(19)
(11)EP 2 851 071 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 13790499.1

(22)Date of filing:  16.05.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61K 31/352  (2006.01)
A61P 21/04  (2006.01)
A61K 31/35  (2006.01)
A61K 36/906  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2013/004374
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/172681 (21.11.2013 Gazette  2013/47)

(54)

USE OF KAEMPFERIA PARVIFLORA WALL. EX. BAKER EXTRACTS OR FLAVONE COMPOUND FOR PREVENTING OR TREATING MUSCLE DISEASES, OR IMPROVING MUSCLE FUNCTION

VERWENDUNG VON KAEMPFERIA PARVIFLORA WALL. EX. BAKER-EXTRAKTEN ODER FLAVONVERBINDUNGEN ZUR VERHINDERUNG ODER BEHANDLUNG VON MUSKELERKRANKUNGEN ODER ZUR VERBESSERUNG DER MUSKELFUNKTION

UTILISATION DE L'EXTRAIT DE KAEMPFERIA PARVIFLORA WALL. EX. BAKER OU D'UN COMPOSÉ DE FLAVONE POUR PRÉVENIR OU TRAITER LES MALADIES MUSCULAIRES OU POUR AMÉLIORER LA FONCTION MUSCULAIRE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 16.05.2012 KR 20120051776

(43)Date of publication of application:
25.03.2015 Bulletin 2015/13

(73)Proprietor: AAT Costech Co., Ltd.
Seoul 03722 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • HWANG, Jae-Kwan
    Goyang-si Gyeonggi-do 412-270 (KR)
  • SA, Bo Kyung
    Chuncheon-si Gangwon-do 200-965 (KR)
  • KIM, Tae Yoon
    Jecheon-si Chungcheongbuk-do 390-080 (KR)

(74)Representative: Isarpatent 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Behnisch Barth Charles Hassa Peckmann & Partner mbB Friedrichstrasse 31
80801 München
80801 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
  
  • JINTANAPORN WATTANATHORN ET AL: "Positive Modulation Effect of 8-Week Consumption of Kaempferia parviflora on Health-Related Physical Fitness and Oxidative Status in Healthy Elderly Volunteers", EVIDENCE-BASED COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE : ECAM, vol. 4, no. 3, 1 January 2012 (2012-01-01) , pages 253-7, XP055251207, United States ISSN: 1741-427X, DOI: 10.1152/ajpregu.90925.2008
  • HATAITIP TRISOMBOON ET AL: "Effect of Daily Treatment with Thai Herb, Kaempferia parviflora, in Hershberger Assay Using Castrated Immature Rats", JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT, vol. 53, no. 2, 1 January 2007 (2007-01-01), pages 351-356, XP055178235, ISSN: 0916-8818, DOI: 10.1262/jrd.18092
  • SHIM, J. -S. ET AL.: 'The effect of 4-hydroxypanduratin A on the mitogen-activated protein kinase-dependent activation of matrix metalloproteinase-1 expression in human skin fibroblasts' JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGICAL SCIENCE vol. 53, 2009, pages 129 - 134, XP025815309
  • OTHMAN, R. ET AL.: 'Vasorelaxant effects of ethyl cinnamate isolated from Kaempferia galanga on smooth muscles of the rat aorta' PLANTA MEDICA vol. 68, 2002, pages 655 - 657, XP055178230
  • CHATURAPANICH, G. ET AL.: 'Effects of Kaempferia parviflora extracts on reproductive parameters and spermatic blood flow in male rats' REPRODUCTION vol. 136, 2008, pages 515 - 522, XP055178232
  • TRISOMBOON, H. ET AL.: 'Effect of daily treatment with Thai herb, Kaempferia parviflora, in Hershberger assay using castrated immature rats' JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT vol. 53, no. 2, 2007, pages 351 - 356, XP055178235
  • KANG, Y. -G. ET AL.: '5,7-dimethoxyflavone induces melanogenesis in B16F10 melanoma cells through cAMP-dependent signalling' EXPERIMENTAL DERMATOLOGY vol. 20, 2011, pages 445 - 456, XP055178238
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present invention relates to a pharmaceutical composition for use in a method of preventing or treating muscle diseases comprising an extract of Kaempferia parviflora Wall. ex Baker or a flavone compound, and to the non-medical use of a dietary composition in a method for improving muscle function comprising an extract of Kaempferia parviflora Wall. ex Baker or a flavone compound as an active ingredient.

Background Art



[0002] It was reported that approximately 24% of the population between the ages of sixty five and seventy experience age-related muscle atrophy, and 20% of them suffer from the loss of muscle functions (J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 60(2): 21316, 2005). As the body ages, there is a reduction in the release of hormones involved in anabolism, the process of synthesizing proteins, such as growth hormones, sex hormones, and insulin-like growth factors, and subsequently protein synthesis in the muscles is suppressed. On the other hand, the levels of circulating inflammatory cytokines increase, such as tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-α), degrading regeneration capacity of muscle fibers. TNF-α can ultimately cause the loss of skeletal muscle tissues by binding to the damaged muscled fibers, suppressing their differentiation, and promoting catabolism which is the process of breaking down proteins in the muscles (Clin. Nutr. 26(5): 52434, 2007).

[0003] When the forkhead box (foxo) pathway, a major signaling pathway inducing muscle atrophy, is activated by the age-related chronic inflammation, the expression of E3 ubiquitin ligases involved in protein degradation, such as atrogin-1 and MuRF1, is upregulated (Cell Metab. 6(6): 47283, 2007). On the contrary, PI3K/AKT signaling pathway suppresses the activity of foxo and induces muscle growth by activating a protein synthesis-associated factor, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) (Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 37(10): 1985-96, 2005). Notably, PI3K/AKT and mTOR are exercise-induced signals participating in the enhancement of exercise performance by increasing muscle mass (Acta. Physiol (Oxf). 191(1): 67-75, 2007).

[0004] Differentiation of muscle cells is regulated by diverse muscle regulatory factors (MRFs) such as myoD, myf5, myogenin, and mrf4. MyoD initiates the muscle-specific gene expression and induces differentiation of the mesenchymal cells into muscle cells. Further, myoD regulates induction of myogenin expression. Accordingly, the regeneration of damaged muscle cells can treat or prevent muscle atrophy caused by aging or chronic inflammation (J. Histochem. Cytochem. 54(11): 1177-91, 2006).

[0005] Not only age-associated muscle atrophy is a matter of the muscle function itself, but also it is closely related to osteoporosis, progression into numerous diseases, and injuries from a fall. Therefore, it is critical to treat age-associated muscle atrophy at the earliest possible time with right exercise and nutritional regimen (Exp. Gerontol. 37(4): 477-89, 2002).

[0006] Wattanathorn, J. et al., Evid. Based Complement Alternat. Med. 2012, vol. 4, no.3, pages 253 - 257 disclose a pharmaceutical composition comprising an extract of Kaempferia parviflora which improves health-related fitness and oxidative status in healthy in elderly people.

[0007] Trisomboon, H., et al., J. Reproduction and Development, 2007, vol. 53, no.2, pages 351-356 disclose the effect of administration of Kaempferia parviflora on serum testosterone levels.

Disclosure


Technical Problem



[0008] The present inventors have conducted the investigation on natural materials that can regulate muscle functions. As a result, the present inventors found that an extract of Kaempferia parviflora Wall. ex Baker or a flavone compound therefrom has effects in reducing protein catabolism in the muscles and promotes muscle cell differentiation and protein anabolism, thereby completing the present invention.

[0009] Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a pharmaceutical composition for preventing or treating muscle diseases comprising an extract of Kaempferia parviflora as an active ingredient.

[0010] Another object of the present invention is to provide a pharmaceutical composition for preventing or treating muscle diseases comprising a compound represented by the following Formula 4 or salt thereof as an active ingredient.



[0011] In Formula 4, each of R1, R2, and R3 independently denotes hydrogen or methoxy.

[0012] Still another object of the present invention is to provide a non-medical dietary composition for enhancing muscle mass growth comprising an extract of Kaempferia parviflora as an active ingredient.

[0013] Still another object of the present invention is to provide a non-medical dietary composition for enhancing muscle mass growth comprising a compound represented by Formula 4 or salt thereof as an active ingredient.

Technical Solution



[0014] To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a pharmaceutical composition for use in a method of preventing or treating muscle diseases wherein the muscle diseases are selected from the group consisting of atony, muscular atrophy, muscular dystrophy, muscle degeneration, myasthenia, and sarcopenia, comprising an extract of Kaempferia parviflora as an active ingredient.

[0015] To achieve another object, the present invention provides a pharmaceutical composition for preventing or treating muscle diseases, wherein the muscle diseases are selected from the group consisting of atony, muscular atrophy, muscular dystrophy, muscle degeneration, myasthenia, and sarcopenia, comprising a compound represented by Formula 4 or salt thereof as an active ingredient.

[0016] To achieve still another object, the present invention provides a non-medical dietary composition for enhancing muscle mass growth comprising an extract of Kaempferia parviflora as an active ingredient.

[0017] To achieve still another object, the present invention provides a non-medical dietary composition for enhancing muscle mass growth comprising a compound represented by Formula 4 or salt thereof as an active ingredient.

[0018] Hereafter, the present invention is described in detail.

[0019] The present invention provides a pharmaceutical composition for preventing or treating muscle diseases, wherein the muscle diseases are selected from the group consisting of atony, muscular atrophy, muscular dystrophy, muscle degeneration, myasthenia, and sarcopenia, comprising an extract of Kaempferia parviflora as an active ingredient.

[0020] The Kaempferia parviflora extract of the present invention may be an extract from rhizome, although not limited thereto.

[0021] Kaempferia parviflora, a plant belonging to the Zingiberaceae family, is also called black ginger.

[0022] The Kaempferia parviflora extract of the present invention can be prepared by the methods of extracting natural materials well-known in the art, and preferably may be extracted using one or more solvents selected from the group consisting of distilled water, an organic solvent having one to six carbon atoms, and supercritical fluids, and more preferably, the extraction solvent may be an aqueous solution of an alcohol having one to six carbon atoms. The above-mentioned organic solvent having one to six carbon atoms may be selected from the group consisting of alcohol, acetone, ether, benzene, chloroform, ethyl acetate, methylene chloride, hexane, cyclohexane, and petroleum ether, each of which has one to six carbon atoms.

[0023] In addition, the Kaempferia parviflora extract of the present invention may be prepared by isolating and purifying rhizome of dry Kaempferia parviflora using distilled water accentable for food processing, ethanol, subcritical water, or supercritical carbon dioxide, or from oil obtained by pressing Kaempferia parviflora.

[0024] The present invention provides a pharmaceutical composition for use in a method of preventing or treating muscle diseases, wherein the muscle diseases are selected from the group consisting of atony, muscular atrophy, muscular dystrophy, muscle degeneration, myasthenia, and sarcopenia, comprising a compound represented by Formula 4 or salt thereof as an active ingredient.

[0025] Preferably a compound represented by Formula 4 may be selected from the group consisting of 5,7-dimethoxyflavone, 5,7,4'-trimethoxyflavone, and 3,5,7,34-pentamethoxyflavone. All of the 5,7-dimethoxyflavone, 5,7,4'-trimethoxyflavone, and 3,5,7,34-pentamethoxyflavone belong to flavone compounds

[0026] The above-mentioned 5,7-dimethoxyflavone, 5,7,4'-trimethoxyflavone, and 3,5,7,3'4'-pentamethoxyflavone of the composition of the present invention may be produced by chemical synthesis, or isolated and purified from Kaempferia parviflora or other plants.

[0027] The flavone compound of the present invention may be used as it is or in the form of a pharmaceutically acceptable salt. As used herein, the phrase "pharmaceutically acceptable" means that the components present in the composition are physiologically acceptable and usually do not invoke allergic or similar reactions when administered to humans. Specifically, the salt may be an acid addition salt formed from a pharmaceutically acceptable free acid. The free acid may be an organic or inorganic acid. The organic acid includes but is not limited to citric acid, acetic acid, lactic acid, tartaric acid, maleic acid, fumaric acid, formic acid, propionic acid, oxalic acid, trifluoroacetic acid, benzoic acid, gluconic acid, methanesulfonic acid, glycolic acid, succinic acid, 4-toluenesulfonic acid, glutamic acid and aspartic acid. And, the inorganic acid includes but is not limited to hydrochloric acid, bromic acid, sulfuric acid and phosphoric acid.

[0028] Kaempferia parviflora is a plant belonging to the Zingiberaceae family, and also called black ginger. The Kaempferia parviflora extract of the present invention contains a large amount of flavone compounds, specifically 5,7-dimethoxyflavone, 5,7,4'-trimethoxyflavone, and 3,5,7,3'4'-pentamethoxyflavone.

[0029] For isolation and purification of the flavone compound of the present invention from the extract of Kaempferia parviflora, column chromatography or high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) using silica gel, activated alumina or various other synthetic resins may be used alone or in combination, although not limited thereto.

[0030] The present inventors confirmed that the extract of Kaempferia parviflora or the flavone compound represented by Formula 4 therefrom has the effect of suppressing muscle protein degradation, promoting protein synthesis and muscle cell differentiation, and increasing muscle mass (refer to Experimental example 1 to 3).

[0031] Therefore, the extract of Kaempferia parviflora or the flavone compound represented by Formula 4 therefrom can be used to treat muscle diseases resulting from muscle wasting or degeneration. Examples of the muscle diseases include atony, muscular atrophy, muscular dystrophy, muscle degeneration, myasthenia, and sarcopenia. Muscle wasting is characterized by progressive loss of muscle mass and weakening and degeneration of muscles, specifically skeletal muscles or voluntary muscles and cardiac muscles. Muscle wasting and degeneration are caused by genetic factors, acquired factors, and aging. The composition of the present invention has the effect of promoting an increase in muscles, which is not limited to the types of muscles. "Increase in muscles" means increasing muscular performance among the components of the body, and muscle mass can be increased by physical exercise and improvement in endurance, and by administering a material having the effect of increasing muscles in the body.

[0032] The pharmaceutical composition according to the present invention may comprise the extract of Kaempferia parviflora or a compound represented by Formula 4 alone or in combination with one or more pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, excipient or diluent generally used in the preparation of pharmaceutical compositions.

[0033] In case of oral administration, the composition of the present invention may be formulated with a proper carrier for oral administration into powders, granules, tablets, pills, and sugar-coated tablets, capsules, liquids, gels, syrups, slurries, and emulsions by using the methods well-known in the art. For examples of appropriate carriers, it may comprise sugars comprising lactose, dextrose, sucrose, sorbitol, mannitol, xylitol, erythritol, and maltitol, starches comprising corn starch, wheat starch, rice starch and potato starch, celluloses comprising cellulose, methyl cellulose, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, and hydroxypropylmethylcellulose, and fillers comprising gelatin and polyvinylpyrrolidone. And, if desired, it may comprise cross-linked polyvinylpyrrolidone, agar, alginic acid or sodium alginate as a disintegrating agent. Further, the inventive pharmaceutical composition may comprise anti-coagulants, lubricants, wetting agents, flavors, emulsifying agents, and antiseptics.

[0034] Also, in case of parenteral administration, a pharmaceutical composition of the present invention may be formulated with a proper carrier for parenteral administration into injections, transdermal preparations, and nasal inhalers by using the methods well-known in the art. The injection must be sterilized and protected from microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi. Proper carriers for injection may be, but not limited thereto, water, ethanol, polyol (e.g. glycerol, propylene glycol and liquid polyethylene glycol) or mixture thereof and/or solvent or dispersing media comprising plant oil. More preferably, proper carriers may be Hank's solution, Ringer's solution, PBS (Phosphate buffered saline) containing triethanol amine, or a isotonic solution such as distilled water for injection, 10% ethanol, 40% ethanol, 40% propylene glycol and 5% dextrose.

[0035] To protect the injection from contamination of microorganisms, it may further comprise various antibiotics or antifungal reagent such as paraben, chlorobutanol, phenol, sorbic acid, thimerosal. In addition, in most cases, the injection may further comprise an isotonic reagent such as sugars or sodium chloride.

[0036] In case of transdermal preparations, it comprises ointments, creams, lotions, gels, topical solutions, plaster, liniments and aerosols. The "transdermal preparations" means administering a pharmaceutical composition partially to the skin and delivering effective amount of an active ingredient through the skin. The formulation of the above-mentioned is well-described in Remington's Pharmaceutical Science, 15th Edition, 1975, Mack Publishing Company, Easton, Pennsylvania.

[0037] In case of nasal inhalers, a compound of the present invention may be delivered in a form of aerosol spray from a pressure pack or spray by using proper propellants such as dichlorofluoromethane, trichlorofluoromethane, dichlrorotetrafluoroethane, carbon dioxide, or other proper gas. In case of pressure aerosols, dose may be determined by providing a valve which delivers the measured amount of a compound. For example, a gelatin capsule and cartridge for inhaler or insufflator may be formulated to contain the compound, and proper powder compound such as lactose or starch. Other pharmaceutically acceptable carriers are well-described in Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences, 19th ed., Mack Publishing Company, Easton, PA, 1995.

[0038] Also, a pharmaceutical composition of the present invention may further comprise one or more buffers (e.g. saline or PBS), carbohydrates (e.g. glucose, mannose, sucrose or dextran), antioxidant, bacteriostat, chelating agent (e.g. EDTA or glutathione), adjuvant (e.g. aluminium hydroxide), suspension agent, thickening agent and/or preservative.

[0039] The suitable dose of the extract or compound according to the present invention may vary according to the patient's condition, body weight, disease severity, types of formulation, administration routes, and treatment length, but may be properly determined by the skilled person in the related art. But for the treatment to be effective, the compound of the present invention may be administered with the dose of 0.001 to 300 mg/day/kg body weight, and preferably 0.01 to 200 mg/day/kg body weight. However, such pharmaceutically effective dose may be suitably adjusted considering various factors such as types of diseases, disease severity, patient's age, body weight, health condition, sex, administration routes, and treatment length.

[0040] As used herein, "pharmaceutically acceptable" means non-toxic composition which is physiologically acceptable and, when administered to human beings, generally does not cause allergic reactions, such as gastrointestinal disorder and dizziness, or similar reactions thereto as well as not inhibiting reaction of an active ingredient. The carrier comprises all kinds of solvents, dispersing media, oil-in-water or water-in-oil emulsions, water soluble compositions, liposomes, microbeads and microsomes.

[0041] The composition of the present invention may be administered by various routes to mammals such as rats, mice, livestock, and humans. All possible routes of administration may be applied, for example, oral, intrarectal, intravenous, intramuscular, subcutaneous, intravaginal, intrathecal, or intracerebroventricular injection.

[0042] The present invention provides a pharmaceutical composition for use in a method for preventing or treating muscle diseases, wherein the muscle diseases are selected from the group consisting of atony, muscular atrophy, muscular dystrophy, muscle degeneration, myasthenia, and sarcopenia, including administering an effective amount of the extract of Kaempferia parviflora or a compound represented by Formula 4 or salt thereof to a subject in need thereof.

[0043] The extract of Kaempferia parviflora or a compound represented by Formula 4 or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof of the present invention may be administered by various routes including oral, transdermal, subcutaneous, intravenous or intramuscular administration with an effective amount. As used herein, "effective amount" refers to an amount of a composition or extract which exhibits the effect of preventing or treating muscle diseases when it is administered to the patient. As used herein, "subject" may comprise an animal, particularly a mammal including a human as well as cells, tissues, organs derived from an animal. A subject may refer to a patient in need of treatment thereof.

[0044] The extract of Kaempferia parviflora or a compound represented by Formula 4 or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof of the present invention may be administered as it is or as various types of formulations prepared as described above, preferably until the treatment results in a desired effect of preventing or treating muscle diseases. A compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof of the present invention may be administered by various routes according to the methods well-known in the art. Administration routes may be oral or parenteral, for example, oral, intramuscular, intravenous, intracutaneous, intraarterial, intraosseous, intrathecal, intraperitoneal, nasal, intravaginal, intrarectal, sublingual, or subcutaneous administration, or through the gastrointestinal tract, mucosal membrane or respiratory tract. For example, the extract or the compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof of the present invention may be applied topically on the skin or prepared into an injectable formulation, and then administered by lightly pricking the skin with a 30 gauge thin injection needle. Preferably it may be directly applied to the skin of a subject. In addition, a compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof of the present invention may be administered as attached to the molecules evoking high-affinity binding to the target cells or tissues (for example, skin cells or skin tissue), or as capsulated within such molecules. A compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof of the present invention can be coupled or cross-liked with sterols (for example, cholesterol), lipids (for example, cationic lipids, virosomes or liposomes) or target cell-specific bonding agents (for example, ligands recognized by target-cell specific receptors) using the methods well-known in the art. Coupling agents or cross-linking agents include, but not limited to, protein A, carbodiimide, N-succinimidyl-3-(2-pyridyldithio) propionate (SPDP).

[0045] These formulations are described in Remington's Pharmaceutical Science, 15th Edition, 1975, Mack Publishing Company, Easton, Pennsylvania, which is general reference well-known in the pharmaceutical chemistry field.

[0046] In addition, the present invention provides a non-medical dietary composition for enhancing muscle mass growth comprising an extract of Kaempferia parviflora or a compound represented by Formula 4 or salt thereof as an active ingredient.

[0047] "Improving muscle functions" means that primary characteristics or functions of muscles are strengthened such as increase in muscle mass, muscular strength, and ability to recover from fatigue. Also, the extract of Kaempferia parviflora or the flavone compound of the present invention increases the expression of PI3K/AKT and mTOR (refer to <Experiment 2>), and these factors participate in enhancing exercise performance by increasing muscle mass (Acta. Physiol. (Oxf). 191(1): 67-75, 2007).

[0048] The non-medical dietary composition of the present invention encompasses all types of food comprising functional foods, nutritional supplements, health food, and food additives. The dietary composition may be prepared into various forms according to the methods well-known in the related art.

[0049] For example, the extract of Kaempferia parviflora or the compound represented by Formula 4 or salt thereof of the present invention may be prepared in the form of tea, juice or drink for drinking as a health food, or may be formulated into granules, capsules or powder. The Kaempferia parviflora extract or the compound represented by Formula 4 or salt thereof of the present invention may be formulated into a composition by mixing with other known active ingredients effective in improving muscle functions.

[0050] Also, a functional food may be prepared by adding the extract of Kaempferia parviflora or the compound represented by Formula 4 or salt thereof of the present invention to beverages (including alcoholic beverages), fruits, and processed foods thereof (e.g. canned fruits, bottled fruits, jam, marmalade and the like), fishes, meats, and processed foods thereof (e.g. ham, sausages, corn beef), bread and noodles (e.g. Japanese noodles, buckwheat noodles, ramen, spaghetti, macaroni and the like), juices, drinks, cookies, Korean taffy, dairy products (e.g. butter, cheese and the like), eatable plant oils, margarine, plant proteins, retort foods, frozen foods, and various seasonings (e.g. soybean paste, soy sauce, sauce and the like).

[0051] Preferably the content of the extract of Kaempferia parviflora or the compound represented by Formula 4 or salt thereof in the dietary composition of the present invention may be 0.01 to 100% (w/w) of the final food product, although not limited thereto.

[0052] Also, in order to use the extract of Kaempferia parviflora or the compound represented by Formula 4 or salt thereof of the present invention as food additives, it may be formulated into powder or concentrate.

Advantageous Effects



[0053] As described above, the extract of Kaempferia parviflora or the compound represented by Formula 4 or salt thereof of the present invention can be useful in preparing a pharmaceutical composition for treating muscle diseases or a dietary composition for improving muscle functions because it inhibits protein catabolism in the muscles and promote muscle cell differentiation and protein anabolism.

Description of Drawings



[0054] 

FIG.1 shows the reduced levels of mRNA expression of atrogin-1 and MuRF1 in muscle cells upon application of 5,7-dimethoxyflavone according to the present invention examined by RT-PCR experiments.

FIG.2 shows the increased levels of mRNA expression of myogenin and myoD in muscle cells upon application of 5,7-dimethoxyflavone according to the present invention examined by RT-PCR experiments.

FIG.3 shows the increased levels of PI3K, p-Akt and p-mTOR proteins in muscle cells upon upon application of 5,7-dimethoxyflavone according to the present invention examined by western blot experiments.

FIG.4 shows the effect of the extract of Kaempferia parviflora in increasing the mRNA levels of muscle differentiation factors, myogenin and myoD in muscle cells.

FIG.5 shows the effect of the extract of Kaempferia parviflora in increasing the protein levels of PI3K, p-AKT, and p-mTOR involved in protein synthesis in muscle cells.


Mode for Invention



[0055] Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to examples.

<Example 1>


Preparation of the extract of Kaempferia parviflora (black ginger) using ethanol



[0056] Dried rhizome of Kaempferia parviflora was crushed in a mixer, and 100 g of the crushed Kaempferia parviflora sample was stirred in 1 L of ethanol at room temperature for 48 hours for cold extraction. The extracted sample was filtered twice through Whatman No. 2 filter paper, and the filtered extract was concentrated in a vacuum rotary evaporator to remove the solvent to yield 9.56g of an ethanol extract of Kaempferia parviflora.

<Example 2>


Isolation of the flavone compound from the extract of Kaempferia parviflora


<2-1> Isolation and determination of structure of 5,7-dimethoxyflavone



[0057] The concentrated extract of Kaempferia parviflora obtained in Example 1 was loaded into a column packed with 6X15cm silica gel and was fractionated using a solvent system consisting of ethyl acetate and methanol mixed with each other at a ratio of 10:0.5 (v/v). The concentrated component was divided into a total of five fractions according to the order of fractionation, and each fraction was concentrated and dried. Among the five fractions, No. 3 fraction (fraction 3) was subjected to Rp-18 column chromatography (Lichroprep RP-18 25~40 µm, Merck & Co., USA) using a developing solvent of 70% methanol. The concentrated component was divided into two fractions according to the order of fractionation, and each fraction was concentrated and dried. Among the two fractions, No. 2 fraction (fraction 3-2) was loaded into a column packed with 6X15cm silica gel and was fractionated using a solvent system consisting of ethyl acetate and methanol mixed with each other at a ratio of 10:0.4 (v/v). Finally, No. 1 fraction among the two (fraction 3-2-1) was concentrated and dried and separated out UV-blocking substances.

[0058] In order to determine the structure of the single active substance, the 1H-NMR spectrum and 13C-NMR spectrum of the single active substance were measured at 500 MHz and 125 MHz (solvent: CDCl3), respectively. In the EI/MS, [M] was observed at m/z 282, thus molecular weight of the present compound was found to be 282. The results of the above 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and EI/MS were analyzed comparatively with a previous study report (Sutthanut K. et al., J. Chromatogr A., 1143: 227-233, 2007). As a result, it was found that the single substance isolated above was 5,7-dimethoxyflavone represented by the following formula 1:


<2-2> Isolation and determination of structure of 5,7,4'-trimethoxyflavone



[0059] The concentrated extract of Kaempferia parviflora obtained in Example 1 was loaded into a column packed with 6X15cm silica gel and was fractionated using a solvent system consisting of ethyl acetate and methanol mixed with each other at a ratio of 10:0.5 (v/v). The concentrated component was divided into a total of five fractions according to the order of fractionation, and each fraction was concentrated and dried. Among the five fractions, No. 4 fraction (fraction 4) was subjected to Rp-18 column chromatography (Lichroprep RP-18 25~40 µm, Merck & Co., USA) using a developing solvent of 70% methanol. The concentrated component was divided into two fractions according to the order of fractionation, and each fraction was concentrated and dried. Finally, No. 2 fraction (fraction 4-2) was concentrated and dried, and separated out UV-blocking substances.

[0060] In order to determine the structure of the single active substance, the 1H-NMR spectrum and 13C-NMR spectrum of the single active substance were measured at 500 MHz and 125 MHz (solvent: CDCl3), respectively. In the EI/MS, [M] was observed at m/z 312, thus molecular weight of the present compound was found to be 312. The results of the above 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and EI/MS were analyzed comparatively with a previous study report (Sutthanut K. et al., J. Chromatogr A., 1143:227-233, 2007). As a result, it was found that the single substance isolated above was 5,7,4-trimethoxyflavone represented by the following formula 2:


<2-3> Isolation and determination of structure of 3,5,7,3',4'-pentamethoxyflavone



[0061] The concentrated extract of Kaempferia parviflora obtained in Example 1 was loaded into a column packed with 6X15cm silica gel and was fractionated using a solvent system consisting of ethyl acetate and methanol mixed with each other at a ratio of 10:0.5 (v/v). The concentrated component was divided into a total of five fractions according to the order of fractionation, and each fraction was concentrated and dried. Among the five fractions, No. 3 fraction (fraction 3) was subjected to Rp-18 column chromatography (Lichroprep RP-18 25∼40 µm, Merck & Co., USA) using a developing solvent of 70% methanol. The concentrated component was divided into two fractions according to the order of fractionation, and each fraction was concentrated and dried. Finally, No. 1 fraction (fraction 3-1) was concentrated and dried, and separated out UV-blocking agents.

[0062] In order to determine the structure of the single active substance, the 1H-NMR spectrum and 13C-NMR spectrum of the single active substance were measured at 500 MHz and 125 MHz (solvent: CDCl3), respectively. In the EI/MS, [M] was observed at m/z 372, thus molecular weight of the present compound was found to be 372. The results of the above 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and EI/MS were analyzed comparatively with a previous study report (Sutthanut K. et al., J. Chromatogr A., 1143:227-233, 2007). As a result, it was found that the single substance isolated above was 3,5,7,3',4'-pentamethoxyflavone represented by the following formula 3:


<Experimental example 1>


Effects of reducing protein catabolism in the muscles



[0063] Muscle cell-line L6 myoblast (American Type Culture Collection, Manassas, VA, USA) was cultured in DMEM (10% FBS, 100 U/mL penicillin, 100 g/mL streptomycin). When the cell density reached approximately 80~85%, differentiation was induced for six days by replacing the culture medium with DMEM growth medium supplemented with 2% FBS for further experiments. In order to evoke muscle reduction in the differentiated L6 cells, cells were treated with TNF-α for 24 hours followed by the treatment with 5,7-dimethoxyflavone prepared in Example 2-1 at different concentrations (1 or 5µM). RT-PCR experiments were performed to examine the expression levels of atrogin-1 and MuRF1, major ligases involved in protein catabolism in the muscles. Total RNA was obtained from the differentiated cells using Trizol (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA, USA) and subjected to reverse transcription as follows. Total RNA isolated as above was reverse-transcribed using reverse transcriptases. The following primers were used for RT-PCR experiments.

β-actin

Forward primer: 5'-AGCCATGTACGTAGCCATCC-3' (SEQ ID NO: 1)

Reverse primer: 5'-CTCTCAGCTGTGGTGGTGAA-3' (SEQ ID NO: 2)

Atrogin-1

Forward primer: 5'-CCCTGAGTGGCATCGCCCAA-3' (SEQ ID NO: 3)

Reverse primer: 5'-AGGTCCCGCCCATCGCTCA-3' (SEQ ID NO: 4)

MuRF1

Forward primer: 5'-TCTACTCGGCCACAGGCGCT-3' (SEQ ID NO: 5)

Reverse primer: 5'-CTTGACAGCTCCCGCCGCAA-3' (SEQ ID NO: 6)



[0064] Relative levels of mRNA for each gene was normalized by the value of β-actin. As shown in Fig. 1, 5,7-dimethoxyflavone reduces the mRNA levels of atrogin-1 and MuRF, major ligases involved in protein catabolism in the muscles at the level of gene transcription.

<Experimental example 2>


Effects of increasing muscle differentiation and anabolism


<2-1> Effects of increasing muscle differentiation



[0065] In the same manner as Experimental example 1, RT-PCR experiments were performed after total RNA was harvested from the differentiated cells and reverse-transcribed. At this point, RT-PCR was performed with the cells differentiated as described in Experimental example 1 and treated with the extract of Kaempferia parviflora (1 or 10 µg/ml) in addition to 5,7-dimethoxyflavone.

Myogenin

Forward primer: 5'-TGGGCTGCCACAAGCCAGAC-3' (SEQ ID NO: 7)

Reverse primer: 5'-CAGCCCAGCCACTGGCATCA-3' (SEQ ID NO: 8)

MyoD

Forward primer: 5'-GGATGGTGCCCCTGGGTCCT-3' (SEQ ID NO: 9)

Reverse primer: 5'-TGGCCTTCGCTGTGAGTCGC-3' (SEQ ID NO: 10)



[0066] Relative levels of mRNA for each gene was normalized by the value of β-actin. As shown in Fig. 2, 5,7-dimethoxyflavone increases the mRNA levels of myogenin and myoD, muscle differentiation factors at the level of gene transcription. Furthermore, it was found that the extract of Kaempferia parviflora increases the mRNA levels of myogenin and myoD as shown by Fig. 4.

<2-2> Effects of increasing protein anabolism in muscle cells



[0067] L6 cells were treated in the same manner as Experimental example 1, and were lysed with RIPA buffered solution containing a proteinase inhibitor cocktail. After boiling samples for 5 minutes, same amount of proteins (20 µg) was loaded from each sample and separated in 10% SDS-PAGE gels by electrophoresis. Proteins separated by electrophoresis were transferred onto the nitrocellulose membranes and western blot experiments were performed. Membranes reacted with primary antibodies were rinsed in TBST three times, each for 10 minutes. Primary antibodies used in the present invention were diluted at the ratio of 1:1000. Secondary antibodies (anti-rabbit horseradish) were added to the membranes reacted with primary antibodies and incubated for two hours at room temperature. Secondary antibodies were diluted at the ratio of 1:5000. Protein bands were visualized using ECL western blotting detected reagents (Amersham, Tokyo, Japan). Protein levels of PI3K, p-Akt, and p-mTOR involved in the protein anabolism in the muscles were observed, and the α-tubulin level was used to confirm the consistent loading of proteins across the samples. Experiments using the extract of Kaempferia parviflora (1 or 10 µg/ml) were performed in addition to 5,7-dimethoxyflavone. Results from the 5,7-dimethoxyflavone treatment are shown in Fig. 3, and the extract of Kaempferia parviflora in Fig. 5.

[0068] As shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 5, it was confirmed that 5,7-dimethoxyflavone and the Kaempferia parviflora extract upregulate the protein levels of PI3K, p-AKT, and p-mTOR. These results suggest that substances of the treatments increase muscle mass and enhance exercise performance.

<Experimental example 3>


Effects of increasing muscle mass in the animal model



[0069] Five-week-old Wistar rats were acclimated for one week and myatrophy was induced by supplying TNF-α at the dose of 100 ng/g for two weeks. Afterwards, rats were randomly divided according to body weight into a total of 4 groups, each consisting of 8 rats. Each of the Kaempferia parviflora extract and flavone compounds was suspended in 0.25% carboxymethylcellulose and administered once daily for eight weeks at the dose of 500 mg/kg body weight for the Kaempferia parviflora extract, 300 mg/kg body weight for each of 5,7-dimethoxyflavone, 5,7,4-trimethoxyflavone and 3,5,7,3',4'-pentamethoxyflavone. The control group was administered with the same amount of 0.25% carboxymethylcellulose only as well as TNF-α.

[0070] After eight weeks of treatments, calf muscles were dissected out and weighed using microbalance (Mettler PE160, USA). As a result, muscle weights of the animals treated with each of the Kaempferia parviflora extract, 5,7-dimethoxyflavone, 5,7,4'-trimethoxyflavone, and 3,5,7,3',4'-pentamethoxyflavone showed increases of 125%, 126%, 118%, and 120% respectively, compared to the control levels with statistical significance (p<0.01). These results suggest that the extract of Kaempferia parviflora and flavone compounds isolated from the extract function effectively in increasing muscle mass.
[Table 1]
Treatment substanceCalf muscle weight (mg)
TNF-α 437
Kaempferia Parviflora extract 547
5,7-dimethoxyflavone 551
5, 7,4'-trimethoxyflavone 519
3,5,7,3',4'-pentamethoxyflavone 528

Industrial Applicability



[0071] The extract of Kaempferia parviflora and flavone compounds isolated from the extract of the present invention can be useful in preparing a pharmaceutical composition for treating muscle diseases or a dietary composition for improving muscle function because of their effect in reducing protein degradation in the muscles and promoting muscle cell differentiation as well as protein synthesis. Therefore, the present invention is highly applicable in the related industry.

<110> Industry-Academic Cooperation Foundation, Yonsei University

<120> Use for prevention or treatment of muscular disorder and improvement of muscular function comprising Kaempferia parviflora extract or flavone compounds

<130> OP13-0023

<150> KR 10-2012-0051776
<151> 2012-05-16

<160> 10

<170> Kopatentln 2.0

<210> 1
<211> 20
<212> DNA
<213> Artificial Sequence

<220>
<223> Forward primer for beta-actin

<400> 1
agccatgtac gtagccatcc   20

<210> 2
<211> 20
<212> DNA
<213> Artificial Sequence

<220>
<223> Reverse primer for beta-act in

<400> 2
ctctcagctg tggtggtgaa   20

<210> 3
<211> 20
<212> DNA
<213> Artificial Sequence

<220>
<223> Forward primer for Atrogin-1

<400> 3
ccctgagtgg catcgcccaa   20

<210> 4
<211> 19
<212> DNA
<213> Artificial Sequence

<220>
<223> Reverse primer for Atrogin-1

<400> 4
aggtcccgcc catcgctca   19

<210> 5
<211> 20
<212> DNA
<213> Artificial Sequence

<220>
<223> Forward primer for MuRF1

<400> 5
tctactcggc cacaggcgct   20

<210> 6
<211> 20
<212> DNA
<213> Artificial Sequence

<220>
<223> Reverse primer for MuRF1

<400> 6
cttgacagct cccgccgcaa   20

<210> 7
<211> 20
<212> DNA
<213> Artificial Sequence

<220>
<223> Forward primer for Myogenin

<400> 7
tgggctgcca caagccagac   20

<210> 8
<211> 20
<212> DNA
<213> Artificial Sequence

<220>
<223> Reverse primer for Myogenin

<400> 8
cagcccagcc actggcatca   20

<210> 9
<211> 20
<212> DNA
<213> Artificial Sequence

<220>
<223> Forward primer for MyoD

<400> 9
ggatggtgcc cctgggtcct   20

<210> 10
<211> 20
<212> DNA
<213> Artificial Sequence

<220>
<223> Reverse primer for MyoD




Claims

1. A pharmaceutical composition for use in a method of preventing or treating muscle diseases wherein the muscle diseases are selected from the group consisting of atony, muscular atrophy, muscular dystrophy, muscle degeneration, myasthenia, and sarcopenia, comprising an extract of Kaempferia parviflora as an active ingredient.
 
2. The pharmaceutical composition for use in a method of claim 1, wherein the extract is prepared using an aqueous solution of an alcohol having one to six carbon atoms as an extraction solvent.
 
3. A pharmaceutical composition for use in a method of preventing or treating muscle diseases, wherein the muscle diseases are selected from the group consisting of atony, muscular atrophy, muscular dystrophy, muscle degeneration, myasthenia, and sarcopenia, comprising a compound represented by the following Formula 4 and salt thereof as an active ingredient:

wherein each of R1, R2, and R3 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and methoxy.
 
4. The pharmaceutical composition for use in a method of claim 3, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of 5,7-dimethoxyflavone, 5,7,4'-trimethoxyflavone, and 3,5,7,3'4'-pentamethoxyflavone.
 
5. The non-medical use of a dietary composition in a method of enhancing muscle mass growth comprising an extract of Kaempferia parviflora as an active ingredient.
 
6. The non-medical use of a dietary composition in a method of enhancing muscle mass growth comprising a compound represented by the following Formula 4 or salt thereof as an active ingredient:

wherein each of R1, R2, and R3 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and methoxy.
 
7. The non-medical use of the dietary composition of claim 6, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of 5,7-dimethoxyflavone, 5,7,4'-trimethoxyflavone, and 3,5,7,3'4'-pentamethoxyflavone.
 
8. A pharmaceutical composition for use in a method of enhancing muscle mass growth in muscle diseases resulting from muscle atrophy or degeneration, comprising an extract of Kaempferia parviflora as an active ingredient.
 
9. A pharmaceutical composition for use in a method of enhancing muscle mass growth in muscle diseases resulting from muscle atrophy or degeneration, comprising a compound represented by the following Formula 4 and salt thereof as an active ingredient:



wherein each of R1, R2, and R3 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and methoxy.
 
10. The pharmaceutical composition for use in a method of claim 9, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of 5,7-dimethoxyflavone, 5,7,4'-trimethoxyflavone, and 3,5,7,3'4'-pentamethoxyflavone.
 
11. A composition for use in a method of preventing or treating muscle diseases, wherein the muscle diseases are selected from the group consisting of atony, muscular atrophy, muscular dystrophy, muscle degeneration, myasthenia, and sarcopenia, comprising an extract of Kaempferia parviflora as an active ingredient.
 
12. A composition for use in a method of enhancing muscle mass growth in muscle diseases resulting from muscle atrophy or degeneration, comprising a compound selected from the group consisting of 5,7-dimethoxyflavone, 5,7,4'-trimethoxyflavone, and 3,5,7,3'4'-pentamethoxyflavone.
 


Ansprüche

1. Pharmazeutische Zusammensetzung zur Anwendung bei einem Verfahren für die Verhinderung oder Behandlung von Muskelerkrankungen, wobei die Muskelerkrankungen aus der Gruppe ausgewählt sind bestehend aus Atonie, Muskelatrophie, Muskeldystrophie, Muskeldegeneration, Myasthenie und Sarkopenie, enthaltend einen Extrakt von Kaempferia parviflora als ein Wirkstoff.
 
2. Pharmazeutische Zusammensetzung zur Anwendung bei einem Verfahren von Anspruch 1, wobei der Extrakt unter Anwendung einer wässrigen Lösung eines Alkohols hergestellt wird, der ein bis 6 Kohlenstoffatome als ein Extraktionslösungsmittel aufweist.
 
3. Pharmazeutische Zusammensetzung zur Anwendung bei einem Verfahren für die Verhinderung oder Behandlung von Muskelerkrankungen, wobei die Muskelerkrankungen aus der Gruppe ausgewählt sind bestehend aus Atonie, Muskelatrophie, Muskeldystrophie, Muskeldegeneration, Myasthenie und Sarkopenie, enthaltend eine durch die folgende Formel 4 dargestellte Verbindung und ein Salz davon als ein Wirkstoff:



wobei R1, R2 und R3 alle aus der Gruppe ausgewählt sind bestehend aus Wasserstoff und Methoxy.
 
4. Pharmazeutische Zusammensetzung zur Anwendung bei einem Verfahren von Anspruch 3, wobei die Verbindung aus der Gruppe ausgewählt ist bestehend aus 5,7-Dimethoxyflavon, 5,7,4'-Trimethoxyflavon und 3,5,7,3'4'-Pentamethoxyflavon.
 
5. Nicht-medizinische Anwendung einer Nahrungszusammensetzung bei einem Verfahren zur Verbesserung des Muskelmassenwachstums enthaltend einen Extrakt von Kaempferia parviflora als ein Wirkstoff.
 
6. Nicht-medizinische Anwendung einer Nahrungszusammensetzung bei einem Verfahren zur Verbesserung des Muskelmassenwachstums enthaltend eine durch die folgende Formel 4 dargestellte Verbindung oder ein Salz davon als ein Wirkstoff:

wobei R1, R2 und R3 alle aus der Gruppe ausgewählt sind bestehend aus Wasserstoff und Methoxy.
 
7. Nicht-medizinische Anwendung der Nahrungszusammensetzung von Anspruch 6, wobei die Zusammensetzung aus der Gruppe ausgewählt ist bestehend aus 5,7-Dimethoxyflavon, 5,7,4'-Trimethoxyflavon und 3,5,7,3'4'-Pentamethoxyflavon.
 
8. Pharmazeutische Zusammensetzung zur Anwendung bei einem Verfahren zur Verbesserung des Muskelmassenwachstums bei Muskelerkrankungen, die das Ergebnis von Muskelatrophie oder -degeneration sind, enthaltend einen Extrakt von Kaempferia parviflora als ein Wirkstoff.
 
9. Pharmazeutische Zusammensetzung für die Anwendung bei einem Verfahren zur Verbesserung des Muskelmassenwachstums bei Muskelerkrankungen, die das Ergebnis von Muskelatrophie oder -degeneration sind, enthaltend eine durch die folgende Formel 4 dargestellte Verbindung und ein Salz davon als ein Wirkstoff:

wobei R1, R2 und R3 alle aus der Gruppe ausgewählt sind bestehend aus Wasserstoff und Methoxy.
 
10. Pharmazeutische Zusammensetzung zur Anwendung bei einem Verfahren von Anspruch 9, wobei die Verbindung aus der Gruppe ausgewählt ist bestehend aus 5,7-Dimethoxyflavon, 5,7,4'-Trimethoxyflavon und 3,5,7,3'4'-Pentamethoxyflavon.
 
11. Zusammensetzung zur Anwendung bei einem Verfahren für die Verhinderung oder Behandlung von Muskelerkrankungen, wobei die Muskelerkrankungen aus der Gruppe ausgewählt sind bestehend aus Atonie, Muskelatrophie, Muskeldystrophie, Muskeldegeneration, Myasthenie und Sarkopenie, enthaltend einen Extrakt von Kaempferia parviflora als ein Wirkstoff.
 
12. Zusammensetzung zur Anwendung bei einem Verfahren zur Verbesserung von Muskelmassenwachstum bei Muskelerkrankungen, die das Ergebnis von Muskelatrophie oder -degeneration sind, enthaltend eine Verbindung ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus 5,7-Dimethoxyflavon, 5,7,4'-Trimethoxyflavon und 3,5,7,3'4'-Pentamethoxyflavon ist.
 


Revendications

1. Composition pharmaceutique destinée à être utilisée dans un procédé de prévention ou de traitement de maladies musculaires dans laquelle les maladies musculaires sont choisies dans le groupe constitué par l'atonie, l'atrophie musculaire, la dystrophie musculaire, la dégénérescence musculaire, la myasthénie et la sarcopénie, comprenant un extrait de Kaempferia parviflora comme ingrédient actif.
 
2. Composition pharmaceutique destinée à être utilisée dans un procédé selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle l'extrait est préparé en utilisant une solution aqueuse d'un alcool ayant un à six atomes de carbone comme solvant d'extraction.
 
3. Composition pharmaceutique destinée à être utilisée dans un procédé de prévention ou de traitement de maladies musculaires, dans laquelle les maladies musculaires sont choisies dans le groupe constitué par l'atonie, l'atrophie musculaire, la dystrophie musculaire, la dégénérescence musculaire, la myasthénie et la sarcopénie, comprenant un composé représenté par la formule 4 suivante et un de ses sels comme ingrédient actif :



dans laquelle chacun de R1, R2, et R3 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par un atome d'hydrogène et un groupe méthoxy.
 
4. Composition pharmaceutique destinée à être utilisée dans un procédé selon la revendication 3, dans laquelle le composé est choisi dans le groupe constitué par la 5,7-diméthoxyflavone, la 5,7,4'-triméthoxyflavone, et la 3,5,7,3'4'-pentaméthoxyflavone.
 
5. Utilisation non médicale d'une composition diététique dans un procédé d'augmentation de la croissance de la masse musculaire comprenant un extrait de Kaempferia parviflora comme ingrédient actif.
 
6. Utilisation non médicale d'une composition diététique dans un procédé d'augmentation de la croissance de la masse musculaire comprenant un composé représenté par la formule 4 suivante ou un de ses sels comme ingrédient actif :



dans laquelle chacun de R1, R2, et R3 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par un atome d'hydrogène et un groupe méthoxy.
 
7. Utilisation non médicale de la composition diététique selon la revendication 6, dans laquelle le composé est choisi dans le groupe constitué par la 5,7-diméthoxyflavone, la 5,7,4'-triméthoxyflavone, et la 3,5,7,3'4'-pentaméthoxyflavone.
 
8. Composition pharmaceutique destinée à être utilisée dans un procédé d'augmentation de la croissance de la masse musculaire dans les maladies musculaires résultant d'une atrophie ou d'une dégénérescence musculaire, comprenant un extrait de Kaempferia parviflora comme ingrédient actif.
 
9. Composition pharmaceutique destinée à être utilisée dans un procédé d'augmentation de la croissance de la masse musculaire dans les maladies musculaires résultant d'une atrophie ou d'une dégénérescence musculaire, comprenant un composé représenté par la formule 4 suivante et un de ses sels comme ingrédient actif :



dans laquelle chacun de R1, R2, et R3 est choisi dans le groupe constitué par un atome d'hydrogène et un groupe méthoxy.
 
10. Composition pharmaceutique destinée à être utilisée dans un procédé selon la revendication 9, dans laquelle le composé est choisi dans le groupe constitué par la 5,7-diméthoxyflavone, la 5,7,4'-triméthoxyflavone, et la 3,5,7,3'4'-pentaméthoxyflavone.
 
11. Composition destinée à être utilisée dans un procédé de prévention et de traitement de maladies musculaires, dans laquelle les maladies musculaires sont choisies dans le groupe constitué par l'atonie, l'atrophie musculaire, la dystrophie musculaire, la dégénérescence musculaire, la myasthénie et la sarcopénie, comprenant un extrait de Kaempferia parviflora comme ingrédient actif.
 
12. Composition destinée à être utilisée dans un procédé d'augmentation de la croissance de la masse musculaire dans les maladies musculaires résultant d'une atrophie ou d'une dégénérescence musculaire, comprenant un composé choisi dans le groupe constitué par la 5,7-diméthoxyflavone, la 5,7,4'-triméthoxyflavone, et la 3,5,7,3'4'-pentaméthoxyflavone.
 




Drawing


















REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description