be limited by the anatomy of the patient and by considerations of invasiveness and comfort. For example, wider implants may require more extensive incisions during implantation and may hinder movement of the foot. Arrangements may be selected depending on the patient's anatomy. For example, if there is sufficient surface area on the bone at the implantation site, an enlarged bone engaging feature may be used. In some embodiments, the width of the implant in the distal-proximal direction may be uniform. For example, as shown in Figs 3A-B, distal implant 6 has a constant distal-proximal width throughout the entire length of the device. The first bone engaging feature 10, second bone engaging feature 20, and intermediate portion 30 of distal implant 6 all have the same width. In other embodiments, the distal-proximal width of the implant may be nonuniform. For example, as shown in Figs. 3A-B, proximal implant 4 has an enlarged first bone engaging feature 10, such that the distal-proximal width at the first bone engaging feature 10 is wider than the intermediate portion 30 and the second bone engaging feature 20. Similarly, in Figs. 7-8, implant 2 has an enlarged first bone engaging feature 10 such that the distal-proximal width at the first bone engaging feature 10 is wider than the intermediate portion 30 and the second bone engaging feature 20. In addition, Figs. 3A-B also show that the distal-proximal width of proximal implant 4 steps down from a wider width at first bone engaging feature 10 to a more narrow width that is uniform from the intermediate portion 30 to the second bone engaging feature 20. Of course, it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited in this respect and other arrangements may be employed. In one embodiment, the proximal implant may have a constant distal-proximal width, while the distal implant may have an enlarged first and/or second bone engaging feature. In another embodiment, the distal implant may have a constant distal-proximal width, while the distal implant may have an enlarged first and/or second bone engaging feature. In another embodiment, the distal and proximal implants may both have constant distal-proximal widths. In yet another embodiment, the distal and proximal implants may both have enlarged first and/or second bone engaging features. In yet another embodiment, the first bone engaging feature, the second bone engaging feature, and the intermediate portion may all have different distal-proximal widths from one another.

    [0035] The implant is implanted into the body of a patient according to various aspects of the invention. In the case of treating hallux valgus or tailor's bunion, a surgical procedure is required for implantation of the implant. Prior to surgery, images may be taken of the implantation site and anatomical measurements may be made. Images may include X-Rays, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computed Tomography (CT) scans, or other suitable images. Anatomical measurements may include the intermetatarsal angle (the interior angle between the first and second metatarsals for hallux valgus or the interior angle between the fourth and fifth metatarsals for tailor's bunion), the distance between the first and second metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints for hallux valgus (fourth and fifth MTP joints for tailor's bunion), curvature of the metatarsals, etc. Based on the images and anatomical measurements, a suitable- sized implant is chosen. Depending on the anatomy of the patient, the implant may be used as a proximal implant or a distal implant. As shown in Figs. 3A-B, an implant system 1 may include both a proximal implant 4 and a distal implant 6.

    [0036] In some embodiments, an implant system composed of multiple implants may be used. In some cases, the use of multiple implants may depend on the patient's intermetatarsal angle. In general, a normal intermetatarsal angle is less than about 9 degrees. In some embodiments, if the subject's intermetatarsal angle is less than about 12 degrees, a single implant may be sufficient. In some embodiments, if the subject's intermetatarsal angle is over about 12 degrees, two implants may be used. As shown in Figs. 2, 3, and 11, a first implant 4 may be implanted at a proximal location and a second implant 6 may be implanted at a distal location. Of course, it should be appreciated that the present disclosure is not limited in this respect and other implantation positions may be used. For example, the first and second implants may be implanted closer or further away from each other. First implant 4 may sit at a position more or less proximally than that shown in Figs. 3A-B, and the second implant 6 may sit at a position more or less distally than that shown in Figs. 3A-B.

    [0037] According to one aspect, first and second implants may be connected together to form a double-construct implant. For example, the double-construct implant may include a connector or section that joins first and second implants together. The connector may be arranged to be positioned in the space between the metatarsals upon implantation such that the double-construct implant forms an H-shape configuration. Alternatively, in some embodiments, the connector joining the first and second implants may be a plate that is wider than the space between the metatarsals. In another embodiment, the double-construct implant may have multiple connectors that join the first and second implants together. First and second implants may be connected together in any suitable way to form a double-construct implant, as this aspect is not limited in this regard. In some embodiments, the connector or connectors may be adjustable to enhance the anatomical fit of the implant. In some embodiments, the connector may have an adjustable length and/or thickness. For example, the connector may include heat shrinkable components, slidably or rotatably adjustable components, and/or bendable components that permit a user to adjust the length, width, and/or curvature of the connector. In another embodiment, the connector may include multiple removable segments. Segments may be added or removed to increase or decrease the length of the connector. In addition, the connector may be bendable, either by hand or with a tool such as a plate bender, to create a curvature suitable to the patient's anatomy. The connector may be adjusted preoperatively or intraoperatively.

    [0038] According to certain aspects of the present disclosure, a surgical procedure is used to deploy the implant. In some embodiments, when treating a patient with hallux valgus, a standard medial approach for hallux valgus repair may be employed. During the procedure, the surgeon may perform a complete lateral release either through a separate distal approach or through the medial incision.

    [0039] A small incision may be placed just lateral to the second metatarsal, thereby exposing the metatarsal. A fascial elevator may be inserted from the medial aspect of the first metatarsal just proximal to the metaphysis, extending to the lateral aspect of the second metatarsal. As a result, the soft tissue may be elevated to form an envelope. The surgeon may then choose an appropriately sized implant based on the patient's anatomical characteristics. The implant may be inserted into the space provided by the fascial elevator, and may be placed around the second metatarsal. The first metatarsal may then be manually reduced, and the implant may be secured to the first metatarsal with locking or non-locking bone screws or other suitable bone engaging feature. Bone screws or other hardware may be drilled just through the cortex of the bone to a depth of about 1 mm, without fully penetrating through the entire bone. As illustrated in Figs. 3 and 9, in one embodiment, bone screws or other hardware may be inserted though bone anchor holes 16. An additional screw may be secured dorsally into the second metatarsal. As illustrated in Fig. 9, in one embodiment, the additional screw may be inserted through dorsal bone anchor hole 26. In some embodiments, treatment of tailor's bunion may employ a similar procedure. Of course, other suitable procedures may be employed.

    [0040] According to one aspect, the implant may be positioned on the dorsal side of the metatarsal bones. Alternatively, the implant may be positioned on the ventral side of the metatarsals. Positioning of the implant on the dorsal side of the metatarsals may be preferred due to improved patient comfort and less interference with daily activities. In addition, deployment of the implant on the dorsal side of the metatarsals may require a less invasive surgical procedure.

    [0041] According to one aspect, depending on the extent of the deformity (e.g. large intermetatarsal angle), the implant may be used as an adjunctive device in combination with an additional surgical procedure. Surgical procedures include wedge osteotomy, transpositional osteotomy, fusion, joint replacement, or other suitable surgical procedure, as this aspect is not limited in this regard.

    [0042] According to one aspect, the implant is not limited to use with the first and second metatarsals. In some embodiments, the implant may be used to treat a condition called tailor's bunion, also known as a bunionette. As shown in Fig. 13, implant system 8, including proximal implant 4 and distal implant 6, may stabilize the fifth metatarsal 55 to the fourth metatarsal 54 in the same manner that the first metatarsal 51 is stabilized to the second metatarsal 52 in the treatment of hallux valgus (Figs. 2-3). Although Fig. 13 depicts a proximal implant 4 with an enlarged first bone engaging feature 10, and a distal implant 6 with a uniform proximal-distal width, it should be appreciated that this aspect is not limited in this regard. In one embodiment, proximal implant 4 may have a uniform proximal-distal width, and distal implant 6 may have an enlarged first and/or second bone engaging feature. In another embodiment, distal implant 6 may have a uniform proximal-distal width, and proximal implant 4 may have an enlarged first and/or second bone engaging feature. In yet another embodiment, both implants 4, 6 may have uniform proximal-distal widths. In other embodiments, a single implant or a double-construct implant may be used. Any arrangement suitable to fit the patient's anatomy may be used, as this aspect is not limited in this regard.

    [0043] In some embodiments, the implant may remain permanently within the body. In some cases, the implant may be replaced after a certain amount of time. In others, the implant may be bioabsorbable or may be removed after a certain amount of time.

    [0044] In some embodiments, the implant may be constructed of any biocompatible material such as titanium, nickel, nickel titanium alloy, nitinol or other shape-memory alloy, silver, gold, plastic, or other suitable material. In some embodiments, the material may be substantially rigid, as opposed to elastic. In other embodiments, the material may be elastic. In some cases, the material may be substantially deformable by hand. The implant may be formed from a plate or strip of material that is about 0.7 to about 1.2 millimeters thick and about 5 to about 15 millimeters wide. According to one aspect, the implant may be formed using any suitable process. The implant may be stamped out of sheet metal or cast from metal and curved at each end by a plate bender or other suitable tool. Any suitable finishing and/or sterilization processes may be applied to the implant, as this aspect is not limited in this regard.

    [0045] According to one aspect, the implant may have permanent discrete lengths, widths and/or thicknesses. In some embodiments, a range of implants of different sizes may be provided in a kit. For example, in one embodiment, the kit may include a range of five discretely sized implants or implant systems: the first may be suitable for very small patients, the second may be suitable for patients who are somewhat smaller than average, the third may be suitable for average-sized patients, and so on, where the size range of implants or implant systems is linearly scaled. In some embodiments, the first implant may have a length of about 32 mm, the second may have a length of about 34 mm, the third implant may have a length of about 36 mm, the fourth implant may have a length of about 38 mm, and the fifth implant may have a length of about 40 mm. In some embodiments, kits may be designed to suit a specific gender, age, and/or severity of deformity. For example, kits for pediatric applications may include smaller implants than kits for adult applications. In some embodiments, kits may also include instruments used to adjust the implants, such as a plate bender. Of course, it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited in this respect and other suitable kits may be employed. For example, the kits may include any number of implants at any range of sizes. In another embodiment, each discretely- sized implant may be provided individually rather than in a collective kit.

    [0046] In addition, while some embodiments of the invention disclosed herein may discuss a surgical implant for a human subject, the surgical implant may be used in non-human subjects as well, as the invention is not limited in this regard. Having thus described several aspects of at least one embodiment of this invention, it is to be appreciated various alterations, modifications, and improvements will readily occur to those skilled in the art. Such alterations, modification, and improvements are intended to be part of this disclosure, and are intended to be within the scope of the invention. Accordingly, the foregoing description and drawings are by way of example only.


    Claims

    1. An implant (3, 4, 6) for repositioning a metatarsal bone (51, 52) of a patient to a more anatomically correct position, the implant (3, 4, 6) comprising:

    a first bone engaging feature (10) for engaging and configured to wrap partially around a lateral aspect of a first bone (51) and having a first curvature (12), the first bone (51) comprising a first metatarsal (51);

    a second bone engaging feature (20) for engaging and configured to wrap partially around a lateral aspect of a second bone (52) and having a second curvature (22), the second bone (52) comprising a second metatarsal (52); and

    an intermediate portion (30) connecting the first and second bone engaging features (10, 20), the intermediate portion (30) and the bone engaging features (10, 20) cooperating to enable the first bone (51) to be drawn toward the second bone (52) and, wherein the intermediate portion (30) includes a third curvature (32) and the third curvature (32) is positioned between the first curvature (12) and the second curvature (22) and is configured to move the intermediate portion (30) in a ventral-dorsal direction and position the intermediate portion (30) between the first bone (51) and the second bone (52);

    wherein the first bone engaging feature (10) extends down more than half a dorsal-ventral depth of the lateral aspect of the first bone (51) and the second bone engaging feature (20) extends down a dorsal-ventral depth of the lateral aspect of the second bone (52);

    characterised in that
    the implant (3, 4, 6) is a plate with a thickness ranging from 0.7 mm to 1.2 mm and a width ranging from 5 mm to 15 mm.
     
    2. The implant (3, 4, 6) of claim 1, wherein the first and second bone engaging features (10, 20) further include at least one bone anchor hole (16) configured to accept an anchoring element that anchors the implant (3, 4, 6) to bone (51, 52) and, wherein the first bone engaging feature (10) is wider about the at least one bone anchor hole (16) in the first bone engaging feature (10) than the at least one bone anchor hole (16) in the second bone engaging feature (20).
     
    3. The implant (3, 4, 6) of claim 1, wherein only one of the first or second bone engaging features (10, 20) includes at least one bone anchor hole (16).
     
    4. The implant (3, 4, 6) of claim 1, wherein the intermediate portion (30) includes at least one bone anchor hole (16).
     
    5. The implant (3, 4, 6) of claim 1, wherein the implant (3, 4, 6) is substantially rigid and the first bone engaging feature has a distal-proximal width that is larger than a distal-proximal width of the second bone engaging feature.
     
    6. The implant (3, 4, 6) of claim 1, wherein the intermediate portion (30) is arranged such that, when the implant (3, 4, 6) is engaged with the first and second bones (51, 52), the intermediate portion (30) is positioned only dorsal to the metatarsals of a foot of the patient.
     
    7. The implant (3, 4, 6) of claim 1, wherein the first bone engaging feature (10) has a first radius of curvature (12) and the second bone engaging feature (20) has a second radius of curvature (22) and the second radius of curvature (22) is smaller than the first radius of curvature (12).
     
    8. The implant (3, 4, 6) of claim 1, wherein the first bone engaging feature has a first arc length and the second bone engaging feature has a second arc length that is smaller than the first arc length.
     
    9. The implant (3, 4, 6) of claim 1, wherein the first and second bone engaging features are configured to engage the metatarsals of the patient's foot and are configured to decrease the intermetatarsal angle between the metatarsals.
     
    10. The implant (3, 4, 6) of claim 1, wherein the implant is used to treat hallux valgus or tailor's bunion.
     
    11. A kit containing multiple sizes of the implant (3, 4, 6) of claim 1.
     
    12. The implant (3, 4, 6) of claim 1, further comprising:

    the first bone engaging feature (10) having a free end and the first curvature (12) extending from the free end;

    the second bone engaging feature (20) having a free end and a second curvature (22) extending from the free end;

    wherein the intermediate portion (30) is arranged such that, when the implant (3, 4, 6) is engaged with the first and second bones (51, 52), the intermediate portion (30) is located only dorsal to metatarsals (51, 52) of a foot of the patient; and

    wherein the free ends align along a longitudinal axis of the implant.


     
    13. The implant (3, 4, 6) of claim 12, wherein the third curvature (32) of the
    intermediate portion (30) is arranged such that, when the implant (3, 4, 6) is engaged with
    the first and second bones (51, 52), the third curvature (32) is positioned between the first
    and second bones (51, 52).
     
    14. The implant (3, 4, 6) of claim 12, wherein the first and second bone engaging features (10, 20) are configured to engage to the metatarsals (51, 52) of the patient's foot and are configured to decrease the intermetatarsal angle (57) between the metatarsals (51, 52).
     
    15. The implant (3, 4, 6) of claim 12, wherein the implant (3, 4, 6) is substantially rigid.
     
    16. The implant (3, 4, 6) of claim 12, wherein the first and second bone engaging features (10, 20) further include at least one bone anchor hole (16) configured to accept an anchoring element that anchors the implant (3, 4, 6) to bone (51, 52) and the first bone engaging feature (10) is wider about the at least one bone anchor hole (16) in the first bone engaging feature (10) than the at least one bone anchor hole (16) in the second bone engaging feature (20).
     
    17. The implant (3, 4, 6) of claim 12, wherein only one of the first or second bone engaging features (10, 20) includes at least one bone anchor hole (16) configured to accept an anchoring element that anchors the implant (3, 4, 6) to bone (51, 52).
     
    18. The implant (3, 4, 6) of claim 12, wherein the implant extends linearly along a medial-lateral direction.
     
    19. The implant (3, 4, 6) of claim 1, wherein the implant extends linearly along a medial-lateral direction.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Implantat (3, 4, 6) zur Reposition eines Mittelfußknochens (51, 52) eines Patienten in eine anatomisch korrektere Position, wobei das Implantat (3, 4, 6) Folgendes umfasst:

    ein erstes Knocheneingriffselement (10), das dazu dient, einen ersten Knochen (51) in Eingriff zu bringen, und dazu ausgelegt ist, dessen lateralen Aspekt teilweise zu umschließen, und das eine erste Krümmung (12) aufweist, wobei der erste Knochen (51) einen ersten Mittelfußknochen (51) umfasst;

    ein zweites Knocheneingriffselement (20), das dazu dient, einen zweiten Knochen (52) in Eingriff zu bringen, und dazu ausgelegt ist, dessen lateralen Aspekt teilweise zu umschließen, und das eine zweite Krümmung (22) aufweist, wobei der zweite Knochen (52) einen zweiten Mittelfußknochen (52) umfasst; und

    einen Zwischenabschnitt (30), der das erste und das zweite Knocheneingriffselement (10, 20) verbindet, wobei der Zwischenabschnitt (30) und die Knocheneingriffselemente (10, 20) zusammenwirken, um dem ersten Knochen (51) zu ermöglichen, zum zweiten Knochen (52) hin gezogen zu werden, wobei der Zwischenabschnitt (30) eine dritte Krümmung (32) umfasst und die dritte Krümmung (32) zwischen der ersten Krümmung (12) und der zweiten Krümmung (22) angeordnet ist und dazu ausgelegt ist, den Zwischenabschnitt (30) in eine ventral-dorsale Richtung zu bewegen und den Zwischenabschnitt (30) zwischen dem ersten Knochen (51) und dem zweiten Knochen (52) anzuordnen;

    wobei sich das erste Knocheneingriffselement (10) entlang mehr als der Hälfte einer dorsal-ventralen Tiefe des lateralen Aspekts des ersten Knochens (51) nach unten erstreckt und sich das zweite Knocheneingriffselement (20) entlang einer dorsal-ventralen Tiefe des lateralen Aspekts des zweiten Knochens (52) nach unten erstreckt; dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    das Implantat (3, 4, 6) eine Platte mit einer Dicke im Bereich von 0,7 mm bis 1,2 mm und einer Breite im Bereich von 5 mm bis 15 mm ist.


     
    2. Implantat (3, 4, 6) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das erste und das zweite Knocheneingriffselement (10, 20) ferner zumindest ein Knochenverankerungsloch (16) umfassen, das dazu ausgelegt ist, ein Verankerungselement aufzunehmen, das das Implantat (3, 4, 6) am Knochen (51, 52) verankert, wobei das erste Knocheneingriffselement (10) rund um das zumindest eine Knochenverankerungsloch (16) im ersten Knocheneingriffselement (10) breiter ist als das zumindest eine Knochenverankerungsloch (16) im zweiten Knochenverankerungselement (20).
     
    3. Implantat (3, 4, 6) nach Anspruch 1, wobei nur eines des ersten und zweiten Knocheneingriffselements (10, 20) zumindest ein Knochenverankerungsloch (16) umfasst.
     
    4. Implantat (3, 4, 6) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Zwischenabschnitt (30) zumindest ein Knochenverankerungsloch (16) umfasst.
     
    5. Implantat (3, 4, 6) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Implantat (3, 4, 6) im Wesentlichen steif ist und das erste Knocheneingriffselement eine distal-proximale Breite aufweist, die größer als eine distal-proximale Breite des zweiten Knocheneingriffselements ist.
     
    6. Implantat (3, 4, 6) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Zwischenabschnitt (30) so angeordnet ist, dass, wenn das Implantat (3, 4, 6) mit dem ersten und zweiten Knochen (51, 52) in Eingriff gebracht wird, der Zwischenabschnitt (30) nur dorsal zu den Mittelfußknochen eines Fußes des Patienten angeordnet ist.
     
    7. Implantat (3, 4, 6) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das erste Knocheneingriffselement (10) einen ersten Krümmungsradius (12) aufweist und das zweite Knocheneingriffselement (20) einen zweiten Krümmungsradius (22) aufweist und der zweite Krümmungsradius (22) kleiner als der erste Krümmungsradius (12) ist.
     
    8. Implantat (3, 4, 6) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das erste Knocheneingriffselement eine erste Bogenlänge aufweist und das zweite Knocheneingriffselement eine zweite Bogenlänge aufweist, die kleiner als die erste Bogenlänge ist.
     
    9. Implantat (3, 4, 6) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das erste und das zweite Knocheneingriffselement dazu ausgelegt sind, die Mittelfußknochen des Fußes des Patienten in Eingriff zu bringen, und dazu ausgelegt sind, den Intermetatarsalwinkel zwischen den Mittelfußknochen zu verringern.
     
    10. Implantat (3, 4, 6) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Implantat dazu verwendet wird, Hallux valgus oder Schneiderballen zu behandeln.
     
    11. Set, das mehrere Größen des Implantats (3, 4, 6) nach Anspruch 1 enthält.
     
    12. Implantat (3, 4, 6) nach Anspruch 1, das ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    das erste Knocheneingriffselement (10), das ein freies Ende und eine erste Krümmung (12)
    aufweist,

    die sich vom freien Ende aus erstreckt;

    das zweite Knocheneingriffselement (20), das ein freies Ende und eine zweite Krümmung
    (22) aufweist,
    die sich vom freien Ende aus erstreckt;
    wobei der Zwischenabschnitt (30) so angeordnet ist, dass, wenn das Implantat (3, 4, 6) mit dem ersten und zweiten Knochen (51, 52) in Eingriff gebracht wird, der Zwischenabschnitt (30) nur dorsal zu Mittelfußknochen (51, 52) eines Fußes des Patienten angeordnet ist; und
    wobei die freien Enden entlang einer Längsachse des Implantats fluchtend ausgerichtet sind.
     
    13. Implantat (3, 4, 6) nach Anspruch 12, wobei die dritte Krümmung (32) des
    Zwischenabschnitts (30) so angeordnet ist, dass, wenn das Implantat (3, 4, 6) mit dem ersten und zweiten Knochen (51, 52) in Eingriff gebracht wird, die dritte Krümmung (32) zwischen dem ersten und zweiten Knochen (51, 52) angeordnet ist.
     
    14. Implantat (3, 4, 6) nach Anspruch 12, wobei das erste und zweite Knocheneingriffselement (10, 20) dazu ausgelegt sind, mit den Mittelfußknochen (51, 52) des Fußes des Patienten in Eingriff gebracht zu werden, und dazu ausgelegt sind, den Intermetatarsalwinkel (57) zwischen den Mittelfußknochen (51, 52) zu verringern.
     
    15. Implantat (3, 4, 6) nach Anspruch 12, wobei das Implantat (3, 4, 6) im Wesentlichen steif ist.
     
    16. Implantat (3, 4, 6) nach Anspruch 12, wobei das erste und das zweite Knocheneingriffselement (10, 20) ferner zumindest ein Knochenverankerungsloch (16) umfassen, das dazu ausgelegt ist, ein Verankerungselement aufzunehmen, das das Implantat (3, 4, 6) am Knochen (51, 52) verankert, und das erste Knocheneingriffselement (10) rund um das zumindest eine Knochenverankerungsloch (16) im ersten Knocheneingriffselement (10) breiter ist als das zumindest eine Knochenverankerungsloch (16) in dem zweiten Knocheneingriffselement (20).
     
    17. Implantat (3, 4, 6) nach Anspruch 12, wobei nur eines des ersten und zweiten Knocheneingriffselements (10, 20) zumindest ein Knochenverankerungsloch (16) umfasst, das dazu ausgelegt ist, ein Verankerungselement aufzunehmen, das das Implantat (3, 4, 6) am Knochen (51, 52) verankert.
     
    18. Implantat (3, 4, 6) nach Anspruch 12, wobei sich das Implantat linear entlang einer medial-lateralen Richtung erstreckt.
     
    19. Implantat (3, 4, 6) nach Anspruch 1, wobei sich das Implantat linear entlang einer medial-lateralen Richtung erstreckt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Implant (3, 4, 6) pour repositionner un os métatarsien (51, 52) d'un patient dans une position plus correcte du point de vue anatomique, l'implant (3, 4, 6) comprenant :

    un premier membre entrant en contact avec un os (10) pour entrer en contact avec et configuré pour entourer partiellement un aspect latéral d'un premier os (51) et ayant une première courbure (12), le premier os (51) comprenant un premier métatarsien (51) ;

    un second membre entrant en contact avec un os (20) pour entrer en contact avec et configuré pour entourer partiellement un aspect latéral d'un second os (52) et ayant une seconde courbure (22), le second os (52) comprenant un second métatarsien (52) ; et

    une partie intermédiaire (30) reliant les premier et second membres entrant en contact avec un os (10, 20), la partie intermédiaire (30) et les membres entrant en contact avec un os (10, 20) coopérant pour permettre au premier os (51) d'être tiré vers le second os (52) et où la partie intermédiaire (30) inclut une troisième courbure (32) et la troisième courbure (32) est positionnée entre la première courbure (12) et la seconde courbure (22) et est configurée pour déplacer la partie intermédiaire (30) dans une direction ventrale-dorsale et positionner la partie intermédiaire (30) entre le premier os (51) et le second os (52) ;

    où le premier membre entrant en contact avec un os (10) s'étend vers le bas sur plus de la moitié d'une profondeur dorsale-ventrale de l'aspect latéral du premier os (51) et le second membre entrant en contact avec un os (20) s'étend vers le bas sur une profondeur dorsale-ventrale de l'aspect latéral du second os (52) ; caractérisé en ce que l'implant (3, 4, 6) est une plaque ayant une épaisseur allant de 0,7 mm à 1,2 mm et une largeur allant de 5 mm à 15 mm.


     
    2. Implant (3, 4, 6) selon la revendication 1, où les premier et second membres entrant en contact avec un os (10, 20) incluent en outre au moins un trou d'ancrage à un os (16) configuré pour accepter un élément d'ancrage qui ancre l'implant (3, 4, 6) à l'os (51, 52) et où le premier membre entrant en contact avec un os (10) est plus large autour du au moins un trou d'ancrage à un os (16) dans le premier membre entrant en contact avec un os (10) que le au moins un trou d'ancrage à un os (16) dans le second membre entrant en contact avec un os (20).
     
    3. Implant (3, 4, 6) selon la revendication 1, où seulement l'un du premier ou second membre entrant en contact avec un os (10, 20) inclut au moins un trou d'ancrage à un os (16).
     
    4. Implant (3, 4, 6) selon la revendication 1, où la partie intermédiaire (30) inclut au moins un trou d'ancrage à un os (16).
     
    5. Implant (3, 4, 6) selon la revendication 1, où l'implant (3, 4, 6) est sensiblement rigide et le premier membre entrant en contact avec un os a une largeur distale-proximale qui est plus grande qu'une largeur distale-proximale du second membre entrant en contact avec un os.
     
    6. Implant (3, 4, 6) selon la revendication 1, où la partie intermédiaire (30) est agencée de telle sorte que, quand l'implant (3, 4, 6) est amené à entrer en contact avec les premier et second os (51, 52), la partie intermédiaire (30) est positionnée seulement dorsalement par rapport aux métatarsiens d'un pied du patient.
     
    7. Implant (3, 4, 6) selon la revendication 1, où le premier membre entrant en contact avec un os (10) a un premier rayon de courbure (12) et le second membre entrant en contact avec un os (20) a un second rayon de courbure (22) et le second rayon de courbure (22) est plus petit que le premier rayon de courbure (12).
     
    8. Implant (3, 4, 6) selon la revendication 1, où le premier membre entrant en contact avec un os a une première longueur d'arc et le second membre entrant en contact avec un os a une seconde longueur d'arc qui est plus petite que la première longueur d'arc.
     
    9. Implant (3, 4, 6) selon la revendication 1, où les premier et second membres entrant en contact avec un os sont configurés pour entrer en contact avec les métatarsiens du pied du patient et sont configurés pour diminuer l'angle intermétatarsien entre les métatarsiens.
     
    10. Implant (3, 4, 6) selon la revendication 1, où l'implant est utilisé pour traiter un hallux valgus ou un oignon du tailleur.
     
    11. Kit contenant de multiples tailles de l'implant (3, 4, 6) selon la revendication 1.
     
    12. Implant (3, 4, 6) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :

    le premier membre entrant en contact avec un os (10) ayant une extrémité libre et la première courbure (12) qui s'étend depuis l'extrémité libre ;

    le second membre entrant en contact avec un os (20) ayant une extrémité libre et une seconde courbure (22) qui s'étend depuis l'extrémité libre ;

    où la partie intermédiaire (30) est agencée de telle sorte que, quand l'implant (3, 4, 6) est amené à entrer en contact avec les premier et second os (51, 52), la partie intermédiaire (30) est située seulement dorsalement par rapport aux métatarsiens (51, 52) d'un pied du patient ; et

    où les extrémités libres s'alignent suivant un axe longitudinal de l'implant.


     
    13. Implant (3, 4, 6) selon la revendication 12, où la troisième courbure (32) de la partie intermédiaire (30) est agencée de telle manière que, quand l'implant (3, 4, 6) est amené à entrer en contact avec les premier et second os (51, 52), la troisième courbure (32) est positionnée entre les premier et second os (51, 52).
     
    14. Implant (3, 4, 6) selon la revendication 12, où les premier et second membres entrant en contact avec un os (10, 20) sont configurés pour entrer en contact avec les métatarsiens (51, 52) du pied du patient et sont configurés pour diminuer l'angle intermétatarsien (57) entre les métatarsiens (51, 52).
     
    15. Implant (3, 4, 6) selon la revendication 12, où l'implant (3, 4, 6) est sensiblement rigide.
     
    16. Implant (3, 4, 6) selon la revendication 12, où les premier et second membres entrant en contact avec un os (10, 20) incluent en outre au moins un trou d'ancrage à un os (16) configuré pour accepter un élément d'ancrage qui ancre l'implant (3, 4, 6) à l'os (51, 52) et le premier membre entrant en contact avec un os (10) est plus large autour du au moins un trou d'ancrage à un os (16) dans le premier membre entrant en contact avec un os (10) que le au moins un trou d'ancrage à un os (16) dans le second membre entrant en contact avec un os (20).
     
    17. Implant (3, 4, 6) selon la revendication 12, où seulement l'un du premier ou second membre entrant en contact avec un os (10, 20) inclut au moins un trou d'ancrage à un os (16) configuré pour accepter un élément d'ancrage qui ancre l'implant (3, 4, 6) à l'os (51, 52).
     
    18. Implant (3, 4, 6) selon la revendication 12, où l'implant s'étend linéairement suivant une direction médiane-latérale.
     
    19. Implant (3, 4, 6) selon la revendication 1, où l'implant s'étend linéairement suivant une direction médiane-latérale.
     




    Drawing
























































    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description