(19)
(11)EP 2 868 535 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.04.2017 Bulletin 2017/17

(21)Application number: 14183677.5

(22)Date of filing:  05.09.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B60R 21/232(2011.01)

(54)

An airbag assembly

Airbaganordnung

Ensemble d'airbag


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.10.2013 GB 201319156

(43)Date of publication of application:
06.05.2015 Bulletin 2015/19

(60)Divisional application:
16192067.3 / 3135542

(73)Proprietor: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
Dearborn, MI 48126 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • Ward, Marcus John Scott
    Billericay, Essex CM12 0FD (GB)
  • Grindle, Barry
    Saffron Walden, Essex CB11 4AT (GB)
  • Derbyshire, Ian
    Halstead, Essex CO9 3HY (GB)
  • Swiniarski, Michal Jan
    Brentwood, Essex CM14 5XD (GB)

(74)Representative: Dowling, Andrew 
Haseltine Lake LLP Lincoln House, 5th Floor 300 High Holborn
London WC1V 7JH
London WC1V 7JH (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
DE-A1-102012 023 776
JP-A- 2011 111 067
GB-A- 2 482 394
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present disclosure relates to a curtain airbag assembly and in particular to an improved curtain airbag assembly for a motor vehicle.

    Background



    [0002] It is known to provide a motor vehicle with a curtain airbag to protect an occupant of a motor vehicle from contact with a side of the motor vehicle during an accident and to prevent a body part of an occupant from passing through a window aperture during a roll-over event.

    [0003] It is further known to provide two airbags arranged in a side by side relationship each of the airbags having a straight edge that, when the airbags are deployed, forms a vertical edge that abuts the corresponding vertical edge of the adjacent airbag. The location of the join between the two airbags is normally located in front of a vertical window frame member, such as a B-post or C-post, and the join is often held together by tethers.

    [0004] It is a problem with such curtain airbag arrangements that, when forces are applied to the two airbags by the impact of one or more occupants, the two vertical edges can separate unless there are many tethers holding the two airbags in place, and the tethers hold the two airbags tightly together which is technically difficult to achieve. Any such airbag separation risks exposure of the underlying structural member which is clearly not desirable. It is a further problem with such an arrangement that, if the forces applied to one airbag are considerably larger than those applied to the other airbag, the other airbag can be dragged across potentially causing the one airbag to move into an unstable position thereby reducing its effectiveness particularly in respect of extrusion of the airbag through an adjacent window aperture.

    [0005] GB2482394A discloses curtain airbag for a motor vehicle having a curtain forming part of the airbag assembly which is adapted to co-operate with an adjacent part of the motor vehicle when the curtain is deployed so as to form a virtual tether between the curtain and motor vehicle. The virtual tether may be formed by a bulbous portion of the airbag engaging a recess in a trim member.

    [0006] JP2011111067 discloses a side airbag configured to cover a window opening by inflating and deploying the airbag along a side face of a vehicle. A fitting hook of the airbag engages a locking part formed on a window peripheral wall.

    [0007] The present disclosure seeks to address these issues.

    Statements of Invention



    [0008] According to a first aspect of the present disclosure there is provided a curtain airbag assembly for a vehicle, such as a motor vehicle, the curtain airbag assembly having one or more airbags, wherein the airbags comprise one or more shaped portions that are shaped to complement, e.g. engage, at least a hook portion provided on a seat of the vehicle when the airbag is deployed, e.g. inflated, the shaped portions being configured such that when the airbag is deployed the shaped portions engage the hook portion of the seat to assist in securing the airbag in place.

    [0009] The shaped portions may form a receiving portion when the airbag is deployed. The receiving portion may be configured to receive the seat hook portion.

    [0010] The shaped portions may form an opening in a surface of the airbag. The opening may be configured to engage the hook portion of the seat when the airbag is deployed. The opening may extend from a first side of the airbag to a second side of the airbag. The opening may extend partially from a first side of the airbag to a second side of the airbag. The opening may have one or more sidewalls to ensure that the airbag remains substantially airtight.

    [0011] The shaped portions may be shaped in a pre-deployed state. The airbags may comprise one or more panels. The panels may be shaped so as to form the one or more shaped portions.

    [0012] The hook portion may be provided on the seat back. The curtain airbag assembly may comprise the hook portion.

    [0013] One or more of the airbags may comprise supplementary material in at least a region of the airbag that may be adjacent to the seat when the airbag is deployed. One or more layers of the airbags may comprise the supplementary material. The supplementary material may be configured such that the supplementary material may clamp the seat when the airbag is deployed.

    [0014] One or more of the airbags may comprise overlapping portions that overlap when the airbag is deflated. The overlapping portions may form the shaped portions. The overlapping portions may be configured to clamp the seat when the airbag is deployed. The shaped portions may be configured to engage a back of the seat.

    [0015] The shaped portions may be provided at or towards a bottom end of the airbag when deployed.

    [0016] According to a second aspect of the present disclosure there is provided a hook portion for a seat of a vehicle, the hook portion being configured to complement one or more shaped portions of an airbag when the airbag is deployed, the hook portion being configured such that when the airbag is deployed the hook portion engages the shaped portions to assist in securing the airbag in place. A seat for a vehicle may comprise the hook portion configured to complement one or more shaped portions of an airbag. The hook portion may be configured to engage an opening formed by the one or more shaped portions. The hook portion may be configured to engage the above-mentioned curtain airbag assembly.

    [0017] A vehicle may comprise the above-mentioned curtain airbag assembly. A vehicle may comprise the above-mentioned hook portion.

    [0018] According to a third aspect of the present disclosure there is provided a method of deploying a curtain airbag assembly for a vehicle, the curtain airbag assembly having one or more airbags, wherein the airbags comprise one or more shaped portions that are shaped to complement at least a hook portion provided on a seat of the vehicle when the airbag is deployed, the method comprising deploying the airbag and engaging the hook portion of the seat with the shaped portions to assist in securing the airbag in place.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0019] For a better understanding of the present disclosure, and to show more clearly how it may be carried into effect, reference will now be made, by way of example, to the accompanying drawings, in which:

    Figures 1 a and 1 b show front views of a curtain airbag assembly according to a first example of the present disclosure in which Figure 1 a shows the curtain airbag assembly in a pre-deployed state and Figure 1 b shows the curtain airbag assembly in a deployed state;

    Figures 2a and 2b show a sectional front view of the curtain airbag assembly in a deployed state according to the first example of the present disclosure and a perspective view of the curtain airbag assembly in a deployed state according to a second example of the present disclosure respectively;

    Figures 3a and 3b show top views of a previously-proposed curtain airbag assembly in a pre-deployed and deployed state respectively;

    Figures 4a and 4b show top views of the curtain airbag assembly according to a third example of the present disclosure in a pre-deployed and deployed state respectively;

    Figures 5a, 5b and 5c show side, back (section A-A) and top (section B-B) views of the curtain airbag assembly according to the third example of the present disclosure in a deployed state respectively; and

    Figures 6a, 6b, 6c and 6d show side views (Figures 6a and 6c) and bottom views (Figures 6b and 6d) of the curtain airbag assembly according to a fourth example of the present disclosure in a pre-deployed state (Figures 6a and 6b) and a deployed state (Figures 6c and 6d).


    Detailed Description



    [0020] With reference to Figure 1, the present disclosure relates to a curtain airbag assembly 10 for a vehicle, such as a motor vehicle. The curtain airbag assembly 10 has one or more airbags 20. As such, the one or more airbags 20 may form a side air curtain, which is provided between a seat 2 and a side trim 4 of the vehicle. Figure 1 a shows the curtain airbag assembly 10 in a pre-deployed state with the airbags concealed in a compartment 8. The compartment 8 may be provided at an upper end of the trim 4, e.g. above a window 6. By contrast, Figure 1 b shows the curtain airbag assembly 10 in a deployed state with the airbags inflated and extending over the window 6, thereby protecting occupants from side impact and preventing egress through the window. The airbag 20 may be activated and expelled, e.g. inflated, from the compartment 8 in a conventional manner.

    [0021] The airbags 20 comprise one or more shaped portions 22 that are shaped to complement, e.g. engage, at least an engaging portion 40 of the seat 2 when the airbag is deployed. The shaped portions 22 may be configured such that when the airbag 20 is deployed the shaped portions 22 engage the engaging portion 40 of the seat 2 to assist in securing the airbag in place.

    [0022] There may be one airbag 20 per seat 2. Each airbag 20 may comprise one or more shaped portions 22 for engaging with the engaging portion 40. Alternatively, a single airbag 20 may be provided for a plurality of seats 2, e.g. where the seats are arranged one behind the other. In the case of a single airbag being provided for a plurality of seats, the airbag may be provided with a plurality of shaped portions 22, with at least one shaped portion for each seat. In either case, the airbags 20 may extend across one or more windows 6.

    [0023] As depicted in Figure 1 b, the shaped portions 22 may form a receiving portion when the airbag 20 is deployed. The receiving portion may be configured to receive the seat engaging portion 40. By way of example, the engaging portion 40 may be in the form of a hook 42 and the airbag shaped portions 22 may be shaped to conform to the engaging portion hook 42. The shaped portions 22 of the airbag may comprise an upward extending portion 23 when the airbag is deployed. The hook 42 may be received between the upward extending portion 23 and the remainder of the airbag 20. Similarly, the upward extending portion 23 may be received in a recess 44 defined by the hook 42. The shaped portions 22 and engaging portion 40 may interlock when the airbag is deployed so that the airbag is held in place over the window 6 and egress of an occupant through the window is prevented.

    [0024] The shaped portions 22 may be provided at or towards a bottom end of the airbag 20 when deployed. Similarly, the shaped portions 22 may be provided on an inward facing side of the airbag, e.g. a side of the airbag that faces away from the window 6 and towards the seat 2, when the airbag is deployed.

    [0025] The curtain airbag assembly 10 or the seat 2 may comprise the engaging portion 40. The engaging portion 40 may be provided at or towards the top of a back rest 2' of the seat 2. (The seat 2 may also comprise a head rest 2".) The engaging portion 40 may be provided at a location above a sill 6' associated with the window 6. The engaging portion 40 may extend from one side of the seat 2, in particular on a side of the seat facing the adjacent window 6. Accordingly, the engaging portion 40 may extend in the direction of the window 6. The engaging portion 40 may also extend in a direction with a component in the upwards direction.

    [0026] The engaging portion 40 may be mounted on a seat belt guide associated with the seat 2. The engaging portion 40 may be integral with the seat belt guide.

    [0027] It will be appreciated that the shaped portions 22 in the deployed state may be enabled by the shape of the airbag 20 in the pre-deployed state. For example, the material forming the airbag may be shaped in the pre-deployed state so as to form the shaped portions 22 when deployed. In particular, the airbags 20 may comprise one or more panels or layers of material. The panels may be shaped so as to form the one or more shaped portions 22. The panels of material may be joined together, e.g. by one or more seams. The location of the joins may assist in forming the shaped portions in the deployed state.

    [0028] When the airbag 20 is deployed, the airbag may unfurl along the window 6 and a lower end of the airbag may be guided by the trim 4, e.g. the window sill 6', towards the engaging portion 40. In other words, the airbag 20 may unwrap along the window 6 and trim 4 so as to deliver the shaped portion 22 to the engaging portion 40. The trim 4 may be shaped to aid the unfurling of the airbag 20 towards the engaging portion 40. The shaped portions 22 may then engage the engaging portion 40 to assist in securing the airbag 20 in place.

    [0029] With reference to Figure 2, the one or more shaped portions 22 may form an opening 24 in a surface of the airbag and the opening 24 may be configured to engage the engaging portion 40 when the airbag 20 is deployed. As depicted in Figure 2a, in a first example of the present disclosure, the opening 24 may extend partially from a first side 26a of the airbag to a second side 26b of the airbag. In other words, the opening 24 may not extend to the second side 26b. The opening 24 may or may not extend across the full width of the airbag, e.g. in the fore-aft direction.

    [0030] However, as depicted in Figure 2b, in a second example of the present disclosure, the opening 24 may extend from the first side 26a of the airbag to the second side 26b of the airbag, e.g. through the thickness of the airbag. In either the first or second example, the opening 24 may have one or more sidewalls 25 to ensure that the airbag 20 remains substantially airtight.

    [0031] As is shown in Figure 2b, the opening 24 may be provided in a substantially tubular portion 30 of the airbag 20. The airbag 20 may comprise one or more head protection chambers 28. The tubular portion 30 may surround the head protection chambers 28. Reinforcements, such as reinforcing stitching 32, may be provided around the opening 24 to ensure the structural integrity of the opening 24 and/or to ensure that the airbag 20 remains substantially airtight.

    [0032] With reference to Figures 4 and 5, in a third example of the present disclosure, the one or more airbags 20 may comprise supplementary material 50 in at least a region of the airbag adjacent to the seat 2 when the airbag is deployed. The supplementary material 50 may be configured such that the supplementary material may clamp the seat 2 when the airbag 20 is deployed. The supplementary material 50 may form the one or more shaped portions 22.

    [0033] Figure 3 shows a previously proposed airbag arrangement 120 and this is contrasted by Figure 4, which shows an airbag arrangement according to the third example of the present disclosure with the supplementary material 50. (Figures 3a and 3b show the previously-proposed curtain airbag arrangement 120 in a pre-deployed and deployed state respectively and Figures 4a and 4b show the airbag arrangement according to the third example of the present disclosure in the pre-deployed and deployed states respectively.)

    [0034] The supplementary material 50 may be provided in a region of the airbag that is adjacent to the seat 2 when deployed. The supplementary material 50 may be provided adjacent to a join 52 in the airbag 20. The join 52 may be between first and second layers 54, 56 forming the airbag 20. The join 52 may be provided between neighbouring chambers 58a, 58b configured for receiving gas during deployment of the airbag. The join 52 may be elongate and may be orientated in a direction that substantially follows an edge of the seat back 2' when the airbag is deployed. The join 52 between the first and second layers 54, 56 may be formed by weaving, stitching, cross-tethering or any other joining technique.

    [0035] The supplementary material 50 may be continuous with the surrounding material of the airbag, e.g. the supplementary material and the surrounding material may be unitary. One or both layers 54, 56 of the airbags may comprise the supplementary material 50. However, the layer 54 adjacent to the seat 2 may be provided with the supplementary material 50. The layer 56 adjacent to the trim 4 may also be provided with the supplementary material 50. The supplementary material 50 may also be provided either side of the join 52, e.g. fore or aft of the join in the deployed state. However, as depicted the supplementary material 50 may be provided on both sides of the join 52. As depicted in Figure 4b, the supplementary material 50 may grip the seat back 2' when the airbag 20 is deployed. By contrast, as shown in Figure 3b, the lack of any supplementary material with the previously-proposed airbag arrangement does not permit the seat to be clamped by the airbag 120.

    [0036] Figure 5 shows further views of the airbag 20 according to the third example in a deployed state. As is depicted, the supplementary material 50 increases the space in which the airbag 20 expands into and permits the airbag to clamp around the seat back 2'. It will be appreciated that the supplementary material 50 may form the shaped portions 22 of the airbag. Furthermore, the engaging portion 40 may be a portion of the seat 2, e.g. a portion of the seat back 2'.

    [0037] As shown in Figures 5a and 5b, the airbag 20 may comprise a web or sail 60. The sail 60 may comprise a layer of material that is not inflatable. The sail 60 may be provided between and/or below chambers 58a, 58b. The sail 60 may help to retain the structure of the airbag 20 when deployed.

    [0038] With reference to Figure 6, in a fourth example of the present disclosure, the one or more airbags 20 may comprise overlapping portions 34 that overlap when the airbag is deflated. Figures 6a and 6b show side and bottom views respectively of the airbag in the pre-deployed state, whereas Figures 6c and 6d show side and bottom views respectively of the airbag 20 in the deployed state.

    [0039] As depicted in Figures 6a and 6b, the overlapping portions 34 may overlap before the airbag is deployed and when the airbag is substantially flat. The overlapping portions 34 are formed by airbag portions 38, which are wider (in the fore-aft direction of the vehicle) at the bottom end of the airbag 20 so as to overlap. The airbag portions 38 may be separate airbags or they may be portions of the same airbag.

    [0040] As shown in Figures 6c and 6d, the overlapping portions 34 may engage, e.g. clamp, either side of the seat back 2' when the airbag is deployed. It will be appreciated that the overlapping portions 34 may form the shaped portions 22 of the airbag.

    [0041] Furthermore, as for the third example, the engaging portion 40 may be a portion of the seat 2, e.g. a portion of the seat back 2'.

    [0042] The overlapping portions 34 may be formed by slits 36 in or between one or more panels making up the airbag 20. One or more slits 36 may extend from a lower end of the airbag 20 (when the airbag is deployed). A plurality of slits 36 may be provided in a single airbag 20. Supplementary material 50 may form the overlaps that define the overlapping portions 34. The airbag 20 may be positioned in the vehicle such that the slits 36 line up with the seat backs 2' when the airbag is deployed.

    [0043] When the overlapping portions 34 are inflated, the airbag 20 will want to occupy the space between the overlaps. This tendency serves to clamp the airbag 20 around the seat back 2' and thus hold the airbag 20 in place.

    [0044] It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that although the invention has been described by way of example with reference to one or more examples, it is not limited to the disclosed examples and that alternative examples could be constructed without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A curtain airbag assembly (10) for a vehicle, the curtain airbag assembly having one or more airbags (20), characterised in that the airbags comprise one or more shaped portions (22) that are shaped to complement at least a hook portion (42) provided on a seat (2) of the vehicle when the airbag is deployed, the shaped portions being configured such that when the airbag is deployed the shaped portions engage the hook portion (42) of the seat to assist in securing the airbag (20) in place.
     
    2. The curtain airbag assembly of claim 1, wherein the shaped portions (22) form a receiving portion when the airbag (20) is deployed, the receiving portion being configured to receive the seat hook portion (42).
     
    3. The curtain airbag assembly of claim 1 or 2, wherein the shaped portions (22) form an opening (24) in a surface of the airbag (20), the opening being configured to engage the hook portion (42) of the seat when the airbag is deployed.
     
    4. The curtain airbag assembly of claim 3, wherein the opening (24) extends from a first side (26a) of the airbag to a second side (26b) of the airbag or the opening extends partially from a first side of the airbag to a second side of the airbag.
     
    5. The curtain airbag assembly of claim 3 or 4, wherein the opening (24) has one or more sidewalls (25) to ensure that the airbag (20) remains substantially airtight.
     
    6. The curtain airbag assembly of any of the preceding claims, wherein the shaped portions (22) are shaped in a pre-deployed state.
     
    7. The curtain airbag assembly of any of the preceding claims, wherein the airbag (20) comprises one or more panels, the panels being shaped so as to form the one or more shaped portions (22).
     
    8. The curtain airbag assembly of any of the preceding claims, wherein one or more of the airbags (20) comprise supplementary material (50) in at least a region of the airbag adjacent to the seat (2) when the airbag is deployed, the supplementary material being configured such that the supplementary material clamps the seat when the airbag is deployed.
     
    9. The curtain airbag assembly of any of the preceding claims, wherein one or more of the airbags (20) comprise overlapping portions (34) that overlap when the airbag is deflated, the overlapping portions forming the shaped portions (22) and being configured to clamp the seat (2) when the airbag is deployed.
     
    10. The curtain airbag assembly of any of the preceding claims, wherein the shaped portions (22) are provided at or towards a bottom end of the airbag (20) when deployed.
     
    11. A hook portion (42) for a seat (2) of a vehicle, characterised in that the hook portion is configured to complement one or more shaped portions (22) of an airbag (20) when the airbag is deployed, the hook portion being configured such that when the airbag (20) is deployed the hook portion engages the shaped portions to assist in securing the airbag in place.
     
    12. The hook portion of claim 11, wherein the hook portion (42) is configured to engage an opening (24) formed by the one or more shaped portions (22).
     
    13. The hook portion of claim 11 or 12, wherein the hook portion (42) is configured to engage the curtain airbag assembly (10) of any of claims 1 to 10.
     
    14. A vehicle comprising the curtain airbag assembly (10) of any of claims 1 to 10 and/or the hook portion (42) of any of claims 11 to 13.
     
    15. A method of deploying a curtain airbag assembly (10) for a vehicle, the curtain airbag assembly having one or more airbags (20), characterised in that the airbags comprise one or more shaped portions (22) that are shaped to complement at least a hook portion (42) provided on a seat (2) of the vehicle when the airbag is deployed, the method comprising deploying the airbag (20) and engaging the hook portion (42) of the seat with the shaped portions (22) to assist in securing the airbag in place.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Curtain-Airbag-Anordnung (10) für ein Fahrzeug, wobei die Curtain-Airbag-Anordnung einen oder mehrere Airbags (20) aufweist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Airbags einen oder mehrere geformte Abschnitte (22) umfassen, die als Gegenstück mindestens eines Hakenabschnitts (42) geformt sind, der an einem Sitz (2) des Fahrzeugs vorgesehen ist, wenn der Airbag ausgelöst wird, wobei die geformten Abschnitte derart konfiguriert sind, dass die geformten Abschnitte beim Auslösen des Airbags in den Hakenabschnitt (42) des Sitzes eingreifen, um das Befestigen des Airbags (20) zu unterstützen.
     
    2. Curtain-Airbag-Anordnung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die geformten Abschnitte (22) beim Auslösen des Airbags (20) einen Aufnahmeabschnitt ausbilden, wobei der Aufnahmeabschnitt zur Aufnahme des Sitzhakenabschnitts (42) konfiguriert ist.
     
    3. Curtain-Airbag-Anordnung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die geformten Abschnitte (22) eine Öffnung (24) in einer Fläche des Airbags (20) ausbilden, wobei die Öffnung beim Auslösen des Airbags zum Eingreifen in den Hackenabschnitt (42) des Sitzes konfiguriert ist.
     
    4. Curtain-Airbag-Anordnung nach Anspruch 3, wobei sich die Öffnung (24) von einer ersten Seite (26a) des Airbags zu einer zweiten Seite (26b) des Airbags erstreckt oder sich die Öffnung teilweise von einer ersten Seite des Airbags zu einer zweiten Seite des Airbags erstreckt.
     
    5. Curtain-Airbag-Anordnung nach Anspruch 3 oder 4, wobei die Öffnung (24) eine oder mehrere Seitenwände (25) aufweist, um zu gewährleisten, dass der Airbag (20) im Wesentlichen luftdicht bleibt.
     
    6. Curtain-Airbag-Anordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die geformten Abschnitte (22) in einem Zustand vor dem Auslösen geformt sind.
     
    7. Curtain-Airbag-Anordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Airbag (20) ein oder mehrere Felder aufweist, wobei die Felder derart geformt sind, dass sie den einen oder die mehreren geformten Abschnitte (22) ausbilden.
     
    8. Curtain-Airbag-Anordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei einer oder mehrere der Airbags (20) beim Auslösen des Airbags zusätzliches Material (50) in mindestens einem Bereich des Airbags neben dem Sitz (2) umfassen, wobei das zusätzliche Material derart konfiguriert ist, dass das zusätzliche Material den Sitz beim Auslösen des Airbags festklemmt.
     
    9. Curtain-Airbag-Anordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei einer oder mehrerer der Airbags (20) überlappende Abschnitte (34) umfassen, die bei entleertem Airbag überlappen, wobei die überlappenden Abschnitte die geformten Abschnitte (22) ausbilden und beim Auslösen des Airbags zum Festklemmen des Sitzes (2) konfiguriert sind.
     
    10. Curtain-Airbag-Anordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die geformten Abschnitte (22) beim Auslösen am oder in der Nähe eines unteren Endes des Airbags (20) vorgesehen sind.
     
    11. Hakenabschnitt (42) für einen Sitz (2) eines Fahrzeugs, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Hakenabschnitt als Gegenstück eines oder mehrerer geformter Abschnitte (22) eines Airbags (20) beim Auslösen des Airbags konfiguriert ist, wobei der Hakenabschnitt derart konfiguriert ist, dass der Hakenabschnitt beim Auslösen des Airbags (20) in die geformten Abschnitte eingreift, um das Befestigen des Airbags zu unterstützen.
     
    12. Hakenabschnitt nach Anspruch 11, wobei der Hakenabschnitt (42) zum Eingreifen in eine Öffnung (24) konfiguriert ist, die durch den einen oder die mehreren geformten Abschnitte (22) ausgebildet ist.
     
    13. Hakenabschnitt nach Anspruch 11 oder 12, wobei der Hakenabschnitt (42) zum Eingreifen in die Curtain-Airbag-Anordnung (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10 ausgebildet ist.
     
    14. Fahrzeug, umfassend die Curtain-Airbag-Anordnung (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10 und/oder den Hakenabschnitt (42) nach einem der Ansprüche 11 bis 13.
     
    15. Verfahren zum Auslösen einer Curtain-Airbag-Anordnung (10) für ein Fahrzeug, wobei die Curtain-Airbag-Anordnung einen oder mehrere Airbags (20) aufweist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Airbags einen oder mehrere geformte Abschnitte (22) umfassen, die als Gegenstück mindestens eines Hakenabschnitts (42) geformt sind, der an einem Sitz (2) des Fahrzeugs vorgesehen ist, wenn der Airbag ausgelöst wird, wobei das Verfahren das Auslösen des Airbags (20) und das Eingreifen des Hakenabschnitts (42) des Sitzes in die geformten Abschnitte (22) zum Unterstützen des Befestigens des Airbags umfasst.
     


    Revendications

    1. Ensemble de coussin d'air de sécurité en rideau (10) pour un véhicule, l'ensemble de coussin d'air de sécurité en rideau comportant un ou plusieurs coussins d'air de sécurité (20), caractérisé en ce que les coussins d'air de sécurité comprennent une ou plusieurs parties mises en forme (22) qui sont mises en forme pour compléter au moins une partie de crochet (42) prévue sur un siège (2) du véhicule lorsque le coussin d'air de sécurité est déployé, les parties mises en forme étant configurées de sorte que lorsque le coussin d'air de sécurité est déployé, les parties mises en forme sont mises en prise avec la partie en crochet (42) du siège pour aider à fixer le coussin d'air de sécurité (20) en place.
     
    2. Ensemble de coussin d'air de sécurité en rideau selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les parties mises en forme (22) forment une partie de réception lorsque le coussin d'air de sécurité (20) est déployé, la partie de réception étant configurée pour recevoir la partie de crochet de siège (42).
     
    3. Ensemble de coussin d'air de sécurité en rideau selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel les parties mises en forme (22) forment une ouverture (24) dans une surface du coussin d'air de sécurité (20), l'ouverture étant configurée pour une mise en prise avec la partie de crochet (42) du siège lorsque le coussin d'air de sécurité est déployé.
     
    4. Ensemble de coussin d'air de sécurité en rideau selon la revendication 3, dans lequel l'ouverture (24) s'étend d'un premier côté (26a) du coussin d'air de sécurité à un second côté (26b) du coussin d'air de sécurité, ou l'ouverture s'étend partiellement d'un premier côté du coussin d'air de sécurité à un deuxième côté du coussin d'air de sécurité.
     
    5. Ensemble de coussin d'air de sécurité en rideau selon la revendication 3 ou 4, dans lequel l'ouverture (24) comporte une ou plusieurs parois latérales (25) pour assurer que le coussin d'air de sécurité (20) reste sensiblement étanche à l'air.
     
    6. Ensemble de coussin d'air de sécurité en rideau selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les parties profilées (22) sont mises en forme dans un état pré-déployé.
     
    7. Ensemble de coussin d'air de sécurité en rideau selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le coussin d'air de sécurité (20) comprend un ou plusieurs panneaux, les panneaux étant mis en forme de manière à former les une ou plusieurs parties mises en forme (22).
     
    8. Ensemble de coussin d'air de sécurité en rideau selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel un ou plusieurs des coussins d'air de sécurité (20) comprennent un matériau supplémentaire (50) dans au moins une zone du coussin d'air de sécurité adjacente au siège (2) lorsque le coussin d'air de sécurité est déployé, le matériau supplémentaire étant configuré de telle sorte que le matériau supplémentaire serre le siège lorsque le coussin d'air de sécurité est déployé.
     
    9. Ensemble de coussin d'air de sécurité en rideau selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel un ou plusieurs des coussins d'air de sécurité (20) comprennent des parties en chevauchement (34) qui se chevauchent lorsque le coussin d'air de sécurité est dégonflé, les parties en chevauchement formant les parties mises en forme (22) et étant configurées pour Serrer le siège (2) lorsque le coussin d'air de sécurité est déployé.
     
    10. Ensemble de coussin d'air de sécurité en rideau selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les parties mises en forme (22) sont prévues au niveau ou vers une extrémité inférieure du coussin d'air de sécurité (20) lorsqu'il est déployé.
     
    11. Partie de crochet (42) pour un siège (2) d'un véhicule, caractérisée en ce que la partie de crochet est configurée pour compléter une ou plusieurs portions mises en forme (22) d'un coussin d'air de sécurité (20) lorsque le coussin de sécurité gonflable est déployé, la partie de crochet étant configurée de telle sorte que lorsque le coussin d'air de sécurité (20) est déployé, la partie de crochet vient en prise avec les parties mises en forme pour aider à fixer le coussin d'air de sécurité en place.
     
    12. Partie de crochet selon la revendication 11, dans laquelle la partie de crochet (42) est configurée pour venir en prise dans une ouverture (24) formée par les une ou plusieurs parties mises en forme (22).
     
    13. Partie de crochet selon la revendication 11 ou 12, dans laquelle la partie de crochet (42) est configurée pour venir en prise avec l'ensemble de coussin d'air de sécurité en rideau (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10.
     
    14. Véhicule comprenant l'ensemble de coussin d'air de sécurité en rideau (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10 et/ou la partie de crochet (42) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 11 à 13.
     
    15. Procédé de déploiement d'un ensemble de coussin d'air de sécurité en rideau (10) pour un véhicule, l'ensemble de coussin d'air de sécurité en rideau comportant un ou plusieurs coussins gonflables (20), caractérisé en ce que les coussins d'air de sécurité comprennent une ou plusieurs parties mises en forme (22) qui sont mises en forme pour compléter au moins une partie de crochet (42) prévue sur un siège (2) du véhicule lorsque le coussin de sécurité gonflable est déployé, le procédé comprenant le déploiement du coussin de sécurité gonflable (20) et la mise en prise de la partie de crochet (42) du siège avec les parties mises en forme (22) pour aider à fixer le coussin d'air de sécurité en place.
     




    Drawing




















    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description