(19)
(11)EP 2 842 853 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
04.03.2015 Bulletin 2015/10

(21)Application number: 14182441.7

(22)Date of filing:  27.08.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B62K 21/00  (2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME

(30)Priority: 29.08.2013 TW 102216254

(71)Applicant: J.D Components Co., Ltd.
Shou Shui Hsiang, Chang Hua Hsien (TW)

(72)Inventors:
  • Feng, Pin-Chien
    Chang Hua Hsien (TW)
  • Chung, Kuan-Lin
    Chang Hua Hsien (TW)

(74)Representative: Straus, Alexander 
Patentanwälte Becker, Kurig, Straus Bavariastrasse 7
80336 München
80336 München (DE)

  


(54)Three-piece stem of bicycle


(57) A three-piece stem (10) of a bicycle includes a stem body (20), a bottom pipe (30), and a middle element (40). A first torus portion (22) and a second torus portion (24) are disposed at two ends of the stem body (20), respectively. The bottom pipe (30) is disposed in the second torus portion (24) of the stem body (20). The middle element (40) is disposed between the second torus portion (24) of the stem body (20) and the bottom pipe (30). A connecting element (50) couples the second torus portion (24) of the stem body (20), the bottom pipe (30), and the middle element (40) together, such that the second torus portion (24) of the stem body (20), the bottom pipe (30), and the middle element (40) are fixed tightly to a front forked upright pipe (14) collectively, thereby enhancing the ease of assembly and the binding strength upon completion of assembly.




Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


1. Technical Field



[0001] The present invention relates to bicycles, and more particularly, to a three-piece stem of a bicycle.

2. Description of Related Art



[0002] In general, the stem of a conventional bicycle is connected between a handlebar and a front forked upright pipe and adapted to oppose the reaction force generated from the cyclist's tread, control the direction in which the bicycle moves, and maintain the equilibrium of the bicycle. According to the prior art, Taiwan Patent No. 267152 discloses fixing a torus to a front forked upright pipe by a pressing sleeve and a fastening element. Taiwan Patent No. M311643 discloses fixing a stem to a front forked upright pipe by a single washer or two vertically aligned washers.

[0003] Nonetheless, the aforesaid two patents not only pose a difficulty in assembly but also fail to provide sufficient binding strength upon completion of assembly, and in consequence the aforesaid components are likely to get loosened from the front forked upright pipe after long use of the conventional bicycle which always vibrates during a ride. As a result, there is still room for improvement of cycling safety.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0004] It is an objective of the present invention to provide a three-piece stem of a bicycle to enhance the binding strength upon completion of assembly and thus ensure cycling safety.

[0005] In order to achieve the above and other objectives, the present invention provides a three-piece stem which comprises a stem body, a bottom pipe, a middle element, and connecting elements. A first torus portion is disposed at one end of the stem body. A second torus portion is disposed at the other end of the stem body. The bottom pipe is disposed in the second torus portion of the stem body. The middle element is disposed between the second torus portion of the stem body and the bottom pipe. The connecting elements connect the second torus portion of the stem body, the bottom pipe, and the middle element. Hence, the three-piece stem of the present invention renders it easy to fix related components to a front forked upright pipe and enhances the binding strength of the overall structure.

[0006] Preferably, the middle element, which is an elastic pipe, is fitted to the bottom pipe and adapted to effectuate shock absorption appropriately.

[0007] Preferably, the second torus portion of the stem body has a first fixing hole, the bottom pipe has a second fixing hole, the middle element has a third fixing hole, wherein the connecting elements are disposed in the first, second and third fixing holes and adapted to couple the second torus portion of the stem body, the bottom pipe, and the middle element together.

[0008] Preferably, the diameter of the third fixing hole substantially equals the diameter of the first fixing hole, and the diameter of the second fixing hole is larger than the diameters of the first and third fixing holes, wherein the connecting elements each have a small diameter portion and a large diameter portion. The small diameter portions of the connecting elements are fitted inside the first and third fixing holes. The large diameter portions of the connecting elements are fitted inside the second fixing holes.

[0009] Preferably, the large diameter portion of the connecting elements has a curved surface, and the curvature of the curved surface substantially equals the curvature of the inner surface of the bottom pipe, so as to preclude interference between the front forked upright pipe and the connecting elements.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWINGS



[0010] 

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is an exploded view of the present invention; and

FIG. 3 is a partial cross-sectional view of the present invention.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION



[0011] Referring to FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, a three-piece stem 10 of the present invention comprises a stem body 20, a bottom pipe 30, a middle element 40, and two connecting elements 50.

[0012] A first torus portion 22 is disposed at one end of the stem body 20. The first torus portion 22 is fastened in place by four screws 16 and thus fixed tightly to a handlebar 12. A second torus portion 24 is disposed at the other end of the stem body 20. The second torus portion 24 is fastened in place by a single screw 16 and thus fixed tightly to a front forked upright pipe 14. Furthermore, the second torus portion 24 of the stem body 20 has two opposing first fixing holes 26 (in practice, the present invention will work, provided that at least one said first fixing hole 26 is available.)

[0013] The bottom pipe 30 is fitted inside the second torus portion 24 of the stem body 20 and has a slit 32; hence, the bottom pipe 30 is fastened in place by a single screw 16 and thus fixed tightly to the front forked upright pipe 14. Furthermore, the bottom pipe 30 has two opposing second fixing holes 34 (in practice, the present invention will work, provided that at least one said second fixing hole 34 is available.) The diameter of the second fixing holes 34 is larger than the diameter of the first fixing holes 26.

[0014] The middle element 40 is preferably an elastic pipe made of plastic, rubber, or any other elastic material, but the present invention is not limited thereto. The middle element 40 is fitted inside the second torus portion 24 of the stem body 20 and fitted to the bottom pipe 30, such that the middle element 40 is disposed between the second torus portion 24 of the stem body 20 and the bottom pipe 30. The middle element 40 has two opposing third fixing holes 42 (in practice, the present invention will work, provided that at least one said third fixing hole 42 is available.) The diameter of the third fixing holes 42 substantially equals the diameter of the first fixing holes 26.

[0015] The connecting elements 50 each have a small diameter portion 52 and a large diameter portion 54. The small diameter portions 52 of the connecting elements 50 are fitted inside the first and third fixing holes 26, 42. The large diameter portions 54 of the connecting elements 50 are fitted inside second fixing holes 34. In practice, the present invention will work, provided that at least one of the connecting elements 50 matches the fixing holes 26, 34, 42 in quantity.

[0016] Referring to FIG. 2 and FIG. 3, an assembly process entails fitting the middle element 40 to the bottom pipe 30, fitting the middle element 40 and the bottom pipe 30 inside the second torus portion 24 of the stem body 20 in a manner that the first fixing holes 26 of the stem body 20, the second fixing holes 34 of the bottom pipe 30, and the third fixing holes 42 of the middle element 40 are in communication with each other, fitting the small diameter portions 52 of the connecting elements 50 inside the first and third fixing holes 26, 42, fitting the large diameter portions 54 of the connecting elements 50 inside the second fixing holes 34, thereby coupling the stem body 20, the bottom pipe 30, and the middle element 40 together, and then fixing the stem body 20, the bottom pipe 30, and the middle element 40 to the top end of the front forked upright pipe 14 collectively. Furthermore, the large diameter portions 54 of the connecting elements 50 have a curved surface 56 each. The curvature of the curved surface 56 substantially equals the curvature of the inner surface of the bottom pipe 30. Therefore, after the stem body 20, the bottom pipe 30, and the middle element 40 have been fixed to the front forked upright pipe 14, there is no interference between the front forked upright pipe 14 and the connecting elements 50, but the connecting elements 50 are restrained by the front forked upright pipe 14 and thus confined to the first, second, and third fixing holes 26, 34, 42, thereby preventing the connecting elements 50 from disconnection.

[0017] In conclusion, the three-piece stem 10 of the present invention is conducive to enhancement of the ease of assembly, enhancement of the binding strength and stability of the overall structure upon completion of assembly, and prevention of the loosening of related components from the front forked upright pipe 14 after long use of the bicycle which always vibrates during a ride, thereby ensuring cycling safety. Furthermore, the three-piece stem 10 of the present invention is advantageously characterized in that the middle element 40 is shock-absorbing and thus provides a buffer to the action force conveyed from the front forked upright pipe 14, thereby enhancing riding comfort.


Claims

1. A three-piece stem (10) of a bicycle, comprising:

a stem body (20) having a first torus portion (22) and a second torus portion (24) opposing the first torus portion (22);

a bottom pipe (30) disposed in the second torus portion (24) of the stem body (20);

a middle element (40) disposed between the second torus portion (24) of the stem body (20) and the bottom pipe (30); and

at least a connecting element (50) for connecting the second torus portion (24) of the stem body (20), the bottom pipe (30), and the middle element (40).


 
2. The three-piece stem (10) of claim 1, wherein the middle element (40) is an elastic pipe and is fitted to the bottom pipe (30).
 
3. The three-piece stem (10) of claim 1 or 2, wherein the second torus portion (24) of the stem body (20) has at least a first fixing hole (26), the bottom pipe (30) has at least a second fixing hole (34), and the middle element (40) has at least a third fixing hole (42), wherein the connecting elements (50) are disposed in the first, second and third fixing holes (26), (34), (42).
 
4. The three-piece stem (10) of claim 3, wherein a diameter of the third fixing hole (42) substantially equals a diameter of the first fixing hole (26), wherein a diameter of the second fixing hole (34) is larger than the diameters of the first and third fixing holes (26), (42), wherein the connecting elements (50) each have a small diameter portion (52) and a large diameter portion (54), the small diameter portions (52) being fitted inside the first and third fixing holes (26), (42), and the large diameter portions (54) being fitted inside the second fixing holes (34).
 
5. The three-piece stem (10) of claim 4, wherein the large diameter portions (54) of the connecting elements (50) have a curved surface (56) each, and a curvature of the curved surface (56) substantially equals a curvature of an inner surface of the bottom pipe (30).
 




Drawing




















REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description