(19)
(11)EP 2 873 690 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
19.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/25

(21)Application number: 13830709.5

(22)Date of filing:  29.07.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C08J 5/18  (2006.01)
C09D 4/02  (2006.01)
C08J 7/04  (2006.01)
G02B 5/02  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2013/006782
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/030852 (27.02.2014 Gazette  2014/09)

(54)

HARD COATING FILM

HARTBESCHICHTUNGSFILM

FILM DE REVÊTEMENT DUR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 23.08.2012 KR 20120092529
23.08.2012 KR 20120092532
23.08.2012 KR 20120092533
26.07.2013 KR 20130089109

(43)Date of publication of application:
20.05.2015 Bulletin 2015/21

(73)Proprietor: LG Chem, Ltd.
Seoul 150-721 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • KANG, Joon-Koo
    Daejeon 305-738 (KR)
  • HER, Eun-Kyu
    Daejeon 305-738 (KR)
  • JUNG, Soon-Hwa
    Daejeon 305-739 (KR)
  • CHANG, Yeong-Rae
    Daejeon 305-738 (KR)
  • JEONG, Hyeok
    Daejeon 305-738 (KR)

(74)Representative: Goddar, Heinz J. 
Boehmert & Boehmert Anwaltspartnerschaft mbB Pettenkoferstrasse 22
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 840 107
JP-A- 2009 204 725
JP-A- 2011 201 087
KR-A- 20100 132 786
KR-A- 20110 058 743
KR-B1- 100 905 683
US-A1- 2009 214 871
EP-A1- 2 843 008
JP-A- 2009 204 725
JP-A- 2011 201 087
KR-A- 20100 132 786
KR-A- 20110 058 743
US-A1- 2009 169 896
US-A1- 2012 019 766
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    1. Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a hard coating film, and, more particularly, to a hard coating film having excellent physical properties, including hardness and impact resistance.

    2. Description of the Related Art



    [0002] With the advance of mobile appliances such as smart phones, tablet PCs and the like, substrates for displays have recently been required to become lighter and slimmer. Display windows or front panels of such mobile appliances are generally made of glass or reinforced glass both of which have excellent mechanical properties. However, glass suffers from the disadvantage of mobile applications being heavy due to the weight thereof and glass being easily broken by an external impact.

    [0003] As an alternative to glass, plastic resin films have emerged. Their light weight and resistance to impact are consistent with the trend of pursuing lighter and slimmer mobile appliances. Particularly, a film with high hardness and wear resistance is required. In this regard, it is proposed to utilize a structure in which the substrate is coated with a hard coating layer.

    [0004] First of all, increasing the thickness of the hard coating layer is considered as an approach to improving the surface hardness thereof. In fact, the hard coating layer should be of a minimal thickness to ensure the surface hardness of the hard coating layer. As the hard coating layer increases in thickness, the surface hardness thereof may become higher. However, a thicker hard coating layer, although increasing the surface hardness, is more prone to setting shrinkage which leads to wrinkling or curling with the concomitant production of cracks or exfoliations, and thus thick hard coating layers are difficult to employ in practice.

    [0005] Recently, some methods have been proposed for conferring a high hardness on hard coating films, without the problems of cracking and setting shrinkage-induced curling.

    [0006] Korean Patent Application Publication No. 2010-0041992 discloses a hard coating film composition, free of monomers, comprising a binder resin based on ultraviolet-curable polyurethane acrylate oligomers. However, this hard coating film has a pencil hardness of about 3H, and thus the strength thereof is not sufficient to be a substitute for glass panels for displays.

    [0007] EP 2 840 107 A1 discloses a hard coating film, comprising: a supporting substrate; a first hard coating layer formed on one side of the supporting substrate; and a second hard coating layer formed on the other side of the supporting substrate, wherein the hard coating film satisfies the following Formula 4: R/L≥ 20, in which R is a curvature radius (unit: mm) of the hard coating film, and L is an arc length (unit: mm) of the hard coating film.

    [0008] EP2843008A1 relates to a hard coating film, comprising: a supporting substrate; a first hard coating layer which is formed on one side of the supporting substrate and which includes 40 to 60 parts by weight of a first photocurable crosslinked copolymer and 40 to 60 parts by weight of first inorganic particles dispersed in the first photocurable crosslinked copolymer based on 100 parts by weight of the first hard coating layer; and a second hard coating layer which is formed on the other side of the supporting substrate and which includes more than 60 to less than 100 parts by weight of a second photocurable crosslinked copolymer and more than 0 to less than 40 parts by weight of second inorganic particles dispersed in the second photocurable crosslinked copolymer based on 100 parts by weight of the second hard coating layer.

    [0009] US2009/169896A1 relates to a sheet with a hard coating, comprising: a transparent substrate; a first hard coat layer on a first surface of the transparent substrate, the first hard coat layer including a fluoroacrylate copolymer; and a second hard coat layer on a second surface of the transparent substrate, the second hard coat layer including a conductive filler in a bisphenol-based polymer.

    [0010] US2012/019766A1 relates to a method for producing a light reflective film, including: (a) forming a hard coat layer having a surface energy of less than 30 mN/m and a pencil hardness of at least 2H, on one surface of a resin film to produce a laminate, (b) applying a curable liquid crystal composition onto the surface of the laminate opposite to the side thereof given the hard coat layer, (c) drying the applied curable liquid crystal composition to be in a state of a cholesteric liquid crystal phase, (d) promoting the curing reaction of the curable liquid crystal composition to fix the cholesteric liquid crystal phase thereby forming a light reflective layer, and (e) repeating at least once the process of from (b) to (d) on the laminate having the light reflective layer formed thereon.

    [0011] JP2011201087A relates to a hard coat film including hard coat layers laminated on the first surface and the second surface of a film base material, respectively, the face of the film base material being given as a first surface and the back of the film base material as a second surface.

    [0012] KR100905683B13 relates to a hard coat film having a hard coat layer on at least one side of its base film, wherein the product of the surface-elastic modulus of the hard coat layer and the cube of the thickness of the hard coat layer lies in the range from 30 to 700 KPa•mm3.

    [0013] KR20110058743A relates to a material comprising crosslinked polyrotaxanes which exhibits desired viscoelasticity. The material comprises a first polyrotaxane bearing first cyclic molecules and a second polyrotaxane bearing second cyclic molecules, and the first and second polyrotaxanes are crosslinked via the first and second cyclic molecules.

    [0014] US2009/214871A1 relates to a hard coat film comprising: a transparent plastic film substrate; and a hard coat layer, wherein the hard coat layer is formed of a composition for forming a hard coat layer, the composition containing the following component (A), component (B), and an organic solvent: Component (A): a polyrotaxane, Component (B): a monomer having two or more ethylenically unsaturated groups.

    [0015] KR20100132786 discloses a high solid hard coating composition comprising a carboxylic acid group-containing (meth)acrylate oligomer, urethane(meth)acrylate oligomer, (meth)acrylate oligomer monomer and photoinitiator.

    [0016] JP2009204725A discloses a hard coat film having hard coat layer, provided on at least one surface of a transparent plastic film substrate.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0017] Accordingly, the present invention has been made keeping in mind the above problems occurring in the prior art, and an object of the present invention is to provide a hard coating film which retains high hardness and superior impact resistance.

    [0018] In order to accomplish the above object, the present invention provides a hard coating film, comprising: a supporting substrate; a first hard coating layer, formed on one side of the supporting substrate and having an elongation strain of 4% or more in a stress-strain curve as measured by ASTM D882; and a second hard coating layer, formed on the other side of the supporting substrate, wherein the first and second hard coating layers independently comprise a photocurable crosslinking copolymer of a photocurable elastic polymer having an elongation of 15 to 200 %, as measured by ASTM D638 and a tri- to hexa-functional acrylate monomer, the photocurable crosslinking copolymer of the first hard coating layer being identical to or different from that of the second hard coating layer, and wherein the hard coating film exhibits a pencil hardness of 7H or more at a load of 1 kg, wherein the first hard coating layer has a first elastic modulus, and the second hard coating layer has a second elastic modulus, and a difference between the first and second elastic moduli is 500 MPa or more.

    [0019] According to the present invention, the hard coating film can exhibit high hardness, impact resistance, scratch resistance and transparency, and thus can be usefully applied to touch panels of mobile terminals, smart phones or tablet PCs, and as a cover or device panel for various displays, in substitution for glass.

    DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0020] The present invention addresses
    a hard coating film, comprising:

    a supporting substrate;

    a first hard coating layer, formed on one side of the supporting substrate and having an elongation strain of 4% or more in a stress-strain curve as measured by ASTM D882; and

    a second hard coating layer, formed on the other side of the supporting substrate,

    wherein the first and second hard coating layers independently comprise a photocurable crosslinking copolymer of a photocurable elastic polymer having an elongation of 15 to 200 %, as measured by ASTM D638 and a tri- to hexa-functional acrylate monomer, the photocurable crosslinking copolymer of the first hard coating layer being identical to or different from that of the second hard coating layer, and

    wherein the hard coating film exhibits a pencil hardness of 7H or more at a load of 1 kg, wherein the first hard coating layer has a first elastic modulus, and the second hard coating layer has a second elastic modulus, and a difference between the first and second elastic moduli is 500 MPa or more.



    [0021] All of the terms used in the specification are taken only to illustrate embodiments, and are not intended to limit the present invention. As used herein and in the appended claims, the singular forms "a," "an," and "the" include plural references unless the context clearly dictates otherwise.

    [0022] Additionally, the word "on" or "above," as used in the context of formation or construction of one element, means pertaining to the direct formation or construction of one element on another element directly or the additional formation or construction of one element between layers or on a subject or substrate.

    [0023] The above detailed descriptions of embodiments of the invention are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise form disclosed above. While specific embodiments of, and examples for the invention are described above for illustrative purposes, various equivalent modifications are possible within the scope of the invention, as those skilled in the relevant art will recognize.

    [0024] Hereinafter, a detailed description will be given of a hard coating film according to the present invention.

    [0025] An aspect of the present invention provides a hard coating film, comprising:

    a supporting substrate;

    a first hard coating layer, formed on one side of the supporting substrate and having an elongation strain of 4% or more in a stress-strain curve as measured by ASTM D882; and

    a second hard coating layer, formed on the other side of the supporting substrate,

    wherein the first and second hard coating layers independently comprise a photocurable crosslinking copolymer of a photocurable elastic polymer having an elongation of 15 to 200 %, as measured by ASTM D638 and a tri- to hexa-functional acrylate monomer, the photocurable crosslinking copolymer of the first hard coating layer being identical to or different from that of the second hard coating layer, and

    wherein the hard coating film exhibits a pencil hardness of 7H or more at a load of 1 kg, wherein the first hard coating layer has a first elastic modulus, and the second hard coating layer has a second elastic modulus, and a difference between the first and second elastic moduli is 500 MPa or more.



    [0026] In the hard coating film of the present invention, the first hard coating layer has an elongation strain of 4% or more in a stress-strain curve, as measured by ASTM D882.

    [0027] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the elongation strain of the first hard coating layer is about 4% or more, for example, about 4 to about 12%, about 4 to about 10%, or about 4 to about 8%.

    [0028] In the hard coating film of the present invention, the first hard coating layer has an elongation strain of 4% or more, thereby exhibiting bending resistance and flexibility to thus decrease generation of curls or cracks, so that the hard coating film of the present invention may manifest superior processability. On the other hand, the second hard coating layer formed on the other side of the supporting substrate may manifest high hardness and scratch resistance adapted to prevent damage due to external impact or friction.

    [0029] As mentioned above, the hard coating film of the present invention is configured such that a supporting substrate is sandwiched between two hard coating layers one of which is provided with high elongation to ensure flexibility, with the other provided with high hardness and scratch resistance to give dual properties, and thus, the hard coating film is less prone to curling or cracking with high enough physical strength to be a substitute for glass, yet maintaining superior processability.

    [0030] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the first hard coating layer has a first elastic modulus, and the second hard coating layer has a second elastic modulus. As such, a difference between the first and second elastic moduli is 500 MPa or more.

    [0031] As used herein, the elastic modulus indicates a value measured by ASTM D882.

    [0032] The hard coating film of the present invention includes two hard coating layers having different elastic moduli respectively formed on both sides of the supporting substrate, and the elastic modulus of one hard coating layer is greater by at least 500 MPa than that of the other hard coating layer. Thus, the hard coating layer having a greater elastic modulus exhibits high physical strength such as high hardness, etc., whereas the hard coating layer having a comparatively lower elastic modulus may manifest impact resistance and bending resistance. Accordingly, the hard coating film having the above physical properties may manifest superior processability because it retains high enough physical strength to be a substitute for glass and is less prone to curling or cracking.

    [0033] According to the present invention, the difference between the first and second elastic moduli is about 500 MPa or more, for example, about 500 to about 3000 MPa, about 500 to about 2500 MPa, or about 500 to about 2000 MPa.

    [0034] In another embodiment of the present invention, the first elastic modulus is about 1500 MPa or less, for example, about 300 to modulus 1500 MPa, about 300 to modulus 1200 MPa, or about 300 to modulus 1000 MPa, and the second elastic modulus may be about 2000 MPa or more, for example, about 2000 to modulus 3500 MPa, about 2000 to modulus 3000 MPa, or about 2000 to modulus 2800 MPa.

    [0035] When the first and second elastic moduli and the difference therebetween fall in the above ranges, the resulting hard coating film has high enough physical strength to be a substitute for glass and is less prone to curling or cracking, and may thus exhibit high hardness and impact resistance.

    [0036] In the hard coating film of the present invention, any material for the supporting substrate on which the first and second hard coating layers are formed may be used so long as it is a typical transparent plastic resin, without particular limitations in terms of methods or materials for manufacturing supporting substrates such as stretched or unstretched films. More specifically, according to an embodiment of the present invention, the supporting substrate may include, for example, films made of polyester such as polyethyleneterephthalate (PET), polyethylene such as ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA), a cyclic olefin polymer (COP), a cyclic olefin copolymer (COC), polyacrylate (PAC), polycarbonate (PC), polyethylene (PE), polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), polyetheretherketone (PEEK), polyethylenenaphthalate (PEN), polyetherimide (PEI), polyimide (PI), triacetylcellulose (TAC), methyl methacrylate (MMA), a fluorine resin, etc. The supporting substrate may be provided in the form of a single layer structure, or a multilayer structure including two or more layers composed of the same or different materials, as necessary, but is not particularly limited.

    [0037] In one embodiment of the present invention, the supporting substrate may be a multilayered substrate made of polyethyleneterephthalate (PET) or a substrate including two or more layers resulting from co-extrusion of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)/polycarbonate (PC).

    [0038] In another embodiment of the present invention, the supporting substrate may be a substrate including a copolymer of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) and polycarbonate (PC).

    [0039] Although the thickness of the supporting substrate is not particularly limited, it may fall in the range of about 30 to about 1,200 µm, or about 50 to about 800 µm.

    [0040] The hard coating film of the present invention includes first and second hard coating layers respectively formed on both sides of the supporting substrate.

    [0041] Any component that meets the elongation strain conditions set forth above may be used in the first hard coating layer, without particular limitation. In present invention, the first hard coating layer contains a photocurable crosslinking copolymer of a tri- to hexa-functional acrylate monomer.

    [0042] As used herein, the term "acrylate" is intended to encompass acrylate, methacrylate, and derivatives thereof with various substituents.

    [0043] Examples of the tri- to hexa-functional acrylate monomer include trimethylolpropane triacrylate (TMPTA), trimethylolpropane ethoxy triacrylate (TMPEOTA), glycerin-propoxylated triacrylate (GPTA), pentaerythritol tetraacrylate (PETA), dipentaerythritol hexaacrylate (DPHA), etc. These tri- to hexa-functional acrylate monomers may be used alone or in combination.

    [0044] According to the present invention, the first hard coating layer contains a photocurable crosslinking copolymer of a photocurable elastic polymer in addition to the tri- to hexa-functional acrylate monomer.

    [0045] As used herein, the term "photocurable elastic polymer" refers to a polymer which is elastic and contains a functional group that undergoes UV light-triggered crosslink polymerization.

    [0046] According to the present invention, the photocurable elastic polymer has an elongation of about 15 to about 200%, preferably about 20 to about 200%, or about 20 to about 150%, as measured by ASTM D638.

    [0047] The photocurable elastic polymer is crosslink polymerized with the tri- to hexa-functional acrylate monomer and then cured to give a first or second hard coating layer, thus appropriately imparting high hardness, flexibility and impact resistance to the first or second hard coating layer. According to an embodiment of the present invention, the photocurable elastic polymer may be a polymer or oligomer having a weight average molecular weight of about 1,000 to about 600,000 g/mol, or about 10,000 to about 600,000 g/mol.

    [0048] The photocurable elastic polymer may include at least one selected from the group consisting of polycaprolactone, a urethane acrylate polymer, and polyrotaxane.

    [0049] Among the polymers usable as the photocurable elastic polymer, polycaprolactone is formed by the ring-opening polymerization of caprolactone, and has excellent physical properties such as flexibility, impact resistance, durability and the like.

    [0050] A urethane acrylate polymer has excellent elasticity and durability because of a urethane bond retained therein.

    [0051] Polyrotaxane is a polymer of rotaxane, a mechanically-interlocked molecular architecture consisting of a dumbbell-shaped molecule which is threaded through a cyclic moiety (macrocycle). The two components of a rotaxane are kinetically trapped since the ends of the dumbbell (stoppers) are larger than the internal diameter of the ring and prevent disassociation of the components since this would require significant distortion of the covalent bonds.

    [0052] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the photocurable elastic polymer may include a rotaxane compound comprising a cyclic moiety (macrocycle) in which lactone compounds with a (meth)acrylate moiety conjugated to the end thereof are bonded each other; a thread moiety held within the macrocycle; and stoppers provided at both ends of the thread moiety so as to prevent dissociation of the macrocycle.

    [0053] No particular limitations are imposed on the macrocycle if it is large enough to surround the thread moiety. The macrocycle may include a functional group such as a hydroxyl group, an amino group, a carboxyl group, a thiol group, an aldehyde group or the like, which may react with other polymers or compounds. Specific examples of the macrocycle may include α-cyclodextrin, β-cyclodextrin, γ-cyclodextrin and mixtures thereof.

    [0054] Furthermore, the thread may be used without limitation as long as it is generally linear in shape with a predetermined weight or greater. Preferably, a polyalkylene compound or a polylactone compound may be used in the thread. Specifically, a polyoxyalkylene compound including an oxyalkylene repetitive unit of 1 to 8 carbon atoms or a polylactone compound including a lactone repetitive unit of 3 to 10 carbon atoms may be used in the thread.

    [0055] Meanwhile, the stopper may be appropriately adjusted depending on the characteristics of the rotaxane compound to be prepared. For example, the stopper may include at least one selected from the group consisting of a dinitrophenyl group, a cyclodextrin group, an amantane group, a trityl group, a fluorescein group and a pyrene group.

    [0056] According to the present invention, as the first hard coating layer contains a photocurable crosslinking copolymer formed by photocuring the photocurable elastic polymer additionally, it allows the hard coating film to have high hardness and flexibility, and particularly ensures excellent resistance to external impact, thus preventing damage to the hard coating film due to impact.

    [0057] Meanwhile, the first hard coating layer may further include a surfactant, a yellowing inhibitor, a leveling agent, an antifouling agent, etc., which are additives typically used in the art to which the present invention belongs, in addition to the above-mentioned photocurable crosslinking copolymer. Furthermore, the amount thereof may be variously adjusted within a range that does not deteriorate the physical properties of the hard coating film of the present invention, and is not particularly limited but may be, for example, about 0.1 to about 10 weight parts based on 100 weight parts of the photocurable crosslinking copolymer.

    [0058] According to an embodiment of the present invention, for example, the first hard coating layer may include a surfactant as an additive. The surfactant may be a mono- or bifunctional fluoro-acrylate, a fluorine surfactant or a silicon surfactant. In this context, the surfactant may be contained in a dispersed or crosslinked form in the crosslinking copolymer. Also, the first hard coating layer may include a yellowing inhibitor as an additive. The yellowing inhibitor may be a benzophenone compound or a benzotriazole compound.

    [0059] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the first hard coating layer may have a thickness of 50 µm or more, for example, about 50 to about 300 µm, about 50 to about 200 µm, about 50 to about 150 µm, or about 70 to about 150 µm.

    [0060] The first hard coating layer may be formed by photocuring a first hard coating composition comprising a first binder monomer, a photoinitiator, and optionally an organic solvent, and an additive after application onto the substrate.

    [0061] The first binder monomer comprises the tri- to hexa-functional acrylate monomer. The first binder monomer comprises the photocurable elastic polymer, in addition to the tri- to hexa-functional acrylate monomer.

    [0062] Examples of the photoinitiator may include, but are not limited to, 1-hydroxy-cyclohexyl-phenyl ketone, 2-hydroxy-2-methyl-1-phenyl-1-propanone, 2-hydroxy-1-[4-(2-hydroxyethoxy)phenyl]-2-methyl-1-propanone, methylbenzoylformate, α,α-dimethoxy-α-phenylacetophenone, 2-benzoyl-2-(dimethylamino)-1-[4-(4-morpholinyl)phenyl]-1-butanone, 2-methyl-1-[4-(methylthio)phenyl]-2-(4-morpholinyl)-1-propanone, diphenyl(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl)-phosphine oxide, bis(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl)-phenylphophine oxide, etc. Furthermore, the photoinitiator may be commercially available, such as those sold under brand name, Irgacure 184, Irgacure 500, Irgacure 651, Irgacure 369, Irgacure 907, Darocur 1173, Darocur MBF, Irgacure 819, Darocur TPO, Irgacure 907, Esacure KIP 100F and so on. These photoinitiators may be used alone or in combination.

    [0063] In the hard coating film of the present invention, the first hard coating composition may be used in a solvent free manner, or may comprise an organic solvent. In the latter case, it is advantageous to adjust the viscosity and fluidity of the composition and to increase the coatability of the composition.

    [0064] Examples of the organic solvent include alcohols such as methanol, ethanol, isopropyl alcohol, butanol and the like; alkoxy alcohols such as 2-methoxy ethanol, 2-ethoxy ethanol, 1-methoxy-2-propanol and the like; ketones such as acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone, methyl propyl ketone, cyclohexanone and the like; ethers such as propyleneglycol monopropyl ether, propyleneglycol monomethyl ether, ethyleneglycol monoethyl ether, ethyleneglycol monopropyl ether, ethyleneglycol monobutyl ether, diethyleneglycol monomethyl ether, diethyleneglycol monoethyl ether, diethyleneglycol monopropyl ether, diethyleneglycol monobutyl ether, diethyleneglycol-2-ethylhexyl ether and the like; and aromatic solvents such as benzene, toluene, xylene and the like. These organic solvents may be used alone or in combination.

    [0065] In the hard coating film of the present invention, when the first hard coating composition further includes an organic solvent, the organic solvent may be contained so that the weight ratio of the solid fraction of the first hard coating composition to the organic solvent is about 70:30 to about 99:1. As such, when the first hard coating composition has a high solid content, the hard coating composition increases in viscosity, and thus can allow for a thick coating, for example, form a hard coating layer at a thickness of 50 µm or more.

    [0066] According to an embodiment of the present invention, any viscosity may be given to the first hard coating composition if it ensures the first hard coating composition proper fluidity and coatability. However, a high solid content leads to high viscosity. For example, the first hard coating composition of the present invention may range in viscosity at 25°C from about 100 to about 1,200 cps, from about 150 to about 1,200 cps, or from about 300 to about 1,200 cps.

    [0067] Any component may be used in the second hard coating layer, without particular limitations. According to the present invention, the second hard coating layer contains a photocurable crosslinking copolymer of a tri- to hexa-functional acrylate monomer, which may be the same as or different from that used in the first hard coating layer. According to the present invention, the second hard coating layer contains a photocurable crosslinking copolymer of a photocurable elastic polymer in addition to the tri- to hexa-functional acrylate monomer.

    [0068] For details including the descriptions, illustrative compounds and amounts of the tri- to hexa-functional acrylate monomer, the photocurable elastic polymer, and the additives in the second hard coating layer, reference are made to those of the first hard coating layer. They may be the same as or different from those containing in the first hard coating layer.

    [0069] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the second hard coating layer comprises inorganic particles dispersed in the photocurable crosslinking copolymer.

    [0070] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the inorganic particles may be inorganic nanoparticles having a particle size of about 100 nm or less, about 10 to about 100 nm, or about 10 to about 50 nm. For example, the inorganic particles may include silica particles, aluminum oxide particles, titanium oxide particles or zinc oxide particles.

    [0071] The inorganic particles in the hard coating layer make an additional contribution to enhancing the hardness of the hard coating film.

    [0072] When inorganic particles are further contained in the second hard coating layer, their content ratio to the photocurable crosslinking copolymer is not particularly limited. In one embodiment, the weight ratio of the photocurable crosslinking copolymer to the inorganic particles may be about 40:60 to about 90:10, or about 50:50 to about 80:20. Given the amounts of the photocurable crosslinking copolymer and the inorganic particles within the ranges set forth above, the hard coating film can be formed with an improvement in hardness within a range that does not deteriorate the physical properties thereof.

    [0073] Meanwhile, the second hard coating layer may further include typical additives such as a surfactant, a yellowing inhibitor, a leveling agent, an antifouling agent and the like, which are typically used in the art to which the present invention belongs, in addition to the above-mentioned photocurable crosslinking copolymer and inorganic particles.

    [0074] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the second hard coating layer may have a thickness of 50 µm or more, for example, about 50 to about 300 µm, about 50 to about 200 µm, about 50 to about 150 µm, or about 70 to about 150 µm.

    [0075] The second hard coating layer may be formed by photocuring a second hard coating composition comprising a second binder monomer, a photoinitiator, and optionally an organic solvent, inorganic particles and an additive after application onto the supporting substrate.

    [0076] The second binder monomer comprises the tri- to hexa-functional acrylate monomer. The second binder monomer comprises the photocurable elastic polymer, in addition to the tri- to hexa-functional acrylate monomer.

    [0077] The photoinitiator used in the second hard coating composition may be the same as or different from that used in the first hard coating composition. For details of the photoinitiator, reference may be made to the description of the first hard coating composition. These photoinitiators may be used alone or in combination.

    [0078] Also, the organic solvent used in the second hard coating composition may be the same as or different from that used in the first hard coating composition. For details of the organic solvent, reference may be made to the description of the first hard coating composition.

    [0079] In the hard coating film of the present invention, when the second hard coating composition includes an organic solvent, the solid fraction may be used at a weight ratio of about 70:30 to about 99:1 with regard to the organic solvent. As the second hard coating composition has a high solid content, the hard coating composition increases in viscosity, and thus can allow for a thick coating, for example, form a hard coating layer at a thickness of 50 µm or more.

    [0080] According to an embodiment of the present invention, any viscosity may be given to the hard coating composition if it ensures the second hard coating composition proper fluidity and coatability. However, a high solid content leads to a high viscosity. For example, the second hard coating composition of the present invention may range in viscosity at 25°C from about 100 to about 1,200 cps, from about 150 to about 1,200 cps, or from about 300 to about 1,200 cps.

    [0081] In accordance with one embodiment, the hard coating film of the present invention may further comprise at least one layer, membrane or film, such as a plastic resin film, an adhesive film, a releasable film, an electrically conductive film, an electrically conductive layer, a coating layer, a curable resin layer, a non-conductive film, a metal mesh layer or a patterned metal layer, on the first hard coating layer or the second hard coating layer. In addition, the layer, membrane or film may take any form such as a monolayer, a bilayer or a lamination. The layer, membrane or film may be constructed on the first hard coating layer or the second hard coating layer by laminating a freestanding film with the aid of an adhesive or an adhesive film, or by coating, deposition, or sputtering, but the present invention is not limited thereto.

    [0082] Particularly, the layer, membrane or film may be brought into direct contact with the first hard coating layer to allow the hard coating film to improve in resistance against external impact and scratch.

    [0083] In the hard coating film according to the present invention, the first and second hard coating compositions may be applied onto one side and the other side of the supporting substrate, respectively, in a sequential or simultaneous manner before photocuring.

    [0084] The hard coating film according to the present invention may be manufactured in the following manner.

    [0085] Specifically, the first hard coating composition comprising the above-mentioned components is applied onto one side of the supporting substrate and photocured to form a first hard coating layer.

    [0086] Any method that is available in the art may be used in the application of the first hard coating composition to form the first hard coating layer without particular limitations. For example, the first hard coating composition comprising the above-mentioned components is applied on one side of the supporting substrate. As such, a process for applying the first hard coating composition is not particularly limited so long as it is useful in the art to which the present invention belongs, and may be exemplified by bar coating, knife coating, roll coating, blade coating, die coating, micro-gravure coating, comma coating, slot die coating, lip coating, solution casting or the like.

    [0087] Next, the applied first hard coating composition is photocured under UV light to form a first hard coating layer.

    [0088] UV radiation may be emitted at a dose of about 20 to about 600 mJ/cm2, or about 50 to about 500 mJ/cm2. Any light source that is used in the art may be applied to the present invention without particular limitation. For example, a highpressure mercury lamp, a metal halide lamp, a black light fluorescent lamp or the like may be used. The photocuring may be carried out by irradiation of UV light at the dose for about 30 sec to about 15 min, or for about 1 to about 10 min.

    [0089] After being completely cured, the first hard coating layer may have a thickness of about 50 to about 300 µm, about 50 to 200 µm, about 50 to about 150 µm, or about 70 to about 150 µm.

    [0090] The presence of the first hard coating layer ensures the high hardness of the hard coating film without negatively affecting the curl property.

    [0091] Subsequently, the second hard coating composition comprising the above-mentioned components is applied onto the other side, that is, the back side of the supporting substrate. Then, the applied second hard coating composition is cured to form a second hard coating layer after exposure to UV light. During the photocuring of the second hard coating composition, UV light is radiated onto a side opposite the side coated with the first hard coating composition. Thus, the curl which may be generated by setting shrinkage in the former photocuring step is counterbalanced to afford a flat hard coating film. No additional flattening processes are thus needed.

    [0092] UV light may be emitted at a dose of about 20 to about 600 mJ/cm2, or about 50 to about 500 mJ/cm2. Any light source that is used in the art can be applied to the present invention without particular limitation. For example, a highpressure mercury lamp, a metal halide lamp, a black light fluorescent lamp or the like may be used. The photocuring may be carried out by irradiation of UV light at the dose for about 30 sec to about 15 min, or for about 1 to about 10 min.

    [0093] After being completely cured, the second hard coating layer may have a thickness of about 50 to about 300 µm, about 50 to about 200 µm, about 50 to about 150 µm, or about 70 to about 150 µm.

    [0094] In the method of manufacturing the hard coating film according to one embodiment, coating and photocuring steps of the first hard coating composition may be performed in advance of or following those of the second hard coating composition.

    [0095] For use as a cover for mobile terminals or tablet PCs, the hard coating film must have hardness or impact resistance elevated sufficiently to be a substitute for glass. Even when formed at a high thickness on the substrate, the hard coating layer of the present invention is less prone to curling or cracking, and imparts the hard coating film with high transparency and impact resistance.

    [0096] The hard coating film according to the present invention is superior in hardness, scratch resistance, transparency, durability, light resistance, and light transmittance.

    [0097] The impact resistance of the hard coating film of the present invention is high enough to be a substitute for glass. For example, a hard coating film may not crack even after a steel ball weighing 22 g is freely dropped ten times from a height of 50 cm thereto.

    [0098] In addition, the second hard coating layer in the hard coating film of the present invention has a pencil hardness of 7H or more, 8H or more, or 9H or more at a load of 1 kg.

    [0099] After a second hard coating layer in the hard coating filmis tested by double rubbing 400 times with a steel wool #0000 under a load of 500 g on a friction tester, only two or less scratches may appear.

    [0100] The hard coating film of the present invention may have a light transmittance of 91.0 % or more, or 92.0% or more, and a haze of 1.0% or less, 0.5% or less, or 0.4% or less.

    [0101] Furthermore, the hard coating film of the present invention may have an initial color b value of 1.0 or less. After the hard coating film is exposed to UV-B under an ultraviolet lamp for 72 hr or longer, it may have a color b* value which differs from the pre-exposed color b* value by 0.5 or less, or by 0.4 or less.

    [0102] When the hard coating film of the present invention is disposed on a plane after exposure to a temperature of 50°C or higher at a humidity of 80% or higher for 70 hr or longer, the maximum distance at which each edge or side of the hard coating film is spaced apart from the plane may be about 1.0 mm or less, about 0.6 mm or less, or about 0.3 mm or less. More particularly, when the hard coating film of the present invention is disposed on a plane after exposure to a temperature of 50 to 90°C at a humidity of 80 to 90 % for 70 to 100 hr, each edge or side of the hard coating film is spaced apart from the plane by about 1.0 mm or less, about 0.6 mm or less, or about 0.3 mm or less, maximally.

    [0103] The hard coating film of the present invention can exhibit excellent physical properties including hardness, impact resistance, scratch resistance, transparency, durability, light resistance, and light transmittance, and thus has useful applications in various fields. For example, the hard coating film of the present invention can be used in the touch panels of mobile terminals, smart phones or tablet PCs, and as covers or device panels for various displays.

    [0104] A better understanding of the present invention may be obtained through the following examples which are set forth to illustrate, but are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.

    EXAMPLES


    PREPARATION EXAMPLE 1: Preparation of Photocurable Elastic Polymer



    [0105] In a reactor, 50 g of a caprolactone-grafted polyrotaxane polymer [A1000, Advanced Soft Material INC] was mixed with 4.53 g of Karenz-AOI [2-acryloylethyl isocyanate, Showadenko Inc.], 20 mg of dibutyltin dilaurate [DBTDL, Merck], 110 mg of hydroquinone monomethylene ether, and 315 g of methyl ethyl ketone. Then, the mixture was reacted at 70°C for 5 hr to obtain polyrotaxane in which polylactone with an acrylate moiety conjugated to the end thereof acting as the macrocycle while cyclodextrin was positioned as the stopper.

    [0106] The polyrotaxane had a weight average molecular weight of 600,000 g/mol, and was found to have an elongation of 20%, as measured by ASTM D638.

    EXAMPLE 1



    [0107] A first hard coating composition was prepared by mixing 6 g of trimethylolpropane triacrylate (TMPTA), 4 g of the polyrotaxane of Preparation Example 1, 0.2 g of a photoinitiator (brand name: Darocur TPO), 0.1 g of a benzotriazole-based yellowing inhibitor (brand name: Tinuvin 400), 0.05 g of a fluorine surfactant (brand name: FC4430) and 1 g of methyl ethyl ketone.

    [0108] A second hard coating composition was prepared by mixing 9 g of a silica-dipentaerythritolhexaacrylate (DPHA) composite in which silica nanoparticles with a particle size of 20 ∼ 30 nm were dispersed by about 40 wt% (silica 3.6 g, DPHA 5.4 g), 1 g of the polyrotaxane of Preparation Example 1, 0.2 g of a photoinitiator (brand name: Darocur TPO), 0.1 g of a benzotriazole-based yellowing inhibitor (brand name: Tinuvin 400), and 0.05 g of a fluorine surfactant (brand name: FC4430) .

    [0109] The second hard coating composition was applied onto a PET substrate 188 µm thick with a size of 15 cm x 20 cm, and then subjected to first photocuring by exposure to 280 ∼ 350 nm UV light using a black light fluorescent lamp.

    [0110] Subsequently, the first hard coating composition was applied onto the back side of the substrate, and then exposed to 280 ∼ 350 nm UV light using a black light fluorescent lamp to give a hard coating film. After completion of the curing, each of the first and second hard coating layers formed on both sides of the substrate was 100 µm thick.

    EXAMPLE 2



    [0111] A hard coating film was manufactured in the same manner as in Example 1, with the exception that 4 g of a urethane acrylate polymer (brand name: UA200PA, Shin Nakamura Chemical Co. Ltd., weight average molecular weight: 2,600 g/mol, elongation measured by ASTM D638: 170%) was used instead of 4 g of the polyrotaxane of Preparation Example 1 in the first hard coating composition, and 1 g of a urethane acrylate polymer (brand name: UA200PA) was used instead of 1 g of the polyrotaxane of Preparation Example 1 in the second hard coating composition.

    EXAMPLE 3



    [0112] A hard coating film was manufactured in the same manner as in Example 1, with the exception that 4 g of a urethane acrylate polymer (brand name: UA340P, Shin Nakamura Chemical Co. Ltd., weight average molecular weight: 13,000 g/mol, elongation measured by ASTM D638: 150%) was used instead of 4 g of the polyrotaxane of Preparation Example 1 in the first hard coating composition, and 1 g of a urethane acrylate polymer (brand name: UA340P) was used instead of 1 g of the polyrotaxane of Preparation Example 1 in the second hard coating composition.

    EXAMPLE 4



    [0113] A hard coating film was manufactured in the same manner as in Example 1, with the exception that 1 g of a urethane acrylate polymer (brand name: UA200PA) was used instead of 1 g of the polyrotaxane of Preparation Example 1 in the second hard coating composition.

    EXAMPLE 5



    [0114] A hard coating film was manufactured in the same manner as in Example 1, with the exception that 1 g of a urethane acrylate polymer (brand name: UA340P) was used instead of 1 g of the polyrotaxane of Preparation Example 1 in the second hard coating composition.

    EXAMPLE 6



    [0115] A hard coating film was manufactured in the same manner as in Example 1, with the exception that the each of the first and second hard coating layers formed on both sides of the substrate after completion of the curing in Example 1 was 150 µm thick.

    EXAMPLE 7



    [0116] A first hard coating composition was prepared by mixing 5 g of trimethylolpropane triacrylate (TMPTA), 5 g of the polyrotaxane of Preparation Example 1, 0.2 g of a photoinitiator (brand name: Darocur TPO), 0.1 g of a benzotriazole-based yellowing inhibitor (brand name: Tinuvin 400), 0.05 g of a fluorine surfactant (brand name: FC4430), and 1 g of methyl ethyl ketone.

    [0117] A second hard coating composition was prepared by mixing 2 g of hydroxyethylacrylate (HEA), 8 g of a silica-dipentaerythritolhexaacrylate (DPHA) composite in which silica nanoparticles with a particle size of 20 ∼ 30 nm were dispersed by 40 wt% (silica 3.2 g, DPHA 4.8 g), 0.2 g of a photoinitiator (brand name: Darocur TPO), 0.1 g of a benzotriazole-based yellowing inhibitor (brand name: Tinuvin 400), and 0.05 g of a fluorine surfactant (brand name: FC4430) .

    [0118] The second hard coating composition was applied onto a PET substrate 188 µm thick with a size of 15 cm x 20 cm, and then subjected to first photocuring by exposure to 280 ∼ 350 nm UV light using a black light fluorescent lamp.

    [0119] Subsequently, the first hard coating composition was applied onto the back side of the substrate, and then subjected to second photocuring by exposure to 280 ∼ 350 nm UV light using a black light fluorescent lamp to give a hard coating film. After completion of the curing, the first hard coating layer was 125 µm thick, and the second hard coating layer was 100 µm thick.

    COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 1



    [0120] A first hard coating composition was prepared by mixing 10 g of trimethylolpropane triacrylate (TMPTA), 0.2 g of a photoinitiator (brand name: Darocur TPO), 0.1 g of a benzotriazole-based yellowing inhibitor (brand name: Tinuvin 400), 0.05 g of a fluorine surfactant (brand name: FC4430), and 1 g of methyl ethyl ketone.

    [0121] A second hard coating composition was prepared by mixing 10 g of a silica-dipentaerythritolhexaacrylate (DPHA) composite in which silica nanoparticles with a particle size of 20 ∼ 30 nm were dispersed by about 40 wt% (silica 4 g, DPHA 6 g), 0.1 g of a benzotriazole-based yellowing inhibitor (brand name: Tinuvin 400), and 0.05 g of a fluorine surfactant (brand name: FC4430).

    [0122] The second hard coating composition was applied onto a PET substrate 188 µm thick with a size of 15 cm x 20 cm, and then subjected to first photocuring by exposure to 280 ∼ 350 nm UV light using a black light fluorescent lamp.

    [0123] Subsequently, the first hard coating composition was applied onto the back side of the substrate, and then subjected to second photocuring by exposure to 280 - 350 nm UV light using a black light fluorescent lamp to give a hard coating film. After completion of the curing, each of the first and second hard coating layers formed on both sides of the substrate was 100 µm thick.

    [0124] Elongation strains measured by ASTM D882 and elastic moduli of the hard coating films of Examples 1 to 7 and Comparative Example 1 are summarized in Table 1 below.
    [Table 1]
     Elongation Strain of 1st Hard Coating layer (unit: %)Elastic Modulus of 1st Hard Coating layer (unit: MPa)Elastic Modulus of 2nd Hard Coating layer (unit: MPa)Difference in Elastic Modulus (unit: MPa)
    Ex. 1 4.5 600 2500 1900
    Ex. 2 4.8 550 2300 1750
    Ex. 3 6.3 400 2350 1950
    Ex. 4 4.5 600 2300 1700
    Ex. 5 4.5 600 2350 1750
    Ex. 6 5.2 600 2500 1900
    Ex. 7 4.8 400 2500 2100
    C.Ex. 1 1.7 3100 3300 200

    TEST EXAMPLES


    <Measurement Method>


    1) Pencil hardness



    [0125] The second hard coating layer was evaluated for pencil hardness according to the Japanese Standard JIS K5400. In this regard, the hard coating film was doubly rubbed three times with a pencil hardness meter under a load of 1.0 kg to determine the hardness at which no scratches appeared.

    2) Scratch resistance



    [0126] The hard coating film was doubly rubbed 400 times with a steel wool (#0000) under a load of 0.5 kg on a friction tester, and scratches thus formed on the second hard coating layer were counted. Evaluation was made of the scratch resistance of the films by marking ○ for two or less scratches, Δ for two to less than five scratches, and X for five or more scratches.

    3) Light resistance



    [0127] Differences in color b value of the hard coating films were measured before and after exposure to UV-B from UV lamp for 72 hr or longer.

    4) Transmittance and haze



    [0128] The hard coating films were measured for transmittance and haze using a spectrophotometer (brand name: COH-400).

    5) Curl property at high humidity and temperature



    [0129] After a hard coating film piece with dimensions of 10 cm x 10 cm was stored for 72 hr in a chamber maintained at a temperature of 85°C and a humidity of 85%, it was placed on a flat plane. A maximal distance at which each edge of the piece was apart from the plane was measured.

    6) Cylindrical bending test



    [0130] Each of the hard coating films was wound on a cylindrical mandrel having a diameter of 1 cm such that the first hard coating layer was positioned as the outermost layer. When the hard coating film was not cracked, it was evaluated as OK. If the hard coating film was cracked, it was evaluated as X.

    7) Impact resistance



    [0131] The impact resistance of each of the hard coating films was evaluated by determining whether or not each of the hard coating films was cracked when a 22g steel ball was freely dropped ten times on the second hard coating layer from a height of 50 cm. Each of the hard coating films was evaluated as OK when it was not cracked, and as X when cracked.

    [0132] The results of the physical properties measured in each of the hard coating films are summarized in Table 2 below.
    [Table 2]
     Ex. 1Ex. 2Ex. 3Ex. 4Ex. 5Ex. 6Ex. 7C. Ex. 1
    Pencil Hardness 8H 9H 8H 9H 8H 9H 9H 9H
    Scratch Resistance
    Light Resistance 0.20 0.18 0.25 0.20 0.23 0.28 0.25 0.42
    Transmittance 92.0 92.2 92.0 92.5 92.2 92.0 92.2 92. 1
    Haze 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2
    Bending Test OK OK OK OK OK OK OK X
    Curl property at High Humidity & Temperature 0.3mm 0.2mm 0.3mm 0.2mm 0.4mm 0.4mm 0.3mm 0.4mm
    Impact Resistance OK OK OK OK OK OK OK X


    [0133] As is apparent from Table 2, the hard coating films, wherein the elongation strain of the first hard coating layer was 4% or more, and the elastic modulus of the second hard coating layer was greater by at least 500 MPa than that of the first hard coating layer, were good in all the physical properties. In contrast, the hard coating film of Comparative Example 1 had insufficient impact resistance.


    Claims

    1. A hard coating film, comprising:

    a supporting substrate;

    a first hard coating layer, formed on one side of the supporting substrate and having an elongation strain of 4% or more in a stress-strain curve as measured by ASTM D882; and

    a second hard coating layer, formed on the other side of the supporting substrate,

    wherein the first and second hard coating layers independently comprise a photocurable crosslinking copolymer of a photocurable elastic polymer having an elongation of 15 to 200 %, as measured by ASTM D638 and a tri- to hexa-functional acrylate monomer, the photocurable crosslinking copolymer of the first hard coating layer being identical to or different from that of the second hard coating layer, and

    wherein the hard coating film exhibits a pencil hardness of 7H or more at a load of 1 kg, wherein the first hard coating layer has a first elastic modulus, and the second hard coating layer has a second elastic modulus, and a difference between the first and second elastic moduli is 500 MPa or more.


     
    2. The hard coating film of claim 1, wherein the difference between the first and second elastic moduli is 500 to 3000 MPa.
     
    3. The hard coating film of claim 1, wherein the first elastic modulus is 1500 MPa or less, and the second elastic modulus is 2000 MPa or more.
     
    4. The hard coating film of claim 1, wherein the photocurable elastic polymer comprises at least one selected from the group consisting of polycarprolactone, a urethane acrylate polymer and polyrotaxane.
     
    5. The hard coating film of claim 4, wherein the polyrotaxane comprises a cyclic moiety (macrocycle) in which lactone compounds with a (meth)acrylate moiety conjugated to the end thereof are bonded each other; a thread moiety held within the macrocycle; and stoppers provided at both ends of the thread moiety so as to prevent dissociation of the macrocycle.
     
    6. The hard coating film of claim 1, wherein the second hard coating layer further comprises inorganic particles dispersed in the photocurable crosslinking polymer.
     
    7. The hard coating film of claim 1, wherein thicknesses of the first and second hard coating layers are identical or different, and independently range from 50 to 300 µm.
     
    8. The hard coating film of claim 1, wherein the tri- to hexa-functional acrylate monomer comprises at least one selected from the group consisting of trimethylolpropane triacrylate (TMPTA), trimethylolpropane ethoxy triacrylate (TMPEOTA), glycerin-propoxylated triacrylate (GPTA), pentaerythritol tetraacrylate (PETA) and dipentaerythritol hexaacrylate (DPHA).
     
    9. The hard coating film of claim 1, further comprising on the first hard coating layer or the second hard coating layer at least one layer selected from the group consisting of a plastic resin film, an adhesive film, a releasable film, an electrically conductive film, an electrically conductive layer, a coating layer, a curable resin layer, a non-conductive film, a metal mesh layer and a patterned metal layer.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Hartbeschichtungsfilm, umfassend:

    ein Trägersubstrat;

    eine erste Hartbeschichtungsschicht, die auf einer Seite des Trägersubstrats gebildet ist und eine Dehnungsverformung von 4% oder mehr in einer Spannungs-Dehnungs-Kurve, wie gemessen mittels ASTM D882, aufweist; und

    eine zweite Hartbeschichtungsschicht, die auf der anderen Seite des Trägersubstrats gebildet ist,

    wobei die ersten und zweiten Hartbeschichtungsschichten unabhängig ein photohärtbares Vernetzungscopolymer eines photohärtbaren elastischen Polymers mit einer Dehnung von 15 bis 200%, wie gemessen mittels ASTM D638, und ein tri- bis hexa-funktionelles Acrylatmonomer umfassen, wobei das photohärtbare Vernetzungscopolymer der ersten Hartbeschichtungsschicht identisch ist oder verschieden ist von demjenigen der zweiten Hartbeschichtungsschicht, und

    wobei der Hartbeschichtungsfilm eine Bleistifthärte von 7H oder mehr bei einer Belastung von 1 kg zeigt, wobei die erste Hartbeschichtungsschicht einen ersten Elastizititäsmodul aufweist und die zweite Hartbeschichtungsschicht einen zweiten Elastizitätsmodul aufweist, und wobei ein Unterschied zwischen den ersten und zweiten Elastizitätsmodulen 500 MPa oder mehr ist.


     
    2. Hartbeschichtungsfilm nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Unterschied zwischen den ersten und zweiten Elastizitätsmodulen 500 bis 3000 MPa ist.
     
    3. Hartbeschichtungsfilm nach Anspruch 1, wobei der erste Elastizitätsmodul 1500 MPa oder weniger ist und der zweite Elastizitätsmodul 2000 MPa oder mehr ist.
     
    4. Hartbeschichtungsfilm nach Anspruch 1, wobei das photohärtbare elastische Polymer wenigstens eines umfasst, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Polycaprolacton, einem Urethanacrylatpolymer und Polyrotaxan.
     
    5. Hartbeschichtungsfilm nach Anspruch 4, wobei das Polyrotaxan eine zyklische Einheit (Makrozyklus) umfasst, bei der Lactonverbindungen mit einer (Meth)acrylateinheit konjugiert an dem Ende derselben miteinander verbunden sind; eine Strangeinheit innerhalb des Makrozyklus gehalten wird; und Stopper an beiden Enden der Strangeinheit bereitgestellt sind, um so eine Dissoziation des Makrozyklus zu verhindern.
     
    6. Hartbeschichtungsfilm nach Anspruch 1, wobei die zweite Hartbeschichtungsschicht ferner anorganische Teilchen umfasst, die in dem photohärtbaren Vernetzungspolymer dispergiert sind.
     
    7. Hartbeschichtungsfilm nach Anspruch 1, wobei Dicken der ersten und zweiten Hartbeschichtungsschichten identisch oder verschieden sind und unabhängig von 50 bis 300 µm reichen.
     
    8. Hartbeschichtungsfilm nach Anspruch 1, wobei das tri- bis hexa-funktionelle Acrylatmonomer wenigstens eines umfasst, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Trimethylolpropantriacrylat (TMPTA), Trimethylolpropanethoxytriacrylat (TMPEOTA), Glycerin-propoxyliertem Triacrylat (GPTA), Pentaerythritoltetraacrylat (PETA) und Dipentaerythritolhexaacrylat (DPHA).
     
    9. Hartbeschichtungsfilm nach Anspruch 1, weiter umfassend auf der ersten Hartbeschichtungsschicht oder der zweiten Hartbeschichtungsschicht wenigstens eine Schicht, die ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem plastischen Harzfilm, einem Klebstofffilm, einem Trennfilm, einem elektrisch leitfähigen Film, einer elektrisch leitfähigen Schicht, einer Beschichtungsschicht, einer härtbaren Harzschicht, einem nicht leitfähigen Film, einer Metallnetzschicht und einer gemusterten Metallschicht.
     


    Revendications

    1. Film de revêtement dur, comprenant :

    un substrat de support ;

    une première couche de revêtement dur, formée sur un côté du substrat de support et ayant un allongement à la traction de 4 % ou supérieur dans une courbe de contrainte-déformation telle que mesurée par la norme D882 de l'ASTM ; et

    une deuxième couche de revêtement dur, formée de l'autre côté de la couche de support,

    dans lequel les première et deuxième couches de revêtement dur comprennent indépendamment un copolymère de réticulation photodurcissable d'un polymère élastique photodurcissable ayant un allongement de 15 à 200 %, tel que mesuré par la norme D638 de l'ASTM et un monomère d'acrylate tri- à hexa-fonctionnel, le copolymère de réticulation photodurcissable de la première couche de revêtement dur étant identique à ou différent de la deuxième couche de revêtement dur, et

    dans lequel le film de revêtement dur présente une dureté à la rayure de 7H ou supérieure à une charge de 1 kg, dans lequel la première couche de revêtement dure présente un premier module d'élasticité, et la deuxième couche de revêtement dure présente un deuxième module d'élasticité, et une différence entre le premier et le deuxième module d'élasticité est de 500 MPa ou supérieure.


     
    2. Film de revêtement dur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la différence entre le premier et le deuxième module d'élasticité est de 500 à 3000 MPa.
     
    3. Film de revêtement dur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le premier module d'élasticité est de 1500 MPa ou inférieur, et le deuxième module d'élasticité est de 2000 MPa ou supérieur.
     
    4. Film de revêtement dur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le polymère élastique photodurcissable comprend au moins un composé sélectionné dans le groupe constitué de polycarprolactone, d'un polymère d'acrylate d'uréthane et de polyrotaxane.
     
    5. Film de revêtement dur selon la revendication 4, dans lequel le polyrotaxane comprend une fraction cyclique (macrocycle) dans laquelle les composés de lactone avec une fraction de (méth)acrylate conjuguée à une extrémité de ceux-ci sont liés l'un à l'autre ; une fraction filetée étant maintenue dans le macrocycle ; et des bouchons étant pourvus aux deux extrémités de la fraction filetée de sorte à empêcher la dissociation du macrocycle.
     
    6. Film de revêtement dur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la deuxième couche de revêtement dur comprend en surcroît des particules inorganiques dispersées dans le polymère de réticulation photodurcissable.
     
    7. Film de revêtement dur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les épaisseurs des première et deuxième couches de revêtement sont identiques ou différentes, et se situent indépendamment dans la plage de 50 à 300 µm.
     
    8. Film de revêtement dur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le monomère d'acrylate tri- à hexa-fonctionnel comprend au moins un composé sélectionné dans le groupe constitué de triacrylate de triméthylolpropane (TMPTA), de triacrylate de triméthylolpropane-éthoxy (TMPROTA), de triacrylate de glycérine proxylatée (GPTA), de tétraacrylate de pentaérythritol (PETA) et d'hexaacrylate de dipentaérythritol (DPHA).
     
    9. Film de revêtement dur selon la revendication 1, comprenant par ailleurs sur la première couche de revêtement dur ou sur la deuxième couche de revêtement dur au moins une couche sélectionnée dans le groupe constitué d'un film de résine plastique, d'un film adhésif, d'un film anti-adhésif, d'un film électriquement conducteur, d'une couche électriquement conductrice, d'une couche de revêtement, d'une couche de résine durcissable, d'un film non conducteur, d'une couche de maillage métallique et d'une couche métallique pourvue de motifs.
     




    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description