(19)
(11)EP 2 848 843 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
02.05.2018 Bulletin 2018/18

(21)Application number: 13184759.2

(22)Date of filing:  17.09.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F16K 1/22  (2006.01)
F16K 39/02  (2006.01)
F16K 1/24  (2006.01)

(54)

Butterfly valve arrangement

Drosselventilanordnung

Agencement de vanne papillon


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
18.03.2015 Bulletin 2015/12

(73)Proprietor: General Electric Technology GmbH
5400 Baden (CH)

(72)Inventor:
  • Opsitch, Antonin
    5400 Baden (CH)

(74)Representative: General Electric Technology GmbH 
Global Patent Operation - Europe Brown Boveri Strasse 7
5400 Baden
5400 Baden (CH)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2012/097539
GB-A- 2 084 296
US-A- 3 854 696
FR-A- 1 354 188
US-A- 3 697 042
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present disclosure relates generally to butterfly valve configurations and specifically to arrangements that address the problem of high opening and closing torque requirements of such valves.

    BACKGROUND INFORMATION



    [0002] As described by WO 2012/166413, a butterfly valve typically comprises a housing that has an inlet, an outlet and a flow path extending there through. A valve plate, located in the flow path, is typically configured to selectively allow and prevent fluid flow through the flow path. This is achieved by a shaft member being rotationally connected to the valve plate so as to enable the rotation of the valve plate perpendicular to the extension of the flow path.

    [0003] Such butterfly valves are commonly used because they have the advantage of low cost, simple design, high stability and high efficiency. However, one problem faced by butterfly valves is that they require high opening and closing torques when the pressure drop across the valve is high. This typically limits the use of butterfly valves to services with a maximum pressure difference in the region of 30 bar.

    [0004] To overcome this problem, various solutions have been developed including providing the valve with actuated opening plates. An example is provided in Canadian patent No. CA 2 058 427 C in which an actuated pivotal plate-like valve plate incorporated in the valve plate is discuss. WO 2012/166413 provides another such valve plate solution.

    [0005] Each of these solutions adds significant complexity and therefore cost to the valve and therefore potentially lessens some of the potential advantages of a butterfly valve.

    [0006] Another solution discussed in US patent application no. 2012/0256112 A1 involves providing a disk with a titled disk that has a Z shaped disk vertical profile. In the open position such a valve has an increase profile that providing an increase resistance to flow.

    [0007] WO2012/097538A discusses a valve that valve has a stem that in rotation closes a passage leading to the fluid storage when the valve is closed and opens the passage when the valve is opened. The closing and opening is a result of a thread on the shaft rod that causes the shaft to move up and down as a result of rotation of the valve handle that further turns a valve plate. A cam on the valve plate moves a slide block in the internal fluid storage to increase the size of the internal fluid storage volume when the valve is closed and reduces the size of the internal fluid storage when the valve is opened. Through the action of the cam, pressure in the internal fluid storage can be used to reduce the opening torque of the valve.

    SUMMARY



    [0008] A butterfly valve is disclosed that is intended to provide at least a partial alternative solution to the problem of high opening and closing torque.

    [0009] It attempts to addresses this problem by means of the subject matter of the independent claim. Advantageous embodiments are given in the dependent claims.

    [0010] The disclosure is based on the general idea of providing a secondary flow passage through the valve that contains a valve head. By fully containing the passage within the valve makes the unit compact unit while the valve head brings controllability to the bypass flow. In this way, the pressure across the valve plate can be reduced thus reducing the opening and closing torque of the valve.

    [0011] In an aspect a butterfly valve has a housing with a flow path therethrough, a valve plate located in the flow path, and a shaft connected to the valve plate. The shaft is configured and arranged to rotation so as to selectively allow and prevent fluid flow through the flow path. A passage, located within the housing, extends from and to the flow path either side of the valve plate so as to provide an alternative flow path that bypasses the valve plate. Locating the passage wholly within the housing ensures the size of the arrangement is minimised. Additionally, a cavity is located in the passage between distal ends of the passage. A valve head, located in the cavity, is configured and arranged to be movable within the cavity between a closed position, in which, in the passage, the distal ends of the passage are fluidly disconnected and an open position in which, in the passage, the distal ends of the passage are fluidly connected.

    [0012] In a further aspect, the shaft and the valve head are configured and arranged such that the opening and closing of the passage by the valve head is realised by rotation of the shaft. This eliminates the need for additional actuation of the valve head, greatly simplifying the arrangement.

    [0013] In a further aspect, the shaft at least partially extends through the cavity and the valve head is configured for movement limited to the direction of the rotational axis of the shaft, that is movement along the shaft.

    [0014] In an aspect, the butterfly valve further comprises a lateral member on a shaft portion located within the cavity and an extended groove. The extended groove is located in the valve head and extends at an angle oblique to the rotational axis of the shaft. The lateral member is sized and shaped to movably fit within the groove while the oblique angle of the groove is such that rotation of the shaft portions results in the movement of the valve head along the rotational axis of the shaft between a passage open position and a passage closed position. In this way, the valve heat may be operated by means of shaft rotation without the need for an additional or separate actuation means.

    [0015] In a further aspect, the groove has the largest angle from the shaft direction at the valve plate closed position.

    [0016] It is a further object of the invention to overcome or at least ameliorate the disadvantages and shortcomings of the prior art or provide a useful alternative.

    [0017] Other aspects and advantages of the present disclosure will become apparent from the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings which by way of example illustrate exemplary embodiments of the present invention.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0018] By way of example, an embodiment of the present disclosure is described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

    Figure 1 is a sectional view of a butterfly valve with a bypass passage according to an preferred embodiment of the invention; and

    Figure 2 is sectional view of a butterfly valve of a preferred embodiment showing the valve head groove and shaft lateral member.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0019] Exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure are now described with reference to the drawings, wherein like reference numerals are used to refer to like elements throughout. In the following description, for purposes of explanation, numerous specific details are set forth to provide a thorough understanding of the disclosure. However, the present disclosure may be practiced without these specific details, and is not limited to the exemplary embodiment disclosed herein.

    [0020] In an exemplary embodiment of a butterfly valve shown in Fig. 1, the valve has a housing 10 with a flow path 12 therethrough. A valve plate 20, which is located in the flow path 12, is further connected to a shaft 22. Rotation of the shaft 22, typically in an axis perpendicular to the axis of the flow path, results in the valve either allowing or preventing fluid flow through the flow path. The shaft 22 itself may comprise more than one part, for example, it may include an actuator portion that is connected to a manual or automated actuator via a coupling. The shaft 22 may further comprise a lower portion that forms part of, or is joined to, the valve plate 20.

    [0021] The valve further includes a passage 14 through the housing 10 that extends from the flow path 12 either side of the valve plate 20. As such, the passage 14 provides a bypass around the valve plate 20 so as to provide an alternative flow path that bypasses the valve plate 20. A section of the passage 14, between the two distal ends, includes a cavity 16. In the cavity 16 is a valve head 30 that is movable within the cavity 16 between a closed position in which, in the passage 14, the distal ends of the passage 14 are fluidly disconnected and an open position in which, in the passage 14, the distal ends of the passage 14 are fluidly connected. The positional movement of the valve head 30 to achieve the open and closed configuration includes known valve configurations, including rotational movement and movement in the direction of the shaft direction.

    [0022] Fig. 2 shows an exemplary embodiment where the valve head 30 is configured and arranged to move in the rotational axis 26 of the shaft 22 by means of rotation of the shaft 22. This is achieved by a cam arrangement in which the shaft 22 includes a lateral member 24 that fits within a groove 32 in the valve head 30. The groove 32 and extends in an oblique angle to the direction of rotational axis 26 of the shaft, wherein the oblique angle is defined by the angle between a tangent line to the groove centreline 34 at any given point along the groove as tangent line meets the rotational axis 26 of the shaft 22. Thus, when the shaft 22 is rotated the valve head 30 is raising or lowering within the cavity 16. In this way, the passage 14 is opened and closed respectively. The oblique angle is preferably not constant across the length of the groove but instead varies so as to optimise the opening and closing torque of the passage 14. A preferred shape of the groove 32 is such that the force function of the valve opening is as linear as possible. This may be achieved by configuring the groove angle so that the shaft member applies maximum torque on the valve head 30 at the closed position of the valve head 30.

    [0023] Although the disclosure has been herein shown and described in what is conceived to be the most practical exemplary embodiment, it will be appreciated that the present disclosure can be embodied in other specific forms. The presently disclosed embodiments are therefore considered in all respects to be illustrative and not restricted. The scope of the disclosure is indicated by the appended claims rather that the foregoing description and all changes that come within the meaning and range and equivalences thereof are intended to be embraced therein.

    REFERENCE NUMBERS



    [0024] 
    10
    Housing
    12
    Flow path
    14
    Passage
    16
    Cavity
    20
    Valve plate
    22
    Shaft
    24
    Lateral member
    26
    Rotational axis
    30
    Valve head
    32
    Groove
    34
    Centreline



    Claims

    1. A butterfly valve comprising:

    a housing (10) having a flow path (12) therethrough;

    a valve plate (20) located in the flow path (12); and

    a shaft (22) connected to the valve plate (20),

    wherein the valve plate (20) is configured and arranged to be rotated by the shaft (22) so as to selectively allow and prevent fluid flow through the flow path (12), characterised by:

    a passage (14), within the housing (10), with distal ends extending from the flow path (12) on one side of the valve plate (20) to the flow path (12) on another side of the valve plate (20) so as to provide an alternative flow path that bypasses the valve plate (20);

    a cavity (16) between distal ends of the passage (14); and

    a valve head (30), in the cavity (16), configured and arranged to be movable within the cavity (16) between a closed position in which the distal ends of the passage (14) are fluidly disconnected through the passage (14) and an open position in which the distal ends of the passage (14) are fluidly connected through the passage (14).


     
    2. The butterfly valve of claim 1 wherein the shaft (22) and the valve head (30) are configured and arranged such that the opening and closing of the passage (14) by the valve head (30) is a result of rotation of the shaft (22).
     
    3. The butterfly valve of claim 1 or 2 wherein the shaft (22) at least partially extends through the cavity (16) and the valve head (30) is configured for movement limited to the direction of the rotational axis (26) of the shaft (22).
     
    4. The butterfly valve of any one of claims 1 to 3 further comprising:

    a lateral member (24) on a shaft (22) portion located within the cavity (16); and

    a groove (32), in the valve head (30), extending at an angle oblique to the shaft (22) rotational axis (26),

    wherein the lateral member (24) is sized and shaped to movably fit within the groove (32) and the oblique angle of the groove (32) is such that rotation of the shaft (22) results in a movement of the valve head (30) along the rotational axis (26) of the shaft (22) between an passage (14) open position and a passage (14) closed position.


     
    5. The butterfly valve of claim 4 wherein the groove (32) has a largest angle from the shaft (22) direction at a valve plate closed position.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Drosselventil, umfassend:

    ein Gehäuse (10) mit einem hindurchgehenden Durchflusspfad (12);

    eine Ventilplatte (20), die sich in dem Durchflusspfad (12) befindet; und

    eine Welle (22), die mit der Ventilplatte (20) verbunden ist;

    wobei die Ventilplatte (20) ausgestaltet und angeordnet ist, um durch die Welle (22) gedreht zu werden, um so selektiv Fluiddurchfluss durch den Durchflusspfad (12) zu gestatten und zu verhindern,

    gekennzeichnet durch:

    einen Durchgang (14) innerhalb des Gehäuses (10) mit fernen Enden, die sich von dem Durchflusspfad (12) auf einer Seite der Ventilplatte (20) zu dem Durchflusspfad (12) auf einer anderen Seite der Ventilplatte (20) erstrecken, um so einen alternativen Durchflusspfad bereitzustellen, der die Ventilplatte (20) umgeht;

    einen Hohlraum (16) zwischen fernen Enden des Durchgangs (14); und

    einen Ventilkopf (30) in dem Hohlraum (16), der ausgestaltet und angeordnet ist, um innerhalb des Hohlraums (16) zwischen einer geschlossenen Position, in der die fernen Enden des Durchgangs (14) fluidtechnisch durch den Durchgang (14) getrennt sind, und einer offenen Position beweglich zu sein, in der die fernen Enden des Durchgangs (14) durch den Durchgang (14) fluidtechnisch verbunden sind.


     
    2. Drosselventil nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Welle (22) und der Ventilkopf (30) ausgestaltet und angeordnet sind, so dass das Öffnen und Schließen des Durchgangs (14) durch den Ventilkopf (30) ein Ergebnis der Rotation der Welle (22) ist.
     
    3. Drosselventil nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Welle (22) sich mindestens teilweise durch den Hohlraum (16) erstreckt, und der Ventilkopf (30) zur Bewegung ausgestaltet ist, die auf die Richtung der Rotationsachse (26) der Welle (22) begrenzt ist.
     
    4. Drosselventil nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, ferner umfassend:

    ein Querelement (24) auf einem Abschnitt der Welle (22), der sich innerhalb des Hohlraums (16) befindet; und

    eine Nut (32) in dem Ventilkopf (30), die sich in einem schrägen Winkel zu der Rotationsachse (26) der Welle (22) erstreckt,

    wobei das Querelement (24) so bemessen und geformt ist, dass es beweglich in die Nut (32) passt, und der schräge Winkel der Nut (32) derart ist, dass Rotation der Welle (22) zu einer Bewegung des Ventilkopfes (30) entlang der Rotationsachse (26) der Welle (22) zwischen einer offenen Position des Durchgangs (14) und einer geschlossenen Position des Durchgangs (14) führt.


     
    5. Drosselventil nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Nut (32) den größten Winkel von der Richtung der Welle (22) in einer geschlossenen Position der Ventilplatte hat.
     


    Revendications

    1. Vanne papillon, comprenant :

    un boîtier (10) ayant un chemin d'écoulement (12) le traversant ;

    une plaque de vanne (20) située dans le chemin d'écoulement (12) ; et

    une tige (22) connectée à la plaque de vanne (20), la plaque de vanne (20) étant configurée et disposée de manière à être tournée par la tige (22) de manière à permettre et à empêcher, de manière sélective, un écoulement de fluide à travers le chemin d'écoulement (12),

    caractérisée par :

    un passage (14), à l'intérieur du boîtier (10), les extrémités distales s'étendant depuis le chemin d'écoulement (12) d'un côté de la plaque de vanne (20) vers le chemin d'écoulement (12) sur un autre côté de la plaque de vanne (20) de manière à fournir un autre chemin d'écoulement qui contourne la plaque de vanne (20) ;

    une cavité (16) entre des extrémités distales du passage (14) ; et

    une tête de vanne (30), dans la cavité (16), configurée et agencée pour être déplacée à l'intérieur de la cavité (16) entre une position fermée dans laquelle les extrémités distales du passage (14) sont déconnectées fluidiquement par le biais du passage (14) et une position ouverte dans laquelle les extrémités distales du passage (14) sont connectées fluidiquement par le biais du passage (14).


     
    2. Vanne papillon selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la tige (22) et la tête de vanne (30) sont configurées et agencées de telle sorte que l'ouverture et la fermeture du passage (14) par la tête de vanne (30) soit un résultat de la rotation de la tige (22).
     
    3. Vanne papillon selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle la tige (22) s'étend au moins en partie à travers la cavité (16) et la tête de vanne (30) est configurée pour avoir un mouvement limité dans la direction de l'axe de rotation (26) de la tige (22) .
     
    4. Vanne papillon selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, comprenant en outre :

    un organe latéral (24) sur une portion de tige (22) située à l'intérieur de la cavité (16) ; et

    une rainure (32), dans la tête de vanne (30), s'étendant suivant un angle oblique par rapport à l'axe de rotation (26) de la tige (22),

    l'organe latéral (24) étant dimensionné et formé de manière à s'ajuster de manière mobile à l'intérieur de la rainure (32) et l'angle oblique de la rainure (32) étant tel que la rotation de la tige (22) entraîne un mouvement de la tête de valve (30) le long de l'axe de rotation (26) de la tige (22) entre une position ouverte du passage (14) et une position fermée du passage (14).


     
    5. Vanne papillon selon la revendication 4, dans laquelle la rainure (32) a un angle maximal à partir de la direction de la tige (22) dans une position fermée de la plaque de vanne.
     




    Drawing






    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description