(19)
(11)EP 2 858 640 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(21)Application number: 13800883.4

(22)Date of filing:  05.06.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61K 31/137  (2006.01)
A61K 9/20  (2006.01)
G09B 5/06  (2006.01)
A61P 3/04  (2006.01)
A61P 9/04  (2006.01)
A61K 31/485  (2006.01)
G01G 19/414  (2006.01)
G09B 19/00  (2006.01)
A61P 9/00  (2006.01)
A61P 9/10  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2013/044368
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/184837 (12.12.2013 Gazette  2013/50)

(54)

Composition for use in a method of treating overweight and obesity in patients with high cardiovascular risk

Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung in einem Verfahren zur Behandlung von Übergewicht und Fettleibigkeit in Patienten mit hohem Herz-Kreislauf-Risiko

Composition à être utilisée dans une méthode de traitement de la surcharge pondérale et de l'obésité dans de patients présentant un risque cardiovasculaire élevé


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 06.06.2012 US 201261656451 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
15.04.2015 Bulletin 2015/16

(73)Proprietor: Nalpropion Pharmaceuticals LLC
Morristown, NJ 07960 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • KLASSEN, Preston
    La Jolla, CA 92037 (US)
  • TAYLOR, Kristin
    San Diego, CA 92127 (US)

(74)Representative: Chapman, Desmond Mark 
Carpmaels & Ransford LLP One Southampton Row
London WC1B 5HA
London WC1B 5HA (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A2-2007/145863
US-A1- 2011 172 260
US-A1- 2011 144 145
  
  • KATSIKI N ET AL: "Naltrexone sustained-release (SR) + bupropion SR combination therapy for the treatment of obesity: 'A new kid on the block'?", ANNALS OF MEDICINE, TAYLOR & FRANCIS A B, SE, vol. 43, no. 4, 1 June 2011 (2011-06-01), pages 249-258, XP009187611, ISSN: 0785-3890, DOI: 10.3109/07853890.2010.541490
  • 'ADIS DATA INFORMATION. Adis R&D Profile: Naltrexone/Bupropion' DRUGS R D vol. 10, no. 1, 2010, pages 25 - 32, XP055104424
  • OREXIGEN THERAPEUTICS, INC.: 'Cardiovascular Outcomes Study of Naltrexone SR/Bupropion SR in Overweight and Obese Subjects With Cardiovascular Risk Factors (The Light Study)' CLINICAL TRIALS 1740-7745 03 June 2012, BETHESDA (MD): NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE (US), XP055179266 Retrieved from the Internet: <URL:https://web.archive.org/web/2012060305 3729/http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT 01601704> [retrieved on 2013-10-22]
  • GREENWAY, FL ET AL.: 'Effect of naltrexone plus bupropion on weight loss in overweight and obese adults (COR-I): a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial.' LANCET vol. 376, 22 October 2010, pages 595 - 605, XP027598237
  • KHAYLIS, A ET AL.: 'A review of efficacious technology-based weight-loss interventions : five key components.' TELEMEDICINE AND E-HEALTH vol. 16, no. 9, November 2010, pages 931 - 938, XP055178574
  • PADWAL, R.: 'Contrave, a bupropion and naltrexone combination therapy for the potential treatment of obesity.' CURR OPIN INVESTIG DRUGS vol. 10, October 2009, pages 1117 - 1125, XP008175656
  • WADDEN, TA ET AL.: 'Weight loss with naltrexone SR/bupropion SR combination therapy as an adjunct to behavior modification: the COR-BMOD trial' OBESITY vol. 19, no. 1, January 2011, pages 110 - 120, XP055100388
  • LUPPINO, FS ET AL.: 'Overweight, Obesity, and Depression.' ARCH GEN PSYCHIATRY vol. 67, no. 3, March 2010, pages 220 - 229, XP008175639
  • ELAINE H. MORRATO ET AL: "FDA Approval of Obesity Drugs - A Difference in Risk-Benefit Perceptions", JAMA, vol. 308, no. 11, 19 September 2012 (2012-09-19), pages 1-4, DOI: 10.1001/jama.2012.10007
 
Remarks:
The file contains technical information submitted after the application was filed and not included in this specification
 
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

BACKGROUND


Field of the Invention



[0001] The present disclosure relates to compositions, kits, uses, systems and methods for treating overweight and obesity using naltrexone plus bupropion, preferably in combination with a comprehensive web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program, and optionally in subjects at increased risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes.

Description of the Related Art



[0002] WO 2007/145863 concerns a sustained-release oral dosage form of naltrexone.

[0003] Annals of Medicine (2011) 43(4):249-258 concerns a naltrexone sustained-release and bupropion sustained-release combination therapy for the treatment of obesity.

[0004] Drugs R&D (2010) 10(1):25-32 reviews the clinical development of naltrexone/bupropion (Contrave ®).

[0005] Obesity has been defined in terms of body mass index (BMI). BMI is calculated as weight (kg)/[height (m)]2. According to the guidelines of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO), for adults over 20 years old, BMI is categorized as follows: below 18.5 is considered underweight, 18.5-24.9 is considered normal, 25.0-29.9 is considered overweight, and 30.0 and above is considered obese (World Health Organization. Physical status: The use and interpretation of anthropometry. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization 1995. WHO Technical Report Series).

[0006] The prevalence of obesity has markedly increased over the past three decades, with 32% of men and 36% of women considered obese. These individuals are at increased risk for a variety of chronic conditions associated with obesity, including type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, hypertension, stroke, dyslipidemia, gallbladder disease, sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis, as well as increased mortality risk from all causes (NHLBI Clinical Guidelines, 1998). Overweight and obesity are also associated with increased all-cause mortality.

[0007] Diet and exercise-based behavioral modification is the mainstay of weight management therapy. However, such intervention is often of limited effectiveness and difficult for individuals to adhere to. Therefore, pharmacotherapy has been employed as an adjunct to diet and exercise. Orlistat, lorcaserin, and phentermine/topiramate are currently the only three drugs approved in the United States for the long-term treatment of obesity. A 5-10% weight loss has been determined to lead to significant medical benefits. While orlistat has a favorable safety profile, it can cause loose stools and fecal incontinence, making acceptance by patients difficult. Bariatric surgery (specifically gastric banding) is now indicated for subjects with BMI ≥30 kg/m2 who have at least one obesity-related comorbidity. While effective in most cases, it is invasive with possible complications including infection, death, hypoglycemia, failure to lose weight, gastrointestinal symptoms, nutritional deficiencies, depression, sexual and relationship problems, and noncompliance with behavioral recommendations.

[0008] U.S. Patent Nos. 7,375,111 and 7,462,626 disclose the combination of naltrexone and bupropion (NB) for weight loss therapy. Wadden et al. disclose the combination of naltrexone and bupropion as an adjunct to an intensive behavioral modification (BMOD) program for weight loss. Obesity (2011) 19:110-120. The BMOD program described by Wadden et al. was delivered in person to groups of 10-20 persons. Group meetings lasted 90 min and were held weekly for the first 16 weeks, every other week for the next 12 weeks, and monthly thereafter (yielding a total of 28 sessions). Group sessions typically began with a review of participants' eating and activity records and other homework assignments. Group leaders then introduced a new topic in weight control which, during the first 16 weeks, included meal planning, stimulus control, slowing eating, problem solving, social support, and coping with high risk situations. Subsequent sessions covered skills required for maintaining lost weight.

[0009] While the combination of naltrexone and bupropion is known to be efficacious for weight management for some patient populations, alone or in combination with an intensive BMOD program, a need exists for an effective treatment of overweight or obesity in subjects at increased risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes. In addition, there exists a need for a weight management program for use in combination with naltrexone and bupropion that is easier for patients to comply with than existing BMOD programs, but which is still efficacious, particularly in subjects at increased risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes.

SUMMARY



[0010] As defined in the claims, the invention provides a composition comprising sustained release naltrexone, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and sustained release bupropion, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof for use in a method of treating a subject at increased risk of an adverse cardiovascular outcome for overweight or obesity, wherein said overweight or obese subject is identified as being at increased risk of an adverse cardiovascular outcome if the subject: a.) is diagnosed as having cardiovascular disease with at least one risk factor selected from the group consisting of: a history of documented myocardial infarction >3 months prior to identifying the subject; a history of coronary revascularization including coronary artery bypass graft surgery, stent placement, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, or laser atherectomy; a history of carotid or peripheral revascularization, including carotid endarterectomy, lower extremity atherosclerotic disease atherectomy, repair of abdominal aorta aneurysm, femoral or popliteal bypass; angina with ischemic changes, ECG changes on a graded exercise test, or positive cardiac imaging study; ankle brachial index <0.9 assessed by simple palpation within prior 2 years of identifying the subject; and ≥50% stenosis of a coronary, carotid, or lower extremity artery within prior 2 years of the identification; and/or b.) is diagnosed as having Type 2 diabetes mellitus with at least 2 risk factors selected from the group consisting of: hypertension controlled with or without pharmacotherapy at <145/95 mm Hg; dyslipidemia requiring pharmacotherapy; documented low HDL cholesterol, <50 mg/dL in women or <40 mg/dL in men, within prior 12 months of identifying the subject; and current tobacco smoker.

[0011] In some embodiments, the composition is for use in as described in the claims in a method further comprising a lead-in 2-week period during which the subject receive treatment according to one of two sequences: 1 week of active study medication comprising sustained release naltrexone, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and sustained release bupropion, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, once a day followed by 1 week of placebo once a day; or 1 week of placebo followed by 1 week of active study medication comprising sustained release naltrexone, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and sustained release bupropion, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

[0012] In some embodiments, the subject does not have one or more characteristics selected from the group consisting of: myocardial infarction within 3 months prior to identifying the subject; angina pectoris Grade III or IV as per the Canadian Cardiovascular Society grading scheme; a clinical history of cerebrovascular disease including stroke; a history of tachyarrhythmia other than sinus tachycardia; blood pressure ≥145/95 mm Hg, irrespective of treatment with antihypertensive agents; unstable weight within 3 months prior to identifying the subject; planned bariatric surgery, cardiac surgery, or coronary angioplasty; severe renal impairment defined by an estimated GFR <30 mL/min; clinical history of liver failure or documented ALT or AST greater than 3 times the upper limit of normal; known infection with HIV or hepatitis; chronic use or positive screen for opioids; recent drug or alcohol abuse or dependence, with the exception of nicotine dependence, within 6 months prior to identifying the subject; history of seizures, including febrile seizures, cranial trauma, or other conditions that predispose the subject to seizures; history of mania or current diagnosis of active psychosis, active bulimia or anorexia nervosa, but not binge eating disorder; a risk for suicide attempts; acute depressive illness including new onset of depression or acute exacerbation of symptoms, but not stable subjects on chronic treatment for depression; any condition with life expectancy anticipated to be less than 4 years including congestive heart failure NYHA Class 3 or 4; a history of malignancy within the previous 5 years, not including non-melanoma skin cancer or surgically cured cervical cancer; current use of other bupropion or naltrexone containing products; a history of hypersensitivity or intolerance to naltrexone or bupropion; use of monoamine oxidase inhibitors within 14 days prior to identifying the subject; use of any investigational drug, device, or procedure within 30 days prior to identifying the subject; a pregnant or breast-feeding woman, or currently trying to become pregnant, or of child-bearing potential, including peri-menopausal women who have had a menstrual period within one year, and not willing to practice birth control; and inability to consistently access broadband internet.

[0013] In some embodiments, the composition is for use as defined in the claims in a method further comprising providing the subject with a web-based weight management program, a phone-based weight management program, or a combination thereof.

[0014] An embodiment of the invention includes a composition for use as defined in the claims in a method of treating a subject for overweight or obesity comprising: identifying an overweight or obese subject; and administering to the subject a therapeutically effective amount of sustained release naltrexone, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and sustained release bupropion, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, in combination with a web-based weight management program, a phone-based weight management program, or a combination thereof.

[0015] In some embodiments, the identified subject has a BMI ≥30 and ≤45 kg/m2. In some embodiments, the identified subject has a BMI of ≥27 and ≤45 kg/m2 with dyslipidemia and/or controlled hypertension, as defined in the claims. In some embodiments, the subject is treated for at least 26 weeks. In some embodiments, the phone-based weight management program comprise one or more coaching calls to the subject. In some embodiments, the phone-based weight management program optionally comprises one or more web coaching tools. In some embodiments, the web-based or phone-based weight management program provides the subject with one or more of behavioral, nutritional or fitness education.

[0016] In some embodiments, the education are delivered by a trained health or fitness coach and/or a registered dietitian. In some embodiments, the trained health or fitness coach and/or the registered dietitian counsel the subject via the phone or via a website for the subject, and provide one or more of the topics selected from the group consisting of tips and motivational messages; coaching through question and answer; weekly office hours for real-time responses to the subject's inquiries via the website; weekly educational materials; video lessons; weight, exercise, or diet tracking with badge rewards; goal setting; progress tracking; and communications to encourage the subject to engage in the weight management program.

[0017] In some embodiments, 32 mg per day of sustained release naltrexone, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and 360 mg per day of sustained release bupropion, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, is administered to the subject. In some embodiments, the subject is administered the sustained release naltrexone, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and the sustained release bupropion, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, in a tablet containing 8 mg of sustained release naltrexone and 90 mg of sustained release bupropion.

[0018] In some embodiments, the treatment with naltrexone and bupropion does not increase the subject's risk of an adverse cardiovascular outcome. In some embodiments, the treatment with naltrexone and bupropion decreases the subject's risk of an adverse cardiovascular outcome. In some embodiments, the adverse cardiovascular outcome is cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or nonfatal stroke. In some embodiments, the subject achieves a percentage of weight loss of at least 5%, at least 10% or at least 15%. In some embodiments, the weight management program has a period of at least 52 weeks or at least 78 weeks.

[0019] In some embodiments, the subject does not receive in-person counseling as part of a weight management program. In some embodiments, the subject does not receive more than 5 in-person counseling sessions as part of a weight management program. In some embodiments, the subject does not receive an intensive behavioral modification (BMOD) program for weight loss.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0020] The present disclosure relates to compositions, kits, uses, systems and methods for treating overweight and obesity using naltrexone plus bupropion, preferably in combination with a comprehensive lifestyle intervention (CLI) program including a web-based weight management program, a phone-based weight management program, and a combination thereof. The subjects being treated for overweight and obesity are subjects at increased risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes as defined in the claims. In a preferred embodiment, the treatment of a subject at increased risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes with naltrexone plus bupropion in combination with a comprehensive web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program results in no more major adverse cardiovascular outcomes than treatment with the web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program alone. In some embodiments, the treatment of a subject at increased risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes with naltrexone plus bupropion in combination with a comprehensive web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program surprisingly results in fewer major adverse cardiovascular outcomes than treatment with the web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program alone. Major adverse cardiovascular outcomes are cardiovascular death (including fatal myocardial infarction and fatal stroke), nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, or nonfatal unstable angina requiring hospitalization.

[0021] As defined in the claims, the subject being treated is at increased risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes. Subjects at increased risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes include subjects having a.) cardiovascular disease (confirmed diagnosis or at high likelihood of cardiovascular disease) with at least one of the following: history of documented myocardial infarction >3 months prior to screening; history of coronary revascularization (i.e., coronary artery bypass graft surgery, stent placement, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, or laser atherectomy); history of carotid or peripheral revascularization (i.e., carotid endarterectomy, lower extremity atherosclerotic disease atherectomy, repair of abdominal aorta aneurysm, femoral or popliteal bypass); angina with ischemic changes (resting ECG), ECG changes on a graded exercise test (GXT), or positive cardiac imaging study; ankle brachial index <0.9 (by simple palpation) within prior 2 years; ≥50% stenosis of a coronary, carotid, or lower extremity artery within prior 2 years; and/or b. Type 2 diabetes mellitus with at least 2 of the following: hypertension (controlled with or without pharmacotherapy at <145/95 mm Hg); dyslipidemia requiring pharmacotherapy; documented low HDL cholesterol (<50 mg/dL in women or <40 mg/dL in men) within prior 12 months; current tobacco smoker.

[0022] In some embodiments, the subject being treated is overweight and has dyslipidemia and/or controlled hypertension, as defined in the claims.

[0023] In some embodiments the treatment with naltrexone and bupropion as defined in the claims is combined with a weight management program. In some embodiments, the weight management program is a web-based program. In some other embodiments, the weight management program is a phone-based program. In some other embodiments, the weight management program is a combination of both web-based and phone based programs. In some embodiments, the subject does not receive more than 15, 10, 5, 4, 3, 2, or 1 in-person counseling sessions as part of a weight management program. In some embodiments, the subject does not receive any in-person counseling sessions as part of a weight management program.

Web-Based Weight Management Program



[0024] Preferably, the web-based program provides a progressive nutrition and exercise program with goal setting and tracking tools. Each subject is assigned to a health and fitness professional who counsels them online throughout the program. Additional educational tools include weekly web-based informational, educational and motivational resources supplemented by video lessons (Table 1) presented at regular intervals. Content for the program consists of: a weekly email that announces the goals for the week, provides motivation, and encourages continued participation; weekly goals (from email) that align with each week's theme (Table 1), along with a detailed explanation and a strategy for achieving these goals, placed on the MyWeightMate.com subject pages; three pieces of additional weekly content posted to user pages (tips and educational information) to help subjects reach their weekly goals; motivational messages throughout the week posted on participant pages; triggered event emails sent to users based on behaviors (i.e. absence from program activity, successful logging); video lessons provided on the MyWeightMate.com site for participants to view and archived for future access: weekly for the first 16 weeks, biweekly for the next 12 weeks, monthly for the remaining duration of the study, and two refresher campaigns that include 4 weekly sessions each year during the third and fourth year of the trial. Video lessons focus on relevant topics and are developed by subject matter experts.
Table 1. Weekly Themes and Video Topics for First 16 Weeks of the Weight Management Program
WeekThemeVideo Lesson Topic
1 Get Started Setting Yourself Up For Success: Getting Your Mind Right
2 Perfect Portions SMART Goals
3 Avoid Pitfalls Proper Form When You Move
4 Get More Vitamin Zzz Healthful Substitutions for Food and Exercise
5 Boost Your Fitness Fitness Myths
6 Skinny Food Secrets Smart Strategies for Eating Less
7 Smash Sugar Spikes How Do You Make Time For Your Health and Why is It Psychologically Important?
8 Take the Show on the Road Accidental Exercise
9 Take Some Pressure Off Powering Up Your Exercise
10 Metabolism Superchargers Staying Fit If You Sit
11 Clobber High Cholesterol Healthy Choices
12 Motivation Boosters Breaking Weight Loss Plateaus
13 Kick It Up Replacing Bad Habits With Healthy Ones
14 Rut Busters The Diet Hype Trap
15 Shore Up Your Self-Confidence Healthy Living Guide: Live Your Best Life
16 Review and Renew Boost Your Metabolism


[0025] The web-based weight management program provides behavioral, nutritional and fitness education delivered by trained health and fitness coaches. The website provides a "WeightMate Coach" who counsels the subject via the participant's individual webpage, and provides one or more of the following: tips and motivational messages; coaching through Q&A; weekly office hours for real-time response via the website; weekly educational materials; content developed with subject matter experts; video lessons to supplement the weekly themes; weight, exercise, and diet tracking with badge rewards; suggested activity and coaching tip; communication to encourage engagement; and a contemporary website that is fun and intuitive.

[0026] In one embodiment, new themes and goals are introduced each Monday, with 2-3 goals of the week, relevant content and/or video lesson(s) (Table 1) are provided, and motivational messages are provided on one or more days of the week. Optionally, additional tips are provided one or more days during the week. In some embodiments, video lessons supplement the weekly educational themes. The produced video content ensures quality and uniformity of message to subjects, and a Q&A function allows patients to ask questions with < 24 hour turnaround.

[0027] In some embodiments, web-based individual counseling is provided by a coach; preferably the subject has unlimited access to coach. Preferably the coach provides a schedule to the subject which includes weekly 'office hours' for real-time Q&A responses. The program emphasizes weekly weigh ins with daily food and activity tracking. Preferably, the website can track calories for each meal using a computer database of calories for specific foods and/or meals, and save favorite foods and meals. Four reference menus based on caloric needs and food preferences are provided. In some embodiments the subject is rewarded with badges for meeting particular goals (e.g., for 7 days of activity logged; for 7 days of food logged; for 3 weeks of weight logged; for first 15 pounds lost; for 12 weeks of program participation; for 26 weeks of program participation; for 52 weeks of program participation; for 78 weeks of program participation; for 5% weight loss; for 10% weight loss; for 15 % weight loss). In a preferred embodiment, the subject periodically establishes a weight loss goal which is recorded as part of the program. The subject's progress toward the subject's goal(s) can be provided to the subject via the subject's webpage. The weight loss goal can be the goal for a one week, two week, month, two month, six month, year or longer period of time. The program provides the option for the participating subject to set a specific weight loss goal at the beginning of the program. The program also provides the option to track and log weight loss, and the progress towards achieving the specific goal on a daily or weekly basis. Optionally, a graphic representation of weight loss progress is provided to the subject via the subject's webpage. Periodic encouraging messages (e.g., badges and award notes) can be provided. Preferably, behavior-based automated messages from trainers are provided for increased motivation and participation.

[0028] In some embodiments, the exercise portion of the web-based weight management program encourages 5 days of activity and 2 days of rest, preferably on nonconsecutive days (e.g. Monday and Friday). In some embodiments, the exercise program provides instructions on stretching, walking and other light cardio activity. Video clips can provide educational demonstration for stretches and exercise maneuvers. The website can track calories burned by the subject through exercise and activity logs.

[0029] In a preferred embodiment, the web-based weight management program does not involve any in-person therapy or group meetings.

Phone-Based Weight Management Program



[0030] In some embodiments, the telephone-based program comprises personalized coaching through one or more phone calls. In one embodiment, the phone calls are conducted by a dedicated coach to the subject receiving treatment. In another embodiment, the phone calls are conducted by a registered dietitian to the subject receiving treatment. In some such embodiments, the phone-based program includes 6 to 15, preferably 12 scheduled calls over the first 3 to 8, preferably 6 months of the treatment. The topics of said scheduled calls can include cognitive behavioral coaching and nutrition coaching (See, for example, Table 2). In some such embodiments, the phone-based program includes 6 to 15, preferably 12 additional calls over the next 3 to 8, preferably 6 months of treatment.

[0031] In some embodiments, the phone-based program optionally comprises on-line coaching tools, such as an integrated web support for web coaching, including the web-based program described above. The web coaching can include the essential practices for weight loss and maintaining weight loss, progress tracking, and/or virtual coaching. Non-limiting examples of the essential practices can include E-lessons, videos and podcasts, articles and games relating to topics such as healthy cooking, setting realistic goals, and controlling stress. Non-limiting examples of items the progress trackers can track include weight, nutrition intake, activity, stress, biometrics, coaching calls, etc. Non-limiting example of virtual coating can include generating and updating of to-do list for a subject participating in the program, sending emails, etc.

[0032] In some embodiments, the phone-based program can also optionally include one or more electronic devices for wireless activity monitoring. Non-limiting example of such electronic device is FitLinxx®ActiPed to be used in conjunction with a USB access point to track steps, distance, calories and activity time. The electronic device(s) can be wirelessly synced with the web support. In one embodiment, the phone-based program is the Weight Talk® Program available from Alere™.

[0033] A subject receiving the treatment of naltrexone and bupropion can enroll in the phone-based program via various methods, including both web enrollment and phone enrollment. In some embodiments, the phone-based program also include frontline support to identify patients who qualify for the clinical study, discuss benefit of the phone-based program, set realistic expectations, assist in enrollment and refer specific question to coaches.
Table 2. Exemplary Phone-based Weight Management Program Call Topics
Call #Call Topics
Call 1: Getting Started: Core Values, goal setting and tracking
Call 2: Reducing calories and healthy eating (with registered dietitian)
Call 3: Increasing physical activity
Call 4: Managing stress
Call 5: Changing unhelpful thoughts
Call 6: Gaining control of your environment (with registered dietitian)
Call 7: Developing time management skills and improving sleep
Call 8: Navigating difficult situations: social situations and restaurants
Call 9: Weight maintenance skills
Call 10: Rebounding from lapses
Call 11: Maintaining motivation
Call 12: Evaluation and Participant Feedback


[0034] In a preferred embodiment, treatment with a combination of naltrexone sustained-release (SR)/bupropion SR (NB) as defined in the claims, alone or in conjunction with a web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program, does not increase, or more preferably decreases, the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events, defined as cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or nonfatal stroke in overweight and obese subjects, as compared to placebo or a web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program alone. In some embodiments, treatment with NB as defined in the claims, alone or in conjunction with a web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program, does not increase, or more preferably decreases, the occurrence of one or more of cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, or nonfatal unstable angina requiring hospitalization in overweight and obese subjects, as compared to placebo or a web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program alone. In some embodiments, treatment with NB as defined in the claims, alone or in conjunction with a web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program, does not increase, or more preferably decreases, one or more of: the occurrence of all cause mortality; the occurrence of unstable angina requiring hospitalization; and the occurrence of coronary revascularization procedures, as compared to placebo or a web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program alone. In some embodiments, treatment with NB as defined in the claims, alone or in conjunction with a web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program, decreases body weight or improves systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure, as compared to placebo or a web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program alone. The individual treated is overweight or obese, and at increased risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes.

[0035] In some embodiments, treatment with a combination of naltrexone sustained-release (SR)/bupropion SR (NB) as defined in the claims, alone or in conjunction with a web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program, increases one or more of: the percent change in body weight from baseline; the percentage of subjects achieving a loss of at least 5%, 10%, and 15% of baseline body weight; and the absolute change in body weight from baseline, compared to Usual Care (no study medication and minimal lifestyle intervention program). In some embodiments, treatment with NB as defined in the claims, alone or in conjunction with a web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program, improves one or more of: cardiovascular risk factors (one or more of waist circumference, fasting triglycerides, fasting LDL cholesterol, and fasting HDL cholesterol); vital signs (one or more of systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate); measures of glucose metabolism (one or more of fasting glucose, fasting insulin, and HOMA-IR); measurements derived from patient reported outcomes (one or more of eating behavior (e.g. BES), sexual function (e.g. ASEX Scale), and weight-related quality of life (e.g. IWQOL-Lite)), as compared to Usual Care (no study medication and minimal lifestyle intervention program). In some embodiments, the above mentioned increases or improvements are measured at week 26 of treatment in comparison to baseline, in some embodiments the measurements are at week 52 or 78 of treatment in comparison to baseline. In some embodiments that treated individual is female or male, with a BMI of ≥27 and ≤45 kg/m2 for subjects who are overweight or obese and have dyslipidemia and/or controlled hypertension as defined in the claims. In some embodiments the treated individual is overweight or obese, and at increased risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes.

[0036] In some embodiments, treatment with a combination of naltrexone sustained-release (SR)/bupropion SR (NB) as defined in the claims, in conjunction with a web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program, is the same or increases one or more of: the percent change in body weight from baseline; the percentage of subjects achieving a loss of at least 5%, 10%, and 15% of baseline body weight; and the absolute change in body weight from baseline, compared to NB in conjunction with an intensive behavioral modification (BMOD) program for weight loss delivered in person. In some embodiments, treatment with NB as defined in the claims, alone or in conjunction with a web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program, is the same or improves one or more of: cardiovascular risk factors (one or more of waist circumference, fasting triglycerides, fasting LDL cholesterol, and fasting HDL cholesterol); vital signs (one or more of systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate); measures of glucose metabolism (one or more of fasting glucose, fasting insulin, and HOMA-IR); measurements derived from patient reported outcomes (one or more of eating behavior (e.g. BES), sexual function (e.g. ASEX Scale), and weight-related quality of life (e.g. IWQOL-Lite)), as compared to NB in conjunction with an intensive behavioral modification (BMOD) program for weight loss delivered in person. In some embodiments, the above mentioned increases or improvements are measured at week 26 of treatment in comparison to baseline, in some embodiments the measurements are at week 52 or 78 of treatment in comparison to baseline. In some embodiments that treated individual is female or male, with a BMI of ≥27 and ≤45 kg/m2 for subjects who are overweight or obese and have dyslipidemia and/or controlled hypertension as defined in the claims. In some embodiments the treated individual is overweight or obese, and at increased risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes..

[0037] In some embodiments, the individual has a body mass index (BMI) of at least 25 kg/m2. In some embodiments, the individual has a BMI of at least 30 kg/m2. In some embodiments, the individual has a BMI of at least 40 kg/m2. In some embodiments, the individual has a BMI of less than 25 kg/m2, or develops a BMI less than 25 kg/m2 during the course of administration of naltrexone and bupropion. In these embodiments, it may be beneficial for health or cosmetic purposes to mitigate subsequent weight gain or to promote weight loss, thereby reducing the BMI even further. In some embodiments, the individual has been diagnosed by a physician as being overweight or obese. In some embodiments, the individual is identified, including self-identified, as overweight or obese, or is identified as having been diagnosed as overweight or obese. In some embodiments, the individual is suffering from dyslipidemia and/or controlled hypertension as defined in the claims in addition to being overweight, or in addition to being obese.

[0038] In some embodiments, the promotion of weight loss is measured by a percent change from a baseline body weight. In some of these embodiments, the amount of weight loss is, is about, is at least, is at least about 0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, 2%, 2.5%, 3%, 4%, 5%, 6%, 7%, 8%, 9%, 10%, 12%, 15%, or more of initial body weight, or a range defined by any two of the preceding values. In some embodiments, the promotion of weight loss is measured as a reduction in weight gain relative to the amount of weight gain experienced by the relevant control, and the amount of reduction in weight gain is, is about, is at least, is at least about, 2%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, 90%, 100%, 105%, 110%, 115%, 120%, or more, or a range defined by any two of the preceding values.

[0039] In some embodiments, the dosage is adjusted so that the patient loses weight at a rate of about 3% of baseline body weight every six months. However, the rate of weight loss for a patient may be adjusted by the treating physician based on the patient's particular needs.

[0040] In some embodiments, the mitigation of weight gain or promotion of weight loss occurs by increasing satiety in the individual. In some embodiments, the mitigation of weight gain or promotion of weight loss occurs by suppressing the appetite of the individual. In some embodiments, the treatment comprises instituting a regimen of diet and/or increased activity.

[0041] In some embodiments, the naltrexone and bupropion combination therapy for use as defined in the claims is in an amount sufficient to affect weight loss, reduce a cardiovascular risk factor, increase insulin sensitivity, reduce food cravings, treat a visceral fat condition, mitigate weight gain or promote weight loss during smoking cessation, or provide weight loss therapy in patients with major depression. Non-limiting examples of such methods of treatment are disclosed in U.S. Patent Nos. 7,375,111 and 7,462,626; in U.S. Patent Publication Nos. 2007/0275970, 2007/0270450, 2007/0117827, 2007/0179168, 2008/0214592, 2007/0128298, and 2007/0129283; in U.S. Patent Application Nos. 12/751970, 61/167486, and 61/293844; and in WO 2009/158114.In some embodiments, the cardiovascular risk factor includes one or more of the following: total cholesterol level, LDL cholesterol level, HDL cholesterol level, triglyceride level, glucose level, and insulin level. In some embodiments, the cardiovascular risk factor includes one or more of the following: total cholesterol level, HDL cholesterol level, and triglyceride level.

[0042] In some embodiments, the increased efficacy of a weight loss treatment described herein comprises an improvement in an outcome measure. For example, in some embodiments, the increased efficacy increases the amount of weight loss. In some embodiments, the increase in efficacy decreases the frequency or severity of adverse events, including but not limited to nausea, constipation, vomiting, dizziness, dry mouth, headache, and insomnia. In some embodiments, the increased efficacy improves another secondary endpoint, including but not limited to waist circumference, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels, triglyceride levels, HDL cholesterol levels or the ratio of LDL/HDL cholesterol levels. As one of skill in the art recognizes, in some circumstances, it is desirable to decrease waist circumference, hs-CRP levels, triglyceride levels, and the ratio of LDL/HDL cholesterol levels, and to increase HDL cholesterol levels. In some embodiments, the improvement in the outcome measure is, is about, is at least, or is at least about 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 12, 15, 20 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, or 100%, or within a range defined by any two of these values as compared to baseline or the relevant control.

[0043] In some embodiments, naltrexone or naltrexone and bupropion are each administered once per day. In some embodiments, naltrexone and bupropion are each divided into equal doses and administered more than once per day. In some embodiments, naltrexone and bupropion are each divided into unequal doses and administered more than once per day. In some embodiments, naltrexone and bupropion are divided into a different number of doses and are administered a different number of times per day. In one such embodiment, the dose of one of naltrexone or bupropion is divided, while the dose of the other is not.

[0044] In some embodiments, one or both of naltrexone and bupropion is administered one, two, three, four, or more times per day. Either or both compounds can be administered less than once per day, for example once every 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, or 14 days, or every 1 or 2 weeks, or a range defined by any two of the preceding values. In some embodiments, the number of administrations per day is constant (e.g., one time per day). In other embodiments, the number of administrations is variable. The number of administrations may change depending on effectiveness of the dosage form, observed side effects, external factors (e.g., a change in another medication), or the length of time that the dosage form has been administered.

[0045] In some embodiments, the daily dose of naltrexone can range from about 4 mg to about 50 mg, or about 4 mg to about 32 mg, or about 8 mg to about 32 mg, or about 8 mg to about 16 mg. In some embodiments, the daily dose is about 4 mg, about 8 mg, about 12 mg, about 16 mg, about 32 mg, or about 48 mg of naltrexone, or a range defined by any two of the preceding values. The selection of a particular dosage may be based on the weight of the patient. The selection of a particular dosage may be based on the identity, dosage, and/or dosing schedule of another co-administered compound. However, in some embodiments, it may be necessary to use dosages outside these ranges. In some embodiments, the daily dose is administered in a single oral dosage form. In some embodiments, the daily dose of naltrexone is the same, and in some embodiments, the daily dose is different.

[0046] In some embodiments, the daily dose of bupropion can range from about 30 mg to about 500 mg, or about 30 mg to about 360 mg, or about 90 mg to about 360 mg. In some embodiments, the daily dose is about 30 mg, about 90 mg, about 180 mg, about 360 mg, or about 450 mg of bupropion, or a range defined by any two of the preceding values. The selection of a particular dosage may be based on the weight of the patient. The selection of a particular dosage may be based on the identity, dosage and/or dosing schedule of another co-administered compound. However, in some embodiments, it may be necessary to use dosages outside these ranges. In some embodiments, the daily dose is administered in a single oral dosage form. In some embodiments, the daily dose of bupropion is the same, and in some embodiments, the daily dose is different.

[0047] The compositions described herein may be distributed, provided to a patient for self-administration, or administered to an individual. In some embodiments, the combined naltrexone/bupropion therapies include a third compound.

[0048] In some embodiments, naltrexone and/or bupropion are provided or administered as an oral dosage form. In some embodiments, the oral dosage form is in the form of a pill, tablet, core, capsule, caplet, loose powder, solution, or suspension. In a preferred embodiment, the oral dosage form is in the form of a pill, tablet, or capsule. In some embodiments, the combined naltrexone/bupropion therapy is provided in a single oral dosage form. In some embodiments, the oral dosage form is in the form of a trilayer tablet as described in U.S. Patent Publication No. 2008/0113026.

[0049] In some embodiments, at least one of naltrexone and bupropion is administered with varying frequency during treatment. In some of these embodiments, the varying frequency comprises a decreased frequency over time. For example, one or both of naltrexone and bupropion can be initially administered more than once per day, followed by administration only once per day at a later point in treatment. In some embodiments, the daily dosage of at least one of naltrexone and bupropion is consistent despite the varying frequency of administration. For example, in some embodiments, two tablets of each of naltrexone and bupropion are initially administered twice per day, while four tablets of each of naltrexone and bupropion are administered once per day at a later point in treatment. Alternatively, in some embodiments, one or two tablets of each of naltrexone and bupropion are administered at a later point in treatment, where the one or two tablets have an equivalent total daily dosage as the two tablets each of naltrexone and bupropion initially administered twice per day.

[0050] In some embodiments where one or both of naltrexone and bupropion are administered less than once per day in a controlled release or sustained release (SR) formulation, the dose is selected so that the patient receives a daily dose that is about the same as a daily dose described herein.

[0051] In some embodiments, the naltrexone in a combination treatment, is not a sequestered form of naltrexone. For example, in some embodiments, naltrexone is in a non-sequestered, controlled release formulation. In some embodiments, naltrexone is a non-sequestered, sustained release formulation. In preferred embodiments, at least 50% of the naltrexone is released within 24 hours of administration.

[0052] In some embodiments, at least one of naltrexone or bupropion is administered in consistent daily dosages throughout the period of treatment. In some embodiments, at least one of naltrexone or bupropion is administered in varying daily dosages during the period of treatment. In some of these embodiments, the daily dosages comprise increasing daily dosages over time. In some of these embodiments, the daily dosages comprise decreasing daily dosages over time.

[0053] In some embodiments, naltrexone and bupropion are administered individually. In some embodiments, naltrexone and bupropion are administered in a single pharmaceutical composition comprising naltrexone and bupropion. In some embodiments, at least one of naltrexone or bupropion is in a sustained release or controlled release formulation. For example, sustained release forms of naltrexone are described in U.S. Patent Publication No. 2007/0281021. In some embodiments, at least one of naltrexone or bupropion is administered with a physiologically acceptable carrier, diluent, or excipient, or a combination thereof. Non-limiting examples of naltrexone/bupropion combinations, formulations thereof, and methods of administering them are disclosed in U.S. Patent Nos. 7,375,111 and 7,462,626Reference herein to the use or administration of naltrexone and naltrexone/bupropion combinations is understood to include all modes of administration disclosed or referred to herein, including without limitation separate administration, administration in a single dosage form, administration in the form of salts, and/or metabolites, and/or administration in sustained release forms. Techniques for formulation and administration of the compounds of the instant application may be found in "Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences," Mack Publishing Co., Easton, PA, 18th edition, 1990.

[0054] In some embodiments, naltrexone is administered prior to bupropion. In some embodiments, naltrexone is administered subsequent to bupropion. In some embodiments, naltrexone and bupropion are co-administered. As used herein, co-administration includes administration in a single dosage form, or separate dosage forms that are administered at, or nearly at, the same time.

[0055] In some embodiments, the administration of naltrexone and bupropion is continued for a period of, or of about, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, 20, 24, 36, 48, or 52 weeks, or a range defined by any two of the preceding values. In some embodiments, the administration of naltrexone and bupropion is continued until the reduction in symptoms of a disease, disorder, or condition is stabilized for a period of, or of about, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, or more weeks, or a range defined by any two of the preceding values. For example, in some embodiments, the administration of a combined naltrexone/bupropion therapy is continued until the mitigation of weight gain or promotion of weight loss in an individual is stabilized for a period of, or of about, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, or more weeks, or a range defined by any two of the preceding values. In some embodiments, administration of naltrexone, or naltrexone and bupropion, is continued until the individual no longer needs a treatment.

[0056] In some embodiments, "administering" a drug includes an individual obtaining and taking a drug on their own. For example, in some embodiments, an individual obtains a drug from a pharmacy and self-administers the drug in accordance with the methods provided herein.

[0057] In some aspects, the present disclosure relates to a kit. The kit may include one or more unit dosage forms comprising naltrexone, bupropion, or naltrexone and bupropion. The unit dosage forms may be of an oral formulation. For example, the unit dosage forms may comprise pills, tablets, or capsules. The kit may include a plurality of unit dosage forms. The unit dosage forms may be in a container. The dosage forms may be single oral dosage forms comprising naltrexone and bupropion or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

[0058] The compositions for use in methods as defined in the claims may include information. The information may be in a form prescribed by a governmental agency regulating the manufacture, use, or sale of pharmaceuticals, which notice is reflective of approval by the agency of the form of the drug for human or veterinary administration. Such information, for example, may be the labeling approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for prescription drugs, or the approved product insert. The information can include required information regarding dose and dosage forms, administration schedules and routes of administration, adverse events, contraindications, warning and precautions, drug interactions, and use in specific populations (see, e.g., 21 C.F.R. § 201.57), and in some embodiments is required to be present on or associated with the drug for sale of the drug. Dosage forms comprising a sustained-release naltrexone formulation as defined in the claims formulated in a compatible pharmaceutical carrier may also be prepared, placed in an appropriate container, and labeled for treatment of an indicated condition.

[0059] The information may comprise instructions to administer the unit dosage form at a dosage of about 4 mg, about 8 mg, about 12 mg, about 16 mg, about 32 mg, or about 48 mg of naltrexone or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. The information may comprise instructions to administer the unit dosage form at a dosage of about 30 mg, about 90 mg, about 180 mg, about 360 mg, or about 450 mg of bupropion or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. These instructions may be provided in a variety of ways. The information may comprise instructions about when to administer the unit dosage forms. For example, the information may comprise instructions about when to administer the unit dosage forms relative to the administration of another medication or food. In preferred embodiments, the information instructs an individual to take naltrexone, or naltrexone and bupropion, with food, preferably a meal.

[0060] Some embodiments include information, preferably printed, that taking naltrexone or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof with food results in an increase in the bioavailability of naltrexone or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof compared to taking the same amount of naltrexone or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof without food. Some embodiments include information, preferably printed, that taking bupropion or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof with food results in an increase in the bioavailability of bupropion or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof compared to taking the same amount of bupropion or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof without food. Some embodiments include information, preferably printed, that taking naltrexone and bupropion, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, with food results in an increase in the bioavailability of naltrexone and/or bupropion, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, compared to taking the same amount of naltrexone and bupropion, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, without food. Some embodiments include information, preferably printed, that taking naltrexone, and/or bupropion or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof with food results in fewer or less severe drug associated adverse events than taking the same amount of naltrexone and bupropion, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, without food. In some embodiments, the adverse events are gastrointestinal events. In some embodiments, information regarding bioavailability, adverse events, or instructions on administration regimes are provided to a subject, a dosage form comprising the medication described in the information is provided to the subject, and the dosage form is administered in accordance to the information. In some embodiments the subject is a patient in need of the medication. In some embodiments the medication is administered as a therapy for a disease as described herein.

[0061] In some embodiments, compositions for use as defined in the claims may include information regarding enrolling and/or accessing a web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program. In some embodiments, the enrollment in a web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program is a requirement of obtaining the treatment medication. In some embodiments, the enrollment in a web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program is permitted only after obtaining a prescription for the treatment medication or the actual medication. In some embodiments, the treatment comprises enrolling in a web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program prior to and/or as a condition of receiving the treatment medication. In some embodiments, the information includes a unique login or enrollment key for enrolling and/or accessing a web-based and/or telephone-based weight management program.

[0062] Instructions and/or information may be present in a variety of forms, including printed information on a suitable medium or substrate (e.g., a piece or pieces of paper on which the information is printed), computer readable medium (e.g., diskette, CD, etc. on which the information has been recorded), or a website address that may be accessed via the internet. Printed information may, for example, be provided on a label associated with a drug product, on the container for a drug product, packaged with a drug product, or separately given to the patient apart from a drug product, or provided in manner that the patient can independently obtain the information (e.g., a website). Printed information may also be provided to a medical caregiver involved in treatment of the patient. In some embodiments, the information is provided to a person orally.

[0063] Described herein is a therapeutic package suitable for commercial sale. The package may comprise a container. The container can be in any conventional shape or form as known in the art which is made of a pharmaceutically acceptable material, for example a paper or cardboard box, a glass or plastic bottle or jar, a re-sealable bag (e.g., to hold a "refill" of tablets for placement into a different container), or a blister pack with individual dosages for pressing out of the pack according to a therapeutic schedule. The container employed can depend on the exact dosage form involved, e.g., a conventional cardboard box would not generally be used to hold a liquid suspension. It is feasible that more than one container can be used together in a single package to market a single dosage form. For example, tablets may be contained in a bottle which is in turn contained within a box. Non-limiting examples of packs and dispensers as well as oral dosage forms are disclosed in U.S. Patent Publication Nos. 2008/0110792 and 2008/0113026.

[0064] The information can be associated with the container, for example, by being: written on a label (e.g., the prescription label or a separate label) adhesively affixed to a bottle containing a dosage form described herein; included inside a container as a written package insert, such as inside a box which contains unit dose packets; applied directly to the container such as being printed on the wall of a box; or attached as by being tied or taped, e.g., as an instructional card affixed to the neck of a bottle via a string, cord or other line, lanyard or tether type device. The information may be printed directly on a unit dose pack or blister pack or blister card.

[0065] The term "bupropion" may be used in a general way herein to refer to a free base of bupropion, a pharmaceutically acceptable bupropion salt (including anhydrous forms, e.g., anhydrous bupropion), , a bupropion isomer, or mixtures thereof.

[0066] The term "naltrexone" may be used in a general way herein to refer to a free base of naltrexone, a pharmaceutically acceptable naltrexone salt (including hydrates and anhydrous forms, e.g., naltrexone hydrochloride dihydrate and anhydrous naltrexone hydrochloride), , a naltrexone isomer, or mixtures thereof.

[0067] The term "pharmaceutically acceptable salt," as used herein, refers to a formulation of a compound that does not cause significant irritation to an organism to which it is administered and does not abrogate the biological activity and properties of the compound. Pharmaceutical salts can be obtained by routine experimentation. Non-limiting examples of pharmaceutically acceptable salts include bupropion hydrochloride.

[0068] Throughout the present disclosure, when a particular compound is mentioned by name, for example, bupropion or naltrexone, it is understood that the scope of the present disclosure encompasses pharmaceutically acceptable salts, esters, or amides of the named compound. For example, in any of the embodiments herein, an active metabolite of naltrexone (e.g., 6-β naltrexol) can be used in combination with naltrexone. In any of the embodiments herein, the active metabolite of bupropion, S,S-hydroxybupropion (i.e., radafaxine), can be used in combination with bupropion.

[0069] The term "sustained release," as used herein, has its ordinary meaning as understood by those skilled in the art and thus includes, by way of non-limiting example, the controlled release of a drug from a dosage form over an extended period of time. For example, in some embodiments, sustained-release dosage forms are those that have a release rate that is slower that of a comparable immediate release form, e.g., less than 80% of the release rate of an immediate-release dosage form.

[0070] An immediate-release naltrexone formulation appropriate for use as a reference standard is the immediate-release naltrexone formulation, widely available commercially as the REVIA® brand of naltrexone hydrochloride, or an equivalent thereof. An immediate-release bupropion formulation appropriate for use as a reference standard is the immediate-release bupropion formulation, widely available commercially as the WELLBUTRIN® brand of bupropion, or an equivalent thereof. The U.S. government regulates the manner in which prescription drugs can be labeled and thus reference herein to the REVIA® brand of naltrexone hydrochloride and WELLBUTRIN® brand of bupropion have well-known, fixed, and definite meanings to those skilled in the art.

[0071] The term "oral dosage form," as used herein, has its ordinary meaning as understood by those skilled in the art and thus includes, by way of non-limiting example, a formulation of a drug or drugs in a form administrable to a human, including pills, tablets, cores, capsules, caplets, loose powder, solutions, and suspensions.

[0072] The terms "mitigate" or "mitigation" of weight gain, as used herein, include preventing or decreasing the amount of weight gain associated, e.g., with the administration of a drug or a change in life activity. In some embodiments, mitigation of weight gain is measured relative to the amount of weight gain typically experienced when only one or neither of naltrexone or bupropion is administered.

[0073] The term "promotion" of weight loss, as used herein, includes causing weight loss relative to a baseline weight for a least a portion of the period of treatment. This includes an individual that initially gains some weight, but during the course of treatment loses weight relative to a baseline prior to beginning treatment, as well as individuals that regain a portion or all of the weight that is lost by the end of the treatment period. In a preferred embodiment, at the end of the treatment period, the individual has lost weight relative to a baseline. In a preferred embodiment, mitigation of weight gain or promotion of weight loss in a patient administered naltrexone and bupropion is greater than when neither or only one of naltrexone or bupropion is administered, and more preferably an at least additive, or better than additive, or synergistic, effect of administering the two compounds is achieved.

EXAMPLES



[0074] The examples below are non-limiting and are merely representative of various aspects of the invention.

[0075] Example 1 summarizes the protocol for a clinical study demonstrating that treatment with Naltrexone SR/Bupropion SR does not increase or decreases the occurrence of Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (MACE) in overweight and obese subjects with cardiovascular risk factors.
















Appendix 1



[0076] 



[0077] Example 2 summarizes the protocol for a clinical study demonstrating the beneficial effect of Naltrexone SR/Bupropion SR on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors in overweight and obese subjects in conjunction with a comprehensive lifestyle intervention (CLI) program compared minimal lifestyle intervention program.












Appendix 2: Schedule of Study Procedures for Example 2



[0078] 
 ScreeningControlled Treatment Period
Visit 1 (Screen)1Visit 2 (Day 1) (Baseline)1Visit 3 (Wk 2)Visit 4 (Wk 6)Visit 5 (Wk 10)Visit 6 (Wk 16)1Visit 7 (Wk 20)Visit 8 (Wk 26)1
Informed Consent X              
Eligibility Criteria X X            
Demographics X              
Medical History X X            
Height X              
Electrocardiogram Physical Exam x              
Chemistry, Hematology, Urinalysis, Drug Screen (urine) X              
Randomization   X            
Weight, Vital Signs (BP, HR) X X X X X X X X
Waist Circumference   X       X   X
Concomitant Medication Review X X X X X X X X
Pregnancy Test (urine)2 X X X X X X X X
Lipids, Glucose, Insulin3 X (glucose, IGs only) X       X   X
Patient Reported Outcome Measures (BES, ASEX, IWQOL-Lite)   X       X   X
Query for SAEs     X X X X X X
Minimal Lifestyle Intervention (Usual Care only)   x     X      
Evaluation to Continue Treatment (NB only)           X    
Review CLI participation (NB only)   X4 X X X X X X5
Study Medication Dispersing Return (NB only)   X6   X X X X X7
Study Medication Compliance (NB only)     X X X X X X
The visit window between Visit 1 (Screening) and Visit 2 (Day 1; Baseline) is up to 2 weeks. Visit windows are =3 days ar Visit 3 and 4; = 1 week at Visits 5, 6, 7, and 8 relative to Visit 2.
1Subjects should arrive hiving fasted (no food or beverage except water) overnight for at least 8 hours before this mit Subjects should receive a call from a member of the study site staff 1 to 3 days prior to these visits (except Visit 1) reminding than to fast for at least 8 hours prior to the visit.
2Women of child-bearing potential (including peri-menopausal women who have had a menstrual period within one year) only.
3Glucose and triglycerides at Visit 1 are to confirm subject eligibility. Measures at Visit 2 are to obtain baseline values.
4Subjects are to be registered for the CLI program and receive instructions at this visit.
5Subjects randomized to Usual Care who switch to NB and CLI are to be registered for the CLI program and receive instructions at this visit
6Dispensing only at this visit.
7Subjects randomized to Usual Care who switch to NB and CLI are to be dispensed study medication at this visit
 Uncontrolled Treatment PeriodEnd of Full Participation Visit
Visit 9 (Wk 32)Visit 10 (Wk 36)Visit 11 (Wk 42)1Visit 12 (Wk 46)Visit 13 (Wk 52)1Visit 14 (Wk 65)Visit (Wk 78)1
Weight, Vital Signs (BP, HR) X X X X X X X X
Waist Circumference     X   X   X X
Concomitant Medication Review         X   X X
Pregnancy Test (urine)2 X X X X X X X X
Lipids, Glucose, Insulin     x   X   X  
Patient Reported Outcome Measures (BES, ASEX, IWQOL-Lite)               X3
Query for SAEs X X X X X X X X
Evaluation to Continue Treatment (Usual care →NB only)     X          
Review CLI participation X X X X X X X X4
Study Medication Dispersing Return X X X X X X X5 X6
Study Medication Compliance X X X X X X X X
Visit windows are =3 days at Visit 9; ±1 week at Visits 10, 11, 12, and 13 relative to Visit 2: =2 weeks at Visit 14 and 15 relative to Visit 1.
1Subjects should arrive having fasted (no food or beverage except water) overnight for at least 8 hours before this visit. Subjects should receive a call from a member of the study site staff 1 to 3 days prior to these visits reminding them to fast for at least 8 hours prior to the visit.
2Women of child-bearing potential (including peri-menopausal women who have had a menstrual period within one year) only.
3To be completed if the End of Full Participation Visit occurs during the Controlled Treatment Period.
4NB only at this visit.
5Returning only at this visit.
Table 3: Canadian Cardiovascular Society grading scheme for angina pectoris
GradeDescription
Grade I Ordinary physical activity does not cause angina, such as walking and climbing stairs. Angina with strenuous or rapid or prolonged exertion at work or recreation.
Grade II Slight limitation of ordinary activity. Walking or climbing stairs rapidly, walking uphill, walking or stair climbing after meals, or in cold, or in wind, or under emotional stress, or only during the few hours after awakening. Walking more than two blocks on the level and climbing more than one flight of ordinary stairs at a normal pace and in normal conditions.
Grade III Marked limitation of ordinary physical activity. Walking one or two blocks on the level and climbing one flight of stairs in normal conditions and at normal pace.
Grade IV Inability to carry on any physical activity without discomfort, angina syndrome may be present at rest.
Campeau, 1976. Available on the Canadian Cardiovascular Society Website at www.ccs.ca
Table 4: New York Heart Association: the stages of heart failure
ClassPatient symptoms
Class I (Mild) No limitation of physical activity. Ordinary physical activity does not cause undue fatigue, palpitation, or dyspnea (shortness of breath).
Class II (Mild) Slight limitation of physical activity. Comfortable at rest, but ordinary physical activity results in fatigue, palpitation, or dyspnea.
Class III (Moderate) Marked limitation of physical activity. Comfortable at rest, but less than ordinary activity causes fatigue, palpitation, or dyspnea.
Class IV (Severe) Unable to carry out any physical activity without discomfort. Symptoms of cardiac insufficiency at rest. If any physical activity is undertaken, discomfort is increased.
Available on the Heart Failure Society of America website at www.abouthf.org



Claims

1. A composition comprising sustained release naltrexone, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and sustained release bupropion, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof for use in treating a subject for overweight or obesity, wherein said subject has an increased risk of an adverse cardiovascular outcome, wherein said overweight or obese subject has an increased risk of an adverse cardiovascular outcome if said subject:

a.) is diagnosed as having cardiovascular disease with at least one risk factor selected from the group consisting of:

a history of documented myocardial infarction >3 months prior to identifying the subject;

a history of coronary revascularization including coronary artery bypass graft surgery, stent placement, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, or laser atherectomy;

a history of carotid or peripheral revascularization, including carotid endarterectomy, lower extremity atherosclerotic disease atherectomy, repair of abdominal aorta aneurysm, femoral or popliteal bypass;

angina with ischemic changes, ECG changes on a graded exercise test, or positive cardiac imaging study;

ankle brachial index <0.9 assessed by simple palpation within prior 2 years of identifying the subject; and

≥50% stenosis of a coronary, carotid, or lower extremity artery within prior 2 years of identifying the subject; and/or

b.) is diagnosed as having Type 2 diabetes mellitus with at least 2 risk factors selected from the group consisting of:

hypertension controlled with or without pharmacotherapy at <145/95 mm Hg;

dyslipidemia requiring pharmacotherapy;

documented low HDL cholesterol, <50 mg/dL in women or <40 mg/dL in men, within prior 12 months of identifying the subject; and

current tobacco smoker.


 
2. The composition for use according to claim 1, wherein the subject does not have one or more characteristics selected from the group consisting of:
myocardial infarction within 3 months prior to identifying the subject; angina pectoris Grade III or IV as per the Canadian Cardiovascular Society grading scheme; a clinical history of cerebrovascular disease including stroke; a history of tachyarrhythmia other than sinus tachycardia; blood pressure ≥145/95 mm Hg, irrespective of treatment with antihypertensive agents; unstable weight within 3 months prior to identifying the subject; planned bariatric surgery, cardiac surgery, or coronary angioplasty; severe renal impairment defined by an estimated GFR <30 mL/min; clinical history of liver failure or documented ALT or AST greater than 3 times the upper limit of normal; known infection with HIV or hepatitis; chronic use or positive screen for opioids; recent drug or alcohol abuse or dependence, with the exception of nicotine dependence, within 6 months prior to identifying the subject; history of seizures, including febrile seizures, cranial trauma, or other conditions that predispose the subject to seizures; history of mania or current diagnosis of active psychosis, active bulimia or anorexia nervosa, but not binge eating disorder; a risk for suicide attempts; acute depressive illness including new onset of depression or acute exacerbation of symptoms, but not stable subjects on chronic treatment for depression; any condition with life expectancy anticipated to be less than 4 years including congestive heart failure NYHA Class 3 or 4; a history of malignancy within the previous 5 years, not including non-melanoma skin cancer or surgically cured cervical cancer; current use of other bupropion or naltrexone containing products; a history of hypersensitivity or intolerance to naltrexone or bupropion; use of monoamine oxidase inhibitors within 14 days prior to identifying the subject; use of any investigational drug, device, or procedure within 30 days prior to identifying the subject; a pregnant or breast-feeding woman, or currently trying to become pregnant, or of child-bearing potential, including peri-menopausal women who have had a menstrual period within one year, and not willing to practice birth control; and inability to consistently access broadband internet.
 
3. The composition for use according to any of claims 1 or 2, wherein the treatment is for at least 26 weeks.
 
4. The composition for use according to any one of claims 1 to 3, further used in conjunction with a web-based weight management program, a phone-based weight management program, or a combination thereof.
 
5. The composition for use according to claim 4, wherein the weight management program has a period of at least 26 weeks.
 
6. The composition for use according to any of claims 1 to 5, wherein 32 mg per day of sustained release naltrexone, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and 360 mg per day of sustained release bupropion, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, is administered to said subject.
 
7. The composition for use according to any of claims 1 to 6, wherein the composition in a tablet containing 8 mg of sustained release naltrexone and 90 mg of sustained release bupropion.
 
8. The composition for use according to any of claims 1 to 7, wherein said treatment with naltrexone and bupropion does not increase said subject's risk of an adverse cardiovascular outcome.
 
9. The composition for use according to any of claims 1 to 7, wherein said treatment with naltrexone and bupropion decreases said subject's risk of an adverse cardiovascular outcome.
 
10. The composition for use according to any of claims 1 to 9, wherein said adverse cardiovascular outcome is cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or nonfatal stroke.
 
11. The composition for use according to claim 10, wherein said adverse cardiovascular outcome is cardiovascular death.
 
12. The composition for use according to any of claims 1 to 11, wherein the subject achieves a percentage of weight loss of at least 5%.
 


Ansprüche

1. Zusammensetzung, die Naltrexon mit nachhaltiger Freisetzung oder ein pharmazeutisch annehmbares Salz davon und Bupropion mit nachhaltiger Freisetzung oder ein pharmazeutisch annehmbares Salz davon umfasst, zur Verwendung in der Behandlung von Übergewicht oder Fettleibigkeit bei einem Subjekt, wobei das Subjekt ein erhöhtes Risiko eines unerwünschten kardiovaskulären Ergebnisses aufweist, wobei das übergewichtige oder fettleibige Subjekt ein erhöhtes Risiko eines unerwünschten kardiovaskulären Ergebnisses aufweist, falls bei dem Subjekt:

a.) kardiovaskuläre Erkrankung(en) mit mindestens einem Risikofaktor diagnostiziert wurde(n), der ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus:

einer Vorgeschichte von dokumentiertem Myokardinfarkt > 3 Monate vor der Identifikation des Subjekts;

eine Vorgeschichte von koronarer Revaskularisation einschließlich Koronararterien-Bypass-Transplantationsoperation, Stentplatzierung, perkutaner transluminaler Koronar-Angioplastik oder Laser-Atherektomie;

eine Vorgeschichte von Karotis- oder peripherer Revaskularisation, einschließlich Karotis-Endarteriektomie, Atherektomie bei atherosklerotischer Erkrankung der unteren Extremität, Reparatur von Aneurysma der Bauchaorta, femoralem oder poplitealem Bypass;

Angina mit ischämischen Veränderungen, EKG-Veränderungen im Stufenbelastungstest, oder Positivergebnis in der Herzbildgebungsuntersuchung;

Knöchel-Arm-Index < 0,9, beurteilt durch einfaches Palpieren, innerhalb von 2 Jahren vor der Identifikation des Subjekts; und

≥ 50 % Stenose einer Koronararterie, Karotisarterie oder Arterie der unteren Extremität innerhalb von 2 Jahren vor der Identifikation des Subjekts; und/oder

b.) Diabetes mellitus Typ 2 mit mindestens 2 Risikofaktoren diagnostiziert wurde, die ausgewählt sind aus der Gruppe bestehend aus:

Hypertonie, die mit oder ohne Pharmakotherapie auf < 145/95 mm Hg eingestellt wurde;

Dyslipidämie, die Pharmakotherapie erfordert;

dokumentiertem niedrigem HDL-Cholesterin, < 50 mg/dL bei Frauen oder < 40 mg/dL bei Männern innerhalb von 12 Monaten vor Identifikation des Subjekts; und

derzeitiger Tabakraucher.


 
2. Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Subjekt nicht ein oder mehrere Charakteristika aufweist, die ausgewählt sind aus der Gruppe bestehend aus:
Myokardinfarkt innerhalb von 3 Monaten vor Identifikation des Subjekts; Angina pectoris Grad III oder IV gemäß dem Klassifizierungsschema der Canadian Cardiovascular Society; klinische Vorgeschichte von zerebrovaskulärer Erkrankung einschließlich Schlaganfall; Vorgeschichte von Tachyarrhythmie, die von Sinustachykardie verschieden ist; Blutdruck ≥ 145/95 mm Hg trotz Behandlung mit Antihypertonika; instabiles Gewicht innerhalb von 3 Monaten vor der Identifikation des Subjekts; geplanter bariatrischer chirurgischer Eingriff, geplante Herzoperation oder Koronarangioplastik; schwerwiegende Nierenfunktionsstörung, definiert durch eine geschätzte GFR <30 mL/min; klinische Vorgeschichte von Leberversagen oder dokumentierte ALT oder AST, die um mehr als das 3-fache über dem oberen Normwert liegt; bekannte Infektion mit HIV oder Hepatitis; chronische Verwendung oder positives Screening auf Opioide; kürzliche(r) Arzneimitteloder Alkoholmissbrauch oder -abhängigkeit mit Ausnahme von Nikotinabhängigkeit innerhalb von 6 Monaten vor Identifikation des Subjekts; Vorgeschichte von Krampfanfällen einschließlich Fieberkrämpfen, Schädeltrauma oder andere Zustände, die das Subjekt für Krämpfe prädestinieren; Vorgeschichte von Manie oder aktuelle Diagnose einer aktiven Psychose, aktive Bulimie oder Anorexia nervosa, jedoch keine Binge-Eating-Störung; Risiko für Suizidversuche; akute depressive Erkrankung einschließlich neuem Einsetzen von Depression oder akuter Exazerbation von Symptomen, jedoch nicht stabile Subjekte mit chronischer Depressionsbehandlung; jeglicher Zustand mit einer mutmaßlichen Lebenserwartung von weniger als 4 Jahren, einschließlich Herzinsuffizienz NYHA Klasse 3 oder 4; eine Vorgeschichte von Malignität in den letzten 5 Jahren, nicht einschließend Nicht-Melanom-Hautkrebs oder chirurgisch geheilter Zervixkrebs; aktuelle Verwendung von anderen Bupropion oder Naltrexon enthaltenden Produkten; eine Vorgeschichte von Überempfindlichkeit oder Intoleranz gegenüber Naltrexon oder Bupropion; Verwendung von Monoaminoxidase-Hemmern innerhalb von 14 Tagen vor Identifikation des Subjekts; Verwendung von jedweden Forschungsarzneimittel(n), -vorrichtung(en) oder -verfahren innerhalb von 30 Tagen vor der Identifikation des Subjekts; schwangere oder stillende Frauen, oder Frauen mit Kinderwunsch, die momentan eine Schwangerschaft anstreben, oder im gebärfähigen Alter, einschließlich perimenopausaler Frauen mit Menstruation vor bis zu einem Jahr, die keine Verhütung anwenden möchten; und Unmöglichkeit des konsistenten Zugangs zu Breitband-Internet.
 
3. Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 2, wobei die Behandlung für mindestens 26 Wochen ist.
 
4. Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, die des Weiteren zusammen mit einem Web-basierten Gewichtsmanagementprogramm, einem Telefon-basierten Gewichtsmanagementprogramm oder einer Kombination davon verwendet wird.
 
5. Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 4, wobei das Gewichtsmanagementprogramm einen Zeitraum von mindestens 26 Wochen aufweist.
 
6. Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei dem Subjekt 32 mg pro Tag von Naltrexon mit nachhaltiger Freisetzung oder einem pharmazeutisch annehmbaren Salz davon und 360 mg pro Tag von Bupropion mit nachhaltiger Freisetzung oder einem pharmazeutisch annehmbaren Salz davon verabreicht werden.
 
7. Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei die Zusammensetzung in einer Tablette 8 mg Naltrexon mit nachhaltiger Freisetzung und 90 mg Bupropion mit nachhaltiger Freisetzung enthält.
 
8. Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, wobei die Behandlung mit Naltrexon und Bupropion das Risiko des Subjekts für ein unerwünschtes kardiovaskuläres Ergebnis nicht erhöht.
 
9. Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, wobei die Behandlung mit Naltrexon und Bupropion das Risiko des Subjekts für ein unerwünschtes kardiovaskuläres Ergebnis senkt.
 
10. Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9, wobei das unerwünschte kardiovaskuläre Ergebnis kardiovaskulärer Tod, nicht-fataler Myokardinfarkt oder nicht-fataler Schlaganfall ist.
 
11. Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 10, wobei das unerwünschte kardiovaskuläre Ergebnis kardiovaskulärer Tod ist.
 
12. Zusammensetzung zur Verwendung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11, wobei das Subjekt einen prozentualen Gewichtsverlust von mindestens 5 % erreicht.
 


Revendications

1. Composition comprenant de la naltrexone à libération prolongée, ou un sel pharmaceutiquement acceptable correspondant, et du bupropion à libération prolongée, ou un sel pharmaceutiquement acceptable correspondant pour une utilisation dans un traitement d'un sujet pour du surpoids ou de l'obésité, ledit sujet possédant un risque accru d'une morbi-mortalité cardiovasculaire indésirable, ledit sujet en surpoids ou obèse ayant un risque accru d'une morbi-mortalité cardiovasculaire indésirable si ledit sujet :

a) est diagnostiqué comme ayant une maladie cardiovasculaire avec au moins un facteur de risque choisi dans le groupe constitué par :

un antécédent d'infarctus du myocarde documenté > 3 mois avant l'identification du sujet ;

un antécédent de revascularisation coronaire y compris une chirurgie de greffe de by-pass aortocoronarien, un placement de stent, une angioplastie coronaire transluminale percutanée, ou une athérectomie laser ;

un antécédent de revascularisation de carotide ou périphérique, y compris une endartériectomie de la carotide, une maladie athérosclérotique d'un membre inférieur, une athérectomie, une réparation d'un anévrisme de l'aorte abdominale, un by-pass fémoral ou poplité ;

une angine avec des changements ischémiques, des changements ECG sur un test d'exercice graduel, ou une étude d'imagerie cardiaque positive ;

un indice tibio-brachial < 0,9 évalué par palpation simple dans les 2 ans avant l'identification du sujet ; et

≥ 50 % de sténose d'une artère coronaire, carotide, ou d'un membre inférieur dans les 2 ans avant l'identification du sujet ;
et/ou

b) est diagnostiqué comme ayant un diabète sucré de type 2 avec au moins 2 facteurs de risque choisis dans le groupe constitué par :

de l'hypertension contrôlée avec ou sans pharmacothérapie à < 145/95 mm Hg ;

une dyslipidémie requérant une pharmacothérapie ;

un taux de cholestérol HDL bas documenté, < 50 mg/dL chez les femmes ou < 40 mg/dL chez les hommes, dans les 12 mois avant l'identification du sujet ; et

un fumeur actuel de tabac.


 
2. Composition pour une utilisation selon la revendication 1, le sujet n'ayant pas une caractéristique ou plus choisie dans le groupe constitué par :
un infarctus du myocarde dans les 3 mois avant l'identification du sujet, une angine de poitrine de degré III ou IV d'après le système de notation de la société cardiovasculaire canadienne ; un antécédent clinique de maladie cérébrovasculaire y compris un accident vasculaire ; un antécédent de tachyarythmie autre qu'une tachycardie sinusale ; pression sanguine ≥ 145/95 mm Hg, indépendamment d'un traitement par des agents anti-hypertenseurs ; un poids instable dans les 3 mois avant l'identification du sujet ; une chirurgie bariatrique, une chirurgie cardiaque, ou une angioplastie coronaire planifiée ; une déficience rénale grave définie par un GFR estimé < 30 mL/min ; un antécédent clinique de défaillance du foie ou un ALT ou AST documenté supérieur à 3 fois la limite supérieure de la normale ; une infection connue par le VIH ou une hépatite ; une utilisation chronique ou un dépistage positif aux opioïdes ; un abus ou une dépendance récent(e) à une drogue ou à l'alcool, à l'exception d'une dépendance à la nicotine, dans les 6 mois avant l'identification du sujet ; un antécédent de convulsions, y compris des convulsions fébriles, un traumatisme crânien, ou d'autres affections qui prédisposent le sujet à des convulsions ; un antécédent de manie ou un diagnostic actuel de psychose active, une boulimie active ou une névrose anorexique, mais pas un trouble de frénésie alimentaire ; un risque de tentatives de suicide ; une maladie dépressive aiguë y compris une apparition récente d'une dépression ou une exacerbation aiguë de symptômes, mais pas de sujets stables suivant un traitement chronique pour une dépression ; une quelconque affection dont l'espérance de vie est anticipée comme étant de moins de 4 ans y compris une insuffisance cardiaque congective de classe 3 ou 4 NYHA ; un antécédent de malignité dans les 5 années précédentes, n'incluant pas un cancer de la peau non mélanome ou un cancer du col de l'utérus guéri par chirurgie ; une utilisation actuelle d'autres produits contenant du bupropion ou de la naltrexone ; un antécédant d'hypersensibilité ou d'intolérance à de la naltrexone ou du bupropion ; une utilisation d'inhibiteurs de monoamine oxydase dans les 14 jours avant l'identification du sujet ; une utilisation d'un(e) quelconque médicament, dispositif, procédure expérimental(e) dans les 30 jours avant l'identification du sujet ; une femme enceinte ou allaitant, ou essayant actuellement de tomber enceinte, ou susceptible de procréer, y compris les femmes péri-ménopausées qui ont eu une période menstruelle depuis un an, et qui ne veulent pas pratiquer le contrôle des naissances ; et une inaptitude à accéder régulièrement à internet à haut débit.
 
3. Composition pour une utilisation selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 et 2, le traitement étant pendant au moins 26 semaines.
 
4. Composition pour une utilisation selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, en outre utilisée en conjonction avec un programme de gestion du poids en ligne, un programme de gestion du poids par téléphone, ou une combinaison correspondante.
 
5. Composition pour une utilisation selon la revendication 4, le programme de gestion du poids possédant une période d'au moins 26 semaines.
 
6. Composition pour une utilisation selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, 32 mg, par jour, de naltrexone à libération prolongée, ou d'un sel pharmaceutiquement acceptable correspondant, et 360 mg, par jour, de bupropion à libération prolongée, ou d'un sel pharmaceutiquement acceptable correspondant, étant administrés audit sujet.
 
7. Composition pour une utilisation selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, la composition étant un comprimé contenant 8 mg de naltrexone à libération prolongée et 90 mg de bupropion à libération prolongée.
 
8. Composition pour une utilisation selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, ledit traitement par la naltrexone et du bupropion n'augmentant pas le risque dudit sujet d'une morbi-mortalité cardiovasculaire indésirable.
 
9. Composition pour une utilisation selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, ledit traitement par la naltrexone et du bupropion diminuant le risque dudit sujet d'une morbi-mortalité cardiovasculaire indésirable.
 
10. Composition pour une utilisation selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, ladite morbi-mortalité cardiovasculaire indésirable étant une mort cardiovasculaire, un infarctus du myocarde non fatal, ou un accident vasculaire non fatal.
 
11. Composition pour une utilisation selon la revendication 10, ladite morbi-mortalité cardiovasculaire indésirable étant une mort cardiovasculaire.
 
12. Composition pour une utilisation selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11, le sujet réalisant un pourcentage de perte de poids d'au moins 5 %.
 




REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description