(19)
(11)EP 2 860 321 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
24.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/26

(21)Application number: 14188292.8

(22)Date of filing:  09.10.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
E04B 1/84  (2006.01)
E04B 1/82  (2006.01)
E04B 1/86  (2006.01)

(54)

SOUND PANEL AND METHOD FOR ASSEMBLY OF A SOUND PANEL

SCHALLTAFEL UND VERFAHREN ZUR MONTAGE EINER SCHALLTAFEL

PANNEAU ACOUSTIQUE ET PROCÉDÉ D'ASSEMBLAGE D'UN PANNEAU ACOUSTIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 09.10.2013 US 201314050046

(43)Date of publication of application:
15.04.2015 Bulletin 2015/16

(73)Proprietor: Kuras, Glenn
Atlanta, GA 30316 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • Kuras, Glenn
    Atlanta, GA 30316 (US)

(74)Representative: Schweiger, Martin et al
Schweiger & Partners Intellectual Property Law Firm Elsenheimer Strasse 1
80687 München
80687 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A- 4 057 123
US-B1- 6 321 871
US-A1- 2006 157 297
US-B1- 7 063 184
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD AND BACKGROUND



    [0001] This disclosure relates to sound panels, for example, acoustic panels and bass traps. Sound panels are acoustic energy absorbers which are designed to dampen different frequencies of sound energy with the goal of attaining a certain level and range of different frequencies within a room or area. The sound panels function by turning sound energy into heat through friction.

    [0002] US 7 063 184 B1 describes a sound reducing panel suitable for use in an outdoor or a hazardous environment. US2006 / 157297 A1 describes diverse acoustical modules mounted adjacent to on another. This document discloses all the features of the preamble of claim 1, respectively of method claim 5. US 4 057 123 A describes a lightweight sound absorbent panel with a supporting frame.

    SUMMARY



    [0003] Disclosed is a sound panel including at least an outer fabric; an absorption member, which has a top surface and a bottom surface and which is at least indirectly connected to the outer fabric; and a frame, which has a top surface and a bottom surface which is at least indirectly connected to the absorption member, wherein the outer fabric is fastened to the frame and wherein the bottom surface of the frame is placed on the top surface of the absorption member, a membrane placed between the outer fabric and the absorption member, and an inner fabric fastened to the frame, wherein the sound panel further comprises a plurality of boards fastened to an exterior frame of the sound panel, the exterior frame being formed by outer portions of back ends front ends, left ends, right ends, and corners of the membrane, the absorption member, the frame, and the inner fabric, and wherein the boards are made to be the same height as the combination of the membrane, the absorption member, the frame, and the inner fabric.

    [0004] Also disclosed is a method for constructing a sound panel including at least obtaining an outer fabric; placing an absorption member, which has a top surface and a bottom surface, on the outer fabric; placing a frame, which has a top surface and a bottom surface, on the absorption member, wherein the bottom surface of the frame is placed on the top surface of the absorption member; and fastening the outer fabric to the frame, wherein the method further comprises: placing a membrane between the outer fabric and the absorption member; fastening an inner fabric to the frame, and fastening a plurality of boards to an exterior frame of the sound panel, the exterior frame being formed by outer portions of back ends front ends, left ends, right ends, and corners of the membrane, the absorption member, the frame, and the inner fabric, and wherein the boards are made to be the same height as the combination of the membrane, the absorption member, the frame, and the inner fabric.

    [0005] Various implementations described in the present disclosure may include additional systems, methods, features, and advantages, which may not necessarily be expressly disclosed herein but will be apparent to one of ordinary skill in the art upon examination of the following detailed description and accompanying drawings. It is intended that all such systems, methods, features, and advantages be included within the present disclosure and protected by the accompanying claims.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0006] The features and components of the following figures are illustrated to emphasize the general principles of the present disclosure. Corresponding features and components throughout the figures may be designated by matching reference characters for the sake of consistency and clarity.

    FIG. 1 is a perspective view of fabric laid out on a flat surface in accord with one embodiment of the current disclosure.

    FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a membrane in accord with one embedment of the current disclosure.

    FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the membrane of FIG. 2 placed on top of the fabric of FIG. 1.

    FIG. 4 is a perspective view of an absorption member next to assembly of FIG. 3.

    FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the absorption member placed on top of the assembly of FIG. 3.

    FIG. 6 is a bottom view of a frame next to the assembly of FIG. 5.

    FIG. 7 is a perspective view of the frame of FIG. 6 placed on top of the assembly of FIG. 7

    FIG. 8 is a perspective view of FIG. 7 that also includes fabric overlaying the frame.

    FIG. 9 is a perspective view of the assembly of FIG. 8 with the frame inverted from the position of the frame in FIG. 8.

    FIG. 10 is a side perspective view of the assembly of FIG. 9 on fabric material with boards fastened around the exterior portions of the assembly of FIG. 9.

    FIG. 11 is a perspective view of the assembly of FIG. 10 with the fabric material being wrapped around the frame of the assembly of FIG. 10.

    FIG. 12 is a perspective view of the top side of a sound panel in accord with one embodiment of the current disclosure.

    FIG. 13 is a perspective view of the bottom side of a sound panel in accord with the embodiment shown in FIG. 12.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0007] Within this application a sound panel and associated methods, systems, devices, and various apparatus are disclosed. The sound panel includes at least outer fabric, one absorption member, and one frame. It would be understood by one of skill in the art that the disclosed sound panel is described in but a few exemplary embodiments among many. No particular terminology or description should be considered limiting on the disclosure or the scope of any claims issuing therefrom.

    [0008] One embodiment of a sound panel 100 is disclosed and described in FIGs. 12-13. In order to construct the sound panel 100, a multitude of methods may be used. In the current embodiment, one method of construction is illustrated in FIGs. 1-11.

    [0009] FIG. 1 shows outer fabric 110 placed on a flat surface; however, the outer fabric 110 is not required to be initially placed on a flat surface. As seen in FIG. 1, the outer fabric 110 includes a back end 113, a front end 117, a top surface 111, and a bottom surface 121 (not shown). Also, the outer fabric 110 includes a left end 115, a right end 119, and corners 112, 114, 116, and 118. Directional references such as "up," "down," "top," "left," "right," "front," "back," and "corners," among others are intended to refer to the orientation as shown and described in figure (or figures) the components and directions are referencing. The shape of the outer fabric 110 is not required to be rectangular, and can be any other shape, such as a triangle, diamond, polygon, circle, among others. In the current embodiment, the outer fabric 110 is made of thin breathable fabric, but other materials and types of fabrics may be used. Moreover, in alternative embodiments, outer fabric 110 is not required.

    [0010] FIG. 2 shows membrane 210 from a perspective view. In the current embodiment, the membrane 210 includes a back end 213, a front end 217, a top surface 211, and a bottom surface 221 (not shown). Also, the membrane 210 includes a left end 215, a right end 219, and corners 212,214,216, and 218. The shape of the membrane 210 is not required to be rectangular, and can be any other shape, such as a triangle, diamond, polygon, circle, among 20 others. In the current embodiment, the membrane 210 is made of 0.23 kg (0.5 pounds) of mass loaded vinyl, but any type of flexible material and different weights of such material, may be used. Moreover, in alternative embodiments, membrane 210 is not required. The membrane 210 limits frequencies over 400Hz. Without the membrane 210, there would be a broader frequency absorption than with the use of the absorption member 310 alone.

    [0011] FIG. 3 displays the bottom surface 221 of the membrane 210 being placed on the top surface 111 of the outer fabric 110. In the current embodiment, the top surface 211 of the membrane 210 faces upward, and the membrane 210 is placed in the middle of the outer fabric 110; however, such a configuration is not required. Additionally, in FIG. 3, the size, or distances from the back end 213 to the front end 217 and the left end 215 to the right end 219 of the membrane are shorter than the distances from the back end 113 to the front end 117 and the left end 115 to the right end 119 of the outer fabric 110. However, such a configuration is not required and the membrane 210 may be larger than or equal in size to the outer fabric 110.

    [0012] In FIG. 4, an absorption member 310 is provided. In the current embodiment, the absorption member 310 includes a back end 313, a front end 317, a top surface 311 (not shown), and a bottom surface 321. Also, the absorption member 310 includes a left end 315, a right end 319, and corners 312,314, 316, and 318. The distances from the back end 313 to the front end 317 and the left end 315 to the right end 319 of the absorption member are approximately equal to the distances from the back end 213 to the front end 217 and the left end 215 to the right end 219 of the membrane 210. However, such a configuration is not required and the absorption member 310 may be different in size to the membrane 210. The shape of the absorption member 310 is not required to be rectangular, and can be any other shape, such as a triangle, diamond, polygon, circle, among others. In the current embodiment, the absorption member 310 is made of fiberglass, but other materials may be used. In the current embodiment, the fiberglass is four inches thick, and the density is 27 kg/cubic meter (1.6 lbs./cubic foot). However, the thickness and density of the absorption member 310 can be varied and adjusted to capture different ranges of frequencies. In alternative embodiments, the thickness of the absorption member 310 may include a range of thicknesses, such as 51 mm (two inches), 102 mm (four inches), or 154 mm (six inches), among other. In one aspect, the thickness is from 51 to 610 (2 to 24 inch) thick fiberglass. Likewise, in alternative embodiments the density of the absorption member 310 may include a range of densities, such as 8 kg / cubic meter (0.5 lbs / cubic foot), 16 kg / cubic meter (1 lbs /cubic foot), 48 kg / cubic meter (3 lbs./cubic foot), or 96 kg / cubic meter (6 lbs./cubic foot), among others. In one aspect, the absorption member is constructed from about 27 kg/cubic meter (1.6 lbs./cubic foot) to 160 kg/cubic meter (10 lbs./cubic foot) density. It is well understood in the industry that when thicker absorption members 310 are used, the range of frequencies that are captured increases. Also, in the current embodiment, the thickness of the absorption member 310 may be adjusted before or after assembly is complete.

    [0013] FIG. 5 displays the bottom surface 321 of the absorption member 310 placed on the top surface 211 of the membrane 210. In the current embodiment, the top surface 311 of the absorption member 310 faces upward, and both the membrane 210 and absorption member 310 are placed in the middle of the outer fabric 110; however, such a configuration is not required. Additionally, in FIG. 3, the distances from the back end 313 to the front end 317 and the left end 315 to the right end 319 of the absorption member 310 are shorter than the distances from the back end 113 to the front end 117 and the left end 115 to the right end 119 of the outer fabric 110. However, such a configuration is not required and the absorption member 310 may be larger than or equal in size to the outer fabric 110.

    [0014] In FIG. 6 a frame 410 is provided. In the current embodiment, the frame 410 includes a back end 413, a front end 417, a top surface 411 (not shown), and a bottom surface 421. Also, the frame 410 includes a left end 415, a right end 419, and corners 412, 414, 416, and 418. The shape of the frame 410 in the current embodiment is a rectangle with sectional strip of wood (the component where the bottom surface 421 is indicated - although the bottom surface 421 includes the entire bottom surface of all of the peripheral components of the frame 410 (412, 413, 414, 415, 416, 417, 418, and 419)). The frame 410 is not required to include the sectional strip of wood, nor is the frame 410 required be rectangular, and any other shape, such as a triangle, diamond, polygon, circle, among others, may be used. An advantage that the frame 410 contributes is to providing a built-in air gap to the sound panel 100, thereby enhancing the performance of the sound panel 100. In the current embodiment, the frame 410 is made of thin wood; however, other materials and thicknesses of materials may be used. Additionally, in other embodiments, frame 410 may not be required. The peripheral components of the frame 410 (412, 413, 414, 415, 416, 417, 418, and 419)) also let in lower frequencies.

    [0015] FIG. 7 shows the bottom surface 421 of frame 410 placed on the top surface 311 of the absorption member 310. In the current embodiment, the top surface 311 of the absorption member 310 faces upward, and the membrane 210, absorption member 310, and frame 410 are placed in the middle of the outer fabric 110; however, such a configuration is not required. In this embodiment, the size, or the distances from the back end 413 to the front end 417 and the left end 415 to the right end 419 of the frame 410 are approximately equal to the size, or distances from the back end 313 to the front end 317 and the left end 315 to the right end 319 of the absorption member 310. However, such a configuration is not required and the frame 410 may be different in size to the absorption member 310. The sound panel 100 may be placed between a wall or other divider. In other aspects the sound panel 100 may be affixed to a wall or divider in a permanent manner or non-permanent manner. The sound panel 100 may be placed in a manner where there is space between the sound panel 100 and the wall or divider. Ultimately, the space between the absorption member 310 and the surface of the wall or divider will affect, and usually increase, low end performance.

    [0016] As shown in FIG. 8, inner fabric 510 is placed over frame 410. In the current embodiment, the inner fabric 510 includes a back end 513, a front end 517, a top surface 511, and a bottom surface 521 (not shown). Also, the inner fabric 510 includes a left end 515, a right end 519, and corners 512, 514, 516, and 518. In the current embodiment, the inner fabric 510 is made to be approximately the same size as the frame 410 and is fastened to the frame 410. The inner fabric 510 may be fastened to the frame 410 by the use of staples, nails, screws, ties, glue, or clips, among other fasteners. However, the inner fabric 510 is not required to be the same size as the frame 410 nor is it required to be the same shape. Additionally, the inner fabric 510 does not have to be fastened to the frame. In the current embodiment, the inner fabric 510 is made of muslin fabric; however, other materials and types of fabrics may be used. Moreover, in alternative embodiments, the inner fabric 510 is not required. The inner fabric 510 provides a density function for lower frequencies.

    [0017] FIG. 9 shows that the frame 410 and inner fabric 510 unit has been inverted on the absorption member 310. In FIG. 9 it is shown that the top surfaces 411 and 511 of the frame 410 and inner fabric 510, respectively, are now facing the top surface 311 of the absorption member 310, as opposed to the configuration in FIG. 8.

    [0018] In FIG. 10, boards 610, 620, 630 (not shown), and 640 (not shown) are fastened to the exterior frame, which includes the outer portions of back ends (213,313,413, and 513), front ends (217, 317, 417, and 517), left ends (215, 315, 415, and 515), right ends (219, 319, 419, and 519), and corners (212, 214, 216, 218, 312, 314, 316, 318, 412, 414, 416, 418, 512, 514, 516, and 518). However, boards 610, 620, 630 (not shown), and 640 (not shown) are not required to cover or be fastened to all of the exterior frame (previously described). In the current embodiment, the boards 610, 620, 630 (not shown), and 640 (not shown) are made to be approximately the same height as the combination of the membrane 210, absorption member 310, frame 410, and inner fabric 510. A specific height is not required and other heights may be used. Additionally, the boards 610, 620, 630 (not shown), and 640 (not shown) are fastened to the exterior frame (previously described), which may be done by the use of staples, nails, screws, glue, ties, or clips, among other fasteners. The boards 610, 620, 630 (not shown), and 640 (not shown) let in lower frequencies.

    [0019] In the current embodiment, the boards 610, 620, 630 (not shown), and 640 (not shown) are made of fiberboard that is 1,6 mm (1/16 inch) thick; however, other materials and thicknesses may be used.

    [0020] In FIG. 11, it is shown that portions of the outer fabric 110 are folded upon the sides of the combination of the membrane 210, absorption member 310, frame 410, inner fabric 510, and boards 610, 620, 630 (not shown), and 640 (not shown). In the current embodiment, the back end 113 is folded upon the back ends 213,313,413, 513, and board 640 (not shown), the front end 117 is folded upon the front ends 217,317,417, 517, and board 620, the left end 115 is folded upon the left ends 215,315,415, 515, and board 610, the right end 119 is folded upon the right ends 219,319,419, 519, and board 630 (not shown), and the corners 112, 114, 116, and 118 are folded upon their respective corners 212, 214, 216, 218, 312, 314, 316, 318, 412, 414, 416, 418, 512, 514, 516, and 518. After the portions of the outer fabric 110, described above, are folded upon the sides (as described above), the portions of the outer fabric 110 are fastened to the combined sides (previously described), which may be done by the use of staples, nails, screws, glue, ties, or clips, among other fasteners. However, the portions of the outer fabric 110 do not have to be fastened to the combined sides (previously described), and in alternative embodiments, the outer fabric 110 may not be folded upon the combined sides (previously described).

    [0021] FIGs. 12 and 13 show a constructed sound panel 100, in the current embodiment, from different perspective views.

    [0022] As previously mentioned, one possible method of construction for sound panel 100 is shown in FIGs. 1-11. However, such a method of construction is not required, as some elements are not required and the order of operations may be modified and adjusted. By way of example, FIG. 1 shows the outer fabric 110 placed on a flat surface to begin construction. Next, as shown in FIGs. 2-3, membrane 210 is placed on the top surface 111 of the outer fabric 110. Absorption member 310 may then be placed on the top surface 211 of membrane 210, as shown in FIGs. 4-5. As shown in FIGs. 6-7, frame 410 is placed on the top surface 311 of the absorption member 310, so the bottom surface 421 of frame 410 is facing the top surface 311. In FIG. 8, inner fabric 510 is placed and fastened on the top surface 411 of the frame 410. Next, as shown in FIG. 9, the frame 410 is inverted with respect to the absorption member 310; as such, top surface 411 of frame 410 is facing the top surface 311 of absorption member 310. In FIG. 10, boards 610, 620, 630 (not shown), and 640 (not shown) are placed and fastened on the exterior frame (as previously described). Finally, as shown in FIG. 11, portions of the outer fabric 110 are folded upon and fastened to the combined sides (previously described). Once the steps of FIGs. 1-11 are completed, the sound panel 100, of the current embodiment, as shown FIGs. 12 and 13, is constructed.

    [0023] The scope of the present invention is defined by the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A sound panel comprising:

    an outer fabric (110);

    an absorption member (310), which has a top surface (311) and a bottom surface (321) and which is at least indirectly connected to the outer fabric (110); and a frame (410), which has a top surface (411) and a bottom surface (421) and which is at least indirectly connected to the absorption member (310),

    wherein the outer fabric (110) is fastened to the frame (410) and wherein the bottom surface (421) of the frame (410) is placed on the top surface (311) of the absorption member (310);

    a membrane (210) placed between the outer fabric (110) and the absorption member (310), and

    an inner fabric (510) fastened to the frame (410),

    wherein the sound panel (100) is characterised in that it further comprises:
    a plurality of boards (610, 620, 630, 640) attached to an exterior frame of the sound panel (100), the exterior frame being formed by outer portions of back ends (213,313,413, and 513), front ends (217, 317, 417, and 517), left ends (215, 315, 415, and 515), right ends (219,319,419, and 519), and corners (212, 214, 216, 218, 312, 314, 316, 318, 412, 414, 416, 418, 512, 514, 516, and 518) of the membrane (210), the absorption member (310), the frame (410), and the inner fabric (510), wherein the boards (610, 620, 630, 640) are made to be the same height as the combination of the membrane (210), the absorption member (310), the frame (410), and the inner fabric (510) .


     
    2. The sound panel of claim 1, wherein the absorption member (310) is constructed from about 27 kg/cubic meter (1.6 lbs./cubic foot) to 160 kg/cubic meter (10 lbs./cubic foot) density and from 50 to 600 mm (2 to 24 inch) thick fiberglass, or the absorption member (310) is constructed with about 27 kilograms/cubic meter (1.6 lbs./cubic foot) density and 100 mm (4 inch) thick fiberglass.
     
    3. The sound panel of claim 1, wherein the absorption member (310) and the frame (410) are rectangular in shape.
     
    4. The sound panel of claim 1, wherein the outer fabric (110) is fastened to the frame (410) by a plurality of nails.
     
    5. A method of constructing a sound panel (100), comprising:

    obtaining an outer fabric (110);

    placing an absorption member (310), which has a top surface (311) and a bottom surface (321), on the outer fabric (110);

    placing a frame (410), which has a top surface (411) and a bottom surface (421), on the absorption member (310), wherein the bottom surface (421) of the frame (410) is placed on the top surface (311) of the absorption member (310); and

    attaching the outer fabric (110) to the frame (410),

    wherein the method is characterised in that it further comprises:

    placing a membrane (210) between the outer fabric (110) and the absorption member (310);

    fastening an inner fabric (510) to the frame (410), and

    fastening a plurality of boards (610, 620, 630, 640) to an exterior frame of the sound panel (100), the exterior frame being formed by outer portions of back ends (213,313,413, and 513), front ends (217, 317, 417, and 517), left ends (215, 315, 415, and 515), right ends (219, 319, 419, and 519), and corners (212, 214, 216, 218, 312, 314, 316, 318, 412, 414, 416, 418, 512, 514, 516, and 518) of the membrane (210), the absorption member (310), the frame (410), and the inner fabric (510), wherein the boards (610, 620, 630, 640) are made to be the same height as the combination of the membrane (210), the absorption member (310), the frame (410), and the inner fabric (510).


     
    6. The method of claim 5, wherein the absorption member is constructed with 27 kg/cubic meter (1.6 lbs./cubic foot) density and 100 mm (4 inch) thick fiberglass, the membrane, absorption member (310), and frame (410) are rectangular in shape, and the frame (410) is inverted after the inner fabric (510) is fastened to the frame (410).
     
    7. The method of claim 5, wherein the membrane (210), the absorption member (310), and the frame (410) are different shapes from one another.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Schallpaneel umfassend:

    einen Außenstoff (110);

    ein Absorptionselement (310), das eine obere Oberfläche (311) und eine untere Oberfläche (321) aufweist und das zumindest indirekt mit dem Außenstoff (110) verbunden ist; und einen Rahmen (410), der eine obere Oberfläche (411) und eine untere Oberfläche (421) aufweist und der zumindest indirekt mit dem Absorptionselement (310) verbunden ist, wobei der Außenstoff (110) an dem Rahmen (410) befestigt ist und wobei die untere Oberfläche (421) des Rahmens (410) an der oberen Oberfläche (311) des Absorptionselements (310) platziert ist;

    eine Membran (210), die zwischen dem Außenstoff (110) und dem Absorptionselement (310) platziert ist und

    einen Innenstoff (510), der an dem Rahmen (410) befestigt ist, wobei das Schallpaneel (100) dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass es weiter umfasst:

    eine Mehrzahl von Platten (610, 620, 630, 640), die an einem außenseitigen Rahmen des Schallpaneels (100) angebracht sind, wobei der außenseitige Rahmen durch äußere Bereiche von hinteren Enden (213,313,413 und 513), vorderen Enden (217, 317, 417 und 517), linken Enden (215, 315, 415 und 515),

    rechten Enden (219,319,419 und 519) und Ecken (212, 214, 216, 218, 312, 314, 316, 318, 412, 414, 416, 418, 512, 514, 516 und 518) der Membran (210), des Absorptionselements (310), des Rahmens (410) und des Innenstoffs (510) gebildet wird, wobei die Platten (610, 620, 630, 640) gefertigt sind, um die gleiche Höhe wie die Kombination der Membran (210), des Absorptionselements (310), des Rahmens (410) und des Innenstoffs (510) aufzuweisen.


     
    2. Schallpaneel nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Absorptionselement (310) aus ungefähr 27 kg/Kubikmeter (1,6 Pfund/Kubikfuß) bis 160 kg/Kubikmeter (10 Pfund/Kubikfuß) dichter und aus 50 bis 600 mm (2 bis 24 Zoll) dicker Glasfaser konstruiert ist oder das Absorptionselement (310) mit ungefähr 27 Kilogramm/Kubikmeter (1,6 Pfund/Kubikfuß) dichter und 100 mm (4 Zoll) dicker Glasfaser konstruiert ist.
     
    3. Schallpaneel nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Absorptionselement (310) und der Rahmen (410) in ihrer Form rechteckig sind.
     
    4. Schallpaneel nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Außenstoff (110) an dem Rahmen (410) durch eine Mehrzahl von Nägeln befestigt ist.
     
    5. Verfahren zum Konstruieren eines Schallpaneels (100), umfassend:

    Bereitstellen eines Außenstoffs (110);

    Platzieren eines Absorptionselements (310), das eine obere Oberfläche (311) und eine untere Oberfläche (321) aufweist, an dem Außenstoff (110);

    Platzieren eines Rahmens (410), der eine obere Oberfläche (411) und eine untere Oberfläche (421) aufweist, an dem Absorptionselement (310), wobei die untere Oberfläche (421) des Rahmens (410) an der oberen Oberfläche (311) des Absorptionselements (310) platziert ist; und

    Anbringen des Außenstoffs (110) an dem Rahmen (410),

    wobei das Verfahren dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass es weiter umfasst:

    Platzieren einer Membran (210) zwischen dem Außenstoff (110) und dem Absorptionselement (310);

    Befestigen eines Innenstoffs (510) an dem Rahmen (410), und

    Befestigen einer Mehrzahl von Platten (610, 620, 630, 640) an einem außenseitigen Rahmen des Schallpaneels (100), wobei der außenseitige Rahmen durch äußere Bereiche von hinteren Enden (213,313,413 und 513), vorderen Enden (217, 317, 417 und 517), linken Enden (215, 315, 415 und 515),

    rechten Enden (219, 319, 419 und 519) und Ecken (212, 214, 216, 218, 312, 314, 316, 318, 412, 414, 416, 418, 512, 514, 516 und 518) der Membran (210), des Absorptionselements (310), des Rahmens (410) und des Innenstoffs (510) gebildet wird, wobei die Platten (610, 620, 630, 640) gefertigt sind, um die gleiche Höhe wie die Kombination der Membran (210), des Absorptionselements (310), des Rahmens (410) und des Innenstoffs (510) aufzuweisen.


     
    6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, wobei das Absorptionselement mit einer 27 kg/Kubikmeter (1,6 Pfund/Kubikfuß) dichten und 100 mm (4 Zoll) dicken Glasfaser konstruiert ist, wobei die Membran, Absorptionselement (310) und Rahmen (410) in ihrer Form rechteckig sind und der Rahmen (410) invertiert wird, nachdem der Innenstoff (510) an dem Rahmen (410) befestigt wird.
     
    7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Membran (210), das Absorptionselement (310) und der Rahmen (410) verschiedene Formen voneinander aufweisen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Panneau sonore comprenant :

    un tissu extérieur (110) ;

    un élément d'absorption (310), qui présente une face avant (311) et une face arrière (321) et qui est au moins relié indirectement au tissu extérieur (110) ; et un cadre (410) qui présente une face avant (411) et une face arrière (421) et qui est au moins relié indirectement à l'élément absorption (310), le tissu extérieur (110) étant fixé au cadre (410) et la face arrière (421) du cadre (410) étant placée sur la face avant (311) de l'élément d'absorption (310) ;

    une membrane (210) placée entre le tissu extérieur (110) et l'élément d'absorption (310), et un tissu intérieur (510) fixé au cadre (410), le panneau sonore (510) étant caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend en outre :
    une pluralité de plaques (610, 620, 630, 640) fixées à un cadre extérieur du panneau sonore (100), le cadre extérieur étant formé de parties extérieures d'extrémité arrières (213, 313, 413 et 513), des extrémités avant (217, 317, 417 et 517), des extrémités gauches (215, 315, 415 et 515), des extrémités avant (219, 319, 419 et 519) et des coins (212, 214, 216, 218, 312, 314, 316, 318, 412, 414, 416, 418, 512, 514, 516 et 518) de la membrane (210), de l'élément d'absorption (310), du cadre (410), et du tissu intérieur (510), les plaques (610, 620, 630, 640) étant fabriquées de manière à être à la même hauteur que la membrane (210), l'élément d'absorption (310), le cadre (410 (410 et le tissu intérieur (510) réunis.


     
    2. Panneau sonore selon la revendication 1, l'élément d'absorption (310) étant fabriqué en fibre de verre ayant une densité comprise entre environ 27 kg/m3 (1,6 lb/pied cube) à 160 kg/m3 (10 lb/pied cube) et ayant une épaisseur comprise entre 50 et 600 mm (entre 2 et 24 pouces), ou l'élément d'absorption (310) étant fabriqué en fibre de verre ayant une densité comprise entre 27 kilogrammes/mètre cube (1,6 lb/pied cube) et ayant une épaisseur s'élevant à 100 mm (4 pouces).
     
    3. Panneau sonore selon la revendication 1, l'élément d'absorption (310) et le cadre (410) étant de forme rectangulaire.
     
    4. Panneau sonore selon la revendication 1, le tissu extérieur (110) étant fixé au cadre (410) par une pluralité de clous.
     
    5. Procédé de fabrication d'un panneau sonore (100), consistant à :

    obtenir un tissu extérieur (110) ;

    placer un élément d'absorption (310) qui présente une face avant (311) et une face arrière (321) sur le tissu extérieur (110) ;

    placer un cadre (410) qui présente une face avant (411) et une face arrière (421), sur l'élément d'absorption (310), la face arrière (421) du cadre (410) étant placé sur la face avant (311) de l'élément d'absorption (310) ; et

    fixer le tissu extérieur (110) au cadre (410), le procédé étant caractérisé en ce qu'il consiste en outre à :

    placer une membrane (210) entre le tissu extérieur (110) et l'élément d'absorption (310) ;

    fixer un tissu intérieur (510) au cadre (410), et

    fixer une pluralité de plaques (610, 620, 630, 640) à un cadre extérieur du panneau sonore (100), le cadre extérieur étant formé de parties extérieures d'extrémité arrières (213, 313, 413 et 513), d'extrémités avant (217, 317, 417 et 517), d'extrémités gauches (215, 315, 415 et 515), d'extrémités droites (219, 319, 419 et 519) et de coins (212, 214, 216, 218, 312, 314, 316, 318, 412, 414, 416, 418, 512, 514, 516 et 518) de la membrane (210), l'élément d'absorption (310), le cadre (410), et le tissu intérieur (510), les plaques (610, 620, 630, 640) étant fabriquées de manière à être à la même hauteur que la membrane (210), l'élément d'absorption (310), le cadre (410 (410 et le tissu intérieur (510) réunis.


     
    6. Procédé selon la revendication 5 l'élément d'absorption étant fabriqué en fibre de verre ayant une densité s'élevant à 27 kg/mètre cube (1,6 lb/pied cube) et ayant une épaisseur s'élevant à 100 mm (4 pouces), la membrane, l'élément d'absorption (310) et le cadre (410) étant de forme rectangulaire et le cadre (410) étant renversé après que le tissu intérieur (510) a été fixé au cadre (410).
     
    7. Procédé selon la revendication 5, la membrane (210), l'élément d'absorption (310) et le cadre (410) ayant des formes différentes l'un de l'autre.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description