(19)
(11)EP 2 836 850 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/20

(21)Application number: 13722556.1

(22)Date of filing:  28.03.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G01R 33/48  (2006.01)
A61N 5/10  (2006.01)
A61B 90/00  (2016.01)
A61N 7/02  (2006.01)
A61B 5/055  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IB2013/052485
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/153477 (17.10.2013 Gazette  2013/42)

(54)

COORDINATE TRANSFORMATION OF GRAPHICAL OBJECTS REGISTERED TO A MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGE

KOORDINATENTRANSFORMATION VON GRAFISCHEN OBJEKTEN, DIE AUF EINEM MAGNETRESONANZBILD REGISTRIERT WERDEN

TRANSFORMATION DES COORDONNÉES D'OBJETS GRAPHIQUES ENREGISTRÉE SUR UNE IMAGE DE RÉSONANCE MAGNÉTIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 12.04.2012 US 201261623097 P
12.04.2012 EP 12163926

(43)Date of publication of application:
18.02.2015 Bulletin 2015/08

(73)Proprietor: Koninklijke Philips N.V.
5656 AG Eindhoven (NL)

(72)Inventor:
  • VAHALA, Erkki, Tapani
    NL-5656 AE Eindhoven (NL)

(74)Representative: Philips Intellectual Property & Standards 
High Tech Campus 5
5656 AE Eindhoven
5656 AE Eindhoven (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A2-2010/113050
  
  • RIES M. ET AL.: "Three dimensional motion compensation for real-time MRI guided focused ultrasound treatment of abdominal organs", PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE IN MEDICINE, 17TH ANNUAL MEETING PROCEEDINGS, 18 April 2009 (2009-04-18), page 443, XP002682880, Honolulu, Hawai'i, USA
  • ROUJOL SÉBASTIEN ET AL: "Automatic nonrigid calibration of image registration for real time MR-guided HIFU ablations of mobile organs.", IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MEDICAL IMAGING OCT 2011 LNKD- PUBMED:21550879, vol. 30, no. 10, October 2011 (2011-10), pages 1737-1745, XP002682887, ISSN: 1558-254X
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The invention relates to magnetic resonance imaging, in particular to the registration of graphical objects to the magnetic resonance image.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0002] In High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU), a volume of interest is detected during the planning stages and may be marked on medical images, such as magnetic resonance images. For example, an ellipsoid can be quickly drawn over a uterine fibroid. Volumes to be destroyed, so called treatment cells, can be planned in advance and may landmark vessels or other structures to be destroyed. Regions of interest can be drawn to highlight organs at risk and safety margins to organ structures. Once sonications have been carried out, the produced temperature map overlays and thermal doses correspond to signal changes in images where the tissue has been altered with thermal energy. These form the basic HIFU graphical objects. The international application WO2010/113050 discloses delineating anatomical features in images used for image-guided therapy planning. This known delineation makes use of a comparison of the position of anatomical landmarks in the image to reference landmarks.

[0003] However, subjects may have external and/or internal motion during a course of sonication. Automatic re-registration algorithms are susceptible to errors when the input image data does not provide sufficient/correct contrast or signal to noise ratio. Landmark-based manual methods need extensive user interaction to define suitable anatomical landmarks and slow down the therapy session. The ISMRM abstract in Proc. ISMRM(2009)443 mentions that a 2D selective navigator is employed to compensate out-of-plane motion.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0004] The invention provides for a medical instrument, a computer program product, and a method of controlling the medical instrument in the independent claims. Embodiments are given in the dependent claims.

[0005] A 'computer-readable storage medium' as used herein encompasses any tangible storage medium which may store instructions which are executable by a processor of a computing device. The computer-readable storage medium may be referred to as a computer-readable non-transitory storage medium. The computer-readable storage medium may also be referred to as a tangible computer readable medium. In some embodiments, a computer-readable storage medium may also be able to store data which is able to be accessed by the processor of the computing device. Examples of computer-readable storage media include, but are not limited to: a floppy disk, a magnetic hard disk drive, a solid state hard disk, flash memory, a USB thumb drive, Random Access Memory (RAM), Read Only Memory (ROM), an optical disk, a magneto-optical disk, and the register file of the processor. Examples of optical disks include Compact Disks (CD) and Digital Versatile Disks (DVD), for example CD-ROM, CD-RW, CD-R, DVD-ROM, DVD-RW, or DVD-R disks. The term computer readable-storage medium also refers to various types of recording media capable of being accessed by the computer device via a network or communication link. For example a data may be retrieved over a modem, over the internet, or over a local area network.

[0006] 'Computer memory' or 'memory' is an example of a computer-readable storage medium. Computer memory is any memory which is directly accessible to a processor. Examples of computer memory include, but are not limited to: RAM memory, registers, and register files.

[0007] 'Computer storage' or 'storage' is an example of a computer-readable storage medium. Computer storage is any non-volatile computer-readable storage medium. Examples of computer storage include, but are not limited to: a hard disk drive, a USB thumb drive, a floppy drive, a smart card, a DVD, a CD-ROM, and a solid state hard drive. In some embodiments computer storage may also be computer memory or vice versa.

[0008] A 'processor' as used herein encompasses an electronic component which is able to execute a program or machine executable instruction. References to the computing device comprising "a processor" should be interpreted as possibly containing more than one processor or processing core. The processor may for instance be a multi-core processor. A processor may also refer to a collection of processors within a single computer system or distributed amongst multiple computer systems. The term computing device should also be interpreted to possibly refer to a collection or network of computing devices each comprising a processor or processors. Many programs have their instructions performed by multiple processors that may be within the same computing device or which may even be distributed across multiple computing devices.

[0009] A 'user interface' as used herein is an interface which allows a user or operator to interact with a computer or computer system. A 'user interface' may also be referred to as a 'human interface device.' A user interface may provide information or data to the operator and/or receive information or data from the operator. A user interface may enable input from an operator to be received by the computer and may provide output to the user from the computer. In other words, the user interface may allow an operator to control or manipulate a computer and the interface may allow the computer indicate the effects of the operator's control or manipulation. The display of data or information on a display or a graphical user interface is an example of providing information to an operator. The receiving of data through a keyboard, mouse, trackball, touchpad, pointing stick, graphics tablet, joystick, gamepad, webcam, headset, gear sticks, steering wheel, pedals, wired glove, dance pad, remote control, and accelerometer are all examples of user interface components which enable the receiving of information or data from an operator.

[0010] A 'hardware interface' as used herein encompasses an interface which enables the processor of a computer system to interact with and/or control an external computing device and/or apparatus. A hardware interface may allow a processor to send control signals or instructions to an external computing device and/or apparatus. A hardware interface may also enable a processor to exchange data with an external computing device and/or apparatus. Examples of a hardware interface include, but are not limited to: a universal serial bus, IEEE 1394 port, parallel port, IEEE 1284 port, serial port, RS-232 port, IEEE-488 port, Bluetooth connection, Wireless local area network connection, TCP/IP connection, Ethernet connection, control voltage interface, MIDI interface, analog input interface, and digital input interface.

[0011] A 'display' or 'display device' as used herein encompasses an output device or a user interface adapted for displaying images or data. A display may output visual, audio, and or tactile data. Examples of a display include, but are not limited to: a computer monitor, a television screen, a touch screen, tactile electronic display, Braille screen, Cathode ray tube (CRT), Storage tube, Bistable display, Electronic paper, Vector display, Flat panel display, Vacuum fluorescent display (VF), Light-emitting diode (LED) displays, Electroluminescent display (ELD), Plasma display panels (PDP), Liquid crystal display (LCD), Organic light-emitting diode displays (OLED), a projector, and Head-mounted display.

[0012] Magnetic Resonance (MR) data is defined herein as being the recorded measurements of radio frequency signals emitted by atomic spins by the antenna of a Magnetic resonance apparatus during a magnetic resonance imaging scan. A Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) image is defined herein as being the reconstructed two or three dimensional visualization of anatomic data contained within the magnetic resonance imaging data. This visualization can be performed using a computer.

[0013] An 'ultrasound window' as used herein encompasses a window which is able to transmit ultrasonic waves or energy. Typically a thin film or membrane is used as an ultrasound window. The ultrasound window may for example be made of a thin membrane of BoPET (Biaxially-oriented polyethylene terephthalate).

[0014] In one aspect the invention provides for a medical instrument in accordance with claim 1. It comprises a magnetic resonance imaging system for acquiring magnetic resonance data from an imaging zone. The medical instrument further comprises a processor for controlling the medical instrument. The medical instrument further comprises a memory containing machine-readable instructions for execution by the processor. Execution of the instructions causes the processor to acquire first magnetic resonance data with the magnetic resonance imaging system. The first magnetic resonance data is magnetic resonance data. Execution of the instructions further causes the processor to reconstruct a first magnetic resonance image using the first magnetic resonance data. The first magnetic resonance image is a magnetic resonance image.

[0015] A magnetic resonance image as used herein encompasses data which may be used to render or display an image on a display. For instance the magnetic resonance image may comprise data which represents a slice, a single voxel, or even a three-dimensional volume. Execution of the instructions further causes the processor to receive a registration of one or more graphical objects to the first magnetic resonance image. The registration defines spatial positions of the one or more graphical objects with respect to the first magnetic resonance image. Execution of the instructions further causes the processor to repeatedly acquire second magnetic resonance data using the magnetic resonance imaging system.

[0016] The second magnetic resonance data is magnetic resonance data. Execution of the instructions further causes the processor to repeatedly reconstruct a second magnetic resonance image using the second magnetic resonance data. The second magnetic resonance image is also a magnetic resonance image. Execution of the instructions further cause the processor to receive positioning coordinates in the second magnetic resonance image for a first group selected from the one or more graphical objects. The repositioning coordinates describe a repositioning of the first group in the second magnetic resonance image with respect to the first magnetic resonance image. It is in other words to say that the position of the one or more graphical objects is defined in the first magnetic resonance image.

[0017] When the second magnetic resonance image is reconstructed the one or more graphical objects may not be properly registered with the second magnetic resonance image. The repositioning coordinates describe the new position of the first group of one or more graphical objects. The first group may for instance contain one or more of the one or more graphical objects. Execution of the instructions further cause the processor to repeatedly determine a coordinate transformation of a second group selected from the one or more graphical objects by applying a coordinate transformation model to the repositioning coordinates.
An insight of the invention is that in the treatment plan formed from the first magnetic resonance image contains suitable graphical objects that can be employed to derive motion. The graphical objects in the treatment plan per se could for example be delineated in the first magnetic resonance image by way of the approach in the international application WO2010/113050. That known approach, however , limits its application to automatic delineation of anatomy in image guided therapy planning. That is, the known approach is applied only in the original generation of the therapy plan. The present invention is based on the insight that the same graphical objects can be employed to detect movement and accordingly correct the treatment plan. By registering the corresponding graphical objects in the first magnetic resonance image to those in the second magnetic resonance image a coordinate transformation is found that represents the motion that occurred between the first magnetic resonance image that forms the basis of the treatment plan and the subsequent second magnetic resonance image. This coordinate transformation is then employed to modify or update the treatment plan to account for the motion that has occurred. The high-instensity focused ultrasound system is continued to be controlled on the basis of the modified treatment plan. For example the adjustable focus is moved so as to account for the motion that has occurred. In this way even if motion occurs, the high-intensity focused ultrasound radiation remains focused into a target zone that is to be treated and deposition of energy surrounding healthy tissue is avoided. Thus, hyperthermia is accurately applied to the tissue in the target region even if motion occurs. Because the graphical objects contained in the treatment plan are used, there is no need to separately select graphical objects. Notably, the graphical objects in the treatment plan represent relevant anatomical structures of which the motion is taken into account in the update of the treatment plan.

[0018] This embodiment may be beneficial because it provides for a means of properly positioning the multiple graphical objects on the second magnetic resonance image. One or more of the multiple graphical objects are first repositioned and then a coordinate transformation model is used to reposition one or more of the remaining multiple graphical objects based on the way the first repositioning was performed. This may provide for a means of repositioning the multiple graphical objects in the second magnetic resonance image for instance when a subject moves. For instance, the first and second magnetic resonance data may be acquired from a subject.

[0019] In another embodiment execution of the instructions further causes the processor to receive a treatment plan for controlling a high-intensity focused ultrasound system with an adjustable focus. A treatment plan as used herein encompasses a set of instructions or data which may be used for generating a set of instructions for operating the high-intensity focused ultrasound system. In some embodiments the treatment plan may contain anatomical or other data descriptive of the subject.

[0020] Execution of the instructions further causes the processor to repeatedly modify the treatment plan using the repositioning coordinates and the coordinate transformation. This embodiment may be beneficial because it provides for a means of correcting the position of the multiple graphical objects which specify a location such as regions to sonicate and/or protect from heating.

[0021] In another embodiment the medical instrument further comprises the high-intensity focused ultrasound system. Execution of the instructions further cause the processor to control the high-intensity focused ultrasound system in accordance with the treatment plan. This embodiment may be beneficial because the treatment plan used to control the high-intensity focused ultrasound system is updated using the repositioning coordinates and the coordinate transformation.

[0022] In another embodiment execution of the instructions further cause the processor to perform a reduced intensity sonication before acquisition of the first magnetic resonance data. Execution of the instructions causes the processor to check the registration using the first magnetic resonance image. This embodiment may be beneficial because the reduced intensity sonication may be a test shot for determining if the registration between the image and the high-intensity focused ultrasound system is correct or not.

[0023] In another embodiment the coordinate transformation model is a deformable shape model. A deformable shape model as used herein encompasses a model descriptive of a subject's internal structure which uses a least energy or other algorithm to fit the model to the actual geometry in a magnetic resonance image.

[0024] In another embodiment each of the graphical objects has a tag. The coordinate transformation of the second group is determined at least partially using the tag of each of the second group. For instance the graphical objects may have a type or tag which may be used to identify the type of graphical objects or some of its properties. For instance considering the case of a subject who is breathing within the abdominal cavity the organs may move around considerably during the process of the subject breathing or working. By using a tag the particular graphical object may be classified as to an anatomical region it is nearby and this may aid in choosing a model to predict its motion or for instance points on a subject's skin could be selected and in this case the motion of the tags may be limited.

[0025] In another embodiment the graphical objects are any one of the following: treatment cells, regions of interest, measured doses, planned target volumes, and combinations thereof.

[0026] In another embodiment the memory further contains an image selection module containing machine-readable instructions for execution by the processor for segmenting the magnetic resonance image to determine the repositioning coordinates. Execution of the instructions further causes the processor to receive the repositioning coordinates from the segmentation module. In this embodiment the position of the first group is determined automatically using the segmentation module. In some embodiments, the segmentation module can be used to identify and/or tag objects. Tagging an object may be equivalent to classifying the objects. The classification may then be used by a particular coordinate transformation model the new coordinates in response to the repositioning coordinates. This may provide for more accurate and timely updating of the treatment plan.

[0027] In another embodiment execution of the instructions further causes the processor to repeatedly display the second magnetic resonance image on a display. The repositioning coordinates are received from a user interface in response to displaying the second magnetic resonance data.

[0028] In another embodiment execution of the instructions further causes the processor to display the first magnetic resonance image on the display. The registration is received from the user interface and responds to displaying the first magnetic resonance data.

[0029] In another aspect the invention provides for a computer program product in accordance with claim 9, comprising machine-executable instructions for execution by a processor controlling the medical instrument. The medical instrument comprises a magnetic resonance imaging system for acquiring magnetic resonance data from an imaging zone. Execution of the instructions further causes the processor to acquire first magnetic resonance data with the magnetic resonance imaging system. Execution of the instructions further causes the processor to reconstruct a first magnetic resonance image using the first magnetic resonance data. Execution of the instructions further causes the processor to receive a registration of multiple graphical objects to the first magnetic resonance image. The registration defines spatial positions of the multiple graphical objects with respect to the first magnetic resonance image. Execution of the instructions further causes the processor to repeatedly acquire second magnetic resonance data using the magnetic resonance imaging system.

[0030] Execution of the instructions further causes the processor to repeatedly reconstruct a second magnetic resonance image using the second magnetic resonance data. Execution of the instructions further causes the processor to repeatedly receive repositioning coordinates in the second magnetic resonance image for a first group selected from the multiple graphical objects. The repositioning coordinates describe a repositioning of the first group in the second magnetic resonance image with respect to the first magnetic resonance image. Execution of the instructions further cause the processor to repeatedly determine a coordinate transformation of a second group selected from the multiple graphical objects by applying a coordinate transformation model to the repositioning coordinates.

[0031] In another embodiment execution of the instructions causes the processor to receive a treatment plan for controlling a high-intensity focused ultrasound system with an adjustable focus. Execution of the instructions further causes the processor to repeatedly modify the treatment plan using the repositioning coordinates and the coordinate transformation.

[0032] In another embodiment the medical instrument further comprises the high-intensity focused ultrasound system. Execution of the instructions further causes the processor to control the high-intensity focused ultrasound system in accordance with the treatment plan.

[0033] In another aspect and in accordance with claim 10 the invention provides for a method of controlling the medical instrument. The medical instrument comprises a magnetic resonance imaging system for acquiring magnetic resonance data from and imaging zone. The method comprises the steps of acquiring first magnetic resonance data with the magnetic resonance imaging system. The method further comprises the step of reconstructing a first magnetic resonance image using the first magnetic resonance data. The method further comprises the step of receiving a registration of multiple graphical objects to the first magnetic resonance image. The registration defines spatial positions of the multiple graphical objects with respect to the first magnetic resonance image.

[0034] The method further comprises repeatedly performing the step of acquiring second magnetic resonance data using the magnetic resonance imaging system. The method further comprises repeatedly performing the step of reconstructing a second magnetic resonance image using the second magnetic resonance data. The method further comprises the step of repeatedly receiving repositioning coordinates in a second magnetic resonance image for a first group selected from the multiple graphical objects. The repositioning coordinates describe a repositioning of the first group in the second magnetic resonance image with respect to the first magnetic resonance image. The method further comprises the step of repeatedly determining a coordinate transformation of a second group selected from the multiple graphical objects by applying a coordinate transformation model to the repositioning coordinates.

[0035] In another embodiment the method further comprises the step of receiving a treatment plan for controlling a high-intensity focused ultrasound system with an adjustable focus. The method further comprises the step of modifying the treatment plan using the repositioning coordinates and the coordinate transformation.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0036] In the following preferred embodiments of the invention will be described, by way of example only, and with reference to the drawings in which:

Fig. 1 shows a flow diagram which illustrates an example of a method;

Fig. 2 shows a flow diagram which illustrates a further example of a method;

Fig. 3 illustrates an example of a medical apparatus;

Fig. 4 illustrates a further example of a medical apparatus;

Fig. 5 illustrates an example of a user interface;

Fig. 6 illustrates a further example of a user interface;

Fig. 7 illustrates a further example of a user interface;

Fig. 8 illustrates a further example of a user interface; and

Fig. 9 illustrates a further example of a user interface.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS



[0037] Like numbered elements in these figures are either equivalent elements or perform the same function. Elements which have been discussed previously will not necessarily be discussed in later figures if the function is equivalent.

[0038] Fig. 1 shows a flow diagram which illustrates an example of a method. First in step 100 first magnetic resonance data is acquired using a magnetic resonance imaging system. Next in step 102 a first magnetic resonance image is reconstructed using the first magnetic resonance data. Next in step 104 a registration of multiple graphical objects is received for the first magnetic resonance image. The registration may for instance come from an automatic segmentation module or it may also be received from a user interface. For instance the first magnetic resonance image may be displayed and a user may manually place the multiple graphical objects on the first magnetic resonance image thereby registering them. Next in step 106 second magnetic resonance data is acquired using the magnetic resonance imaging system. Then in step 108 a second magnetic resonance image is reconstructed using the second magnetic resonance data. Next in step 110 repositioning coordinates are received for a first group of objects selected from the multiple graphical objects. The repositioning coordinates identifies the position of the first group in the second magnetic resonance image. Next in step 112 a coordinate transformation of a second group selected from the multiple graphical objects is determined by applying a coordinate transformation model to the repositioning coordinates. Next box 114 is a decision box, is the data acquisition finished. If the answer is yes then the method ends in step 116. If it is no then the method returns to step 106 where second magnetic resonance data is acquired. The method then proceeds as previously described and repeats until the decision in step 114 is yes.

[0039] Fig. 2 shows a flow diagram which illustrates a further example of a method. First in step 200 a treatment plan is received. The treatment plan may contain data useful for constructing control commands for a high-intensity focused ultrasound system or itself may contain commands for controlling a high-intensity focused ultrasound system. Next in step 202 first magnetic resonance data is acquired using a magnetic resonance imaging system. Then in step 204 a first magnetic resonance image is reconstructed using the first magnetic resonance data. Next in step 206 a registration is received of multiple graphical objects in the first magnetic resonance image. Next in step 208 the high-intensity focused ultrasound system is controlled in accordance with the treatment plan. Then in step 210 second magnetic resonance data is acquired using the magnetic resonance imaging system. Next in step 212 a second magnetic resonance image is reconstructed using the second magnetic resonance data. Next in step 214 repositioning coordinates are received in the second magnetic resonance image for a first group selected from the multiple graphical objects.

[0040] Next in step 216 a coordinate transformation is determined for a second group selected from the multiple graphical objects by applying a coordinate transformation model to the repositioning coordinates. Next step 218 is a decision box. The question is sonication finished. If the answer is yes then the method ends in step 220. If the answer is no then in step 222 the treatment plan is modified using the repositioning coordinates and the coordinate transformation. The method then proceeds back to step 208 where the high-intensity focused ultrasound system is controlled in accordance with the treatment plan. The method then proceeds as described previously and repeats until in step 218 it is indicated that the sonication is finished and the method ends at step 220. The method described in Fig. 2 forms a closed control loop for control of the high-intensity focused ultrasound system.

[0041] Fig. 3 illustrates a medical apparatus 300 according to an embodiment of the invention. The medical apparatus 300 comprises a magnetic resonance imaging system 602. The magnetic resonance imaging system 302 is shown as comprising a magnet 304. The magnet 304 is a cylindrical type superconducting magnet with a bore 306 through the center of it. The magnet 304 has a liquid helium cooled cryostat with superconducting coils. It is also possible to use permanent or resistive magnets. The use of different types of magnets is also possible for instance it is also possible to use both a split cylindrical magnet and a so called open magnet. A split cylindrical magnet is similar to a standard cylindrical magnet, except that the cryostat has been split into two sections to allow access to the iso-plane of the magnet, such magnets may for instance be used in conjunction with charged particle beam therapy. An open magnet has two magnet sections, one above the other with a space in-between that is large enough to receive a subject: the arrangement of the two sections area similar to that of a Helmholtz coil. Open magnets are popular, because the subject is less confined. Inside the cryostat of the cylindrical magnet there is a collection of superconducting coils. Within the bore 306 of the cylindrical magnet 304 there is an imaging zone 308 where the magnetic field is strong and uniform enough to perform magnetic resonance imaging.

[0042] Also within the bore 306 of the magnet is a magnetic field gradient coil 310 which is used for acquisition of magnetic resonance data to spatially encode magnetic spins within an imaging zone of the magnet. The magnetic field gradient coil 310 is connected to a magnetic field gradient coil power supply 312. The magnetic field gradient coil is representative. Typically magnetic field gradient coils contain three separate sets of coils for spatially encoding in three orthogonal spatial directions. A magnetic field gradient power supply 312 supplies current to the magnetic field gradient coils. The current supplied to the magnetic field coils is controlled as a function of time and may be ramped and/or pulsed.

[0043] Adjacent the imaging zone 308 is a radio-frequency coil 314. The radio-frequency coil 314 is connected to a radio-frequency transceiver 316. Also within the bore of the magnet 304 is a subject 318 that is reposing on a subject support 320 and is partially within the imaging zone 308.

[0044] Adjacent to the imaging zone 308 is a radio-frequency coil 314 for manipulating the orientations of magnetic spins within the imaging zone 308 and for receiving radio transmissions from spins also within the imaging zone 308. The radio-frequency coil 314 may contain multiple coil elements. The radio-frequency coil 314 may also be referred to as a channel or an antenna. The radio-frequency coil is connected to a radio frequency transceiver 316. The radio-frequency coil 314 and radio frequency transceiver 316 may be replaced by separate transmit and receive coils and a separate transmitter and receiver. It is understood that the radio-frequency coil 314 and the radio-frequency transceiver 316 are representative. The radio-frequency coil 314 is intended to also represent a dedicated transmit antenna and a dedicated receive antenna. Likewise the transceiver 316 may also represent a separate transmitter and a separate receiver.

[0045] The magnetic field gradient coil power supply 312 and the radio-frequency transceiver 316 are connected to a hardware interface 324 of a computer system 322. The computer system 322 further comprises a processor 326. The processor 326 is connected to the hardware interface 324. The hardware interface 324 enables the processor 326 to send and receive data and commands to the magnetic resonance imaging system 302. The computer system 322 further comprises a user interface 328, computer storage 330 and computer memory 332.

[0046] The computer storage 330 is shown as containing a pulse sequence 340. The pulse sequence 340 contains instructions or data which may be used for generating instructions for controlling the operation and function of the magnetic resonance imaging system 302. The computer storage 330 is shown as further containing first magnetic resonance data that was acquired using the pulse sequence 340. The computer storage 330 is shown as further containing a first magnetic resonance image 344 which was reconstructed from the first magnetic resonance data 342. The computer storage 330 is further shown as containing multiple graphical objects. The computer storage 330 is further shown as containing a first group or an identification of a first group 348 within the multiple graphical objects 346.

[0047] The computer storage 330 is further shown as containing a second group 350 or an identification of a second group 350 chosen from the multiple graphical objects 346. The computer storage 330 is shown as further containing an image registration 352 of the multiple graphical objects 346 in the first magnetic resonance image 344. The computer storage 330 is further shown as containing a second magnetic resonance data 354. The computer storage 330 is shown as further containing a second magnetic resonance image 356 reconstructed from the second magnetic resonance data 354. The computer storage 330 is further shown as containing repositioning coordinates 358 which identify the location of the first group 348 within the second magnetic resonance image 356. The computer storage 330 is shown as further containing a coordinate transformation 358 which identifies the location of the second group 350 within the second magnetic resonance image 356.

[0048] The computer memory 332 is shown as containing a control module 360. The control module 360 comprises computer-executable code which enables the processor 326 to control the operation and function of the magnetic resonance imaging system 302. For instance it may use the pulse sequence 340 for acquiring the magnetic resonance data 342, 354. The computer memory 332 is further shown as containing an image reconstruction module 362. The image reconstruction module 362 enables the processor to reconstruct the first magnetic resonance image 344 from the first magnetic resonance data 342. The image reconstruction module 362 also enables the reconstruction of the second magnetic resonance image 356 from the second magnetic resonance data 354. The computer memory 332 is further shown as containing a coordinate transformation module 364 which enables the processor 362 to calculate the coordinate transformation 359 using the repositioning coordinates 358.

[0049] Fig. 4 shows a further embodiment of the medical apparatus 400 according to the invention. In this embodiment the heating system is a high-intensity focused ultrasound system 402. The high-intensity focused ultrasound system comprises a fluid-filled chamber 404. Within the fluid-filled chamber 404 is an ultrasound transducer 406. Although it is not shown in this Fig. the ultrasound transducer 406 may comprise multiple ultrasound transducer elements each capable of generating an individual beam of ultrasound. This may be used to steer the location of a sonication point 418 electronically by controlling the phase and/or amplitude of alternating electrical current supplied to each of the ultrasound transducer elements. The sonication point 418 is operable to be controlled to sonicate the target zone 417.

[0050] The ultrasound transducer 406 is connected to a mechanism 408 which allows the ultrasound transducer 406 to be repositioned mechanically. The mechanism 408 is connected to a mechanical actuator 410 which is adapted for actuating the mechanism 408. The mechanical actuator 410 also represents a power supply for supplying electrical power to the ultrasound transducer 406. In some embodiments the power supply may control the phase and/or amplitude of electrical power to individual ultrasound transducer elements. In some embodiments the mechanical actuator/power supply 410 is located outside of the bore 306 of the magnet 304.

[0051] The ultrasound transducer 406 generates ultrasound which is shown as following the path 412. The ultrasound 412 goes through the fluid-filled chamber 404 and through an ultrasound window 414. In this embodiment the ultrasound then passes through a gel pad 416. The gel pad is not necessarily present in all embodiments but in this embodiment there is a recess in the subject support 320 for receiving a gel pad 416. The gel pad 416 helps couple ultrasonic power between the transducer 406 and the subject 318. After passing through the gel pad 416 the ultrasound 412 passes through the subject 318 and is focused to a sonication point 418. The sonication point 418 is being focused within a target zone 418. The sonication point 418 may be moved through a combination of mechanically positioning the ultrasonic transducer 406 and electronically steering the position of the sonication point 418 to treat the entire target zone 418.

[0052] The high-intensity focused ultrasound system 402 is shown as being also connected to the hardware interference 324 of the computer system 322. The computer system 322 and the contents of its storage 330 and memory 332 are equivalent to that as shown in Fig. 3.

[0053] In this example the computer storage 330 is shown as additionally containing a treatment plan 440. The computer memory 332 is shown as additionally containing a high-intensity focused ultrasound system control module 450. The high-intensity focused ultrasound system control module 450 contains computer-executable code which enables the processor 326 to control the high-intensity focused ultrasound system 402 using the treatment plan 440. The computer memory 332 is shown as further containing a treatment plan modification module 452. The treatment plan modification module 452 contains computer-executable code which enables the processor 326 to modify the treatment plan 440 using the repositioning coordinates 358 and the coordinate transformation 359.

[0054] The computer memory 332 is shown as further containing an image segmentation module 454. The image segmentation module 454 is not present in all examples and enables the processor 326 to generate the image registration 352 using the first magnetic resonance image 344. The computer memory 332 is further shown as containing a user interface control module 456. The user interface control module 456 may or may not be present in all examples. The user interface control module 456 contains computer executable code which enables the processor 326 to display the second magnetic resonance image 356 on a display and receive repositioning coordinates 358 from a user interface, for example a graphical user interface.

[0055] Fig. 5 shows a portion of a graphical user interface 500. The graphical user interface 500 displays a number of first magnetic resonance images 502. On some of these images a model of a high-intensity focused ultrasound transducer 504 can be observed. The path of the ultrasound 506 is also indicated on some of these Figs. There are a number of sonication volumes 508 indicated on the various Figs. A first graphical object 510 and a second graphical object 512 are also indicated.

[0056] Fig. 6 shows a view of the same graphical interface except a later magnetic resonance image has been acquired. The new magnetic resonance images are second magnetic resonance and are indicated by 502'. It can be seen that the first graphical object 510 and the second graphical object 512 have shifted with respect to the magnetic resonance image 502'. This may be representative of a subject moving during or between sonications. If the sonication volumes 508 are sonicated they will be performed in a location that is different from the original anatomical position shown in Fig. 5.

[0057] In Fig. 7 the graphical user interface 500 is again displayed. In this example the first graphical object 510 is selected and is repositioned in the magnetic resonance image 502'. The first graphical object 510 is therefore the first group. The second graphical object 512 forms the second group. A transformation 700 correcting the position of the first graphical object 510 is indicated in Fig. 7 and is equivalent to the repositioning coordinates. A transformation 702 correcting the position of the second graphical object 512 is also indicated in Fig. 7 and is equivalent to the coordinate transformation. Some of the images shown in Fig. 7 are shown from a different plane with respect to images in Figs. 5, 6, 8, and 9 and with different orientations.

[0058] In Fig. 8 the first graphical object 510 has been moved back into its correct position and is properly registered to the magnetic resonance image 502'. The first graphical object 510 is moved to the position set in three different images. The position of the second graphical object 512 has been updated automatically by applying a coordinate transformation model.

[0059] Fig. 9 indicates how the sonication volumes 508 have been repositioned using the new positions of the first graphical object 510 and the second graphical object 512.

[0060] In High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU), patient or organ movement can cause misregistration between already acquired images and the physical patient position. The misregistration can be corrected by the acquisition of new images from the patient and by comparison of the old and new images. Embodiment of the invention may use the already existing graphical HIFU objects, such as the planned target volume, to perform the registration: one of the HIFU planning object is re-positioned on the new image set without a need to first define landmarks or other registration-specific regions of interests.

[0061] Registering of image sets acquired at different times with possible patient motion in-between is conventionally arranged with automatic re-registration algorithms or with a landmark-based manual method. These tools typically produce displacement vector field mappings or affine transformations to describe the change in patient position.

[0062] Embodiments of the invention may re-use the HIFU planning and treatment graphics to re-register patient position: When new images have been acquired, the positions of HIFU graphical objects on the new images are visually inspected. If discrepancies are found, for example, the fibroid border no longer matches the original planned target volume ellipsoid, the HIFU graphical object is repositioned on one or more 2D slices to register the HIFU plan and possible sonications data to new images. The other HIFU graphical objects are updated and act as verification for the registration.

[0063] While the invention has been illustrated and described in detail in the drawings and foregoing description, such illustration and description are to be considered illustrative or exemplary and not restrictive; the invention is not limited to the disclosed embodiments.

[0064] Other variations to the disclosed embodiments can be understood and effected by those skilled in the art in practicing the claimed invention, from a study of the drawings, the disclosure, and the appended claims. In the claims, the word "comprising" does not exclude other elements or steps, and the indefinite article "a" or "an" does not exclude a plurality. A single processor or other unit may fulfill the functions of several items recited in the claims. The mere fact that certain measures are recited in mutually different dependent claims does not indicate that a combination of these measured cannot be used to advantage. A computer program may be stored/distributed on a suitable medium, such as an optical storage medium or a solid-state medium supplied together with or as part of other hardware, but may also be distributed in other forms, such as via the Internet or other wired or wireless telecommunication systems. Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the scope.

LIST OF REFERENCE NUMERALS



[0065] 
300
medical apparatus
302
magnetic resonance imaging system
304
magnet
306
bore of magnet
308
imaging zone
310
magnetic field gradient coil
312
magnetic field gradient coil power supply
314
radio frequency coil
316
radio frequency transceiver
318
subject
320
subject support
322
computer system
324
hardware interface
326
processor
328
user interface
330
computer storage
332
computer memory
340
pulse sequence
342
first magnetic resonance data
344
first magnetic resonance image
346
multiple graphical objects
348
first group
350
second group
352
image registration
354
second magnetic resonance data
356
second magnetic resonance image
358
repositioning coordinates
359
coordinate transformation
360
control module
362
image reconstruction module
364
coordinate transformation module
400
medical apparatus
402
high intensity focused ultrasound system
404
fluid filled chamber
406
ultrasound transducer
408
mechanism
410
mechanical actuator/power supply
412
path of ultrasound
414
ultrasound window
416
gel pad
417
target zone
418
sonication point
440
treatment plan
450
high intensity focused ultrasound system control module
452
treatment plan modification module
454
image segmentation module
456
user interface control module
500
graphical user interface
502
magnetic resonance image
502'
magnetic resonance image
504
high intensity focused ultrasound transducer
506
path of ultrasound
508
sonication volumes
510
first graphical object
512
second graphical object
700
transformation
702
transformation



Claims

1. A medical instrument (300, 400) comprising:

- a magnetic resonance imaging system (302) for acquiring magnetic resonance data (342, 354) from an imaging zone (308) and;

- a high intensity focused ultrasound system (402) with an adjustable focus (418),

- a processor (326) for controlling the medical instrument; and

- a memory (332) containing machine readable instructions (360, 362, 364, 450, 452, 454, 456) for execution by the processor; wherein execution of the instructions causes the processor to

- acquire (100, 202) first magnetic resonance data (342) with the magnetic resonance imaging system,

- reconstruct (102, 204) a first magnetic resonance image (344, 502) using the first magnetic resonance data, wherein from the first magnetic resonance image a treatment plan (440) is formed for controlling the high intensity focused ultrasound system (402) and the formation of the treatment plan includes identification of one or more graphical objects in the first magnetic resonance image,

wherein execution of the instructions further causes the processor to

- receive (104, 206) a registration (352) of the one or more graphical objects (346, 510, 512) to the first magnetic resonance image, wherein the registration defines spatial positions of the one or more graphical objects with respect to the first magnetic resonance image, and

wherein execution of the instructions further causes the processor to repeatedly:

- acquire (106, 210) second magnetic resonance data (354) using the magnetic resonance imaging system;

- reconstruct (108, 212) a second magnetic resonance image (356, 502') using the second magnetic resonance data;

- receive (110, 214) repositioning coordinates (358, 700) in the second magnetic resonance image for a first group (348, 510) selected from the one or more graphical objects, wherein the repositioning coordinates describe a repositioning of the first group in the second magnetic resonance image with respect to the first magnetic resonance image; and

- determine (112, 216) a coordinate transformation (359, 702) of a second group (350, 512) selected from the one or more graphical objects by applying a coordinate transformation model (364) to the repositioning coordinates and

wherein execution of the instructions further causes the processor to repeatedly modify (222) the treatment plan using the repositioning coordinates and the coordinate transformation and

- control (208) the high intensity focused ultrasound system in accordance with the modified treatment plan.


 
2. The medical instrument of claim 1, wherein the high intensity focused ultrasound system has an adjustable ultrasound intensity, wherein execution of the instructions further causes the processor to perform a reduced intensity sonication before acquisition of the first magnetic resonance data, wherein execution of the instructions causes the processor to check the registration using the first magnetic resonance image.
 
3. The medical instrument of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the coordinate transformation model is a deformable shape model.
 
4. The medical instrument of Claim 1, wherein each of the graphical objects has a tag, wherein the coordinate transformation of the second group is determined at least partially using the tag of each of the second group.
 
5. The medical instrument of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the graphical objects are any one of the following: treatment cells, regions of interest, measured doses, planned target volumes, and combinations thereof.
 
6. The medical instrument of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the memory further contains an image segmentation module (454) containing machine readable instructions for execution by the processor for segmenting the second magnetic resonance image to determine the repositioning coordinates, and wherein execution of the instructions further causes the processor to receive the repositioning coordinates from the segmentation module.
 
7. The medical instrument of any one of claims 1 through 5, wherein execution of the instructions further causes the processor to repeatedly display the second magnetic resonance image on a display (500), and wherein the repositioning coordinates are received from a user interface in response to displaying the second magnetic resonance data.
 
8. The medical instrument of claim 7, wherein execution of the instructions further causes the processor to display the first magnetic resonance image on the display, and wherein the registration is received from the user interface in response to displaying the first magnetic resonance data.
 
9. A computer program product comprising machine executable instructions (360, 362, 364, 450, 452, 454, 456) for execution by a processor (326) controlling a medical instrument (300, 400), wherein the medical instrument comprises a magnetic resonance imaging system (302) for acquiring magnetic resonance data (342, 354) from an imaging zone (308), and a high intensity focused ultrasound system (402) with an adjustable focus (418),
wherein execution of the instructions further causes the processor to acquire (100, 202) first magnetic resonance data (342) with the magnetic resonance imaging system, and from the first magnetic resonance image form a treatment plan (440) for controlling the high intensity focused ultrasound system (402) and the formation of the treatment plan includes identification of one or more graphical objects in the first magnetic resonance image,
wherein execution of the instructions further causes the processor to reconstruct (102, 204) a first magnetic resonance image (344, 502) using the first magnetic resonance data, wherein execution of the instructions further causes the processor to receive (104, 206) a registration (352) of one or more graphical objects (346, 510, 512) to the first magnetic resonance image, wherein the registration defines spatial positions of the one or more graphical objects with respect to the first magnetic resonance image, wherein execution of the instructions further causes the processor to repeatedly:

- acquire (106, 210) second magnetic resonance data (354) using the magnetic resonance imaging system;

- reconstruct (108, 212) a second magnetic resonance image (356, 502') using the second magnetic resonance data;

- receive (110, 214) repositioning coordinates (358, 700) in the second magnetic resonance image for a first group (348, 510) selected from the one or more graphical objects, wherein the repositioning coordinates describe a repositioning of the first group in the second magnetic resonance image with respect to the first magnetic resonance image; and

- determine (112, 216) a coordinate transformation (359, 702) of a second group (350, 512) selected from the one or more graphical objects by applying a coordinate transformation model (364) to the repositioning coordinates and

wherein execution of the instructions further causes the processor to repeatedly modify (222) the treatment plan using the repositioning coordinates and the coordinate transformation transformation and
ontrol (208) the high intensity focused ultrasound system in accordance with the modified treatment plan .
 
10. A method of controlling the medical instrument (300, 400), wherein the medical instrument comprises a magnetic resonance imaging system (302) for acquiring magnetic resonance data (342, 354) from an imaging zone (308); and;

- a high intensity focused ultrasound system (402) with an adjustable focus (418)

wherein the method comprises the steps of:

- acquiring (100, 202) first magnetic resonance data (342) with the magnetic resonance imaging system;

- reconstructing (102, 204) a first magnetic resonance image (344, 502) using the first magnetic resonance data;

- receiving (104, 206) a registration (352) of one or more graphical objects (346, 510, 512) to the first magnetic resonance image; wherein the registration defines spatial positions of the one or more graphical objects with respect to the first magnetic resonance image; and from the first magnetic resonance image a treatment plan (440) if formed for controlling the high intensity focused ultrasound system (402) and the formation of the treatment plan includes identification of one or more graphical objects in the first magnetic resonance image,

wherein execution of the instructions further causes the processor to repeatedly:

- acquiring (106, 210) second magnetic resonance data (354) using the magnetic resonance imaging system;

- reconstructing (108, 212) a second magnetic resonance image (356, 502') using the second magnetic resonance data;

- receiving (110, 214) repositioning coordinates (358, 700) in the second magnetic resonance image for a first group (348, 510) selected from the one or more graphical objects, wherein the repositioning coordinates describe a repositioning of the first group in the second magnetic resonance image with respect to the first magnetic resonance image; and

- determining (112, 216) a coordinate transformation (359, 702) of a second group (350, 512) selected from the one or more graphical objects by applying a coordinate transformation model (364) to the repositioning coordinates and

wherein execution of the instructions further causes the processor to repeatedly modify (222) the treatment plan using the repositioning coordinates and the coordinate transformation transformation and

- control (208) the high intensity focused ultrasound system in accordance with the modified treatment plan .


 


Ansprüche

1. Ein medizinisches Instrument (300, 400), das Folgendes umfasst:

- ein Magnetresonanztomographie-System (302) zum Abrufen von Magnetresonanzdaten (342, 354) eines Bildbereichs (308) und;

- ein hochintensives fokussiertes Ultraschallsystem (402) mit einstellbarem Fokus (418),

- einen Prozessor (326) zum Steuern des medizinischen Instruments; und

- einen Speicher (332) mit maschinenlesbaren Anweisungen (360, 362, 364, 450, 452,454,456), die vom Prozessor ausgeführt werden; wobei die Ausführung der Anweisungen den Prozessor dazu veranlasst

- die ersten Magnetresonanzdaten (342) vom Magnetresonanztomographie-System abzurufen (100, 202),

- ein erstes Magnetresonanzbild (344, 502) anhand der ersten Magnetresonanzdaten zu rekonstruieren (102, 204), wobei anhand des ersten Magnetresonanzbilds ein Behandlungsplan (440) zum Steuern des hochintensiven fokussierten Ultraschallsystems (402) erstellt wird. Hierbei enthalten die Daten des Behandlungsplans die Erkennung mindestens eines grafischen Objekts des ersten Magnetresonanzbilds,

- wobei das Ausführen der Anweisungen den Prozessor des weiteren veranlasst

- die Registrierung (352) von mindestens einem grafischen Objekt (346, 510, 512) für das erste Magnetresonanzbild abzurufen (104, 206), wobei die Registrierung die räumlichen Positionen von mindestens einem grafischen Objekt in Bezug auf das erste Magnetresonanzbild definiert, und

- wobei das Ausführen der Anweisungen den Prozessor zudem veranlasst, wiederholt:

- die zweiten Magnetresonanzdaten (354) vom Magnetresonanztomographie-System abzurufen (106, 210);

- ein zweites Magnetresonanzbild (356, 502') anhand der zweiten Magnetresonanzdaten zu rekonstruieren (108, 112);

- die für mindestens ein grafisches Objekt ausgewählten Neupositionierungskoordinaten (358, 700) des zweiten Magnetresonanzbilds für eine erste Gruppe (348, 510) abzurufen (110, 214), wobei die Neupositionierungskoordinaten eine Neupositionierung der ersten Gruppe des zweiten Magnetresonanzbilds in Bezug auf das erste Magnetresonanzbild beschreiben; und

- die für mindestens ein grafisches Objekt ausgewählte Koordinatentransformation (359,702) für eine zweite Gruppe (350, 512) zu ermitteln (112, 216), indem auf die Neupositionierungskoordinaten ein Koordinatentransformationsmodell (364) angewendet wird und

- wobei das Ausführen der Anweisungen den Prozessor zudem veranlasst, den Behandlungsplan anhand der Neupositionierungskoordinaten und Koordinatentransformation wiederholt zu überarbeiten (222) und

- das hochintensive fokussierte Ultraschallsystem anhand des überarbeiteten Behandlungsplans zu steuern (208) .


 
2. Das medizinische Instrument gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das hochintensive fokussierte Ultraschallsystem über eine einstellbare Ultraschallintensivität verfügt. Hierbei veranlasst das Ausführen der Anweisungen den Prozessor zudem, vor dem Abrufen der ersten Magnetresonanzdaten eine Beschallung mit verringerter Intensität durchzuführen, wobei das Ausführen der Anweisungen den Prozessor veranlasst, die Registrierung anhand des ersten Magnetresonanzbilds zu prüfen.
 
3. Das medizinische Instrument gemäß eines der angeführten Ansprüche, wobei es sich beim Koordinatentransformationsmodell um ein verformbares Modell handelt.
 
4. Das medizinische Instrument gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die einzelnen grafischen Objekte gekennzeichneten sind. Hierbei wird die Koordinatentransformation der zweiten Gruppe mindestens teilweise mithilfe der Kennzeichnungen der zweiten Gruppe ermittelt.
 
5. Das medizinische Instrument gemäß eines der angeführten Ansprüche, wobei es sich bei den grafischen Objekten um eines der folgenden Elemente handelt: Behandlungszellen, Untersuchungsbereich, gemessene Dosierungen, geplante Zielmengen und Kombinationen hiervon.
 
6. Das medizinische Instrument gemäß eines der angeführten Ansprüche, wobei der Speicher zudem über ein Bildsegmentierungsmodul (454) mit maschinenlesbaren Anweisungen verfügt, die vom Prozessor auszuführen sind, um das zweite Magnetresonanzbild zu segmentieren und die Neupositionierungskoordinaten zu ermitteln, wobei die Anweisungen den Prozessor zudem veranlassen, die Neupositionierungskoordinaten vom Segmentierungsmodul abzurufen.
 
7. Das medizinische Instrument gemäß einer der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei das Ausführen der Anweisungen den Prozessor zudem veranlasst, das zweite Magnetresonanzbild wiederholt auf einer Anzeige (500) anzuzeigen. Hierbei werden die Neupositionierungskoordinaten von einer Benutzerschnittstelle abgerufen, wenn die zweiten Magnetresonanzdaten angezeigt werden.
 
8. Das medizinische Instrument gemäß Anspruch 7, wobei das Ausführen der Anweisungen den Prozessor zudem veranlasst, das erste Magnetresonanzbild auf der Anzeige anzuzeigen. Hierbei wird die Registrierung von einer Benutzerschnittstelle abgerufen, wenn die ersten Magnetresonanzdaten angezeigt werden.
 
9. Ein Computerprogramm mit maschinell ausführbaren Anweisungen (360, 362, 364, 450, 452, 454, 456), die von einem Prozessor (326) ausgeführt werden, der ein medizinisches Instrument (300, 400) steuert, wobei das medizinische Instrument ein Magnetresonanztomographie-System (302) zum Abrufen von Magnetresonanzdaten (342, 354) eines Bildbereichs (308) und ein hochintensives fokussiertes Ultraschallsystem (402) mit einstellbarem Fokus (418) umfasst,

- wobei das Ausführen der Anweisungen den Prozessor zudem veranlasst, erste Magnetresonanzdaten (342) abzurufen (100, 202), wobei anhand des ersten Magnetresonanzbilds ein Behandlungsplan (440) zum Steuern des hochintensiven fokussierten Ultraschallsystems (402) erstellt wird. Hierbei enthalten die Daten des Behandlungsplans die Erkennung mindestens eines grafischen Objekts des ersten Magnetresonanzbilds,

- wobei das Ausführen der Anweisungen den Prozessor des weiteren veranlasst, ein erstes Magnetresonanzbild (344, 502) anhand der ersten Magnetresonanzdaten zu rekonstruieren (102, 204), wobei das Ausführen der Anweisungen den Prozessor zudem veranlasst, die Registrierung (352) von mindestens einem grafischen Objekt (346, 510, 512) für das erste Magnetresonanzbild abzurufen (104, 206), wobei die Registrierung die räumlichen Positionen von mindestens einem grafischen Objekt in Bezug auf das erste Magnetresonanzbild definiert, und wobei das Ausführen der Anweisungen den Prozessor zudem veranlasst,

- die zweiten Magnetresonanzdaten (354) vom Magnetresonanztomographie-System abzurufen (106, 210);

- ein zweites Magnetresonanzbild (356, 502') anhand der zweiten Magnetresonanzdaten zu rekonstruieren (108, 212);

- die für mindestens ein grafisches Objekt ausgewählten Neupositionierungskoordinaten (358, 700) des zweiten Magnetresonanzbilds für eine erste Gruppe (348, 510) abzurufen (110, 214), wobei die Neupositionierungskoordinaten eine Neupositionierung der ersten Gruppe des zweiten Magnetresonanzbilds in Bezug auf das erste Magnetresonanzbild beschreiben; und

- die für mindestens ein grafisches Objekt ausgewählte Koordinatentransformation (359, 702) für eine zweite Gruppe (350, 512) zu ermitteln (112, 216), indem auf die Neupositionierungskoordinaten ein Koordinatentransformationsmodell (364) angewendet wird und

- wobei das Ausführen der Anweisungen den Prozessor zudem veranlasst, den Behandlungsplan anhand der Neupositionierungskoordinaten und Koordinatentransformation wiederholt zu überarbeiten (222) und

- das hochintensive fokussierte Ultraschallsystem anhand des überarbeiteten Behandlungsplans zu steuern (208) .


 
10. Eine Methode zum Steuern des medizinischen Instruments (300, 400), wobei das medizinische Instrument Folgendes umfasst: ein Magnetresonanztomographie-System (302) zum Abrufen von Magnetresonanzdaten (342, 354) eines Bildbereichs (308) und;

- ein hochintensives fokussiertes Ultraschallsystem (402) mit einstellbarem Fokus (418),

wobei das Modell folgende Schritte umfasst:

- Abrufen (100, 202) der ersten Magnetresonanzdaten (342) vom Magnetresonanztomographie-System,

- Rekonstruieren (102, 204) eines zweiten Magnetresonanzbilds (344, 502) anhand der zweiten Magnetresonanzdaten;

- Abrufen (104, 206) der Registrierung (352) von mindestens einem grafischen Objekt (346, 510, 512) für das erste Magnetresonanzbild; wobei die Registrierung die räumlichen Positionen von mindestens einem grafischen Objekt in Bezug auf das erste Magnetresonanzbild definiert; und Erstellen eines Behandlungsplans (440) zum Steuern des hochintensiven fokussierten Ultraschallsystems (402) anhand des ersten Magnetresonanzbilds. Hierbei enthalten die Daten des Behandlungsplans die Erkennung mindestens eines grafischen Objekts des ersten Magnetresonanzbilds,

- wobei das Ausführen der Anweisungen den Prozessor zudem veranlasst, wiederholt:

- die zweiten Magnetresonanzdaten (354) vom Magnetresonanztomographie-System abzurufen (106, 210);

- ein zweites Magnetresonanzbild (356, 502') anhand der zweiten Magnetresonanzdaten zu rekonstruieren (108, 112);

- die für mindestens ein grafisches Objekt ausgewählten Neupositionierungskoordinaten (358, 700) des zweiten Magnetresonanzbilds für eine erste Gruppe (348, 510) abzurufen (110, 214), wobei die Neupositionierungskoordinaten eine Neupositionierung der ersten Gruppe des zweiten Magnetresonanzbilds in Bezug auf das erste Magnetresonanzbild beschreiben; und

- die für mindestens ein grafisches Objekt ausgewählte Koordinatentransformation (359, 702) für eine zweite Gruppe (350, 512) zu ermitteln (112, 216), indem auf die Neupositionierungskoordinaten ein Koordinatentransformationsmodell (364) angewendet wird und

- wobei das Ausführen der Anweisungen den Prozessor zudem veranlasst, den Behandlungsplan anhand der Neupositionierungskoordinaten und Koordinatentransformation wiederholt zu überarbeiten (222) und

- das hochintensive fokussierte Ultraschallsystem anhand des überarbeiteten Behandlungsplans zu steuern (208) .


 


Revendications

1. Instrument médical (300, 400) comprenant:

- un système d'imagerie par résonance magnétique (302) pour acquérir des données de résonance magnétique (342, 354) à partir d'une zone d'imagerie (308) et;

- un système d'ultrasons focalisés de haute intensité (402) avec une focale réglable (418),

- un processeur (326) pour contrôler l'instrument médical; et

- une mémoire (332) contenant des instructions lisibles par ordinateur (360, 362, 364, 450, 452, 454, 456) devant être exécutées par le processeur; dans lequel les instructions permettent au processeur

- d'acquérir (100, 202) des premières données de résonance magnétique (342) avec le système d'imagerie par résonance magnétique,

- de reconstruire (102, 204) une première image par résonance magnétique (344, 502) en utilisant les premières données de résonance magnétique, dans lequel à partir de la première image par résonance magnétique un plan de traitement (440) est formé pour contrôler le système d'ultrasons focalisés de haute intensité (402) et la formation du plan de traitement comprend l'identification d'un ou de plusieurs objets graphiques dans la première image par résonance magnétique,

- dans lequel l'exécution des instructions permet en outre au processeur de

- recevoir (104, 206) un enregistrement (352) d'un ou de plusieurs objets graphiques (346, 510, 512) de la première image par résonance magnétique, dans lequel l'enregistrement définit des positions spatiales d'un ou de plusieurs objets graphiques par rapport à la première image par résonance magnétique, et

dans lequel l'exécution des instructions permet en outre au processeur, de façon répétée:

- d'acquérir (106, 210) des secondes données de résonance magnétique (354) en utilisant le système d'imagerie par résonance magnétique;

- de reconstruire (108, 212) une seconde image par résonance magnétique (356, 502') en utilisant les secondes données de résonance magnétique;

- de recevoir (110, 214) les coordonnées de repositionnement (358, 700) dans la seconde image par résonance magnétique pour un premier groupe (348, 510) choisi parmi un ou plusieurs objets graphiques, dans lequel les coordonnées de repositionnement décrivent un repositionnement du premier groupe dans la seconde image par résonance magnétique par rapport à la première image par résonance magnétique; et

- de déterminer (112, 216) une transformation des coordonnées (359, 702) d'un second groupe (350, 512) choisi parmi un ou plusieurs objets graphiques en appliquant un modèle de transformation des coordonnées (364) aux coordonnées de repositionnement et

dans lequel l'exécution des instructions permet en outre au processeur de modifier de façon répétée (222) le plan de traitement en utilisant les coordonnées de repositionnement et la transformation des coordonnées et

- de contrôler (208) le système d'ultrasons focalisés de haute intensité conformément au plan de traitement modifié.


 
2. Instrument médical selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le système d'ultrasons focalisés de haute intensité a une intensité d'ultrasons réglable, dans lequel l'exécution des instructions permet en outre au processeur de réaliser une sonication d'intensité réduite avant l'acquisition des premières données de résonance magnétique, dans lequel l'exécution des instructions permet au processeur de vérifier l'enregistrement en utilisant la première image par résonance magnétique.
 
3. Instrument médical selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le modèle de transformation des coordonnées est un modèle de forme déformable.
 
4. Instrument médical selon la revendication 1, dans lequel chacun des objets graphiques a une étiquette, dans lequel la transformation des coordonnées du second groupe est déterminée au moins partiellement en utilisant l'étiquette de chaque second groupe.
 
5. Instrument médical selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les objets graphiques figurent parmi les éléments suivants: cellules de traitement, régions d'intérêt, doses mesurées, volumes cibles planifiés, et combinaisons de ceux-ci.
 
6. Instrument médical selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la mémoire comprend en outre un module de segmentation d'image (454) contenant des instructions lisibles par ordinateur devant être exécutées par le processeur afin de segmenter la seconde image par résonance magnétique pour déterminer les coordonnées de repositionnement, et dans lequel l'exécution des instructions permettent en outre au processeur de recevoir les coordonnées de repositionnement à partir du module de segmentation.
 
7. Instrument médical selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel l'exécution des instructions permet au processeur d'afficher de façon répétée la seconde image par résonance magnétique sur un écran (500), et dans lequel les coordonnées de repositionnement sont reçues à partir d'une interface utilisateur en réponse à l'affichage des secondes données de résonance magnétique.
 
8. Instrument médical selon la revendication 7, dans lequel l'exécution des instructions permet en outre au processeur d'afficher la première image par résonance magnétique sur l'écran, et dans lequel l'enregistrement est reçu depuis l'interface utilisateur en réponse à l'affichage des premières données de résonance magnétique.
 
9. Produit de programme informatique comprenant des instructions exécutables par ordinateur (360, 362, 364, 450, 452, 454, 456) devant être exécutées par un processeur (326) contrôlant un instrument médical (300, 400), dans lequel l'instrument médical comprend un système d'imagerie par résonance magnétique (302) pour acquérir des données de résonance magnétique (342, 354) depuis une zone d'imagerie (308), et un système d'ultrasons focalisés de haute intensité (402) avec une focale réglable (418),
dans lequel l'exécution des instructions permet en outre au processeur d'acquérir (100, 202) des premières données de résonance magnétique (342) avec le système d'imagerie par résonance magnétique, et à partir de la première image par résonance magnétique forment un plan de traitement (440) pour contrôler le système d'ultrasons focalisés de haute intensité (402) et la formation du plan de traitement comprend l'identification d'un ou de plusieurs objets graphiques dans la première image par résonance magnétique,
dans lequel l'exécution des instructions permet en outre au processeur de reconstruire (102, 204) une première image par résonance magnétique (344, 502) en utilisant les premières images par résonance magnétique, dans lequel l'exécution des instructions permet en outre au processeur de recevoir (104, 206) un enregistrement (352) d'un ou de plusieurs objets graphiques (346, 510, 512) de la première image par résonance magnétique, dans lequel l'enregistrement définit des positions spatiales d'un ou de plusieurs objets graphiques par rapport à la première image par résonance magnétique, dans lequel l'exécution des instructions permet en outre au processeur, de façon répétée:

- d'acquérir (106, 210) les secondes données de résonance magnétique (354) en utilisant le système d'imagerie par résonance magnétique;

- de reconstruire (108, 212) une seconde image par résonance magnétique (356, 502') en utilisant les secondes données de résonance magnétique;

- de recevoir (110, 214) les coordonnées de repositionnement (358, 700) dans la seconde image par résonance magnétique pour un premier groupe (348, 510) choisi parmi un ou plusieurs objets graphiques, dans lequel les coordonnées de repositionnement décrivent un repositionnement du premier groupe dans la seconde image par résonance magnétique par rapport à la première image par résonance magnétique; et

- de déterminer (112, 216) une transformation des coordonnées (359, 702) d'un second groupe (350, 512) choisi parmi un ou plusieurs objets graphiques en appliquant un modèle de transformation des coordonnées (364) aux coordonnées de repositionnement et

dans lequel l'exécution des instructions permet en outre au processeur de modifier de façon répétée (222) le plan de traitement en utilisant les coordonnées de repositionnement et la transformation de la transformation des coordonnées et

- de contrôler (208) le système d'ultrasons focalisés de haute intensité conformément au plan de traitement modifié.


 
10. Procédé de contrôle de l'instrument médical (300, 400), dans lequel l'instrument médical comprend un système d'imagerie par résonance magnétique (302) pour acquérir des données de résonance magnétique (342, 354) à partir d'une zone d'imagerie (308); et;

- un système d'ultrasons focalisés de haute intensité (402) avec une focale réglable (418)

dans lequel le procédé comprend les étapes:

- d'acquisition (100, 202) des premières données de résonance magnétique (342) avec le système d'imagerie par résonance magnétique;

- de reconstruction (102, 204) d'une première image par résonance magnétique (344, 502) en utilisant les premières données de résonance magnétique;

- de réception (104, 206) d'un enregistrement (352) d'un ou de plusieurs objets graphiques (346, 510, 512) de la première image par résonance magnétique; dans lequel l'enregistrement définit des positions spatiales d'un ou de plusieurs objets graphiques par rapport à la première image par résonance magnétique; et à partir de la première image par résonance magnétique un plan de traitement (440) si formé pour contrôler le système d'ultrasons focalisés de haute intensité (402) et la formation du plan de traitement comprend l'identification d'un ou de plusieurs objets graphiques dans la première image par résonance magnétique,

dans lequel l'exécution des instructions permet en outre au processeur, de façon répétée :

- d'acquérir (106, 210) les secondes données de résonance magnétique (354) en utilisant le système d'imagerie par résonance magnétique;

- de reconstruire (108, 212) une seconde image par résonance magnétique (356, 502') en utilisant les secondes données de résonance magnétique;

- de recevoir (110, 214) les coordonnées de repositionnement (358, 700) dans la seconde image par résonance magnétique pour un premier groupe (348, 510) choisi parmi un ou plusieurs objets graphiques, dans lequel les coordonnées de repositionnement décrivent un repositionnement du premier groupe dans la seconde image par résonance magnétique par rapport à la première image par résonance magnétique; et

- de déterminer (112, 216) une transformation des coordonnées (359, 702) d'un second groupe (350, 512) choisi parmi un ou plusieurs objets graphiques en appliquant un modèle de transformation des coordonnées (364) aux coordonnées de repositionnement et

dans lequel l'exécution des instructions permet en outre au processeur de modifier à plusieurs reprises (222) le plan de traitement en utilisant les coordonnées de repositionnement et la transformation de la transformation des coordonnées et

- de contrôler (208) le système d'ultrasons focalisés de haute intensité conformément au plan de traitement modifié.


 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description