(19)
(11)EP 2 840 156 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 13778355.1

(22)Date of filing:  16.04.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C22C 23/02  (2006.01)
C22C 23/00  (2006.01)
C22F 1/00  (2006.01)
B21B 3/00  (2006.01)
C22F 1/06  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2013/061700
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/157653 (24.10.2013 Gazette  2013/43)

(54)

MAGNESIUM ALLOY AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

MAGNESIUMLEGIERUNG UND VERFAHREN ZUR HERSTELLUNG DAVON

ALLIAGE DE MAGNÉSIUM ET SON PROCÉDÉ DE PRODUCTION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 19.04.2012 JP 2012096079

(43)Date of publication of application:
25.02.2015 Bulletin 2015/09

(73)Proprietor: National University Corporation Kumamoto University
Kumamoto-shi, Kumamoto 860-8555 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • KAWAMURA, Yoshihito
    Kumamoto-shi Kumamoto 860-8555 (JP)
  • YAMASAKI, Michiaki
    Kumamoto-shi Kumamoto 860-8555 (JP)

(74)Representative: Viering, Jentschura & Partner mbB Patent- und Rechtsanwälte 
Am Brauhaus 8
01099 Dresden
01099 Dresden (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 816 223
JP-A- H0 625 790
JP-A- 2006 257 478
JP-A- 2010 077 516
JP-A- 2010 116 620
JP-A- 2010 242 146
JP-A- H0 625 790
JP-A- 2000 109 963
JP-A- 2006 257 478
JP-A- 2010 077 516
JP-A- 2010 116 620
JP-A- 2010 242 146
  
  • YANG Z ET AL: "Review on Research and Development of Magnesium Alloys", ACTA METALLURGICA SINICA, EDITORIAL BOARD OF ACTA METALLURGICA SINICA, SHEYANG, CN, vol. 21, no. 5, 1 October 2008 (2008-10-01), pages 313-328, XP025694558, ISSN: 1006-7191, DOI: 10.1016/S1006-7191(08)60054-X [retrieved on 2008-10-01]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present invention relates to a magnesium alloy and a production method thereof.

BACKGROUND ART



[0002] Mg-Al-Ca alloys have been developed mainly for die-casting materials. In addition, a hard compound is formed by addition of an excessive amount of Al and Ca which are solute elements, resulting in being brittle, and thus excellent mechanical properties cannot be obtained.

[0003] Accordingly, although a magnesium alloy in a low addition amount of Al, Ca has been developed, the strength has not yet been improved. In view of the above facts, as to studies of the Mg-Al-Ca alloy, studies of phase to be formed and studies limited to Mg-Al-Ca alloys in an extremely low addition amount of Al, Ca have been carried out.

[0004] Furthermore, in order to make the magnesium alloy practical, it is necessary to enhance incombustibility and to raise its ignition temperature. However, since when improving the incombustibility, there are many cases of lowering the mechanical properties, and the incombustibility and the mechanical properties is in a tradeoff relationship, it is difficult to enhance both of the properties.

[0005] JP 2006-257478 A discloses that the flame-retardant magnesium alloy contains at least 1 to 12 mass% aluminum and 0.2 to 5.0 mass% calcium and that the alloy can be obtained by melting magnesium, additive elements other than aluminum and calcium, and 0.2 to 5.0 mass% calcium, heating the resultant molten mixture to a temperature not lower than the melting temperature of Mg2Ca, and then adding 1 to 12 mass% aluminum to be subjected to solidification (cf. Abstract).

[0006] JP 2010-242146 A discloses that when the whole is considered as 100 mass%, the magnesium alloy contains 6-20 mass% of Al, 3-9 mass% of Ca and the balance comprising Mg and inevitable impurities, when content of Al is represented as X mass%, and content of Ca is represented as Y mass%, the magnesium alloy has composition of X≥Y, and has structure consisting of an α-Mg phase and a granular Al2Ca compound phase dispersed in a grain boundary of the α-Mg phase (cf. Abstract).

[0007] JP 2000-109963 A discloses a flame-retardant magnesium alloy comprising 0.1 to 15 wt.% calcium and, furthermore, aluminum or zinc, which is added at the time of fusing, wherein, after cooling, plastic working treatment is executed to produce a high strength flame retardant magnesium alloy.

[0008] Acta Metall. Mater. Vol 43(2) (1995), pages 669-674 discloses Mg-Al alloys comprising Ca.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION



[0009] An object of the present invention is to provide a magnesium alloy having high incombustibility, high strength and high ductility together, and a production method thereof. The present invention provides a magnesium alloy according to claim 1 and a production method of a magnesium alloy according to claim 8. Preferred embodiments of the invention are described in the dependent claims.

[0010] The present invention provides a magnesium alloy having a high incombustibility, a high strength and a high ductility at the same time, and a production method thereof.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DAWINGS



[0011] 

Fig. 1 is a diagram showing the results of subjecting the cast extruded material of Mg100-a-bCaaAlb alloy to the tensile test at room temperature.

Fig. 2 is a diagram showing the results of subjecting the cast extruded material of Mg100-a-bCaalb alloy to the tensile test at room temperature.

Fig. 3 is a structure photograph (SEM image) of the extruded material of Mg85Al10Ca5 alloy.

Fig. 4 is a diagram showing the TEM image and the electron beam diffraction pattern of the (Mg, Al) 2Ca in the extruded material of Mg83.75Al10Ca6.25 alloy.

Fig. 5 is a diagram showing the phase formation and the mechanical properties of the extruded material of Mg100-a-bCaaAlb alloy (a: 2.5 to 7.5 at.%, b: 2.5 to 12.5 at.%) .

Fig. 6 is a diagram showing a dependency of mechanical properties on the Al addition amount in the extruded material of Mg95-xAlxCa5 alloy.

Fig. 7 is a diagram showing a dependency of mechanical properties on the Ca addition amount in the extruded material of Mg90-xAl10Cax alloy.

Fig. 8 is a diagram showing a dependency of structure change on the Ca addition amount in the extruded material of Mg90-xAl10Cax alloy.

Fig. 9 is a diagram showing a dependency of mechanical properties on the extrusion ratio in the extruded material of Mg85Al10Ca5 alloy.

Fig. 10 is a diagram showing the results of the mechanical properties through the tensile test of the heat-treated extruded material of Mg85Al10Ca5 alloy, at room temperature.

Fig. 11 is a diagram showing a dependency of ignition temperature on the Ca addition amount in the material of Mg85Al10Ca5 alloy.

Fig. 12 is a diagram showing a dependency of ignition temperature on the Ca addition amount in the material of Mg100-xCax (x= 0 to 5) alloy.

Fig. 13 is a diagram showing a dependency of ignition temperature on the Zn addition amount in the material of Mg89-xAl10Ca1Znx (x= 0 to 2.0) alloy and the like.

Fig. 14 shows a structure photograph and the analytical results of the surface film of the alloy sample obtained by melting the Mg85Al10Ca5 alloy in the atmosphere.

Fig. 15 is a schematic view of the surface film of the alloy sample shown in Fig. 14.


DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



[0012] Hereinafter, the invention will be explained in detail, also by referring to the drawings.

(Embodiment 1)



[0013] The first embodiment of the present invention provides a wrought material having high strength developed by using a Mg-Al-Ca alloy being a magnesium alloy in which a solute element is added at a high concentration. Tensile yield strength and elongation of Mg83.75Al10Ca6.25 extruded material which is one embodiment of the present invention and which exhibits excellent mechanical properties, reach 460 MPa and 3.3%, respectively, which greatly exceed properties of the conventional Mg-Al-Ca alloy casting material and wrought material.

[0014] According to a conventional study, it has been reported that, in a Mg-Al-Ca alloy, the increase in a volume fraction of a compound containing Al and Ca decreases a ductility of the alloy, resulting in exhibiting brittleness.

[0015] However, in order to aim at developing a wrought material in the region of a high concentrated composition of Al and Ca in which a volume fraction of the compound becomes high, the inventors have found that high strength and relatively large ductility can be obtained by dispersing a hard Mg-Al-Ca based ternary compound, for example, (Mg, Al)2Ca, that is a C36-type compound, into a metallographic structure.

[0016] The advantage of the addition of Al to Mg is to enhance mechanical properties, to enhance corrosion resistance, and to contribute to weight saving because a specific gravity of Al is 2.70.

[0017] The advantage of the addition of Ca to Mg is to enhance incombustibility, to enhance mechanical properties, to enhance creep resistance, and to contribute to weight saving because a specific gravity of Ca is 1.55.

[0018] The magnesium alloy according to the first embodiment of the present invention is an extruded magnesium alloy that contains Ca in an amount of a atomic %, Al in an amount of "b" atomic % and a residue of Mg, contains (Mg, Al)2Ca that is a C36 compound in an amount of "c" volume %, where "a", "b" and "c" satisfy the following equations (1'), (2'), (3) and (4), and has the (Mg, Al)2Ca dispersed therein. Meanwhile, more preferably "a" and "b" satisfy the following equation (31).











[0019] The reasons for limiting the contents of Al and Ca to the ranges of the aforementioned equations (1') and (2') are as follows.

[0020] When the Al content is more than 12 atomic %, a sufficient strength cannot be obtained.

[0021] When the Al content is less than 4.5 atomic %, sufficient ductility cannot be obtained.

[0022] When the Ca content is more than 7 atomic %, it is difficult to put the magnesium alloy into a solidified state and thus is difficult to perform plastic working.

[0023] When the Ca content is less than 3 atomic %, a sufficient incombustibility cannot be obtained.

[0024] In the above magnesium alloy, the component other than Al and Ca having the contents of the aforementioned ranges is magnesium, and an impurity may be contained to the extent that the alloy properties are not affected. Namely, the above wording "a residue of Mg " means not only the case where the residual part is all Mg, but also the case where the residual part contains an impurity to the extent that the alloy properties are not affected.

[0025] Since the above (Mg, Al)2Ca is a hard compound, high strength can be obtained by reducing the size of the hard compound and then dispersing the compound. In other words, in order to obtain high strength, it is preferable to disperse, at a high volume fraction, the (Mg, Al) 2Ca of the hard compound in a metallographic structure. Meanwhile, the dispersion degree of the (Mg, Al)2Ca is preferably 1/µm2 or more.

[0026] In addition, the (Mg, Al)2Ca is equiaxed crystal, and an aspect ratio of a crystal particle of the (Mg, Al)2Ca is approximately 1.

[0027] The above magnesium alloy preferably contains Al12Mg17 (β phase) in an amount of "d" volume %, and "d" satisfies the following equation (5). The β phase is not necessarily an essential phase, but is inevitably generated depending on composition.



[0028] Furthermore, a crystal particle size of the dispersed (Mg, Al)2Ca as described above is "e", and "e" satisfies the following equation (6).



[0029] Moreover, when the crystal size of the (Mg, Al) 2Ca as described above is 2 µm or less, a magnesium alloy having high strength can be obtained.

[0030] However, the above equation (6) does not mean that the whole (Mg, Al)2Ca in the magnesium alloy is not able to be highly reinforced as long as it has the crystal particle size of 2 µm or less, but means that the magnesium alloy having a high strength can be obtained if a main portion of the (Mg, Al)2Ca has a particle size of 2 µm or less, for example, if 50 volume % or more of the (Mg, Al)2Ca in the magnesium alloy has a particle size of 2 µm or less. Meanwhile, the reason why a main portion of the (Mg, Al) 2Ca may have a particle size of 2 µm or less is that there is a case where the (Mg, Al)2Ca having a crystal particle size of more than 2 µm is present in the magnesium alloy.

[0031] As described above, a volume fraction of region of the dispersed (Mg, Al)2Ca is "f"%, and "f" satisfies the following equation (7), preferably satisfies the following equation (7').





[0032] In the magnesium alloy, there exist a compound-free region in which the C36-type compound is not dispersed, and a compound-dispersed region in which the C36-type compound is dispersed. This compound-dispersed region means the aforementioned region in which the (Mg, Al)2Ca is dispersed.

[0033] The compound-dispersed region contributes to the enhancement of the strength, and the compound-free region contributes the enhancement of the ductility. Therefore, as the compound-dispersed region is larger, the strength can be increased, and as the compound-free region is larger, the ductility can be increased. Accordingly, when the volume fraction f of region of the dispersed (Mg, Al)2Ca in the magnesium alloy satisfies the aforementioned equation (7) or (7'), the ductility can be enhanced while the high strength is maintained.

[0034] As mentioned above, by containing Ca in an amount of 3 atomic % or more in Mg, an ignition temperature of the magnesium alloy can be made 900°C or more.

[0035] Furthermore, as described above, by containing Ca in an amount of 4 atomic % or more in Mg, an ignition temperature of the magnesium alloy can be made 1090°C or more (boiling point or more). When an ignition temperature is a boiling point of the magnesium alloy or more, it can also be said that the magnesium alloy is substantially incombustible.

[0036] In addition, in the aforementioned magnesium alloy, when compression yield strength is g and tensile yield strength is h, "g" and "h" satisfy the following equation (8) .



[0037] Since compression yield strength / tensile yield strength of the conventional magnesium alloy is 0.7 or less, it can be said that the according magnesium alloy has high strength in this regard.

[0038] Furthermore, the magnesium alloy may contain at least one element selected from the group consisting of Mn, Zr, Si, Sc, Sn, Ag, Cu, Li, Be, Mo, Nb, W and a rare-earth metal in an amount of "i" atomic %, and "i" satisfies the following equation (9). Therefore, it is possible to improve various properties (for example corrosion resistance) while maintaining the high incombustibility, high strength and high ductility together.



[0039] Moreover, the magnesium alloy may contain at least one compound selected from the group consisting of Al2O3, Mg2Si, SiC, MgO and CaO in an amount of "j" atomic % as an amount of metal atom in the compound, where "j" satisfies the following equation (10), preferably satisfies the following equation (10'). Accordingly, it is possible to improve various properties while maintaining high incombustibility, high strength and high ductility together.





[0040] By dispersing a hard compound Mg-Al-Ca-based ternary compound into a metallographic structure, it is possible to enhance mechanical properties, to obtain high strength and relatively large ductility, and at the same time, to enhance incombustibility.

[0041] In addition, the magnesium alloy may include Zn in an amount of "x" atomic %, and "x" satisfies the following equation (20).



[0042] By containing Zn as described above, the strength and ignition temperature can be enhanced.

(Embodiment 2)



[0043] The second embodiment of the present invention provides a production method of the magnesium alloy according to the first embodiment of the present invention, which will be explained in the following.

[0044] At first, a casting product formed of the magnesium alloy is produced by melt-casting method. The composition of the magnesium alloy is the same as that in Embodiment 1. The casting product has a Mg-Al-Ca ternary compound, which is the same as that in Embodiment 1, and may contain Al12Mg17.

[0045] A cooling speed at the time of casting by the melt-casting is 1000 K/sec or less, preferably 100 K/sec or less.

[0046] Next, by subjecting the casting product having the Mg-Al-Ca ternary compound of a hard compound to plastic working by extrusion processing, the Mg-Al-Ca ternary compound is finely dispersed, with the result that the magnesium alloy can obtain high strength and relatively large ductility and also can enhance its incombustibility. An equivalent strain in performing the plastic working by extrusion processing is 2.3 (corresponding to an extrusion ratio of 10).

[0047] Examples of the plastic working method by extrusion processing include an extrusion method, an ECAE (equal-channel-angular-extrusion) processing method, and a method in which these processing methods are repeated.

[0048] When performing the plastic working by extrusion processing, an extrusion temperature is preferably set to 250°C or more and 500°C or less, and a reduction in area by extrusion is set to 5% or more.

[0049] The ECAE processing method is a method in which a longitudinal direction of a sample is rotated by 90 degrees for every pass in order to introduce a uniform strain to the sample. Specifically, the ECAE processing method is a method in which the magnesium alloy cast that is a molding material is forced to be entered into a molding pore in a molding die obtained by forming the molding pore having a cross-sectional shape of L-shape, and then application of stress to the magnesium alloy cast particularly by the part in which the L-shape molding pore is bended at 90 degrees gives a molded article having excellent strength and toughness. A number of the passes of the ECAE is preferably 1 to 8 passes, more preferably 3 to 5 passes. A temperature at the time of processing of the ECAE is preferably 250°C or more and 500°C or less.

[0050] As explained above, since the hard compound is finely dispersed in the plastic-worked article obtained by subjecting the magnesium alloy to the plastic working by extrusion processing, the mechanical properties such as strength and ductility can be enhanced drastically in comparison with those before the plastic working by extrusion processing.

[0051] In addition, before the above plastic working by extrusion processing, the casting product may be subjected to a heat treatment at a temperature of 400°C to 600°C for 5 minutes to 24 hours. The ductility can be increased by the heat treatment.

[0052] A crystal particle size of the (Mg, Al)2Ca in the magnesium alloy after the plastic working by extrusion processing is "e", and "e" satisfies the following equation (6) . In this way, when the crystal size is 2 µm or less, a highly strong magnesium alloy can be obtained.



[0053] Furthermore, a volume fraction of the region of the dispersed (Mg, Al)2Ca in the magnesium alloy after the plastic working by extrusion processing is "f" %, and "f" satisfies the following equation (7), and preferably satisfies the following equation (7').





[0054] The volume fraction f of the region of the dispersed (Mg, Al)2Ca in the extruded magnesium alloy satisfies the above equation (7) or (7'), and thus it is possible to enhance the ductility while maintaining the high strength.

[0055] Moreover, when compression yield strength is "g" and tensile yield strength is "h", the "g" and "h" of the magnesium alloy after the above plastic working by extrusion processing may satisfy the following equation (8).



[0056] In addition, after the above plastic working by extrusion processing, the magnesium alloy may be subjected to heat treatment at a temperature of 175°C to 350°C for 30 minutes to 150 hours. Thereby, precipitation strengthening occurs to thereby increase hardness.

[0057] In addition, after the plastic working by extrusion processing, the magnesium alloy may be subjected to a solution treatment at a temperature of 350°C to 560°C for 30 minutes to 12 hours. Thereby, a solid solution of a solute element, into a mother phase, which is required for the formation of a precipitate is promoted.

[0058] Furthermore, after the solution treatment, the magnesium alloy may be subjected to an aging treatment at a temperature of 175°C to 350°C for 30 minutes to 150 hours. Thereby, precipitation strengthening occurs to thereby increase hardness.

(Embodiment 3)



[0059] The magnesium alloy according to the third embodiment of the present invention is obtained by preparing a magnesium alloy material having the Mg-Al-Ca ternary compound in the same way as that in Embodiment 2, by producing a plurality of chip-like cut articles of some mm or less square produced by cutting the magnesium alloy material, and then by solidifying the cut articles through application of shear. As the solidifying method, there may be employed, for example, a method of packing the cut article into a can, of pushing the cut article by using a stick member having the same shape as the inner side shape of the can, and of solidifying the cut articles through application of shear.

[0060] In the present embodiment, the same effects as those in Embodiment 2 can be obtained.

[0061] Furthermore, the magnesium alloy obtained by solidifying the chip-like cut article is a magnesium alloy having higher strength and higher ductility than a magnesium alloy without cutting and solidification. Moreover, the magnesium alloy obtained by solidifying the cut article may be subjected to plastic working.

[0062] Meanwhile, the magnesium alloys according to the above Embodiments 1 to 3 can be used as parts used under a high temperature atmosphere such as parts for airplanes, parts for cars, particularly piston, valve, lifter, tappet, sprocket for internal-combustion engine, etc.

Examples


(Production of samples)



[0063] First, ingots (casted material) such as Mg100-a-bCaaAlb alloy (a: 2.5 to 7.5 at.%, b: 2.5 to 12.5 at.%) having the compositions shown in Table 1 are produced by a high-frequency induction melting in an Ar gas atmosphere, and then extrusion billets are prepared by cutting these ingots into a shape of φ29 x 65 mm. Consequently, the extrusion billets are subjected to the extrusion processing under the conditions shown in Table 1. The extrusion processing was performed in an extrusion ratio of 5, 7.5, 10, at an extrusion temperature of 523 K, 573 K, 623 K, at an extrusion speed of 2.5 mm/sec.

[0064] Samples that do not satisfy equations (1'), (2'), (3), (4), (6), (7), (9), (10), and (20) are shown for comparison, and are denoted "o" in Table 1. Further, "x" in Table 1 denotes extrusion conditions not according to the process of the invention.

(Mechanical properties of cast extruded material)



[0065] A tensile test and a compression test were performed at room temperature, with respect to the cast extruded material of Mg100-a-bCaaAlb alloy and the like which were subjected to the above extrusion processing. The results are shown in Table 1, Fig. 1 and Fig. 2. Meanwhile, "*" in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 indicates elastic region breaking. In the tensile properties of Table 1, YS indicates 0.2% tensile yield strength, UTS indicates tensile strength, and in the compression properties of Table 1, YS indicates 0.2% compression yield strength, UTS indicates compression strength.
[Table 1]
 Alloy compositionExtrusion conditionMechanical properties
 (at%)Tensile propertiesCompression properties
  Extrusion temperature (K)Extrusion ratio Equivalent strain being in the parenthesisYS (MPa)UTS (MPa)Elongation (%)YS (MPa)UTS (MPa)Elongation (%)
Mg87.5-Al10-Ca2.5 523 10 (2.3) 258 350 7.8      
Mg86.25--Al10-Ca3.75 523 10 (2.3) 282 342 28      
  Mg85-Al10-Ca5 523 10 (2.3) 412 459 3.3 395 interrupted in the middle >10 (Interrupted in the middle)
    × 75 (201) 338 379 1.24      
    × 5(1.61) 348 425 1.72      
  Mg83.75-Al10-Ca6.25 523 10(2,3) 460 495 3.3 441 562 5.6
Mg82.5-Al10-Ca7.5 523 10 (2.3) Elastic region breaking 430 Elastic region breaking      
                   
Mg95 Al2.5 Ca2 5 523 10(2.3) 413 487 18      
Mg92.5-Al5-Ca2.5 523 10(2.3) 305 437 3.5      
Mg90-Al7-5-Ca2.5 523 10 (2.3) 286 364 5.8      
Mg87.5 Al7.5-Ca5 523 10(2.3) 423 447 1.2      
Mg83.75-Al11.25-Ca5 523 10 (2.3) 460 395 1.38      
Mg82.5-Al12.5-Ca5 523 10 (2.3) 305 377 5.6      
  Mg85-Al8.75Ca6.25 523 10(2.3) Elastic region breaking 415 Elastic region breaking      
  Mg87.5-Ca4.5 Al8 523 10 (2.3) 357 431 1.8      
  Mg87-Ca5-Al8 523 10(2.3) 411 487 1.6      
  Mg86.75-Ca5-Al8.25 523 10 (2.3) 373 415 0.9      
  Mg86-Ca5-Al9 523 10 (2.3) 364 418 1      
Mg84 Ca8 Al8 523 10 (2.3) Impossible to extrude
    573 10 (2.3) Impossible to extrude
    523 10 (2.3) Impossible to extrude
o Mg83.85 Ca8 Al8 Mn0.15 573 10(2.3) Impossible to extrude
    623 10 (2.3) Impossible to extrude
    523 10 (2.3) Impossible to extrude
Mg85-Al8-Ca7 573 10 (23) Elastic region breaking   Elastic region breaking      
    523 10 (2.3) Impossible to extrude
Mg65-Al7.5-Ca7.5 573 10 (2.3) Elastic region breaking - Elastic region breaking      
Mg77.5-Al15-Ca7.5 523 10 (2.3) Impossible to extrude
    573 10 (2-3) 387 426 0.77      


[0066] The first composition region which is enclosed by a thick line and hatched as shown in Fig. 1 indicates a magnesium alloy in which Ca is contained in an amount of "a" atomic %, Al is contained in an amount of "b" atomic %, a residual part includes a composition of Mg, and "a" and "b" satisfy the following equations (1) to (3).







[0067] The second composition region, which is enclosed by a thick line and hatched as shown in Fig. 2 indicates a magnesium alloy in which the above "a" and "b" satisfy the following equations (1') to (3').





Of the subject-matter shown in the figures only the subject-matter encompassed by the claims forms part of the invention.

[0068] In Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the 0.2% tensile yield strength (MPa) and the ductility (hereinafter abbreviating as δ) of enclosed the cast extruded material of Mg100-a-bCaaAlb alloy are shown in a ternary system strength diagram. In Fig. 1 and Fig.2, one that is more than 5% is indicated as a white circle, one that is more than 2% and 5% or less is indicated as a gray circle, and one that is 2% or less is indicated as a black circle.

[0069] It has been confirmed that, in order to obtain the magnesium alloy exhibiting mechanical properties of high strength and high ductility, it is preferable to be within the first composition range shown in Fig. 1, and it is more preferable to be within the second composition range, shown in Fig. 2. Furthermore, as shown in Fig.1 and Fig. 2, it is found that the alloy group in which the addition amount of Al is 10 atomic % exhibits high strength and ductility.

[0070] Moreover, as shown in Table 1, it has been confirmed that a ratio of compression yield strength / tensile yield strength is 0.8 or more.

(Structural observation of cast extruded material)



[0071] In Fig. 3, a structure photograph (SEM image) of the Mg85Al10Ca5 alloy extruded material among the samples produced according to the above method. In the Mg85Al10Ca5 alloy extruded material, it is observed that the (Mg, Al)2Ca (C36-type compound) is effectively dispersed, and the (Mg, Al)2Ca is dispersed at a high volume fraction into the metallographic structure.

[0072] Among the samples produced according to the above method, from the SEM image of the Mg100-a-bCaaAlb alloy extruded material in the first composition range shown in Fig. 1, it has been confirmed that the volume fraction of region of the dispersed (Mg, Al)2Ca is 35% or more and 65% or less, and it has been confirmed that the M9100-a-bCaaAlb alloy extruded material having more excellent mechanical properties (high strength and high ductility) has a volume fraction of 35% or more and 55% or less.

[0073] Furthermore, among the samples produced according to the above method, a degree of dispersion of the (Mg, Al)2Ca is observed from the SEM image of the Mg100-a-bCaaAlb alloy extruded material in the first composition range shown in Fig. 1, and as a result, it has been confirmed that the degree of dispersion is approximately 1/µm2 or more.

[0074] Moreover, among the samples produced according to the above method, an aspect ratio of the (Mg, Al)2Ca crystal particles is observed from the SEM image of the Mg100-a-bCaaAlb alloy extruded material in the first composition range shown in Fig. 1, and as a result, it has been confirmed that the aspect ratio is approximately 1 and the particles are equiaxed crystals.

[0075] In addition, among the samples produced according to the above method, it has been confirmed that an upper limit of the crystal size of the (Mg, Al)2Ca is 2 µm from the SEM image of the Mg100-a-bCaaAlb alloy extruded material in the first composition range shown in Fig. 1.

[0076] Fig 4 shows a TEM image and the electron beam diffraction pattern of the (Mg, Al)2Ca in the extruded material of Mg83.75Al10Ca6.25 alloy among the samples produced according to the above method.

[0077] As shown in Fig. 4, the presence of the (Mg, Al)2Ca can be confirmed by TEM, and it has been confirmed that the compound is (Mg, Al)2Ca.

[0078] Furthermore, among the samples produced according to the above method, many (Mg, Al)2Ca crystal sizes each having 10 nm or less are observed from the TEM image of the Mg100-a-bCaaAlb alloy extruded material in the first composition range shown in Fig. 1, and it is observed that the lower limit is 1 nm.

[0079] Fig. 5 is a diagram showing the formed phase and the mechanical properties of the extruded material of Mg100-a-bCaaAlb alloy (a: 2.5 to 7.5 at.%, b: 2.5 to 12.5 at.%) .

[0080] According to Fig. 5, in the first composition range shown in Fig. 1 and the second composition range, shown in Fig. 2, it has been confirmed that there exist a range in which the (Mg, Al)2Ca is formed and a range in which the (Mg, Al)2Ca and Al12Mg17 are formed.

[0081] In addition, by measurement of the formed phases, it has been confirmed that the magnesium alloy within the first composition range shown in Fig. 1 contains the (Mg, Al)2Ca in an amount of 10% by volume or more and 35% by volume or less, and the Al12Mg17 of 0% by volume or more and 10% by volume or less.

[0082] Fig. 6 is a diagram showing a dependency of mechanical properties on the Al addition amount in the extruded material of Mg95-xAlxCa5 alloy, and the horizontal axis indicates an Al content x and the vertical axis indicates 0.2 % tensile yield strength YS.

[0083] As shown in Fig. 6, it has been confirmed that when the Al addition amount is more than 12 atomic %, the 0.2% tensile yield strength is drastically decreased, and it is found that the upper limit of the Al addition amount is preferably 12 atomic %, more preferably 11 atomic %.

[0084] Fig. 7 is a diagram showing a dependency of mechanical properties on the Ca addition amount in the extruded material of Mg90-xAl10Cax alloy, and the horizontal axis indicates a Ca content x and the vertical axis indicates a 0.2% tensile yield strength YS.

[0085] As shown in Fig. 7, it has been confirmed that when the Ca addition amount is more than 3.75 atomic %, the 0.2% tensile yield strength is drastically increased. Furthermore, it is found that, when the Ca addition amount is 6.25 atomic %, the highest strength is observed, and when Ca is added in an amount of 7.5 atomic % or more, ductility cannot be observed, and the extruded material is broken in elastic limit. Therefore, the Ca addition amount is 4 to 6.5 atomic % according to the present invention.

[0086] Fig. 8 is a diagram showing a dependency of structure change on the Ca addition amount in the extruded material of Mg90-xAl10Cax alloy, and the horizontal axis indicates a Ca content x and the vertical axis indicates the dispersion region of a compound or the volume fraction of a compound.

[0087] As shown in Fig. 8, it is found that the β phase (Al12Mg17) indicated by "■" is within the range of 0 to 10% as a result of the measurement in a state of casting, that the C36-type compound ((Mg, Al)2Ca) indicated by "□" is within the range of 10 to 30% as a result of the measurement in a state of casting, and a volume fraction of the dispersion region of compound (C36-type compound and the dispersion region of the β phase) indicated by "●" is within the range of 25 to 65% as a result of the measurement in the extruded material. Meanwhile, it can be said that the volume fraction of the dispersion region of the compound is preferably within the range of 35 to 65%, except for the magnesium alloy having a YS of 300 MPa or less.

[0088] According to Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, it has been confirmed that as the content of the C36-type compound becomes larger, the 0.2% tensile yield strength is increased.

[0089] Fig. 9 is a diagram showing a dependency of mechanical properties on the extrusion ratio in the extruded material of Mg85Al10Ca5 alloy, and the horizontal axis indicates the extrusion ratio, the left-hand vertical axis indicate the tensile strength UTS and the 0.2% tensile yield strength σ0.2, and the right-hand vertical axis indicates the elongation δ.

[0090] As shown in Fig. 9, it has been confirmed that an elongation of 2% or more can be obtained by extrusion-processing at an extrusion ratio of 9 or more (equivalent strain of 2.2 or more).

[0091] Fig. 10 is a diagram showing the results obtained by evaluating, through the tensile test at room temperature, the mechanical properties of the extruded material obtained by heat-treating the Mg85Al10Ca5 alloy cast at a temperature of 793 K for 1 hour, 0.5 hour, and 2 hours, and then by extrusion-processing at an extrusion ratio of 10 and at an extrusion speed of 2.5 mm/sec at a temperature of 523 K, and the horizontal axis indicates the heat-treating period of time, the left-hand vertical axis indicate the tensile strength σUTS and the 0.2% tensile yield strength σ0.2, and the right-hand vertical axis indicates the elongation δ.

[0092] As shown in Fig. 10, the elongation can be enhanced drastically by subjecting the casting product to heat treatment before the plastic working. Meanwhile, it is expected that the effect of the enhancement of elongation can be achieved by heat treatment for about 5 minutes.

[0093] Fig. 11 is a diagram showing a dependency of ignition temperature on the Ca addition amount in the material of alloys in which Ca is contained in an AZ91-based alloy in an amount of 0 to 3 .1 atomic % in accordance with ASTM Standard (Ca-containing AZ91-based Alloys) and Mg85Al10Ca5 alloy, and the horizontal axis indicates a Ca addition amount and the vertical axis indicates an ignition temperature.

[0094] According to the combustion test in Fig. 11, it is found that when the Ca addition amount is 3 atomic % or more, the ignition temperature becomes 1123 K (850°C) or more, and when the Ca addition amount is 5 atomic % or more, the ignition temperature becomes 1363 K (1090°C) or more.

[0095] Fig. 12 is a diagram showing a dependency of ignition temperature on the Ca addition amount in each of Mg100-xCax (x= 0 to 5) alloy, Mg90-xAl10Cax (x= 0 to 5) alloy, Mg89.5xAl10CaxZn0.5 (x= 0 to 5) alloy, Mg89-xAl10CaxZn1 (x= 0 to 5) alloy, and Mg88-xAl10CaxZn2 (x= 0 to 5) alloy, and the horizontal axis indicates a Ca addition amount and the vertical axis indicates an ignition temperature.

[0096] According to the combustion test in Fig. 12, it is found that as the Zn addition amount becomes larger, the ignition temperature becomes high.

[0097] Fig. 13 is a diagram showing a dependency of ignition temperature on the Zn addition amount in each of Mg89-xAl10Ca1Znx (x= 0 to 2.0) alloy, Mg88-xAl10Ca2Znx (x= 0 to 2.0) alloy, Mg87-xAl10Ca3Znx (x= 0 to 2.0) alloy, Mg86-xAl10Ca4Znx (x= 0 to 2.0) alloy, and Mg85-xAl10Ca5Znx (x= 0 to 2.0) alloy, and the horizontal axis indicates a Zn addition amount and the vertical axis indicates an ignition temperature.

[0098] According to the combustion test in Fig. 13, it is found that, when the Ca addition amount becomes larger, the ignition temperature becomes high. In addition, Mg83Al10Ca5Zn2 alloy exhibits an ignition temperature of 1380 K. Furthermore, as a result of measuring the mechanical properties of the Mg83Al10Ca5Zn2 alloy produced according to the same way as in the sample shown in Table 1, it has been confirmed that a yield stress is 380 MPa.

[0099] Fig. 14 shows a structural photograph and the analytical results of the surface film of the alloy sample obtained by melting the Mg85Al10Ca5 alloy in the atmosphere.

[0100] Fig. 15 is a schematic view of the surface film of the alloy sample shown in Fig. 14.

<Mechanism of expression of incombustibility>



[0101] According to Fig. 14 and Fig. 15, it is found that the surface film formed at melting of the Mg85Al10Ca5 alloy has a three-layered structure, and the surface film is formed of an ultra-fine particle CaO layer, a fine particle MgO layer, a coarse particle MgO layer in this order from the surface layer. It is suggested that the formation of the ultra-fine particle CaO layer at the time of melting greatly contributes to the expression of incombustibility.

(Corrosion test)



[0102] A corrosion test was carried out with respect to the magnesium alloy of the composition shown Table 2. As to a corrosion condition, a corrosion speed was measured by immersion into a 1 wt% NaCl aqueous solution (initial pH= 6.8). The results are shown in Table 2.
[Table 2]
Corrosion condition: Immersion into a 1 wt% NaCl aqueous solution (initial pH= 6.8)
 Composition [at.%]Corrosion speed [mm/year]
  Mg85Ca5 Al10 2.85
* Mg90Al10 6.04
* Mg95Ca5 10.1
  Mg84.9Al10Ca5Zn0.1 1.57
  Mg84.9Al10Ca5Mn0.1 0.26
  Mg84.9Al10Ca5Zr0.1 22.95
  Mg84.9Al10Ca5Y0.1 9.012
  Mg84.9Al10Ca5La0.1 4.78
  Mg84.9Al10Ca5Ce0.1 11.44
  Mg84.9Al10Ca5Nd0.1 22.2
* not according to the invention


[0103] According to Table 2, the M98.4Al10Ca5Mn0.1 alloy and Mg84.9Al10Ca5Zn0.1 alloy which are obtained by adding a very small amount of Mn and Zn exhibit extremely high corrosion resistance.


Claims

1. An extruded magnesium alloy:

comprising Ca in an amount of "a" atomic %, Al in an amount of "b" atomic % and a residue of Mg and an optional impurity, and optionally comprising Zn in an amount of "x" atomic %, wherein "x" satisfies the below equation (20), and optionally containing at least one element selected from the group consisting of Mn, Zr, Si, Sc, Sn, Ag, Cu, Li, Be, Mo, Nb, W and a rare-earth metal in an amount of "i" atomic %, where "i" satisfies the below equation (9), and optionally containing at least one compound selected from the group consisting of Mg2Si, SiC, MgO and CaO in an amount of "j" atomic % as an amount of metal atom in the compound, where "j" satisfies the below equation (10),

comprising (Mg, Al)2Ca in an amount of "c" volume %,

wherein "a", "b" and "c" satisfy the following equations (1'), (2'), (3) and (4), and

having a compound-free region in which said (Mg, Al)2Ca is not dispersed and a compound-dispersed region in which said (Mg, Al)2Ca is dispersed,

wherein a volume fraction of the compound-dispersed region is "f" %, wherein "f" satisfies the following equation (7),

wherein a crystal particle size of said dispersed (Mg, Al)2Ca is "e", wherein "e" satisfies the following equation (6),


















 
2. The magnesium alloy according to claim 1,
wherein "b" satisfies the following equation (21),


 
3. The magnesium alloy according to claim 1 or 2,
wherein said magnesium alloy further comprises Al12Mg17 in an amount of "d" volume %, wherein "d" satisfies the following equation (5),


 
4. The magnesium alloy according to any one of claims 1 to 3,
wherein an ignition temperature of said magnesium alloy is 850°C or more.
 
5. The magnesium alloy according to any one of claims 1 to 4,
wherein said "a" and "b" satisfy the following equation (3'),


 
6. The magnesium alloy according to any one of claims 1 to 5,
wherein an ignition temperature of said magnesium alloy is 1090°C or more.
 
7. The magnesium alloy according to any one of claims 1 to 6,
wherein when compression yield strength is "g" and tensile yield strength is "h", "g" and "h" of said magnesium alloy satisfy the following equation (8),


 
8. A production method of producing the magnesium alloy according to any one of claims 1 to 7, comprising the steps of:

forming a casting product in which Ca is contained in an amount of "a" atomic %, Al is contained in an amount of "b" atomic %, a residual part includes a composition of Mg and an optional impurity, and Zn is optionally contained in an amount of "x" atomic %, wherein "x" satisfies the equation (20), at least one element selected from the group consisting of Mn, Zr, Si, Sc, Sn, Ag, Cu, Li, Be, Mo, Nb, W and a rare-earth metal is optionally contained in an amount of "i" atomic %, where "i" satisfies the equation (9), and optionally containing at least one compound selected from the group consisting of Mg2Si, SiC, MgO and CaO in an amount of "j" atomic % as an amount of metal atom in the compound, where "j" satisfies the equation (10), (Mg, Al)2Ca is contained in an amount of "c" volume %, wherein "a", "b" and "c" satisfy the equations (1'), (2'), (3) and (4), by casting method, and

subjecting said casting product to extrusion-processing at an extrusion ratio of 10.


 
9. The production method of a magnesium alloy according to claim 8,
wherein "b" satisfies the following equation (21),


 
10. The production method of the magnesium alloy according to claim 8 or 9,
wherein a cooling rate in forming said casting product is 1000 K/sec or less.
 
11. The production method of the magnesium alloy according to any one of claims 8 to 10,
wherein said casting product is subjected to a heat treatment at a temperature of 400°C to 600°C for 5 minutes to 24 hours before performing said extrusion-processing.
 
12. The production method of the magnesium alloy according to any one of claims 8 to 11,
wherein after said extrusion-processing, said magnesium alloy is subjected to heat treatment.
 
13. The production method of the magnesium alloy according to any one of claims 8 to 12,
wherein after said extrusion-processing, said magnesium alloy is subjected to solution treatment.
 
14. The production method of the magnesium alloy according to claim 13,
wherein after said solution treatment, said magnesium alloy is subjected to aging treatment.
 


Ansprüche

1. Extrudierte Magnesiumlegierung,
aufweisend Ca in einer Menge von "a" Atom-%, Al in einer Menge von "b" Atom-% und einen Rest von Mg und einer optionalen Verunreinigung, und optional aufweisend Zn in einer Menge von "x" Atom-%, wobei "x" die nachstehende Gleichung (20) erfüllt, und optional enthaltend mindestens ein Element, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Mn, Zr, Si, Sc, Sn, Ag, Cu, Li, Be, Mo, Nb, W und einem Seltenerdmetall, in einer Menge von "i" Atom-%, wobei "i" die nachstehende Gleichung (9) erfüllt, und optional enthaltend mindestens eine Verbindung, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Mg2Si, SiC, MgO und CaO, in einer Menge von "j" Atom-% als eine Menge eines Metallatoms in der Verbindung, wobei "j" die nachstehende Gleichung (10) erfüllt,
aufweisend (Mg, Al)2Ca in einer Menge von "c" Volumen-%,
wobei "a", "b" und "c" die folgenden Gleichungen (1'), (2'), (3) und (4) erfüllen, und
aufweisend einen verbindungsfreien Bereich, in dem das (Mg, Al)2Ca nicht dispergiert ist, und einen verbindungsdispergierten Bereich, in dem das (Mg, Al)2Ca dispergiert ist,
wobei ein Volumenanteil des verbindungsdispergierten Bereichs "f" % beträgt, wobei "f" die folgende Gleichung (7) erfüllt,
wobei eine Kristallpartikelgröße des dispergierten (Mg, Al)2Ca "e" ist, wobei "e" die folgende Gleichung (6) erfüllt,


















 
2. Magnesiumlegierung gemäß Anspruch 1,
wobei "b" die folgende Gleichung (21) erfüllt,


 
3. Magnesiumlegierung gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2,
wobei die Magnesiumlegierung ferner Al12Mg17 in einer Menge von "d" Volumen-% aufweist, wobei "d" die folgende Gleichung (5) erfüllt,


 
4. Magnesiumlegierung gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3,
wobei eine Zündtemperatur der Magnesiumlegierung 850°C oder mehr ist.
 
5. Magnesiumlegierung gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4,
wobei "a" und "b" die folgende Gleichung (3') erfüllen,


 
6. Magnesiumlegierung gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5,
wobei eine Zündtemperatur der Magnesiumlegierung 1090°C oder mehr ist.
 
7. Magnesiumlegierung gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6,
wobei, wenn die Druckfestigkeit "g" ist und die Zugfestigkeit "h" ist, "g" und "h" der Magnesiumlegierung die folgende Gleichung (8) erfüllen,


 
8. Herstellungsverfahren zum Herstellen der Magnesiumlegierung gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, aufweisend die folgenden Schritte:

Bilden eines Gussproduktes, in dem Ca in einer Menge von "a" Atom-% enthalten ist, Al in einer Menge von "b" Atom-% enthalten ist, ein Restanteil eine Zusammensetzung aus Mg und einer optionalen Verunreinigung aufweist, und Zn optional in einer Menge von "x" Atom-% enthalten ist, wobei "x" die Gleichung (20) erfüllt, mindestens ein Element, das ausgewählt wird aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Mn, Zr, Si, Sc, Sn, Ag, Cu, Li, Be, Mo, Nb, W und einem Seltenerdmetall, optional in einer Menge von "i" Atom-% enthalten ist, wobei "i" die Gleichung (9) erfüllt, und optional mindestens eine Verbindung enthaltend, die ausgewählt wird aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Mg2Si, SiC, MgO und CaO, in einer Menge von "j" Atom-% als eine Menge eines Metallatoms in der Verbindung, wobei "j" die Gleichung (10) erfüllt, (Mg, Al)2Ca in einer Menge von "c" Volumen-% enthalten ist, wobei "a", "b" und "c" die Gleichungen (1'), (2'), (3) und (4) erfüllen, durch ein Gießverfahren, und

Unterziehen des Gussproduktes einer Extrusionsbearbeitung mit einem Extrusionsverhältnis von 10.


 
9. Herstellungsverfahren für eine Magnesiumlegierung gemäß Anspruch 8,
wobei "b" die folgende Gleichung (21) erfüllt,


 
10. Herstellungsverfahren für die Magnesiumlegierung gemäß Anspruch 8 oder 9,
wobei eine Abkühlungsrate beim Formen des Gussproduktes 1000 K/s oder weniger beträgt.
 
11. Herstellungsverfahren für die Magnesiumlegierung gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 8 bis 10,
wobei das Gussprodukt einer Wärmebehandlung bei einer Temperatur von 400°C bis 600°C für 5 Minuten bis 24 Stunden unterzogen wird, bevor die Extrusionsbearbeitung durchgeführt wird.
 
12. Herstellungsverfahren für die Magnesiumlegierung gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 8 bis 11,
wobei die Magnesiumlegierung nach der Extrusionsbearbeitung einer Wärmebehandlung unterzogen wird.
 
13. Herstellungsverfahren für die Magnesiumlegierung gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 8 bis 12,
wobei die Magnesiumlegierung nach der Extrusionsbearbeitung einer Lösungsbehandlung unterzogen wird.
 
14. Herstellungsverfahren für die Magnesiumlegierung gemäß Anspruch 13,
wobei die Magnesiumlegierung nach der Lösungsbehandlung einer Alterungsbehandlung unterzogen wird.
 


Revendications

1. Alliage de magnésium extrudé :

comprenant du Ca en une quantité de « a » % atomique, de l'Al en une quantité de « b » % atomique et un résidu de Mg et une impureté facultative, et comprenant éventuellement du Zn en une quantité de «x» % atomique, dans lequel «x» satisfait à l'équation (20) ci-dessous, et contenant éventuellement au moins un élément choisi dans le groupe constitué par Mn, Zr, Si, Sc, Sn, Ag, Cu, Li, Be, Mo, Nb, W et un métal de terre rare en une quantité de « i » % atomique, où « i » satisfait à l'équation (9) ci-dessous, et contenant éventuellement au moins un composé choisi dans le groupe constitué par Mg2Si, SiC, MgO et CaO, en une quantité de « j » % atomique en tant que quantité d'atome métallique dans le composé, où « j » satisfait à l'équation (10) ci-dessous,

comprenant du (Mg, Al)2Ca en une quantité de « c » % en volume,

dans lequel « a », « b » et « c » satisfont aux équations (1'), (2'), (3) et (4) suivantes, et

ayant une région exempte de composé dans laquelle ledit (Mg, Al)2Ca n'est pas dispersé et une région à composé dispersé dans laquelle ledit (Mg, Al)2Ca est dispersé,

dans lequel une fraction volumique de la région à composé dispersé est « f » %, dans lequel « f » satisfait à l'équation (7) suivante,

dans lequel une taille de particule cristalline dudit (Mg, Al)2Ca dispersé est « e », dans lequel « e » satisfait à l'équation (6) suivante,


















 
2. Alliage de magnésium selon la revendication 1, dans lequel « b » satisfait à l'équation (21) suivante,


 
3. Alliage de magnésium selon la revendication 1 ou 2,
dans lequel ledit alliage de magnésium comprend en outre Al2Mg17 en une quantité de « d » % en volume, dans lequel « d » satisfait à l'équation (5) suivante,


 
4. Alliage de magnésium selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel une température d'ignition dudit alliage de magnésium est de 850 °C ou plus.
 
5. Alliage de magnésium selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel lesdits « a » et « b » satisfont à l'équation (3') suivante,


 
6. Alliage de magnésium selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5,
dans lequel une température d'ignition dudit alliage de magnésium est de 1 090 °C ou plus.
 
7. Alliage de magnésium selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6,
dans lequel lorsque la déformation par compression est « g » et la limite d'élasticité à la traction est « h », « g » et « h » dudit alliage de magnésium satisfont à l'équation (8) suivante,


 
8. Procédé de production consistant à produire l'alliage de magnésium selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, comprenant les étapes de :

formation d'un produit de coulée dans lequel Ca est contenu en une quantité de « a » % atomique, Al est contenu en une quantité de « b » % atomique, une partie résiduelle comprend une composition de Mg et une impureté facultative, et Zn est éventuellement contenu en une quantité de « x » % atomique, dans lequel « x » satisfait à l'équation (20), au moins un élément choisi dans le groupe constitué par Mn, Zr, Si, Sc, Sn, Ag, Cu, Li, Be, Mo, Nb, W et un métal de terre rare est éventuellement contenu en une quantité de « i » % atomique, où « i » satisfait à l'équation (9), et contenant éventuellement au moins un composé choisi dans le groupe constitué par Mg2Si, SiC, MgO et CaO en une quantité de « j » % atomique en tant que quantité d'atome métallique dans le composé, où « j » satisfait à l'équation (10), (Mg, Al)2Ca est contenu en une quantité de « c » % en volume, dans lequel « a », « b » et « c » satisfont aux équations (1'), (2'), (3) et (4), par un procédé de coulée, et

soumission dudit produit de coulée à un traitement par extrusion selon un rapport d'extrusion de 10.


 
9. Procédé de production d'un alliage de magnésium selon la revendication 8, dans lequel « b » satisfait à l'équation (21) suivante,


 
10. Procédé de production d'un alliage de magnésium selon la revendication 8 ou 9,
dans lequel un taux de refroidissement pour former ledit produit de coulée est de 1 000 K/sec ou moins.
 
11. Procédé de production d'un alliage de magnésium selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 à 10,
dans lequel ledit produit de coulée est soumis à un traitement thermique à une température de 400 °C à 600 °C pendant 5 minutes à 24 heures avant de réaliser le traitement par extrusion.
 
12. Procédé de production de l'alliage de magnésium selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 à 11,
dans lequel après ledit traitement par extrusion, ledit alliage de magnésium est soumis à un traitement thermique.
 
13. Procédé de production de l'alliage de magnésium selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 à 12,
dans lequel après ledit traitement par extrusion, ledit alliage de magnésium est soumis à un traitement en solution.
 
14. Procédé de production de l'alliage de magnésium selon la revendication 13,
dans lequel après ledit traitement en solution, ledit alliage de magnésium est soumis à un traitement de vieillissement.
 




Drawing

































REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description