(19)
(11)EP 2 877 260 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
02.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/36

(21)Application number: 13747917.6

(22)Date of filing:  26.07.2013
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B01D 27/08(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2013/052181
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/018825 (30.01.2014 Gazette  2014/05)

(54)

KEYED SPIN-ON FILTER ELEMENT

CODIERTER ANSCHRAUBBARER FILTER

ÉLÉMENT DE FILTRE AMOVIBLE CLAVETÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 26.07.2012 US 201261675965 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
03.06.2015 Bulletin 2015/23

(73)Proprietor: Parker-Hannifin Corporation
Cleveland, OH 44124 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • JENSEN, Russell D.
    Modesto, California 95356 (US)
  • LAFORGE, Jeffrey W.
    Oakdale, California 95361 (US)

(74)Representative: Orr, Robert et al
Urquhart-Dykes & Lord LLP Arena Point Merrion Way
Leeds LS2 8PA
Leeds LS2 8PA (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2006/120326
AU-B2- 612 627
US-A- 3 390 778
WO-A1-2008/118939
JP-B1- 3 690 750
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a keyed spin-on filter for use with a locked adapter.

    [0002] A fuel filter is usually situated in a fuel line and screens out dirt, water, and rust particles from the fuel. Fuel filters are normally made into cartridges containing a filter paper and often use a threaded connection (spin-on filters). They are found in most internal combustion engines.

    [0003] WO-A-2006/120326 discloses a filter cartridge which contains a cylindrical filter element and has a first attachment member for attachment to a holder having a second attachment member. The first attachment member has a threaded aperture for connecting the cartridge to the second attachment member.

    [0004] AU-612627 discloses a filtering device comprising a sealing device placed between an upper plate of the filtering device and a cartridge. The filtering device comprises the cartridge, the upper plate and an inner filter. The upper plate encloses one end of the cartridge and retains the filter itself, while orienting the flow of the fluid in the filter in the appropriate direction. A seal arrangement assembly includes a side wall, an internal filter, a top plate, a central bore, and a plurality of fins. The fins define annularly positioned spaces or apertures which provide flow directing means.

    [0005] JP-3690750 discloses an oil filter comprising a lid member mounted in an opening part of a bottomed cylindrical vessel. The lid member is mounted in an opening of the bottomed cylindrical container, and has a locking bent claw which is bent annularly toward an outer periphery along an inner peripheral side of a fitting channel in which an annular seal member is fitted. The protrusions serve for peeling the seal off from an oil filter attachment portion during unscrewing of the oil filter.

    [0006] In order to ensure that the proper fuel filter is used in an application, the filter adapter (head) may be keyed to accept only authorized filters. Thus, when locked, threads on the adapter may be covered preventing attachment of unauthorized filters. The unlocking mechanism for the adapter may be conveniently located on the filter element.

    [0007] The present invention provides a filter element for installation in a filter head as defined in claim 1.

    [0008] The fingers are radially offset from the threaded aperture.

    [0009] The keyed fingers protrude axially outwardly from the main body.

    [0010] Optionally, at least one keyed finger includes a radially extending arm portion defining beneath it a capture region.

    [0011] The keyed fingers are axially outwardly and radially offset from the threaded aperture.

    [0012] Optionally, the keyed fingers include radially extending arm portions spaced axially outwardly from the balance of the end cap.

    [0013] Optionally, the keyed fingers define beneath them a space axially and radially offset from the threaded aperture that can receive a cantilevered bridge portion of a latching body associated with the filter head.

    [0014] Optionally, the keyed fingers protrude radially inwardly.

    [0015] Optionally, the filter element has four keyed fingers.

    [0016] Optionally, the keyed fingers are axially extending hoops.

    [0017] Optionally, the filter element includes a second cap closing a second open end of the canister.

    [0018] A filter element in combination with a filter element adapter assembly is defined in claim 12. The filter element housing adapter assembly includes an adapter body having one or more fluid passageways, a threaded stud defining a longitudinal axis, a latching body moveable from a shrouding position to an uncovering position, a retaining ring radially protruding from the threaded stud, a locking ring moveable from a locking position to an unlocking position, wherein in the locking position the locking ring is configured to bias the one or more locking fingers of the latching body toward the retaining ring, and a spring element configured to bias the locking ring toward the locking position. The latching body includes a shroud configured to shroud threads of the threaded stud when the latching body is in the shrouding position and to uncover the threads when the latching body is in the uncovering position, a brim portion extending in an axial direction, one or more locking fingers extending in an axial direction and connected to the brim portion by a radially extending bridge portion, the brim portion and locking fingers radially offset from each other to form a cradle portion between them, and one or more axially extending keyed passages in the brim portion.

    [0019] Optionally, the keyed passages also extend in a circumferential direction such that open ends of the keyed passages are circumferentially offset from closed ends of the keyed passages.

    [0020] Optionally, the shroud is an annular shroud circumferentially surrounding the threaded stud.

    [0021] Optionally, the locking ring includes a radially extending hub portion and an axially extending rim portion.

    [0022] Optionally, the axially extending rim portion is configured to extend into the cradle portion of the latching body.

    [0023] Optionally, the threaded stud is exteriorly threaded.

    [0024] Optionally, the brim portion is radially outward of the locking fingers.

    [0025] Optionally, the threaded stud is threadably coupled to the adapter body.

    [0026] The invention also provides a method of installing the filter element into a filter element housing adapter, as defined in claim 13.

    [0027] The foregoing and other features of the invention are hereinafter described in greater detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

    FIG. 1 shows a perspective view of a filter element having keyed fingers detached from a filter element adapter assembly.

    FIG. 2 shows a side view of a filter element having keyed fingers detached from a filter element adapter assembly.

    FIG. 3 shows another side view of a filter element having keyed fingers detached from a filter element adapter assembly with a section line at A-A.

    FIG. 4 shows a perspective view of an adapter assembly having a retractable shroud.

    FIG. 5 shows a side view of an adapter assembly having a retractable shroud with a section line at C-C.

    FIG. 6 shows an exploded view of an adapter assembly having a retractable shroud and a removable threaded stud.

    FIG. 7 shows a partial sectional view taken from view C-C of FIG. 5 of an adapter assembly having an integral threaded stud.

    FIG. 8 shows a partial sectional view taken from view C-C of FIG. 5 of an adapter assembly having a removable threaded stud.

    FIG. 9 shows a perspective view of a latching body for use in adapter assemblies.

    FIG. 10 shows a perspective view of an exemplary filter element having four keyed fingers.

    FIG. 11 shows a sectional view taken from view A-A of FIG. 3 of a filter element detached from an adapter assembly.

    FIG. 12 shows a sectional view taken from view A-A of FIG. 3 of a filter element attached from an adapter assembly.



    [0028] Figs. 1 to 3 show a filter element adapter (or filter head) assembly 100 and a filter element (or filter cartridge) 200 detached from the adapter assembly.

    [0029] The filter element adapter assembly is shown in more detail in Figs. 4-9. Referring especially to Fig. 6 showing an exploded view of the filter element adapter assembly (or simply "adapter" or "adapter assembly") 100, the adapter includes an adapter body 110, a spring element 120, a locking ring 130, a retaining ring 140, a threaded stud 150, and a latching body 160.

    [0030] As seen best in Figs. 7 and 8, the adapter body 110 includes one or more fluid passageways 111, 112 for connecting to an attached filter element 200. For example, the adapter body may have a central fluid passage 111 for fluid communication with a central chamber of an attached filter element 200, and a radially outward fluid passage 112 for fluid communication with a radially outward chamber of an attached filter element 200. Alternatively, the adapter body 110 may have fewer or more fluid passageways, depending on the application. Further, the adapter body 110 may include one or more assembled parts or may be of one-piece construction. Further, one or more other elements of the adapter 100 described herein may be integral with the adapter body 110 or may be separate parts assembled together with the body 110 as illustrated herein.

    [0031] Figs. 7 to 9 show a latching body 160 which may be made of any suitable material (e.g., plastic or metal) and is moveable from a shrouding position to an uncovering position. As illustrated, in exemplary constructions, the shrouding position is axially away from the adapter body 110 and the uncovering position is axially toward the adapter body 110. However, the directions may be reversed or may involve movement other than axial movement.

    [0032] The latching body 160 includes a shroud 162 configured to shroud threads of the threaded stud 150 when the latching body is in the shrouding position and to uncover the threads when the latching body is in the uncovering position. The shroud 162 may extend axially away from the adapter body 110 when assembled therewith. Further, as shown, the shroud 162 may be annular and may completely or partially circumferentially surround the threaded stud 150. In the construction shown in the drawings, the shroud is radially outward of the threaded stud 150. However, those skilled in the art will recognize that the shroud (and/or the entire latching body 160) may be radially inward of the threaded stud 150 in embodiments in which the threaded stud 150 is internally threaded rather than externally threaded.

    [0033] The latching body 160 also includes a brim portion 164 extending in an axial direction. The brim portion may be annular. The latching body 160 also includes one or more locking fingers 166 extending in an axial direction and connected to the brim portion 164 by a radially extending bridge portion 168. The brim portion 164 and locking fingers 166 are radially offset from each other to form a cradle portion 170 between them. The brim portion may be radially outward of the locking fingers, although in other arrangements the brim portion 164 and locking fingers 166 may be reversed.

    [0034] The brim portion 164 also includes one or more axially extending keyed passages 172. These passages 172 are where the keyed fingers of the filter element will fit in order to unlock the shroud mechanism. In some constructions, the keyed passages 172 are simply axially extending. However, in other constructions, for example those shown in Figs. 2 to 5, the keyed passages 172 also extend in a circumferential direction such that an outer portion (the open end) 176 of the keyed passages are circumferentially offset from an inner portion (closed end) 174 of the keyed passages 172. This offset arrangement will prevent keys that extend in only the axial direction from unlocking the shroud mechanism by precluding passage of a key directly into the inner portion 174. This arrangement creates a cantilevered bridge portion 178 which guards the inner portion 174 of the keyed passage.

    [0035] The retaining ring 140 radially protrudes from the threaded stud. The retaining ring 140 may be integral from the threaded stud, although in other constructions, the retaining ring 140 is a separate piece, and may be made of any suitable material such as, e.g., plastic or metal. The retaining ring should be at least partially rigid in order to prevent upward movement of the latching body 160 when the locking fingers 166 are engaged with the retaining ring 140.

    [0036] The locking ring 130 may be made of any suitable material (such as, e.g., plastic or metal) and is moveable from a locking position to an unlocking position. In the locking position the locking ring 130 is configured to bias the locking fingers 166 toward the retaining ring (e.g., radially inwardly). When biassed toward the retaining ring, the locking fingers 166 should be axially adjacent the retaining ring (in the construction shown in the drawings, axially away from the adapter body 110, or "downward") and thus will prevent axial movement of the latching body 160 (in the construction shown in the drawings, it will prevent movement axially toward the adapter body, or "upward"). In the construction shown in the drawings, the locking ring 130 is axially moveable, and the locking position is axially away from the adapter body 110 and the unlocking position is axially toward the adapter body 110. The locking ring may take any suitable shape, but in certain constructions, includes a radially extending hub portion 132 and an axially extending rim portion 134, extending axially away from the adapter body 110 from a radially outer portion of the hub portion 132. The axially extending rim portion 134 may extend into the cradle portion 170 of the latching body 160.

    [0037] In order to bias the locking fingers 166, the locking ring may include an angled ramp portion 136 radially inward of the rim portion 134. The ramp portion 136 may be a solid annular ramp portion, or may include a plurality of circumferentially separated ramp segments.

    [0038] The adapter assembly 100 also includes a spring element 120 (for example, a standard metal coil spring, a plastic spring, a wave spring, or the like) configured to bias the locking ring toward the locking position.

    [0039] The threaded stud 150 may project from a portion of the adapter assembly 100 and defines a longitudinal axis about which other components are assembled. As shown, the threaded stud 150 may be exteriorly threaded. However those with skill in the art will appreciate that an interiorly threaded stud would also be possible. The threaded stud 150 may be threadably coupled to the adapter body 110 or may be of one-piece construction with the body 110.

    [0040] Figs. 10 to 12 show a filter element 200 for installation in an adapter assembly 100 with a keyed retractable shroud for covering external threads configured to receive the filter element. Although the illustrated filter element is intended as a fuel filter, the invention is not limited thereto, and could be utilized in other filters including oil filters, water filters, etc. The filter element 200 may include a filtering media 210, a first end cap 220, a second end cap 240, and sidewalls 250.

    [0041] The filtering media 210 may be compiled in a cylindrical pack defining a longitudinal filter element axis. The media may be, for example, pleated or rolled. In pleated media, the fluid flow is typically in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis (i.e. either from the outside to the inside, or vice-versa, of the cylindrical pack). In a rolled media filter, the media is rolled in a configuration similar to a roll of toilet paper and the flow typically goes from top to bottom (or vice-versa. The filtering media may have an outer radial surface 212, an inner radial surface 214 defining a fluid chamber 260, a first axial end face 216, and a second axial end face 218.

    [0042] The first end cap 220 has a main body 222 with an axially inward side and an axially outward side. Further, the first end cap has an annular shelf 224 on the axially inward side on which the first axial end face 216 of the filtering media 210 sits. An interiorly threaded central passage (or aperture) 226 positioned radially inward of the annular shelf 224 is in fluid communication with the fluid chamber 260 of the filtering media 210 and is used to threadably engage and attache the filter element to the adapter 100. The end cap may include one or more fluid passageways for fluid communication an outer fluid chamber 270 positioned between the filtering media 210 and the sidewalls 250.

    [0043] One or more keyed fingers 230 coupled to the main body 222 protrude radially therefrom. The keyed fingers 230 are shaped, sized, and situated for insertion of the keyed fingers into the retractable shroud (latching body). In certain constructions, the keyed fingers 230 protrude radially inwardly and may be positioned on the axially outward side of the main body 222. The keyed fingers are radially outward of the central bore 226. The keyed fingers protrude axially away from the main body (axially outward), and may protrude axially away from the filter media, in order to protrude into the keyed passages 172 of the latching body 160. In some constructions, the fingers 230 may helically protrude from the first end cap 220. The keyed fingers 230 may include end portions 232 extending axially toward the filter media. Radially inward portions of the keyed fingers 230 (e.g., the end portions 232) may be free floating (in other words, the keyed fingers 230 may be cantilevered), or they may be attached to adjacent portions of the first end cap 220 (in other words, the fingers 230 may be axially extending closed hoops or the like). The keyed fingers 230 thus include a radially extending arm portion, which may define beneath it a capture region 234. The keyed fingers 230, in order to engage the latching body may include radially extending arm portions spaced axially outwardly from the balance of the end cap. In other words, either the arms may extend axially outwardly and/or the main body may extend axially inwardly. The keyed fingers 234, therefore, define beneath them a space axially and radially offset from the threaded aperture that can receive the cantilevered bridge portion 178 of the latching body 160 associated with the filter head/adapter.

    [0044] Although any number of keys may be used, exemplary filters 200 include four keyed fingers 230.

    [0045] Finally, the filter element may include a second cap 240 sealing the second axial edge of the filtering media. The second cap 240 may include threads for further engagement with another element. The second cap may be closed or may include one or more fluid passageways for fluid communication to the central fluid chamber 260 or an outer fluid chamber 270 positioned between the filtering media 210 and the sidewalls 250.


    Claims

    1. A filter element (200) for installation in a filter head, the filter element including a canister enclosing a ring of media (210), and an end cap at an open end of the canister, the end cap (220) including a main body (222) with a threaded aperture (226) for connecting the element with the filter head;
    characterised in that:

    the end cap has one or more keyed fingers (230) protruding from the main body for engaging a locking mechanism associated with the filter head;

    in which the one or more keyed fingers (230) protrude axially outwardly from the main body (222) and include a radially inwardly extending arm portion; and

    in which the one or more keyed fingers (230) are axially outwardly and radially offset from the threaded aperture (226).


     
    2. The filter element of claim 1, in which the at least one keyed finger (230) that includes the radially extending arm portion defines a capture region (234) beneath it.
     
    3. The filter element of any preceding claim, in which the keyed fingers (230) include radially extending arm portions spaced axially outwardly from the balance of the end cap.
     
    4. The filter element of any preceding claim, in which the keyed fingers (230) define beneath them a space axially and radially offset from the threaded aperture (226) that can receive a cantilevered bridge portion (178) of a latching body (160) associated with the filter head.
     
    5. The filter element of any preceding claim, in which the keyed fingers (230) protrude radially inwardly.
     
    6. The filter element of any preceding claim having four keyed fingers (230).
     
    7. The filter element of any preceding claim, in which the keyed fingers (230) are axially extending hoops.
     
    8. The filter element of any preceding claim, further comprising a second cap (240) closing a second open end of the canister.
     
    9. The filter element of any preceding claim, in which the keyed fingers (230) include end portions (232) extending axially toward the filter media (210).
     
    10. The filter element of claim 1, in which the keyed fingers are cantilevered such that radially inward portions of the keyed fingers (230) are free floating.
     
    11. The filter element of claim 1, in which radially inward portions of the keyed fingers (230) are attached to adjacent portions of the end cap.
     
    12. The filter element of any preceding claim, in combination with a filter element housing adapter assembly, the filter element housing adapter assembly comprising:

    an adapter body (110) having one or more fluid passageways (111, 112),

    a threaded stud (150) defining a longitudinal axis,

    a latching body (160) moveable from a shrouding position to an uncovering position, the latching body including:

    a shroud (162) configured to shroud threads of the threaded stud when the latching body is in the shrouding position and to uncover the threads when the latching body is in the uncovering position,

    a brim portion (164) extending in an axial direction,

    one or more locking fingers (166) extending in an axial direction and connected to the brim portion by a radially extending bridge portion (168), the brim portion and locking fingers radially offset from each other to form a cradle portion (170) between them, and

    one or more axially extending keyed passages (172) in the brim portion,

    a retaining ring (140) radially protruding from the threaded stud,

    a locking ring (130) moveable from a locking position to an unlocking position, in which in the locking position the locking ring is configured to bias the one or more locking fingers toward the retaining ring, and

    a spring element (120) configured to bias the locking ring toward the locking position.


     
    13. A method of installing the filter element of any one of claims 1 to 11 into the filter element housing adapter assembly of claim 12, the method comprising the steps of:

    (a) inserting the keyed fingers (230) of the filter element (200) into the keyed passageways (111, 112) of the adapter body (110),

    (b) unlocking the shroud (162) with the keyed fingers,

    (c) retracting the shroud, and

    (d) threading the filter element on to the adapter.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Filterelement (200) zum Einbau in einem Filterkopf, wobei das Filterelement eine Büchse, die einen Ring von Medien (210) umschließt, und eine Endkappe an einem offenen Ende der Büchse enthält, wobei die Endkappe (220) einen Hauptkörper (222) mit einer Gewindeöffnung (226) zum Verbinden des Elements mit dem Filterkopf enthält;
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass:

    die Endkappe einen oder mehr Finger (230) aufweist, die vom Hauptkörper zur Ineingriffnahme eines Sperrmechanismus, der dem Filterkopf zugehört, vorstehen;

    wobei der eine oder mehr Finger (230) axial vom Hauptkörper (222) nach außen vorstehen und einen radial einwärts verlaufenden Armabschnitt enthalten; und

    wobei der eine oder mehr Finger (230) axial auswärts und radial versetzt von der Gewindeöffnung (226) liegen.


     
    2. Filterelement nach Anspruch 1, wobei der zumindest eine Finger (230), der den radial verlaufenden Armabschnitt enthält, einen Erfassungsbereich (234) darunter definiert.
     
    3. Filterelement nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Finger (230) radial verlaufende Armabschnitte enthalten, die axial auswärts vom Rest der Endkappe beabstandet sind.
     
    4. Filterelement nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Finger (230) darunter einen Raum definieren, der axial und radial zur Gewindeöffnung (226) versetzt ist, und der einen freitragenden Brückenabschnitt (178) eines Einklinkkörpers (160) aufnehmen kann, welcher dem Filterkopf zugehört.
     
    5. Filterelement nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Finger (230) radial einwärts vorstehen.
     
    6. Filterelement nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche mit vier Fingern (230).
     
    7. Filterelement nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Finger (230) axial verlaufende Reife sind.
     
    8. Filterelement nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend eine zweite Kappe (240), die ein zweites offenes Ende der Büchse verschließt.
     
    9. Filterelement nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Finger (230) Endabschnitte (232) enthalten, die axial zu den Filtermedien (210) hin verlaufen.
     
    10. Filterelement nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Finger freitragend sind, sodass radial einwärts verlaufende Abschnitte der Keilfinger (230) freischwimmend sind.
     
    11. Filterelement nach Anspruch 1, wobei radial einwärts verlaufende Abschnitte der Keilfinger (230) an benachbarten Abschnitten der Endkappe angebracht sind.
     
    12. Filterelement nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, in Kombination mit einer Filterelementgehäuseadapterbaugruppe, die Filterelementgehäuseadapterbaugruppe umfassend:

    einen Adapterkörper (110) mit einem oder mehr Fluiddurchgängen (111, 112),

    einen Gewindeansatz (150), der eine Längsachse definiert,

    einen Einklinkkörper (160), der von einer Abdeckposition zu einer Aufdeckposition beweglich ist, wobei der Einklinkkörper enthält:

    eine Abdeckung (162), die zum Abdecken von Gewinden des Gewindeansatzes, wenn der Einklinkkörper in der Abdeckposition ist, und zum Aufdecken der Gewinde, wenn der Einklinkkörper in der Aufdeckposition ist, konfiguriert ist,

    einen Randabschnitt (164), der in einer axialen Richtung verläuft,

    einen oder mehr Sperrfinger (166), die in einer axialen Richtung verlaufen und mit dem Randabschnitt durch einen radial verlaufenden Brückenabschnitt (168) verbunden sind, wobei der Randabschnitt und die Sperrfinger radial zueinander versetzt sind, um einen Wiegenabschnitt (170) dazwischen auszubilden, und

    einen oder mehr axial verlaufende Durchgänge (172) im Randabschnitt,

    einen Haltering (140), der radial vom Gewindeansatz vorsteht, einen Sperrring (130), der aus einer Sperrposition zu einer Entsperrposition beweglich ist, wobei der Sperrring in der Sperrposition zum Vorspannen des einen oder mehr Finger zum Haltering hin konfiguriert ist, und

    ein Federelement (120), das zum Vorspannen des Sperrrings zur Sperrposition hin konfiguriert ist.


     
    13. Verfahren zum Einrichten des Filterelements nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11 in der Filterelementgehäuseadapterbaugruppe nach Anspruch 12, wobei das Verfahren die folgenden Schritte umfasst:

    (a) Einsetzen der Finger (230) des Filterelements (200) in die Durchgänge (111, 112) des Adapterkörpers (110),

    (b) Entsperren der Abdeckung (162) mit den Fingern,

    (c) Zurückziehen der Abdeckung, und

    (d) Aufschrauben des Filterelements auf den Adapter.


     


    Revendications

    1. Élément filtrant (200) pour une installation dans une tête de filtre, l'élément filtrant comportant une cartouche renfermant un anneau de milieu (210), et un capuchon d'extrémité au niveau d'une extrémité ouverte de la cartouche, le capuchon d'extrémité (220) comportant un corps principal (222) avec une ouverture filetée (226) pour relier l'élément à la tête de filtre ;
    caractérisé en ce que :

    le capuchon d'extrémité a un ou plusieurs doigt(s) claveté(s) (230) faisant saillie depuis le corps principal pour s'engager avec un mécanisme de verrouillage associé à la tête de filtre ;

    où le ou les plusieurs doigt(s) claveté(s) (230) fait/font saillie axialement vers l'extérieur depuis le corps principal (222) et comporte/comportent une partie de bras s'étendant radialement vers l'intérieur ; et

    où le ou les plusieurs doigt(s) claveté(s) (230) est/sont décalé(s) axialement vers l'extérieur et radialement par rapport à l'ouverture filetée (226).


     
    2. Élément filtrant de la revendication 1, dans lequel l'au moins un doigt claveté (230) qui comporte la partie de bras s'étendant radialement définit une région de capture (234) en dessous de celui-ci.
     
    3. Élément filtrant de l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les doigts clavetés (230) comportent des parties de bras s'étendant radialement espacées axialement vers l'extérieur du reste du capuchon d'extrémité.
     
    4. Élément filtrant de l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les doigts clavetés (230) définissent en dessous d'eux un espace décalé axialement et radialement par rapport à l'ouverture filetée (226) qui peut recevoir une partie de pont en porte-à-faux (178) d'un corps d'encliquetage (160) associé à la tête de filtre.
     
    5. Élément filtrant de l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les doigts clavetés (230) font saillie radialement vers l'intérieur.
     
    6. Élément filtrant de l'une des revendications précédentes, ayant quatre doigts clavetés (230).
     
    7. Élément filtrant de l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les doigts clavetés (230) sont des frettes s'étendant axialement.
     
    8. Élément filtrant de l'une des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre un deuxième capuchon (240) fermant une deuxième extrémité ouverte de la cartouche.
     
    9. Élément filtrant de l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les doigts clavetés (230) comportent des parties d'extrémité (232) s'étendant axialement vers le milieu filtrant (210).
     
    10. Élément filtrant de la revendication 1, dans lequel les doigts clavetés sont en porte-à-faux de sorte que des parties radialement intérieures des doigts clavetés (230) soient libres de flotter.
     
    11. Élément filtrant de la revendication 1, dans lequel des parties radialement intérieures des doigts clavetés (230) sont fixées à des parties adjacentes du capuchon d'extrémité.
     
    12. Élément filtrant de l'une des revendications précédentes, en combinaison avec un ensemble adaptateur de logement d'élément filtrant, l'ensemble adaptateur de logement d'élément filtrant comprenant :

    un corps d'adaptateur (110) ayant un ou plusieurs passage(s) de fluide (111, 112),

    un goujon fileté (150) définissant un axe longitudinal,

    un corps d'encliquetage (160) pouvant se déplacer d'une position d'enveloppement à une position de dégagement, le corps d'encliquetage comportant :

    une enveloppe (162) configurée pour envelopper des filetages du goujon fileté lorsque le corps d'encliquetage est dans la position d'enveloppement et pour dégager les filetages lorsque le corps d'encliquetage est dans la position de dégagement,

    une partie de bord (164) s'étendant dans une direction axiale,

    un ou plusieurs doigt(s) de verrouillage (166) s'étendant dans une direction axiale et relié(s) à la partie de bord par une partie de pont s'étendant radialement (168), la partie de bord et les doigts de verrouillage étant radialement décalés les uns par rapport aux autres pour former une partie berceau (170) entre eux, et

    un ou plusieurs passage(s) claveté(s) s'étendant axialement (172) dans la partie de bord,

    un anneau de retenue (140) faisant saillie radialement depuis le goujon fileté,

    un anneau de verrouillage (130) pouvant se déplacer d'une position de verrouillage à une position de déverrouillage, où, dans la position de verrouillage, l'anneau de verrouillage est configuré pour solliciter le ou les plusieurs doigt(s) de verrouillage vers l'anneau de retenue, et

    un élément ressort (120) configuré pour solliciter l'anneau de verrouillage vers la position de verrouillage.


     
    13. Procédé d'installation de l'élément filtrant de l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11 dans l'ensemble adaptateur de logement d'élément filtrant de la revendication 12, le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant :

    (a) à insérer les doigts clavetés (230) de l'élément filtrant (200) dans les passages clavetés (111, 112) du corps d'adaptateur (110),

    (b) à déverrouiller l'enveloppe (162) avec les doigts clavetés,

    (c) à rétracter l'enveloppe, et

    (d) à fileter l'élément filtrant sur l'adaptateur.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description