(19)
(11)EP 2 853 386 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.10.2017 Bulletin 2017/43

(21)Application number: 13793713.2

(22)Date of filing:  08.05.2013
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C03C 17/42(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2013/062899
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/175958 (28.11.2013 Gazette  2013/48)

(54)

SUBSTRATE AND TOUCH PANEL MEMBER USING SAME

SUBSTRAT UND BERÜHRUNGSBILDSCHIRMELEMENT DAMIT

SUBSTRAT, ET ÉLÉMENT DE PANNEAU TACTILE METTANT EN OEUVRE CELUI-CI


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 21.05.2012 JP 2012115367
13.02.2013 JP 2013025294

(43)Date of publication of application:
01.04.2015 Bulletin 2015/14

(73)Proprietor: Toray Industries, Inc.
Tokyo 103-8666 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • ARAKI, Hitoshi
    Otsu-shi Shiga 520-8558 (JP)
  • SUWA, Mitsuhito
    Otsu-shi Shiga 520-8558 (JP)
  • OKAZAWA, Toru
    Otsu-shi Shiga 520-8558 (JP)

(74)Representative: Hoefer & Partner Patentanwälte mbB 
Pilgersheimer Straße 20
81543 München
81543 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2010/114056
WO-A1-2011/048648
JP-A- 2010 086 684
JP-A- 2011 194 679
US-A1- 2006 147 614
WO-A1-2010/114084
WO-A1-2011/093421
JP-A- 2010 269 504
JP-A- 2012 081 663
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to a substrate and a touch panel member using the same.

    BACKGROUND ART



    [0002] With recent diffusion of smartphones and tablet terminals, touch panels are drawing attention. One of the problems of the touch panels is the deterioration of the appearance of terminals due to the visibility of indium tin oxide (hereinafter, referred to as "ITO") pattern used in the sensor formation, that is, the problem of the ITO pattern visibility. Further, with a growing demand for a lighter weight and thinner terminals in recent years, a method has been proposed, for example, to reduce the number of glasses by forming a sensor on the back surface side of the cover glass (Patent Document 1). However, in cases where this method, referred to as a cover glass integrated type, is used, the distance from the outermost surface of the terminal to the ITO pattern becomes shorter, compared to a method for conventional sensor glass/cover glass separated type, making the problem of the ITO pattern visibility more pronounced.

    [0003] As the representative technique to reduce the ITO pattern visibility in liquid crystal display devices, a technique has been developed in which an insulating layer thin film is formed on the upper part or the lower part of ITO to reduce the interface reflection (Patent Documents 2 to 4). In addition, as the technique to reduce the ITO pattern visibility in touch panels, a technique has been developed in which a thin film composed of Nb2O3 and SiO2 is disposed as an undercoat layer or a topcoat layer (Patent Documents 5 and 6).

    PRIOR ART DOCUMENTS


    PATENT DOCUMENTS



    [0004] 

    Patent Document 1: JP 2009-301767 A

    Patent Document 2: JP 1-205122 A

    Patent Document 3: JP 6-033000 A

    Patent Document 4: JP 8-240800 A

    Patent Document 5: JP 2010-152809 A

    Patent Document 6: JP 2010-086684 A



    [0005] Patent Document 7: WO 2011/048648 A1 discloses an electrically conductive transparent film which is an electrode film for use in an electrostatic capacitive type touch panel or the like, and which has excellent visibility because the difference in an optical property between an area on which an electrically conductive transparent thin film exists and an area on which the electrically conductive transparent thin film does not exist is small when the electrically conductive transparent thin film is patterned on the electrode film, and in which the patterning is less likely to be visually enhanced. Specifically disclosed is an electrically conductive transparent laminate film which comprises a base comprising a transparent plastic film, and also comprises a high-refractive-index layer, a low-refractive-index layer and an electrically conductive transparent thin film layer laminated on the base in this order, wherein the high-refractive-index layer has a refractive index of 1.70 to 2.50 and a thickness of 4 to 20 nm and the low-refractive-index layer has a refractive index of 1.30 to 1.60 and a thickness of 20 to 50 nm.

    [0006] Patent Document 8: US 2006/147614 A1 discloses an optical display, and a method for forming an optical display, having improved antireflection properties and durability is formed by applying a transferable antireflection material to an optical substrate through the use of an in-mold or heat press technique or alternatively by an ultraviolet exposure technique. The transferable antireflection material is formed prior to application to the substrate and has at least a low refractive index layer and a high refractive index layer coupled to a release film. The low index reflection layer is preferably a silicone-modified fluoropolymer material having good durability, low refractivity, and appropriate adhesion to the release layer and subsequently applied high index refraction layer. The optical display is then coupled to a housing of an article for use.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION


    PROBLEMS TO BE SOLVED BY THE INVENTION



    [0007]  However, it has been impossible or difficult to utilize the techniques for conventional liquid crystal display devices in touch panels, because of the structural limitations of touch panels. Further, while the techniques for conventional touch panels are certainly capable of reducing the ITO pattern visibility, they are associated with a large burden in terms of cost, because a plurality of layers must be formed by vacuum processing.

    [0008] According to the claims 1, 7 and 8, an object of the present invention is to provide a substrate which serves to reduce the burden on the production cost or the production process, while reducing the ITO pattern visibility of touch panels.

    MEANS FOR SOLVING THE PROBLEMS



    [0009] Further, the present invention provides a substrate comprising on the upper surface of the organic thin film (III) a region where a transparent adhesive thin film (IV) having a refractive index of from 1.46 to 1.52 is laminated.

    [0010] The organic thin film (II) preferably contains metal oxide particles. The organic thin film (II) contains a resin selected from the group consisting of polyimides, Cardo resins, acrylic resins, polysiloxanes, polybenzoxazoles, phenol resins, polyamideimides, polyethersulfones, polyurethanes and polyesters. Still more preferably, the organic thin film (II) comprises an alkali-soluble group. Further, the organic thin film (II) is formed using a resin composition comprising a precursor selected from the group consisting of polyimide precursors, polyamideimide precursors and polybenzoxazole precursors. The material of the organic thin film (III) is preferably an acrylic resin or a polysiloxane.

    [0011] In addition, the present invention provides a touch panel member using the substrate. The present invention further provides a method for producing the substrate in which the organic thin film (II) and the organic thin film (III) are collectively obtained by patterning by a single exposure and development.

    EFFECT OF THE INVENTION



    [0012] The substrate of the present invention serves to significantly reduce the ITO pattern visibility in a touch panel, and to improve the durability of the touch panel since ITO is protected by an organic thin film. Further, the substrate of the present invention can be produced by a less burdensome method from the view points of cost or process.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0013] 

    Figure 1 is a schematic view showing the production process of the patterned ITO, transparent insulating film and MAM wiring.

    Figure 2 is a schematic view showing the cross section of the substrate of the present invention.


    MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION



    [0014] The substrate of the present invention is characterized by comprising a region where thin films are laminated on a transparent ground substrate, which thin films are, in the order mentioned from the upper surface of the substrate, an ITO thin film (I); an organic thin film (II) having a film thickness of from 0.01 to 0.4 µm and a refractive index of from 1.58 to 1.85; and an organic thin film (III) having a film thickness of from 0.7 to 20 µm and a refractive index of from 1.46 to 1.56.

    [0015] The combination of organic thin film (II) and organic thin film (III) having different film thicknesses and refractive indices allows to reduce the reflected light at the upper interface and the lower interface of ITO thin film (I) formed as the lower layer, thereby reducing the ITO pattern visibility. The organic thin film herein refers to a thin film containing one or more organic components. In the present specification, any description of the range described by the expression "(from) ··· to ... " means that it includes the numeric values on both sides of the range. By using organic thin film (II) having a film thickness of from 0.01 to 0.4 µm and a refractive index of from 1.58 to 1.85, and by disposing on the upper surface thereof organic thin film (III) having a film thickness of from 0.7 to 20 µm and a refractive index of from 1.46 to 1.56, the phase and the intensity of the reflected light at the upper interface and the lower interface of organic thin film (II) can be controlled, and the reflected light at the upper interface and the lower interface of ITO thin film (I) can be reduced as described above, thereby reducing the ITO pattern visibility. If the film thickness of organic thin film (II) is lower than 0.01 µm or higher than 0.4 µm, the control of the phase becomes difficult, making the effect of reducing the pattern visibility less likely to be obtained. If the refractive index of organic thin film (II) is lower than 1.58 or higher than 1.85, the intensity of the reflected light cannot be controlled, making the effect of reducing the pattern visibility less likely to be obtained. Organic thin film (III) having a film thickness of from 0.7 to 20 µm allows to control the intensity of the reflected light at the lower interface (that is, the reflected light at the upper interface of organic thin film (II)). Further, since the base metal containing ITO thin film (I) can be protected at the same time, the reliability of touch panels can be improved in touch panel applications. If the film thickness of organic thin film (III) is lower than 0.7 µm, the effect of reducing the pattern visibility is less likely obtained due to the influence of the reflected light at the upper interface, and the function of protecting the base metal cannot be obtained. A film thickness of higher than 20 µm reduces the transmittance, thereby compromising the appearance of the touch panel.

    [0016] There is no specific limitation on the material of the transparent ground substrate, which constitutes the base of the substrate of the present invention, as long as it is capable of transmitting light, but those having a total light transmittance (in accordance with JIS K7361-1) of 80% or more per 0.1 mm thickness are preferred. Examples thereof include glasses, acrylic resins, polyester resins, polycarbonates, polyarylates, polyethersulfones, polypropylenes, polyethylenes, polyimides and cycloolefin polymers. Among these, glasses, acrylic resins, polyester resins, polycarbonates or cycloolefin polymers are preferred from the viewpoint of transparency, and glasses are more preferred from the view point of heat resistance and chemical resistance. Examples of the glass include alkali glasses, non-alkali glasses, heat tempered glasses and chemically tempered glasses. Preferred is a heat tempered glass or a chemically tempered glass which is widely used as a cover glass in a touch panel. The acrylic resin is preferably methyl polymethacrylate. The polyester resin is preferably polyethylene terephthalate, polyethylene naphthalate or polybutylene terephthalate. The polycarbonate is preferably a resin obtained by polycondensation of bisphenol A and phosgene. The polyimide is preferably a resin composed of an aliphatic carboxylic dianhydride and/or an aliphatic diamine as monomer(s), from the view point of transparency. The cycloolefin polymer is preferably one obtained by addition polymerization or ring-opening metathesis polymerization of cyclohexene or norbornene or a derivative thereof, for example.

    [0017] The substrate of the present invention has ITO thin film (I) on the upper surface of a transparent ground substrate. An ITO thin film is used as a transparent conductive film in a touch panel. As the method for forming the ITO thin film, a sputtering method is preferred, because a thin film having a low resistance can be easily obtained and the film thickness can be precisely controlled. ITO thin film (I) preferably has a film thickness of from 1 to 200 nm. Further, the distance between the ITO patterns is preferably 100 µm or less, more preferably, 50 µm or less, and still more preferably, 30 µm or less, from the viewpoint of the effect of reducing the visibility.

    [0018] On the upper surface of ITO thin film (I), organic thin film (II) and organic thin film (III) are further laminated. Organic thin film (III) also functions as a protective film which protects the touch panel from damages, moisture and the like, and serves to improve yield and reliability. Organic thin film (II) preferably has a film thickness of from 0.05 to 0.2 µm, more preferably from 0.07 to 0.12 µm. Organic thin film (II) preferably has a refractive index of from 1.60 to 1.75, more preferably, from 1.63 to 1.70.

    [0019] Organic thin film (II) is preferably formed as a composite of a resin having a refractive index of from 1.58 to 1.85, another resin(s), and metal oxide particles. As the method for forming organic thin film (II), a method is preferred in which a resin composition is prepared, and then a film is formed using the resin composition by a coating or printing technique, since it is less burdensome from the view point of the cost and the process. Examples of the apparatus used for the coating of the prepared resin composition include apparatuses for coating the entire surface utilizing methods such as spin coating, dip coating, curtain flow coating, spray coating, and slit coating; and printing apparatuses utilizing methods such as screen printing, roll coating, micro gravure coating and ink-jet printing.

    [0020] Examples of the resin used for the formation of organic thin film (II) include polyimides, Cardo resins, acrylic resins, polysiloxanes, polybenzoxazoles, melamine resins, phenol resins, polyamideimides, polyethersulfones, polyurethanes and polyesters. Of these, a polyimide, a Cardo resin, a polybenzoxazole, a polyamideimide, a polyethersulfone or a polyurethane is preferred, because the refractive index of the film can be easily controlled to the range of from 1.58 to 1.85, even in cases where the film is formed solely from resin components. More preferred is a polyimide, a polybenzoxazole or a polyamideimide, because of its high adhesion to ITO. Further, an acrylic resin or a polysiloxane is preferred from the viewpoint of transmittance. A resin containing an alkali-soluble group is also preferred. By containing an alkali-soluble group, the resin can be used as the base resin of a photosensitive resin composition, and it can be easily patterned. Although there is no specific limitation on the alkali-soluble group, a carboxyl group, a silanol group and a phenolic hydroxyl group is preferred from the viewpoint of the ease of introduction. In addition, organic thin film (II) and organic thin film (III) can be collectively obtained by patterning by a single exposure and development with ease.

    [0021] In cases where a polyimide is used in the formation of organic thin film (II), it is preferred that a polyimide thin film be formed by applying a polyimide precursor on a transparent ground substrate having ITO thin film (I), followed by cyclodehydration reaction, from the viewpoint of the storage stability of the coating solution, the solubility of the resin, and the ease of introduction of an alkali-soluble group(s). Examples of the polyimide precursor herein include polyamic acids, polyamic acid esters, polyamic acid amides and polyisoimides. The polyamic acid containing a tetracarboxylic acid residue and a diamine residue can be obtained by reacting a tetracarboxylic acid or a corresponding tetracarboxylic dianhydride or a tetracarboxylic acid diester dichloride, with a diamine or a corresponding diisocyanate compound or a trimethylsilylated diamine. The polyimide can be obtained by cyclodehydration of a polyamic acid via heat treatment or chemical treatment with an acid, base or the like. More specifically, the heat treatment may be carried out with a solvent which forms an azeotrope with water such as m-xylene, or with a weakly acidic carboxylic acid compound at a low temperature of 100°C or lower. Examples of cyclization catalysts used in the above mentioned chemical treatment include dehydration condensation agents such as carboxylic anhydrides and dicyclohexylcarbodiimide; and bases such as triethylamine.

    [0022] In cases where a polybenzoxazole is used in the formation of organic thin film (II), it is preferred that a polybenzoxazole thin film be formed by applying a polybenzoxazole precursor on a transparent ground substrate having ITO thin film (I), followed by cyclodehydration reaction, from the viewpoint of the storage stability of the coating solution, the solubility of the resin, and the ease of introduction of an alkali-soluble group(s). Examples of the polybenzoxazole precursor include polyhydroxyamides, polyaminoamides, polyamides and polyamideimides. Of these, a polyhydroxyamide is preferred. The polyhydroxyamide containing a dicarboxylic acid residue and a bisaminophenol residue can be obtained by reacting a bisaminophenol with a dicarboxylic acid, a corresponding dicarboxylic acid chloride, a dicarboxylic acid active ester or the like. The polybenzoxazole can be obtained by cyclodehydration of a polyhydroxyamide via heat treatment or chemical treatment. More specifically, the heat treatment may be performed with a solvent which forms an azeotrope with water such as m-xylene and the like, or with an acidic carboxylic acid compound at a low temperature of 200°C or lower. Examples of the cyclization catalyst used in the above mentioned chemical treatment include phosphoric anhydrides, bases, and carbodiimide compounds.

    [0023] In cases where a polyamideimide is used in the formation of organic thin film (II), it is preferred that a polyamideimide thin film be formed by applying a polyamideimide precursor on a transparent ground substrate having ITO thin film (I), followed by cyclodehydration reaction, from the viewpoint of the storage stability of the coating solution, the solubility of the resin, and the ease of introduction of an alkali-soluble group(s). The polyamideimide precursor containing a tricarboxylic acid residue and a diamine residue can be obtained by polymerization of a tricarboxylic acid or a derivative thereof, and diamine or a corresponding diisocyanate compound. The polyamideimide can be obtained in the same manner as obtaining a polyimide from a polyimide precursor.

    [0024] The polyimide, polyimide precursor, polybenzoxazole, polybenzoxazole precursor, polyamideimide or polyamideimide precursor used in the formation of organic thin film (II) preferably contains a structural unit represented by one or more formulae selected from the following General Formulae (1) to (4). Further, the film may contain two or more types of resins having these structural units, or the resin may be one obtained by copolymerization of two or more types of these structural units. The polyimide, polyimide precursor, polybenzoxazole, polybenzoxazole precursor, polyamideimide or polyamideimide precursor used in the formation of organic thin film (II) preferably contains a structural unit represented by one or more formulae selected from the following General Formulae (1) to (4), in an amount of 50 mol% or more relative to the total structural units in the resin, more preferably, 70 mol% or more, and still more preferably, 90 mol% or more.









    [0025] In General Formulae (1) to (4), each of a plurality of R1, R2 and R8 may be the same or different, and represents a 2- to 8-valent organic group having two or more carbon atoms. Each of a plurality of R7 represents a 4- to 8-valent organic group having two or more carbon atoms. Each of a plurality of R3 and R4 may be the same or different, and represents a phenolic hydroxyl group or a carboxyl group or an alkylated group thereof. Each of a plurality of R5, R6, R9 and R10 may be the same or different, and represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a phenolic hydroxyl group, a sulfonic acid group, a thiol group and a monovalent organic group having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms. Y represents a terminal group. n represents a range of from 10 to 10,000; r, s and q each represents an integer of from 0 to 6; p represents an integer of from 0 to 4; and m and l each represents an integer of from 0 to 4.

    [0026] In General Formulae (1) to (4), R1 represents a di-, tri-, or tetra-carboxylic acid residue; and R5 represents a tetracarboxylic acid residue (hereinafter, collectively referred to as "acid residue"). Examples of acid components constituting R1(R5)r(COOH)2 and R7(R9)p(COH)4 include dicarboxylic acids such as terephthalic acid, isophthalic acid, diphenyl ether dicarboxylic acid, bis(carboxyphenyl)hexafluoropropane, biphenyldicarboxylic acid, benzophenonedicarboxylic acid and triphenyldicarboxylic acid; tricarboxylic acids such as trimellitic acid, trimesic acid, diphenyl ether tricarboxylic acid and biphenyltricarboxylic acid; aromatic tetracarboxylic acids such as pyromellitic acid, 3,3',4,4'-biphenyltetracarboxylic acid, 2,3,3',4'-biphenyltetracarboxylic acid, 2,2',3,3'-biphenyltetracarboxylic acid, 3,3',4,4'-benzophenonetetracarboxylic acid, 2,2',3,3'-benzophenonetetracarboxylic acid, 2,2-bis(3,4-dicarboxyphenyl)hexafluoropropane, 2,2-bis(2,3-dicarboxyphenyl)hexafluoropropane, 1,1-bis(3,4-dicarboxyphenyl)ethane, 1,1-bis(2,3-dicarboxyphenyl)ethane, bis(3,4-dicarboxyphenyl)methane, bis(2,3-dicarboxyphenyl)methane, bis(3,4-dicarboxyphenyl)sulfone, bis(3,4-dicarboxyphenyl)ether, 1,2,5,6-naphthalenetetracarboxylic acid, 2,3,6,7-naphthalenetetracarboxylic acid, 2,3,5,6-pyridinetetracarboxylic acid and 3,4,9,10-perylenetetracarboxylic acid; and aliphatic tetracarboxylic acids such as butanetetracarboxylic acid, cyclobutanetetracarboxylic acid, 1,2,3,4-cyclopentanetetracarboxylic acid, cyclohexanetetracarboxylic acid, bicyclo[2.2.1.]heptantetracarboxylic acid, bicyclo[3.3.1.]tetracarboxylic acid, bicyclo[3.1.1.]hept-2-ene tetracarboxylic acid, bicyclo[2.2.2.]octanetetracarboxylic acid and adamantanetetracarboxylic acid; and the like. Further, examples of the suitable structure of the acid residue include the following structures, or structures in which 1 to 4 hydrogen atoms in each of these structures are substituted with a C1-C20 alkyl group(s), a fluoroalkyl group(s), an alkoxyl group(s), an ester group(s), a nitro group(s), a cyano group(s), a fluorine atom(s) or a chlorine atom(s).

    [0027] These acids can be used as they are or as acid anhydrides, acid chlorides or active esters.





















    wherein J represents a direct bond, -COO-, -CONH-, -CH2-, -C2H4-, -O-, -C3H6-, -SO2-, -S-, -Si(CH3)2-, -O-Si(CH3)2-O-, -C6H4-, -C6H4-O-C6H4-, -C6H4-C3H6-C6H4- or -C6H4-C3F6-C6H4-.

    [0028] Further, use of silicon atom-containing tetracarboxylic acids such as dimethylsilanediphthalic acid or 1,3-bis(phthalic acid)tetramethyldisiloxane serves to improve the adhesion to the substrate and the resistance to oxygen plasma and UV ozone treatment used for the cleaning and the like. These silicon atom-containing dicarboxylic acids or tetracarboxylic acids are preferably used in an amount of from 1 to 30 mol% relative to the total acid components.

    [0029] In General Formulae (1) to (4), R2 and R8 each represents a diamine residue or a bisaminophenol residue (hereinafter, collectively referred to as "amine residue"). Examples of diamine components and bisaminophenol components (hereinafter, collectively referred to as "diamine component") constituting R2(R6)s(NH2)2 and R8(R10)q(NH2)2 include: hydroxyl group-containing diamines such as bis(3-amino-4-hydroxyphenyl)hexafluoropropane, bis(3-amino-4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfone, bis(3-amino-4-hydroxyphenyl)propane, bis(3-amino-4-hydroxyphenyl)methylene, bis(3-amino-4-hydroxyphenyl)ether, bis(3-amino-4-hydroxy)biphenyl and bis(3-amino-4-hydroxyphenyl)fluorene; carboxyl group-containing diamines such as 3,5-diaminobenzoic acid and 3-carboxy-4,4'-diaminodiphenyl ether; sulfonic acid -containing diamines such as 3-sulfonic acid-4,4'-diaminodiphenyl ether; dithiohydroxyphenylenediamine, 3,4'-diaminodiphenyl ether, 4,4'-diaminodiphenyl ether, 3,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane, 4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane, 3,4'-diaminodiphenylsulphone, 4,4'-diaminodiphenylsulphone, 3,4'-diaminodiphenyl sulfide, 4,4'-diaminodiphenyl sulfide, 1,4-bis(4-aminophenoxy)benzene, benzine, m-phenylenediamine, p-phenylenediamine, 1,5-naphthalenediamine, 2,6-naphthalenediamine, bis(4-aminophenoxyphenyl)sulfone, bis(3-aminophenoxyphenyl)sulfone, bis(4-aminophenoxy)biphenyl, bis{4-(4-aminophenoxy)phenyl}ether, 1,4-bis(4-aminophenoxy)benzene, 2,2'-dimethyl-4,4'-diaminobiphenyl, 2,2'-diethyl-4,4'-diaminobiphenyl, 3,3'-dimethyl-4,4'-diaminobiphenyl, 3,3'-diethyl-4,4'-diaminobiphenyl, 2,2',3,3'-tetramethyl-4,4'-diaminobiphenyl, 3,3',4,4'-tetramethyl-4,4'-diaminobiphenyl and 2,2'-di(trifluoromethyl)-4,4'-diaminobiphenyl; and compounds in which one part of hydrogen atoms in each of the aromatic rings in these compounds is substituted with an alkyl group or an halogen atom; and aliphatic diamines such as cyclohexyldiamine and methylenebiscyclohexylamine. Further, each of these diamines may be substituted by one or more groups such as an alkyl group having from 1 to 10 carbon atoms such as methyl group and ethyl group; a fluoroalkyl group having from 1 to 10 carbon atoms such as a trifluoromethyl group; or F, Cl, Br, or I. In applications where heat resistance is required, aromatic diamines are preferably used in an amount of 50 mol% or more relative to the total diamine components. Further, examples of the suitable structure of the amine residue include the following structures, or structures in which 1 to 4 hydrogen atoms in each of these structures are substituted with a C1-C20 alkyl group(s), a fluoroalkyl group(s), an alkoxyl group(s), an ester group(s), a nitro group(s) or a cyano group(s), or a fluorine atom(s) or a chlorine atom(s).

    [0030] These diamines may be used as they are or as corresponding diisocyanate compounds or trimethylsilylated diamines.



















    wherein J represents a direct bond, -COO-, -CONH-, -CH2-, -C2H4-, -O-, -C3H6-, -SO2-, -S-, -Si(CH3)2-, -O-Si(CH3)2-O-, -C6H4-, -C6H4-O-C6H4-, -C6H4-C3H6-C6H4- or -C6H4-C3F6-C6H4-.

    [0031]  Further, use of a silicon atom-containing diamine such as 1,3-bis(3-aminopropyl)tetramethyldisiloxane or 1,3-bis(4-anilino)tetramethyldisiloxane as the diamine component serves to improve the adhesion to the substrate and the resistance to oxygen plasma and UV ozone treatment used for the cleaning and the like. These silicon atom-containing diamines are preferably used in an amount of from 1 to 30 mol% relative to the total diamine components.

    [0032] In order to improve the storage stability of the resin composition used in the formation of organic thin film (II), it is preferred that the terminals of the main chain be blocked with a terminal blocking agent such as a monoamine, an acid anhydride, a monocarboxylic acid, a monoacid chloride compound or a mono-active ester compound. The introduction ratio of the monoamine used as the terminal blocking agent is preferably from 0.1 to 60 mol%, more preferably from 5 to 50 mol%, relative to the total amine components. The introduction ratio of the acid anhydride, monocarboxylic acid, monoacid chloride compound or mono-active ester compound used as the terminal blocking agent is preferably from 0.1 to 100 mol%, more preferably from 5 to 90 mol%, relative to the diamine components. A plurality of different terminal groups may be introduced by reacting a plurality of terminal blocking agents.

    [0033] Preferred examples of the monoamine include aniline, 2-ethynylaniline, 3-ethynylaniline, 4-ethynylaniline, 5-amino-8-hydroxyquinoline, 1-hydroxy-7-aminonaphthalene, 1-hydroxy-6-aminonaphthalene, 1-hydroxy-5-aminonaphthalene, 1-hydroxy-4-aminonaphthalene, 2-hydroxy-7-aminonaphthalene, 2-hydroxy-6-aminonaphthalene, 2-hydroxy-5-aminonaphthalene, 1-carboxy-7-aminonaphthalene, 1-carboxy-6-aminonaphthalene, 1-carboxy-5-aminonaphthalene, 2-carboxy-7-aminonaphthalene, 2-carboxy-6-aminonaphthalene, 2-carboxy-5-aminonaphthalene, 2-aminobenzoic acid, 3-aminobenzoic acid, 4-aminobenzoic acid, 4-aminosalicylic acid, 5-aminosalicylic acid, 6-aminosalicylic acid, 2-aminobenzenesulfonic acid, 3-aminobenzenesulfonic acid, 4-aminobenzenesulfonic acid, 3-amino-4,6-dihydroxypyrimidine, 2-aminophenol, 3-aminophenol, 4-aminophenol, 2-aminothiophenol, 3-aminothiophenol and 4-aminothiophenol. Two or more of these may be used in combination.

    [0034] Preferred examples of the acid anhydride, monocarboxylic acid, monoacid chloride compound and mono-active ester compound include: acid anhydrides such as phthalic anhydride, maleic anhydride, nadic anhydride, cyclohexanedicarboxylic anhydride and 3-hydroxyphthalic anhydride; monocarboxylic acids such as 3-carboxyphenol, 4-carboxyphenol, 3-carboxythiophenol, 4-carboxythiophenol, 1-hydroxy-7-carboxynaphthalene, 1-hydroxy-6-carboxynaphthalene, 1-hydroxy-5-carboxynaphthalene, 1-mercapto-7-carboxynaphthalene, 1-mercapto-6-carboxynaphthalene, 1-mercapto-5-carboxynaphthalene, 3-carboxybenzenesulfonic acid and 4-carboxybenzenesulfonic acid; monoacid chloride compounds in which the carboxyl group in each of the above mentioned monocarboxylic acids is converted to an acid chloride; monoacid chloride compounds in which only one of the carboxyl groups in each of dicarboxylic acids such as terephthalic acid, phthalic acid, maleic acid, cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid, 1,5-dicarboxynaphthalene, 1,6-dicarboxynaphthalene, 1,7-dicarboxynaphthalene and 2,6-dicarboxynaphthalene is converted to an acid chloride; and active ester compounds obtained by reacting monoacid chloride compounds with N-hydroxybenzotriazole or N-hydroxy-5-norbornene-2,3-dicarboxyimide. Two or more of these may be used in combination.

    [0035] The terminal blocking agent introduced into a resin can be easily detected, for example, by dissolving the resin into which the terminal blocking agent is introduced in an acid solution to separate the resin into amine components and acid components, which are constituent units of the resin, and then by measuring them by gas chromatography (GC) or NMR. Further, it can also be easily detected by measuring the resin into which the terminal blocking agent is introduced by pyrolysis gas chromatography (PGC), infrared spectrum or 13C NMR spectrum.

    [0036] The weight average molecular weight (hereinafter, referred to as "Mw") of the polyimide, polyimide precursor, polybenzoxazole, polybenzoxazole precursor, polyamideimide or polyamideimide precursor used in the formation of organic thin film (II) is preferably from 5,000 to 200,000 in terms of polystyrene measured by gel permeation chromatography (hereinafter, referred to as "GPC"). If the Mw is within the above described range, good coating properties and a good solubility in a developer upon patterning can be obtained.

    [0037] As the Cardo resin used in the formation of organic thin film (II), a cured product of an epoxy compound or an acrylic compound having a Cardo structure, or a polyester compound having a Cardo structure is preferred. Examples of the epoxy compound having a Cardo structure include 9,9-bis(4-glycidyloxyphenyl)fluorene and 9,9-bis[4-(2-glycidyloxyethoxy)phenyl]fluorene. Examples of the acrylic compound having a Cardo structure include 9,9-bis[4-(2-acryloyloxyethoxy)phenyl]fluorene, 9,9-bis[4-(2-methacryloyloxyethoxy)phenyl]fluorene, 9,9-bis[4-(3-acryloyloxy-2-hydroxypropoxy)phenyl]fluorene and 9,9-bis[4-(2-(3-acryloyloxy-2-hydroxypropoxy)ethoxy)phenyl]fluorene. Examples of the polyester compound having a Cardo structure include CR-TR1, CR-TR2, CR-TR3, CR-TR4 and CR-TR5 (all of the above manufactured by Osaka Gas Chemicals Co., Ltd.).

    [0038] Examples of the polyethersulfone used in the formation of organic thin film (II) include "Sumika Excel PES 3600P", "Sumika Excel PES 3600P" and "Sumika Excel PES 3600P" (all of the above manufactured by Sumitomo Chemical Co., Ltd.).

    [0039] The phenol resin used in the formation of organic thin film (II) can be obtained by reacting a phenol compound and an aldehyde compound in the presence of an alkaline catalyst, followed by alkoxylation of methylol groups under acidic conditions in the usual manner. Preferred examples of the phenol compound include phenol, p-cresol, m-cresol, o-cresol, 2,3-dimethylphenol, 2,4-dimethylphenol, 2,5-dimethylphenol, 2,6-dimethylphenol, 3,4-dimethylphenol and 3,5-dimethylphenol. Examples of the aldehyde compound include formalin, paraformaldehyde, acetaldehyde, benzaldehyde, hydroxybenzaldehyde and chloroacetaldehyde. Two or more of these may be used in combination.

    [0040]  As the polyurethane used in the formation of organic thin film (II), one obtained by reacting a multifunctional isocyanate with a polyol is preferred. Examples of the multifunctional isocyanate include hexamethylene diisocyanate, 1,3-bis(isocyanatemethyl)benzene, 1,3-bis(isocyanatemethyl)cyclohexane, norbornene diisocyanate, naphthalene-1,5-diisocyanate, diphenylmethane-4,4'-diisocyanate, and toluene-2,4-diisocyanate and the like. Examples of the polyol include ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, pentaerythritol, dipentaerythritol, 1,4-bis(2-hydroxyethoxy)benzene, 1,3-bis(2-hydroxyethoxy)benzene, 4,4'-bis(2-hydroxyethoxy)biphenyl, 2,2-bis(4-(2-hydroxyethoxy)phenyl)propane, bis(4-(2-hydroxyethoxy)phenyl)methane and the like. Two or more of these may be used in combination.

    [0041] Examples of the melamine resin used in the formation of organic thin film (II) include a resin obtained by reacting melamine and formaldehyde.

    [0042] As the polyester used in the formation of organic thin film (II), for example, one obtained by polyaddition reaction of a multifunctional epoxy compound and a polycarboxylic acid compound, or by polyaddition reaction of a polyol compound and a dianhydride is preferred, since it can be easily synthesized with less side reactions. As the polyol compound, one obtained by reacting a multifunctional epoxy compound with a radical polymerizable group-containing monobasic acid compound is preferred, because a radical polymerizable group(s) and an aromatic ring(s) can be easily introduced.

    [0043] Examples of the methods for allowing the polyaddition reaction of a multifunctional epoxy compound and a polycarboxylic acid compound to proceed include: a method in which 1.01 to 2 equivalents of the polycarboxylic acid compound relative to the multifunctional epoxy compound is added under the presence of a catalyst to allow the polymerization to proceed, followed by the addition of a radical polymerizable group-containing epoxy compound to the carboxylic acid site at the terminal, to add an acid anhydride to the hydroxyl group to be formed; and a method in which 1.01 to 2 equivalents of the multifunctional epoxy compound relative to the polycarboxylic acid compound is added under the presence of a catalyst to allow the polymerization to proceed, followed by the addition of a radical polymerizable group-containing monobasic acid compound to the epoxy site at the terminal, to add an acid anhydride to the hydroxyl group to be formed.

    [0044] Examples of methods for allowing the polyaddition reaction of a polyol compound and a dianhydride to proceed include a method in which a polyol compound and a dianhydride are polymerized at an arbitrary ratio under the presence of a catalyst, followed by the addition of a radical polymerizable group-containing epoxy compound to one part of the carboxyl group to be formed. In cases where the polyol compound contains a radical polymerizable group, a radical polymerizable group-containing epoxy compound does not have to be added.

    [0045] Examples of the catalyst used in the polyaddition reaction and addition reaction include: ammonium catalysts such as tetrabutylammonium acetate; amino catalysts such as 2,4,6-tris(dimethylaminomethyl)phenol and dimethylbenzylamine; phosphorus catalysts such as triphenylphosphine; and chromium catalysts such as chromium acetylacetonate and chromium chloride.

    [0046] As the multifunctional epoxy compound, a compound represented by General Formula (5) below is preferred, in order to improve the control of the refractive index and the chemical resistance of the cured film and the like.

    (wherein R11 and R12 each independently represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group or a cycloalkyl group having from 1 to 12 carbon atoms, an aryl group having from 6 to 20 carbon atoms or a substituted group thereof; or R11 and R12 together represent a cycloalkyl group having from 2 to 12 carbon atoms, an aromatic ring having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms or a substituted group thereof. R13 and R14 each independently represents, a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having from 2 to 12 carbon atoms, an aryl group having from 6 to 20 carbon atoms or a substituted group thereof, m and l each independently represents integer of from 0 to 10.)

    [0047] Examples of R11, R12, R13 and R14 include methyl, ethyl, propyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, phenyl, naphthyl, o-tolyl and biphenyl; and the following substituents.



    [0048] Further, R11 and R12 may form a ring structure, and the ring structure is preferably a 5- to 7-membered ring. Specific examples of R11 and R12 in cases where they form a ring structure include the following substituents.











    (* represents a carbon atom which binds to R11 and R12.)

    [0049]  Examples of the multifunctional epoxy compound include the following compounds.







    [0050] Examples of the polycarboxylic acid compound include succinic acid, maleic acid, fumaric acid, itaconic acid, phthalic acid, terephthalic acid, isophthalic acid, trimellitic acid, pyromellitic acid, 2, 2'-biphenyldicarboxylic acid and 4,4'-biphenyldicarboxylic acid. In order to improve the chemical resistance and insulation properties of the cured film and the like, phthalic acid, terephthalic acid, isophthalic acid, trimellitic acid, pyromellitic acid, 2, 2'-biphenyldicarboxylic acid or 4,4'-biphenyldicarboxylic acid is preferred.

    [0051] Examples of the polyol compound include aliphatic alcohol compounds such as ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, butylene glycol, glycerin, trimethylolpropane and pentaerythritol; and aromatic alcohol compounds such as 9,9-bis[4-(2-hydroxyethoxy)phenyl]fluorene, compounds obtained by reacting a multifunctional epoxy compound and a radical polymerizable group-containing monobasic acid compound, and compounds obtained by reacting a bisphenol compound represented by General Formula (6) below and a radical polymerizable group-containing epoxy compound. Aromatic alcohol compounds are preferred. R11, R12, R13 and R14 in General Formula (6) are the same as defined in General Formula (5).



    [0052] Examples of the dianhydride include: aromatic tetracarboxylic dianhydrides such as pyromellitic dianhydride, 3,3',4,4'-biphenyltetracarboxylic dianhydride, 2,3,3',4'-biphenyltetracarboxylic dianhydride, 2,2',3,3'-biphenyltetracarboxylic dianhydride, 3,3',4,4'-benzophenonetetracarboxylic dianhydride, 2,2',3,3'-benzophenonetetracarboxylic dianhydride, 2,2-bis(3,4-dicarboxyphenyl)hexafluoropropane dianhydride, 2,2-bis(2,3-dicarboxyphenyl)hexafluoropropane dianhydride, 1,1-bis(3,4-dicarboxyphenyl)ethane dianhydride, 1,1-bis(2,3-dicarboxyphenyl)ethane dianhydride, bis(3,4-dicarboxyphenyl)methane dianhydride, bis(2,3-dicarboxyphenyl)methane dianhydride, bis(3,4-dicarboxyphenyl)sulfone dianhydride, bis(3,4-dicarboxyphenyl)ether dianhydride, 1,2,5,6-naphthalenetetracarboxylic dianhydride, 2,3,6,7-naphthalenetetracarboxylic dianhydride, 2,3,5,6-pyridinetetracarboxylic dianhydride and 3,4,9,10-perylenetetracarboxylic dianhydride; and aliphatic tetracarboxylic dianhydrides such as butanetetracarboxylic dianhydride, cyclobutanetetracarboxylic dianhydride, 1,2,3,4-cyclopentanetetracarboxylic dianhydride, cyclohexane tetracarboxylic dianhydride, bicyclo[2.2.1.]heptantetracarboxylic dianhydride, bicyclo[3.3.1.]tetracarboxylic dianhydride, bicyclo[3.1.1.]hept-2-ene-tetracarboxylic dianhydride, bicyclo[2.2.2.]octanetetracarboxylic dianhydride and adamantanetetracarboxylic dianhydride. In order to improve the chemical resistance and insulation properties of the cured film and the like, pyromellitic dianhydride, 3,3',4,4'-biphenyltetracarboxylic dianhydride, 2,3,3',4'-biphenyltetracarboxylic dianhydride or 2,2',3,3'-biphenyltetracarboxylic dianhydride is preferred. In order to improve the transparency of the cured film and the like, cyclobutanetetracarboxylic dianhydride, 1,2,3,4-cyclopentanetetracarboxylic dianhydride or cyclohexane tetracarboxylic dianhydride is preferred.

    [0053] Examples of the radical polymerizable group-containing monobasic acid compound include (meth)acrylic acid, mono(2-(meth)acryloyloxyethyl) succinate, mono(2-(meth)acryloyloxyethyl) phthalate, mono(2-(meth)acryloyloxyethyl) tetrahydrophthalate, p-hydroxystyrene and the like.

    [0054] Examples of the radical polymerizable group-containing epoxy compound include glycidyl (meth)acrylate, α-ethylglycidyl (meth)acrylate, α-n-propylglycidyl (meth)acrylate, α-n-butylglycidyl (meth)acrylate, 3,4-epoxybutyl (meth)acrylate, 3,4-epoxyheptyl (meth)acrylate, α-ethyl-6,7-epoxyheptyl (meth)acrylate, butyl vinyl ether, butyl allyl ether, 2-hydroxyethyl vinyl ether, 2-hydroxyethyl allyl ether, cyclohexane vinyl ether, cyclohexane allyl ether, 4-hydroxybutyl vinyl ether, 4-hydroxybutyl allyl ether, allyl glycidyl ether, vinyl glycidyl ether, o-vinylbenzyl glycidyl ether, m-vinylbenzyl glycidyl ether, p-vinylbenzyl glycidyl ether, α-methyl-o-vinylbenzyl glycidyl ether, α-methyl-m-vinylbenzyl glycidyl ether, α-methyl-p-vinylbenzyl glycidyl ether, 2,3-diglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 2,4-diglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 2,5-diglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 2,6-diglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 2,3,4-triglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 2,3,5-triglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 2,3,6-triglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 3,4,5-triglycidyloxymethyl styrene and 2,4,6-triglycidyloxymethyl styrene.

    [0055] Examples of the acid anhydride include succinic anhydride, maleic anhydride, itaconic anhydride, phthalic anhydride, trimellitic anhydride, pyromellitic monoanhydride, 2,3-biphenyldicarboxylic anhydride, 3,4-biphenyldicarboxylic anhydride, hexahydrophthalic anhydride, glutaric anhydride, 3-methylphthalic anhydride, norbornenedicarboxylic anhydride, cyclohexenedicarboxylic anhydride and 3-trimethoxysilylpropyl succinic anhydride.

    [0056] The acrylic resin used in the formation of organic thin film (II) is preferably a carboxyl group-containing acrylic resin, from the viewpoint of patternability. From the view point of the hardness of the cured film, it is preferred that an ethylenically unsaturated double bond group(s) be introduced into at least one part of the carboxyl group-containing acrylic resin, and/or that the resin contain a branch. Examples of methods for synthesizing the acrylic resin include radical polymerization of (meth)acrylic compounds. Examples of the (meth)acrylic compound include carboxyl group- and/or acid anhydride group-containing (meth)acrylic compounds and other (meth)acrylic acid esters. As a radical polymerization catalyst, an azo compound such as azobisisobutyronitrile or an organic peroxide such as benzoyl peroxide is generally used. Although the conditions for the radical polymerization may be set as appropriate, it is preferred that the polymerization be carried out as follows: a carboxyl group- and/or acid anhydride group-containing (meth)acrylic compound, another (meth)acrylic acid ester(s) and a radical polymerization catalyst are added to a solvent, and after sufficiently replacing the interior of the reactor with nitrogen by bubbling, degassing under reduced pressure, or the like, the resultant is reacted at 60 to 110°C for 30 to 300 minutes. In cases where an acid anhydride group-containing (meth)acrylic compound is used, it is preferable to add a stoichiometric amount of water, and to allow the reaction to proceed at 30 to 60°C for 30 to 60 minutes. Further, a chain transfer agent such as a thiol compound and the like may also be used as necessary.

    [0057] Examples of the (meth)acrylic compounds used for the synthesis of the acrylic resin include (meth)acrylic acid, (meth)acrylic anhydride, itaconic acid, itaconic anhydride, mono(2-acryloyloxyethyl) succinate, mono(2-acryloyloxyethyl) phthalate, mono(2-acryloyloxyethyl) tetrahydrophthalate, methyl (meth)acrylate, ethyl (meth)acrylate, propyl (meth)acrylate, cyclopropyl (meth)acrylate, cyclopentyl (meth)acrylate, cyclohexyl (meth)acrylate, cyclohexenyl (meth)acrylate, 4-methoxycyclohexyl (meth)acrylate, 2-cyclopropyloxycarbonylethyl (meth)acrylate, 2-cyclopentyloxycarbonylethyl (meth)acrylate, 2-cyclohexyloxycarbonylethyl (meth)acrylate, 2-cyclohexenyloxycarbonylethyl (meth)acrylate, 2-(4-methoxycyclohexyl)oxycarbonylethyl (meth)acrylate, norbornyl (meth)acrylate, isobornyl (meth)acrylate, tricyclodecanyl (meth)acrylate, tetracyclodecanyl (meth)acrylate, dicyclopentenyl (meth)acrylate, adamantyl (meth)acrylate, adamantylmethyl (meth)acrylate, 1-methyladamantyl (meth)acrylate, glycidyl (meth)acrylate, α-ethylglycidyl (meth)acrylate, α-n-propylglycidyl (meth)acrylate, α-n-butylglycidyl (meth)acrylate, 3,4-epoxybutyl (meth)acrylate, 3,4-epoxyheptyl (meth)acrylate, α-ethyl-6,7-epoxyheptyl (meth)acrylate and benzyl methacrylate. From the viewpoint of developability, (meth)acrylic acid is more preferred, and from the viewpoint of heat resistance, isobornyl (meth)acrylate, tricyclodecanyl (meth)acrylate or dicyclopentenyl (meth)acrylate is more preferred.

    [0058] Further, the acrylic resin may be a copolymer of a (meth)acrylic compound with other unsaturated double bond-containing monomer(s). Examples of the other unsaturated double bond-containing monomer include, styrene, p-methylstyrene, o-methylstyrene, m-methylstyrene, α-methylstyrene, p-hydroxystyrene, maleic anhydride, norbornene, norbornenedicarboxylic acid, norbornenedicarboxylic anhydride, cyclohexene, butyl vinyl ether, butyl allyl ether, 2-hydroxyethyl vinyl ether, 2-hydroxyethyl allyl ether, cyclohexane vinyl ether, cyclohexane allyl ether, 4-hydroxybutyl vinyl ether, 4-hydroxybutyl allyl ether, allyl glycidyl ether, vinyl glycidyl ether, o-vinylbenzyl glycidyl ether, m-vinylbenzyl glycidyl ether, p-vinylbenzyl glycidyl ether, α-methyl-o-vinylbenzyl glycidyl ether, α-methyl-m-vinylbenzyl glycidyl ether, α-methyl-p-vinylbenzyl glycidyl ether, 2,3-diglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 2,4-diglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 2,5-diglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 2,6-diglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 2,3,4-triglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 2,3,5-triglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 2,3,6-triglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 3,4,5-triglycidyloxymethyl styrene and 2,4,6-triglycidyloxymethyl styrene. Styrene is preferred because the resistance of the cured film to moist heat is improved and the corrosion resistance of metals such as ITO is improved.

    [0059] The acrylic resin having an ethylenically unsaturated bond is preferably one obtained by radical polymerization of a carboxyl group- and/or acid anhydride group-containing (meth)acrylic compound, a (meth)acrylic acid ester and/or other unsaturated double bond-containing monomer(s), followed by the addition reaction of an epoxy compound containing an ethylenically unsaturated double bond group. Examples of the catalyst used in the addition reaction include amino catalysts such as dimethylaniline, 2,4,6-tris(dimethylaminomethyl)phenol and dimethylbenzylamine; tin catalysts such as tin(II) 2-ethylhexanoate and dibutyl tin laurate; titanium catalysts such as titanium(IV) 2-ethylhexanoate; phosphorus catalysts such as triphenylphosphine; and chromium catalysts such as chromium acetylacetonate and chromium chloride.

    [0060] Examples of the epoxy compound containing an ethylenically unsaturated double bond group include glycidyl (meth)acrylate, α-ethylglycidyl (meth)acrylate, α-n-propylglycidyl (meth)acrylate, α-n-butylglycidyl (meth)acrylate, 3,4-epoxybutyl (meth)acrylate, 3,4-epoxyheptyl (meth)acrylate, α-ethyl-6,7-epoxyheptyl (meth)acrylate, butyl vinyl ether, butyl allyl ether, 2-hydroxyethyl vinyl ether, 2-hydroxyethyl allyl ether, cyclohexane vinyl ether, cyclohexane allyl ether, 4-hydroxybutyl vinyl ether, 4-hydroxybutyl allyl ether, allyl glycidyl ether, vinyl glycidyl ether, o-vinylbenzyl glycidyl ether, m-vinylbenzyl glycidyl ether, p-vinylbenzyl glycidyl ether, α-methyl-o-vinylbenzyl glycidyl ether, α-methyl-m-vinylbenzyl glycidyl ether, α-methyl-p-vinylbenzyl glycidyl ether, 2,3-diglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 2,4-diglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 2,5-diglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 2,6-diglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 2,3,4-triglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 2,3,5-triglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 2,3,6-triglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 3,4,5-triglycidyloxymethyl styrene, 2,4,6-triglycidyloxymethyl styrene and the like.

    [0061] The acrylic resin containing a branch can be obtained by using a compound having a plurality of ethylenically unsaturated double bond groups and/or thiol groups upon polymerization. Examples of the compound having a plurality of ethylenically unsaturated double bond groups include glycerol diacrylate, glycerol dimethacrylate, glycerol acrylate methacrylate, glycerol triacrylate, glycerol trimethacrylate, glycerol diacrylate methacrylate, glycerol acrylate dimethacrylate, divinylbenzene, trivinylbenzene, diethylene glycol diacrylate, triethylene glycol diacrylate, trimethylolpropane diacrylate, trimethylolpropane triacrylate and the like. Examples of the compound having a plurality of thiol groups include pentaerythritol tetrakis(3-mercaptobutyrate), trimethylolethane tris(3-mercaptobutyrate), 1,4-bis(3-mercaptobutyryloxy)butane, and 1,3,5-tris(3-mercaptobutyloxyethyl)-1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-trione.

    [0062] The Mw of the acrylic resin used in the formation of organic thin film (II) is preferably from 2,000 to 200,000 in terms of polystyrene measured by GPC. If the Mw is within the above described range, good coating properties and a good solubility in a developer upon patterning can be obtained.

    [0063] As the polysiloxane used in the formation of organic thin film (II), one containing a phenyl group or a naphthyl group is preferred from the viewpoint of the storage stability of the coating solution, one containing an epoxy group or an amino group is preferred from the viewpoint of chemical resistance, one containing a (meth)acrylic group or a vinyl group is preferred from the viewpoint of curing performance, and one containing a carboxyl group or a phenolic hydroxyl group is preferred from the viewpoint of patternability. The polysiloxane is generally synthesized by hydrolysis-condensation of an organosilane compound. Examples of the organosilane compound used for the synthesis of the polysiloxane include methyltrimethoxysilane, methyltriethoxysilane, ethyltrimethoxysilane, ethyltriethoxysilane, hexyltrimethoxysilane, octadecyltrimethoxysilane, octadecyltriethoxysilane, phenyltrimethoxysilane, phenyltriethoxysilane, diphenyldimethoxysilane, diphenyldiethoxysilane, 1-naphthyltrimethoxysilane, 2-naphthyltrimethoxysilane, 1-naphthyltriethoxysilane, 2-naphthyltriethoxysilane, 4-hydroxyphenyltrimethoxysilane, 4-hydroxyphenyltriethoxysilane, 4-hydroxybenzyltrimethoxysilane, 4-hydroxybenzyltriethoxysilane, 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethyltrimethoxysilane, 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethyltriethoxysilane, 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, N-(2-aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, 3--chloropropyltrimethoxysilane, 3-(N,N-diglycidyl)aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane, γ-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, γ-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, N-β-(aminoethyl)-γ-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, β-cyanoethyltriethoxysilane, glycidoxymethyltrimethoxysilane, glycidoxymethyltriethoxysilane, α-glycidoxyethyltrimethoxysilane, α-glycidoxyethyltriethoxysilane, β-glycidoxyethyltrimethoxysilane, β-glycidoxyethyltriethoxysilane, α-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane, α-glycidoxypropyltriethoxysilane, β-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane, β-glycidoxypropyltriethoxysilane, γ-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane, γ-glycidoxypropyltriethoxysilane, α-glycidoxybutyltrimethoxysilane, α-glycidoxybutyltriethoxysilane, β-glycidoxybutyltrimethoxysilane, β-glycidoxybutyltriethoxysilane, γ-glycidoxybutyltrimethoxysilane, γ-glycidoxybutyltriethoxysilane, δ-glycidoxybutyltrimethoxysilane, δ-glycidoxybutyltriethoxysilane, (3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)methyltrimethoxysilane, (3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)methyltriethoxysilane, 2-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)ethyltripropoxysilane, 2-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)ethyltributoxysilane, 2-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)ethyltrimethoxysilane, 2-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)ethyltriethoxysilane, 2-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)ethyltriphenoxysilane, 3-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)propyltrimethoxysilane, 3-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)propyltriethoxysilane, 4-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)butyltrimethoxysilane, 4-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)butyltriethoxysilane, dimethyldimethoxysilane, dimethyldiethoxysilane, γ-glycidoxypropylmethyldimethoxysilane, γ-aminopropylmethyldimethoxysilane, γ-aminopropylmethyldiethoxysilane, N-(2-aminoethyl)-3-aminopropylmethyldimethoxysilane, glycidoxymethyldimethoxysilane, glycidoxymethylmethyldiethoxysilane, α-glycidoxyethylmethyldimethoxysilane, α-glycidoxyethylmethyldiethoxysilane, β-glycidoxyethylmethyldimethoxysilane, β-glycidoxyethylmethyldiethoxysilane, α-glycidoxypropylmethyldimethoxysilane, α-glycidoxypropylmethyldiethoxysilane, β-glycidoxypropylmethyldimethoxysilane, β-glycidoxypropylmethyldiethoxysilane, γ-glycidoxypropylmethyldimethoxysilane, γ-glycidoxypropylmethyldiethoxysilane, γ-glycidoxypropylethyldimethoxysilane, γ-glycidoxypropylethyldiethoxysilane, 3-chloropropylmethyldimethoxysilane, 3-chloropropylmethyldiethoxysilane, cyclohexylmethyldimethoxysilane, octadecylmethyldimethoxysilane, tetramethoxysilane, tetraethoxysilane, methyl silicate, trifluoromethyltrimethoxysilane, trifluoromethyltriethoxysilane, trifluoropropyltrimethoxysilane, trifluoropropyltriethoxysilane, 3-trimethoxysilyl propionic acid, 3-triethoxysilyl propionic acid, 3-dimethylmethoxysilyl propionic acid, 3-dimethylethoxysilyl propionic acid, 4-trimethoxysilyl butyric acid, 4-triethoxysilyl butyric acid, 4-dimethylmethoxysilyl butyric acid, 4-dimethylethoxysilyl butyric acid, 5-trimethoxysilyl valeric acid, 5-triethoxysilyl valeric acid, 5-dimethylmethoxysilyl valeric acid, 5-dimethylethoxysilyl valeric acid, 3-trimethoxysilylpropyl succinic anhydride, 3-triethoxysilylpropyl succinic anhydride, 3-dimethylmethoxysilylpropyl succinic anhydride, 3-dimethylethoxysilylpropyl succinic anhydride, 3-trimethoxysilylpropyl cyclohexyl dicarboxylic anhydride, 3-triethoxysilylpropyl cyclohexyl dicarboxylic anhydride, 3-dimethylmethoxysilylpropyl cyclohexyl dicarboxylic anhydride, 3-dimethylethoxysilylpropyl cyclohexyl dicarboxylic anhydride, 3-trimethoxysilylpropyl phthalic anhydride, 3-triethoxysilylpropyl phthalic anhydride, 3-dimethylmethoxysilylpropyl phthalic anhydride, 3-dimethylethoxysilylpropyl phthalic anhydride, vinyltrimethoxysilane, vinyltriethoxysilane, vinylmethyldimethoxysilane, vinylmethyldiethoxysilane, allyltrimethoxysilane, allyltriethoxysilane, allylmethyldimethoxysilane, allylmethyldiethoxysilane, styryltrimethoxysilane, styryltriethoxysilane, styrylmethyldimethoxysilane, styrylmethyldiethoxysilane, γ-acryloylpropyltrimethoxysilane, γ-acryloylpropyltriethoxysilane, γ-methacryloylpropyltrimethoxysilane, γ-methacryloylpropyltriethoxysilane, γ-methacryloylpropylmethyldimethoxysilane, γ-methacryloylpropylmethyldiethoxysilane, γ-acryloylpropylmethyldimethoxysilane and γ-acryloylpropylmethyldiethoxysilane.

    [0064] Although the conditions for the hydrolysis reaction of the organosilane compound may be set as appropriate, it is preferred that the hydrolysis reaction be performed, for example, by adding an acid catalyst and water to the organosilane compound in a solvent over 1 to 180 minutes; and then by reacting the resultant at a temperature of from room temperature to 110°C for 1 to 180 minutes. Performing the hydrolysis reaction under such conditions serves to inhibit the occurrence of rapid reaction. The reaction temperature is preferably from 30 to 105°C. Further, the hydrolysis reaction is preferably performed under the presence of an acid catalyst. As the acid catalyst, an acid aqueous solution containing formic acid, acetic acid or phosphoric acid is preferred. The content of the acid catalyst is preferably from 0.1 to 5 parts by weight relative to 100 parts by weight of the total organosilane compounds used in the hydrolysis reaction. If the content of the acid catalyst is within the above described range, the hydrolysis reaction can be controlled to proceed as necessary and sufficiently. The condensation reaction is preferably performed under the conditions in which a silanol compound is obtained by the hydrolysis reaction of the organosilane compound, followed by heating the reaction solution at a temperature of from 50°C to the boiling point of the solvent for 1 to 100 hours. Further, the reaction solution may be re-heated or a base catalyst may be added thereto, in order to increase the degree of polymerization of the polysiloxane. In addition, an appropriate amount of the generated alcohol and the like may be removed by distillation through heating and/or decompression after the hydrolysis reaction as necessary, followed by the addition of an arbitrary solvent.

    [0065] The Mw of the polysiloxane used in the formation of organic thin film (II) is preferably from 1,000 to 100,000 in terms of polystyrene measured by GPC. If the Mw is within the above described range, good coating properties and a good solubility in a developer upon patterning can be obtained.

    [0066] Organic thin film (II) preferably contains metal oxide particles. Incorporation of the metal oxide particles allows the control of the refractive index to the desired range. The number average particle diameter of the metal oxide particles is preferably from 1 to 200 nm. In order to obtain a cured film having a high transmittance, it is more preferably from 1 to 70 nm. Here, the number average particle diameter of the metal oxide particles can be measured by gas adsorption method, dynamic light scattering method, small angle X-ray scattering technique, transmission electron microscope or scanning electron microscope. As the metal oxide particles, those having a high refractive index by themselves are preferred. More specifically, titanium oxide particles such as titanium oxide particles and barium titanate particles, or zirconium oxide particles such as zirconium oxide particles are preferred.

    [0067] The metal oxide particles can be prepared by obtaining appropriate nanoparticle powders and by grinding or dispersing them using a disperser such as a bead mill. Examples of commercially available nanoparticle powders include T-BTO-020RF (barium titanate; manufactured by Toda Kogyo Corp.), UEP-100 (zirconium oxide; manufactured by Daiichi Kigenso Kagaku Kogyo Co., Ltd.) and STR-100N (titanium oxide; manufactured by Sakai Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.). These can also be obtained as a dispersion. Examples of silicon oxide-titanium oxide particles include "OPTOLAKE" (registered trademark) TR-502, "OPTOLAKE" TR-503, "OPTOLAKE" TR-504, "OPTOLAKE" TR-513, "OPTOLAKE" TR-520, "OPTOLAKE" TR-527, "OPTOLAKE" TR-528, "OPTOLAKE" TR-529, "OPTOLAKE" TR-544 and "OPTOLAKE" TR-550 (all of the above manufactured by JGC C&C). Examples of the zirconium oxide particles include Bairaru Zr-C20 (average diameter = 20 nm; manufactured by Taki Chemical Co., Ltd), ZSL-10A (average diameter = from 60 to 100 nm; manufactured by Daiichi Kigenso Kagaku Kogyo Co., Ltd.), NanoUse OZ-30M (average diameter = 7 nm; manufactured by Nissan Chemical Industries, Ltd.), SZR-M and SZR-K (both manufactured by Sakai Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.) and HXU-120JC (manufactured by Sumitomo Osaka Cement Co., Ltd.).

    [0068] The content of the metal oxide particles in the solid components in the resin composition is preferably from 1 to 75% by weight.

    [0069] The solids concentration of the resin composition used in the formation of organic thin film (II) is preferably from 0.1 to 10 wt%, because the film thickness can be easily controlled. The refractive index of organic thin film (III) is preferably from 1.48 to 1.54, more preferably, from 1.50 to 1.53. The film thickness of organic thin film (III) is preferably from 1.0 to 5 µm, more preferably from 1.5 to 3.0 µm. The method for forming organic thin film (III) is the same as described in the above mentioned organic thin film (II). As the material for organic thin film (III), an acrylic resin, an epoxy resin or a polysiloxane is preferred from the viewpoint of transparency, general-purpose properties or refractive index, and an acrylic resin or a polysiloxane is more preferred from the viewpoint of workability. Preferred examples of the acrylic resin and polysiloxane are the same as those described in the above mentioned organic thin film (II). The solids concentration of the resin composition used in the formation of organic thin film (III) is preferably from 5 to 80 wt%, since the film thickness can be easily controlled.

    [0070] The resin composition used in the formation of organic thin film (II) and organic thin film (III) may be a photosensitive resin composition, and it may be a positive-tone or a negative-tone photosensitive resin composition.

    [0071] In cases where the above described photosensitive resin composition is a positive-tone photosensitive resin composition, a quinonediazide compound is preferred as a component imparting photosensitivity. A mixture of a quinonediazide compound and an alkali-soluble resin forms a positive-tone pattern by exposure and alkaline development. As the quinonediazide compound, a compound formed by binding a naphthoquinonediazide sulfonic acid to a compound containing a phenolic hydroxyl group via an ester bond is preferred, and a compound having a hydrogen atom or a substituent represented by General Formula (7) below at each of the ortho position and the para position of the phenolic hydroxyl group of the compound, independently, is used.



    [0072] Each of R15 to R17 may be the same or different, and represents any of an alkyl group having from 1 to 10 carbon atoms, a carboxyl group, a phenyl group or a substituted phenyl group; or R15 and R16, R15 and R17, or R16 and R17 may form a ring.

    [0073] In the substituent represented by General Formula (7), each of R15 to R17 may be the same or different, and represents any of a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having from 1 to 10 carbon atoms, a carboxyl group, a phenyl group or a substituted phenyl group. Examples of the alkyl group include methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, isobutyl, t-butyl, n-hexyl, cyclohexyl, n-heptyl, n-octyl, trifluoromethyl and 2-carboxy ethyl. Examples of the substituent which substitutes the hydrogen atom(s) of the phenyl group include hydroxyl. Further, examples of the ring formed by R15 and R16, R15 and R17, or R16 and R17 include cyclopentane ring, cyclohexane ring, adamantane ring or fluorene ring.

    [0074] In cases where each of the ortho position and the para position of the phenolic hydroxyl group is occupied by one other than a hydrogen atom or a substituent represented by General Formula (7), an oxidative degradation occurs due to heat curing, and a conjugated compound represented by a quinoid structure is thereby formed, resulting in the coloration of the cured film and in a decrease in the colorless transparency. The quinonediazide compound can be synthesized by the well-known esterification reaction of a compound containing a phenolic hydroxyl group and a naphthoquinonediazide sulfonic acid chloride.

    [0075] Examples of the compound containing a phenolic hydroxyl group include the following compounds (manufactured by Honshu Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.).

















    [0076] Examples of the naphthoquinonediazide sulfonic acid include 4-naphthoquinonediazide sulfonic acid and 5-naphthoquinonediazide sulfonic acid. For i-ray exposure, a 4-naphthoquinonediazide sulfonic acid ester compound is suitable since it has absorption in the i-ray (wavelength 365 nm) range. Further, a 5-naphthoquinonediazide sulfonic acid ester compound is suitable for exposure in a wide wavelength range, since it absorbs a wide range of wavelengths. It is preferred that the 4-naphthoquinonediazide sulfonic acid ester compound or the 5-naphthoquinonediazide sulfonic acid ester compound be selected as appropriate, depending on the wavelength to be exposed. The 4-naphthoquinonediazide sulfonic acid ester compound and the 5-naphthoquinonediazide sulfonic acid ester compound may be used in combination.

    [0077] The molecular weight of the naphthoquinonediazide compound is preferably from 300 to 1500, more preferably, from 350 to 1200. If the molecular weight of the naphthoquinonediazide compound is larger than 1500, it may result in a failure to form a pattern when the content of the compound is from 4 to 10% by weight. On the other hand, if the molecular weight of the naphthoquinonediazide compound is smaller than 300, it may result in a decrease in the colorless transparency.

    [0078] In cases where the photosensitive resin composition is a negative-tone photosensitive resin composition, a photopolymerization initiator and a multifunctional monomer are preferable as the components imparting photosensitivity.

    [0079] The photopolymerization initiator which is a component imparting photosensitivity is preferably one that undergoes degradation and/or reaction by light (including ultraviolet light and electron beam) to generate radicals. Examples of the photopolymerization initiator which undergoes degradation and/or reaction by light to generate radicals include 2-methyl-[4-(methylthio)phenyl]-2-morpholinopropan-1-one, 2-dimethylamino-2-(4-methylbenzyl)-1-(4-morpholin-4-yl-phenyl)-butan-1-one, 2-benzyl-2-dimethylamino-1-(4-morpholinophenyl)-butanone-1,2,4,6-trimethylbenzo ylphenylphosphine oxide, bis(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl)-phenylphosphine oxide, bis(2,6-dimethoxybenzoyl)-(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl)-phosphine oxide, 1-phenyl-1,2-propanedione-2-(o-ethoxycarbonyl)oxime, 1,2-octanedione,1-[4-(phenylthio)-2-(O-benzoyloxime)], 1-phenyl-1,2-butadione-2-(o-methoxycarbonyl)oxime, 1,3-diphenylpropanetrione-2-(o-ethoxycarbonyl)oxime, ethanone,1-[9-ethyl-6-(2-methylbenzoyl)-9H-carbazole-3-yl]-,1-(O-acetyloxime), 4,4-bis(dimethylamino)benzophenone, 4,4-bis(diethylamino)benzophenone, ethyl p-dimethylaminobenzoate, 2-ethylhexyl-p-dimethylaminobenzoate, ethyl p-diethylaminobenzoate, diethoxyacetophenone, 2-hydroxy-2-methyl-1-phenylpropan-1-one, benzyl dimethyl ketal, 1-(4-isopropylphenyl)-2-hydroxy-2-methylpropan-1-one, 4-(2-hydroxyethoxy)phenyl-(2-hydroxy-2-propyl)ketone, 1-hydroxycyclohexyl-phenyl ketone, benzoin, benzoin methyl ether, benzoin ethyl ether, benzoin isopropyl ether, benzoin isobutyl ether, benzophenone, methyl o-benzoylbenzoate, 4-phenylbenzophenone, 4,4-dichlorobenzophenone, hydroxybenzophenone, 4-benzoyl-4'-methyl-diphenyl sulfide, alkylated benzophenone, 3,3',4,4'-tetra(t-butylperoxycarbonyl)benzophenone, 4-benzoyl-N,N-dimethyl-N-[2-(1-oxo-2-propenyl oxy)ethyl]benzenemethanaminium bromide, (4-benzoylbenzyl)trimethylammonium chloride, 2-hydroxy-3-(4-benzoylphenoxy)-N,N,N-trimethyl-1-propenaminium chloride monohydrate, 2-isopropylthioxanthone, 2,4-dimethylthioxanthone, 2,4-diethylthioxanthone, 2,4-dichlorothioxanthone, 2-hydroxy-3-(3,4-dimethyl-9-oxo-9H-thioxanthen-2-yloxy)-N,N,N-trimethyl-1-prop anaminium chloride, 2,2'-bis(o-chlorophenyl)-4,5,4',5'-tetraphenyl-1,2-biimidazole, 10-butyl-2-chloroacridone, 2-ethylanthraquinone, benzyl, 9,10-phenanthrenequinone, camphorquinone, methylphenylglyoxy ester, η(5-cyclopentadienyl-η6-cumenyl-iron(1+)-hexafluorophosphate(1-), diphenyl sulfide derivative, bis(η5-2,4-cyclopentadien-1-yl)-bis(2,6-difluoro-3-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)-phenyl)titanium, thioxanthone, 2-methylthioxanthone, 2-chlorothioxanthone, 4-benzoyl-4-methyl phenyl ketone, dibenzyl ketone, fluorenone, 2,3-diethoxyacetophenone, 2,2-dimethoxy-2-phenyl-2-phenylacetophenone, 2-hydroxy-2-methylpropiophenone, p-t-butyldichloroacetophenone, benzyl methoxyethyl acetal, anthraquinone, 2-t-butylanthraquinone, 2-aminoanthraquinone, β-chloroanthraquinone, anthrone, benzanthrone, dibenzsuberone, methyleneanthrone, 4-azidobenzalacetophenone, 2,6-bis(p-azidobenzylidene)cyclohexane, 2,6-bis(p-azidobenzylidene)-4-methylcyclohexanone, naphthalenesulfonyl chloride, quinolinesulfonyl chloride, N-phenylthioacridone, benzthiazole disulfide, triphenylphosphine, carbon tetrabromide, tribromophenylsulfone, benzoyl peroxide and eosin; and a combination of a photoreducing dye such as methylene blue and a reducing agent such as ascorbic acid or triethanolamine. Two or more of these may be contained. In order to further improve the hardness of the cured film, an α-aminoalkylphenone compound, an acylphosphine oxide compound, an oxime ester compound, a benzophenone compound containing an amino group or a benzoic acid ester compound containing an amino group is preferred.

    [0080] Examples of the α-aminoalkylphenone compound include 2-methyl-[4-(methylthio)phenyl]-2-morpholinopropan-1-one, 2-dimethylamino-2-(4-methylbenzyl)-1-(4-morpholin-4-yl-phenyl)-butan-1-one and 2-benzyl-2-dimethylamino-1-(4-morpholinophenyl)-butanone-1. Examples of the acylphosphine oxide compound include 2,4,6-trimethylbenzoylphenylphosphine oxide, bis(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl)-phenylphosphine oxide and bis(2,6-dimethoxybenzoyl)-(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl)-phosphine oxide. Examples of the oxime ester compound include 1-phenyl-1,2-propanedione-2-(o-ethoxycarbonyl)oxime, 1,2-octanedione,1-[4-(phenylthio)-2-(O-benzoyloxime)], 1-phenyl-1,2-butadione-2-(o-methoxycarbonyl)oxime, 1,3-diphenylpropanetrione-2-(o-ethoxycarbonyl)oxime and ethanone,1-[9-ethyl-6-(2-methylbenzoyl)-9H-carbazole-3-yl]-,1-(0-acetyloxime). Examples of the benzophenone compound containing an amino group include 4,4-bis(dimethylamino)benzophenone, 4,4-bis(diethylamino)benzophenone and the like. Examples of the benzoic acid ester compound containing an amino group include ethyl p-dimethylaminobenzoate, 2-ethylhexyl-p-dimethylaminobenzoate and ethyl p-diethylaminobenzoate.

    [0081] Examples of the multifunctional monomer which is the component imparting photosensitivity include diethylene glycol diacrylate, triethylene glycol diacrylate, tetraethylene glycol diacrylate, diethylene glycol dimethacrylate, triethylene glycol dimethacrylate, tetraethylene glycol dimethacrylate, trimethylolpropane diacrylate, trimethylolpropane triacrylate, trimethylolpropane dimethacrylate, trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate, 1,3-butanediol diacrylate, 1,3-butanediol dimethacrylate, neopentyl glycol diacrylate, 1,4-butanediol diacrylate, 1,4-butanediol dimethacrylate, 1,6-hexandiol diacrylate, 1,9-nonanediol dimethacrylate, 1,10-decanediol dimethacrylate, dimethylol-tricyclodecane diacrylate, pentaerythritol triacrylate, pentaerythritol tetraacrylate, pentaerythritol trimethacrylate, pentaerythritol tetramethacrylate, dipentaerythritol pentaacrylate, dipentaerythritol hexaacrylate, tripentaerythritol heptaacrylate, tripentaerythritol octaacrylate, tetrapentaerythritol nonaacrylate, tetrapentaerythritol decaacrylate, pentapentaerythritol undecaacrylate, pentapentaerythritol dodecaacrylate, tripentaerythritol heptamethacrylate, tripentaerythritol octamethacrylate, tetrapentaerythritol nonamethacrylate, tetrapentaerythritol decamethacrylate, pentapentaerythritol undecamethacrylate, pentapentaerythritol dodecamethacrylate, dimethylol-tricyclodecane diacrylate, ethoxylated bisphenol A diacrylate, 9,9-bis[4-(2-acryloyloxyethoxy)phenyl]fluorene, 9,9-bis[4-(2-methacryloyloxyethoxy)phenyl] fluorene, 9,9-bis[4-(2-methacryloyloxyethoxy)-3-methylphenyl]fluorene, (2-acryloyloxypropoxy)-3-methylphenyl]fluorene, 9,9-bis[4-(2-acryloyloxyethoxy)-3,5-dimethylphenyl]fluorene and 9,9-bis[4-(2-methacryloyloxyethoxy)-3,5-dimethylphenyl]fluorene. Among these, pentaerythritol tetraacrylate, dipentaerythritol pentaacrylate, dipentaerythritol hexaacrylate, tripentaerythritol heptaacrylate or tripentaerythritol octaacrylate is preferred from the viewpoint of improving sensitivity; and dimethylol-tricyclodecane diacrylate, dimethylol-tricyclodecane dimethacrylate, ethoxylated bisphenol A diacrylate or 9,9-bis[4-(2-acryloyloxyethoxy)phenyl]fluorene is preferred from the viewpoint of improving hydrophobicity.

    [0082] Examples of the other multifunctional monomer include epoxy (meth)acrylate obtained by reacting a multifunctional epoxy compound with a (meth)acrylic acid. Examples of the multifunctional epoxy compound include the following compounds.











    [0083] It is preferred that organic thin film (II) and organic thin film (III) be collectively obtained by patterning by a single exposure and development, since it allows to reduce the number of processes required. More specifically, a photosensitive resin composition for forming organic thin film (III) is coated on a prebaked film of a resin composition for forming organic thin film (II), and the resultant is then exposed, developed and cured to provide patterned organic thin film (II) and organic thin film (III). The resin used in the formation of organic thin film (II) is preferably insoluble or poorly soluble in the solvent contained in the photosensitive resin composition for forming organic thin film (III), in order to prevent organic thin film (II) and organic thin film (III) form mixing and becoming turbid or to prevent the cloudiness of the coating. In cases where organic thin film (II) and organic thin film (III) are collectively obtained by patterning by a single exposure and development, the resin used in the formation of organic thin film (II) is preferably a polyimide precursor, a polybenzoxazole precursor or a polyamideimide precursor.

    [0084] Transparent adhesive thin film (IV) of the present invention refers to a thin film formed by a transparent adhesive. The transparent adhesive herein refers to a material which transmit light and which has adhesiveness.

    [0085] The film thickness of transparent adhesive thin film (IV) is preferably from 1 to 200 µm, from the viewpoint of adhesion and transparency.

    [0086] The adhesion strength of the transparent adhesive is preferably from 3 to 100 N/20 mm. Further, the total light transmittance (in accordance with JIS K7361-1) of the transparent adhesive is preferably 90% or more, from the viewpoint of the appearance of the touch panel.

    [0087] Examples of the transparent adhesive include heat curable adhesives and UV curable adhesives. Examples of the heat curable transparent adhesive having a refractive index of from 1.46 to 1.52 include copolymers composed, as constituent monomers, of an alkyl (meth)acrylate(s) having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a (meth)acrylate(s) containing a hydroxyl group, and/or a (meth)acrylic acid derivative(s) containing a carboxyl group; and heat curable adhesives containing a multifunctional isocyanate compound and/or a multifunctional epoxy compound. Examples of the UV curable transparent adhesive having a refractive index of from 1.46 to 1.52 include UV curable adhesives composed principally of a monofunctional or multifunctional (meth)acrylate monomer and/or oligomer, and a photopolymerization initiator.

    [0088] As the transparent adhesive as described above, an OCA (Optical Clear Adhesive) material (common name for heat curable adhesives) or an OCR (Optical Clear Adhesive Resin) material (common name for UV curable adhesives), used to paste various types of substrates together, can be used. Further, for the transparent adhesive thin film (IV) formed from the transparent adhesive as described above, an adhesive contained in a commercially available multifunctional film such as a shatterproof film can be used.

    [0089] Examples of the commercially available OCA material capable of forming transparent adhesive thin film (IV) include 8171CL, 8172CL, 8146-1 and 8146-2 (all four manufactured by Sumitomo 3M Limited); CS9622T, CS9621T and CS9070 (all three manufactured by Nitto Denko Corporation); TE-9000, TE-7000, TE-8500 and DA-5000H (all four manufactured by Hitachi Chemical Co., Ltd.); and MO-3010 and MO-T010 (both manufactured by Lintec Corporation). Examples of the commercially available OCR material capable of forming transparent adhesive thin film (IV) include XV-SV-B1 and XV-7811 (both manufactured by Panasonic Corporation); and UVP-1003, UVP-1100, UVP-7100 and UVP-7000 (all four manufactured by Toagosei Co., Ltd.). Examples of the commercially available multifunctional film with transparent adhesive capable of forming transparent adhesive thin film (IV) include HA-110, HA-115, HA-116 and HA-203 (all four manufactured by Lintec Corporation), widely used as a shatterproof film; and HC1100F-BP and HC2120F-BP (both manufactured by DIC Corporation).

    [0090] Examples of the application of the substrate of the present invention include resistive type touch panels, capacitive type touch panels, and TFT substrates. It is preferred that the substrate be used in a capacitive type touch panel, more preferably, in a cover glass integrated-capacitive type touch panel.

    EXAMPLES



    [0091] The present invention will now be described in detail with reference to the following Examples and Comparative Examples. However, the aspects of the present invention are not limited thereto.

    [0092] (Synthesis Example 1): Synthesis of hydroxyl group-containing diamine compound A 18.3g (0.05 mol) quantity of 2,2-bis(3-amino-4-hydroxyphenyl)hexafluoropropane (hereinafter, referred to as "BAHF"; manufactured by Central Glass Co., Ltd.) was dissolved in 100 mL of acetone and 17.4g (0.3 mol) of propylene oxide (manufactured by Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.), followed by cooling to -15 °C. To the resultant, a solution obtained by dissolving 20.4g (0.11 mol) of 3-nitrobenzoyl chloride (manufactured by Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.) in 100 mL of acetone was added dropwise. After the completion of the dropwise addition, the resultant was stirred for 4 hours at -15 °C, and then the temperature was elevated to room temperature. The deposited white solids were separated by filtration, and vacuum dried at 50 °C.

    [0093] Into a 300 mL stainless steel autoclave, 30 g of the resulting white solids were charged. The solids were then dispersed in 250 mL of methyl cellosolve, and 2 g of 5% palladium-carbon (manufactured by Wako Pure Chemical Industries, Ltd.) was added. To the resultant, hydrogen was introduced by a balloon, followed by a reduction reaction at room temperature. After approximately 2 hours, it was confirmed that the balloon was no longer shriveling, and the reaction was terminated. After the completion of the reaction, the palladium compound as a catalyst was filtered off, and the resultant was concentrated using a rotatory evaporator to obtain a hydroxyl group-containing diamine compound represented by the formula below.


    (Synthesis Example 2): Synthesis of polyimide (P1)



    [0094] Under a dry nitrogen air flow, 16.5 g (0.045 mol) of BAHF was dissolved in 250 g of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (hereinafter, referred to as "NMP"). To the resultant, 15.5 g (0.05 mol) of 3,3',4,4'-diphenyl ether tetracarboxylic dianhydride (hereinafter, referred to as "ODPA"; manufactured by Manac Incorporated.) was added together with 50 g of NMP, followed by stirring at 30°C for 2 hours. Then 1.09 g (0.01 mol) of 3-aminophenol (manufactured by Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.) was added, and the stirring was continued at 40°C for 2 hours. Further, 2.5 g of pyridine (manufactured by Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.) was diluted in 15 g of toluene (manufactured by Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.), and the resultant was added to the solution. Then a condenser was attached, and while removing water and toluene out of the system, the solution was reacted for 2 hours, with the solution temperature elevated to 120°C, and reacted for another 2 hours at 180°C. The temperature of the solution was cooled to room temperature, and the solution was poured into 2 L of water. Then the precipitated polymer solids were collected by filtration. The collected polymer solids were washed 3 times with 2 L of water, and dried in a vacuum dryer at 50°C for 72 hours to obtain polyimide (P1).

    (Synthesis Example 3): Synthesis of polyimide precursor (P2)



    [0095] Under a dry nitrogen air flow, 25.7 g (0.043 mol) of hydroxyl group-containing diamine compound obtained in Synthesis Example 1 and 0.62 g (0.0025 mol) of 1,3-bis(3-aminopropyl)tetramethyldisiloxane (hereinafter, referred to as "SiDA") was dissolved in 200 g of NMP. To the resultant, 15.5 g (0.05 mol) of ODPA was added together with 50 g of NMP, followed by stirring for 2 hours at 40°C. Then 1.09 g (0.01 mol) of 3-aminophenol (manufactured by Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.) was added, followed by stirring for 2 hours at 40°C. Further, a solution obtained by diluting 3.57 g (0.03 mol) of dimethylformamide dimethyl acetal (hereinafter, referred to as "DFA"; manufactured by Mitsubishi Rayon Co., Ltd.) with 5 g of NMP was added dropwise over 10 minutes. After the dropwise addition, the stirring was continued for 2 hours at 40°C. After the completion of the stirring, the solution was poured into 2 L of water, and the precipitated polymer solids were collected by filtration. The collected polymer solids were washed 3 times with 2 L of water, and dried in a vacuum dryer at 50°C for 72 hours to obtain polyimide precursor (P2). The Mw of polyimide precursor (P2) was 30,000.

    (Synthesis Example 4): Synthesis of polybenzoxazole precursor (P3)



    [0096] Under a dry nitrogen air flow, 16.5 g (0.045 mol) of BAHF was dissolved in 50 g of NMP and 26.4 g of glycidyl methyl ether, and the temperature of the solution was lowered to -15°C. To the resultant, a solution obtained by dissolving 7.4 g (0.025 mol) of diphenyl ether dicarboxylic acid dichloride (manufactured by Nihon Nohyaku Co., Ltd.) and 5.1 g (0.025 mol) of isophthalic acid dichloride (manufactured by Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.) in 25 g of GBL was added dropwise such that the internal temperature did not exceed 0°C. After the completion of the dropwise addition, the stirring was continued for 6 hours at-15°C. After the reaction was completed, the solution was poured into 2 L of water containing 10% by weight of methanol, and the precipitated polymer solids were collected by filtration. The collected polymer solids were washed 3 times with 2 L of water, and dried in a vacuum dryer at 50°C for 72 hours to obtain.

    [0097] A 20 g quantity of the resulting polyhydroxyamide resin was dissolved in 80 g of NMP, and 0.58 g (0.0035 mol) of 2-amino-4-tert-butylphenol was added to the resultant, followed by stirring at room temperature for 2 hours. After the completion of the stirring, the solution was poured into 2L of water, and the precipitated polymer solids were collected by filtration. The collected polymer solids were washed 3 times with 2 L of water, and dried in a vacuum dryer at 50°C for 72 hours to obtain polybenzoxazole precursor (P3).

    (Synthesis Example 5): Synthesis of polyamideimide precursor (P4)



    [0098] Under a nitrogen-substituted atmosphere, 19.22 g (96.0 mmol) of 4,4'-diaminodiphenyl ether (manufactured by Seika Corporation), 0.99 g (4.0 mmol) of SiDA and 10.1 g (100.0 mmol) of triethylamine (manufactured by Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.) were dissolved in 200 g of NMP. To the resultant, 20.63 g (98.0 mmol) of trimellitic anhydride chloride dissolved in 80 g of NMP was added dropwise. After the completion of the dropwise addition, the temperature of the solution was adjusted to 30°C, followed by stirring for 4 hours to allow the reaction to proceed. The resulting polymerization solution was poured into 2 L of ion exchanged water and separated by filtration, and the resultant was washed again with pure water, to obtain powders of polyamideimide precursor (P4).

    (Synthesis Example 6): Synthesis of polyester resin solution (P5)



    [0099] A 148 g quantity of 1,1-bis(4-(2,3-epoxypropyloxy)phenyl)-3-phenylindan, 47 g of acrylic acid, 1 g of tetrabutylammonium acetate (hereinafter, referred to as "TBAA"), 2.0 g of tert-butylcatechol and 244 g of PGMEA were charged, and stirred for 5 hours at 120°C. After cooling the resultant to room temperature, 71 g of biphenyltetracarboxylic dianhydride and 1 g of TBAA were added, followed by stirring for 3 hours at 110°C. After cooling the resultant to room temperature, 9 g of tetrahydrophthalic anhydride was added, followed by stirring for 5 hours at 120°C. After the completion of the reaction, 500 g of PGMEA was added, and the reaction solution was subjected to separating extraction with 1N formic acid aqueous solution in order to remove the catalyst for addition, dried over magnesium sulfate, concentrated using a rotatory evaporator to achieve a solids concentration of 40 wt%, to obtain a polyester resin P5 (Mw = 5,000 (in terms of polystyrene)).

    (Synthesis Example 7): Synthesis of acrylic resin solution (P6)



    [0100] To a 500 mL flask, 1 g of 2, 2'-azobis(isobutyronitrile) (hereinafter, referred to as "AIBN") and 50 g of propylene glycol methyl ether acetate (hereinafter, referred to as "PGMEA") were charged. Then 26.5 g of methacrylic acid, 21.3 g of styrene and 37.7 g of tricyclo[5.2.1.02, 6]decan-8-yl methacrylate (hereinafter, referred to as "TCDMA") were charged. After stirring the resultant at room temperature for a while, interior of the flask was sufficiently replaced with nitrogen by bubbling, followed by stirring for 5 hours at 70°C. To the resulting solution, 14.6 g of glycidyl methacrylate (hereinafter, referred to as "GMA"), 1 g of dimethylbenzylamine, 0.2 g of p-methoxyphenol and 100 g of PGMEA were added, followed by stirring for 4 hours at 90°C. After the completion of the reaction, the reaction solution was subjected to separating extraction with 1N formic acid aqueous solution in order to remove the addition catalyst, dried over magnesium sulfate, and PGMEA was added to a solids concentration of 40 wt%, to obtain acrylic resin solution (P6) (Mw = 30,000 (in terms of polystyrene)).

    (Synthesis Example 8): Synthesis of acrylic resin solution (P7)



    [0101] To a 500 mL flask, 1 g of AIBN and 150 g of PGMEA were charged. Then 15.8 g of methacrylic acid, 11.5 g of styrene, 32.3 g of TCDMA, 9.4 g of t-butyl methacrylate, and 15.6 g of GMA and 23.3 g of glycerol trimethacrylate were charged. After stirring the resultant at room temperature for a while, interior of the flask was sufficiently replaced with nitrogen by bubbling, followed by stirring for 5 hours at 70°C. After the completion of the reaction, 0.2 g of p-methoxyphenol was added, and PGMEA was added to a solids concentration of 40 wt%, to obtain acrylic resin solution (P7) Mw = 15,000 (in terms of polystyrene)).

    (Synthesis Example 9): Synthesis of polysiloxane solution (P8)



    [0102] To a 500 mL flask, 47.67 g (0.35 mol) of methyltrimethoxysilyl, 39.66 g (0.20 mol) of phenyltrimethoxysilane, 82.04 g (0.35 mol) of γ-acryloylpropyltrimethoxysilane, 26.23 (0.1 mol) of 3-trimethoxysilylpropyl succinic anhydride and 195.6 g of diacetone alcohol (hereinafter, referred to as "DAA") were charged. To the resultant, an aqueous phosphoric acid solution obtained by dissolving 0.39 g of phosphoric acid (0.2 parts by weight relative to the charged monomer) in 55.8 g of water (the stoichiometric amount required for hydrolysis) was added dropwise using a dropping funnel over 10 minutes, while stirring in an oil bath controlled at 40°C. After stirring the resultant for 1 hour at 40°C, the temperature of the oil bath was controlled to 70°C and stirred for 1 hour, and then the temperature was elevated to 115°C over 30 minutes. One hour after the start of the temperature elevation, the internal temperature of the solution reached 100°C, and the solution was heated while stirring for another 2 hours (the internal temperature was from 100 to 110°C). During the reaction, methanol, which was a byproduct, and water in a total amount of 127 g were distilled out. To the resulting solution of polysiloxane in DAA, DAA was added to a polymer concentration of 40 wt%, to obtain polysiloxane solution (P8) (Mw = 4,500 (in terms of polystyrene)).

    (Synthesis Example 10): Synthesis of polysiloxane solution (P9)



    [0103] To a 500 mL flask, 27.24 g (0.20 mol) of methyltrimethoxysilane, 76.39 g (0.35 mol) of trifluoropropyltrimethoxysilane, 82.04 g (0.35 mol) of γ-acryloylpropyltrimethoxysilane, 26.23 (0.1 mol) of 3-trimethoxysilylpropyl succinic anhydride and 211.9 g of DAA were charged. To the resultant, an aqueous phosphoric acid solution obtained by dissolving 0.39 g of phosphoric acid (0.2 parts by weight relative to the charged monomer) in 55.8 g of water (the stoichiometric amount required for hydrolysis) was added dropwise using a dropping funnel over 10 minutes, while stirring in an oil bath controlled at 40°C. After stirring the resultant for 1 hour at 40°C, the temperature of the oil bath was controlled to 70°C and stirred for 1 hour, and then the temperature was elevated to 115°C over 30 minutes. One hour after the start of the temperature elevation, the internal temperature of the solution reached 100°C, and the solution was heated while stirring for another 2 hours (the internal temperature was from 100 to 110°C). During the reaction, methanol, which was a byproduct, and water in a total amount of 12 g were distilled out. To the resulting solution of polysiloxane in DAA, DAA was added to a polymer concentration of 40 wt%, to obtain polysiloxane solution (P9) (Mw = 3,000 (in terms of polystyrene)).

    (Synthesis Example 11): Synthesis of polysiloxane solution (P10)



    [0104] To a 500 mL flask, 40.86 g (0.3 mol) of methyltrimethoxysilane, 99.15 g (0.50 mol) of phenyltrimethoxysilane, 49.28 g (0.20 mol) of 2-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)ethyltrimethoxysilane and 189.29 g of DAA were charged. To the resultant, an aqueous phosphoric acid solution obtained by dissolving 0.39 g of phosphoric acid (0.2 parts by weight relative to the charged monomer) in 54.0 g of water (the stoichiometric amount required for hydrolysis) was added dropwise using a dropping funnel over 10 minutes, while stirring in an oil bath controlled at 40°C. After stirring the resultant for 1 hour at 40°C, the temperature of the oil bath was controlled to 70°C and stirred for 1 hour, and then the temperature was elevated to 115°C over 30 minutes. One hour after the start of the temperature elevation, the internal temperature of the solution reached 100°C, and the solution was heated while stirring for another 2 hours (the internal temperature was from 100 to 110°C). During the reaction, methanol, which was a byproduct, and water in a total amount of 120 g were distilled out. To the resulting DAA solution of polysiloxane, DAA was added to a polymer concentration of 40 wt%, to obtain polysiloxane solution (P10) (Mw = 4,500 (in terms of polystyrene)).

    (Preparation Example 1): Preparation of resin composition (H1)



    [0105] Under yellow light, 1.364 g of zirconia dispersion (1) (a dispersion liquid of dipentaerythritol hexaacrylate/zirconia = 3/7 (weight ratio) in PGMEA; zirconia content = 35 wt%), 0.0382 g of Irgacure OXE-02 (manufactured by BASF Japan Ltd.; ethanone,1-[9-ethyl-6-(2-methylbenzoyl)-9H-carbazole-3-yl]-,1-(0-acetyloxime)) and 0.0048 g of hydroquinone methyl ether (hereinafter, referred to as "HQME") were added, and dissolved in 9.50 g of tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol (hereinafter, referred to as "THFA") and 8.23 g of PGMEA, followed by stirring. To the resultant, 0.068 g of a 50 wt% solution of "KAYARAD (registered trademark)" DPHA (dipentaerythritol hexaacrylate; manufactured by SHINNIPPON KAYAKU) in PGMEA, 0.597 g of acrylic resin solution (P6), and 0.2000 g of a 1 wt% solution of "BYK-333 (silicone surfactant; manufactured by BYK-Chemie Japan K. K.), which is a silicone surfactant, in PGME (corresponding to concentration of 100 ppm) were added individually, followed by stirring. Filtration was then carried out using a 0.45 µm filter to obtain negative-tone photosensitive resin composition (H1).

    (Preparation Example 2): Preparation of resin composition (H2)



    [0106] Under yellow light, 1.364 g of zirconia dispersion (1), 0.0382 g of Irgacure OXE-02 and 0.0048 g of HQME were dissolved in 9.50 g of THFA and 8.347 g of PGMEA, followed by stirring. To the resultant, 0.0682 g of a 50 wt% solution of DPHA in PGMEA, 0.478 g of CR-TR5 (a 50 wt% solution of alkali soluble Cardo resin in PGMEA; manufactured by Osaka Gas Chemicals Co., Ltd.), and 0.2000 g of a 1wt% BYK-333 solution in PGMEA were added individually, followed by stirring. Filtration was then carried out using a 0.45 µm filter, to obtain negative-tone photosensitive resin composition (H2).

    (Preparation Example 3): Preparation of resin composition (H3)



    [0107] The same operation as in Preparation Example 2 was carried out except that polyester resin (P5) was used instead of CR-TR5, to obtain negative-tone photosensitive resin composition (H3).

    (Preparation Example 4): Preparation of resin composition (H4)



    [0108] Under yellow light, 1.364 g of zirconia dispersion (2) (dispersion liquid of vinyltrimethoxysilane/2-methacryloyloxy ethyl isocyanate/zirconia = 1/1/10 (weight ratio) in methyl ethyl ketone (hereinafter, referred to as "MEK"); zirconia content = 30 wt%), 0.0382 g of Irgacure OXE-02 and 0.0048 g of HQME were added, and dissolved in 9.50 g of THFA and 8.347 g of PGMEA, followed by stirring. To the resultant, 0.0682 g of a 50 wt% solution of DPHA in PGMEA, 0.478 g of CR-TR5, and 0.2000 g of a 1 wt% solution of BYK-333 in PGMEA were added individually, followed by stirring. Filtration was then carried out using a 0.45 µm filter, to obtain negative-tone photosensitive resin composition (H4).

    (Preparation Example 5): Preparation of resin composition (H5)



    [0109] The same operation as in Preparation Example 4 was carried out except that polyester resin (P5) was used instead of CR-TR5, to obtain negative-tone photosensitive resin composition (H5).

    (Preparation Example 6): Preparation of resin composition (H6)



    [0110] The same operation as in Preparation Example 4 was carried out except that "SZR-K" (zirconia MEK dispersion liquid; zirconia content = 30 wt%; manufactured by Sakai Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.) was used instead of zirconia dispersion (2), to obtain negative-tone photosensitive resin composition (H6).

    (Preparation Example 7): Preparation of resin composition (H7)



    [0111] The same operation as in Preparation Example 5 was carried out except that "SZR-K" was used instead of zirconia dispersion (2), to obtain negative-tone photosensitive resin composition (H7).

    (Preparation Example 8): Preparation of resin composition (H8)



    [0112] Under yellow light, 1.592 g of TR-513 (titanium dioxide γ-butyrolactone dispersion liquid; solids concentration = 30 wt%; manufactured by JGC C&C), 0.0382 g of Irgacure OXE-02 and 0.0048 g of HQME were added, and dissolved in 9.14 g of DAA and 7.95 g of γ-butyrolactone (hereinafter, referred to as "GBL"), followed by stirring. To the resultant, 0.478 g of a 50 wt% solution of DPHA in PGMEA, 0.597 g of siloxane solution (P8), and 0.2000 g of a 1wt% solution of BYK-333 in PGMEA were added individually, followed by stirring. Filtration was then carried out using a 0.45 µm filter, to obtain negative-tone photosensitive resin composition (H8).

    (Preparation Example 9): Preparation of resin composition (H9)



    [0113] Under yellow light, 1.663 g of TR-513, 5.70 g of ethyl lactate (hereinafter, referred to as "EL") and 11.94 g of GBL were added, followed by stirring. To the resultant, 0.150 g of TP5-280M (manufactured by Toyo Gosei Co., Ltd.; 5-naphthoquinonediazide sulfonic acid ester compound of TrisP-PA (manufactured by Honshu Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.)), 0.349 g of polyimide precursor (P2), and 0.2000 g of a 1 wt% solution of BYK-333 in PGMEA were added individually, and the resultant was stirred until dissolved. Filtration was then carried out using a 0.45 µm filter, to obtain positive-tone photosensitive resin composition (H9).

    (Preparation Example 10): Preparation of resin composition (H10)



    [0114] Under yellow light, 0.0382 g of Irgacure OXE-02 and 0.0048 g of HQME were added, and dissolved in 9.50 g of THFA and 8.35 g of PGMEA, followed by stirring. To the resultant, 0.287 g of EA-0250P (a 50 wt% solution of 9,9-bis[4-(2-acryloyloxyethoxy)phenyl]fluorene in PGMEA; solids concentration = 50 wt%; manufactured by Osaka Gas Chemicals Co., Ltd.), 0.669 g of a 50 wt% solution of DPHA in PGMEA, 0.995 g of CR-TR5, and 0.2000 g of a 1 wt% solution of BYK-333 in PGMEA were added individually, followed by stirring. Filtration was then carried out using a 0.45 µm filter, to obtain negative-tone photosensitive resin composition (H10).

    (Preparation Example 11): Preparation of resin composition (H11)



    [0115] Under yellow light, 0.0382 g of Irgacure OXE-02, 0.0048 g of HQME and 0.478 g of polyimide (P1) were added, and dissolved in 9.50 g of GBL and 8.35 g of PGMEA, followed by stirring. To the resultant, 0.287 g of EA-0250P, 0.669 g of a 50 wt% solution of DPHA in PGMEA, and 0.2000 g of a 1 wt% solution of BYK-333 in PGMEA were added individually, followed by stirring. Filtration was then carried out using a 0.45 µm filter, to obtain negative-tone photosensitive resin composition-(H11).

    (Preparation Example 12): Preparation of resin composition (H12)



    [0116] Under yellow light, 0.150 g of TP5-280M, 0.843 g of polyimide (P1), 5.70 g of EL, 13.10 g of GBL, and 0.2000 g of a 1 wt% solution of BYK-333 in PGMEA were added individually, and the resultant was stirred until dissolved. Filtration was then carried out using a 0.45 µm filter, to obtain positive-tone photosensitive resin composition (H12).

    (Preparation Example 13): Preparation of resin composition (H13)



    [0117] The same operation as in Preparation Example 13 was carried out except that polyimide precursor (P2) was used instead of polyimide (P1), to obtain positive-tone photosensitive resin composition (H13).

    (Preparation Example 14): Preparation of resin composition (H14)



    [0118] The same operation as in Preparation Example 13 was carried out except that polybenzoxazole precursor (P3) was used instead of polyimide (P1), to obtain positive-tone photosensitive resin composition (H14).

    (Preparation Example 15): Preparation of resin composition (H15)



    [0119] The same operation as in Preparation Example 13 was carried out except that polyamideimide precursor (P4) was used instead of polyimide (P1), to obtain positive-tone photosensitive resin composition (H15).

    (Preparation Example 16): Preparation of resin composition (H16)



    [0120] The same operation as in Preparation Example 13 was carried out except that CR-TR5 was used instead of polyimide (P1), to obtain positive-tone photosensitive resin composition (H16).

    (Preparation Example 17): Preparation of resin composition (H17)



    [0121] The same operation as in Preparation Example 13 was carried out except that polyester resin (P5) was used instead of polyimide (P1), to obtain positive-tone photosensitive resin composition (H17).

    (Preparation Example 18): Preparation of resin composition (H18)



    [0122] A 0.998 g quantity of polyimide precursor (P2), 5.70 g of EL, 13.10 g of GBL, and 0.2000 g of a 1 wt% solution of BYK-333 in PGMEA were added individually, and the resultant was stirred until dissolved. Filtration was then carried out using a 0.45 µm filter, to obtain non-photosensitive resin composition (H18).

    (Preparation Example 19): Preparation of resin composition (H19)



    [0123] The same operation as in Preparation Example 18 was carried out except that polybenzoxazole precursor (P3) was used instead of polyimide precursor (P2), to obtain non-photosensitive resin composition (H17).

    (Preparation Example 20): Preparation of resin composition (H20)



    [0124] The same operation as in Preparation Example 18 was carried out except that polyamideimide precursor (P4) was used instead of polyimide precursor (P2), to obtain non-photosensitive resin composition (H20).

    (Preparation Example 21): Preparation of resin composition (H21)



    [0125] A 0.5 g quantity of polystyrene (Mn = 125,000 to 200,000; manufactured by Wako Pure Chemical Industries, Ltd.) was dissolved in 9.300 g of toluene, and 0.200 g of a 1wt% solution of BYK-333 in toluene was added to the resultant, followed by stirring. Filtration was then carried out using a 0.45 µm filter, to obtain resin composition (H21).

    (Preparation Example 22): Preparation of resin composition (H22)



    [0126] A 0.5 g quantity of 9,9-bis[4-(2-glycidyloxyethoxy)phenyl]fluorene (EG-200; manufactured by Osaka Gas Chemicals Co., Ltd.) was dissolved in 9.300 g of PGMEA, and 0.02 g of SI-200 (thermal acid generator; manufactured by Sanshin Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.) and 0.200 g of a 1wt% solution of BYK-333 in PGMEA were added individually, followed by stirring. Filtration was then carried out using a 0.45 µm filter, to obtain resin composition (H22).

    (Preparation Example 23): Preparation of resin composition (H23)



    [0127] Under yellow light, 8.200 g of zirconia dispersion (1), 0.2296 g of Irgacure OXE-02 and 0.0048 g of HQME were added, and dissolved in 7.00 g of THFA and 1.062 g of PGMEA, followed by stirring. To the resultant, 0.4100 g of a 50 wt% solution of DPHA in PGMEA, 2.870 g of CR-TR5, and 0.2000 g of a 1 wt% solution of BYK-333 in PGMEA were added individually, followed by stirring. Filtration was then carried out using a 0.45 µm filter, to obtain negative-tone photosensitive resin composition (H23).

    (Preparation Example 24): Preparation of resin composition (M1)



    [0128] Under yellow light, 0.0382 g of Irgacure OXE-02 and 0.0048 g of HQME were added, and dissolved in 9.50 g of GBL and 8.10 g of PGMEA, followed by stirring. To the resultant, 0.955 g of a 50 wt% solution of DPHA in PGMEA, 1.194 g of acrylic resin solution (P6), and 0.2000 g of a 1 wt% solution of BYK-333 in PGMEA were added individually, followed by stirring. Filtration was then carried out using a 0.45 µm filter, to obtain negative-tone photosensitive resin composition (M1).

    (Preparation Example 25): Preparation of resin composition (M2)



    [0129] The same operation as in Preparation Example 20 was carried out except that acrylic resin solution (P7) was used instead of acrylic resin solution (P6), to obtain Negative-type photosensitive resin composition (M2).

    (Preparation Example 26): Preparation of resin composition (M3)



    [0130] Under yellow light, 0.900 g of TP5-280M was added, and dissolved in 6.15 g of PGMEA, followed by stirring. To the resultant, 12.75 g of acrylic resin solution (P6), and 0.2000 g of a 1 wt% solution of BYK-333 in PGMEA were added individually, followed by stirring. Filtration was then carried out using a 0.45 µm filter, to obtain positive-tone photosensitive resin composition (M3).

    (Preparation Example 27): Preparation of resin composition (M4)



    [0131] The same operation as in Preparation Example 22 was carried out except that acrylic resin solution (P7) was used instead of acrylic resin solution (P6), to obtain positive-tone photosensitive resin composition (M4).

    (Preparation Example 28): Preparation of resin composition (M5)



    [0132] Under yellow light, 0.2843 g of Irgacure OXE-01 and 0.0284 g of HQME were added, and dissolved in 2.74 g of DAA and 3.96 g of PGMEA, followed by stirring. To the resultant, 5.68 g of a 50 wt% solution of DPHA in PGMEA, 7.106 g of polysiloxane solution (P8), and 0.2000 g of a 1 wt% solution of BYK-333 in PGMEA were added individually, followed by stirring. Filtration was then carried out using a 0.45 µm filter, to obtain negative-tone photosensitive resin composition (M5).

    (Preparation Example 29): Preparation of resin composition (M6)



    [0133] The same operation as in Preparation Example 24 was carried out except that polysiloxane solution (P9) was used instead of polysiloxane solution (P8), to obtain negative-tone photosensitive resin composition (M6).

    (Preparation Example 30): Preparation of resin composition (M7)



    [0134] Under yellow light, 0.900 g of TP5-280M was added, and dissolved in 0.7526 g of DAA and 5.40 g of PGMEA, followed by stirring. To the resultant, 12.75 g of polysiloxane solution (P10) and 0.2000 g of a 1 wt% solution of BYK-333 in PGMEA were added individually, followed by stirring. Filtration was then carried out using a 0.45 µm filter, to obtain positive-tone photosensitive resin composition (M7).

    (Preparation Example 31): Preparation of resin composition (M8)



    [0135] Under yellow light, 3.333 g of the resin composition (M1) prepared in Preparation Example 20, and 16.777 g of PGMEA were added individually, followed by stirring. Filtration was then carried out using a 0.45 µm filter, to obtain negative-tone photosensitive resin composition (M8).

    [0136] The compositions of the resin compositions obtained in Preparation Examples 1 to 31 are shown in Table 1.
    [Table 1]
     Resin CompositionResin ComponentMetal Oxide ParticlesPhotosensitive ComponentsOther AdditivesSolids Concentration
    Preparation Example 1 H1 P6 (25) Zirconia Dispersion (1) (50) OXE-02 (4), DPHA (25) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    Preparation Example 2 H2 CR-TR5 (25) Zirconia Dispersion (1) (50) OXE-02 (4), DPHA (25) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    Preparation Example 3 H3 P5 (25) Zirconia Dispersion (1) (50) OXE-02 (4), DPHA (25) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    Preparation Example 4 H4 CR-TR5 (25) Zirconia Dispersion (2) (50) OXE-02 (4), DPHA (25) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    Preparation Example 5 H5 P5(25) Zirconia Dispersion (2) (50) OXE-02 (4), DPHA (25) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    Preparation Example 6 H6 CR-TR5 (25) SZR-K (50) OXE-02 (4), DPHA (25) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    Preparation Example 7 H7 P5 (25) SZR-K (50) OXE-02 (4), DPHA (25) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    Preparation Example 8 H8 P8 (25) TR-513 (50) OXE-02 (4), DPHA (25) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    Preparation Example 9 H9 P2 (35) TR-513 (50) TP5-280M (15) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    Preparation Example 10 H10 CR-TR5 (50)   OXE-02 (4), DPHA (35), EA-0250P (15) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    Preparation Example 11 H11 P1 (50)   OXE-02 (4), DPHA (35), EA-0250P (15) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    Preparation Example 12 H12 P1 (100)   TP5-280M (15) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    Preparation Example 13 H13 P2 (100)   TP5-280M (15) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    Preparation Example 14 H14 P3 (100)   TP5-280M (15) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    Preparation Example 15 H15 P4 (100)   TP5-280M (15) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    Preparation Example 16 H16 CR-TR5 (100)   TP5-280M (15) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    Preparation Example 17 H17 P5 (100)   TP5-280M (15) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    Preparation Example 18 H18 P2 (100)     BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    Preparation Example 19 H19 P3 (100)     BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    Preparation Example 20 H20 P4 (100)     BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    Preparation Example 21 H21 Polystyrene (100)     BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    Preparation Example 22 H22 EG-200 (100)     BYK-333 (100 ppm) SI-200 (2) 5%
    Preparation Example 23 H23 CR-TR5 (25) Zirconia Dispersion (1) (50) OXE-02 (4), DPHA (25) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 30%
    Preparation Example 24 M1 P6 (50)   OXE-01 (5), DPHA (50) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 30%
    Preparation Example 25 M2 P7 (50)   OXE-01 (5), DPHA (50) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 30%
    Preparation Example 26 M3 P6 (100)   TP5-280M (15) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 30%
    Preparation Example 27 M4 P7 (100)   TP5-280M (15) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 30%
    Preparation Example 28 M5 P6 (50)   OXE-01 (5), DPHA (50) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 30%
    Preparation Example 29 M6 P7 (50)   OXE-01 (5), DPHA (50) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 30%
    Preparation Example 30 M7 P6 (100)   TP5-280M (15) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 30%
    Preparation Example 31 M8 P6 (50)   OXE-01 (5), DPHA (50) BYK-333 (100 ppm) 5%
    ( ) Values inside brackets represent values in parts by weight. Note that, however, as for diluents, values of solid content are shown.


    [0137] The evaluation methods for each of Examples and Comparative Examples are shown below. The constitutions and the results of Examples 1 to 20 and Comparative Examples 1 to 4 are shown in Table 2 or Table 3.
    [Table 2]
     Substrate(I)(II)(II)Number of Exposure and DevelopmentITO Pattern VisibilityPCT
    ITO Film Thickness (nm)Resin CompositionRefractive IndexFilm Thickness (nm)Resin compositionRefractive IndexFilm Thickness (nm)Region without Transparent Adhesive Thin Film (IV)Region with Transparent Adhesive Thin Film (IV)
    Example 1 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H1 1.60 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 6 8 10
    Example 2 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H2 1.66 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 7 10 10
    Example 3 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H3 1.65 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 7 10 10
    Example 4 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H4 1.66 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 7 10 10
    Example 5 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H5 1.65 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 7 10 10
    Example 6 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H6 1.66 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 7 10 10
    Example 7 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H7 1.65 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 7 10 10
    Example 8 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H8 1.65 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 7 10 10
    Example 9 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H9 1.78 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 6 9 10
    Example 10 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H10 1.59 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 6 9 10
    Example 11 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H11 1.59 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 6 9 10
    Example 12 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H12 1.63 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 7 10 10
    Example 13 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H13 1.63 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 7 10 10
    Example 14 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H14 1.65 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 7 10 10
    Example 15 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H15 1.65 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 7 10 10
    Example 16 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H16 1.63 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 7 10 10
    Example 17 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H17 1.61 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 6 9 10
    Example 18 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H18 1.63 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 1 7 10 10
    Example 19 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H19 1.65 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 1 7 10 10
    Example 20 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H20 1.65 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 1 7 10 10
    Example 21 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H21 1.58 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5   6 8 10
    Example 22 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H22 1.62 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5   7 10 10
    Example 23 PET 50 H2 1.66 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 7 10  
    Example 24 PET 50 H7 1.65 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 7 10  
    Example 25 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H2 1.66 0.10 M1 1.52 0.7 2 6 8 7
    Example 26 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H7 1.65 0.10 M1 1.52 0.7 2 6 8 7
    Example 27 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H2 1.66 0.10 M1 1.52 5 2 8 10 10
    Example 28 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H7 1.65 0.10 M1 1.52 5 2 8 10 10
    Example 29 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H2 1.66 0.10 M1 1.52 10 2 9 10 10
    Example 30 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H7 1.65 0.10 M1 1.52 10 2 9 10 10
    [Table 3]
     Substrate(I)(II)(II)Number of Exposure and DevelopmentITO Pattern VisibilityPCT
    ITO Film Thickness (nm)Resin CompositionRefractive IndexFilm Thickness (nm)Resin compositionRefractive IndexFilm Thickness (nm)Region without Transparent Adhesive Thin Film (IV)Region with Transparent Adhesive Thin Film (IV)
    Example 31 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H2 1.66 0.10 M1 1.52 15 2 10 10 10
    Example 32 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H7 1.65 0.10 M1 1.52 15 2 10 10 10
    Example 33 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H2 1.66 0.25 M1 1.52 2.5 2 6 9 10
    Example 34 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H7 1.65 0.25 M1 1.52 2.5 2 6 9 10
    Example 35 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H2 1.66 0.10 M2 1.53 2.5 2 7 10 10
    Example 36 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H7 1.65 0.10 M2 1.53 2.5 2 7 10 10
    Example 37 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H2 1.66 0.10 M3 1.54 2.5 2 7 9 10
    Example 38 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H7 1.65 0.10 M3 1.54 2.5 2 7 9 10
    Example 39 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H2 1.66 0.10 M4 1.55 2.5 2 7 8 10
    Example 40 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H7 1.65 0.10 M4 1.55 2.5 2 7 8 10
    Example 41 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H2 1.66 0.10. M5 1.50 2.5 2 7 10 7
    Example 42 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H7 1.65 0.10 M5 1.50 2.5 2 7 10 7
    Example 43 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H2 1.66 0.10 M6 1.47 2.5 2 9 9 7
    Example 44 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H7 1.65 0.10 M6 1.47 2.5 2 9 9 7
    Example 45 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H2 1.66 0.10 M7 1.55 2.5 2 7 8 7
    Example 46 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H7 1.65 0.10 M7 1.55 2.5 2 7 8 7
    Example 47 Chemically Tempered Glass 100 H2 1.66 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 7 10 10
    Example 48 Chemically Tempered Glass 100 H7 1.65 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 7 10 10
    Example 49 Chemically Tempered Glass 150 H2 1.66 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 6 10 10
    Example 50 Chemically Tempered Glass 150 H7 1.65 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 6 10 10
    Comparative Example 1 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H2 1.66 0.10         1 10 1
    Comparative Example 2 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H7 1.65 0.10         1 10 1
    Comparative Example 3 Chemically Tempered Glass 50       M1 1.52 2.5   3 3 10
    Comparative Example 4 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H2 1.66 0.50 M1 1.52 2.5 2 4 5 10
    Comparative Example 5 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H7 1.65 0.50 M1 1.52 2.5 2 4 5 10
    Comparative Example 6 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H2 1.66 0.001 M1 1.52 2.5 2 3 3 10
    Comparative Example 7 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H7 1.65 0.001 M1 1.52 2.5 2 3 3 10
    Comparative Example 8 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 M8 1.52 0.10 M1 1.52 2.5 2 3 3 10
    Comparative Example 9 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H1 1.60 0.10 H23 1.66 2.5 2 5 5 10
    Comparative Example 10 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H2 1.66 0.10 M1 1.52 0.5 2 2 10 3
    Comparative Example 11 Chemically Tempered Glass 50 H7 1.65 0.10 M1 1.52 0.5 2 2 10 3

    (Example 1)


    (1) Preparation of patterned ITO



    [0138] ITO having a film thickness of 50 nm was sputtered on a 1.1 mm-thick, chemically tempered glass substrate, and then the resultant was spin coated with a positive-tone photoresist (OFPR-800; manufactured by Tokyo Ohka Kogyo., Ltd.) using a spin coater (1H-360S; manufactured by MIKASA CO., LTD.), followed by prebaking at 100°C for 2 minutes using a hot plate (SCW-636; manufactured by Dainippon Screen Mfg. Co., Ltd.). The obtained prebaked film was exposed to 1000 J/m2 of light with a 100 µm gap through a mask, using PLA and using a ultra-high pressure mercury lamp as a light source. The resultant was then subjected to shower development for 90 seconds with aqueous 2.38 wt % tetramethylammonium hydroxide (hereinafter, referred to as "TMAH") solution, using an automatic processor (AD-2000; manufactured by Takizawa Co., Ltd.), followed by rinsing with water for 30 seconds, to carry out patterning. Then ITO was etched with a HCl-HNO3-based etchant, followed by removing the photoresist with a stripping solution, to prepare a glass substrate having ITO (reference numeral 2 in Figure 1 and Figure 2) with which parts of first electrodes and second electrodes perpendicular to the first electrodes were patterned (corresponding to "a" in Figure 1). The ITO pattern was designed such that the distance between the patterns was 40 µm.

    (2) Preparation of transparent insulating film



    [0139] A negative-tone photosensitive resin composition NS-E2000 (manufactured by Toray Industries, Inc.) was spin coated on the glass substrate obtained in (1), followed by prebaking at 90°C for 2 minutes using a hot plate. The obtained prebaked film was exposed to 2000 J/m2 of light through a mask, with a 100 µm gap. Then the resultant was subjected to shower development with aqueous 0.4 wt% TMAH solution for 90 seconds, followed by rinsing with water for 30 seconds. The resultant was then cured in air at 230°C for 1 hour to prepare a transparent insulating film (reference numeral 3 in Figure 1 and Figure 2) having a film thickness of 1.5 µm (corresponding to "b" in Figure 1).

    (3) Preparation of molybdenum /aluminium / molybdenum (MAM) wiring



    [0140] The same procedure as in the above described (1) was carried out except that molybdenum and aluminium were used as targets on the glass substrate obtained in (2), and a mixed solution of H3PO4/HNO3/CH3COOH/H2O = 65/3/5/27 (weight ratio) was used as an etchant, to prepare a MAM wiring (reference numeral 4 in Figure 1 and Figure 2) (corresponding to "c" in Figure 1). The film thickness of MAM was adjusted to 250 nm.

    (4) Formation of organic thin film (II)



    [0141] The glass substrate obtained in (3) was spin coated with the resin composition (H1) obtained in Preparation Example 1, followed by prebaking at 90°C for 2 minutes using a hot plate. The obtained prebaked film was exposed to 2000 J/m2 of light through a mask, with a 100 µm gap. The resultant was then subjected to shower development with aqueous 0.4 wt% TMAH solution for 90 seconds, followed by rinsing with water for 30 seconds. The resultant was then cured in air at 230°C for 1 hour to prepare a cured film (reference numeral 5 in Figure 2) having a film thickness of 0.10 µm, which corresponds to organic thin film (II).

    (5) Formation of organic thin film (III)



    [0142] The glass substrate obtained in (4) was spin coated with the resin composition (M1) obtained in Preparation Example 20, followed by prebaking at 110°C for 2 minutes using a hot plate. The obtained prebaked film was exposed to 2000 J/m2 of light through a mask, with a 100 µm gap. The resultant was then subjected to shower development with aqueous 0.4 wt% TMAH solution for 90 seconds, followed by rinsing with water for 30 seconds. The resultant was then cured in air at 230°C for 1 hour to prepare a cured film having a film thickness of 2.50 µm, which corresponds to organic thin film (III) layer.

    (6) Pasting film with transparent adhesive



    [0143] A PET film (HA-116; manufactured by Lintec Corporation, the refractive index of the adhesive = 1.47) having an adhesive on one surface and a hard coat on the other surface was pasted on one region of the glass substrate obtained in (5), with care to eliminate air bubbles.

    (7) Evaluation of ITO pattern visibility



    [0144] The ITO pattern visibility from the back surface side of the glass substrate obtained in (6) was evaluated in the following 10 grades. Those evaluated as grade 6 or above were defined as "pass".

    10: The pattern is totally invisible by gazing at 5 cm under a white fluorescent lamp.

    9: The pattern is slightly visible by gazing at 5 cm under a white fluorescent lamp.

    8: The pattern is a little visible by gazing at 5 cm under a white fluorescent lamp.

    7: The pattern is clearly visible by gazing at 5 cm under a white fluorescent lamp.

    6: The pattern is slightly visible by regular visual observation at 5 cm under a white fluorescent lamp.

    5: The pattern is a little visible by regular visual observation at 5 cm under a white fluorescent lamp.

    4: The pattern is clearly visible by regular visual observation at 5 cm under a white fluorescent lamp.

    3: The pattern is slightly visible by regular visual observation under a room light.

    2: The pattern is a little visible by regular visual observation under a room light.

    1: The pattern is clearly visible by regular visual observation under a room light.


    (8) Corrosivity evaluation of base metal by PCT (pressure cooker test)



    [0145] After forming a 2-layered cured film on a glass having MAM on its entire surface as a base metal using the methods described in the above mentioned (4) and (5), the resultant was tested by being left in an oven (HAST CHAMBERE EHS-221MD; manufactured by Espec Corp.) at a temperature of 121°C, a humidity of 100%, and an air pressure of 2 atm for 20 hours, and then visually evaluated for the proportion of the area occupied by discoloration defects due to the corrosion of MAM beneath the cured film, in the following 11 grades. Those evaluated as grade 7 or above were defined as "pass".

    10: The proportion of the discolored area of MAM beneath the cured film is 0%. No change in the appearance of the cured film itself.

    9: The proportion of the discolored area of MAM beneath the cured film is from 1 to 3%. No change in the appearance of the cured film itself.

    8: The proportion of the discolored area of MAM beneath the cured film is from 4 to 6%. No change in the appearance of the cured film itself.

    7: The proportion of the discolored area of MAM beneath the cured film is from 7 to 9%. No change in the appearance of the cured film itself.

    6: The proportion of the discolored area of MAM beneath the cured film is from 10 to 15%. No change in the appearance of the cured film itself.

    5: The proportion of the discolored area of MAM beneath the cured film is from 16 to 20%. No change in the appearance of the cured film itself.

    4: The proportion of the discolored area of MAM beneath the cured film is from 21 to 30%. No change in the appearance of the cured film itself.

    3: The proportion of the discolored area of MAM beneath the cured film is from 31 to 50%. No change in the appearance of the cured film itself.

    2: The proportion of the discolored area of MAM beneath the cured film is from 51 to 70%. No change in the appearance of the cured film itself.

    1: The proportion of the discolored area of MAM beneath the cured film is from 71 to 100%. No change in the appearance of the cured film itself.

    0: The proportion of the discolored area of MAM beneath the cured film is 100%. In addition, discoloration, cracks and the like occurred in the cured film itself.


    (Examples 2 to 17 and Examples 25 to 50)



    [0146] Substrates were prepared and evaluated in the same manner as described in Example 1, based on the constitutions shown in Table 2 or Table 3. It should be noted, however, that in the step of forming organic thin film (II) in Example 9 and in Examples 11 to 15, aqueous 2.38 wt% TMAH solution was used as a developer.

    (Examples 18 to 20)



    [0147] Substrates were prepared and evaluated in the same manner as described in Example 1 except that the preparation of the resin composition was carried out only up to the prebaking in the step of forming organic thin film (II), and proceeded to the step of forming organic thin film (III) layer.

    (Examples 21 and 22)



    [0148] Substrates were prepared and evaluated in the same manner as described in Example 1, except that the formation of organic thin film (II) containing no alkali-soluble group was performed according to the following procedure.

    (4) Formation of organic thin film (II)



    [0149] Apiece of cellophane tape was pasted in advance, on a region where organic thin film (II) was not formed, at the edge of the each of the glass substrates obtained in (3), respectively. The resin composition (H14) or (H15) obtained in Preparation Example 14 or 15 was then spin coated on each of the glass substrates, followed by prebaking at 90°C for 2 minutes using a hot plate. Then each piece of cellophane tape was peeled off. The resultants were then cured in air at 230°C for 1 hour to prepare cured films (reference numeral 5 in Figure 2) having a film thickness of 0.10 µm, which correspond to organic thin film (II).

    (Examples 23 and 24)


    (1) Preparation of patterned ITO



    [0150] The same procedure as described in Example 1 was repeated except that 0.2 mm-thick polyethylene terephthalate (PET) substrates were used to prepare patterned ITOs. It should be noted, however, that a bar coater was used for coating the photoresist, an oven was used for prebaking, and 5 wt% oxalic acid aqueous solution was used as an etchant.

    (2) Formation of organic thin film (II)



    [0151] The resin composition (H2) or (H7) obtained in Preparation Example 2 or 7 was coated on each of the PET substrates obtained in (1) using a bar coater, followed by prebaking at 90°C for 10 minutes in an oven. Each of the obtained prebaked films was exposed to 2000 J/m2 of light through a mask, with a 100 µm gap. Then shower development was performed with aqueous 0.4 wt% TMAH solution for 90 seconds, followed by rinsing with water for 30 seconds. The resultants were then cured in air at 130°C for 1 hour to prepare cured films having a film thickness of 0.10 µm, which correspond to layer (II).

    (3) Formation of organic thin film (III)



    [0152] The resin composition (M2) obtained in Preparation Example 20 was coated on each of the PET substrates obtained in (2) using a bar coater, followed by prebaking at 90°C for 10 minutes in an oven. Each of the obtained prebaked films was exposed to 2000 J/m2 of light through a mask, with a 100 µm gap. Then shower development was performed with aqueous 0.4 wt% TMAH solution for 90 seconds, followed by rinsing with water for 30 seconds. The resultants were then cured in air at 130°C for 1 hour to prepare cured films having a film thickness of 2.5 µm, which correspond to layer (III).

    [0153] A PET film having an adhesive on one surface and a hard coat on the other surface (HA-116; manufactured by Lintec Corporation) was pasted, respectively, on one region of the each of the PET substrates obtained in (3), with care to eliminate air bubbles.

    (5) Evaluation of the ITO pattern visibility



    [0154] The pattern visibility from the back surface side of the PET substrates obtained in (4) was evaluated in the same manner as described in Example 1.

    (Comparative Example 1)



    [0155] A substrate was prepared and evaluated in the same manner as described in Example 1, except that the resin composition (H2) was used in the step of forming organic thin film (II), and that the step of forming organic thin film (III) was not performed.

    (Comparative Example 2)



    [0156] A substrate was prepared and evaluated in the same manner as described in Example 1, except that the resin composition (H7) was used in the step of forming organic thin film (II), and that the step of forming organic thin film (III) was not performed.

    (Comparative Example 3)



    [0157] A substrate was prepared and evaluated in the same manner as described in Example 1, except that that the step of forming organic thin film (II) was not performed.

    (Comparative Examples 4 to 11)



    [0158] Substrates were prepared and evaluated in the same manner as described in Example 1, based on the constitution shown in Table 3.

    DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS



    [0159] 
    1. 1: Transparent ground substrate
    2. 2: ITO thin film (I)
    3. 3: Insulating film
    4. 4: MAM wiring
    5. 5: Organic thin film (II)
    6. 6: Organic thin film (III)

    INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY



    [0160] The substrate of the present invention can be used in resistive type touch panels, capacitive type touch panels and the like.


    Claims

    1. A substrate comprising a region where thin films are laminated on a transparent ground substrate, which thin films are, in the order mentioned from the upper surface of the substrate,
    an indium tin oxide thin film (I);
    an organic thin film (II) having a film thickness of from 0.01 to 0.4 µm and a refractive index of from 1.58 to 1.85; and
    an organic thin film (III) having a film thickness of from 0.7 to 20 µm and a refractive index of from 1.46 to 1.56,
    wherein said organic thin film (II) contains a resin selected from the group consisting of polyimides, Cardo resins, acrylic resins, polysiloxanes, polybenzoxazoles, phenol resins, polyamideimides, polyethersulfones, polyurethanes, polyesters, polyimide precursors, polyamideimide precursors and polybenzoxazole precursors.
     
    2. The substrate according to claim 1, comprising on the upper surface of said organic thin film (III) a region where a transparent adhesive thin film (IV) having a refractive index of from 1.46 to 1.52 is laminated.
     
    3. The substrate according to claim 1 or 2, wherein said organic thin film (II) contains metal oxide particles.
     
    4. The substrate according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein said organic thin film (II) comprises an alkali-soluble group.
     
    5. The substrate according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the material of said organic thin film (III) is an acrylic resin or a polysiloxane.
     
    6. The substrate according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein said transparent ground substrate is a tempered glass substrate.
     
    7. A touch panel member using the substrate according to any one of claims 1 to 6.
     
    8. A method for producing the substrate according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein said organic thin film (II) and said organic thin film (III) are collectively obtained by patterning by a single exposure and development.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Substrat, umfassend einen Bereich, an dem Dünnschichten auf ein transparentes Grundsubstrat laminiert sind, wobei die Dünnschichten in der von der oberen Fläche des Substrats aus genannten Reihenfolge

    eine Indiumzinnoxid-Dünnschicht (I);

    eine organische Dünnschicht (II) mit einer Schichtdicke von 0,01 bis 0,4 µm und einem Brechungsindex von 1,58 bis 1,85; und

    eine organische Dünnschicht (III) mit einer Schichtdicke von 0,7 bis 20 µm und einem Brechungsindex von 1,46 bis 1,56 sind,

    wobei die organische Dünnschicht (II) ein Harz ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Polyimiden, Cardo-Harzen, Acrylharzen, Polysiloxanen, Polybenzoxazolen, Phenolharzen, Polyamidimiden, Polyethersulfonen, Polyurethanen, Polyestern, Polyimid-Vorstufen, Polyamidimid-Vorstufen und Polybenzoxazol-Vorstufen enthält.
     
    2. Substrat nach Anspruch 1, umfassend einen Bereich auf der oberen Fläche der organischen Dünnschicht (III), wo eine transparente Klebedünnschicht (IV) mit einem Brechungsindex von 1,46 bis 1,52 laminiert ist.
     
    3. Substrat nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die organische Dünnschicht (II) Metalloxidpartikel enthält.
     
    4. Substrat nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die organische Dünnschicht (II) eine alkalilösliche Gruppe enthält.
     
    5. Substrat nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei das Material der organischen Dünnschicht (III) ein Acrylharz oder ein Polysiloxan ist.
     
    6. Substrat nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei das transparente Grundsubstrat ein temperiertes Glassubstrat ist.
     
    7. Touch-Panel-Element unter Verwendung des Substrats nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6.
     
    8. Verfahren zum Herstellen des Substrats nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei die organische Dünnschicht (II) und die organische Dünnschicht (III) durch Strukturieren durch eine einzelne Belichtung und Entwicklung gemeinsam erhalten werden.
     


    Revendications

    1. Substrat comprenant une région où des films minces sont stratifiés sur un substrat de base transparent, lesquels films minces sont, dans l'ordre mentionné à partir de la surface supérieure du substrat,
    un film mince d'oxyde d'étain et d'indium (I) ;
    un film mince organique (II) ayant une épaisseur de film comprise entre 0,01 et 0,4 µm et un indice de réfraction compris entre 1,58 et 1,85 ; et
    un film mince organique (III) ayant une épaisseur de film comprise entre 0,7 et 20 µm et un indice de réfraction compris entre 1,46 et 1,56,
    dans lequel ledit film mince organique (II) contient une résine choisie dans le groupe constitué de polyimides, résines Cardo, résines acryliques, polysiloxanes, polybenzoxazoles, résines phénoliques, polyamide imides, polyéthersulfones, polyuréthanes, polyesters, précurseurs de polyimide, précurseurs de polyamideimide et de précurseurs de polybenzoxazole.
     
    2. Substrat selon la revendication 1, comprenant, sur la surface supérieure dudit film mince organique (III), une région où un film mince adhésif transparent (IV) ayant un indice de réfraction compris entre 1,46 et 1,52 est stratifié.
     
    3. Substrat selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel ledit film mince organique (II) contient des particules d'oxyde métallique.
     
    4. Substrat selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel ledit film mince organique (II) comprend un groupe alcalino-soluble.
     
    5. Substrat selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel le matériau dudit film mince organique (III) est une résine acrylique ou un polysiloxane.
     
    6. Substrat selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel ledit substrat de base transparent est un substrat en verre trempé.
     
    7. Élément de panneau tactile utilisant le substrat selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6.
     
    8. Procédé de production du substrat selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel ledit film mince organique (II) et ledit film mince organique (III) sont collectivement obtenus par formation de motif par une seule exposition et un seul développement.
     




    Drawing








    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description