(19)
(11)EP 2 862 862 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
02.01.2019 Bulletin 2019/01

(21)Application number: 13806100.7

(22)Date of filing:  18.06.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C07D 471/04  (2006.01)
H01L 51/50  (2006.01)
H05B 33/14  (2006.01)
C09K 11/06  (2006.01)
H01L 51/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2013/005341
(87)International publication number:
WO 2013/191429 (27.12.2013 Gazette  2013/52)

(54)

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE COMPRISING NITROGEN-CONTAINING HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUND

ORGANISCHE LICHTEMITTIERENDE VORRICHTUNG MIT STICKSTOFFHALTIGER HETEROCYCLISCHER VERBINDUNG

DISPOSITIF ÉLECTROLUMINESCENT ORGANIQUE COMPRENANT UN COMPOSÉ HÉTÉROCYCLQUE CONTENANT DE L'AZOTE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 18.06.2012 KR 20120064915
22.04.2013 KR 20130044496

(43)Date of publication of application:
22.04.2015 Bulletin 2015/17

(73)Proprietor: LG Chem, Ltd.
Seoul 150-721 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • PARK, Tae Yoon
    Daejeon 305-380 (KR)
  • CHUN, Minseung
    Daejeon 305-380 (KR)
  • HONG, Sung Kil
    Daejeon 305-380 (KR)
  • LEE, Dong Hoon
    Daejeon 305-380 (KR)
  • KIM, Dongheon
    Daejeon 305-380 (KR)

(74)Representative: Hoffmann Eitle 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartmbB Arabellastraße 30
81925 München
81925 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2006/080640
WO-A1-2007/105906
KR-A- 20120 015 883
US-A1- 2011 278 549
WO-A1-2007/105906
WO-A2-2011/059271
US-A1- 2004 219 386
  
  • ZUOQUAN JIANG ET AL: "Multifunctional Fluorene-Based Oligomers with Novel Spiro-Annulated Triarylamine: Efficient, Stable Deep-Blue Electroluminescence, Good Hole Injection, and Transporting Materials with Very High Tg", ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS, WILEY - V C H VERLAG GMBH & CO. KGAA, DE, vol. 19, no. 24, 23 December 2009 (2009-12-23), pages 3987-3995, XP001551574, ISSN: 1616-301X, DOI: 10.1002/ADFM.200901534 [retrieved on 2009-11-20]
  • JIANG, ZUOQUAN ET AL.: 'Multifunctional fluorene-based oligomers with novel spiro-annulated triarylamine: Efficient, stable deep-blue electro-luminescence, good hole injection, and transporting materials with very high Tg' ADV. FUNCT. MATER. vol. 19, 2009, pages 3987 - 3995, XP001551574
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present disclosure relates to an organic light-emitting device comprising a nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound.

Background Art



[0002] As used herein, the term "organic electronic device" refers to a device that requires the exchange of an electronic charge between an electrode and an organic material using holes and/or electrons. Organic electronic devices can be largely classified according to operational principle into the following two types. One type is an electronic device having a configuration in which an exciton is formed in an organic material layer by the entry of photons into the device from an external light source, and is then separated into an electron and a hole, which are transferred to different electrodes to create a current source (voltage source), and the other type is an electric device having a configuration in which a voltage or current is applied to two or more electrodes to inject a hole and/or an electron into an organic semiconductor positioned at the interface between the electrodes, and the device is operated using the injected electron and hole.

[0003] Examples of the organic electronic device include an organic light-emitting device, an organic solar cell, an organic photo-conductor (OPC), an organic transistor and the like, all of which require a hole-injecting or hole-transporting material, an electron-injecting or electron-transporting material or a light emitting material to drive the device. Hereinafter, the organic light-emitting device will be mainly and specifically described, but in the above-mentioned organic electronic devices, the hole-injecting material, hole-transporting material, electron-injecting material, electron-transporting material, and light-emitting material function according to a similar principle.

[0004] In general, the term "organic light-emitting phenomenon" refers to a phenomenon in which electrical energy is converted to light energy using an organic material. The organic light-emitting device that uses the organic light-emitting phenomenon usually has a structure comprising an anode, a cathode and an organic material layer interposed therebetween. Herein, the organic layer often has a multilayer structure consisting of a plurality of layers made of different materials in order to increase the efficiency and stability of the organic light-emitting device. For example, the organic material layer may consist of a hole-injecting layer, a hole-transporting layer, a light-emitting layer, an electron-transporting layer, an electron-injecting layer and the like. In the organic-light emitting device having this structure, when a voltage is applied between two electrodes, holes from the anode and electrons from the cathode are injected into the organic material layer, and the injected holes and electrons combine with each other to form excitons. When the excitons subsequently drop to the ground state, light is emitted. Such organic light-emitting devices are known to have characteristics, including self-luminescence, high brightness, high efficiency, low driving voltage, wide viewing angle, high contrast and high-speed response properties.

[0005] Materials that are used for organic material layers in organic light-emitting devices can be divided, according to function, into light-emitting materials and charge-transporting materials, for example, a hole-injecting material, a hole-transporting material, an electron-transporting material, an electron-injecting material and the like. Further, the light-emitting materials can be divided, according to the emitted color, into blue-, green- and red-emitting materials, and additionally into yellow- and orange-emitting materials, which are required in order to realize more natural colors. Meanwhile, when a single material is used as a light-emitting material, the peak emission wavelength is shifted to a longer wavelength by intermolecular interaction, and the color purity or the efficiency of the device decreases due to the emission attenuation. Thus, in order to increase the color purity and increase the light emission efficiency through energy transfer, a host/dopant system may be used as the light-emitting material.

[0006] In order for the organic light-emitting device to sufficiently exhibit the above-described excellent characteristics, materials constituting the organic layers in the device, for example, a hole-injecting material, a hole-transporting material, a light-emitting material, an electron-transporting material, an electron-injecting material and the like, should be supported using stable and efficient materials. However, the development of stable and efficient organic layer materials for organic light-emitting devices is still insufficient. Therefore, the development of novel materials for organic light-emitting devices has been continuously demanded, and the development of novel materials for other organic electronic devices as described above has also been demanded.

Prior Art Documents



[0007] Korean Patent Laid-Open Publication No. 10-2006-0051606

[0008] KR20120015883 discloses a compound as defined below, wherein Ar1 and Ar2 are independently hydrogen, deuterium, a C1-30 alkyl group, a C2-12 alkenyl group, a C3-30 cycloalkyl group, a C5-20 cycloalkenyl group, a C6-40 aryl group, or a C3-30 heteroaryl group containing O, N, or S.


Disclosure


Technical Problem



[0009] The present inventors have found that, when an organic material layer of an organic light-emitting device comprising a nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound is formed, the compound can exhibit the effects of increasing the efficiency of the device, lowering the driving voltage of the device and increasing the stability of the device.

[0010] Therefore, it is an object of the present disclosure to provide an organic light-emitting device comprising a nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound.

Technical Solution



[0011] A first aspect of the present invention relates to an organic light-emitting device comprising a first electrode, a second electrode opposite the first electrode, and one or more organic material layers interposed between the first electrode and the second electrode, wherein at least one of the organic material layers comprises a nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound represented by the following formula 1 or 2, and
wherein the organic material layer comprising the nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound is an electron-transporting layer:





wherein in formulae 1 and 2,

X is C;

one or more of R1 to R5 are each independently represented by -L-A, wherein L is a phenylene group and A is selected from a pyridine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, a pyrimidine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, a pyridazine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, a pyrazine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, a triazine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, a tetrazine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, and a pentazine group;

the remainder of R1 to R5 are hydrogen;

a, b, d and e are each independently an integer ranging from 1 to 4;

c is an integer ranging from 1 to 3;

one of R6 to R10 is independently selected from a pyridine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, a pyrimidine group
unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, a pyridazine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, a pyrazine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, a tetrazine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, and a pentazine group;

the remainder of R6 to R10 are hydrogen;

a', b', d' and e' are each independently an integer ranging from 1 to 4; and

c' is an integer ranging from 1 to 3.


Advantageous Effects



[0012] The nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound is used as a material for an organic material layer in organic light-emitting devices, wherein the organic material layer is an electron-transporting layer.

[0013] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound has excellent thermal stability.

[0014] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound has a deep HOMO level.

[0015] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound has a high triplet state.

[0016] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound has high hole stability.

[0017] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound may be used in a pure or impure state in organic light-emitting devices.

[0018] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound shows high efficiency.

[0019] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound shows excellent characteristics in terms of driving voltage.

[0020] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, an organic electronic device comprising the nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound has a long lifespan.

[0021] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, an organic electronic device comprising the nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound can have improved photoefficiency.

[0022] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, an organic electronic device comprising the nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound can have an increased lifespan.

Description of Drawings



[0023] 

FIG. 1 shows an example of an organic light-emitting device comprising a substrate 1, an anode 2, a light-emitting layer 3 and a cathode 4.

FIG. 2 shows an example of an organic light-emitting device comprising a substrate 1, an anode 2, a hole-injecting layer 5, a hole-transporting layer 6, a light-emitting layer 7, an electron-transporting layer 8 and a cathode 4.

FIG. 3 shows the mass spectrum of the compound of formula 2-16, synthesized in Preparation Example 1.

FIG. 4 shows the mass spectrum of the compound of formula 2-14, synthesized in Preparation Example 2.

FIG. 5 shows the mass spectrum of the compound of formula 2-6, synthesized in Preparation Example 3.

FIG. 6 shows the mass spectrum of the compound of formula 2-8, synthesized in Preparation Example 4.

FIG. 7 shows the mass spectrum of the compound of formula 2-10, synthesized in Preparation Example 5.

FIG. 8 shows the mass spectrum of the compound of formula 2-12, synthesized in Preparation Example 6.

FIG. 9 shows the mass spectrum of the compound of formula 1-19, synthesized in Preparation Example 2.


Best Mode



[0024] Hereinafter, the present disclosure will be described in detail.

[0025] In the present disclosure, "

" means a portion linked to another substituent group or portion.

[0026] In the present disclosure, the term "substituted or unsubstituted" means unsubstituted or substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of a halogen group, a nitrile group, a nitro group, a hydroxyl group, an alkyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an alkenyl group, an alkoxy group, an aryloxy group, a thiol group, an alkylthio group, an allylthio group, a sulfoxy group, an alkylsulfoxy group, an arylsulfoxy group, a silyl group, a boron group, an arylamine group, an aralkylamine group, an alkylamine group, an aryl group, a fluorene group, a carbazole group, an arylalkyl group, an arylalkenyl group, a heterocyclic group and an acetylene group.

[0027] In the present disclosure, the heterocyclic group is a heterocyclic group containing at least one heteroatom selected from O, N and S, and the number of carbon atoms thereof is preferably 2 to 60, but is not specifically limited thereto. Examples of the heterocyclic group include, but are not limited to, thiophene, furan, pyrrole, imidazole, thiazole, oxazole, oxadiazole, triazole, pyridyl, bipyridyl, triazine, acridyl, pyridazine, quinolinyl, isoquinolinyl, indole, carbazole, benzoxazole, benzimidazole, benzothiazole, benzocarbazole, benzothiophene, dibenzothiophene, benzofuranyl and dibenzofuran groups.

[0028] In the present disclosure, examples of the halogen group include fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine.

[0029] In the present disclosure, the alkyl group may be linear, branched or cyclic, and the number of carbon atoms thereof is preferably 1 to 25, but is not specifically limited thereto. Specific examples of the alkyl group include, but are not limited to, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, iso-propyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, t-butyl, n-pentyl, iso-pentyl, neo-pentyl, n-hexyl, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl and cyclohexyl groups.

[0030] In the present disclosure, the cycloalkyl group preferably has 3 to 60 carbon atoms, but is not specifically limited thereto. Particularly, it is preferably a cyclopentyl or cyclohexyl group.

[0031] In the present disclosure, the alkenyl group may be linear or branched, and is preferably a C2-C40 alkenyl group. Specifically, it is preferably an aryl-substituted alkenyl group, such as a stylbenyl or styrenyl group, but is not limited thereto.

[0032] In the present disclosure, the alkoxy group may be linear, branched or cyclic. The number of carbon atoms of the alkoxy group is preferably 1 to 25, but is not specifically limited thereto. Specific examples of the alkoxy group include, but are not limited to, methoxy, ethoxy, n-propyloxy, iso-propyloxy, n-butyloxy and cyclopentyloxy groups.

[0033] In the present disclosure, the aryl group may be a monocyclic or polycyclic aryl group, which may be substituted with a C1-C25 alkyl group or a C1-C25 alkoxy group. In addition, the aryl group in the present disclosure may mean an aromatic ring. When the aryl group is a monocyclic aryl group, the number of carbon atoms thereof is preferably 6 to 25, but is not specifically limited thereto. Specific examples of the monocyclic aryl group include, but are not limited to, phenyl, biphenyl, terphenyl and stylbenyl groups.

[0034] When the aryl group is a polycyclic aryl group, the number of carbon atoms thereof is preferably 10 to 24, but is not specifically limited thereto. Specific examples of the polycyclic aryl group include, but are not limited to, naphthyl, anthranyl, phenanthryl, pyrenyl, perylenyl, chrysenyl and fluorenyl groups.

[0035] In the present disclosure, the fluorenyl group has a structure in which two cyclic organic compounds are linked to each other by one atom.

[0036] In the present disclosure, the fluorenyl groups include an open fluorenyl group having a structure in which one of two cyclic compounds linked to each other by one atom is broken. When the fluorenyl group is substituted, it may be



or the like, but is not limited thereto.

[0037] In the present disclosure, examples of the arylamine group include substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic diarylamine, substituted or unsubstituted polycyclic diarylamine, and substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic or polycyclic diarylamine groups.

[0038] In the present disclosure, the terphenyl group may be represented by any one of the following substituents, which may further be substituted with other substituents, but is not limited thereto:





[0039] In the present disclosure, the phenanthrene group may be represented by any one of the following substituents, which may further be substituted with other substituents, but is not limited thereto:



[0040] X in the compound represented by formula 1 is carbon.

[0041] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, one or two of a, b, c and d in the compound represented by formula 1 may be 1.

[0042] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, A in the compound represented by formula 1 may be a pyridine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group. Specifically, the substituted or unsubstituted pyridine group may be represented by any one of the following formulas, and the carbon atom of the pyridine group may be substituted or unsubstituted:



[0043] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, A in the compound represented by formula 1 may be a pyrimidine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group. Specifically, the substituted or unsubstituted pyrimidine group may be represented by any one of the following formulas, and the
carbon atom of the pyrimidine group may be substituted or unsubstituted:



[0044] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, A in the compound represented by formula 1 may be a pyridazine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group. Specifically, the substituted or unsubstituted pyridazine group may be represented by any one of the following formulas, and the carbon atom of the pyridazine group may be substituted or unsubstituted:



[0045] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, A in the compound represented by formula 1 may be a pyrazine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group. Specifically, the substituted or unsubstituted pyrazine group may be represented by any one of the following formulas, and the carbon atom of the pyrazine group may be substituted or unsubstituted:



[0046] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, A in the compound represented by formula 1 may be a triazine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group. Specifically, the substituted or unsubstituted triazine group may be represented by any one of the following formulas, and the carbon atom of the triazine group may be substituted or unsubstituted:



[0047] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, A in the compound represented by formula 1 may be a tetrazine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group. Specifically, the substituted or unsubstituted tetrazine group may be represented by any one of the following formulas, and the carbon atom of the tetrazine group may be substituted or unsubstituted:



[0048] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, A in the compound represented by formula 1 may be a pentazine group.

[0049] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, A in the compound represented by formula 1 may be a substituted or unsubstituted diphenylpyridine group.

[0050] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, A in the compound represented by formula 1 may be a substituted or unsubstituted diphenylpyrimidine group.

[0051] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, A in the compound represented by formula 1 may be a substituted or unsubstituted diphenylpyridazine group.

[0052] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, A in the compound represented by formula 1 may be a substituted or unsubstituted diphenylpyrazine group.

[0053] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, A in the compound represented by formula 1 may be a substituted or unsubstituted diphenyltriazine group.

[0054] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, A in the compound represented by formula 1 may be a substituted or unsubstituted dinaphthalenylpyridine group.

[0055] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, A in the compound represented by formula 1 may be a substituted or unsubstituted dinaphthalenylpyrimidine group.

[0056] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, A in the compound represented by formula 1 may be a substituted or unsubstituted dinaphthalenylpyridazine group.

[0057] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, A in the compound represented by formula 1 may be a substituted or unsubstituted dinaphthalenylpyrazine group.

[0058] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, A in the compound represented by formula 1 may be a substituted or unsubstituted dinaphthalenyltriazine group.

[0059] L in the compound represented by formula 1 is a phenylene group. Specifically, the phenylene group may be represented by any one of the following formulas, and the carbon atom of the phenylene group may be substituted or unsubstituted:



[0060] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, -L-A in the compound represented by formula 1 may be any one substituent of the following substituents 1-1 to 1-21. In addition, according to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the carbon atom of the following substituents 1-1 to 1-21 may be substituted or unsubstituted.
Substituent 1-1 Substituent 1-2 Substituent 1-3






Substituent 1-4 Substituent 1-5 Substituent 1-6






Substituent 1-7 Substituent 1-8 Substituent 1-9






Substituent 1-10 Substituent 1-11 Substituent 1-12






Substituent 1-13 Substituent 1-14 Substituent 1-15






Substituent 1-16 Substituent 1-17 Substituent 1-18






Substituent 1-19 Substituent 1-20 Substituent 1-21








[0061] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, specific examples of the compound represented by formula 1 include, but are not limited to, compounds represented by the following formulae 1-1 to 1-35:
Formula 1-1 Formula 1-2




Formula 1-3 Formula 1-4




Formula 1-5 Formula 1-6




Formula 1-7 Formula 1-8




Formula 1-9 Formula 1-10




Formula 1-11 Formula 1-12




Formula 1-13 Formula 1-14




Formula 1-15 Formula 1-16




Formula 1-17 Formula 1-18




Formula 1-19 Formula 1-20




Formula 1-21 Formula 1-22




Formula 1-23 Formula 1-24




Formula 1-25 Formula 1-26




Formula 1-27 Formula 1-28




Formula 1-29 Formula 1-30




Formula 1-31 Formula 1-32




Formula 1-33 Formula 1-34




Formula 1-35  


 


[0062] X in the compound represented by formula 2 is carbon.

[0063] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, one or two of a', b', c' and d' in the compound represented by formula 2 may be 1.

[0064] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, one of R6 to R10 in the compound represented by formula 2 may be independently a pyridine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group. Specifically, the substituted or unsubstituted pyridine group may be represented by any one of the following formulas, and the carbon atom of the pyridine group may be substituted or unsubstituted:



[0065] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, one of R6 to R10 in the compound represented by formula 2 may be independently a pyrimidine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group. Specifically, the substituted or unsubstituted pyrimidine group may be represented by any one of the following formulas, and the carbon atom of the pyrimidine group may be substituted or unsubstituted:



[0066] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, one of R6 to R10 in the compound represented by formula 2 may be independently a pyridazine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group. Specifically, the substituted or unsubstituted pyridazine group may be represented by any one of the following formulas, and the carbon atom of the pyridazine group may be substituted or unsubstituted:



[0067] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, one of R6 to R10 in the compound represented by formula 2 may be independently a pyrazine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group. Specifically, the substituted or unsubstituted pyrazine group may be represented by any one of the following formulas, and the carbon atom of the pyrazine group may be substituted or unsubstituted:



[0068] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, one of R6 to R10 in the compound represented by formula 2 may be independently a tetrazine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group. Specifically, the substituted or unsubstituted tetrazine group may be represented by any one of the following formulas, and the carbon atom of the tetrazine group may be substituted or unsubstituted:



[0069] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, one of R6 to R10 in the compound represented by formula 2 may be independently a pentazine group.

[0070] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, one of R6 to R10 in the compound represented by formula 2 may be independently a substituted or unsubstituted diphenylpyridine group.

[0071] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, one of R6 to R10 in the compound represented by formula 2 may be independently a substituted or unsubstituted diphenylpyrimidine group.

[0072] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, one of R6 to R10 in the compound represented by formula 2 may be independently a substituted or unsubstituted diphenylpyridazine group.

[0073] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, one of R6 to R10 in the compound represented by formula 2 may be independently a substituted or unsubstituted diphenylpyrazine group.

[0074] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, one of R6 to R10 in the compound represented by formula 2 may be independently a substituted or unsubstituted dinaphthalenylpyridine group.

[0075] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, one of R6 to R10 in the compound represented by formula 2 may be independently a substituted or unsubstituted dinaphthalenylpyrimidine group.

[0076] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, one of R6 to R10 in the compound represented by formula 2 may be independently a substituted or unsubstituted dinaphthalenylpyridazine group.

[0077] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, one of R6 to R10 in the compound represented by formula 2 may be independently a substituted or unsubstituted dinaphthalenylpyrazine group.

[0078] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, one of R6 to R10 in the compound represented by formula 2 may be any one of the following substituents 2-1 to 2-4, 2-8 to 2-11, 2-15 to 2-17, 2-19 and 2-20. According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the carbon atom of the following substituents 2-1 to 2-4, 2-8 to 2-11, 2-15 to 2-17, 2-19 and 2-20 may be substituted or unsubstituted.
Substituent 2-1 Substituent 2-2 Substituent 2-3






Substituent 2-4  


  Substituent 2-8 Substituent 2-9




Substituent 2-10 Substituent 2-11  




  Substituent 2-15


Substituent 2-16 Substituent 2-17




Substituent 2-19 Substituent 2-20






[0079] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, specific examples of the compound represented by formula 2 include, but are not limited to, compounds represented by the following formulas 2-1 to 2-12 and 2-17 to 2-19.
Formula 2-1 Formula 2-2




Formula 2-3 Formula 2-4




Formula 2-5 Formula 2-6




Formula 2-7 Formula 2-8




Formula 2-9 Formula 2-10




Formula 2-11 Formula 2-12




Formula 2-17 Formula 2-18




Formula 2-19  




[0080] The present disclosure provides an organic light-emitting device comprising a first electrode, a second electrode opposite the first electrode, and one or more organic material layers interposed between the first electrode and the second electrode, wherein at least one of the organic material layers comprises the nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound represented by formula 1 or 2 above, wherein the organic material layer comprising the nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound is an electron-transporting layer.

[0081] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the organic electronic device may be fabricated by depositing a conductive metal or an alloy thereof on a substrate using a PVD
(physical vapor deposition) method such as sputtering or e-beam evaporation to form an anode, forming thereon organic material layers, including a hole-injecting layer, a hole-transporting layer, a light-emitting layer and an electron-transporting layer, and depositing thereon a material capable of acting as a cathode.

[0082] In addition, the organic electronic device may also be fabricated by sequentially depositing a cathode material, organic material layers and an anode material on a substrate (International Patent Publication No. WO 2003/012890). However, the fabrication method is not limited to the above methods.

[0083] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, a smaller number of organic material layers can be formed from various polymer materials using a solvent process, for example, spin coating, dip coating, doctor blade coating, screen printing, inkjet printing or heat transfer, in place of the deposition method.

[0084] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the organic material layers may have a multilayer structure including a hole-injecting layer, a hole-transporting layer, a hole-blocking layer, a light-emitting layer, an electron-blocking layer and an electron-transporting layer, but is not limited thereto, and may alternatively be a monolayer structure.

[0085] The organic electronic device is an organic light-emitting device.

[0086] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the organic electronic device may be an organic light-emitting device comprising a first electrode, a second electrode opposite the first electrode, and one or more organic material layers, which are interposed between the first electrode and the second electrode and include a light-emitting layer, wherein at least one of the organic material layers comprises the nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound, said organic material layer being an electron transporting layer.

[0087] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the organic material layers further include one or more selected from the group consisting of a light-emitting layer, a hole-transporting layer, a hole-blocking layer, an electron-blocking layer, an electron transporting layer and an electron-injecting layer.

[0088] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the organic material layers include a light-emitting layer.

[0089] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the light-emitting layer comprises the compound represented by formula 1 or 2.

[0090] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the light-emitting layer comprises a host and a dopant.

[0091] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the host comprises the compound represented by formula 1 or 2.

[0092] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the dopant comprises the compound represented by formula 1 or 2.

[0093] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the organic material layers include a layer that performs both electron transport and light emission.

[0094] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the organic material layers include a layer that performs all light emission and electron transport and/or electron injection.

[0095] When the organic light-emitting device comprises a plurality of organic material layers, the organic material materials may be formed of the same material or different materials.

[0096] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the organic layers include a photoactive layer.

[0097] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the organic material layers include one or more selected from the group consisting of a photoactive layer, an electron donor and an electron acceptor.

[0098] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the organic material layers are photoactive layers having an electron donor and/or an electron acceptor.

[0099] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the organic layers may include two or more materials.

[0100] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the organic material layers further comprise a UV light stabilizer.

[0101] The substrate may be a glass substrate or a transparent plastic substrate, which has superior transparency, surface flatness, ease of handling and waterproofness, but is not limited thereto, and may be any substrate that is generally used in organic electronic devices.

[0102] The first electrode may be an anode, and the second electrode may be a cathode.

[0103] The first electrode may be a cathode, and the second electrode may be an anode.

[0104] The anode material is preferably a material having a high work function, so that holes can be easily injected into the organic layers. Specific examples of an anode material that may be used in the present disclosure include, but are not limited to, metals such as vanadium, chromium, copper, zinc or gold, or alloys thereof; metal oxides such as zinc oxide, indium oxide, indium tin oxide (ITO) or indium zinc oxide (IZO); metal/oxide combinations such as ZnO: Al or SNO2: Sb; and conductive polymers such as poly(3-methylthiophene), poly[3,4-(ethylene-1,2-dioxy)thiophene] (PEDOT), polypyrrole and polyaniline.

[0105] The cathode material is preferably a material having a low work function, so that electrons are easily injected into the organic layers. Specific examples of the cathode material include, but are not limited to, metals such as magnesium, calcium, sodium, potassium, titanium, indium, yttrium, lithium, gadolinium, aluminum, silver, tin and lead, or alloys thereof; and multilayer materials such as LiF/Al or LiO2/Al.

[0106] The source, the drain and the gate may be made of the materials exemplified as the anode or cathode materials.

[0107] The material of the hole-injecting material is a material that can easily receive holes from the anode at a low voltage, and the HOMO (highest occupied molecular orbital) of the hole-injecting material is preferably between the work function of the anode material and the HOMO of the surrounding organic material layers. Specific examples of the hole-injecting layer material include, but are not limited to, metal porphyrin, oligothiophene, and arylamine-based organic materials, hexanitrile hexaazatriphenylene and quinacridone-based organic materials, perylene-based organic materials, anthraquinone, polyaniline-based or polythiophene-based conductive polymers and the like.

[0108] The material of the hole-transporting layer is preferably a material having high hole mobility, which is capable of transferring holes from the anode or the hole-injecting layer to the light-emitting layer. Specific examples of the hole-transporting layer material include, but are not limited to, arylamine-based organic materials, conductive polymers, and block copolymers having both conjugated portions and nonconjugated portions.

[0109] The material of the light-emitting layer is a material capable of emitting visible light by receiving holes and electrons from the hole-transporting layer and the electron-transporting layer, respectively, and combining the received holes and electrons, and is preferably a material having high quantum efficiency for fluorescence and phosphorescence. Specific examples of the light-emitting layer material include, but are not limited to, an 8-hydroxyquinoline aluminum complex (Alg3); carbazole-based compounds; dimerized styryl compounds; BAlq; 10-hydroxybenzoquinoline-metal compounds; benzoxazole-, benzthiazole- and benzimidazole-based compounds; poly(p-phenylenevinylene) (PPV)-based polymers; spiro compounds; and compounds such as polyfluorene and rubrene.

[0110] The material of the electron-transporting layer is a material that can easily receive electrons from the cathode and transfer the received electrons to the light-emitting layer. It is preferably a material having high electron mobility. Specific examples of the electron-transporting material include, but are not limited to, a 8-hydroxyquinoline aluminum complex; complexes including Alq3; organic radical compounds; and hydroxyflavone-metal complexes.

[0111] The organic light-emitting device according to the present disclosure may be a front side light-emitting type, a rear side light-emitting type or a double-side light-emitting type, depending on the material used.

Mode for Disclosure



[0112] Hereinafter, the present disclosure will be described in further detail with reference to Preparation Examples and Experimental Examples. It is to be understood, however, that these Preparation Examples and Experimental Examples are for illustrative purposes only.

Preparation Example 1: Preparation of compound of formula 2-16



[0113] 



[0114] Compound A (20 g, 47.7 mmol) and compound B (11.6 g, 43.3 mmol) were completely dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (300 mL), and then a 2M aqueous solution of potassium carbonate (180 mL) was added thereto, and Pd(PPh3)4 (1.5 g, 3 mol%) was added thereto. Then, the mixture was stirred under reflux for 24 hours. The temperature of the mixture was lowered to room temperature, the aqueous layer was removed, and the organic layer was filtered. The resulting solid was purified by silica gel column chromatography, thereby obtaining the compound of formula 2-16 (11.0 g, 40 %).
MS: [M+H]+= 637

[0115] FIG. 3 shows the mass spectrum of the compound of formula 2-16, synthesized in Preparation Example 1.

Preparation Example 2: Preparation of compound of formula 2-14



[0116] 



[0117] Compound C (20 g, 47.7 mmol) and compound B (11.6 g, 43.3 mmol) were completely dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (300 mL), and then a 2M aqueous solution of potassium carbonate (180 mL) was added thereto, and Pd(PPh3)4 (1.5 g, 3 mol%) was added thereto. Then, the mixture was stirred under reflux for 24 hours. The temperature of the mixture was lowered to room temperature, the aqueous layer was removed, and the organic layer was filtered. The resulting solid was purified by silica gel column chromatography, thereby obtaining the compound of formula 2-14 (9.0 g, 65 %).
MS: [M+H]+ = 637

[0118] FIG. 4 shows the mass spectrum of the compound of formula 2-14, synthesized in Preparation Example 2.

Preparation Example 3: Preparation of compound of formula 2-6



[0119] 



[0120] Compound C (6.8 g, 15.1 mmol) and compound D (4.4 g, 16.6 mmol) were completely dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (100 mL), and then a 2M aqueous solution of potassium carbonate (50 mL) was added thereto, and Pd(PPh3)4 (0.35 g, 3 mol%) was added thereto. Then, the mixture was stirred under reflux for 24 hours. The temperature of the mixture was lowered to room temperature, the aqueous layer was removed, and the organic layer was filtered. The resulting solid was purified by silica gel column chromatography, thereby obtaining the compound of formula 2-6 (4.0 g, 52 %).
MS: [M+H]+= 636

[0121] FIG. 5 shows the mass spectrum of the compound of formula 2-6, synthesized in Preparation Example 3.

Preparation Example 4: Preparation of compound of formula 2-8



[0122] 



[0123] Compound A (5.2 g, 11.6 mmol) and compound D (3.4 g, 12.7 mmol) were completely dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (100 mL), and then a 2M aqueous solution of potassium carbonate (50 mL) was added thereto, and Pd(PPh3)4 (0.4 g, 3 mol%) was added thereto. Then, the mixture was stirred under reflux for 24 hours. The temperature of the mixture was lowered to room temperature, the aqueous layer was removed, and the organic layer was filtered. The resulting solid was purified by silica gel column chromatography, thereby obtaining a compound of formula 2-8 (4.6 g, 48 %).
MS: [M+H]+ = 636

[0124] FIG. 6 shows the mass spectrum of the compound of formula 2-8, synthesized in Preparation Example 4.

Preparation Example 5: Preparation of compound of formula 2-10



[0125] 



[0126] Compound C (6.8 g, 15.1 mmol) and compound E (4.4 g, 16.6 mmol) were completely dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (100 mL), and then a 2M aqueous solution of potassium carbonate (50 mL) was added thereto, and Pd(PPh3)4 (0.35 g, 3 mol%) was added thereto. Then, the mixture was stirred under reflux for 24 hours. The temperature of the mixture was lowered to room temperature, the aqueous layer was removed, and the organic layer was filtered. The resulting solid was purified by silica gel column chromatography, thereby obtaining the compound of formula 2-10 (4.8 g, 50 %).
MS: [M+H]+= 636

[0127] FIG. 7 shows the mass spectrum of the compound of formula 2-10, synthesized in Preparation Example 5.

Preparation Example 6: Preparation of compound of formula 2-12



[0128] 



[0129] Compound A (5.2 g, 11.6 mmol) and compound E (3.4 g, 12.7 mmol) were completely dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (100 mL), and then a 2M aqueous solution of potassium carbonate (50 mL) was added thereto, and Pd(PPh3)4 (0.4 g, 3 mol%) was added thereto. Then, the mixture was stirred under reflux for 24 hours. The temperature of the mixture was lowered to room temperature, the aqueous layer was removed, and the organic layer was filtered. The resulting solid was purified by silica gel column chromatography, thereby obtaining the compound of formula 2-12 (4.6 g, 48 %).
MS: [M+H]+= 636

[0130] FIG. 8 shows the mass spectrum of the compound of formula 2-12, synthesized in Preparation Example 6.

Preparation Example 7: Preparation of compound of formula 1-19



[0131] 



[0132] Compound F (7.0 g, 14.5 mmol) and compound G (6.3 g, 14.5 mmol) were completely dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (100 mL), and then a 2M aqueous solution of potassium carbonate (50 mL) was added thereto, and Pd(PPh3)4 (0.5 g, 3 mol%) was added thereto. Then, the mixture was stirred under reflux for 24 hours. The temperature of the mixture was lowered to room temperature, the aqueous layer was removed, and the organic layer was filtered. The resulting solid was purified by silica gel column chromatography, thereby obtaining the compound of formula 1-19 (5.5 g, 53 %).
MS: [M+H]+ = 713

[0133] FIG. 9 shows the mass spectrum of the compound of formula 1-19, synthesized in Preparation Example 7.

Preparation Example 8: Preparation of compound of formula 1-20



[0134] 



[0135] Compound F (7.0 g, 14.5 mmol) and compound H (6.3 g, 14.5 mmol) were completely dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (100 mL), and then a 2M aqueous solution of potassium carbonate (50 mL) was added thereto, and Pd(PPh3)4 (0.5 g, 3 mol%) was added thereto. Then, the mixture was stirred under reflux for 24 hours. The temperature of the mixture was lowered to room temperature, the aqueous layer was removed, and the organic layer was filtered. The resulting solid was purified by silica gel column chromatography, thereby obtaining the compound of formula 1-20 (5.5 g, 53 %).
MS: [M+H]+= 713

Example 1: Light-emitting layer



[0136] A glass substrate having ITO (indium tin oxide) coated thereon to a thickness of 500 Å was placed in distilled water containing a detergent dissolved therein, and was ultrasonically washed. Herein, the detergent was a product manufactured by Fischer Co., and the distilled water was distilled water filtered twice through a filter (Millipore Co.). After the ITO had been washed for 30 minutes, it was ultrasonically washed twice with distilled water for 10 minutes. After the completion of washing with distilled water, the substrate was ultrasonically washed with isopropyl alcohol, acetone and methanol solvents and was then dried, after which it was transported to a plasma cleaner. Then, the substrate was cleaned with oxygen plasma for 5 minutes, and then transferred to a vacuum evaporator.

[0137] On the transparent ITO electrode fabricated as described above, hexanitrile hexaazatriphenylene (HAT) was deposited to a thickness of 500 Å by a thermal vacuum deposition method to form a hole-injecting layer.



[0138] On the hole-injecting layer, 4-4'-bis[N-(1-naphthyl)-N-phenylamino]biphenyl (NPB) (250Å) having the above formula, hexanitrile hexaazatriphenylene (HAT) (50Å) and 4-4'-bis[N-(1-naphthyl)-N-phenylamino]biphenyl (NPB) (400Å) were sequentially vacuum-deposited to form a hole-transporting layer.

[0139] On the hole-transporting layer, a 10:1 (w/w) mixture of the above-prepared compound of formula 1-19 and a dopant compound having the following formula GD was vacuum-deposited to a thickness of 300 Å to form a light-emitting layer:



[0140] On the light-emitting layer, a 1:1 (w/w) mixture of the compound of formula ET-A and the lithium quinolate of formula LiQ was vacuum-deposited to a thickness of 300 Å to form an electron-injecting and electron-transporting layer.

[0141] On the electron-injecting and electron-transporting layer, lithium fluoride (LiF) and aluminum were sequentially deposited to thicknesses of 15 Å and 1,000 Å, respectively, to form a cathode.

[0142] In the above process for fabricating the organic light-emitting device, the deposition rate of the organic materials was maintained at 0.4-0.7 Å/sec, the deposition rates of lithium fluoride and aluminum for the cathode were maintained at 0.3 Å/sec and 2 Å/sec, respectively, and the strength of the vacuum during the deposition was maintained at 2 X 10-7 to 5 X 10-8 torr.

Example 2: Light-emitting layer



[0143] An organic light-emitting device was fabricated in the same manner as described in Example 1, except that the compound of formula 1-20 was used instead of the compound of formula 1-19.

Example 3: Light-emitting layer



[0144] An organic light-emitting device was fabricated in the same manner as described in Example 1, except that the compound of formula 2-6 was used instead of the compound of formula 1-19.

Example 4: Light-emitting layer



[0145] An organic light-emitting device was fabricated in the same manner as described in Example 1, except that the compound of formula 2-8 was used instead of the compound of formula 1-19.

Example 5: Light-emitting layer



[0146] An organic light-emitting device was fabricated in the same manner as described in Example 1, except that the compound of formula 2-10 was used instead of the compound of formula 1-19.

Example 6: Light-emitting layer



[0147] An organic light-emitting device was fabricated in the same manner as described in Example 1, except that the compound of formula 2-12 was used instead of the compound of formula 1-19.

Example 7: Light-emitting layer



[0148] An organic light-emitting device was fabricated in the same manner as described in Example 1, except that the compound of formula 2-14 was used instead of the compound of formula 1-19.

Example 8: Light-emitting layer



[0149] An organic light-emitting device was fabricated in the same manner as described in Example 1, except that the compound of formula 2-16 was used instead of the compound of formula 1-19.

Comparative Example 1



[0150] An organic light-emitting device was fabricated in the same manner as described in Example 1, except that the compound of the following formula GH-A was used instead of the compound of formula 2-1.



[0151] When an electric current (10 mA/cm2) was applied to each of the organic light-emitting devices fabricated in the above Examples and Comparative Example, the results shown in Table 1 below were obtained.
Table 1
 CompoundVoltage (V)Efficiency (cd/A)
Example 1 * Formula 1-19 3.50 67.3
Example 2 * Formula 1-20 3.80 67.1
Example 3 * Formula 2-6 3.93 50.6
Example 4 * Formula 2-8 3.55 56.8
Example 5 * Formula 2-10 3.88 60.1
Example 6 * Formula 2-12 3.50 62.3
Example 7 * Formula 2-14 3.30 67.5
Example 8 * Formula 2-16 3.30 68.3
Comparative Example 1 GH-A 6.12 15.26
* Reference Example (not in accordance with the present invention).


[0152] As can be seen from the results in Table 1 above, the compound according to the present disclosure can be used as a material for a light-emitting layer in organic light-emitting devices, and such devices show excellent characteristics in terms of efficiency, driving voltage, stability and the like. Particularly, the compound can lower the driving voltage of the devices and increase the
efficiency of the devices, thereby reducing the consumption of power.

Example 9: Electron-transporting layer (ETL)



[0153] A glass substrate (corning 7059 glass) having ITO (indium tin oxide) coated thereon to a thickness of 1000 Å was placed in distilled water containing a detergent dissolved therein, and was ultrasonically washed. Herein, the detergent was a product manufactured by Fischer Co., and the distilled water was distilled water filtered twice through a filter (Millipore Co.). After the ITO had been washed for 30 minutes, it was ultrasonically washed twice with distilled water for 10 minutes. After the completion of washing with distilled water, the substrate was ultrasonically washed sequentially with isopropyl alcohol, acetone and methanol solvents, and was dried.

[0154] On the ITO electrode, hexanitrile hexaazatriphenylene (500 Å), 4-4'-bis[N-(1-naphthyl)-N-phenylamino]biphenyl (NPB) (400Å), Alq3 (300 Å) and the compound of formula 1-19 (200 Å), prepared in the above Preparation Example, were sequentially thermally vacuum-deposited to form a hole-injecting layer, a hole-transporting layer, a light-emitting layer and an electron-transporting layer, respectively.

[0155] On the electron-transporting layer, lithium fluoride (LiF) and aluminum were deposited to thicknesses of 12 Å and 2000 Å, respectively, to form a cathode, thereby fabricating an organic electronic device.

[0156] In the above process for fabricating the organic light-emitting device, the deposition rate of the organic materials was maintained at 0.4-0.7 Å/sec, the deposition rates of lithium fluoride and aluminum for the cathode were maintained at 0.3 Å/sec and 2 Å/sec, respectively, and the strength of the vacuum during the deposition was maintained at 2 X 10-7 to 5 X 10-8 torr.

[0157] When a forward electric field of 6 V was applied to the device fabricated as described above, the results shown in Table 2 below were obtained.

Example 10: Electron-transporting layer (ETL)



[0158] An organic light-emitting device was fabricated in the same manner as described in Example 9, except that the compound of formula 1-20 was used in place of the compound of formula 1-19.

Example 11: Electron-transporting layer (ETL)



[0159] An organic light-emitting device was fabricated in the same manner as described in Example 9, except that the compound of formula 2-6 was used in place of the compound of formula 1-19.

Example 12: Electron-transporting layer (ETL)



[0160] An organic light-emitting device was fabricated in the same manner as described in Example 9, except that the compound of formula 2-8 was used in place of the compound of formula 1-19.

Example 13: Electron-transporting layer (ETL)



[0161] An organic light-emitting device was fabricated in the same manner as described in Example 9, except that the compound of formula 2-10 was used in place of the compound of formula 1-19.

Example 14: Electron-transporting layer (ETL)



[0162] An organic light-emitting device was fabricated in the same manner as described in Example 9, except that the compound of formula 2-12 was used in place of the compound of formula 1-19.

Example 15: Electron-transporting layer (ETL)



[0163] An organic light-emitting device was fabricated in the same manner as described in Example 9, except that the compound of formula 2-14 was used in place of the compound of formula 1-19.

Example 16: Electron-transporting layer (ETL)



[0164] An organic light-emitting device was fabricated in the same manner as described in Example 9, except that the compound of formula 2-16 was used in place of the compound of formula 1-19.

Comparative Example 2



[0165] A glass substrate (corning 7059 glass) having ITO (indium tin oxide) coated thereon to a thickness of 1000 Å was placed in distilled water containing a detergent dissolved therein, and was ultrasonically washed. The detergent was a product manufactured by Fischer Co., and the distilled water was distilled water filtered twice through a filter (Millipore Co.). After the ITO had been washed for 30 minutes, it was ultrasonically washed twice with distilled water for 10 minutes. After the completion of washing with distilled water, the substrate was ultrasonically washed sequentially with isopropyl alcohol, acetone and methanol solvents and was dried.

[0166] On the ITO electrode, hexanitrile hexaazatriphenylene (500 Å), 4-4'-bis[N-(1-naphthyl)-N-phenylamino]biphenyl (NPB) (400Å), Alq3 (300 Å) and Alq3 (200 Å) were sequentially thermally vacuum-deposited to form a hole-injecting layer, a hole-transporting layer, a light-emitting layer and an electron-transporting layer, respectively.

[0167] On the electron-transporting layer, lithium fluoride (LiF) and aluminum were deposited to thicknesses of 12 Å and 2000 Å, respectively, to form a cathode, thereby fabricating an organic electronic device.

[0168] In the above process for fabricating the organic light-emitting device, the deposition rate of the organic materials was maintained at 0.4-0.7 Å/sec, the deposition rates of lithium fluoride and aluminum for the cathode were maintained at 0.3 Å/sec and 2 Å/sec, respectively, and the strength of the vacuum during the deposition was maintained at 2 x 10-7 to 5 x 10-8 torr.

[0169] When a forward electric field of 6 V was applied to the device fabricated as described above, the results shown in Table 2 below were obtained.
Table 2
 CompoundVoltage (V)Efficiency (cd/A)
Example 9 Formula 1-19 4.50 7.3
Example 10 Formula 1-20 5.80 6.1
Example 11 Formula 2-6 4.90 6.0
Example 12 Formula 2-8 5.05 6.8
Example 13 Formula 2-10 4.08 6.1
Example 14 Formula 2-12 5.10 6.3
Example 15 * Formula 2-14 5.30 6.5
Example 16 * Formula 2-16 4.30 7.3
Comparative Example 2 Alq3 8.7 4.7
* Reference Example (not in accordance with the present invention).


[0170] As can be seen from the results in Table 2 above, the compound according to the present disclosure can be used as a material for an electron-transporting layer in organic light-emitting devices, and such devices show excellent characteristics in terms of efficiency, driving voltage, stability and the like. Particularly, the compound can lower the driving voltage of the devices and increase the efficiency of the devices, thereby reducing the consumption of power.

Description of reference numerals used in the figures



[0171] 

1: Substrate

2: Anode

3 and 7: Light-emitting layer

4: Cathode

5: Hole-injecting layer

6: Hole-transporting layer

8: Electron-transporting layer




Claims

1. An organic light-emitting device comprising a first electrode, a second electrode opposite the first electrode, and one or more organic material layers interposed between the first electrode and the second electrode, wherein at least one of the organic material layers comprises a nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound represented by the following formula 1 or 2, and
wherein the organic material layer comprising the nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound is an electron-transporting layer:





wherein in formulae 1 and 2,

X is C;

one or more of R1 to R5 are each independently represented by -L-A, wherein L is a phenylene group and A is selected from a pyridine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, a pyrimidine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, a pyridazine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, a pyrazine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, a triazine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, a tetrazine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, and a pentazine group;

the remainder of R1 to R5 are hydrogen;

a, b, d and e are each independently an integer ranging from 1 to 4;

c is an integer ranging from 1 to 3;

one of R6 to R10 is independently selected from a pyridine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, a pyrimidine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, a pyridazine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, a pyrazine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, a tetrazine group unsubstituted or substituted with an aryl group, and a pentazine group;

the remainder of R6 to R10 are hydrogen;

a', b', d' and e' are each independently an integer ranging from 1 to 4; and

c' is an integer ranging from 1 to 3.


 
2. An organic light-emitting device according to Claim 1, wherein -L-A in formula 1 is any one of the following substituents 1-1 to 1-21:
Substituent 1-1 Substituent 1-2 Substituent 1-3






Substituent 1-4 Substituent 1-5 Substituent 1-6






Substituent 1-7 Substituent 1-8 Substituent 1-9






Substituent 1-10 Substituent 1-11 Substituent 1-12






Substituent 1-13 Substituent 1-14 Substituent 1-15






Substituent 1-16 Substituent 1-17 Substituent 1-18






Substituent 1-19 Substituent 1-20 Substituent 1-21







 
3. An organic light-emitting device according to Claim 1, wherein the compound represented by formula 1 is represented by any one of the following formulae 1-1 to 1-35:
Formula 1-1 Formula 1-2




Formula 1-3 Formula 1-4




Formula 1-5 Formula 1-6




Formula 1-7 Formula 1-8




Formula 1-9 Formula 1-10




Formula 1-11 Formula 1-12




Formula 1-13 Formula 1-14




Formula 1-15 Formula 1-16




Formula 1-17 Formula 1-18




Formula 1-19 Formula 1-20




Formula 1-21 Formula 1-22




Formula 1-23 Formula 1-24




Formula 1-25 Formula 1-26




Formula 1-27 Formula 1-28




Formula 1-29 Formula 1-30




Formula 1-31 Formula 1-32




Formula 1-33 Formula 1-34




Formula 1-35  


 

 
4. An organic light-emitting device according to Claim 1, wherein one of R6 to R10 in formula 2 is independently any one of the following substituents 2-1 to 2-4, 2-8 to 2-11, 2-15 to 2-17, 2-19, and 2-20:
Substituent 2-1 Substituent 2-2 Substituent 2-3






Substituent 2-4  


  Substituent 2-8 Substituent 2-9




Substituent 2-10 Substituent 2-11  




 
  Substituent 2-15


Substituent 2-16 Substituent 2-17




Substituent 2-19 Substituent 2-20





 
5. An organic light-emitting device according to Claim 1, wherein the compound represented by formula 2 is represented by any one of the following formulas 2-1 to 2-12, and 2-17 to 2-19;
Formula 2-1 Formula 2-2




Formula 2-3 Formula 2-4




Formula 2-5 Formula 2-6




Formula 2-7 Formula 2-8




Formula 2-9 Formula 2-10




Formula 2-11 Formula 2-12




Formula 2-17 Formula 2-18




Formula 2-19  



 


Ansprüche

1. Organische lichtemittierende Vorrichtung, umfassend eine erste Elektrode, eine zweite Elektrode gegenüber der ersten Elektrode und eine oder mehrere organische Materialschicht(en), die sich zwischen der ersten Elektrode und der zweiten Elektrode befindet/befinden, wobei zumindest eine der organischen Materialschichten eine stickstoffhaltige heterocyclische Verbindung der nachstehenden Formel 1 oder 2 umfasst, und
wobei die organische Materialschicht, die die stickstoffhaltige heterocyclische Verbindung umfasst, eine Elektronentransportschicht ist:



wobei in den Formeln 1 und 2

X C ist;

eines oder mehrere von R1 bis R5 jeweils unabhängig durch -L-A dargestellt sind, worin L eine Phenylengruppe ist und A aus einer Pyridingruppe, unsubstituiert oder mit einer Arylgruppe substituiert, einer Pyrimidingruppe, unsubstituiert oder mit einer Arylgruppe substituiert, einer Pyridazingruppe, unsubstituiert oder mit einer Arylgruppe substituiert, einer Pyrazingruppe, unsubstituiert oder mit einer Arylgruppe substituiert, einer Triazingruppe, unsubstituiert oder mit einer Arylgruppe substituiert, einer Tetrazingruppe, unsubstituiert oder mit einer Arylgruppe substituiert, und einer Pentazingruppe ausgewählt ist;

die restlichen von R1 bis R5 Wasserstoff sind;

a, b, d und e jeweils unabhängig eine ganze Zahl im Bereich von 1 bis 4 sind;

c eine ganze Zahl im Bereich von 1 bis 3 ist;

eines von R6 bis R10 unabhängig aus einer Pyridingruppe, unsubstituiert oder mit einer Arylgruppe substituiert, einer Pyrimidingruppe, unsubstituiert oder mit einer Arylgruppe substituiert, einer Pyridazingruppe, unsubstituiert oder mit einer Arylgruppe substituiert, einer Pyrazingruppe, unsubstituiert oder mit einer Arylgruppe substituiert, einer Tetrazingruppe, unsubstituiert oder mit einer Arylgruppe substituiert, und einer Pentazingruppe ausgewählt ist;

die restlichen von R6 bis R10 Wasserstoff sind;

a', b', d' und e' jeweils unabhängig eine ganze Zahl im Bereich von 1 bis 4 sind; und

c' eine ganze Zahl im Bereich von 1 bis 3 ist.


 
2. Organische lichtemittierende Vorrichtung gemäss Anspruch 1, wobei -L-A in Formel 1 irgendeiner der nachstehenden Substituenten 1-1 bis 1-21 ist:
Substituent 1-1 Substituent 1-2 Substituent 1-3






Substituent 1-4 Substituent 1-5 Substituent 1-6






Substituent 1-7 Substituent 1-8 Substituent 1-9






Substituent 1-10 Substituent 1-11 Substituent 1-12






Substituent 1-13 Substituent 1-14 Substituent 1-15






Substituent 1-16 Substituent 1-17 Substituent 1-18






Substituent 1-19 Substituent 1-20 Substituent 1-21







 
3. Organische lichtemittierende Vorrichtung gemäss Anspruch 1, wobei die Verbindung der Formel 1 durch irgendeine der nachstehenden Formeln 1-1 bis 1-35 dargestellt ist:
Formel 1-1 Formel 1-2




Formel 1-3 Formel 1-4




Formel 1-5 Formel 1-6




Formel 1-7 Formel 1-8




Formel 1-9 Formel 1-10




Formel 1-11 Formel 1-12




Formel 1-13 Formel 1-14




Formel 1-15 Formel 1-16




Formel 1-17 Formel 1-1 8




Formel 1-19 Formel 1-20




Formel 1-21 Formel 1-22




Formel 1-23 Formel 1-24




Formel 1-25 Formel 1-26




Formel 1-27 Formel 1-28




Formel 1-29 Formel 1-30




Formel 1-31 Formel 1-32




Formel 1-33 Formel 1-34




Formel 1-35  


 

 
4. Organische lichtemittierende Vorrichtung gemäss Anspruch 1, wobei eines von R6 bis R10 in Formel 2 unabhängig irgendeiner der nachstehenden Substituenten 2-1 bis 2-4, 2-8 bis 2-11, 2-15 bis 2-17, 2-19 und 2-20 ist:
Substituent 2-1 Substituent 2-2 Substituent 2-3






Substituent 2-4  


  Substituent 2-8 Substituent 2-9




Substituent 2-10 Substituent 2-11  




  Substituent 2-15


Substituent 2-16 Substituent 2-17




Substituent 2-19 Substituent 2-20





 
5. Organische lichtemittierende Vorrichtung gemäss Anspruch 1, wobei die Verbindung der Formel 2 durch irgendeine der nachstehenden Formeln 2-1 bis 2-12 und 2-17 bis 2-19 dargestellt ist:
Formel 2-1 Formel 2-2




Formel 2-3 Formel 2-4




Formel 2-5 Formel 2-6




Formel 2-7 Formel 2-8




Formel 2-9 Formel 2-10




Formel 2-11 Formel 2-12




Formel 2-17 Formel 2-1 8




Formel 2-19  



 


Revendications

1. Dispositif électroluminescent organique comprenant une première électrode, une seconde électrode opposée à la première électrode, et une ou plusieurs couches de matériau organique interposées entre la première électrode et la seconde électrode, dans lequel au moins l'une des couches de matériau organique comprend un composé hétérocyclique contenant de l'azote représenté par la formule 1 ou 2 suivantes, et
dans lequel la couche de matériau organique comprenant le composé hétérocyclique contenant de l'azote est une couche de transport d'électrons :



dans lequel dans les formules 1 et 2,

X est C ;

un ou plusieurs de R1 à R5 sont chacun indépendamment représentés par -L-A-, dans lequel L est un groupe phénylène et A est choisi parmi un groupe pyridine non substitué ou substitué par un groupe aryle, un groupe pyrimidine non substitué ou substitué par un groupe aryle, un groupe pyridazine non substitué ou substitué par un groupe aryle, un groupe pyrazine non substitué ou substitué par un groupe aryle, un groupe triazine non substitué ou substitué par un groupe aryle, un groupe tétrazine non substitué ou substitué par un groupe aryle, et un groupe pentazine ;

le reste de R1 à R5 sont des hydrogènes ;

a, b, d et e sont chacun indépendamment un entier valant de 1 à 4 ;

c est un entier valant de 1 à 3 ;

l'un de R6 à R10 est indépendamment choisi parmi un groupe pyridine non substitué ou substitué par un groupe aryle, un groupe pyrimidine non substitué ou substitué par un groupe aryle, un groupe pyridazine non substitué ou substitué par un groupe aryle, un groupe pyrazine non substitué ou substitué par un groupe aryle, un groupe tétrazine non substitué ou substitué par un groupe aryle, et un groupe pentazine ;

le reste de R6 à R10 sont des hydrogènes ;

a', b', d'et e' sont chacun indépendamment un entier valant de 1 à 4 ; et

c' est un entier valant de 1 à 3.


 
2. Dispositif électroluminescent organique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel -L-A-dans la formule 1 est l'un quelconque des substituants 1-1 à 1-21 suivants :
Substituant 1-1 Substituant 1-2 Substituant 1-3






Substituant 1-4 Substituant 1-5 Substituant 1-6






Substituant 1-7 Substituant 1-8 Substituant 1-9






Substituant 1-10 Substituant 1-11 Substituant 1-12






Substituant 1-13 Substituant 1-14 Substituant 1-15






Substituant 1-16 Substituant 1-17 Substituant 1-18






Substituant 1-19 Substituant 1-20 Substituant 1-21







 
3. Dispositif électroluminescent organique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le composé représenté par la formule 1 est représenté par l'une quelconque des formules 1-1 à 1-35 suivantes :
Formule 1-1 Formule 1-2




Formule 1-3 Formule 1-4




Formule 1-5 Formule 1-6




Formule 1-7 Formule 1-8




Formule 1-9 Formule 1-10




Formule 1-11 Formule 1-12




Formule 1-13 Formule 1-14




Formule 1-15 Formule 1-16




Formule 1-17 Formule 1-18




Formule 1-19 Formule 1-20




Formule 1-21 Formule 1-22




Formule 1-23 Formule 1-24




Formule 1-25 Formule 1-26




Formule 1-27 Formule 1-28




Formule 1-29 Formule 1-30




Formule 1-31 Formule 1-32




Formule 1-33 Formule 1-34




Formule 1-35  


 

 
4. Dispositif électroluminescent organique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'un de R6 à R10 dans la formule 2 est indépendamment l'un quelconque des substituants 2-1 à 2-4, 2-8 à 2-11, 2-15 à 2-17, 2-19 et 2-20 suivants :
Substituant 2-1 Substituant 2-2 Substituant 2-3






Substituant 2-4  


  Substituant 2-8 Substituant 2-9




Substituant 2-10 Substituant 2-11  




  Substituant 2-15


Substituant 2-16 Substituant 2-17




Substituant 2-19 Substituant 2-20





 
5. Dispositif électroluminescent organique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le composé représenté par la formule 2 est représenté par l'une quelconque des formules 2-1 à 2-12 et 2-17 à 2-19 suivantes :
Formule 2-1 Formule 2-2




Formule 2-3 Formule 2-4




Formule 2-5 Formule 2-6




Formule 2-7 Formule 2-8




Formule 2-9 Formule 2-10




Formule 2-11 Formule 2-12




Formule 2-17 Formule 2-18




Formule 2-19  



 




Drawing



























REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description